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Occupational Wage Survey

PATERSON-CLIFTON-PASSAIC, NEW JERSEY
(BERGEN AND PASSAIC COUNTIES)
MAY 1960

Bu letin No. 1265-50




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Cfogua, Commissionnr




Occupational Wage Survey
PATERSON-CLIFTON-PASSAIC, NEW JERSEY




(BERGEN AND PASSAIC COUNTIES)
MAY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265>50
July 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For salo by tho Superintendent off Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 2 5 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The

C o m m u n ity W a g e S u r v e y P r o g r a m

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s r e g u la r ly con du cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o r ta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n te r s . T h e s tu d ie s , m a d e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r l y s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le t io n
o f the stu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d a ta n ot in c lu d e d in th e e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le t io n o f the f in a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .
T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , b y E llio t t A . B r o w a r , u n d e r
the d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r i c k W. M u e lle r , R e g io n a l W a g e and
In d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.




In tr o d u c tio n _________________________________________________________________________

1

T a b le s :

1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y

_____________

A : O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s _________________________________________________
A -2 .
P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s ______________________
A -3 .
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s _______
A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ______________

B: E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B - l.
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls _________________________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n
o f f ic e w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs __________________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s ______________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s _________________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s _________________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s f o r th e s e and o th e r ite m s a r e
a v a ila b le in th e r e p o r t s f o r s u r v e y s in o th e r m a jo r a r e a s .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ic a tin g d a te o f study and the p r i c e o f the r e ­
p o r ts is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.

iii

2

4
6

7
8

10
11

12
13
14
16

17




Occupational Wage Survey~Paterson-Clifton-Passaic, N. J.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ic h the U . S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s has
c o n d u c te d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , 1
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s t r u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
f e w e r than a ~ p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
ra n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia t e a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d o n the e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e ­
la tin g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
tak e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e
jo b . (S e e a p p e n d ix f o r lis t in g o f th e s e d e s c r ip t io n s . ) E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the f o llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; ( c ) m a in t e ­
nan ce and p o w e r p lan t; and (d ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh ow n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and

la te s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s es a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s es and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e re w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th es e
o c c u p a tio n s h a ve b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich b oth s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D if fe r e n c e s in p ay l e v e l s o f m e n and w o m e n in th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
l a r g e l y due to (1 ) d if fe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u t io n o f the s e x e s a m on g
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2 ) d if fe r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth ou gh the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; and (3 ) d if fe r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r i t r e v ie w w h en in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju s te d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p ay
w h en both s e x e s a r e
e m p lo y e d w ith in the s a m e r a te r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if ic d u ties
p e rfo r m e d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and n o t the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e am on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d
f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s d ata.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits as th e y r e ­
la te to o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u s e d
in th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " i n ­
c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d 1
R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s e s tu d ie s , e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
m
A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
h a ve b e e n ad d ed in n e a r ly a ll o f the a r e a s to b e s tu d ie d d u rin g the
e x e c u t iv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
w in t e r o f 1959-60; r a ilr o a d s w i l l b e ad d ed in the r e m a in in g a r e a s n e x t
e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
y e a r . F o r s c o p e o f s u r v e y in th is a r e a , s e e fo o tn o te to " t r a n s p o r t a ­
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s ­
tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t ie s " in ta b le 1.
t r ie s , but a r e in c lu d e d as p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .




2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in P a t e r s o n —C l if t o n — a s s a i c ,
P

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in
scop e of
stu d y 3

N . J . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 M a y I 9 6 0
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

S t u d ie d

W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y
T o t a l4

O ffic e

S t u d ie d
P la n t

T o ta l4

A l l d i v i s i o n s _ ________________________________________

51

734

156

165, 900

2 3 ,7 0 0

. 1 1 7 , 6 00

9 0, 570

M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------ --------------------------- --------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________ ________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5
__________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
_________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________ _
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 7 -------------------------------------------------------------

51
51

518
216

94
62

1 2 3 ,2 0 0
4 2 , 7 00

1 4, 100
9 , 600

9 0 , 0 00
2 7 , 6 00

64, 540
2 6 , 0 30

51
51
51
51
51

51
54
64
13
34

19
9
20
5
9

14, 5 0 0
5 ,4 0 0
1 4 ,2 0 0
3 , 2 00
5 ,4 0 0

2, 5 0 0

9, 500

1 0, 5 1 0
1 ,4 7 0
1 0, 100
2 , 0 80
1, 8 7 0

(!)
(!)

(!)

( 6)

(!)
(!)
(!)

( 6)

1 T h e P a t e r s o n —C l if t o n — a s s a i c M e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a ( B e r g e n a n d P a s s a i c C o u n t i e s ) . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y
P
a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in t h is s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h
o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p l a n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in
a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 5 7 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n . M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r
e d i t io n ( u s e d in th e B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i s a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s ­
t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h o l e s a l e o r r e t a i l ) t o m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s to th e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o
j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

3

S h ift d if fe r e n t ia l d ata (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d b oth in te r m s o f (a ) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h ift a t the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if fe r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t a p p ly in g to
a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , d ie c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o t h e r " w as u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e la t e s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if fe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f i t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u r s .

M in im u m e n tr a n c e r a te s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v i s it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e li g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s l i s t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u rs a r e tr e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
th at th es e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p lan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g, sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in th es e
ta b u la tio n s m a y n o t e q u a l to t a ls .

T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The secon d p a rt
c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a l l h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p lan s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
and s o c ia l s e c u r it y . Such p lan s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u gh a u n ion fund o r
p aid d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m
a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D eath b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a
f o r m o f l i f e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim ite d * to th at ty p e o f in ­
s u ra n c e u n d er w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such p lan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich
h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p lan s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k - le a v e p lans a r e li m i t e d to f o r m a l p lans 5 w h ic h p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f i l ln e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) p lans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p ay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) plans
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p ay o r a w a it in g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a ted to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p lans is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l p lans w h e r e b y tim e o f f w ith p a y is g ra n te d
a t the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , such
as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r fla t - s u m am o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n o t on
a t im e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 1s p a y .

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to as .e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p lan s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e yo n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lans p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such p lan s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th e y m a y be
s e lf- in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e l i m it e d to
th o s e p lan s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

2 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o lic y i f it m e t
e it h e r o f the f o llo w in g c o n d itio n s : (1 ) O p e r a t e d la te s h ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2 ) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts .
3 S c h ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to la te 1957 and e a r l y 1958 w e r e
p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in o f f ic e s w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

4 T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a l i f o r n i a and R h o d e Is la n d
do n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
5 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
i t e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e th at
c o u ld be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Su ch a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it t e n ,
but in fo r m a l s ic k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P a t e r s o n —C lifto n — a s s a ic , N. J. , M a y I9 6 0 )
P
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avkbagk
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

%

S
1
S
S
$
$
$
Weekly i Weekly i 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5. 00 9 0. 00 9 5 .0 0 1 00 .00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 30 .00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 40 .00
hours
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 0. 00 4 5. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5. 00 8 0. 00 8 5. 00 9 0. 00 9 5. 00 100 .00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .00 1 4 0 .0 0 o v e r

M en
________
_______ ___

216
132

38. 0
39. 5

104. 50
105. 00

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C le r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s B _ _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

133
79

39. 0
38. 5

8 6 . 00
8 1. 00

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

C le r k s , o r d e r --------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----- -------- _ ______ __

101
65

38. 5
38. 5

89. 00
96. 00

_

_

_

-

"

-

O ffi c e b o y s —
-------------------- -------M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________
___
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
__ ___
___

130
68
62

38. 0
39. 0
37. 0

61. 50
59. 00
64. 00

4
4

12
12
"

5
2
3

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_______ ________ _____

70
65

39. 0
39. 5

107. 00
108. 50

-

-

"

-

122
75

38. 5
40. 0

8 6. 00
90. 00

_

_

67

39. 0

8 1. 50

-

_

B i ll e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------- ----- ----------------

111
88

39. 0
39. 0

66. 50
68. 00

_

_

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ________ _________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_______________
_____

89
67

37. 5
38. 0

8 2. 00
8 0. 50

_

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ----------------- ------ ------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
_______ __
__ ___

.. 295
98

38. 0
39. 0

62. 50
69. 50

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
____
___
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______
____ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------— __

230
164
66

38. 5
39. 0
37. 5

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
__ ________________

646
225
421

C le r k s , f i le , c l a s s A _____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------- i
C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________ _____ ___

C le r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s A
__________
M a n u fa ctu rin g

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ______________
__
_____ ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ ________ __ _____
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ______ __________________________

-

8
8

1
-

-

-

16
7

5
2

2
-

2
-

6
-

12
8
4

25
15
10

-

-

"

-

-

_

-

47
11
_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

6
6

7
4

9
8

1
1

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

-

1
1
"

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

8
8

4
4

3
3

8
8

8
8

6
6

5
5

1
1

5
4

10
10

1
1

2
2

21
15

9
7

29
22

16
16

3
2

3
3

-

2
1

1

-

-

l

-

-

-

-

-

8

3

3

11

5

1

3

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

28
22

8
8

5
5

_

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

14
10

2

22
22

18
18

10
8

_

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

67
28
■
ao

24
17

28
20
g

15
6
Q
7

12
27
19 ------ ~
8
7
49
26
23

18
18

36
23
13
35
33
2

11
8

20
14

19
18

9
8

33
29

6
5

8
6

4
3

18
16

3
2

31

7
-

6
5

12
7

12
9

12
8

9
7

9
9

17
7
10

21
9
12

11
10

13
13

4
3
1

5
1
4

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

5
5

2
-

9
3

-

_

-

"

-

27
5

-

-

1

-

7

23

1
-

_

-

16
10

19
12

31
28

_

-

_

-

-

2
-

_

"
-

-

28
28

54
54

53
13
40

19
7

94. 00
93. 50
95. 50

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
-

-

-

3
3

-

2
2

-

37. 0
39. 0
36. 0

67. 50
74. 50
63. 50

_
_

3
3

5
5

79
16
63

117
9
108

130
40
90

83
19
64

119
75

38. 0
39. 0

63. 00
69 . 00

2
-

20
6

19
3

8
-

21
18

438
143
295

37. 5
39. 0
37. 0

53. 00
61. 50
48. 50

6
-

79
79

119
2
117

73
43
30

63
26
37

188
126
62

39. 0
39. 0
38! 5

65. 50
69. 50
57. 00

_

_

1

27

1

1 27

25
8
17

-

1

-

10

7
.- 6

10
10

5
4

34
34

9
1

37

-

6
6

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

W om en

*

*
C le r k s , o r d e r ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________

!

_
-

"
i

S ee fo o t n o t e




a t end o f ta b le .

1_______1
_

— T~

1
-

10

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
18
4

33
20
13

13
9
4

29
29
"

34
33
1

5
5
-

21
21

9
• 5
4

_
-

20
20

_
-

_
-

_
"

48
25
23

38
28
10

28
15
13

38
28
10

21
18
3

4
1
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

-

_
-

11
11

16
15

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

"

1
1

_

-

2
2

"

-

35
28
7

6
5
1

13
8
5

3
3

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

29
18

34
32
2

25
25

3
1
2

~

9

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

11

-

■

7

_

_

-

-

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

“

“

9

"

“
1

_
: _______1_______i
_

5
Table A-l. Office Occupatbns-Continued

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an are a basis
by industry division, P aterson—
Clifton— assaic, N. J. , May I960)
P
Avkbaob

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NU M B ER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W E E KLY EA RN IN G S OF-

Number

of

Weekly j
hours
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

t

l

%

$
$
$
s
$
*
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
s
$
$
35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 8 0. 00 8 5 . 00 90. 00
95.0C 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 130 .00 1 35 .00 1 4 0 .00
and
and
u n d er
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 6 5. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 8 5 . 00 90. 00 9 5. 00 lOO.Ot 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 35 .00 1 4 0 .0 0 o v e r

W o m e n —-C o n tin u e d
C le r k s , p a y r o l l _______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _______________

271
187
84
33

38.
39.
37.
36.

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------

227
61
166

36. 5
39. 0
35. 5

72. 00
75. 50
71. 00

_
-

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s __________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________

463
292
171

38. 0
39. 0
36. 5

70. 00
72. 50
66. 00

_
-

O ffic e g i r l s ____________________________

65

38. 0

58. 50

_

S e c r e t a r ie s ___________________________
M anuf a c tu r ing ____________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2------------------------

1, 573
1, 222
36

38.
39.
37.
37.

5
0
0
5

86.
87.
85.
92.

50
00
50
00

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _______________

750
570
180
58

38.
39.
36.
36.

5
0
0
5

72.
73.
70.
69.

50
50
00
50

-

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________

198
116
82

39. 0
39. 5
38. 0

72. 50
77. 50
65. 50

_
-

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n is t s
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------

334
225
109
25

37.
37.
38.
39.

68.
68.
67.
65.

T ab u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ----------------------------------------------

63

37. 5

74. 50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________

206
199

36 . 0
36. 0

6 3 . 00
62. 50

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l -----------------------------------------------

59

37. 5

64. 00

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _____________________

375

3 9 .5

7 5. 50

T y p is t s , c l a s s B _____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
N on m a n u f a c tu r in g ________________

680
393
287

38. 0
39. 0
37. 0

U.

63. 50
00
60. 00

351

5
0
0
5

5
5
0
0

$75.
77.
71.
68.

50
50
00
50

00
50
50
00

-

-

"

"

_
_

6
6
5

17
2
15
8

36
28
8
2

29
17
12
4

40
30
10
2

65
55
10
4

23
15
8
-

21
12
9
8

3
_
3

10
_
10

12
2
10

33
8
25

33
4
29

38
12
26

33
14
19

24
17
10 ------ 5“
14
11

-

1
1

15
15

47
15
32

90
34
56

122
93
29

41
33
8

63
58
5

39
39
-

4

15

7

8

9

13

6

2

-

-

-

_
_

45
29
16

-

-

-

-

3
_
3
-

63
31
32
2

131
88
43
2

_
_
_

.
_
-

3
3
"

12
_
12
5

19
6
13
2

94
60
34
14

159
135
24
11

-

4
4

10
10

1
1

9
3
6

29
13
16

-

_
-

_
-

14
10
4

"

■

-

34
34
12

68
60
8
~

14

13

57
57

25
25

3

20

10

3

3

30

80

178

210
133
77

142
108
34

58
54
4

38
24
14

7
6
l
-

11
10
1

3
1
2

_
_

1
1
-

7
7
_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

.
_

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_

.
-

.
-

_
-

"
_
-

“

5
5

35
35

.

2

5

5

_

_

_

3

.

8
8

33
33

42
7
35

u
108
41
67

13
2
11

9
2
7

2
1

22
6
16

9
3
6

12
9
3

2
2
-

"

-

"

"

-

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

244
216
28
2

220
161
59

191
139
52
11

119
103
16
1

52
37
15
3

62
53
9

32
24
8
3

29
18
11
1

25
24
1
"

4
4
-

3
3

10
1
9
-

5
5
-

1

335
286
49
9

170
159
11
10

125
80
45
7

80
60
20
1

44
27
17
8

22
21
1

14
14
_

3
3
-

5
5
_

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

"

"

-

"

~

-

31
13
18

35
18
17

14
11
3

21
21
-

32
29
3

4
4
"

4
4
"

3
3

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

1
1

-

"

82
51
31
7

72
70
2
2

26
15
11
"

14
13
1

2
1
1
1

21
4
17
3

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

11

3

15

3

2

_

.

14
14

11
10

14
10

2
1

-

1
-

"

30

12

7

3

_

23
12
11

13
12
1

2
2

2
1
1

.

42
42

1
_
_

1

_
_

-

-

-

-

1
1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive th eir reg ular straight-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
T ransportation, com munication, and other public utilities.

-

-

_

“

~

"

"

.

-

'




_

8

21

5
3
2
-

.

.

_

.

.

.

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

,

6

Table A -2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Paterson—Clifton— a ssa ic , N. J . , M ay I960)
P
Avebaob
Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly 1
hours
(Standard)

Weekly 1
earnings
(Standard)

N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y EA RN IN G S OF—

$
65. 00
and
under
70. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

75. 00 80.

$
80.

00

$
85. 00

90 . 00

$

$
95 .0 0

$

100.00

$
$
105.00

110.00

$
$
115.00

00

85. 00

90 . 00

95. 00

100.00

105.00

110.00

115.00

120.00

3
3

9
9

22
22

14
14

11
9

21
21

12
12

22
20

3

6

19
18

11
10

120.00

$
$
$
125.00 1*30.00 1*35.00 140.00 145.00 1*50.00

125.00 130.00 135.00 14 0.00 145.00 150.00

and
over

Men
Draftsm en, senior _
Manufacturing
—

-

-

D raftsm en, junior
Manufacturing

-

-----____

—

—

__

-----

_

393
391

3 9 .5
40. 0

$
115. 00
115. 00

_

_

-

-

----- _
____ „

155
146

3 9 .5
39. 5

93. 00
92. 50

14
14

10
10

--------

75
70

3 9 .5
39. 5

93. 50
93. 50

_

__
_

Women
N u rses, industrial (registere d ) —
Manufacturing ------------ — -------- -----

1

_
-----

_

2
2

1

6

22
22
16
------ 15”

15
15

25
56
------ 25” ------ 55”

26
26

73
73

14
13

5
5

9
5

4
4

12
12

3

2

37
35

27
27

25
25

1
1

5
5

15
15

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

Standard hours r efle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.




28
28

3
3

4
4

_

19
19
_
-

_

7

Table A -3. M aintenance and Powerplant O ccupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P a t e r s o n -C lif t o n — a s s a ic , N. J. , M a y I9 6 0 )
P

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Average
hourly ,
earnings

$
$
U n der 1 .7 0
1. 80
a pH
$
und er
1. 70
1. 80
1. 90

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2 . 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3 .2 0

$
3. 30

$
3 .4 0

2. 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

-

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

3 .2 0

3. 30

3. 40

and
over

3
3

3
3

20
12

56
50

22
20

18
18

48
48

56
56

2
2

3
3

■

"

7
5

9
9

24
14

17
17

30
30

39
37

57
57

138
136

35
35

61
61

22
19

49
40

_

"

1
-

8
8

3
-

11
7

20
16

15
15

13
11

35
29

5
4

25
20

22
17

22
22

8
6

15
15

24
24

63
56

20
20

56
56

95
94

39
33

24
16

29
29

13
8

3
3

_

_

-

-

“

“

4
4

-

“

“

“

"

24
16
8
6

20
18
2
2

21
18
3
3

24
14
10
10

48
48
"

14
14
~

42
9
33
33

30
28
2
2

3
3
■

3
3
■

_
“

_
“

_
“

_
~

_
“

_
“

_
”

_
“

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

"

8
8

16
16

54
54

19
19

61
6l

43
39

122
122

34
34

77
77

14
13

55
52

2
~

5
5

_

-

_

_

2

_

25

6

78
5
73
67

68
4
64
64

56
17
39
38

22
2
20
20

5

1
1
1

14
14
14

2
2

-

_
-

-

4
2
2
2

10
10
9

10
io
“

10
10
“

5
5
-

_
”

38
38

_

_

"

“

“
_

251
227

$ 2 .7 1
2 .7 1

-

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce _______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________

490
460

2. 82
2. 82

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

*

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t io n a r y _____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________

207
170

2 .7 1
2 .7 2

_

_

_

-

"

"

F ir e m e n , s ta tio n a r y b o i l e r ______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________ ____ ____

400
373

2. 27
2 .2 6

_

30
30

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2_____________________________

253
191
62
56

2.
2.
2.
2.

24
20
4

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g — ________________________________

510
500

2 . 72
2. 72

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in t e n a n c e ) _________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________ _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________________

431
59
372
350

2 .5 9
2 . 61
2. 59
2. 60

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e _______
______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________ ______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____ ________ ___________

631
539
92
75

2.
2.
2.
2.

M i ll w r i g h t s __________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________

148
148

2 . 88
2. 88

O i l e r s __ __ ___
__
___
__
__________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________

~12Z

138

2. 27
2 .2 5

P a i n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ___ __ ________ _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ ___________________ __________

134
120

2 . 51
2 .5 4

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________

260
246

2. 77
2 .7 7

_

122

2 .7 0

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________ __________

50
50

2 .7 0
2 . 70

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
_______ __ ______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________________ ___

382
382

3. 03
3. d3

P lu m b e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -----

__ ________

____

59
58
63
61

"

_
-

“

-

-

_

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

2

"

-

_

"

-

_
-

_
~

~ ~ i—

-

19
13

6
6

148
21
127
121

12
12

41
41
-

81
79
2
2

99
66
33
33

65
65

-

81
47
34
30

38
36
2

136
136
"

22
22

2
2

_

-

1
1

28
28

28
28

20
20

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

"

2
"
4
“

“

"

"

-

5
4

_
-

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

"

-

"

9
9

8
8

15
15

_

_

-

"

5
5

29
29

27
15

45
45

1
1

“

2
2

_

_

_

3
3

44
42

9
9

15
15

14
14

7
7

16
16

_

_

_

-

“

7
7

_

-

7
7

_

"

2
“

10

-

“

"

“

_

_

_
-

2
“

10
10

~

3
3

42
42

38
38

2
2

9
9

51
51

52
51

22
13

27
27

_

"

2
"

_

-

“

■

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

2

88

14

6

3

_

1

_

_

"

-

"

-

~

"

11
11

4
4

6
6

-

4
4

_

-

23
23

.

-

2
2

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

>

_

3
3

3
3

13
13

124
23
57
~ 2 l ----- T 7 ------ 124

29
29

19
19

6
— 5—

2

-

20
20
“

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




4
"

12
12

4

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________

08
06
13
18

2 . 80

-

_

"

21
12—
9
1

-

_

_
“

26
26

79
79

6
6

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y I9 6 0 )

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average $
hourly , 1. 00
earnings
and
und er
1. 10

$
1. 10
1 .2 0

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING ST^AlGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

%

$
1 .2 0
1 .3 0

1. 30

266
213
53

$ 2 . 23
2. 31
1 .8 9

"

"

1, 563
1, 254
309
93

1 .7 8
1. 82
1. 65
1. 88

41
7
34
2

23
22
1

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s (w o m e n ) ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______ ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________ ______

117
65
52

1 .6 7
1. 95
1. 31

15
4 15

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d l i n g __ _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________________

2 . 912
1 ,5 7 2
1, 340
803

00
88
13
18

O r d e r f i l l e r s ____________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________

4 66
259
207

2. 13
1 .9 0
2 .4 2

“

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m e n ) ________________ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________

747
674
73

1. 95
1 .9 4
1. 96

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n ) ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________________ __

2 24
197

1 .5 5
1 .5 7

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s __________________________ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________ _________

2 80
217
63

2 . 34
2 .2 8
2 . 52

S h ippin g c l e r k s __________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________ _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________

147
96
51

2 .2 4
2. 05
2 .6 3

S h ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ___________ _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________

256
203

2 .2 2
2 .2 4

1 ,6 4 7
447
1 ,2 0 0
967

2 .4 9
2 . 39
2 . 53
2 . 60

130
78
52

2 .2 4
2 .2 6
2 .2 2

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s (m e n ) _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________ _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ___________________________

$
1 . 5 0 " 1 .6 0

1 .4 0

G u a r d s _____________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________ __

$
1 .4 0

T r u c k d r iv e r s * ___________________ ___ _ ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _____ ___________________




T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er l 1/* t o n s ) _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le.

2.
1.
2.
2.

1 .7 0

$
2 .4 0 ' 2. 50
—
2. 50
2. 60

$
2. 60
2 .7 0

$
2 .7 0
2. 80

$
2. 80

-

and
over

2
2

10
10

6
6

13
2
11

9
6
3

2
2
“

4
4
-

66
66
-

36
36
-

62
61
1

22
10
12

-

26

-

1

3
3

-

4

-

-

100
82
18
6

53
28
25
“

156
124
32
6

192
146
46
5

37
27
10
3

156
133
23
2

83
76
7
1

I ll
99
12
1

339
267
72
49

144
126
18
12

46
41
5
4

71
65
6
1

_
-

11
11
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
-

-

-

"

-

5
5

12
6
6

3
3

6
4
2

9
9

12
12

3
3
"

_
-

13
13
"

18
18
'

14
14
"

5
5
-

2
2
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

“

-

-

-

37
8
29
-

4
4
"

47
46
1
-

106
98
8
“

43
31
12
-

139
125
14
-

218
198
20
-

245
223
22
-

384
37 0
14

4 00
97
303
252

194
57
137
44

90
32
58
51

122
101
21
2

94
49
45
"

20
7
13
-

5
5
-

4
4
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

15
13
2

6
6
-

23
19
4

36
32
4

31
21
10

35
33
2

17
15
2

28
24
4

84
83
1

45
4
41

16
3
13

18
18

94
94

12
12

_
-

1
1

2
2
-

56
56
"

22
18
4

92
88
4

40
32
8

70
65
5

23
20
3

64
63

21
18
3

159
159
"

56
16
40

111
111
-

-

18
18

2
2
-

-

4
_

_

10
~

107
103

34
21

_

14
14

28

_

15
15

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

28

14
14

-

"

“

-

-

_

_

8
r
-

8
7
1

2
2

52
52
-

5
2
3

39
33
6

18

2
1
1

32
9
23

10

2

7
7
-

2
2

5
5
“

24
23

8
3
5

4
4
"

18
17
1

11
11
■

5
5

25

-

-

2

25

13
3
5 10

■

8
6

28
28

4
1

11
11

31
31

80
37

20
20

14
14

25
25

8
8

3
3

12
12

6
5
1

19
1
18
-

23
17
6
-

21
5
16

29
29
-

49
43
6
-

60
“5
55
“

48
8
40

358
47
311
2 90

236
124
112
42

690
58
632
632

20
20
“

20
19
1
"

_
-

18
1
17

17
17

_
-

7
7

1
1

25
4
21

35
35

17
5
12

-

_
-

1

4
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

3
3
-

20
20

-

_
"
_

12
7

_

_

_
-

-

_

-

_

_

_

“

"

-

-

-

—

-

~

-

_

79
63 '
16
~

.
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

1

-

_
-

14
------- r 7

1

681
63 !
618 !
4 54

68
— 6F~
2
2
9
8

6
---------5"
“

-------

IT

1
1
1

30

-

78
12
7 6 -------5 ~
6
2
2

6

— r
-

-

10

9

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Qccupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P a t e r s o n -C lif t o n — a s s a i c , N. J. , M a y I9 6 0 )
P

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

■>

$
$
1. 00
1. 10
and
und er
1. 10
1 .2 0

$
1. 20
1. 30

$
1. 30
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

S
1 .6 0

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

-

1
1

1
1

$
1 .7 0
1. 80

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

an d
1. 90
2 . 00

$
$
2. 00 - 2 . 10

$
2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50 . $ . 60
2

$
2. 70

2. 80

2 .1 0

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 60

2 .7 0

2. 80

over

2 .2 0

T r u c k d r iv e r s ; 6 — C on tin u ed

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( l 1/z to and
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s ) ________________ __ _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________ _____ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ________________ __ ___

750
i$ 3
567
367

$ 2 .4 5
2 .4 4
2 .4 6
2. 54

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r ty p e ) _________ _____ ______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________ __ _____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __
_
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

494
8s
4 06
405

2 .6 5
2 .5 3
2 .6 8
2 . 68

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

■

■

"

~

■

“

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e ) ___________ _______
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------- -----

— nr

85

2 .2 9
2 .2 9

“

5
5

-

"

5
5

-

“

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t ) _______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ _________________________ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________ ____________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ____________________________

779
554
225
77

2 .2 3
2. 17
2 . 35
2 .3 7

8
8
-

14
9
5
-

32
24
8

30
30
-

95
95
-

”

“

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k li f t ) _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________

2 16
2 09

2 . 53
2. 54

W a tch m e n _____ ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ -----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________

238
188
50

1. 65
1 .6 5
1. 64

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

■

“

-

.
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

"

~

-

6
6

11
11

20
20
-

29
23
6

~

4 27
22
45

9
------g—

-

-

1

and la te

36
29
7

s h ift s .

35
29
6

18
— rr~
2

20
20

59
4
55

243
37
9
-------§ H --------r _ T T ~
1
30
209
189
■
1

20
20

1
1
-

-

15
15
-

■

■

•

“

34
34

9
■

“

128
51
77
77

76
14
62

24
24

83
78

.
-

4
4

-

“

56
56
-

118
ll8
"

84
64
20

-

-

112
42

12
12
-

44
— n r28

154

— vr

-

"

2
2

D ata li m it e d t o m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c lu d e s 2 w o r k e r s at u n d er $ 1 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 2 . 8 0 to $ 2 . 9 0 .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




-

18
17
1

_
-

146
rr
135
135

14
20
1
----- ZTT ~ T T “
“

“

-

■

447
42
405
405

“

6
5
i
“

32
32

-

-

-

■

”

3
2
1
“

25
2
23
”

12
12
“

75
75

21
21

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

98

-----

TT
21
■
11

-------

j-

7




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

10

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r s h ift w o r k , a n d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
a c t u a ll y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i ft s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l , P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y I 9 6 0 )
C
P
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

I n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a c t u a ll y
o p e r a tin g —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l
S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T ota l

__________________________________________________________

_
_

_

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

S e c o n d s h ift

80. 6

7 2 .2

1 6 .4

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

3. 8

7 9 .7

71. 1

16. 3

3. 8

U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) _____________________________________

33. 1

30. 5

7. 8

2. 5

5 c e n t s _____________________________________________________ _
7 c e n t s _____________________________________________________ _
c e n t s ___________________________ _______________________
8 o r 8 1/ 3 c e n t s ______________________________________________
9 c e n t s _ ____________________________________________________ _
10 c e n t s _ ____________________________________________________
12 c e n t s ____________________________________________________ »
1 2 1/ 2 c e n t s ___________________________________________________
13 c e n t s _______________________________________________________
14 c e n t s ___________________ _______________________________ _
15 c e n t s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 15 c e n t s ______ ____________________ ________________

1 4. 0
2. 6
2. 7
. 9
. 6
6. 9
1. 0
. 5
2. 3
. 9
.7

_
2. 2
. 6
16. 9
. 9
2. 5
. 5
3. 0
2. 8
1. 0

3. 8
.4
. 5
.3
. 1
1. 0
. 3
. 1
. 9
.4
(2)

. 3
. 1
1 .2
. 1
. 3

45. 3

38. 6

8. 3

1. 1

1 1.
2.
2.
6.
22.
-

1
2
5
7
9

1. 0
1. 3
2. 5
26. 8
.4
6. 5

2. 3
. 6
.4
1. 3
3 .7
"

.2
. 1
. 6
.2

__ — __ ____________________

1. 2

2. 0

. 3

__

1. 0

1. 1

. 1

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ________________________________________

l llz

U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e

___________________________________________

5 p e r c e n t _______________________________ ____ ________ ____
7 p e r c e n t ____________________________________________________ 7 1/ 2 p e r c e n t ________________ _______ ___ ________________
8 p e r c e n t _____________________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ___________________________________________________
14 p e r c e n t _________________________ _______________________
15 p e r c e n t ___________________________________________________
O th e r fo r m a l p a id d iff e r e n t ia l
N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

_________

_________________________

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s ,
e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

(2)
.2
. 3
-

.2

c o v e r i n g la t e s h i ft s

II
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a ic , N. J. , M a y , I9 6 0 )
C
P
Irie x p e r ie n c e d ty p is t s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M i n im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
A ll
I n d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n sta nc a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f —
3 7 1/*

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

35

37V 2

XXX

62

XXX

XXX

20

6

4

9

1

_
1

_
-

_______________________________

156

94

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _____

55

35

12

20

_
1

_
3

$ 37. 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 52. 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2. 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 67. 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

$ 4 0 . 00
j 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 62. 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 .5 0

----------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------_________________________
-------------------------------------_________________________
_________________________

1

_

-

-

2
9
4
9

1
3
2
5

2
1

2

1
1
6
2
4

-

-

-

-

-

-------- -----------------------------------------------

1

_______________________________

4
3

8
2
2
2
4
1
4
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ___

28

13

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n ot e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ______ _
_
_____ ____ ____

73

46

1
2
3

_______________________________

_________________________
__ __ _____________ _
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_____________________________________________

10
2
4
2
4

-

3
1
-

1
-

3
“

-

5

-

2
1
1

-

2
2
3
1
-

-

-

-

-

1

2

XXX

XXX

15

XXX

XXX

XXX

27

XXX

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

1

-

-

-

-

1

2

XXX

-

-

-

-

2

“

”

XXX

XXX

A ll
sc h e d u le s

3 7 x/ 2

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

35

94

XXX

XXX

62

XXX

64

35

12

21

29

6

8

15

1
7
1
11
6
9
1
9
4
1
2
3
1
4
4

_
1
1
3
2
5
1
8
3

_

_
1

1
6

1
-

1

_
5
2
1
2

2
3
1
4
1

3
"

28

14

XXX

XXX

14

XXX

64

45

XXX

XXX

19

XXX

40

-

-

2

1

-

XXX

XXX

B a s e d o n sta n dia.rd w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f —

156

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

-

-

1
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

1

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a t e s a p p l i c a b l e to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e




-

-

2
1
2

4
2

-

-

1
1
1

2
2
1

1

XXX

-

-

-

XXX

8
4
4

2
1
3
1
5
2

3
1
-

-

40

3 7 x/ 2

-

-

1

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

1
-

-

3

”

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

m ost com m o n w ork w eek s rep orted .

12
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y I 9 6 0 )
P

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ik w o r k e r s __________

_

_____

All industries 1

_ ____

U n d e r 35 h o u r s
_ __ _
35 h o u rs
.....
_ ................
O v e r 3 5 a n d u n d e r 3 7 1/ 2 h o u r s ............
._
3 7 1/ 2 h o u r s ... . . ___
O v e r 3 7 l /z a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _ . ...
40 hours
hours
O ver
hours
_
_ .

44
22
1
*
3
4

_____

100
(4 )

Manufacturing

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

8

58

3
2
4
1
89
1
1

3
2
4

_
_
_
_

90

100

1

_

21
2
21
3
53
.

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

2
71

(4 )

(M

n
19

3
39
_

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




2

13
Table B«4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , P a t e r s o n —C l if t o n r - P a s s a ic , N . J . , M a y I 9 6 0 )

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Ite m
Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

All industries 3

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________

______________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
N um ber o f

9 o r m o r e d a y s _______________________________________

872 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s _______________________________________
672 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s ____ ________________________________
o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
1 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________

blh

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

99

10 0

-

"

1

1

( 4)
5

( 4)

1
6
1

( 4)

2
1

( 4)

22

( 4)

2

( 4)

10

7
13

1
12
1
2
( 4)

6
1
2
2
1
11

_

1

6

10

5

( 4)

15

( 4)
4

2
1

( 4)
24
3
16

8
15
-

8
2
2
( 4)

8
2
-

2

-

2
54
-

-

-

1

5

( 4)
7

( 4)
4

1
1

( 4)

-

25
5
30
17

22

22
22

2
( 4)

21
1
6
18
4
5

( 4)
16
-

1

5
3
( 4)
18
4
-

22
5
7
17
-

( 4)

19

2

1

12

( 4)
( 4)

( 4)

14
16
17
25
27
52
59
71
72
95
95

1
1
1
2

4
14
15
38
47
66
67
94
94

( 4)
19
19
19
19
19
19
73
73
73
75

99
99
99
100

99
99
99
100

-

tim e 5

1 2 1 o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________
/*
1 2 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
1 1 7 * o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________
1 1 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
I 0 V2 o r m o r e d a y s
------------------------------------------------10 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
9 7 g o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________

l lh

10 0

Public utilities *

days

L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s ________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s
______________________
6 h o l id a y s p l u s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________________
6 h o l id a y s p l u s 5 h a lf d a y s ______________________
7 h o l id a y s , ____________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 4 h a l f d a y s ________________________
8 h o l i d a y s _________________________ ____________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
8 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
8 h o l id a y s p l u s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________________
9 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------9 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
9 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
9 h o l id a y s p l u s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________________
10 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
10 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
1 1 h o l id a y s
_________________________________________
1 1 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
1 1 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
1 2 h o l id a y s a n d o v e r _______ ______________________
T ota l h o lid a y

Manufacturing

( 4)

2
2

90
90
100
100
100
100

2

3

6
7
13
13
35
39
63
67
92
93

98
99
99
99

3

10
10
34
39
66
69
92
93
98

99
99
99

-

39
39
39
39
69
69
74
74

99
99
100
100
100
100

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w it h 7 fu l l d a y s a n d n o
h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .




14

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P a t e r s o n —C lif t o n —P a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y I 9 6 0 )

All industries

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________

PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V acation p o licy

1

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries ^

M anufacturing

Pu blic utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
(4)
( 4)

99
99
1
-

100
98
2
-

99
85
11
2
2

99
82
14
2
2

100
92
1
7

n

n

“

n

n

”

7

8
44
15
16

_
71
19

36
22
6
( 4)

44
17
3
-

_
36
31
2

Method off paymont

W ork ers in esta b lish m e n ts providing
paid vaca tio n s -------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent ____________________
P ercen ta g e paym ent ---------------------------------F la t-su m p a y m e n t___________________________
O th er_________________________________________
W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid va ca tio n s ________________ ________
Amount off vacation p a y 5

A fter 6 m onths of se r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ---------------------------------- -------1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------ -----------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s --------------------------------2 w eek s ----------------------------------------- -------------------A fter 1 y ea r of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek -------------------------------------------------1 w eek --------------------------------------- -----O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------A fter 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ___________________
2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -----------------------------3 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------A fter 3 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s -----------------------------2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------A fter 5 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________ ________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s --------------------------------2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -------------------------------3 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s --------------------------------S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le .




48
15
14

_
17
83
(4)

(*)

17
83
(4)
"

11
89
"

1
64
8
24
(4)
2

1
69
11
18
(4)
1

33
45
22

6
1
91
(4)
2

6
1
93
( 4)

5
4
91
"

31
27
39
(4)
2

33
35
31
(4)
1

29
4
45
22

1
96
(4)
2

1
97
1
1

_
100
-

8
19
69
1
2

10
25
63
1
1

4
74
22

(5
89
2
7
3

n
n
93
2
4

2
4
83
8
3

78
22

_

_

-

100
-

2

3
83
6
6

-

15

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a cation pay
p r o v isio n s, P a te r so n -C lifto n —P a ss a ic , N. J. , M ay I960)

V acation policy

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

2
2
47
16
34
-

2
2
51
21
24
-

31
69
-

2
2
22
6
68
(J

2
2
26
8
62
0
n

(4)
99
-

13
83
3

2
2
21
6
57
(*)
13

2
2
24
8
55
(*)
9

13
61
26

2
2
21
6
46
n
23

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

o
42
25
33
"

75
25
-

All industries 3

A m o u n t off v a c a tio n p a y * — C o n tin u e d
A fter 10 y e a rs of se rv ic e
1 w eek — ---------- __ ---- ----------- —
O ver 1 and u n der 2 w eeks ___________________
2 w eeks
— __ -------- __ __ ------- —
O ver 2 and un der 3 w eeks ------- — ------3 w eeks — — — _ ------- — ----------------O ver 3 and un der 4 w eek s -------------------------- -A fter 15 y e a rs of se rv ic e
1 w eek ------------------ ------- ------- _ _
O ver 1 and un der 2 w eeks ----------------------------2 w eeks ________ - ------ --------- — ___
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ----------------------------3 w eeks ___ ___ __ ----------------- -----------O ver 3 and un der 4 w eeks ___________________
4 w eeks ---------------------------------------------------------A fter 20 y e a rs of se rv ic e
1 w eek ------- ----------------r- _ ---O ver 1 and un der 2 w eeks -------------- --------2 w eeks ______________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks -----------------------3 w eeks ------------ ------- ------- — - — O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ----------------------------4 w eeks _— ----------------- ---- ------------ -----A fter 25 y e a rs of se rv ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------- -------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _ — -----------2 w eeks ------------------- — ----------------- --------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _____________ —
3 w eeks ----- ----- ------------------- ------- --------O ver 3 and un der 4 w eeks -------------------------4 w eeks ----------------------------------------- ------------

41
15
42
3

14
82
3
1

(4)
15
_
83
(*)
1

o
14
71
3
12

(4)
15
67
(*)
17

i 4)

(*)

(*)

-

14
_
54
n
31

15
54
n
31

_
-

_
-

13
87
-

_

-

2
2

24
8
46
O
18

_
-

-

n

80
20
n

~
48
52

1 Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 T ransportation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o le sa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
5 P er io d s of s e r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e ssio n s. F or exam p le, the chan ges in p rop ortion s in d icated at 10 y e a r s'
s e r v ic e in clude chan ges in p r o v isio n s occu rrin g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.
NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allo w a n ces by y e a r s of se r v ic e , paym ents other than "length of tim e, " such a s p ercen ta g e of annual earn in gs or fla t-su m p aym en ts, w ere con verted
to an equ ivalent tim e b a sis; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p e r cen t of annual earn in gs w as c o n sid ered as 1 w e ek 's pay.




16
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e rc e n t of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts providing
h ealth , in su ra n ce, or pen sion b e n efits, P a te r so n —C lifton—P a s s a ic , N . J . , M ay I960)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type o f b en efit
A ll industries

A ll w o r k e r s ___ __ ______ ___________ ______
W ork ers in esta b lish m e n ts providing;
L ife in su ra n ce ___________ _____________
A ccid en tal death and d ism em b erm en t
in su ra n ce ---------------------------------------------------S ick n e ss and accid en t in su ra n ce or
s ic k le a v e or b o th 4 — ________ _______ _
S ick n e ss and accid en t in su ra n ce _______
S ick le a v e (full pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )----------------------------- -------S ick le a v e (p artial pay or
w aiting p e r io d )------- ------------ ------H osp ita liza tio n in s u r a n c e ---------------------------S u rg ica l in su ra n ce _________________________
M edical in su ra n ce -------------- — __ _____ —
C atastrophe in su ra n ce ---------------- ---R etirem en t p en sio n -------------- ----- ------No h ealth , in su ra n ce, or p en sio n p l a n ___

100

90
52
95
51
78
7
88
85
60
40
71
1

1

PLAN T W O RK ERS

3

Public utilities 2

All industries

100

100

100

100

100

93

88
60

91
53

92
51

88
30

73
57

92
54
70
60

88
56

33
53
37
19
18
9
76
7

19
6
92
90
55
13
64
1

12
4

22
31

95
95
59
12
64
1

78
59
55
18
92

M anufacturing

49
98
66
80
2
97
97
68
33
73
(5 )

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

1 Includ es data for w h o lesa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and read e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
a T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
3 Includ es data for w holesade tra d e, r e ta il tra d e, read e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
4 U nduplicated totad of w o rk ers r e ce iv in g sic k le a v e or sic k n e ss and a ccid en t in su ra n ce show n sep a r a te ly b elo w . S ic k -le a v e plans are lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin itely e sta b lish at le a s t
the m inim um num ber of d a y s' pay that can be ex p ected by each em p lo y e e . Inform al s ic k -le a v e a llo w an ces d eterm in ed on an in d ivid ual b a sis are exclu d ed .
s L e ss than 0 .5 p ercen t.




17

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( h i l l i n g m a c h in e ) —

Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry ot necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) — Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrahd, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




C la s s A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C la s s B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping • Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la s s A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal entries; may direct class B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the files. May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

19

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e
w o rk (see transcribing-machine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABIJLATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d d ay-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la s s C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little special training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
C lass B —-Performs one or more o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

C lass A — Performs one or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

P R O F E S S IO N A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)

AND

T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May assist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

21

MAINTENANCE

D POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specificaeidns; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m ainfaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors $
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in establishm ents
em ploying more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items reauiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety ot pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

22

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
g au g es,d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installin g the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echan­
ic a l equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of p arts ordered from m achine shop; reassem bling ma­
ch ines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. E xcluded from th is classificatio n are workers
w hose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in die p lant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L u bricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia ritie s and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying p aint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consisten cy . In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from draw ings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with sto ck s and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

23

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains w ith a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alen t training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chu tes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specifications; settin g up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and w ritten specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, too ls, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross "industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar estab lish m en t.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Perform s routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehousem an or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with sp ecificatio n s on sa le s slip s, custom ers9
orders, or other in stru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional sto ck , or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related d u ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and siz e of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using ex celsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining n ecessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such a s: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and re ta il estab lish m en ts, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers9 houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or elec trie-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . G O V ER N M E NT P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : I 9 6 0 0 — 5 5 9 1 8 5

O ccu p atio n al W age Surveys
O c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a re b e in g c o n d u c te d in 6 0 m ajor la b o r m a rk ets d u rin g la te 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r ly I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u lle t in s , w h e n a v a ila b le ,
m ay b e p u r c h a s e d from th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O ff ic e , W a sh in g to n 2 5 , D .C ., or from a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l
s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n th e in s id e fro n t c o v e r .
A su m m ary b u lle tin c o n ta in in g d a ta for a ll la b o r m a r k e ts, c o m b in e d w ith a d d itio n a l a n a ly s i s , w il l b e i s s u e d e a r ly in 1 9 6 1 .
B u lle t in s for th e a r e a s l i s t e d b e lo w a re n o w a v a ila b le .

A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a . —N .J ., M arch I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 3 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
B a ltim o r e , M d., S e p te m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -7 , p r ic e 15 c e n t s
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M arch I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 7 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
B o s to n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -8 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll, 1 2 6 5 -4 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
C a n to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 0 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s

M em p h is, T e n n ., J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 9 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
M iam i, F la ., D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
M in n e a p o lis —S t. P a u l, M in n ., J a n u a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 2 1 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n ts
N ew a rk an d J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F eb ru a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 2 8 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n ts
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., F eb ru a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 2 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s

C in c in n a ti, O h io —K y ., F eb ru a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 1 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b er 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 , p r ic e 20 c e n t s
D a l la s , T e x ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 , p r ic e 20 c e n t s
D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -9 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
D e n v e r , C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 1 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
D e s M o in e s, Io w a , F eb ru a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 0 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s

P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 - B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 * 1 6 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
P itts b u r g h , P a ., D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 0 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
P o r tla n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 2 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
P r o v id e n c e , R .I .—M a s s ., M arch I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 4 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
R ic h m o n d , V a ., F eb ru a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 4 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
S t. L o u is , M o., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -5 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
S an B e r n a r d in o —R iv e r s id e —O n ta r io , C a lif ., N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 5 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s

D e tr o it, M ic h ., J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 5 , p r ic e 20 c e n t s
F o r t W orth, T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 3 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d ., J a n u a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 2 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
J a c k s o n , M is s ., F eb ru a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 6 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 4 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
K a n s a s C it y ,M o .—K a n s ., J a n u a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 3 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif ., A p r il I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 5 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s

S an F r a n c is c o —O a k la n d , C a l if ., J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 7 ,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
S e a t t le , W a sh ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 - B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
S io u x F a l l s , S . D a k ., F eb ru a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 9 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
S o u th B e n d , In d ., A p ril I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 8 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
W a sh in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a ., D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 - B L S B u ll. 126*5-18,
p r ic e 25 c e n t s
W aterb u ry, C o n n ., M arch I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 * 3 6 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
Y ork , P a ., F eb ru a ry I 9 6 0 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -2 7 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102