View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

O M AH A, NEBRASKA-IO W A
O CTO BER 1960

Bulletin N o . 1285-13




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
OMAHA, NEBRASKA-IOWA




OCTOBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-13
December I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year's surveys in issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

Introduction
Tables:
1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____________

A:

This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional
office in Chicago, 111. , by Woodrow C. Linn, under the
direction of George E. Votava, Assistant Regional Direc­
tor for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1

Occupational earnings: *
A - l . Office occupations _____________________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations_______
A - 3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations_____
A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations

2

o o ^j

The Community Wage Survey Program

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions: *
B -l. Shift differentials _________________________________________
B-2. Minimum entrance salaries forwomen office workers ___
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours ___________________________________
B-4. Paid holidays ______________________________________________
B-5. Paid vacations ____________________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance,and pension plans _____________________

10
11
ii
12
13
15

Appendix: Occupational descriptions ___________________________________

17

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these and other items are
available in the reports for surveys in other major areas.
A directory indicating date of study and the price of the
reports is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are also available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

in




Occupational Wage Survey —Omaha, Nebr.-lowa
Introduction

This a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im portan t in d u stria l c e n te rs in
w hich the U. S. D epartm en t o f L a b o r rs B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics has
con d u cted su r v e y s o f occu p a tion a l earn ings and rela ted w age b en efits
on an a rea w id e b a s is . In this a re a , data w ere obtain ed by p e r s o n a l
v is its o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to re p re s e n ta tiv e esta b lish m en ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s :
M an ufacturin g; t r a n s p o r t a tio n ,1
com m u n ica tion , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e; r e ta il
tra d e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and re a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s e x clu d ed fr o m th ese stud ies are g ov ern m en t o p e ra tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u strie s . E sta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o rk e r s a re om itted a ls o b e c a u se
they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loym en t in the o ccu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
rant in clu s io n . W h erev er p o s s ib le , sep a ra te tabulations a re p r o v id e d
fo r each o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese su rv e y s a re con du cted on a sa m p le b a sis b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e ce s s a ry c o s t in v olv ed in su rv ey in g all e sta b lis h m e n ts. To obtain
a p p rop ria te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la rg e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts is studied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll esta b lish m en ts a re given th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E stim a tes
ba sed on the esta b lish m en ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e , as r e ­
lating to a ll esta b lish m en ts in the in d u stry grou pin g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t f o r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p ation s and E arn in gs
The occu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and nonm an ufacturin g in d u str ie s . O ccu p ation a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n iform se t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take a ccou n t o f in teresta b lish m en t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See appendix f o r listin g o f th ese d e s c r ip tio n s . ) E arn in gs data a re
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta bles) fo r the fo llo w in g types o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
nance and p ow erp la n t; and (d) cu stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t.

la te sh ifts.
N on produ ction bon u ses a re ex clu d ed a lso , but c o s t - o f liv in g bon u ses and in cen tiv e earn in gs a r e in clu ded .
W here w eekly
h ours a re r e p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l occu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is
to the w ork sch ed u les (roun ded to the n e a r e s t h alf hour) fo r w hich
s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v era g e w eek ly earn ings fo r th ese
o ccu p a tion s have been rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
A v e ra g e earn in gs o f m en and w om en a re p re se n te d se p a ra te ly
fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s in w hich both se x e s a re com m o n ly em p loyed .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese occu p a tion s a re
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n o f the se x e s am ong
in d u stries and esta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o ccu p a tion s a r e a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d within
the sa m e s u rv e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a re adju sted on this b a s is .
L on g er a v era g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould re su lt in h igh er a v era g e pay
when both se x e s a re em p loy ed within the sam e rate ran ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv ey s a re u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lish m en ts to
a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t estim a tes r e p re s e n t the total in a ll
e sta b lish m en ts within the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a c tu ­
a lly su rv ey ed . B eca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tion a l stru c tu re am ong
esta b lish m en ts, the e stim a tes o f o ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e on ly to in dicate the
r e la tiv e im p orta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pation al s tru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and Su pplem en tary Wage P r o v is io n s

In form a tion is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) on s e ­
le c te d esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b en efits as they r e ­
O ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t and earn in g s data a r e show n fo r
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in this b u lletin , in clu d es w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and ^ n o n s u p e r v is o r y
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ir e d to w ork a re g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
w o rk e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r rela ted fu n ction s, and ex clu d es a d m in ­
ule in the given o ccu p a tion a l c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data ex clu d e
p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eeken ds, h o lid a y s , and
is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r so n n e l. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clude w orkin g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o rk e r s (in cluding le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) engaged in n o n o ffice fu n ction s.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
1
R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r ly ex clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ies,x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con s tr u c tio n
e
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tilize d as a sep a ra te w ork fo r c e a re exclu d ed .
w ere in clu d ed in all o f the a re a s studied sin c e July 1959, ex ce p t
C a fe te ria w o rk e r s and rou tem en a re ex clu d ed in m a nu factu ring in d u s­
B a ltim o r e , B u ffalo, C levela n d , and S eattle.
R a ilr o a d s a re now in ­
t r ie s , but a re in clu ded as plant w o rk e r s in n onm an ufacturin g in d u strie s .
cluded in the s c o p e o f all la b o r -m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s .




2

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Omaha, N eb r.—
Iowa, 1 by m ajor industry division , 2 October I960

Industry division

All divisions

_________________________________________________

Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities 5 ------------------------------------------------------------Wholesale trade ---------------------------------------------------------------Retail trade _______________________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate ---------------------------Services 7 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study 3

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l 4

Office

Plant

Total 4

50

313

111

70, 800

16, 400

42, 300

49, 830

50
50

107
206

42
69

30, 000
40, 800

3, 400
13, 000

22, 400
19, 900

21, 940
27, 890

50
50
50
50
50

36
48
53
30
39

20
10

16,
3,
9,
6,
4,

15
12
12

800
700
500
600
200

4, 900
(6)
( )
( 6)
(6)

8 , 300

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

15,
1,
5,
4,
1,

190
080
120
860
640

1 The Omaha Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (Douglas and Sarpy Counties, N eb r., and Pottawattamie County, Iowa).
The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this
table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison
with other area employment indexes to m easure employment trends or levels since ( 1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the
payroll period studied, and ( 2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
Major changes from the earlier edition (used in the
Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of milk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail)
to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation.
All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded. Omaha's gas and electric utilities are municipally operated and are excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the series A and B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is not made
for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate
presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




3
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) a re lim ite d to m anu factu ring
in d u strie s .
This in form a tion is p r e se n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o lic y , 2 p r e se n te d in te rm s o f total plant w o rk e r e m p lo y ­
m ent, and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o rk e r s
actu ally em p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rvey .
In esta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n tia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r ity was u sed o r , if no am ount ap plied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " was used.
In esta b lish m en ts in w hich so m e la te sh ift h ou rs a re p a id at n o rm a l ra te s , a d iffe r e n tia l was r e c o r d e d only
if it ap plied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h ou rs.

M inim u m en tran ce rates (table B -2 ) rela te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lish m en ts v is ite d .
They a re p re se n te d on an esta b lish m en t, rath er
than on an em p loym en t b a s is .
P a id h olid a y s; paid v a ca tio n s ; and
health, in su ra n ce, and p en sion plans a re trea ted s ta t is t ic a lly on the
b a sis that th ese a re a p p lica b le to all plant o r o ffic e w o rk e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o rk e r s a re e lig ib le o r m ay eventually qu alify fo r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . S cheduled h ours a re trea ted s t a tis tic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese a re a p p lica b le to all plant o r o ffic e w o rk e r s if a m a jo r ity
a re c o v e r e d . 3 B eca u se o f rounding, sum s o f in dividu al item s in th ese
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls .
The fir s t p a rt o f the paid h olida ys table p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h alf h olid a ys a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The se co n d p a rt
com b in es w hole and h alf h olida ys to show total h olid a y t im e .

Data a re p r e s e n te d fo r a ll health, in su ra n ce , and p en sion
plans fo r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
ex cep tin g on ly le g a l re q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n ^ com p en sa tion ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d re tir e m e n t.
Such plans in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com p a n y and th ose p ro v id e d
through a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r out o f cu rre n t
op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a sid e fo r this p u rp o s e .
Death
ben efits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in su ra n ce .
S ick n ess and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u nder w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym en ts a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the in su red on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is du ring illn e s s o r a ccid e n t
d is a b ility .
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to w hich the
e m p lo y e r co n trib u te s.
H ow ever, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , w hich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ra n ce law s w hich r e q u ire e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ire d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
with b en efits w hich e x c e e d the re q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T abu lations
o f paid s ic k -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 5 w hich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay du ring a b se n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u se o f illn e s s .
Sep arate tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d a c c o rd in g to
(1) .plans w hich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aiting p e r io d , and (2) plans
p ro v id in g e ith er p a rtia l pay o r a w aiting p e r io d .
In addition to the
p re se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o rk e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ick n e s s
and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an undu plicated total is
show n o f w o rk e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b e n e fits.

The su m m a ry o f v acation plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts, ex clu din g in fo rm a l plans w h ereb y tim e o ff w ith pa y is granted
at the d is c r e tio n o f the e m p lo y e r .
Sep arate e stim a tes a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o rd in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in com pu tin g v a ca tion p a ym en ts, su ch
as tim e p a ym en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s, o r fla t-s u m am oun ts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations o f v a ca tion a llo w a n ce s , paym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w ere co n v e rte d ; fo r ex a m p le, a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual earn ings was c o n s id e r e d as the equ ivalent o f 1 w e e k !s pay.

C a ta stroph e in su ra n ce , so m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as exten ded
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce , in clu d es th ose plans w hich a re d esig n ed to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ick n e s s and in ju ry in volvin g ex p en ses beyon d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o sp ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l pla n s.
M e d ica l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plans p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a rtia l
pa ym en t o f d o c t o r s 1 fe e s . Such plans m ay be u n d erw ritten by c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce com p a n ies o r n on p rofit o rg a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . T abulations o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a re lim ite d to
th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly paym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An esta b lish m en t was c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m et
e ith e r o f the follow in g con d ition s: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u rv e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts.
3 S ch edu led w eek ly h ours fo r o ffic e w o rk e r s (fir s t se c tio n o f
table B -3 ) in su rv ey s m ade p r io r to July 1957 w e re p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r tio n o f w om en o ffic e w o rk e r s em p lo y e d in o ffic e s
with the in d ica ted w eek ly h ours fo r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ility law s in C a lifo rn ia and Rhode Island
do not re q u ire e m p lo y e r co n trib u tio n s.
5 An e sta b lish m en t was c o n s id e r e d as having a fo r m a l plan if
it e sta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m ber o f days o f s ic k le a v e that
cou ld be e x p e cte d by ea ch e m p lo y e e . Such a plan n eed not be w ritten ,
but in fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n ce s , d e te rm in e d on an in dividu al b a s is ,
w e re e x clu d ed .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. O ffice Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, N e b r.—Iowa, October I960)

Avxbaqe
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
35. 00
Weekly
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00

%

40. 00

45. 00

$
45. 00 50. 00

$

50. 00 55. 00

$
$
$
$
%
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90 . 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120 . 00
and
■
_
■
"
■
60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 10 0.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00 over

$

55. 00

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A ----------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

116
44
72

41. 0
41. 0
41.0

$ 91.50
99. 50
87. 00

-

Clerks, accounting, class B --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------

78
40
38

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

80. 00
83. 50
76. 50

_
-

25
25

2
1

4

33

9

_

2
2

11
22

6

-

6
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

6

-

6

11

-

9

6

_

-

-

-

-

2

3

11
6

5

29

14

8

6

5

6

8
21

11

7

5

1

l
5

1

3

4

1

3

4
3

2
2

1
1

_

-

-

-

_

2

1

2
2

-

3

2
1

2

11

Clerks, order ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

43

40. 5

89. 00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

11

10

Office boys --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

76
70

39. 5
39. 5

54. 50
54. 50

1
1

37
37

3
3

2
1

11
6

2
2

5
5

3
3

-

11
11

Tabulating-machine operators, class A _______________
Nonmanufacturing __________________ -________________

37
29

39. 5
39. 5

100.00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

98. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-machine operators, class B ----------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

90
75

40. 5
40. 5

86 . 00
86 . 50

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
9

4

Tabulating-machine operators, class C ----------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

60
50

40. 0
40. 0

68 . 00
67. 50

_

_

_

.

-

-

13
13

18
16

15

-

6
6

7

-

2

12

Billers, machine (billing machine) -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

64
61

40. 0
40. 0

56. 00
56. 00

-

10
10

7
7

14
14

8
8

16
13

7
7

1
1

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A -----------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------

70
47

40. 5
40. 5

76. 50
77. 50

_

_

_

_

3
3

_

16

8

-

10

16
5

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B -----------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------

209
43
166

39.5
40. 0
39. 5

60. 00
66 . 00
58. 50

18

26

29
14
15

10
2
8

15

Clerks, accounting, class A ___________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------Pilblic utilities^

244
62
182
38

40.
40.
39.
40.

0
0
5
0

21
1
20

19
5
14

25
5

4

2

54
16
38
23

3

33
14
19
5

Clerks, accounting, class B ----------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------T^nKlir' nHlitipifi ^

344
69
275
67

40.
40.
40.
40.

69
5
64
18

28
4
24

46
13

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

7

15

29
4
25
18

Clerks, file, class B ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------------------------------------

362
344
63

10
9
1

3
3
3

-

1
1
1

34
34
34

-

-

8

4

1

3
2
1

1

1

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

3
3

1

12
11

7

3

2

2

-

5
5

6

2

-

-

15
14

11
10

10
8

24

5
4

_

_

_

_

21

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

"

1
1

_

"

-

-

-

15
15

3
' 3

-

9
3

4
4

15

6

7
4

.

2
2

_

_

_

-

•

-

*

Women

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

-

-

1

8

23

-

1

5
3

23

65
3
62

79. 00
81.00
78. 50
83. 50

-

-

-

-

0
0
0
0

65. 50
6 .\ 00
65. 00
74. 50

-

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

54. 50
54. 50
74. 00

1

10

17

16

15

-

29
17

29

-

15

12

29

8
8

30
30

16
16
116
113

1

11

25

45

62
28
34

1

7
7

6

45

23
18

26

92
84

8

56

44
9

7

-

5

33

20

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

6

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

"

_

5

6

3

2

_

3

-

1

-

-

-

6

3

2

3
3
-

-

4

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
Table A-l. Office Occopations-Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Om aha, N e b r .—
Iowa, October I960)
Avebaqe
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
W
eekly,
W
eekly j 35. 00
h rs
ou
earn gs
in
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40 . 00

$
40 . 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

S
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90. 00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0

2
2

6
6
"

12
8
4

5
2
3

1
1

14
6
8

.
-

_
-

4
4
-

7
7
1

10
2
8
1

22
8
14
6

$
$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 10 0 .0 0 105. 00 11 0 .0 0 115. 00 120. 00
and
over

105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 1 2 0.00

Women— Continued

C lerk s, order ------------__ __ __ __ _____ __ _____ __
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ __ __ ______________________

62
31
31

C le r k s, payroll
........
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ . _
.........
Public titilities 2
.
.... _

131
62
69
32

40, 0
40. 0
40 . 0

40 .
40 .
40.
40 .

0
0
0
0

$67. 50
64. 50
70. 00

74.
77.
71.
78.

_
"

00
00
00
50

_
“

1
1
_
-

Com ptom eter operators
Manufacturing ______ _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

228
116
112

40 . 0
40. 0
40. 0

79. 00
77. 50
80. 00

_
-

Duplicating-m achine operators
(M imeograph or Ditto) ________________
______________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

39
35

39. 5
39. 5

57. 50
57. 50

Keypunch operators ______ __ __ __ ___________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilitie s2 ____ __ __ __ ___________________

290
44
246
53

40.
40.
40.
40 .

63.
69.
62.
78.

Office girls __________ __ __ __ __ ___________________ __
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________ ____

46
36

S ecretaries _______________________________ _________________
Manufacturing — — --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ __ __ ____________ _____
Public u tilitie s2 ____ _ __ _ ________ __ __ __

0
0
0
0

50
00
50
50

39. 5
39. 5

54. 50
51. 00

439
144
295
93

40.
40 .
40 .
40 .

0
0
0
0

88.
91.
86.
86.

00
50
50
00

Stenographers, general __________________________________
Manufacturing ______ ________ _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________ _______________
Public u tilitie s2 ____________________________________

544
138
406
224

40 .
40 .
40 .
40 .

0
0
0
0

73.
71.
73.
79.

Switchboard operators ____ __ __ ________ __ ________
Nonmanufacturing _____ __ __ __ _____ __ __ _____
Public utilities 2 ____________________________________

125
111
25

Switchboard op erator-recep tionists ____________________
Manufacturing
__
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______ __
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Tabulating-m achine op erators, class C _______________
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ __ _______________________

See footnotes at end of table,




-

14
2
12

3
3
-

2
1
1

2
2
-

.
_

-

-

1
1
"

“

-

26
14
12
8

24
20
4
"

21
9
12
10

7
5
2
1

1
1
-

1
1
1

4
2
2
2

2
2
2

1
1
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

“

1
1

7
4
3

17
7
10

23
7
16

26
18
8

18
16
2

22
10
12

-

3
3

9
9

6
5

8
6

7
6

2
2

-

-

-

18
18
"

19
19
-

44
4
40
2

60
7
53
2

35
6
29
14

42
10
32
7

18
6
12
2

"

_

16
15
1

20
17
3

48
17
31

29
4
25

1
1
"

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
_

8
8
8

18
_
18
18

_
-

_
_
-

"

.

_

_

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

"

-

"

.

.
-

-

_

9
2
7
“

"

-

12
2
10
-

"

_
_
-

-

-

-

"

_
-

_
-

.

8
8

14
13

7
5

6
6

3
1

1
-

1
1

2
-

2
2

2
"

-

-

-

“

-

"

-

_
"

_
"

_
“

_
"

2
2
"

19
19
"

19
7
12
3

32
7
25
9

70
15
55
26

61
16
45
13

38
14
24
9

60
34
26
10

31
14
17
6

50
16
34
12

19
4
15
3

18
11
7
1

8
4
4

12
2
10
1

00
50
00
00

_
"

1
1
“

5
5

18
18
1

69
19
50
20

92
36
56
35

95
18
77
32

72
11
61
31

54
17
37
15

20
12
8
2

18
8
10
6

22
9
13
12

54
7
47
47

20
20
20

4
1
3
3

-

-

-

41 . 5
41 . 5
40 . 0

60. 50
59. 50
85. 00

15
15
“

12
12

5
4
"

30
30
~

5
4
“

13
9
1

7
7
2

3
2
1

12
7
3

1
1
1

14
13
10

1
-

7
7
7

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

131
59
72

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5

65. 00
69. 50
61. 00

3

10

_

5
4
1

21
10
11

27
24
3

15
2
13

13
7
6

2
1
1

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

"

1
1
-

.

-

12
2
10

_

-

10

22
8
14

.

-

3

-

-

-

48
43

39. 5
39. 5

67. 00
6 5 .0 0

-

-

6
6

5
5

5
5

11
11

10
10

5
3

3

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

-

_

_
-

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, N e b r .—
Iowa, October I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

Weekly
hours'1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

35. 00

under
40. 00

$

40. 00

$

45. 00

$

50. 00

$

55. 00

$

60. 00

$

65. 00

$

70. 00

$

75. 00

$

80. 00

$

85. 00

$

90. 00

$

$

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

10
10

23
23

25
25

35
29

40
18

28
19

21
21

15
13

21
17

17
17

5
5

10
10

16
14

24
22

57
20

20
20

11
10

5

4
4

9
8

40
40

153

81

21
132
19

15
4
11

1
1

-

-

4

2
1
1
1

6
6

7

20
2
18
5

1
1

74

51
16
35

-

*

$

$

$

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 05 .00 n o . oo 115 .00 120 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

95. 00 1 00 .0 0 1 05 .0 0 n o . oo 1 15 .00 120 .0 0

and
over

W omen — Continued

T ran scribin g-m achin e operators, general -----------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

241
197

40. 0
40. 0

$70.50
70. 00

T yp ists, class A ---------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

196
150

40. 0
40. 0

74. 50
76. 00

T yp ists, class B ----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 2 -------------------------------------------------------

440
61
379
43

39.
40.
39.
40.

55. 00
61.50
54. 00
58. 00

5
5
5
0

-

-

_

_

"

_

-

_

-

87
2
85

23

-

-

-

23

3

7

2

-

4

1
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

---------------- ----------------

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, N e b r .—
Iowa, October I960)
A verage
Number
of
workers

NUM B ER OF W O RK ERS RECE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN ING S OF—
$

Weekly^

Weekly

60. 00

(Standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

(Standard)

under
65. 00

$

65. 00

$

70. 00

$

75. 00

$

80. 00

$

85. 00

$

90. 00
-

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00 135. 00 140. 00 145. 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

2

4

11

14

14

13
8
5

28
9
19

18
3
15

5
5

3
1
2

8

3

7

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

95. 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00 1 3 0 .0 0 135. 00 140. 00 1 4 5 .0 0

and
over

Men

-------------------------------------------------------------

109

40. 0

$113.00

D raftsm en, junior ________________________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

90
44
46

40. 5
40. 5
40. 5

84.50
86.50
83.00

D raftsm en, senior

3
3

2
-

2

5
3
2

5

n

14

6

5

5

4

10

4

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




7

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division) Omaha) N ebr.—
Iowa> October I960)
NUMBER OF WORKEKS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

hourly , Under
earnin
gs
$
2. 00

C arpenters, maintenance
______ __ _____ ____
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________ _______

93
42
51

$ 2. 82
2. 85
2 .7 9

E le c tr ic ia n s, maintenance ____
_______
__
Manufacturing ____________________ _______ __

95
81

$
2. 00
and
under
2. 10

$

2. 10
2. 20

$

2. 20
2. 30

3
1
2

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

$

2. 60
2. 70

$

2. 70
2. 80

3 .4 0

1
1

46
46

5
5

_
-

3
3

2
2

2
2

47
37
10

5
2
3

17
12
5

4
4

6
5
1

6
5
1

14
14

4
4

_

_

.

-

-

-

1

5
.

~

4
1

16
10
6
6

-

F ire m en , stationary boiler ________ __ _______
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

52
40

2. 15
2. 25

3 32
25

7
2

H elp e rs, tra d e s, maintenance

____

26

2. 06

4 10

10

M achin ists, maintenance _____ __ __
______
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------- __

65
62

2. 88
2. 91

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) __________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ ___
__
___ __ _
Public utilities 5 _____________ ___ ______

260
58
202
199

2.
2.
2.
2.

M echanics, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing ---------- -----__ ___________

173
172

_
-

“

3. 50

3. 60

over

-

2
2

3
3
-

2 10
2 10

_

_

-

-

2
“

8
3

.

.

“

"

.
-

_
-

~

_

4
4

5
5

4
4

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
5

_

“

7
7

_

33
33

16
16

"

-

57
21
36
36

3
3
3

11
2
9
6

6
1
5
5

35
11
24
24

126
8
118
118

4
4
-

2
1
1
1

4
4

13
13

9
9

17
17

24
24

35
34

7
7

33
33

-

2
2

_

_

9
9

2
2

1
1

"

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

2. 74
2. 74

.

_

_

55
55

2. 84
2. 84

_

_

_

-

-

83
80

2. 47
2 .4 8

4
4

10
8

1
-

3
3

1
1

3
3

42
42

10
10

9
9

___
_____

34
29

2. 67
2. 71

1

_

3
3

1
1

6
5

_

_

-

1
-

P ip efitters, m a in te n a n c e ___________ ___ _________
Manufacturing
________
_ __ __ __ __

58
48

2. 89
2. 95

_

_

_

_

~

-

_

"

-

1
1

S heet-m etal w orkers , maintenance
_______ __
Manufacturing _______ ___
_______
____

25
25

2. 87
2. 87

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

Tool and die m akers
____________________
Manufacturing ___________________ ___

77
77

2. 81
2. 81

-

-

-

3. 60
and

-

_

_

$
3. 50

'

.
~

$

.

„

_

_

-

1
1
4
4

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work
on weekends,
holidays, and lateshifts.
2 Workers were distributed as follows:
5 at $ 3. 60 to $ 3. 70; 5 at $ 3. 70 to $ 3. 80.
Workers were distributed as follows:
4 at $ 1. 50 to $ 1. 60; 2 at $ 1. 70 to $ 1. 80; 26 at $ 1. 90 to $ 2.
4 Workers were distributed as follows:
3 at $ 1. 60 to $ 1. 70; 7 at $ 1. 90 to $ 2.
5 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




3. 30

13
13

19
2
17

3

3. 20

10
5

31
28
3

__ ___
_____

$
3 .4 0

3
3

3
2
1

__
_____
__ __ _____ ___

$
3. 30

2
2

3
3

Painters __________ _____
Manufacturing __

3. 20

$

-

2. 53
2. 59
2 .4 1

__

3. 10

3. 10

$

1
1

163
113
50

______

3. 00

3
3

1

____

3. 00

$

-

1
'

O ilers
_______ _______ _________
Manufacturing ___ _____ __

2. 90

26
26
-

~

___
__ _____
_____ ___
___

2. 90

$

4
4
-

-

Millwrights _________
___
Manufacturing _________

2. 80

2
1
1

-

64
53
67
67

$

1
1
“

2. 95
2. 91

_____

$
2. 50

-

-

____

$
2 .4 0

36
— 6-----30

-

__

2. 30

2
2

-

E ngin eers, stationary __________________
_
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________ _____ ___

$

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
30

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

41
41

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
13

1

_

2
2

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

10
~

3
3

2
2

39
39

-

_

_

-

-

_

~

■

~

"

'

3
3

_

2
2

2
2

20
20

_

_

_

_

15
15

4
4

12
12

-

5
5

_

17
17

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

4
4

:—

_

_

-

10
10

-

_

~

-

-

6
g—

_

_

_

8
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, N e b r.—
Iowa, October I960)
NUM BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

A
verage $
hourly . 0 . 60
earningsL and
under
. 70

$
0. 70

$

0 . 80

. 80

.9 0

$

0 . 90
1.00

$

1 . 00
1 . 10

$

$

1 .20

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

1 . 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

1 . 10

$

$

$

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

$

2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$

2 . 60

$
2. 70

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

and
over

Elevator operators, passenger (women) --------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

113
1 12

$ 0 . 86
. 86

45
45

4
4

19
19

8
8

22
22

12
12

1
1

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Guards -------------------------------------------------------------------Marmfa rtnrin«

124
92

2. 15
2 . 22

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

1

1

13

16

15

24
24

14

6

15
15

_

4

2
2

22
22

Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (men) ----------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public utilities 3 -----------------------------------------

652
324
328

1.68
1.88

_
-

6

19

20

37

42
27
15

84
50
34
34

69
59

18
15
3
-

3
3
-

1
1

8

73
55
18
18

31
19

8

36
33
3
3

18

-

50
7
43
5

26

20

49
7
42

58

19
-

12
1
11

Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (women) ------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public u tilities 3 -----------------------------------------

269
53
216
39

_
-

_
-

38
38

1

29

26

13
13

_
-

1

1
1

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

~

22
1
21
21

-

-

L ab orers, m aterial handling ----------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public utilities 3 -----------------------------------------

1,412
563
849
391

17
09

_
-

_
-

_
-

22

-

-

-

-

Order fille r s --------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------

334
154
180

18

9

1. 99
1. 79

-

-

-

-

P ackers, shipping (men) ------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------

186
99
87

1 .9 9
2. 07
1. 90

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

--------------------------------

96

1 .8 0

_

_

1

Receiving clerks ----------------------------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------

54
37

2 . 00

Shipping clerk s

-----------------------------------------------------

41

2. 14

Shipping and receiving clerk s ---------------------------Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------

86

2. 25
2. 27
2 . 22

T r u ck d r iv e r s 4 ____________________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public utilities 3 -----------------------------------------

834
362
472
249

2.
2.
2.
2.

Tru ck d rivers, light (under 1 V 2 tons) ---------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------

126
45
81

1. 77
1 .7 6
1. 77

476
178
2 98

2 . 21
2 . 28
2 . 16

225

2. 31

P ackers, shipping (women)

T ru ck d rivers, medium ( 1 V 2 to and
including 4 tons) -------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------Public utilities 3 ------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




1 02

56
30

1. 48
1.9 1
1 . 28

1 .4 8
1. 23
1. 78
2.
2.
2.
2.

10

37

1.88

6

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

22

36

63

-

26
5

10

22

1

21

61

42
5
37

19

4

~

-

2

2

11

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

41

13
13
"

11

32

11

22
10

-

-

'
_
-

8

29
~

-

_
-

_
-

2

-

41

8

-

10
8

43
36
7
-

34
29
5

17

41
7
34

12

18
18

24

6

32

6

-

8

18

6

24

10

2

1

2

2

8

9

93
28
27

5

!

3
_
-

154
109
45
42

121

14
-

10
10

_
-

-

26

12

5

2
2

1
1

-

5
5

7
7
-

184
184
73

219
153

313

66

245
17

44
41
3
-

30
25
5

16
4

24
21

26
4

12
6

-

50

68

_
_
-

.
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

204

_
-

-

22

-

182
182

-

9

-

-

_
-

_
-

9

_
-

41

_

_

_

12

3

22

6
6

7
7

26
26

25
16

-

-

-

-

-

8
4

10

2

1

2

-

2

4 ■
!

4
1

73
26
47

_

30

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8
8

3
3

11

11
8

3
3

2

-

-

7
5

6

4

1
1

2

-

5

-

_

_

2

10

1

3

14

1

1

1

7

_

2

7

12
12

5
4

26
18

5

3

-

8

5

2
1

-

1

19
16
3

15
5

104
72
32

160
84
76

171
42
129

1

20

-

1

12 9

5
3

10
1

_

_

4

-

2

9

"

3

7
4
3

23

-

67

1
22

-

66
1
1

_

3

_

11

10

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

.

9

-

_
-

-

-

-

3
3
-

12
2
10

-

"

'

3
3

11
2

9

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

_
-

34
30
4

10
10

2. 04

19
23
17
33

10

16

9

-

7

3
3
-

66

115
15

12
12

21

1 00

-

13

31
15
16
-

47
-

-

25
15

10
6

10

4

33
4
29

9
7

1

-

6

58
15
43

31

104

20
11

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

6

1

68
21

26
40
-

2

34
34
-

_
-

11
2

4
4

12
12

19
15
4

96

2

6

98
96

-

34

9
-

10

19

9

2
2

_

1

4
1

3

1

148
39
109
109

6
6

-

_
_
-

9
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, N e b r.—
Iowa, October I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average $
$
hourly 2 0. 60
0. 70
earnings
u n d er
. 70
. 80

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4— C on tin u ed
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r type) ________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________

182
90

$ 2 .4 3
2. 33

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o th e r than t r a il e r ty p e) ____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________

49
48

2. 28
2. 28

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift) _____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _ ..........
.........

234
149
85
28

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than fo r k lift ) ________

56

102
65
37

1 .7 7
1 .7 7
1 .7 6

$
0. 90

$
1 .0 0

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1. 60

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

. 90

1 .0 0

1. 10

1. 20

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

and
over

2. 33

W a tch m en ------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------

$
0. 80

2.
2.
2.
2.

11
02
26
22

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

_

"

-

70
70

1
1

77
2

17
“

6
6

_

3
3

21
21

3
3

1
-

1
1

16
16

2
2

-

17
5
12
12

10
10
-

1
1
1

38
20
18
15

53
8
45

20
20
-

-

-

-

-

1

11

39

4

-

1
1

12
12

15
15

8
8

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

_

2
2

-

-

16
16
-

18
17
1

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

26
18
8

35
35
-

1

-

-

2
2

-

1
1
i

8
3
5

i

6
6

25
23
2

3
1
2

1
1

3
1
2

-

6
6

4 |
- j
4
1
|

1 Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays,
3 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
4 Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.




-

-

“

-

"

-

“

_

and late shifts.

-

8
8

_




B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary W age Provisions

10

T a b le B-l. Shift D ifferentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls of m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount o f d iffe r e n tia l,
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iow a, O c to b e r I9 60 )
P e r c e n t of m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s ----

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

T h ir d or other
sh ift w ork

Second sh ift
w ork

S econd sh ift

T h ir d or other
sh ift

87. 0

81. 5

10. 2

2. 9

__________________________

85. 9

8 0 .4

10. 1

2. 8

U n ifo r m cen ts (p er hour) ________________________

68. 5

63. 0

6. 9

1. 8

5 c en ts ___________________________________________
7 cen ts
__________________________________________
7 V 2 c en ts _______________________________________
8 c en ts
_______________________________________ _
8 V 2 c en ts _______________________________________
__________________________________________
9 c en ts
10 cen ts
_______________________ _______________
_________________________________ ____
12 cen ts
_____________________________________
I 2 V 2 cen ts
14 c en ts
________________________________________
15 cen ts
________________________________________
1 9 V 2 c en ts _______________________________ ____

10. 1
1 .4
2. 6
1. 2
3. 7
17. 6
3 0 .4
1. 6

10. 1
1 .4
9. 3
3 4 .4
1. 5
2. 1
2. 6
1. 6

1. 8
. 1
. 8
3. 2
.4
. 6

.
.
.
.
.

_____________________________

1 7 .4

1 7 .4

3. 2

. 9

5 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
10 p e r c e n t
_____________________________________

1. 6
15. 7

1. 6
15. 7

3. 2

. 9

1. 1

1. 1

. 1

. 1

T o ta l

___________________________________________________

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e

No sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

_____________________________

1
In clu d es e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p er a tin g la te
ev en though they w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g late s h ift s .

s h ift s ,

_

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts with fo r m a l p r o v is io n s

5

9
2
1
2

-

_

c o v e r in g la te sh ifts

11
Tab le B-2. Minimum Entrance S a la rie s for W o m en O ffic e W o rk e rs
(D istrib u tion of esta b lish m en ts studied in all in d u strie s and in industry d iv isio n s by m in im u m entrance sa la r y for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in exp erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s, Om aha, N e b r .-I o w a , O cto ber I960)
In exp erienced ty p ists
M anufacturing
M in im um w eekly sa la ry 1

A ll
in d u strie s

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

111

42

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp ec ified m in im u m ------------------------------Under $ 4 0 . 0 0
— _____ ______ ____ _______ ________ __________________
$ 4 0 .0 0 and under $ 4 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 4 2 .5 0 and unde r $ 4 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 45. 00 and unde r $ 4 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0 __________________ _____________________
$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 _____________ ____ _____________________
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 ________________________________________
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 2 .5 0 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------O ver $ 6 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp ec ified m in im u m ---------------------------E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em ploy w o rk ers
in this c ate gory ------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------

50
1
5
2
8
16
6
4
5
1
1
1
18

22
-

43

40

XXX

M anufacturing
A ll
in d u strie s

Base<i on standard w eekly hours 3 of—
'
A ll
schedu les

E sta b lish m e n ts studied

O ther in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2
N onm anufacturing

A ll
sch edu les

40

A ll
schedu les

40

111

42

XXX

69

XXX

61
3
6
5
9
1
17
6
7
4
1
1
1
24

24
1
1
1
10
4
4
1
1
1
11

21
1
1
1
8
3
4
1
1
1

37
3
5
5
8
7
2
3
3
1

26
3
5
2
4
5
1
2
3
1

-

-

XXX

XXX

13

XXX

XXX

69

26

7

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

1
9
4
3
2
1
1
8

19
1
1
7
3
3
2
1
1

28
1
4
2
7
7
2
1
3
1
-

-

XXX

10

12

XXX

31

1
_

B ased on standard w eekly hours '! of—
A ll
sch edu les

40

Nonm anufacturing

20
1
4
1
3
5
1
1
3
1

1 L ow est s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e stab lish ed for hiring in exp erien ced w o r k e r s fo r typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
2 R ates ap plicab le to m e s s e n g e r s , offic e g ir ls , or s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l job s are not c o n sid ere d .
3 H ou rs r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich em p lo y ee s r e c e iv e their regu lar stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s .
Data are p resen ted fo r all w orkw eeks com bined,

and for the m o st com m on w orkw eek rep orted .

Tab le B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of offic e and plant w o rk ers in all in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by scheduled w eekly hours
of f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s, Om aha, N e b r .-I o w a , O cto ber I960)
OF FICE W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

W eek ly hours
All industries*

A ll w o r k e r s

-------------------------------------------------------------

U nder 371/2 h ou rs ------------------------------------------------37 l z h ours -------------------------------------------------------------l
3 8 3 h ours -------------------------------------------------------------/4
40 h ours -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 40 and under 45 hours -----------------------------45 h ours -----------------------------------------------------------------48 h ours ----------------------------------- - ----------------------------O v e r 48 h ours --------------------------------------------------------

100
3
4
3
84
5
1
( 4)

Manufacturing

100

1
2
94
3
1
( 4)

Public utilities

2

All industries

100

Manufacturing

100

99
( 4)
-

3

1
!

( 4)
5
_
75
3
7
8

i_ _ _ _:_ _ _ _ _ _ _

1 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; finance, in su ran ce , and r ea l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T r an sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u t ilit ie s .
3 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e, re ta il tra d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.




Public utilities

100

100

2
_
82
1
8
4
3

91
5
4

_
_
_

(4)

2

12
Tab le B-4. Paid H olidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of offic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by n um ber o f paid holid ays
p rovided an nu ally, O m a h a , N e b r .- I o w a , O cto ber I960)
O F FICE W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

Item
All industries3

A ll w o r k e r s

________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h olid ays
_____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid h olid ays __________________________________

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

89

98

94

2

1

11

2

6

3
33
3
29
20
1
1

1
28
6
24
37
1
1

72

1
1
21
53
86
87
87
87

1
2
39
69
97
97
98

94

89

98

94

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

Number of day s

Under 6 h olid ays
__________________________________
6 h olid ays ____________________________________________
6 h olid ays plus 2 h alf days _______________________
7 h olid ays ____________________________________________
8 h olid ays ______________________________ ____________
9 h olid ays ____________________________________________
10 h olid ays ___________________________________________

1
33
5
50
10
(4 )

27
13
26
32
1

19
81
(4 )
-

22
-

Total h o lid ay tim e 5

10 days
_______________________________________________
9 or m o r e days _____________________________________
8 or m o r e days _____________________________________
7 or m o r e days _____________________________________
6 or m o r e days _____________________________________
5 or m o r e days _____________________________________
3 V 2 or m o r e days __________________________________
3 or m o r e days _____________________________________
2 or m o r e days _____________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no half

c>
(4 )
10
64
97
98
98
98
98

1
1
33
72
99
99
99
99
99

-

(4 )
81
100
100
100
100
100

97

-

72
94
94
94

Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s.
Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
A ll com bination s of full and h alf days that add to the sa m e amount are com b ined; for e x a m p le , the p rop ortion of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es those with 7 full days and
d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
P rop ortion s w ere then cum u lated .




13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , O m ah a, N e b r .—
Iow a, O cto ber I960)
OFFIC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries*

A ll w o r k e r s

--------------------------------------------------------------

Public utilities2

Manufacturing

All industries^

M anufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

99
90
10

100
82
18

100
98
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(4 )

“

“

14
7
1

27
6
_
2

16
_

87
4
8
1

87

59
5
34
2

59
5
33
3

73

11
5
82
2

5
6
86
3

9
4
86

M ethod of paym ent
•
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid vacatio n s _____________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-tim e paym ent ______________________
P erc en ta g e paym ent ____________________________
F la t -s u m p aym ent ______________________________
O ther ______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid vacatio n s _________________________________

(4 )
-

-

"

A m ou n t

of v a ca tio n p a y 5

A fte r 6 m onths of se r v ic e
Under 1 w eek
_______________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________

(4 )
42
4
1

_

1
27
8
5

36
-

_

-

A fte r 1 y e a r of se r v ic e
1 w eek
________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _________________________
2 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------3 w eeks ________________________________________________

42

23

(4 )
58

77

-

85
1
15

-

-

6
1
93

8
54
38

5
5

3

94
6
-

A fte r 2 y e a rs of se r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________ ________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks __ ____________________
2 w eeks ________________________________________________
3 w eeks ________________________________________________

8
16
75
-

-

-

4

21
2

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks ________________________________________________
3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------

4
(4 )

1

(4 )

1

96

98

-

-

99

2

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_____________________________________ _______
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ________________________
3 w eeks ______________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table




2

_

_

(4 )

-

-

95
1
2

91

100

-

-

9

3
1
90
3
3

_

_

-

_

90
5
5

98
_

2

2

14

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , O m ah a, N e b r .—
Iow a, O cto ber I9 60 )
O F FIC E W O R K E R S

V acation p o lic y
All industries

3

M anufacturing

PLAN T W O RK ERS

Public utilities2

All industries3

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

Amount off v a ca tio n p a y 5— Continued

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_______________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________
2 w eeks _______________________ _____________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ________________________
3 w eeks
4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------

2

-

_

(4 )

61
38
1

88
12

63
1
33

(4 )

_

3
1
72
4
19
1

68
5
25
2

3
1
23

8
84
5
3

95
_

(4 )

69
3
2

_
5
94
1

3
1
22
66
3
5

_
8
80
5
7

_
5
88
_
8

_
5
60
35

3
1
22
35
3
37

8
30
5
57

-

r

91
5
5

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks __________________
2 w eeks ____________ __ __
_______________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _ __ _____________
3 w eeks __________________ ________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks __________________
4 w eeks _______________________________________________

2

(4 )

16
2
79

-

(4 )

4

_
5

-

-

94

95

2

-

-

_

_
5

_

-

(4 )

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ______________ ______
2 w eeks ______________________________________________
3 w eeks _______________________________ _____________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks _______________________
4 w eeks ------------------ --------------------------------------------------

2
(4 )
13
81
3

_
4
86
9

-

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w eeks _________ _____________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
3 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ve r 3 and under 4 w eeks _________ _____________
4 w eeks _______________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
s e r v ic e

2
(4 )
11
45
42

_
4
31
64

_

_
_
5
73
_

23

Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o r ta tio n , com m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s .
Includes data for w h o lesa le tr a d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
P e r io d s of se r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the changes in p rop ortion s indicated at
include changes in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

N O T E : In the tabu lations of vacatio n allo w a n ces by y e a rs of s e r v ic e ,
paym ents other than "le n g th of t i m e , " such as p ercen tage of annual earn ing s or f la t -s u m p a y m e n ts,
an equivalent tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual earn ing s w as c o n sid ere d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




10 y e a r s '

w ere con verted

to

15
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
h ealth , in su r a n ce , or p en sion b e n e fit s , O m ah a, N e b r .—
Iow a, O cto b e r I960)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

Type of ben efit
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s

__________

_____

__ _________________

100

3

M anufacturing

Public u tilities2

All industries3

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g:
L ife in su ra n ce .. ..
____
. .
..... _ ..
A cc id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su ran ce _______________________ _____________
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce or
sick le a v e or b o th 4 __________________________

76

95

45

76

92

42

37

47

40

38

37

35

60

86

28

70

90

35

S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce ________
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting period )
___________________________
Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting period ) _ ____________________ __

24

52

5

52

68

22

42

46

24

5

-

15

5

16

( 5)

27

47

1

H osp ita liza tio n in su ran ce
___________________
S u rg ic a l in su ran ce _____________________________
M e d ic a l in su ran ce _______________ _____________
C ata strop h e in su ran ce ________________________
R e tire m e n t p en sion ________ _________________
No h ea lth , in su r a n c e , or p en sion plan
___

86
86
81
73
62
3

81
81
77
37
79
3

77
77
76
98
37

78
78
71
35
51
10

78
78
74
25
71
7

84
84
67
77
32

( 5)

1 Includes data for w h o lesale tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv ision s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tr a d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 U nduplicated to ta l of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sic k le a v e or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce shown s e p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ic k -le a v e p lans are lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly e sta b lish at le a st
the m in im u m num ber of days ' pay that can be expected by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e allo w a n ces d eterm in ed on an individual b a sis are exclu d ed .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.







17

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— U ses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keepingPhases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or a s s is t in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an esta b lish ­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or a ssists in locating material in file s. May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

19

SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations andday-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p rocesses. May do clerical work involving little specia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­

terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B — Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p o licie s,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PRO FESSIO N AL AND TEC H N ICA L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of Working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

21
MAINTENANCE

D

PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May a lso
supervise these operations. H ead or c h i e f e n g in eers in e sta b lish m e n ts
em p loyin g more than on e en g in eer are e x c lu d e d .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

22

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary d u ties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily en g a g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
sa n ita tion or heating s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

23

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .
ORDER FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

PACKER, SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of Container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (com b in a tion o f S iz e s l i s t e d se p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t (under l l 2 t o n s )
/
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons , trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy ( o v e r 4 to n s , o th er than trailer t y p e )
TRUCKER, POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or elec trie-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1960 0—577755

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio — Bull. 1285Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. M ex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—E aston ,

P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—Port Arthur, T ex .— ull. 1285-B
Birmingham, Ala.— Bull. 1285"
Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Burlington, V t.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—K y . — Bull. 1285Cleveland, Ohio — Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285D a lla s, T e x .— Bull. 1285Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, C o lo .— Bull. 1285“
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285*
Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T e x . — Bull. 1285-

*Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S .C .— Bull. 1285Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F ia.— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285**L ittle Rock—
North Little R o c k , Ark.— Bull. 1285-6
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285*Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, F la.— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N .J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a .— Bull. 1285New York, N .Y .— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News —
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285* * Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285-3
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa— Bull. 1285-13
Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N .J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

P ittsb u rgh , P a . — B u ll.
P o rtla n d , M ain e— B u ll.

1285R .I.— a s s . —
M
* * R a l e i g h , N . C . — B u l l . 1285-5
R i c h m o n d , V a . — B u l l . 1285R o c k f o r d , 111. — B u l l . 1285S t . L o u i s , M o . —111.— B u l l . 1285-10
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h — B u l l . 1285P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . — B u l l .
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t ,

Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents.




B u ll.

1285-

San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285*San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . — B u l l .

1285-

1285S c r a n t o n , P a . — B u l l . 1285-8
S e a t t l e , W a s h . — B u l l . 1285-7
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . — B u l l . 1285-17
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . — B u l l . 1285-

S avann ah, G a. — B ull.

Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .—
Md.—
Va.— Bull. 1285Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
Wilmington, D e l.-N .J .— Bull. 1285-12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

*
**

12851285-





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102