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Occupational Wage Survey

ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO
MAY 1960

Bu letin No. 1265-|54




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STATISTICS
Ew an Claguo, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO




M A Y 1960

Bulletin Nd . 1265-54
August 1960
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STATISTICS
Ew an Clagu e, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e C o m m u n ity W a ge S u r v e y P r o g r a m

In tr od u c tion

_______________________

1

T a b le s :
T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s r e g u la r ly con du cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o r t a n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n t e r s . T h e s tu d ie s , m ad e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r l y s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le t io n
o f the stu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d . • T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d ata n ot in c lu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a ft e r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s .

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f ic e in Sam F r a n c is c o , C a lif. , b y W illia m P . O 'C o n n o r ,
u n d er the d ir e c t io n o f John L . D an a, R e g io n a l W a ge and
In d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.




1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s within s c o p e of s u r v e y

____________

2

A:

O cc u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1. O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s ____________________________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s ___________________
A - 3 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s __________________
A - 4 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

4
5
5
6

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age
provisions: *
B - 1. Shift d if f e r e n t ia ls ____________________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m en tr a n ce s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n
o f f i c e w o r k e r s _______________________________________________
B - 3 . Sch eduled w e e k ly h o u r s _____________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o lid a y s _________________________________________________
B - 5. P a id v a c a ti o n s ________________________________________________
B - 6 . Health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans _____________________

A ppendix:

O cc u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

* NO TE: S i m il a r ta bula tio ns f o r th ese and oth er it e m s a r e
a v a ila b le in the r e p o r t s f o r s u r v e y s in oth e r m a j o r a r e a s .
A d i r e c t o r y in dicating date o f study and the p r i c e o f the
r e p o r t s is av a ila b le upon r e q u e s t .

U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e l s ,
a r e a l s o a v a ila b le f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d buildin g t r a d e s in the
A lb u q u e rq u e a r e a .

7
8
8
9
10
12
13




Occupational Wage Survey—Albuquerque, N. Mex.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U . S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 1s B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s has
c o n d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , 1
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r i n ­
d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
ra n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s . T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia t e a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
tak e a ccou n t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e
jo b . (S ee a p p e n d ix f o r lis t in g o f th e s e d e s c r ip t io n s . ) E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the f o llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; ( c ) m a in t e ­
n a n ce and p o w e r p lan t; and (d ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d ata a r e show n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and

1 R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s e s tu d ie s ,
h a ve b e e n ad d ed in n e a r ly a ll o f the a r e a s to b e s tu d ie d d u rin g the
w in t e r o f 1959-60; r a ilr o a d s w i l l b e ad d ed in the r e m a in in g a r e a s n e x t
y e a r . F o r s c o p e o f s u r v e y in th is a r e a , s e e fo o tn o te to " t r a n s p o r t a ­
tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t ie s " in ta b le 1.




la te s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s es a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u ses and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e re w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s a r e p aid ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th es e
o c c u p a tio n s h a ve b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich b oth s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D if fe r e n c e s in pay l e v e l s o f m en and w o m e n in th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
l a r g e l y due to (1 ) d if fe r e n c e s in th e d is tr ib u t io n o f the s e x e s a m on g
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2 ) d i f fe r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , alth ou gh the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3 ) d if fe r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r i t r e v ie w w h en in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju s te d o n th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p ay
w h en b oth s e x e s a r e
e m p lo y e d w ith in the s a m e r a te r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if ic d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and n o t the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e am on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d
f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d ata.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits as th e y r e ­
la te to o f f i c e and p lan t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u s e d
in th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
i s t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m en and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s ­
tr ie s , but a r e in c lu d e d as p lan t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ithin scop e o£ su rv e y and n u m b er studied in A lb u q u erq u e , N . M e x . ,
M in im u m

In d u stry d iv isio n

in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
of study

N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scope
of st u d y 3

_

51

116

M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________________ _________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________________________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er public u t i li t i e s 5 _____ _______________________
W h o le sa le tra d e ---------------------------- -----------------------------R e ta il t r a d e ____________________ _______________________
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te _______________
S e r v i c e s 7 _ ______________________________________________

51
51

26
90

51
51
51
51
51

17
13
34
14

A l l d i v i s i o n s __________________________________

1

_
_

_____

12

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , * M a y I 9 6 0
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ith in scope of study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

73

22
51

12
6
15
9
9

O ffic e

P lan t

T o t a l4

2 4 ,8 0 0

5 ,3 0 0

1 5 ,1 0 0

21 ,260

5 , 100
1 9 ,7 0 0

80 0
4 ,5 0 0

3 ,4 0 0
1 1 ,7 0 0

4 , 80 0
1 6 ,4 6 0

5 , 100
80 0
3 ,7 0 0
1 ,5 0 0
, 600

90 0

2 , 80 0

8

(*)
(6 )
(* )
(6 )

(‘ )
(6 )
(*)
(6 )

4 ,7 3 0
390
1, 84 0
1 ,2 8 0

8,2 20

The A lb uq u erq ue M e tr o p o lita n A r e a (B e r n a lillo C ou n ty ). The "w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is table p rovide a rea so n a b ly a c c u r a te d e sc r ip tio n
o f the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the s u r v e y . Th e e s t im a t e s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n with other a r e a e m p lo y ­
m e n t in d e x es to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t 'tr e n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the use o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in advance o f the
p a y r o ll p erio d studied and (2) s m a ll V sta b lish m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s if ic a tio n M an ual w as used in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n . M a jo r chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r
e d ition (used in the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age su rv e y p r o g r a m p r io r to the w inter of 1 9 5 8 -5 9 ) a r e the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n p lants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c rete
e s ta b lis h m e n ts fr o m tra d e (w h olesale o r r e t a il) to m an u fa c tu rin g , and the tr a n s fe r o f rad io and t e le v is io n b r o a d ca stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n ,
and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
In clu d es a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts with total em p lo y m en t at or ab ove the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n . A l l o u tle ts (within the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s a s tra d e ,
fin a n c e, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d a s 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the sep arate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
R a ilr o a d s w ere in clu d ed ; ta x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a ter tra n sp o rta tio n w ere ex clu d ed .
T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A and B t a b le s , although c o v e r a g e w as in su fficie n t to
ju s tify sep arate p resen ta tio n o f d ata.
H o te ls ; p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh ip s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

2

3
4
5
6
7

3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
accord ing to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual ea rn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of
annual earnings w as co n sid ered as the equivalent of 1 week* s pay.

Data are presen ted for a ll h ealth , in su ran ce, and pen sion
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg al req u irem en ts such as workmen* s com p ensation
and so cia l secu r ity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em p loyer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund s e t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce is lim ite d to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s w hich require e m ­
ployer con trib u tion s , 4 plans are included only if the em p loyer ( 1 ) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly req u ired , or (2 ) provides the em ployee
with b en efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s 5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during ab sen ce from work
b ecause of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
( 1 ) plans which provide fu ll pay and no w aiting period, and (2 ) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions o f w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accid en t insuran ce or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to a s 4 extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans w hich are d esign ed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al co vera ge of h osp italiza tio n , m ed ica l, and su rg ica l p lan s.
M edical insuran ce re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m e r­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . T abulations of retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er 's life .

An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (l) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2 ) had form al p ro vision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3
Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (fir st sectio n
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eek ly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
of esta b lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick lea ve that
it
could be expected by each em p lo y ee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e a llow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. T his inform ation is presen ted both in term s of (a) e sta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 p resented in term s of total plant worker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, presen ted on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified sh ift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority w as used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a differen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the sh ift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistic a lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are co vered . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex . , M ay I9 6 0 )
Avibaob
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly , Weekly j U n der
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 0 . 00

$
$
4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00
and
unde r
4 5 . 00 50. 00

$
S
$
$
50. 00 5 5. 00 60. 00 65. 00
5 5. 00

6 0. 00

65. 00

7 0. 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

S
80. 00

1
85. 00

S
9 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

$

$

$
*
S
S
95. 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 110. 00 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00
and
1 00 .00 1 0 5 .0 0 110. 00 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 o v e r

M en
40. 0
40. 0

$ 9 2 . 00
91. 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
-

.

6
6

1
-

_

1
1

4
3

-

_

-

-

24

-

_

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r __________________________________________t._____

19

40. 0

82. 50

"
-

2

3

-

5

2

2

-

-

-

1

1
-

O ffi c e b o y s ____________________________________________________

22

40. 0

59. 50

-

5

2

2

1

5

3

-

1

1

2

-

-

_

_

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

33
27

40. 0
4 0. 0

60. 50
59. 50

_

1
-

6
6

4
4

9
9

2
-

4
3

5
3

_

_

_

_

-

"

2
2

_

"

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _______________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________

27
24

40. 5
4 0. 5

68. 50
00

3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

97
93

40. 0
40. 0

57. 50
57. 00

-

“
-

-

"
-

“

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _______________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________

"
-

-

"

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _______________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________

31
23

40. 0
40. 0

81. 50
7 8 . 50

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _______________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________
________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________

85
26
59

40. 0
4 0. 0
40. 0

63. 50
65. 50
62. 50

"

"
“

C l e r k s , f i le , c l a s s A _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________________

21
21

40. 0
4 0. 0

63. 00
63. 00

_

C l e r k s , fi le , c l a s s B ______________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------- --------------------------------------

46
38
23

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

52. 50
4 9 . 50
53. 50

C l e r k s , o r d e r ------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________ '

54
38

40. 0
40. 0

56. 00
6 l . 00

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

26
20

40. 5
40. 5

7 9. 00
81. 00

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ____________________________________

17

40. 0

63. 50

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s _________________________________________

59

40. 0

S e c r e t a r ie s ___________________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________________________

192
32
160
32

40.
40.
40.
40.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ----------------------------------- ------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________________________

140
108
35

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________

32
25

2
2

15
13

1
-

W om en

W.

-

-

_

-

-

-

4
3

3
2

2
2

8
8

2
2

2
2

3
3

33
33

25
23

14
14

8
8

4
4

2
2

-

-

10
9

-

"

-

-

1
"

-

_

"

-

-

_

_

_

"

-

3
3

5
5

-

4
3

2
2

2
"

-

2
1

1
-

2
2

7
5

2
2

4
2
2

6
2
4

24
5
19

9
4
5

12
1
11

5
5

4
3
1

2
2
"

2
2
"

13
4
9

4
1
3

“

-

-

~

1
“

4
4

_

8
8

_

1
1

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

2
2
-

6
6
-

17
17
12

8
8
7

_

3
3

_

3
3
3

2
2

_

-

2
2

-

"

-

~
“

"

"
■

"

“

"
-

_

15
2

_

_

_

-

1
1

1
1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
2
1

-

8
"

11
10

7
5

16
16

3
3

_

_

_

-

2
1

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

6
3

2

1

9

3

2
-

2

-

_

“
-

-

-

7 3. 50

_

-

6

4

_

6

-

2

18

9 0.
97.
89.
86.

50
00
50
50

_

_

-

-

1
1
-

5
5
"

1
1
-

7
1
6
1

12
3
9
4

7
7
3

4 0. 0
40. 0
4 0 . 00

7 5 . 00
7 4. 50
64. 50

_
-

_
-

3
3
-

13
13
7

14
14
8

8
8
8

7
5
3

47
41

40. 5
4 0. 5

5 8. 50
5 7 .5 0

_

15
15

2
1

7
7

5

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ______________________

25

40. 0

59. 50

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

220
183

40. 0
40. 0

7 1. 50
7 2 . 00

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________________

88
87

40. 0
40. 0

5 5. 50
5 5. 50

9
8

_

“
-

2

2

3

4

_

_

-

9
9

21
20

12
12

8

12
11

12
12

13
13

15
15

23
23

1 Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r
2 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 2 5 .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




_

“

"

_

0
0
0
0

_

-

-

-

_
\

-

s t r a ig h t - t im e

5

------ 1
----

1

3
3

1
j

-

-

-

-

-

20

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
1
7
1

12
1
11
5

13
13
3

26
3
23
6

60
6
54
3

21
3
18
3

6
3
3
3

9
7
2
~

4
3
1
"

_

23
12
6

10
■

14
10
■

36
32
_

10
9
1

2
2
2

“

_

“

“

_

3
1

2
-

_

4
4

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

-

-

1

"

‘

6
6—

7

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

20

59
58

4
4

-

8

1
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

8

60
59

8
8

5

-

5

s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .

-

~
-

~

"
-

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a y I9 6 0 )
Avsbaqx
Number
of
workers

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly.
Weekly.
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$
65. 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90. 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

80. 00

85. 00

yo. oo

3

$
6 0. 00
and
und er
65. 00

8

$

9 5 .0 0

$
100.00

95. 00

100 .00

105.00

5

30

1

M en
66

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r _________________________________________

40. 0

$ 8 7 . 50

5

12

2

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .

s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on a n a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a y I9 6 0 )
N U M B E R OF W O RK ER S RECE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E HOURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly t
earnings

U n der
$
2. 00

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________

33

$ 2 .7 8

57

3. 02

38
34

2 .7 9
2 . 76

1
1

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2. 20

2 .3 0

~

1

E n g in e e r s , s ta tio n a r y ____________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________

2. 00
and
u n d er
2. 10

$

$

2

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce

$

1

%

$
2. 30

2 .4 0

"
2. 40

“
2. 50

$

2. 50
“
2. 60

_

-

4
4

82
79

2 .2 4
2 .2 4

7
6

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n c e ) _________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3_____________________________

115
30
85
74

2. 68
2. 52
2. 74
2 .7 5

7
24
3
"

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________

42
38

2. 98
2. 99

1
1

_

_

“

■

2
2

1
1

O ile r s _______________________________________________

29

2. 16

3

11

_

11

2

3. 30

3 .4 0

"
3. 50

"
3. 60

T o o l and die m a k e r s ______________________________

69

3. 35

8

1

9

18

24

-

18

"

18
18

1
1

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

1

-

3. 60
and
over

9

_

2




3. 20

-

1
“

s h ift s .

“
3. 10

7
7

1
-

and la te

~
3. 00

_

-

"

h o lid a y s ,

2. 90

~

“

3
3

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
2 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1. 90 to $ 2 .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

3. 50

_

16

"

3. 40

_

16
16

$

$

3. 30

_

-

-

$

3. 20

1
1

10
9

$

3. 10

17
16

4
4

-

$

3. 00

7
7

7
------- 7

-

$

2 . 90

2
2

25
24

1
1

2. 80

$

2. 80

“

5
4

34
34

-

“
2. 70

2

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e ___________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ...

5
5

$

$
2. 70

4

1

"

$
2 . 60

8

1

-

$

44
-

_

-

44
40

4

_

1

1

1
-

_

_

4
1
3
“

6
--------- r

_

-

-

-

■

2
2

23
23

“

_

_

_

1

_

“
_

13

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

1
1

3
3

_

.

-

“

_

_

_

_

39

14

1

6

Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M a y I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average
hourly
U n der 1. 00
1.1 0
earnings2
^aijd^
$
1. 00
1 .2 0

1 .2 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1 .7 0

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 . 30

$
2. 40

$
2 . 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2 . 90

$

T. fo

$

$

$

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s (m e n ) _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________________

269
66
203
53

$ 1 .5 9
1. 63
1. 57
1 .6 5

7
7
"

22
9
13
"

20
4
16
7

25
2
23
6

34
14
20
6

9
1
8
1

5
5
2

12
2
10
9

11
11
2

75
1
74
7

8
5
3
"

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) _____
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________

23
21

1 .3 0
1 .3 0

_

9
9

2
1

3
3

2
1

2
2

_

_

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

"

“

'

~

-

“

-

-

4
4
-

_
-

21
21
-

13
12
1
“

7
5
2
-

6
3
3
2

7
7
-

_

7
7

10
7

4
3

24
24

44
42

10
6

-

-

-

"

-

4
3

1
-

3
3

-

-

-

1

2
2

2
"

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

7
7
-

2
2
"

104
104
102

_

5
3

4
3

_

7

44
22

5
5

_

_

_

"

-

3
3

-

1
1

-

2
"

19
1

1
1

-

12
12

3
3

-

"

-

2
2

-

2
-

-

8
8

1
“

-

"

2
2

-

-

“

3
3

2
~

8
7
1
"

15
9
6
-

78
77
1
"

12
12
"

45
42
3
~

47
47
-

3
3
3

14
14
-

98
7
91
81

13
13

_
"

_
-

5

5
5
2

_

2
-

_

3
3

14
14

30
30

2
2

-

_

_

*

2
~

_

-

10
2

-

-

1
1

4
4

19
18
1

10
10
"

30

-

_

-

36
36

“

"

-

~

1
1

-

1
1

3
3

2
2

9
9

3
3

"

"

2
2

11
"

3
■

~

-

3
3 ’

7
7

-

1
1

44
44

“

~

"

“

2

"

54
54

-

3

"

"

_

_

_

_

_

12

8

8

66

8

5

_

_

_

_

3

.

1

.

7

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

49
27

2. 19
2. 18

-

Sh ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________

28
21

2. 14
2. 10

_

-

-

.

“

-

"

-

3
3

T r u c k d r i v e r s 4 ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________________

417
208
209
91

1. 99
1. 94
2 . 03
2 .4 6

6
6

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

46
46
-

8
3
5
-

15
4
11
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er I V 2 t o n s ) ______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

86
74

2 . 03
2 . 07

6

~Z

_

_
-

2
2

_

-

4
4

11
11

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V 2 to and
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s ) ____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________

no
58
52

2 . 06
1. 94
2 . 19

-

-

■

-

2
2

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) __________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ......... .............................................

35
21

2 .2 2
2. 00

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

"

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e ) ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________ ___

114
112

1. 94
1 .9 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t ) ______________________

110

2 .2 0

_

_




-

45
5
40
40

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ____________________ ______ _______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________ __________ _____ ___

1

-

86
1
85
85

1. 76
1. 66

1 .7 2

"

2
1
1
"

164
122

17

-

13
12
1
1

O r d e r f i l l e r s ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________

W a tch m en ------------------------------------------------------ ---------

-

11
11
-

328
57
271
230

06
68
14
25

11
11
11

_
"

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________________

2.
1.
'2 .
2.

30
28
2
2

"

_
_

1 D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .

3
.

and la te

s h ift s .

1

5
-

-

5

3

-

"

-

-

“

33

"

3

1

■

-

B* Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

7

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
{ P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s f o r sh ift w o r k , and in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
a c t u a lly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts b y type and am o u n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l, A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M ay I 9 6 0 )

In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 fo r—
Secon d sh ift
T hird or oth er
w ork
sh ift w ork
7 2 .7

58. 4

18. 5

5. 0

57. 9

53. 7

16. 5

.*>
00

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

U n iform c e n ts (p er hour) __________________________________
5 c e n ts ___________________________________________________
9 c e n ts ___________________________________________________
10 c e n t s __________________________________________________
131/3 c e n ts _______________________________________________
15 c e n ts
.
_ ... _ _

52. 9
4. 9
1. 8
41. 9
4. 2
■

46. 9

16. 5

4. 8

3. 2
1. 8

-

41. 9

1 .2
.3
12. 8
2 .2
“

U n iform p erc e n ta g e ________________________________________

1. 1

1. 1

-

-

10 p e r c e n t ________________________________________________

1. 1

1. 1

-

-

8 h o u r s ’ pay for 7 V 2 h o u rs' w ork ________________________

4. 0

4. 0

-

-

P a id lunch p eriod not granted fir s t- s h ift w o r k e r s _____

-

1. 7

-

-

14. 7

4. 7

2. 0

.2

T o ta l _

__ _ _________________________________________________

In e sta b lish m e n ts a c tu a lly
o p era tin g —
T h ird or oth er
Secon d sh ift
sh ift

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

. ......

. .

No sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l ______________________________________

1
I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e
e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .




s h ifts ,

-

and e s t a b lis h m e n t s

_

.4

4 .4

w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la t e

s h ifts

8
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice W orkers
(D istrib u tion of e sta b lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in dustry d iv isio n s by m inim um entran ce sa la ry for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
o f in ex p erien ced w om en office w o rk ers, A lbuquerque, N . M ex ., M ay I960)
In exp erien ced ty p ists
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

O ther in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w ork ers
N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll

Industrie s
A ll
sch e d u le s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
s ch ed u les

40

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s t u d ie d ________________________________

73

22

XXX

51

XXX

73

22

XXX

51

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________

18

1

1

17

15

38

12

12

26

24

U nder $ 4 0 .0 0 .............................................. ................ .
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50 ____ ______ _____ ____
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 . 00 ___________ ___ ____ __
$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 . 50 __ _______________ ____
$ 4 7 . 50 and under $ 50. 00 _________________________
$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 _________________________
$ 52. 50 and under $ 55. 00 _________________________
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50 --------------------------------------------------- -----$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 __
$ 60. 00 and under $ 62. 50 --------------------------------------$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00 _________________________
$ 65. 00 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 ___ __
______________
$ 67. 50 and under $ 7 0 . 00 --------- __ ---------------------$ 7 0. 00 and under $ 7 2 . 50 — __ __ ----------------------

1

_

_

1
8

1

1

-

-

7
-

13

2
1
2

2
1
2

1
11

1
10

4

4

4
3

4
3

-

E sta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ______

9
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

1

___________

— ------

-

-

2
2
1

2
3

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

1
6

3

6
1
1

1

1

2

2

-

■
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

"

2

-

2

1

1

2

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

XXX

-

XXX

1

-

XXX

1

XXX

55

21

XXX

34

XXX

34

10

XXX

24

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not em p loy w ork ers
in this c a t e g o r y ________________

1

1

-

-

1 L ow est sa la ry rate form ally e sta b lish e d for h irin g in ex p erien ced w o rk ers for typing qr oth er c le r ic a l job s.
2 R ates ap plicab le to m e s s e n g e r s, office g ir ls , or sim ila r su b cle r ic a l job s are not con sid ered .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich em p lo y ees r e ce iv e th eir regu lar str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data are p resen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com bined, and for the m o st com m on w orkw eek rep orted .

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eekly hours
of fir s t-s h ift w o rk ers, A lbuquerque, N . M ex., May I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s
All industries 1

A ll w o rk e rs

_________________________________________

U n d e r 3 7 ^ 2 h o u r s __________________________________
3 7 l I z h o u r s ___________________________________________
4 0 h o u r s ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ________________________
44 h ou rs
O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ________________________
4 8 h o u r s ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s __ _____ _______________________ __

1
2
3
4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

_

.

.

-

-

95
2
2
(4 )

96

96

1

(4 )

2
1

(4 )

1
3

_
“

All industries 3

100
1
1
82
3
4
2
4
3

Manufacturing

100

100

_

_

5
83
5

97

2

_

-

5
"

Includ es data for w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trade; finance, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
Includ es data for w h o lesale trad e, r e ta il trad e, rea l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
L e ss than 0 .5 p ercen t.




Public utilities2

-

-

3

9
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M a y I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries 3

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s
----------------------------------------------- _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s ______________________________ _

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

10 0

(4 )

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Pubfco utilities 2

99

89

88

95

-

(4 )

11

12

5

_

3
4
16
60
17
-

_

-

-

2

9
5

-

N um ber o f d a y s

1
3
4
5

h o l id a y p l u s 4 h a lf d a y s _______________________
h o l id a y s __________________________________________
h o l id a y s __________________________________________
h o l id a y s ________________________ _______________
6 h o l id a y s __ __ ____________________________ ____
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s _____________________
7 h o l id a y s _____ _____ _________ __ __________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s _______ _____ ____
8 h o l id a y s __________________________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________ __
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
9 h o l id a y s __________________________________________
10 h o l i d a y s _______________________________ ________

T otal h o lid a y

1
1
31
(4 )

1
5
(4 )
47
(4 )
3
9

1

1
-

2
28
-

8
(4 )
-

1
60
“

5

2
25
-

1
10
(4 )
33
(4 )

1
9

"

26

8

5
-

39
41
-

(4 )
-

1
42
”

6
-

tim e 5

1 0 d a y 8 ______________________________________________
9 or
8 l/a
8 or
7 or
6V 2
6 or
5 or
4 or
3 or

(4 )
(4 )

m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________
m o r e d a y s _________________ _______________
m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________
m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------m o r e d a y s ___________________________________

1

_

_

_

_

_

13
13

60
61

11
11

62

99
99
100

99

42
43
44
49
49
75
79
79
88

6
6

60
66
66

17
17
77
93
93
97
97
97

98
98

99
99

69
69
97

44
55
55
80
82
87
89

47
87
87
95
95
95
95

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t . .
* A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n
o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w it h 7 f u l l d a y s a n d
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .




10

Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, A lbuquerque, N. M e x ., M ay I960)
V acation p o licy

A ll w ork ers _____ _____ ___________ _____ __
M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W orkers in esta b lish m en ts providing
paid v a c a tio n s __ ______________________ _____
L en g th -o f-tim e paym ent ___________ _____
P ercen ta g e p a y m e n t________________________
F la t-su m paym ent __________________________
O th er____ __ _____ _____ ________ _____ „
W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts providing
no paid v a c a tio n s _____________________________
A m o u n t o f v o c a tio n p a y 6
A fter 6 m onths of ser v ice
Under 1 w eek
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _ __________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
A fter 1 y ea r of se r v ic e
1 w e e k -------- ---------------------- ----------------- — —
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________ __ __
2 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
4 w eek s _______ ________ _______________ _____
A fter 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s __________ ________
2 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _ __________________
3 w e e k s _____________ _________________ _________
4 w eek s
A fter 3 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w eek — ---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------ ------------------------------- „
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries 1

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

99
99
-

4 99
99
-

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2
-----------------------------------------(

100

100

100

99
99
-

98
84
11
3
-

4 100
58
42
-

99
99
1

(5 )

1

(5 )

2

-

4
30
(5 )
37

1
75
(5 )

16
48
-

2
14
(5 )
25

1
4
(■ )
"

11
47
-

30

17
(* )
81

66
34
"

58
1
12
(5 )
25

90
2
5

72
4
23
-

2
14
84
-

20
7
44
(5 )
1
25

34
6
60
(5 )
-

(5)

33
(5 )
37
2
2
57
(* )
1
37

(5 )

6
(5 )
93
(5)

-

"

(5)

-

2

13

21

-

2
56
(5 )

8
71
(5)

1

2

(5 )
58
3
1
37

1
95
(5 )

98

"

-

-

8
33
59
"
5
94
-

1
25

"

7
1
53
10
1
25

4
4
50
42
-

■

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _ ____________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table




53
8
1
37

_

_

-

(5)

-

99
(5)

99
-

_
-

95
4
-

11

Table B-5. Paid Vgcations-Continued

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, A lbuquerque, N. M e x ., M ay I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries *

A m ou n t o f v o c a tio n

p a y 6—

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k __________ ________________________________ __
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _____ _________ ____________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

(• )
37
(5 )
26
37

.

.

22
(5)
77
-

83
(5 )
17
-

"

■

(5)
18
(5)
44
1

_

_

11
(5 )
88
-

5
95
-

37

"

“

(5)
18
(5 )
42
39

11
(5 )
88
~

(5 )
18
(5 )
31
50

11
(5 )
28
60

7
49
10
5
1
25

4
46
42
8
-

7
24
10
31
26

4
34
42
19
-

“

_
86
3
6
4
“

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------ ------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ________ _____ ____________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s _ __ ______________________________________ i

-

5
90
4

"

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k _______________________________________________ 2 w e e k s _ ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

.

_

7

5
95

24
10
31
26

4
34
42
19

-

5
“
90
4

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________ _________
4 w e e k s __________________________________ — --------

_

_
5
95

7
23
10
30
28

4
32
42
22

5
~
90
4

1 Includes data for w h o lesale trade; r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
2 T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o lesale trad e, r e ta il tra d e, rea l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
4 Includes prop ortion s of w ork ers in e sta b lish m en ts w hich did not provide vacation s until after 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
5 L e ss than 0 .5 p ercen t.
4
P er io d s of s e r v ic e w ere a rb itra rily ch osen and do not n e c e ss a r ily r e fle c t the individual p rovisio n s for p r o g r e ssio n s. F o r ex a m p le, the changes, in prop ortion s in d icated at 10y e a r s s e r v ­
ic e include chan ges in p ro v isio n s occu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.
NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allo w an ces by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , paym ents oth er than "length of tim e ,J' such as p ercen tage of annual earn in gs or fla t-su m p aym en ts, w ere con verted to an
eq u ivalen t tim e b a sis; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t o f annual earn in gs w as con sid ered as 1 w e e k 's pay.




12

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercen t of office and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts providing
health, in su ra n ce, or pen sio n b en efits, A lbuquerque, N. M ex. , M ay I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e f it
All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L if e i n s u r a n c e __________________________________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ______________________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 ___________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ________
S ic k l e a v e (f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ___________________________
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ___________________________
H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ___________________________
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ____

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

90

95

85

94

87
65

95
88

37

77

41
85
85
82
70
84
1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

83

78

83

66

69

57

36

58

83
20

73
53

70
67

60
18

67

12

6

14

-

-

93
93
92
78
68
1

52
52
52
20
79
(5)

47
71
71
65
49
54
9

44
80
80
70
59
42
13

33
63
63
63
12
64
1

1 Includ es data for w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trade; finance, in su ra n ce, and rea l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to
2 T ransportation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
3 Includ es data for w h o lesa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, re a l e sta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s
4 U nduplicated total of w ork ers r e ce iv in g sic k lea v e or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce show n sep a ra tely below .
the m inim um num ber of days' pay that can be exp ected by each em p loyee. Inform al s ic k -le a v e a llo w an ces determ in ed
5 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.




All industries 3

.

th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
show n sep a ra tely .
S ick -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a s t
on an individual b a sis a re exclud ed.

13

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s
f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r ia te o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s fr o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d fr o m a r e a t o a r e a . T h i s i s
e s s e n t i a l i n o r d e r t o p e r m it t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s is o n in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t a n d in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n t e n t , th e
B u r e a u ’ s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y fr o m t h o s e i n u s e i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s . In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u ’ s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s ,
p a r t-tim e , te m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r
th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s
to b i ll i n g s or s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p er fo rm o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l
to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t
F is h e r , S u n d s tr a n d , B u r r o u g h s , N a t io n a l C a s h R e g is t e r , w it h o r w it h o u t
a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

B ille r , m achine (h illin g m achine ) — U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a ­
c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E ll i o t t F is h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e
c o m b in a tio n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s a n d in ­
v o i c e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ’ p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s ,
s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s, e t c . U s u a lly i n v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e ­
te r m in e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y
e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y or m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d o n th e b illin g m a ­
c h in e , a n d t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly i n v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f
th e b i ll b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e o h a f a n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) — U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g
m a c h in e (S u n d s tr a n d , E l l i o t t F is h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y or m a y n o t h a v e ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ’
b ills a s p art o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in ­
v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f fig u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c ­
o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la t e s f ig u r e s o n a n u m b e r
o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u te s a n d u s u a lly p r in ts a u to m a tic a lly
th e d e b it or c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W o r k s fr o m u n if o r m a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d
c r e d it s l ip s .




C la s s A — K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f
a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w i t h
th e s tr u c tu r e o f th e p a r tic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d . D e te r m in e s
p ro p er r e c o r d s a n d d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it a n d c r e d it ite m s to b e u s e d
in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e
s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s b y h a n d .
C la s s B — K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f
a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k ­
k e e p in g P h a s e s or s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ’ a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d e r b ille r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l
b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s fo r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r tm e n t .

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la s s A — U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t ­
a n t , h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r k e e p in g o n e o r m o re s e c t i o n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s or r e c o r d s r e la tin g to o n e p h a s e o f a n e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t’s b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork i n v o l v e s p o s t i n g a n d b a la n c in g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r or le d g e r s s u c h as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le or a c c o u n ts

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g i n v o i c e s or v o u c h e r s w it h p r o p e r a c ­
c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r ie n c e in m a k in g
p ro p e r a s s ig n a t io n s a n d a l lo c a t io n s . M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g , a d ­
ju s tin g a n d c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m ay d ir e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g
c le r k s .
C la s s B — U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c ­
c o u n t in g o p e r a tio n s s u c h a s p o s t in g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c ­
c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g b a n k a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n tr o lle d
b y g e n e r a l le d g e r s , or p o s tin g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a ta . T h is
jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g
p r in c ip le s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h t h e m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t ­
in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d o n a fu n c tio n a l b a s is a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n te r s th e n e c e s ­
s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o ll s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s '
e a r n in g s b a s e d o n tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p o s t in g c a l c u la t e d d a ta
o n p a y r o ll s h e e t , s h o w in g in fo r m a tio n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , tim e , r a te , d e d u c tio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M ay
m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r ib u t ­
in g p a y e n v e l o p e s . M ay u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P r im a r y d u t y i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a ­
t i c a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith t h a t o f s t a t i s ­
t ic a l or o th e r ty p e o f c le r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e fr e q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p ­
to m e te r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c i d e n t a l to p e r fo r m a n c e
o f o th e r d u t ie s .

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — I n a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m ­
b er o f v a r ie d s u b j e c t m a tte r f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s c o r r e s ­
p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a te r ia l; m a y a l s o f ile t h is m a te r ia l. M ay k e e p
r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n w ith f i l e s o r m a y s u p e r ­
v i s e o t h e r s in f i li n g a n d lo c a t i n g m a t e r ia l in t h e f i l e s . M a y p e r ­
fo r m i n c i d e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u t i e s .
C la s s B — P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g , u s u a l l y o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s
a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d or w h ic h i s e a s i l y id e n t if ia b le , o r l o c a t e s
o r a s s i s t s in lo c a t i n g m a t e r ia l in f i l e s . M a y p e r fo r m in c i d e n t a l
c le r ic a l d u tie s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s 'o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il,
p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y . D u t i e s i n v o l v e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Q u o tin g p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r s h e e t l i s t i n g th e it e m s
to m a k e u p th e o rd er; c h e c k in g p r ic e s a n d q u a n titie s o f ite m s o n o rd er
s h e e t ; d is tr ib u tin g o rd er s h e e t s to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to b e f ille d .
M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a r tm e n t t o d e t e r m in e c r e d it r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r ,
a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m c u s t o m e r s , f o llo w u p o r d e r s t o s e e
th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f ille d , k e e p f ile o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip ­
p in g i n v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n a n d w ith n o s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t i e s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p e w r itte n or h a n d w r itte n m a tte r ,
u s i n g a M im e o g r a p h o r D i t t o m a c h i n e . M a k e s n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s u c h
a s fo r in k a n d p a p e r f e e d c o u n te r a n d c y lin d e r s p e e d . I s n o t r e q u ir e d to
p r e p a r e s t e n c il or D itto m a s te r . M ay k e e p f i le o f u s e d s t e n c i l s or D itto
m a s t e r s . M ay s o r t , c o l l a t e , a n d s t a p le c o m p le te d m a te r ia l.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n a n d w ith n o s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s a c c o u n tin g a n d s t a t is t ic a l d a ta o n ta b u la tin g c a r d s b y
p u n c h in g a s e r i e s o f h o l e s in th e c a r d s in a s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e , u s in g
a n a lp h a b e t ic a l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y p u n c h m a c h in e , f o llo w in g w r itte n in ­
fo r m a tio n o n r e c o r d s . M a y d u p lic a t e c a r d s b y u s in g t h e d u p lic a t in g d e ­
v i c e a t t a c h e d t o m a c h in e . M ay k e e p f i l e s o f p u n c h c a r d s . M a y v e r if y
ow n w ork or w ork o f o th e r s.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p ­
e r a t i n g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g a n d
d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

15
SECRETARY
P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r ia l a n d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s fo r a s u p e r io r in a n a d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e o r e x e c u t i v e p o s i t i o n . D u t i e s i n c l u d e m a k in g a p p o i n t m e n t s
fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv i n g p e o p le c o m in g in t o o f f i c e ; a n s w e r in g a n d m a k in g
p h o n e c a l l s ; h a n d l i n g p e r s o n a l a n d im p o r t a n t o r c o n f i d e n t i a l m a i l , a n d
w r itin g r o u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o n o w n in it ia t iv e ; ta k in g d ic t a t io n (w h e r e
t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e i s n o t u s e d ) e it h e r in s h o r th a n d or b y S t e n o t y p e or
s i m i l a r m a c h i n e , a n d t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n o r t h e r e c o r d e d i n f o r m a t io n
r e p r o d u c e d o n a t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e . M ay p r e p a r e s p e c i a l r e p o r ts or
m e m o r a n d u m s fo r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P r im a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d i c t a t i o n fro m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in s h o r th a n d or b y S te n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a n o r ­
m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y , a n d to t r a n s c r ib e t h is d ic t a t io n o n a t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o t y p e fr o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d k e e p f i l e s i n o r ­
d e r , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , e t c . D o e s n o t in c lu d e tra n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e
w o rk ( s e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r ) .

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
P r im a r y d u t y i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s
e ith e r in s h o r th a n d or b y S t e n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a v a r ie d
t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n
s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a n d to tr a n s c r ib e t h is d ic ta tio n o n a ty p e w r ite r . M ay
a l s o t y p e fro m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d k e e p f i l e s in o r d e r ,
k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , e t c . D o e s n o t in c lu d e tra n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O p e r a te s a s in g le - or m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d .
D u t ie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , a n d in tr a p la n t or o f f i c e c a l l s .
M a y r e c o r d t o l l c a l l s a n d t a k e m e s s a g e s . M a y g i v e i n f o r m a t io n t o p e r ­
s o n s w h o c a ll in , or o c c a s io n a lly ta k e te le p h o n e o r d e r s. F o r w o r k e r s
w h o a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is t.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In a d d it io n to p e r fo r m in g d u t ie s o f o p e r a to r , o n a s i n g l e p o s i ­
tio n or m o n ito r -ty p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e
or p er fo rm r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t i e s . T h is ty p in g
or c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r * s tim e w h ile a t
s w itc h b o a r d .




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A — O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e ta b u ­
la to r , c a lc u la t o r , in te r p r e te r , c o lla t o r a n d o th e r s . P e r fo r m s c o m ­
p le t e r e p o r tin g a s s ig n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , a n d p e r fo r m s
d i f f i c u l t w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d . T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g
a s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e ­
p o r ts w h ic h o ft e n a r e o f ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g t y p e r e q u ir in g
s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o re
e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to r , i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n e w o p e r a ­
to r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , or p a r t ia lly t r a in e d o p e r a to r s in w ir in g
fr o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f l o n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a tio n s a n d d a y -to -d a y s u p e r v is io n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n o f
a g ro u p o f ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B — O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e ta b u la to r a n d c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n
to t h e s o r t e r ,,r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r . T h i s w o r k i s p e r fo r m e d u n d e r
s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r fo r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir ­
i n g fr o m d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u ­
la tio n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t
s m a ll ta b u la tin g s tu d y , or p a r ts o f a lo n g e r a n d m o re c o m p le x r e p o r t.
S u c h r e p o r ts a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n a tu r e w h e r e
th e p r o c e d u r e s a re w e ll e s t a b lis h e d . M ay a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a in in g
o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in t h e b a s i c o p e r a t i o n o f t h e m a c h i n e .
C la s s C — O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t ­
in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r te r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o lla t o r , e t c .,
w it h s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y i n c l u d e s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s
a n d s o m e f ilin g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a
w o r k u n it, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g or c o lla t in g r u n s , or r e ­
p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P r im a r y d u t y i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e
v o c a b u l a r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s . M a y a l s o t y p e fr o m w r i t t e n
c o p y a n d d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o rk ers t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n in ­
v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l or s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h a s le g a l b r ie fs
or r e p o r ts on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a re n o t in c lu d e d . A w o rk er w h o ta k e s
d i c t a t i o n in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d
a s a ste n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

16

TYPIST—-Continued

TYPIST
U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l or to m a k e
o u t b ills a fte r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M ay in ­
c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u s e in d u p lic a t ­
in g p r o c e s s e s . M ay d o c le r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a in in g ,
s u c h a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r ts , o r s o r tin g
a n d d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l or u n u s u a l w o r d s or fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a ­
te r ia l; p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s
t o m a i n t a i n u n if o r m i t y a n d b a l a n c e i n s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e
fo r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s t o s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B — P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o re o f th e f o llo w in g : C o p y t y p i n g
fr o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; r o u t i n e t y p i n g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s ,
e t c .; s e t t in g u p s im p le sta n d a r d ta b u la tio n s , or c o p y in g m ore c o m ­
p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

C la s s A —

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m ore o f th e f o llo w in g : T y p i n g m a ­
t e r i a l i n f i n a l fo r m w h e n i t i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l
s o u r c e s or r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c P R O F E S S IO N A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
( A s s is ta n t d r a ftsm a n )
D r a w s to s c a l e u n its or p a r ts o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y d r a f t s ­
m a n or o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s .
U s e s v a r io u s t y p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o l s a s r e q u ir e d . M a y p r e p a r e d r a w in g s
fr o m s i m p l e p l a n s o r s k e t c h e s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r d u t i e s u n d e r d i r e c t i o n
o f a d ra ftsm a n .

AND

T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
in v o lv e d in s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s a n d t r u s s e s ; v e r if y in g c o m ­
p le t e d w o rk , c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls to b e u s e d , a n d q u a n titie s ;
w r it in g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; m a k in g a d j u s t m e n t s or c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s or
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . M a y in k in l i n e s a n d le t t e r s o n p e n c i l d r a w in g s , p r e p a r e
d e t a il u n it s o f c o m p le t e d r a w in g s , o r t r a c e d r a w in g s . W ork i s f r e q u e n t ly
in a s p e c i a l i z e d f i e l d s u c h a s a r c h it e c t u r a l, e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n ic a l, o r
s t r u c tu r a l d r a ftin g .

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

P la n s a n d d ir e c t s a c t i v i t i e s o f o n e or m o re d r a ftsm e n in p r e p ­
a r a t i o n o f w o r k i n g p l a n s a n d d e t a i l d r a w i n g s fr o m r o u g h o r p r e l i m i n a r y
s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s . D u t ie s
i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s , s k e t c h e s ,
a n d w r itte n o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e t e r m in in g w o r k p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s i g n i n g
d u t ie s to s u b o r d in a t e s a n d i n s p e c t i n g t h e ir w o r k ; p e r fo r m in g m o r e d if ­
f i c u l t p r o b l e m s . M a y a s s i s t s u b o r d i n a t e s d u r in g e m e r g e n c i e s o r a s a
r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t , o r p e r fo r m r e la t e d d u t ie s o f a s u p e r v is o r y or a d ­
m in is tr a tiv e n a tu r e .

A r e g is te r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v ic e to i l l or in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s or o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l or s u ffe r a n a c c id e n t o n th e
p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : G i v i n g f i r s t a i d t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d i n g t o
s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts
tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c i d e n t r e p o r ts fo r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ;
c o n d u c tin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s a n d h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s
a n d e m p lo y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t, or o th e r
a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g th e h e a lth , w e lfa r e , a n d s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g p la n s a n d d e t a i l d r a w in g s fr o m n o t e s , r o u g h
o r d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r­
p o s e s . D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : P r e p a r i n g w o r k ­
in g p la n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t io n s , e t c ., to s c a l e b y u s e
o f d r a ftin g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u t a t io n s s u c h a s t h o s e




TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s , b y p la c in g tr a c ­
in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g a n d t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l . U s e s
T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , a n d o t h e r d r a f t in g t o o l s . M a y p r e p a r e s i m p l e d r a w ­
in g s a n d d o s im p le le tte r in g .

17
M A IN T E N A N C E

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

P e r fo r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in ­
t a in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s ,
c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r im
m a d e o f w o o d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k fr o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r
v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n te r ’ s h a n d t o o ls , p o r ta b le
p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p
c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; s e l e c t i n g m a t e r ia ls n e c ­
e s s a r y fo r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r ­
m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , or s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to fir e b y h a n d or
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , or o il b u rn er; c h e c k s w a te r a n d s a fe t y
v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , or a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e
i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e , or r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t fo r th e g e n e r a t in g , d i s ­
t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s ,
c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s, h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s ,
o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t ; w o r k i n g fr o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y ­
o u t , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b le in t h e e l e c ­
t r ic a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to
lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g or e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f
e l e c t r i c i a n ’ s h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n ­
e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g
a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O p e r a te s a n d m a in ta in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a n d e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l or e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­
p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r ig e r a ­
t i o n , o r a i r - c o n d i t i o n i n g . W o rk i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s
tu r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e fr ig e r a tin g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o ile r s a n d
b o ile r - f e d w a te r p u m p s; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f
o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a ls o
s u p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h i e f e n g in e e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
of

e m p lo y in g m ore th a n o n e e n g in e e r a re e x c lu d e d .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A s s i s t s o n e or m o re w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s ,
b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g
a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls a n d t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a ­
c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g w o r k e r b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls or t o o ls ;
p e r f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n . T h e k i n d o f
w o r k t h e h e l p e r i s p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s fr o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In
so m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lift in g , a n d h o ld in g m a ­
t e r ia ls a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in o th e r s h e i s p e r ­
m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e
th a t a re a l s o p er fo rm ed b y w o r k e r s o n a fu ll-tim e b a s i s .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a tio n o f o n e or m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e
t o o ls , s u c h a s jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l or s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s ,
o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n n i n g
a n d p e r fo r m in g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir in g
c o m p lic a te d s e t u p s or a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f p r e ­
c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g a n d o p ­
e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n t o
a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s or d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g ­
n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , a n d to s e le c t p rop er
c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a tin g o i l s . F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y
p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b i n g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d fr o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts a n d n e w p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d
s p e c if ic a t io n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o rk ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f m a ­
c h in is t ’s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e t t in g u p a n d

18

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making .standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipe fittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by'hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily en ga g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
sa n ita tion or h eatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d

.

19

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In c lu d es g a te men who are s ta tio n ed at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
oth er person s en terin g

.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

20

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
L o n g sh o rem en

,

w h o load and unload s h ip s are e x c lu d e d

.

ORDER FILLER
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m ay in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and, size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s who a ls o make w ood en

.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work i n v o l v e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e iv i n g work i n v o l v e s : Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and files.




R e c e i v i n g clerk
Shipping clerk
S hipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

TRUCKDRIVER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

b o x e s or c ra tes are e x c lu d e d

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and o v er -th e -r o a d d rivers
are e x c lu d e d

.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
T ru ckdriver (com bin a tion o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t (under l l t o n s )
A
T ru ckdriver, medium ( l l to and in clu din g 4 to n s )
A
Truckdriver, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , trailer t y p e )
Truckdriver, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s, oth er than trailer t y p e )

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, p o w e r (fo rk lift)
Trucker, p o w e r (o th er than fo rk lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
*

U .S. GOVER N M ENT P R IN T IN G OFFIC E : I9 6 0 0 — 5 6 0 1 6 6

Occupational Wage Surveys

O c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a r e b e in g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a jo r la b o r m a r k e ts d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r ly I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d from th e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n 2 5 , D .C . , or from a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l
s a l e s o f f ic e s s h o w n on th e in s id e fron t c o v e r .
A su m m a r y b u lle t in c o n t a in i n g d a ta for a l l la b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b in e d w ith a d d it io n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r ly in 1 9 6 1 .
B u l l e t i n s for th e a r e a s l i s t e d b e lo w a re n o w a v a i l a b l e .

A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a —N . J . , M a r c h i 960 —
B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 3 , p rice 25 c e n ts
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 7 , p r i c e 1 5 c e n t s
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 7 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 8 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s

M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 1 ,
p rice 25 c e n ts
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 8 ,
p rice 25 c e n t s
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 2 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 4 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s

C a n t o n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 0 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 1 ,
p rice 25 c e n ts
C levelan d, Ohio, September 1 9 5 9 — BLS B ull. 1 2 6 5 - 1 , price 2 0 cen ts
D a llas, T ex., October 1 9 5 9 — BLS B ull. 1 2 6 5 - 3 , price 2 0 cen ts
Dayton, Ohio, Decem ber 1 9 5 9 — BLS B ull. 1 2 6 5 - 9 , price 2 5 cen ts

P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 6 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
P h o e n i x , A r iz ., A p r il I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 4 2 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 0 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 2 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 4 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
R ic h m o n d , V a ., F eb ru a ry 1 9 6 0 - B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 4 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s

D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 1 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 0 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D e t r o it , M ic h ., J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 5 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
F o r t W orth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 3 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 2 2 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 6 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 4 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s

S t. L o u i s , M o ., O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 5 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
S a n B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —
B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 5 , p rice 25 c e n ts
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 7 ,
p rice 25 c e n ts
S e a t t l e , W a s h ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 ,
p rice 25 c e n ts

K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , J a n u a r y 1 9 6 0 - B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 3 >
p rice 25 c e n t s
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , A p r i l I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 5 ,
p rice 25 c e n ts
M e m p h i s , T e n n . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 9 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 6 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r il I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 4 3 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s

S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 9 ,
p rice 20 c e n ts
S ou th B e n d , In d ., A p r il I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 8 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 8 ,
p ric e 25 c e n ts
W a te r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 ^ - 3 6 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 7 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s








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