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i

Occupational Wage Survey

ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS
APRIL 1960

Bui etin No. 1265-47




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS
APRIL 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-47
July i960
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington

25,

D.C.

Price

25

cents




Preface
The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The B ureau of Labor S tatistics regularly conducts
areaw ide wage surveys in a num ber of im portant industrial
ce n te rs. The stu d ies, made from late fall to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A prelim inary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the ea rlier report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin sum m arizing the resu lts of all of the
y e a r 's su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the final area
bulletin for the curren t round of su rveys.
This report was prepared in the B u rea u 's regional
office in C hicago, 111., by Woodrow C. Linn, under the d i­
rection of G eorge E . Votava, R egional Wage and Industrial
R elations A nalyst.




Contents
Introduction --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Page
1

T ables:
1 . E stab lish m en ts and w orkers within scope of survey _________

2

A: O ccupational earnings: *
A - 1. O ffice occupations ________________________________________
A -2. P ro fessio n a l and techn ical occupations -----------------------A -3. M aintenance and power plant occupations _______________
A -4 . C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations -------------

4
5
6
7

B: E stablishm en t p ractices and supplem entary
wage provisions: *
B - l . Shift differentials -------------------------------------------------------------B -2 . M inim um entrance sa la rie s for wom en
office w orkers _________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours -------------------------------------------------B -4 . Paid holidays _____________________________________________
B -5 . P aid vacations ------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . H ealth, insuran ce, and pension plans ----------------------------

8
9
9
10
11
13

Appendix: Occupational descrip tion s --------------------------------------------------

15

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations for these and other item s
are available in the reports for su rveys in other m ajor
a r ea s. A directory indicating date of study and the price
o f the reports is available upon req u est.




Occupational Wage Survey—Rockford, III.
Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L ab or's B ureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a sis. In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resentative establishm ents
within six broad industry divisions: M anufacturing; tran sp orta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insuran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from these studies are governm ent operations
and the construction and extractive in d u stries. E stablishm en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w ar­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d ivision s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying all estab lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at m inim um co st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how­
ever, all estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim ates
based on the estab lish m en ts studied are presented, th erefore, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cept for those below the m inim um size studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selected for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform set of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties within the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of these d escrip tion s.) E arnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice clerica l; (b) p rofession al and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w ork ers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and
1 R ailroads, form erly excluded from the scope of these stu d ies,
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; railroads w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
year. F or scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where w eekly
hours are reported, as for office cle r ic a l occupations, referen ce is
to the work schedules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la ries are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half dollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are presented sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay lev els of m en and wom en in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differen ces in the distribution of the sex es among
industries and establishm en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ssifie d within
the sam e survey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average serv ic e of m en would resu lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
descriptions used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen eralized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces among estab lish m en ts in specifip duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally surveyed. B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T hese d ifferen ces in occu ­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the ea rn ings data.
E stablishm en t P ra ctices and Supplem entary Wage P rovision s
Inform ation is presented also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected establishm ent p ractices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w ork ers. The term "office w ork ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erviso rs and nonsupervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and excludes adm in­
istr a tiv e, execu tive, and p rofession al person n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all nonsu p ervisory w orkers (including lead m en and train ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
execu tive, and p rofession al em p lo yees, and force-accou n t construction
em ployees who are u tilized as a separate work force are excluded.
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.

2




T ab le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers within scope of su rv e y and num ber studied in R o ck fo rd , 111. , 1 by m a jo r in du stry d iv isio n , 2 A p r il I9 6 0
N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts

M in im um
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

Within
scope of
study 3

_______________________________________

51

154

74

4 3 ,4 0 0

5 ,9 0 0

M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing _ _____________________________
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ication , and
other public u tilities 5 --------------------- -------W h o le sa le trade ----------------------------------------------R e ta il trade ----------------------------------------------------F in an c e, in su ra n ce , and re a l esta te -----S e r v ic e s 7 ------------------------------------------------------------

51
51

96
58

43
31

3 6 ,2 0 0
7 ,2 0 0

4 ,2 0 0
1 ,7 0 0

7
4
13
4
3

1 ,8 0 0
800
3 ,3 0 0
800
500

400

Industry d ivision

A ll d iv ision s

1

51
51
51
51
51

10
8
25
9

6

W ithin scope o f study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffice

(?)
l? )
(?)
( 6)

P lant

3 1 ,4 0 0

26,800
4 ,6 0 0

1,200
(?)
(?)
(?)
( 6)

T otal 4

3 1 ,1 2 0
2 5 , 990
5 , 130

1

, 610
530
2 ,3 0 0
390
300

The R o ck ford M etrop olitan A r e a (W innebago C oun ty). The "w o r k e r s within scope o f stu d y " e stim a te s shown in this table provide a r eason ab ly accu rate d esc rip tion
o f the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su r v e y .
The e s tim a te s are not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n with other a r e a e m ­
p loym ent in dexes to m e a su r e em p loym en t trend s o r le v e ls sin ce ( l ) planning o f w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p iled c o n sid era b ly in advance of
the p a y r o ll p eriod stud ied , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts a re exclu d ed fr o m the scope o f the su rv e y .
The 1957 r e v is e d edition o f the Standard In d ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n . M a jo r changes fr o m the e a r lie r
edition (used in the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age su rv e y p ro g r a m p r io r to the w inter o f 1958—59j are the tr a n sfe r o f m ilk p aste u rization plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c on crete
e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m trade (w h olesale o r r e ta il) to m an ufacturin g, and the tr a n sfe r o f rad io and te le v isio n b r oad castin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp ortation , com m u n ication ,
and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
Includes a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (within the area ) o f com p an ies in such in d u strie s as tra d e ,
fin a n ce, auto r ep a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs are c o n sid e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
Includes ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the sep arate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
R a ilr o a d s w ere included; ta xicab s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp ortation w ere ex clu d ed .
T h is in du stry d ivision is rep r e se n te d in e stim a te s fo r "a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s , although c o v era g e w as in su fficie n t to
ju stify sep a ra te p resen tation of d ata.
H o te ls; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir sh op s; m otion p ictu r e s; n onprofit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iza tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a rc h itec tu ra l s e r v ic e s .

2

3
4
5
4
7

3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earnings, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b asis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percent of
annual earnings was con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w eek 1s pay.

Data are presented for all health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg a l requirem ents such as workmen* s com pensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a com ­
m ercia l insurance com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t aside for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life insu ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is limited* to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer contributes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tion s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
because of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers w ho*receive eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es referred to as, extended
m ed ical insuran ce, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em ployees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ical, and su rgical plans.
M edical insurance refers to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of doctors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organizations or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er's life .

2 An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a policy if it m et
either of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovisions coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first section of
table B -3) in surveys made prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
presented in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in offices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at lea st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sick -lea v e allow an ces, d eterm ined on an individual b a sis,
w ere excluded.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 presented in term s of total plant worker em ploy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ractice, presented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the survey.
In estab lish m ents having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "other" was u sed. In estab lish m en ts in which som e la teshift hours are paid at norm al ra tes, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the estab ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are presented on an establishm ent, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b asis that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ractices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b asis
that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are covered . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com bines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-1. Office Occupations
-(A v era g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R o c k fo r d , 111., A p r i l I9 6 0 )

Avskagk
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
$
W
eekly,
W
eekly j 40. 00 45. 00
hours *
(Standard) (Standard) under
45. 00 50. 00

1
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
and
55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _______ ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________________

48
36

40. 5
41. 0

$
100. 50
103. 00

C l e r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s B ____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________________

35
25

41. 5
41. 5

84. 50
84. 00

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________________

27
24

42. 5
42. 5

120. 50
123. 00

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_
-

4
-

-

-

1

2
2

11
11

3
3

10
6

1
"

7
4

5
5

3
3

1
------ p _

3
3

-

4
1

8
8

1
1

3
1

6
4

5
2

2
2

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

.
-

_
'

_

_

_
-

_
-

5
5

3
-

1
1

_
-

3
3

1
1

213
13

_

_

-

-

O ffic e b o y s _________________________________________________

17

41. 0

61. 00

_

3

4

1

4

_

3

.

1

1

_

_

_

_

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _______________

20

40. 5

79. 50

_

_

_

_

4

3

2

2

2

2

!

_

2

_

1

42
27
18

40. 0
40. 5
40. 0

63. 50
64. 50
69. 00

2
2
"

-

6
3
-

7
4
2

12
5
5

2
2
2

5
4
2

7
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_

_

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) ___
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 __________________
B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m achine) ______________

34

41. 0

62. 00

_

6

2

10

6

2

4

2

_

2

_

_

-

-

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss A _____________

28

41. 0

71. 50

_

_

_

_

7

10

4

1

1

4

_

!

_

_

_

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss B _____________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

113
56
57

41. 0
4 1 .5
40. 5

63. 00
66. 50
59. 50

_
-

6
2
4

19
1
18

16
6
10

37
23
14

17
9
8

6
6
“

_
-

11
8
3

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
"

_
-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ____________________________
M an ufactu ring__________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

79
58
21

40. 5
40. 5
41. 5

80. 50
78. 50
86. 00

_
-

_
-

1
1

5
4
1

3
3

6
6
-

17
17
-

6
6

17
7
10

4
3
1

4
1
3

7
5
2

1
1

6
6
-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ____________________________
Manufacturing _________ , _______________________________

157
104

40. 0
40. 0

66. 50
“ 547 00

_
~

4
4

21
19

18
14

31
22

27
15

17
10

19
12

10
7

6
-

2
1

-

2
-

C le r k s, file , c la s s A -------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ____________________ ____,_________________

32

40. 0
40. 0

67. 50
68.50

_
"

1
-

4
3

1
-

2
2

11
11

9
9

2
2

1
1

1
-

-

-

26

_
-

-

C le r k s, file , c la ss B _____________________________________
M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing______________________________________

153
94
59

40. 5
40. 5
40. 0

55. 50
5*75 0“
50. 50

11
11

27

47
32
15

22
20
2

21
17
4

12
12
-

5
5

6
5
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

24

67. 50
67. 50

_
-

2
2

6
6

12
10

15
15

10
9

15
12

9
5

6
6

5
5

1
1

_

_
-

2
2

5

5

7
7

10
10

27
26

15
13

14
10

9
8

5
5

6
4

>

_

7
2

8

3

5

5

2

1
1

3

"

4
-----[-----

7

"

2

1

5

5

9

13
11
2

22
22

C le r k s, order _____________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________

81
40. 0
---- 71----- 40. 0

3

104
92

40. 0
39.5

72. 00
70. 50

C om ptom eter operators _________________________________
M an ufactu ring__________________________________________

34
19

40. 5
40. 0

70. 00
72. 50

Duplicating-m achine operators
(M imeograph or Ditto) _________________________________

15

41. 0

59. 50

2

4 0.5
40. 6
41. 0

64. 00
65. 00
60. 00

j
1

C le r k s, p a y r o ll-------------------------------------------------------------------

Keypunch operators
-------------------------------------------------------M an ufactu ring__________________________________________
N onm anufacturing______________________________________

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




109
89
20

_

5

-

5

5

4

_
33

30
3

2

_

_

13
11
2

11
7
4

2
2

"

-

_

-

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
"

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
“

-

“

1
1

-

-

•

"

1
1

_

.

_

_

-

“

_
“

_

~

“

“

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R o c k fo r d , 111. , A p r i l I9 6 0 )

Average
N ber
um
of

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 $90. 00 $9 5 .00 fo o . 00 f o 5 . 00 n o . oo f 15. 00 120. 00 125.00
W
eekly
W
eekly
hours1
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 7 0. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120. 00 125. 00 over

W omen— Continued

50
50
50
00

_
"
4
4
-

4
4
_
_
-

9
8
_
7
4
3
1

4
4
_
27
16
11
1

42. 0
40. 0
43. 5

66. 00
73. 50
61. 50

1
1

5
5

5
1
4

69
50
19

40. 5
40. 5
42. 0

67. 50
69. 00
62. 50

_
-

4

_
-

-

4

1
1
3
2
1

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op e ra to rs, general ___________
M anufacturing _____________________________________

96
96

40. 0
40. 0

68. 50
66. 50

-

-

“

T y p is t s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g

63
59

40. 0
40. 0

66. 50
66. 50

-

4
4

O ffice girls
----------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing
____________________________________

21
20

40. 0
40. 0

$54 . 00
54. 50

S e c r e t a r ie s _______ ____________________________________
M anufacturing
______________ ____________________
N onm anufacturing__________________________________

220
175
45

40. 5
40. 5
4 1 .5

84. 50
85. 50
81. 00

287
61
15

40.
40.
40.
40.

69.
7 0.
66.
75.

Switchboard op erators _ ______________________________
M anufacturing
____________________________________
N onm anufacturing_________________________ _______

46
18
28

Switchboard op e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists
------------------------M anufacturing ________________________________ ___
Nonmanufacturing _________________________ _______

Stenographers, general _______________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________ _
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________ _
P ublic u tilitie s 3 _________________________________

226

______________________________ ________
________________________________________

331
? 63
*6

T y p is t s , c l a s s B
__ ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________________

0
0
0
0

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

-

-

58. 00
59. 50
49. 50

48
41
7

30
8
22

9
9

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
5
4

9
3
6

16
12
4

40
32
8

45
34
11

30
27
3

54
48
6
-

54
39
15
1

47
39
8
5

53
44
9
2

23
21
2
2

5
1
4

11
5
6

10
5
5

3
-----2

24
14
10

15
14
1

10
9
1

21
21

8
8

31
31

2
2
“
8
8
10
10

35
34
1
13
13
_
2
1
1
1
1

2
2

6
----- g—

_
-

8
8

7
7

4
4

14
13

13
12

11

111
105
6

86
8£
4

9
9

8
8

9

32
32

2
1
1

2
2

11
n

------ 1
j—

“

4
1
3
3

1
1
-

2
2
1
1
1
1

-

_
-

_
-

6
5
1
_
_
-

2
2
“

_
-

3
3

2
-------j—
1
-

-

_
1
1
"
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"
_
-

_
-

-

-

"
-

-

"

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1

1
------1
----

_
-

-

_
-

4
4

_
11
8
3
-

11
10
1
1
1
-

-

“

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 4 at $ 125 to $ 135; 3 at $ 135 to $ 145; and 6 at $ 145 to $ 155.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , R o c k fo r d , 111. , A p r i l I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average

Number
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and

in d u s try d iv is io n

of

workers

Weekly
earmnas *
(Standard) (Standard)

*
60 . 00
u nder
65. 00

$

$
$
$
$
S
$
$
s
$
%
$
s
Is
1
9 0 . 00
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 $ 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0

7 0 . 00

$
70. 00

*
7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

s
85. 00

\-

$
65. 00

-

-

-

-

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 .0 0

7 5 . 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0

13 5 . 0 0

-

1
“
i and
1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 o v e r

M en
$
l e a d e r ---------------------------------------------

47
46

40. 5
1 2 7 .0 0
4 0 . 5 : 126. 00

-

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ __________________________

172
172

I 1 1 4 .0 0
4 1 . 5 |1 1 4 . 00

-

D r a f t s m e n , j u n i o r _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------

178
172

41. 0
41. 0

D ra fts m e n ,

_

-

.

-

_

-

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

8
8

8
8

4
4

5
5

1
1

6
6

1
1

4
4

3
3

2
1

1
1

i

_

-

5
5

13
13

30
30

27
27

15
15

12
12

8
8

8
8

12
12

11

7

-

-

4

_

8

11

7

-

-

7
7

4

-

8

13

6
6

9

14

-

_

-

-

_

-

.

-

9

14

-

-

-

1
1

_

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

~

•

-

-

-

-

5
5

86. 00
86. 00

13
13

18
17

2o
2o

15
15

25
24

11
10

17
14

10
10

8 2 . 50
8 2 . 50

-

2
2

5
5

10
10

9

9
9

5
5

4
4

44
63

41. 5
41. 5

8

-

2
2

_

.

-

.

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

"

■

"

"

■

-

1 S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w e e k ly h o u r s .




i

!

W om en
N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) __________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

-

-

6

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , R o c k fo r d , 111. , A p r i l I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

hourly earnings1

$
1 .6 0
1. 70

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

1. 80

$

1. 90

1. 90

$
2. 00

“
2 . 00

2. 10

50
48

$ 2 . 36
2. 38

132
126

2. 74
2 .7 3

30
27

2. 62
2. 60

_

_
-

_

-

71
71

2. 09
2. 09

9
9

6
6

15
15

4
4

7
7

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

30
25

2. 02
2. 01

1
1

_
-

6
4

15
15

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

100
100

2 . 63
2. 63

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce -----------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

211
210

2 . 65
2 . 65

_

_

_

“

“

“

3
3

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce ) ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________________ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________________

56
25
31
20

2 .2 5
2 .2 4
2. 32

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
3
2
2

2. 10
2. 20

1

F ir e m e n , s ta tio n a ry b o i l e r .............
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

$

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
E n g in e e r s , s ta tio n a r y .
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __

______

.............. .
__

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

101
83

2.26

2 .2 0
-

$

2. 30

$

2 .4 0

$
2. 50

2. 60

2. 60

2. 70

$

$
2. 70

2 . 80

2. 80

2. 90

$
2 . 90

2. 30

7
7

8
8

8
8

2
2

7
7

1

1
1

38
32

$

3. 00

-

3. 00

3. 10

$

3. 10
3. 20

$

$
3. 20
3. 30

-

3
3

4
2

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

15
15

11
11

13
13

12
12

8
8

7
7

_

_

1

2
2

6
6

2
2

1
1

7
7

1
1

1
"

2
-

4
4

7
7

6
6

4
4

_

_

_
-

9
9

“

2
2

3
“

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

1

-

-

"

-

3
3

6
6

6
6

26
26

10
10

12
12

17
17

11
11

_

_

7
7

2
2

9
9

6
6

18
18

11

25
25

16
r'6

25
25

9
9

16
15

40
40

31
31

1
1

9
4
5
2

21
9
12
8

1
1
'

7
1
6
6

3
1
2
"

4
2
2

2
2
-

2
2
2

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

3. 30
and
over

-

"

“

-

1

2 . 50

$

2 .4 0

■

1

11

"

-

2 .4 5
2 .4 3

_

_

“

“

3
“

8
8

2
2

13
11

11
11

13
13

1
1

_
-

19
19

5
4

5
5

13
13
_

M i ll w r i g h t s _________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

82
— ST------

2 .5 1
2. 51

_

_

_

"

-

"

O il e r s ______________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

47
39"

2. 14
2. 09

1
1

6
6

_
"

2
2

P a in t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ___________________________

15

2 .4 2

_

_

_

_

1

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

43
43

2. 65
2. 65

“

”

“

■

“

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

18
18

2.7 6

2 .7 6

_

_

_

.

■

“

“

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
. _
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

354
354

2 .9 3
2. 93

“

■

3
3
6
------- 5—

1

“

-

-

16
16

_

_

_

_

2
2

"

-

_

1

_

_

1

“

9
9

2
2

_

28
15

5
5

6
6

1
1

_

"

9
9

1
1

20
20

4
4

1
1

11
11

1
1

9
9

8
8

8
"

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

8

_

2

1

_

_

_

“

6
6

4
4

10
10

3
3

9
9

"

.

_

_

"

-

1

_

"

-

1

_
"

"

.

_
"

!
1

_

_

_

_

_ .

1

_

_

_

1
1

9
9

“

~

“

_

.

-

-

_

_
-

2
2

_

"

s h ift s .

.

-

“

4
4

1
1

1
1

3
3

5
5

1
1

1
1

8

and la te

"

"

2

4
4

10
10

20
20

20
20

24
24

64
64

39
39

49
49

41
41

8

h o lid a y s ,

_

-

4
4

1

"

4
4

-

1

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




$

75
75

7

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , R o c k fo r d , 111. , A p r il I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

G u a r d s ---------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________

39
36

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) -------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________ ________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________ ________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -----------------------------------------

446
349
97
30

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________ _______________

46
30
16

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------

Average
hourly
U n der
earnings 2
1 .0 0

$

$
1. 10

$

1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

1 ,3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

-

1 .0 0
and
und er
1. 10

-

8
6

3
3

4
.
4

19
2
17
2

14
6
8
2

7
4
3
-

_
-

1 .2 0

$ 1 .6 5

$
1 .6 0

! . 70

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

1. 60

1 .7 0

1. 80

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

$

2 .0 0

$
2 . 10

2 . 10

$

2. 20

$
2 .3 0

$

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

1
-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

1
1
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

2 .4 0
2 . 50

$

2. 50
2. 60

$

2. 60
and
over

-

8
8

4
4

-

-

25
13
12
-

46
39
7
1

92
87
5
'

66
63
3
1

44
31
13
9

37
37
_
-

81
66
15
15

-

"

-

-

-

3
2
1

6
4
2

12
12
-

2
2
-

2
2

_
-

5
5

.
_

.
_

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
6
2

10
io

41
41
"

35
35

29
29
-

16
16
-

-

30
_
30

46
_
46

_
_

-

39
----- 3"5
3

7
7

-

59
59
-

20
20

-

46
46
6

_

10
10

4
4

2
2

22
19

9
9

11
4

5
2

11
10

10
6

23
6

.

_

-

-

16
l6

6
6

8
8

24
24

8
8

50
50

10
10

1
i

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1 .7 9
1 .8 5
1 .5 6
1 .9 2

6
6
-

4
.
4
-

-

1 .4 6
I75 T
1 .0 7

4
4

4
4

6
1
5

2
2

386
299
87

1 .9 7
i . $4
2 .4 2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

O r d e r f i l l e r s ------------- ------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________

113
78

2 .0 2
1 .9 1

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

*

4
4

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g ------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------

143
135

1 .9 1
1 .9 4

_

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ---------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________

33
30

2 .0 4
2 .0 4

Shippin g c l e r k s ____ ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________

65
65

2 .0 7
2 .0 7

S hipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ___________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________ ________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________

82
67
15

2 .0 3
2 .0 3
2 .0 4

T r u c k d r iv e r s
_____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________

264
92
172

2 .2 3
2 .1 1
2 . 30

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er l 1 t o n s ) _______
/*
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________ ______

38
28

2 .0 2
2 . 11

_

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m
to and
in clu d in g 4 t o n s) ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __ __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

74
35
39

2 .1 7

2.06

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e) __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

102
15
87

2 .3 9
2.
2 .4 4

181
179

2 . 10
2 . 16

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t ) __________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------

23
23

2 .0 5
2 .0 5

W a tch m en --------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g .................................. ........................

118
110

1 .7 9
1 .7 9

4

1 .5 0

13
13

T7UT

—

$

-

-

_

_
-

6
6

10
2

4
4

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

"

"

-

-

3
3

2
2

1
1

3
1

8
8

2
2

2
2

5
5

3
2

3
3

1
1

-

1
1

_
-

3
3

16
16

11
11

7
7

6
6

13
13

1
1

-

3
3

4
4

2
2

4
4
-

11
11
"

22
17
5

2
2

8
5
3

5
4
1

6
6
"

14
14

4
4

-

4
_
4

_
_

-

-

7
4
3

6
6

14
8
6

16
11
5

43
14
29

39
27
12

36
12
24

27
15
12

25
1
24

3
_
3

5
2

4

6
6

3
-

3
3

4
4

2
2

10
10

1
1

_

_

-

-

2
2
-

2
2

8
2
6

10
8
2

12
8
4

12
8
4

9
7
2

-

4
4

3
_
3

5 12
_
12

-

3
3

17
10
7

16
16

6
6

20
20

-

536
36

33
33

_
-

1
1

7
5

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

_

-

_

s 48
_
48

( l l/a

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) --------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------

-

2 .2 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

4
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

6
6

-

3
3

20
20

7
7

12
12

20
20

58
58

14
14

_

2

_

_

-

“

2
2

3
3

3
3

10
10

3
3

7
7

18
15

54
53

8
8

5
5

5
2

_

_

_

_

_

~




_

_

-

-

1 D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
5 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 . 7 0 .

4

-

-

_

_

"

“

and la te s h ift s .

_
-

■

16
15

l

4
4

■

1
1

_

-

.

_

■

“




8

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(P ercen t of m anufacturing plant w ork ers in e sta b lish m en ts having form al p rovisio n s for shift w ork, and in estab lish m en ts
actu ally operating late sh ifts by type and am ount of d ifferen tial, R ockford, 111. , A p ril I960)
Shift d ifferen tial

In estab lish m en ts having form al
p rovisio n s 1 for—
Second shift
Third or other
w ork
shift w ork

In esta b lish m en ts actu ally
operating—
T hird or other
Second shift
shift

T o ta l___________________________________ _________

88. 0

6 7 .6

1 9 .4

3 .4

With shift pay d ifferen tial _______________ ____

86. 1

67. 6

19. 1

3 .4

U niform cen ts (per hour) ___________________

5 1 .7

39. 0

12. 9

2 .2

5 cen ts ______ ___________________________
7 cen ts ___________________________________
9 cen ts ___________________________________
10 cen ts ___________________________________
12 cen ts ___________________________________
15 cen ts ___________________________________
16 cen ts
18 c e n t s ___________________________________
20 cen ts ___________________________________
25 cen ts

1. 1
1. 5
2. 5
30. 3
12. 6
1 .4
1. 0
1. 3

_

4. 7
1. 4
5. 7
1 5.4
10. 9
.9
"

.1
.8
8. 8
2. 6
.1
.1
.3

.7
.2
.6
.7
( 2)

U niform percentage _________________________

30. 5

25. 1

5 .2

1. 1

8 p ercen t _________________________________
9 p ercen t _________________________________
10 p e r c e n t________________________________
15 p e r c e n t________________________________

13. 2
17. 3
“

_
11. 7
11. 1
2. 3

1. 3
3. 9
■

.

.1
1. 0

Other form al shift pay d ifferen tial _______

3. 9

3. 5

1. 0

( 2)

No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l________________________

1. 9

-

.3

-

ml

_

1 Includes esta b lish m en ts cu rren tly operating late sh ifts, and esta b lish m en ts w ith form al p rovisio n s coverin g late sh ifts
even though they w ere not currently operating late sh ifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percent.

9
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice W orkers
(D istribution of estab lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by m inim um entrance sa la r y for se le c te d ca te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien ced w om en office w o rk ers, R ockford, 111. , A p ril I960)

M inim um w eekly sa la ry 1

A ll
in d u stries

Inexperienced typ ists
N onm anufacturing
M anufacturing
B ased on standard w eekly hours 3 of—
A ll
A ll
40
40
sch edu les
sch ed u les

E stab lish m en ts s tu d ie d __________________ ___________

74

43

XXX

31

E stab lish m en ts having a sp e cified m inim um — -----$ 40. 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50 _________________________
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 . 00 __ _ __ _ __ _______
$ 4 5 . 00 and under $47. 50 ...................................................
$ 47. 50 and under $50. 00 ________________________
$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 -------------------------------------$ 52. 50 and under $ 55. 00 _______________ __________
$ 55. 00 and under $57. 50 ___ __________ ________
$ 57. 50 and under $60. 00 ________ ______________
$ 60. 00 and over __________________ _______________
E stab lish m en ts having no sp ecified m inim um ______
E stab lish m en ts w hich did not em ploy
w ork ers in th is c a te g o r y ------------------------------------------

38
4
1
5
5
15
3
3
2
11
25

24
1
2
4
12
3
2
-

23
1
2
3
12
3
2
-

14
3
1
3
1
3
1
2
-

10
3
3
1
3

6

XXX

5

XXX

13

XXX

12

XXX

XXX

-

-

Other in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w orkers 2
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
B ased on standard w eekly hours 3 of—
A ll
AU
40
40
sch ed u les
sch ed u les

A ll
in d u itric s
74

43.

XXX

31

40
4
2
9
5
12
2
3
2
1
12
22

25
1
6
4
10
2
1
1

23
1
_
6
3
10
2
1
-

15
3
2
3
1
2
2
2
-

10
3
1
3
1
2

7

XXX

5

XXX

11

XXX

11

XXX

XXX

-

-

1 L ow est salary rate form ally esta b lish ed for hiring in ex p erien ced w ork ers for typing or other c le r ic a l job s.
2 R ates applicable to m e s s e n g e r s, office g ir ls , or sim ila r su b cle r ic a l jobs are not con sid ered .
3 Hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich em p loyees r e ce iv e th eir regu lar str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s. D ata are p resen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com bined, and for the m ost com m on w orkw eek reported .

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eek ly hours
of fir s t-sh ift w o rk ers, R ockford, 111. , A pril I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

W eekly hours
A ll w ork ers

__ __

____________________ ______

Under 40 hours _________________________________
40 hours ________________________________________
O ver 40 and under 44 h o u r s ___________________
44 hour 8
_____________________________________
45 hours __ __ _______________________________ ____
O ver 45 and under 50 hours ___________________
50 hours _____ „ __ _________ ________ ________
O ver 50 hours _______________________________________
*
2
3
4

All industries 1

100
(4 )

Manufacturing

100

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

100

91
2
5
1
1

95
3
1
1

100

-

_
-

"

“

-

-

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100

100

2
46
2
13
21
4
7
5

j

46
1
13
24
2
8
5

Includes data for w h o lesale trade; r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose industry d ivision s shown sep a ra tely .
T ransportation, com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
Includes data for w h o lesale trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep arately.
L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.




Public utilities *

100
80

_

7
_

10
3
-

10
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e rce n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by num ber o f paid h olid ays
p ro v id e d annually, R o c k fo r d , 111. , A p ril I960)
OF FICE W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

Item
All industries

A ll w o rk e rs ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s _________________________________
W ork ers in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
no paid h o lid a y s ______________________________

*

M anufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

"

1

“

2

-

1

-

Number of days
L e s s than 5 days _____________________________
5 d a y s ___________________________________________
6 days ____ ________ _____________________________
6 days plus 1 h a lf d a y _______ _________________
6 days plus 2 h alf days _______________________
6 days plus 3 h alf days _______________________
7 days __________________________________________
7 days plus 1 h a lf day-------- ---------------------------7 days plus 2 h alf days -------- --------------------------8 days __________________________________________
8 days plus 2 h alf days _______________________
10 days plus 1 half d a y _________________ ____

(4)
(4 )
29
22
6

3
18
7
2

_

_

(4 )
23
31

-

8

4
20

9
3

27
33
40

3

1

2
6

-

6
8

_

-

-

-

1
2

24
26

13
29
3

-

1

“

_

_

2
20

24
43
-

31
14
31
-

-

2

33
-

-

"

Total holiday time 5
I 0 V 2 days ------------------------------------------------------------------------------9 o r m o r e days ____________________________________________
8 o r m o r e days ________________________________
7 1/ 2 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e days _____________________________ _
6 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________
6 o r m o r e days ____________________________________________
5 o r m o r e days ________________________________
1 o r m o r e days ________________________________
o r m o re days ______________________________

l!z

14
23
47
70
98
98
98
99

4
17
46
77
99
100
100
100

40
40
73
73
100
100
100
100

-

1

4
4
45
72
96
98
98
99

-

2
2

48
78
98
100
100
100

-

33
33
76
76
100
100
100
100

Inclu des data fo r w h o le sa le trad e; re ta il trade; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r public u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e rce n t.
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e am ount are c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es those with 7 fu ll
no half da ys, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on .
P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cu m u lated.
1
2
3
4
5




days

and

11
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of office and plant w orkers in a ll in d u stries and in industry d iv isio n s by
vacation pay p ro v isio n s, R ockford, 111. , A pril I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o rk e rs

___________________________________

All industries *

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 1

M
anufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
94
6
-

100
91
9
-

100
100
-

100
69
31
-

100
64
36
-

100
100
-

“

"

”

2
31
16
3

2
22
23
4

_
80
-

8
5
1
1

8
3
I
1

42
-

44
( 5)
52

42
52
3

52
48
-

90
5
4
1

92
5
2
1

96
4
“

14

18

52
30
17
1

58
35

45
32

50

M eth od o f p aym on t
W ork ers in e sta b lish m e n ts provid in g
paid v a c a t i o n s ________________________________
L .en gth -of-tim e paym ent __________________
P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t _______________________
O th e r _______________________________________
W ork ers in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
no paid v a c a t i o n s _________ _________________

'

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 4
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ____________________
2 w e e k s __________________________
____________
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ____________________
2 w eek s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________
4 w eeks ___________________________ __________

2
2

3

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ____________________
2 w eeks ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________
4 w eeks ________________________________________

13

( 5)
83
2
2

( 5)

81
3

3

2

81
-

18
-

6

82

1

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ____________________
2 w eek s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________
4 w eeks ________________________________________

10

12

( 5)
87
2
2

( 5)

1
93

_
92

83

3
3

4

96
-

-

22

1

37

11
1

5
"
95

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________________________________________
2 w eeks ________________ ________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________
3 w eeks ________________________________________
4 w eeks ________________________________________

See footnotes at end of tab le.




2
2
2

3
3
3

4
-

96

2
5

90

92

1
1

1

6

100

■
“

12
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by
va ca tio n pay p r o v is io n s R o c k fo r d , 111. , A p ril I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

V acation policy

All industries

1

Manufacturing

PLAN T W O RK ERS

All industries 3

Public utilities2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Amount of vacation pay4 — Continued

A fter 10 y e a r s of ser v ice
l w eek ________________________________________
2 w eek s ___________________ ________ _______ ____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ___________________
3 w eeks ________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ___________________
4 w eek s ________________________________________

1
71
9
15
2
2

_
69
13
14
3
3

4
95
1
-

!
59
29
8
1
1

_
59
33
4
1
1

_
93
7
-

1
24
( 5)
70
2
3

12
( 5)
81
3
4

4
8
88
“

17
4
61
13
4

15
4
61
16
5

4
96
“

1
24
( 5)
67
2
5

_
12
( 5)
81
3
4

4
8
74
14

1
17
4
59
13
6

_
15
4
61
16
5

_
4
83
12

1
24
( 5)
63
2
9

12
( 5)
81
3
4

4
8
43
46

1
17
3
56
14
9

15
3
61
16
5

4
45
50

A fter 15 y ea r s of se r v ic e
2 w eek s _______________ _____ ______ ____ ______
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ___________________
3 w eeks ________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ___________________
4 w eeks ________ ____ __________________________
A fter 20 yea rs of se r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________
2 w eek s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ___________________
3 w eek s ________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ___________________
4 w eeks _______________________________________

1

A fter 25 yea rs of ser v ice
1 w eek ________________________________________
2 w eeks ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ___________________
3 w eek s _______________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ___________________
4 w eeks ____________ __________ _____ __________

1 In clu des data fo r w h olesa le trade; re ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, insurance, and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
2 T ra n sp orta tion , com m u n ica tion , and oth er p u b lic u tilities.
3 In clu des data fo r w h olesa le tra d e, r e ta il tra d e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex a m p le, the chan ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s ’
s e r v ic e include chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
s L e s s than 0. 5 p e rce n t.

i

NOTE: In the tabulations o f v acation a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents oth er than "len g th o f t im e ," such as p ercen ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t-s u m paym en ts, w ere co n v e rte d
to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r ex a m p le, a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's pay.




13
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P ercen t of office and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in industry d iv isio n s em ployed in esta b lish m en ts providing
health, in su ra n ce, or pen sion b en efits, R ockford, 111., A pril I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OF FICE W O R K E R S

Type of benefit

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in esta b lish m en ts providing:
L ife in su rance _____________________________
A ccidental death and d ism em b erm en t
in s u r a n c e _________________________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce or
sick leave or both4 ______________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in s u r a n c e ______
Sick leave (full pay and no
w aiting period ) _______________________
Sick lea v e (p artial pay or
w aiting period ) _______________________
H osp italization in su rance _________________
Su rgical in su ra n ce_________________________
M edical in su rance _________ ______ ________
C atastrophe in su r a n c e ____________________
R etirem en t pen sion .............. ...............................
No health, in su ra n ce, or pen sion p la n ___

94
74
88
83
24
6
94
92
77
55
63
3

100
77
95
95
23
2
100
99
88
66
69

95
95
92
47
5
40
57
57
55
15
73

96
79
92
89
2
3
96
95
83
35
57
2

100
84
94
94
1
100
99
88
38
59

95
95
90
58
40
67
67
48
5
90

1 Includ es data for w h o lesale trade; r e ta il trade; finance, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown sep arately.
2 T ransportation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o lesale trad e, r e ta il trad e, rea l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown sep arately.
* U nduplicated total of w ork ers receiv in g sick leave or sic k n e ss and acciden t in su rance shown sep arately below . S ick -lea v e plans are lim ited to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a s t
the m inim um num ber of days* pay that can be expected by each em p loyee. Inform al sic k -lea v e allo w an ces determ ined on an individual b a sis are excluded.







15

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s
f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia te o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s fr o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d fr o m a r e a t o a r e a . T h i s i s
e s s e n t i a l i n o r d e r t o p e r m it t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s is o n in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t a n d in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n t e n t , th e
B u r e a u ’ s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y fr o m t h o s e in u s e i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e
p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s . In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u ’ s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s ,
p a r t-tim e , te m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r
th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M ay a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s
to b illin g s or s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p er fo rm o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l
to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E ll i o t t
F is h e r , S u n d s tr a n d , B u r r o u g h s , N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w it h o u t
a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

Biller, machine (hilling machine)—

U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a­
c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t F is h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e
c o m b in a tio n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s a n d in ­
v o i c e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ’ p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s ,
s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s, e t c . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e ­
t e r m in e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y
e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y or m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d o n th e b illin g m a ­
c h in e , a n d t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f
th e b i ll b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e o h a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)

— -U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d s tr a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y or m a y n o t h a v e ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ’
b ills a s p a rt o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in ­
v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f fig u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c ­
o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la t e s f ig u r e s o n a n u m b e r
o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u te s a n d u s u a lly p r in ts a u t o m a t ic a lly
th e d e b it or c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W o r k s fr o m u n if o r m a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d
c r e d it s l i p s .




Class A

— K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f
a n d e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s a n d f a m ilia r it y w ith
th e str u c tu r e o f th e p a r tic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d . D e te r m in e s
p ro p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it a n d c r e d it ite m s to b e u s e d
in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e
s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s b y h a n d .

Class B

— K e e p s a r ec o rd o f o n e or m ore p h a s e s or s e c t io n s o f
a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k ­
k e e p in g *
P h a s e s or s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ’ a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d e r b ille r , m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k or a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l
b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s fo r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r tm e n t .

CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A

— U n d er g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r or a c c o u n t­
a n t , h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r k e e p in g o n e o r m o re s e c t i o n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s or r e c o r d s r e la tin g to o n e p h a s e o f a n e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t’s b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W ork i n v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a la n c in g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r or le d g e r s s u c h as a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le or a c c o u n t s

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued
p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g i n v o i c e s or v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c ­
c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r ie n c e in m a k in g
p ro p e r a s s ig n a t io n s a n d a l lo c a t io n s . M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g , a d ­
ju s tin g a n d c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m ay d ir e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g
c le r k s .

Class B

— U n d er s u p e r v is io n , p er fo rm s o n e or m ore r o u tin e a c ­
c o u n t in g o p e r a tio n s s u c h a s p o s t in g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c ­
c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s i n v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g b an k a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n tr o lle d
b y g e n e r a l le d g e r s , or p o s tin g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a ta . T h is
jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g
p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h t h e m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t ­
in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d o n a f u n c t io n a l b a s is a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n te r s th e n e c e s ­
s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o ll s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s*
e a r n in g s b a s e d o n tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p o s t in g c a l c u la t e d d a ta
o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w i n g i n f o r m a t io n s u c h a s w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , tim e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M ay
m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r ib u t ­
in g p a y e n v e l o p e s . M ay u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P r im a r y d u t y i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a ­
t i c a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is jo b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith t h a t o f s t a t i s ­
t ic a l or o th e r ty p e o f c le r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e fr e q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p ­
to m e te r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c i d e n t a l to p e r fo r m a n c e
o f o th e r d u tie s .

CLERK, FILE

Class A

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Class B

U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n a n d w ith n o s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t i e s , r e p r o d u c e s m u lt ip le c o p i e s o f t y p e w r it te n o r h a n d w r itte n m a tte r ,
u s i n g a M im e o g r a p h o r D i t t o m a c h i n e . M a k e s n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s u c h
a s fo r in k a n d p a p e r f e e d c o u n t e r a n d c y lin d e r s p e e d . I s n o t r e q u ir e d to
p r e p a r e s t e n c il or D itto m a s te r . M ay k e e p f ile o f u s e d s t e n c il s or D itto
m a s t e r s . M ay s o r t, c o l l a t e , a n d s t a p le c o m p le te d m a te r ia l.

— In a n e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m ­
b er o f v a r ie d s u b j e c t m a tte r f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s c o r r e s ­
p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a te r ia l; m a y a l s o f ile t h is m a te r ia l. M ay k e e p
r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n w ith f i l e s o r m a y s u p e r ­
v i s e o t h e r s in f i li n g a n d l o c a t i n g m a t e r ia l in t h e f i l e s . M a y p e r ­
fo r m i n c i d e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u t i e s .
— P e r fo r m s r o u tin e f ilin g , u s u a lly o f m a te r ia l th a t h a s
a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d or w h ic h i s e a s i l y id e n t if ia b le , o r l o c a t e s
o r a s s i s t s in l o c a t i n g m a t e r ia l in f i l e s . M a y p e r fo r m i n c i d e n t a l
c le r ic a l d u tie s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s * o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il,
p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y . D u t i e s i n v o l v e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Q u o tin g p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r s h e e t l i s t i n g t h e it e m s
to m a k e u p th e ord er; c h e c k in g p r ic e s a n d q u a n titie s o f ite m s o n o rd er
s h e e t ; d is tr ib u tin g ond er s h e e t s to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to b e f ille d .
M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a r tm e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d it r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r ,
a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e
th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f ille d , k e e p f ile o f o rd ers r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip ­
p in g i n v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .




KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n a n d w ith n o s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i li t i e s , r e c o r d s a c c o u n tin g a n d s t a t i s t i c a l d a ta o n ta b u la tin g c a r d s b y
p u n c h in g a s e r i e s o f h o l e s in th e c a r d s in a s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e , u s in g
a n a lp h a b e t ic a l or a n u m e r ic a l k e y p u n c h m a c h in e , fo llo w in g w r itte n in ­
fo r m a tio n o n r e c o r d s . M a y d u p lic a t e c a r d s b y u s in g t h e d u p lic a t in g d e ­
v i c e a tt a c h e d to m a c h in e . M ay k e e p f i l e s o f p u n c h c a r d s . M a y v e r if y
ow n w ork or w ork o f o th e r s.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p ­
e r a t i n g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g a n d
d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

17

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r ia l a n d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s fo r a s u p e r io r in a n a d ­
m in is tr a t iv e or e x e c u t i v e p o s i t i o n . D u t ie s in c lu d e m a k in g a p p o in tm e n t s
fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv i n g p e o p le c o m in g in t o o f f i c e ; a n s w e r in g a n d m a k in g
p h o n e c a l l s ; h a n d lin g p e r s o n a l a n d im p o r ta n t o r c o n f id e n t ia l m a il, a n d
w r itin g r o u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o n o w n i n it ia t iv e ; t a k in g d ic t a t io n (w h e r e
t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e i s n o t u s e d ) e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r
s i m i l a r m a c h i n e , a n d t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n o r t h e r e c o r d e d i n f o r m a t io n
r e p r o d u c e d o n a t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e . M ay p r e p a r e s p e c i a l r e p o r t s o r
m e m o r a n d u m s fo r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P r im a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d i c t a t i o n fro m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in s h o r th a n d or b y S t e n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a n o r ­
m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y , a n d t o t r a n s c r ib e t h is d ic t a t io n o n a ty p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o t y p e fr o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d k e e p f i l e s i n o r ­
d er , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
( s e e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r ).

Does not include transcribing-machine

work

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
P r im a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d i c t a t i o n fro m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s
e it h e r in s h o r th a n d o r b y S t e n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a v a r ie d
t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n
s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a n d to tr a n s c r ib e t h is d ic ta tio n o n a ty p e w r ite r . M ay
a l s o t y p e fr o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d k e e p f i l e s in o r d e r ,
k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .

Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O p e r a te s a s in g le - or m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d .
D u tie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , a n d in tr a p la n t or o f f ic e c a l l s .
M a y r e c o r d t o l l c a l l s a n d t a k e m e s s a g e s . M a y g i v e i n f o r m a t io n t o p e r ­
s o n s w h o c a ll in , or o c c a s io n a lly ta k e te le p h o n e o r d e r s. F o r w o r k er s
w h o a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is t.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In a d d i t i o n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r , o n a s i n g l e p o s i ­
tio n o r m o n ito r -ty p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e
or p er fo rm r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s . T h is t y p in g
o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile a t
s w itc h b o a r d .




Class A

— O p e r a te s a v a r ie ty o f ta b u la tin g or e le c t r ic a l a c ­
c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e ta b u ­
la to r , c a lc u la t o r , in te r p r e te r , c o lla t o r a n d o t h e r s . P e r fo r m s c o m ­
p le t e r e p o r tin g a s s ig n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , a n d p e r fo r m s
d if f ic u lt w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d . T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r tin g a n d t a b u la tin g
a s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e ­
p o r ts w h ic h o fte n a r e o f ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g t y p e r e q u ir in g
s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o re
e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to r , i s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n e w o p e r a ­
to r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t ia lly tr a in e d o p e r a to r s in w ir in g
fr o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f l o n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s p e r fo r m in g t a b u la tin g -m a c h in e
o p e r a tio n s a n d d a y -to -d a y s u p e r v is io n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n o f
a g ro u p o f ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s .

Does not include
Class B

— O p e r a te s m ore d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g or e le c t r ic a l a c ­
c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e ta b u la to r a n d c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n
to th e s o r te r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o lla t o r . T h is w o rk i s p er fo rm ed u n d er
s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y i n c l u d e t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir ­
i n g fr o m d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u ­
la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t
s m a ll t a b u la tin g s t u d y , or p a r ts o f a lo n g e r a n d m o re c o m p le x r e p o r t.
S u c h r e p o r ts a n d s t u d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n a tu r e w h e r e
th e p r o c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b lis h e d . M ay a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a in in g
o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in t h e b a s i c o p e r a t i o n o f t h e m a c h i n e .

Class C

— O p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g or e le c t r ic a l a c c o u n t­
in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r te r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o lla t o r , e tc .,
w it h s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y i n c l u d e s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s
a n d s o m e f ilin g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a
w o r k u n it, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l l a t in g r u n s , or r e ­
p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P r im a r y d u t y i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e
v o c a b u l a r y fr o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s . M a y a l s o t y p e fr o m w r i t t e n
c o p y a n d d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o rk ers t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n in ­
v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l or s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h a s le g a l b r ie fs
or r ep o rts on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a re n o t in c lu d e d . A w o rk er w h o ta k e s
d i c t a t i o n in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d
a s a ste n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

18

TYPIST

TYPIST—-Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, etc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of draw ings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail drawings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
po ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beams and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q uantities;
writing sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL {REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting too ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

19

MAINTENANCE

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
v alves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, la y ­
out, or other specifications;.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
pf stationary engines and equipm ent (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working area s; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
c h in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b uses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs water, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alen t training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D ie maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte-*
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehousem an or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

22

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting dev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, custom ers’
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes

Or

crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various tvpes of e sta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gaso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F or wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : I960 O - 558154







Occupational Wage Surveys
O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese bu lletin s, when av ailable,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issued early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.

Allentown—Bethlehem —E aston, P a .—N .J., March I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-33, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Birmingham, A la., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-37, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents

Memphis, T enn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la ., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. Paul, Minn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-21,
price 25 cents
Newark and Jersey City, N .J., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-28,
price 25 cents
New O rleans, L a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-32, price 25 cents

C incinnati, Ohio—Ky., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-31,
price 25 cents
C leveland, Ohio, September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Des Moines, Iowa, February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-30, price 25 cents

P hiladelphia, P a., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a ., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Richmond, V a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—Ontario, C alif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents

D etroit, Mich., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
K ansas City, Mo.—K ans., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-23,
price 25 cents
Los A ngeles—Long Beach, C alif., April I960—BLS Bull. 1265-35,
price 25 cents

San F ran cisco —Oakland, C alif., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-17,
price 25 cents
Seattle, W ash., August 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Sioux F a lls, S. D ak., February 1960-B L S Bull. 1265-29, price 20 cents
South Bend, Ind., April I960—BLS Bull. 1265-38, price 25 cents
W ashington, D .C .—Md.—V a., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-18,
price 25 cents
Waterbury, Conn., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-36, price 25 cents
York, P a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-27, price 25 cents








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102