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Occupational Wage Survey

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
O CTO BER 1960

Bulletin N o . 1285-15




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC
S
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BOSTON, M ASSACHUSETTS




OCTOBER

1960

Bulletin No. 1285-15
D ecem ber I 960

U N ITED

STATES D EPA RTM EN T O F

LA B O R

Ja m e s P. M itchell, S ecretary
B U R EA U O F LA BO R STATISTICS
E w a n C lag u o , Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington

25,

D.C.

Price

25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The C om m u n ity W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m

I n t r o d u c t io n ________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s -------------------------------------

The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a re a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o rta n t in d u str ia l
c e n t e r s . The s tu d ie s, m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la te to o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d su p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in e a ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s a d dition a l
data not in clu d e d in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin fo r the c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's re g io n a l
o ffic e in B o s to n , M a s s . , by L e o E p s te in , u nder the d i r e c ­
tion o f P a u l V . M u lk ern , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r
W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y -------------In d exes o f stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s -----------------------------

A:

B:

O cc u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s __________________________________________
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s _________________
A -3 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s _______________
A -4 .
C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________________
B -2 . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s __________________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w eek ly h o u r s __________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s _____________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s __________________

A pp en dix:

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________________________________

* N O TE: S im ila r tabu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le in the B o s to n a r e a
r e p o r t s f o r M a r ch 1951, A p r il 1952, M a r ch 1953, M a r c h 1954,
A p r il 1955, S e p te m b e r 1956, S e p te m b e r 1957, O c t o b e r 1958,
and O c to b e r 1959A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the
p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s f o r oth er m a jo r a r e a s ,
is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u r re n t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the B o s to n a r e a a re a ls o a v a ila b le
fo r the m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s (Jan u ary I9 6 0 ), h o te ls (M a rch
I9 6 0 ), flu id m ilk (A p r il I9 6 0 ), p ow er la u n d rie s and d ry c le a n e r s
(A p r il I9 6 0 ), banking (June I9 60) and h o sp ita ls (July I9 6 0 ).
U nion s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le
fo r the fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s : B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p rin tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv ­
e r s and h e lp e r s .

3

3

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1
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1
1

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Occupational Wage Survey—Boston, Mass.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 1s B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s h as
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , data w e r e ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o rta tio n , 2
co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d f r o m th e se stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th ey fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
rant in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , se p a r a te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In co m b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e show n f o r
f u ll-t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k On w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te sh ifts .
N o n p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk s c h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e se
o c c u p a tio n s h av e b een rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f m e n and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich b oth s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls o f m e n and w o m e n in th e s e o c cu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c if i c du ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ithin
the sa m e su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
i c e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju ste d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m e n w ou ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the s a m e r a te ra n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u se d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if i c d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O cc u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
take a ccou n t o f in te r e sta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee a p pen dix f o r lis tin g o f th e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s .) E a rn in g s data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tion s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
n an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not th e n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c tu r e am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s , stu d ied .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e d o n o t m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s

1 D ata w e r e obtain ed by m a il fr o m s o m e o f the s m a lle r e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts f o r w h ich v is it s b y B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t
p r e v io u s s u r v e y in d ica te d em p lo y m e n t in r e la t iv e ly fe w o f the o c c u ­
p a tio n s stu d ied .
U nusual ch a n g es r e p o r t e d b y m a il w e r e v e r ifie d
w ith e m p lo y e r s .
2 R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y e x clu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e se stu d ies,
w e r e in clu d e d in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied s in c e Ju ly 1959, e x ce p t
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo , C lev ela n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e n ow in ­
clu d e d in the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r -m a r k e t w ag e s u r v e y s .




In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits as th ey r e ­
la te to o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
T he t e r m ’ ’o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
in th is b u lle tin , in clu d e s w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n su p erv isofry
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a tiv e ,

2
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s­
t r ie s , bu t a r e in clu d ed a s pla n t w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , 3 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l pla n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t ap p lyin g to
a m a jo r it y w a s u se d o r , if n o am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s ific a t io n no th e r " w as u sed .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e la t e sh ift h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d on ly
i f it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
M in im u m en tra n ce r a te s (ta b le B -2 ) r e la t e on ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an e sta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
health , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r i t y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S ch ed u led h o u r s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 4 B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g, su m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in th ese
ta b u la tion s m a y n ot equ al to ta ls .
The f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta ble p r e s e n t s the n u m ­
b e r o f w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a r t
c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s to show to ta l h olid a y t im e .

Data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll health, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n
p la n s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
ex ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch a s w o r k m e n 's co m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such p la n s in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c i a l in su r a n ce com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d
th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t
o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r th is p u rp o s e .
Death
b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed a s a fo r m o f life in su r a n ce .

S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
s u r a n ce u nder w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a sh p a y m en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r, in New Y ork and New J e r s e y , w hich
h ave en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s, 5 p la n s a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the law . T ab u lation s
o f p a id s i c k -le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 6 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep arate ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plica ted tota l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits .

The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith pay is g ra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m en ts, su ch
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s, o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H o w e v e r, in the ta b u la tion s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m en ts n ot on
a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d a s the eq u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s exten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s b ey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in s u r a n ce r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s 1 fe e s . Such p la n s m a y b e u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y b e
s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim ite d to
th o se p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

3 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a vin g a p o li c y i f it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : ( l ) O p era ted la te s h ifts a t the tim e
o f the su r v e y , o r (2) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.
4 S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c tio n o f
ta b le B -3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to Ju ly 1957 w e r e p r e s e n te d in
t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f ic e s
w ith the in d ica te d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

5 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Islan d
d o n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
6 A n e sta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h aving a fo r m a l plan if
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a ys o f s i c k le a v e that
c o u ld b e e x p e cte d b y ea ch e m p lo y e e . Such a pla n n e e d n ot b e w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s is ,
w e r e e x clu d e d .




3

T a b le 1.

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv i s i o n ,2 O c to b e r I9 6 0

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin scop e o f su rv e y and n um ber studied in B o sto n , M a s s .

In d ustry d iv isio n

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts

N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
of study

Studied

W ithin sc o p e o f study

W ithin
scop e of
study 3

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P lan t

T o t a l4

-----------------------

_

1 ,2 5 0

258

4 2 6 ,1 0 0

9 0 ,9 0 0

2 5 4 ,7 0 0

2 3 5 , 940

M an u factu rin g ___ _
_ _ _ ---------- ---------- ----------------- ------N on m an u factu rin g __________ _ -------------------- __ ----------T r a n s p o r ta tio n ,
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
other public u tilitie s 5 ____________
_________ ____
W h o le s a le tra d e _________ ____________________________________
R e ta il tra d e __________________ ____________________ _________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate ___________________
~ ----S e r v i c e s 7 ____________ _____ _________ ______

100
'

442
808

86
172

2 1 5 ,0 0 0
2 1 1 ,1 0 0

3 0 ,3 0 0
6 0 ,6 0 0

1 4 8 ,9 0 0
1 0 5 ,8 0 0

1 1 4 ,9 7 0
1 2 0 ,9 7 0

100
50
100
50
50

61
203
128
186
230

22
41
34
37
38

4 0 ,3 0 0
2 3 ,0 0 0
6 2 ,8 0 0
4 9 ,0 0 0
3 6 ,0 0 0

8 , 200
7 ,0 0 0
6 ,8 0 0
3 1 ,7 0 0
6 ,9 0 0

2 3 ,3 0 0
9 , 500
5 0 ,8 0 0
6 2 ,2 0 0
2 0 ,0 0 0

3 0 ,3 4 0
7 ,3 1 0
3 8 ,9 7 0
3 0 ,5 3 0
1 3 ,8 2 0

A l l d iv isio n s

_ --------------------------------------------------

1 The B o sto n Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (Suffolk C oun ty, 15 c o m m u n ities in E s s e x C oun ty, 29 in M id d le se x C oun ty, 19 in N o r fo lk C oun ty, and 9 in P lym o u th C ounty).
The
"w o r k e r s w ithin
scop e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this table p rovid e a re a so n a b ly a c cu ra te d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the la b o r
fo r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y . Th e e s tim a te s
are
not in tend ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n w ith other a r e a em p lo y m en t in dexes to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m en t tre n d s or le v e ls
sin ce (1) planning of w age
su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se
o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the scop e of the s u r v e y .
2 Th e 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M an ual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r ed ition (u sed in the
B u r e a u ’s la b o r m a r k e t w age su r v e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r of m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n p lants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lish m e n ts fr o m tra d e (w h o le sa le o r r e ta il) to
m a n u fa c tu rin g , and the tr a n s fe r of rad io and t e le v is io n b r o a d ca stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clud es a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts with to ta l em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ithin the a rea ) of c o m p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir
s e r v i c e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clud es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s ex clu d ed fr o m the sep a ra te o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e ex clu d ed .
B o s to n 's tra n sit s y s t e m is m u n ic ip a lly o p erated an d, t h e r e f o r e , ex clu d ed by d efin ition fr o m the sc o p e of the stu d ie s.
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l esta te e sta b lish m e n ts on ly.
7 Hotels-; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir sh op s; m otion p ic tu r e s; n onprofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2.

Indexes of stand ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s for se le c te d occu p ation al groups in B o sto n , M a s s . ,
O c to b e r I9 6 0 and O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 , and p e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r se le c te d p er io d s
Indexes
(M a r c h 1953 = 100)

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

In d ustry and occu p ation al group

O c to b e r 1958
to
O c to b e r 1959

S ep te m b er 1957 S ep te m b er 1956
A p r il 1955
to
to
to
O c to b e r 1956
S ep te m b er 1957 S e p te m b e r 1956

M a r c h 1954
to
A p r il 1955

M a r c h 1953
to
M a r c h 1954

O c to b e r I9 6 0

O cto b e r 1959

O c to b e r 1959
to
O c to b e r I9 6 0

A l l in d u str ie s:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) _______ ___
__ __ __ ___
In d u stria l n u r se s (w om en) ____________________________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) __________________ _______
U n sk illed plant (m en) __________________________________

13 9. 8
14 1. 1
140. 8
1 3 9 .4

13 4.
136.
134.
133.

7
3
5
3

3.
3.
4.
4.

8
6
7
6

3 .4
4. 3
4. 2
4. 0

5. 3
5. 9
5 .4
7. 1

5.
4.
5.
4.

7
8
2
7

8.
9.
8.
6.

0
0
5
3

2. 9
1. 5
1. 9
2 .4

5.
6.
5.
5.

M an ufactu ring:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) ____ ___ __ _______________
In d u strial n u r s e s (w om en) ____________________________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en)
----- ------- _ — ----- _
U n sk illed plant (m en)
_________ _____
__ -----------

1 3 7 .4
140. 0
142. 1
139. 6

1 3 2 .4
13 5. 2
135. 6
1 3 3 .4

3.
3.
4.
4.

8
6
8
6

3.
3.
4.
3.

4.
6.
5.
7.

6. 1
4. 1
5 .4
4 .6

7.
8.
8.
5.

3
9
9
0

2. 3
. 7
1 .9
3. 1

4 .4
7. 2
5. 6
5. 5




9
7
2
6

6
5
3
9

2
5
3
1

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d
pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
In a r e a s w h ich w e r e not s u r v e y e d du rin g the
f i s c a l 1953 b a s e y e a r (J u ly 1952 to June 1953) th is ta b le is lim ite d
to p e r c e n t s o f change b e tw e e n s e le c t e d p e r io d s .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o rk , that is ,
the stan d ard w o r k s ch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id.
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
en ds, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on. data fo r
s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in e a ch g rou p . The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w om en in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , f ile ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f ic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a ­
t o r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A
and B .
The in d u s tr ia l n u r s e data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u str ia l
n u r s e s . M en in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d
jo b s w e r e in clu d ed in the pla n t w o r k e r data:
Skilled-— c a r p e n t e r s ;
e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m i l l ­
w r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a ­
t e r ia l h an dlin g; and w a tch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h e s e w eig h ted e a rn in g s fo r in d iv id u a l
o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g re g a te f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a t io o f th e s e g ro u p a g g r e g a te s f o r a giv^n
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952—53)
w a s co m p u te d *and the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d b y the b a s e y e a r in d ex (100) to
g e t the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .




S im ila r p r o c e d u r e s w e r e fo llo w e d in c o m p ilin g " p e r c e n t s o f
c h a n g e " in a r £ a s n ot s u r v e y e d du rin g 1953.

A d ju s tm e n ts h av e b e e n m a d e w h e re n e c e s s a r y to m a in tain
c o m p a r a b ility s o that the y e a r - t o - y e a r c o m p a r is o n s a r e b a s e d on the
sa m e in d u stry and o c cu p a tio n a l c o v e r a g e .
F o r ex a m p le, r a ilr o a d s
h ave b e e n in clu d ed in the c o v e r a g e o f the su r v e y s on ly s in c e Ju ly 1959.
In com p u tin g the in d e x e s fo r the f i r s t y e a r in w h ich r a ilr o a d s w e r e
in clu d ed , data r e la tin g to r a ilr o a d s w e r e ex clu d e d . In d exes f o r s u b s e ­
quent y e a r s in clu d e data f o r r a ilr o a d s .

The in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w ag e ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e ex p a n sio n s, f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a ctu a l w a g e ch a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o ccu p a tio n and r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . The m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u se the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though n o change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a e sta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f con sta n t em p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n ce d b y ch a n g es in
stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r tim e , s in c e they
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
In d exes fo r the p e r io d 1953 to I9 60 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts w ill a p p ea r in B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W a ges and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 60 L a b o r M a rk e ts, W in ter 1959—
60.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. O ffice Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M a s s ., October I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A veraqe

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Weekly

W
eekly
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

Under
$
4 0 0

$

45. 00
and
under
50. 00

$

$

$

“

50. 00

-

-

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

34

55. 00

-

55. 00

60. 00

$

65. 00

$

$

$

~

-

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

$

85. 00

$

90. 00
■

$
$
$
$
$
S
95. 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 1 2 5 .0 0

%

-

-

-

-

-

-

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00

and
over

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A -------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------Finance 3 ------------------------------------------------------------------S ervices ---------------------------------------------------------------------

664
133
531
122
69
109
54

38.
38.
38.
38.
36.
37.
38.

0
0
0
5
5
0
5

C lerk s, accounting, class B -------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade -------------------------------------------------------

450
84
366
197

38.
38.
38.
38.

0
0
0
5

75.00
75.00
75.00
81.50

C lerk s, file , class B

$

97.00
103.00
95.50
101.50
84.50
79.50
92.50

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

34
10
8
14
2

45
4
41
5
2
29
2

41
4
37
5
4
22
4

35
35
9
11
11
4

66
17
49
14
13
11
11

56
7
49
14
6
12
12

41
10
31
4
2
2
3

83
31
52
8
6
3
2

71
4
67
6
2
_
5

74
27
47
6
1
2
6

58
23
35
9
3
_
3

24
5
19
9
1
1
-

15
5
10
3

53
16
37
24

21
2
19
-

28
28
9

20
12
8
3

8
3
5
5

7
7
-

26
26
26

9
9
9

4
4
4

4
_
4
4

9

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

22
3
19
19

62
20
42
42

43
4
39
39

55
12
43
39

16
1
15
15

32
6
26
21

18
3
15
15

8
3
5
5

18
18
14

10
5
5
5

17
12
5
5

34
3
4 31
4 31

5

7

8

10

9

_

1

_

1

_
_

5
5
5
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

4
4

-

-

27
2
25
15

39
1
38
2

72
14
58
36

104
22
82
48

37

11

5

1

_

7
4
3
3

25
16
9
9

37
25
12
12

-

_

-

--------------------------------------------------------

54

38. 0

49.50

C lerk s, order ---------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade -------------------------------------------------------

407
120
287
274

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5

89.50
82.50
92.50
92.50

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-------------------------------------------------------------------

68

38. 5

88.00

_

_

9

-

7
2

_

_

26
1

25
2 23
2

_

-

9
9

1

2

1

3

7

13

Office boys __________________________________________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 5 ------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade ____________________________________
Finance 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------Services ---------------------------------------------------------------------

943
245
698
84
79
323
181

38.
38.
38.
38.
39.
36.
39.

0
0
0
5
0
5
0

52.50
54.00
52.00
51.00
58.50
51.50
51.00

111
33
78
20
28
26

295
64
231
8
12
121
74

277
67
210
26
30
112
36

104
29
75
25
9
16
25

59
5
54
3
11
27
10

40
4
36
10
19
5

46
41
5
1
1
3

4
2
2
1
1

1
1
1

_

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine op erators, class A -----------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Finance 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------

259
136
123
50

38. 5
3 9 .5
37. 5
37. 5

93.00
93.50
92.00
79.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1
1

6
1
5
5

7
3
4
4

33
16
17
16

22
4
18
14

46
30
16
8

36
24
12
1

50
23
27
1

14
11
3
-

8
6
2

18
15
3

6
1
5
-

3
1
2
-

9
1
8
-

Tabulating-m achine op erators, class B -----------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Finance 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------

396
157
239
164

38. 5
39. 5
3 7 .5
37. 0

77.50
80.00
76.00
70.00

-

_
-

50
8
42
42

49
13
36
35

65
26
39
32

57
32
25
15

45
17
28
20

41
26
15
2

25
11
14
1

23
18
5
4

3
3
-

2
1
1
-

_
-

2
_
2
-

_
_

-

14
1
13
12

18
3
15

-

2
1
1
1

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss C -----------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Finance 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------

234
64
170
82

38.
39.
38.
36.

5
5
0
5

66.00
71.50
64.00
58.00

_

_
-

30
1
29
24

49
15
34
28

40
7
33
17

30
8
22
11

40
7
33
2

9
3
6
-

5
2
3
-

21
20
1
-

5
5
-

5
1
4
-

_

_

_

-

_
-

.

-

_
-

-

-

229
85
144
94

38.
38.
39.
39.

5
0
0
0

70.00
66.00
72.50
76.50

20
4
16
1

29
7
22
15

66
34
32
22

21
17
4
1

27
13
14
14

6
5
1
1

14
3
11
5

22
2
20
20

9
9

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

15
15
15

_

-

"

“

“

“

“

C lerk s, payroll

_

-

_

-

-

_

_
_

_
-

Women
B ille r s, machine (billing machine) -------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade -------------------------------------------------------

_

_

-

-

-

“

“

_

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE: E stim ates fo r all industries, nonmanufacturing, and public u tilities include data fo r railroad s (SIC 40), om itted fro m the scope
o f all labor m arket wage surveys m ade be fo re July 1959.
W here significant, the effect o f the inclusion o f railroad s is greatest
on the data shown separately fo r the public utilities division.

6
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n > B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r I9 6 0 )

A verage
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

N U M B E R OF W OR K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y EA R N IN G S OF—

U nder
Weekly
earnings 1
$
(Standard)
4 5 . 00

$
4 5 . 00
and
under
50. 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

$

5 0 . 00

$
95 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0

$
105. 00

$
$
1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00

$
1 2 0 . 00

$
125. 00

55. 00

6 0. 00

6 5. 00

70. 00

75. 00

8 0. 00

8 5 . 00

90. 00

95. 00

1 0 0 . 00 105. 00

11 0 . 00

115. 00 1 2 0 . 00

1 2 5 . 00

over

and

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

B ille r s ,

m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ) _________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ 1_______________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
__________________________________________________

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e

op era tors,

c la s s

A

______________

M a n u fa c tu r in g
_________________________________ ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_____________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____________________________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ______________________________________________________
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e

o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
___________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_____________________________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
___________________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
__________________________________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

280
241
203

38. 5
38. 5
38. 0

289
81
208
56
118

37. 5
38. 0
37. 5

1 ,3 4 5
324
1 ,0 2 1
222
62

38. 0
38. 5
38. 0

718

37. 5

39. 0
36. 5

39. 0
38. 0

71.
77.
68.
74.

00
50
00
00

6 1 . 50
6 8 . 00
59.
68.
57.
57.

50
00
50
00

1 ,3 5 7
462

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ___________________________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
___________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e
_________________________________________________
F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
_______________________________________________________

895
114
106
163
333

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B
__________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
__________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ___________________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
___________________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
__________________________________________________
F i n a n c e 3 _______________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
_______________________________________________________

2 , 146

38. 0

6 4 . 00

491
1 ,6 5 5

39. 0
37. 5

69.
62.
71.
67.
56.
60.
67.

C le r k s , file , c la s s A
___________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
___________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________________________________
F in a n c e 3
_____________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
_____________________________________________________

512
175
337
255
52

C le r k s ,

file ,

c la s s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

0
0
5
0
0

60
60

-

-

-

-

9
-

18
-

9
9

116
3
113
12

-

7 9 . 50
8 0 . 00
79.
89.
85.
73.
74.
82.

00
50
50
50
50
50

50
50
50
50
50
00
00

_
-

__________________________________________________

a t e n d o f t a b le ,

39. 0
38. 5

150

214
73
141
2

239
93
146
14

191

2
26
67
2

14

15

29
71
25

39
44
34

11
27
40
27

345
74
271
36
32
45
118
40

193
80
113

131
54
77
18

70
42
28
12

19
2
13
25

7
2
1
6

100
53
47
35
6

96
60
36
25
11

28
11
17
10
4

80
31

49
27
22

9
9
-

78
2

46
4

49
5

465

438
108
330

166
68
98
27
8
42

68.
66.
71.
55.

____________________________________________

83
30
53
-

2

9
9

15

5

46
419
68
15

2
1
17

18

85
27
58

38. 5
38. 5

00
50
50
50

3
20-

67

64
14
50

245
282
155
75

5
5
5
-

-

1
1

49
14

286

191

58
13

27

45
3
21

9
18
10
8

169
43

117
54
63
42
12

51
99
2

49
15
12

15
46
13
33
6

19
-

19
-

-

26
1
3

80
80

17
1
16
-

-

23

-

69
41
10

2
2

9
-

-

5
1

7
6

71
2

"

81

“

6
143

97
114

6 7 . 50

"

19
222

"

38. 5

"

28
22
6

58
41

527

-

80
50
30

-

29
385

-

-

42

12
-

39. 0
38. 0
37. 5

-

11 1

-

203
10
112

-

80
141

339
16
53
58

00
00
00
50
00

-

-

10
10

-

221

339
7
38
95
152
47

60.
52.
56.
47.
51.

_

-

271
55
216
63

416
77

39. 0
38. 0

_

273
26
247
6

-

307
1 ,5 7 6
202
190
1 ,0 0 4

-

214
22
192
4

399
60

___________________________________________________

-

36

"

"

-

_

18
4
14

298
40
258
13
34

465
12
453
14

"

12
2

26
-

-

-

"

2
2
-

2
12
2

124
7
117
18
-

203

-

_

9
13
5
1

-

5 3 . 50

-

29
40
20
13

12
-

-

"
26

-

39

2
14
21
16

00
50
50
50

-

14

3
-

69.
65.
61.
74.

_

-

-

1
7
-

37. 5
38. 5

.

-

22

8
-

39. 5
38. 0

_

-

14

8
-

_

_

-

69

8
-

6 6 . 50

.

-

59
7
52
10

8
-

38. 5

.

-

58
4
54
5
45

_

12
-

_

-

23
14

88

-

_

26
25
15

-

-

_

20
13
12

11
177

38. 0

W h o le s a le tra d e




39.
39.
37.
37.
37.

0
5
5
0
0

67
65
65

1 ,8 8 3

C le r k s , o r d e r
_______________________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_________________
__ ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s

179

39.
37.
37.
37.
37.

44
44
44

____________________________________________

B

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____________________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
____ __________ _______________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

R e ta il tr a d e

189
259
387
641

39. 0
37. 5

14
14
14

6 4 . 00

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
__________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
___________________________________________________

179

38. 0

$ 5 8 . 00
55. 00
54. 00

25
24
1
-

69
122
17

171
37
134
29
21
14
41
29

140

52

25

59
81
17

11
41

15
10
4

11
1
16
36

19
10
1

1
3
2

-

9
6
3

25

11
7
4
-

7
-

1
-

7
-

1
-

2
2

6
-

1
-

1
-

_

_

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

2
1
-

8
17
8
2
4
-

1

-

1
"

3

-

-

-

3
1
2
-

2
2
-

5
5
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

9
-

5

7

5

5
5

7
-

5
5

18
2
16
2

19
7
12
-

10
10

11

7

8
2

8

_

_

6
2
-

-

-

14

5

9
5
5

2
3
-

6
6

"

5
-

1

-

-

-

-

19
13

-

8
-

8

-

-

_

4
-

38
34
4
4

-

3

9
3
-

-

_
-

-

17
12
5
-

125
54

_
-

8
-

32
17
15
3

19

2
-

9
2

98
27
71
51
11
1
-

72
56
16
16

71
58
2

"

-

-

1
-

-

-

9
5
4

1
1
-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

7
Table A-l. O ffice Occupatbns-Continued
(A v e r a g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

w e e k ly h o u r s

a n d e a r n in g s f o r

b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,

B o sto n ,

s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s
M ass. ,

A verage

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

O ctob er

s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is

I9 6 0 )

N U M B E R OF W OR K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—
$
4 5 . 00
and
under
50. 00

$
50. 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

$
9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0.00

S
1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

$
120 .0 0

$
1 2 5 .0 0

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

65. 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0.00

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

and
over

10
6
4
-

76
46
30
-

63

91
70
21

4
-

-

-

11
18
1

39
7
32
5
1
1
4
21

19
3
16
2
_
_

-

78
18
60
5
15
20
7
13

U nder
i s . 00

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _____________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
___________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ___________________________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
___________________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ________________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
________________________ ______________________________

C om p tom eter o p e ra to rs
_________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_____________________________________________

1 ,0 2 9
569
460
42
60
143
110
105

1, 136
425

38. 5
39. 0
38. 0
38. 5
39. 0
37. 5
37. 0
39. 5

38. 5
39. 0
38. 0

$ 7 0 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 8.00
8 0 .5 0

3
3
-

23
40
1
23
13
3

166
120
46
4
27
11
4

177
97
80
12
7
36
17

189
100

19
24

71
30
2
12
2
14

8

30

-

172

89
6
10

101

9
4
_
_
8

10
3
7

2

1
1
_
_
_

12

1

6 7 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

23

37
8

102
35

185
85

213
87

66

131
71

67
42

41
15

16

-

131
6

9
3

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
5 6 .5 0

23
-

29
-

67

126
44

106
56

60
21

25
13

26
10

58
18

68
13

38
6

27
1

11

8

1

6
2
_

-

18
11

13
8
2

125
5

23

9
35
16

100
23

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

____________________________________________

711
194

R e t a il tr a d e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

289
65

39. 0
36. 5
37. 5

99
55

38. 5

5 9 .0 0

-

14

28

13

21

6

9

-

6

2

38. 5

5 8 .5 0

-

6

15

10

10

5

9

"

-

“

1, 6 8 4

38. 5

629
1 ,0 5 5
206
115
223
476

39. 5
38. 0

6 6 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

2
-

24
-

2
-

24
-

271
64
207

236
140
96

15

31
5
_

63
3
_

-

9

93

139

122

19
5
16
52

66
23
43
20
10
_

68
2
66

9
19
23
54

135
103
32
6

59
23
36

19
5
42

319
102
217
7
41
43

231
123
108

2

260
46
214
32
10
76

-

-

15
-

147

147
14
133
27

61
13
48
2
38

26
10
16
6

3
-

-

_
_

3
-

18
18
-

9

3

-

150
20
130
2

403
TO S
297

613
“ 204

-

409
1

50
14
128
105

99
20
195
94

803
311
492
6
61
30
225
170

828
320
508
21
57
31
209
190

391
441
35
56
31
143
176

W h o le s a le tr a d e

2

2
2
_

1
3
_

3
_
3
-

1
_

.

1
_

_
_
_
_
_

1
1
_
_
_
_
_

1
_
_
-

.

2
_
_

3

1

-

.

6
2

1
-

4
2
_

1
1
_

-

-

-

_

-

.

_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( M im e o g r a p h o r D itto )
M a n u fa c tu r in g

---------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________________________________
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_____________________________________________
P u b lic u t il it ie s 5
--------------------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____________________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e
__________________________________________________
F in a n c e 3
_____________________________________________________
O ffic e

g ir ls

________________

_________________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g
___________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
---------------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e
__________________________________________________
F in a n c e 3
_____ ______________________________________________

417
84
333
54
240

S e c r e ta r ie s
_______________________________________________ ________
___________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
---------------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 5
__________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e
__________________________________________________
F in a n c e 3
_____________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s

_________________________________

39.
39.
38.
37.

5
0
0
5

38. 0
0
5
5
5

5 2 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
4 9 .5 0
5 1 .0 0

5, 9 4 5
2, 422
3, 523
341
470
240
1, 358

38. 0
38. 0
37. 5
38. 5
38. 5
37. 5
3 7 .0

8 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

____________________

1, 1 1 4

37. 5

7 9 .5 0

39.
37.
38.
37.

15
15
-

29
118
4
11 1

79

.

.

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

1
12
75
40

24
1
23

11

7
6
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
1
6
-

5
2
3
-

1
-

6
_

3
_

-

-

_
-

.
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

56
19
37
15

38
14
24
5

6
2
5

3
4
2

47
24
23
2
7
6

9

10

1
7

_

-

-

699
350

592
340
252
34
32
25
90
71

389
181
208
46
28
7
88

229
81
148
31
6
8
41
62

126

349
61
52
25
108
103

27
-

21

18
2

10

1

_

2

1

-

16
_

9
2

1
_
_

16
_
_

7
_

1
1
1
_

832

175

228

453

567

3 54

247

470

87

50

T o 5
361

-

1
6

309
14
30
33

29
63

151
203
27
42

31
175
63

17
75
42

72
175
63
25
3
41

400
70
15
13
2

45
42
26
6
-

4
46
23

297
152
702
22 1

69
159
7
25
20
93
14

144

W h o le s a le tr a d e
___________________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e
__________________________________________________
F in a n c e 3
_____________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

14
16 1
28
22

27
13

7
3




_
_

_

26

S e e fo o tn o te s at e n d o f ta b le .

-

_
_

-

26

191
41

-

_
_
_
_

_

-

2

-

_
_

-

-

19

-

_
_

_

7 0 .0 0

39. 0

-

_
_

-

7 3 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

35
74

-

_

-

38. 5

-

_
_
_
_

"

39.
37.
38.
38.

37. 0
37. 0

1
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

1, 113
1, 6 2 3
251

-

.

_
_
_

-

2, 736

0
5
5
5

_

_

-

_________________________________________

gen eral

_

-

M a n u fa c tu r in g
___________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
---------------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ___________________________________________

S ten og ra p h ers,

_
_
_
_

1
_

43

19
4
-

39

3
18
6

27
10
17
-

11
1

-

-

49
77
24
5
8
17
23

116
11
105
58
7
5
20
15

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
-

8
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e

s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r I9 6 0 )
A vebaox

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

Number
of
workers

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours*
(Standard)

407

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
---------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

864
212
652

219
188
69
116

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
________________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ----------------------------------------------------------------------

38.
38.
38.
38.

0
0
5
0

38. 5
38. 5
39. 0
38. 0

106
90
112

39. 0
38. 0

199
145

37. 0
38. 0

---------------------------------------

834

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

375

38. 0
38. 5

_____________________________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
____________________________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e
F i n a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

U nder
$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0. 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
70. 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

65 . 00

7 0. 00

75. 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

95. 00

23
3
20
18
2

23

96

63
36
27
7
20

53
37
16
5

14

59
37
22
15

92
51
41
10
31

25

9
14
4

13
12

9
5
-

10

9

5

n o
11

137

102

101
24

36
28
8
-

54

38

26
28
26
1
-

3
35
28
5
2
-

-

1

-

1

11
11

19
3
16
-

-

-

-

-

39. 0

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

8

17

155

8
-

17
-

149
-

6 0 . 50
6 3 . 50
5 7 . 00

8
-

10
-

-

7

6 5 . 50

7

4

6 7 . 00
6 4 . 50

7

6 0 . 00

7
-

4
4
-

_

50
50
50
00
50

67.
73.
65.
81.
68.

00
00
00
00
50

459
53
97
134

36. 0
37. 0

6 3 . 00
6 5 . 50

------------------------------

52

38. 0

8 5 . 50

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
_____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
________________________________________________
F in a n c e 3
.....................................................................................................

330
72
258

38.
38.
38.
37.

A

91

0
5
0
0

37. 5
37. 5

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s C
-----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

303
258
85

36. 5

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l
----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------------------W h o le sa le tra d e
_____________________________________________
F in a n c e 3
__________________________ I ____________________________

1, 0 3 6
322
714

39. 0
37. 5

86
441

39. 0
37. 0

_____________________________________________________
T y p is ts , c la s s A
M a n u fa c t u r in g
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
________________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ______________________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
----------------------------------------------------------------------

1. 3 2 4
474
850
82

38. 0
39. 0
37. 5
38. 5

67
345
334

39. 0
37. 0
37. 5

F in a n c e 3
S e r v ic e s

________________________________________________________
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

T y p is ts , c la s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

________________________________________________

W h o le s a le tra d e

----------------------------------------------------------------------

R e ta il tr a d e
____________________________________________________
F in a n c e 3
________________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

S ta n d a rd h o u r s

2
3
4

W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s f o llo w s :
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s f o llo w s :

5

T ra n s p o rta tio n ,




3, 8 8 2
980
2, 902
336
233
1, 8 3 4
364

r e fle c t th e w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

5 at $ 125 to

38. 0

38. 0
39. 0
37. 5
39. 0
38. 5
37. 0
39. 0

6

99
6
5
24
51

20
24
19
86

13

51
11

69
42
27
5
14

"

40
4
2
14

_

_

71. 50

c la s s

$

95 . 00

$
1 0 0 . 00

$
1 0 5 .0 0

$
n o . oo

$
1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 . 00

$
125. 00

1 0 0 . 00

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 . 00

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 . 00

125. 00

over

and

-

$74.
74.
74.
68.
77.

37. 5
38. 0

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------------------____________________________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
F in a n c e 3
________________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

S

•

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
_________________________________________
S te n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n ic a l
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 _________________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s

N U M B E R OF W O RKERS R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y EA R N IN G S OF—
$
4 5 . 00
and
under

_ '

10

31
106
5
8
8
69
16
248
88
160

93
41
52
1
21
5
20
5

16
16
22
5

77
37
6
8
15
11

234

73

112

105

49
24

49

43
42

129
17
31
46

2

4

3

3
-

63

2
3
3

-

2
2
-

4
-

5
-

4
-

2

2

8
8
-

4
2
2
-

3
4
-

2
-

_

1
-

_

5
-

-

1
_

_

4

5

-

1

-

_

1
1
-

_
_

-

1
-

-

-

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

5

1

_

_

_

-

3
2
-

1
-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

7

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1

-

13

9
7
15

-

2

"

-

3

2

7

15

8

3

4

22
1
21
5

74
10
64
31

74
11
63

21
8
13
12

28
18
10
10

21
21

21
3
18

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

1

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

79. 50
6 9 . 00
6 9 . 50

-

-

-

50
50
14

5 8 . 00
5 6 . 50
5 8 . 00

_

173
164
21

44
33
31

28
23
15

18
15
15

8
7
1

5

18

-

9

-

4
3

"

2
2
2

"

-

~

"

-

_

47

124
51
73
12
50

1
1
1

26

28
11
17
6
8

25
7
18
1

88

79
137
37
80

48
36
12
-

38

39
116
10
75

44
7
37
-

-

145
62
83
2
76

216

9
38
-

186
21
165
-

155

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

71
12

281
102

86
44
42

37
5
32

-

-

-

-

3
4

5

-

-

-

13

9
15

-

_

6
3
17
14

6
4
2

-

-

39
32
2
2

6
1
5

-

59
16

124
74
50

7
1

13

145
67
78

39
-

-

295
97
198
2
12

_

-

13
-

-

-

_

-

3

3

-

-

65.
67.
64.
76.
61.

00
00
00
50
50

67.
68.
67.
78.
72.

50
50
00
00
50

-

-

-

13
13

219
71
148
8
7
50
82

43

179
6
19
78

76
104

6 5 . 00
6 5 . 00

"

-

5 8 . 00
6 3 . 50

39
1

450
13

1116
137

830
223

719
201

304

5 6 . 00
6 0 . 00

38
-

979
72

201

4

607
57
72

518
112

5 7 . 00
5 4 . 50
5 8 . 00

437
20
12

28
6

397
8

399
74

299
45

r e c e iv e t h e ir

r e g u la r

69
633
122

s tr a ig h t-tim e

s a la r ie s

71

46

103
39
22
44
87

a n d th e e a r n in g s

$ 1 3 0 ; 6 a t $ 1 30 to $ 1 3 5 ; 6 a t $ 135 to $ 1 4 0 ; 6 a t $ 140 a n d o v e r .

16 a t $ 125 t o $ 1 4 5 ; 10 at $ 1 45 t o $ 1 6 5 ; 5 a t $ 165 a n d o v e r .

an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

40
62

3

6
2
4
-

19

4
42
24
189
128

9
32
172

61
11

131
41
15

7
18
11

16
5

1

41
34
7
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

7
-

5
-

_

7
7

5
5

-

5

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

1

-

-

5

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

-

-

3

"

~

"

“

“

"

17
9
8
5
-

c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

.

-

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupatbns
(A v e ra g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c to b e r I9 6 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly j
(Standard)

55. 00

'$

$

$

$

$

$

$

70. 00

7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00

8 5. 00

9 0 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0

$

$

5 5. 00 6 0 . 00
and
under
6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00

$

$

6 5. 00

$

Weekly j U n d e r
earnings
(Standard) $

$

$

$

Is

Is

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 | 1 5 0 .0 0 1 1 5 5 .0 0
i
j and
over

1
I

!

M en

i

D r a fts m e n , le a d e r
______________________________
________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
S e r v ic e s
__________________________________

704

297

26

____________________________________

222

T racers
___________
_ ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__________________________

120

S e r v ic e s

57

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

j

-

"

-

-

i

-

1 5 9 .0 0

"

39. 5
40. 0

125. 50

_

1 2 5 . 50

39. 5

1 2 5 . 50

-

39. 5

1 2 6 . 50

1 , 149
1 ,0 5 5

922

-

-

2, 550

625

_

-

_____________________________

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r
______________________________
________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ________________________

_

-

M a n u fa c t u r in g
________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
S e r v ic e s
___________________________________

1 ,4 0 1

_

-

39. 0
39. 0

s e n io r

_

14 5 . 50
1 5 8 .5 0

39. 5
40. 0

D r a fts m e n ,

_

$ 1 5 4 .5 0

215
489
469

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.

5
5
5
0
0

39. 5
39. 5

1

!

1

8

"

17

8
-

2
2

I

17
-

!

-

24
23

44

1
1

6

_

_

_

15

41

30

71

94

93

-

-

15
-

38
3

27
3

66

10

28

60
33

167
124
43

339

-

61

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

7

22

23

30

103

18
17

66

35

63

68

66

136

61

115

94

55

29

57

1

11

6

40
28

98
38

37
24

2
22

48
67
3

46
48
-

58

-

2
2

1
1

7

8
-

;
5
!
i-------- : —

9 4 . 50
9 3 . 50
9 8 . 50

8

!

6 4 . 50

15
6 14

6 8 . 00

"
_

_
1

9 4 . 50
9 4 . 50
!
1

1

_

_

-

5

-

-

-

49
14
-

2

9
-

28
20

249

172

2

13

58

1

100
-

345
274

1 00

7

29
27

271
J263

90
45
45

105
74
31

45

31

2
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

281
128
153

160

264

35
137

29
131

135

167

137

138

128

57
32
25
-

12

76

38

6
6

69
7
-

2
2

2
2

-

-

46

25

6

6

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

"

6

7
3
4

2
1
1

_

„

.

.

-

-

-

-

4

6

11

15

5

19
18

52

8

1

1

_

_

7

-

"

21
21

16

17

47

44

40

10
6

10

48
31
17

38

28

38

2

-

9

16

2

5

6

199
140

166
75

-

!

38

30

1
57
56

6
7

8
7

79
170

19

18
13
5
5

91
90

12

i
!
!

16
12
4
4

38

-

129
127

!

97

213
4211

j
W om en
i
N u rses,

in d u s tr ia l (r e g is t e r e d )

----------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g
________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

247
170
77

39. 0
39. 5
38. 5

8 7 . 50
8 7 . 50

8 8 . 00

_
-

4
4

9
9

_
-

7

_
-

-

i ---------------1
2
3
4
5
6

S ta n d a rd h o u r s
W ork ers w ere
W ork ers w ere
W ork ers w ere
T ra n s p o rta tio n
W ork ers w ere

N OTE:

r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s a n d th e
d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 3 at $ 155 to $ 165; 32 at $ 185 to $ 195; 33 at $ 195 to $ 2 05; 6 at $ 205 to
d is t r ib u t e d a s fo ll o w s : 101 a t $ 155 to $ 1 6 5 ; 8 5 a t $ 165 to $ 1 7 5 ; 4 3 a t $ 175 to $ 1 8 5 ; 34 a t $ 185
d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 26 a t $ 155 to $ 1 6 0 ;
88 at $ 160 to $ 165; 4 9 at $ 165 to $ 170; 4 8 at $ 175
, c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s :
3 a t $ 4 5 t o $ 5 0 ; 11 a t $ 5 0 t o $ 5 5 .

S ee n ote on p .




5 , r e la t iv e to th e in c l u s i o n o f r a il r o a d s

e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
$ 215.
to $ 195.
to $ 180.

10
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B o s t o n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r I9 6 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

-------------------------------------------C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
--------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

588

2 . 61
2 . 67

30

2 . 60
2. 97

116

E le c t r i c ia n s , m a in t e n a n c e
----------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------- -----------

1, 0 4 8
865

E n g in e e rs ,

s ta tio n a r y

---------------------------------------------------

M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ---------------------------------------------------

183
96

429
284
145
47

---------------------------------------

541

M a n u fa c t u r in g
--------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s
--------------------------------------------------------------------

311
230
51

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s
____________________________________________

803
572
231
111
65

F ir e m e n ,

s ta tio n a r y b o ile r

U nder
$
1 .5 0

$ 2 . 64

367
221

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ---------------------------------------------------

Average
hourly
earnings1

2.
2.
2.
2.

80
83
64
82

$
1. 50
and
under

$
1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1. 8 0

1. 9 0

$
2. 00

$
2 . 10

1. 80

1. 90

2 . 00

2 . 10

2. 20

$

$

$

$
2 . 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

2 . 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

1
-

7

10

17

10

20

1

10

10

15
5

23
15
8

8

-

4

4

6

-

1

3
14
-

25

-

-

-

7
-

"

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

$

3. 10

$

$

3. 10

3. 20

3 . 30

$
3. 40

$
3. 50

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

ove r

and
1. 70

1. 60

5

1

38
25
13
-

66
51
15
2

81

26

69
12

6

5

9
17
14
1

58
30
28

34

122

7

20
14

31
21
10
6

-

70
55
15
-

48

58

37
11
6

55
3
-

9

-

"

139
109
30

221

77

209
12

53
24

26

6

19

30
25

13

85

5

24

12
1

85

5

-

-

17
7

-

_

"

51

-

6
2
4

16
4
12
12

2
1

4

4

2

-

4

4

2

-

1

6
6

5
2
3

23
2

"

"

“

"

"

"

"

"

“

"

14

1

109
13
5

21

41

54

48

-

19

12

17
3

16
5

19
22

-

“

19
17
2
2

20

-

19
-

12

“

10

34
20
10

1 11
"

75

30

42

9

35
7

27
8

38
34
4

45
9
36

73
66
7

8
43

8
8
-

9

6

7
23
18

43
8
35
1

35

68
7

3

"

-

"

"

_

74
68

86
68

82

114

18
i
-

23
16
1

39
23
4

23
8
15

6
6
-

20

1

20

1

-

-

-

-

-

6
54
-

~

"

-

354

10
10
-

7
7
-

7
7
-

15
15
-

-

98
16
10
2

39
-

.

29
53
43
1

97
74

60
-

"

2. 83
2. 52

2
-

-

-

-

15
-

2

-

-

-

15

2 .9 2

"

"

"

"

"

2 . 32
2 . 35
2 . 28

30
-

4

20

4 30

3
1

11
11
-

1. 99

"

"

20
14

2.
2.
2.
2.

17
18
15
33

7
3
4
-

14
12
2
-

40
24

27
11

16
-

16
-

1 .9 0

-

-

13

13

2 . 73

2. 20

$

-

36
27

"

59
52

37

!

242
212

10
7
3

-

-

-

!

4
4
-

_

30
4
26
25

-

-

17
-

17
-

-

-

~

“

_

1
80
63
I 17
!

1

1

6

j

!

3

16

J
M a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m
-----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------

310
310

2. 63
2. 63

12
1

_

-

-

"

"

81
81

,

114
108

i
-

-

-

!

-

13

6
6

-

"

6

23

32

1 61

6

23

32

61

1

-

:

[

-

17
17

i

i
-

-

j
|
i

-

4
4

!

-

;

i
i

-

-

-

'

65
65

|

,

1

-

-

i

!
M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e
_____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ---------------------------------------------------

M e c h a n ic s ,

1, 0 4 5
57
44

---------------

655

---------------------------------------------------------------

171
484

a u t o m o t iv e (m a in t e n a n c e )

M a n u fa c t u r in g

1, 1 0 2

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e
---------------------------------------------------

393
77

2 . 85
2. 85
2. 73
2 . 78

-

-

-

-

■

"

2 . 58

<

5
5

i

"

|

1

-

-

-

-

-

33
2

59
58
1

"

"

;

"

81
69
12
10

54
48
6
6

j

6

83
78
5
5

79
71
8

:

92
i
|

176
172
4

88

269

90
2

77
11

269
-

“

3

10

3

2

-

4

3

2

-

~

4

39
11

-

3
3
-

"

"

"

10
6
4
4

12

4

7
5

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

li
li

80

55

36

160

105

58

21

30

33

-

8

10

137

10
11
5

13
20

28

2

-

-

"

4

126
6

95
82

30

-

47
47

47
11

-

80
80

31
5

23

-

2

4

26
4

5
15

9
19

5

_

42
42

-

t

2
-

2

-

35

23
2
"

i
-

25

1

j

2

2 . 51
2. 48
2. 44
2 . 70

"

-

|

-

-

6

10
1

6

-

3
1

-

I
1, 4 3 6

2. 55
2. 70

-

M illw r ig h ts
--------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------

281

2 . 65

_

276

2 . 66

14
14

13
12
1

154

77

96

168

94

113

168

68

202

15

153
1

75
2

95
7

86
10

101
67

70
24

91
22

168

12

4
-

-

28
40

163

-

123
121
2

102

10

39

3

4

_

_

_

_

_

2

19

10

19

72

14

105

31

_

5

_

2

19

8

19

71

13

104

31

2. 57

1, 1 9 6
240

10

"

----------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g
--------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
___________________________________

M e c h a n ic s ,

m a in t e n a n c e

S ee fo o tn o te s




at en d o f ta b le .

-

_

-

5

4
4

6

_

6

9
5

*

-

4

_

_

11
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e

s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c to b e r I9 6 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

of

workers

O ile r s

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
--------------------------------------------------------------

P a in t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s
____________________________________________

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
_____________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------

hourly i
earnings

198
166

.

$ 2 . 23
2 . 23

418
220

2. 36
2 . 57
2 . 13
2. 65
1 .8 1

198
40
87

U nder
$
1. 50

$
1. 50
and
under
1 .6 0

1 .7 0

16
16
5 14

-

$
1 .9 0

-

-

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 78

______________________________

61

S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ,
m a in t e n a n c e
_____________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------

168
163

2. 73
2. 73

m a in t e n a n c e

-

2 . 10

2 . 00

“

$
2 . 20
-

2 . 20

-

2. 30

_

"

"

$
2. 40
-

2. 40

$
2 . 50
-

2 . 50

-

2 . 60

2. 70

$
2. 70

$
2 . 80

-

$
2 . 60

-

2 . 80

2. 90

35
10

13
13

2
2

11
11

21
21

35
5
30
-

32
-

20

27
18

33
22

19
-

9

19
7
12
4

11
7
4
-

72
58
14
13

39
6
5

7

30

18

9

11
4
2

49
35
14
5
5

45

32
-

13
7
6
-

15

7
-

~

1

"

-

7
-

1

"

"

-

1

_

_

_

-

$
3. 00
-

3. 00

“

$
3 . 10

3 . 10

3. 20

"

~

8
4
4
-

8
7

7
7
-

-

7
-

1
-

$
3 . 20

$
3 . 30

$
3 .4 0

-

-

-

-

3. 30

3. 40

“

"

_

1
1
-

.

.

-

-

-

"

"

"

_

.

1

"

1

20

17

22

95

50

15

4

17

22

95

117

49

20
10

137

20

19
11

117

"

134

15

4

2

3

4

41

4

1

3

.

.

_

.

2
2

2
2

10
10

23
23

29
26

65
65

11

6
6

18 .
18

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

9

9

9
9

25
25

39
39

109
109

56
56

147
132

72
72

25
25

32
32

48
48

213
2 l3

_

_

"

-

“

5

-

over

“

2

_

S
3 . 50
and

3. 50

2

--------- 6^

-

9
6
2

$
2. 90
-

45
43

3

_

$
2. 30

13
12

6
-

$
2 . 10

15
15

2 . 61

P lu m b e r s ,

-

10
10

2. 77

530
503

$
2 . 00

7
7

"

-

$
1 .8 0

22
22

4
“

$
1 .7 0
-

$
.
1 . 60

_

-

1
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
________________________________________

931
911

3 . 01
3. 02

4

1
_________
1
2
3
4
5

E x clu d e s p re m
T r a n s p o rta tio n
W ork ers w ere
W ork ers w ere
A ll w o r k e r s w

NOTE:

S ee




n ote

iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
a n d la te s h ift s .
, c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s ;
4 0 a t $ 3 . 5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 12 a t $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 . 7 0 ; 2 a t $ 3 . 7 0
d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s :
4 a t $ 1 . 2 0 t o $ 1 . 3 0 ; 10 a t $ 1 . 3 0 to $ 1 . 4 0 ; 16 a t $ 1 . 4 0
e r e at $ 1 .4 0 to $ 1 .5 0 .
on

p.

5,

r e la tiv e

to

th e

in c lu s io n

of

r a ilr o a d s .

to
to

$ 3 .8 0 .
$ 1 .5 0 .

145
145

2
£

12
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass. , October I960)
NU M B E R OF W OR K E R S RE C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E HOURLY EAR N IN G S OF—
O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s ,

p a s s e n g e r (m e n )

of
workers

__

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______ ___
_
____ _____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _ __ __
__ ___ ___
F i n a n c e 4 ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ __
S e r v ic e s
_______ ___ _ ______ _
_ _______

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s ,
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
R e ta il tr a d e

p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n )
______

_______

_

_

_______________

_____

______
___

445
438
32
261
98

384

__

3^5

_____

176

hourly 2
earnings

$ 1 .3 9
1. 38
1. 77
1 .4 2

$
0 . 90
and
under
1. 00

$
1. 00
-

1 . 10

$
1 . 20

-

1 . 10

1. 20

1. 30

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

-

$

-

1 .4 0

$
1. 50
-

1. 50

$
1. 7 0

-

1. 60

1 .7 0

1. 80

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

-

$
,
1. 60

-

1. 9 0

-

2. 00

20

58

190

10

20

4

3

16

5

6

190
-

9
-

20
-

7
70

7
4

182

7
2

20

4
2
2

2
2
-

16
15
-

5
4
-

1
1
-

1
-

"

-

-

-

96
96
67

137

72

40

72

28

9
9

6
-

_

137
95

-

1
1

1
1

4
4

8

"

"

■

■

"

“

"

39
24

34
-

19
1

29
12

378
330

86
17

19
2

15
-

34
-

18
-

17
-

48
-

69
9
59

17
1
14

462
294

188

-

_

1. 28
1. 27
1. 20

-

18
18

8

.

_

_

_

_

2

-

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ________________________________
F in a n c e 4

396
128

2 . 12
2 .4 3

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

199

1 .9 1

-

-

-

"

-

1

15

34

18

13

24

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) _______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________

4 ,5 4 2

1 .7 1

-

407

275

7
-

409
-

29
200
12

461
15

271
142

397
101

152
123
106

125
284

91

16
8
21
67
30

37
7

7
-

278
33
15
38
43

208
134
74

8
68
21

47
360
44
10

381
103

498

-

539
78

413

1. 90
1. 55

409
-

229

1 ,9 7 6
2 ,5 6 6

7
-

9
44
4

3
13
1

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
_____
___
__ _
F in a n c e 4 _
_ ____ ____ ____
_ _

1 ,6 8 6
181
1 ,5 0 5
94
915

1. 37
1 .6 6
1. 33

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g
__ __ -----M a n u f a c t u r i n g __
__
_
__ ._ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ _______
______ __ --------

5 ,0 2 3
2 ,6 6 6
2 ,3 5 7
7 28

2.
1.
2.
2.
2.

Public u tilitie s 3 ____ __ __
W h olesale trade _ __ __ __ __ _
_ ____
Retail trade
_ _
_ _
_ _____
__ __ _

836
736

1. 19
1. 34
00
94
06
32
04
1. 8 8

Order fille r s ------------- _ __
_______
—
_ __
Manufacturing ___________________________________
_
_
_
____
_ __
Nonmanufacturing _
W h olesale trade ____________________________
_
_
____ _
R etail trade _____

1 ,9 9 3
672
1 ,3 2 1

2. 04
2 . 10
2. 00

852

1. 87
2 . 25

P a c k e r s, shipping (men)
___
Manufacturing
____
__
Nonmanufacturing __ _
—
W holesale trade _ __ —
R etail trade _ __
__

1 ,8 2 5
1 ,2 2 8

_ ------—

_

—
—

—

See footnotes at end of table.




------

_ _
-----

469

597
397

1.
1.
1.
2.

85
84
87
10

159

1. 34

-

5
-

36
-

5
-

36
16
2

5

59
145
102

9
151
254
32

■1 4 9

-

2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

-

-

-

2 . 60

2 .7 0

2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00
and

-

2 . 90

3. 00

over

_

-

-

"

-

_

_
_

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

“

_

_

5
-

52
-

41
25

-

-

5
-

52
52

16
16

5
-

-

91
97
75
14
2
-

51
17
34
11
8
|
1
l

213

39
8

191
134

170

57
22
5
30
-

148
65

100
70
14
12
44
-

5
8
8
4
4
-

147
146
1
1

_

-

-

"

5

-

“

30
-

30
-

-

-

-

"

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

_
_

10
10
_
10
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

_

!
3 |

_

_

_

_

.

-

7
7
-

_

6
„

31
10
21

5
5
-

27
24
3

-

-

3 !
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

57

1

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

123
30
93

154
103
51

297
81
216

275
215
60

511
T 68
43

271

6

8

1

-

-

-

-

6

8

62
10
52

23
23

1

-

-

-

-

-

40
50

-

-

8
34

8

52

23

7

9

59
614
392
116
106

288
258
30
6
15

39

483
210
273
124
65
84

673

13
32

389
144
245
185
53

398
288
110
14

i 175

262
134
128
4
28
92

466

28
18

241
185
56
3
5
48

9

6

-

"

-

-

101
24

85

179
148
31

163

198
11
187

143
143

14

13
6
7

27
27

13

11
3

11
11

19
19

-

28
3

15
1

187

3

-

-

*

68
50
18
18

132

108
86
22
22

-

-

21

“

2

54

69

7

7

25

192

103

121

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

7

97
85
12

29
92

-

25
25

7

48
20
28

17
175
152
23

6

7

78
14

32

50

51
30

106
58

164
145

48
35
13

19
14
5

21

-

36
16
20
4

57

36
6
30
-

8
6

-

-

168
150
3
1

-

31
26
5
-

-

14

-

37
12
5
15
5

-

65
44
21
1
15

430
11

14

-

2 .4 0

$
2. 50

419
1
277

279
28
251
41

78
21

-

-

540
4
536
1
506

191
3
188
30
52

_
-

-

$
2 .4 0

1

58
8
36
14

6

1. 23

1. 8 9
1. 94
1 .4 8
1. 50
1. 33

2. 30

20
-

2 . 12

566
117
563
610
710

2 . 20

110
-

2 . 12

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______ __ __ __ __
_____
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
__ __ __ __ __
_ __
W h o le s a le tra d e
________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
_______________________________________
F in a n c e 4
__ ____ _______ ___
____ __ _
S e r v ic e s
_____ __
__
_____ ___
___ _

2 . 10

$
2. 30
"

110

607

__ __
___ _

$
2 . 20

"

2
-

1 ,0 0 3

__
__

$
2 . 10

2
-

__
__

G u ard s
_
_______________ ____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ __ ___________

$
2. 00

-

48

-

-

32

-

50
20

32

30

"

21
10
11

136
92
44
10
31

169
102

77
68
9

400
388
12

49
36
32
4

-

151
107
44
24

11

5

291
175

98
77

147
16

70
62
49

87

35
6

489
13

-

29
29

476

'

"

132
108
24
24

59
34
25
25

115
361

28
27
1
1

5
8

7

-

8

"

_

-

-

154

9
9
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

9
145
145

-

1

-

1

3
3

-

13
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e

s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,

s e le c te d

B o sto n ,

o c c u p a tio n s

M a s s .,

O cto b e r

s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
i9 6 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Average $
h
ourly
0 . 90
earnings ^ and
under
1. 00

P ackers, shipping (women) _____________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------R etail trade --------------------------------------------------

464
279
185
83

$ 1 .5 4
1 .5 5
1. 53
1. 59

Receiving clerk s --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
W h olesale trade -----------------------------------------Retail trade _________________________________

711
318
393
191
173

Shipping clerk s -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
W h olesale trade ----------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------

1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

1. 30

1. 40

1. 50

1 .6 0

1. 70

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

220
134
86
9

19
19
15

41
22
19
2

66
25
41
39

"

$
1. 00

$
1. 10

$
1 .2 0

1. 10

1 .2 0

$

-

-

18
18
-

24
24
-

-

“

"

"

25
5
20
18

2. 01
2. 10
1. 93
1. 94
1 .9 3

-

-

"

-

4
4
4

11
11
11

14
14
2
9

10
5
5
2

62
34
28
19
9

84
7
77
62
14

37
9
28
15
13

67
34
33
5
28

61
23
38
10
15

611
340
271
128
91

2. 13
2. 25
1 .9 8
2. 21
1. 73

-

-

-

4
4
4

3
3
2

4

-

4
4

8
8
7

47
20
27
14

46
15
31
31

21
6
15
7
7

7
2
5
2
2

Shipping and receiving clerk s __________________
Manufactu r ing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------W holesale trade ___________________________

518
283
235
61

2.
2.
2.
2.

17
21
11
26

_
-

_
-

_

7

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

17
17
2

22
20
2

"

7
"

7
2
5
5

Tru ck d rivers 6 ____________________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public utilities 3 ----------------------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------------------Retail trade -------------------------------------------------S ervices ____________________________________

3, 583
1, 178
2, 405
976
792
529
98

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

38
47
33
42
36
24
78

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

47
12
35
17
11
7

T ru ck d rivers, light (under 1V 2 tons) ______
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _________________________

31

-

-

-

-

-

W h o le sa le tra d e
______________________________
S e r v ic e s
---------------------------------------------------------------

462
195
267
137
68

-

-

-

20
20
-

10
10
-

40
30
8

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( 1V 2 t o a n d
in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
-------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e
---------------------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e
--------------------------------------------------------

1, 317
633
684
235
359

-

_
-

7

-

_
-

4

-

"

-

7

-

2. 01
2. 43
1.7 1
1.6 1
1. 76

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

31
46
17
22
13

27
27
20
7
"
20

-

-

7

10
10
10

"

1

44
44

_

_

-

30
4
8

10

40

-

_

4
-

j

_

-

-

3
3
-

"

"

51
26
25
10
15

71
57
14
8
6

87
45
42
25
15

55
31
24
19
4

70
27
43
25
5

58
40
18
5
"

57
26
31
24
4

98
63
35
29
-

70
45
25
20
5

"

29
2
27
20

14
2
12
2

63
26
37
"

132
69
63
"

39
31
8
5

54
16
38
_
15
13
7

79
6
73
3
29
13
27

107
37
70
2
48
18

94
36
58
1
25
11
21

162
90
72
5
59
6

305
83
222
12
145
63
2

49
10
39
25
14

40
33
7

-

-

-

-

31
17
7

42
14
28
15
7

25
6
19
5
6

44

-

16
12
4

12
2
10

40

60
34
26
2
24

34
22
12

1
1

!

_
_
-

-

-

-

4

4

9

40
10
6

-

44
-

18

-

11

48
48
-

-

2. 80

2. 90

2. 90

$
3. 00
and

3. 00

over

%

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

29
2
27
5
22

11
9
2
_
2

9
_
9
5
4

2
_
2
2

1
1
_
_

12
12
_
_

-

"

-

2
2

16
11
5
5
-

12
12
-

5
5
_
-

-

-

19
17
2
2

33
24
9
9
-

5
3
2
_
2

106
90
16
1

40
24
16
10

18
17
1
1

6
6
-

3
3
1

_
_
-

4
4
4

10
10
5 10

167
34
133
20
112
1

238
91
147
9
128
9
1

946
79
867

619
436
183
162
19
2
"

58
44
14
2

24
12
12
10
1
1

293

12
5
7

6
5
1

18
15
3

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

6

1

1

-

-

55
37
18
15
-

92
27
65
5
59

228
40
188
118
63

158
26
132
20

105
31
74
58
9

149
41
108
20

302
300
2
2

39

"

12

78

657
24

95
94
1

18
18
-

112

-

$
2. 80

"

!
i
:

-

2. 70

%

"
33
23
10
4

28
14
4

111

21
69
-

_

12
“

-

293
202
91
-

-

-

-

-

-

12

5
5

-

12
-

_
-

_
“

258
51
151
51
107 I
_
103
4 •
"
58
58
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

93
93
-

-

-

-

-

_

254

93

_

-

254

93

-

194

93

-

_

I
T r u c k d r iv e r s ,
t r a il e r ty p e )

h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
- --------------------------- ------------------------------------

M annfarfnnng

..............

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-------------------------------------------------

nti 11H ft ^
W h o le s a le tra d e

S e e fo o tn o te s




----------------------------------------------

at e n d o f ta b le .

1, 231
182
1, 049
612
350

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

53
44
55
41
76

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

24
24

2
2

3
3

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

7

-

-

-

61

17
61

633
612
1

1

14
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e

s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r I9 6 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O
F—
N m er
u b
o
f
w rk rs
o e

Occupation1 and industry division

$
$
$
A e ge $
v ra
1.20
h u
o rly , 0.90
1.00
1. 10
e rn gs 4 and
a in
under
1.00
1. 10 1.20
1.30

Truckdtivers:6 Continued
—
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
Wholesale trade
..... ........

295
88
207
67

$ 2.41
2. 38
2. 42
2. 27

Truckers, power (forklift) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------Wholesale trade --------------------------------------Retail trade -----------------------------------------------

892
624
268
102
142

2. 24
2. 19
2. 38
2. 30
2. 49

Truckers, power (other than forklift) -----------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------

Watchmen ---------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------Public utilities 3 --------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------Financ e 4 -----------------------------------------------

163
163

885
537
348
40
111
152

2. 23
2. 23

1.74
1.84
1. 59
2. 08
1. 50
1. 54

-

-

“

-

-

"

-

_

$
1.40

$
1. 50

$ ,
1.60

$
1.70

1.40

1. 50

1.60

1.70

1.80

-

-

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

28
-

-

19

.

_

.

D a ta li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 .1 0 to $ 3 .2 0 .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .

NOTE:

S ee n ote o n p .




5,

r e la tiv e

to

th e

in c lu s io n

of

r a ilr o a d s .

and

-

“

“

6
5
1

51
51
-

119
119
-

-

129
60
69
16
40

86
7
79

la t e

5
5

72
53
19

32
1
1
45

s h ifts .

93
69
24
1
1
1

-

$
$
2. 20 2. 30

$
2.40

1. 50

2. 50

2. 60

110
2
108

6
5
1

“

21
12
9
9

76
61
15
-

107
71
36
36

39
26
13
1
1

16
31

-

"

53
2
1
32

1
5

-

120
92
28
12

-

63
50
13

19
19

68

-

78
36
42
33
7

133
107
26
16
10

13
13

2. 30

63
36
27
27

3
3

1

10
10

•
"

_ _ _ _
i_ _ _
1
2
3
4
5
6

2. 20

-

-

■

18
12
6
6

2. 10

-

“

“

28
-

8
3
5

~
.

2. 00

1.90

-

•

_

-

$
2. 10

14
14

-

-

-

$
2. 00

14
-

■

_

■

-

-

■

"

-

-

-

$
$
1. 80 1. 90

$
$
$
$
2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90

$
3. 00
and

"

_

-

$
1.30

19
19

36

"

49
49

47

77
25

21
-

11 1
1
9 j

21
6
7

2. 40

34
68
9
9
-

5
5

31
3
3
-

2. 70

25

-

198
53
80
“ 53"
118
5
113
“

1
1
_ l
_

18
7
1
1
1

23
2
1

16
16

2. 80

21
21

5

2. 90

25
_
25

12
-

6
6

over

_

10
_

_
_

10
5
10

12
12
12

YT~

-

3. 00

-

-

_
_

-

"

-

-

-

2
5
_

2
_

_
_
_

.

_

_
-

_

-

_
_

_

j
-

1

-----------1




B« Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
Boston, M a s s . , October I960)
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—
In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Total

__________

___

_____________________

___

Third or other
shift work

Actually wo rking on----

Second shift

Third or other
shift work

5 cents _
6 cents _______________________ ___
7 or 7 lk cents _______________________ __
8 cents _______________________ __ __ ___
9 cents _____ _______ _______ _____ __
10 cents ______ __________________________
11V2 cents ___ _____________ ______ __
12 or \2l/i cents
13 cents _______________________________ __
14 cents
15 cents
16 cents
17 cents
19 or 20 cents ___________________________
O ver 20 cents ___ ____________ _____ _

10. 3

2. 7

75. 5

10. 3

2. 7

39. 8

U niform cents (per hour)

75. 5

81. 2

With shift pay differential

82. 2

33. 6

5. 1

1. 6

8 .4

_
5. 7
1. 8

1.

_

. 9
.8
1. 3

.8
5. 1
1. 1
4. 2
.9
1. 1
2. 1

1
.3
.3
. 2
1. 8
. 1
.4
. 2
. 3
. 3
. 1
. 1

_____________

39. 9

41. 9

5. 1

1.

5 percent ______ _______ ________ _____
7 percent ------- --------------- __ __________
7
percent ______________________________
10 percent ________________________________
121 percent __ __ ___________________ _
/2
15 percent

2 .4
5. 3
.8
29. 3
2. 1
-

.
5.
20.
1.
13.

. 3
.8
. 1
3. 5
. 3
-

(2)
. 1
. 5
(2 )
. 5

1. 5

-

.9

-

Uniform percentage

_______

l/
z

F u ll day's pay for reduced hours
No shift pay differential

________

_______________________

1.6
3. 0
1 .4
16 .4
2. 1
.6
. 5

2.8

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late sh ifts,
even though they w ere not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percent.

.6
10. 2

9

9
1
7
3

. 1

. 1
. 1
(2)

.6

(2 )
. 1
. 1
. 2
(2)
. 2
(2)
1

-

(2 )

and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts

16
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W ork ers
(D istr ib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y fo r se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien c ed w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , B osto n M a s s . , O cto ber I9 60 )

Inexperienced typists
M a n u f a c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
A ll
s c h e d u le s

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
u nder
under
u nder
u nder
under
under
under
under
under
u nder

$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 . 50

and n v s r

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

3 6 1U

37 V 2

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

37 V 2

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

36 V 4

37 V 2

40

86

XXX

XXX

172

XXX

XXX

XXX

258

86

XXX

XXX

172

XXX

XXX

XXX

------

13 1

49

13

26

82

10

16

31

139

47

14

24

92

10

19

34

________________________
__________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
__ ----------------------------------------------------------------------------___________________________
___________________________
___________________________

2
5
7
18
25
35
8
11
4
5
3
1
1

.

.

.

.

_

-

-

-

2
1
4
1

2
7
11
20

1
4

-

-

1
2
5
_
_

2
3
7
6
1
_

3
2
3
2
8
3
3
2
3

-

1
1
3
2
6
2
3
1
1
2
1
1

2
4
4
10
20

.

1
3
8
5
16
4
4
1
1
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-----------------------------------------------

2

1

-

---------.

1

-

1
-

-

-

3

_

1
1

-----------------_

_

__

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m —
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y
-----------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3

37 Vz

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

258

_________________________________

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m

$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 60. 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 . "SO

M a n u f a c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—

in d u s tr ie s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

Other in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

1

1
3
2
5
2
-

_

_

19
4
7
3
4
1
-

3

.
1
1
4

2
3
1
6
2
4

2
6
7
11
25
18
5
6
3
4

1

2
1
6
6
-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

1

1

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

2
_

-

2

3

2
4

-

_

4

_

_
_

3
4
-

_

_

9
2
4
1
2
1

29
33
9
10
3
5
2

9
4
15
4
4
-

1
2

1
6
1
-

_

-

1
_

1

_
_

75

30

XXX

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

XXX

82

32

XXX

XXX

50

XXX

XXX

XXX

52

7

XXX

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

XXX

37

7

XXX

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

XXX-

L o w e st s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d fo r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s .
R a te s a p p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g i r ls , or s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n sid e r e d .
H ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s . D ata a r e p r e se n te d fo r a ll w ork w eek s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek s

NOTE:

See note on p.




17,

_

4

r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s .

r ep o rted .

17
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by schedu led w eekly h ours
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B oston, M a s s . , O c to b e r I9 60 )

OFFICE WORKERS
Weekly hours

A ll workers

A
ll
in u
d stries

--------------------------------------------------------

Under 35 hours -------------------------------------------------35 hours ------------------------------------------------ 1 -----------Over 35 and under 36l /4 hours ----------------------3 6 V4 hours ---------------------------------------------------------Over 3 6 V4 and under 3 7 l /2 hours ------------------3 7 V 2 hours ---------------------------------------------------------Over 3 7 V 2 and under 383 hours ------------------/4
383 4 hours _____________________________________
/
Over 383 4 and under 40 hours ----------------------/
40 hours -------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 hours ---------------------------44 and under 48 hours -------------------------------------48 hours --------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

100
1
9
1

8
3
26

6

PLANT WORKERS

M ufactu g
an
rin

P blic
u
utilities1

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

F ce2
inan

S
ervices

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
46
52
-

1
1
5
27
3
9
51
1

10
2
(4)
17
1

6

7
1
37
-

63
-

(4)

(4)

15
5
10
12
10
5
17
27
(4)

2
10
4
16
6
35
12
9
5
-

14
-

8
14
11
8
2
43
-

A
ll
in u
d striesJ

100

(4)
1
1
(4)
7
3
(4)
78
2
3
4

M ufactu g ■
an
rin »

100

1
1
5
85
1
5
3

P
ublic ,
utilities1

10 0

97
3

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

S ices
erv

100

100

100

1
2
82
4
8
3

2
2
18
14
2
47
5
9

2
2
1
2
1
84
4
4

T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
F in a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
In clud es data fo r r e a l esta te in addition to th o se in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.




NOTE;

E s tim a te s fo r a ll in d u str ie s and public u tilitie s in clu de data fo r r a ilr o a d s (SIC 4 0 ), om itted fr o m the scop e o f a ll la b o r m a rk et
w age su rv e y s m ad e b e fo r e July 19 59 .
W h e r e sig n ifica n t, the e ffe c t o f the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s is g r e a te s t on the data shown
s e p a r a te ly fo r the public u tilitie s d iv isio n .

18
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and p lant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n um ber o f p aid h olid ays
p rovid e d annually, B o sto n , M a s s . , O cto ber I9 60 )

OFFICE W
ORKERS

PLANT W
ORKERS

A
ll
in u
d stries

P blic
u
utilities1

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

F ce 2
inan

S ices
erv

A
H .
in u
d stries-5

M ufactu g
an
rin

P blic
u
utilities1

100

A ll w o r k e r s .
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h olid ays
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid h olid ays
------------------------------------

M ufactu g
an
rin

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

98

100

100

98

100

-

2

2

(4)

-

-

2

(4)

1

-

3
3

1
6
1

_
3
-

-

-

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

S ices
erv

100

100

100

98

100

92

93

-

2

-

8

7

4
7

2
6

5

3
"

7
8

21
20
5

2
17
1
6

2
_
25
2

_
18
_

4
_
11
1
5

4

Number of days
L e s s than
6 h olid ays
6 h olid ays
6 h olid ays
6 h o lid a y s
7 h olid ays
7 h olid ays
7 h olid ays
7 h olid ays
8 h olid ays
8 h olid ays
8 h olid ays
8 h olid ays
9 h olid ays
9 h olid ays
9 h olid ays

6 holiday;

plus 1 h a lf day
p lus 2 h a lf days
plus 6 h a lf days
plus 1 h a lf day
p lus 2 h a lf days
plus 4 h a lf days
plus 1 h a lf day p lus 2 h a lf days
p lu s 4 h a lf days
------------------------------p lus 1 h a lf day p lu s 2 h a lf days

10 h olid a y s
10
10
11
11
11
12

h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays
h olid ays

p lus 1 h a lf day plus 2 h a lf days
p lus 1 h a lf day plus 2 h a lf days
and o v e r ------------

(4)
1
1
(4)
3
(4)
4
(4)
2
5
1
(4)
6

2
(4)
18
6

1
35
11
2
1

n

_
-

10
-

10
-

_
-

-

-

48

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
16
2

6

1

1

-

2
14

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

10

-

-

(4)
6
41

1
37

-

4
32
2
4

(4)
2
(4)
26
(4)

1
3

(4)
20

10
1
1
25
4
1
27
1
1
1

41
-

-

4

12 or m o r e days —
I I V 2 or m o r e days
11 or m o r e days —
IOV 2 or m o r e days
10 or m o r e days —
9 V 2 or m o r e days 9 or m o r e d ays
----8 V 2 or m o r e d ays 8 or m o r e d ays -----lx z or m o r e d ays /
7 or m o r e d ays ----6 V 2 or m o r e days ----6 or m o r e days
5 or m o r e days
----4 or m o r e days
----3 or m o r e days
----2 or m o r e d ays
----1 or m o r e d ays
___

2
3

_

-

-

11
3

9
2

-

48
31
2

_

_

_

_

10
11
2

_

9
1
1
17
5

3

13
1
1
13
3

-

-

_

9
1
(4)
1

6
1
(4)
1

(4)

_

_
_

41
(4)
7

1
3
14
50
56
75
76
83
89
95
95

1
2
3
32
36
62
63
75
90
92
93

99
99
99
99
99

99
99
99
99
99

99
99
99

100
100
100

-

41
82
88
88
90
90
96
96
99
99

100
100
100
100
100
100

4
6
42
42
80
80
90
90
90
90
100
100
100
100
100
100
10 0
100

4
4
4
4
30
33
33
33
82
82
92
92
95
95
95
95
95
98

2
33
82
84
96
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

7
7
7
48
50
59
59
82
82
96

97
98
98
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
30

_
10
4

_

8
6
1

6
_

2
5
33

_

_

1
1
2
10
15
33
35
44
51
64
66
86
87
94

1
2
3
8
12
26
27
41
52
62
64
91
92
98

94

99

95
95
97
98

10 0
100
100
100

_

27
60
67
67
73
73
76
76
94
94
98
98
98
98
98
98

_

3
34

38

_
_

28

_

_

_
_

_

_
13

4

_

27

1

_
10
_

2
-

'

Total ho lid a y tim e 5
1 2 ^ 2 or m o r e days

I
1
1
1

2
2
30
30
67
67
76
76
81
82
97

97
97
97
100
100
100
100

_

_

2
_

4
2

_
_
_

12

_

_

-

(4)

_
_
_

(4 )
(4 )

_

38
41
41
41
73
73
77
77

87
87
87
87
87
92

(4)
12
14
18
18
20
20
33
37
47
51
72
72
72
72
93
93

Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
In clud es data for r e a l esta te in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.

„ u u ^ A11 c ° r^ binj*tlons ° * fYU and h a lf day® that add to the s a m e am ount are com b in e d ; for e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g
no h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on. P r o p o r tio n s w ere then cu m u la ted .
NOTE:

See note on p . 1 7 , r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n o f r a ilr o a d s .




a total o f 7 d ays in clu d es

those with 7 fu ll d avs and
7

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Boston, M a s s ., October I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll workers

_ _____

__ __ _ _

A
ll
in u
d stries

_______

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic |
u
tilities

W olesale
h
trad
e

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
86
14
-

-

-

2
52
6
26

PLANT W
ORKERS
F an
in ce2

S ices
erv

A
ll 3
in u
d stries

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic .
u
tilities 1

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

S ices
erv

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
88
11
1

100
83
15
2

100
90
10
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

96
86
10
-

-

-

-

~

-

-

4

3
65
6
12

_
38
1
42

2
49
14
9

_
66
-

6
(4 )
91
(4 )
4
-

2
94
3
-

15
85
-

5
95
-

1
1
91
3
4
-

(4 )
94
2
3
-

3
12
85
-

(4 )

(4 )

92
3
5
-

94
2
3
-

2
97
1
"

(4 )
68
6
25
(4 )

(4 )
84
4
12

98
2

R
etail trad
e

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations __ _____ __ __ — _
--------L ength-of-tim e p a y m e n t __________________
Percentage payment
__ __ _
_____
F la t-su m p a y m e n t__
____ _______ ___
Other __
__ __
_
_
------__ _
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations _
___ ___ _
__
__

-

(4 )

~

4
37
6
47

_
65
7
15

20
30
1
4

34
20
1
(4 )

_
33
2
35

9
45
5
3

_
53
-

23
4
2

22
78
-

2
93
5
-

9
2
80
1
7
-

59
2
37
(4 )
1
(4 )

74
3
22

28
69
3

42
-

1
"

17
82
2
-

58
-

64
2
29
2
(4 )
“

2
98
-

_
100
-

90
3
8
-

1
80
12
7
“

33
14
49
2
1
(4 )

46
23
26
3
2
~

11
6
82
2
"

16
1
80
3

10
90
~

34
60
2
(4 )
~

2
98
-

_
100
-

_
90
3
8
-

1
67
12
20
-

12
14
70
2
2
(4 )

16
23
57
3
2
"

11
81
8
“

8
5
85
3

1
99
-

21
73
2
(4 )
"

2
98
-

43
57

_
47
10
43

_
61
12
22
6

1
81
3
14
(4 )

1
87
5
7

92
8

5
93
3

1
51
47

89
2
5

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 5
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week ____ _
_____
— -----1 ■/<■
«=
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_
___ ___ __
2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------Adter 1 year of service
1 week __
_ ---------- _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks _ __ ____ _ __
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
__ _______ __
__ _
Over 4 weeks
__

_

----- ---------____
_____
_____ _______ __ —
__ _____ __
_ — ------------______
_ _ _ _ _

-

After 2 years of service
1 week _
________ _ _ ------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ____________________
2 weeks _ ______ _ ____ __
_____ ___
___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
_ _ _ _
3 weeks ----------------_
__ __ __
_ -----Over 4 weeks _
_____ __
_
After 3 years of service
1 week
_____ ___,__ _ _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
_ _ _ _ _
Over 4 weeks ___ __ —

_ _ _ _ _
—
—
_ ----_ ----_ — _ _ _ _ _
------------------------------_ __ _
_
_ _
— _

After 5 years of service
1 week _
__ __
— __ _ — _
----2 weeks
_ _
— — —
— —
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __ _ ------- __
3 weeks __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ __
Over 4 weeks _ _
------ _

See footnotes at end of table,




_

-

20
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-C ontinued
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Boston, Ma s s . , October I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

A
ll
in u
d stries

M ufactu g
an
rin

(4)
45
6
44
4
(4)

(4)
66
6
25
2
-

(4)
10
1
84

(4)
10
87
2
-

P blic ,
u
u
tilities1

W olesale
h
trad
e

PLANT W
ORKERS
R
etail trad
e

F
inance2

S ices
erv

A
ll
in u
d stries

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic .
utilities1

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

S
ervices

Am ount o f v a c a t io n p a y 5 — Continued
After 10 years of service
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 weeks _________________________________________
4 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks ------------------------------------------------------

_
60
40
-

2
76
23
-

-

-

_
6
48
46
-

_
24
12
64
-

_
34
1
57
2
6

1
52
6
32
9
(4)

1
62
9
25
3
-

1
15
1
73
(4)
9
(4)

1
14
1
80
1
3
-

1
14
1
62
(4)
21
(4)

1
13
1
77
1
7

1
13
1
44
3
38
(4)

1
12
1
55
6
25

_
62
37
2
-

5
73
4
16
3

1
7
_
55
37
-

5
36
57

1
7
_
55

_
70
2
24
_
-

After 15 years of service
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 weeks _________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------------------------4 weeks ---------- ------- --------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks ~ ------------------------------------------------

-

4
(4)

_
100
-

-

2
37
61
-

_
2
-

_
5
3
92

-

52
46
-

2
37
49
12

2
16
82

5
69
4
21

2
33
50

_
2
15

2
27

_
18
1
73

-

-

-

2
6

-

_
98
-

2
-

-

-

_
50
2
45
-

37
-

_

5
36
49
8
3

1
7
_
17
_
75

_
50
2
39
_
6

5
31
_
53

1
5
_
18

_
50
2
32

3

-

After 20 years of service
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks ------------------- ------ ------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------------------------4 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks ___________________________________

(4)
9
(4)
71
1
18
(4)

(4)
9
_
85
7

(4)
7
(4)
44
2
47
(4)

(4)
7
65
5
23

_
-

90
10

_

_

_
18
1
68
7
6

_
-

90
10

After 25 years of service
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------------------------4 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks -----------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
service

_
27

_

-

-

-

-

73

15

83

71

Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.

_
18
1
66
-

10
6

for progressions.

For example,

_
35
-

65

the changes

-

9
3

_

_

76

12

in proportions indicated at 10 years'

NOTE: See note on p. 17, relative to the inclusion of railroads.
In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage
of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, were converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.




21
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Boston, M a s s ., October I960)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
Type of benefit

A ll workers

-------------------------------------------------------

A
ll
in u
d stries

M u
an factu g
rin

PLANT W
ORKERS

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

Finance2

100

100

100

100

P blic
u
u
tilities 1

A
ll
in u
d stries

M ufactu g
an
rin

100

100

100

S ices
erv

P
ublic .
utilities1

100

100

Life insurance _____________________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance ________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4 ______________________

93

95

85

98

93

97

73

92

94

55

63

75

38

56

49

39

61

64

78

94

92

67

99

55

90

94

98

87

Sickness and accident insurance _____
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) ----------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) _______________________

41

62

15

45

66

23

34

76

90

26

68

80

86

64

50

55

71

18

9

3

2

1

-

30

-

-

10

92
92
79
35
83
1

55
55
37
5 67
79

89
89
72
33
59

80
64
56
27
83

94
94
64
82
89
(6)

51
49
41
39
59
2

84
81
63
5 23
72
2

100

W olesale
h

R
etail trad
e

S ices
erv

100

100

100

88

92

93

84

66

49

53

73

75

94

81

53

70

69

32

50

25

21

6

38

7

13

3

95
94
74
24
78
1

58
58
42
5 55
78

82
84
67
31
49
8

75
59
43
7
76
2

74
69
56
12
23
13

W orkers in establishments providing:

Hospitalization insurance _________________
Surgical insurance ________________ ______
Medical insurance ________ ______________
Catastrophe insurance ------------------------------Retirement pension -----------------------------------No health, insurance, or pension p l a n __

85
84
65
5 54
81
(6)

1 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
2 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
3 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days* pay that can be expected by each employee.
Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
5 Estim ates of catastrophe insurance coverage appearing in the October 1959 survey report (Bull. No. 1265-8) were adjusted as follows: Office— all industries, 45, public utilities,
22; plant— all industries, 17, public utilities, 19.
6 L ess than 0. 5 percent.







23

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
B IL L E R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (hilling machine)— U ses a special billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller , machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrahd, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B — Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s of a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

24

C LE R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

C LE R K , P A Y R O L L

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOM ETER O P E R A T O R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

C L E R K , FILE
Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or loca tes
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

C LE R K , ORDER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quotingprices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-M ACHINE O P E R A T O R (MIMEOGRAPH OR D IT T O )

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
O F F IC E B O Y OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

25

SE C RE TAR Y

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine i6 not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. Mav prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GEN ERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (se e transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TE C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R -R E C E PT IO N IST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R
Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo s e supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where'
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O PE R A TO R , GEN ERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

26

T Y P IST

T Y P IS T — Continued

U saty e rite tomk cop ofv rio s mte l o to mk
se p w r a e ies a u a ria r a e
o t b a r ca la s h v b e md b a o e p rso . Myin
u ills fte lcu tion a e e n a e y nthr e n a ­
clu e ty in of sten mts o s ila mteia fo u ind p t­
d pg
cils, a , r im r a r ls r se u lica
in p
g rocesses. My d clerical wr in o in little sp l tra in ,
a o
ok v lv g
ecia in g
s ch a k e in simle re rd filin re rd a dre o o so g
u s e p g p co s, g co s n p rts, r rtin
a dd trib tin in m gmil.
n is u g co in a
Class A — e fo m one or more o f the following: T p g m
Pr r s
y in a
­
te linfin lfomwe it in o e co b in mte l fr mse e l
ria a r hn v lv s min g a ria o v ra
so rce or resp sib fo co ct sp g sy b tion p n
u s
on ility r rre ellin , lla ica , u c-

tu tio , etc., of tech ica o u uu l wr s o fo ig la g a em­
a n
n l r n s a od r re n nu g a
te l; p n in la o t a dty in of co p te sta
ria la n g y u n p g mlica d tistica ta le
l bs
to min in u ifom a d b la ce in sp cin . My ty er u e
a ta n r ity n a n
a g a p o tin
fomle rs v ry gd ta to su circu sta ce
r tte a in e ils it m n s.
Class B — e rm one or more o f the following: Cp ty in
Prfo s
oy p g
fr mo g o clea d fts;r u ety in of fo s inu n p
o r uh r r ra o tin p g rm, s ra ce olicies,
etc.; se gu s p s n ad ta u tio s, o co y gmr co ­
ttin p imle ta d r b la n r p in oe m
p xta le a a yset u a dsp ce p p rly
le b s lre d
p n a d ro e .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

DRAFTSM AN, SENIOR— Continued

(A n da mn
ssista t r fts a )
Da s to sca u its o p r of da ins pe ae b d fts­
rw
le n r ats r w g r p r d y ra
mno o es fo e g e rin , co stru n o mn fatuin p rp se
a r thr r n in e g n ctio , r a u c r g u o s.
U s v rio s ty e of da gtools a r q ire . Mype aeda in s
se a u p s r ftin
s e u d a r pr r w g
fr ms p p n o sk es, o pr r o e d tie u drd ctio
o imle la s r etch r efom thr u s ne ire n
of ada mn
r fts a .

in o e in s e g of mte ls ba s a d tru v rify g co ­
v lv d tr nth
a ria , e m n sses; e in m
p te wr , ch ck gd e sio s, mteia to b u d a dq a titie
le d ok e in imn n a r ls e se , n u n s;
witin sp
r g ecifica s; mk g a jutmn o ch n e in da in s o
tion a in d s e ts r a g s r w g r
sp
ecifica s. Myin inlin s a dle rs o p cil d w g , pe ae
tion a k e n tte n en ra in s r p r
d ta u its of co p te d w g , o tra d w g. Wkis fre un
e il n
mle ra in s r ce ra in s o
r
q e tly
ina sp lized field s ch a a ite ra electrica mch n l, o
ecia
u s rch ctu l,
l, e a ica r
s utua d ftin .
tr c r l ra g

DRAFTSMAN, L E A D E R

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

P n a d d cts a ities o o e o mr da mninp p
la s n ire ctiv
f n r oe r fts e re ­
aa n of wr in p n a d d ta da ins fr m o g o pe in r
r tio
ok g la s n e il r w g o r uh r r lim ay
sk tch sfo e g e rin , co stru n o mn fatuin p rp se Dtie
e e r n in e g n ctio , r a u c r g u o s. u s
in o e a combination o f the following: In r r tin b e rin sk es,
v lv
tepe g lup ts, etch
a d witte o v rb l o e dtem in wr p ce u s; a n g
n r n r e a rd rs; e r in g ok ro d re ssig in
d tie to su o in te a d in e g thirwr ; pr r in mr d
u s
b rd a s n sp ctin e ok efom g oe if­
ficu p b m. My assist su o in te d r g e e e cie o a a
lt ro le s a
b rd a s uin mrg n s r s
r g la a ig mn o pr r re te d tie of a su e iso o a ­
e u r ss n e t, r efom la d u s
p rv ry r d
m is tiv ntue
in tra e a r .

Are iste d n r e wog es n r in serv to ill o in r d
g re us h iv us g ice
r jue
e p y e o o e p rso s wob co e ill o s ffe a a en o th
mlo e s r thr e n h e m r u r n ccid t n e
p m e ofafa ryo o e e b mn Dtie in o e a combinare is s
cto r thr sta lish e t. u s v lv
tion o f the following: G in first a toth ill o in re ; a n in to
iv g
id e r ju d tte d g
s be un d ssin ofe p ees' in rie k e in re rd of p tie ts
u s q e t re g mloy
ju s; e p g co s a n
tre te ; pe ain a en re o fo co p na no o e p rp se
a d r p r g ccid t p rts r me s tio r thr u o s;
co d ctin p y l e a in tio s a dha e a a n of a p n
n u g h sica x m a n n e lth v lu tio s p lica ts
a de p y e a dp n in a dca in o t po r m in o in ha
n mlo e s; n la n g n rry g u r ga s v lv g e lth
e u tio , a e tp v n ne a a nof p n e v n e t, o o e
d ca n ccid n re e tio , v lu tio la t n iro mn r thr
a ities a ctin th ha , wlfa , a d sa ty of a p rso n l.
ctiv
ffe g e e lth e re n fe
ll e n e

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

P p re wr in p n a dd ta da ins fr mn r uh
re a s ok g la s n e il r w g o otes, o g
o d ta dsk tch s fo e g e rin , co stru n o mn fatuin p r
r e ile e e r n in e g n ctio , r a u c r g u­
p
oses. Dtie in o e a combination o f the following: P p rin wr ­
u s v lv
re a g ok
in p n d ta d w g, mp, cross-section etc., to sca b ue
g la s, e il ra in s a s
s,
le y s
of da gintr mn ; mk ge g e rin co p ta n su a th se
r ftin s u e ts a in n in e g mu tio s ch s o




TRACER

Cp s p n a dda in s pe ae b o e b p cin tra
o ie la s n r w g r p r d y th rs, y la g c­
in clo o p pr o e da in a d tra g w pno p cil. U s
g th r a e v r r w g n cin ith e r en
se
T u re co p ss, a do e da gtools. My pe ae s p da ­
-sq a , ma n thr r ftin
a r p r imle r w
in s a dd s p le rin .
g n o imle tte g

27

M IN E A C
A T NNE

DP W R L N
O EPA T

C A R P E N T E R , MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STA TIO N A R Y B OILER

Pr r sth c r e tr d tie n ce rytoco stru a dmin
efom e apn y u s e ssa
n ct n a ­
ta ing o re a b ild gwo wr a de u mn s cha b s, crib
in o d p ir u in o d ok n q ip e t u s in s,
co n rs, b n e p rtitio s, d o floors, sta ca g a dtr
u te e ch s, a n o rs,
irs, sin s, n im
md ofwo ina e ta lis mn Wkin o e most o f the following:
a e o d n s b h e t. o v lv s
r
P n in a d la in o t of wr fr mb e rin , d w g, md ls, o
la n g n y g u ok o lup ts ra in s o e r
v rb l in ctio s; uin av rie o ca e te h n to ls, p rta le
e a stru n s g a ty f rp n r’s a d o o b
pwrtools, a ds n admauin intr mn ; mk gs n ads o
oe
n ta d r e s r g s u e ts a in ta d r h p
c mu tio s re tin to d e s n of wr ; selectin mteia n
o p ta n la g imnio s ok
g a r ls ec­
e ry fo th wr . I g nra th wr of th min n ne c rpn r
ssa r e ok n e e l, e ok e a te a c a e te
r q ire r u ddtr in ga de p rie ceu a a u dtho g afo
e u s o n e a in n x e n su lly cq ire r uh r­
ml a p n sh o e u a n tr in ga de p rie ce
a p re tice ip r q iv le t a in n x e n .

F s s tio a b ile tofun h th e b h e t inwic
ire ta n ry o rs r is e sta lis mn h h
e p y d w ha pwr, o s a . F e s fu ls to fire b hn o
mlo e ith e t, o e r te m e d e
y ad r
o e te amch n lsto e g s, o oil b r e;ch s wte a dsa ty
p ra s e a ica k r, a r unr eck a r n fe
v lv My clea , oil, o assist in re a g b ile o e u mn
a es. a n
r
p irin o rro m q ip e t.
H E L P E R , TR A D E S, MAINTENANCE

/s^ists o e o mr wr es inth sk min n netra e ,
n r oe okr
e illed a te a c d s
b pr r in sp
y efom g ecific o g nra d tie of lesser sk su a ke in
r ee l u s
ill, ch s e p g
awr e s p lie w mteia a d tools; cle n g wr in ae , m­
okr u p d ith a r ls n
a in ok g r a a
ch e a d e u mn a
in , n q ip e t; ssistin wr e b h ld g mteia o tools;
g okr y o in a r ls r
pr r in o e u sk dtak a d cte b jo r e mn T ek dof
efom g thr n ille s s s ire d y uny a . h in
E LE C T R IC IA N , MAINTENANCE
wr th hlp r is pr itte to pr r v rie fr mtr d to tr d: I
ok e e e em d efom a s o a e a e n
s m tra e th hlp r is co fin dto su p in , liftin , a dhld gm­
o e ds e e e
n e
p ly g
g n o in a
Pr r s a v rie of electrica tr d fu ctio s s ch a th te ls a d tools a d cle n g wr in a a a d ino e h is p r­
efom a ty
l a e n n u s e ria n
n a in ok g re s; n thrs e e
in lla n min n n , o r p ir o e u mn fo th g nra g d
sta tio , a te a ce r e a f q ip e t r e e e tin , is­ m d to pr r sp lized mc in o e tio s, o p r o a tr d
itte
efom ecia
ah e p ra n r ats f a e
trib tio , o u tio of electric e e y in a e b mn Wk tht aea pr r e b wr es o afu e b sis.
u n r tiliza n
nrg
n sta lish e t. o
r
a r lso efomd y okr n ll-tim a
in o e most o f the following: In llin o r p irin a yof av rie
v lv s
sta g r e a g n
a ty
of electrica e u mn s cha g nra rs tra s rmrs sw b a s, M ACHINE-TOOL O P E R A TO R , TOOLROOM
l q ip e t u s e e to , nfo e , itch o rd
con lle circu b a e , mtos ha g u its co d it sy m
tro rs, it re k rs o r , e tin n , n u ste s,
o o e tra s iss ne u mn wr in fr m lup ts d w g, la ­
r thr nm io q ip e t; ok g o b e rin , ra in s y
S ecia in th o e tio of o e o mr ty e of mc in
p lizes
e pra n n r oe p s ah e
o t,o o e sp
u r thr ecifica s; lo tin a dd g o gtro b inth elec­ tools, s cha jig b re cy d l o su ce g d rs e g e la e
tion ca g n ia n sin u le e
u s o rs, lin rica r rfa rin e , n in th s,
trica s s mo e u mn wr in s n adc mu tio s re tin to o m g mch e inth co stru n of mch e hptools, g u e
l y te r q ip e t; ok g ta d r o p ta n la g
r illin a ins e n ctio
a in-s o
a g s,
lo d r q ir mn of w in o electrica e u mn uin av rie of jigs, fix re o d Wk in o e most o f the following: P n in
a e u e e ts ir g r
l q ip e t; s g a ty
tu s, r ies. o v lv s
r
la n g
electricia ’s h n to ls a dmauin a dte gintr mn . I g n a dpr r in d ltmc in go e tio s; p ce g ite s r q ir g
n a d o n e s r g n stin s u e ts n e ­ n efom g ifficu ah in p ra n ro ssin m e u in
e l, th wr of th min n neelectricia re u s r u ddtr in g co p te se p o ah hd g e of a ra ; u gav rie of p ­
ra e ok e a te a c
n q ire o n e a in
mlica d tu s r ig
cy
ty re
a d e p rie ce u a a u d tho g a foml a p n sh o cisionmauin intr mn ; e re g ccu s, spsin toa g a d o ­
n x e n su lly cq ire r uh r a p re tice ip r
e s r g s u e ts selectin feed eed o n p
s, lin
e u a n tr in ga de p rie ce
q iv le t a in n x e n .
ea n se u n ; mk g n ce ry a jutmn d r g o e tio to
r tio q e ce a in e ssa d s e ts uin p ra n
a ie e re u to ra ce o d e sio s. Myb r q ir dto recog
ch v q isite le n s r imn n a e e u e
­
n e we tools ne d ssin , to d ss tools, a d to select po e
iz hn
e d re g re
n
r pr
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
co la ts a dcu ga dlu rica goils. Frcro d strywg s d
o n n ttin n b tin
o ss-in u a e tu y
n ie b in h p
Oe te a d min in a dmya su e ise th o e tio p rp se mch e o o e to , to lro mintoola dd jo b gs o s
p ra s n a ta s n a lso p rv e p ra n u o s, a in -to l p ra rs o o ,
tion
of s tio a e g e a de u mn (mch n l o electrica tos p aee clu e fr mth cla
ta n ry n in s n q ip e t e a ica r
l) u ­ r x d d o is ssifica .
p th e ta lis mn in wic e p y d w p wr, h a re e ­
ly e s b h e t h h mlo e ith o e e t, frig ra
tio , o a n itio in . Wk in olv Oea g a d min in g MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
n r ir-co d n g o v es: pr tin n a ta in
r
e u mn s cha s a e g e a co p sso g n ra rs, mtos
q ip e t u s te m n in s, ir mre rs, e e to o r
tu ins v n tin a d re e tin e u mn s a b
rb e , e tila g n frig ra g q ip e t, te m oilers a d
n
ro ce p ce e p tsa dnw ats in a in p of
d s la n a
a
b ile d wte p ms mk g e u mn re a k e in are rdof mta p rP ofu e re ica mutmrt onraedp rne mk gret.irsok
o r-fe a r u p; a in q ip e t p irs; e p g co
e l ats mch n l e ip e p te ina sta lish e W
a
q n e
b mn r
o e tio of mc inr , te pr tue a d fu l co s mtio . My also
p ra n ah ey mea r , n e nu p n a
v lv s
oe
the
In r e g witte stru s n
p tin
n
ctio
su e iseth se o e tio s. Head or chief engineers in establishments inecificamost o fla n following: in teurof wr ruin inv rie n fa d
p rv e p ra n
sp
tion p n in a d la g o t ok s ga a ty o m­
s;
gn y
;
a
employing more than one engineer are excluded .
ch ist’s h n to ls a dp cisio mauin intru e ts se gu a d
in
a d o n re n e s r g s mn ; ttin p n




28

MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

o e tin s n ad mc in tools; s a in of mta p r toclose to r­
p ra g ta d r ah e
h p g e l ats
le
a ces; mk gs n ads o co p ta n re tin tod e s n of wr ,
n
a in ta d r h p mu tio s la g imnio s ok
to lin , feed a dsp e s of mc in g k o le g of th wr in po ­
o g s n ed
ah in; nw d e
e ok g r p
e s of th c m o mta ; selectin s n admte ls, p rts, a d
rtie
e o mn e ls
g ta d r a ria a n
e u mn r q ire fo h wr ; fittin a d a mlin p r in m­
q ip e t e u d r is ok
g n sse b g ats to e
ch n l e u mn I g n ra th mch ist’s wr nr a re u s
a ica q ip e t. n e e l, e a in
ok omlly q ire
ar u ddtr in ginmch e hp p ctice u a a u d tho g a
o n e a in
a in-s o ra
su lly cq ire r uh
foml a p n sh o e u a n tr in ga de p rie ce
r a p re tice ip r q iv le t a in n x e n .

aer q ire . Wkin o e most o f the following: P n in a dla in
r e u d o v lv s
r
la n g n y g
o t of th wr ; in r r tin b e rin o o e sp
u
e ok tepe g lup ts r thr ecifica s; uin a
tion s g
v rie of h n to ls a drig in ; mk gs n ad s o c mu tio s re
a ty a d o n g g a in ta d r h p o p ta n ­
la gto stresses, s e g of mte ls a dce te ofg v ; a in
tin
tr nth a ria , n n rs ra ity lin g
a db la cin ofe u mn selectin s n adtools, e u mn a dp r
n a n g q ip e t;
g ta d r
q ip e t, n ats
tob u d in llin a d min in gin g o odrpwr tra s is io
e se ; sta g n a ta in o d r e o e nm s n
e u mn s ch a d e a d sp e re u rs. I g n ra th m
q ip e t u s riv s n e d d ce n e e l, e ill­
w h wr nr a re u s aro n e tr in ga de p rie ce inth
rig t's ok omlly q ire u dd a in n x e n
e
tr d a u dtho g afomla p n sh o e u a n tr in ga d
a e cq ire r uh r a p re tice ip r q iv le t a in n
e p rie ce
xe n .

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (M AINTENANCE)

Rp irs a to o ile b se mto ck, a dtra rs of a es­
e a u mb s, u s, o rtru s n cto
n
ta lis mn Wkin o e most o f the following: Ea in ga to o e
b h e t. o v lv s
r
x m in u mtiv
e u mn to d g o so rce of tro b ; d sse b ge u mn a d
q ip e t ia n se u
u le isa mlin q ip e t n
pr r in re a tht in o eth ue of su h n to ls a w n e
efom g p irs a v lv e s
ch a d o s re ch s,
g u e d o sp lizede u mn ind sse b go fittin p rts
a g s, rills, r ecia
q ip e t isa mlin r g a ;
re la g bo e o d
p cin r kn r efectiv p r fr mstock g d ga da ju g
e ats o
; rin in n d stin
v lv re sse b ga din llin th v rio s a mlie inth v icle
a es; a mlin n sta g e a u sse b s e eh
a dmk gn ce ry a jutmn ; a in w e ls, a ju gba e a d
n a in e ssa d s e ts lin g h e d stin r ks n
lig ts, o tig te in b d b I g n ra th wr ofth a to o e
h r h n g o y olts. n e e l, e ok e u mtiv
mch n re u s r u dd tr in g a d e p rie ce u a a u d
e a ic q ire o n e a in n x e n su lly cq ire
tho g afoml a p n sh o e u a n tr in g a d ex e n .
r uh r a p re tice ip r q iv le t a in n p rie ce
MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE

Rp irsmc inr o mch n le u mn ofa e b mn
e a ah ey r e a ica q ip e t n sta lish e t.
Wkin o e most o f the following: Ea in g mc ins a dmc a ­
o v lv s
r
x m in ah e n eh n
ical e u mn tod g o so rce of tro b ; d mn go p r d
q ip e t ia n se u
u le is a tlin r atly is­
mn gmch e a dpr r in re a tht min in o e th u of
a tlin a ins n efom g p irs a a ly v lv e se
h n to ls in scra in a d fittin p rts re la g bo e o d
ad o
pg n
g a ; p cin r kn r efectiv
e
p r w ite s o ta e fr mstock odr gth p d ctio ofarep ce­
ats ith m b in d o
; r ein e ro u n
la
mn p r b amc in s o o se d gof th mc in toamc in s o
e t at y ah e hp r n in
e ah e
ah e h p
fo mjo re a ; pe ain witte sp
r a r p irs r p r g r n ecifica s fo mjo re a o
tion r a r p irs r
fo th p d ctio of p r o e dfr mmc in s o ; re sse b gm­
r e ro u n ats rd re o ah e h p a mlin a
ch es; a dmk ga n
in n a in ll ecessa a jutmn fo o e tio . I g n ra
ry d s e ts r p ra n n e e l,
th wr of a min n ne mch n re u s r u dd tr in ga dex
e ok
a te a c e a ic q ire o n e a in n ­
p rie ce u a a u dtho g afoml a p n sh o e u a n
e n su lly cq ire r uh r a p re tice ip r q iv le t
tra in a de p rie ce Eclu e fr mth cla
in g n x e n . x d d o is ssifica aewr es
tion r okr
w o primary duties in o e se gu o a ju gmch e .
hse
v lv ttin p r d stin a ins

OILER

L b te w oilo g a , th mv gp r o wain s r
u rica s, ith r re se e o in ats r e r g u­
fa of mch n l e u mn of a e b mn
ces e a ica q ip e t n sta lish e t.
P A IN T E R , MAINTENANCE

P in a dre e ra s w lls, wo wrk a dfix re of a es­
a ts n d co te a o d o , n tu s n
ta lis mn Wkinvolves the following: Ko le g of s rfa p cu
b h e t. o
r
nw d e u ce e ­
lia
rities a d ty e of p in re u dfo d re t a p tio s; pe ain
n p s a t q ire r iffe n p lica n r p r g
su ce fo p in gb r mv go fin o b p cin p ttyo filler in
rfa r a tin y e o in ld ish r y la g u r
n il h le a d in
a o s n terstices; a p in p in w s r yg no buh My
p ly g a t ith pa u r r s . a
m colors, oils, wite le d a do e p in in re ie ts too ta po e
ix
h a , n thr a t g d n
b in r pr
color o con cy I g n ra th wr of th min n nep in r
r sisten . n e e l, e ok e a te a c a te
re u s r u ddtr in ga de p rie ce u a a u d tho g afo
q ire o n e a in n x e n su lly cq ire r uh r­
ml a p n sh o e u a n tra in a de p rie ce
a p re tice ip r q iv le t in g n x e n .
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

In lls o re a wte, s a , g s, o o e ty e of p e a d
sta r p irs a r te m a r thr p s ip n
p e g ina e b mn Wk in o e most o f the following:
ip fittin s n sta lish e t. o v lv s
r
L y go tof wr a dmauin toloca p sitio of p e fr mda ins
a in u ok n e s r g
te o n ip o r w g
o o e witte sp
r thr r n ecifica s; cu g v rio s sizes of p e toco ct
tion ttin a u
ip
rre
le g s w ch a dhm e o o y cety eto o p e ttin m­
n th ith isel n a mr r x a len rch r ip -cu g a
ch e the d g p e w stock a dd b n in p e b h n -div n
in ; r a in ip ith s n ies; e d g ip y a d r e
o p wr-d e mch e ; a mlin p e w co p g a dfa n g
r o e riv n a ins sse b g ip ith u lin s n ste in
p etoh n e ;mk gs n ads o co p ta n re tin top ssu s,
ip a g rs a in ta d r h p mu tio s la g re re
flow a d size of p e re u d mk g s n ad tests to dtem e
, n
ip q ire ; a in ta d r
e r in
we e fin e p e me sp
hthr ish d ip s e t ecifica s* I g n ra th wr of th
tion n e e l, e ok e
min n ne p e r re u s r u ddtr in ga de p rie ce u a
a te a c ip fitte q ire o n e a in n x e n su lly
MILLWRIGHT
a u dtho g afoml a p n sh o e u a n tr in g a d ex
cq ire r uh r a p re tice ip r q iv le t a in n ­
In lls nwmch e o ha ye u mn a d d a tle a d p rie ce Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sta e a ins r e v q ip e t n ismn s n e n .
in lls mch e o ha ye u mn we ch n e inth p n la o t sanitation or heating system s are excluded.
sta a ins r e v q ip e t hn a g s e la t y u




29

TO O L AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE

(D mk r; jig mkr to lmk r; fix re mkr g ue mkr
ie a e
a e; o a e tu a e; a g a e)
Cntru a dre a mch e hptools, g u e jigs, fix­
o s cts n p irs a in-s o
a g s,
tue o d s fo fo in s, p nh ga do e mta r in wr . Wk
r s r ie r rg g u c in n thr e l-fom g ok o
r
in o e most o f the following: P n in a d la in o t of wr fr m
v lv s
la n g n y g u ok o
md ls, b e rin , da in s o o e o l a dwitte sp
o e lup ts r w g, r thr ra n r n ecifica s;
tion
u gav rie of to l a d d mkr's h n to ls a dp cisio ma­
sin a ty o n ie a e a d o n re n e s
uin intr mn , u dr ta d g o th wr in p p rtie of c m o
r g s u e ts n es n in f e ok g ro e s o mn
mta a da s; se gu a do e tin of mc in tools a dre te
e ls n lloy ttin p n p ra g ah e
n la d
SH EE T-M ETA L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
e u mn mk gn ce ry s o co p ta n re tin tod e s n
q ip e t; a in e ssa hp mu tio s la g imnio s
F b te in lls, a d min in in g o r p ir th sh e of wr , sp s, feed a d to lin of mch e ha a go mta
a rica s, sta n a ta s o d e a e e tok eed
s, n o g
a in s; e ttre tin f e l
mta e u mn a d fix re (su a mc in g ad, g a p n, p r d r gfa rica na wll a of fin e tools a dd s toa ie e
e l q ip e t n tu s ch s ah e u r s re se a s ats uin b tio s e s
ish d
n ie ch v
sh es, lock ta k, v n to ch te d cts, mta ro fin ) of a r q ir d q a
elv
ers, n s e tila rs, u s, u e l o g n e u e u lities; wr in to close tolera ces; fittin a da mlin
ok g
n
g n sse b g
ats re e le n s n llow n
g p r pia
e b mn Wkin o e most o f the following: P n in a d la ­ of p r to p scrib d to ra ce a da a ces; selectin a po r te
sta lish e t. o v lv s
r
la n g n y
a ria ,
n rocesses. I g n ra th to l a d d mkr
n e e l, e o n ie a e's
in o t a ty e ofs e t-mta min n newr fr mlup ts md ls, mte ls tools, a d p
g u ll p s he e l a te a c ok o b e rin , o e
ok e u s o n e a in a in -sh p n o o ra
o o e sp
r thr ecifica s; se g u a do e tin a a a b ty e of wr r q ire ar u ddtr in ginmch e o a dto lro m p ctice
tion ttin p n p ra g ll v ila le p s
s e t-mta o in mch e u gav rie of h n to ls in cu g u a a u dtho g afoml a p n sh o e u a n tr in g
he e l-wrk g a in s; sin a ty a d o
ttin , su lly cq ire r uh r a p re tice ip r q iv le t a in
b n in , fom g s a in , fittin , a d a mlin ; in llin sh e a de p rie ce
e d g r in, h p g
g n sse b g sta g e t- n x e n .
mta a
e l rticles a re u d I g n ra th wr of th min n ne
s q ire . n e e l, e ok
e a te a c
she e l wr e re u e r u dd tr in g a d e p rie ce u a
e t-mta okr q ir s o n e a in n x e n su lly
F cro d stry a e tu y p rp se tool a dd mkr
o
o s,
n ie a e
a u d tho g a foml a p n sh o e u a n tr in g a d in tool a drd ss-in u s owgr sed du fr mth classifications
cq ire r uh r a p re tice ip r q iv le t a in n
n ie jo b g h p ae x e o is
b in
s
clu d
.
e p rie ce
xe n .

Ke s th p min sy te of a e b h e t in g o odr
e p e lu b g s m n sta lis mn
o d r e.
Wk in o e Ko le g of s n rycod r g r in in lla n of
o v lv s: nw d e a ita es e ad g sta tio
r
v n a d tr p in p min sy m in llin o re a in p e a d
e ts n a s lu b g ste ; sta g r p ir g ip s n
fix re o e in clog edda s w ap ne o p me sn k . I
tu s; p n g g r in ith lu g r r lu b r's a e n
g n ra th wr o th min n nep me re u s r u ddtr in g
e e l, e ok f e a te a c lu br q ire o n e a in
a de p rie ce u a a u dtho g afomla p n s ipo e u ­
n x e n su lly cq ire r uh r a p re tice h r q iv
a n tr in ga de p rie ce
le t a in n x e n .

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT
E L E V A T O R O P E R A TO R , PASSENGER

JANITOR, P O R TE R , OR C L E A N E R — Continued

T np rts p sse g rs b twe flo rs of a office b ild g
ra s o a n e e e n o
n
u in ,
a atmn h u , dpr e t sto , h te o s ila e b mn
pr e t o se e atmn re o l r im r sta lish e t.
Wkr wo o e te e v to inco ju ctio w o e d tie s cha
o es h pra le a rs n n n ith thr u s u s
r
th se of s rte a dja ito aee clu e .
o
ta rs n n rs r x d d

o o e e b mn Dtie in o e a combination of the following:
r thr sta lish e t. u s v lv
S e p g mp in or s b in , a d p lish g floors; r mv gch s,
we in , o p g cru b g n o in
e o in ip
tr s , a do e re se d s ge u mn fun r , o fix res;p ­
ah n thr fu ; utin q ip e t, r itue r tu olish
in mta fix re o tr m g; p v in su p s a d m o min ­
g e l tu s r im ins ro id g p lie n inr a te
n ne services; cle n g la a rie sh wrs, a d re tro m. Wkr
ac
a in v to s, o e n s o s o es
r
wosp lize inw dwws in aee clu e .
h ecia
in o ah g r x d d

GUARD

Pr r s r u e p d tie e e a fix dp st o o to r
efom o tin olice u s, ithr t e o r n u,
min in godr uin am o fo ween
a ta in r e, s g r s r rce hr ecessa . Includes gatery
men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.

LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING

(La e a d u lo d r; hn le a dsta e sh lv r; tr c e; stock
o d r n n a e a d r n ck r; e e ukr
mno sto h lp r; wr hue a o wre o s hlp r)
a r ck e e ae o s mn r a hue e e
(S e p r; c awmn ja itre
we e hr o a ; n ss)
o r
y
a h s, a
r
re
C a sa dk e s ina odr co d nfa rywr in ae s o o e e wr e enpwesinatiere ooeemn fatuino fp nfollow­,
le n n e p n r ely n itio cto ok g r a r thr A b kmmlohde d ws inulv oneu cmoreg la t, sto
sta lish e t o u
v
or
the
a dws ro m, o p m e of a office, a atmn h u , o co mrcia ing: La in a d u lo d g v rio s mte ls a d mrch n is o o
n ah o s r re is s n
pr e t o se r m e l
o d g n n a in a u a ria n e a d e n r

JANITOR, P O R TE R , OR C LE A N E R




30

LA B O R E R , M A TERIAL HANDLING— -Continued

fr mfre h ca tru s, o o e tra s o gd
o ig t rs, ck r thr nprtin evices; u p ck g sh ­
n a in , elv
in , o p cin mte lso mrch n is inpo e sto g loca ; tra s
g r la g a ria r e a d e r pr ra e tion n­
pr g mte ls o mr h n is b hn tr c , ca o we lb rro .
otin a ria r ec a d e y a d uk r, r he a w
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER F IL L E R

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K — Continued

Fr wg s d p rp se wr es ae classified a follow
o a e tu y u o s, okr r
s
s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TR UCKDR IVER

(Odrp e sto selector; wre o s s ck a )
r e ick r; ck
a hue to mn
F s ip ir o tr nfe odr fo fin e g o s fr ms re
ills h p ig r a s r r es r ish d o d o to d
mr h n is ina rd n w sp
ec a d e cco a ce ith ecifica s o sa slip c s mr *
tion n les s, uto es
o e , o o e in ctio s. My ina d ntofillin o e a din i­
rd rs r thr stru n a, d itio
g rd rs n d
ca gite s filled o o itte , k e re rd of o tg in o e re u
tin m
r m d e p co s u o g rd rs, q isi­
tio a d n l stock o r pr s o su p s to su e iso a d pr r
n d itio a
, r e ot hrt p lie
p rv r, n efom
o e re te d tie
thr la d u s.

D e atr c w inacity o in u l ae totr npr m­
riv s uk ith
r d stria r a a s ot a
te ls, mrch n is , e u mn o mnb twe v rio s tv e ofesta ­
ria e a d e q ip e t, r e e e n a u p s
b
lis mn su a Mn fatuin p n fre h d p ts, wre o se
h e ts ch s: a u c r g la ts, ig t e o a h u s,
w o sa a d re il e b mn o b twe re il e ta lis mn
h le le n ta sta lish e ts, r e e n ta s b h e ts
a dcu mrs’ h u s o p ces of b sin Mya lo do u lo d
n sto e o se r la
u ess. a lso a r n a
tr c w o w o t h lp rs, mk m o mch n l re a a dke
uk ith r ithu e e a e inr e a ica p irs, n e p
tr c in g o wr in odr Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
uk o d ok g r e.
are excluded .
PA C K ER , SHIPPING
Fr wg s d p rp se tru d e ae classified b size
o a e tu y u o s, ck riv rs r
y
P p re fin e p d cts fo s ip e t o s ra e b p cin a d ty e of e u mn a follow (T cto ile s o ld b r te o
re a s ish d ro u r h mn r to g y la g n p
q ip e t, s
s: ra r-tra r hu e a d n
ea
ile p city
thmin s ip in co ta e th specific o e tio s pr r e b in th b sisof tra r ca a .)
e
h p g n in rs, e
p ra n efomd e g
dpn e t uo th ty e size, a d nme of u its tob p ck d th
e e d n pn e p ,
n u br n
e a e, e
T ru ck d riv e r (com bination o f s iz e s lis t e d se p a ra te ly )
ty e of co ta e e p y d a d mthdof s ip e t. Wkre u s th
p
n in r mlo e , n e o h mn o q ire e
r
T ru ckd rive r, lig h t (under 1% to n s)
p cin of ite s ins ip in co ta e a dmay involve one or more o f
la g m h p g n inrs n
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
the following: K o le g of v rio s ite s of stock ino dr to v rify
nw d e a u m
re e
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
co te t; selection of a po r te ty e a d size of co ta e in rtin
nn
p r pia p n
n in r; se g
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
e clo re in co ta e uin excelsior o o e mteia to p v n
n su s
n in r; s g
r thr a r l re e t
be k g o d mg ; closin a d se lin co ta e a p in la els o TR UCKER, POWER
r a ae r a ae
g n a g n in r; p ly g b r
e tein id n in d tao co ta e Packers who also make wooden
n r g e tify g a n n in r.
boxes or crates are excluded .
Oe te amn a co tro d ga e- o e ctric-p wre
p ra s a ully n lle solin r le
oe d
tr c o tra r to tr npr g o s a d mte ls of a k d a o ta
uk r cto
a s ot o d n a ria
ll in s bu
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLE R K
wre o s , mn fatuin p n o o e e b mn
a hue a u c r g la t, r thr sta lish e t.
P p re mr h n is fo s ip e t, o receiv a dis re o ­
re a s ec a d e r h mn r
es n
sp n
sib fo in m gs ip e ts ofmr h n is o o e mte ls Shipping
le r co in h mn
ec a d e r thr a ria .
Fr wg s d p rp se wr es ae classified b ty e of
o a e tu y u o s, okr r
y p
work involves: Ak o le g of s ip in p ce u s, p ctices, ro te ,
nw d e h p g ro d re ra
u s tr c , a follow
uk s
s:
a a b ma s of tr npr tio a dra s; a dpe ain re rd of th
v ila le e n a s ota n n te n r p r g co s e
g o s sh p d mk g u b of la in , p stin wig t a ds ip in
o d ip e , a in p ills d g o g e h n h p g
Trucker, power (forklift)
ch rg s, a dk e in afile of s ip in re rd Myd ct o assist in
a e n ep g
h p g co s. a ire r
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
pe ain th mrch n is fo s ip e t. Receiving work involves: Vri­
r p r g e e a d e r h mn
e
fy go d ctin o e inv rify gth co ctn ssofs ip e tsa a st WATCHMAN
in r ire g thrs e in e rre e h mn g in
b of la in , in
ills
d g voices, o o e re rd ch ck g fo sh rta e a d
r thr co s; e in r o g s n
Mks r u d of p m e p ica in p te g po ety
a e o n s re is s eriod lly ro ctin r pr
re ctin d mgdg s; r u gmrch n is o mte ls topo e d ­
je g a a e ood o tin e a d e r a ria
r pr e
a a st fire, th ft, a dillega e tr .
g in
e n
l ny
p r e ts min in gn ce ryre rd a dfiles.
atmn ; a ta in e ssa co s n




☆ U .S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1961 O -579745

Occupational W
age Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25> D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.

Akron, O hio— B u ll. 1285A lbany—S ch e n ec ta d y -T ro y , N .Y .— B u ll. 1285Albuquerque, N. M ex.— B u ll. 1285A llentow n—Bethlehem—E asto n ,

P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, G a.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T e x .— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, M ass.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. V a .— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.— B u ll. 1285C levelan d , Ohio— B u ll. 1285-11
Colum bus, Ohio— B u ll. 1285D a lla s , T e x .— B u ll. 1285Davenport—Rock Island—M oline, Iowa—111.—
B u ll. 1285-16

Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, C olo.— Bull. 1285*
D e s M oines, Iowa — Bull. 1285Detroit, M ich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T e x . — Buil. 1285-

#
Price, 20 cents.
**
Price, 25 cents.
* * * Price, 15 cents.




*Green Bay, W is.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex .— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F ia .— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—Haverhill, M a ss.-N .H .— Bull. 1285* * L it tle Rock—North Little Rock, Ark.— Buil. 1285-6
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T ex .— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N .H .— Buil. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la .— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, W is.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J .— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.-—Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfoik—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a .— Bull. 1285**Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, P a.— Bull. 1285Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, P a.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285Portland, Oreg.—Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—Pawtucket, R .I.—M ass.— Bull. 1285* * Raleigh, N .C .— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, V a .— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285St. Louis, M o .-I ll.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285* San Bernardino—Riverside—Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 12 85 -4
San Francisco—Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, G a.— Bull. 1285* * Scranton, P a.— Bull. 1285- 8
* * Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
* * * Sioux F alls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N .J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .—Md.—V a .-— Bull. 1285Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285* * Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285- 9
Wilmington, D ei.—N .J .— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, M ass.— Bull. 1285*

York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-

A ate k pee in a la o mr e in ica s th a a b ad
n s ris r c d g br akt d te e v ila ility n
pic o th b lle . P a d nt odr cop in a v n .
r e f e u tin le se o o r e ies d a ce





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102