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Occupational Wage Survey

ATLANTA, GEORGIA
JUNE 1960

etin No. 1265-60




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




ATLANTA, GEORGIA
JUNE 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-60
August

1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

P age
The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The B ureau of Labor S ta tistics regu larly conducts
areaw id e wage su rveys in a num ber of im portant industrial
cen ters. The stu dies, m ade from late fa ll to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A p relim in ary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, u su ally in the month follow ing
the p ayroll period studied. This b u lletin p rovid es additional
data not included in the e a rlier report. A consolidated
an alytical bulletin sum m arizing the r e su lts of a ll of the
y e a r 's su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of su rveys.
This report w as prepared in the B ureau's region al
office in Atlanta, Ga. , by Donald C ruse, under the d ir e c ­
tion of Louis B. W oytych, R egional Wage and Industrial
R elations A nalyst.




Intr oduction ____ -_______________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ----------- ------------------------

1

4

Tables:
1. E stab lish m en ts and w ork ers w ithin scop e of su rvey _________
2 . Indexes of standard w eekly sa la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings for selec te d occupational groups,
and p ercen ts of change for selec te d p eriod s —_______-_____
A: O ccupational earnings: *
A - 1. O ffice o c cu p a tio n s------------------------------------------------------------A - 2. P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical occu p ation s--------------------------A -3. M aintenance and pow erplant occu p ation s________________
A -4. C ustodial and m a teria l m ovem ent o c cu p a tio n s-------------B: E stablishm en t p ra ctices and supplem entary w age
p ro vision s: *
B - l. Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _________________________________________
B -2 . M inim um entrance sa la r ie s for w om en
office w o r k e r s _________________ ________ -______ __________
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours ------------------------------------------------ —
B -4 . Paid holidays —-----------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . Paid v a c a tio n s _________________ ,__________________________
B - 6 . Health, insuran ce, and pen sion p la n s___________________

13
14
15
16
17
19

Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s ---------------------------------------------- —

21

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are availab le in the Atlanta area
rep orts for M arch of each year from 1951 to 1955, A pril 1956
and 1957, May 1958, and May 1959. The latter rep ort was
lim ited to occupational earn in gs. A d irectory indicating date
of study and the p rice of the rep orts, a s w ell as rep orts for
other major* a rea s, is availab le upon req u est.
Current rep orts on occupational earnings and supple­
m entary w age p ra ctices in the Atlanta area are a lso availab le
for h otels (A pril I960), and fluid m ilk (A pril <I960). Union
sc a le s, indicative of p revailin g pay le v e ls, are availab le for
the follow ing trades or in d u stries: Building construction, p rin t­
ing, lo c a l-tr a n sit operating em p loyees, and m otortru ck d riv ers
and h elp ers.
iii

3
3
5
9
10
11




Occupational Wage Survey—Atlanta, Ga.
Introduction

T his area is one of se v e r a l im portant in d u strial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r's B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage ben efits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v is its of B ureau field eco n o m ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within s ix broad industry division s: M anufacturing: tran sp ortation , 1
com m u nication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu d ies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and ex tractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted a lso b ecau se
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T h ese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecause of the
u n n ecessa ry c o st involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to a ll estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for th ose below the m inim um s iz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations se lec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform s e t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fessio n a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regu lar w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssific a tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and
1 R ailroad s, fo rm erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n ea rly a ll of the areas to be studied during the
w in ter of 1959-60; ra ilroad s w ill be added in the rem aining a rea s next
y ea r. F or scope of su rvey in this area, se e footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1 .




late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incen tive earnings are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s are paid; average w eekly earn in gs for th ese
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and w om en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to ( 1 ) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2 ) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are ap propriately c la ss ifie d w ithin
the sam e su rvey job descrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la r ie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average se r v ic e of m en would r e su lt in higher average pay
when both se x e s are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p lo yees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore g en era lized than those u sed in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scop e of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re am ong
esta b lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the earn**
ings data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted a lso (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary b en efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as u sed
in this bu lletin , includes w orking su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w ork ers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including lea d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and force-a cco u n t con stru ction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing in d u stries.

2

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al ar range m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
accord ing to em p loyer p ractice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, p ercen t of annual ea rn in gs, or fla t-su m am ou n ts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of
annual earn ings w as co n sid ered as the equ ivalent of 1 week* s pay.

Data are p resen ted for a ll h ealth , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg a l req u irem en ts such as w orkm en 1 s com p ensation
and so cia l secu r ity . Such plans include th ose underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l in suran ce com pany and th ose provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em p loyer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund s e t asid e for th is purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce is lim ited' to that type of in ­
surance under which p red eterm in ed ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the in sured on a w eek ly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isa b ility . Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isa b ility insuran ce law s w hich require e m ­
ployer con trib u tion s , 4 plans are included only if the em p loyer ( 1 ) con ­
trib u tes m ore than is leg a lly req u ired , or (2 ) provides the em ployee
with b en efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . T abulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s 5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absen ce from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
( 1 ) plans which provide fu ll pay and no w aiting period, and (2 ) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting p eriod. In addition to the
p resentation of the proportions o f w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accid en t insuran ce or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to a s t extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans w hich are d esign ed to p rotect
em p lo yees in c a se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al co verage of h osp italiza tio n , m ed ica l, and su rg ica l p lan s.
M edical insuran ce re fe r s to plans providing for com p lete or p artial
paym ent of d o c to rs 1 fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . T abulations of retirem en t p en sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er 's life .

2 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a p olicy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2 ) had form al p ro vision s co verin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (fir st sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade p rior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w ork ers e m ­
ployed in o ffices w ith the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
it esta b lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick lea ve that
could be expected by each em p lo y ee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e a llow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift d ifferen tial data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. T his inform ation is p resen ted both in term s of (a) e sta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 p resen ted in term s of total plant w orker em p lo y­
m ent, and (b) effectiv e p ra ctice, p resen ted on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified sh ift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the am ount applying to
a m ajority w as u sed o r , if no am ount applied to a m ajority, Ihe c la s ­
sifica tio n ''other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al r a te s, a d ifferen tial w as record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the sh ift h ou rs.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isite d . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a s is . P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
h ealth , in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistic a lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to a ll plant or office w orkers if a m a ­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices lis te d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are co v ere d . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in th ese
tabulations m ay hot equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b in es whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




3
T a b le 1. E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b er stu d ie d in A tla n ta , G a ., 1 by m a jo r in d u str y d iv is io n , * Ju n e i9 6 0
M in im u m
e m p lo y m en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in sc o p e
o f stu d y

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d i v is io n s --------- ------------- ------- — —
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------ — —

-----

N u m b er o f e s ta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
sc o p e o f
stu d y *

W o rk ers in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin sc o p e o f stu d y

S tu d ied

T o ta l4

O ffic e

S tu d ied
P la n t

T o ta l 4

_____ --------- --------------

51

79 0

209

1 7 0 ,8 0 0

34, 200

1 0 6 .1 0 0

104, 420

— --------------------------------—

51
51

266
524

68
141

7 0 , 200
1 0 0 ,6 0 0

7 ,2 0 0
2 7 ,0 0 0

5 1 ,9 0 0
54, 200

4 5 , 120
59, 300

51
51
51
51
51

75
137
145
88
79

26
35
34
25
21

31, 300
1 7 ,6 0 0
2 9 ,1 0 0
1 3 ,9 0 0
8 ,7 0 0

6 ,0 0 0
5, 500
3 ,8 0 0
9 ,8 0 0
C)

1 7 ,4 0 0
8 , 100
2 2 , 100
* 1 ,0 0 0
C)

23, 370
6, 690
1 7 ,8 2 0
7 , 180
4, 240

T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 _____________________ _______ __________ _____ _
W h o le sa le t r a d e ---------------------------------------- -----------------------— ___
R e ta il tr a d e ------------------------------ -------- — — -— ------------------—
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ---------------------- ------- —
S e r v ic e s 7 _
___ ___ ____________ _____ _

1 T he A tla n ta M e tr o p o lita n A r e a (C la y to n , C ob b, D eK alb , F u lto n , and G w in n ett C o u n tie s). T he " w o r k er s w ith in sc o p e o f stu d y" e s t im a te s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a so n a b ly a c c u r a te
d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o sitio n o f th e la b o r fo r c e in clu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T he e s t im a te s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m en t
in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m en t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) p lan n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s th e u s e o f e sta b lish m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d and
(2) s m a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th e sc o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f th e Stan d ard In d u str ia l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w a s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lish m e n ts by in d u str y d iv is io n . M ajor c h a n g e s fr o m th e e a r lie r e d itio n (u se d in
th e B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r io r to th e w in te r o f 1 9 5 8 -5 9 ) a r e th e tr a n sfe r o f m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n p la n ts and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lis h m e n ts fr o m tr a d e (w h o le sa le o r
r e ta il) to m a n u fa c tu r in g , and th e tr a n sfe r o f r a d io and te le v is io n b r o a d c a stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to th e tr a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
* In c lu d e s a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m en t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h in d u s tr ie s a s tr a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, an d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e p a r a te o ffic e and p la n t c a te g o r ie s .
5 R a ilr o a d s w e r e in clu d ed ; ta x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n sp o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
4 E stim a te r e la te s to r e a l e s ta te e s ta b lish m e n ts o n ly .
7 H o te ls; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iz a tio n s; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .
* T h is in d u str y d iv is io n is r e p r e se n te d in e s t im a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " an d " n on m an u factu rin g" in th e S e r ie s A and B ta b le s , a lth ou gh c o v e r a g e w a s in su ffic ie n t to ju s tify se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n
o f d a ta .

T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d 'o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in A tla n ta , G a .,
Ju ne I9 6 0 an d M ay 1 9 5 9 , and p e r c e n ts o f ch a n g e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l group

ln d e: ces
(M arch 19 53 * 100)
Ju ne 1960
M ay 1959

M ay 1959
to
June I9 6 0

M ay 1958
to
M ay 1959

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s 1 fr o m —
M a r c h 1955
A p r il 1957
A p r il 1956
to
to
to
A o r il 1957
M ay 1958
A o r il 1956

M a r c h 1954
to
M a rch 1955

A ll in d u str ie s:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w o m en ) _______________________________
In d u str ia l n u r se s (w o m e n )_____________________________
S k ille d m a in ten a n c e ( m e n ) ------------------------------------------U n sk ille d plan t (m en ) __________________________________

1 3 2 .5
1 4 3 .5
1 3 6 .7
1 3 9 .3

1 2 6 .9
1 3 7 .4
1 3 1 .5
137. 1

4 .4
4 .4
4 .0
1 .6

3 .9
4 .7
4 .0
1 .0

5 .6
5 .5
6 .2
5 .6

3 .4
3 .8
4. 3
4 .9

6 .3
9 .0
5 .4
1 3 .6

2 .2
4 .3
2 .9
1 .8

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w o m en ) _____________________________ _
In d u str ia l n u r se s (w o m e n )-------------------------- ---------------S k ille d m a in ten a n c e ( m e n ) ____________________________
U n sk ille d p lant (m e n ) ____________________ ____________

1 3 4 .5
145. 9
1 3 4 .3
1 3 7 .4

1 2 7 .0
1 3 8 .5
1 3 0 .3
1 3 8 .8

5 .9
5 .4
3. 1
* - 1 .0

2 .5
5 .1
3 .4
2 .1

6 .8
6 .0
6 .8
7 .3

5 .0
5 .0
3 .9
6 .6

4 .4
8 .8
5 .0
1 1 .4

1 .9
4 .3
3 .1
1 .7

M a rch 1953
to
M a rch 1954
3 .0
5. 3
5. 3
5. V
3 .8
4. 4
4. V
4. V

1 U n le s s o th e r w ise in d ic a te d , a ll a r e in c r e a s e s .
2 R ate in c r e a s e s fo r w o r k e r s in th is c a te g o r y sin c e th e M ay 1959 su r v e y w e r e m o r e th an o ffs e t by th e o m is s io n fr o m th e c u r r e n t stu d y , o f th e e a r n in g s o f s o m e h ig h e r -p a id w o r k e r s no
lo n g e r c la s s ifie d in th is c a te g o r y b e c a u se o f a ch a n g e in th e ir d u tie s.




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are in d exes of s a la r ie s of office c le r ic a l
w orkers and industrial n u r se s, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F or office c le r ic a l w orkers and industrial n u r se s, the indexes
relate to average w eek ly sa la r ie s for norm al hours of w ork, that is ,
the standard w ork sched ule for w hich stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in stra ig h t-tim e hourly
ea rn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eek ­
end s, h olid ays, and late sh ifts. The* indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m o st of the n u m erically im portant
jobs w ithin each group. The office c le r ic a l data are based on w om en in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine); bookkeepingm achine op erators, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter operators; clferks, file ,
c la ss -A and B; cle rk s, order; cle r k s, payroll; keypunch operators;
office g irls; secr e ta r ie s; sten ograp h ers, general; sw itchboard op era­
tors; sw itchboard o p era to r-recep tio n ists; tabulating-m achine operators;
tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general; and ty p ists, cla ss A and B.
The in d u strial nurse data are based on w om en industrial n u r se s. M en
in the follow ing 10 sk illed m aintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
included in the plant w orker data: Sk illed — carpenters; ele ctricia n s;
m ach in ists; m echanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; m illw righ ts; painters;
p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l w orkers; and tool and die m akers; u n sk illed —
jan ito rs, p o rters, and clean ers; la b o rer s, m a teria l handling; and
w atchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la r ie s or average hourly earnings w ere
com puted for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la rie s
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the job. T hese w eighted earnings for individual
occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for ea ch occupa­
tional group. F in ally, the ratio of th ese group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the b ase period (su rvey rh o n fh ; w in ter 1 9 5 2 -5 3 )




w as com puted and the r e su lt m u ltip lied by the b a se year index ( 1 0 0 ) to
get the index for the given y ear.
A djustm ents have b een m ade w h ere n e c e ssa r y to m aintain
com p arability. F or exam p le, in m o st of the area s su rveyed , railroad s
w ere included in the coverage of the su rveys for the fir s t tim e this
y ea r. In com puting the in d exes, data relatin g to the railroad industry
w ere excluded.
The indexes m ea su r e, p rin cip ally, the effects of (l) gen eral
sa la ry and w age changes; (2 ) m er it or other in c r e a se s in pay received
by individual w ork ers w h ile in the sam e job; and ( 3 ) changes in the
labor fo rce such as labor tu rn over, fo rce exp an sion s, fo rce reduc­
tion s, and changes in the proportion of w ork ers em ployed by esta b ­
lish m en ts w ith d ifferent pay le v e ls . Changes in the labor force can
cause in cr ea ses or d e c rea se s in the occupational averag es without
actual w age changes. F or exam p le, a fo rce expansion m ight in crea se
the proportion of low er paid w ork ers in a sp ecific occupation and r e ­
su lt in a drop in the a v era g e, w h ereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w ork ers would have the opposite effect. The m ovem ent
of a high-paying estab lish m en t out of an area could cau se the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in ra tes occurred in other
area esta b lish m en ts.
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in a tes the effects
of changes in the proportion of w ork ers rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data. N or are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork sch ed u les or in prem ium pay for overtim e, sin ce they
are based on pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for w ork ers in 17 m ajor
labor m ark ets appeared in BLS B u ll. 1240-22, W ages and R elated
B en efits, 20 Labor M ark ets, W inter 1958-59.

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-1. Office Occupations

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d ivisio n

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, G a ., June I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Avauaaa
S
*
1
Number
$
*
%
%
S
S
s
1
*
1
t
S
S
i
of
Weekly1 earnings 1 U nder s40.00 %
Weekly
45.00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
workers hours
(Standard) (Standard) $
- and
nn!Jor
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65. 00 70. 00 75.00 80.001 85.00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over
1

i

M en
C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A ....... ...........M anufacturing ------------ ----------------- N onm anufacturing -------------------------—
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ------------------------W holesale tra d e -..............................R e ta il tra d e - ---------------------------F in a n c e 4 --------------------------------C le rk s, accounting, c la ss B ________
M anufacturing --------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------- -----------P u blic u tilitie s 2 ------------------------W holesale tra d e -----------------------C le rk s, file, c la ss B -------------------------N onm anufacturing ------ __ --------------

483
139
344
98
131
40
69
391
U
327
56
214
61
61

39. 5 $97.50
40. 0
95.00
98.50
39. 5
39. 0 108.50
40. 0 100.50
41.5
79.50
92.00
39. 0
40. 0
80.50
40. 0 79.50
40. 0
80.50
39.5
79.00
40. 0
82.50
39.5
52.50
52.50
39. 5

C le rk s, o rd e r — ------------------------------M anufacturing — ------- ------- ------N onm anufacturing ----- ------------ —
W holesale tra d e ------------------------C le rk s, p a y ro ll -----------------------------------M anufacturing ------------ ------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------P ublic u tilitie s 2 ________________
Keypunch o p e ra to rs -----------------------------

237
50
187
162
88
38
50
28
36

40. 5
4 0 .0
40. 5
40. 0
40. 0
39.5
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

O ffice boys ------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------P u blic u tilitie s 2 ------------------------W holesale tra d e ---------------------F in a n c e 4 ________________________
S ten o g rap h ers, g e n e ra l _______________
N onm anufacturing ----- ------------------T ab u lating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la ss A ----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------P u blic u tilitie s 2 -------------------------

246
223
56
86
56
26
26

56.00
39. 0
55.50
39. 0
38. 5 1 66.00
39.5
54.00
38. 5
48.00
40. 0
97.50
40. 0
97.50

95
72
26

39. 0
39. 0
38. 0

78.00
83.00
77.00
77.50
90.50
86.50
93.50
94.50
77.50

99.00
96.50
102.00

1

_
-

-

_

_

_
-

"
9
9

4
_
4
3
6
6

.
_

-

_
-

_

_

-

_

5
5
1
30
30

4
4
12
1
11
2
3
6
6

7
7
_
"
38
6
32
11
11
9
9

22 j 9
4
1
18
8
2
5
4
11
2
2
30
39
7
10
32
20
6
6
14
20
_
_
-

43
13
30
5
14
7
4
56
11
45
9
23
_

2 11
2
2
9
9
_
4
4
- • _
_

21
21
21
.
_

12
12
11
1
1
1

24
3
21
21
10
7
3
12

82
80
13
45
15
_
-

38
29
3
15
6
_
-

8
8
7
1
_
-

-

-

-

32
32
4
26

39
34
7
12
9

-

*

-

_

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

26
3
23
23
3
3
3

15
6
10 ------T “
4
1
6
_
.
-

3
2

j

55
19
36
1
9
5
17
53
5
48
3
44
_
-

45
13
32
3
13
14
50
6
44
10
34
-

48
14
34
1
12
12
9
40
6
34
23
_
-

33
3
30
12
12
6
24
8
16
2
13
1
1

56
8
48
17
25
6
23
3
20
2
18
_
-

40
14
26
7
16
1
2
8
1
7
1
5
_

15
&
9
7
2
"
4
4
3
_
-

38
22
16
11
3
2
5
5
1
2
_
‘

56
15
41
17
11
11
5
6

23
2
21
21
6
3
3
3

9
7
2
2
3
1
2
_

10
10
10
13
1
12
10
10

16
9
7
7
9
1
8
8
_

9
1
8
8
3
3
-

4
4
4
10
9
1
“
-

8
6
2
2
10
5
5
5
1

1
1
1
3
3
_

1
_
-

21
21
19
2
_
-

3
3
3
6
6

5
5

4
4

_
-

5
5

9
9
1

6
6
2

11
9
4

12
9
3

2
2

9
7
7

12
2

_

1
6 !
6
-

15
14

3

i

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE: E stim ates for all in dustries, nonmanufacturing, and public u tilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), om itted from the scope
of all labor m arket wage surveys m ade before the w inter of 1959-60. W here significant, the effect of the inclusion of r a il­
roads is greatest on the data shown separately for the public u tilities division. The trend of earnings in selected occupational
groups in all in dustries, excluding railroads, appears in table 2.

23
1
22
3
16
3
_
_
"

16
8
8
6
2
_
_
-

29
2
27
J 18
7
2
_
_
-

1
1
-

1
1
1
_
“
.

4
4
4
1
1
-

- • .
.
-

.
-

_
-

8
7
2

2
-

1
-

-

5
5
4

6
Tobb A-l. Office Occupotions-ConHnued
(A vera ge straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
fay industry division . Atlanta. C a . . June I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME

Avw
Sex. occupation, and industry d ivision

Neabtr
at
w ctei

W
EEKLYEARNINGS O
F—

s
S
S
$
S
t
1
S
1
l
$
s
t
t
t
•
•
*
t
Under 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50.00 55. 00 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 70.0 0 75.00 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
W«Mr»
haw
and
and
(Mssdud) <§CS5tf) $
under
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50.00 55.00 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 70.0 0 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 85. 00 90.00 95.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over
t
!

Me n— Continued

:
;

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs .
c la s s B
—
---- — —
M anufacturing
..
N onm anufacturing ____ —
_____________
P u blic u tilities * .............................. .
W holesale trade ------------------- ------F in a n ce 4

162
37
125
29
44
45

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$ 8 1 .0 0
95. 00
7 7 .0 0
97. 50
7 5 .0 0
67. 50

-

---- 2-----

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s .
c la s s C
.
------------- ------Nonmanufacturing .
.
—
——
Pu blic utilities s .............. .................

78

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .5 0
70. 50
7 7 .0 0

-

3
3

43

138
37
101
35
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 2.00
6 5 .5 0
60. 50
65. 50
58. 50

.

70
38
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

M anufacturing
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R etail trade
---- -----------------. . . . .

223
54
169
44

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s .
c la s s B _______ . . . .
M anufacturing . .
M
_ ...
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
..
R etail trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . _________ _
F in a n ce 4 ----------------------------------------

1

— ~ir

_
1

8
8
2
6

10
10
2
8

13
1
12
2
4

5
5
2

6
6
5

7
7
2

-

8
8
-

11
4
7
5

15
1
14
6
4

60. 50
“ 63750
57.00

■

*

12
7
5

9
9

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .5

68.00
7 4 .0 0
66.0 0
69.0 0

-

-

-

7
7
-

15
15
3

33
38 ------- r
30
38
2
9

45
24
25
12 ^ “ 20 — M
33
4
24
4
10
13

417
79
338
150
39
131

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

63.0 0
67. 50
62. 00
| 66. 00
61. 50
56. 50

-

4
4
4

25
4
21
21

64
8
56
15
5
36

67
108
10 — r r
57
91
18
38
12
12
19
39

52
5
47
40
7

45
21
24
9
10 !
5

C lerks* accounting* c la s s A _________ _
M anufacturing ..
Nonmanufacturing —.— - .p— — .....
-----Pu blic utilities * —
~
___
__
R etail trade .
. . . .
.....
F in a n ce 4 --------------------------------------

458
76
382
139
70
140

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 1 .0
3 9 .0

83. 50
8 7.00
8 3.00
9 4 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
72. 50

-

4
4

24
i
21

64
7
57

42
16
26
6
6
13

Clerks* accounting* c la s s B
M anufacturing «
.
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities z ----------. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
W holesale trade — ___________ ...
.....
R etail t r a d e _______
_________
_
___________
_
_
-------- —
—
.. ... ...
F in a n ce 4 .. .

1*452
158”
1.294
411
263
210
322

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
38*0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39f 0

hi

14

17
1
16
2
8
5

i
1

.
10
3
7
6
1

11
9
2
2

10
3
7
7
-

21
3
18
3
5
10

13
9
4
1
3

9 ------- 4
r
5
4
3

1
■

2
2
2

11
9
9

5
4
4

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine)
~
—
M anufacturing
——
Nonmanufacturing




-

-

-

-

■

-

-

*

■

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

5 |
- i
!
1
- j

.
-

4
4
4

5
------- 4]
3

35
3
32
1
8

12
5
7
3
3

31
1
30
17
12

5
1
4
2
-

12
6
6
6
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

2
1
1

i

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

16
15
1

10
9
1

7
2
5

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
18
4
1

10

-

-

4

-

-

10
2

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

23
6
17
15
-

8
8
8
-

8
2
6
5
-

8
4
4
2
-

4
1
3
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

52
7
45
21
6
18

58
9
49
10
17
21

60
60
45
4
2

22
6
17
4
9
4

18
18
6

35
3
32
18
6

12
1
11
11

6
6
4

.

10

-

-

-

10
10
-

rr

68
18
50
13
27
10

35
8
27
15
12

19
1
18
11
4

19
9 !
10 i
6 !
2 :
2 I

25 !
7
6
19
6 1
1
3
1
- |
1
|
‘
!
| .....
* j
8 i

!
1
1
i
|

!
!

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs .

-

“
.

.

-

>

-

-

’
56

63. 50
69.00

-

6 3 .0 0
67.0 0
6 9.00
6 0 .0 0
55. 50

•
*

See footnotes at end o f table.

-

11
9
5

9
3
6
5
1

Women
B ille r s . m achine (billin g m achine) _____
M anufacturing _______ — ___. . . . . . . — .
Nonmanufacturing
— .........
W holesale t r a d e ------------------ — . . . .
Retail trade . .
-------

9
4
5
5
-

13
7
6

16
16
11
5

-

56
5
5
46

-

-

19

-

-

114
: ---------j

I

19

113
42
5
24
26

-

4

19

233
279
------ IT “ T T 1
222
232
64
81
47
9
38
30
63
86
i ________
_

-

13
8

9
39

217
1$
199
33
17
64
63

149
19
130
33
47
17
30

138
97
6 —
130
84
86
5
27
60
7
13
6
2

-

2

-

-

11

-

j
18
4
14
13
1

1
!

'

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

I
i

i

-

-

9

8 I
- ;
I

‘

1

j

7
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Atlanta, G a ., June I960)
Avibaqb
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
worker*

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
(Standard)

t

U nder

I
4 5 .0 0

9
9
7 0 . 00 7 5 .0 0

9
9
9
8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0

9

9

9
6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

5 5 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5 .0 0

7 0 . 00

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 .0 0

29
3

15
-

9

26
13
5

15

9
7

9
9
9
9
9
9
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0

_

50. 00

4 5 . 00

t
9
9
5 0 .0 0 5 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

_

_

o
©
©

(Standard) $
4 0 . 00

9
4 0 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0

_

-

-

1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0

and
over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

C le r k s , file , c la s s A
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_ _

_ _

_

_

165
28

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________ „_________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
F i n a n c e 4 ___________________________________

137
40

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B __
_________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------

635

61

$ 6 9 .0 0

_

.

7

_

-

33
-

24

-

5

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 9 . 50
6 6 . 50
7 0 . 50
6 3 .0 0

2

11

33

23

_

-

2

9

-

-

10

28

2

5 1 .0 0
6 2 . 50
5 0 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
5 7 . 50
4 8 .0 0
4 7 . 50

_

212

151
_
_

212
11

124
7
117

52

_
_

151
-

51
3
48
17

21

18
172

6 2 . 50

_
-

_

39. 5
4 0 .0

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________

31
604
54
71

R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________
F i n a n c e 4 ___________________________________

63
400

39. 0
39. 5
39. 0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
40. 5
38. 5

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________

293
52
241
154

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 0

11
41

;

69

19
---------- 5-

!

12 0

39. 5
39. 5
38. 5

6 9 . 50
7 4 .0 0

4
7

26
24

5
17

1

2

7 9 . 00
6 7 . 50
6 9 .0 0

1
8

1

39. 5
39. 0
39. 0

_
_

11

237
47
74
55
33

-

3

12

-

-

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________

478
60
418
223
165

39.
40.
39.
40.

7 0 . 00
7 8 .0 0

_

_

-

_

-

-

99
605
197

10 0
99
195

39. 0
39. 5
39. 0
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5
38. 5

i 6 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
6 7 . 50
8 2 . 50
7 1 .0 0
5 3 . 50
5 8 . 50

12

19
4
_

6
6
39
7
32

-

-

-

35
7
28

22

2

2

43
5

16
2

71

123

73

11

3

12
20

8

2

8

_
_
_

_
_

_
„

_
.
*

115

-

22
11

17

8

5
5

-

1

-

39
25

6

60
3
57

67
3
64

112

40

6

10

-

-

6
2

21

15

9
26
14
52

13

28

5
50

7
105

5

-

i

36
4
32
15

!

9

j

8

57

30

21

8

10
20

13

13

2

-

_

_

1

3
3
3
_
_

1
2

2
2
1
1

_
_

_
_
_

3
5

-

’

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
1

5
-

_

_

.

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

1

6
1
1

_

-

.

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

-

2

6
_

1

O f f i c e g i r l s _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

Finance 4 _________________________

158
137
92

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

i 5 2 . 50
j 5 3 .0 0
5 2 .0 0

-

1

20

38
32

19

22

32

I
!

38
38
30

21
21
5

22
20
11

.
-

I
i

8

1

-

7

.

6

-

15

6
9
4
5
.

;

i!

137

*

I 104

;
;

33

1 102
2

■
—

_

-

I

12

14

See footn otes at end o f table.




5
5

-

5
3
_

-

!

-

'

.

2

-

!

-

5

1

!

'

1

!

12
11
1

6
8

.

.

i_______

_

|

.

j
1
1

-

2
1
1

i
!
J

1
1

j

i

1

|

i -

!

1
.

_
_

9
5
4

7

10
!
!

_

-

-

|

s

3
4

16
11
8

-

4

1

49
14

9
29

-

2
1
1
1

|
1

5

89
34

-

3

14
7
5
_

24
14

!

12
1
11

99
lb

12

-

6

-

35
4
31
24
7

.
-

15

-

13

72

69
38

_

9
9

20
12
8
6
2

12
2

1

69
37
32

40
-

14

5

33
3
30

19

11

5 12

_
_

1

_

5

-

-

25
-

-

4

69
26

5
4
5

3

25
-

-

12

_

1

12

j

704

_

2
2

22

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________ __________
F i n a n c e 4 ___________________________________

-

_

3
3

50

-

-

_

_

30

-

-

9
-

21

5 9 . 00

-

_

32
15
17

39. 0

-

11
6

22

39

-

6

11

D u p lic a tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s
( M i m e o g r a p h o r D i t t o ) _______________________

_
_
_
_

3
-

12

!

_

_
_

8

3
3
_
_
_

39. 5

_
_

79
9
70

-

12

_
_
_
_

45

_

!
i

_
_
_

-

-

6 9 .0 0

_
_
_

1
.
_

7 2 . 50

7 1 .0 0
' 6 4 .5 0

_
_

1

-

39. 5

30
7
23
7
16

-

_

4 0 .0

12

_

-

82

!
!

-

_

-

4
4
4

-

-

_

.

68
2

_

-

-

6

_

_

_
_

37
16

_
_

1
_

1

-

10

.
_

-

-

1

54
32

1
_
_

1

1

_

-

1
1

-

-

12

j

_
-

8

64

-

.

-

1

1

!

1

_
_

20

19
7

■

.

2

4

357

5
0
5
0

1
1

19
1
_

4
-

--------- 5

1
1

1

10

R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________ ______ ____

8 4 .0 0

6

2
-

20

9
4
5

4
4
_
_

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____ __________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________ ______________________
F i n a n c e 4 ___________________________________

50
50
50

9
-

4

1
1

-

13

63.
62.
65.
55.

00

4
-

1

13
-

9
4

i

2

3
7

14

49
4
45
15
25

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________ ________

!

16
4

31
is

I

1

9
3
_

1

1

5

130

-

11

.
-

.
-

-

_
-

-

.
i

_

_

-

-

-

8
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga. , June I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Atsbaos
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

Number
of
worker*

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

bourn1
(Standard)

$
4 5 .0 0

«
I
5 0 . 00 5 5 .0 0

$

60.00

s
6 5 .0 0

$
S
7 0 . 00 7 5 .0 0

S
8 0 .0 0

S
8 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

s
4 0 .0 0
and

Weekly. U n d e r
earning*1
(Standard) $
4 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

S

90.00
9 5 .0 0

s

S

t

i

t

t

S

100.00 1 0 5 . 0 0 110.00 1 1 5 . 0 0 120.00 1 2 5 . 0 0
100.00 1 0 5 . 0 0 110.00 1 1 5 . 0 0 120.00 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0
9 5 .0 0

s
1 3 0 .0 0
and
over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
S e c r e ta r ie s

„

____

______

.

1, 8 2 2

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________
__ ______ „
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ____ „
____
„
__
W h o le s a le tr a d e
___________
______
_____ ___________ __________
R e ta il tr a d e
F i n a n c e 4 _____ ____ __ ____
________

491
1, 331
274

S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
— __ ____ _ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g
__ __ __
________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ ______________

1 ,6 5 4
312
1, 3 4 2
454
375

te c h n ic a l

_

_

_

_

9
9
9
9

.5
.5
.0
.0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$ 8 4 .0 0

_

_

8 6 .6 0

_

_
_

-

-

8 3 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
8 5 . 50

_

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s __________________________
__ ___________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________
__
________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 __________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ____ __ ______ ____ ______
F i n a n c e 4 ______ ______ ___________________

3 9 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

3 9 .0

7 2 .5 0

_

39. 5
39. 0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

7 8 . 50
7 1 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

_

25

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 __________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_____________________ _
R e t a i l t r a d e ______ ________________________
F i n a n c e 4 ____________
_________________
S te n o g ra p h e rs,

358

3
3
3
3

3 9 .0

68.00

255
41

4 1 .5

139
489

117
375

214
41

66

39. 5
4 2 .0
3 9 .5
40. 5

33
342

2
2

79
17

2
20
_
8

10

28

25
4

23

31
_

26
_

-

39. 5
4 0 .0

6 5 .0 0
6 3 . 50

_

2

105
93

39. 0
39.0

72.00
68. 50

-

_

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s C _______________________________________________

29

39. 5

82. 50

-

538
50
488
147
238
497
58
439
111
33
252

39.0
40. 0
39.0
39. 5
38. 5
39. 0
4 0.0
39. 0
40. 0
40. 5
38. 5

62.00
61.00
62.00
67.00
58.00
62. 50
75. 50
60. 50
64.00
53.00
59. 00




35

31
-

__

See footnotes at end of table.

201

10
10

-

_
_

a
_

_

2

212
27
54
40
87

2

21
3
6
12

21

1

27
4

4
4
_
_

50

61

19
31
-

51

5

3

10
2
11

81
23
58

6
_
6
_
56
!

4

48

32
7
25
14

29
19
-

74

134
42
92
28
47

27
157
43
74

12
20
2

3
14

11

22
6
16
12
_
1
21

2

30

9

65

_

1

9

4

-

11

63

11

50

23

54
45

19
55
41
14
_

52
50

29
26
3
_

21

15

6

12
11
9
2

3
3

2
1

11
3
2
8
10
7
3
_

i

3

1

_

_

1

_

_

1
1

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

22
17
5

4
_

5

1

_

1

1
1

_
_

1
1

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

_
_
_

-

_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
2

4
-

8
3

5
4

1

2

1

1

-

3

10

6

1

-

•
•

-

122
122
33
68
129
8
121
24
8
77

116
15
101
27
59
112
2
110
33
7
62

61
5
56
34
12
50
9
41
20
2
15

47
4
43
27
13
39
10
29

20
8
12
7
5
17
17
8
8

24
24
12

16
16
2

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
2
3
1

1
1

_
-

1

4

_

1

_

■

_
_
_

-

2
2

5

_
_

_

13
12

-

_

j

-

14
14

-

_

_

_

9
8
1

-

_

2
2
2

28

-

9

4

28
-

14
7
7

_

18

-

18
18

16

-

7

11

95
9
86
3
66
78
2
76
16
10
48

-

-

-

26
3
23
_
13
26
26

2
2
_
2

-

-

1

2
.
2

7
5

-

1

1

-

1
1
1

-

-

3

11

-

3
_

-

-

8
8

5
27

-

3
_

-

10
10

6
4
1
1

-

i

32

9
3

4
17
14

-

_

_

2

21

1
1

17
_

4
17
3

29
37

31
7
24

9
_

3

11
3
8

6

21
11

11

8

-

37

31
15

21

25
4

43
7
36

57
23
17
4

11

8
8

I

_

7

184

87
30

-

31

j 26

8
2
6
2

53

14
50

20

19
99

187
llfl
77

9

9

_
-

-

44

27
147
47
54

-

24

_

68
11
6

47

174

157
35

122
29
22

19
_

24

9
6
3
_
2

-

1
22
2
6

188
38
150
62

22

209
58
151
24

22
6

2

_

91

9
27
18
51

268
71
197

_

-

-

39
217
43
76
7

182
70

112

-

7
_

2
15
10

4

-

i

89

_

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B ___________ ____ _
_
Nonmanufacturing ________ _____________

T yp ists, c la s s A __________________________ _____
M anufacturin g_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
W holesale trade ___________________
Retail t r a d e ________________________
Finance 4 __________________________

256

37

_

99
243
43
83
37

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op e ra to rs,
g e n e r a l _______________________________________________
M anufacturin g __________________________________
N onm anufacturing _____ _______ _ ___________
W holesale trade ________________ __
F in a n ce 4 ------------------------------------ __

262
50

32

6

30

22
22
_
1

-

57.00

23
77

18
5
26

_

39. 5

38.0

15
37

4
4

_

28
_
_

39. 5
41. 5

193
44
149

_

6
2
20

_

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ____
__ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 __
_______________
___________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________
Finance 4 _____________________________________

68

89
81

_

62 8

66.00
68

6

57
_

7

2

_

7 8 . 50
. 50
6 0 .0 0

63

4
54

5 9 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
5 5 . 50
6 3 . 50

39. 5
40. 0

-

32
32
-

15
186
41
16
31
94

_
_
_

_

6 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

8
8

1
I

10
9
1
_
-

_

;

1
1

I

_
_

■

_
_

1

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

-

-

_
_
-

-

-

■
'

"

!

-

9
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, G a ., June I960)
Avkkaob
Sex, occupation, and industry division
Wom en— Continued
T ypists, c la ss B
------- ------------------M anufacturing ---------- --------------------—
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 ------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------R etail trade -------------------------------F inan ce4 ---- ----------------------------1
2
3
4
8
8

N
um
ber
of
w
orkers

hours1

W
eekly

NUM B ER OP W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EARN ING S OF—
S
s
s
t
s
s
1
S
s
$
S
S
i
S
s
*
»
$
t
Under 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
and
•p
- and
40. 00 under 50.00 55.00 60.00 65. 00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over
45.00
•

W
eekly
eernings1
(S
tan
dard') (Standard)

_

22 14 ! -5
1
6
53
16
5
- : ~
1
6
37
17 14 j 6
6 1 8 ! 9 ! - j 1
6
3
4 1 2 ! l | 13 j 4 i 4
“
1
______ i ______ |
Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to th ese
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 9 at $ 130 to $ 135; 6 at $ 1 35 to $ 140; 3 at $ 145 to $ 150.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 35 to $40.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 11 at $ 30 to $ 35; 17 at $ 35 to $40.
1, 133
93
1, 040
77
87
103
722

39.0
39.5
38. 5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

!$54. 50
1 60.00
! 54.00
j 66.00
j 56.00
1 54.00
! 52.50

66
230
2
P 63 ----- 228
3
!
! 9
i
i 8
i 13
14
187
! 45

-

396
19
377
4
41
23
294

234
24
210
13
19
33
140

105
19
86
20
10
13
35

1
1
1

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

■

“

“

“

■

-

_
-

“

-

-

-

-

”

■

-

_
-

w eekly hours.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Number
workers

Men
D raftsm en, leader ------- — --------73
M anufacturing ______________________
48
D raftsm en, senior —----------------------------- 300
M anufacturing ______________________
128
Nonmanufacturing __________________
172
Public u tilitie s 3 .................................
56
W holesale trade ________________ i 67
D raftsm en, junior ------- — ------- ---232
M anufacturing --------------------------------136
Nonmanufacturing __________________
96
Women
N u rses, industrial (registered) _______
62
M anufacturing ----------- — -------------41

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, G a ., June I960)
Avkbaqb
N UM BER OF W O RK ERS RECE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EARN ING S OF—
*
S
s
$
s
$
S,
S
1
1
$ 00 S
(75.00 $
1
$
t
•
S
Weekly
Under 65. 70.00
80. 00 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00
earnings*
(Standard) (Standard) $
- and
under 65. 00 70. 00 75.00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 over
|
4 0 .0 ,$ 147.00
40.0 144.50
40.0 115.50
40.0 117.00
4 0 .0 I 114.50
39.5 108.50
40. 0 117.50
39.5
87.50
40. 0
89.00
39.5
85.50
4 0 .0 ! 94.00
40. 0
98.50

_
_
- j _ ;
1
21
12

8

9

3
5

1

3
'

!
i!

1

_
_
4
3
3 1 4
3 ! 4
31 ' 20
18 10
13 10

_
3
3
3
25
14
11

10
10
4
6

4

7
4

2

3
"

2

_
19
19
9

3

_
- | 1
- '------ r ~1
17
7 20
5
5 i 5
12 | 2
15
11
8
64
10
22
15 48
10
7 16

_
18
9
9
_
4
19
10
9

_
51
34
17
4

-

_
32
16
16
1
9
_
-

5
4

19
16

_
■

2
2

6

5

9

6

6
2
2

2

2

9

7
7

40

21
6

27
15
12
3

22

20
20

-

3
9
_
_
-

15
3
5
_
-

_

_
~

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours.
2 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 10 at $ 155 to $ 160; 5 at $ 170 to $ 175; 3 at $ 185 to $ 190.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




8

_
-

13
9
3
5
_
-

_

_

6

14

3
1

12

17

2 18

_
_
_
-

4
4
3
_
_
-

5
5
3

6
_
6

_
-

3
3
.
_
-

_
■

_
"

_
~

11
1
1

2

9

10
Table A -3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

Occupation and industry division

C arpenters, m aintenance - — — —
—
M anufacturing ___ .___ _____________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------- R etail trade —________________ __________
E lectrician s, m aintenance ___ __ .. -------. ---------- —
M anufacturing ----Nonmanufacturing ---- -------. . .
E ngineers, stationary ------------ . . ....---------------M anufacturing -------------—--------------------- —---Nonmanufacturing
. — ——
F irem en, stationary boiler __ --------- — . .
M anufacturing ---- — — ---- -----H elp ers, tra d es, m aintenance ------------------ ---M anufacturing _.
... _ ------- — ---Nonmanufacturing
.... . .
M achinists, m aintenance
. .. ---- .... M anufacturing ___ ___
— . ---- .

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga. , June I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
j$
$
$
$
$
$
i$
$
$
$
iI$
|
of
hourly . 1. 10 $1. 20 $1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1.90 2.00 1 2. 10 | 2. 20 2.30 12.40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70
worker* earning* and - 1
■ |: under
1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1.70 1.80 _1,5.0_ 2.00 2j_10_. 2, 20 2, -30 _ 2.4.0 2, 50. .. -2, 6 CL. 2. 70 2 ,8 £ _
1
!
i
3
10
24
2
12
11
6 10
6 ! n
8
11
171 $ 2 .4 3
4
2. 34
3
3----- 8
5— |1 4
2
r l '— ~
7
U
2
2
- ji 5
6 |
7
6
105
2 .48
- . 1
8
17 | 6
11
2 j 4
2
2
1
1 ; 2
2.77
5
46
"
■
"
1
i
_
.
.
.
2
6
5
5
3
10
3
6
5 1 15
12
2
2.81
238
2
5
2.85
5
1
8
5
11
1
190
3 !ii 5
10
2
2
2
1
2
5
1
1
2.66
48
■
■
■
■
■
1
1
4
1
4
2
4
12
1
4
4
1 ! 4
122
2. 54
6
14
- i 1
3
! i
4
66
2.86
1
2
4
4
12
2
2. 15
1
1
56
"
" i 3 i 4
1
! 4 1 13
_
.
.
11 27
_
_
- 1 2
4
4
2 1
3
8
66
1.71
4
3
6
60
1.73
9 27
- !— . '
4 ii 2
"
12
1
! 22
2
1.84
25 11 19
6 63
20
38
5
293
69
i
- j
: 22
2
5
1 j 69 I
20
3 15
6
8
1.96
168
8
9
4
4
55
11
36
1.67
5
8
125
j
1
i "
1 1
_
_
.
_
_
40
2 ! 3 ! 20 ! 6
30
14 47
1
13 ! 10
5
2. 56
253
14 42
5
2 F 3 — ! 17
!
30
232
2.54
1
6— : 40
"
■
■
13 ! 10

M echanics, autom otive (m ain ten an ce)------------M anufacturing .— .. — .. — ... ------ —
Nonmanufacturing — . . . . . .
Public u tilities 3 ________ ____—-----------—
R etail t r a d e --------------------------------------------M echanics, m aintenance
—
---M anufacturing ________________________ ______
Nonmanufacturing __
.
-— _
W holesale trade ---- ----------------------------- —

818
133
685
617
38
497
373
124
48

2.44
2. 22
2.49
2. 51
2. 35
2. 35
2. 31
2 .4 5
2.42

.
_
_

.
_
“

_
3
3
*

*
_
“

40
40
40
_
“

27
11
16
1
5
3
3
_

O ilers ---- — -----------------M anufacturing
----P a in ters, m aintenance
------M anufacturing -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ ......... ......— ----------P ip efitters, m a in ten a n ce------M anufacturing ----------------- — ---------------------Tool and die m a k e r s -------------------- ------------- .—
M anufacturing ---------------- .---------------------- ----

55
55
131
56
75
79
78
149
148

1.96
1.96
2. 34
2.76
2.02
2 .89
2 .89
2.95
2 .9 5

.
_
-

.
.
-

10
10
.
-

13
13
_
-

.
_

.
.

-

.
_

.
13
1
12
_
.

.
.
_
_

12
i 21
11 1 11 ! 21
9
2
1
1
1
1
23
55 32
17
47 26
6
8
6
1
6
.
11
■ 4
7
3
3
_

1 E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 3 at $3. 20 to $ 3.30 ; 10 at $3. 30 to $ 3.40 ; 9 at $3. 70 to $3. 80.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
4 A ll w orkers w ere at $3. 20 to $3 . 30.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




2
2
25
25
.
_

.
"
3
1
2
_
_

21
16
5
2
50
40
10
1
.
4
4
_
2
2

j
i
I
i

36 i! 104
11 ! 7
25 | 97
15 j 95
1
44
48
43-----1 36
5 1 8
4 ■ 5

.
1
1 j
1 !
1
.
| "

*
7
1
6
2
2
_

iI 47
!
;i 6
1
I 41
40
*
35
26
9
9
20
20
4
4
2
2
3
3

67
5
62
53
7
15
5
10
3

61
3
58
38
20
36
25
11
7

105
105
103
27
16
11
3

133
2
131
130
1
13
9
4
2

4
4
2
2
_

5
5
6
1
5
_
22
22

1
1
4
2
2
1
1
3
3

.

7
7

17
17
■
10
10
4
4

$
$
$
$
!$
2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20
and
_2a.90_ J .o o h io _ .3 .2 0 j over_
!
16
6
7
i ! 24
4
13
l ! 2
- ; 22
3
6
3
3
1
“ 2 22
30
27 19
73
15
15
27
73
19
3
27
‘
23
23
6
9
21
22
5
8
2
1
1
1
_
.
4
1
4
1
■
_
32
5
10
15
4
20
10
15
■
47
19
28
28
29
17
12
3

68
68
68
72
50
22
2

4
4
"
_
8
7

_
19
16
3
25
24
13
13

17
12
5
5
2
1
1
1
.
_
“
25
25
10
10

1
1
_
"

_
10
9
1
1

.
4
4

.
7
5
2
_
4 63
63

10
10
14
14

11
Toble A -4. Custodial and M otor id M avuto to Occupation*
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Atlanta, G a ., June I960)
N
UM
BER O W RK
F
O
ERS RECEIVING STRAlGBT-TIME H U
O RLY EARNIN
GS O
F—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

at

Num
ber
worker*

8

Under 0. 70
earning**
and
$
0. 70 under

Elevator op era tors, p assenger (wom en) ______
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------- —

121
121

$ 0 .6 5
.65

>93

93

254
177
77

2 . 21

.
118
118

93
93

1 .0 2

12

68

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and cle a n e rs (men) -------- —
2, 983
M anufacturing -------------------------------------------- — —
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------2 , 018
P ublic utilities * ------------------------------ ------302
W holesale trade -------------------------------------125
Retail trade -----—
— ------- ---397
465
F in a n ce 4 -------------------------------------------------

2. 44
1.69
1.63

546
76
470
63
81
3, 272
1 , 53o
1, 742
733
631
378

1.60
T1.4 6
1.72
2 . 12
1.38
1.50

O rder fille r s
- —
.............. -...................
M anufacturing
------- — — „ — ------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------W holesale trade ------- -----Retail trade ----------------------------------------------

965
153
812
588
224

1.65
1.56
1.67
1.63
1.75

P a ck ers, shipping (men) ---------------------------------M anufacturing
------- --- ----------- .. —
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------

555
227
328
294
34

1.56
1.69
1.46
1.47
1. 37

P a ck ers, shipping (wom en) ----------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------ —
Retai 1 trade ----------------------------------------------

173
76
97
64

Receiving c lerk s ----------------------------------------------M anufacturing ________- __ ___ ____ _________. ..
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------- ------W holesale trade -------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------Shipping cle rk s -------.----------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------- —
W holesale trade --------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f table.




$

1 .0 0

.

*

236
236
_
81

‘

120

48
48

5
_
5

"

.
1

i
;
!

i
1
1

35

_ |
- 1
-

1

|

|

1
i

-

j
!
!

1

|
i

-

263
1^5
138
73
65

1.82
1.87
1.77
1.78
1.77

.
-

_
-

245
141
104
95

1.93
1.93
1.93
1.95

_

i
i

!

6 ;
11

I

9

1

-

440
174
266
108

22
2
20
20

~

"

2

L
j4QJ6 0

1

82
53

1i
1

‘ i
259 !
107
152
85
29
33

31 !
5
26
26
70
46
24
4
13
7

2

j
43 1
25i
17

4
r
3

11

2
10

1
2

6

18
7
-

1

-

30
28
2
2

_
*

.

.

-

-

2i

17

1.80

•
1.90

*

2 . 10

8
2 . 20

U 8 0 _ 1.90

2.0 0

2 . 1 ft- _ 2*20

2 - 30

1

1.70

L70
1

8

2 !

2

6
6

1 i
. 1

7.

9

1 j
- 1
1
1

|
7 1

*
2

-

...

2
2

1

2 . 00

-

-

9
9

18
18
18

4
4
-

20

t

f

2. 30
2, 4Q

2. 40

$
2.50

2 .5 0

2.60

2. 70

2.7 0
and
ov er

-

-

-

1
1

.
-

8

-

*

-

.
'

23
18
5
1

.
*

82
82
-

80

4
16
5

85
75

56
48

10

11

8

-

-

9

204
26o
4
4
.
-

31
31
-

.
*

*

•

-

7

.

—rr
71

_

_

.
.

.
.
.
-

.
.
.
-

-

-

30
30
.
_
*

7
7
.
.
-

39

10
22

17
.
-

9
13
.
-

4
.
4
-

.
*

-

17

1

6
11
11

-

-

*

-

61

\

120

7
113
9
104

_
-

65

60
18
16
26

a

-

1

280
IT
266
219
47
-

55
56
5
5
-

71
71
.
-

58
58
*

327
327
327
.
-

120
98
22

53
53
48
5

12
12
4
8

21
5
16
9
7

114
114
2
112

103
103
98
5

16
16
13
3

6
6
6
-

22
14
8
8
-

.
-

2
- —
2
2
-

5
r
.
-

.
4
4
-

4

1?
46
1
1
_
-

30
30
-

-

10
7
3
3
13
13
-

_
.
-

.
.
.
*

.
-

i
i
-

-

.
-

.
-

8
8
-

i

22

4
24
.
24
22

-

118
rc
103
82
21

164
57
| 107
15
! 18
1 74

64
22
42
37
5

132
!

tit

"

|
1

u

32
31
.

l

i

-

1
1

.
.
-

.

_

?2

46
41
5

82
82
-

90
44
46
46
-

78
4
74
68
6

17
17
10
7

47
47
43
4

1
1
-

5
.
5
5

22
12
10
5

35
8
27
15

15
7
8
6

16

15
15
11

15
15
15

1
1
-

-

-

3
3
3

30
1$
11
11

19

13
2
11
2
9

18
3
15
10
5

25
6
17
16
1

16
4
7
6
1

12
7
5
5

13
6
5
4
1

21
10
11
10
1

15
2
13
13

7
4
3
3

6
6
-

30
21
9
5
4

.

.

16 1
16 !
- i
-

10
7

24

32
12
20
20

20

21
13

19
i5

18
9

11
11
-

.
-

20
15

23
7

;
(

-

-

-

8
7!
1

1

4
*
1

3

1

16

8
6

_

32

6?

------IT

*

11

*

5
11
5

8

2 .6 0

46

.
-

.
-

8

39
*4
15
-

no
32
78
46
7
18
1

zi

14
5
5

!

1
- 1

J
_1

i
j
1
250 ' .4 7
457 ! 322
267 : 269
1
244' 1
1 43 | 158
213 1 49
.
4
10
'
1
117 ; 194
16
6
37
23
36
19
1
I 48
157
123
65
51
14
19
9 !
114 1
106
51
29
1
106
106
50
28
8
1
*

41
34
7
7

-

-

1

3

-

.

mi
h

53
109

l

i
64 h .59. ;
23 •
13
51 i 36
2
24

-

1.43
1. 39
1.47
1.47

!
i
!
- j
•

!

4
4 I
4

it
*
i8
1.40 1.50 | 1.60

• 1

|

37

-

-

346
117
229
13

121

j

. i

j
j

108
224

'
I

1

*
.
-

J.

12

|
i

i
!
1

5 !
5 !

892
74
817

27
27
.
14
-

56

1*
I1
1 . 10 1 1 .2 0
I. 30

.
- :
- 1
'

-

*

i$

l . i o i 1 , 20 |

4
4

*76
183
- 1
183
76
6
16

.95
1.24
.91
1.51
.9 2

L a b orers , m aterial handling ------------------- ------M anufacturing
------- —
-- -- ------------—
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------Public utilities * ------ .. „ ------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------

1 .0 0

5
5

-

.9 9

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(wom en) - _______ ____ ____________________ ___
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------P ublic utilities * -------------------------------------R etail trade — — — — — — — -------

$
0.9 0

.9 0

.
*

1.26
1.60
1.09
1.51
1.65

0 . 80

3
3

Guards _________________________________________
—
M anufacturing ---- — — ---------------------Nonmanufacturing
—
— — -----------F in a n ce 4 ---------------------------------- ------- -------

t

35
— TT“
20
13
7
1?
-4
15
15

" 5
15
15

8
6

i
.
i
i

4
4

41

9
8

-

-

5
5

16

15

.
.
-

.
-

12
Table A -4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations-Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division. Atlanta. Ga. . June I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
A m fi • Under $
hourly
0.7.0 0 .8 0 0 .90 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1.30 1.40 1. 50 *1.60 1 1.70 1.80 1. 90 2.00 2. 10
IfTTfngl
and
| *
inder 0 .7 0
. 90 1.00 1. 10 1.20 _U 10_ JL4.Q_ 1^50 -LJi 0_ .1 .7 0 1.80 __1*_9Q . 2. 00_. 2. 1 0 - JL2SL.
.8 0

Occupation 1 and industry division

of
worken

Shipping and receiving clerks —
M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------W holesale trade . . . .
R etail trade
T ruckdrivers 9 ....
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities 5
W holesale trade
R etail trade ..
—
--------- ---------T ruckd rivers. light (under l 1/* t o n s ) -------M anufacturing
...... -- --------------Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade . . . . . .
R etail trade
T ruckd rivers. m edium (lVa to and
including 4 t o n s ) ----- -------------------------- — 1 —
M anufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing
- —
Public u tilities 3 _____________________
W holesale trade ------- _
R etail trade
—
T ruckd rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type)
Nonmanufacturing ..
Public u tilities 5
---T ruckers, power ( f o r k lif t ) -----------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------N on m an ufacturing---------------------------------------W holesale trade .
—
- R etail trade ------------------------------------------T ruckers, power (other than forklift) -----------W atchmen
.
— -------M anufacturing ..
—~
-----Nonmanufacturing -------------- — — —
Public u tilities 5 ------------------------------------R etail trade . — ---- .. ..

320
159
161
96
37
3, 303
597
2,706
1, 603
602
422
703
184
519
222
181

$ 2 .2 3
2 .32
2. 15
2.00
2. 16
2.07
1. 55
2. 18
2. 58
1.68
1.46
1.42
1.40
1.42
1. 50
1.06

_
-

-

-

4
4
4
4
4
4

1.706
296
1,410
1.053
214
141

2. 18
1.49
2.33
2. 57
1.70
1.49

-

498
— 4TT~
265
622
419
203
128
48
100
294
167
127
41
44

2. 37
2.49
2. 62
1. 88
1.89
1. 86
1.70
1.90
1.65
1. 38
1.37
1. 38
1.44
1.40

_
.
.
-

14
14
14
14
14
14

52
52
44
51
51
44

152
9
143
46
90
87
9
78
20
51

100
34
66
28
38
66
27
39
12
27

-

-

1
1
-

65
65
26
39

34
7
27
16
11

.
-

_
_
_
-

_
_

7
7
7
_

1
1
-

82
44
38
18
2

26
26
54
20
9
11
11

_
.
-

12
5
7
7
294
192
102
68
33
128
71
57
38
19

12
10
5
5
- i 12
12
5
- | • i
- I
78
89 ! 123
52
35
75
43
37
48
1
16
38
9
27
28
9
22
37
15
14
10
4
12
23
11
7
8
10
4
16
1

166
41
121
21
45 | 20
- l
30
9
14 | 11
39
38
1
1
-

44
19
25
20
5
.

44
23
17
39
5
6
6 1 5
!
|

22
22
14
8
277
27
250
7
204
34
91
10
81
75
1

7
13
- — ~T~
| 7
11
I 6
8
3
1 1
!
1
94
48
8
59
35
40
1
16
30
22
38
j 49
16
2
33
36
18
28
-

$
$
$
$
$
2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60
*
2. 30 JL4Q_ JL 50
_L.10__

7
5
2
2
50
28
22
21
1
41
20
21
-

10
5
5
4
1
89
22
67
10
2
3
53
53
-

11
10
1
44
44
43
1
1
1
1
-

4
18
- “ Hi
4
13
3
12
30
263
4
1
262
26
157
64
25
41
1
3
3
1
2
3
3
2
-

156
122
34
21
87
2
6
61
4
23
34
.
-

10
10
9
1
33
18
15
10
5
_
-

5 23
5 •23
5 11
1338 44
7
1331 44
1304 39
11
4
16
1
_
.
-

65
40
25
1
24

62
IT
37
1
28
8

47
17
30
7
14
9

30
28
2
2
~

5
1
4
4

9
8
1
1
-

23
12
11
9
2
-

43
43
43
-

189
189
127
61
1

8
4
4
4
-

11
3
8
6
2

22
9
13
8
5

884
884
866
2
16

50
40
10
10
'
_

45
119
82
37
37
_

15
’
5
5
_

13
3
23
23
20
5
9
9
7

3
2
1
1
20
16
16
-

71
71
30
19
3
16
15
1
1
.
-

19
19
22
5
17
17
*

2
2
27
27
-

1

53
53
4
145
143
2
2
16

208 43
201 43
192 10 39
_
33
9
24
"
_
_

41
32
9
6
3

5
3
3
3
3
7
7
3
4

23
5
18
18
_

28
3
25
1
4

24
24
34
15
19
17
2
_
n
4
7
2
5

3
3
-

-

1
-

6
6
3
3

2
2
1

_

1 Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
2 E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 78 at $0. 40 to $0. 50; 15 at $0. 50 to $0. 60.
4 F inance, insurance, and real estate.
5 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
6 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $ 0 .4 0 to $0. 50; 7 at $0. 5o to $0. 60; 67 at $0. 60 to $u. 70.
7 Rate in creases for w orkers in this job sin ce the May 1959 survey w ere m ore than offset by the om ission from the current study, of the earnings of som e higher-oaid w orkers no longer cla ssified
oecause of a change in their duties.
8 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 3 at $2. 70 to $2. 80; 3 at $2. 8o to $2. 90; 16 at $2. 90 to $3; 1 at $3. 10 to $3. 2o.
9 Includes all drivers regard less of siz e and type of truck operated.
10 A ll w orkers w ere at $2. 70 to $2. 80.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




$
2. 70
and
over

-

1
1
1

-

this job




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift Differentials

(P ercen t of manufacturing plant w orkers in establishm ents having form al provisions for shift work, and in establishm ents
actually operating late shifts by type and amount of differential, Atlanta, G a ., June I960)
In establish m ents having form al
provisions 1 for—
Second shift
Third or other
work
shift work

In establishm ents actually
operating—
Third or other
Second shift
shift

Total ......................................................................................

74. 2

6 6.3

12.7

3. 8

With shift pay differential -------------

— --------

60. 3

6 0.8

8 .9

2.7

Uniform cents (per hour) ________________ __

45. 5

32.2

8 .9

2. 2

Under 5 cents ________ ____
-------5 cents ------- — ____________________
6 cents _ ------------------------ --------------------7 or 71/2 cent8 -----------------------------------------8 cents _ ------ ---------------------- — ---10 c e n t s ---- — — -------------- ---- — ------10V4 cents „ --------------- ---------------- —
12 cents _ __ __
__ __
------- „ —
15 c e n t s __ __
— ------------- ------- — _
16 c e n t s ___ __ „ ~ — ---------------- -----20 c e n t s ___
-----------------------------------------

2.7
5. 1
2 .9
2.7
6 .6
9. 5
3. 1
12. 0
.7

.5
.8
.8
.7
1.0
.7
.8
3.7

.
1.0
.1
(2)
.2
.7

-

( 2)

-

.
9 .0
2.0
1. 8
8. 2
7. 1
.9
1.6
1.6

-

*1
.

Uniform percentage _________________________

14. 2

14. 2

-

-

5 percent ______ __ -------------- ---- ------10 p e r c e n t--- ------------------------ ---------------IOV2 percent --------- ------------------------------

14. 2
■

«
11.6
2 .6

■

_

1.8
12. 6
5. 5

Full day's pay for reduced h o u r s -----------------Full day's pay for reduced hours, plus
cents d iffe r e n tia l___________ ______________
No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l________________________

-

.7
13.9

_
-

3.8

_
-

■

.2
.3
1. 1

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts even
though they w ere not currently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0 .0 5 percent.

14
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a la r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , A t la n t a , G a . , J u n e I9 6 0 )

M inim um w eek ly s a la r y 1

E stab lish m en ts studied ----------------E stab lish m en ts having a
sp ecified m inim um --------------------$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50 -------$ 42. 50 and under $ 45. 00 -------$ 45. 00 and under $ 47. 50 -------$ 47. 50 and under $ 50. 00 _____
$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0 -------$ 52. 50 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 -------$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 _____
$ 57. 50 and under $ 6 0 . 00 -------$ 6 0 . 00 and under $ 6 2 . 50 -------$ 6 2 . 50 and under $ 65. 00 -------$ 65. 00 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 -------$ 67. 50 and under $ 7 0 ,0 0 -------$ 7 0 .0 0 and under $ 7 2 .5 0 -------$ 72. 50 and under $ 7 5 .0 0 -------O ver $ 7 5 . 00 -----------------------------E stab lish m en ts having no
sp ecified m inim um --------------------E stab lish m en ts w hich did not
em p loy w o rk ers in th is
category ------------------------------------- -

1
2
3

A ll
in d u stries

Inexperienced ty p ists
N onm anufacturing
M anufacturing
B ased on standard w eek ly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
A ll
40
37 */2
383/4
sch ed u les
sch ed u les

40

O ther in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk ers ;e
M anufacturing
|
N onm anufacturing
A ll
B ased on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
Industrie s
A ll
A ll
40
37 */z
3*S/«
sch ed u les
sch ed u les

40

209

68

XXX

141

XXX

XXX

XXX

209

68

XXX

141

XXX

XXX

XXX

77
12
16
7
6
12
3
2
8
3
5
2
1

17
3
1
6
1
1
1
1
2
1

14
2
5
1
1
1
1
2
1

60
9
16
7
5
6
2
1
7
3
4
-

9
_
4
1
3
1
-

8
2
3
1
1
1
-

42
7
9
6
1
5
2
1
5
2
4
-

91
19
16
7
6
17
5
2
8
1
1
5
1
2
1

21
3
1
2
8
1
1
-

18
2
1
1
7
1
-

1
1
2
1

-

1
1
2
1

11
_
5
2
2
1
1
-

9
4
2
1
1
_
1
-

-

70
16
16
6
4
9
5
1
7
1
1
4
-

_
-

49
12
9
3
1
8
4
_
6
1
1
4
-

31

16

XXX

15

XXX

XXX

XXX

51

26

XXX

25

XXX

XXX

XXX

101

35

XXX

66

XXX

XXX

XXX

67

21

XXX

46

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h i r in g in e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .

NOTE:

S ee n o t e o n p .




15, r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

15
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , A t la n t a , G a . , J u n e I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS;
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s

All
f
industries1

-------------------------------------------------------------

U n d e r 3 7 1/ 2 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------3 7 V 2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 x/z a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s ------------------------40 h o u r s __________ ___ ___ _ __ ___________________
_
O v e r 40 an d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ------------------------------4 4 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s ------------------------------4 8 h o u r s ____________________________________________
49 h o u r s --------------------------- -------- ------------------------50 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 50 h o u r s ---------------------- -------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public _
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

10 0

100

10 0

100

100

100

(5 )
7
(5)
88
2
1
(5 )

6
28
_
63
-

6
9
85

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(5)

-

_

(5)

(5)

2
15
12
68
1
2
1
(5)

-

2

(5 )

-

76
3
10

-

5
20
33
42
-

-

Services

All
industries*

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

6
2
87
2
1
1
1

_
_

_
_

1
2
_

86
5
_

78
13
1

1
3
1
74
6
3
2
6
(5 )
1
2

_

_

_

1

4

_
_

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e and s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




NOTE:

_

5

-

E s t i m a t e s f o r a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s in c lu d e d a t a f o r r a i l r o a d s (S IC 4 0 ), o m it t e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f a l l l a b o r m a r k e t
w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 .
W h e r e s i g n if i c a n t , th e e f f e c t o f th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s i s g r e a t e s t o n th e
d a ta sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r th e p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .

8

50
11
11
6
11
_

2
6

Services

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly . A t la n t a , G a . , J u n e I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

— —

__ -----

PLANT WORKERS

All
.
industries

— ----------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l id a y s _ -------- — W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s ________________________________

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

99

( 5)

( 5)

_

_

_

_

12
24
1
59
5
-

22
1
20
3
34
2
16
-

1

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

88

85

99

100

89

-

12

15

1

-

11

_

4
1
1
32

12
33
-

40
2
20
2
24

Services

Services

N u m b e r off d a y s

U n d e r 4 h o l id a y s _____ _____ ___
___ _____
4 h o l id a y s
— ________________
— _____________
4 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
______________________
5 h o l id a y s - —
----- — — — —_______
5 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
______________________
6 h o l id a y s _________________ _ ___ _________________
_
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s - _______ _________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 6 h a lf d a y s . _________ _
_ __
7 h o l id a y s --------------— _____ — -----------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -----------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------8 h o l id a y s _____
_____ —
— _____________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------9 h o l id a y s __________________________________________
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
10 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------

1
(? )
( 5)
29
2
16
2
2
1
34
( 5)
2
6
1
( 5)
2
1

(* )
20
13
2
10
49
( 5)

-

2
2
-

-

1
2
2
49
1
7
38

-

-

-

( 5)

5
8
5
8
5

2
1
-

2
26
13
1
13
25
2
2
-

“

~

.

.
2
2
5
5
43
44
58
58
83
83
83
84
85
85

“

39
4
12
13

( 5)
15
1
7
( 5)
25

-

54
-

O

8
4
2
60
.
5
9

-

12
-

_
-

“

-

-

-

2
2
13
14
38
38
58
60
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
-

( 5)

Total holiday time6
10 V* d a y s -------------------------------------------------- -------9 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s ------ — __ __ -------------------9 or
8 V2
8 or
7 V2
7 or
6 V2
6 or
5 V2
5 or
4 V2
4 or
3 or
2 or
1 or

m o r e d a y s ---------------------------- -------- ------- o r m o r e d a y s ____ — — — -----------------m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------o r m o r e d a y s ------------------ — ---------------------m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
o r m o r e d a y s ------------ ---------------------------------m o r e d a y s ----- --------------------------------------------o r m o r e d a y s _______________________________
m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________
m o r e d a y s ----------- -------- ---------------------------m o r e d a y s _______ __ ---------------------------------m o r e d a y s ---------------------------- ---------------------m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------- ------------

1
4
5
6
14
14
50
52
68
70
99

99
99
99
99

99

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2
4
4
63
65
78
78
98

5
5
64
65
88
88
100
100
100
100
100
100

3
3
19
22
56
56
76
78
100
100
100
100
100
100

38
38
45
46
94
96
98

98
99
99

99
99

99
99
99

5
13
13
18
32
32
45
45
57
61
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

1
1
3
3
35
35
50
51
83
83
84
85
86

88

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f fu ll a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e t h e n c u m u la t e d .
NOTE:

S ee n ote on p.




15,

r e l a t i v e t o th e in c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

( 5)
O
54
54
87
87
99

99
99
99
99
99

9
9
15
15
74

77
81
83
83
89

r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 7 fu ll d a y s and

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , A t la n t a , G a . , J u n e I9 6 0 )
P L A N T W O RK ER S

O F F IC E W O RK ER S

V a c a t io n p o l i c y

AH

,

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

94
79
16
-

100
99
1
-

100
97
3
-

97
95
2
-

4

6

“

_

3

9
20
-

12
10
-

_
39
-

"

11
71
8
5

15
32
”

8
29
■

1
65
1
28

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
( 5)
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
98
2
-

100
100
-

( 5)

1

“

“

7
46
6
1

9
28
3

4
37
7

11
25
-

100

Manufacturing

All

Public
utilities 2

Public ,
utilities2

industries1

Retail trade

Finance 3

Services

industries4

100

Manufacturing

Retail trade

Method off payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------ __ -----------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -----------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t --------------------------------------------O t h e r ______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s --------------- --------------------------------

96
87
8
( 5)
-

Amount off vacation p a y 6
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____________________ _________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________

_
49
2

■

“

~

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ______________
_______ ______________
1 w e e k ____________________________________ __________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________

_

_

_

_

_

_

26
_
74

21
_
78

49
51

10
90

70
30

5
95

_

_

67
1
26

69
30

3
53
43

2
61
34

_
10
3
86
1

_
12
86

_
14
16
70
-

_
20
2
72
6

_
5
95

-

_
1
99
-

57
3
34

49
51

32
5
63

-

1
48
5
41
1

-

-

-

2
28
10
51
6

_

_
4
1
95

_

_

1
-

9
2
83
6

_
5
89
5

1
28
11
54
1

_
32
18
44

_
26
74

19
5
76

-

-

-

_

_

1
12
3
74
1
5

_

_
1
99
-

_
10
90
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________

_
6
( 5)
91
3

10
89
-

-

99
-

_

2
14
10
65
6

A fte r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k --------------------------------------------- --------------1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le




_

_

2
( 5)
92
4
2

4
( 5)
93
1
1

_

_

100
-

100
-

7
2
76
( 5)
15

90
10

13
1
76
1
4

2
14
10
55
4
12

Services

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , A t la n t a , G a . , J u n e I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A m ou n t o f v o c a tio n

p a y 6—

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

.

.

2
67
5
26

3
73

_
-

L

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 5

Services

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
Utilities

£

Wholesale

Retail trade

2
14
33
12
35

C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

U n d e r 1 w e e k ------- -------------- __ --------------------------1 w e e k ------------------------- __ _________________________
2 w e e k s _____ _______________ _____________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
_____________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)
22

88
12

64
2
34

7
22
13
58

( 51
12
53
11
19

67
10
22

11
52
18
14

1
82
17

10
69
( 5)
21

11
46
1
34
_
2

1
7
_
92
_

10
41
_

9

11
45
1
35
2

( 5)
12
33
( 5)
33
1
16

11
45
1
26
3
9

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

U nder 1 w eek
1 w eek
___ __________________________________ ________
2 w e e k s ______________________ _____________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
_____________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w eeks
_
...................... ...............................

_

_

.

21
79
-

7
19
74
-

17
78
5

-

-

-

_

_

2
28
( 5)
69
1

3
63
( 5)
32
-

( 5)

■

_
9
90
1

.

_

_

.

.

2
25
( 5)
60
( 5)
12

3
63
( 5)
32

2
87
11

21
53
2
23

7
19
51
23

( 5)
12
34
47
_
1

2
14
25
_

49

55

-

-

-

1
4
_
80
_
15

10
41
_
43
( 5)
6

2
14
25
_
32
_
23

_

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

U n d e r 1 w e e k ------- — — _____ _
_ _ __________
1 w eek
____
_____
_ _______________ ________
2 w e e k s _________ ____________________________ _ _____
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----- --------3 w e e k s ______ - ___________ ______ ___ ________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________ _______
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)

( 5)
12
33
( 5)
41

14
72
15

( S)

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

U n d e r 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ------------ --------------- -------- -------- --------------2 w e e k s ---------------------- -------- ------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ___________ - ___ _________ ___ ___ _________
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ___
_____________ _______________ __
_

_

_

_

2
24

3
63

-

-

2

2-1

( 5)
39

<*)
26

-

-

-

6

12

35

_

-

-

86

44
35

_

.

7
19

11

-

13
-

61

-

23
67

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
5
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
6 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .

5

fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .

F or

.

e x a m p le ,

1
4
_
79
16

10
41
_
30
_
19

th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s

2
14
25
_
18
_
37

in d ic a t e d at

10 y e a r s ’

N O T E : S e e n o te o n p . 15, r e l a t i v e to th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .
In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a ll o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f
a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k ’ s p a y .




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em ployed in esta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
health, in su ra n ce , o r p en sion b en efits, A tla n ta , G a . , June I9 60 )
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T yp e o f b en efit

P L A N T W O RK ER S
AU
industries4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

94

99

88

96

76

87

83

71

35

56

55

64

51

53

39

70

78

83

55

69

79

69

66

62

41

47

23

14

52

76

37

44

24

66

37

57

14

53

14

15

6

32

13

3

23

9

55

2

15

3

37

8

31

98
94
62
56
79
(*>

75
75
49
61
71

96
93
54
48
90

92
92
31

85
84
35
31
55
5

97
96
38

72
72
45
48

84
77
35
36
63
13

74
74
24
42
53
9

All
industries*

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance5

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in su ran ce -------- . . . . ---------- ---------- — -------------------A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su ra n ce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -------- -— ---------— . . .
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce o r
s ic k le a v e o r both* ------------------------------------------------

95

97

81

99

60

74

50

69

83

S ick n ess and accid en t in su ra n ce . . . — —
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p eriod ) . . . ----------------------------------- . . . —
Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p eriod ) -------------------------------------—----------

39

75

48
13

90
89
49

Services

Services

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g:

H osp ita liza tio n in su ran ce ------ . . . ----- ---------------S u rgical in su ran ce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M e d ic a l in su ran ce _________________________ - —
C ata strop h e in su ran ce ------------------ --------- ----------R e tire m e n t pen sion ---------------------------- ---------- -----------No health, in su ra n ce , or p en sion plan — .

66
82

(4)

1

68
71

89
89
41
82
90

21
2

56

68
1

In clud es data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other p ub lic u tilit ie s .
F in an ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te .
In clud es data fo r r e a l esta te and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
Unduplicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s rec eiv in g s ic k le ave o r s ic k n e ss and accid en t in su ra n ce shown se p a r a te ly b elow .
S ic k -le a v e p lan s a r e lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a st
n im u m n um ber o f d a y s' pay that can be expected by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an individual b a sis a r e ex clu d ed .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p erc en t.
NOTE:

See note on p . 15, r e la tiv e to the in clu sion o f r a ilr o a d s .







21
Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc ., which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare b ills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
term ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— Keeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping . P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction ot a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's bu sin ess tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

CLERK, PAYROLL

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal entries; may direct class B accounting
clerks.

Class B

— Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Class B

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

— In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the files. May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
— Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be. filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




any combination of the following:

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

23

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc.
(see transcribing-machine operator).

Does not include transcribing-machine

work

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc.

Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




Class A

— Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.

Does not include
Class B

— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C

— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

24

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little special training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B

one or more of the following:

— Performs
Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in d r a w i n g s or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve
Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May assist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

a combination of the following:

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

tion of the following:

a combina-

TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
Preparing work­
poses. Duties involve
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve
Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

a combination of the following:

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

25

M A INTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

most of the following:

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of. equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves
Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

most of the following:

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
supervise these operations.

also
Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more them one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is nermitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves
Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.

most of the following:

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves
Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

most of the following:

26

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop**
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into m
e**
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves
Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves
Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that* involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

most of the following:

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves
Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

most of the following:

primary duties

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




most of the following:

OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work
Knowledge o f . surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

involves the following:

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience.

most of the following:

Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

27

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of*work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U STO D IA L AND M A TER IA L M OVEM ENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary, includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.
i

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stock­
man or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

28

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders^requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container.

boxes or crates are excluded.

may involve one or more of

Packers who also make wooden

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and files.




Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order.

are excluded.

Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (llA to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

work involves:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

the following:

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Shipping

Receiving work involves:

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U .S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : I960 O '- 561784

Occupational Wage Surveys
O ccupational w age surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. T h ese b u lletin s, when a v a ila b le,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, W ashington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional
s a le s o ffices shown on the in sid e front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for a ll labor m arkets, combined with additional a n a ly sis, w ill be issu e d early in 1961.
B u lletin s for the areas listed below are now ava ilab le.
A lbany—S ch enectady—Troy, N .Y ., March I9 6 0 —
BLS B ull. 1265-40, price 25 cen ts
A llentow n—B ethlehem —E aston, P a .—N .J ., March I9 6 0 —
BLS B ull. 1265-33, price 25 cen ts
Baltim ore, Md., Septem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-7, price 15 cen ts
Birmingham, A la., March I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-37, price 25 cen ts
B oston, M ass., O ctober 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-8, price 25 cen ts

Miami, F la ., Decem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-6, price 20 cen ts
M ilwaukee, W is., April I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-43, price 25 cen ts
M inneapolis—St. P aul, Minn., January I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-21,
price 25 cen ts
Newark and Jersey C ity, N .J ., February I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-28,
price 25 cen ts
New Haven, Conn., February I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-41, price 25 cen ts

Buffalo, N .Y ., O ctober 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-4, price 20 cen ts
Canton, Ohio, D ecem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-10, price 25 cen ts
C harlotte, N .C ., April I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-39, price 20 cen ts
C hicago, 111., April I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-45, price 25 cen ts
C incinnati, Ohio—K y., February I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-31,
price 25 cen ts
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1959— B L S B u ll. 1265-1, p ric e 20 c e n ts

New O rleans, L a., February I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-32, price 25 cen ts
New York, N .Y ., April I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-44, price 25 cen ts
P h iladelphia, P a ., Novem ber 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-16, price 25 cen ts
P hoenix, A riz., April I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-42, price 25 cen ts
Pittsburgh, P a ., Decem ber 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-20, price 25 cen ts
Portland, M aine, November 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-12, price 20 cen ts
P rovidence, R .I.—M ass., March I960— BLS B u ll. 1265*34, price 25 cen ts

D a lla s, T ex., October 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-3, price 20 cen ts
Dayton, Ohio, Decem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-9, price 25 cen ts
Denver, C olo., D ecem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-11, price 25 cen ts
D es M oines, Iowa, February I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-30, price 25 cen ts
D etroit, M ich., January I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-25, price 20 cen ts
Fort Worth, T ex., Novem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265-13, price 25 cen ts
Indianapolis, Ind., January I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265*22, price 25 cen ts

Richmond, V a., February I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-24, price 25 cen ts
St. L ou is, Mo., October 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-5, price 25 cen ts
San Bernardino—R iv ersid e—Ontario, C a lif., November 1959—
BLS B ull. 1265-15, price 25 cen ts
San F ra n cisco —Oakland, C a lif., January I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-17,
price 25 cen ts
S ea ttle, Wash., August 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-2, price 25 cen ts

Jackson, M iss., February I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-26, price 25 cen ts
J ack son ville, F la ., D ecem ber 1959— BLS B ull. 1265*14,
price 25 cents
K ansas C ity, Mo.—K ans., January I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-23,
price 25 cents
L os A n g eles—Long B each, C a lif., April I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-35,
price 25 cen ts
Memphis, T enn., January I9 6 0 — BLS B ull. 1265-19, price 25 cen ts

Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., February I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-29,
price 20 cen ts
South Bend, Ind., April i 960 — BLS B u ll. 1265*38, price 25 cen ts
W ashington, D .C .—Md.—V a., D ecem ber 1959— BLS B u ll. 1265-18,
price 25 cen ts
Waterbury, C onn., March i 960 — BLS B u ll. 1265-36, price 25 cen ts
York, P a ., February I9 6 0 — BLS B u ll. 1265-27, price 25 cen ts








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102