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Occupational Wage Survey
BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
OCTOBER 1959

1265-8
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Ja m e s P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissionar




Occupational Wage Survey
BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS




O C TO B ER

1959

B u lletin N o. 1265-8
February 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J a m e s P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page
In tro d u ctio n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s --------------------------------------

T he C o m m u n ity W a g e S u r v e y P r o g r a m

T a b le s :
1. E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y ----------------2.
In d e x es of sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t -t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r . s e le c t e d p e r io d s -------------------------A:




E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w age
p r o v is io n s :*
B -1 .
S h ift d iffe r e n tia ls ---------------------------------------------------------------------B -2 .
M in im u n e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n
o ffic e w o rk e r s _________________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs _______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s ___________________________________________________
B - 6. H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s _____________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s

-----------------------------------------------------------

* NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le in the B o s to n a r e a r e ­
p o r ts f o r M a r c h 1 9 5 1 , A p r il 1 9 5 2 , M a r c h 1 9 5 3 , M a r c h 1 9 5 4 , A p r il
1 9 5 5 , S e p te m b e r
1956,
S e p te m b e r 1 9 5 7 , and O c to b e r 1 9 5 8 . M o s t
of the r e p o r ts a l s o
in clu d e data on th e se o r r e la t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t
p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v i s i o n s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ic a ­
tin g date of stu d y and the p r ic e of the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r ts
f o r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p l e m e n ­
t a r y w age p r a c t i c e s is a l s o a v a i la b l e f o r l e a t h e r tanning and f i n i s h ­
ing in the B o st o n a r e a (M ay 1959). Union s c a l e s , in d ic ativ e of p r e ­
v a ilin g p ay l e v e l s , a r e a v a i la b l e f o r the following t r a d e s or i n d u s t r i e s :
Bu ild in g co n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g, l o c a l - t r a n s i t op e ra tin g e m p l o y e e s , and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

iii

3

o

B:

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ’ s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in B o s to n , M a s s . , b y L e o E p s t e in , u n d e r the d ir e c tio n
of P a u l V . M u lk e r n , R e g io n a l W a g e and In d u str ia l R e la tio n s
A n a ly s t .

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------A - 2 . P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s ----------------------------A -3 .
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c cu p a tio n s -------------------------A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s ---------------

3

to o

T he B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta t is tic s r e g u la r l y co n d u cts
a r e a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o r ta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n t e r s . T he s t u d ie s , m a d e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta r y
b e n e f it s . A p r e l im in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the stu d y in e a ch a r e a , u s u a lly in the m o n th fo llo w in g the
p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l data
n ot in clu d e d in the e a r li e r r e p o r t . A c o n s o lid a te d a n a ly tic a l
b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s of a ll of the y e a r ’ s s u r v e y s
is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a b u lle tin f o r the
c u r r e n t round of s u r v e y s .

1
4

1
11

14
15
16
17
18
20
21




Occupational W age Survey—Boston, Mass.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is one of s e v e r a l im p o r ta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w hich the U . S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s has
c o n d u cte d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w age b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . In th is a r e a , d ata w e r e o b ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p r e s e n ta t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n t s
w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , 2
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu blic u t i lit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b li s h m e n t s h avin g
f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a l s o b e c a u s e
th e y f u r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a r ­
ra n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cte d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s .
T o ob ta in
a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n of la r g e
than o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n s

and E a r n in g s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d ata a r e sh ow n f o r
f u l l -t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
ule in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d a l s o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a re in c lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o rk s c h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w hich
s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s a r e p aid ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s fo r th e se
o c c u p a tio n s have b e e n ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D i f f e r e n c e s in pay l e v e l s o f m e n and w o m e n in th e se o c c u p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to ( 1) d iff e r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am o n g
in d u s tr ie s and e s t a b li s h m e n t s ; (2 ) d iff e r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth ou gh the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ithin
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; and (3) d iff e r e n c e s in len g th o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r i t r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d ju ste d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w ould r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e pay
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ithin the sa m e ra te r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y in g e m p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iff e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c ific d u tie s
p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iff e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c t u r e am on g
e s t a b li s h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob tain ed
f r o m the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d iff e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c t u r e do not m a t e r i a ll y a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s d a ta .

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s t r i e s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a c co u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e
jo b . (See ap p en d ix f o r lis t in g o f th e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s .) E a r n in g s d ata a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in t e ­
n an ce and p o w e r p la n t; and (d) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

E s t a b li s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

1 D a ta w e r e o b ta in ed b y m a il f r o m s o m e o f the s m a ll e r e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts f o r w h ich v i s i t s b y B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t
p r e v io u s s u r v e y in d ic a te d e m p lo y m e n t in r e la t iv e ly fe w o f the o c c u ­
p ation s s tu d ie d . U n u su a l c h a n g e s r e p o r te d b y m a il w e r e v e r ifie d w ith
e m p lo y e r s .
R a il r o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s e s t u d ie s ,
h av e b e e n ad d ed in n e a r ly a ll o f the a r e a s to be stu d ie d d u rin g the
w in te r o f 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 ; r a ilr o a d s w ill be added in the r e m a in in g a r e a s n e x t
y e a r . F o r s c o p e o f s u r v e y in th is a r e a , s e e fo o tn o te to " t r a n s p o r t a ­
t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in ta b le 1 .

In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits a s th ey r e ­
la te to o f f ic e and plant w o r k e r s . T he t e r m "o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " a s u se d
in th is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d f u n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. "P l a n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a t i v e ,
e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u t iliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o rk f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s ­
tr ie s , but a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s .




and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s

2

S h ift d iffe r e n tia l d ata (tab le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n te d both in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l ic y , 3 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p lan t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d s h ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n t s h av in g v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the a m ou n t ap p lyin g to
a m a jo r it y w as u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r i t y , the c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ich s o m e l a t e 7
s h ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u r s .

M in im u m e n tr a n c e r a te s (tab le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s t a b li s h m e n t , r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a l l y on the
b a s is that th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e li g ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s l i s t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a l l y on the b a s is
that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 4 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in th e se
ta b u la tio n s m a y not e q u a l t o t a ls .

T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p aid h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
T he s e c o n d p a r t
c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s f o r w h ich at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
and s o c ia l s e c u r i t y . S u ch p la n s in clu d e th o se u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d th rou g h a union fund o r
p aid d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m
a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a th b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d a s a
f o r m o f life in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to that type o f in ­
s u r a n c e u n d er w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b i lit y .
I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w hich the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich
h av e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s , 5 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly if the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r ( 2) p ro 'vid es the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fit s w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f paid s i c k -l e a v e p la n s a r e l im it e d to fo rm ed p la n s 5 w h ich p ro v id e
fu ll .pay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay d uring a b se n c e f r o m w o rk
beca u se o f illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) p la n s w h ich p ro v id e f u ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and ( 2) p lans
p ro v id in g e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In ad d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta t io n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p ro v id e d S ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p aid s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a ted to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith p ay i s g r a n te d
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p ro v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n t s , su ch
a s tim e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n ot on
a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
ann ual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 1s p a y .

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d ed
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o se p lan s w hich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p ro v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n by c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to
th o se p la n s that p ro v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

3 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h av in g a p o lic y i f it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : ( l ) O p e r a te d la te s h ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r ( 2) h ad f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h i f t s .
4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to la te 1 9 5 7 and e a r ly 1 9 5 8 w e r e
p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r tio n o f w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in o f f ic e s w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

5
T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n ia and R hod e I sla n d
do n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
5 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h av in g a f o r m a l p la n if
it e s t a b li s h e d at l e a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e that
c o u ld be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S uch a p lan n e ed not be w r it te n ,
but in f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




3

Table 1.

E sta b lish m en ts and w o rk ers w ithin sco p e of su rv ey and num ber studied in B oston, M ass. , 1 by m ajor industry d iv isio n , 2 O ctober 1959
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts in scop e
of study

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s __________________________________________
M an u factu rin g ---------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g_____________________________________
T ran sportation , com m unication, and other
public u tilitie s 5 -------------------------------------W h olesale trad e ---------------------------------------R etail trade -------------------------------------------Finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l esta te ------ ----- ---S e r v ic e s 7 ------------------------------------------------

Num ber of esta b lish m en ts

W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts
Studied

Within scop e of study

Within
sco p e of
study 3

Studied
T o ta l4

.

1, 227

101
"

4 53
774

101
51
101
51
51

56
203
123
181
211

24
40
32
36
38

90, 6 0 0

253, 100

231, 190

214, 50 0
204, 500

85
170

P lant

419, 000

255

O ffice

28, 8 0 0
61, 8 0 0

152, 000
101, 100

111, 6 6 0
1 1 9 ,5 3 0

7,
7,
6,
33,
7,

22, 700
8, 00 0
49, 60 0
6 2, 400
1 8 ,4 0 0

30, 61 0
6, 9 4 0
3 9 ,5 1 0
2 8 ,7 1 0
13, 7 6 0

38,
22,
61,
48,
34,

300
100
300
800
00 0

600
300
400
100
40 0

T otal 4

1 The B oston M etropolitan area (Suffolk County, 15 co m m u n ities in E s s e x County, 29 in M idd lesex County, 19 in N orfolk County, and 9 in Plym outh County).
The "w o rk ers w ithin scop e
of study" e s tim a te s shown in th is table p rovid e a reason a b ly a ccu ra te d escrip tio n of the s iz e and co m p o sitio n of the labor fo r c e included in th is su rvey.
The e s tim a te s a re not intended, how ever,
to s e r v e a s a b a sis of com p arison w ith other a re a em ploym ent in d ex es to m ea su re em p loym ent tren d s or le v e ls sin c e (1) planning of w age su r v ey s re q u ir es the u se of esta b lish m en t data com piled
con sid erab ly in advance of the pay p eriod studied, and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m en ts a re excluded from the sco p e of the survey.
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard Ind u strial C la ssifica tio n Manual w as u sed in cla ss ify in g e sta b lish m en ts by industry d iv isio n .
Major ch an ges fro m the e a r lie r ed ition (u sed in the
B u reau 's labor m ark et w age su r v ey p rogram p rio r to the w in ter of 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a re the tra n sfer of m ilk p a ste u r iza tio n plants and rea d y -m ix ed co n cr ete esta b lish m en ts from trade (w h o le sa le or reta il)
to m anufacturing, and the tra n sfer of rad io and te le v is io n b road castin g fro m s e r v ic e s to the tran sportation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith total em p loym ent at or above the m in im u m -size lim ita tio n . A ll o u tlets (w ithin the a rea ) of com p an ies in such in d u stries as trade, fin an ce,
auto rep air
s e r v ic e , and m otion -p ictu re th ea ters a re co n sid ered as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 Includes execu tive, p ro fessio n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded from the sep a ra te o ffice and plant ca te g o r ie s.
5 R ailroad s w ere included; taxicab s and s e r v ic e s in cidental to w ater tra n sportation w ere excluded.
B o sto n 's tra n sit s y ste m is m u n icip ally op erated and, th erefo re, exclu ded by definition
from the scop e of the stu d ies.
6 E stim a te s r e la te s to r e a l esta te esta b lish m en ts only.
7 H otels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep a ir shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organ ization s; and en g in eerin g and a rc h itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .

Table 2.

Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rnings for s e le c te d occup ation al groups in B oston, M ass. ,
October 1959 and O ctober 1958, and p ercen ts of in c r e a s e for s e le c te d p erio d s

Industry and occup ation al group

Indexes
(M arch 195 3 = 100)
October
1959

O ctober
1958

October 1958
to
O ctober 1959

Septem ber 1957
to
O ctober 1958

P e rcen t in c r e a s e s from —
Septem ber 1956
A pril 1955
to
to
Septem ber 1957 Septem ber 1956

M arch 195 4
to
A pril 1955

M arch 1953
to
M arch 1 954

A ll in d u stries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) _______________________________
Ind u strial n u r se s (w om en) __ ___ _
Skilled m ain ten an ce (m en) __________________________
U nsk illed plant (m en) —____ ___________________________

134.
136.
134.
133.

7
3
5
3

130.
130.
129.
128.

3
6
1
2

3.
4.
4.
4.

4
3
2
0

5.
5.
5.
7.

3
9
4
1

5.
4.
5.
4.

7
8
2
7

8.
9.
8.
6.

0
0
5
3

2.
1.
1.
2.

9
5
9
4

5.
6.
5.
5.

2
5
3
1

Manufa c tur in g :
O ffice c le r ic a l (w o m en )________________________________
Ind u strial n u r se s (w o m e n )____________________________
Skilled m ain ten an ce ( m e n ) ____________________________
U nsk illed plant (m en) _________________________________

132.
135.
135.
133.

4
2
6
4

127.
130.
130.
128.

4
4
1
8

3.
3.
4.
3.

9
7
2
6

4. 6
6. 5
5. 3
7 .9

6.
4.
5.
4.

1
1
4
6

7.
8.
8.
5.

3
9
9
0

2. 3
.7
1. 9
3. 1

4.
7.
5.
5.

4
2
6
5




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts. The* indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class-A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; keypunch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled—carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, material handling; and
watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual
occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)




was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
Adjustments have been made where necessary to maintain
comparability. For example, in most of the areas surveyed, railroads
were included in the coverage of the surveys for the first time this
year. In computing the indexes, data relating to the railroad industry
were excluded.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or oth6r increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for workers in 17 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1240-22, Wages and Related
Benefits, 20 Labor Markets, Winter 1958-59.

A*

5

O c c u p a t io n a l E a r n in g s

Table A -l. Office Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , Boston, M ass. , October 1959)
Avebaob
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
and
4 0 .0 0 45. 00 50. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70.00 75.0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 90. 00 9 5 .0 0
55. 00

6 0.00 65.0 0

70.00 75.0 0

80.0 0 _ 8 5 .00

90.00

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0

$

$

$

$

$

1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 - 0 0

105.00 n o . oo 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0

and
over

Men
38. 5 $94. 50
38. 0
98. 50
3 8 .5
93. 50
38. 5 1 0 0 . 0 0
36. 5
76.00
37. 0
76.50
38. 5
9 1 .5 0

-

-

434
"71
363
43
187

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
38. 5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

72. 50
71.00
73. 00
67. 50
8 4.00

_
-

_
-

C le rk s, o rd er ----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------

472
103
369
355

3 9 .5
39. 0
3 9 .5
39. 5

79 50
9 1 .5 0
9 2 . 00

-

-

C le rk s, p a y r o l l --------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------

72
£3
49

38. 5
"'3 8 7 5
39. 0

8 4.00
9 2 .0 0
80. 00

-

-

Office boys - ..........- ................ .........................
M an u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g ------------- —
---------------------------Public u tilities 4 -----------------------------------------W holesale trade -----------------------------------------Finance 3 _—
___________ — ----------— -— — ____
_— —
S e rv ic e s --------------------------------------------------—

963
<226
737
74
103
318
207

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
36. 5
3 9 .5

52.00
52. 50
5 2.00
54. 50
6 1 .5 0
50. 50
48. 50

Tabula ting-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s A ---------------- -—
M a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------- —----------------------—
N o n m an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------Finance 3 --------------------------------------------------------

267
123
144
61

3 8 .5
39. 5
38. 0
37. 5

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B -------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------------Finance 3 -------------------------------------------

413
182
231
183

38.
39
37.
37.

5
0
5
0

69.00
64. 50

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s C ----------------

206
63
143
72

38. 5
39. 5
38. 0
3 7 .0

66.0 0
71.00
64. 00
5 6.00

C le rk s, accounting, c la s s A --------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -------------------------------------------W holesale trade -----------------------------------------R etail trade -----------------------------------------------Fin an ce 3 --------------------------------------------------S e rv ic e s ---------------------------------------------------C le rk s, accounting, c la s s B ---------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public u tilities 4 ------------------------------------------

Finance 3 ---------------------------------------------------------

811
140
671
166
70
127
71

89.00

1

1

-

1

-

_

12

-

12

-

3
3
-

5
5
-

1
1
1

2

1

“

3
-

150
50

327

3
-

100

14

269
9

189
35

23
57

154
64

70
58

9 1 .0 0
92. 00
89. 50
84. 50

-

-

-

-

-

72.50

-

-

-

-

9

18

77. 00

-

-

-

5'8"
26

"1

8

247
58
22

1

7

17
16

11

26
3

11
8

23

20

10
6

32

82
17

65

1

-

1

49

6

6

43

43

17

6

16

7

7

41
9
32

11

-

n,

22

1

16

l5

11
1
7

-

55

12

1

41

143
38
105
7
-

88

Z1
65
15
2
1

2

9

7

1
8

2
1
1

7

1

_
-

9
-

-

18

28

48
1?
31
31

44
40

35
35

1

41
37

22
22

38
34

2”
21
21

8

2

5
5

■

13
9
4

11

----- j 3

8
3

7
7

5
5

2

26
26

13
13
51
82
19
l

----- j—
7
18

50

11

9

2

_

16

T

-

16
10
-

16
2
11
-

5

6

6

9
9

21
4
17
71
. 51
20
17

2
-

-

6
1

38
38
38

63
16
47
45

45
9
36
26

59
34
25
22

34
---- 3— —
31
24

26
4

TO

23
15

22

4

8

18

8

-

6

3

2
11

2
2

T5

12

50
38
14
5
13

7

1

38

17
9

4

43
42
15
4

36

1
1

-

10

9

11
21
2

5
5

8

60

20

77

43
25
18
17

4
56

2

16
61
12

8
5

46
5
41

43

78

5
5
-

■

20
16
2

1

12
66
8
26

1

2
— 2 ----

2
2

64
63

2

51

-

7

62
9
53
15

53

38
4
34
15

1

-

3
"

15
4
11

-

5
5
-

31
9

2

5
-

50
31
19
16

46
21

25

47
32
15

23

39

1

4

-

5

-

20
9

9

-

11
2

43
33
10
6

15
r e ...
5
3

29
22
7
3

9
3
6
-

4

34

-

13

2

i

fb

13

2

8

8

2

1
.

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE: E stim ates for a ll in d u stries, nonmanufacturing, and public u tilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), om itted from the scope
of a ll labor m arket wage surveys m ade b efore the w inter of 1 959 -60. Where significant, the effect of the inclusion of r a il­
roads is g rea test on the data shown sep arately for the public u tilities division.
The trend of earnings in sele cted occupational
groups in all in d u stries, excluding ra ilroad s, appears in table 2.

6

-

87
b
81
24
2
2

1

68

Z3
45
7
4
•

33
13
20

4
12

43
1

42
*3 7

1

-

34
34
34

11

12

8

11

12

8

11

12

31
4
27
27

24
5
19
19

10

42

3
3

1

-

8

-

1

-

5
5
5

“

_

-

-

-

.
-

-

“

"

-

28
5
23
14

16
?

6
5
1
-

2

7

4
4

-

-

1

41
541
2

2
_

-

"

-

-

-

2

5
-

-

7
“

-

8
6

"

7
1

6

-

"

1

2
2

-

1

-

6

Table A -l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , Boston, M ass. , October 1959)
Average
Sex, occupation, and in dustry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$

NUMBER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME W
EEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
55. 00 $60. 00 I s . 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 $
115.00 120.00
and
55. 00 60. 00 6 5 .0 0 70.00 75.00 8 0 .0 0 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115. 00 120.00 over

40.
50.
45.
W
eekly
W
eekly. 35. 00 $ 00 $ 00 S 00
hours 1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4Q.Q0 4 5 .0 0

50. 00

Women
298
110
188
126

38. 5 $67. 50
38. 5
65. 00
38. 5
69.0 0
3 9 .0
75.00

-

-

13
13

20
3
17
2

272

202

38. 5
55.00
3 8 .5 “ 52".W
38. 5
50.50

-

20
20
20

61
61
61

89
89
78

Bookkeeping-machine o p e ra to rs, c la ss A ---------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Finance 3 --------------------------------------------------

258
76
182
91

38. 0
70.00
38. 5 ” 75.'00'"
38. 0
68.0 0
3 7 .0
64. 00

-

"

-

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B -------------M anufacturing —--------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------------------R etail trade ----------------------------------------------Finance 3 --------------------------------------------------

1,228
323
905
284
58
547

38. 5
3FT538. 0
39. 0
38. 0
37. 5

-

56 ..... 88
3
56
85
12
56
73

C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A --------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------- ■--------------------------Public u tilities 4 ------------------------------------- •—
W holesale trade ----------------------------------------R etail trade ----- ----------------------------------------Finance 3 ----------------------------------- —
------------S e rv ic e s ---------------------------------------------------

1,381
472
909
102
102
147
357
201

3 8 .0
75. 50
39.TJ- “ 77750“
75.00
37. 5
38. 5
85. 50
38. 0
82. 00
68.50
37. 5
37. 0
73.00
74.00
37. 0

-

12
12
12

C le rk s, accounting, c la s s B --------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities 4 --- ----- --------------—------ --------W holesale trade ----------------------------------------R etail trade ----------------------------------------------Finance 3 —
-----------------------------------------------S e rv ic e s --------------------—
----------- ------------------

1,999
4 72
1,52 7
192
244
312
622
157

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
38. 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
38. 0
3 7 .0
38. 0

6 2 .0 0
66. 50
60. 50
70. 50
65. 00
55. 00
56. 50
66. 50

-

C le rk s, file , c la s s A -----------------------------------*-----M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------Finance 3 --------------------------------------------------

489
- 1 43 346
2 76

38. 5

64.0 0
67.0 0
62.5 0
59. 50

-

B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e ) -----------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g ------------- — —
— --------------------—
W holesale trade ----------------------------------------B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) ----------- ■---Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------R etail trade -----------------------------------------------

C le rk s, file , c la s s B ------------------------------- ------------------------------------- M anufacturing ------------------ _
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities 4 ----------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------—-----------------R etail trade ---------------------------------------------Fin an ce ^
S e rv ic e s ---------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




--- 2TT~

1,947
— 322
1,625
43
197
171
1,06 5
149

39.5

3 8 .0
37. 5

60. 50
6b. 00
58. 50
67. 00
59.00
54. 50

50. 50
3'975-’ 57. 0 0 “
38. 0
49. 50
4 0 .0
53. 00
52.0 0
39. 0
38. 5
45. 50
4 9 .0 0
37. 5
38. 5
52.00
3 8 .0

_
23
23
23
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
"

63
30
33
30

46
3'5“
11
10

12
11
1
1

25
5
20
20

11
2
9
5

18

4
14
10

15
15
15

15
15
15

-

_
"

41

18

17
17
16

1
1
1

23
12
8

"

10
-

10
-

-

-

-

6
6
6

23
23
15

63
7
56
37

52

45

14

31
14

28
b
22
2

12

33
17

218

189
10
9
159

238
54
184
25
9
149

249
45
204
113
485

154
73
81
45
17
18

100
47
53
40
6
7

16
16
2
8
6

13
3
10
2
2
6
-

66
66
2
8
33
23

146
5o
96
1
20
52
23

177
75
102
2
5
37
58
-

20
20
19
1
"

123
5
118
2
5
50
55

455
77
378
17
44
74
228
15

339

243
16
34
59
109
25

301
108
193
29
48

6

388
48
340
24
45
83
180
8

1
1
1

U
11
11

74
74
71

116

278
6
272
10
62
199
1

729

497

214

691
18
56
48
525

373
12
58
13
225
65

165

38

44

29

124

60
20

40
18
41

19..

97
90

49

7

54
12
69
23

96

19

16

42
58

1
-

"

4
4
-

“

10
10
-

-

_
-

-

-

67
4Z
25
23
1
-

35
23
12
12
-

7
b
1
1
“

15
1
14
14
"

-

1
1
1
-

~

-

-

-

211
75
136
17
25
27
54
13

260
m
149
7
21
22
53
46

166
5b
108
26
9
21
49
3

122
19
103
18
11
2
23
49

98
44
54
9
10
20
15

40
10
30
15
1
7
7

21
i7
4
2
2

5
1
4
2
2
-

22
9
13
4
6
1
2

3
3
2
1
~

3
3
3
"

112
45
67
17
27
5
5
13

98
30
68
32
13
1
2
20

91

25
68
54
10
4

39
26
13
1
5
4
3

23

4
1
3
1
2

2
2
2

4
4
4
-

-

-

-

25

13
6

9
3

8
1

-

7
-

-

“

-

-

1

7
7

'

'

_
-

_
“
-

-

•

12

102
45
57
48

71
35
36
31

20

23

9

6

1

34

46
42

14

10 '

1
-

3
-

10
10
-

2
2
2
-

_
-

-

-

-

'l

43
91

4

15
13
45
14

2

4

1

52

15

14

32

4

1

2

-

7

-

6

-

13

10
8
1
1

-

7

'
“
-

-

-

"
.
-

_
-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earn in gs for sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by industry division , Boston, M a s s. , October 1959)

A erage
v
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

NUMBER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME W
EEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
35. 00 l o . 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 $ 00 65. 00 ^0. 00 75. 00 80. 00 $ 00 $ 0 .0 0 $ 00 100.00 $
60.
W
eekly
W
eekly
85.
9
95.
105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
hours1 earnings1 ana
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Women— Continued
C le rk s, ord er ----------M anufacturing ------Nonm anufacturing —
W holesale trade R etail trade ------

258
154
81

3 9 .0
39. 0
39. 0
3 9 .5
38. 5

$63.00
64. 00
62. 50
66. 50
51.50

C le rk s, p ay ro ll --------M anufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing —
Public u tilities 4 W holesale trade R etail trade -----Finance 3 ---------S e rv ic e s -----------

970
540
430
58
59
146
67
100

3 9 .0
3 9 :0 '
38. 5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
37. 5
37. 5
3 9 .0

69.00
68. Oo
70. 00
75. 00
76. 50
64. 50
66. 00
75. 00

C om ptom eter op erato rs
M a n u fa c tu rin g ------Nonmanufacturing —
W holesale trade R etail trade --- -—
Finance 3 ----------

1,106
697
179
270
68

38.
38.
38.
38.
37.
37.

0
5
0
5
0
5

103
60
43
1,579

8
1
7
7

50
13
37
1
36

45
19
26
12
14

46
23
23
11
12

137
76
61
42
7

66
42
24
18
2

-

-

29
15
14
4
10

75
45
30
21
6
3

66
33
33
3
4
19
6
1

184
112
72
16
12
31
4
9

176
98
78
5
23
16
34

65. 00
63. 00
66.00
66. 00
57. 00
54. 00

2
2
2
“

34
34
26
8

52
17
35
25
8

162
57
105
30
44
25

196
104
20
68
14

210
90
120
59
46
10

137
75
62
12
31
3

38. 5
38. 0
3 9 .5

56.00
55. 00
57. 50

_

_

"

-

26
13
13

26
19
7

16
6
10

14
10
4

38. 5
39. 0
38. 0
3 9 .5
38. 5
38. 0
37. 0

63. 50
65. 50
62. 50
73.00
73. 50
57. 00
58. 50

1
1
1
-

6
6
1
5

99
13
86
4
42
40

220
46
174
23
5
47
99

283

969
165
77
210
482

201
18
19
38
121

331
1 60
171
6
2
25
128

243
116
127
27
7
33
54

Office g irls ------------------------M anufacturing ----------------Nonmanufacturing ----------R etail trade ---------------Fin an ce 3 --------------------

491
76
415
58
277

38. 0
39 . 0
38. 0
38. 5
3 7 .0

50. 50
5 6 .0 0 "
49* 50
46. 50
49. 50

-

231
30
201
15
161

118
6
112
17
53

55
7
48
1
40

29
10
19

18
17
1

-

-

-

-

"

37
3
34
25
9

13

1

-

"

"

S e c re ta rie s ------------------------M anufacturing ----------------Nonmanufacturing -----------Public u t ilit ie s 4 ---------W holesale trade ----------R etail trade ---------------Finance 3 -------------------S e rv ic e s --------------------Sten ograp h ers, gen eral --------M anufacturing ----------------Nonmanufacturing -----------Public u t ilit ie s 4 ---------W holesale trade ----------R etail trade ---------------Finance 3 — —
-------------S e rv ic e s ---------------------

5, 731
2,311
3, 420
301
506
250
1,453
910
3,262
1,231
2, 031
234
425
173
938
261

38. 0
38: 5
37. 5
38. 5
39. 0
37. 5
36. 5
37. 5
38. 0
3 9 .0
37. 5
38. 5
38. 5
37. 5
37. 0
39. 0

79. 00
80.'50
78. 00
95. 00
79. 50
76.00
74. 50
78. 50
67. 00
70. 00
65. 50
74. 50
75. 00
59.00
60. 00
65. 50

-

-

1

51
1
50

233
33
200

506
191
315

-

12
1
11

1
11
26
12
297
55
242
10
20
33
160
19

8
13
137
42
393
78
315
18

53
34
169
59
643
221
422
30
58
51
242
41

724
232
492
8
113
33
241
97
558
204
354
29
87
36
122
80

688
222
466
6
70
21
221
148
298
101
197
43
30

802
290
512
25
63
4§
187
189
575
477
98
10
8
3
34
43

829
444
385
20
46
24
150
145
88
29
59
21
29

848
479
369
75
45
21
157
71
94
26
68
31
35

8
1

1
1

D uplicating-m achine op erato rs
(M im eograph or D it t o ) -------M anufacturing ----------------Nonmanufacturing -----------Keypunch o p erato rs -----------M anufacturing ----------------Nonmanufacturing -----------Public u tilities 4 ---------W holesale trade ----------

Retail trade --------------Finance 3 -------------------

485
TFT

T 6T ~

6 10

1
See footnotes at end of table,




1

-

-

1

"

-

11
“

-

1

-

1

-

139
21
118
6
1
17
94
”

-

92

82

-

55

27
180
35

-

-

81
23 —
58
55
3

18
rr
5
5
-

20
15
5
5
-

2
2
-

5
5
5
-

7
7
-

_
-

142
80
62
2
21
20
8
11

122
70
52
12
4
18
11
7

87
58
29
3
4
8
2
12

35
12
23
13
4
2
1
3

30
----- 7
23
3
2
3
15

10
7
3
3

5
2
3
1
1
1

65
32
33
17
14
-

58
26
32
11
10
"

20
4
16
12
4
"

27
3
24
6
_
-

127
5
122
6
_
"

11
5
6
4
-

3
3
_
_
-

1
1

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

131
"63
68
5
5
23
33

139
101
38
14
10
2

58
23
35
24
11
"

25
4
21
16
5
-

36
36
28
8
-

4
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
11
9 ------ T ~
2
-

4

79
41

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
1
1

_
_
_
_

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
_
"

_
_

_
_
_

1
1
1
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
----- j—
5
5
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

271
132
139
41
17
13
45
23
50
7
43
8
35

119
45
74
21
5
2
20
26
33
2
31

140
104
12
42
5
22
23
13
i
12

96
12
84
57
8
5
1
13
6
6

27

12

“

"

-

-

-

38

35
8
27
2
9
7
9
2

"

350

"T77—
173
31
13
11
75
43
57
7
50
21
20
2

7
-

-

-

_
-

4
-

ib

-

-

-

6

“

9—

29
3
13
1
2
10
4
1
3
2
1

-

-

2
1
1

-

~

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
by i n d u s t r y d i v is io n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 )

A erage
v

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME W
EEKLY EARNINGS O
F—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W i W i 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 6 0 . 0 0 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0
eekly
eekly
hours
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
”
~
“
“
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 6 0 . 0 0 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 over

W o m en — C o n tin u e d
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , te c h n i c a l _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________
S e r v ic e s _________________________
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s _______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________
R e t a il t r a d e ____________________
F in a n c e 3 _______________________
S e r v ic e s _______________________
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________
R e ta il t r a d e __________________
F in a n c e 3 ______________________
S e r v ic e s ______________________
T a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________
T a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________
F i n a n c e 3 _________________________
T a b u l a tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________
F i n a n c e 3 _________________________
T r a n s c r ib i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________
T y p i s ts , c l a s s A ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
W h o le s a le t r a d e
F in a n c e 3 _______
S e r v ic e s _______
T y p i s ts , c l a s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
W h o le s a le t r a d e
R e t a il t r a d e ____
F in a n c e 3 _______
S e r v ic e s

407
238
169
63
103
831
649
121
86

91
202

149
815
351
464
162

63
96
125
55
49
308
2 70
112

175
55
12 0

85
1,031
363
668

25
95
386
1,454
524
930
80
467
290
3,781
965
2,816
248
263
1,804
329

38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
38.0
38.5
38.5
38.5
39.5
39. 0
38.0
37.0
39.5
38.0
39.0
37.5
39.0
38.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
37.5
38.0
*7 .5
37.0
37.5
39.5
37.0
36.5
38.0
39.0
37.5
40.0
39.0
37.0
38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
37.0
38.0
38.0
39.0
37.5
38.5
38.5
37.0
39.5

$71.50
71.50
71.50
63.50
75.50
65.50
70.00
64.00
78.00
66.50
59.50
63.00
54.00
64.50
65.50
63.50
6 8 .0 0

57.00

6 1 .0 0

64.00
83.50
82.50
65.00
63.50
6 6 .0 0

59.50
61.50
59.0056.50
6 2 .0 0

64.00
6 1 .0 0

84.00

6 8 .0 0

59.00
65.50
65.50
65.50
70.50
62.00
65.50
55.50
60.50
53.50
60.00
53.00
52.50
56.00

1

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

12

-

1

11
2

1
1

9

46
12

-

34
-

2

11

12

-

10

14
14
8

-

6

-

-

3

20
10

-

10

-

10

31
31
3
15
3
12
12

- •
25

53

12

12

13
-

41
-

39
31

-

12

-

-

21

-

-

-

_
_
-

82
19
63
10
11
38
4

2

29
-

943
55
888
9
61
617
88

8
1
122

-

122

-

22

23
77
65
21

44
10

4

16

14
-

20
2

18
17
1

102

7
95
31
15
41
8

143
50
93
56
5
21
6

69
35
34
16

18
134
42
92
2
10

7

87
58
29
7
22

129
29
100
10

25

125

121

101

68

141
16

23
44
52
4
4
37
32

8
12

6
21

1
8

2
2

30

5
5
28

26

22

23

28

-

9
70
66

7
59
2
45
-

1028
840
50
95
617
66

-

9
99
300
l 68
197
19
109
69
761
222
539
74
46
343
61

6

17
221

104
117
2
21

76
437
156
281
23
168

81
-432
181
251
41
41
123
33

7
3

6

74
47
7
13

51

10

16

57
31
-

21
21

65
51
14
4
9
70
75
41

9
51
28
23
13
_

2

30
29
244
87
157

1

8

61
6

115
28
87
47

13
242

8

49

40
34
19
151
18
133

8
11

19
17
3

60

47
44

61

90
71
19

27

12
16

14
129
3i
97
-

30
49
229
103
126
3
66
54
287
132
155
30
8
48
62

21
16

21
21

2
1
1
1

4

93
38
55
2

5
35
144
63
81
2
24
50
133
87
46
11
1
18
6

-

4
29
10

19
4
12

3
111
67
44
6
13
21
78
71
7

28
9
19

13
4
9
2

12

7
49
18
31
26

1
2

2
2
1

19
26
11

15
_

12
6
6

5
_
_

-

7
_
_
1

3
1

2

_
-

2
2

30
30
5

_
_
-

_

_
_

-

1

1

_
.
3
3
_
_
_
_
-

2

6

_
-

5
_
_

-

1

2

4
17

_

_
_

-

-

8

2

-

_

15
14

8

1

8

_
_
_

-

-

51
3
48
1

-

33
32
1

_

2

1

60
20
40
4
21
10
32

12

22
20

5
3

-

12
9
-

1
5

-

2

-

-

-

5

2

2

-

-

_

_

_
_
-

_
-

8
6
2

-

-

io

1

_

10

_

5
_
5
_
5

3

10
10

-

S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s: 18 a t $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 3 0 ; 10 a t $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 4 0 ; 9 a t $ 1 4 0 a n d o v e r .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s: 2 0 a t $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 3 0 ; 11 a t $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 4 0 ; 10 a t $ 1 4 0 to $ 1 5 0 .




10
2

11

10

6

3

_
4
13
3

3
_
3
_
3

10
10

-

11

16
12

6

6

27
24
_
5
5
_
28

4

6

3
_
_
3
7
7

1

10

-

-

4
2
2
2

'

_
_
_
_

_

_
2

_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

1

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

2

1
1

_
_
_

2

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

_

_
1
1

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

9

3
-

3
2
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

-

9
9

1

_
_

-

1

_

_

_

_

1
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

1

-

-

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

"

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly h ou rs and earn in gs for sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in dustry divisio n , Boston , M a s s. , October 1959)
Avnuoi
Number
ot
workers

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
Weekly. Weekly . U n d e r 5 0 . 0 0
hours
earnings 4
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
d r
5 0 . 0 0 u n . 0e0
55

*

9
9
$
$
5
9
S
$
9
$
$
9
S
9
9
s
5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0 1 5 0 . 0 0
1 and
6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 100 .00 1 '1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 | o v e r

M pi
D r a f ts m e n , l e a d e r
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
_
S e r v i c e s --------------------—-----—---- -----D r a f ts m e n , s e n i o r _ „
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
S e r v ic e s ---------------------------------------D r a f ts m e n , j u n io r
_
___
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _
S e r v ic e s
__
_ _
_
T racers
...
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
S e r v ic e s _ _ __

—
___

_

__

_
__

670
213
457
438
2 ,9 0 4
1 ,5 8 5
1 ,3 1 9
1 ,2 3 8

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 5 4 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0

_
-

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

•

-

"

_

1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

_

_

_

.

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

2

1 ,1 2 3
7 30
393
333

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8

_

-

-

1 35
83
64

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 6 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

5 12
12

8
8

-

1
1
"

-

_
-

49
48
1
-

85
75
10
10

99
6l
38
36

29
29
-

_

_

-

-

8
8
-

15
1*
-

24
22
2
“

35
32
3
1

16
14
2
2

10
6

190
108
82
78

328
238
90
82

353
254
99
59

1 64
58
106
106

187
78
109
107

218
30
188
188

3

26
18
8
7

8
------- 5“
3
-

53
53
53

36
36
31

438
*93
3 345
341

326
138
188
171

1 73
17
156
154

247

134
24
1 10
109

112
93
19
19

210
*208
2
“

4

126
121
119

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

_

_

78
59
19
16

127
96
31
30

90
73
17
14

71
47
24
13

94
57
37
17

1 53
90
63
62

83
48
35
30

123
41
82
78

96
64
32
32

14
6
8
8

116
108
8
8

23
6
17
16

5
3
2

3
3

2
“

37
29
8
1

-

9
5
2

21
8
7

38
10
10

13
9
9

_

1

14
14
12

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

26
24
24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

_
-

9
9

6

-

20
8
12

51
37
14

47
41
6

36
25
11

17
ii
6

-

-

i
j

'
W om en
N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) __________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __
__
____
N O n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__
_

249

WS~
81

3 9 .0
* 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 4 .5 0
6 4 . *0
8 4 .0 0

_
-

4

6

40

23
17

8
1
7

5
3
2

6
4
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Stan dard hou rs re fle c t the workweek for which em ployees re c e iv e their re g u la r straig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earn in gs co rresp o n d to these weekly h o u rs.
a W orkers w ere distribu ted a s follow s: 3 at $150 to $160; 20 at $160 to $170; 20 at $180 to $190; 26 at $190 to $200; 24 at $200 to $210.
3 W orkers w ere distribu ted a s follow s: 172 at $150 to $160; 108 at $160 to $170; 25 at $170 to $180; 33 at $180 to $190; 7 at $190 to $200.
4 W orkers w ere distrib u ted a s follow s: 112 at $150 to $160; 52 at $160 to $170; 44 a t $170 to $180.
5 A ll w ork ers w ere at $45 to $50.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relatin g to the in clu sion of r a ilr o a d s




-

10

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs fo r m en in sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is
by industry division , Boston, M ass. , O ctober 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly 1 U n d e r
earnings
1. 5 0

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e -----------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 __________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _______________________________

630
413
217
32
1 13

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

56
51
66
52
99

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n c e --------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 -----------------------------------------

1, 0 8 4
895
189
89

2.
2.
2.
2.

E n g i n e e r s , s ta t io n a r y ___ _______________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------------------------------

382
240
142
38

F i r e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o i le r ____________ i ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------------------------------S e r v ic e s -----------------------------------------------------

$ 1. 5 0
and
under
1. 6 0

$

1. 6 0

$ 1. 7 0

$1 .8 0

* 1 .9 0

* 2 . 00

* 2 . 10

$ 2. 20

$ 2. 3 0

$ 2. 4 0

$ 2. 5 0

$ 2. 6 0

$2. 7 0

$2. 8 0

$2. 9 0

$ 3. 0 0

$ 3. 10
and

1. 70

1 .8 0

1. 9 0

2. 0 0

2. 10

2. 2 0

2. 3 0

2. 4 0

2. 5 0

2. 6 0

2. 7 0

2. 8 0

2. 9 0

3. 0 0

3. 10

over

-

7
7
-

8
8
8

9
9
1

19
13
6
-

4
3
1
-

18
13
5
4

35
23
12
4

32
21
11
3

95
75
20
2
10

58
50
8
2

83
55
28
19
5

82
66
16
5
3

20
13
7
4

81
73
8
1
4

2
2
2

15
4
11
1
9

62
4
2 58
_
58

69
72
53
70

"

4
4
-

11
11
-

1
1
~

2
2
-

6
6
"

5
4
1

17
16
1
-

40
34
6
2

72
59
13
4

73
56
17

102
88
14
3

1 86
142
44
33

86
58
28
22

221
190
31
23

208
204
4
1

5
1
4
1

45
43
2
-

2.
2.
2.
2.

59
73
34
62

2
2
"

_

_

13

-

-

13
"

1
1
-

5
5
-

26
3
23
1

26
20
6
-

3
3
-

35
20
15
-

23
9
14
5

50
30
20
12

70
60
10
-

33
13
20
20

12
5
7
-

31
31
-

19
16
3
-

33
33
"

505
294
211
85
50

2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

18
23
10
43
89

30
4 30
-

3
3
“

14
14
14

18
3
15
-

40
21
19
19

88
79
9
5

18
11
7
6

59
28
31
26
1

37
24
13
9
2

32
25
7
3

38
31
7
4
-

47
18
29
26
-

61
35
26
20
-

8
8
-

12
8
4
"

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e __________________________

753
566
187
71
51

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

05
05
08
29
09

19
15
4
-

55
27
28
5

52
42
10
5

93
85
8
_
1

60
45
15
4
4

89
69
20
2
12

57
44
13
10
-

143
127
16
13
-

98
54
44
41

43
28
15
_
12

7

_

-

-

-

30
24
6
5

7
1
6

_
-

6
6
-

M a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lr o o m _____________
M a n u f a c tu r i n g ________________________________

331
331

2. 57
2. 57

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

“

7
7

30
30

61
61

18
18

43
43

63
63

M a c h in is ts , m a in te n a n c e _______________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 --------------------------- ------- _

1, 0 4 6
999
47
40

2.
2.
2.
2.

74
74
68
67

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

~

-

24
24
-

8
8
-

46
46
-

1 18
110
8
8

59
55
4
4

59
58
1
-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ( m a i n t e n a n c e )__________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 __________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________________

694
145
549
405
126

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

37
50
33
35
29

_

_

"

-

20
20
_
20

6
6
_
5

30
30
10
20

64
4
60
51
7

44
12
32
18
14

92
7
85
73
6

83
36
47
47
-

191
28
163
146
9

M e c h a n ic s , m a i n te n a n c e -----------------------------------M a n u f a c tu r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _______________________________

1, 4 8 4
1, 2 2 7
257
54
87

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

43
40
57
81
47

_

_

_

14

-

38
38

14

7
6
1
-

"

-

1 08
1 08
~

133
1 26
7
x5
2

195
193
2
_
1

75
55
20
5
3

76
68
8
3

M illw r ig h ts ----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________

289
283
6

2. 5 4
2. 5 4
2. 4 2

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

_
"

2
2
-

28
28
-

13
12
1

O i l e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________

243
215
28

2. 0 4
2. 0 4
2. 08

!
1
-

3
3

10
9
1

59
59

14
13
1

11
10
1

28
28
-

60
38
22

5
5

See footnotes at end of table.




5
5
-

5
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

1

_

_

-

-

-

1
_
1

-

_
-

35
35

74
74

_

_

_

"

96
81
15
13

1 06
1 05
1
~

83
72
11
11

106
103
3
"

287
287
-

54
50
4
4

45
21
24
23
-

22
12
10
7
3

26
26
26

14
2
12

24
8
16
3
13

1
1

12

27
15
12
1
11

176
114
62
5
53

1 09
85
24
19

174
1 45
29
-

64
53
11
6

135
77
58
18
"

1 58
1 45
13
13
"

8
8
-

14
6
8
8
-

18
17
1

40
37
3

46
46
-

99
98
1

35
35

5
5
-

_
-

3
3
"

-

19
19
-

29
29
-

4
4

_
-

_
-

-

-

..
"

_
-

"

-

-

1

_

_
-

~

11

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Boston, M ass. , October 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKER8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Average
hourly I Under
earning* $

$2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

*1.60

*1. 70

$1. 80

V 90

$2. 00

*2.10

*2.20

*2. 30

*2. 40

*2.50

*2. 60

*2. 70

$2. 80

*2. 90

$3. 00

1. 50

*1. 50
and
under
1. 60

1. 70

1.80

1.90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

3. 00

7
7
7

4
4
4

43
43
43

16
6
10
7

26
9
17
1

23
9
14
_
7

20
18
2
1

27
20
7
2

29
15
14
6
4

50
30
20
7
-

2. 70
54
51
3
2
-

2.90

5 21
21
21

2. 60
33
15
18
15
1

2. 80

27
47
05
53
75

3. 10
_
-

_
_
_
"

_
_
_
_
“

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

8
8
“

3
3
_
_
_
-

10
10
-

16
12
4

22
22
-

75
75
-

79
77
2

1
1
3
3
2
2

1
1
5
5
-

5
5
2
2
26

7
3
24
24
107
107
“

6
5
24
22
2
115
115
“

Painters, maintenance --------------------------M anufacturing---------------------------- —
Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------Public utilities 3 ---------------------------Services ____________________________

413
219
194
38
98

Pipefitters, maintenance --------------------Manufacturing________________________
Nonmanufacturing---------------------------

532
509
23

2. 66
2. 66
2. 70

64
24
163
157
6
1,083
i,6 ii
30

2. 60
2. 49
2. 64
2. 64
2. 62
2. 86
2. 86
2. 71

Plumbers, maintenance -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Sheet-metal workers, maintenance -------M anufacturing__________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Tool and die m akers --------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

“
_
”

"

1
1

.
_
-

_
-

26

■

$3. 10
and
over

34
24
10
7
1

16
12
4
-

9
9
-

106
101
5

44
44
-

36
33
3

Ill
102
9

17
17
-

5
5
“

35
5
65
63
2
115
111
4

6
3
9
7
2
123
99
24

1
12
12
"
95
95
"

_
17
17
170
170
”

_
"
31
31
“

1
2
2
"
299
‘ 299
“

1
1
"

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Workers were distributed as follows: 40 at $3. 40 to $3. 50; 10 at $3. 50 to $3. 60; 8 at $3. 60 and over.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Workers were distributed as follows: 11 at $1. 30 to $1. 40; 19 at $1. 40 to $1. 50.
5 All workers were at $1. 40 to $1. 50.
4 Workers were distributed as follows: 72 at $3. 10 to $3. 20; 223 at $3. 20 to $3. 30; 4 at $3. 30 and over.
2

NOTE:

See note on p. 5, relating to the inclusion of railroads.

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
t>y industry division, Boston, M ass. , October 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Elevator operators, passenger (m en)-------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 3 ---------------------------Finance4 —----------------------------------

457
451
26
303

Elevator operators, passenger(women)
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------- —
Retail tr a d e ---------------------------------Finance4 ----- -------------- ------------

425
416
216
132

See footnotes at end of table.




Average $
hourly 2 0. 80
earning* and

under
.90

$1. 33
1. 32
1.64
1. 36
1.
1.
1.
1.

21
21
12
31

$
0.90
1. 00

$
1. 00
1. 10

$
1. 10
1. 20

$
1. 20
1. 30

$
1. 30
1. 40

f. 40

I. 50

60

! . 70

1.90
*1. 80 $

1 '
1.80 1.90
1. 70_60_

1. 50 J .

2.

oo

$ 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30
2.

40

2. 20 2. 30
.
4
“
■
_
-

"

”

-

-

2. 10

-

24
24
-

6
6
6

75
75
-

39
39
10
18

204
204
204

54
54
46

5
5
1
3

25
25
25

6
4
2
1

5
5
5
-

8
8
6
-

2
2
2
~

“

8
8
8
“

102
102
77
12

101
101
84
“

99
99
47
28

68
66

31
30

6
-

_
-

-

4
4

5
5

1
1

62

30

*Z.

50

2. 40 2._50_ 2. 60 _2. 79
-

80 $2. 90
and
2. 8(L 2. 90 over

60 $2. 70

■
-

“
-

h.

“

“

-

“

12

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupatbns-Continued
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Boston, M a s s., October 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

Guards -----------------------------------Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Finance 4 ---------------------------- —

991
605
386

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men)______
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ---- --------- ---Public utilities 3
----------------------Wholesale trade ---------------------- ---Retail tr a d e ---------------------------------Finance 4 ____________________________
Services __ ---------------------------------Janitors, porters, and cleaners (women)____
Manufacturing________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Retail trade ----------------------------Finance 4 __________________________
Services ___________________________

$
Avenge $
hourly _ 0.80 0 . 9 0
earning** and
under
.90 1 . 0 0

1 . 10

$.
1

10

1. 20

226

-

-

-

-

4, 250
1,863
2, 387
630
109
490
720
438
1,871
235
1, 636
132
1, 119
234

1.81
1. 55
1.91
1.80
1. 41
1. 47
1. 25
1. 34
1. 64
1. 30
1 . 12
1. 34
1. 19

1 .6 6

11

61

11

61

77
77
_
29
26

291
38
253
.
90
.
163
155

1.93
2. 23
1.93
1.74
1.93
2 . 01
1. 89
1.83
1.99

P ackers, shipping (men) ---------------------Manufacturing ------------ ----------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Wholesale trade ---------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------P ackers, shipping (women) ---------------------Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Retail t r a d e ______________________

1,910
1, 253
657
432
191
473
295
178
84

1. 76
1. 74
1. 78
1.99
1. 34
1. 44
1.49
1. 37
1. 45

Receiving clerks ------------------------------ _
Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________ ______
Wholesale trade __________ — ___
___ ____ _____ ____
Retail trade
Shipping clerks _______ _______________
Manufacturing ___________ _ _________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Wholesale trade ------------- -------Retail t r a d e ---------------------------------Shipping and receiving clerks ______________
M anufacturing_______________________
Nonmanufacturing______________________
Wholesale trade __________________

757
356
401

2 . 01




00

$ 2. 00
2. 03
1.95
1.84

Laborers, m aterial handling -------------------- 4. 899
2, 743
Manufacturing ----------------------- -----Nonmanufacturing--------------------------- _ 2, 156
628
Public utilities 3 ____________________
688
Wholesale t r a d e __ ____ _________
788
Retail trade -------------------------------Order fillers ---------------------------------2, 010
675
M anufacturing-------------------------------- _
1, 335
Nonmanufacturing______________________
882
Wholesale trade -------------------------Retail trade ------------------------------- 453

See footnotes at end of table.

$.
1

190

169
699
338
361
230
85
477
231
246
65

1.89
1 .8 6

1.91

1.83
1.89
1.82
2. 05
2. 14
1 .9 6
2 . 08

1. 72
2. 00
2. 11
1.90
2. 07

_
.
_

11

_
_
.
_
.
_
.
_
_
-

-

28
_
33
56
56
23
33
_
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

22

132
132
33
50
49
51
6

45
33
40
_
40
40
38
6

32
24
18
18
10

-

10

3
1

-

1

1
_
-

11

20

*1. 30

1.40

! . 50

1.

60

! . 70

! . 80

^.9 0

*2 .

00

*2 . 1 0

h . 20

1. 30

1. 40

1. 50

1.

1. 70

1.80

1.90

2. 00

2 . 10

2. 20

2. 30

$.
1

-

15
12

3

1

229 464
57
55
172 409
2
4
1
7
56 152
43 237
62
17
173 1052
21

8

144
63
34
35

152 1044
19
14

945
97

108
18
90
26
64
25
.
25
17

183
48
135
65
54
36

236
156
80
-

2

1

35
27

8

8

24
6
18
18
60
30
30
5

90

14
14
5
2

4
4
4
-

8

82
20
62

5?
6

53
18
26
26
10

16
3
.
3
2
15
15
-

1

22

42
122

3
119
64
55
173
114
59
22

33
63
55
8
6

28
13
15
2

9
12

_

12

10
2
15
15
-

60

18
18

25
23

23
23
17

417

321
191
130
14
-

434
265
169
79
18

11

11

19 ---- 31
^
1

106

311
25
38
180
68

97
26
71
3
66
2
210

168
42
14
27
98
3
95
77
18
89
63
26
5

60
45
61
49

53

7
3

-

12

2

8

32
21
11

2

-

178
105
73
32
40
117

643
492
151
41
106
87
—
--- 3S“
11 6
51
47
109
7
4
85
47
38
26

285
268
17
15

57
5
4
54
14
7
7
-

308
197
111
2

30
79
156
40
11 6

90
26

297
99
198
151
15
30

436
315

228
127

121
110

101

2

61
57
4
450
261
189
69
118
265
“ 143^ ”
122
122

-

36

29

93

86

6

8
21
12

2
20

40
31
9
9
17
17
10

120

65

27
17

38
23

12

46
24

6

19

138
27

142
84
58
46

21

50
31
19
9

394
274

21

344
304
40
38

388
331
57
37
9
-

101

74
27
16

36
15

22
16

30
12 .
17
40
------S'
35
15
8
.
-

58

9
31
12

19
19
4
-

4
-

20

73
42
31
50
13
37
25
12
42
19
23
10

1

13
13
49
37
5

111

4
7
28
25
3
-

10

62
14
5

54
23
31

192

11

12

262

290
200

111

151
118
20

119
73

90
26
18
46
-

10
8
6
2

15
5
4
-

23
18
5
_
-

-

“

-

-

13
13

15

44
39
5
5

"

18

20

-

1
1

1

20

13
6
6

2

-

364
270
94
3
89

478
186
292
156
115

308
282

105
84
21

2

21

26
22
2
2

203
163
40
40
-

191
82
109

100

49
51
51
52
52
-

178
146
32
32
-

38
14
24
24
3
3
-

105
76
29

44
17
27

74
62

103
62
41
15

41
28
13
13
57
29
28
23
5
37
37
-

21

26
1

59

59

39
20
7
33
13
20
17

39
27
1
93

20

37

30 V 40 $2. 50 $2 . 60 *2. 70 * 2 . 80 * 2 . 9 0
and
2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2.80 2 . 90 over

h.

20

93
2

101

8

12

5
5
81
52
29
7
12
78
61
17
-

-

4
4
-

-

716
473
411
53
305
420
235
208
78
13
84
107
110
404
38
1 1 0 -----3 ---- I T
35
388
35
109
279
-

20

109
62

57
57
89
73
16
10

20

9
“

26

14
7
27
16
11
11

131

2

9
2

30
27
3
3

4
4
-

130
130
-

1

12
12

40
28

45

14

12

6
8

22

12
8

4
53
32
21
20
1
22
16
6
-

33
15
18
4
4
-

6
6
-

-

4
4
25
19

6
6

30
30
_
-

6

9
9
14
7
7
7
“
6
6

5
5
5
8

-

6

-

2
2
-

6

6

6
-

-

6
2

4
4

-

-

-

_
-

_
31

-

-

56
56
56
-

4
4
4
-

6

10

-

21
10
10

“
_
3
3
3
20
20

_
-

3
3
3
_
2

-

2
2

40
22

18
18
4
-

4
4.

-

10
10

_
14
14
3
1

2
2
10
10
10

13
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p atio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , B oston, M a ss. , O cto b er 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccup ation 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
at
workers

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 -----------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------N onm anufacturin g ----------------------------------P u b lic u tilit ie s 3 ------------------------------------------------------------W h o lesale tra d e
R e ta il tra d e -------------------------------------S e r v ic e s __________________________

3, 836
1,0 5 6
2, 780
1, 341
770
532
127

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (under 1 l/g tons) ------M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
N onm anufacturing ------------------------W h o lesale tra d e ----------------------------S e r v ic e s ------------------ ----------- ------

472
229
243
92
88

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

$
1. 30

$
1. 40

$
1. 50

$

1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1.8 0

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

1. 40

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1.8 0

1. 90

2. 00

8
8
8
_
-

8
8
_
8
_
_
-

30
13
17
10
7

44
12
32
5
4
21

38
13
25
5
8
12

63
63
22
22
18

65
2
63
_
15
12
35

99
20
79
_
42
37
-

168
106
62
1
30
2
28

30
13
17
10
7

22
22
21

38
13
25
5
12

39
39
12
18

25
2
23
15
7

39
6
33
5
-

87
35
52
30
21

22
12
10
5
4

_
i
-

24
24
10
14

40
40
_
12

25
14
11
2
9

47
45
2
_
1

96
17
79
10
69

_
- ;
- 1
l
I

_
-

_
33
- — f t "
7
_
_
I
-

_
.
-

1
1
_
-

4
3
1
_
1

13
1
12

19
16
3

16
16
-

1 .9 6
2. 25
1. 70
1. 79
1. 55

_
.
-

_
_
-

8
8
8

8
8
_
8

_
_
-

.
-

_
-

.
_
-

.
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

29
34
27
35
34
13
61

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m edium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 t o n s ) ------------------------------_
M anufacturin g ---------------------------------N onm anufacturin g -----------------------------W h o lesale trad e
---------------------------------------------------------R e ta il trad e

1, 162
494
668
233
335

V 2. 18
^ 2. 36
2. 04
2. 07
2. 00

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eav y (o v e r 4 tons,
t r a ile r type)
--------------------------------------M anufacturin g -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------P u b lic u tilit ie s 3 ----------------------W h o lesale tra d e
---------------------------

1, 312
174
1, 138
758
292

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

43
32
45
34
70

_
-

_
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 ton s, oth er
---------------------------than t r a ile r typ e)
M an ufacturin g _____________________
N onm anufacturing __________________
P nK lir iitilitio a ^
W h o lesale tra d e -----------------------------

565
72
493
334
107

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

33
32
34
35
23

.
-

_
-

T r u c k e r s , p ow er ( fo r k lift ) ______________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u b lic u tilit iie s 3 -------------------------------W h o lesale tra d e
------------------------------R e ta il trad e _ _ _
_
_
_

824
55?
238
35
85
109

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

14
11
22
26
08
33

T r u c k e r s , p ow er (oth er than f o r k l i f t ) _____
M anufacturing ---------------------------------------Nftnma nnfa rtn 'ring

144
140
4

2. 14
2. 13
2. 27

W atchm en
_____________________________
M anufacturing
----------- -----------------------N onm anufacturing _ ________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 3
- ________________
R e ta il t r a d e _______________________
F in a n c e 4 --------------------------------------

967
613
354
33
110
161

1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.

1
2
3
4
5

$
1. 00

Avenge $
$
hourly 2 0.80
0.90
earnings
arid
under
1. 00
.9 0

66
75
50
05
41
49

i
j

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

.
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

-

38
38

17
_
17

-

-

"

"

-

-

16

8
6

_
_
_
33
—

n

r

20
_
11
2

1
1
_
_
_
173
71
102
29
73

_
-

_
_
-

N O TE: See note on p. 5, re la tin g to the in clu sio n of ra ilro a d s ,




$
2. 70

$
2. 80

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

298
48
250
7
103
138
2

135
73
62
8
20
29
3

1479
193
1286
1141
89
56
-

257
89
168
168
_
_
-

209
179
30
12
18
_

20
15
5

- j
S

1

6
5
1
_
1

12
6
6
_
-

40
37
3
-

35
35
_
_
-

15
_
15
15
-

4
_
4
_
_
4
_
_
_
-

506
200
306
_
306
_
-

8
6 i
!
2 i
_

117
14
103
_
103
_
_
_
_
-

56
56
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
>
_
_
_
_
-

131
64
67
2
7

35
35
_
-

118
116
2
2
-

13
T>
7
_
7

_
_
“

93
93
_
_
-

_
_
-

4
4
_
-

922
84
838
758
63

17
17
_
-

39
39
_
-

64
64
_
-

_
_
_
-

228
228
228

_
_

2
2
-

_
-

28
8
20

-

32
32

_
-

-

-

32

9
9
-

_
_
_
-

! 139
! 26
1 113 !
1 80 1
; 32

270 i 93
24 r - 42^
51
246
20
102
136
28

|

-

-

35

-

12

3

-

-

-

34
21
13
12
1

_
_
-

16
16
_
_
_
-

7
5
2
_
_
1

95
95
_
_
-

51
50
1
_
_
1

107
65
42
.
24
17

64
41
23
_
20
-

78
40
38
10
26
-

116
100
16
4
10
-

104
70
34
21
_
13

145
63
82
_
5
77

31
31
_
-

12
12

12
12

6
6

7
7

17
17

32
32

17
13
4

17
17

8
8

9
9

47
4
43
_
23
20

184
162
22
_
5
5

48
53
35 ----- I T
13
27
_
_
_
1
12
27

138
122
16
5

76
55
21
12
5
4

49
37
12
1
10
1

74
70
4
4
_

22
12
10
8
2
-

7
4
3
3
_
-

2
2
_

4
4

-

_

-

11

$
2. 90
and
o ver

123
185
30
64
93
121
.
4
22
83
32
69
_j
1

1
D ata lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs ex cep t w h ere o th e rw ise in d icated.
E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and la te s h ifts .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilities*
F in a n c e, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
Inclu des a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s of s iz e and type of tru c k o p erated .

$
2. 60

386
8
378
322
24

-

35
35

2. 50

$

-

-

“

_
2
2

7
7

-

-

-

-

_

-

“

"

_

_
_
-

_

-

_

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

”




14
Table B-1. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t of m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r s h ift w o r k , and in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
a c t u a lly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts b y typ e and am o u n t o f d if f e r e n t ia l, B o s to n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1959)
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts a c tu a lly
o p e r a tin g —

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l
S ec o n d s h ift
w o rk

T o t a l ------------------------------------------------------- ----

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

S ec o n d s h ift

T h ird o r o th e r
s h ift

8 1 .0

7 4 .0

9 .8

2.2

W ith s h ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l ---------------------------

8 0.0

7 4 .0

9. 7

2.2

U n ifo rm c e n ts (p er h o u r ) ------ —--------------5 c e n ts ----------------------------------—----- ---6 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------7 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------7Va c e n ts ------------------------------------------8 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------9 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------10 c e n ts --------------------------------------------11 Vs c e n ts ----------------------------------------12 c e n ts --------------------------------------------1 2 Va c e n t s ----------------------------------------13 c e n ts ------------------- ——--------------------14 c e n ts --------------------------------------------15 ce n ts --------------------------------------------16 c e nt s ----------------- ---------------- ----- ---1 7 c e n ts -------------------------- — --------------19 c e n t s --------------------------------------------O v e r 19 c e n ts ------------------------------------

36. 0
7 .4
1 .7
1 .3
1 .4
2.6
1 .4
10 . 7

3 1 .0
.6

4. 6
.8
.3
. 1
(*)
. 1
.2
1 .5

1.2
-

2 .4
1 .5
.7
1 .4

1.2
2 .9
.9
1.1
2. 1

•1

<*>
(*)
.3
£)
(*)
. 1
. 1
. 1
(a )
.2
(a )

U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e ------------------------------5 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------77a p e r c e n t --------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------1 2 Va p e r c e n t ------------------------------------1 5 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------

42. 7
2 .9
4 .4
.7
3 1 .7
3 .0
■

4 3 .0
1 .3
5 .3
2 0 .3
2 .5
13. 5

5. 1
.4
.6
. 1
3. 8
.3
"

1.1
. 1
(a )
.5
(a )
.5

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r re d u c e d h o u r s ----------

1 .3

-

. 1

-

N o s h ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l -----------------------------

1.0

-

.7
1 .7
1.1
-

-

.9
4 .2
1.0
.6
1 0 .4
.8
2.1
2.2
-

-

(*)
.6
.3
.4
. 1
-

-

(*)

' 1

1
In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la t e s h if t s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s
e v e n th ough th e y w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h if t s .
1 L e s s th an 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

c o v e r in g la te s h ifts

15
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W o m e n O ffice W o rk e rs
(D is tr ib u tio n o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d in a l l in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1959)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s ­
tr ie s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

35

37 >
/a

383
/4

A ll
sch ed ­
u le s

40

35

36 »
/4

____________

255

85

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

170

XXX

134

49

4

13

5

25

85

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
2

4
4

5
26

37 V2

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

255

11

18

33

139

_
3

_
-

6

_
3
13

$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 . 50
$40 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 50 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 70 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0

an d
an d
and
and
and
an d
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
an d
and
and

u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
undf»r
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
over

$ 3 7 .5 0
_____
$ 4 0 .0 0
____ _
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
____ _
_
$ 4 7 .5 0 _______
$ 5 0 . 0 0 ________
$ 5 2 .5 0
_
_
$ 5 5 .0 0 ____ ___
$ 5 7 .5 0 ________
$60 .0 0 ________
$ 6 2 .5 0 ________
$6 5 .0 0 _
$ 6 7 .5 0 ________
$ 70 .0 0
___ __
$ 7 2 .5 0 ____
_ _ _
______

1
2

13
5
39
17
24

6

11
7
2
4
1

14
5

1

4

3
-

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c if ie d
m in im u m
___ _
__
_

70

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h did not
e m p lo y w o r k e r s in th is c a t e g o r y _
_

51

3

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd \v e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f--A ll
sch ed ­
u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c if ie d
m in im u m ________________ ___
_

E s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d

M a n u fa c tu rin g

2
2
1
-

1
2
-

1

5

2
2
1

2

1

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6
3
1
2
1
-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30

XXX

XXX

XXX

6

XXX

XXX

XXX

11
10
6
5
2
-

10

3
-

1

-

2

-

-

1

_
-

1
1

1

5
_

2
1
1
-

-

6
5
2
1
1
-

6
1
4
2

7
3
3

2

3
13

8

43
13
28
9

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 of—
A ll
sch ed ­
u le s

A ll
sch ed ­
u le s

35

37Vz

383/4

40

85

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

47

4

14

5

23

_
4
14
3
17
3

_
-

_
3
5

_
-

_
5

6
1
1 2
1
2 1
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
-

_

1

1

5
-

2
2
1
_

_
_
_
-

_
-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_
-

2
10
_
1
_
1
1
-

2
1

36 V4

37»/a

40

170

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

92

7

2

4

3
9

8
10
1
11 _
6
_
5
_
2
1 1 _

29

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

4

4

'

-

-

-

-

4

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

79

31

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

37

7

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

-

1
2

35

-

-

2

N o n m a n u fac tu r ing

-

10
1

20

_
-

_
-

5
_

9
4

1
1

2

_

2
1
1
_

_
-

_
-

1
2_
1

1

35
_
5
4

1

3
7
3
4

2
1
-

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

48

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

1

1

1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e fo r m a ll y e s t a b lis h e d fo r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typ in g o r o th er c l e r i c a l jo b s .
2 R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f ic e g i r l s , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H o u rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s . D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d fo r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d fo r the m o s t co m m on w o r k w e e k s r e p o r te d .
NOTE:

S e e n o te on p. 1 6 , r e la t in g to th e in c lu s io n o f r a i l r o a d s .




16
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o ffic e and p lan t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

W e e k ly h o u r s
All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s

100

. . .

U n d er 35 h o u rs
--. ....
.
35 h o u rs
O v e r 35 and u n d er 36V4 h o u rs ----- , ----3 6 V* h o u rs
O v e r 3 6 V4 and u n d er 37Vz h o u r s ____________
3 7 1/? h o u rs
. _
_
. ..................
O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d er 383 h o u rs
/4
383/4 h o u rs
O v e r 383 an d u n d er 40 h o u r s ______________
/4
40 h o u r s _ _
_
O v e r 40 and u nder 44 h o u rs
44 and under 48 h o u r s _____________________
48 h o u r s
_
O v e r 48 hour s

Manufacturing

100

1
10
2

8

2
25
7
6
1
38
( 4)
-

8
_
2
l 4)
17
1
7
64
1
-

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

2
_
47
51
-

7
27
4
6
54
1
-

Public .
utilities *

Finance 2

100

Services

All
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

1

_
_

3
14
4
11
12
10
6
20
23
( 4)
-

14
4
15
4
32
12
8
7
-

11
_
7
15
12
I 4)
54
-

( 4)
1
_
1
( 4)
7
2
-

1
80
1
3
3
( 4)

_
1
_
4
_
_
_
88
_
3
2

Public
utilities 1

_

_
_
_
_
_
96
_
2
2

1
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th er p u b lic u t i lit ie s .
a F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
3 In c lu d e s d ata fo r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




NOTE:

E s t im a t e s fo r a l l in d u s t r ie s an d p u b lic u t i lit ie s in c lu d e d ata fo r r a ilr o a d s (SIC 40 ), o m itte d fr o m the
s c o p e o f a l l la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s m ad e b e fo r e th e w in te r o f 19 5 9 -6 0 .
W h e re s ig n ific a n t , the e f f e c t
o f th e in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s is g r e a t e s t on th e d ata sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly fo r th e p u b lic u t i lit ie s d iv is io n .

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

3

1
2

_

_
_
_
2
2
_
_
79
4
6
8

_

1

2
20
11

3

4
49
5

85

_

8
6
1

17
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o ffic e an d p lan t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b er o f p aid h o lid a y s
p ro v id e d a n n u a lly , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

______

_ _
_

_ _ _ ____
_

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n t s p ro v id in g
p aid h o l i d a y s ____________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n t s p ro v id in g
no p aid h o lid a y s ___ ___ ______
_ _

PLANT WORKERS
Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

99

100

95

87

"

2

-

1

-

5

13

_
2
1
1
l 4)
( 4)
13
1
l 4)
27
6
2
41
6

5
6
2
19
( 4)
7
8
8
1
8
1
1
17
4
( 4)
10
1
( 4)
( 4)

4
5
2
29
10
12
1
11
1
1
14
2
7
1
1
( 4)

_
7
11
4
9
2
6
35
26
-

9
5
3
_
33
2
2
1
36
4
-

9
23
_
3
4
_
26
_
1
-

( 4)
i 4)
i
i
ii
16
34
35
44
51
66
67
87
94
95
95
96
97
97
98

( 4)
( 4)
1
2
9
10
25
26
38
51
60
60
91
96
98
98
99
100
100
100

_
-

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

-

-

-

( 4)
( 4)
i 4)
( 4)
3
(4)
4
(4)
2
5
1
(4)
8
2
( 4)
16
6
1
41
8
1
1

(4 )
1
7
1
2
15
3
11
1
26
4
2
26
1
1
1

1
2
6
4
( 4)
6
46
36
-

_
4
3
6
2
62
21
2
-

All
industries

All
industries 3

N u m b e r off d a y s
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _
_ _
__ ____
__
_
_ __ _
_
6 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 5 h a lf d a y s
_ __ _
_ __
7 h o lid a y s
_
_
_
_ _
_ ___
_ ___ _
_
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 4 h a lf d a y s
_
_ _ __ _
__ ____ __ _
_
_ _
8 h o lid a y s
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 4 h a lf d a y s
_
__ _ _
_
9 h o lid a y s
_ _ __ __ _ ______
_
___
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________ ______
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _
10 h o lid a y s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
_ _ _ _ _ _
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________
11 h o lid a y s
_
_ _
_ ____ ____
_
11 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
_
_ _
11 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s ___________
12 h o lid a y s and o v e r
_ _
_

7
1
7
34
9
37
2
4
-

4
3
3
( 4)
59
1
( 4)
1
1
23
t 4)
5
-

_
4
6
2
5
( 4)
11
44
1
24
2
-

4
2
14
_
( 4)

T o ta l H o lid a y tim e 5
13 o r m o r e d a y s
_ _
_
__
__
_
1 2 1/z o r m o r e d a y s ______________ __________
_
_ —
12 o r m o r e d a y s __ _
llV a o r m o r e d a y s ___ ____________ _________
11 o r m o r e d a y s
_ _
_
_
_
_
_
_ _
_
IOV2 or m o r e d a y s
_ _
_
_
__ _
10 o r m o r e d a y s
__ _
_
_
_ _ ____
9 V2 o r m o r e d a y s
_ __
_
_ _ _
9 or m o re d ays
__
_ _
_
_ __ _
_
_ _ _
8 Va o r m o r e d a y s
_
_ __
_
_
_ _
8 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________
7 V2 o r m o r e d a y s
__ _
_
_
_ __ _
_ __
7 or m ore days
_
_ _
_ _
6 or m ore days
_
_
_
_
_ _
5 V2 or m o r e d a y s
_
_
_ _
5 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________ ____ _
4 o r m o r e d a y s __________ __________________
3 or m o re d ays
_ _
_
2 or m o re days
1 or m o r e d a y s
... _ _
_

1
2
2
10
52
58
74
76
84
89
96
96
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

( 4)
1
2
2
30
34
60
61
75
90
92
93
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
36
82
88
88
92
92
98
98
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
4
6
52
52
86
86
93
93
93
93
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
5
5
29
30
30
30
90
90
94
96
96
96
96
96
96
100

_
2
2
23
84
87
93
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

6
6
6
6
47
49
55
55
83
84
97
97
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

26
61
69
69
78
78
82
82
92
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

_
2
2
27
27
71
71
82
82
87
89
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th er p u b lic u t i lit ie s .
2 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll an d h a lf d a y s th a t ad d to th e s a m e am o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g a to ta l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s
an d no h a lf d a y s , 6 f u ll d a y s an d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e th en c u m u la te d .
NOTE:

S ee n ote on p. 1 6 , r e la t in g to th e in c lu s io n o f r a i lr o a d s .




_
_
_
4
4
41
43
45
45
80
80
83
90
90
91
91
91
91
97

l 4)
( 4)
( 4)
( 4)
14
16
20
20
21
21
47
51
54
77
77
77
77
77
87
87

th o s e w ith 7 fu ll d a y s

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant w ork ers in a ll in du stries and in industry division s by vacation pay
provision s, Boston, M a ss, October 1959)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
Vacation policy

All w orkers _ .

_

A
ll
industries

_ _
.

M
anufacturing

100

100

100
99
1
-

PLANT W
ORKERS

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
87
13
-

100
100
-

"

"

-

3
52
6
26

4
66
7
11

5
( 5)
91
( 5)
4

Services

A
ll
industries3

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

■

■

“

_
30
1
44

1
49
15
9

_
76
-

4
38
5
47

4
93
3

20
80
-

5
95
-

21
79
-

1
2
90
3
5
-

1
( 5)
93
2
3
-

3
17
80
-

2
98
-

1
91
3
6
-

1
93
2
3
-

2
97
1
~

( 5)
69
6
25
( 5)

( 5)
87
3
9

1
96
2

Public
utilities 1

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
89
10
1

100
85
14
2

100
90
10
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
91
9
-

"

~

“

“

1
65
10
14

23
31
1
4

37
22
(*)
( 5)

_
28
2
36

15
30
6
8

_
62
-

5
24
6
3

_
94
6

8
1
84
2
6

57
2
39
( 5)
1

M

3
21
1

23
16
1

31
61
-

26
74
-

63
33
3
( 5)

100
-

_
89
2
8
-

1
81
12
6
~

33
15
48
1
1
( 5)

48
24
24
2
2
"

12
11
76
1
“

12
2
74
5
8

4
96
~

36
61
3
( 5)

2
98
“

100
~

89
2
8

1
69
12
18
■

13
14
71
1
2
( 5)

16
22
58
2
2
"

12
83
5

6
6
74
5
8

2
98
~

21
76
3
<5)
*

2
98
-

46
54

46
10
45

63
12
20
5

1
81
3
14
( 5)

1
88
5
6

95
5

5
82
5
8

2
49
49

91
3
6

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W orkers in establish m en ts providing
paid v a c a tio n s _____________________________
Length-of-tim e paym ent__________________
P ercentage p ay m e n t______________________
F lat-su m payment _______________________
Other
.
..
_
'Workers in establish m ents providing
no paid vacations __________________________
Am ount o f v a c a t io n p a y 4
A fter 6 months of serv ice
L e s s than 1 w e e k ___________________________
1 w e e k ______________________________________
Over 1 but le s s than 2 w e e k s________________
2 w eeks ........
_
___ _
_
After 1 year of serv ice
1 w e e k __________ ___________________________
Over 1 but le s s than 2 weeks .
2 w e e k s____ ___ _______ ______________________
Over 2 but le s s than 3 w e e k s________________
3 w e e k s____________________________ ______ __
A fter 2 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week __ ______ ______ _____________________
_
Over 1 but le s s than 2 w e e k s________________
2 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 2 but le s s than 3 w e e k s---------------------3 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 4 w e e k s ___ ______ _____________________
A fter 3 y e a rs of serv ice
1 w e e k ______________________________________
Over 1 but le s s than 2 w e e k s________________
2 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 2 but le s s than 3 w e e k s________________
3 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 4 w eeks ----------------- ---- ------------------A fter 5 y e a rs of serv ice
1 w e e k ______________________________________
2 w e e k s________________ ___________________
Over 2 but le s s than 3 w e e k s..................................
3 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 4 w eeks________________________________

See footnotes at end of table




19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p ro v isio n s, Boston, M a s s ., October 1959)
OFFICE workers;
Vacation policy

A
ll
industries

M
anufacturing

Public i
utilities

W
holesale
trade

PLANT W
ORKERS
Retail trade

Finance2

Services

A 3
ll
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n , p a y 4— C o n t in u e d

After 10 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week ------------------------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 2 but le s s than 3 weeks -------------------3 weeks -----------------------------------------------4 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks -----------------------------------------

(5 )

44
6
45
4

(5 )

(5)

71
5
21
2
-

_

.

67

2
68

7

-

-

-

33

30

-

-

-

-

48
45
-

_

2
29

1

.

21
11
67

-

-

_
31
2
61
2
5

1
55
6
29
9

1
66
9
22
2

(5)

-

1
16
1
72
1
9

1
17
1
78
1

66
-

33
1
-

5
60
4
22
-

8

2
9
53
37

-

79
3
18
-

-

A fter 15 y e ars of serv ice
1 week ------------------------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 2 but le s s than 3 weeks -------------------3 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 3 but le s s than 4 weeks -------------------4 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks -----------------------------------------

(5 )

8
2
85

(5)

11
-

87

2

_

_

3
6
91

14
2
77

-

-

-

98

69

53

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45

-

2
5

2
29

-

-

4

2

(5 )

-

(5 )

(5)

(5)

9

2

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

(5)

2
-

1
15
1
70
1
13

1
15
1
76
1
6

1
14
1
56
3
24

1
14
1
58
5
20

.
-

99
-

1

5
24

2
5

63

56

_

_

-

8

-

5
24

-

-

-

37

-

54
3
43
_
_

-

A fter 20 y e ars of serv ice
2 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 2 but le s s than 3 weeks -------------------3 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 3 but le s s than 4 weeks -------------------4 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks ----------------------------------------

8

76
1
14

84

98

-

57

47

-

-

-

-

7

(5)

12

51

(5 )

-

(5)

(5 )

_

(5)

2

2
25

-

-

-

73

57

-

74
4
20

-

14
2
75
-

5
5

(5)

"

2
5
-

99

54

48

-

_

_

1

9
8

45

-

5
18

2
4

-

-

54
3
43
_
_

-

A fter 25 y ears of serv ice
1 week ------------------------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 2 but le s s than 3 weeks -------------------3 weeks -----------------------------------------------Over 3 but le ss than 4 weeks -------------------4 weeks ----------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks ----------------------------------------

6

53
1
40

(5)

7

66
4
22

-

25

.

1
-

35

_

-

14
2
72

35

-

-

-

16

64

65

-

7
5

(5)

_

78
-

22

-

59

48

10
8

46

-

-

54
3
36
-

6

1 T ransportation, com munication, and other public u tilities.
2 Finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l e state.
3 Includes data for rea l estate in addition to those industry divisions shown sep arately .
P eriod s of serv ic e were a rb itra rily chosen and do not n e c e ssa rily refle ct the individual p rovision s for p ro g re ssio n s. F or exam ple, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a r s ' serv ice
include changes in p rovision s occurring between 5 and 10 y e a rs.
5 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
NOTE: See note on p. 16, relating to the inclusion of ra ilro a d s. In the tabulations of vacation allow ances by y e a rs of se rv ic e , payments other than "length of tim e" such as percentage of annual
earnings or flat-su m paym ents, were converted to an equivalent tim e b a sis; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con sid ered as 1 w eek's pay.




20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
{P ercen t of office and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in industry divisions employed in establish m en ts providing
health, in suran ce, or pension benefits, Boston, M a s s ., October 1959)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
Type of benefit

A ll w ork ers

__ --------- -----

PLANT W
ORKERS

A
ll
industries

-----------------

W orkers in establish m en ts providing:
Life in su ra n ce -------- ------------------------A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance _______________ _____________
Sickn ess and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4 ____________________
Sickn ess and accident in suran ce -------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p e r io d ) ______________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)
__ ____ __________
H ospitalization insurance ________________
Surgical insurance ______________________
M edical in su ra n c e _______________________
Catastrophe insurance ___________________
Retirem ent p e n sio n ___________________ __
No health, in suran ce, or pension p la n ___ '

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance2

Services

A .
H
industries3

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92

94

80

98

92

97

65

89

92

83

94

88

88

52

61

74

40

56

46

33

58

60

68

42

49

71

77
40

91
64

94
15

65
43

91
68

57
21

90
32

92
77

96
90

84
27

73
50

92
70

83
66

66

76

88

54

44

57

74

17

8

30

39

28

25

3
95
92
76
30
78
1

1
53
53
33
5
77

81
82
58
25
65
2

26
69
65
43
21
81
( 5)

92
92
60
76
89
( 5)

48
45
36
27
56
2

9
81
78
55
16
70
2

6
94
93
67
21
74
1

37
57
57
33
6
78

9
72
74
59
28
60
6

10
61
57
37
4
72
3

5
72
53
38
12
30
8

3
83
82
59
44
80
1

1 Transportation , com munication, and other public u tilities.
2 Finance, in suran ce, and re a l e sta te.
3 Includes data for r e a l estate in addition to those industry divisions shown sep arate ly .
4 Unduplicated total of w o rk ers receivin g sick leave or sick n e ss and accident insurance shown sep arately below. Sick-leave plans a re lim ited to those which definitely e stab lish at le a st the
minimum number of days* pay that can be expected by each em ployee. Inform al sick -leave allow ances determ ined on an individual b a sis a re excluded.
5 L e s s than 0 .5 percent.
NOTE: See note on p. 16, relatin g to the inclusion of ra ilro a d s.




21

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a s s i s t its
field staff in c lassify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
e ssen tia l in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significan tly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job description s, the Bureau’ s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working su perv isors, apprentices, learners, beginners, train ees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and in voices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May a lso keep records a s
to billin gs or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
c la ssifie d by type of machine, a s follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National C ash R egister, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b i l l i n g m a c h in e )—

U se s a sp e c ia l billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare b ills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of n ecessary
exten sion s, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon co pies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ) — U se s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cu stom ers’
b ills a s part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balan ces. D oes not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of s a le s and
credit s lip s .




C l a s s A — K eeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b a sic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system u sed. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated repo rts, balance
sh e e ts, and other records by hand.
C l a s s B — K eeps a record of one or more p h ases or sectio n s of
a se t of records usually requiring little knowledge of b a sic book­
keeping- P h a se s or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billin g described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s i s t in preparation of trial
balan ces and prepare control sh e e ts for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has respon sibility for keeping one or more se ctio n s of a com­
plete s e t of books or records relating to one ph ase of an e sta b lish ­
ment’ s b u sin ess tran saction s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued
payable; examining and coding in voices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n atio n s and a llo catio n s. May a s s i s t in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct c l a s s B accounting
clerk s.
C l a s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such a s posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher re g iste rs;
reconciling bank accoun ts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general led gers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T h is
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b a s is among sev eral workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company employees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculatin g workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such a s w orker's name, working
d ays, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s i s t paym aster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculatin g machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tica l computations. This job is not to be confused with that of s t a t is ­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A — In an e stab lish e d filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su b ject matter file s , c la s s ifie s and in dexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may a lso file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with file s or may super­
v ise others in filing and locating m aterial in the f ile s . May per­
form incidental clerical d uties.
C l a s s B — Performs routine filin g, usually of m aterial that h as
already been c la s s ifie d or which is e a sily iden tifiable, or lo ca te s
or a s s i s t s in locating m aterial in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceiv es cu stom ers'ord ers for m aterial or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sheet listin g the items
to make up the order; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to se e
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory re sp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces multiple co p ies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
a s for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or Ditto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or Ditto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple completed m aterial.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory re sp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a se rie s of holes in the cards in a sp ecifie d sequen ce, usin g
an alph abetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep file s of punch c a rd s. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such a s running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such a s se a le rs or m ailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor cle rica l work.

23
SECRETA RY

TABIJLATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P e rfo rm s s e c r e t a r ia l a n d
m in is tr a tiv e

or e x e c u tiv e

c le r ic a l d u tie s

p o s itio n .

fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv i n g

p e o p le

phone

p erso n al

c a lls ;

w r itin g

h a n d lin g

c o m in g
and

r o u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o n

tr a n s c r ib in g
s im ila r

m a c h in e

m a c h in e ,

rep ro d u ced

on

m em o ran d u m s

a

is

and

D u tie s
in to

a n s w e r in g

o w n in it ia t iv e ; ta k in g

tr a n s c r ib in g

tr a n s c r ib in g

o ffic e ;

s u p e r io r in

an

ad ­

C

m a k in g a p p o in tm e n ts
and

in

sh o rth a n d

m a k in g

d ic ta tio n

m a c h in e .

o r th e

M ay

d ic ta tio n

or b y

la to r ,

reco rd ed

p rep are

re p o rts

P rim a ry

m a l r o u tin e
M ay

a ls o

o r k

fr o m

s im p le

(se e

is

to

and

tr a n s c r ib e

co p y.

reco rd s, e tc .

D

tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e

fro m

one

or

m ore

th is

M ay a ls o
o e s

n o t

d ic ta tio n

on a

s e t up and

keep

i n c l u d e

p la n n in g

in

o e s

n o t

a

gro u p

to

file s

t r a n s c r i b i n g - m

in

o r­

C

a c h i n e

e it h e r in s h o r th a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e
te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d
s c ie n tific
a ls o
keep

resea rch and

ty p e

fro m

s im p le

record s,

e tc .

D

M ay

o e s

fro m

one

or

m ore p e r s o n s

o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g

tr a n s c r ib e th is

co p y.

a s

d ic ta tio n

a ls o

n o t

in l e g a l b r i e f s
on

s e t up and

i n c l u d e

a v a r ie d

or re p o rts

a ty p e w r ite r .
keep

file s

t r a n s c r i b i n g - m

in

Such

on

th e

l a s s

so n s
w ho

record
w ho
a ls o

to ll
c a ll

act

c a lls
in , o r

as

an d ta k e

B

m e ssa g e s.

o c c a s io n a lly

r e c e p tio n is ts

ta k e

se e

M ay g iv e

te le p h o n e

s w itc h b o a r d

M ay

a c h i n e

—

O p e ra te s

in v o lv in g

re p o rts

of new

w

lo n g

and

and

ste p s

to

ty p e

be

ta k e n .

in

tr a in in g

tr a in e d

o f lo n g

s u p e r v is io n

tio n
or

to

p e r fo r m in g

d u tie s

o f th e w o rk

F or

d iffic u lt

th e

and

and

a

m ay

w o rk

in c lu d e

s tu d ie s

are

are

o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s

p e rfo r m

or c le r ic a l

r o u tin e
w o rk

s w itc h b o a r d .




c le r ic a l

m ay

ta k e

w o rk
th e

a s

a s

r e c e p tio n is t an d

a

w o rk er’ s

re p o rts .

of

th e

th e

b a s ic

p e rfo r m a n c e

in v o lv e s ,

of a

u s u a lly

of

a

o p e r a tio n

c o m p le x

r e c u r r in g

o f th e

s in g le

T h is
tim e

under

o f som e

w ir ­
ta b u ­

a c o m p le te

m ore

M ay a ls o

a d d itio n

fo r e x a m p le ,

e x e r c is e ,

lo n g e r a n d

in

p e rfo r m e d

n a tu re

in c lu d e

th e

but

re p o rt.
w h ere

tr a in in g

m a c h in e .

l a s s

C

—

s p e c ific
som e

w o rk

as

s im p le

th e

ta b u la tin g

fo r

w o rk .

T h e

e x a m p le ,

or

e le c tr ic a l

a c c o u n t­

s o r te r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o lla t o r , e tc .,

in s tr u c tio n s . M a y in c lu d e

filin g

u n it,

p e titiv e

O p e ra te s
su ch

w o rk

s im p le

ty p ic a lly

in d iv id u a l

s o r tin g

w ir in g fro m d ia g r a m s

in v o lv e s

p o r tio n s

or c o lla tin g

of

ru n s, or

a

re­

o p e r a tio n s .

p er­

w o rk ers

p o s i­

m ay a ls o

p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .

m a jo r p a r t o f t h i s

in w ir in g

or e le c tr ic a l a c ­

is

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GEN ERA L
P rim a ry d u ty is to tr a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g

on

m ore
o p era­

p r o d u c tio n

c a lc u la to r ,

w o rk

a c c o u n tin g

w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
in

and

T h is

ty p ic a lly

r e p e titiv e

ta b u la tin g

ta b u la to r

stu d y , or p a rts

e m p lo y e e s

and

c a lls .
to

o p e r a to r - r e c e p tio n is t.

o f o p e ra to r,

a

c o m p le x

a

n o rm a l r o u tin e

v o c a b u la r y fro m t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e
a d d itio n

A s
new

o p e ra to rs

and

re­

r e q u ir in g

o p e ra to rs.

m ore

su ch as

T h e

and

m a c h in e s

SWITCHBOARD O PERA TO R-RECEPTIO N IST
In

ta b u la tin g

c o m p le x

o r k .

s w itc h b o a r d .

in fo r m a tio n

o rd ers.

com ­

p e rfo r m s

s u p e r v is o r s p e r fo r m in g t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e

-to -d a y

in s tr u c tio n s

w ith
te le p h o n e

of

in v o lv e d

seq u en ces

ta b u ­

o rd er,

D u t ie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , a n d in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e
M ay

w o r k in g

m a c h in e s

p roced u res

in g

s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n

of

a s

a c ­

th e

P e rfo rm s

o th e rs.

n o n r e c u r r in g

o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r t ia lly

d a y

s m a ll ta b u la tin g

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
a

a n d

or

ty p ic a lly

a n d o p e r a tin g

e le c tr ic a l

s u p e r v is io n , an d

v a r ie ty

s o r t e r ,,r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l la t o r .

C

O p e ra te s

s e q u e n c in g

in g fro m d ia g r a m s .

v o c a b u la r y s u c h
to

w r itte n

and

i n c l u d e

c o u n tin g
to th e

d ic ta tio n

and

or

m a c h in e s

ty p e w r ite r .

o p e ra to r).

ta k e

su ch

c o m p le te r e p o r tin g

a

ir r e g u la r

o f ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e

la tio n s
is

are

o p e ra to r, is

m a c h in e

o p e r a tio n s

n o r­

STENOGRAPHER, TECH N ICA L
d u ty

T h e

of

s p e c ific

P r im a r y

r e q u ir e d .

som e

or

p erso n s,
a

as

o fte n

fro m d ia g r a m s

o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g

ta b u la tin g

c o lla to r

w h ic h

e x p e r ie n c e d

d ic ta tio n

in te r p r e te r ,

in v o lv e

to rs

ta k e

to

w r itte n

c a lc u la to r ,

o f

in c lu d in g

p o rts

o f s u p e r io r .

or b y S te n o ty p e

v o c a b u la r y ,

ty p e

d er, k e e p
w

d u ty

sh o rth a n d

v a r ie ty

ty p ic a lly

D

in

a

a s s ig n m e n ts

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

e ith e r

O p e ra te s

d if f ic u lt w ir in g

or

in fo r m a tio n

s p e c ia l

—

A

m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly

p le t e r e p o r tin g a s s ig n m e n ts w ith o u t c l o s e

(w h ere

S te n o ty p e

l a s s

c o u n tin g

im p o r ta n t o r c o n f i d e n t i a l m a il, a n d

n o t u s e d ) e ith e r

fo r in fo r m a t io n

fo r a

in c lu d e

ty p e

ty p in g

w h ile

at

re c o rd s . M ay a ls o ty p e

cop y

W o rk ers

and

v o lv in g

o r re p o rts

a

s im p le

a v a r ie d

d ic ta tio n
as

do

on
in

c le r ic a l

w o rk .

tr a n s c r ib in g

te c h n ic a l or s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y

s c ie n tific
s h o rth a n d

ste n o g ra p h e r,

research
or by

g e n e r a l.

are

n o t in c lu d e d .

S te n o ty p e

su ch
A

fro m

in ­

a s le g a l b r ie fs

w o rk er w h o

o r s im ila r m a c h in e

w r itte n

d ic ta tio n

is

ta k e s

c la s s ifie d

24

T Y P IST — -Continued

T Y P IST
U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e
o u t b ills
c lu d e
in g

a fte r

ty p in g

c a lc u la tio n s
o f

su ch

as

c o p ie s

been

o f v a r io u s

m ade b y

m a te r ia l o r to

a n o th e r p e r s o n .

s t e n c i ls , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls

p ro c e sse s.

and

h ave

M ay

k e e p in g

d is tr ib u tin g

do

c le r ic a l

s im p le

w o rk

reco rd s,

in c o m in g

in v o lv in g

filin g

fo r u s e

little

record s

and

m ake

M ay

in

tu a tio n , e t c .,

in ­

te r ia l;

d u p lic a t­

to

s p e c ia l tr a in in g ,

m a in ta in

fo rm

l a s s

—

A

so u rces

o r

v a r y in g

ty p in g

and

b a la n c e

d e ta ils

to

o r fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a ­

o f c o m p lic a te d
in

s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s

s p a c in g .

M ay

ty p e

r o u tin e

s u it c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

r e p o r ts , o r s o r tin g

m a il.

P e rfo rm s

t e r i a l in f i n a l fo rm

la y o u t a n d

u n ifo r m ity

le tte r s

C

C

o f te c h n ic a l or u n u su a l w o rd s

p la n n in g

w hen

o n e

o r

m

o r e

it in v o lv e s

r e s p o n s ib ility

o

f

t h e

f o

l l o w

i n g

:

T y p in g

c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l fro m

fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,

l a s s

—

B

P e rfo rm s

o n e

o r

m

o r e

o

f

t h e

f o

l l o w

i n g

C o p y

:

fro m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; r o u t in e t y p in g o f fo r m s , in s u r a n c e

m a­

e t c .;

se v e ra l

s e ttin g

p le x

s y lla b ic a tio n , p u n c-

ta b le s

up

s im p le

a lr e a d y

sta n d a rd

se t up

and

ty p in g

p o lic ie s ,

ta b u la tio n s , o r c o p y in g m ore co m ­

sp a ced

p r o p e r ly .

beam s

and

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
( A s s is t a n t d ra fts m a n )
D raw s
m an

or o th e rs

U ses

s im p le

s c a le

u n its

or p a rts

of

d r a w in g s

fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r

v a r io u s

fro m

to

in v o lv e d

ty p e s

o f d r a ftin g

p la n s

or

to o ls

sk e tch e s,

or

a s

r e q u ir e d .

p e rfo r m

p rep ared

m a n u fa c tu r in g

by

M ay p rep are

o th e r d u tie s

d ra fts ­

p u rp o ses.
d r a w in g s

u n d e r d ir e c tio n

p le te d
w r itin g

stre n g th

o f

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

d e t a il u n its
a

m a k in g
in

o f c o m p le te

s p e c ia liz e d

m a te r ia ls ,

d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls

s p e c if ic a t io n s . M a y in k

in

o f a d ra fts m a n .

in

w o rk , c h e c k in g

fie ld

lin e s

a d ju s tm e n ts
and

le tte r s

d r a w in g s , o r tr a c e
su ch

a s

tru ss e s ;

to

be

or
on

v e r ify in g

u sed , and

ch an ges

in

d r a w in g s

p e n c il d r a w in g s ,

d r a w in g s .

W o rk

a r c h ite c tu r a l, e le c t r ic a l,

com ­

q u a n titie s ;

is

or

p rep are

fr e q u e n tly

m e c h a n ic a l, o r

s tr u c tu r a l d r a ftin g .

DRAFTSMAN, LEA D ER
P la n s
a r a tio n

of

and

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R EG ISTERED )

d ir e c ts

w o r k in g

p la n s

a c tiv itie s

and

of one

or m ore d ra fts m e n

d e t a il d r a w in g s

fro m

ro u gh

in

p rep ­

o r p r e lim in a r y

s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s . D u t ie s
in v o lv e
and

a

c o m

w r itte n

d u tie s
fic u lt
r e g u la r

to

b i n a t i o n

or

o

verb al

M ay

a s s ig n m e n t,

m in is tr a tiv e

t h e

f o

l l o w

o rd ers;

s u b o r d in a te s

p r o b le m s .

f

and

d e te r m in in g

in s p e c tin g

a s s is t
or

In te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts , s k e t c h e s ,

i n g :

s u b o r d in a te s

p e rfo r m

w o rk

p roced u res;

th e ir w o rk ;

r e la te d

d u r in g

d u tie s

o f

a s s ig n in g

p e r fo r m in g

m ore

e m e r g e n c ie s

or

a

s u p e r v is o r y

d if­
a~s

or

a

ad ­

n a tu re .

A
e m p lo y e e s
p r e m is e s
t i o n

o

f

r e g is te r e d
or

o f a fa c to ry

t h e

f o

l l o w

i n g

s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g
tre a te d ;

p r e p a r in g

c o n d u c tin g
and

n u rse

o th e r p e r s o n s

g iv e s

n u r s in g

becom e

:

G iv in g

fir s t a id

to

s e r v ic e

ill or s u ffe r

o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
th e

D u tie s

e x a m in a tio n s
p la n n in g

fo r c o m p e n s a tio n
and

h e a lth

a n d c a r r y in g

to

an

ill

o r in ju r e d

a c c id e n t on

in v o lv e

a

c o m

reco rd s

o f p a tie n ts

e v a lu a tio n s

o u t p ro g ram s

o f a p p lic a n ts

in v o lv in g

a c tiv itie s

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
P rep ares

in g
of

D u tie s

p la n s , d e ta il
d r a ftin g

p la n s

a

c o m

b i n a t i o n

d e t a il d r a w in g s

fro m

o

f

t h e

f o

l l o w

i n g :

n o te s,

P r e p a r in g

d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t io n s , e t c ., to

in s tr u m e n t s ; m a k in g




and

w e lfa r e ,

s a fe ty

of

a ll

o th e r

p e r s o n n e l.

ro u gh

fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g

in v o lv e

and

h e a lth ,

h e a lth

or

TRA CER

w o r k in g

o r d e ta ile d s k e t c h e s
p o se s.

o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,

th e

-

to

o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ;

e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n
a ffe c tin g

th e

b in a

i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g

o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g

a c c id e n t re p o rts

p h y s ic a l

e m p lo y e e s ; a n d

w ho
w ho

e n g in e e r in g

c o m p u ta tio n s

s c a le
su ch

a s

by

C o p ie s

p u r­

w o rk ­
u se

th o s e

in g

c lo th

or

p la n s a n d

p aper

T -sq u a re, co m p a ss,
in g s

a n d d o s im p le

over
and

d r a w in g s

d r a w in g

p rep ared

and

o th e r d r a ftin g

le tte r in g .

tr a c in g
to o ls .

b y o th e rs , b y
w ith
M ay

pen

p la c in g

o r p e n c il.

p rep are

s im p le

tra c ­
U ses
d raw ­

25
M A IN T E N A N C E

D

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BO ILER

C A R PEN TER , MAINTENANCE
P e rfo rm s th e c a rp e n try
ta in

in

good

co u n te rs,
m ade

r e p a ir b u ild in g

b en ch es,

of w ood

P la n n in g
verb al

in

and

an

and

c o m p u ta tio n s
essa ry

out

r e q u ir e s

u s in g

co n stru c t an d

flo o r s ,

s ta ir s ,

a

v a r ie ty

m

o s t

o

f

tr a in in g

e m p lo y e d

tr im

f o l l o w

o p e ra te s

a

i n g :

and

s ta tio n a r y

w ith

v a lv e s .

M ay

h e a t,

b o ile r s

p ow er,

or

to

fu r n is h

ste a m .

h a n d to o ls ,

o f th e

a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly

p o r ta b le

s ta n d a rd

c le a n ,

o il,

or

a s s is t

in

r e p a ir in g

a c q u ir e d

ca rp e n te r

th ro u g h

a

fo r­

A s s is ts
b y p e r fo r m in g

and

one

or m ore w o rk e rs

s p e c ific

a w o rk e r s u p p lie d

in

of

w ith

m a te r ia ls

and

tr a d e

fu n c tio n s

in s t a lla t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t fo r th e
tr ib u tio n ,
in v o lv e s

or
m

u tiliz a tio n

o s t

o

f

t h e

of

e le c tr ic

f o l l o w

i n g :

o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h
c o n tr o lle r s , c ir c u it

as

b reak ers,

o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n

en ergy

I n s ta llin g

in
or

an

su ch

w o rk er

o th e r u n s k ille d

a s

lo a d

s y s te m

m o to rs,

h e a tin g

u n its ,

e r a l, th e

g e n e r a tin g , d is ­

m itte d

to

any

w o rk

of

w ir in g

o f th e

and

s ta n d a rd

th a t a re

te s tin g

th ro u g h

a

u s in g

th e

r e q u ir e s

e le c ­

r e la tin g
a

v a r ie ty

in s tr u m e n t s .

fo r m a l

is

th e

ro u n d ed

to
of

In g e n ­
tr a in in g

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

or

a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

and

p ly

th e

tio n ,

and

e s ta b lis h m e n t

or

and

m ay a ls o

in

w h ic h

e m p lo y e d

W o rk

in v o lv e s :

tu r b in e s ,
b o ile r -fe d
o p e r a tio n

as

s te a m

v e n tila tin g

and

r e fr ig e r a tin g

o p e r a tio n s .

e m

t h a n

m




o r e

o n e

area, m a­

m a te r ia ls

fr o m

tra d e

liftin g ,

a re a s; and

in

o p e r a tio n s ,

on a

w o r k in g

k e e p in g

or

jo u r n e y m a n . T h e

v a r ie s

m a c h in e

tra d e s ,

as

fu ll- tim e

to

and

tra d e :

h o ld in g

o th e rs

or

to o ls ;
k in d

he

p a rts

m a­

is

ot

of
In

p er­

a

tr a d e

b a s is .

su ch

o r m illin g
jig s ,

as

jig

th e o p e r a tio n
to

su p ­

in

m a c h in e s

fix tu r e s ,

or

th e

o p e r a tio n

in

th e

d ie s .

c o n s tr u c tio n

W o rk

in v o lv e s

a n d p e r fo r m in g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g
c o m p lic a te d
c is io n

se tu p s

m e a s u r in g

r e q u is ite
to o ls

and

one

o r a h ig h

m a k in g

d egree

m

n eed

c u ttin g

or

d r e s s in g ,
and

o s t

o

e x c lu d e d

fro m

th is

f

t h e

of accu racy;

n ecessa ry

to le r a n c e s

ty p e s

fe e d s ,

to

d ress

lu b r ic a tin g

u s in g

o ils .

be

P la n n in g
r e q u ir in g

a

v a r ie ty

to o lin g

to

o f p re­
and

op­

o p e r a tio n

r e q u ir e d

and

la th e s ,
g au ges,

i n g :

d u r in g

M ay

to o ls ,

to o ls ,

ite m s

f o l l o w

sp eed s,

a d ju s tm e n ts

d im e n s io n s .

o f m a c h in e

g r in d e r s , e n g in e

o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g

to

to

reco g ­

s e le c t

p rop er

F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w a g e s tu d y

p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lr o o m , in
are

or m ore

o f m a c h in e -s h o p

in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c t in g

seq u en ce;

w hen

of

b o re rs , c y lin d r ic a l or s u r fa c e

to o l an d

d ie

jo b b in g

sh op s

p a rts

in

m a k in g r e p a ir s

in

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

c la s s ific a tio n .

p o w e r, h e a t, r e fr ig e r a ­

O p e r a tin g

e q u ip m e n t,

e q u ip m e n t

m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , a n d

s u p e r v is e th e s e
p l o y i n g

w ith

by

s u p p ly in g ,

t p

b y w o rk ers

c le a n in g
h o ld in g

d ir e c te d

w o r k in g

s k ill, su ch

and

m a in ta in in g

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to rs

w a te r p u m p s ; m a k in g
of

s u p e r v is e

e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r i c a l)

a ir - c o n d itio n in g .

e q u ip m e n t s u c h

e q u ip m e n t.

s k il le d m a in te n a n c e

by

p e rfo r m

c o n fin e d

s p e c ia liz e d

S p e c ia liz e s
to o ls ,

n iz e

m a in ta in s
and

or

s a fe ty

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

c o o la n ts

e n g in e s

to

c le a n in g

p e rfo r m e d

e r a tio n

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O p e ra te s

p e r m itte d

p e rfo r m

a ls o

ta sk s

h e lp e r is

to o ls

a c h ie v e

o f s ta tio n a r y

w a te r an d

s y ste m s,

in

c o m p u ta tio n s

e le c tr ic ia n

a c q u ir e d

w h ic h

hand

o f a v a r ie ty

c o n d u it

o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t;
m e a s u r in g a n d

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly

e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g

W o rk

e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g fro m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , l a y ­

h a n d to o ls

e x p e r ie n c e

tra d e s
and

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

r e p a ir in g

h e lp e r

te r ia ls

g e n e r a to r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s ,

e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g

r e q u ir e m e n ts

e le c tr ic ia n ’ s

and

or

as

th e

th e

o u t, o r o th e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ; lo c a t in g a n d d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le
tr ic a l

by

b o ile r r o o m

o f le s s e r

to o ls ;

e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g

w o rk

e le c tr ic a l

th e

or g e n e r a l d u tie s

c h in e , a n d

e x p e r ie n c e .

som e
v a r ie ty

fir e

H E L P E R , TRA D ES, MAINTENANCE

n e c­

m a in te n a n c e

ELECTRICIA N , MAINTENANCE
a

to

sh op

m a te r ia ls

o f w o rk ; s e le c tin g
w o rk

o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g

P e rfo rm s

e s t a b li s h m e n t in
fu e ls

m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , or o il b u rn er; c h e c k s

p e r fo r m in g

m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip

th e

F eed s

b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r

o f c a r p e n t e r 's

d im e n s io n s

In g e n e r a l, th e

t h e

F ir e s

m a in ­

a s b in s , c r ib s ,

c a s in g s ,

m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n t s ; m a k in g

to

w o rk .

ro u n d ed

d o ors,

o f w o r k fro m

s ta n d a rd

r e la tin g

fo r th e

n e c e s s a r y to

e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s

la y in g

in s tr u c tio n s ;

p o w er to o ls ,

d u tie s

w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h

p a r titio n s ,

P O W E R P L A N T

H

e a d

e n g i n e e r

o r
a r e

c h

i e f

s te a m

b o ile r s

r e p a ir s ; k e e p in g

fu e l

c o n s u m p tio n .

e n g i n e e r s

e x c l u d e d

.

i n

and

a record
M ay

e s t a b l i s h m

of

a l s o
e n t s

P ro d u ces
m e ta l p a rts
in v o lv e s

m

r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts a n d

o s t

o

f

t h e

f o l l o w

s p e c if ic a t io n s ; p la n n in g
c h i n i s t 's

new

o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d

h a n d t o o ls

and

i n g :

I n te r p r e tin g

la y in g

a n d p r e c is io n

an

w r itte n

o u t o f w o rk ; u s in g

m e a s u r in g

in s tr u c tio n s
a

o f

W o rk
and

v a r ie ty

of

m a­

in s tr u m e n ts ; s e t t in g

up

and

26

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
o p e r a tin g
an ces;

sta n d a rd

m a c h in e

to o ls ;

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

s h a p in g

o f m e ta l p a rts

m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to

to o lin g , fe e d s
e r tie s

of

and

th e

sp eed s

com m on

e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d

o f m a c h in in g ;

m e ta ls ;

fo r h is

fittin g

c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.

In

a

m a c h in e -s h o p

rou n d ed

tr a in in g

in

fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip

g e n e r a l,

th e

sta n d a rd

and

p r a c tic e

o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g

of

th e

w o rk

u s u a lly
and

to le r -

o f w o rk ,

w o r k in g

p rop ­

m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , a n d

a s s e m b lin g

m a c h in is t’ s

c lo s e

d im e n s io n s

k n o w le d g e

s e le c tin g

w o rk ;

to

p a rts

in to

n o r m a lly

m e­

r e q u ir e s

a c q u ir e d

th ro u g h

a

are

r e q u ir e d .

out of
v a r ie ty
la tin g
and
to

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R e p a ir s

e q u ip m e n t

to

p e r fo r m in g

r e p a ir s

d ia g n o s e

m

o s t

so u rce

th a t

o

f

of

in v o lv e

t h e

f o

l l o w

i n g :

E x a m in in g

tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g

th e

u se

of su ch

v a lv e s ;

b ro k en

or

d e fe c tiv e

r e a s s e m b lin g

a n d m a k in g
lig h ts ,

m e c h a n ic
th ro u g h

r e q u ir e s

a fo rm a l

fr o m

a n d in s ta llin g th e

n ece ssa ry

or tig h te n in g

p a rts

a d ju s tm e n ts ;
body

b o lts .

rou n d ed

v a r io u s

and

be

o f an

e s ­

a s

w ren ch es,

or fittin g

g r in d in g

and

e q u ip m e n t

w o rk

i c a l e q u ip m e n t
m a n tlin g

to

in

p a rts

ite m s

w ith

m ent p art b y
fo r

m a jo r

fo r th e

th e

w o rk

e x p e r ie n c e

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

p e r ie n c e
tr a in in g
w h ose

a

and

a c q u ir e d

e x p e r ie n c e .

su ch

a c q u ir e d

p r im

a c q u ir e d

a r y

d u t i e s

p a rts;

w r itte n

o rd ered

r e p la c in g

and

m echan ­

o r p a r tly

in v o lv e

b ro k en

m a c h in e to

s p e c ific a tio n s

fro m

m a c h in e

a d ju s tm e n ts

m e c h a n ic

th ro u g h
E x c lu d e d

in v o lv e

th a t m a in ly

o f th e

th e

or

a

s e ttin g

up

th is

of

sh op

fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s

rou n d ed

tr a in in g
or

c la s s ific a tio n

o r a d ju s tin g

In

or

m a­

g e n e r a l,
and

e x ­

e q u iv a le n t
are

w o rk ers

m a c h in e s .

P a in ts
ta b lis h m e n t.
lia r itie s
s u rfa c e

and

in s ta lls

m a c h in e s

or




h eavy

h eavy

e q u ip m e n t

e q u ip m e n t a n d

w hen

d r iv e s

ch an ges

in

i n

ty p e s

and

c o lo r s ,
or

a

v o

and

ce n te rs

in

sp eed

good

c o m p u ta tio n s

o f g r a v ity ;

red u cers.

a ro u n d ed

a

re­

a lin in g
p a rts

o rd e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n
In

tr a in in g

fo rm a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip

o il or g r e a s e ,

l v e s

r e q u ir e s

g e n e r a l,

and

th e

e x p e r ie n c e

m ill­
in

o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g

th e
and

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g

su r­

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

w a lls ,
f o

b y r e m o v in g

in te r s tic e s ;

o i l s , w h ite

ro u n d ed

t h e

l l o w

o f p a in t r e q u ir e d

In

o ld

and

and

fix tu r e s

K n o w le d g e

of

fin is h

or by

p a in t w ith

th e

w o rk

e x p e r ie n c e

o f

th e

u s u a lly

m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g

and

of an e s ­

s u rfa c e

gun

or fille r

or b ru sh .

to

o b ta in

m a in t e n a n c e

a c q u ir e d

p ecu ­

p r e p a r in g

p la c in g p u tty
sp ray

o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n ts

g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

w o o d w o rk , an d

i n g :

fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;

a p p ly in g

le a d ,

c o n s is te n c y .

in

M ay

p rop er
p a in te r

th ro u g h

a

fo r­

e x p e r ie n c e .

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
I n s ta lls
p ip e fittin g s

in

d is m a n tle s

and

th e p la n t la y o u t

o r r e p a ir s

an

w a te r, s te a m , g a s ,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

W o rk

to lo c a te

o r o th e r w r itte n

c u ttin g

le n g th s
c h in e ;
or

w ith

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

c h is e l and

th r e a d in g

p o w e r - d r iv e n

p ip e

s iz e

w ith

sto ck s

W

s a n i t a t i o n

o r

p ip e

p ip e s

p ip e fitte r

th ro u g h

p e r ie n c e .

and

a

o r k e r s

h e a t i n g

sh op

o s t

r e q u ir e d ;

p ip e

r e q u ir e s

m a k in g

ro u n d ed

s y s t e m

e n g a g e d
s

a r e

i n

or

e x c l u d e d

and

f o l l o w

i n g :

fr o m

d r a w in g s

o f p ip e

to

p ip e

by

te sts
th e

and

fa s te n in g
p ressu res,

to

d e te r m in e

w o rk

e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
a n d

m a­

h a n d -d r iv e n

an d e x p e r ie n c e

g

co rrect

o r p ip e - c u ttin g

In g e n e r a l,

s t a l l i n

.

o f p ip e

t h e

r e la t in g to

sta n d a rd

i n

f

c o u p lin g s

tr a in in g

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

a r i l y

b e n d in g
w ith

o

o f p ip e

s iz e s

c o m p u ta tio n s

m eet s p e c ific a tio n s .

fo rm a l
p r i m

p o s itio n

v a r io u s

d ie s ;

m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g

of

m

h am m er or o x y a c e t y le n e to rc h

p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d
and

o r o th e r ty p e s

in v o lv e s

L a y in g o u t o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r in g

a c q u ir e d
or

m a in ta in in g

an d re d e c o ra te s

W o rk

fo r p a in tin g

m a in te n a n c e

m a c h in e s

sh op

la y in g

u s in g

PA IN TER, MAINTENANCE

flo w ,

MILLWRIGHT
new

as

th ro u g h

w h e th e r fin is h e d

I n s ta lls

and

and

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

sta n d a rd

m a te r ia ls ,

P la n n in g

i n g :

d e fe c tiv e

s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g

fo rm a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip
fr o m

l l o w

d is ­

u se

a m a c h in e

fo r o p e r a tio n .

r e q u ir e s

f o

o r o th e r

m a k in g

o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n

s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e ­

a ll n e c e s s a ry

e x p e r ie n c e .

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a c h in e s

tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g

o r s e n d in g

p r e p a r in g

m a in t e n a n c e

u s u a lly
and

of

r e p a ir s

fittin g

fr o m

E x a m in in g

i n g :

so u rce

and

o f p a rts

m a k in g

of

l l o w

of

and

L u b r ic a t e s , w ith
fa c e s

m ix

p e r fo r m in g

o b ta in e d

r e p a ir s ;

and

f o

m a c h in e s h o p

p r o d u c tio n

c h in e s ;

and

s c r a p in g

a

t h e

d ia g n o s e

m a c h in e s

h a n d t o o ls

f

stre n g th

w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s

and

o f th e a u to m o tiv e

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n
o

t h e

O ILER

c o lo r

o s t

f

p a rts;

a d ju s tin g

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

m

an d r ig g in g ;

u s e d ; in s ta llin g

n a il h o le s

W o rk i n v o l v e s

o

a u to m o tiv e

w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s

o r e q u iv a le n t

o s t

b lu e p r in ts

a s s e m b li e s in th e v e h i c le

In g e n e r a l, th e

tr a in in g

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

sto ck ;

a lin in g

stre sse s,

e q u ip m e n t a n d

h a n d t o o ls

g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g
r e p la c in g

to

m

e x p e r ie n c e .

a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to rtru c k s , a n d tr a c to r s

W o rk in v o lv e s

o f h a n d t o o ls

w r ig h t’ s

e x p e r ie n c e .

W o rk in v o l v e s

w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g

b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t i n g s ta n d a r d t o o ls , e q u ip m e n t, a n d

tra d e

ta b lis h m e n t.

th e

r e p a i r i n g

of

th e

u s u a lly
and

e x ­

b u i l d i n g

27
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUM BER, MAINTENANCE
K eep s
W o rk

th e

in v o lv e s :

v e n ts

and

p lu m b in g

K n o w le d g e

tra p s

in

s y s te m
of

p lu m b in g

of an

s a n ita r y
s y s te m ;

d r a in s

g e n e r a l, th e

m a in te n a n c e

w o rk

e x p e r ie n c e

of

th e

u s u a lly

w ith

a c q u ir e d

a

in

r e g a r d in g

in s ta llin g

fix t u r e s ; o p e n in g c lo g g e d

and

e s ta b lis h m e n t

co d es

p lu n g e r

or
or

r e p a ir in g
p lu m b e r ’ s

p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s

th ro u g h

good

( D ie m a k e r; jig

o rd er.

in s ta lla tio n
p ip e s

C o n stru c ts

and

sn ak e.

In

ro u n d e d tr a in in g

a fo rm a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv ­

tu re s

or d ie s

in v o lv e s
m o d e ls ,

m

and

o s t

o

f

t h e

b lu e p r in ts ,

u s in g

e x p e r ie n c e .

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

a v a r ie ty

in s tr u m e n ts ,

m e ta ls

and

F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls ,
e q u ip m e n t

s h e lv e s ,

or

and

fix tu r e s

m a in ta in s

(su ch

a s

in

good

m a c h in e

r e p a ir

W o rk in v o l v e s

m

o s t

o

f

t h e

f o

l l o w

th e

sh e e t-

g rea se

gu ard s,

lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n tila to r s , c h u te s , d u c ts , m e ta l

e s ta b lis h m e n t.
in g

and

p an s,

r o o fin g ) o f a n

P la n n in g

i n g :

and

la y ­

o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k fro m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls ,
o th e r

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

s e ttin g

s h e e t- m e ta l- w o r k in g m a c h in e s ;
b e n d in g ,
m e ta l

fo r m in g , s h a p in g ,

a r tic le s

s h e e t-m e ta l
a c q u ir e d

a s

th ro u g h

In

r e q u ir e s
a

and

u s in g

fittin g ,

r e q u ir e d .

w o rk er

up

a v a r ie ty

and

a ll a v a ila b le

o f h a n d t o o ls

a s s e m b lin g ;

g e n e r a l,

ro u n d ed

fo rm a l

o p e r a tin g

th e

w o rk

tr a in in g

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

of

and

or

in

in s ta llin g
th e

m aker; g a u g e

m aker)

of

c u ttin g ,
sh e e t-

f o l l o w

to o l

and

d u r in g

r e q u ir e d
o f p a rts

q u a litie s ;
to

s e ttin g

and

and
as

to o lin g

to

w o r k in g

to o ls

and

to o l
and

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

m eas­

an d r e la te d

to

d im e n s io n s

d ie s

to

o f m e ta l
a c h ie v e

a n d a s s e m b lin g

a llo w a n c e s ; s e le c tin g
th e

fro m

o f com m on

h e a ttr e a tin g

to o ls

in m a c h in e - s h o p

a fo rm a l

o f w o rk

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

r e la tin g

m a c h in e s ;

In g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

fix ­
W o rk

a n d p r e c is io n

to le r a n c e s ; fittin g

and

jig s ,

p r o p e r tie s

o f m a c h in e

o f fin is h e d

c lo s e

to le r a n c e s

th ro u g h

of

out

w r itte n

c o m p u ta tio n s

w e ll a s

g a u g es,

la y in g

h a n d t o o ls

th e

o p e r a tin g

sh op

p ro ce sse s.

a ro u n d ed

a c q u ir e d

of

and

o ral and

m ak er’ s

up and

w o r k in g

p r e s c r ib e d

w o rk r e q u ir e s

and

d ie

to o ls ,

o th e r m e ta l- fo r m in g w o r k .

o th e r

u n d e r s ta n d in g

fa b r ic a tio n

m a te r ia ls , to o ls ,

u s u a lly

or

m a k in g n e c e s s a r y

and

P la n n in g

i n g :

d r a w in g s ,

o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s ,
p a rts

m a c h in e -s h o p

a p p r o p r ia te

and

d ie

to o lr o o m

m ak er’s
p r a c tic e

or e q u iv a le n t

tr a in in g

e x p e r ie n c e .

m a in te n a n c e

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

ty p e s

of

a llo y s ;

e q u ip m e n t;

m e ta l

a n d r e p a ir s

fo r f o r g in g s , p u n c h in g

u r in g

a le n t tr a in in g

m a k e r; to o l m a k e r; fix tu r e

of

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

F or

and
in

e x p e r ie n c e .

to o l

and

c r o s s - in d u s tr y
d ie

jo b b in g

w age

sh op s

s tu d y

are

p u rp o s e s , to o l

e x c lu d e d

fro m

and

th is

d ie

m akers

c la s s ific a tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
JANITOR, PO R TER , OR C LEA N ER — Continued

ELEVATO R OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ra n s p o rts
a p a rtm e n t
W o rkers
th o s e

h o u se,

w ho

p assen gers

d e p a rtm e n t

o p e ra te

o f s ta rte rs

and

e le v a to r s
ja n ito r s

b e tw e e n

s to re ,
in

are

flo o r s

h o te l

or

of

an

o ffic e

s im ila r

b u ild in g ,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

o r o th e r

w ith

o th e r d u tie s s u c h a s

GUARD

m

e n

w

o t h e r

h o

r o u tin e

o rd e r, u s in g

a r e

p e r s o n s

s t a t i o n e d
e n t e r i n g

a t

p o lic e

d u tie s , e ith e r a t fix e d

arm s or fo r c e
g a t e

a n d

w h ere

c h e c k

o n

D u tie s

o th e r r e fu s e ; d u s tin g
fix tu r e s

m e ta l

e n t i t y

o

s e r v ic e s ;

s p e c ia liz e

or

w in d o w

a

c o m

b i n a t i o n

p o lis h in g

o f

t h e

f o l l o w

f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g

i n g :

c h ip s ,

e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h ­

tr im m in g s ;

c le a n in g
in

and

p r o v id in g

s u p p lie s

la v a to r ie s , s h o w e r s ,
w a s h in g

are

and

and

m in o r m a in te -*

re stro o m s.

W o rkers

e x c lu d e d .

p o s t o r o n to u r,

n e ce ssa ry .
i d

in v o lv e

s c r u b b in g ,

tra s h , an d

w ho
P e rfo rm s

o r

in g

c o n ju n c tio n
e x c lu d e d .

nan ce

m a in ta in in g

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

S w e e p i n g , m o p p in g

I n c l u d
f

e m

e s

g a t e -

p l o y e e s

a n d

LA BO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING

.
(L o a d er and

u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d

m an o r s to c k

JANITOR, PO R TER , OR CLEA N ER

h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u s e m a n

sta c k e r;

s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ; s to c k -

or w areh o u se

h e lp e r )

(S w e e p e r; ch a rw o m a n ; ja n itr e s s )
A
C le a n s an d

k eep s

a n d w a s h ro o m s , o r p re m is e s




in

an

o f an

o r d e r ly

c o n d itio n

fa c to ry

w o r k in g a r e a s

o f f ic e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l

w o r k e r e m p lo y e d

o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
i n g :

L o a d in g

and

in

w h ose

u n lo a d in g

a

w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g

d u tie s
v a r io u s

in v o lv e

o n e

m a te r ia ls

o r

and

m

o r e

p la n t , s to r e ,
o

f

t h e

f o

m e r c h a n d is e

l l o w

on

­

or

28

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and files.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under ll tons)
/
2
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power ( o k i t
frlf)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE :1960

O— 541 132

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. These bulletins, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1961.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Cleveland, Ohio, September 1959 — BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959 —
BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1959 — BLS Bull. 1265*3, price 20 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102