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Occupational Wage Survey

MANCHESTER, NEW HAMPSHIRE
AUGUST 1960

Bulletin No. 1285-1




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices

_________
[ New England Region
18 Oliver Street
|Boston 10, Mass.
Liberty 2-2115_______

Occupational Wage Survey
MANCHESTER, NEW HAMPSHIRE




AUGUST 1960

B u lle tin No. 1285-1
October 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
S u rvey

P rogram

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly c o n d u c ts
a r e a w i d e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r i a l
c e n t e r s . T h e s t u d ie s , m a d e f r o m la te f a ll to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s an d r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta r y
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le t io n
o f t h e s t u d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a l l y in t h e m o n t h f o l l o w i n g
th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d . T h is b u lle t in p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d a t a n o t i n c l u d e d in t h e e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a t e d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle t in s u m m a r iz in g th e r e s u lt s o f a ll o f th e
y e a r 's s u r v e y s i s i s s u e d a f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e f i n a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r th e c u r r e n t ro u n d o f s u r v e y s .
T h i s r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in t h e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in B o s t o n , M a s s . , b y L e o E p s t e in , u n d e r th e d i r e c ­
t io n o f P a u l V . M u lk e r n , R e g io n a l W a g e an d I n d u s tr ia l
R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.




I n t r o d u c t i o n __

1

T a b le s :
1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ______________

A:

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________________________
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s ________
A - 3.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______
A -4 .
C u s to d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________
B -2 .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n
o f f i c e w o r k e r s ________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
B -4 .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ____________
B -5 .
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r t a b u la tio n s f o r t h e s e a n d o t h e r it e m s a r e
a v a i l a b l e in th e r e p o r t s f o r s u r v e y s in o t h e r m a j o r a r e a s .
A d i r e c t o r y i n d i c a t i n g d a t e o f s t u d y a n d th e p r i c e o f th e r e ­
p o r t s is a v a i l a b l e u p o n r e q u e s t .
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s ,
a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d b u i l d i n g t r a d e s in th e
M a n ch e ste r a re a .

2

CM J1 u i ^

W age

-vj

C o m m u n ity

sO 00 CO

The

10
12

13




Occupational Wage Survey—Manchester, N.H.
Introduction

This a rea is one of se v e ra l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U.S« Departm ent o f L a b o r 's Bureau of L abor S tatistics has
conducted su rveys o f occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areawide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
visits o f Bureau fie ld econ om ists to representative establishm ents
within six broad industry d iv ision s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w holesale trade; retail
trade; finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded fr o m these studies are governm ent operations
and the con stru ction and extractive in d u stries. E stablishm ents having
few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w ork ers are om itted a lso because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le , separate tabulations are provided
fo r each o f the broad industry d iv ision s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple basis because o f the
u n n ecessary c o s t involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o s t, a g rea ter p rop ortion o f large
than of sm all establishm ents is studied.
In com bining the data, how ­
ever, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. E stim ates
based on the establishm ents studied are presented, th e re fo re , as r e ­
lating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t fo r those below the minim um size studied.
Occupations and E arnings
The occupations se le cte d fo r study are com m on to a variety
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tion is based on a u niform set o f jo b d escrip tion s designed to
take account o f interestablishm ent variation in duties within the sam e
jo b . (See appendix fo r listing o f these d e s crip tio n s.) Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow ing types o f o ccu p a ­
tions: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical; (c) m ainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) cu stodial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i. e . , those h ired to w ork a regu lar weekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n .
E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olidays, and

1 R ailroa d s, fo r m e r ly excluded fr o m the scop e o f these studies,
w ere included in all o f the areas studied sin ce July 1959, except
B altim ore, B uffalo, Cleveland, and Seattle.
R ailroads are now in ­
cluded in the scop e o f all la b o r-m a rk e t wage su rveys.




late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o s t - o f living bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are rep orted , as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the w ork schedules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which
straight-tim e sa la ries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n earest half d olla r.
A verage earnings of men and wom en are presented separately
fo r selected occupations in which both sexes are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls o f men and wom en in these occupations are
la rg ely due to (1) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishm ents; (2) d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p e r ­
fo rm ed , although the occupations are appropriately cla s s ifie d within
the same survey job d escrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m e rit review when individual sa la ries are adjusted on this basis.
L onger average s e r v ic e o f m en would resu lt in higher average pay
when both sexes are em ployed within the same rate range.
Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em ployees in these su rveys are usu­
ally m ore gen era lized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow fo r m inor d iffe ren ces among establishm ents in sp e cific duties
p erform ed .
O ccupational employment estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establishm ents within the scope o f the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed. B ecause of d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational em ploym ent obtained
fro m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance o f the job s studied. These d ifferen ces in o c c u ­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accu ra cy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
Establishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P rov ision s
Inform ation is presented also (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on s e ­
lected establishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary benefits as they r e ­
late to o ffic e and plant w ork ers. The term "o ffite w ork ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv isors and n onsupervisory
w ork ers p erform in g c le r ic a l o r related functions, and excludes adm in­
istra tiv e , execu tive, and p rofession a l person n el. "Plant w o rk e rs " in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including le a d men and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
A dm in istrative,
execu tive, and p rofession a l em p loyees, and fo rc e -a c c o u n t con stru ction
em p loyees who are utilized as a separate w ork fo r c e are excluded.
C afeteria w ork ers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonmanufacturing industries.

2




Table 1.

Establishm ents and workers within scope of survey and number studied in M anchester, N. H. , 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 August I960

Industry division

A ll divisions _________________

_______________________________

Manufacturing __________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ -----------------------------------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities 5 -----------------------------------------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e _________________________ ^_________________
Retail trade ----------- ------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate _____ __
__ ___
__ __ -----_ __
Services 7 __

Number of establishm ents

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Within
scope of
study 3

51

104

51
51

63
41

51
51
51
51
51

10
7
14
7
3

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

Office

Plant

62

23, 380

2, 250

18, 950

1 7,470

36
26

1 7,970
5 ,4 1 0

910

1, 340

15, 8 9 0
3, 060

1 3,450
4, 020

10
3
7
4
2

2, 010

410

1,090

2 , 010

760
1, 490
910

240

(* )
(? )
(‘ )
( 6)

(?)
(?)
(? )
( 6)

T o ta l4

340
810
700
160

1 The M anchester Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea (M anchester City and Goffstown town in Hillsborough County).
The "w orkers within scope of study" e sti­
m ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how­
ever, to serve as a basis of com parison with other area employment indexes to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of e s ­
tablishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division. M ajor changes from the earlier
edition (used in the Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establish­
ments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other
public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the m in im u m -size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, f i ­
nance, auto repair service , and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and service s incidental to water transportation were excluded.
4 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in du stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the s eries A and B tables. Separate presentation of data for this divi­
sion is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not d e­
signed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) reponse was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of disclosu re of individual
establishm ent data.
7 H otels; personal serv ice s; business se rv ice s; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural s erv ice s.

3

Shift differen tial data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s o f (a) esta b ­
lishm ent p o lic y ,2 presented in term s o f total plant w orker em p lo y ­
m ent, and (b) e ffectiv e p r a ctice , presented on the b a sis o f w ork ers
actually em ployed on the sp e cifie d shift at the time o f the su rvey.
In establishm ents having va ried d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo rity , the c la s ­
sification "o th e r" was used.
In establishm ents in which som e la te shift hours are paid at n orm al ra te s, a differen tial was re co rd e d only
if it applied to a m a jority o f the shift h ours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lishm ents v isited .
They are presen ted on an establishm ent, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a s is .
P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b asis that these are applicable to all plant o r o ffice w ork ers if a m a ­
jo rity of such w ork ers are elig ib le o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the
p ra ctices lis te d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the ba sis
that these are applicable to all plant o r o ffic e w ork ers if a m a jority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecause o f rounding, sums o f individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal tota ls.
The fir s t part o f the paid holidays table presents the num­
b e r o f whole and half holidays actually provided.
The secon d part
com bin es whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .

Data are presen ted fo r a ll health, insurance, and pension
plans fo r which at lea st a part o f the c o s t is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg a l requirem ents such as w orkm en's com pensation,
s o c ia l secu rity , and ra ilroa d retirem en t.
Such plans include those
underw ritten by a c o m m e rcia l insurance com pany and those p rovided
through a union fund o r paid d irectly by the em ployer out of current
operating funds o r fr o m a fund set aside fo r this pu rp ose.
Death
benefits are included as a fo rm o f life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited- to that type o f in ­
surance under which predeterm ined cash payments are made d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly o r monthly ba sis during illn ess o r accident
d isability.
Inform ation is presen ted fo r all such plans to which the
em p loyer con tribu tes.
H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J e rse y , which
have enacted tem porary d isability insurance laws which requ ire e m ­
p loyer c o n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m ore than is lega lly requ ired , o r (2) p rovides the em ployee
with benefits which e x ceed the requirem ents of the law. Tabulations
o f paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form a l plans 5 which provide
full pay o r a p roportion o f the w o rk e r's pay during absence fro m w ork
because o f illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided a ccord in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period , and (2) plans
providing either partial pay o r a waiting p eriod .
In addition to the
presentation o f the proportions o f w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and acciden t insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w ork ers who receiv e either o r both types o f ben efits.

The sum m ary o f vacation plans is lim ited to fo rm a l a rra n g e­
m ents, excluding in form al plans w hereby time o ff with pay is granted
at the d iscre tio n o f the em p lo y e r.
Separate estim ates are provided
a ccord in g to em p loyer p ra ctice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as time paym ents, percent o f annual earnings, o r fla t-su m amounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation allow an ces, payments not on
a tim e b a sis w ere con verted ; fo r exam ple, a payment o f 2 percen t o f
annual earnings was co n sid e re d as the equivalent o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

Catastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as, extended
m ed ica l insurance, includes those plans which are designed to p rotect
em ployees in ca se o f sick n ess and in ju ry involving expen ses beyond
the n orm al cov e ra g e o f h ospitalization, m ed ica l, and su rgica l plans.
M edical insurance r e fe r s to plans providing fo r com plete or partial
payment o f d o c to r s ' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m m e r ­
cia l insurance com panies o r nonprofit organizations o r they m ay be
s e lf-in su re d .
Tabulations o f retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments fo r the rem ainder o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

2 An establishm ent was co n sid e re d as having a p olicy if it m et
either o f the follow ing conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
o f the su rvey, o r (2) had fo rm a l p rov ision s cov erin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled weekly hours fo r o ffic e w ork ers (fir s t section o f
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade p r io r to July 1957 w ere p resen ted in
term s o f the p rop ortion o f wom en o ffic e w ork ers em ployed in o ffic e s
with the indicated weekly hours fo r wom en w o rk e rs.

4 The tem porary d isability laws in C a liforn ia and Rhode Island
do not requ ire em p loyer con tribu tion s.
5 An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a form a l plan if
it establish ed at lea st the m inim um num ber o f days o f sick leave that
could be expected by each em p loyee. Such a plan need not be w ritten,
but in form al s ick -le a v e allow an ces, determ in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N. H. , August I960)
Amass
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
worker*

NUMBER OF WORXSB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
S
$
S
$
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 7 0 .0 0 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85.00 *90. 00 *95.00 f o o .o o f 05.00 110.00 )1 5 .0 0 ^20.00 ^25.00
W
eekly
W
eekly
hour* 1 earnings1
and
(Steaderd) (Standard) under
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00

Men
C lerk s, p a y r o ll_______________________________________

15

40. 5

$60. 50

_

_

9

1

_

_

1

2

2

_

_

_

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs, c la s s B _____________

19

40. 0

63. 00

_

_

_

6

5

4

4

_

_

_

_

_

16

40. 0

53. 00

1

3

5

6

1

-

-

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine)

__________________

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) ____________

35

38. 5

58. 50

1

8

4

8

5

3

6

Bookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, cla ss B ____________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing__________________________________

35

58. 50
6 l. 00
55. 00

_
-

6
2
4

4
4

3
1
2

17
ll
6

3
3
-

2
2
"

_
-

_
-

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

_
"

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

.
_
-

.
.
-

.
_
-

2
2

2
1
1
1

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

*

_
-

16

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A _________________________
M anufacturin g...................................... ...............................
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Public u tilitie s 2 _______________________ _________

126
27
99
30

39. 0
40. 0
38.5
39. ,

68.50
70.50
67. 50
79. 00

-

-

13
5
8

15
2
13
~

31
5
26
~

12
2
10
-

9
1
8
4

23
1
22
18

16
7
9
5

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B __________________________
Manufacturing ______________________________________
N onm anufacturing__________________________________
Public utilities 2 __________________________ ______

186
35
151
67

39. 0
40 0
38. 5
38.5

53. 00
51.50
53. 50
57. 00

16
6
10
-

59
10
49
15

46
8
38
18

27
4
23
10

20
4
16
11

3
3
3

13
1
12
10

2
2
-

.
-

*

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

C lerk s, file, c la s s B __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________

50
39

39. 0
36. 5

47. 00
14
47. 00 ~ n

27
21

2

7
7

_
-

_
"

_
“

_
“

_
-

_
■

_
“

_
-

_
-

_

C lerk s, p a y r o l l ________________________________________
M anufacturin g______________________________________
N onm anufacturing__________________________________

118
"98
20

40. 0
40. 0
39.5

56. 50
54. 50
67. 50

n
u
-

23
22
1

28
27
1

14
10
4

12
10
2

14
13
1

3
1
2

11

1
1

“

1
l

”

_
-

8

C om ptom eter o p e r a t o r s _______________________________

32

40. 0

50. 50

4

5

16

7

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Keypunch o p e r a t o r s ____________________________________

58

39.5

51. 50

4

22

19

5

6

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

S e c r e t a r ie s _____________________________________________
M anufacturing ............................................................... ......
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________

106
58
48

40. 0
40. 0
39.5

71. 50
68. 00
75.50

_
-

2
2
-

7
5
2

9
7
2

17
10
7

13
10
3

21
6
15

8
6
2

8
3
5

H

6

_
-

Stenographers, general ______________ _________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________

71
59

39. 0
39. 0

59.50
59.50

1
1

4
3

13
12

15
13

21
14

11
10

3
3

3
3

Switchboard operators _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________

26
15

39. 5
39.5

56. 50
58. 00

3
3

2
1

5
-

6
2

4
3

6
6

-

Switchboard o p era to r-re ce p tio n ists ________________
M anufacturin g______________________________________

25
19

39.5
39.5

53. 50
53. 00

2
2

5
4

9
7

3
2

4
2

l
l

1
1

3

■

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op e ra to rs, general ___________

20

39.5

52. 50

4

4

6

1

2

T yp ists, cla s s A ___________________ : ____ H.--____ _____

32

39.0

55. 50

_

.

17

11

2

T yp ists, cla ss B _________________________ ____ ________
M anufacturin g___________________________________ ___
N onm anufacturing_________________________ _________
Pu blic utilities 2 ...........................................................

101
20
81
24

39. 0
39.5
39. 0
40. 0

50.
48.
50.
55.

26
6
20
2

29
7
22
8

17
1
16
12

5
1
4
2

00
50
50
00

22
5
17

"

1 Standard hours re fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




_

'

_

_

“

-

-

_

_
"

_
-

_
"

_
-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

”

_

_

_
-

_

5
6

3

2
1
1

~

"

-

_

"

-

“

-

-

“

“

-

_
-

_
“

_

_

_
-

‘

-

“

-

-

"

-

"

.
-

_
-

_
-

.

_

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

2
2
2

i

4
i.

_

_
_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

.

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

'

‘

_
”

_

straigh t-tim e sala rie s and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly hours.

.

“

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N .H . , August I960)
NUMBER o r WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A vuu aa
N um ber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W eekly
hours 1
(Standard)

$
65. 00
and
under
70. 00

W eek ly ,
earnings 1
(Standard)

f

70. 00
7 5 .0 0

$
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
S
S
$
$
S
75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
80; 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00

Men
D raftsm en, s e n i o r ------------------------- ------------------------------

35

40. 0

$

103.00

1

4

3

7

2

2

3

3

2

2

4

2

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in selected occupations studied on an a fe a basis
by industry division , M anchester, N. H. , August I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
*1.00 $ 10
1.
earnings1 and
under
1. 10 1.20

.

17
15

$ 2 . 13
2. 10

E lectricia n s, maintenance ____________________
M anufacturing _ ----- -------------------------------------

25
25

1.96
' 1.96

_
“

-

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ----------------------------M an u factu rin g______________________________

28
24

1.52
1.51

.
"

H elpers, trades, maintenance ________________
M anufacturin g--------- -------------------------------------

40
36

1.58
1. 57

$
1.40

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1.70

$
1. 80

1.90

$
2. 00

$ .
2. 10

1 .2 0

$ 30
2.

2 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 . 60

1. 70

2.
1 .8 0 ' $ 90

*3. 00

S. 10

1. 30

1.40

1. 50

1. 60

1.70

1. 80

1.90

2. 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2. 60

2 .7 0

2. 80

2. 90

3. 10

3 .2 0

_

_

.

1
1

6
6

3
3

1
1

12
12

1
1

7
7

5
5

7 ----- 1
j—
7

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

3
3

3
3

7
7

_

-

6
4

6
6

_
-

5
5

2
2

_
"

4
4

27
23

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

“

"

-

-

-

-

_
"

“

2
2

-

2
2

-

2
2

_
-

"

1
1

5
5
5

8
6
8

2
-

1
1
1

■

1

3. 00
_

-

"

_

_

-

“

3
3

-

-

”

-

■

-

_

_
"

_

-

_
“

•
*
"

"

■

“

■

“

3.
3

-

-

-

-

~

3
3

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

2

6
4

_
"

_

-

1
1

_
-

_

27
27

2. 03
2. 03

-

-

M echanics, autom otive (m a in ten a n ce)------------Nonmanufacturing ___ ___________________
Public utilities * ------------ -----------------------

52
47
47

2. 14
2. 14
2. 14

-

-

M echanics, maintenance ---------------------------------M anufacturin g------------- ---------- ----------------------

49
49

2. 10
2. 10

_

1. 33
I . 33—

2
2

_

"

_

_
-

6
6—

_
"

7
7

9
9

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




.
-

M achinists, m aintenance______________________
M anufacturin g______________________________

26
----- 25—

V30

_

C arpenters, maintenance _____________________M anufacturin g___ __________________________‘

O ilers __________________________________________
Manufacturing
-------------------------------------------

$
1.20

_

1
8
------ j— -------5~
-

9
9
9

4
4
4

7
4
4

16
16
16

"

8
8

19
19

1
1

2
2

1
1

8__
3
3 — r~

_
-

1

_

_

_

.

_

■

1
1

_

1

_

“

“

_

1
“

”

_
*

“

-

“

6
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N. H. , August I960)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

Avenge
hourly 2 Under
earnings $
1. 00

60
1. 70

$1. 00
and
tinder
1. 10

*1.10
1. 20

*1. 20
’
1. 30

*1.30
1. 40

$1. 40
1. 50

*L. 50
1. 60

22
18
4

15
11
4

18
6
12

15
13
2

7
2
5

22
12
10

2
2

20
8
12

40
32
8

30
20
10

*1 .7 0

*1. 80
1. 90

*1.90
2. 00

4
4
“

5
4

8
8

10
6
4

13
1
12

4
4

1. 80

Jan itors, p orters, and clea n ers _____________
Manufacturing
_____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------

119
70
49

$
1. 35
1. 30
1. 42

L a b orers, m aterial handling
------------------------M anufacturing --------------- ------------ — -------Nonmanufacturing
-----------------------------------

203
96
107

1. 52
1. 40
1. 62

"

11
11

15
7
8

33
22

O rder fille r s ________ _________________________
Manufacturing ----------- ---- -------------------------

78
36

1. 51
1. 40

“

-

6
------- 5

2
2

9
7

5
1

33
19

9
1

12
“

P a ck ers, shipping ( m e n )_____________________ —
Manufacturing
------------------- ---------------------

96
96

1. 61
1.61

-

6
6

3
3

7
7

26
26

10
10

10
10

5
5

P a ck ers, shipping (women) --------------------------M anufacturin g------------------------------------------------

42
42

1. 37
1. 37

4
4

15
15

10
10

2
2

4
4

.

-

-

2
2

4
1
3

_
“

3
3

5
2
3

6
3

5

2
2

3
3

_
”

1
1

_

2
2
_
“

11

Receiving clerk s _______________________________
M anufacturin g--------------------------------- _ __ —
Nonmanufacturing ______________________ —

32
15
17

1. 67
1. 77
1. 57

_
-

Shipping c lerk s
___ ______ ____ __
_ ___
Manufacturing _____________
___ ______ _

26
16

1. 78
1.92

_

.

.

"

-

"

"

1
1

2
2
“

3
3

_

_

_

"

"

”
2

4
4

*2. 00
2. 10

*2 .1 0
2. 20

*2. 20
2. 30

*2.30
2. 40

*2. 40
2. 50

*2. 50
2. 60

*2. 60
and
over

“

“

“

"

“

-

-

.
“

.
-

.
■

17
17

10
10

'

■

■

2
"

"

"

"

-

-

-

25
25

.

.

"

2
2

_

-

-

.

1

j
1

2
2

4
3
1

1
1
"

_
”
3
3

_

.

-

-

1
1
~

_
-

5
3
2

2
2

_

2

"

3
3
_

_

-

2
2

_
_

.
■

_
■

_

_
■

3
3

_

_

.

.

2
“

-

-

-

"

■

■

_

1

1

■

1

1

5
5

3
3

_
"

4
4

1
■

2
2

3
3

"

5
3
2

8
2
6

23
5
18

20
20
“

2
2
“

1
1

-

4
4
"

8
8
“

61
61

_

Shipping and receivin g c l e r k s _________________
M anufacturin g------------------------------------------------

26
21

1. 75
1. 68

T r u c k d r iv e r s 3 ----------- -------------------Manufacturing ______________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________

135
47
88

2. 02
1. 82
2. 13

-

T ru ck d rivers, m edium
(1 V* to and including 4 tons) _______________

19

1.96

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

4

1

-

1

_

-

-

9

_

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy
(ov er 4 tons, tra ile r type)
___ _______
M anufacturin g-------------------------------------------

56
32

2. 11
1.92

“

-

-

“

-

-

-

1

19
19

-

-

-

4
4

8
8

24
-

-

“

"

Truckers, pow er (forklift) _____________________

44

1. 81

_

_

_

_

4

8

_

2

5

_

2

_

_

13

.

_

.

W atchmen ---------------------------------- ---M anufacturing _______
_____ „

46
44

1. 27
1. 28

14
14

4
4

4
2

3
3

13
13

7
7

_ _____
_ „ _

1

1

1 Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
2 E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a rd le s s o f s ize and type o f truck operated.




1
10

1

-

_

"

7

B : Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iff e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s

b y type and am ou n t, M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , A u gu st I960)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s ----

Shift d iff e r e n t ia l

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s havin g f o r m a l
p r o v i s io n s 1 f o r ---S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

S e co n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

53. 3

42. 5

10. 5

5. 9

W ith s h ift p a y d iff e r e n t ia l _______________________

34. 8

39. 8

6. 4

5. 9

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ____________________

2 8 .6

35. 4

5. 3

5. 7

1. 0
3. 0
-

.
4. 4
. 1
(2)
1. 1

_

4 c e n t s _ ___________ ______________________
5 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------l l!z c e n ts
--------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s _______ ,______________________________
10 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------I 2 V2 c e n t s ____________________ ____________
2 1 V3 c e n ts __________________________________

3. 9
17. 1

5. 0
1. 5
1. 1

15. 2
2. 6
1. 9
14. 6
_
1. 1

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e __________________________

6. 2

4. 4

1. 2

. 2

5 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ___________ .._____________________

4. 4
1. 8

_

4. 4

1. 1
. 1

. 2

N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________________

18. 5

2. 6

4. 1

-

-

-

-

-

.4
. 3
. 5

_

-

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n though th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .




8

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e p o f fic e w o r k e r s , M a n ch e s te r, N. H. , A u gust i9 6 0 )
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

M in im um w e e k ly s a la r y 1
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B ased on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sch edu le s

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

B a sed on standard w eek ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s ch ed u les

40

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

371/ 2

E s ta b lis h m e n ts studied ________ ___ ______________________

62

36

kxx

26

XXX

62

36

XXX

26

xxx

x xx

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------

21

13

13

8

4

41

21

21

20

4

12

under $ 4 0 . 00 _____________________________
under $ 4 2 .5 0 _____________________________
unde r $ 4 5 .0 0 ,_________________ ___________
under $ 4 7 .5 0 -------- ----------------------------------under $ 5 0 .0 0 _____________________________
under $ 5 2 .5 0 _____________________________
o v e r ------- -------------------------------------------- -----

_
4
3
7
1
5
1

_
4
2
2
5

-

_
1
5
1
-

-

1
16
5
11
3
3
2

9
3
5
3
1

9
3
5
3
1

1
7

1
1
2

7
2
2

-

-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _________
E s ta b lis h m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y _________ __________________________ ,___

5

3

XXX

2

XXX

7

3

XXX

4

xxx

x xx

36

20

Kxx

16

XXX

14

12

Xxx

2

XXX

xxx

$ 37. 50
$ 40. 00
$ 42. 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 52. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

4
2
2
5

2
1
1

1

-

1 L ow est s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typing o r o th er c le r i c a l jo b s ,
2 R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll W orkw eeks

2

6
3
-

1

1

co m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek s r e p o r te d .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hpurs
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , M a n c h e s te r , N .H », A ugust 1960)
PLANT W O RKERS

OFFICE W ORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s
Manufacturing

All industries *

A ll w o r k e r s
_

_

____ *

3 9 34 h ours
/
40 h ours

„
, ......... ............... . .

44 hours

—

-

,

48

-

T,______ _
-------- ----, ------

and u n d er 4 8 h o u rs

h o u r s _______
1
2
3
4

. _

......... . ,

4
4
hours _
— ................„,
4 5 h o u r s .... # ......................
...............
O ver 45

_

_

_

____ ,

__

_

100

100

1

-

1

1

_

2
-

48
-

3
-

2
-

19
-

58
-

97
-

52
-

71

76

3

4

-

-

5

6
1

38
-

-

-

JM
J1

100

^
(4 )
19
16

(4)

■

-

“

5
6
6

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s Shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




100

Pdblic utilities 2

100

100

________ —
■

_________
rI
_ ------

Manufacturing

1
-

_

3 7 V2 h o u r s
3 8 3/ 4 h o u r s

All industries 3

4

__

35 h ou rs

Public Utilities 2

43

4

-

6

“

9
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by num ber o f paid h olid a ys
p ro v id e d annually, M a n ch e s te r, N .H ., A u gust I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

------------------------------- *-----------------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts pro v id in g
paid h olid a y s --------------------------- *------------------- —
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g
___ . . ___ ___ —
—
no paid h o lid a y s _____

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Public utilities 2

100

100
100

100

100

100

98

100

100

98

100
■

=

—

100
—

Manufacturing

2

"

“

2

_
6
15
1
1
9
1
(4)
19
43
1
1
2

14
30
3
3
22
3
1
16
9
"

.
1
2
12
81
5
"

4
6
27
2
3
29
9
1
2
7
5
(4)
1
2
~

—

I

N um ber o f d a y s

4 h olid a y s _
__ — — — — — — ----5 h o l i d a y s ------ ---------- ------- — ---------—-----..—
6 h olid a ys _ —
—
-------------------_
6 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf day
—_ — —
—
6 h olid a ys plus 2 h a lf days — __
7 h olid a ys _ ____ _____ — —
—
8 h olid a ys
______
. ... ..
8 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf d a y ---------------------------------8 h olid a ys plus 2 h a lf d a y s _________________ __
9 h o lid a y s ____________ _ ___ __________ ___________
10 h olid a y s _______ ___ ______ _____ ___ __ _______
10 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf d a y . . . __________________
..
.. _
10 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days . ___
11 h o lid a y s .._______ ^________ _____ . .
___ _
11 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf d a y . _________________

5
7
30
2
3
34
11
1
2
3
-

■

9
5
38
43
5
“

Total h o lid a y tim e *
11V* d a y s ---------------------------- __ -----------11 o r m o r e d a y s _______________________________
lOYz o r m o r e days
. . ______
10 o r m o r e days
_____ _______ —r r 9 o r m o r e days
— ___ — . . . __
8l/ i o r m o r e days
_. -----------------— ___
8 o r m o r e days ______ _________ _
7 o r m o r e days
____ . .. . __. . .
___
_. _
6 % o r m o r e d a y s __ __ . . . . . . . _. — . .
___
6 o r m o r e days _____ __ _____________ ___________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ------- - ----------- ,-----------4 o r m o r e days _____
___ ____ __, ____
_

1
2
3
4
5
no h alf

2
2
3
46
65
66
66
76
78
92
98
98

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
7
16
17
27
58
60
88
94
98

-

.
9
26
28
28
54
56
86
100
100

5
85
97
97
97
99
99
100
100
100

6
7
18
55
58
88
95
100

-

5
48
86
$6
86
91
91
100
100
100

Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r public u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount are co m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose with 7 fu ll days and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and s o o n .
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated .




10

Table B-5. T’aid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s
by v a c a tio n pay p r o v is io n s , M a n ch e ste r, N. H. , A ugust I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s

_____________________ ________________

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
95
4
( 4)

100
88
11
1

100
100
-

100
51
47
2

100
100
-

-

100
42
57
2
-

Method off payment
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent ____________________
P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t _________________________
F la t -s u m p aym ent ------------------------------------O ther ________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a ca tion s _____________________________

-

-

-

"

“

"

12
38
17
13

19
56
2
"

35
48

( 4)
25

-

"

Amount off vacation p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ______ __________ _____________
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s _________________________________________

56
7
1

67
3
~

2
94
1
3

24
19

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k __ __________________ ________ __
1 w eek ____________________________________ •
___
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ---------------------------------_______________________________________
2 w eek s

1
42

_
16

_

-

_

74

57

84

2
89
1
8

_
48

( 4)
16
2
82

1
29
3
67

14
2
84

2
85
2
11

2
92
2
4

43
4
52

( 4)
11
5
84

1
19
12
68

2
62
25
12

2
64
29
4

43
57

-

52

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

U nder 1 w eek ------------------------------------------------1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________ _______
2 w eek s __________________________________________

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

U nder 1 w eek _________________________ _ —
1 w e e k _____________ _________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s
---------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

See footn ote s at end o f table.




_

11
-

89

_

11

Table B-5. Paid Vacdtions-Continued
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in du stry d iv is io n s ,
by v a ca tio n pay p r o v is io n s , M a n ch e ste r, N. H. , A ugust I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tion p o lic y
All industries

3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Amount of vacation p a y 5— Continued
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
__________ ___________________
1 w eek _____ ____________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s
-------------------------- __
______________________
3 w eeks ___ _____________

4

_

_
_
100
-

4

4

-

( 4)
( 4)
( 4)
72
5
22

1
1

( 4)
( 4)
( 4)
92

1
1
94

2

2

2

2

90
_

93

_

_
_
100
_

2

2

-

2

2

4

1

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
---------- ------- --------------- ------1 w eek ----------- ------------------------------ — ------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s
----- --------------2 w e e k s ________ ______ __________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

7

.
_
64
36

_
2
86
10
3

_
2
86
10
3

89
3

4

1

2

2

85

92

_
_
67

_

1
6

2

33

.
_
3
97
-

4
3
77
14
1

1
4
86
7
1

_
100
"

_
_
3
92

4
3
77
14

6

2

1
4
86
7
1

_
86
14

_

4

1

_

-

3

4

_

1

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
....................
. ............ ........
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s
____ __ _________
2 w eek s ___________________________________________
3 w eek s ______ _________ ____________________
4 w eek s ___________________________________________

( 4)
1
43
55
1

_

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
__ _ _____ _____ __ _
____
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------2 w eek s ___ __ _________________________________
3 w eek s _____ ____________________________________
4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

( 4)
43

54
2

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
___ _____ _____ __ ___________ __
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ______________________
2 w eek s _________________________________________ _
3 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s
---------- ---------------------------------- ----------

( 4)
1

_

48

2
86
10

8

3

43

3
61
36

77
12
3

86
7
1

1
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp orta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
3 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the ch an ges in p ro p o r tio n s
ic e includ e changes in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .




_

67
33

in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ­

12

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts p rov id in g
h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e fit s , M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., August I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

|

PLANT WORKERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit
All industrial

A ll w o r k e r s

_

_

Manufacturing

Publio utilities 2

All industries3

Public utilities 2

100

79

60

98

69

68

96

66

S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s ic k le a v e o r both4

100

Manufacturing

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in su ra n ce
A cc id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t

100

1

74

94

60

61

90

100

100

87
.............

_

84

95

74

78

88

48

80

41

68

74

55

61

S ir k n p a s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e

30

84

4

1

14

3

2

19

91
92

95
96

81

79
4

81

81

2
46

49

S ick le a v e (full pay and n o
w a it in g p e r io d )

S ick le a v e (p a rtia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) ^-r, ....... ......... —
.
H osp ita liz a tion in s u ra n ce
S u rg ic a l

in su ra n c e

_

_

M ed ica l in su ra n ce —
C a ta strop h e in su ra n ce
.
___
R e tire m e n t p e n sio n
— .._T
------------------------No h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n plan _ _ _

1
2
3
4

(5)

1

82
84

90
95

52

57

52

41

69
4

58

25

3

52

32
87

44

23

1

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , re ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
0 n d u p lica te d to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce shown se p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to th os e w h ich
the m in im u m n u m ber o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e cte d by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an individual b a s is a r e ex c lu d e d .
5 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




81

d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t

13

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in cla ssifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. Th is is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May a lso keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller

,

machine (billing machine)— U ses a special billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

,

Biller machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s .




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or section s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of ba sic book­
keeping*
P hases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billin g described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an esta b lish ­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

CLERK, PAYROLL

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct c la s s B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routin ? accountingwork is subdivided on a functional b a sis among several workers.

Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data bn the payroll sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay en velopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of sta tis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an establish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , c la s s ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
v ise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B — Performs routine filin g, usually of material that has
already been cla ssifie d or which is ea sily identifiable, or locates
or a s s is ts in locating material in file s .
May perform incidental

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilitie s, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

any combination of the following:

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilitie s, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

15

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone c a lls ; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May a lso type from written copy. May a lso set up and keep file s in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (se e transcribing-machine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep file s in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work

.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a sin g le- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m e ssag es. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




Class A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. A s a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically in volves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

16

TYPIST—-Continued

TYPIST
U ses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class / l — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated sta tistic a l tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B — Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(A ssistan t draftsman)
Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketch es,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their vork; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a s s is t subordinates di ing emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from n otes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p o ses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of materials, beams and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combina
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

-

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pen cil. U ses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

17

M A IN T E N A N C E

D POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, ca sin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; checks water and safety
v alv es. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A s s is ts one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and to o ls; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assistin g worker by holding materials or too ls;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time b a sis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feed s, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress too ls, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this cla ssification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
sp ecifica tio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

18

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine too ls; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to str e sse s, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, bu ses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v alv es; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is ­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making a ll necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, g a s, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written sp ecification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded

.

19

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installing sh eetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolmaker* fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop too ls, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and a llo ys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, sp eeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qu alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow an ces; selecting appropriate
materials, too ls, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssification .

C U STO D IA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR C L E A N E R — Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gale and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering

.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

20

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ic es; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of esta b­
lishments such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of bu sin ess. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER

boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, inv o ices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




Operates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of a ll kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified
truck, as follow s:

by type of

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

U S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1960 0 — 5 6 7 8 0 3

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N .Y.— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton,
P a .-N .J .— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex.— Bull. 1285Birmingham, A la.— Bull. 1285-

Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285Houston, T ex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.-—Bull. 1285Jackson, M iss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, Fla.— Bull. 1285Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark.— Buil. 1285-

Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285Portland,. Maine— Bull. 1285Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285Raleigh, N .C.— Bull. 1285Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285St. Louis, M o .-Ill.— Bull. 1285Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285-

Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285Buffalo, N.Y,— Bull. 1285Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Charleston, W. Va.— Bull. 1285Charlotte, N .C .— Bull. 1285Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285-

Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.— Bull. 1285”
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285Lubbock, T ex.— Bull. 1285"
Manchester, N.H.— Buil. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.-—Bull. 1285Miami, Fla.— Bull. 1285Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285-

San Antonio, T ex.— Bull. 1285San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
C alif.— Bull. 1285San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif.i^—Bull. 1285Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285Seattle, Wash.-—Bull. 1285*
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285-

Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.-—Bull. 1285Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285Day ton, Ohio— Bull. 1285Denver, C olo.— Bull. 1285Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285Fort Worth, Tex.— Bull. 1285-

Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, La.— Bull. 1285New York, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.-—Bull. 1285Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285Omaha, Nebr,—
Iowa— Bull. 1285Paterson—
Clifton—Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Spokane, Wash.-—Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285Washington, D .C .—
Md.—
Va.— Bull. 1285Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285Wilmington, D ei.—
N.J.— Bull. 1285Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, P a.— Bull. 1285-




An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance*





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102