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Occupational Wage Survey

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR, TEX A S
MAY 1960

Bu letin No. 1265-58




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagu«, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR, TEXAS




MAY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-58
August I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e C o m m u n ity W a g e S u rv e y P r o g r a m

In tr o d u c tio n

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o r ta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n t e r s . T h e s tu d ie s , m ad e fr o m la te f a l l to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le t io n
o f the study in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
th e p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d ata not in c lu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s o f a l l o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f i c e in A tla n ta , G a. , b y D on a ld C r u s e , u n der the d i r e c ­
tio n o f L o u is B . W o y ty c h , R e g io n a l W age and In d u s tr ia l
R e la t io n s A n a ly s t.




________________________________________________________________________

1

1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ______________

2

A:

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s ;*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s ________________________________________________
A -2 .
P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s _____________________
A - 3.
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s ___________________
A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________

4
6
7
8

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B - l.
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e
w o r k e r s ____________________
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s _________________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ______________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s __________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ________________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s f o r th e s e and o th e r it e m s a r e
a v a ila b le in the r e p o r t s f o r s u r v e y s in o th e r m a jo r a r e a s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ic a tin g d ate o f study and th e p r ic e o f the
r e p o r t s is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.

9
10
10
11
12
14

15




Occupational Wage Surveyt- B eaumont-Port Arthur, Tex.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o r ta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U . S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s has
c o n d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , d ata w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , 1
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s t r u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
ra n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s . T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia t e a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d ata, h o w ­
e v e r , a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d o n the e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o s e b elQ w the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
tak e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e
jo b . (S e e a p p e n d ix f o r lis t in g o f th e s e d e s c r ip t io n s . ) E a r n in g s d ata a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; ( c ) m a in t e ­
nan ce and p o w e r p lan t; and (d ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and

1 R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s e s tu d ie s ,
h a ve b e e n ad d ed in n e a r ly a ll o f th e a r e a s to b e s tu d ie d d u rin g the
w in t e r o f 1959-60; r a ilr o a d s w i l l b e ad d ed in the r e m a in in g a r e a s n e x t
y e a r . F o r s c o p e o f s u r v e y in th is a r e a , s e e fo o tn o te to " t r a n s p o r t a ­
tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t ie s " in ta b le 1.




la te s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u ses a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e re w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s a r e p aid ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th es e
o c c u p a tio n s h a ve b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich b oth s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D if fe r e n c e s in p ay l e v e l s o f m e n and w o m e n in th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
l a r g e l y due to (1 ) d if fe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u t io n o f the s e x e s am on g
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2 ) d if fe r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
fo r m e d , alth ou gh the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3 ) d if fe r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r i t r e v ie w w h en in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju s te d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p ay
w h en both s e x e s a r e
e m p lo y e d w ith in the s a m e r a te r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th es e s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in sp ecifier d u ties
p e rfo r m e d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e am on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d
f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d ata.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits as th e y r e ­
la te to o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u s e d
in th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l -p e rs o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s ­
tr ie s , but a r e in c lu d e d as p lan t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .

2

T A B L E 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r ,

In d u s try d iv is io n

A l l d i v i s i o n s ______________________

_____________________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------- -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________________ __ ____
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ____________________________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e --------- ---------------------------------------------- -----------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------ ------------------------- -------- ----------------------------- F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ______ _____ _________ _
S e r v i c e s 7 ___ __ _____ ____________________________________________

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

T e x . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , 2 M a y I 9 6 0

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
s tu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T otal 4

O ffic e

P la n t

T otal 4

51

145

76

4 1 , 7 00

4, 400

3 0, 500

3 4 ,1 0 0

51
51

55
90

31
45

2 8, 100
13, 600

2, 2 00
2, 200

2 2 ,2 0 0
8, 300

2 4 ,8 0 0
9 , 300

51
51
51
51
51

25
15
28
9
13

15
8
11
5
6

6, 000
1, 000
4 , 000
7 00
1, 900

1, 0 00

2, 7 00

4, 930
550
2 , 570
380
870

( 6)
(*)

(6)
( 6)

(‘ )
(!)
( 6)
( 6)

1 T h e B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ( J e f f e r s o n a n d O r a n g e C o u n t i e s ). T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n
o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in t h is s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s t o
m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d a n d (2) s m a ll
e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n (u s e d in
th e B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r to th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 -5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r iz a t io n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h o l e s a le o r
r e t a il ) to m a n u fa c t u r in g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s to the t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f ic i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .
7 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n te d b oth in t e r m s o f (a ) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h ift a t the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if fe r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t a p p ly in g to
a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e la t e s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if fe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f i t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u r s .

M in im u m e n tr a n c e r a te s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly o n the
b a s is th a t th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l ig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s l i s t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u rs a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p lan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , sum s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in th es e
ta b u la tio n s m a y n o t e q u a l to t a ls .

T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The second p a rt
c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p lans is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l p lans w h e r e b y tim e o f f w ith p a y is g ra n te d
a t the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , such
as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m am o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n ot on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
plan s f o r w h ich a t le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
and s o c ia l s e c u r it y . Such p lan s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u gh a u n ion fund o r
p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m
a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D ea th b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a
f o r m o f l i f e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim ite d * to th at ty p e o f in ­
s u ra n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich
h a v e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p lan s a r e in c lu d e d only* i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r
p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k - le a v e p lan s a r e li m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f i l ln e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1 ) p lan s w h ich p r o v id e f u ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p lans
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p ay o r a w a it in g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .

(2)

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s t e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lans p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such p lan s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th e y m a y b e
s e lf- in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p lan s a r e li m i t e d to
th o s e p lan s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o lic y i f it m e t
4 T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a l i f o r n i a and R h o d e Is la n d
e it h e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : (1 ) O p e r a t e d la te s h ifts a t the tim e
do n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t io n s .
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2 ) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts .
5 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
3
S c h ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n o t e s ta b lis h e d a t le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e th at
if
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r i o r to la te 1957 and e a r l y 1958 w e r e
c o u ld b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Su ch a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it t e n ,
p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m ­
b u t in fo r m a l s ic k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
p lo y e d in o f f ic e s w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




A* Occupaiipnal Earnings

4

Table A -l. O ffice Occupatbns
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and earn in gs f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in du stry d iv is io n . Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x . , M ay I960)
P
Atsbaos
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly t
(S U r iw l)

N UM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING ST RAIGH T-TIM E W E E KLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
9
S
$
S
<
$
t
9
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0
and

9

90.00

$

9
S
*
*
9
$
$
9
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
an d

50. 00 55. 00

0. 00 f>5. oo 70. 00 7*. 00 80. 00 85. 00 00. 00 05. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 1 1 5.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 o v e r

M en

106
83
23

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$122.50
126. 50
107. 50

_
"

_

49
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

95. 50
9 5.00

_

_

“

“ .

"

57

4 0 .0

97. 50

_

_

_

_

17

4 0 .0

123.50

O ffic e b oy s

18

4 0 .0

63 .0 0

2

3

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ___
_ _

18

4 0 .0

121. 50

-

-

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B __
M a n u fa c t u r in g

19
19

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

112. 00
112.00

-

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s A
____ __
__ __
_____

22

40. 5

83. 50

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
_ __
_
___
___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_ __ — — — _

85
71

4 0 .0
40. 0

C le r k s , a c co u n tin g , c la s s A
M a n u fa c t u r in g
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __

68
36
32

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 5

242
76
166

4 0 .0
40. 0

20

C l e r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s A
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __

C le r k s ,

a c c o u n tin g ,

c la s s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

C le r k s ,

ord er

C le r k s ,

p a y r o ll

_____________

R

---------

.............................................

,,

... ........................

---------------

----------- -

—.

■

_
■

_
“

4
2
2

_

_

“

"

3
3

4
4

_

5

2

_

"

“

-

!
1
_

1
1

2
2
■

6
3
3

4
2
2

8
4
4

6
3
3

3
3
“

10
10
“

5
5
■

10
4
6

18
18

6
6

3
i

3
3

13
13

6
4

!

2
2

4
4

1
1

_

“

~

2
2

"

11

3

12

1

6

3

6

1

_

2

_

5

1

4

7

3

2
4

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

53.00
52. 50

9
7

14
8

39
39

92.00

_

_

_

103.50
79 .0 0

“

~

14

40. 0

73. 00
87 .0 0
66. 50

40. 5

86. 50

29
*27
2
_

1

1

2

-

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

3

2

2

1

35

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

6
6

2
2

2
2

3
3

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

3

1

-

3

5

2

4

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
9

4
2

6

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

6

~

•

“

~

12
2
10

2
2

9
2
7

2
2

2
-

1
1

■

6
4
2

_

-

-

2

“

17

12

15

52
-

8

7

9
6

23
1

52

22

24

10
7
3

2

5

20
1
19

30

9

12

16
3
13

_

_

.

3

2

3

1

_

_

1

_

W om en

_

___

__

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __ _____ _
_
____ _

C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s A

______________________

2

-

6

10
2
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

■

-

“

■

'

5
5

2
1
1

3
1
2

_
~

1
1

1
1

8
8

“

“

~

4
4
“

_

2

_

-

2
-

-

1

_

"
_

5
5

-

1
1

_
-

8
8

15
15

“

2

-

■

~

"

“

3

3

2

1

_

_

_
I

i
S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le ,




I

-

1
i

1
_______

5

Table A-1. O ffice Occupatbns-Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and earn in gs fo r s e le cte d occu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv isio n , Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ., M ay I960)
P
Avcbaqk
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

%

%

%

S
S
S
$
$
S
S
$
$
$
S
$
S
1
$
S
S
Weekly J 4 0 ^ 0 0 4 5 . 00 5 0 .0 0 5 5 . 00 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
and
4 5 . 00 5 0 . 00 5 5 .0 0 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 .0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 o v e r

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

C le r k s , file , c la s s B
— __ — -------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------- __ ------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------- -

56
17
39

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$ 6 0 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------

64
34
30

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

8 1 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

3

t

1

1
1

10
10

12
3
9

6
6

2
2

.

5
3
2

10
4
6

■

4
3
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

“

5
3
2

“

“

~

”

■

4
4

2
1
1

8
1
7

1
1

1
1
"

4
2
2

1
1

5
4
1

.

2

3

_

2

3
3

“

10
10

7
3
4

5
4
1

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

"

“

-

-

"

-

1
1

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

_________________

28

40. 0

7 0 .0 0

2

3

3

4

1

3

1

3

.

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----— __
— —

75
43

40. 0
4 0 .0

7 7 . 00
8 5 .5 0

6
4

2

4
2

2

-

"

2
2

17
2

8
2

5
3

2
2

6
5

6
6

7
7

-

1
1

2
2

2
2

2
2

1
1

S e c r e t a r ie s
M a n u fa c t u r in g ~
.
— . . . __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____ _________ ___
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 4 _________________ _

234
148
86
39

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

9 6 . 00
1 0 2 .0 0
8 6 . 00
9 8 .5 0

-

-

4
4

3
2
1

19
17
2

13
6
7

16
8
8

"

-

-

-

12
2
10
4

20
6
14
4

12
4
8
6

15
6
9
7

15
9
6
3

17
11
6
4

18
17
1
1

11
9
2
2

13
11
2
2

21
19
2
2

4
2
2
2

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l - __________ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------

291
182
109

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

8 1 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

-

1
1

28
13
15

10
3
7

18
7
11

35
5
30

15
2
13

17
12
5

25
12
13

35
28
7

34
29
5

37
35
2

12
12

12
12

-

-

6
6
-

1
1
“

4
4

-

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ______ — __ __
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________

80
24
56

42. 0
40. 0
43. 0

6 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
5 2 .0 0

*26
26

5
5

3
2
1

3
3

7
2
5

4
4

9
1
8

1
1

8
4
4

7
7
-

1
1

2
2

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s - —
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------

26
16

4 0 .0
40. 0

6 2 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

5
2

"

"

2
2

6
6

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa c t u r in g

42
31

40. 0
40. 0

8 0 . 00
8 2 .5 0

1
"

"

"

-

6
4

5
3

5
4

10
8

4
2

5
5

5
5

-

-

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s

— _____ _____________
-------- — -------------------

-

7

1
-

"

"

1

.

.

.

-

-

4
4
-

17
15
2
2

_

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

-

-

1

-

!

-

-

i
1
T y p is t s , c l a s s B __________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ __ __ __ — __ ___
________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 4 __________ _________

2
3
4
5

66
34
32
15

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

6 0 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
5 8 . 50

2
2

4

-

4

-

19
2
17
6

15
10
5
5

5
3
2

3
1
2
2

3
3
-

12
10
2
2

1
1

2
2

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s and th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 7 at $ 135 t o $ 1 4 0 ; 3 at $ 140 t o $ 1 4 5 ; 13 at $ 1 4 5 to $ 1 5 0 ; 4 at $ 155 t o $ 1 6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 1 at $ 135 t o $ 1 4 0 ; 1 at $ 140 t o $ 1 4 5 ; 3 a t $ 145 to $ 1 50 .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s 18 w o r k e r s at $ 30 t o $ 35.




.

-

-

-

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u r , T e x . , M a y I960)
Atbbaob
S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly j
hours
(Standard)

Weekly.
earnings
(Standard)

N UM BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E KLY E A RN ING S OF-

U n der
$
7 0 .0 0

%

9
S
$
S
»
S
1
1
$
9
9
$
*
*
$
$
$
$
*
$
7 0 . 00 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 00 .00 105.00 110.00 115 .00 120 .00 125 .00 130 .00 135 .00 140 .00 1 45.00 150 .00 155 .00 16Q.00 165 .00 170 .00
and
and
u n d er
7 5 . no an. oo 8 5. 00 QO 00 Q5. 00 1 00 00 105 .00 1 10 00 1 15.00 120 .00 125 .00 130 .00 1 35.0 0 140 .00 145.00 1 5 0.00 1 55.00 160 .00 165 00 170 .00

M en

.

_

.

■

■

■

1 29.50
1 30.00

_

2
2

4
4

6
6

9 5 .5 0
95T W

3 16
16

10
10

4
4

3

33
33

40. 0
4 0 .0

$ 1 4 7 .5 0
1 47.50

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r
________ ________ —
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------- ----- ------------- —

94
89

4 0 .0
40. 0

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r
-----__ __
__ —
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________

87
70

40. 0
4 0 .0

— __
D r a ft s m e n , l e a d e r ______
-------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------

------

_

_

2

_

_

5
3

_

■

_
7

4
4

4
4

5
5

_

2

5
1

5
4

1

_

2
2

3
3

1
1

1
i

_

"

8
8

_

■

■

3
3

26
6

7
5

2
2

3
3

14
14

4
4

3
3

3
3

6
6

7
7

2
2

8

3
3

6
6

4
4

_

_

_

.

.

.

_

'

"

3
3

_

"
5
4

9
7

3
3

14
14

_

'

'

'

'

.

.

'

‘

“

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------

32
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .50
111 .50

2
2

_

1
1

3
3

2
2

3
3

7
7

5
5

5
5

3
3

1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 3 at $ 1 7 5 to $ 1 9 5 ; 3 at $ 2 0 5 to $ 2 2 0 .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 6 at $ 6 0 to $ 6 5 ; 10 at $ 6 5 to $ 7 0 .

2




.

8

“

7

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u r , T e x . , M a y I960)
NUM BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN ING S OF—

________________
-------------------------

276
26!

$ 3 . 05
3. 10

"

"

3
*

$

$

$

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 60

1 .7 0

1- 80 - JL-9Q- 2_0.Q

2-1Q .

3
3

“

6
“

1 .8 0

!

1
1

"

3. 11
3. 12

E n g in e e r s , st a t io n a r y -------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------

71
59

2. 87
3. 09

_

F ir e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o il e r ---------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------- ----------------------- ------

70
70

2 .8 3
2 .8 3

3
3

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce ----------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________ — ____
___ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________

956
931
25

2. 53
2. 56
1. 51

11
5
36

7
3
4

7
5
2

6
6

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce --------—
----------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------ --------------------------

411
405

3. 15
3. 15

-

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in ten a n ce) ---------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----__ ----------- ----- -----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 -------------- __ __ ----------------

72
45
27
19

2. 79
2 .9 7
2 .4 9
2. 70

_
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

_
“

1
1

3
-

407
371
36

3. 02
3. 05
2 .7 5

O il e r s --------------------------------------------------------------- -----M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________ —
-------------------------

31
29

2. 55
2. 58

1
1

3. 02
3. 07

.

_

.
-

673
67 3

3. 17
3 . 17

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------------

47
47

*

_

3
3

2 . 40J JL 5Q

_
-

:

1
ill
11

3
3

_

_

-

$
2 .7 0

2. 80

$
2. 90

3
3

-

2

"

204
204

59
59

1
-

_

_

4
4

_

1

_

-

35
35

2 13
13

"

_
_

4
4

.
-

.
-

.
-

.

_ .

-

_

■
_
-

6
-

2
2

2
2

3 8
5
3 3
3 3

7
7
7

6
6
-

“

~

“

-

*

-

-

“

“

2
2

1
~
1

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
~

7
7
4

1
1

3
-

.
“

-

-

-

2
2

7

.

6

.

2
2

.
-

1
1
-

.
"

.
■

-

3

-

3
3

3
•

1
1
“

i
1

3

2

5
3
2

2
2
2

6

4

2

20
16

4

4

2
2

12
12

4

5

.

3

.

■

'

.

1

6

“

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3. 30 to $ 3. 4 0.
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 3 at $ 0 . 9 0 to $ 1 ; 3 at $1 to $ 1 . 10.
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

“

“

■

_

.

.

-

.

28
28

1

-

"

4
4
_

■

■

15
15

■

-

4

_

-

59
59

.

•

2
2

4
4

.

440
440
"

-

8
8

8
8

401
401

-

233
233

25
25

-

-

$
3. 30
and

4
"

1
1

-

$
3. 20

3
3

.
-

-

$
3. 10

2. 9-Q- . 3. QQ_ _ 3 . 10 -3~^_2H- _3 ^J 0_ _Q ver_

I

5
1
4

32
32

$
3. 00

4
2
C a r p e n t e r s , 9m a in t e n a n c e 4
5
4
2
2
“

_
"

$

2. 6CL 2_2.Q-. _ 2..80

1 “

.

$
2. 60

6
4
2

8
8
-

3. 14
3. 14




_

-

17
16
1

-

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------- ----- --------------

.

$
2. 50

4

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e ___________
___________
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------- -----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------

244
232

_

$
2 .4 0

4

_
-

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------ --------------------------

_ 2. 30

$
2. 30

~

1

319
313

6
-

2. 20

"

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce _______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------ ---------------------- ------------

-

$

c
<
\

______
----------

$
1 .5 0

o
i-4

M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------

$
$
Average
hourly .
1 .4 0
1. 30
earnings1 U n der
and
$
u n d er
1. 30
i an
1 . 50

& (M

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

3
-

3

2
2
-

.
"

.
-

.
“

340
340

59
59

31
31
-

.
-

.
-

69
65

.
-

-

16
2
14

242
242
-

4

-

-

-

-

31
31

.

470
470

199
199

_

39
39

8
8

_

-

10
10

.

.

49
48

20
20

4

_

_

_

■

"

"

4

_
~

■

*

.

~

123
123

-

"

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B ea u m on t— o r t A r th u r , T e x . , M a y I9 6 0 )
P
NU BER O W RK
M
F
O
ERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM H U
E O RLY EARN GS O —
IN
F

O ccupation 1 and industry division
Guards
M anufacturing -------------------------------Janito rs, p o rte rs, and cleaners
(men) - —
_______
__
_
—
M anufacturing
if i u. v.
B
Janito rs, p o rte rs, and cleaners
(women) -----------------------------------------NOTIll13 rtn ri n 8
'1
ct
L aborers, m aterial handling — ---M anufacturing
__
Nonmanufacturing _---------- Public utilities * - __ — __ „
O rder fillers —------- — _ ----- . _
Receiving clerks ---------------------------- -__
M anufacturing
______ __ — _ __

8

Shipping clerks ---------------------------------a ui
g
Shipping and receiving clerks — __
M anufacturing __ ____ —
Nonmanufacturing - ___ __ —
T ruckdrivers * ________ __ ______ ____
M an u factu rin g ------------- ----- _ —
Nonmanufacturing _ _____ -_ __ —
Public u tilitie s 5 ----------------------T ruckdrivers, light (under
1l / z tons) ------ __ __ — __ __ __
T ruckdrivers, medium (l*/z to
and including 4 tons) _________ ___
M anufacturing _________:------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------—_
O ..K 1. p n t i li f i a e ®

T ruckers, power (forklift) --------------- M anufacturing _ __ __ ------ __
W atchmen _
_ _ _ _ _ __ __
M an u factu rin g ----_____

N
um
ber
of
w
orkers

9
9
9
9
9
0
.0 9 . 9 . 0 9 9
0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1. 0 1. 10 1.20 1. 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 0 2 10 2 2 2. 30 2. 40 2.50 2.60 2.70 92 80 2. 90 3. 00
.
and
and
under
0
0
. 0
.70 .80 .90 1.0 1. 10 1. 2 1. 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 0 2.10 2 2 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 over
.0
t 60

A
verage 9
hourly
earnings 2

197
194

2 08
.

S

$

9

9

9

9

9

4
4

$2 .62
2.64

446
234

9

2
12

32
23
351
262
89
48

10
0
43
2
1
2,
2
31
18
43

1.69
1.26

3
3

3
-

1 2
0
0
1 2

7

51

.96
.82
1.85
1.97
1.51
1.73
1.44
2.04
2.49
1.61

49

3

_

1
1

_

4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

15

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

11

6
6

2
2

2

9

-

-

2

2

-

54

2.0
1

-

-

_

3

153
56
97
74
142
131
42
34

2. 31
2.46
2 . 22
2. 48
2.41
2.50

_
_

-

-

-

2.01
2.22

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

3 18 2 36
0
2 12 6 14 36
1

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

1
1

-

2

-

7

1

3

_

9

"

2
2

-

5
5

2 11
11

14
14

6
6

-

13
13

2
1
2
1

_

28
24
4
4
_
-

5
.
-

_

_

2
2

6 10 12 12 136
6 8 12 10 136
2
2

2

12 4
2
1*2 4 .

9

"

2 >2
2
2 ~JT~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

3

-

1

2
1

2

"

9

6

-

-

_

-

-

_

2

3
2

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 6 at $ 3 to $ 3. 1 0; 14 at $ 3. 20 t o $ 3. 30; 2 at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50.
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 0. 30 t o $ 0. 4 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 2 at $ 3 to $ 3. 10; 1 at $ 3. 10 to $ 3. 20; 1 at $ 3. 30 to $ 3. 4 0; 1 at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60.
A l l w o r k e r s w ere^ at $ 3. 60 to $ 3. 70.
I n clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




2
2

1

-

-

_
_
-

2.10

_
-

2
2

-

_

442
215
227
126

2
2
2
1

1
i
i

9

_
-

_

_
-

12
6
6

“

9

_
3
3

-

_

_
_
-

35
5
30

2

9

3 3 4
4 3
2
1 2
9 24 2 36 10 23 2 2
5 • 8 34
8 15 19 8
2 2 8 2 14
9 19 14
2 4
13
1
9
_
4 23 25
8 13
8 9
.
4
1 2 2 3 4
3
3
4
1 2 2 3 4
2 2 8 3
2
_
1 _ 2
2 _ 4
3
2
3
2
3
1 "
1
_
_
4
0 4
1 35 26 2
2 2 4
1 35 24 16 2 4
2
1 3 -

2.48
22
. 2
2.58
1.84
2.29
2.58
20
. 2
2.46

_
-

42

1 8 3
6 43 39

9

_

_

2
2

2
2

3

2
2
2
2
2
2

-

_

_

-

1
1
3

5
5
_
-

_

_

_
"
3

2
1
"

2
2
6
6

1
1
1
1

2

3

5

4
4
9 12 37
1 4
9
8 8 28
7
6 26

75
69
6
6

-

1

-

5

-

26

3

5
5

9

5
2
3

35
9
26
3 26
17
17
_
_

24

-

2

_

-

2
2
2

1
1

-

8
8

_

-

2
2

'2

-

1

6 118
- 118
6 6

2

-

-

_

4
4
4
_
4

2
2
2

-

-

-

"

3

2
1
1

-

"

_

-

2
2

18
18
_

2

,

1

-

_

4
“
3
3

1
8
7
-

_

_
-

2
2
2
2

22
2
2

11
11

23
23

-

-

5

_

-

1
1

_

_

_

_ 10
- 8

_
-

1
1

147 57
71 51
76 6
62 6

_
-

_
-

-

_

! -

9
9

3

_

2

_

2

35 11
11 5
24 6
24 5
36 2
36 2
_ _

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

19
19
_

19
_

19

_

2
2
5

*5

u

4
-

_
-

_

-

_




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials

(P erc en t of m anufacturing plant w o rk ers in estab lish m en ts having fo rm al prov ision s for shift w ork, and in e stab lish m en ts
actually operating late sh ifts by type and am ount of d ifferen tial, Beaum ont—P o rt A rth u r, Tex. , May I960)
In e stab lish m en ts having form al
prov ision s 1 for—
Second shift
T hird o r other
w ork
shift w ork

Shift d ifferential

______ „

95.1

89. 5

16. 3

10.7

With shift pay differen tial ------- ---- -----------------

94.0

88 .4

15.9

10.6

U niform cen ts (per hour) ---------------------------------

94. 0

88 .4

15.9

10 6
.

3 .4
5. 6
7 .6
75. 0
2. 3
"

.7
1. 3
.7
2.8
7 .9
75.0

1. 0
1. 5
1.8
10.8
.9
_
_
-

.l
_
_
(2)
10.4

-

-

-

-

1. 1

1. 1

.4

.1

T o ta l-----------

----

__

_

__

In estab lish m en ts actu ally
operating—
T hird o r other
Second shift
shift

5 cents — ---- __ __ ------- — _______
6cents _
7 cents _______ __ _______ ___ _______
8cents _________________ ___________________
10cen ts _ __ ____ __ ___ _________ ____
11 cents — _ __ ____ _____ __
12 c e n ts ___ ______ _____ __ _______
16 c e n ts ____ __ ___
_______ __ _____
U niform p ercen tag e __ __ — _

_ ___ __

No shift pay differen tial — — __ __ __ __

_
_

1 Includes estab lish m en ts c u rre n tly operating late sh ifts, and estab lish m en ts w ith fo rm al p rov ision s covering la te sh ifts even
though they w ere not c u rre n tly op erating late sh ifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percen t.

10

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice W orkers
(D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ied in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , B ea u m on t— o r t A r th u r , T e x . , M a y I96 0 )
P
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa ctu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

B a se d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

M anufa ctu r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

AH
s c h e d u le s

40

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f —
40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

E s ta b lis h m e n t s stu d ied

76

31

XXX

45

XXX

76

31

XXX

45

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m —_____
— ----U n der $ 4 0 .0 0 - ........................................................................................
$ 4 0 . 00 and u n d e r $ 4 2 . 50 --------------------------------------------------------$ 4 2 . 5 0 and u n d er $ 4 5 . 0 0 ______________________________________
$ 4 5 . 00 and u n d er $ 4 7 . 50
________ ________
___ ___
$ 4 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 5 0 . 00 ------ ------------------ ------- __ — ----$ 5 0 . 0 0 and u n d e r $ 52 . 50 ------------- --------------------------------- ----$ 5 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 5 5 . 0 0 —
_
_____ — — ------- — ----$ 5 5 . 0 0 and u n d er $ 5 7 . 5 0
................................................................
$ 5 7 . 5 0 and u n d er $ 6 0 . 0 0 - ____ — — — — — ---------------$ 6 0 . 00 and u n d er $ 6 2 . 5 0
—
— _____ __ __ __________
---------- ------------- — — —
$ 6 2 . 5 0 and u n d er $ 6 5 . 00 -----$ 6 5 . 0 0 and u n d er $ 6 7 . 5 0 ------------ ------------— — — ----$ 6 7 . 5 0 and u n d er $ 7 0 .0 0 _______ __ -------- — — — —
$ 7 0 . 00 and u n d er $ 7 2 . 50
------- —
— --------- —
$ 7 2 . 5 0 and u n d er $ 7 5 . 00
---------—
— — — —
$ 7 5 . 00 and u n d er $ 7 7 .5 0 ...................................................................
O ver $ 7 7 .5 0
..................................................................................
E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g n o s p e c ifie d m in im u m ------- —------------- —
E s ta b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h i . c a t e g o r y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

36
5
3
4
2
5
2
1
2
2
1
2
2
3
2
7

20
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
1
2
2
3
1
4

18
1
2
_
1
1
1
2
2
-

14
4
1
3
1
3
1
-

19
1
2
_
1
1
1
2
2
-

-

-

2
2
2
3
4

2
2
2
3
XXX

22
1
8
2
3
2
3
1
_
_
1
1
5

17
7
1
2
1
3
1
_
_
_
_
1
_
_
_
1

XXX

43
1
9
4
3
2
5
2
1
2
3
1
2
2
2
4
9

21
1
2
2
1
1
2
3
-

XXX

16
4
1
4
2
3
1
1
3

XXX

33

7

XXX

26

XXX

24

6

XXX

18

XXX

-

2
2
3
1

-

1

1 L o w e s t s a la r y ra te fo r m a l ly e s t a b lis h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r ty p in g o r o th e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g ir ls , o r s i m il a r s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
3. H o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s .
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f ic e and pla n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B ea u m on t— o r t A r th u r , T e x . , M a y I96 0 )
P
OFFICE WORKERS

PLAN T W O RK ERS

W e e k ly h o u r s
All industries

A ll w ork ers

-------

-------- — -------- -----

-----

U n d er 40 h o u r s
. . ____
. —
_____
40 h o u r s _— ________
__
_ ______ _____
O v e r 40 and u n d er 42 h o u r s ___________________
42 h o u r s __
------------ — __ — __ __
O v e r 42 and u n d e r 44 h o u r s ___________________
44 h o u r s ---------- ------ _ __ __ ________________
O v e r 44 and u n d er 48 h o u r s _____ ____________
48 h o u r s
------ — ~ _____ __
____________
O v e r 48 h o u r s
— __ ________ „ _____ _____

1
2
3
4

100
4
89
(4)
2
3
1
1

n

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

2
93

.

3
1
1
_

99
_
1
_

“

~

-

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100
1
87
1
3
(4 )
1
2
4
1

I n clu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d i v is i o n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n clu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n t o th o s e in d u s tr y d i v is i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Public utilities 2

100

100

1
97
1
_
1
_
_

95
_
_
_
_
_
5

■

-

11

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d an n u ally , B ea u m on t— o r t A r t h u r , T e x . , M a y I960)
P
PLAN T WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Item
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s _________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

____________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s __________ ________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s ________________________________

99

99

99

96

98

91

( 4)

( 4)

1

4

2

9

1
14
14
33
4
29
2
2

1
6
5
30
1
57
-

2
16
3
17
(4)
57
-

1
6
14
77
-

13
9
53
5
10
-

'

'

'

77
77
91
91
97
97
98
98

_
10
15
69
78
91
91
91

Number of days
L e s s than 5 h o lid a y s _____________________ ______
5 h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s ------------------------------------ -----------------------7 h o lid a y s ____________________________ ___________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
8 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
12 h o lid a y s ________________________________________

12
6
63
15
3
~

Total holiday time5
12 d a y s __________________________ ________________
10 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
7x/2 o r m o r e d a y s ------------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________ _____
5 o r m o r e d a y s ________________________ ________
4 1/ 2 o r m o r e d a y s ------------------------------------------------21/ 2 o r m o r e d a y s
----------------------------------------------1 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________

2
4
34
37
70
84

99
99
99
99

-

-

-

88
93

3
17
81
87

57
58
75
77
94
94
94
96

57
58
99
99
99
99

99
99
99
99

91

1 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d ition to t h o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 I n clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s in a d d ition to t h o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s that add to the sa m e a m ount a r e co m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll d a y s and
no h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on . P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u la te d .




12

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and pla n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n pa y
p r o v is i o n s , B ea u m on t— o r t A r th u r , T e x . , M a y I96 0 )
P
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

98
95
3
-

99
95
4

-

99
99
-

-

90
90
-

(4 )

■

1

2

1

10

1
36
1

_

_
22
6

2

39
_

_
6
_

29
9

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s _____ — — .
____ ____ __
L e n g t h - o f-t i m e p a y m en t ----------------------------P e r c e n t a g e pa y m en t
— — ------------------ __
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------O the r _____________ __________________ ____ ___ _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id v a c a t io n s ---------------------------------------------

-

-

Amount off vacation p ay5
A f t e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k
_____ __ _____ ____________
1 w eek
__- ______ ___ ___ _ ...___ ____________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
__ -----------------------2 w eeks
________ __ -------- -----------------------------

-

(4)

-

8
1
1

"

.

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
__ -----------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
— ------------- __ __

32
2
63
2

19
3
77

32
58

-

-

17
3
79
-

21
2
73
2

17
3
80
-

9
3
78
-

-

-

-

-

-

12
_
85
1
3

8
92
-

17
82
-

9
2
83
4

9
81
-

-

-

-

4
3
89
3
-

2
91
3
4

1
98
1

1
99
-

4
89
4
2

2
94
3
1

_
90
-

26
74
1

11
89

33
66

-

-

15
1
81
1
3

11
_
89
_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------ ---------------------------------- —
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
------------------------ __
2 w e e k s ________ ________ ____ ____________ _______
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w eeks
------------- ------------- ------------------ __ __
A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ice
1 usoalr
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w eeks
_
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s --------------------- -------- __ __ ------------------

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f se r v ic e
1 w ao V
2 w e e k s _______ _____ _____ ___________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
___________________
3 w e e k s - ------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n pa y
p r o v is i o n s , B ea u m on t— o r t A r t h u r , T e x . , M a y I96 0 )
P
OFFICE WORKERS

PLAN T W ORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
All industries

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Amount of vacation pay5— Continued
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ----------2 w e e k s — --------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3
3 w e e k s ---------- —

-------- — — ------------------------— — — — — ------- — —
w e e k s --------------------------------— ------------- -------------- --------

2
42
4
51

1
31
8
61

1
47
52

3
24
6
65

2
11
6
81

2
23
1
69
2
3

1
23
76
~

1
3
96
-

3
14
2
77
2
~

2
5
90
3
_

2
23
1
37
37

1
23
20
55

i
3
93
3

3
14
2
21
2
56

2
5
17
3
73

5
75
_
10

2
23
1
23
4
48

1
23
13
8
55

1
3
46
50

3
14
2
17
4
59

2
5
14
6
73

5
46
40

49
41

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k - --------- --------------------------------------------- —
2 w e e k s ---------------- — -------- — ------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
-----------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

5
86
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
j w eek

_____________________________________________

2 w e e k s --------------------- ------- -----------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w eeks
------------- ------------- — — -------------------O ver 3
4
---------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

and under weeks

.

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k — ---------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------- — — — —
-------- — --------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

I n clu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u str y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
I n clu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b it r a r i ly c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f le c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v is i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s
in clu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v is i o n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .

.

in d ic a te d at 10 y ea rs*

N O T E ; In th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n ts o t h e r than "le n g th o f tim e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n ts ,
t o an eq u iv a le n t t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n nual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




w e r e c o n v e r te d

14
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f ic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , B ea u m on t—P o r t A r th u r , T e x . , M ay I960)
PLAN T WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit

All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e __________ ____________________
A c c id e n t a l dea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 -------------------------- ---------

93

98

53

55

86

94

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _____ —
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ___________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) -----------------------------------------

48
61

H o s p ita liz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ------------------ --------S u r g ic a l i n s u r a n c e ---------- -------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------C a ta s tro p h e i n s u r a n c e _______________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s i o n ----------------------------------------N o h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n -------

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

93

93

97

9]

28

43

36

45

73

86

97

69

80

2

68

83

5

60

71

26

22

64

7

5

"

26

31

*

93
93
70
70
80
1

98
98
81
72
90

85
85
67
71
71
1

91
91
74
52
76
3

97
97
84
57
87
2

70
70
38
49
68
1

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g :

1 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d i v is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n t o th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s i c k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ic k -l e a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to t h o se w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
the m in iim fin r iu m b e r o f days* p a y that c a n b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n fo r m a l s i c k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .




15

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F I C E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P repares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
B iller, machine (billing m achine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
term ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrarid, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b usiness tran sactio n s.




C lass A — K eeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
C lass B — K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping- P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an esta b lish ­
ment’s b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers w ith proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may d irect c la s s B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers9
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing inform ation such as worker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic a l com putations. T his job is not to be confused with th at of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, w hich may involve frequent u se of a Comp­
tom eter but, in w hich, use of this m achine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A— In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super*
v ise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B— Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th a t h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers9 orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to resp ective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

17

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone c alls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own in itiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll ca lls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who c all in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, a cts as receptio nist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work a s part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of th is worker*s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter,.reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple w iring from diagram s
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18

TYPIST

TYPIST—-Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations, have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils , m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , puncP R O F E S S IO N A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail draw ings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpretingblueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assig n in g
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or a s a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from no tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tab ulation s, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.
AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in draw ings or
specificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accid en t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
C opies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

19
M AIN TEN A N CE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instru ctio n s; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power too ls, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
v alves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating un its, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipm ent; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications;.locating and diagnosingtrouble in the e lec­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipm ent (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipm ent such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors*
turbines, ventilating ana refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise th ese operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the sk illed m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform v aries from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working area s; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lath es,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feed s, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

2 0

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
pperating standard m achine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
an ces; making standard shop com putations re la ting to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most o f the following: Examining autom otive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body b o lts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ic a l equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of p arts ordered from m achine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
w hose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools.and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other p aint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as* required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker* requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through & formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
C U S T O D IA L

A N D

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making n ecessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

M A T E R IA L

M O V E M E N T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

GUARD

Perform s routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who care stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stack er; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

2 2

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow.
L o n g sh o rem en

,

w h o load and unload s h ip s are e x c lu d e d

.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specificatio n s on sa le s slip s, customers*
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ood en
b o x e s or c ra tes are e x c lu d e d

.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work i n v o l v e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w ork i n v o l v e s : V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving

clerk
Shipping clerk
S hipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of estab ­
lishm ents such a s: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and re ta il establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)
T ru ckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver
Truckdriver
Truckdriver

,
,
,

(com bin a tion o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
ligh t (under 1% t o n s )
medium ( 1
to and in clu din g 4 to n s )
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s trailer t y p e )
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s o th er than trailer t y p e )

%

,
,

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

,
,

Tru cker p o w e r (fo rk lift)
T ru cker p o w e r (o th er than fo rk lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . GOVER N M ENT P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1 9 60 0 — 5 6 1 0 6 2







Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese bulletins, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, W ashington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y., March I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-40, price 25 cents
Allentown—Bethlehem —E aston, P a .—N .J., March I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-33, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., September 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Birmingham, A la., March I960— BLS Bull. 1265-37, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
Charlotte, N .C., April i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-39, price 20 cents
Chicago, 111., April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-45, price 25 cents
C incinnati, Ohio—Ky., February i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-31,
price 25 cents
C leveland, Ohio, September 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Des Moines, Iowa, February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-30, price 25 cents
Detroit, Mich., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-14,
price 25 cents
K ansas City, Mo.—K ans., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-23,
price 25 cents
Los A ngeles—Long Beach, C alif., April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-35,
price 25 cents
Memphis, T enn., January i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents




Miami, F la ., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
Milwaukee, Wis., April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-43, price 25 cents
M inneapolis—St. P aul, Minn. January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-21,
price 25 cents
Newark and Jersey City, N .J., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-28,
price 25 cents
New Haven, Conn., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-41, price 25 cents
New O rleans, L a., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-32, price 25 cents
New York, N .Y ,, April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-44, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, P a ., November 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
Phoenix, A riz., April i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-42, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a ., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cen ts
Portland, Maine, November 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Providence, R .I.—M ass., March I960— BLS Bull. 1265-34, price 25 cents
Richmond, Va., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., O ctober 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—Ontario, C alif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —Oakland, C alif., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-17,
price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-2,
price 25 cents
Sioux F a lls, S. D ak., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-29,
price 20 cents
South Bend, Ind., April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-38, price 25 cents
Washington, D .C .—Md.—Va., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-18,
price 25 cents
Waterbury, Conn., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-36, price 25 cen ts
York, P a., February i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-27, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102