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Occupational Wage Survey

PORTLAND, OREGON-W ASHINGTON
MAY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-49




UNITED S T A T E S D EPARTM EN T O F LA B O R
Jam es P. M itchell, S e cre ta ry

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PORTLAND, OREGON-WASHINGTON




MAY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-49

July 1960

UNITED S T A T E S D EPA R TM EN T O F LA B O R
Jam es P. M itchell, S e cre ta ry

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Preface

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year’s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.
This report was prepared in the Bureau’s regional
office in San Francisco, Calif. , by William P. O’Connor,
under the direction of John L. Dana, Regional Wage and
Industrial Relations Analyst.




Contents

Page
Introduction _____________________________________________________ 1
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _____________________ 4
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey _________ 3
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected p erio d s______________ 3
A: Occupational earnings: *
A -l. Office occupations___________________________________ 5
A-2. Professional and technical occupations _______________ 8
A-3. Maintenance and power plant occupations ______________ 9
A-4. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations_________ 10
B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions: *
B -l. Shift differentials ___________________________________ 12
B-2. Minimum entrance salaries for women
office w o rk ers______________________________________ 13
B-3. Scheduled weekly h o u rs______________________________ 14
B-4. Paid holidays _______________________________________ 15
B-5. Paid vacations ______________________________________ 16
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans _________________ 18
Appendix: Occupational descriptions ______________________________ 19
* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the Portland
area reports for June 1951, September 1952 and 1953, and
April of each year since 1955. The April 1959 report was
limited to occupational earnings. A directory indicating date
of study and the price of the reports, as well as reports for
other major areas, is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage practices in the machinery industries in the
Portland area (April I960) is also available. Union scales,
indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the fol­
lowing trades or industries: Building construction, printing,
local-transit operating employees, and m otortruck drivers
and helpers.
iii




Occupational Wage Survey—Portland, Oreg.—Wash.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U.S. Department of L a b o rs Bureau of Labor Statistics has
conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field economists to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation,1
communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major in­
dustry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to w ar­
rant inclusion. Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishm ents studied are presented, therefore, as re ­
lating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishm ent variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data are
presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) m ainte­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and

late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or m erit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average pay
when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn*
ings data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re ­
late to office and plant workers. The term "office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead1
Railroads, form erly excluded from the scope of these studies, and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
men
have been added in nearly all of the areas to be studied during the executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
winter of 1959-60; railroads will be added in the remaining areas next employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
year. For scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­ Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tion, communication, and other public utilities" in table 1.
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.




2

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percen t of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings w as co n sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w eek 1s pay.

Data are p resen ted for a ll h ealth , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg a l req u irem en ts such as w orkm en1s com p ensation
and so cia l secu r ity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund s e t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited' to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accid en t
d isa b ility . Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s w hich require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly req u ired , or (2) provides the em ployee
with b en efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . T abulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absen ce from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(l) plans which provide fu ll pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions o f w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accid en t insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to a s . extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans w hich are d esign ed to p rotect
em p lo yees in ca se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al co verage of h osp italization , m ed ica l, and su rgical p lan s.
M edical insuran ce re fe r s to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d o c to rs1 fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . Tabulations of retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er 's life .

An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3
Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (fir st sectio n
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices w ith the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk er s.

4
The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con trib u tion s.
* An estab lish m en t w as con sid ered as having a form al plan if
of estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick lea ve that
it
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e allow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift d ifferen tial data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. T his inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 p resented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effectiv e p ra ctice, presen ted on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified sh ift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the am ount applying to
a m ajority w as used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a differen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b ines w hole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




3
T able 1. E sta b lish m en ts and w ork ers w ithin scope of su rvey and num ber studied in P ortland , O reg. —W ash.,1 by m ajor in dustry d iv isio n , 2 M ay I960
Industry d iv isio n
A ll d iv is io n s ______________________________
M anufacturing _ ------------------------ -------N on m an u factu rin g__________________ __ _
T ransportation , com m un ication ,
and other public u t ilit ie s 5 __________
W h olesale trade ______________________
R eta il t r a d e ------------------------ ---------------F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and
r e a l esta te ___________________________
S e r v ic e s 7 ______________________________

M inim um
em p loym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m en ts in scope
of study

W ithin scope
of stu d y3

Num ber of esta b lish m en ts

51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51

538
227
311
61
83
83
43
41

Studied
151
63
88
24
19
23
10
12

T o ta l4
107, 300
52, 000
55, 300
20, 000
8, 300
15,80 0
7 ,4 0 0
3, 800

W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scope of study
O ffice
P lant
19, 500
4, 800
14,70 0
4, 300
(6 )
1 ,7 0 0
(*}
(6 )

7 0 ,3 0 0
39, 600
3 0 ,7 0 0
1 0 ,7 0 0
(6)
1 2 ,5 0 0
(M
(6 )

Studied
T o ta l4
5 8 ,9 2 0
2 7 ,6 0 0
31, 320
15, 620
2, 630
7, 810
3, 820
1,440

1 The P ortland M etropolitan A rea (C lack am as, M ultnom ah, and W ashington C ou nties, O reg. , and C lark County, W ash. ). The "w orkers w ithin scope of study*
e stim a te s show n in th is tab le provide a reason ab ly accu rate d e scrip tio n of the siz e and com p osition of the lab or force in cluded in the su rvey. The e stim a te s a re not in ­
tended, ho w ever, to ser v e a s a b a sis of com p arison w ith other area em p loym en t in d exes to m ea su re em p loym en t tren d s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rv ey s r e ­
q u ires the use of esta b lish m en t data com p iled co n sid erab ly in advance of the p a yro ll period studied and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m e n ts a re exclud ed from the scope of the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v ise d ed ition of the Standard Ind ustrial C la ssific a tio n M anual w as used in c la ssify in g esta b lish m e n ts by in dustry d iv isio n . M ajor chan ges from the
e a r lie r ed ition (u sed in the B u reau ’s lab or m ark et w age su rv ey p rogram p rior to the w inter of 1958-59) a re the tr a n sfe r of m ilk p a steu riza tio n p lants and r e a d y -m ix ed con ­
c r ete esta b lish m e n ts from trad e (w h olesale or r e ta il) to m anufacturing, and the tra n sfer of radio and te le v is io n b road castin g from s e r v ic e s to the tran sp ortation , com m u­
nication , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includ es a ll esta b lish m e n ts w ith total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a r ea ) of com p an ies in such in d u stries a s trad e,
fin an ce, auto rep air s e r v ic e , and m o tion -p ictu re th ea ters a re co n sid ered a s 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 Includ es e x e c u tiv e, p r o fessio n a l, and other w o rk ers exclud ed from the sep arate o ffice and plant c a te g o r ie s.
5 R ailroad s w ere included; tax ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclud ed.
6 T his in dustry d iv isio n is r e p resen ted in e stim a te s for "ail in d u stries" and ■ nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s, although co v erage w as in su fficien t to
ju stify sep arate p resen tation of data.
7 H otels; p erson al s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep air shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organ ization s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .

T able 2. Ind exes of standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and str a ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs for s elec ted occup ation al groups in P ortland , O r e g .—W a sh .,
M ay I960 and A p ril 1959,and p ercen ts of in cr e a se for se le c te d p eriod s
Indexe s
P er c e n t in c r e a s e s from —
(Septem ber 1952 = 100)
Industry and occup ation al group
A p ril 1958
A p ril 1957
A p ril 1956
A p ril 1955 Septem ber 1953 Sep tem b er 1952
A p ril 1959
May
A p ril
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
1960
1959
A p ril 1955
Septem ber 1953
M ay I960
A p ril 1958
A p ril 1957
A p ril 1956
A p ril 1959
A ll in d u stries;
5 .4
4. 7
3 .7
5 .2
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) __ __ __
3 .2
5. 1
3. 6
135. 1
130. 3
4. 3
1. 6
131. 8
6. 3
7 .4
6. 9
135.7
2. 1
Ind ustrial n u rses (w om en) __________
2 .9
5. 5
134. 0
4 .4
Sk illed m aintenance (m en) __________
138. 9
3. 6
5. 8
5. 5
3. 9
4 .9
5 .4
4 .6
3. 0
135 .4
4. 1
3. 8
U n sk illed plant (m en) ________________
130. 1
5 .2
4 .9
M anufacturing:
4. 3
4. 0
5. 6
3. 1
3. 8
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) ______________
4 .7
5. 3
135. 1
129. 1
.8
In d u strial n u rses (w om en) __________
131. 3
6. 3
.7
5. 0
7. 8
133. 6
1. 8
7. 5
4 .7
4 .6
135.4
5. 1
140. 0
3 .4
4. 2
6 .2
S k illed m aintenance (m en) _________
6 .2
U n sk illed plant (m en) ________________
136. 3
130.4
4. 5
3. 1
6. 7
4 .6
5 .5
2. 1
5. 3




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are indexes of sa la rie s of office c le r ic a l
w ork ers and industrial n u r se s, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F or office cle r ic a l w orkers and industrial n u r se s, the indexes
relate to average w eekly sa la r ie s for norm al hours of w ork, that is ,
the standard w ork schedule for w hich stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in stra ig h t-tim e hourly
earn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eek ­
end s, h olid ays, and late sh ifts. The* indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m o st of the n u m erically im portant
jobs w ithin each group. The office c le r ic a l data are based on w om en in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine); bookkeepingm achine op erators, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter operators; c le r k s, file ,
c la ss -A and B; cle rk s, order; cle rk s, payroll; keypunch operators;
office girls; secr e ta r ie s; sten ograp h ers, general; sw itchboard opera­
tors; sw itchboard op era to r-recep tio n ists; tabula ting-m achin e operators;
tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general; and ty p ists, c la ss A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on w om en industrial n u r se s. Men
in the follow ing 10 sk illed m aintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
in clu d ed in the plant w orker data: Skilled-— carpenters; electricia n s;
m ach in ists; m ech a n ics; m ec h a n ics, autom otive; m illw righ ts; painters;
p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l w orkers; and tool and die m akers; u n sk illed —
ja n itors, p o rters, and clean ers; la b o rers, m a teria l handling; and
w atchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la r ie s or average hourly earnings w ere
com puted for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la rie s
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the job. T hese w eighted earnings for individual
occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. F in ally, the ratio of th ese group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the b ase period (su rvey m onth, w inter 1952.-53)




w as com puted and the r e su lt m ultip lied by the b a se year index (100) to
get the index for the given y ear.
A djustm ents have been m ade w h ere n e c e ssa r y to m aintain
com parability. F or exam p le, in m o st of the area s su rveyed , railroad s
w ere included in the coverage of the su rveys for the fir s t tim e this
y ea r. In com puting the in d exes, data relatin g to the railroad industry
w ere excluded.
The indexes m ea su r e, p rin cip ally, the effects of (l) gen eral
sa la ry and w age changes; (2) m er it or other in cr ea ses in pay received
by individual w orkers w h ile in the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor fo rce such as labor turnover, fo rce exp an sion s, fo rce red u c­
tion s, and changes in the proportion of w ork ers em ployed by esta b ­
lish m en ts w ith different pay le v e ls. C hanges in the labor fo rce can
cause in cr ea ses or d ec rea se s in the occupational a verag es w ithout
actual w age changes. F or exam p le, a fo rce expansion m ight in crea se
the proportion of low er paid w ork ers in a sp ecific occupation and r e ­
su lt in a drop in the a verag e, w h ereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w ork ers would have the opposite effect. The m ovem ent
of a high-paying estab lish m en t out of an area could cau se the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in ra tes occu rred in other
area esta b lish m en ts.
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eigh ts elim in a tes the effects
of changes in the proportion of w ork ers rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data. N or are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork sched ules or in prem ium pay fo r o vertim e, sin ce they
are based on pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for w ork ers in 17 m ajor
labor m ark ets appeared in BLS B u ll. 1240-22, W ages and R elated
B en efits, 20 Labor M ark ets, W inter 1958-59.

Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-1. O ffice Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.—Wash. , May I960)
Avbbaob
Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W^klT
Weekly 40. 00
hours 1 earning*1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
50.00

$
55.00

t

6 0 .0 0

<
65.00

% 00
70.

S
$
$
75. 00 80. 00 85.0 0

50.00

55.00

60.00

65.00

7 0.00

7 5.00

80. 00

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

8 5.00

9 0 .0 0

13
----- 5—

%0 . 00
9

%

%

$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00
and
95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 00 125. 00 over

Men
213
55
158
67

4 0 .0 $106.00
1 01.00
4 0 .0
107.50
40. 0
109.50
4 0 .0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ---------------------------- ------- __
M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------------- ------Nonm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilitie s 2 _________________________________

71
28
43
28

3 9.5
39. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

87.50
76.50
94.50
101 .00

-

C lerk s, o r d e r _ __
-------------------------- ---- ----------------------------------M an u factu rin g----------------- ------- -------N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------------------

178

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

100.50
102.50
99.50

_
-

_
-

1

2

-

-

----- 1
-----

118

1

1

_
-

33

40. 0

102.50

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

5

O ffice b o y s ------ --------------- ----------------- -------------------------M an u factu rin g--------------------------------------- —
-----N onm anufacturing------------------------------------ ------------ __
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------- ---------------------- — —

82
32
50
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

58.00
50.50
62.50
68.50

9
9
-

20

7
7
-

19
4
15
9

8
1

2

-

6
1

1
1

7
5

"

5
3

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla s s A ________________

34

40. 0

112 .00

_

_

_

-

_

64
40

4 0 .0
39.5

97.50

1

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ________
____ „
M an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------— ------N onm anufacturing_______________________ __ — — __

98
27
71

39. 5
39. 0
4 0 .0

69.50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) ----------------------N onm anufacturing----------------- --------- __
__ ------

43
41

40. 0
40. 0

58.50
57.50

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, c la s s A --------- -------M an ufacturin g------ ---------------------- ---------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------- --------

71
42
29

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

81.00
81.00
80.00

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B --------------------M anufacturin g---------------------------------------------------- ------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------,-----------------R etail t r a d e ---------------- ------------ ----------------- — __

518
55
463
62

39.
39.
39.
40.

65.50
74.50
64.00
68.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A __________________ ________
M an u factu rin g---------------- ---- ------- -------------------------N onm anufacturing____________________________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ___________________________________

C lerk s, p a y r o l l _______________________________

__ ----

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B -------- __ — —
N onm anufacturing------- ------------------------ — ______ _

6b

-

_
_

_

9
11

-

_

-

_
"

2

~

1
1

6

--------5~
-

1
1

2
2

-

-

25
25
-

16
2

-

14

2
2

1
1

-

13
6

53
6

6

26
10

47
4

7
7

12
2
10
8

9
9
39

_
-

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

2

8
8
12

13
1
12

16
6
10

10
10

15
5

9

7
5

’

10

3
_

40
13
27
17

10

8

-

•
-

10

7

3

1

27
----- j-----

30
13
17
7

8

2

2

3
3
2

9

17
24
43
9
----- j----5 ------ 5— ----- 6—
4
42
12
18

13

2
2

6

_

3

1

9

4

9

2

_

8

2

-

-

-

8

2
2

.
-

.
-

.
"

.
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

2

3

7

6

3

3

5

.

2

6

5

14
8

2

3
"

1

15

4
4

3

"

13
5

16

“

1
1

16

_
■

-

~

_
-

“

_
-

_

_

_
-

-

-

2

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

7

9 8 .0 0

-

-

“

"

~

6 9 .0 0

.
"

2
1
1

8

9
9

27
14
13

16
2

9
6

1

6

3

15

_
"

2

-

14

3
3
-

6

8

_

2
2

17
17

12
12

6
6

1
1

-

5
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

4
4

4
4

2
2

28

-

13
4
9

_
-

-

1
1

-

17
14
3

_
-

7

2

"

_
-

65
65
4

84
84

77
77

109
5
104

71
24
47

58

3

20

2

20

1
2

-

-

-

-

_
-

10

12

8

11

12

5
15
5

7
7

"
*5

W omen

5
5
5
0

68.50

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

22

22

-

21

38

2

2

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE: E stim ates for all in dustries, nonmanufacturing, and public u tilities include data for railroad s (SIC 40), om itted from the scope
of all labor m arket wage surveys made before the w inter of 1959-60. Where significant, the effect of the in clusion of r a il­
roads is greatest on the data shown sep arately for the public u tilities division. The trend of earnings in selected occupational
groups in a ll in dustries, excluding railroad s, appears in table 2.

6
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.—'W ash., May I960)
A vkraqb

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Wom en — Continued
C lerks, accounting, c la ss A ---------------M anufacturing __________________ __________ ____
Nonmanufacturing -------------- — -------------------------R etail trade --------------------------------------------------------C lerks, accounting, c la ss B ---------------------------------------M anufacturing _________ _______________ _____________
Nonmanufacturing —----- ------- ---------------- — ____
Public u tilitie s 2 __________________________ __ __
R etail trade -------- ------------ ------------------------------C lerks, file, cla ss A
— — ---- ------- __ __ __
M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

190
79
111
51
598
146
452
79
197
48
45

N U M B ER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y EA RN IN G S OF—
$

$
Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

39.5 $85. 00
39.5 87.50
4 0 .0 83. 50
40. 0 80.50
4 0 .0 70. 00
4 0 .0 72.50
4 0 .0 69.50
4 0 .0 87.50
4 0 .0 66.50
39.5 69.50
39.5 69.50

$

$

_
_
_

_
-

32
2
30
1
4
4

_
31
2
29
15
1

276
42
234
26
255
88
167
282
123
159
61
49
392
186
206
82

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0.0

55. 00
61.50
54. 00
75.50
72. 00
69. 00
73.50
79. 00
78.50
79. 50
88. 00
70. 00
73. 50
77. 00
70. 50
66. 00

12
12
_
_
3
3
3

121
5
116
2
1
1
4
4
4
4
1
3
3

27
7
20
11
10
1
1
1
37
9
28
13

33

4 0.0

63. 00

-

-

4

Keypunch operators ___________________________________
M anufacturing _________ __ ____________________ __
Nonmnaufacturing ____ _ ____ __ -------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 _ __ ------------------ -------------------Office girls
------------------------- __ ____ __ _______
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Secretaries ------------- __ __ __ __ ___ __ __ __ _
M anufacturing _______________ _
Nonmanufacturing ________________ ___ __ ___ __
Public u tilitie s 2 ----- ------------ __ ____ _______
R etail trade — _ — ------- - — ------- — -------

276
85
191
82
168
144
636
242
394
118
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3. 00
70.00
74. 50
78.50
51.00
50. 00
85. 50
84. 00
86.50
94.50
78. 50

23
21
_
_

-

6
2
4
27
14
2
_
2




$

$

$

t

$

$

$

$

40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00 125. 00
and
~
~
~
"
~
~
~
■
~
“
~
“
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60.00 65.00 70. 00 75.00 80. 00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

C lerks, file, cla ss B — — ---- --------------- __ ____ __
M anufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _
_ ______
___
Nonmanufacturing --------— --------------------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 ---------- __ __ __ __
__ ____
C lerks, order —_ __ _ _____ _
__
_____
M anufacturing ----- ------------ __ _ --------- __ __
Nonmanufacturing _____ ______ _
___
__ __ __
C lerks, payroll
— __
__ —
___
M anufacturing _ __
__ __ __ ___ __
__ __
Nonmanufacturing — __ _
______ _________
Public u tilitie s 2 _ _ _ _ _ __ __ ---------------- __ __
R etail trade _____________________________________
Com ptom eter operators ----------------------------------------------M anufacturing __ _ — __ __ __ ----------- ----- Nonmanufacturing _ -------------------------------- ---------R etail trade - _ ___ __ ____________ _____
D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) _______________________________

See footnotes at end of table.

$

-

84
82
_
_
-

-

_
32
13
19
12
5
5

1
1
1
126
18
108
83
6
5

19
19
15
93
29
64
4
17
12
12

13
13
5
103
37
66
4
32
7
7

23
18
5
1
52
14
38
2
32
3
3

31
9
22
5
47
15
32
15
2
8
7

49
26
23
8
37
3
34
29
3
_
“

13
8
5
2
40
18
22
43
18
25
8
14
23
7
16
10

26
10
16
4
39
4
35
15
4
11
6
1
41
15
26
4

18
1
17
4
51
14
37
12
3
9
1
2
46
14
32
7

11
4
7
4
31
22
9
57
29
28
4
5
69
32
37
31

5
1
4
4
5
5
"
42
34
8
6
107
102
5
2

.
46
4
42
39
9
30
12
4
22
2
20
-

7

11

7

2

1

-

-

20
13
7
1
22
19
4
3
1

44
19
25
4
2
2
20
14
6
4
1

46
7
39
12
_
57
14
43
15
8

63
13
50
20
4
1
69
43
26
9
9

30
14
10
_
95
27
68
2
18

21
9
12
9
5
5
92
43
49
6
16

20
2
18
13
1
85
27
58
1
7

38
6
32
3
20
8
12
16
6----10
1
9
20
2
18
9

-

19
7
12
10
9
4
5
3
1
1

17
12
5
4
27
7
20
17
_
~

$

$

$

$

$

2
_
2
_
_
-

2
_
2

_
_
-

_
_
4
2
2
2
_
_
_
_
_
-

9
7
2
2
5
5
3
~
1
1

5
5

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

-

-

_
4
4
4
_
-

_
"
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

5
5
5
_
12
7
5
4
10
10
-

3
9
9
9
1
1
-

_
11
11
7
4
_
*

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
4
15
7
_
44
9
35
10
2

7
7
6
_
55
25
30
9
2

_
47
18
29
24

-

.
19
3
16
16

-

.
3
1
2
2

_
-

7
2
5
17
12
5
5
9
2
7

3

_
22
7
15
15

_
16
4
12
3

_
_
_
-

6
4
2
2

7

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.—W ash ., May I960)
Avshaqs
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
i
Number
1
$
$
$
$
$
$
of
Weekly, Weekly, 4 0 .0 0 45. 00 50.00 *55. 00 $60. 00 65. 00 70.00 75, 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 fo5.00 fio .o o f 15.00 *20.00 f 25.00
workers
hour* 1 earning!1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 5 .0 0 50.00 55. 00 60.00 65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 80.0 0 $5, 00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Wom en— Continued
82
14
68
3
26
5
21
_
7

111
22
89

4

41
3
38
17
17
_
6

_
-

3
3
3

30
10
20
_
4

90.00

.

.

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5

66. 00
73. 50
64. 00

“

253
90
163
35

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

68. 00
72. 00
65. 50
67. 00

.
-

-

468
116
352
49

39. 0 59. 00
40. 0 “67. 00“
39. 0 56. 00
40. 0 67. 50

4
4

81
1
80

Stenographers, general ---- — _
_
— —
M anufacturing __ ------- _ _ —
N onm anufacturing------- __
_ —
—
Public u tilities * ---------------- ---------------------------------Switchboard operators __ ------- ~ - - _ -----------M anufacturing - — — ------- _ _ _ _ _
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
Public u tilitie s 1 __ ------- __ _ ---- _ ------R etail tr a d e ------- — — ------- _ __ _ —

892
223
669
145
198
30
168
52
31

39. 5 $74. 50
4 0 .0 77. 00
39. 5 73. 50
40. 0 86. 50
40. 0 68. 00
40. 0 66. 50
4 0 .0 68. 50
4 0 .0 82. 00
40. 0 58.00

_
_
-

4

Switchboard op erator-recep tion ists
M anufacturing
__ _ __
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities * _ _ _ _ _
R etail trade
- -

277
118
159
28
28

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

67. 50
68. 00
67. 50
70. 00
62. 00

29

4 0 .0

T ranscribing-m achine operators, g e n e r a l-----------------M anufacturing _ _ _ _ _
- - —
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------

201
37
164

T ypists, c la ss A
_ _ _ _ _ _
_ _
M anufacturing
- __ _
- —
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities 2 --------------------------------------------------T ypists, c la ss B — - — - —
M anufacturing____ ____________ ....... ______________
Nonmanufacturing ---- --- —
Public u tilitie s 2
—
-

_

_ _

__ _

Tabulating-m achine operators, cla ss B

1
1
3
4

43
9
34
2
13

111
35
76
15
30
11
19
3
1

117
16
101
10
30
2
28
7
-

140
31
109
16
12
2
10
10
-

121
54
67
15
6
1
5
1

42
19
23
7
“

55
17
38
5
15

38
20
18
6
-

38
25
13
-

32
18
14
3
6

.

_

.

.

3

5
5

34
34

24
1
23

44
12
32

21
1
20

.

11
11
"

45
45
9

61
27
34
9
76
23
53
11

-

4

121
85
12 ” 22—
63
109
3
9

4

_
-

1
_
_
-

2
2
2
_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

2

1

2

-

-

"

"

-

-

~

7
4
3
1

.
~

_
■

.
-

.
-

_
-

-

"

1
1
1

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

54
30
14
16
16
16
-

42

14
28
14
14
14
13
-

54
5
49
41
_
_
"

12
5
7
7
_
_
-

14
4
10
3
-

12
1
11
1
-

10
3
7
3
-

3
1
2
-

3

2

6

9

17
17

33
9
24

17
12
5

4
2
2

2
2

34
8
26
6

36
21
15
5

40
23
17
2

15
3
12
3

4
4
"

26
18
8
3

26
1
25
16

27
24
3
3

14
13
1

4
2
2

24

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straigh t-tim e sala ries and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 125 to $ 130.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $ 125 to $ 130; 1 at $ 130 to $ 135; 1 at $ 135 to $ 140; 1 at $ 150 to $ 155.




4

-

4
4

.

_

8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.— ash. , May I960)
W
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

A vsbaqb

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
8
8
8
8
8
8
65. 00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120. 00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
under
70.00 75. 00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140,00 145.00

8

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

$

8

8

8

$

$

8

$

Men
D raftsm en, senior ------- ---- -------------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 _______________________________ _
D raftsm en, junior —---------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -------- _ ------------------------------------------

137
91
46
39

40. 0 $114.50
4 0 .0 114.50
40. 0 113.50
4 0 .0 114.00

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

6
6
-

"

"

■

"

■

"

■

.

19
14
5
5

24
14
10
3

18
2
16
16

31
24
7
7

98
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

93.00
92.50

2
2

9
9

13
12

7
7

26
12

10
10

21
18

9
6

1
-

35
30

40. 0
40. 0

87.50
85.50

8
8

2
2

4
4

1

4
4

4
4

4
3

4
2

1

.

2
2

-

Women
N u rses, industrial (registered) ---------------------------------M anufacturing _____________________________________




13
10
3
3

1
1
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

21
16
5
5

1
_______
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the in clusion of railroad s.

1
1

9
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, Or e g .—Wash. , May I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

C arpenters, m a in ten an ce--------------------- -------M anufacturing----- ------------ ----------------------N onm anufacturing---- ---------------- ------------Public u tilities 2 ------------------------------------E lectrician s, m aintenance ________________
M anufacturing---------- — __ ----------------------N onm anufacturing---------------------------------------public u tilities 2 ----- .------------------------------E ngineers, stationary ------- __ — _ -----M anufacturing______________________________
Nonmanufacturing — ------- ------- -----F irem en, stationary boiler — _______ —
M anufacturing---------- -------------------------- —
H elpers, trad es, m aintenance ________________
M anufacturing______________________________
N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 — ---------------- _ --------M achine-tool op erators, to o lr o o m ___________
M anufacturing---------- — — — _ _ — _
M achinists, m a in ten a n c e _____________________
M anufacturing---- — __ — ------M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) ___ _
M anufacturing___ ___
_________
Nonmanufacturing ------- — __ ---- —
Public u tilities 2 ________________________
M echanics, m a in ten an ce__ — —
M anufacturing _ __
__ — __
------M illwrights
M anufacturing — — __ — — ------------O ilers ---------- —.................... —
M anufacturing----- — ----- _ -

- -

P ainters, m aintenance -----------------------------------M anufacturing------ — ---- ------------P ip efitters, m aintenance -------------------------------M anufacturing _ __ — — — ------- ------------Sheet-m etal w orkers, m aintenance _ --------- _

Average
hourly
earnings

116
65
51
40
320
286
34
32
253
216
37
148
126
128
91
37
33
47
47
196
175
592
186
406
342
462
449
184
184

$2. 88
2.86
2. 90
2. 78
3. 06
3. 07
2.96
2.97
2. 81
2. 82
2. 77
2. 38
2. 36
2. 37
2. 36
2. 39
2. 36
2. 87
2. 87
3. 01
3. 03
2. 77
2. 73
2.79
2. 78
2.91
2.92
2.91
2.91

1 Under
$
2. 00

_
_
4
4
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
"

$2.00 12. 10 % 20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 % 60 % 70 % 80 $2. 90 $
2.
2.
2.
2.
3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 $3. 30 $3.40 *3. 50 *3. 60 $3. 70 *3. 80
and
vmder
2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2.80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90
_
_
_
1
1
.
_
_
_
_
"

~
.
_
13
13
6
6
_
.
2
_
"

_
_
22
19
22
17
5
5
_
_
_
5
5
_

8
8
_
_
70
63
57
34
23
23
_
_
_
_
_
•
24
24

2 ------j—
1
2

"

4
4

11
11

_
-

.
-

_
"

.
-

4
5 -------r

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

68
68

2. 38
5
2. 38 — r ~

70
52
97
96
36

2.98
2. 98
2.97
2. 98
2. 87

_

_

-

1 E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
1 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroad s.




19 13
12
6
7
7
7
7
1 46
1 25
- 21
- 20
4 40
- 40
4
_ 13
13
12 19
12 14
5
5
_
_
8
8
5 37
5 28
9
9
3 105
3 105
_ 22
" 22

!
1
4
4
9

1
1
1
10
10
_
10
6
4
4

12
12
12
10
10
78
60
18
12
4
_
-

16
16
9
6
87
87
87
15
7
1
1

_
20
8
84
84
"
20
20
_
"

13
13

8
8

2
1

_
-

-

-

4
4
4

_

-

.

-

9
9
68
68
57
53
4
4
4
_

7
7
33
33
41
41
_
-

22
7
15
13
30
29
1
1
1
_
-

4
4
5
5
"
_

_
14
14
33 40
33 40
315 40
48
rs
267 24
214 15
46 83
46 78
1 137
1 137

16
16
42
42
_
-

7
7
39
39
30
20
10
_
6
6

J

23
23
58
58
24

4
4 - - 1 42
1 36
- 6
- 6
_ _
- "
_ _
- _ -

-

1
1
31
25
6
6
_
_
_

8
5
3
_
_
_
.

_
9
9
9
_
.
■

_
14
8
_
_
_
■

_
“
_
“

-

96
96
_
"

1
1
9
9
15
5
10
8
47
47
23
23

7
7
14
14

12
7
17
17

_
-

3
-

4
4

2

-

2
2

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

_
2
2
_
-

_
_
_

-

1
"
4
4
_
_
7
7
-

-

-

“
14
14
40
40
_
"

“
_
-

~

_
"
-

10

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings £or selected occupations studied on an are a basis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.—W ash., May I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation1 and industry division

Num
ber
of

1
1 .0 0

$
1. 10

*
1 .2 0

%

1. 50

S
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

1.5Q

_L ^0_

ATLQ-

1 .8 0

■

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

-1 .1Q

Avenge
hourly

under
—

—

E levator op erators, p assen ger
(w o m e n )_______ ____ __
N onm anufacturing_____
__ ___
________
R etail t r a d e ___
________
______________

91
91
41

$ 1 . 33
1 .3 3
1. 32

9
9
9

12
12
2

29
29
1

li
li
10

19
19
19

______________________________________________

31

2. 35

_

_

_

_

_

1, 123
481
642
112
237

1 .8 2
1 .9 7
1 .7 1
1 .8 7
1. 62

-

6
6
-

59
6
53
32

23
s
18
3

38
13
25
23

196

176
72

1. 57
1.60

10

14
10

2

L a b o r e rs, m aterial handling _ _____________
M an ufactu ring______
__ _______________
___ __ ___ __
N onm an ufactu ring_____
Public u tilities 3 ___ ___ __
_
_____
Retail t r a d e ________ _____ — ----- ------------

1, 566
735
831
387
88

2. 28
2. 22
2. 33
2.46
1.87

Order f ille r s
_____ __________
___
_____
------------------- ---------M an ufactu ring----- —
N on m anufacturing---------------------------------------------Retail t r a d e ---------------- ---------- -------------------

808
85
723
153

2. 26
2. 38
2. 25
2. 25

________
P ack e rs, shipping ____ __ __________
N on m an ufactu ring_______________ — _____ __

355
321

R eceiving c ler k s
---------------- _
----- -------- —
-------- __ ----M an ufactu ring----------------— — _______
N on m anufacturing_____ ___
Retail t r a d e __________________________________

Janitors, p o rte rs, and c lean ers (men) ------------Manufacturing —
---------- ----- ------ -----Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Public u tilities 3 __
--------------------------- ----R etail t r a d e -------------------__ ------------- ----

Janitors, p o rte rs, and c lean ers
__
__
__________
(women) _________ _____
N on m anufacturing-------- - ____________________
Public u tilities 3 __________________________ _

1. 58

-

3

3

-

36
11
25
5
14

175
36
139
34
48

64
30

67

53
21

57

21

9
9
9

8
2
6
6

20
20
6

-

8
8
7

.
-

.
-

11
11

_

.

1

~

"

i

-

1
1
1

.
■

.

-

-

~

■

~

-

-

-

1

170
72
38

2. 34
2. 39
2. 27
2. 17

.
-

_
-

Shipping clerk s _____________________________________
M an ufactu ring-------------- -------- __ __ ----N on m anufacturing----------------------------------------------

163
?1
92

2.41
1.44
2. 38

Shipping and receiving clerk s „
____________
M an ufactu ring____
__ ___
„ ----- __ __
N on m anufacturing___ __ _____ ________

191
80
111

2 .43
1 £6
.
2. 33

“

.
-

1

-

.
-

“

-

1
1

-

“

1

“

7
7

-

-

-

9

$
2. 50

%
2 .6 0

S
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

■

“

-

-

“

-

_

2

4

_

8

4

2

7

.

~
4

309
55
254
2
110

16
5
11
7

137
80
57
50
-

105
92
13
13

126
97
29
4

31
17
14
4

50
46
4
-

12
12
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

16
7

1
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

16
10
6
6

17
13
4
4

73
69
4
4

52
26
26
22

380 281
377 42
3 239
2 25
1 18

185
17
168
60
4

139
40
99
73

364
122
242
217

16
6
10
10

11
11

-

*

6
2
4
3

-

5
5
5

4
1
3
3

16

24 301
rr
10
12 291
12

352
352
101

19
19
19

.

13

18

3

-

-

-

-

21
209
2$9~ ------ i t

79
79

3

15

-

8
4
4

8
1
7
7

4
2
2

-

“

i
■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

$

$

2.90 3.00

%
3. 10
-

.

1
1

1

9

$
2 .4 0

3 .2 0

-

.

-

2

~

7
-

$
2. 30

- i
~

■

2 .25
2. 29

.

1

1
2. 20

“

i
-

“

1

$
2. 10

.

“

.

■

18

$
2 .0 0

4
4
4

.

.




_

.

10

"

See footnotes at end of table,

_

*
1 .9 0

2 .1 0

-

'

■

.

11
11
"

s
1 .8 0

1

--------¥1 —\r~

4
4
!

1

-

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

“

.
-

_
_

_
_
.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

1

—

YT~—
-

9

-------- ^

—

2

r —
■

14
10

5
5

4

~

-

2
2

25

4
4

3

nr
34

1
1
"

33

12
21

28

—rr

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

_
_

_
-

22
7
15
10

82
22
60

19
19

10
5

78
31
8 — rr
70
4

-------- 5

-

1

rr
-

5

TT~—

3

17
—

-

9

6
3
3

11
11
~

2

6
------- F~ ----- 5
_
.
■

8

17

— rr
_

5

-

-

_

-

3
5

-

12
12

_

4

■

-

■

~
■

19
19

-

1

_

T

j
_

1

8

5

------ —

11

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an are a basis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.— ash., May I960)
W
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation

1

N ber
um
and industry d ivision

4

a
t

w
orkers

Average
hourly
earnings

$

$

$

2 1.00 1 . 10 1.20
and
under
1 . 10 1 . 20 1 .3 0

T r u ck d r iv e r s
--------- -------------- _ -------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------- ------------------------------Public u tilit ie s
- ------------- — — --------R etail trade -------------------------------------------------

2 ,6 5 9
626
2, 033
1, 558
224

$ 2 .5 3
2 .5 9
2 .5 2
2 .5 0
2 .5 1

T ru ck d rivers, light (under ll/z tons) -------Manufacturing ___ — ------ — -------------Nonmanufacturing — -------- --------------------

204
41
163

2. 37

3

1 2

T ru ck d rivers, m edium ( V to and
including 4 tons)
_ __ -------- — ------------—
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------- -------------Public u tilities
--------------------------------- Retail trade —----------------------------------------

3

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra ile r type)
— —----- — — — --------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------- Public utilities

3

-----------------------------------

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra ile r type) ------------------------------Manufacturing
— ------------- --------------

1, 245
154
1, 091
1, 009
41

831
277
554
303

325
123

2.21

2 .4 1

2 . 49
2 .5 3
2 .4 9
2 .4 9
2 .5 5

-

-

-

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

-

-

$
1 .4 0

-

-

$
1. 30

.
-

“

-

-

-

"
.
-

-

-

2 .6 1
2 .8 0

-

-

109

2 .5 0

“

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) ------- -----------------------Manufacturing ____ _____ __ __ ____ ____ ___ ____
Nonmanufacturing —------------------------------------------------------------------------------Public utilities

577
354
223
104

2. 38
2. 35
2 .4 3
2 .4 3

-

-

T ru ck ers, power (other than forklift) ------ —
Manufacturing ___ __ — -------- — ---------- _

58
56

2. 37
2. 37

Watchm en
__ —
—
— — —
Manufacturing
____ — _
_
— --------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________ _
Public utilities
— ------------------------- —

233
160
73
48

1 .9 8
1 .9 3
2 .0 8

-

-

1 .8 0

1
1

10

6
6
6

$

2 . 80 2 .9 0

$

*
3 .0 0

$
3. 10

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 60

2. 70

2 .,80

2 . 90

3,.

3. 10

3. 20

16

-

-

"

6
6

6
6

-

1
1

10
10
-

11
8

2
2

3

2
2

-

$

-

1
1

-

2 . 70

43
28
15
-

"

-

$
2 .6 0

7

-

.

$
2 .5 0

10
6

-

6
6

$
2. 40

S

1
6
6

-

3
3

-

$
2. 30

$

$

2
2

13

-

$

2 ,.00 2 . 10 2 .. 20

1 .9 0

-

-

5
-

-

"

-

5

■

-

-

1
1

1.96

-

■

-

"

-

-

■

4
-

4

■

2
2
-

-

6
1

5

-

4
4

4

1 Data lim ited to m en w orkers except w here otherw ise indicated.
2 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes all d riv e rs reg ard less of size and type of truck operated.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railro ad s.




1 .7 0

-

-

'

3

-

-

-

1 .,6 0

1 ..9 0 2 . 00 2 .. 10 2 . 20

$
1 .8 0

-

-

-

36
30

128

22

6
4
2

106
40
60

8
8

13

4

■

5

20

35

20
20

15
-

-

8

-

-

"

5
5
-

"
4
-

4
4

-

-

-

20
9
11

44
44
-

-

-

"

*

4

-

■

-

-

10
10
-

~
32
32
-

36
36
-

106
24
82
7

67

6l
6
_
6

13

10

_
_
_

3
_
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

“

44
44
38

225

800
3
797
763

46
36

12
4
8

46
46
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

3
3
_

-

-

-

-

11
5
5

25
25

11
8

•

-

-

-

53
53

42
42

2
2

_

“

-

-

-

-

18
18
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

-

~

2
2

-

-

-

8

217
204
13

171

10
4
6

22

313
94
219
218

248
38

72
72

39

47

8

210
6

39
7

2
1
1

93

-

-

-

-

55
"

39
39

93
69

-

18
4
14
-

82
73
9

82
46
36

10

204
60
144
90

76
42
34
4

30
30
-

-

10
10

3

113
113
_
_

12

75

20

"

22
20

18
18

19
9

50
50

40
31
9
9

9
4
5
5

-

9
7

18
18

2

2

308

86
222
10
102

126

-

-

121

138

-

10

1356
1235
1173
23

9
9

5

-

-

444
107
337
324
13

00

2
2

5

_ -------- --------------------

3

-

$
1. 70

99

2 . 49

3

.
-

1 ., 50

$
1 .6 0

2 .6 0
2 .5 9
2 .6 0
2 .5 4

202

Public u tilit ie s

-

~

-

-

*

18

2

-

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(P ercen t of manufacturing plant w ork ers in establish m en ts having fo rm a l p rovisions for shift w ork, and in establishm ents
actually operating late shifts by type and amount of differen tial, Portland, O r e g .— a s h ., M ay I960)
W
In establish m en ts having form al
p rovision s
for—

1

Shift d ifferen tial
Second shift
w ork

Total —

— ~

—

—

With shift pay d ifferen tial

-

-

------

—

—

—

----------------------------------------

Uniform cents (per h o u r ) ---------

----------

------ —

3
4
5
7

cents — _ . . .
_
__
____
__ _ —
cents ___-___ ______ __ ____ _____ —--------- ------------—
-------— - — —
c e n t s -----— — —
cents _______ ______ ______________________________
7 cents __ — -------- ---------- —
lh
— ~
_ ____
rpntfl
_
cents ____________ _________ ____ ___ ______________
cents —
--------- _
----- _ -------- —
-----—-------____ —
cents __ — — — —
Over 12 and under 15 cents
„
______ —
15 cents ______________________ — _____________ __
Over 15 cents — —
_ --------- ------------- —

8
9
10
12

9 7 .4

Third or other
shift work

91. 3

In establish m en ts actually
operating—
Second shift

1 8 .4

Third or other
shift

7 .0

9 2 .7

91.2

17. 3

6 .9

1

5 0 .5

11 . 1

5 .0

2 .9
8 .4
4. 2
1 .5
4 .2
5 .9

8 .7
4 .2
-

61.

_

11.6

11.6

1 4 .5
.4
3 .2

7. 1
5 .5
9 .7
3 .8

2.6
1.8

. 3

.
_
.7

1.6
( 2)
. 2
1. 2
1.2
2 .7
2. 1
( 2)
1. 1

.6
1.8

.4
. 3

(2)
.9
.7
. 3

--------------- ------------------ -----------

1 3 .6

8 .5

4. 1

.8

5 percent
___________________ —
percent _____________ ______________ _____ ____ _
15 percent
------------- - --------------------------------

.9
1 2 .7
-

_
3 .2
5. 3

.4
3 .7
"

. 1
.6

6.1
1

1 .4

.6

1.2

. 3
. 3

(2)

. 1

1. 1

Uniform percentage

10

F u ll d a y 's pay for reduced hours
F u ll d a y 's pay for reduced hours plus
cents d ifferen tial
. . .
—
F u ll d a y 's pay for reduced hours plus
percentage d ifferen tial —
— ------ -—
Other shift pay d ifferen tial --------- ------ - --------

No shift pay differen tial

1

-

_ _ _ _ _

. _ __

1 .7
1 4 .0

1.2

1.0

4. 7

Includes establish m en ts currently operating
though they w ere not currently operating late sh ifts.
* L e s s than 0. 05 percent.

late sh ifts,

18.

6 .7

. 1

_

.5

. 1

and establish m en ts with fo r m a l provieioae cowering late shifts

even

13

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice W orkers
(D istrib u tion of esta b lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m entrance sa
of in exp erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s, P ortlan d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M ay I960)
I n e x p e rie n ce d ty p is ts

M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d —

—

------------------------

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m __

$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5. 00
$ 5 7. 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 . 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-----

_

__ -----

. . .

u n d e r $ 4 2 . 50 __ ---------------------u n d e r $ 4 5 . 00 --------------------- —
u n d e r $ 4 7 . 50 ..........
....................................
u n d er $ 5 0 .0 0
----_
__
— __
----u n d e r $ 5 2 . 50 __
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 00 ------------------------- -------------------------------------u n d e r $ 5 7 . 50 __________________________________________
u n d er $ 6 0 .0 0
-----__
__ ----u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50 _____
u n d er $ 6 5 .0 0
-------- ----— _
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50 _____
u n d er $ 7 0 .0 0
___
_ _
------- —
u n d er $ 7 2 .5 0
__
—
— —
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 __________________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 7 . 50 __________________________________________
o v e r --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

— -----

A ll
s c h e d u le s

XXX

88

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

151

63

XXX

88

40




See note on p. 14, re la tiv e to the in clu sion of r a ilr o a d s .

40

63

62

24

23

38

35

72

28

27

44

39

!

_

_
1
3
2
3
2

1
3
3
3
6
2
2

_

1
3
2
4
2

1
4
4
3
6
2
2
1
3

_

5
7
5
10
4
2
3
3
2
6
6

1
3
3
5
1

1
3
3
4
1
*
5

3
4
6
3
5
1
3
3
4
2
3
1
1
1
-

3
3
4
3
4
1
3
2
4
2
3
1
1
1
-

-

4
4
1

3
4
4
1

3

XXX

18

XXX

39

20

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

32

XXX

40

15

XXX

25

XXX

-

4

2
2
2
2
1
1

2
2
2
2
2
1
1

39

21

18

-

2
2

2
-

XXX

3
5
9
6
10
2
3
8
4
3
5
3
1
5
5

-

3

-

-

5
-

-

1
2
2
-

4

1

L o w e st s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d fo r h irin g in exp erien ced w o r k e r s fo r typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
R a te s ap plicab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le ric a l jo b s are not c o n sid e r e d .
H ou rs r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e their r eg u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a r e p resen ted fo r a ll w orkw eeks com b in ed,

NOTE:

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—

151

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s

1
*
3

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll

40

50

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

1
2
2
-

4

1

4

4

and fo r the m o s t c om m on w orkw eek rep o rted .

14
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s 'b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P o r t la n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y I9 6 0 )

Manufacturing

OFFICE WORKERS
Public
utilities2

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

---- __ __ __ — —
35 h o urs ---- --------O ver 35 and under 37x/2 h o u r s __
__ -------371/2 h o u r s ___ ___ __
__ ___ „ — —
O ver 371/2 and under 40 h o urs --------- __ __ __
40 h o urs __ __ ______ ___ — _______ __
O ver 40 and under 44 h o u r s -------------- ------- ~
44 h o u r8
_

5
7
5
82
1
1

4
(4)
93
2

O v e r 4 4 h o u r s ------

( 4)

( 4)

W eekly hours

All
industries1

A ll w o r k e r s __________ ___________ ____ ____

1
2
3
4

— __

_ ----

--------

-

-

2
98

-

PLANT WORKERS
AH ,
industries 3

Finance

Manufacturing

100
2
1

-

95
5
(4)

100
4
1

95
(4)

94

-

_
-

_
-

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




NOTE:

E s t i m a t e s f o r a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s in c lu d e d a ta f o r r a i l r o a d s (S IC 4 0 ) , o m it t e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f a l l l a b o r m a r k e t
w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 .
W h e r e s i g n if i c a n t , th e e f f e c t o f th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s i s g r e a t e s t o n th e
d a ta s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r th e p u b lic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .

Publicutilities2

Retail trade

100

100

_
_
_

_
_
_

100
_
-

93
2
5

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , P o r t la n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y I9 6 0 )
O F FIC E W O R K E R S

Item

All .
industries1

------------------------------------------- ------- —

A ll w ork ers

—

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
paid h olidays ____ ___ ________ . . . . . ______________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
no paid holid ays --------------------------------------------------- —

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

|

Retail trade

Finance

I

PLAN T WORKERS

A
U

industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

99

100

96

98

97

90

4

2

3

10

2
1
35
-

.

25
-

.
5
7
-

11
75
-

59
-

72
-

4

14
-

14
-

'

'

(4 )

”

(4 )

.

_

48
1

4
-

39
-

71

N u m b e r off d a y s
L e s s than 5 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------h olid ays . --------- — — — — — ------- — _
h olid ays -------------- --------------------- — _ . — — —
h olidays p lus 1 h alf day --------------------------------------7 holid ays ------------- --------------- --------- --------------------7 holid ays p lus 1 h alf day - ——— — — -----7 h olid ays p lus 2 h alf days -------------------------------holid ays ------------------ ------------------------------- — —
h olidays p lus
h alf day ------ ------------------- —
h olid ays
__ ___ - ________ ___ - _______ - _- ________
h o lid a y . --------------------------------------------------------------

5
6

6

8
8
9
12

1

(4 )

33

(4 )
48
(4 )
(4 )
13
5

1
10

(4 )
(4 )

(4 )

-

1

24
-

1
92
7
-

46
(4 )

11
-

tim e

2

d ays
d ays
days
d ays

-

-

5

12 days ------- — — — — ------------ — — --------9 or m o r e d ays ---------------- ------------------- -------8 V 2 or m o r e days ---------------------------------------------- 8 or m o r e d ays ----------------------------------------------------7 1/2 or m o r e d ays ------------------------------------------------7 or m o r e days -----------------------------------------------------6 V 2 or m o r e d ays --------------- ------------------------------6 or m o r e days -------------------------------- --------------------5 or m o r e
4 or m o r e
3 or m o r e
or m o r e

-

“
'

T o ta l h o l i d a y

1

-------- ------------------------- —
_______ ^___________ ____ ,_______

-------- --------- — — ---------- -----------------------------------------------------------------

(4 )

1

_
(4 )
(4 )

5
18
19

12
12

99
99
99
99
99

100
100
100
100
100

66
66

51
52

_
-

-

24
25
96
96
99
99
99
99
99

_
-

-

7
7
99
99

100
100
100

_
-

-

12
12
58
58
92
94
95
95
96

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

15
15
74
74
98
98
98
98
98

14
14
85
85
92
97
97
97
97

-

4
4
79
79
84
87
90

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t ,
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w it h 7 f u l l d a y s and
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e t h e n c u m u la t e d .
NOTE:




S e e n o t e o n p . 1 4,

r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v isio n s, P ortlan d , O r e g .—W ash . , M ay I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

PLANT WORKERS

__

__________

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100

100
100

-

-

100
100
-

100
96
4
-

100
92
8
-

100
100
_

100
100
_
_

'

A l l w o r k e r s ______________

AU
industries1

'

'

'

~

-

■

2
40
3
1

2
33
11
3

_
27
3
■

16
6
-

11
6
2

5
19

19
4

■

10
8
1
-

~

"

-

38
59
( 5)
2
1

34
58
8

66
31
3

85
15
-

84
1
13
( 5)
2

86
1
10
3
-

75
_
25
_
_

93

11
9
75
2
2
1

10
4
78
8

10
29
58

23
77

63
16
17
_
3
“

48
_
52
_
_

1
1
93

_
5
84

2

4
23
70
_

8

26
_
74
_
_

PubHe,
utilities*

Retail trade

A
H
industries 3

Finance

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

M e t h o d off p o y m w t

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ____________ _ ___
_____________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _______ _____ _____
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -------- -------- -------------- „
O t h e r _________________
_________ __ __ _____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
__ _ _____
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________ _

A m o u n t off v o c a t i o n

-

-

pa y4

A f t e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w e e k _______________ __ ___
__ _______________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________ _____________
2 w e e k s _____________ __ __ _____________ _____ __

_

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __ ________________
__ ___ ______________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________ __ _____ __
2 w e e k s _____ _______________________________ _____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------3 w e e k s ____________ _____________ ________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________

“

~

-

7
_
_
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
l w e e k _______ _____ __ __ ____ ________ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____ _____
___
3 w e e k s _____ _____ _____________ _____
__ _ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____
- __
-----------

-

-

-

56
9
33
( 5)
2

-

3

41
_
59
_
-

A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 w e e k s __________________ __________________
_____
O ver
a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____ — __ _________
3 w e e k s ______________ „_,__,___________________ __ __
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____
__
----- ----

2

See footnotes at end of table,




3

1

3

_
97
-

-

3

1
99
-

I

|

7
14
77
(* )

-

2

3

4
_
96
_

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P erc en t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , P ortland , O r e g .— a s h ., M ay I960)
W

PLANT WORKERS

O F FIC E W O RK ER S

V a c a t io n p o l i c y

Public ,
utilities 2

an

Manufacturing

(5 )
94
3
2
1

89
3
8

97

-

3

industries1

Retail trade

Finance

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

Retail trade

Amount of vocation p a y 4— Continued

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------- -------- ------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------

_

_
-

1
97
1

(* )
96
1
2

-

(* )
49
6
45

_
100
_
-

2
96
_
2

-

-

-

1
76
23

_
95
1
4

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ------------------------- --------------------------- -----------2 w eeks
------------------------------- — — ------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w p p Its
...........
. _
......
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s
------ __ __ _____

_

(* )
57
2
40
1

47
6
47
"

(S)
15
84
1

27
73
-

_
70
(* )
27
3

_

_

-

41
8
51
~

78
3
19
-

1
17
81
-

(*>
18
81
1

_

_

14
84
1

(* )
99
-

(* )
16
77
1

(* )
82

6

12
86
1
1

(8 )
16

12

64
5

(* )
82

19

18

2
49
49
“

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ------------------2 w e e k s ___________
3 w e e k s ---------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4

------------------------------------__________________________
-------------- ------------------------------w eeks
-------------------------------

_

_

2
96
3

2
26
72
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------- -------------- -------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________ ________________

(5 )
14
73
1
13

_

_

22
73

2
70

1
17
77

25

4

_

5

3

-

_

2
26
64

_

_

18

9

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w pp|
t
2 w e e k s ---------------- ------------------------------------------------------- „
3 w e e k s ---------------------------- — ~ —
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
------------------- -------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------- — -------------- —

1
2
3
4
s e r v ic e
1
of

(» )
13
59
1
26

_

20
60
3
17

_

1
17

2
69

43

63

-

27

38

3
18

3

In cludes data fo r w h o lesa le tr a d e ; finance, in su ran ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r an sp ortation , com m u nication, and other p ublic u tilit ie s .
In cludes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex a m p le,
include changes in p r o v isio n s oc cu r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.

_

_

_




_

20

the changes in p rop ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s '

N O T E : See note on p . 1 4 , re la tiv e to the in clu sion of r a ilr o a d s .
In the tabulation o f vacatio n allo w a n c es by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , p aym en ts other than "le n g th o f tim e , "
ea rn in g s or fla t -s u m p ay m e n ts, w e r e converted to an equivalent t im e b a s is ; fo r ex a m p le, a paym ent o f
p ercen t o f annual ea rn in g s w as con sid ere d a s
w e e k 's p ay.

2

2
26

53

1

such as

p ercen tage

18

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercen t of office and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s em ployed in estab lish m en ts providing
health, in su ra n ce, or pen sion b en efits, P ortland, O reg .—W ash ., .May I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit

A ll w o r k e r s ________

____ ______ ___

W orkers in estab lish m en ts providing:
L ife in su ran ce ___ ___ ___ ____ __
A ccid en tal death and d ism em b erm en t
in su ran ce _ __ ---- ---- ------- __ ____
S ick n ess and acciden t in su ran ce or
sic k lea v e or b oth 4 __
__ ___ __ __
S ick n ess and acciden t in s u r a n c e ____ __
Sick lea v e (full pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )____ ____ ______ __
Sick lea v e (p artial pay or
w aiting period) __________ ______ „ __
H osp italization in su r a n c e ___________________
Su rgical in su r a n c e --------- __ ------- _ __ —
M edical in su rance __________________________
C atastrophe in su r a n c e ---------------------------------R etirem en t p e n sio n ________________ __________
No health, in su ra n ce, or pen sion p la n ____

PLANT WORKERS

AU
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

85

87

61

74

76

90

52

54

46

62

29

63

58

75

26

43

72

78

81

73

83

88

70

74

38

56

16

41

71

82

38

61

44

47

33

6

4

2

38

14

1
12

14

10

22
16

30

15

85
85
80
40
72

85
85
80

73
73
73
55
62

77
77
47
54
54

89
89
81

91
91
83

54
3

53
3

81
81
81
43
71

90
90
71
56
44
5

2

21
6

71

Finance

AU
industries 3

22

Manufacturing

8

PubUc
utilities2

Retail trade

100

1 Includes data for w h o lesale trade; finance, in su ra n ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 T ransportation, com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o lesale trad e, rea l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep arately.
4 U nduplicated total of w ork ers r eceiv in g sic k lea v e or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ra n ce shown sep a ra tely below . S ick -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a st
the m inim um num ber of d a y s1 pay that can be exp ected by each em p loyee. Inform al s ic k -le a v e allo w an ces determ ined on an individual b a sis a re exclud ed.
NOTE: See note on p. 14, rela tiv e to the in clu sion of r a ilro a d s.




19

Appendix: Occupational Doscriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)— Uses a special billing ma­

chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)

— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




Class A

— Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.

Class B

— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A

— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

CLERK, PAYROLL

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal entries; may direct class B accounting
clerks.

Class B

— Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accountingwork is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Class B

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

— In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the files. May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
— Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




any combination of the following:

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

21

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc.
(see transcribing-machine operator).

Does not include transcribing-machine

work

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc.

Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.




Class A

— Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.

Does not include
Class B

— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter,,reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class

C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

22

TYPIST—-Continued

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little special training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
or

one or more of the following:

Performs
Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

PRO FESSIO NAL

Class B

one or more of the following:

— Performs
Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

AND TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve
Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May assist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

a combination of the following:

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve
Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

tion of the following:

a combiner

TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve
Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

a combination of the following:

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

23

MAINTENANCE

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

most of the following:

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves
Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

most of the following:

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
supervise these operations.

also
Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves
Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.

most of the following:

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal
of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most
Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and
of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

parts

of the following:
laying out

24

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

are required. Work involves
Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves
Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

most of the following:

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves
Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective^
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

most of the following:

primary duties

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




most of the following:

OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates Walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work
Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

involves the following:

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* , In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience.

most of the following:

Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

25

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves
Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

most of the following:

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves
Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

most of the following:

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND M ATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve
Sweeping, mopping
scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte*
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

or

a combination of the following:

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.

Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve
W
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

one or more of the follow-

26

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with sp ecificatio n s on sa le s sH ps, custom ers'
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sib le for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in d u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various fypes'of e sta b ­
lishm ents such a s: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and re ta il estab lish m en ts, or between retail establishm ents
and custom ers' houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout h elpers, make minor m echanical rep airs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c lassified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under ly2 tons )
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, he airy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRIN TING OFFICE : I8 6 0 0 — 558477







O ccupational Wage Surveys
O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor m arkets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese b u lletin s, when av ailable,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.

Allentown—Bethlehem —E aston, P a .—N .J., March I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-33, price 25 cents
Baltim ore, Md., September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Birmingham, Ala., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-37, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C incinnati, Ohio—Ky., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-31,
price 25 cents
C leveland, Ohio, September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Des Moines, Iowa, February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-30, price 25 cents
D etroit, Mich., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
K ansas City, Mo.—K ans., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-23,
price 25 cents
Los A ngeles—Long Beach, C alif., April I960—BLS Bull. 1265-35,
price 25 cents




Memphis, Tenn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la ., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cen ts
M inneapolis—St. Paul, Minn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-21,
price 25 cents
Newark and Jersey City, N .J., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-28,
price 25 cents
New O rleans, L a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-32, price 25 cents
P hiladelphia, P a., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-16,
price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Providence, R .I., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-34, price 25 cents
Richmond, V a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—O ntario, C alif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —Oakland, C alif., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-17,
price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-29, price 2 0 cents
South Bend, Ind., April I960—BLS Bull. 1265-38, price 25 cen ts
W ashington, D .C .—Md.—V a., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-18
price 25 cents
Waterbury, Conn., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-36, price 25 cents
York, P a ., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-27, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102