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Occupational Wage Survey

CLEVELAND, OHIO
SEPTEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-11




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewm Clagve, CownissioMr




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices

fir

/

|New E iflu d Reg km
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.
Liberty 2-2113

jo t *

Occupational Wage Survey




C L E V E L A N D , O H IO
SEPTEMBER 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-11
November I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagne, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C .

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The C om m u n ity W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m

I n t r o d u c t io n __ ________________________________________________________ ___
W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s -----------------------------------

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a rea w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o rta n t in d u stria l
c e n t e r s . The stu d ie s , m ade fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly s p rin g ,
re la te to o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in e a ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s a d dition a l
data n ot in clu d e d in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r ’ s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin fo r the c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ’ s re g io n a l
o ffic e in C h ic a g o , 111., b y W ood row C . L in n , u nder the
d ir e c tio n o f G e o r g e E . V ota v a , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
fo r W ages and In d u s tria l R e la tio n s .




B.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y _________
In dexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
and p e r ce n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ______________
O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s: *
A -l.
O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s __________________________________
A -2 .
P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s _______________
A -3 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________
A -4 .
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v em en t o c c u p a t i o n s _______
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
Sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ________________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r w om en o ffic e
w o r ke r s _________________________________ ______ __ __ __
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs
_____________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s —_______________________________________ ___
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s _________________

A pp endix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s _________________________________

* N O TE: S im ila r tabu lation s are a v a ila b le in the C le v e la n d a r e a
r e p o r t s fo r O c to b e r o f 1951, 1952, 1954, 1956, June 1958, and
S e p te m b e r 1959M o s t o f the r e p o r t s in clu d e data on e s t a b lis h ­
m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
A d ir e c t o r y
in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as
r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u r re n t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the C le v e la n d a r e a a re a ls o a v a ila b le
f o r m is c e lla n e o u s p la s t ic s p ro d u cts (F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 ), the m a ch in ­
e r y in d u str ie s (M a rch i9 6 0 ), h o te ls (M a rch I9 6 0 ), h o sp ita ls
(June I9 6 0 ),
p ow er la u n d ries and d r y c le a n e r s (A p r il I9 6 0 ),
flu id m ilk (M ay I9 6 0 ), and n o n fe r r o u s fo u n d r ie s (M ay I9 6 0 ).
U nion s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le
f o r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u s tr ie s : B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p rin tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s it op e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv ­
e r s and h e lp e r s .
iii

1
4

3

3

5
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10
11

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15
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Occupational Wage Survey—Cleveland, Ohio

Introduction
This a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p ortan t in d u stria l c e n te rs in
w hich the U. S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r ls B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics has
con d u cted su r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs and re la te d w age b en efits
on an a rea w id e b a s is . In this a re a , data w e re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p re s e n ta tiv e esta b lish m en ts
w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an ufacturin g; tr a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
com m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ; re ta il
tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u stry g rou p s ex clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a re g ov ern m en t o p e ra tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s . E sta b lish m en ts having
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o rk e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u se
th ey fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loym en t in the o ccu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
rant in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese su r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll esta b lis h m e n ts. To obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts is studied. In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lish m en ts a r e given th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a se d on the e sta b lish m en ts stud ied a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e , as r e ­
lating to a ll e sta b lish m en ts in the in d u stry g rou pin g and a r e a , e x ­
cep t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p ation s and E arn in gs
The occu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take a ccou n t o f in te re sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ithin the sa m e
jo b . (See appendix f o r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a rn in gs data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b les) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
nan ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t.

la te sh ifts.
N on produ ction b on u ses a re e x clu d ed a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in cen tiv e earn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W here w eek ly
h ours a r e r e p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o rk sch e d u le s (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich
s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id; a v e ra g e w eek ly earn in gs f o r th ese
occu p a tio n s have b een rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e earn in g s o f m en and w om en a re p r e s e n te d se p a r a te ly
fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s in w hich both s e x e s a r e co m m o n ly e m p loy ed .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th ese o ccu p a tion s a r e
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong
in d u stries and esta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific .d u t ie s p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the o ccu p a tion s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w when in dividu al s a la r ie s a re a d ju sted on this b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e ra g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e su lt in h igh er a v e r a g e pay
when both s e x e s a r e em p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e rate ran ge.
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s a re u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al esta b lish m en ts to
a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific duties
p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
esta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a c tu ­
a lly su rv e y e d . B e ca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong
esta b lis h m e n ts, the estim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ings data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s

In form a tion is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m ’’o f f ic e w o r k e r s , ” as u sed
O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
in this bu lletin , in clu d es w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly s c h e d ­
w o rk e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r re la te d fu n ction s, and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
u le in the g iven o ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E arn in gs data e x clu d e
is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. ’ ’P la n t w o r k e r s ” in ­
p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
clude w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s ^including le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s ._ A d m in is tra tiv e ,
e
1
R a ilr o a d s , fo r m e r l y e x clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f th ese stu d ie s,x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r ce -a c c e u n t~ e o n s tr a c tio n
e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a ra te w o rk f o r c e a r e e x clu d ed .
w e re in clu d ed in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied s in c e Ju ly 1959, e x ce p t
C a fe te ria w o rk e r s and rou tem en a re e x clu d e d in m a n u factu rin g in d u s­
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo, C levela n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e now in ­
t r ie s , but a r e in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n onm an ufacturin g in d u str ie s .
clu d ed in the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r -m a r k e t w age s u r v e y s .




2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u factu rin g
in d u str ie s .
This in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f total plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o rk e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv e y .
In e sta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r ity w as u sed o r , if no am ount ap p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as u sed .
In esta b lish m en ts in w hich so m e la t e sh ift h ou rs a r e p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d on ly
if it a p p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h ou rs.

M inim u m en tra n ce ra tes (table B -2 ) r e la te on ly to the e s t a b ­
lish m en ts v is ite d .
Th ey a r e p r e s e n te d on an e sta b lish m en t, ra th er
than on an em p loy m en t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
health, in su ra n ce , and p e n sio n plans a re tre a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th ese a re a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a ­
jo r it y o f su ch w o rk e r s a re e lig ib le o r m a y even tu a lly q u alify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s lis te d . Sch eduled h ou rs a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese a re a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u se o f rounding, su m s o f in dividu al ite m s in th ese
tabu lation s m a y not equ al to ta ls .
The fir s t p a rt o f the p a id h olid a ys ta ble p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w hole and h a lf h olid a ys a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The s e c o n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf h olid a ys to sh ow total h olid a y t im e .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n
plans f o r w hich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n ^ co m p e n sa tio n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plant in clu d e th ose
u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su r a n ce com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d
th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t
op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e f o r thip p u rp o s e .
D eath
b en efits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n ce .
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u n der w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a sh p a ym en ts a r e m a de d ir e c t ly
to the in su re d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to w hich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s.
H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce law s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
with b en efits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T abu lations
o f p a id s ic k -le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 5 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pa y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r ’ s p a y du rin g a b se n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) .plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d dition to the
p r e se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e provided^ s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated tota l is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty pes o f b e n e fits .

The su m m a ry o f v a ca tion plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts, ex clu d in g in fo rm a l plans w h e re b y tim e o ff w ith p a y is gra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep arate e stim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g v a ca tio n p a y m en ts, su ch
as tim e p a y m en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s, o r fla t -s u m am oun ts.
H ow ev er, in the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n ce s , paym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e re co n v e rte d ; f o r ex a m p le, a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the eq u ivalen t o f 1 w eek*s pay.

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as ex ten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g ex p e n s e s beyon d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
pa ym en t o f d o c to r s* f e e s . Such plan s m a y b e u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d . T abu lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n pla n s a r e lim ite d to
th o se p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w ork er*s life .

2 An esta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g con d ition s: (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.
3 S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
ta ble B -3 ) in su r v e y s m ade p r io r to Ju ly 1957 w e re p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s
w ith the in d ica ted w eek ly h ou rs f o r w om en w o r k e r s .

4 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ility law s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r co n trib u tio n s.
5 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a fo r m a l plan if
it e sta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f days o f s ic k le a v e that
cou ld be e x p e cte d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a pla n n eed n ot b e w ritten ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s is ,
w e re e x clu d e d .




T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin scope of su rv e y and n um b er studied in C lev e la n d , O h io ,1 by m a jo r in du stry d iv is io n ,2 S ep te m b er I9 6 0

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in scope
of study

In d ustry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s

-----------------

--------

-------------------------------------------------

M an ufactu ring --------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------------------------N on m an ufactu ring -----------------------T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er public u tilitie s 5 _______________________________ —
W h o le sa le tra d e --------------------- ------------------------------ __
R e ta il tra d e ------------------------------------------------------------------------------F in an c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te --------------------------------S e r v i c e s 7 --------------- -------------- ----------------------------------------------

N u m b er o f esta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
Studied

W ithin scop e of study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o ta l-4

907

100
50

100
50
50

357, 50 0

61, 400

22 8, 600

23 6, 030

129
140

23 2, 300
125, 200

33, 700
27, 700

162, 600
, 000

155, 920
80, 110

57
156
64
99
104

-

269

427
480

100

26
35
27
27
25

35,
18,
38,
16,
16,

300
300
800
700
100

66

7, 200
5, 000
( 6)
, 200
( 6)

10

15, 000
, 000
( 6)
1, 900
( 6)

27,
7,
30,
,
,

9

8
6

660
590
090
180
590

1

The C lev e la n d Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (C uyah oga and L ak e C o u n tie s).
The "w o r k e r s w ithin scop e of stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p ro v id e a r e a so n a b ly a c cu ra te
d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The e s t im a t e s a re not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a sis of c o m p a r iso n w ith oth er a r e a em p loym en t
in d exes to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m en t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and
(2) s m a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the sc o p e o f the su rv e y .
The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In d u str ia l C la s s ific a tio n M an ual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r edition (u se d in
the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age su r v e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m tra d e (w h o le sa le or retail)
to m an u factu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r o f rad io and t e le v is io n b ro a d ca stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
»
3 In clud es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tle ts (w ithin the a rea) of co m p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto re p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
In clu d es ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth e r w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the sep a r a te o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a ter tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e ex clu d ed .
C le v e la n d 's tra n sit s y s t e m is m u n ic ip a lly op erated and, th e r e fo r e , exclu d ed by defin ition fr o m the scope o f the
stu d ie s.
T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the s e r ie s A and B ta b le s .
S ep arate p r e se n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e
fo r one o r m o r e of follow in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te
p resen ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su fficie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p r esen ta tio n , (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in dividu al e sta b lish m e n t d ata.
H o te ls ; p e r so n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; au tom ob ile rep a ir sh o p s; m otion p ic t u r e s ; n onprofit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iz a tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

2

4
5

6

7

T a b le 2. In d exes of stand ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation al grou ps
in C leve lan d , O h io, S ep tem b er I 9 6 0 and S ep te m b er 19 59 , and p e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s
In d exes
(O c to b e r 1952 * 100)
In d ustry and occu p ation al group

S ep tem b er
I9 6 0

P e r c e n t chan ges fr o m —

S ep tem b er
19 59

S ep te m b er 1959
to
S ep te m b er I9 6 0

June 1958
to
S ep te m b er 1959

A l l in d u str ie s:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) —
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en)
S killed m ain ten an ce (m en)
U n sk illed p lant ( m e n ) ---------

140.
15 0.
144.
14 6.

6
4
0
4

13 6.
145.
139.
142.

7
9
6
1

2. 9
3. 1
3. 2
3. 0

3.
5.
7.
5.

M an ufactu ring:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w om en) —
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en)
S killed m ain ten an ce (m en)
U n sk illed p lan t (m en) -------

14 3.
14 9.
14 4.
14 5.

9
6
0
0

13 9.
14 5.
139.
138.

7
1
6
8

3.
3.
3.
4.

3. 7
4. 9
7. 1
6 .9




0
1
2
5

6
4
0
6

O c to b e r 1956
to
June 1958

8. 1
10. 8
7. 1
7. 9

9.
11.
.
7.

6

0
5
9
1

O cto b e r 1954
to
O c to b e r 1956

10

.
11.
10.
11.

11.

6
4
7
7

1
10. 7
10. 7
1 1 .3

O c to b e r 1952
to
O c to b e r 19 54

10. 3
. 0
. 1

12
10
11.6
11.
.
.
.

12
10
8

3
0
29

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d
plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
In a r e a s w h ich w e r e n ot s u r v e y e d du rin g the
f i s c a l 1953 b a s e y e a r (J u ly 1952 to June 1953) th is ta b le is lim ite d
to p e r c e n t s o f change b e tw e e n s e le c t e d p e r io d s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the in d ex es
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o rk , that is ,
the stan dard w o r k sch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e pa id.
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s, e x clu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
The in d e x e s a r e baBed on. data fo r
s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t
jo b s w ith in e a ch g rou p . The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w om en in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f ic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a ­
t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A
and B .
The in d u s tr ia l n u r s e data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u stria l
n u r s e s . M en in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed
jo b s w e r e in clu d ed in the p la n t w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ;
e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m i l l ­
w r ig h ts ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a ­
t e r ia l h andling; and w atch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e
com p u ted f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h e s e w eig h ted ea rn in g s f o r in d iv id u al
o c cu p a tio n s w e r e th en to ta le d to ob ta in an a g g re g a te f o r e a ch o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a t io o f th e s e jgroup a g g r e g a te s f o r a g iven
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m on th , w in ter 1952—53)
w a s co m p u te d a n d the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d b y the b a s e y e a r in d ex (10 0) to
g e t the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .




S im ila r p r o c e d u r e s w e r e fo llo w e d in c o m p ilin g " p e r c e n t s o f
c h a n g e " in a r d a s n ot su r v e y e d du rin g 1953.

A d ju s tm e n ts h ave b e e n m a d e w h e re n e c e s s a r y to m a in tain
c o m p a r a b ility s o that the y e a r - t o - y e a r c o m p a r is o n s a r e b a s e d on the
sa m e in d u stry and o c cu p a tio n a l c o v e r a g e .
F o r e x a m p le, r a ilr o a d s
h ave b e e n in clu d ed in the c o v e r a g e o f the s u r v e y s on ly s in c e Ju ly 1959.
In com p u tin g the in d e x e s fo r the f i r s t y e a r in w h ich r a ilr o a d s w e r e
in clu d ed , data r e la tin g to r a ilr o a d s w e r e e x clu d ed . In d exes f o r s u b s e ­
quent y e a r s in clu d e data f o r r a ilr o a d s .

The in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex p a n sion s, f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C hanges in the la b o r f o r c e can
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a ctu a l w a g e ch a n g es. F o r ex a m p le, a f o r c e ex p a n sion m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o ccu p a tio n and r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . The m o v em en t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u se the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though n o change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a e sta b lis h m e n ts.
The u se o f con sta n t em p loy m en t w eig h ts elim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu en ced b y ch a n g es in
stan dard w o r k sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e , s in c e they
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
In d exes f o r the p e r io d 1953 to I9 60 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts w ill a p p ea r in B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W a ges and R ela ted
B e n e fits, 60 L a b o r M a rk e ts, W in ter 1959—
60.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d iv isio n , C levelan d. Ohio, September I960)
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
f
$
$
$
$
$
S
Weekly x U n der 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 7 0. 00 75. 00 8 0. 00 85. 00
. 00 9 5 .0 0
105.00
115 .00
125 .00 130.00 135.00 140 .00 145 .00
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
“
"
"
“
■
"
"
“
"
"
“
“
"
"
u n d er
1 15.00
1 25.00 130 .00 135.00 140 .00 145.00 o v e r
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 8 5. 00 90. 00 9 5. 00
105.00

90

Weekly j

100.00

100.00

120.00

110.00

120.00

110.00

M en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
____ __ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________ _________ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___ __
_______ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _______
____ _

686

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B __ ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g . __
___ _ __ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _ __
__ ___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

328
207

C l e r k s , o r d e r _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________
_______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
„
__ —
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____
__ __ _
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l __________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __

O ffi c e b o y s
____
__ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______
—
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 __
__
F in a n c e 4 ____
_ _____
S e c r e t a r ie s _ __ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __

_____
__

__
__ __

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s , cla s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ __ _ ___

--------___

0
0
5
0

0
0
0
0

828
330
498
489

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

40. 0
40. 0

121

365
184
181
40

88

39.
40.
38.
40.
37.

0
0
5
0
5

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

8 5. 00
94. 50
99.
102.
97.
97.

50
50
50
50

98

00
50
00
50
00

-

-

-

_
“

_
"

_
~

_
“

_
-

6
1

1
2
8

2
0

4
-

2
1

31
9

5
-

-

2
2

1
1

7
4
3
3

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

“

“

"

26
5

1
0

. 00
99. 00

65.
65.
6 5.
80.
60.

_
-

-

1 1 6 .0 0

_
-

_
-

89. 00
91. 00

50

40.
40.
40.
40.

_
"

$ 1 0 8 .5 0

179
143

_

40.
40.
39.
40.

512
174
90

321

12

3

5
5
-

60
46
14

40
19

2
1
1

18

5
3

22
-

39
31

8
8
2
2

83
58
45
3

30

23

5

1
0
2
0

1
0

2
1
1
44
23

2
1
8

34
15
19
19

1
0
6
23
15

8
1

33
18
15

1
0

45
32
13
7

76
52
24

6
31

60

1
0
2
1
8
100

50
49
4
3

1
0

30
14

1
6
1
2

36
24

1
2
5

1
0

1
6

1
2
1
0
2

9
7

6

-

23
77
77

91
28
63
63

117
34
83
82

31
24

33
27

19
13

23
13

1
0

1
0
8

7
3
3

2

2
1
0

2
0

1
2

13
7

4

4

"

_

.

_

.

_

.

.

_

_

.

17

56
39
17

60
47
13
3

11
0

86

67
34
9

72
14

56
51
5
4

25
16
9

19

103
41

64
36
28
28

65
24
41
41

68

1
2
1
1

15

1
2
1
2

3

2

2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
2
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

62
60
24

2
1

6

1
2
1
0
9
9

1
0

80

68
1
2
9

__

_

2
2

-

-

30
38
38

4
4
4
-

2
1
1
1

-

-

"

-

-

-

1
1

7
7

6
6

5
5

1
1

1
0
1
0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
_ _ _ _ _ ___ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__
___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 __ __
__ __ _
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s , cla s s C _
__ __ __ ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__ __ __
__ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______ __
_______

54
54

40. 0
40. 0

119. 50
1 1 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

40. 0
40. 0

114. 50
1 1 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

5
5

4

4
4

19
17

17
14

18
14

29
25

37
32

5
5
5
0

| 98. 50
j 100. 50
j 95. 50
105. 00

-

"

-

-

-

-

6
6

14

8
6

1
1
3
8

24

44
31
13

31
25

55
55

45

2
0
2
0

"

"

25
16

-

-

1
1
13
1

1
1
1
0
1
1

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

84. 00
8 4. 50
83. 50

-

-

-

9
3

29
16
13

5
3

1
6
1
1

1
1
1
1
0

-

266
T W ~

98
40

108
55
53

39.
39.
39.
40.

1
-

1

7
3
4

8
2
6

6

2

1

5

"
27
23
4
4

_
-

.

168

1
2
8

2
2

211

— _
__ __

61
49

1

6
1

6
6

5
5

2
0
2
0
1
1
5
6

2
0

n

-

38
----- Z E

4
4
-

-

See footnotes at end of table.




NO TE:

E stim ates for all in du stries, nonmanufacturing, and public utilities include data for railroad s (SIC 4 0 ), omitted from the scope
of a ll labor m arket wage surveys made before July 1959, and also omitted from the Cleveland survey of Septem ber 1959.
W here
sign ifican t, the effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest on the data shown sep arately for the public u tilities d ivision. The
trend of earnings in selected occupational groups in all in d u strie s, excluding r a ilr o a d s , appears in table 2.

35
27

8
7

27

2
1
6
6

1
0
5
5
4

18
17

1
1

5
5
-

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

12

-

1
2
8
4
2
_

-

7
5
5

1
1

6

_

r

~

~

.
_

.
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

6
------- 5“

2
2

4
4

1
1

13
— n r

2
2

-

4

-

-

-

"

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1
2
1
17

1
1
"
-

6
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September I960)
N UM BER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF -

A vebaqk

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours *
(Standard)

Under ^ 5 . 0 0 $5 0 . 0 0 * 5 5 . 0 0 *6 0 . 0 0 * 6 5 . 0 0 * 7 0 . 0 0 * 7 5 . 0 0
Weekly
earnings 1
and
(Standard) $
under
4 5 . 00
5 5 . 00 6 0 .0 0 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00
50. 00

8 0 . 0 0 * 8 5 . 0 0 *9 0 . 0 0 * 9 5 . 0 0 * 0 0 . 0 0 * 1 0 5 .0 0 *1 1 0 . 0 0 * 1 1 5 .0 0 *1 2 0 . 0 0 * 1 2 5 .0 0 *1 3 0 .0 o| *1 3 5 . 0 0 * 1 4 0 .0 0 * 1 4 5 .0 0
1

8 5 . 00

9 0. 00

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 i l 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

and
over

Women
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ____
M an u factu rin g________________________
N onm anufacturing------------------------------Public u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) -----------------------------------------------M an ufacturin g________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A --------------------------------------------------M anufacturin g------------------------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s B _________________________________
M an u factu rin g________________________
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________

337
170

4 0 .0
40. 0

$ 7 1 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

167
31
75

3 9 .5

6 6 . 00

4 0 .0
40. 0

7 6 . 00
6 6 . 00

4 1 .0

4

15

15

17

4

15

3
12

17

-

-

5

-

4

4

39. 5
42. 0

6 8 . 50
7 7 . 50
6 1 . 50

-

100

220
158
62

39. 5
39. 0
40. 5

8 6 . 50
8 7 . 00
8 4 . 50

-

180
80

998
216
782
28
165

39. 5
40. 0
39. 0
40. 0
40. 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ____________
M an u factu rin g------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------

878
405”
472

39. 5

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ____________
M an u factu rin g------------------------------------N onm anufacturing____________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ______ ________________
Finance 4 __________________________

1 ,4 3 9
582"
757
121
115
192

39. 5

39. 5
39. 5

39.
39.
39.
40.
37.

5
5
5
0
5

C lerk s, file , c la s s A __________________________
M an u factu rin g________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________

226
117

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

109

39. 0

C lerk s, file , c la s s B ___________________
M an u factu rin g________________________
N onm anufacturing------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ------------ ------------W holesale trade ---------------------------F in a n ce 4 _________________ _______

1, 045

39. 5
40. 0

C lerk s, o rd e r __________________ ________________
M an u factu rin g --------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ______________ ___________
W holesale trade __________________

339
706
39
246

39. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

261
549
309
240
145

-

_

4




23
4
10

23

9

38

35

-

9

18
20

20
15

-

-

-

1
-

12
2

-

1

10

-

10

-

8 9 . 00
9 4 . 50
8 4 . 00

_

-

-

-

-

7 3 . 50
7 7 . 50
7 0. 00
7 8 . 00
7 4 . 00
j 6 6 .0 0

20

7

138
62
76
17
4
16

_

6
6
-

201

157

7
194

11
146

-

-

4

27

8

139
5
36

_

_

16

-

-

16

-

-

20
-

7
-

57
16
41
-

12

-

6

7 7 . 00
7 9 .0 0
7 5 . 00

_

_

-

-

59. 00
65. 00
5 5 . 50
6 5 .0 0

5 67

-

-

67

124
19
105

7
7

9
-

245
91
154
33
17
56

32

3 9 .5

7 2 . 50

32

17

39. 5
4 0 .0
40. 5

7 4 . 50

3 32

17

50
34
16
8

21
13
8

3

29
25
4

29
13
16

.

1
1

_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

-

_

_

_

_
.
_

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
7
2

-

-

-

-

-

16

2

14
2

-

-

11
10

-

2

-

1

-

30
22

34

25

31
3

24
1

34
24
10

9
9

8

175

98

61

85

31

13

66

33
65

14
47

29
56

9
4

28

17
14
2
2

109
14
24

-

-

23

12

6

4

5

3
1

_
-

14

-

8

-

6

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

1

4
4
_
_
_

_
_

_
-

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

7

31
15
16
14
2

14

13
8
8
-

8
5
3
3
_

-

-

-

'

-

7

62

72

55

39
23

29
43
30

45
12
12

8
16

-

1
1

21

19

-

-

42
34
8

3
-

11
3
3
_

3

j ------ T —
-

1

1
1
-

-

1

_
-

8

-

.
-

3
1
2

1

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

-

-

_
_

_

2

_
_

_
_
_
_

2

-

-

.
-

96
74
22
3
2

35
34
1

-

-

97
65
32

24

_
_
_

1

115

24
-

_
.

_
_
_
_

7

187
86
101
6
24
32

6
4
2

-

_
_
_
_

-

182

8
4
4

-

-

122

20
8
12

-

-

2

174
82
92

9

_

-

2

29
17
12

27
18

_

1

_

55
47
8

39

_

-

51
31
20

1

1

_

_
_

51
35
16

3
1
8

_
-

-

_

78
55
23

18
28
17

-

-

90
54
36

7

_

-

_

97
35
62

17

_

_

177
54
123

51
4
13
6

-

-

2

163
52
111

64

-

2

53
13
40

6o

-

1

8
4
4

50
15
35

9

1

-

5

-

1

53
17
36

9
39
27

55

9

2
2

-

81
33
48
6
21

11
65

-

19
10

8

3
3

1

29
5
4

23
18
5

81
81

79
60

9
1

34

11
10
8

6

31
2l
10

162

-

4
4

21

27
21

19

91
150

9
50

17
18

43
24

241

3 36

35

14
8
6

204
21
183

38. 5

-

-

11
21

59. 00
54. 00

-

159
20

9

|
See footnotes at end of table.

49
26

23

10

-

6 9 . 50
7 9 . 50

48
25

33
5
20

-

7 3 .0 0
6 3. 00
7 2 . 50
6 7 . 00

6 5 . 50

66
33

22

-

22

-

17
6

-

-

_

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

58
41

65
38

27

18
10

20
11

2
2

3
3

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

8
-

17
16

_

_

22

39
27
12
12

5

27

19
8
8

8
8

9
9

!

_
|

i

_

_

8
8

1
1

;

_

7
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber I960)
A vebaqe

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly^
(Standard)

NU M BER OF W ORKERS RE C E IV IN G STRAIGH T-TIM E! W E EKLY E A RNINGS OF-

Weekly
U nder
earnings1
(Standard) $
45. 00

$
4 5 . 00
and
under
5 0 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 . 00 6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0. 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

and
8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 ! 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

over

|
j
W o m e n — C o n t in u e d
C le r k s ,

p a y r o l l -------------------------------------------------------

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e
________________________

856
524

2

7
1

13
-

2
-

6
-

13
-

29
13
5

-

-

-

7 5 . 00

_

38

24

39. 5

7 9 . 00

-

-

39. 5
40. 0

7 1 . 00
9 2 . 50
7 3 . 50

-

38
-

-

-

39. 5
39. 5

$ 8 2 . 50
8 5 . 00

332
111
62

7 8 . 00

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

8 3 . 50
8 0 . 50

C om p tom eter o p e ra to rs
---------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

925
434

39. 5

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e

491
85
119

39. 5

42

83
56
27

70

45

49
21

36

54
34

3

9
10

7
4

9
4
2

20
17
2

58
41

86
57

88

9

40

16
14

17
4

2
2

9
-

7

29
21
4

48
47

17

39
3
22

-

-

3
3

18

4

10
8

3
1

7
7

3
3

2
1
1

201

133
92
41

126

107

94

99
8
2

87
7
5

74
22
52

63
22

4

99
27
7
14
6

6

1

1

8
8
-

57
27

55
41

46
13
20

30
10

14
4

3

151
82

96
51

58

76
5
34

69
1

45
2

19

33
27
6

25
8

50

108

16
34
-

56
52

125
55

1
5

9
18

47
8

57
27

73
40

-

76
46
30
7
3
117
64

124

-

59
8

24
-

51
-

53
-

-

4

3

9

2
2

4
4

27
3
24

9
3
6
-

33
8
-

48

98
43
55
22
15

128
82

|

19

_

_

29

12

19
10
4

10

6
5

2
-

1
1

-

-

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( M im e o g r a p h o r D itto )
---------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

128

3 9 .5

67
61

39. 5
39. 0

1, 0 9 9
640

39. 5
3 9 .5

459
177

39. 5
40. 0

________________________

140
105

40. 0
38. 0

---------------------------------------------------------------

265

39. 5

98

39. 5
3 9 .5
40. 0

8
K eyp u n ch o p e ra to rs

-------------------------------------------

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
----------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e

O ffic e g ir ls

M a n u fa c tu r in g

-------------------------------------------------

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
----------------------------- -------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 -------------------------------------

167
45

S e c r e ta r ie s
-------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------- -------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
----------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e
------------------------------------F in a n c e 4
-----------------------------------------------------

2, 935
1, 5 1 7
1, 4 1 8
285

6 7 . 00
7 0 . 00
6 4 . 00
7 8 . 50

_

8 0 . 00
7 6 . 00
8 7 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

-

2
-

-

2
-

11

48
5

6 7 . 00
5 9. 00
6 3 . 00
5 6 . 00
6 1 .5 0

5
5
0
0

9 5 . 50
1 0 1 .0 0
9 0 . 00
102. 50

236
503

39. 5
38. 0

8 6 . 00
8 5. 50

S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
---------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------- --------

2. 571
1, 4 4 8

39. 5
3 9 .5

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
----------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------------------------W h o le sa le tra d e
------------------------------------F in a n c e 4
-----------------------------------------------------

1, 1 2 3
319
247
354

39.
40.
40.
38.

S te n o g ra p h e rs,

te c h n ic a l

M a n u fa c tu r in g

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g

------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------

W U ]o o ;iio
F in a n c e 4

-----------------------------------------------------

-

1
10
-

_

43
7

_

17

3

70
21

83
118
34

26
17

15
25

49
24

42

13
5

27

26

39
12

30
7

16
5

8
7

12
-

94
16
78
-

13
14
-

13
17
10
6
4
2
2

1
1

-

1
1
1

50
2

3
1

41
41
-

-

338

405

209
129
26
20

76

29
33
84

49

237
168
60
5
16

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

• -

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

277
200
77
40

173
130
43
31
2

94

66
58
8
5
-

23
15
8
2
-

21
13
8
-

5
4
1
1
_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
-

12
-

-

-

5

12

10

15
36

8 0 . 00
8 2 . 50

4
-

18
4

33
4

83
10

318
163

260
134

309
144

281
150

347
247

257
188

213
116

229
146

11 1
54

57
44

5
0
5
5

76 . 50
8 8 . 00
7 4 . 00

4
4

14
-

29
10
5
2

73
10
11
45

155
10
37
77

126
24
41

165
15
42

131
25
24

100
17

69
24
17

97
47
24

83

59

56

13

10

57
48
4
1

13
13
-

46

69
6
5

154
122

39. 5
3 9 .5

8 8 . 50
8 7 . 00

9
7

20
20

24

18

4

16

13
6

14

16

43
36

13

3

529
198
331
68

40. 0

7 4. 00

8

49

2

4

_

8 5 . 50

8

19
30

43
40
3

11

39.
40.
40.
40.
38.

46
25
21

11

2

4

-

13
4

26

2

2

2

‘

"

~

"

56
63

5
0
0
0
5

6 7. 00
8 3. 00
7 4. 50
7 0 . 00

_

_

29
33

31
31

"

_

_

_

-

-

"

62

_
-

-

n o
23
87
8
12
33

3
7

13
52

_
-

-

26
5
21
-

7 0. 00

311
127
184

_
-

-

1
-

2
2

403
193
210
27
57
80

278
100
178

2
2

7
-

39.
39.
39.
40.

204
58
146
7
32

1
1
-

3
1
1
-

-

-

5
5

64

27

42

27

57

62

55

64

4
23
5
1

7
35

20
37
12

28
34
7
q
7

30
25
2

5

7
20
1
6

10

12

9

1

13
7

16

18
4

6
20

26
19
7
7
-

7
7
-

"

_

3

1
12
12
-

6
6
-

-

-

7

69
25
20
1
4

59
35
24
12
1
6

"

-

_

1

_

-

-

1

_

1

-

-

j
i

See footnotes at end o f table.




.

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

29
25
4
4
-

8
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September I960)
N U M BER OF W O RKERS RE C E IV IN G S TR A IG H T-TIM E W E EKLY EAR N IN G S OF

A verage

S ex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

Weekly , U n d e r 4 5 . 0 0
earnings
and
(Standard) $
under
4 5 . 00
5 0. 00

$
5 0. 00

55. 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0. 00

$
8 5 . 00

55. 00

6 0 . 0 0 . 6 5 . 00

7 0 . QQ

7 5 .0 0

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

90.

86
46
40

64
40
24

4

7
14

00

*
9 0 .0 0

9 5 . 00

$

S
S
$
S
S
$
s
s
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .O o J l4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
and

1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
_____
_____

661
372

39. 5
3 9 .5

$ 7 1 . 00
7 2 .0 0

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ________________________
________

289
27
115

39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

6 9 . 50
7 1 . 50
7 0 . 50

T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
__________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ __ __ __
____

110
55

39. 5
40. 0

9 1 . 00
9 i . 00

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
___ _____
_ _

W h o le s a le tra d e

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s C
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

__

____

__

__

___

__

____

_

A

___
___ __
___ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ___ _
_______
W Vinlofialo fi*9rlo
F in a n c e 4 _
__
_ _

Finance4

1
2
3
4
5

_ __

4

-

8

28

23

17

-

-

-

1
1

7
7

5
-

7
5

5

2

6
6

12

12
9

56
55

25

10

77
25
52

91
66
23

93

4i
50

8

-

9
8

7 7 . 00
7 6 . 00

39. 5
39. 5

7 3 . 00
7 5 . 00
7 0 . 00

1 ,0 4 3
670
373
64
52
129

39. 5
40. 0
38. 5
39. 5
40. 0
39.
39.
39.
38!

0
5
5
5

2 ,4 8 2
1 ,0 2 3

____

_

-

39. 5
“ Tg: 5

128

50
67

____
__

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B __ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ __
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __

161
115
46
-

-

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
F i n a n c e 4 _ __
__
____
c la s s

115
38
77
14

90

*0
26
-

8 9 . 00

538
324
214

T y p is t s ,

56

12
-

39. 0

__

_____
____

12

153
___

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e
o p e ra to rs, gen eral
__________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

11
7
4
-

55

____

__
_

-

__
__

_
_

__ __ __ _

39. 5
40. 0

1 ,4 5 9
127
325
724

39.
40.
40.
38.

0
0
5
0

7 3 . 00
6 8 . 50
7 8 . 50
8 2 . 00
7 2 . 50
7 9 . 50
7 2. 50
7 2 ! 50
6 3 .0 0
67.
60.
70.
63.
58.

00
00
50
00
00

"

"

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

49
26
23

-

28
58
24
34
5
9
9

152
48
104
8
15
27

703

354

322
381
26

168
186
16
61
85

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

_
-

2

14

-

-

24
2
22
2

:

2

:

9

91
29
62
-

130

258
47
211
17
38
120

431

19
11 1
-

48

-

-

2

14

10
31

97
334
19
48
237

'

109
176

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

- !

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

25
17
8
-

22
11
11
-

8

1

4

-

9
4

6
3

5
5

3

8
7
1

25
3

3

9
7
2

15
12

5

22

11
7

6
3

3

7
4

15

-

12

86
56
30

50
34

26
14
12

18
10

2
10

5
5

45
43
2
-

143
96
47
6

172

11

3

29

30

202
165
97
12
37
21

124

55
35
-

12

12
8
4

20

119
53
12

98
26
6
8
1

2

8
-

11
5
6
2
4

"

8

17
15
2
-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

167
120
47
6
13
15

120
96
24
10

92
84
8
4

59
44
15
10

35
34
1
1

3
3
-

_
-

4

-

4

61
51
10
7
1
1

70
53
17

31

16

11
4
7
7

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

27
4
4

13

-

3
13
13
-

_

4

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
All workers were at $40 to $45.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $ 30 to $ 35; 64 at $40 to $45.




-

_

2

-

_

_

!

_

_
-

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Cleveland. Ohio. September I960)
A vebagx

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weeklyi
hours
(Standard)

NU M B ER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF

Weekly i Under
earnings
(Standard) $
7 0 . 00

s
7 0. 00

7 5 . 00

S o. 00

85. 00

9 0 . 00

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

$
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 * 1 3 0 .0 0 * 1 3 5 .0 0 * 1 4 0 .0 0 * 1 4 5 .0 0 * 1 5 0 .0 0 * 1 5 5 .0 0 * 1 6 0 .0 0 * 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 . 0 0

and
under
7 5 . 00

1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 . 0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0

and
over

Men
Draftsmen, leader ____
__ __
_____
Manufacturing _____ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
Draftsmen, senior __
___
___
Manufacturing
... .
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 3 __________________

200
190

40. 0
40. 0

_

$ 1 5 1 . 50
1 52. 50 —

_

_

_

.

_

.

_

_

-

.

=—

-

“

-

-

"

-

-

-

5
5

1
1
-

19
16
3

13

63

118

104

103

9
4

63
-

58
60

77
27
2

90
13

113
104

125
118

59
58
1

47
46

1 2 1 . 50

_

-

-

159
58

1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

-

-

-

1 2 6 . 50

-

-

-

-

3

"

615
535
80

Draftsmen, junior
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

9 5 . 50
9 3 . 50
1 0 7 . 50

29
29

19
15
4

59
54

44
42
2

84
82
2

95
79
16

89
69
20

275
244

40. 0
40. 0

99. 00
9 9 . 56

1

26
2 3 ------

27
24

44
41

1 ,0 5 9
900

"

5

6

1

16
8
76
69

14
14
96
86
10

7

7

5

9
8

5

4

8

33

22
22

1
1

3

29
4

9
5
4

1
2

10

9
80

20
20

33

33

30

30

25

28
2

18
17

15

9

15

9

30
2 30

13
12

13
13
-

4
4
-

2

5

2

1

19
15
4
4

-

“

3
3

19
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

19

“

“

■

.

_

_

_

77
3
3

39
35
4

30

36

5

1

"

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Manufacturing

________

9
3

11
9

15
15

“

44

----- 3 T

52
49

28
27

12

------ 6“

5
5

.

1
1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Workers were distributed as follows: 11 at $ 170 to $ 180; 18 at $ 180 to $ 190; 1 at $ 190 and over.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
NOTE:

S ee n ote on p .




5 ,

r e la t iv e to th e

in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .

.

_

.

_

10
Table A-3:

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average
2 . 00
hourly j U n d e r 1 . 9 0
and
earnings $
under
1 .9 0
2 . 10
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 . 20

8
2 . 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

8
2 . 60

8
2. 70

$
2 . 80

$
2 . 90

8
3. 00

8
3. 10

°3 . 2 0

3. 30

"3 . 4 0

$
3. 50

2 . 20

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 .8 0

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3 . 30

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

4
4

4
4

2
2

8

32

6
2

26
6
6

26
17

19
8

79
74

131
105

-

9
6

11
4

5
2

26
25

29
27
2

46
2

21
21
-

36
35
1
1

1
1
-

165
145
20

172

274

171
1

192
82

382
381
1

78
78

58
50
8

63
60
3

26
26

67
67

-

31

-------------------------------

492

$ 2 . 96

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------

376
116
69

2 . 89
3. 20
3 ?.?

m a in t e n a n c e
--------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------- -------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------

1, 7 6 0
1, 5 9 4

3. 04
3. 05
2 .9 3

E n g in e e r s , s ta tio n a r y
________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------

475

C a rp en ters,

m a in t e n a n c e

E le c tr ic ia n s ,

166

-

-

1
1

1
1

5
-

10
10

28
20
8

37
36
1

33
31
2

59
26

119
115
4

257
257

5

7
5
2

85

-

2 .9 7
3 . 15

_

21
-

3
-

24

10

11

1

-

19
14

31
24

20
20

21

3

11

15
2

-

10

1

2 . 49

24

-

13

5

7

-

56
48
8

32
32

14
12

53
23

69

75
68

60

69

56

70
70

31

26
26

6
6

50
38
12

190

33

128

166
24

29
4

127
1

87
87

113
113

44
44

25
25

29
29

11
11

-

479
433

2 . 61
2 . 62

22

_

_

13

19

-

-

13

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e
------ -------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------

937
861
76

2. 43
2. 45
2 . 12

53
32
3 21

71
64
7

27
27

----------

1, 2 9 1
1, 291

3. 00
3. 00

_

--------------------------------------------------

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e
------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------

1 , 211
1, 201

3. 05
3. 05

_

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o t iv e (m a in t e n a n c e ) —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------

776
333
443
354

M a n u fa c tu r in g

t o o lr o o m

S
3. 70

S
3. 80

S
3. 90

$
4 . 00

$
4 . 10

S
4 . 20

$
4 . 30

3. 70

3. 80

3. 90

4 . 00

4 . 10

4 . 20

4 . 30

over

1
1
-

2
-

1
1
-

-

40
2
38
25

3
_

2

3
2
1

2
2

1
_

2
2
-

-

18
17
1

37
37

12
12

1
1

26
26

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

1
1

4
4

9
9

1

-

17
5
12

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3

_

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1
1

_

-

3

8
8

F ir e m e n , s t a tio n a r y b o ile r
________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------- _

8

48

-

349
126

M a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s ,

3. 60

and

-----------------------------------------

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

s

2.
2.
2.
2.

86
88
84
83

74
67
7

-

1

_

-

_

4

6

13

21

24

50

56

144

120

234

149

105

98

192

49

8

5

9

-

4

6

13

21

24

50

56

144

120

234

149

105

98

192

49

8

5

9

_

_

_

33
33

51
51

15
10

46
45

155
155

86
86

231
227

152
152

118
118

280
280

18
18

3
3

_

-

19
19

_

-

2
2

-

_

2
2
-

_

4

12
12
-

11
-

27
5
22
12

161
56
105

99
64
35
25

32
32
-

_

_

_

_

59
24

38
35
3

-

-

-

93

267
67
200
182

96
37

11
11

26
20
6
6

_
-

-

-

3
1
1

1

1
4
4

-

3
1
2

8
8

_

_

-

-

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

1

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-------------------------------M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------ ---------- --------

1, 5 3 5
1, 4 3 1

2 . 90
2 . 89

-

4
4

17
12

27
27

22
22

no

21
21

79
78

120
116

129
128

262
250

102
93

91

236
172

122
122

12 1
12 1

54
54

2
2

6
6

2
2

M illw r ig h ts
-------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------

1, 2 6 9
1, 2 5 8

3. 04
3. 05

_

_

_

_

21
21

24
24

113
102

96
96

97
97

209
209

70
70

74
74

384
384

17
17

74
74

_

_

-

37
37

_

-

10
10

-

-

O ile r s
________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------

493

2. 54
2. 55

2

14
14

3
3

13
13

29
27

59
59

51
51

96
96

148
148

39
39

15
15

3
3

20
20

2. 76
2 . 88

2
-

8
-

2
-

14

2
2

29
15

21

24
24

3
3

5
2

_

2

-

8

2

11

-

14
10

1

13
12
1
1

4

29
-

35
32

2
2

29
27
2
2

89
88

2 . 51
2 , *17
4Q

25
10
15
15

_

9
12
12

46
3

29

3

3

-

-

3

-

2
2

-

2

12
12

6
6

7
7

34
34

29

19

, 67
67

147
147

102

39

10 1

112
112

99

19

11
10

39

29

99

4
4

_

_

2
2

1
1

15
1

5
5

5
5

4
4

27
27

12
12

50
50

3
3

_

3

15

88

43

67

95

214

153

281

360

330

109

38

_

-

3

15

88

43

67

95

214

153

281

360

330

109

38

-

P a in t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
-----------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------- -------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

P ip e fitte r s ,

m a in t e n a n c e

S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ,

Tool

-------------------------------

m a in t e n a n c e

--------

383
261
122
85
690
688
141
127

2 . 91
2 . 91
2 . 97

_

_

_

_

_

_

3. 00

-----------------------------------------

1, 802

3. 22

--------------------------------------------------

1, 802

3. 22

a n d d ie m a k e r s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

1
2
3
4

-----------------------------------------

489

2
2

_

I ll

17
17

43
43

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 2 at $ 1.50 to $ 1.60; 8 at $ 1. 70 to $ 1.80; 11 at $ 1.80 to $ 1. 90.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




98

-

-

-

14
14

29
29

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

2

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

11
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September I960)
N U M BER OF W O RKERS RE C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E HOURLY EA R N IN G S OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s -tr y d i v i s i o n

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s ,

passen ger

(m e n )

_____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
F i n a n c e 3 __
__ ________
__
E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s ,

passen ger

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_____

( w o m e n ) ________
__

__

____

__

G u ard s
_________________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
________
__
____ ____ __ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_
__
__ __
F in a n c e 3

J a n ito r s ,

p o rte rs,

an d c le a n e r s

M a n u fa c tu r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

(m e n )

___
_____ _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4
_____

_____
_
__ __

W h o le s a le

tra d e

_

F in a n c e 3

_

______

J a n ito r s ,

p o rte rs,

__

__

__
__

L aborers,

______

an d c le a n e r s

W h o le s a le tr a d e
F i n a n c e 3 __

__

__

__
____

__

_____
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4
_____

______ _

______
____
____
______

__

__
_

__

_______

m a t e r i a l h a n d l i n g _________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
P u b lic u t il it ie s 4
W h o le sa le tra d e

_____
__

______

___

____

_

O rd e r fille r s
_ __
_____ ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _ _ _ _ _
W h o le sa le tra d e
P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g (m e n )
____
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_ __
___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
__ __
W h o le s a le tra d e
__

_

-

262

1 . 17
1 . 16

937
865“
132

2 .4 0
2 .4 4

99

2. 09

1 .9 3
2 . 14
1. 53
2 . 01

10 1

1. 76
1. 67

259

2, 373
385

2 . 12

1 .4 5

*1 . 1 0

*1 . 2 0

$
1. 30

1. 20

1. 30

1. 00
and
under
1 . 10

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

*1. 7 0

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 . 20

2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50

$
2. 60

2. 70

1 . 80

1 . 90

3. 00

1. 50

1. 60

1. 7 0

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

2. 90

3. 00

over

1 .4 0

$

18
18
4

4
4

1
1

4

-

16
l 6
16

4
4
4

1
1
1

22
22
22

4
4

64
64

138
138

32
32

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

6

-

"

"

"

~

1
-

168
-

1
-

168
-

146
16
130
-

136
4
132
-

-

-

66
-

34
-

8
5

_

_

___

___

_

___

___

____________________
__

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
-

4
-

28
22

147
131

79
64

104
94

-

-

-

16
16

15
15

10
10

185
185
-

55
54

4
3

30
2o
10
10

55

9
9

18
8
10
10

252

225
186

268
208
60
50

241
176
65
8
12

490
435
55
24
14

110
83

773
716
45

174
166
8

16

8

8

-

43
43
-

20
14

2
1

67
66

1
1
-

87

3 ,9 6 9
2 ,6 5 8
964
807

2.
2.
2.
2.

-

46
-

-

24
-

43
-

9
78
-

110
24
86
-

46
-

-

8

31

31

43

1 ,4 8 2
7 27
755
488

2 . 21
2 . 37
2 . 06
1 .9 5

_

56
8
48
48

20

39
16
6

6
4

5
2

39
16
16

27
17
6

205
181
24
2

1

-

-

-

"

"

"

"

33
32
1
1
-

6
6
-

1
1
-

_

73

7
-

78
75
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

1
1
-

-

1
1
-

29
29
_

-

-

-

-

7
1

71
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

194

162

221

27 2

181
40
-

174

536

629
407

599
553

649
380

141

138
24
-

667
358

895

59
135
-

|477
414

733

29
49
-

271
245

3

135
130

98
-

26
-

107

13

30

91

15

309
137
82

222
87
44

46
6
4

269
10
40

4
-

30

197
43
67

138
-

25

63
14
34

139
756
666
16

194
190

92

-

5
1
4

15

31

32

98
38
60
28

215
95
120

281
167
114
15

131
84
47
30

97
90
7
2

22
22

3
3

-

-

-

376

27
18

34

10

39
39
-

12
7
-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

52
--------5

31
21

32
22

46
42

79
69

149
81
68
61

73
. 44 '

15
10

36
10
26
15

117
38

20
18

34
22
12

41
14
27
26

37
21
16
16

31
15
16
16

123
74

192
181

41

49
49

11
11

29
12
12

97
57
40
40

127
115
12
12

124

-

45
4
41
36

10
10

“

8
-

16
-

37
8

108

36

4
4

7
7

8
8

10
10

2
2

8
8

7

16

0

29

115
67
28

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

61
21

18
5
13

24
15

35
15
10

69
33
36
31

28
21

49

55

3£

7

17

45
10

97
70

40
8

37
7
30
20

27

9

4

11

2

-

-

66
55

63

29
14

65

33
31
2

48
42

21

55

6

4

29
26

69

43
33
10
9

8
------- g —

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

.

42

6
2
4

16

16
12

1. 8 2

-

-

4

R e c e iv in g c le r k s
M a n u fa c tu r in g

616
345

2 . 19
2 . 34

-

-

-

-

23
4

2. 00

-

8

271
107

-

8

-

22

19

2. 04

-

-

-

“

-

3

-

427
315
112
85

2. 30
2 . 36
2 . 13

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

1

2

5
5
-

9
9
8




-

-

-

1 .4 9

See footnotes at end of table,

-

78

43
-

2. 08

-

-

359
133

____________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
__
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_
_
____
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __
_
__ __

_

“

49
37
12

S h ip p in g c l e r k s

-

9
16

4
-

...........

-

3

-

1. 73

_

-

35

24
-

380

249

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
W h o le s a le tr a d e

-

49
37
12
12
-

492

__________________________________________
_
_

1

43
41
2

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( w o m e n ) __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_

1

64
52

1. 89
1. 94

__

1

74
43
31
2

_

2 . 27
2 .3 6

-

350
15
335
74

2 . 34

1 ,4 1 3
1TT38
275

-

445
1
444
5

6 ,6 2 7

-

-

11

356

-

-

15
15

16

36

_

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

119

20

-

-

-

9
31

-

-

-

-

7
4

-

3
3

-

-

16
4

-

3

-

-

198
54
15
3

-

-

-

-

235
77
158
6

34

-

-

-

59
247
8

-

35
33
64
04

2
1

-

94
15

66

1. 91
1. 36

6
-

-

79
-

1. 6 2
1. 36
1 .4 1

306

-

-

-

57
-

382
2

-

7
5
4

2
2
2

-

-

57
-

-

163
16
147

■

541
25
516
2
20
450

1 ,9 8 7
n o
52

$
and

893

______
_
__

______

1. 37
1 .4 4

209

(w o m e n )

____

$ 1 .4 4

3 ,8 6 7
2 ,5 3 6
1 ,3 3 1
170

___

76
69
53

____________

______ _
________

Average
hourly 2 U n d e r
earnings
$
1. 00

-

16
26

14
4

8

i
-

22

-

1

106
-

9

2

19

-

11

13
2

2

8
8

11
11

36
-

9
7

9
4
5
5

8
24
10
14

11

11
11

55
8
8

15
13

114

10

9

17 5—

-

13

— n r

34 '1— n r

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

7

_

3
3

_

-

14
14

-

“

-

-

54

15

7

3

11

45

13

5
2

3

1

2

-

-

10

17

-

6
4
2

-

3
2

1

-

4
9
8
L

'

12
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September I960)
NU M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H OURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

265
139
126

Shipping and receivin g c le r k s ---------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------------------

$
$
Average
hourly Under 1.00
1. 10
earnings2
$
under
1.00
1. 10 1.20
$ 2. 42
2. 46
2. 38

$
1.20
1. 30

$
1. 30
1. 40

$
1.40

$
1.50

$
1.80

$
1.90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

1.60

$
1.60
1. 70

$
1. 70

1.50

1. 80

1.90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

-

4
2
2

5
5

31
23
8

10
5
5

9
7
2

19
12
7

65
22
43

32
26
6

"

“

'

5
5

5
5

"

1
1

11
6
5

8
2
6

~

$
$
2. 20 2. 30
2. 30 2. 40

$
2. 40
2. 50

$
2. 50
2. 60

$
$
2. 60 2. 70
2. 70 2. 80

$
2. 90
3. 00

$
3. 00
and
ov er

24
16
8

1
1

6
_
6

585 1874
132
140
445 1742
77 1291
176
219

277
269
8
6
-

103
87
16
2
4

29
18
11

$
2. 80
2. 90

890
122
768
515
517

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

70
70
69
78
63

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

-

-

4
4
-

5
1
4
4

2
2
-

11
11
-

223
18
205
93

34
30
4
1
1

107
40
67
3
-

186
70
116
1
-

178
46
132
129
3

199
188
11
2
4

99
86
13
3
10

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under IV 2 tons) -------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ — ------- — -------

530
159
371

2. 56
2. 64
2. 52

.
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

11
11
-

15
13
2

73
10
63

124
8
116

24
23
1

27
27
-

7
1
6

183
_
183

2
2
"

3
3
-

660
60
-

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium ( 1 V 2 to and
including 4 tons) ------ ------------ ----------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------Publi c uti liti e s 4 --------------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------------

1,422
384
1, 038
708
124

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

63
54
66
75
69

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

3
3
3

-

"

4
4
"

4
4

2
2

-

-

11
11
■

119
7
112
-

19
17
2
-

24
20
4
-

51
51
-

143
15
128
128
"

117
111
6
4

19
19
-

266
55
211
60
72

625
61
564
520
41

3
3
-

12
10
2
"

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ----------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------Pu blic utilities 4 ---------------------------------

1, 218
219
999
480

2.
2.
2.
2.

76
79
75
82

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

89

-

10
10
-

2
2
-

5
2
3
-

32
30
2

35
31
4

59
59
-

944
57
887
480

13
11
2
-

29
17
12
-

-

21
21
-

14
12
2
-

85
84
1

2
2

_
-

12
12
35
24
11
-

T ru ck d riv ers 5 ---------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------- ------- — -----------P ublic u tilities 4 -------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------------

3,
1,
2,
1,

T r u ck d riv ers , heavy (o v e r 4 tons, other
than tr a ile r type) ---------------------------------------

403

T ru ck ers, pow er (forklift) ------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Public u t ilit ie s 4 -------- ------- -----------------

2. 211
2, 065
146
43

T ru ck ers , pow er (oth er than fork lift) ------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

455
336

2. 72
2. 86

W atchm en ---------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------Pu blic utilities 4 -------------------------------------Finance 3 -------------------------------------------------

618
363
255
25
135

1.87
2. 04
1.61
2. 29
1.47

45
45
51
56

4
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2
-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

23
23
10

12
7
5
4

20
3
17
7

-

42
42
5
25

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
All workers were at $ 3 to $ 3. 10.
Workers were distributed as follows: 15 at $ 3 to $ 3. 40; 67 at $ 4. 20 to $4. 30.

NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




89
-

_

_

_

_

7

4

49

87

252

_

109
104
5
"

81
81
-

184
169
15
14

239
236
3
3

167
106
61

897
896
1
-

224
224
-

84
36
48
20

25
17
8
6

18
18
-

59
59
-

_

_

-

~

31
19

39
30

83
11

52
35

110
no

21
12

5
5

1
1

17
17

7 82
82

32
31
1

34
25
9

52
52
-

38
32
6
1

9

_

-

10
2
8
1

78
77
1

-

36
25
11
6

2. 87
2.
2.
2.
2.

1
_______
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

4

43
12
31
20

58
28
30
21

-

81
38
43
40

12
7
5
-

8

-

-

9
9

3

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




13

B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers, by type and amount of differential, Cleveland, Ohio, September I960)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

A c t u a lly w o r k in g on —

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

T o t a l -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

96. 2

8 1 .9

18. 5

5. 7

W ith s h ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l

-------------------------------------------

9 3 .6

81. 3

18. 2

5 .7

---------------------------------------------------------------

57. 6

4 7 .4

11. 5

4. 5

5 c e n t s ______________________________________________________________
6 c e n t s ______________________________________________________________
7 c e n t s _______________________________________________________________
71/2 c e n t s ___________________________________________________________
c e n t s _______________________________________________________________
c e n t s ___________________________________________________________
9 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 4 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 4 * / 2 c e n t s _________ _____________________________________________
1 5 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------------------------c e n t s _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 6 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------

5 .9
. 3

. 8

. 6
. 1
. 3
. 3
3 .4

. 2

-

(2)

(2)

. 3
4. 3
. 1
1 .3

-

U n ifo r m

---------------------

ce n ts (p e r h ou r)

8
8x/4
10
1
1
12

16

. 8
16. 0
. 2
2. 4
1 9 .7
. 4
5. 8
-

.8
1 .7

-

2. 1

.4
. 2
. 1
. 2

1

. 8
. 1
-

10

18. 2
1 .7
7. 5
. 8
3. 6

.2
.3
.3

-

2

___________________

3 1 .2

29. 1

5. 3

p e r c e n t _____________________________________________
5 p e r c e n t _______________________________________________
7 , 7 1 / * , o r 7 ‘ / 2 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------p e r c e n t ______________________________________________
1 5 p e r c e n t ______________________________________________

1.0

_
.7

.3

U n ifo r m

p erce n ta g e

__________________

1.6

43/4

10

8h ou rs'

p a y f o r 7 * / 2 h o u r s ' w o r k -----------------------------O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________________
N o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________________________

—

19. 1
1 .4

8. 6

2. 8
25. 6

1. 1

-

.5

_

3. 0
1. 8
.2

4. 3

4. 8

.3
1. 0

2. 5

.6

.3

-

-

.8

2 .7
. 2

.3
.2
.2
.9

.1
.2
.7

_
.2

(2)

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with formal provisions covering late shifts even though
they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 Less than 0. 05 percent.

14

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w ork ers, Cleveland, Ohio, September I960)
Inexperienced typists

Other inexperienced clerical workers 2
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
Minimum weekly salary 1

A ll
industries
A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

_______________

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a
s p e c ifie d m in im u m
______
T in d e r $ 4 0 .
$ 4 0 . 0 0 and
$ 4 2 . 50 and
$ 4 5 . 00 and
$ 4 7 . 50 an d
$ 5 0 . 00 and
$ 5 2 . 50 and
$ 5 5 . 00 and
$ 5 7 . 50 and
$ 6 0 . 00 and
$ 6 2 . 50 and
$ 6 5 . 00 and
$ 6 7 . 50 and
$ 7 0 . 00 and
$ 7 2. 50 and
$ 7 5 . 00 and
$ 7 7 . 50 and
$ 8 0 . 0 0 and

00
under
u nder
u nder
under
under
under
under
u nder
under
u nder
under
under
u nder
under
u nder
under
over

__

______

50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00

________
________
________

37 Vz

3 7 V*

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37 Vz

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

37 V2

40

XXX

XXX

140

XXX

XXX

269

129

XXX

XXX

140

XXX

XXX

146

82

6

74

64

12

49

164

86

7

77

78

15

57

_

1

_

_

9
-

1
-

8
-

11
5
12
7
10
11
2
3
3

1
2
3
3
2
2

9
2
8
3
8
8
2
2
3

_

_

_

1
-

1
-

4
-

1
-

-

7
4
4
17
15
5
4
1
1
2
1
7
2

8
4
6
18
15
8
4
1
1
2
1
7
2

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o
s p e c ifie d m in im u m
________________

37

17

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t
e m p l o y w o r k e r s in t h i s c a t e g o r y __

85

30

D a ta n ot a v a ila b le

A ll
s c h e d u le s

129

4
2
8
2
22
10
20
24
17
12
8
1
2
2
2
7
3

________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
__ ____
________
________
________

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

269

_
$42.
$ 45.
$47.
$ 50.
$ 52.
$ 55.
$ 57.
$ 60.
$ 62.
$ 65.
$ 67.
$ 70.
$ 7 2.
$ 75.
$77.
$80.

Manufacturing
A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

1

4
-

_

_

_

3
2
4
2
14
6
14
6
2
4
4

1
1
2
2
2
3
-

2
2
2
-

-

11
4
10
6
2
3
4

-

-

-

1
-

-

1
-

1
10
-

1
1

-

1
-

-

1

17
7
22
12
17
30
16
9
5
3
2
1
2
6
4

XXX

20

XXX

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

55

XXX

XXX

65

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1

1
3
-

-

1

_

_

1
-

1
-

6
2
10
5
7

1
-

-

6
2

-

9
5
5
18
13
3
2
3
1
1
1
6
2

20

XXX

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

42

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

19
14
6
2
3
1
1
1
6
2

1
1
3
-

-

-

1
-

-

1
-

-

1
-

1
2

1

-

2

-

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Rates applicable to m essen gers, office g irls , or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e sa laries.
Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the m ost common workweeks reported.
NOTE:

See note on p.




I,
S

relative to the inclusion of railroads.

15

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Cleveland, Ohio, September, I960)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Weekly hours
A
U

,

industries1

A ll workers

-------------------------------------------------------

Under 35 hours -------------------------------------------------35 hours -------------------------------------------------------------Over 35 and under 37*/2 hours ---------------------371/ 2 hours --------------------------- --------------------------Over 371/ 2 and under 40 hours ----------------------40 hours -------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 hours --------------------------44 hours ------------------- ------- --------------- ----- Over 44 and under 45 hours --------------------------45 hours ---------------------------------- ---------- ---------Over 45 hours ___________________________ ____

100

M anufacturing

100

Public
utilities2

P L A N T W O RK ERS
Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

6
1
50
3
40
-

2

(5)
~

-

2

(5)
16

-

-

6

2

79

9
3
88
-

0
(5)

2

-

1
96
-

(5)

-

-

( )

Finance 3

2

84
_
-

1
3

-

AU
4
industries

100
1
1
(5)
5
(5)
88
1
1
1
3

Manufacturing

100
1
1
6
_
90
1
_
_

100

100

-

_
_

_
_
_
90
_
_

_

2

_
88
_
9

8

_

2

2

2

2




Wholesale
trade

-

1 Includes data for retail trade and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Includes data for retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L ess than 0. 5 percent.

NOTE:

c

P u b U c,
utilities

Estim ates for all industries and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), omitted from the scope of all labor market
wage surveys made before July of 1959, and also omitted from the Cleveland survey of September 1959.
Where significant, the
effect of the inclusion of railroads is greatest on the data shown separately for the public utilities division.

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y n u m ber o f p a id J io lid a y s
p r o v id e d an n u ally. C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

_________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l id a y s
_
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l id a y s
_
_
_

All
j
industries

Manufacturing

Public2
utilities

PLANT WORKERS
Wholesale
trade

Finance 3

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

100

99

99

99

93

“

1

1

1

7

3
23
1
26
34
4
6
1
-

2
11

23
68
8
-

51
7
4
12
19
-

“

~

“

_

_

_

_

1

2

-

( 5)

( 5)

( 5)
30
2
20

( 5)
14

"

Number of d ays
L e s s th a n 6 h o l id a y s
6 h o l id a y s
___________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________
__ _____
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 5 h a l f d a y s _______________________
7 h o l id a y s
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1, 2 , o r 5 h a l f d a y s ____________
8 h o l id a y s
__
_
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ____ ___ ___
9 h o l id a y s
__
„
__
__
__ ____
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s _______________________
10 h o l id a y s __
__ _____
__
_
_______
12 h o l id a y s __ __
__ __ __

( 5)
31
4
7
1
2
( 5)
1
1

( 5)
33
35
7
8
2
-

_

_

_

15
76
8
-

47
16
11
13
13
-

59
3
1
2
5
2

6
7
3
9
5

'

( 5)
37
35
6
7
2
-

'

Total h o lid a y tim e 6
12 d a y s
IO V 2 o r m o r e d a y s
__ _
_ _
10 o r m o r e d a y s
9 V2 o r m o r e d a y s
_
_ _
_
_______ __ _
9 o r m o re days _
__ __ __ ______ ___________
8 V2 o r m o r e d a y s
__
__
_
_ ______ _
_
8 o r m o re days
___
7 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s __
__ __ „
__ __ __
7 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
6 1/2 o r m o r e d a y s
6 o r m o r e d a y s _ _________ __ __ ___ __________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
____ _
4 o r m o r e d a y s ___ __ __ ___
2 o r m o r e d a y s _______ __ _
_
____ _________
1 o r m o r e d a y s ___ __ _ __ _
_ _
_______

1
1
3
3
6
7
17
18
68
70
99
99
99
99
99

_

_

2

-

15
17
85
85
99
99
99
99
99

8
85
85
100
100
100
100
100

13
13
37
53
100
100
100
100
100

_
2

8

5
8
17
19
32
34
38
38
39
41
100
100
100
100
100

1

2

-

10

11
72
72
95
95
97
98

13
14
85
86
97
97
99
99

8
75
75
99
99
99
99

19
19
35
42
93
93
93
93

99

99

99

93

-

8

1 In clu des data fo r r e t a il tra d e and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In clu des data f o r r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
6 A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in clu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and no
h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u la te d .
NOTE:

S ee note o n p . 15 , r e la tiv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .




17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

All
j
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Finance3

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
( 5)
( 5)

A ll w o r k e r s

100
99
( 5)
1

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
91
7
1
1

100
88
9
1
2

100
100
-

93
93
-

M eth od o f p aym en t
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s
___
L e n g th -o f-tim e p aym ent
P e r c e n ta g e paym en t
__
_ -----F la t -s u m p aym en t _ _
_
O th er
_
----- __
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no pa id v a c a tio n s __ __

-

100
100
-

“

"

“

■

8
44
14
( 5)

8
58
12
-

14
15

3
47
13
-

18
1
81
( 5)
( 5)

8
2
90
-

54
46
-

30

-

( 5)

69
1
-

7
1
91
( 5)
1

4
95
1

23
5
72
-

16
83
1

( 5)

~

2

21
1
78

3

_

-

-

7

( 5)

"

13
17
36
-

21
9
<5)

28
7

16
12

-

-

-

"

3
1
97
-

80
5
15
( 5)
H

82
6
11
-

65

54
16
29
( 5)
1

62
21
16
1

41

16
40
42
( 5)
1

17
56
25

20
1
78

1
( 5)
87

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
1 w eek
_
____ _____ _______________
O v e r 1 and tinder 2 w eek s
2 w eek s

___

-

"

6
18
6
-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w eek s
_
__

-

-

-

34
2

52
39
3
“

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s
2 w eek s
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w ee k s
3 w eek s

_

100
"

4

54
2

22
12
56
3

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
4
(*)
94
1
1

1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w p p Ic s

-

96
1
1

-

( 5)

96
1
-

100
-

-

10
8
73
3

-

-

2

2

"

(?)

-

2

n

-

-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w ee k s
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _
3 w eek s

— ..............
_

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

91
4

92
4

99

6

3

94
1
5

92
5
3

( 5)

-

( 5)

91
5

98

81

4

-

9

3

2

3
7

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , C le v e la n d , O hio, S e p te m b e r I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All
industries

j

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

2

PLANT WORKERS
Wholesale
trade

Finance 3

All
4
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

2

Wholesale
trade

Amount off vacatio n p a y 6— Continued

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________ ________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________________

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

42
25
33

72

43

67

28

45

32

( 5)
34
37
28

-

-

-

48
15
36
( 5)

1

1

12

1

_

2

( 5)
( 5)
30
51
18

_

73

26

30
15
46

1

1

_

-

-

_

2
10

1

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ___________________________________________________________
2 w eeks
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s
4 w e e k s ___________
___

____________________________

_.

.............

_

_

_

_

_

10

7

8

-

-

-

-

92
-

82
4

-

-

85
4

1

87
5

1

14

1
10

88
,

4

( 5)

( 5)
83
5

8

( 5)
85
7

7

1

_

1

_
_
100
_
-

_
_

81
-

A l t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w eek
2 w eeks

__
_____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s __________________
_______________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________

_

9
-

74
4
13

_
7
_

74

6

13

_

8
_

90
-

2

_
_

14

61
4

21

_
_

1

1

_

17

( 5)
75
9
9

( 5)

9
( 5)
53

76

( 5)

9
( 5)
70
7
13

8

( 5)
56

6

_
_

80

2
10
56

_

20

24

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w eeks
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
3 w eeks
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eeks

1
2
3
4
5
6
s e r v ic e

_
9
-

55
5
32

_

_

_

_

6

8

-

-

57

41

59
-

_

29

51

27

34

8

1

14
_

8
_

58

In clu d es data f o r r e t a il trad e and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fle c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .

6

12

16
21

26

F or

e x a m p le,

the

_
_

32

54

67

27

1

ch a n g es in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y ears*

NOTE: See note on p. 1 5 , r e la tiv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .
In the tabulations o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " su ch as
o f annual ea rn in g s o r f la t -s u m p a y m e n ts, w e re c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.




2
10

p e r c e n ta g e

19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r I960)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s

A ll
,
in d u s tr ie s

_

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic 2
u tilitie s

PLAN T W ORKERS

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

F in a n ce 3

AH
4
in d u strie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

92

99

67

86

97

55

62

40

58

56

69

83

69

66

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic 2
u tilitie s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

100

100

100

97

99

79

89

62

67

52

52

24

91

93

79

74

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n ce
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th * _
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r io d ) _
S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w a itin g p e r io d )
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e __
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e
C a ta strop h e in s u ra n ce
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n „
_
N o h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ____

50

70

20

56

4

85

92

35

50

38

50

37

27

19

5

1

33

29

8

6

30

2

1

5

3

24

6

78
80
48
38
76
2

89
93
63
34
84
1

60
£0
41
75
61
1

58
58
26
17
49
7

80
76
31
48
79
1

82
84
52
15
76
1

89
94
64
14
83
1

66
51
25
47
77

67
67
19
25
46
9

1 In clu des data f o r r e t a il tra d e and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and i*eal e s ta te .
4 In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plan s a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m ber o f d a y s ' p a y that can b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d ivid u a l b a s is a r e e x clu d e d .
NOTE:

See note o n p . 15, r e la tiv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .







21

Appendix:

Occupational Description*

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B iller , machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices frosL^JUStomer^nurcbase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller , machine (bookkeeping machine)— U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




C lass A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C la ss B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keepings Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal entries; may direct class B accounting
clerks.
C la ss B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C la ss A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the files. May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la ss B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow in g:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical, keypunch |
machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

23

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
1
memorandums for information of superior.'
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D o e s not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D o es not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some f ir ­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la ss C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

24

TYPIST

TYPIST— -Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little special training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
C lass A — Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
C la ss B — Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the follow ing: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May assist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in e
tion o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

25

MAINTENANCE

D POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. *

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosingtrouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in establishm ents
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is nermitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, t o dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

26

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine to o ls; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler-*
an ces; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop*
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m ost o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to str e sse s, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard too ls, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, bu ses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, d rills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v a lv es; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ic a l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is ­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
ch ines; and making a ll necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
in sta lls machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
fa ce s of mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w a lls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ie s; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating sy ste m s are exclu ded .

27

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installing sh eetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D ie maker; jig maker;; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop too ls, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and a llo ys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, sp eed s, feed s, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities^, working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow an ces; selecting appropriate
materials, too ls, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssification .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR* PORTER, OR CLEANER— -Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment •
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte*
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.
\

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

28

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING—-Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ic e s; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen , who load and unload sh ips are excluded .

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
R eceiv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKDRIVER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s s lip s , customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders j requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments
and custom ers' houses or places of b u sin ess. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
cure excluded .

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. P ackers who also make wooden
b oxes or crates are excluded .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work in v o lv e s: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transpbrtation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R eceivin g work in v o lv e s: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
b ills of lading, in v o ices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c la ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s i z e s liste d separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% to n s )
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 ton s)
Truckdriver, h eavy (over 4 tons, trailer typ e)
Truckdriver, h eavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer typ e)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled g a so lin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of a ll kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are c la ssifie d
truck, as follow s:

by type of

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
agaiqst fire, theft, and illeg a l entry.
• U .S . G O V E R N M E N T P R I N T I N G O F F I C E : 1 9 6 0 0 — 5 7 6 5 2 1

Occupational W
age Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25> D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—Bethlehem—
Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex.— Bull. 1285Birmingham, Ala.— Bull. 1285.

* Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, F ia.— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285* Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Bull. 1285-6

Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C.— Bull. 1285Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T ex.— Bull. 1285* Manchester, N.H.— Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285Miami, Fla.— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285*
Denver, C olo.-—Bull. 1285Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, T ex.— Bull. 1285-

Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, L a.— Bull. 1285New York, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285* * Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285- 3
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, P a.— Bull. 1285Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R .L —
Mass.— Bull. 1285* * Raleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285- 5
Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285St. Louis, M o.-Ill.— Bull. 1285- l d
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif.— Bull. 1285Savannah, Ga.-—Bull. 1285Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285- S
Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C.—
Md.—
Va.-—Bull. 1285Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285- 9
Wilmington, D ei.—
N.J.— Bull. 1285“
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

♦
**

Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102