View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

L U B B O C K ,T E X A S
JUNE I960

Bulletin No. 1265-51




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABO R STATISTICS
Ew an Claguo, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




LUBBOCK, TEXAS
JUNE 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-51
July 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STATISTICS
Ew an Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent

of

Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The

C o m m u n ity W a g e

S u rvey P r o g r a m

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s r e g u l a r l y c o n d u cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o r t a n t in d u s t r ia l
c e n te rs .
T h e s tu d ie s , m a d e f r o m la t e f a l l to e a r l y s p rin g ,
r e l a t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta r y
b e n e fit s . A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le t io n
o f th e stu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m o n th fo llo w in g
th e p a y r o l l p e r io d stu d ie d . T h is b u lle t in p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d a ta n o t in c lu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s o f a l l o f th e
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le t io n o f th e f in a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r th e c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s .

In tr o d u c tio n

1

T a b le s :
1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y

---------------

2

A:

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1. O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s --------------------- , -----------------------------------A - 2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s ------------------------A - 3.
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s ----------------------A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________

4
4
5
5

B:

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f i c e in A tla n ta , G a. , b y D on a ld C ru s e , u n d e r th e d i r e c ­
tio n o f L o u is B. W o y ty c h , R e g io n a l W a g e and In d u s tr ia l
R e la t io n s A n a ly s t.




_______________________________________________________________________

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y
w a g e p r o v is io n s : *
B -1 .
S h ift d if f e r e n t i a l s _______________________________________________
B -2 .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n
o f f i c e w o r k e r s __________________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h ed u le d w e e k ly h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s _____________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ----------------------------

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s

________________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s f o r th e s e and o t h e r it e m s a r e
a v a ila b le in th e r e p o r t s f o r s u r v e y s in o t h e r m a j o r a r e a s .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ic a tin g d a te o f stu d y and th e p r i c e o f the
r e p o r t s is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t .

iii

6
6

7
8

9
11

13




Occupational Wage Survey—Lubbock, Tex.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ic h the U . S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s has
c o n d u c te d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a m s p o r ta tio n ,1
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r i n ­
d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s t r u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
r a n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia t e a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d o n the e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
tak e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e
jo b . (S ee a p p e n d ix f o r lis t in g o f th e s e d e s c r ip t io n s . ) E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; ( c ) m a in t e ­
nan ce and p o w e r p la n t; and (d ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh ow n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and

la te s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s es a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s es and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e re w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s a r e p aid ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th es e
o c c u p a tio n s h a ve b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich b oth s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D if fe r e n c e s in p ay l e v e l s o f m en and w o m e n in th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
l a r g e l y due to ( l ) d if fe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u t io n o f the s e x e s am on g
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2 ) d i f fe r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth ou gh the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; and (3 ) d i f fe r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r i t r e v i e w w h en in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju s te d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u lt in. h ig h e r a v e r a g e p ay
w h en both s e x e s a r e
e m p lo y e d w ith in the s a m e r a te r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if ic d u tie s
p e rfo r m e d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e am on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d
f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f fe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d a ta .

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits as th e y r e ­
la te to o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o f f i t e w o r k e r s , " as u s e d
in th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d 1
R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s e s tu d ie sm e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
,
A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
h a ve b e e n ad d ed in n e a r ly a l l o f the a r e a s to b e s tu d ie d d u rin g the
e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c tio n
w in t e r o f 1 9 59-60; r a ilr o a d s w i l l b e ad d ed in the r e m a in in g a r e a s n e x t
e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
y e a r . F o r s c o p e o f s u r v e y in th is a r e a , s e e fo o tn o te to " t r a n s p o r t a ­
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s ­
tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in ta b le 1.
t r ie s , but a r e in c lu d e d as p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s .




2

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in L u b b o c k ,

In d u s try d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

T e x . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J u n e I 9 6 0

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope o f
s tu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

S tu d ied

S tu d ied
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l4

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

51

83

64

9, 300

1, 500

6, 0 00

8, 020

M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------- -------- -------------------------------- ---------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b l ic
u t i l i t i e s 5 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e ---------------- -------- --------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e —_______________________
S e r v i c e s 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

51
51

21
62

18
46

2, 4 0 0
6 , 9 00

200
1, 300

1, 6 00
4, 4 0 0

2, 170
5, 850

51
51
51
51
51

11
9
26
6
10

10
5
19
4
8

2, 200
5 00
3, 100
5 00
6 00

500

1, 100

2, 060
250
2, 680
360
500

( 6)
( 6)
(6)
(6)

( 6)
(6)
(6)
( 6)

1 T h e L u b b o c k M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a (L u b b o c k C o u n t y ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d i n th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r
l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , an d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m
th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o l th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n (u s e d in
th e B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 -5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a le o r
r e t a il ) to m a n u fa c t u r in g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e and p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a ) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h ift a t the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t a p p ly in g to
a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , d ie c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ic h s o m e la t e s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f i t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u r s .

M in im u m e n tr a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v i s it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s l i s t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u rs a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , sum s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in th es e
ta b u la tio n s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls .

T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The secon d p a rt
c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh o w to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a l l h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p lans f o r w h ich a t le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
and s o c ia l s e c u r it y . Such p lan s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u gh a un ion fund o r
p aid d i r e c t l y b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m
a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a th b e n e fit s a r e in c lu d e d as a
f o r m o f l i f e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to th at ty p e o f in ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll such p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich
h a v e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s , 4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s i c k - le a v e p lan s a r e li m i t e d to f o r m a l p lan s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f ill n e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) p lan s w h ich p r o v id e f u ll p ay and no w a it in g p e r io d , and (2 ) p lans
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p ay o r a w a it in g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p lans is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m en ts , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p lan s w h e r e b y tim e o f f w ith p a y is g ra n te d
a t the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , such
as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r fla t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n o t on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to as .e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p lan s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lan s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such p lan s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th e y m a y be
s e lf- in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e li m i t e d to
th o s e p la n s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

2 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o lic y i f it m e t
e it h e r o f the f o llo w in g c o n d itio n s : (1 ) O p e r a t e d la te s h ifts a t the t im e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2 ) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ift s .
3 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r i o r to la te 1957 and e a r l y 1958 w e r e
p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

4 T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a l i f o r n i a and R h o d e Is la n d
do n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t io n s .
5 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
i t e s t a b lis h e d a t le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e th at
c o u ld b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Su ch a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it t e n ,
bu t in f o r m a l s ic k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




A *

O c c u p a tio n a l

E a r n in g s

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e I9 6 0 )

Average

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
|$
$
$
$
1
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
3 0 . 0 0 3 5 . 0 0 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 00 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 j 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0
Weekly- Weekly
earnings * a n d
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
| " 1
|
3 5 , 00_ 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 | 5 0 . 0 0 _ 5 5 , 0 0 _60_. 0 0 | 6 5 . 0 0 i 7 0 . 00 7 5 , 0 0 _ 8 0 , 0 0 8 5 J) 0 _ 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0
1
8
1
4 1 . 0 $ 6 7 . 00
3
2
5
41 .0
4
! 7
66. 50
I 2
i
!
1
2
!
i
_ i _
_
_
_
7 ; 14
:
10 ! 13
| 3 i i
40. 5
5 3 . 50
: 39
1
1
40. 5
53. 50
5
|j 12
1 39
jj 5 11 1 3 !
_ j
_ i ^
_
_
i
i
4
40. 5
71.50
6
6
1
7
1
7
4
71.00
5
40. 5
1
I 6
I j
.
4
_
_
_
_
52. 50
4
1
8 1 4
40. 0
I 29
3 i
2
10 ! 24 ! 25 1 7 | 2 ! 3 !
_
2
4
5 2 . 50
24
40. 0
1
2 1 2 ! 4
6 2 . 00
40. 0
i 2
! 8
! 2
i
_
_
_
_ !
j; _
_
_
1
4 ' _
6
! 4
40. 0
4 9 . 50
4
_
_ I
_
4
i 6
40. 0
3 j 4 9 . 50
i i 4 ;
i
i
1
_ ! .
_
_
| 2 1 5 ; . 5 ' 4 i - !1 2
* 2
40. 0
55.00 j
! _
!
2 I 2
5
!
5 ! 2
52.50
40. 0
1
"
|
_
_
;
2
i
l
3 ,
4 0.5
6 7 . 00
|
• 2
ii 2 .
i 1 !1 __1 ..1 1
1 1 -i
1
j .
52 . 00
i
3
1
1
40. 0
!. 3 ! 3 ! 11
I
3 i
l
3 ! 3 1
i i 3 1 5
4 0 . 0 i 6 1 . 00
! 3
. i
i
3 :
i
3
3
i
1 3
3
4 0 . 0 j 6 1 . 00
- ' 5
_
i
4
2
4
8
!
4 I 1 3 ! 15
; 5
4 0 . 0 1 7 4 . 00 ;
6
j ii
^ _ J
2
2
4 ! 13
15
, 4
4
: 3
7
40. 0
7 4 . 00
5 ! ii
4
3
3
40. 0
76. 50
; :
" j 8
1 6

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t i o n 1 an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------

19
16

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------

87
75

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------

32
28

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ------------------------------------

84
77
20

—

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------

18
17

C l e r k s , o r d e r -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------

20
16

C le rk s , p a y r o ll

15

------------- -------------- ----------------------------------------------------

22

K eyp u n ch o p e r a to r s
------------- -------- ----------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------

23
23

S e c r e t a r i e s -------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3 -----------------------------------

80
76
27

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3 _______________________

82
15
67
33

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s

—

40.
40.
40.
40.

5
5
5
0

65.
65.
65.
7 3.

00
50
00
50

42. 5
43. 0

4 8 . 50
4 8 . 50
52 . 50
5 2 . 00

15
15

4 1.0
| 41.0
1
40. 0
40. 0

22
17

40. 0
40. 0

5 9 . 50
6 0 . 00

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________

20
18

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
--------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----- ----------- ---------------------

22
17

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
T y p i s t s , c l a s s A -----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

|

5 6 . 00
5 6 . 00

_ i _
- : - i _
1
| 5 ! 3
3
5
_
_
i _

_
_ i "
_
_
" 1"

;

7

- i 7
- 1
_ ; 1

10

, 2
1 8
-

-

1

1
|

3
1

6
6

2
1

i
1

j
i

,
1
|
,
;
1 1--------

4
4

1
1
:1

1
_ I

11

11
4

17
7
10
5

!

8

|i

3

i

8

12

7
1
6

1 4
j 8
! 7

5

_

!

5
5

1
1

7
4

;

3
2

3
3

;

i

1

5
5

;

1
1

;

|

4
4

_
_
- i

1

6
4

6
5

i

2

1

!
1 i
1

6

5

1

!
i

2

i
1

-

_

-

-

i

i

5




S alaries of professional and technical w orkers are omittedl
from this rep o rt. Data do not m eet publication c rite ria .

_

5
5

1

! 1

1 _
! -

_
! 1
j 1
1

1 D a ta li m it e d to w o m e n w o r k e r s .
2 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s an d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .

Table A -2. Professional and Technical Occupations

1
1

-

"

. _
|

j
i _
! .

1

-

1
1

_

$
$
100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0
and
1 0 5 .0 0 o v e r
.
1
_
_
_
_
_

-

_
-

_
_

3
3

_

-

-

_
"

-

_

j ! -

_

4
4
1

-

_

_
_
_
_

2
2
2

-

-

1
1

I -

3

1

_
-

_
-

i

_
■

-

_
-

_
_

5

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o t i v e (m a in t e n a n c e )

44

---------------

Average
hourly j
earnings

1

$

$

1. 60
and
under
1 .7 0

$ 2 .4 5

$
1. 70

1$
| 1. 90

1. 80
-

2. 00

1. 90

1 .8 0
1

*

$

$
2. 00

1$

2. 10

-

i
| 2. 30

2. 20

2. 10

2

2

10

-

i$

2 .2 0

!

$

$
2 .4 0

2. 50

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2. 60
. . . 2 , 70_._ .
2

1
1 —

$

$

2. 30

2. 70
2. 80
25

^ 1_____ ____1-------- 1----_
-

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and la t e s h i f t s .

Table A -4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e I96 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
Average , Under $ 80 0 . $1. 00 9 0$1.~10 $1. 20 $1. 30 I $1.40 $1. 50 $1.60 |! $1. 70 1 $1. 80 $ 90 $ 00 $2, 10 $ 20 $ 30 2. 40 $ 50 $ 60
hourly
2.
2.
2.
?.
2.
0.
1.
earnings $
and
j
i
under
0. 80 . 90 1. 00 1. 10 l.,2fl_ L_30 __1«_4.Q .. 1.5fL . 1. 6Cl_ 1.70 1
JL8Q -1..9Q—I_2^QQ_. -2.1CL- -2, 202 ^40 2J_5Q_ JL. 6Q_ 2. 70
30 17
4
2
22 16
2
8 14
12
$ 1. 17
1
1
3
8
25
1
1
2
1. 20
2
4
1
8
5 16
7 12
1
1. 16 3 12
19
4
3
6
1
2
1. 38
5
1
- ;
"
] - i
2
3
1 , 1
1. 05
6
1
2 ! - ] i 2
6
1
1
3
1. 05
1
i
- 1
' 1
2 ; "
1 1
_
22 42
101 i 17
2
3
1
16
5
8 i 1
1. 35
- ! _
1
7
3 J 4
5 14
28
1. 26
! 4
73 10
2
2
16
1. 38
1
17 28
1
1
3
1
22
1.31
16
15 13
3
1. 30
16
13
5
17
3
-

Occupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Jan ito rs, p o rte rs, and cleaners (men) ----------M anufacturing ------------- --------------------------Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------------Public u tilitie s 4 ---------- -------------------Jan ito rs, p o rte rs, and cleaners (women) -----N onm anufacturing ------------------------------------L ab o rers, m aterial handling ------------------------M anufacturing ------- ------ ---------------------Nonmanufacturing ------- --------------------------O rder fillers ----------- ---------- -----------------------Nonm anufacturing ------------ — -----------------

128
41
87
22
16
16
220
61
159
69
54

R e c e iv in g c le r k s
------------------------------------------ ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g — -------------------------------------

24
20

1. 62
1. 64

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s * ---------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g
— — -------- ---------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_ — — ------------------------P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 4 ------— ----------------------

111
28
83
19

1. 59
1. 56
1 .6 0
2 .4 3

_
-

20
19

1 .3 6
1. 36

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
--------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------P u b l ic u t il it i e s 4 —-----------------------------------

67
55
18

1. 62
1 .6 9
2 .4 4

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) ----- -------------- ----------------------------

24

1. 68

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ----------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g
__________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------- _

65
32

W a tch m en

l fz

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r 1
to n s)
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
-------------------

------------------

_ ---------

---------

-------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

19
2
17
-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

12
10

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

33

1. 34
1. 33
1. 35

-

-

-

-

17

1. 16

-

-

"
-

-

2

2
2

2
2

1
-

4
3

6
4

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

13

13
4
9
-

18
4
14
-

12
6
6
-

2
2
-

6
6
-

1
1
-

_
-

3
2
1
1

1
1
1

4
4
-

6
6
6

6
6
6

-

4
3

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

6
4

7
6
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

1
1
1

-

6
6
6

6
6
6

-

5

-

10
8
-

-

-

13
8
-

2

-

3

2

5

-

5

1

-

2

-

4

-

-

-

-

11
2
9

32
18
14

8
6
2

1
1

5
2

1
1

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

3

3
3

-

2
2

11

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

1

5

8
-

-

■

"

5
5
5
-

5
5

-

-

i1 D a ta li m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , an d la t e s h i f t s .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 5 at $ 0. 30 t o $ 0. 4 0 ; 4 at $ 0. 50 t o $ 0. 60; 3 at $ 0. 60 t o $ 0 . 7 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
5 I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e a n d t y p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .

4




-

-

-

-

-

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

6

Table B-l. Shift Differentials

(P ercent of m anufacturing plant w orkers in establishm ents having form al provisions for shift work, and in establishm ents
actually operating late shifts by type and amount of differential, Lubbock, Tex. , June I960)
In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—
Second shift
Third or other
work
shift work
70. 0
34. 7
34. 7
18. 4
6. 7
9. 6
35. 2

T o ta l_____________________________________________
With shift pay differential ________________________
Uniform cents (per hour) _____________________
5 cents -------------------------------------------------------10 cents ____________________________________
13 c e n ts ____________________________________
Uniform percentage ----------------------------------------No shift pay d iffe re n tia l__________________________

In establishm ents actually
operating—
Third or other
Second shift
shift

44. 8
-

16. 1
4. 5
4. 5
.7
1.0
2. 8
11.6

_
-

44. 8

5. 6
_
-

5. 6

1
Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts even
though they w ere not currently operating late shifts.

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers

(D istribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by m inimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Lubbock, Tex. , June I960)
In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
M anufacturin g
M inim um w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

B a sed on standard w eekly h ou rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s trie s

A ll
sch e d u le s

2

7

6

21

7

6

14

1

1
1
-

2
2
2
1
"

2
1

3

3

4

3

2
1
-

7
5
2
1
5
1

2
2
-

1
2
-

2
1

2
2
1

1

XXX

8

3

XXX

35

8

2

-

-

-

-

1
-

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _________________
E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o rk e rs
in this c a t e g o r y __________________________________________________

1
-

40

2

3

$ 55. 00

A ll
sch ed u les

18

9

3

40

64

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ___________________
under $ 4 2 . 50 _____________________________________
under $ 4 5 . 00 --------------------------------------------------------under $ 4 7 . 50 _____________________________________
under $ 5 0 .0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 52. 50 _____________________________________
under $ 55. 00 _________________________ __________
o v e r ________________________________________________

A ll
sch ed u les

40

XXX

18 '

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

A ll
sch e d u le s

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 o f—

46

64

00
50
00
50
00
50

40

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts s t u d ie d ___________________________________________

$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$ 50.
$ 52.

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N onm anufacturing

1

-

XXX

54

16

XXX

38

-

XXX

46

3

XXX

12

3

3

1

1

XXX

5

XXX

XXX

27

XXX

Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced w orkers for typing or other clerical jobs.
R ates applicable to m essen g ers, office girls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
Hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive th eir regular straig ht-tim e sala ries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the m ost common workweek reported.




7
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

(P ercent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Lubbock, T ex., June I960)
I
!i

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s
All industries 1

j1

PLANT WO RK ERS

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100

100

!

Manufacturing

3

10

;

6

Public utilities 2

1

A ll w o r k e rs

37Vz
O ver

h ours

11l lz

40 hours

— ..........— ---------- ---------~----------------------- ----------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3

-

-

35

92

................ ............................

4

5

-

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

21

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------50 h o u rs

-------------------------------------

------------------- ----------------- .................................. - .......... ........

O ver 50 h ours

1
2
3
4

1
67

O v e r 4 8 and u n d e r
50 h ours

100

------------------------------

and u n d er 40 h o u rs

4 5 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 45 and u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s
48 h ours

100

- ................................... ..............................................................

O v e r 4 0 and u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s
44 h ours

100

----------------------------------------------------------------------

i

54

8

!

-

-

-

-

i

1
-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

!
1
1

89

17
8
4
17
2

5

10

Includes data for w holesale trade; reta il trad e; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
T ransportation, com munication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for w holesale trade, reta il trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.




6

!
i

(4 )
3

100

25
13

-

5

-

-

28

6

5

7
7

-

8
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y n um ber o f paid h olid ays
p ro v id e d annually, L u bbock, T e x . , June I960}

Item

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

All industries *

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries 3

_______________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holidays _ _ ------- --------- ----------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays --------------------------------- ------

98
2

100

100

92
8

100
"

94
6

2
1
2
3
3
29
(4)
11
25
(4)
7
14

3
6
4
13
9
45
21
-

1
3
8
3
17
67
1
-

15
15
3
3
26
1
12
16
(4)
-

26
6
6
6
34
23

_

14
21
21
46
58
58
88
91
94
96
97
98

21
21
65
74
87
91
97
100

_

_

_

All w orkers

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

N um b er of d a y s
1 holiday --------------------------- ----------------------1 holiday plus 1 half day ----------- ------- ---2 holidays __ -------------- ----------------------------3 holidays _____ _______________ __________
4 holidays ----- _ _ -------- — ------------- ---5 holidays _________________________ ______
5 holidays plus 1 half d a y ____________________
6 holidays __ __ __ ______________________
---- --------- — — -----------7 holidays
8 holidays ______ _____________ _________
13 holidays plus 1 half day _ _ ___ — --------14 holidays ____________________ _ ______

_

j
i

|

1

-

10
6
5
5
67
1
-

T otal h o lid a y tim e 5
14 days ___ ___ .__ ______ __ -----------------I 3 V 2 or m ore days ___ --------------------------------8 or m ore days ______________ ____________
7 or m ore days -------------------------- ----------------6 or m ore days --------- --------------------- --------51!z or m ore d a y s ------------------------------- --------5 or m ore days ____________________ _______
4 or m ore days _ _ __ __ _ _______________
3 or m ore days --------------------------------------------2 or m ore days ---------------------- --------------IV 2 or m ore d a y s ______ _______________ —
1 or m ore d a y s __ ___________________________

1
68
85
85
88

96
99
100
100
100

(4)
17
29
30
56

59

62
77
77

92

_

23
23
57
63
69
74
74
100

_

1
68
73
73
78
84
84
94
94
94

1 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le trade; re ta il trade; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp orta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll c om b in a tio n s o f fu ll and half days that add to the sam e am ount a re com b in ed ; f o r exa m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
no half da ys, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d ays, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf days, and so on. P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cu m u lated.




9
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, Lubbock, T e x ., June I960)

Vacation policy

All w orkers __________________________________

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

95
92
3

100
100
-

94
94
-

-

-

-

-

Method of paym ent

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations --------------------------------------------Length-of-tim e paym ent __________________
Percentage p ay m en t--------- .-----------------------F lat-sum paym ent -----------------------------------Other _____________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations ___________________________

-

-

-

"

"

-

5

■

6

11
30

10
13

16
24

14
13

9
9

21
39

_
49
2
48

57
6
37

50
3
47

_

3
76
1
15

78
3
19

17
14
68

_

_
17
19
64

_
18
19
63

3
27
17
49

33
19
49

16
20
58

_
3
4
87
7

17
11
72
-

_
3
97
-

1
15
6
72
-

_
33
8
59
-

_
5
89
-

_
2
2
90
7

_
10
11
79

_

1
7
3
83
1

13
3
' 85

_

.
5
89

Amount of vocation p a y 4

A fter 6 m onths of service
Under 1 w e e k ________________________________
1 w ee k _______________________________________
After 1 year of service
Under 1 week _________________________ ______
1 w ee k _______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ----------------------------2 weeks ______________________________________
A fter 2 years of service
Under 1 week -----------------------------------------------1 w ee k _______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ----------------------------2 weeks ______________________________________
A fter 3 years of service
Under 1 week ---------------------------------------------—
1 w ee k ____________________________________ —
Over 1 and under 2 weeks -------------------------,---2 weeks --------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ----------------------------After 5 years of service
Under 1 w ee k ________________________________
1 w e e k _______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________
2 weeks --------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ----------------------------3 weeks --------------------------------------------------------See footnotes at end of table.




_

-

-

100
-

_

_

69
25

_

-

_

-

-

10
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued

(P ercent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Lubbock, Tex. , June I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

Ail industries1

Manufacturing

2
1
78
1
18

10
6
78
6

.
2
1
53
43
1

_
10
6
71
13
■

2
1
53
34
1
9

.
10
6
71
13
~

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

A m ount off v o c a tio n p a y 4 — C ontinued
A fter 10 years of service
Under 1 week ________________________________
1 w ee k -----------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________
2 weeks _________________ ___________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________________

79
3
17

1
7
3
76
9

13
3
85
_
-

_
89
_
5

.
12
85
3

1
7
3
58
27
-

.
13
3
75
10
-

16
78
-

.

1
7
3
58
24
3

13
3
75
10
-

j
7
3
58
21
6

13
3
75
10

-

-

A fter 15 years of service
Under 1 w ee k ------------------------------------------------1 w ee k ----------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ----------------------------2 weeks ______________________________________
3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
A fter 20 years of service
Under 1 week ________________________________
1 w e e k _______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________
2 weeks ______________________________________
3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks ______________________________________

-

12
67
3
19

-

16
71
7

A fter 25 years of service
Under 1 week ------------------------------------------------1 w ee k _______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ----------------------------2 weeks --------------------------------------------------------3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks ______________________________________

2
1
53
30
1
13

.

10
6
71
13
-

„
-

12
67
3
19

-

-

16
71
7

1 Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 T ransportation, com munication, and other public u tilities.
3 Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trad e, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 P eriods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for pro g ression s. F or example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y ears'
service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 y ears.
NOTE; In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, paym ents other than "length of tim e, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum paym ents, :re converted
to an equivalent tim e basis; fo: • exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.




11
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercent of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Lubbock, T ex., June I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit
All industries

*

M anufacturing

PL A N T W O R K E R S

Public utilities 2

All

industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All w orkers ______ ______________________ ___

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Life insurance ---------------------------------------A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance ---------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4 ------ ------------- ---------Sickness and accident insurance -------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) --------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) ------------------- j.-----------H ospitalization insurance --------------.......—
Surgical insurance ---------------------------------M edical insurance ---------------------- ----- ----Catastrophe insurance ---------------------------R etirem ent pension --------------------------------No health, insurance, or pension plan ----

77
47
53
2u
40
6
84
84
67
52
59
3

88
61
37
24
13
89
89
64
64
■ 41
6

85
58
73
23
70
3
84
84
76
58
59

68
43
48
19
31
7
69
69
56
48
45
14

90
63
26
17
10
89
89
68
60
43
5

79
65
57
13
52
5
61
61
50
50
73
6

j

1 Includes data for w holesale trad e; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 T ransportation, com munication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the m inimum num ber of days* pay that can be expected by each employee. Inform al sick-leave allow ances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.







13

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s
f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia te o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s fr o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d fr o m a r e a t o a r e a . T h i s i s
e s s e n t i a l i n o r d e r t o p e r m it t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s is o n in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t a n d in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e
B u r e a u ’ s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y fr o m t h o s e in u s e i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s . In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u ’ s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s ,
p a r t-tim e , te m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r
th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M ay a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s
to b i ll i n g s or s h ip p in g c h a r g e s or p er fo rm o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l
to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E ll i o t t
F is h e r , S u n d s tr a n d , B u r r o u g h s, N a t io n a l C a s h R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t
a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

,
c h in e (M o o n

B iller machine (billing m achine) —

U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a­
H o p k in s , E llio t t F is h e r , B u r r o u g h s, e t c ., w h ic h a re
c o m b in a t io n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i ll s a n d i n ­
v o i c e s fro m c u s t o m e r s ’ p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s ,
s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s, e t c . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e ­
te r m in e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y
e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y or m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b illin g m a ­
c h in e , a n d t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f
th e b ill b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e o n a f a n fo ld m a c h in e .

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine) — U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g
m a c h in e (S u n d s tr a n d , E l l i o t t F is h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y or m a y n o t h a v e ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ’
b ills a s p a rt o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in ­
v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f fig u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c ­
o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la t e s f ig u r e s o n a n u m b e r
o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u te s a n d u s u a lly p r in ts a u t o m a t ic a lly
th e d e b it or c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W o r k s fr o m u n if o r m a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d
c r e d it s l i p s .




C lass A — K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f
a n d e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s a n d f a m ilia r it y w ith
th e str u c tu r e o f th e p a r tic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d . D e te r m in e s
p ro p er r e c o r d s a n d d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it a n d c r e d it ite m s to b e u s e d
in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o li d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e
s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s b y h a n d .
C lass B — K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f
a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k ­
k e e p in g P h a s e s or s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ’ a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d e r b ille r , m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k or a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l
b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s fo r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r tm e n t .

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A — U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t ­
a n t , h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r k e e p in g o n e o r m o re s e c t i o n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s or r e c o r d s r e la tin g to o n e p h a s e o f a n e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t ' s b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o l v e s p o s t i n g a n d b a l a n c i n g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r or le d g e r s s u c h as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le or a c c o u n ts

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may d irect c la ss B accounting
clerk s.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accou n t­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib u t­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A— In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B— Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th at has
already been classified or which is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers'o rd ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to resp ective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alp habetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

15

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone c alls; handling personal and im portant or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For w orkers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of step s to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

16

TYPIST

TYPIST—■ Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out b ills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in d u plicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incom ing m ail.

Class A— Perform s one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of draw ings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail draw ings from rough or prelim inary
sk etches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assig n in g
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or a s a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature*

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, d etail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

17

M AIN TEN A N CE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Perform s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
in stallatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipm ent (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working area s; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve req u isite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipm ent operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

18

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b uses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in stalls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L u bricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relatin g to p ressu res,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
w hether finished pipes meet sp ecific atio n s• In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

19

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following; Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U STO D IA L AND M A TER IA L M OVEM ENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehousem an or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

20

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING—-Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specificatio n s on sales slip s, custom ers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c lassified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
* U.S. G V N EN PRIN GO : 1960 0—
O ER M T TIN FFICE
559720

O ccu p atio n al Wage S urveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a r e b e i n g c o n d u c t e d i n 6 0 m a j o r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r l y I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 2 5 , D . C . , o r f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l
s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n th e in s id e fro n t c o v e r .
A s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n c o n t a i n i n g d a t a f o r a l l la b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b i n e d w it h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r l y i n 1 9 6 1 .
B u lle t in s fo r th e a r e a s l i s t e d b e lo w a r e n o w a v a i l a b l e .

Allentown—Bethlehem —E aston, P a .—N .J., March i 960—
BLS Bull. 1265-33, price 25 cents
Baltim ore, Md., September 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Birmingham, A la., March i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-37, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents

M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M in n ., J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 1 ,
p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 8 ,
p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
N e w O r le a n s , L a ., F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 2 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
N e w Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r il I 9 6 0 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 4 4 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s

Canton, Ohio, December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C incinnati, Ohio—Ky., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265*31,
price 25 cents
C leveland, Ohio, September 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents

P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ., N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 6 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , A p r i l i 960 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 2 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
P it t s b u r g h , P a ., D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 2 0 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 1 2 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 * 3 4 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
R ic h m o n d , V a . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 — = -B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 4 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s

Denver, C olo., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Des M oines, Iowa, February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-30, price 25 cents
D etroit, Mich., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-13, p ric e 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960— BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents

S t . L o u i s , M o ., O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 5 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
S a n B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 -----B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 5 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 7 ,
p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
S e a t t l e , W a s h ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s

K ansas City, Mo.—K ans., January i 960— BLS Bull. 1265-23,
price 25 cents
Los A ngeles—Long Beach, C alif., April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-35,
price 25 cents
Memphis, T enn., January I960— BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., December 1959— BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
M ilwaukee, Wis., April I960— BLS Bull. 1265-43, price 25 cents

S io u x F a l l s , S . D a k ., F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 2 9 ,
p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
S o u th B e n d , I n d ., A p r il I 9 6 0 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 3 8 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —M d .—V a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 8 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., M a rch I 9 6 0 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 3 6 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
Y o rk , P a ., F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 7 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102