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Occupational Wage Survey
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA
JUNE 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-53




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




SAVANNAH, GEORGIA
JUNE 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-53
August 1960
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sal# by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price

25

cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The

C om m u n ity W a ge S u rv e y P r o g r a m

T h e B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly condu cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n te r s . T h e s tu d ies, m a d e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r ly s p rin g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f th e study in each a r e a , u s u a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o l l p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d ata not in clu d ed in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a l l o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :
1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y

A:

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s _____ ________________________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s ______________________
A - 3. M a in ten a n c e and p o w e r p la n t oc c u p a tio n s
___________ ___
A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ___________—

B:
T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f i c e in A tla n ta , Ga. , b y D on ald C ru s e , u n d er the d i ­
r e c tio n o f L o u is B . W o y ty c h , R e g io n a l W a ge and In d u s tr ia l
R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.




____________

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B - l.
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _______________________________________________
B -2 .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n
o f f ic e w o r k e r s __________________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly hou rs ________________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s _____________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s ___________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s ________________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________ , _________
_

* NO TE:
S im ila r tab u la tion s f o r th e s e ite m s a r e a v a i l a ­
b le in the r e p o r ts f o r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s .
A d ir e c t o r y ,
in d ic a tin g d ate o f stu d y and the p r i c e o f the r e p o r t s , is
a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
U n ion s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s ,
a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r s e v e n s e le c t e d b u ild in g tr a d e s in
the Savannah a r e a .

in

2

4
5
5
6

7
8
9
10
11
13
15




Occupational Wage Survey~Savannah, Ga.
Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant in d u strial cen ters in
w hich the U. S. D epartm ent of L ab or's B ureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a sis. In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
w ithin six broad industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; tran sp orta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; finance, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu dies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and extractive in d u stries. E stablishm en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted a lso b ecau se
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resented, th erefore, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cept for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and power plant; and (d) custod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w ork ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and

late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earn in gs are included. Where w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occupations, referen ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are presented sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and w om en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the d istribution of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ssifie d w ithin
the sam e su rvey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average serv ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay
when both se x e s are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
descrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen eralized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the earn**
ings data.

E stablishm en t P r a c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted a lso (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w ork ers, " as u sed
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv iso rs and non su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related fun ction s, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e, ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d 1
R ailroad s, fo rm erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies, en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
m
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and fo rce-acco u n t con stru ction
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate w ork force are excluded .
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
y ear. F or scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.




2

T A B L E 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in S a v a n n a h , G a . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J u n e I 9 6 0

Industry d iv isio n

_____ _____ ________________
A ll d iv is io n s _______ __ ___
M an u factu rin g______________________________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g________ __ __
______ _________________
T ransportation , com m un ication , and other
public u t ilit ie s 5 ---------- ---- ------------------- _ ____ ___
W h olesale trade __
---------- ---------- __ __ __ _____
R etail t r a d e ______
__ — ____ __ __ __ _____________
F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l esta te _________________________
S e r v ic e s 7 ___
__ __ __ _____
___________

M inim um
em p loym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m en ts in scope
of study
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51

N um ber of esta b lish m en ts
W ithin
scop e of
study 3
103
39
64
12
7
28
6
11

Studied
59
22
37
12
4
11
4
6

W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin scop e of study

Studied

T o ta l 4

O ffice

P lant

T o ta l4

21;200
12, 900
8, 300
3 ,8 0 0
400
2, 300
700
1, 100

2, 800
1, 100
1, 700
800
(6)
(‘ )
(6)
(6)

15, 600
10, 500
5, 100
2, 000
(6)
(‘ )
(6)
(6)

17,190
11,020
6, 170
3, 770
210
1, HO
430
650

1 T h e S a v a n n a h M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a (C h a t h a m C o u n t y ). T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r
l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m
th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n (u s e d in
th e B u r e a u ’ s l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 -5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r iz a t io n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h o l e s a le o r
r e t a il ) t o m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d ’ f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
3 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .

4

T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer p ractice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of
annual earnings w as co n sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w eek 1 s pay.

Data are p resen ted for all health , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg a l req u irem en ts such as workmen* s com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m ercia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t aside for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited- to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer con tributions , 4 plans are included only if the em p loyer ( 1 ) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly req u ired , or (2 ) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
because of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting period, and (2 ) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es referred to as extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are designed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ical, and su rgical plans.
M edical insuran ce re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organizations or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er's life .

2 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2 ) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys made prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eek ly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sick -lea v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is p resented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, p resented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified sh ift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a d ifferen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in suran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to a ll plant or office w orkers if a m a ­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are co v ered . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Savannah, G a . , June I96 0 )

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Under 40. 00 45. 00 $50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120. 00
W
eekly
W
eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
and
(Standard) (Standard)
and
t o . 00 tinder 50.00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80.00 85. 00
45. 00
90.00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00 over

Men
-

.

_

-

-

-

86. 00
89. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

5
4

3
2

C lerks, accounting, c la s s A __________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

34
22

4 0 .0 $107. 00
40. 0
109.00

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B ----------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ------------------ --------------------------------

26
18

40. 0
40. 0

-

-

_

.
-

_

-

2
1

1
"

_

_

1

2
2

1
-

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

1
-

2
-

-

11
4

8
8

2
1

3
2

3
1

3
1

6
6

5
5

1
1

_

_

2

_

_

2

_

-

-

2
1

1
1

6
6

-

"

,

4
4

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

5

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

40. 0

97. 50

20
16

39.5
4 0 .0

61.50
62.50

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
--------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

17
17

39. 0
39. 0

66. 00
66. 00

_

_

5
5

2
2

1
1

_

_

-

"

-

2
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

_

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, cla ss B -----------------Nonmanufacturing -------- ------------------------------------------

65
63

40. 5
40. 5

51.50
51.50

5
5

6
6

16
16

21
19

10
10

4
4

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

C lerks, accounting, cla s s A ____ _____________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

52
19
33

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

81.00
92. 50
74. 00

_

_

_

3

9

2

-

-

-

-

-

~

3

9

3
1
2

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B ----------------------------------------M anufacturing
________ ____ ___________ ________
N onm anufacturing
---------------------------------------------------

111
40
71

39.5
40. 0
39. 0

59. 00
58. 00
59. 50

_
-

10
5
5

25
12
13

18
18

16
1
15

C lerks, p a y ro ll ___________ ____ _____________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------

23
15

39.5
39. 5

77. 00
74. 00

_

-

-

1
1

Keypunch op era tors --------M anufacturing --------------

29
20

39.5
40. 0

67. 50
66. 50

1
1

1
-

97
50
47
27

39.5
39. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

85.
85.
85.
96.

00
00
50
00

-

_
-

Stenographers, general _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------P u blic u tilities 3 _________________________________

156
86
53

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

78. 50
83. 50
91.00

_
“

Switchboard op era to rs ---------------------- ---------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

41

33

41 .5
42. 0

50. 00
45. 50

Switchboard op e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists

15

38. 0

56. 00

24
2

C lerk s, p a y roll ___________

___________________________

O ffice boys ---------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

-

W om en

------------------------------------------------ --------------------------------

S ecreta ries __________________ __ _____________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 3 ---------------------------------------------------

__________________

T yp ists, c la s s B -----------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

26
17

39.5
40. 0

54. 00
54. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

3
1
2

6
6
-

6
3
3

3
3
-

5
4
1

4
4

1
1

_
_

2

2
2

-

1
1
-

11
4
7

9
8
1

6
5
1

6
5
1

2
2

_
-

3
3

3
3

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
-

4
3

3
2

3
3

_

4
4

1
-

1
-

3
1

2
1

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
3

1
-

7
6

2
2

5
5

2
1

_

2
2

3
-

_

-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1

9
7
2
~

6
3
3
-

10
4
6
1

7
2
5
1

11
5
6
4

12
9
3
1

6
4
2
2

2
2
“

3
3
1

5
4
-

8
5
2

14
2
2

15
3
1

29
11
1

15
5
1

4
-

10
1
1

21
21
21

4 17
17

2
2

3

4
2

3

_

3

1

_

3

6
1

2
2

3

-

3

_

3

4

3

1

_

_

_

.

.

1

1

-

_
_
-

1
1

3
3

6
3

7
5

5
2

1
2
1

-

-

.

.

.

1 S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 125 to $ 130.
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s tr ib u te d a s f o l l o w s : 6 at $ 25 to $ 30; 11 at $ 30 to $ 35.




_

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

16
9
7
7

10
4
6
6

6
1
5
5

2
2
-

_
-

.
-

16
16
13

7
6
6

3
3
3

3
3
-

.

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

1

_

_

2
2

.

_

_

-

_
-

.

.

_

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Savannah, G a. , June I960)
Average
Number
of
workers

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

NUM B ER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN ING S OF—

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$
7 0 .0 0
and
u n d er
7 5 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0. 00

$
8 5. 00

8 5. 00

8 0 .0 0

$ 0. 00
9

$
$
$
$
$
9 5. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 1
$15. 00 120. 00 125. 00 1 3 0 .0 0

~
■
“
“
~
“
“
9 5. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 L IO J O 1 1 5 .0 0 1 20^00 125._00 1 3 0 , _00 135. 00

9 0. 00

M en
D ra fts m e n , s e n i o r __________________________________________

22

40. 0

$ 1 0 6 .0 0

18
18

39. 5
39. 5

8 6 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

-

-

-

_

4

7
7

1
1

9
9

5

3

3

_

_

_

_

2

2

1

2

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d ) __________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________

1

1
1

S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Savannah, G a. , June I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

N um ber
of
w orkers

A verage
hourly
earn in gs1

$1 .0 0
and
under

1 . 10

C a rp enters, m a in te n a n ce ______________________
M an u factu rin g--------- __ -------------------------------

52
41

$ 2 .4 6
2 . 52

Elect:, ic id iic , m aintenance _____________________
M an u factu rin g_______________________________

116
102

2 . 83
2 . 83

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ____________________
M anufacturin g------------------------------------------------

71
62

H elpers, trades, m aintenance _________________
M anufacturin g_______________________________

$1. 10 $1 .2 0
1 .2 0

1. 30

-

_

_

10
10

-

2 . 00
1 .9 8

_

11
11

300
287

1 .9 9
1 .9 9

8
8

M achinists, m aintenance ---------------------------------M anufacturin g_______________________________

117
106

2. 94
2 .9 7

-

-

M echanics, autom otive (maintenance) ________
M anufacturin g_______________________________
IV“ ~^rrnufaCturing ___________________________
■*
’
utilities 2 __________________________

48
29
19
19

2 . 35
2. 44
2 . 21
2 . 21

_
-

_
-

-

-

M echanics, m a in te n a n ce _______________________
M anufacturin g_______________________________

17 3
153

2 . 41
2 .4 0

_

_

_

O ilers ____________ _____________________________
M an ufacturin g------------------------------------------------

92
73

2 . 21
2 . 17

4
4

P ainters, m aintenance --------------------------------------

50

2 . 53

_

1 .4 0

! . 50

1 .4 0

1. 50

L .6 0

_
1
2

-

_

.

_

-

-

_

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

10
10

_

_

_

-

-

1

18
14

14
14
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

-

-

.

_

-

-

-

_

_

13
4

_

6
6

-

9
8

8
3

6
3

9
9

67
67

22
13

_

_

2
2

2
2

-

I

-

__

17
17

_

_

1
1

.
-

2
2

6

"

-

3
_

8

_

-

-

3

6
6

1
1

1

2

3

2

3

2

_

2
2

i

$
3. 10

2 .9 0

3. 00

3 . 10

3 . 20

1
1

21
21

14
14

-

.

_

_

_

4
4

-

-

_

8
-

_
-

-

"
12
12

31
12

1
1

30
30

_

_

5

4

2 . 80

$
3. 0 0

12
12

5
4

13
7

1
1

2 .7 0

$
2 .9 0

6
4
4

-

- i

17
11

_

2 .6 0

24
21

-

26
26

1

$2 . 50 $2 . 60 $2 . 7 0 $2 .8 0

6
-

-

4
4

_

_

2
2

-

__

-

1
1

14
14

__

_

2
2

4
4

1

-

20
20

3

8

2 . 50

54
54

2
2

8

40

44
44

1

_

__

8

2 .4 0

3
3

3

3

6
6

_

|

2
2

_

-

6

7
6
1
1

-

1
1

6

2 .2 0 1 2 . 30

2
2

8

-

-

_

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




_

17
17

__

2 . 10

-

_

__

$
$
$
1 .9 0 2. 00 2 . 10 $2 . 20 $2 . 30

-

17
17

_
-

$
1 .8 0

2
-

_

_ i_

$
1 .7 0

1 .8 0 ■ _L-J90 _ 2 .0 0

4
4

-

_

30

S
1. 60

_

5

5
5

_
-

-

2
2

11
10

51
49

8
8

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

8
8

60
58

28
28

_

1

-

1
1

-

-

29
29

_

_

_

_

4

3

3
1
2
2

10
10

3

1

16
16

"

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

29

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

"
_

6

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Savannah, G a. , June I96 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average $
0 .4 0 $0. 50 0 .6 0 $0. 70 0 . 80 0 . 90 1 . 00 1 . 10 1 . 20 1. 30
hourly
earnings 2
u n d er
. 80
.9 0 1 . 00 1 . 1 0 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1. 40
.5 0
. 60
. 70

$

1 .4 0

$

1. 50

------------ -------------

— — -------------

30
30

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(m e n ) ---------- -----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________ __
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 __________________

213
78
135
30

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w o m e n ) __________________________________

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------__
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________

1 .
---------- 1--------- i ---------- 1---------1 - 1 •

$ 1 .9 6
l . 96

20

6
4

2

18
18

4
4

32
7
25

12

-

20
-

-

1

-

2

1

2

_

1

2

_

3

5

-

-

-

-

-

$

$

1 .7 0

1 . 80

1 . 80

1 .9 0

$

1 .9 0

1 .6 0

2
2

1. 70

1

1

8
8

3

3

33
26
7
7

2
1
1

2

1
1
-

8
2
6

23
23
-

-

1
1

2
2

7
-

2

2
3

-

7
7

2
2

"

4

-

_

_

_

_

1

13

8

3

4
4

40
40

1

10

-

1
1

7
7

32
26

6

107
104
3

52

12
40

6

1

_

12

3

_

1

1

.8 9

5

374
279
95

1. 76
1. 78

-

31

1 .7 5

—

23

2. 13

— —

17
15

2 . 20
2 . 26

T r u c k d r i v e r s 4 _______ _ — ------ --------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------- -------- __
'PiiKlif' u t i l i t i e s 3

162
58
104
60

1. 98
1 .6 5
2. 17
2 . 60

_
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
l V 2 t o n s) -------------------------------------- __

25

1. 34

_

_

_

_

2

1

10

2

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V 2 to
and in c lu d in g 4 to n s ) ----------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------- -------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------O 11 V 1 z UlXXXlXcs
>4 ~
fMIDXXC ii+ iliH a c 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

118
37
81
60

2 . 10

-

-

-

13

12

-

-

2

-

2

2
11

4
3

2

-

-

13

-

-

-

1 .6 7

2

4
4
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r ty p e) ---------- — --------- ---------

19

2 . 11

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t ) -------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g —------------- -------- --------

164
154

1 .9 2
1. 91

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

24
24

6
6

_____________________ __ _____

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s

S h ippin g c l e r k s

----------------

-------------

-------------

-------------

8

W a tch m e n
M a n u fa ctu r in g

_________________________

67
56

2 . 29

_

-

"

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

1
1

-

18
18
-

_

1

_

1
2
2

_
-

_
-

2

1

25

15

-

10

12

4
3

2

-

2

1

15

3

1

2

-

1
4
4
-

_
-

3

-

2

-

$

2 .4 0

$
s
2 .5 0 2 .6 0

.

2
2

.

8
8

$

2 .7 0

2. 40

2. 50

2 .6 0

2. 70

2 .8 0

$

2 . 80

$

2. 90

2 . 90

over

4

4

2
-

2

4
4
-

4
4
-

2
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

44
42

-

8
8

-

2

*

-

-

4
4

_

4

3

_

_

_

_

10

2

2

1

2
2

1
1

2

5

2
1

2
2

_
-

_
-

21
21
-

10
-

10

1

1

-

-

5

4

18
18

3
3

_
-

53
53
53

_
-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

53
53
53

-

2
2
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

14
14
-

7
7

4
4

-

-

-

1

5

6

3

-

_

“

8
8

87
77

-

"

•

-

16
16

"

-

1

_

_

_

.

_

.

2
2

■

•

11
11

4

4

4

3

4

1

1

3

1
1

1
1

6

2
2

4

_

2
2

4

4
12
2
10

_

-

2 .6 0

1 .4 7
1 .4 3

2. 30

7

1 D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h ift s .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




5
7

5

_
-

$

1

20

-

2 . 20

|

-

-

$

2 . 20 2. 30

9
9

3

1 .6 6

39
14
25

$

2 . 00 2 . 10

.
3

13
13

1 .6 8

$

2 . 00 2 . 10

17
17
-

O rd er fille r s

1. 14
1. 43
.9 8

1 .6 0

and
1 .5 0

1

G uards

S

4

2
2

_

11
8

7

.




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

7

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r s h ift w o r k , an d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
a c t u a lly o p e r a t in g la t e s h ift s b y ty p e and a m ou n t o f d i ff e r e n t ia l , Sava n n a h , G a . , J une I96 0 )
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is i o n s 1 f o r ---S e c o n d sh ift
w ork

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s a c t u a lly
o p e r a t in g —

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

8 2. 5

79. 5

2 0. 3

13. 7

7 1 .4

6 8 .4

17. 3

13. 0

--------------------------

65. 0

59. 8

1 5 .4

13. 0

c e n t s -------------------------------------------- ------------------c e n t s ----------------— --------------- ------------------c e n t s -------------------------- ----------------------- c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------c e n t s ----------- ----------------------------------------ft fftn ts
............ .....
9 c e n t s — -------------------- ------------------------------------10 c e n t s
----------------------— -------------------------12 c e n t s
--------------------------------------------------------------1 3V S c e n t s
------------ _ ---------------- ------------ —

6. 1
50. 0
3. 6

5. 3
4. 0
.9
2 .9

.9
12. 0
. 5

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t ia l

------------------------------------------

U n ifo r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r )

------

3
5
6
7

7 l/z

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ---------------------------

------------

7 p e r c e n t ______________________________

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s

N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t ia l

___

____

—

—

______ ___ ___

__________ _____________

-

.9
-

-

-

. 3
-

43. 2
2 .4

. 2
-

( 2)
. 2
-

12. 0
. 3

2. 2

-

-

2. 2

1. 3
-

.6
1. 1

. 2
"

6 .4

6 .4

1. 9

-

6 .4

6 .4

1. 9

-

-

2. 2

-

-

11. 0

3. 0

11. 0

-

.7

.
1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g
th ou g h t h e y w e r e n ot c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

la t e s h ift s ,

and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s

c o v e r i n g la t e s h ift s

even

8

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e 'w o r k e r s , S a va n n a h , G a . , J u n e I9 6 0 )
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g
M in im um w e e k ly s a la r y 1

B a sed on standard w e e k ly h ou rs

in d u s trie s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

E sta b lish m en ts studied __ __ ------------- __ ------E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 3 0 .0 0 and under
$ 3 2 . 50 and under
$ 3 5 . 00 and under
$ 3 7 . 50 and under
$ 4 0 . 00 and under
$ 4 2 . 50 and under
$ 4 5 . 00 and u nd er
$ 4 7 . 50 and u nd er
$ 50. 00 and under
$ 52. 50 and under
$ 5 5 . 00 and under
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under
$ 6 0 . 00 and under
$ 6 2 . 50 and under
$ 6 5 . 00 and under
$ 6 7 . 50 and u nd er
$ 7 0 . 00 and u nd er
O vpr $77, R
O

$ 3 2 . 50
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50

_

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d i d n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y __ __ _ __ __ __ _ __ — -----

-

--------

_

—

40

A ll
sch ed u les

o f—

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

40

__

59

22

XXX

37

XXX

59

22

XXX

37

XXX

8

7

13

12

30

15

11

15

12

_
3
3
5
2
1
1
1
1

_
1
1
2
1
1
1

_
1
2
1
1
1

_
2
2
5
1
-

_
2
2
4
1
-

1
1
1
4
3
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
-

_
1
1
2
4
2
1
1
1
1
-

_
2
4
1
1
1
1
-

1
2
3
5
1
-

4

1

1

3

3

4

1

1

3

3

3

XXX

10

XXX

16

3

XXX

13

XXX

25

11

XXX

14

XXX

13

4

XXX

9

XXX

1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .
3 H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d ,




N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w e e k ly h ou rs

13

—

— -------------------------------------------- —
-------------------- - ------- ----------------------- _ --- ------------------------— --- ----------------- --------- - - —
------------------------------------------------------------------ --------------------------- - ---------------------------- ------- ------- —
_____________________________________
— — ------ ------ ------------------ -----— — --------------- _ --------------..............- ..................................... . - _
— ----------- ------------------------------------ --------------- _
------------------- — ----— — _ —
---------- _ __ ----------------- ----_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
— - —
- —
— -----__ -------------_ . _

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u stries

21

-----------------------— —

* o f—

a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k

2
3
3
1
-

-

rep orted .

9
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , S a va n n a h , G a . , J u n e I9 6 0 )

PLANT WORKERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

W e e k ly h o u r s

All industries1

Manufacturing

------------------------------------------

100

100

U nder
h o u r s _— -----------------------------------------h o u r s ---------------- -------------- ------------------------38 h o u r s _____ _________ __ ______ ___________________
4 0 h o u r s ____________________________________________
4 2 h o u r s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 2 an d u n d e r 45 h o u r s ____________________
45 h o u r s _____________________ ____________________
O v e r 45 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s ____________________
4 8 h o u r s ____________________________________________
49 h o u r s ____________________________________________
5 0 h o u r s and o v e r ________________________________

3
6

8
2
1
84

A ll w o rk e rs

37l /z

---------------

37l /z

(4)
84
2
2
2
1
-

-

5
-

Public utilities 2

100

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100

16

1

100

2

93
_
_
_
6
_
1

-

-

-

74
6
1
4
2
6

84
5
1
2
2
4

5

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




100

82
2
-

n

Public utilities 2

10
Table B-4. Paid Holidays

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by num ber of paid holidays
provided annually, Savannah, G a ., June I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Item

A ll w ork ers ______

________ __ ________ —

W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts providing
paid holidays __ ------- ------------------------------W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts providing
no paid holidays _______________________________

All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

99

98

100

1

2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

89

92
8

93
7

2

-

11

Number of days

h o lid a y -------------------------------------------------------------holidays ________________ ________ _________
3 holidays __________ ____ ______
_____ —
4 holidays ---- ------------------------- ----------------- —
5 holidays __ _______________________________ __
6 holidays ________________ __ ___ _________
7 holidays ----------------------------- --------------------------8 holidays _______________________________________
1
2

1
1
1

.
(4)

1
16
11

33
8
56

69

1

1

1

70
80
97
98
98
98
98

_
2
11

1
1
1

7
17
15
45

7
12
21

2

87

47
3

9
84
'

2
47
62
80
86
88
89
89

3
50
71
83
90
92
92
92

84
93
93
93
93
93
93

Total holiday time5

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

days _____________________________________ _____
or m o re days ---------- -------------------------------------or m o re days ---- ----------------- ---------- --------or m o re days ____ __ _____________________
or m o re days _________________________________
or m o re days ______ ______ ______ ______
or m o re days -------------------- ----------- ------------or m o re days ---------------- -------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
no half

56
64
97
98
99
99
99

87
98
100
100
100
100
100

Includes data for w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trade; finance, in su ra n ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
Includ es data for w h o lesa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
A ll com b ination s of fu ll and half days that add to the sam e am ount are com bined; for exam p le, the prop ortion of w o rk ers r e ce iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d ays, 6 fu ll days and 2 half days, 5 fu ll days and 4 half days, and so on. P rop ortion s w ere then cum ulated.




11
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, Savannah, G a ., June I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p o licy

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

99
99

100
100

96
91
3
2
4

4 94
90
4

100
100

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Method of payment

W orkers in estab lish m en ts providing
paid vacation s _ — „ — ------- ------------------L en g th -o f-tim e paym ent ----------------------------P ercen ta g e paym ent ------------------------------------F la t-su m paym ent --------------------------------------O ther -------------------------------------------------W orkers in esta b lish m en ts providing
no paid vacation s --------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

(5)

1

"

3

1
8

18

"

7
~

3
*

21

_
42
57

_
16
82

87
13

4
81
8

_
86
5

82
18

A fter 2 y e a r s of ser v ice
Under 1 w eek ---------------- — — -----------------------1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ------------------------------2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------

_
9
21
70

13
86

_
67
30

4

3
70
4
19

_
87
8

_
41
22
36

A fter 3 y e a r s of se r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ------ -------------------------------------------1 w eek - ------------------ --------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ----------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------

_
3
97

5

94

_
(5)
99

(5)
30
4
62

_
31
64

_
38
62

1
95

1
98

-

(5)
6
4
81
4

-

-

-

-

-

6

“

Amount of vacation p ay6

A fter 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ___________________________________
1 w eek - ------ ------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s _____________________
A fter 1 year of se r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ----- — -------------------------------------1 w eek ------------------ — — — — ------------ —
2 w eek s —-----------------------------------------------------------

A fter 5 y e a r s of ser v ice
Under 1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------1 w eek _________________ _____________ __________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s __ -----------------------2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s
-----------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table




29
1

3

7

3

_

_

-

-

93
7

2

1

5
“

-

-

3

91

-

95
5

12
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, Savannah, Ga. , June I960)
V acation p o licy

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

_
1

_
-

(5)
6
4
47
38
1

_
3
_
45
46
-

_
_
91
4
5

(5)
6
4
23
61
2

_
3
_
26
65
-

.
_
_
7
88
5

(5)
6
4
23
59
4

_
3
_
26
65
-

_
_
_
7
84
9

(5)
6
4
21
29
36

_
3
_
23
24
44

_
_
_
7
84
9

A m o u n t o f v o c a tio n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A fter 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k ____________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _____________________
2 w eek s ____________________________________ ____
3 w eeks _______________________________ ________
4 w eek s __________________________________________

-

67
29
2

_
1
30
68

A fter 15 y e a r s of se r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k ____________________________________
1 w e e k _______________________________ __________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _____________________
2 w eeks __________________________________________
3 w eeks __________________________ _______ ____
4 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

_
1
17
79
2

_
1

-

-

20
78
-

-

A fter 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k ____________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _____________________
2 w eek s __________________________________________
3 w eek s __________________________________________
4 w eeks __________________________________________

_
1
17
78
4

_
1
20
77
1

A fter 25 y ea r s of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k ____________________________________
1 w e e k ______________________ ___________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ____________ _______
2 w eeks __________________________________________
3 w eek s __________________________________________
4 w eeks __________________________________________

_
1
16
39
43

_
1
18
11
69

-

-

-

92
1
7
_
5
88
7
_
-

_
5
88
7
_
-

_
5
88
7

1 Includes data for w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r ea l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o lesa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, rea l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 Includes prop ortion s of w o rk ers in e sta b lish m en ts w hich did not provide v a cation s until after 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
5 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
6 P erio d s of se r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e ss a r ily r e fle c t the individual p ro v isio n s for p r o g r e ssio n s. F or exam p le, the chan ges in p rop ortion s in d icated at 10 y e a r s'
s e r v ic e in clude chan ges in p r o v isio n s occu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s,
NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allo w an ces by y ea r s of se r v ic e , paym ents other than "length of tim e, " such as percen ta ge of annual earn in gs or fla t-su m paym ents, w ere con verted
to an equ ivalent tim e b a sis; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 percen t of annual earnin gs w as co n sid ered as 1 w eek 's pay.




Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P ercen t of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s em ployed in esta b lish m en ts providing
health, in su ra n ce, or pen sio n b en efits, Savannah, Ga. , June I960)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

Type of benefit

All industries*

M anufacturing

Public utilities

2

All industries3

M anufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in su rance --------------------------------------------A ccid en tal death and dism em b erm en t
in su ran ce ------- ------------ -----------------------S ick n ess and acciden t in su ra n ce or
sic k lea v e or both4 ------------ -------------------

78
35
64

100
18
80

39
20
84

83
25
72

92
28
81

44
21
57

S ick n ess and accid en t in su ra n ce ----------Sick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting period) -------------------------------------Sick lea v e (p artial pay or
w aiting period) --------------------------------------

52
47
7

80
64

59
67
16

64
6
4

81

36

~

19
18

H osp italization in su ran ce --------------------------S u rgical in su ra n ce ------- ----------------------------M edical in su ra n ce --------------------------------------C atastrophe in su ra n ce --------------------------------R etirem en t p en sion -------------------------------------No health, in su ra n ce, or p en sion plan ------

91
91
56
62
57
2

100
100
86
72
83

82
82
71
79
28
1

84
84
55
50
50
8

88
88
68
55
59
8

75
75
66
72
37
1

A ll w o rk ers --------------------------------- ------------ —
W ork ers in estab lish m en ts providing:

1 Includes data for w h o lesale trade; r e ta il trad e; finance, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o lesale trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 Unduplicated total of w ork ers r e ce iv in g sick lea v e or sic k n e ss and acciden t in su ra n ce shown sep a ra tely below . S ick -le a v e plans are lim ited to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a st
the m inim um num ber of d a ys1 pay that can be expected by each em p loyee. Inform al s ic k -le a v e allow an ces determ in ed on an individual b a sis are exclud ed.







15

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
B iller machine (billing m achine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
B iller machine (bookkeeping m achine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, w ith or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




,

,

C lass A — Keeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and cred it item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
C lass B — K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense d istribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's bu sin ess tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may d irect c la s s B accounting
clerks.
C lass B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and en ters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with th at of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in w hich, use of this m achine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
C lass B— Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th a t h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers* orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled .
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

17

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own in itiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more p ersons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing-m achine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe th is dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work

.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of th is worker*s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




C lass A — O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents w ithout close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of step s to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
C lass B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
C lass C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to m a k e
o u t b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s h a v e b e e n m ad e b y a n o th er p e r s o n . M ay in ­
c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u s e in d u p lic a t ­
in g p r o c e s s e s . M ay d o c le r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l tr a in in g ,
s u c h a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r ts , o r s o r tin g
a n d d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s or fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a ­
te r ia l; p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s
t o m a i n t a i n u n if o r m i t y a n d b a l a n c e i n s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e
fo rm le t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B — P e r f o r m s o n e or more o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y t y p i n g
fr o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; r o u t i n e t y p i n g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s ,
e t c .; s e t t in g u p s im p le sta n d a r d t a b u la tio n s , or c o p y in g m ore c o m ­
p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

C la s s /4 — P e r f o r m s o n e or more o f the fo llo w in g : T y p i n g m a ­
t e r i a l i n f i n a l f o r m w h e n i t i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m se*~*'#' * l
s o u r c e s or r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c -

P R O F E S S IO N A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
( A s s is ta n t d ra ftsm a n )

AND

T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

D r a w s to s c a l e u n its or p a r ts o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y d r a f t s ­
m a n or o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s .
U s e s v a r io u s t y p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o l s a s r e q u ir e d . M a y p r e p a r e d r a w in g s
fr o m s i m p l e p l a n s o r s k e t c h e s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r d u t i e s u n d e r d i r e c t i o n
o f a d ra ftsm a n .

in v o lv e d in s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s a n d t r u s s e s ; v e r if y in g c o m ­
p le t e d w o r k , c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls to b e u s e d , a n d q u a n t itie s ;
w r it in g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; m a k in g a d j u s t m e n t s o r c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s or
s p e c if ic a t io n s . M ay in k in li n e s a n d le t t e r s o n p e n c il d r a w in g s , p r e p a r e
d e t a il u n it s o f c o m p le t e d r a w in g s , o r t r a c e d r a w in g s . W ork i s f r e q u e n t ly
in a s p e c i a l i z e d f i e l d s u c h a s a r c h ite c tu r a l, e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n ic a l, or
s t r u c tu r a l d r a ftin g .

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

P la n s a n d d ir e c t s a c t i v i t i e s o f o n e or m o re d r a fts m e n in p r e p ­
a r a t i o n o f w o r k i n g p l a n s a n d d e t a i l d r a w i n g s fr o m r o u g h o r p r e l i m i n a r y
s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s . D u t i e s
i n v o l v e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s , s k e t c h e s ,
a n d w r itte n or v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e t e r m in in g w o r k p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s i g n i n g
d u t ie s to s u b o r d in a t e s a n d i n s p e c t i n g t h e ir w o r k ; p e r fo r m in g m o r e d if ­
f i c u l t p r o b l e m s . M a y a s s i s t s u b o r d i n a t e s d u r in g e m e r g e n c i e s o r a s a
r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t , o r p e r fo r m r e la t e d d u t ie s o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d ­
m in is tr a tiv e n a tu r e .

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g p l a n s a n d d e t a i l d r a w in g s fro m n o t e s , r o u g h
o r d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , or m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r­
p o s e s . D u t i e s i n v o l v e a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : P r e p a r i n g w o r k ­
in g p la n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t io n s , e t c ., to s c a l e b y u s e
o f d r a ftin g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u t a t io n s s u c h a s t h o s e




A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w h o .g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e t o i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s or o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l or s u ffe r a n a c c id e n t o n th e
p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o l v e a com bina tion o f the fo llo w in g : G i v i n g f i r s t a i d t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d i n g t o
s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ’ in j u r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a ti^ fc :s
t r e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c i d e n t r e p o r ts fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ;
c o n d u c tin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s a n d h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s
a n d e m p lo y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t, or o th e r
a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g th e h e a lth , w e lfa r e , a n d s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s , b y p la c in g tr a c ­
in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g a n d t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l . U s e s
T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , a n d o th e r d r a ftin g t o o l s . M a y p r e p a r e s im p le d r a w ­
in g s a n d d o s im p le le tte r in g .

19
M A IN T E N A N C E

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

P e r fo r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in ­
t a in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r ib s ,
c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r im
m a d e o f w o o d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k fr o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r
v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n te r ’ s h a n d t o o ls , p o r ta b le
p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p
c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; s e l e c t i n g m a t e r ia ls n e c ­
e s s a r y fo r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r ­
m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p lo y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r , or s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to fir e b y h a n d or
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , or o il b u rn er; c h e c k s w a te r a n d s a fe t y
v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e
i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e , or r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t fo r th e g e n e r a t in g , d i s ­
t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk
i n v o l v e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s ,
c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s ,
o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t ; w o r k i n g fr o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y ­
o u t , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b le in t h e e l e c ­
t r ic a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to
lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f
e l e c t r i c i a n ’ s h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n ­
e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g
a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O p e r a te s a n d m a in ta in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n
o f s t a t io n a r y e n g i n e s a n d e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l or e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­
p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w it h p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r ig e r a ­
t i o n , o r a i r - c o n d i t i o n i n g . W o rk i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s ,
tu r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e fr ig e r a tin g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o ile r s a n d
b o ile r - f e d w a te r p u m p s; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f
o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a ls o
s u p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H ea d or c h i e f e n g in eers in e sta b lish m e n ts
em p loyin g more than on e en g in eer are e x c lu d e d




.

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A s s i s t s o n e or m o re w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s ,
b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g
a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls a n d t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a ­
c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g w o r k e r b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls or t o o ls ;
p e r f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n . T h e k i n d o f
w o r k t h e h e l p e r i s p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s fr o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In
s o m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a ­
t e r ia ls a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in o th e r s h e i s p e r ­
m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e
th a t a re a l s o p er fo rm ed b y w o r k e r s o n a fu ll-tim e b a s i s .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a tio n o f o n e o r m o re t y p e s o f m a c h in e
t o o ls , s u c h a s jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l or s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s ,
o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P l a n n i n g
a n d p e r fo r m in g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir in g
c o m p lic a te d s e t u p s or a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f p r e ­
c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c t in g f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g a n d o p ­
e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n t o
a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s or d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g ­
n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , a n d to s e le c t p rop er
c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a tin g o i l s . F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y
p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d fr o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk
i n v o l v e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p l a n n i n g a n d laying o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in is t ’s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e t t in g u p a n d

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

o p e r a tin g s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c l o s e t o le r ­
a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s re la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ,
t o o l i n g , f e e d s a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f t h e w o r k in g p r o p ­
e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , a n d
e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ; f it t in g a n d a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e ­
c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t ’ s w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a
fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g
o u t o f th e w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a
v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e ­
la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; a lin in g
a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, a n d p a r ts
to b e u s e d ; in s t a l l in g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r iv e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m ill­
w r ig h t ’ s w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e in th e
tr a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s, a n d tr a c to r s o f a n e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b li n g e q u ip m e n t a n d
p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a u g e s , d r i l l s , or s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b li n g o r f it t in g p a r ts ;
r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s fr o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d j u s t i n g
v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g a n d in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le
a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a lin in g w h e e l s , a d j u s t in g b r a k e s a n d
li g h t s , or t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u i p m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s ­
m a n tlin g m a c h in e s a n d p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f
h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p in g a n d f it t in g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e
p a r t s w it h it e m s o b t a in e d fro m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p l a c e ­
m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p
fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r
f o r t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d fr o m m a c h i n e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a ­
c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g a l l n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s fo r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l,
th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x ­
p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c l u d e d fr o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s
w h o s e primary d u ties i n v o l v e s e t t i n g u p o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .

MILLWRIGHT
I n s t a l ls n e w m a c h in e s or h e a v y e q u ip m e n t a n d d is m a n t le s a n d
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s ,in t h e p l a n t l a y o u t




OILER
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e , th e m o v in g p a r ts o r w e a r in g s u r ­
f a c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P a in ts a n d r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , a n d fix tu r e s o f a n e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u ­
l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g
s u r f a c e f o r p a i n t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t t y o r f i l l e r in
n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M ay
m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h i t e l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a i n t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r
c o lo r or c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r ­
m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
I n s t a lls or r e p a ir s w a te r , s t e a m , g a s , or o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e a n d
p i p e f i t t i n g s i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r in g t o l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e fro m d r a w in g s
o r o th e r w r itte n s p e c if ic a t io n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t
l e n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e to r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a ­
c h in e ; th r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n
o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w it h c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n in g
p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s ,
f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e te r m in e
w h e t h e r f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s * In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e
m a in te n a n c e p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x ­
p e r i e n c e . Workers prim arily en ga g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
san ita tion or h eatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d

.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K e e p s t h e p l u m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n g o o d o r d e r .
W ork i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g i n s t a l l a t i o n o f
v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p l u m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d
f i x t u r e s ; o p e n i n g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w i t h a p l u n g e r o r p lu m b e r ’ s s n a k e . I n
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g
a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv ­
a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f ix t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e l v e s , lo c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P l a n n i n g a n d l a y ­
i n g o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k fr o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s ,
o r o th e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e ta l- w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u t t in g ,
b e n d i n g , f o r m in g , s h a p i n g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c le s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, t h e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e
s h e e t -m e ta l w o rk er r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

( D ie m a k er; jig m a k er; t o o l m a k e r; fix tu r e m a k er; g a u g e m a k er)
C o n s tr u c ts a n d r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , j i g s , f ix ­
t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n c h i n g a n d o t h e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o r k . W o rk
i n v o l v e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k fr o m
m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , or o th e r o r a l a n d w r itte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r ie ty o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c is io n m e a s ­
u r in g in s t r u m e n t s , u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n
m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g o f m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d
e q u i p m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a ttr e a tin g o f m e ta l
p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n a s w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h i e v e
r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; f it t in g a n d a s s e m b lin g
o f p a r ts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s a n d a l lo w a n c e s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, t h e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s
w o r k r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , to o l a n d d ie m a k e rs
in t o o l a n d d ie j o b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d fro m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s b e t w e e n f lo o r s o f a n o f f i c e b u ild in g ,
a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , d e p a r tm e n t s t o r e , h o t e l or s im ila r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk ers w h o o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in c o n j u n c t io n w ith o th e r d u t ie s s u c h a s
t h o s e o f s ta r te r s a n d ja n ito r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o l v e a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g or s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h i p s ,
tr a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n itu r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o l i s h ­
i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a i n t e ­
n a n c e s e r v ic e s ; c le a n in g la v a to r ie s , s h o w e r s , a n d r e s tr o o m s . W ork ers
w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

GUARD
P e r fo r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u t i e s , e it h e r a t f ix e d p o s t or o n to u r ,
m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r , u s i n g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . In clu d es g a te men who are s ta tio n ed at g a te and c h eck on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and

.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

oth er person s en terin g

(S w e e p e r ; ch a rw o m a n ; ja n itr e s s )
C le a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r ly c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s
a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l




( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d l e r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m an o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u s e m a n or w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t , s t o r e ,
o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g: L o a d i n g a n d u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r

22

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

fr o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k i n g , s h e l v ­
in g , o r p l a c i n g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; t r a n s ­
p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g sh o rem en

, who

load and unload s h ip s are e x c lu d e d

.

ORDER FILLER
F i l l s s h i p p i n g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s fr o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s to m e r s *
o r d e r s , or o th e r i n s t r u c t io n s . M a y , in a d d it io n to f i ll i n g o r d e r s a n d in d i­
c a t in g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i­
tio n a d d it io n a l s t o c k , o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v is o r , a n d p er fo rm
o th e r r e la te d d u tie s .

PACKER, SHIPPING
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g
th e m in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , t h e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g
d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b er o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e
t y p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t . W ork r e q u ir e s th e
p l a c i n g o f i t e m s i n s h i p p i n g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m ay in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : K n o w l e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k i n o r d e r t o v e r i f y
c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia te t y p e a n d s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g
e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e or d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a in e r ; a p p ly in g l a b e l s or
e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g d a t a o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ood en

.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e iv e s a n d i s r e s p o n ­
s i b l e f o r i n c o m i n g s h i p m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s . Shipping
work in v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h i p p i n g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s ,
a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t io n a n d r a t e s ; a n d p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f t h e
g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g
c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in
p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t . R e c e iv in g w ork i n v o l v e s : V e r i ­
fy in g or d ir e c tin g o th e r s in v e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t
b i ll s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d
r e j e c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p ro p e r d e ­
p a r tm e n ts; m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s a n d f i l e s .




R e c e iv i n g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

TRUCKDRIVER

(O r d e r p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e s t o c k m a n )

b o x e s or c ra tes are e x c lu d e d

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o se s , w o rk ers a re c la s s if ie d a s fo llo w s :

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o tr a n s p o r t m a ­
t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, or m en b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t s , f r e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le a n d r e ta il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , or b e tw e e n r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts
a n d c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d
t r u c k w i t h o r w i t h o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p
t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r . D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and o v e r -th e -r o a d d rivers
are e x c lu d e d

.

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e
a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o llo w s : (T r a c to r -tr a ile r s h o u ld b e r a te d on
th e b a s is o f tr a ile r c a p a c it y .)
T ru ckdriver (com bin a tion o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t (under 1% t o n s )
Truckdriver^ medium (1% to and in clu din g 4 to n s )
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, trailer t y p e )
Truckdriver

,

h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s

,

oth er than trailer t y p e )

TRUCKER, POWER
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - or e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tr u c k or tr a c to r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s a n d m a te r ia ls o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a
w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t , or o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o se s, w ork ers are c la s s ifie d
tru c k , a s fo llo w s :

b y ty p e o f

Tru cker, p o w e r (fo rk lift)
Trucker, p o w e r (o th er than fo rk lift)

WATCHMAN
M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty
a g a in s t fir e , th e ft, a n d ille g a l e n tr y .
☆ U .S . G O VER N M EN T PR IN TIN G O F F IC E : I960 O - 560165







Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a r e b e i n g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a j o r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r l y I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fr o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 2 5 , D . C . , o r fr o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l
s a le s o f f ic e s s h o w n o n th e in s id e fro n t c o v e r .
A s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n c o n t a i n i n g d a t a f o r a l l l a b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b in e d w it h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r l y i n 1 9 6 1 .
B u lle t in s fo r th e a r e a s l i s t e d b e lo w a r e n o w a v a ila b le .

A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . — N . J . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 —
B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 3 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 7 , p r i c e 1 5 c e n t s
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 * 3 7 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
B o s t o n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 8 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
B u f f a lo , N .Y ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 4 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s

M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M in n ., J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 1 ,
p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 2 8 ,
p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 2 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 4 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s

C a n t o n , O h i o , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 0 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 1 ,
p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
D a lla s , T e x ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 3 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 9 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s

P h i l a d e l p h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 6 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
P h o e n ix , A r iz ., A p r il I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 4 2 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 0 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 2 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 4 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
R ic h m o n d , V a . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 4 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s

D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 1 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 0 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 5 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
F o r t W o r th , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 3 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 2 2 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
J a c k s o n , M i s s ., F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 2 6 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 4 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s

S t . L o u i s , M o ., O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . .1 2 6 5 - 5 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —
B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 1 5 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 7 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
S e a t t l e , W a s h ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 - B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 ,
p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s

K a n s a s C i t y , M o .—K a n s . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 3 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , A p r i l I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 5 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
M e m p h i s , T e n n . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 9 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 6 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
M i l w a u k e e , W i s ., A p r i l I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 3 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s

S io u x F a l l s , S . D a k ., F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 9 ,
p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
S o u th B e n d , I n d ., A p r il I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 8 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 - B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 8 ,
p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., M a rch I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 ^ 3 6 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
Y o r k , P a . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 7 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102