View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey
C H IC A G O , ILLINOIS
APRIL 1960

Bu letin




o

.

1 2 6 5 -4 5
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
APRIL 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-45
July 1960
UNITED STA TES DEPARTM ENT O F LABO R
Jam es P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The B ureau of Labor S ta tistics regu larly conducts
areaw ide wage surveys in a number of im portant industrial
ce n te rs. The stu d ies, made from late fall to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A prelim in ary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the ea r lie r report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin su m m arizing the resu lts of all of the year*s surveys
is issu ed after com pletion of the final area bulletin for the
curren t round of su rveys.
This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional
office in C hicago, 111. , by W oodrow C. Linn, under the
d irection of G eorge E. Votava, R egional Wage and Industrial
R elations A n a ly st.




Contents

P age
Introduction _____________________________________________________________
1
4
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ________________________
Tables:
1. E stab lish m en ts and w ork ers w ithin scop e of su rvey _________
3
2. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la rie s and straigh t-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percen ts of in crea se for selec te d periods _____________
3
A: O ccupational earnings: *
A - 1 . O ffice occupations ________________________________________
5
A - 2. P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical occupations ________________ 10
A - 3. M aintenance and pow erplant occupations _______________ 11
A - 4. C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations _________ 13
B: E stablishm en t p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
provisions: *
B - l. Shift d ifferen tials _______________________________________ 16
B -2 . M inim um entrance sa la rie s for wom en
office w orkers ___________________________________________ 17
B -3 . Scheduled w eek ly h ou rs__________________________________ 18
B -4 . P aid h o lid a y s_____________________________________________ 19
B - 5. P aid vacations ____________________________________________ 20
B - 6 . H ealth, insu ran ce, and pen sion plans _________________ 22
Appendix: O ccupational d e sc r ip tio n s__________________________________ 23

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations are available in the C hicago area
reports for A pril 1951, M arch 1952, 1953, and 1954, and A pril
of each year sin ce 1955. M ost of the reports a lso include data
on these or related estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary
wage p ro vision s. A d irectory indicating date of study and the
price of the rep orts, as w ell as rep orts for other m ajor a r ea s,
is available upon requ est.
C urrent reports on occupational earnings and su p p le­
m entary wage p ra ctices in the C hicago area are a lso available
for gray iron foundries (June 1959), m iscellan eou s p la stics
products (February I960), wood household furniture (May 1959),
and the m achinery in d u stries (M arch I960). Union s c a le s ,
indicative of prevailin g pay le v e ls, are available for the fo l­
low ing trades or indu stries: B uilding construction, printing,
lo c a l-tr a n sit operating em p lo y ees, and m otortruck d riv ers
and h elp ers.




Occupational Wage Survey—
'Chicago, III.
Introduction

T his area is one of sev er a l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L ab or’ s B ureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a sis. In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field e c o n o m ists 1 to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within six broad industry divisions: M anufacturing; transportation, 2
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese studies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w ar­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary c o st involved in surveying all esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um co st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are presen ted , th erefore, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cept for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selected for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escriptions. ) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice c le rica l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and powerplant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
1 Data w ere obtained by m ail from som e of the sm a ller e s ­
tablishm ents for which v is its by B ureau field econ om ists in the la st
previous su rvey indicated em ploym ent in rela tiv ely few of the o c cu ­
pations studied. Unusual changes reported by m ail w ere verified with
em p lo y ers.
R ailroad s, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in nearly a ll of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining area s next
y ea r. F or scope of su rvey in this area, see footnote to “tran sp orta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1 .




O ccupational em ploym ent and earn in gs data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e. , those h ired to work a regu lar w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssific a tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eeken ds, h olid ays, and
late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earn in gs are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la r ie s are paid; average w eekly earn in gs for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d olla r.
A verage earnings of m en and w om en are p resen ted sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both se x e s are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to ( 1 ) d ifferen ces in the d istrib u tion of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2 ) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d within
the sam e survey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la r ie s are adjusted on this b asis.
Longer average serv ic e of m en would resu lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed w ithin the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen era lized than those u sed in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts w ithin the scop e of the study and not the num ber actu ­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary b en efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term “office w o rk ers, “ as used
in this bu lletin , inclu d es w orking su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related fu n ction s, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. “P lant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including lea d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice fu n ction s. A d m in istrative,
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and fo rce-a cco u n t con stru ction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
C a feteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing ind u stries.

2

Shift d ifferential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. T his inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p olicy , 3 p resen ted in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, presented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified sh ift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the am ount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te 7
sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a differen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans v/hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
accord ing to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 week* s pay.

Data are presen ted for all health , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg al req u irem en ts such as w o rk m en 's com p ensation
and so cia l secu r ity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insuran ce com pany and th ose provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em p loyer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund s e t asid e for this pu rp ose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accid en t insuran ce is lim ited to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are made* d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isa b ility . Inform ation is p resen ted for a ll such plans to which the
em ployer co n trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer con trib u tion s , 5 plans are included only if the em p loyer ( 1 ) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2 ) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form ed plans 5 which provide
full .pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
b ecause of illn e s s . Sep arate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans w hich provide fu ll pay and no w aiting p eriod, and ( 2 ) plans
providing eith er p artial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
p resentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insuran ce or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are designed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ica l, and su rgical p lan s.
M edical insuran ce re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or p artial
paym ent of d octo rs' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organizations or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . T abulations of retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er 's life .

3 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2 ) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
4 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (fir st sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade p rior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

5 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con trib u tion s.
6 An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
it esta b lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
could be exp ected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e allow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a ­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are covered . 4 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




3

T a b le

1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in C h i c a g o ,

111. , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A p r i l I 9 6 0

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
e s t a b lis h ­
in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W it h in
scope of
stu d y 3

------------------------------------------------------------

_

3, 118

459

1, 103, 8 0 0

M a n u fa c t u r in g
------------------ -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d
------------------------o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 -----------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------- -------R e t a il t r a d e _________________________________________________________
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ---------------------------------------S e r v i c e s 7 --------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------

101
-

1, 304
1, 8 14

176
283

5 93 , 100
5 1 0 , 700

101
51
101
51
51

170
573
197
373
501

47
62
49
50
75

in
m en ts

In d u s try d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

---------------------------

W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

S t u d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o ta l4

136,
8 1,
131,
83,
7 7,

O ffic e

T o t a l4

248, 400

6 52 , 300

5 33 , 610

92, 500
155, 9 00

900
400
500
0 00
9 00

P la n t

4 1 6 ,3 0 0
2 3 6 , 0 00

2 5 2 , 9 30
2 8 0 , 680

34,
28,
25,
52,
14,

6 00
300
600
700
7 00

65,
3 2,
9 1,
6 7,
3 9,

101,
20,
9 6,
36,
25,

7 00
200
100
300
700

0 20
840
670
580
570

1 T h e C h i c a g o A r e a ( C o o k C o u n t y ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r
f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e
(1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f

the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f
B ureau's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y

th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n ( u s e d in th e
p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 -5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m il k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a l e
or r e ­
t o m a n u fa c t u r i n g , an d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e
t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e an d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
C h i c a g o 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m is m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m
th e
s c o p e o f t h e s t u d ie s .
6 E s tim a te
r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n l y .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
t a il)

T a b le 2 .

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s in C h i c a g o , 111.,
A p r il I9 6 0 and A p r il 1 95 9, and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d e x e s
( M a r c h 195 3 = 1 0 0 )

In d u s try and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
A p r il I96 0

A p r il 1959

P e rce n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
A p r i l 1 95 9
to
A p r il I96 0

A p r il 1958
to
A p r i l 1 95 9

A p r il 1957
to
A p r i l 1 95 8

A p r il 1956
to
A p r i l 1 95 7

A p r i l 1 95 5
to
A p r il 1956

M a r c h 195 4
to
A p r i l 1 95 5

M a r c h 1 953
to
M a r c h 1 95 4

A l l in d u s t r i e s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) _________________________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) __
.
_ _
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ___________ _______ ______
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n ) ___________________________________

133. 6
139. 7
1 3 7 .4
1 3 3 .8

1 2 9 .9
135. 3
133. 6
130. 6

2. 9
3 .3
2. 8
2 .5

3 .0
3 .4
4. 7
4 .6

4.
6.
5.
4.

7
6
3
9

5 .4
5 .0
5 .0
4. 0

4 .3
6 .0
5. 1
4. 6

3 .6
4. 2
3. 3
3 .5

5. 8
5 .9
6. 3
5. 7

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) _________________________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) _____________________________
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) _____________________________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n ) ___________________________________

1 3 4 .4
1 4 0 .4
137. 6
1 3 3 .2

1 3 1 .0
1 3 5 .3
1 3 4 .0
1 2 9 .3

2.
3.
2.
3.

3 .0
3 .4
4. 6
3 .8

5. 5
6. 6
5 .3
5. 1

5 .4
5 .0
5 .5
4 .9

4 .2
6. 0
5. 8
5. 0

3 .4
4 .2
3. 1
2. 7

6 .2
5. 9
5. 8
4. 8




6
8
7
0

4

W age T ren d s fo r

S e le c t e d

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a l a r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s a n d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , an d o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s an d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , th e in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , th a t i s ,
th e s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if t s .
T he* i n d e x e s a r e b a s e d o n d a t a f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r ic a lly im p o r ta n t
j o b s w i t h i n e a c h g r o u p . T h e o f f i c e c l e r i c a l d a t a a r e b a s e d o n w o m e n in
th e fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s A an d B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s ; c le r k s , f i le ,
c la s s - A a n d B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y p u n c h o p e r a to r s ;
o f f ic e g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ;
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l; an d t y p is t s , c la s s A an d B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l n u r s e d a ta a r e b a s e d o n w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s . M en
in th e f o llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in t e n a n c e jo b s a n d 3 u n s k ille d j o b s w e r e
in c lu d e d in th e p la n t w o r k e r d a ta : S k i ll e d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r i c i a n s ;
m a c h in is t s ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h t s ; p a in te r s ;
p ip e f it t e r s ; s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ; a n d to o l a n d d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c le a n e r s ; l a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g ; a n d
w a tc h m e n .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d fo r e a c h o f th e s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th e n m u ltip lie d b y th e a v e r a g e o f 1 9 5 3 an d
1 9 5 4 e m p lo y m e n t in th e jo b . T h e s e w e ig h t e d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l
o c c u p a tio n s w e r e th e n t o t a le d to o b ta in a n a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g r o u p . F in a lly , th e r a tio o f th e s e g r o u p a g g r e g a t e s fo r a g iv e n
y e a r to th e a g g r e g a te fo r th e b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m o n th , w in te r 1 9 5 2 -5 3 )




O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s

w a s c o m p u te d a n d th e r e s u lt m u lt ip lie d b y th e b a s e y e a r in d e x (1 0 0 ) to
g e t th e in d e x f o r th e g iv e n y e a r .
A d ju s tm e n ts h a v e b e e n m a d e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to
c o m p a r a b ilit y . F o r e x a m p le , in m o s t o f th e a r e a s s u r v e y e d ,
w e r e in c lu d e d in th e c o v e r a g e o f th e s u r v e y s f o r th e f i r s t
y e a r . In c o m p u tin g th e in d e x e s , d a ta r e la t in g to th e r a ilr o a d
w e r e e x c lu d e d .

m a in ta in
r a ilr o a d s
tim e th is
in d u s tr y

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , th e e f f e c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y a n d w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b ; a n d (3 ) c h a n g e s in th e
la b o r f o r c e s u c h a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
t io n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith d if f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e c a n
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t
a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t in c r e a s e
th e p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f ic o c c u p a tio n a n d r e ­
s u lt in a d r o p in th e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t io n in th e p r o p o r t io n
o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u ld h a v e t h e o p p o s i t e e f f e c t .
The m ovem en t
o f a h ig h - p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t o u t o f a n a r e a c o u ld c a u s e th e a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n th o u g h n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s th e e f fe c t s
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta . N o r a r e th e in d e x e s in f lu e n c e d b y c h a n g e s in
s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e th e y
a r e b a se d on p a y fo r str a ig h t-tim e h o u r s.
I n d e x e s f o r th e p e r io d 1 9 5 3 to 1 9 5 9 f o r w o r k e r s in 1 7 m a j o r
la b o r m a r k e ts a p p e a r e d in B L S B u ll. 1 2 4 0 -2 2 , W a g e s a n d R e la te d
B e n e f it s , 2 0 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in te r 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 .

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n i C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il I960)

Avebaqb
Number Weekly, Weekly ,
of
workers (Standard) (Standard) Under
earnings $
50. 00

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------F in a n c e 3 — -----------------C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s B -------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 --------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------F in a n c e 3 ---------------------C le r k s , fi le ,

cla s s A

C le r k s , fi le , c l a s s B
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
C le r k s , o r d e r
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
W h o le s a le t r a d e
C le r k s , p a y r o l l
_____
M a n u fa ctu r in g -----N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
O ffic e b a y s
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g —
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
W h o le s a le t ra d e
R e t a il t r a d e ------F in a n c e 3 ----------S e r v i c e s -------------

2, 645
1, 167
1,478
450
527
217
1, 441
421
1, 020
460
373
121
118
168
113
2, 306
676
1, 630
1, 381
565
422
143
1, 851
547
1, 304
184
176
101
574
269

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A -----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _
W h o le s a le tra d e
F in a n c e 3 -----------

947
482
129
157

39. 0 $105. 50
39. 5 107.00 39. 0 104.00 40. 0 109.50 39.0 108. 50 37. 0 98. 00 39. 5 86. 50 _
39. 0 88. 50 39. 5 86. 00 40. 0 95. 50 39. 5 77. 50 39. 0 80. 00 “
39. 0 78. 00 _
39. 0 73. 00 _
39. 0 78. 00 39. 5 103.00 39. 5 103. 00 39. 5 103.00 39. 5 104.50 _
39. 5 96. 00 39. 5 96. 00
96. 50 39. 5
38. 0 62. 50 118
39. 0 64. 00 15
38. 0 61. 50 103
39. 5 72. 50 38. 0 60. 00 4 30
40. 0 63. 50 2
37. 0 59. 50 46
38. 0 58. 50 25
39. 0
39. 0
39. 5
37. 0

tE t ~ 39. 5

109.00
109. 00
109. 50
117.00
100.50

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF$
$
$
$ 00 * 00 * 00 S65. 00 $ 00 $75. 00 $ 00 $ 00 s90. 00 $95.00 $
70.
145.00 s150.00
100.00 105.00 110.00 $115.00 $120.00 $125.00 $
80. 85.
50. 55. 60.
130.00 135.00 s140.00 S
and
and
under
55. on 60.00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 over

2
1
1
_
10
“
.
320
83
237
11
25
6
127
68

15
3
12
4
4
20
20
17
_
1
1
387
95
292
15
39
15
141
82

4
1
3
42
7
35
4
9
9
8
51
18
8
8
5
2
2
337
105
232
27
25
34
100
46

5
5
1
103
19
84
6
69
6
10
11
9
16
1
15
1
25
23
2
258
81
177
22
41
24
78
12

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

46
29
17
1
6
107
15
92
3
76
9
33
2
1
70
22
48
27
6
2
4
204
83
121
23
12
10
52
24
.
-

45
12
33
9
2
149
36
113
25
45
33
11
13
9
125
27
98
94
31
27
4
117
58
59
17
10
25
7

113
21
92
12
15
30
222
70
152
25
102
16
6
15
13
141
33
108
104
99
77
22
59
7
52
42
4
5
1

5
5

33
29
4
3

-

200
74
126
2
28
47
154
90
64
27
20
13
2
24
24
186
55
131
122
61
43
18
32
5
27
23
-

288
131
157
30
20
42
196
62
134
80
31
21
5
8
8
363
50
313
240
27
18
9
12
9
3
3
-

187
91
96
17
41
5
223
60
163
133
16
10
5
8
8
158
66
92
49
61
42
19
1
1
1
-

362
130
232
82
108
21
136
20
116
104
6
2
2
373
161
212
180
106
72
34
_
-

418 226
200 134
218 92
135 73
59 12
13
5
60
8
10
7
1
50
50
1
2
5
_
3
3
"
155 151
34 77
121 74
87 72
32 49
22 43
10
6
_
6
6
-

-

-

-

4

-

"

-

35 I ll
29 60
6 51
6
6 34

148
59
89
4
60

119 106
50 61
69 45
16 10
7 26

-

-

-

283
110
173
38
108
21
7
5
2
2
2
98
28
70
68
32
29
3
_
-

143 194
78 77
65 117
14 16
26 87
7 10
14
3
2
14
1
_
1
2
1
.
"
94 81
36 27
58 54
50 54
9 12
7
8
5
1
_
_
-

-

92
42
50
27
4

83
25
58
41

35
30
5
-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




NOTE:

E s tim a t e s f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g , and p u b lic u t ilit ie s in c lu d e da ta f o r r a il r o a d s (SIC 4 0 ), o m it t e d fr o m th e s c o p e
o f a ll la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e fo r e th e w in te r o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .
W h e r e s ig n ific a n t , th e e ff e c t o f the in c lu s io n o f r a i l ­
r o a d s is g r e a t e s t on the da ta sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r the p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
T h e tr e n d o f e a rn in g s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p s in a ll in d u s t r ie s , e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s , a p p e a r s in ta b le 2.

-

-

22
6
16
16
.
_
_
_
4
1
3
3
_
.
-1
-

8
5
3
3
_
_
.
11
5
6
6
_
_
-

7
7
7
_
_
108
108
108
_
-

-

-

*
■

85
30
55
5
12

58 36
39 29
19 7
4 1
12 1
3 4
_ _
- - - _
- _ _
1
- 1
107 57
29 24
78 33
78 33
9 3
6 1
3 2
_ .
- - - -

-

-

-

6 35
4 4
2 31
16

7
2
5
5

-

47
35
12
4

-

-

6

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l I960)

Averaqk
Number Weekly^ Weekly
of
Sex, occupation, and industry division workers
earnings Under
(Standard) (Standard)1 50.00

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$
S
$
Is
S60. 00 *65. 00 $70. 00 $75. 00 $80. 00 S85. 00 S90. 00 S95.00 $100.00 S105.00 s110.00i$115.00 $120.00 *125.0Q*130.00 $
J
50. 00 *55. 00
135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
and
- j and
under
55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75.00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 i 30.00: i 35.00 140.00 ' 145.00 150.00 over

Men-—Continued
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B ------------------------------------------M anufacturing------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_________________
Public utilities 2 ----------------------Wholesale trade ----------------------Finance3 ---------------------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class C ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing_________________
Finance 3 ______________________
Women
Billers, machine (billing m ach in e)----M anufacturing____________________
Nonmanufacturing-------------------------Public utilities 2 ______________ _
Wholesale trade ----------------------B illers, machine (bookkeeping
machine) ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------Retail tra d e -----------------------------Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A -------------------------------- -----M anufacturing__________________ Nonmanufacturing-------------------------Wholesale trade ----------------------Retail tr a d e -----------------------------Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B ------------- —-------- ----------------M anufacturing------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_________________
Wholesale trade ----------------------Retail tra d e -----------------------------Finance 3 ______________________
Services ---------------------------------Clerks, accounting, class A __________
M anufacturing------------------------------Nonm anufacturing_________________
Public u tilities2 _______________
Wholesale trade _______________
Retail tra d e ____________________
Finance3 --------------------------------Services _______________________

l
1, 546
626
920
218
158
410

38. 5 $89.50
38.5 89.50
39. 0 89.00
39.5 97.00
39.5 87.50
38. 0 84.50

-

1
1
1

3
3
3

9
1
8
2
2
4

78
50
28
2
6
18

76
20
56
6
6
39

56
52
29

79
58
39

113
89
39
243
128
115
40
64

545
460
213

39.0
39. 0
38. 5

76.50
76.50
73.50

-

-

19
19
16

1, 413
500
913
202
579

39. 0
39.5
39. 0
40. 0
38. 5

73.50
74.50
72.50
81.50
71.00

4
4
-

46
21
25
-

77
19
58
54

137 281
58 38
79 243
- 20
66 175

373
343
199

39. 0
39. 0
40. 0

69.50
68.50
62.50

6
6
6

20
20
16

18
18
15

107
107
100

91
88
49

7
7
7

965
450
515
242
114

39. 0
39.5
38. 5
39. 0
40. 5

84.50
82.50
86.50
85.00
82.00

-

-

1
1
1

30
12
18
4
4

53
24
29
4
21

47
16
31
22
7

3, 933
956
2, 977
540
289
1, 915
162
2, 641
870
1, 771
359
395
209
557
251

38. 5
39.5
38.0
39.5
40.0
37. 5
38. 0
39. 0
39. 0
38. 5
39.5
39. 5
39.5
37. 5
38. 0

72.50
78.00
71.00
70.00
68.50
70.50
76.50
91.50
93.50
90.50
98.00
91.00
86.00
86.50
90.50

3
3
3
_

38
2
36
9
27

_

190
10
180
41
43
93
3

16
16
1
_
15

519
56
463
92
48
316
4
7
1
6
2
_
2
2

-

-

_
-

-

~

_
_
-

7 36 1054
157 106
579 948
77
186
48
57
306 786
27
29
68
94
10
7
58
87
1
3
3
25
8
32
42
21
4
6

5
2
3
i
2
-

1
1
-

3
1
2
_
-

5
5
_
_
-

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

"

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

11
11
-

_
-

_
-

_ j
- !
- !
_
-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

1
1
-

-

1
1
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

34
3
31
28

51
2
49
-

-

3
3
-

-

3
3
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

12
12
-

2
2
-

_

_

-

_

129
66
63
6
11
6
12
28

56
9
47
36
5
2

11
4
7
1
-

171 265 184
70 96 87
101 169 97
2
8 13
18 40 21
68 104 46

260
96
164
49
25
64

58
50
17

35
29
8

15
10
1

208 169 174
93 44 53
115 125 121
- 40 97
102 72 23

27
27
-

33
26
-

54
23
31
1
3
20

41
20
21
15
2
3

16
14
1

3
3
3

4
3
2

33
5
28
5
23

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

5
1
-

-

186 147 176
112 105 84
74 42 92
52
1 44
7 30 15

155
65
90
69
1

79
24
55
46

565
174
391
67
36
226
22
305
78
227
19
39
40
102
27

139
106
33
1
8
23

87
78
36

52
41
6

60
55
22

32
27
-

380
223
157
50
14
51
40
345
112
233
50
116
9
31
44
27

295
108
187
26
23
87
37
434
156
278
22
46
40
126

-

416
157
259
53
70
21
93
22

195 139
63 66
132 73
87
7
11 22
19 20

-

-

-

-

267 25 2 172
79 78 93
188 174 79
50 91 15
25 14
6
27
1 16
63 37 28
23 31 14

i
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,




56
25 1
31
25 1
1

- 1

4 !

-

5

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_
_

40
13
27
1
23
_
-

14
3
11
11
_
-

14
3
11
10
1
_

_

1
1
_
_
_
-

_

-

3

-

-

-

_
_

i
1

-

_
_

7
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Chicago, 111. , April I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OFAverage
s
$
$
Is
$
Sex, occupation, and industry division Number Weekly 1 earnings1 Under $ 00 55. 00 $ 00 $ 00 70. 00 $ 00 $ 00 $85. 00 S 00 S95.00 1 0 0 . oc s105.00 $
of
. Weekly .
110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00|150.00
50.
90.
60. 65. $
75. 80.
hours
and
;1 and
(Standard) (Standard) 50. 00 under
5 5 . on 6 0 . on 66. no 70 on 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00ll50.00l over
j
Women—Continued
Clerks, accounting, class B --------------Manufacturing __________ _______
Nonmanufacturing --------- ---------Public utilities 2 --------------------Wholesale trade --------------- —
Retail trade ----------- .. -------Finance 3 ------ -------- ---------Services — _________ ____ __
Clerks, file, class A ----------------------Manufacturing ---- ---------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------- -------Wholesale trade _____________
Finance 3 ____________________
Services _____ _______________
Clerks, file, class B _______________
Manufacturing ------ --------------- __
Nonmanufacturing ----------------- ---Public utilities 2 — _________
Wholesale trade ____________
Retail trade ___________________
Finance 3 _____________________
Services --------------------------------Clerks, order ______________________
Manufacturing __________________
Nonmanufacturing _ ______________
Wholesale trade ---------------------Retail trade ---------------------------Clerks, payroll ------------------------- __
Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 2 ____________
Wholesale trade ------- -----------Retail trade _________________
Finance 3 _____________________
Services --------------------- -----Comptometer operators -------------------Manufacturing ------ --------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________
Public utilities 2 --------------------Wholesale trade __ _______ __
Retail trade ------------------ -----Finance 3 -----------------------------Services ______________ __ __
Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) ___ _____ —
Manufacturing _________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------See footnotes at end of table,




5, 480 39. 0 $72. 50
1, 902 39. 0 74. 00
3, 578 39. 0 71. 50
390 40. 0 80. 00
942 39. 5 75. 00
893 40. 0 68. 00
945 37. 5 68. 50
408 38. 5 71. 50
2, 115 38. 5 71. 50
640 39. 0 73. 00
1, 475 38. 0 71. 00
243 38. 5 73. 50
780 38. 0 69. 00
301 37. 5 72. 50
6, 321 39. 0 60. 50
1, 297 39. 5 63. 00
5, 024 38. 5 60. 00
696 40. 0 68. 50
722 39. 5 63. 00
587 40. 0 57. 50
2, 370 37. 5 57. 00
649 38. 5 59. 00
2, 025 39. 0 74. 50
787 38. 5 77. 00
1, 238 39. 0 73. 00
730 39. 0 77. 50
415 39. 5 63. 50
2, 295 39. 0 81. 00
1, 230 39. 0 80. 00
1, 065 39. 0 | 82. 00
241 39. 5 1 92. 00
227 39. 0 j 80. 00
205 40. 0 ! 73. 00
135 37. 5 1 85. 50
257 38. 5 80. 00
3, 403 39. 5 77. 00
927 39. 0 80. 50
2, 476 39. 5 75. 50
393 40. 0 87. 00
603 39. 0 73. 00
781 39. 5 71. 00
206 37. 5 68. 00
493 40. 0 78. 50
398
209
189

39. 0
39. 5
39. 0

31 121 402 810 1088
9 107 274 362
31 112 295 536 726
2 10
48 47
- 42
75 213
52 77 164 183
31
46 112 182 228
12 54
67 55
5
53 194 395 360
9 69
79 72
5 44 125 316 288
- 32
48 18
24 72 205 172
22 73
10 13
433 1215 1639 1341 885
33 109 348 311 268
400 1106 1291 1030 617
30 192
57 123
- 118 142 185 169
5 130
95 110
96 81
4 245 687 747 429 203
25 176 100 263 41
60 109 305 400
27
4 14 116 152
27
56 95 189 248
- 14
81 141
24
52 72
92 107
6
16 75 134 260
7 60
89 162
6
45 98
9 15
3
4
6 14
6
20 29
9 10
1
7
9
10 45
~
1
33 105 272 525
44 137
1
5
32 100 228 388
1
2
7
13
5
- 27
50 109
1
82 181
29 42
1 20
59 66
4
24 27
i
2
67. 50
35 63
78 65
66. 00
52 38
18 40
2
17 23
26 27
69. 00
|

821
241
58026
176
174
159
45
382
116
266
17
148
94
376
121
255
123
22
61
37
12
248
114
134
107
22
245
129
116
15
30
20
12
39
569
170
399
25
150
162
17
45

883
398
485
76
127
111
102
69
273
116
157
46
79
30
204
58
146
60
36
11
15
24
158
51
107
101
4
372
182
190
28
63
63
20
16
513
155
358
45
154
115
31
13

526
165
361
42
136
47
67
69
167
66
101
40
31
25
110
19
91
34
40
2
7
8
191
112
79
50
26
282
149
133
40
42
13
17
21
621
118
503
8
62
103
4
326

282
120
162
30
66
29
31
6
156
97
59
30
16
12
62
17
45
38
6
1
264
127
137
128
1
339
158
181
31
25
10
22
93
219
89
130
32
26
54
18

242
143
99
29
41
13
6
10
51
10
41
11
11
4
34
9
25
25
43
2
41
31
197
113
84
24
29
15
11
5
357
73
284
221
14
12
4
33

49
12
37

28
23
5

56
14
42

18
10
8

2
1
1

!

139
32
107
60
31
5
8
3
20
4
16
1
2
17
4
13
9
4
118
53
65
37
"
169
70
99
55
2
2
18
22
67
24
43
28
8
4
3
2 !
1
1

70
21
49
20
8
1
2
18
23
2
21
1
1
14
1
1
1
54
1
53
36
15
89
34
55
27
8
8
12
87
81
6
5
1
“

55
21
34
27
5
2
28
28
20
2
2
2
26
23
3
47
39
8
3
2
3
31
28
3
2
1
-

5
5
“

5
4
1
1
"
2
2
_
4
4
4

6
6
2
2
2
2
7
7
“
12
19
8
17
2
4
2
4
- 1
!
2
1
2
1
1
-

- !
“
1

|i —
!
j

.

_
_
_
-

_

_
_
_
- |
“
_
11
11
10 10
7
6
4
3
4
3
"
_
_
- — :—

_
10
10
10
_
I

-

_

_
_
_
“
_
_
-

_

-

_

_
-

-

_
_
-

-

_
"

i
1 _____ ; '
_

_

_
_
3
3
3
_
~

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , HI. . A p r il I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of

s
55. 00

6 0 . 00

65. 00

7 0 . 00

S
7 5 . 00

$
80 . 00

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Is
j$
$
8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0

60. 00

65. 00

7 0 . 00

7 5. 00

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 0Q

qo.

567
205
362
11

925
443
482

119
8

45
56
226
24

615
247
368
17
96
71
150
34

33

79
265
34

369
88

216
54

141
55

59
37

39
21

162

37
55

281
55
173

86
'3 8
25

22
8
4

18
1
4

5
-

13
13
-

260
56
204

520
171

5
-

108
37
71
-

-

3
-

3
-

10
21
31

-

2

10

9

_

25
25
1
2
3

108
28
80
2

874
360
514
35
71
44
305

Weekly .
Weekly . U n d e r
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)
t o . 00

$
50 . 00
and
under
55. 00

|
on

9 5 . 00

| and

1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0 '1 5 0 .0 0 i o v e r

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

3
-

K eypu n ch o p e r a to r s
-----------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g
_______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
____________________ _
W h o le s a le tr a d e
____________________ _
R e t a i l t r a d e -----------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ___________________________________
S e r v ic e s
_______________________ ____________

5, 1 7 7
1, 8 8 4
3, 293
720

39. 0
39. 0
3 9 .0
40. 0

546

39. 5
39. 5
37. 5

8 7 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

-

125
10
115
1
2
14
82

39. 5

8 0 .0 0

3

16

O ffic e g ir ls
________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ------------------ ----------- -------- __ _

1, 1 1 1
340

39.
39.
39.
40.

6 0 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

64

174
32
142

S e c r e ta r ie s
------------------------------ ,-----------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
__ ---------------------------_______________
_____

13, 3 6 9
5, 1 2 9
8, 240
931
1, 7 0 5

R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________
F i n a n c e 3 -----------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s
------------------------------------------ --------

1, 3 0 1
2, 6 8 0
1, 6 2 3

P u b lic u t il it i e s 2
W h o le s a le tr a d e

S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
------------------------- ---------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_________________
_____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------________________ _____
W h o le s a le tr a d e

391
1, 2 1 4
422

771
209
348

5
0
5
0

39. 5
38. 5
39. 0
38. 5
39.
39.
40.
37.
37.

5
0
0
5
0

38. 5

S te n o g r a p h e r s , te c h n ic a l
____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_____________ ____________

414
317

38. 0
37. 5

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
-----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------.--------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
----------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e
_______________________
R e ta il tr a d e
----------------------------------------- _

2, 09 7
508
1, 5 8 9

---------- — ----------------------

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s
____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------- ----------- _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------- ---------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
-----------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e
________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ----------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 --------------------------- ---------------------S e r v ic e s
-------------------------------------------------

6 0 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

R e ta il tr a d e
---------------------------------------------_____
F i n a n c e 3 ___________________________
S e r v ic e s
-------------------------------------------------------

39.
38.
39.
39.
40.
37.
38.

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

0
5
5
0
0
5
0

379
352
027
021
431
500
2, 0 8 5
990

F i n a n c e 3 --------------------------S e r v ic e s
-----------,-----------------

10,
4,
6,
1,
1,

$

3
-

* 37
27
10
15
_
-

-

-

9 0 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

.

_

39. 0
3 9 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

68
-

171
-

269
227
217
322

39.
39.
39.
40.
37.

68
-

171
-

21
-

21
-

554

39. 5

7 1 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

47

2, 2 5 7
1, 1 0 3
1, 1 5 4
137
545
124
211
137

39. 0
39. 0
38. 5

_

39.
39.
39.
37.

0 i
5
0
0
0

5
0
5
0

39. 0

7 5 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

-

"

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,




19

217
47
170
6
14
23

55
72

142
51

391
307
10
7

23
11
12
5

2
-

1
-

2
-

7
-

2
_
-

1
1
_

!

-

_
_
_

-

"

-

8

138

59

9

17
10

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
-

3
1
2
-

-

-

-

"

-

•

-

-

-

-

1793

2025
820
1205

2112

1377

849
358

692
374
318

99
199
178
365
364

127
287

1530
534
996
136
236

280
417
343

179
280
165

247

1017
514
503
117
207
50
93
36

897
285
612
212
62
14
114
210

29
5
24
1

63

71
61
37

75
93
88

106
448
122

165
514
216

1607
603
1004

1650

2068

789
861
87
191
93
372
118

889
1179
78
271
102
567
161

1315
505
810
73
223
93
174

349
30

561
170

91
71
11
-

58
78
45
107
64

m i
353
7 58
15
67

9
26

530
144
386
154

1117
37
185

39
19
36

658
1454

-

589
788
122

491
84

231

167

131
193
111

59
133
48

365
151
214

305
129
176

81
55
26

176
15
4
8
11

149
13
-

19
4
-

9
5

1
2

.

.

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

89
116
11

384
207
177
87
36
5

215
122
93
32

66
43
23
7
13
1

62
40

29
20

9

143
90
53
26
3
2
17
5

29
14
15
15
-

30
25
5
5
-

8
5
3
3
-

_

_

-

_
_
-

16
2
34

-

-

-

-

55
34

60
46

42
31

41
28

19
16

19
17

5
5

16
14

_

_

190
2
188
-

151

261
65
196
28
12
25

318

240
75
165
28
21

295
112
183
8
68
17

183
48
135
75
15
1

82

21
10
11
2
4
-

.

5
-

_

_

-

41
3

-

1
1
-

38
52

107
36
71
56
5
4
6

-

_
-

405
266

239
72

139
42
52
15
21

167
23
77
16
30
21

278
164
114
23
44
13
20
14

-

-

23
2
21
16
2
-

34
6
28
22
-

27
5
22
12
_

3

6

10

.

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
-

_
_
_

"

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

28
54
3
26
9
2
14

-

61
42

-

82

-

1
1

36
28

150

17
136

49

10
-

73
14

10
-

59
-

17

283
153
130
11
97
3
5
14

45
2
12
i

60
71

48

322
150
172
13
81
3
52

446
138
308
10

39

129
54
81
34

23
i

9

-

-

31
27

29
81
6

.
_
_

-

16
16

89
33

_
_

_

10
10

91
227
18

.
_
_
_

_

3
3

39
112

-

_
_
-

-

59

18
5
52
3

10
4
32

'

140

630
278
352

49
354
92
371
138

2
33

10
-

49
102
77
221

836
278
558
40

_

-

-

5

3
3
-

"

-

"

-

-

-

1

-

-

123
88
35

49
36

25
22

3
-

_

_

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

13
2
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

9
20
2
4

26
56
43
7
1
5

8
3

3

'

-

5

-

-

-

4

|

''

'

1
1
1
_

_

“

-

I

i

_

|

'

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r i l I960)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN][NGS OP-

Aviraqk

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
U nder
earnings1
(Standard) $
5 0 .0 0

$
50. 00
and
under
55. 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
$
6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00

$
$
%
7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 5. 00

7 0 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

s
(
%
$
$
%
$
$
$
t
S
$
%
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0
8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00
and
9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

T a b u la t i n g -m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ----------------------------------------------------------------------

107

39. 5

$ 9 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

22

2

-

28

13

3 7 .0

8 2 . 50
9 0 . 00
9 5 . 00

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

39. 5
4 0 .0

124
4

106
10

109
30

116
43
24

67
23
4

4 0 .0
46. 6
4 0 .0

7 8 . 50
7 9 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

16
7
2

20
17
5

12

18

3

4

-

5

-

38

82

4
2
2

9
6
5

1
-

-

69
34

81
51

-

9
4

20
18
18

72
71

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t i n g -m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _________________________

740
250
109

-

"

“

"

“

"

43
41

48
48
25

63
46
44

38
24
18

36

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

~

-

-

-

"

-

“

-

T a b u la t i n g -m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------

-----------------------------

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n fir a l
_ ....
...............

348
300
209

-

1
-

2, 224
786
1 ,4 3 8
362
112
468
407

38. 5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
38. 5
40. 0
38. 0
37. 5

76.
77.
76.
80.
67.
71.
76.

50
50
00
50
50
50
00

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------- ---------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______ _______________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ----------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 ___________________________________
S e r v i c e s ____________________________________

5, 4 5 0
2, 308
3, 142
296
358
233
1, 661
594

38. 5
39. 0
38. 0
3 9 .5

75.
74.
75.
82.
76.
74.
73.

00
50
50
00
50
50
00

-

7 9 . 00

"

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ------------------------------------- ---------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------- -------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ----------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 -----------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ____________________________________

11, 030
3', 3 1 2
7, 718
433
1, 216
1, 0 4 2
3, 7 2 5
1, 3 0 2

3
3
3

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ __________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ----------------------------------------- —
F i n a n c e 3 ___________________________________
S e r v ic e s —
------------- ------------------------------

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ __ ________________ ______

39. 5
40. 0
3 7 .0
38. 0

38. 5
3 9 .0
38. 5
39. 5
39. 0
40. 0
3 7 .5
38. 5

6 5 .0 0
6 6 . 50
6 4 . 50
7 0 . 50
6 5 . 50
6 4 . 00
6 3 . 00
6 8 . 00

1
1
-

16
16
10
6

26
1
25
13
11
1

9
9
5
4
-

644
38
606
28
62
181
300
35

17
17
6

63
5
58
3
23
16
16

169
118
51
21
12
10
8

1850
493
1357
86
121
135
882
133

11

197
42
155
19
16
104
16

603
275
328
6
48
23
222
29

3105
919
2186
34
315
200
1383
254

316
155

395
184
211
51

425

284
78
206
88
8
48
57

219
117
102

422
152
270
21
40
26
131
52

361
132

43
16
27
26
1
-

79
55

11
94
55

91
334
87
20
90
137

1100
440
660
32
32
34
497
65

1050
496
554
36
70
51
346
51

943
342
601
33
52
36
300
180

598
268
330
25
75
43

2348
773
1575
47
434
195
644
255

1792
574
1218
60

828
335
493
97
83
75
164
74

312
131
181
18
20
34
20

62
12
50
30
-

89

11

161
11
16

179
209
326

444

89
98

63
1
11
18

3
6

168
44
124
8
2
11
52

229
51
24
8
44
102

69

8
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

“

_
'

c l a s s C ---------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________,___

'

'

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

. 31
21
10
7
1
-

4
2
2
-

-

-

“

“

“

143
58
85
47
11
-

37
18

12
9
3
2
1
-

1
-

-

89
40
49
25
-

21
6

16
8
8
6
1
-

19
15
1
3

9
8
1
1
-

1
1

6
6
-

-

_

2
2
2
-

-

-

_

”

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

J____
1 S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 4 5 to $ 5 0 .
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 9 at u n d e r $ 4 0 ; 66 at $ 4 0 to $ 4 5 ; 55 at $ 4 5 to $ 5 0 .




-

-

-

-

_

-

“

.

3
3
-

-

"

■

.
-

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

10

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l I96 0 )
Average

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
houm 1
(Standard)

NU M B ER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EA RN IN G S OF

1

Weekly
U nder
earnings
P
(Standard) •
7 5 . 00

$

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
s
s
$
$
s
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0

*
8 0 .0 0

%
8 5 . 00

$

$

7 5 .0 0

tin d e r
8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

“
“
“
"
■
■
“
"
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0

9 0 . 00

and
over

1
M en

D ra ftsm e n ,

le a d e r

---------------------------------- -------________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g

635
301
334

39. 0
3 9 .5
38. 5

.

$ 1 4 9 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

-

-

-

|

_

2
2

4
4

8

27

45

-

4
4

8

-

8

8

"

-

“

"

-

"

23
4

31
14

58

88
78
10

193
173
20
4
7

228

233
194

250
174

221
155

278

39
10
25

76
21
42

66

204
148
56
24

183
102

110
75
35
20

112
21

107
62

91
57

45
30

107
96
11
4

51
42

22
20

84

57

63
21

29
28

324
213
111
33

19
9
10

36
13
23

265
181
84
27
40

406
201
205
35
168

129
26
103
7

35
5
30

25

8

9

6

25

8

9

6

-

-

-

-

-

11

14
13
1

3
2

_

_

1

1

_
-

39
30

78

36
11
25

13
3
10

35
1
34

120
48
72

9
95

141
35
106
10
93

_

87
14
73
4

72

69

_
_

_
_

_

_

2

"

-

1
1

_

_
_

9

17
61

46
138

139
92
47

175
64
111

9
123

9
34

38

2 102

4
34

41

19

19

18
2
16
1
12

_
_

_
3

-

3

61

1

1
D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r _____________ ______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________
_____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _______
______ _____
S e r v ic e s
---------------------------------------------------

3, 4 6 2
2, 111

D r a f t s m e n , ju n io r
------------- ----------------- -------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________ ______________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ __ ______ _____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ________________________

2, 087
1, 4 3 5
652

1, 351

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

239
1, 0 0 7

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

207

39. 5
3 9 .5
40. 0

3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

617
484
133
50

3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5
40. 0

2
2
-

30
24

3
-

2

53
5
-

3

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

-

4

1

2

265
245
20

290
254

215
152

36
14

63
12

3
-

222

161

4 196
26
15

149
12
8

20
13

26

7
57

7
5

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

6

6

1

171
57
8
39

81
10

19
39

191
87
37
44

-

76

-

184

_

_

2

1

19

3

W om en

N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ___ _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------- ----------- --------R e t a i l t r a d e _____ _______________
_____

19

89
79
10

7

92
67
25
14

74

55
19
10

66

41

9

39
27

33
8

1

1

2

6
5

1

1

1 Sta nda rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s
and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 46 at $ 175 t o $ 180; 24 at $ 180 t o $ 185; 8 at $ 185 to $ 190; 24 at $ 190 and o v e r .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s : 33 at $ 6 0 to $ 6 5 ; 64 at $ 6 5 to $ 7 0 ; 99 at $ 7 0 to $ 7 5 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 4 at $ 65 to $ 7 0 ; 3 at $ 7 0 to $ 7 5 .

5

NOTE:

S ee n ote o n p . 5 ,




r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s ,

_
_

_

11

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r i l I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average
hourly
U n der 2 .0 0
2. 10
earnings*
and
$
2. 00 T l o r 2. 20

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ----- —
----- ----- ----M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________________
R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------F in a n ce 3 -------------------------------------------------------

1, 128
568
560
170
146
185

$ 2 .9 9
2 .8 9
3. 10
2 .4 9
2 .9 5
3 .7 0

-

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce _______
________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________
_______ ____________
----- --------- — __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 „ ---------------- -----------------R e t a il t r a d e ____________________________ ___
F in a n ce 3 _________________________________ _
------------------------ ------------- __ ----S e rv ice s

3, 115
2, 240
87 5
358
83
215
169

3. 10
3 .0 5
3. 24
3. 10
3. 18
3. 67
3. 12

-

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ______ __ ________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______ ______ ________ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________________ S e r v i c e s ________________________
_____

2, 139
1, 046
1, 093
119
219
398
303

3 .0 1
3. 02
3 .0 1
2. 63
3. 07
3. 21
2 .9 2

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r ------- ----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g _______ _____ _______ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------__
___ __________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
----- __ __ ---------------R e t a il t r a d e ------- ----------------------------------------

1, 120
791
329
77
79

2. 50
2 .4 6
2 .6 0
2 .4 8
2. 64

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce ______ ___ _____
--------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _ ----- ----- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------- -------- ----P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------- __ __ ----------------

1, 830
1, 313
517
299

3. 09
3. 08
3. 17

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m a in te n a n ce ) ------------------------------------- --- M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ ___________________ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________ ____________ _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ----- -------- ----- ----- -------W h o le s a le t r a d e
---------- ------------------------

1 ,9 6 5
4 86"
1 ,4 7 9
1, 129
195

2 .9 5
2 .9 9
2 .9 3
2 .9 5
2 .7 4

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta ble.




$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3. 10

$
3 .2 0

$
3. 30

$
3 .4 0

$
3. 50

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
3. 80

$
3 .9 0

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2 .7 0

Z* 80 _ _ 2^_30

3 .0 0

3 .J j0 _ 3. 20

3. 30

3 .4 0

3. 50

3. 60

3. 70

3. 80

3. 90

4. 00

179
42
137
124
11
“

57
53
4
1
1
2

91
34
57
16
38
2

40
27
13
2
6
2

59
51
8
5
-

12
9
3
1
2

41
36
5
4

260

8
3
5
5

-

10
10
8
2

63
54
9
2

191
67
124
100
9
_
5

176
172
4
1
1
-

IET

-

177
143
34
2
7
25

17
8
9
3
_
6

28
20
8
8

236
$5
4 141
10
112
19

159
49
110
74
2
12

124
106
18
2
14
2
-

95
85
10
5
3
2
-

55
50
5
4
1

46
36
10
3
3

58
10
48
18

3
3
-

3
1
2
-

17
16
1
1

-

-

-

3

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

23
23
13

-

-

54
38
16
16
-

74
23
51
5
1
45

20
12
8
7
-

161
5150
11
7

54
30
24
1

84
33
51
44
6

102
67
35
6
1

-

-

-

5
5

3, 068
2, 937
131

$
2 .6 0

“

.

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce -------------- ------------- —
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______ _____ ___ _____ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----- __
-------------- ---------

I$
2. 50

5
5
4
-

95
91
4
4

"
_

■

-

-

32
32
~

-

31
27
4
4
-

-

7

39
34
5
-

31
30
1
-

2 .9 1
2 .9 1

$
2 .4 0

10
2
8
8

141
"To5
35
"

1, 954
1, 951

$
2. 30

19
19
15
-

2 .4 2
2 .4 4
2. 38
2. 34

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
---------------------------------------------- _

$
2. 20

'

327
102
225
179

582
529
53
44

65
42
23
14

!

12
10

81
81

70
70

1
1

12
12
_

-

75
4
71
49
22

“
.

_

22
22
22

-

76
73
3
3
-

58
55
3
2

365

9
9
-

4
1
3
3

9
9
2

-

-

“

244
44
166

24
24
-

37

20

25
5
20

_

3
3
-

6
6
_
_

-

-

20
4
16
_
12

73
55
18
18
-

108
102
6
4
-

-

-

254
225
29
20
7
1

391
362
29
11
16
_

483
463
20
9
5
-

119
50
69
4
9
52

50
47
3
-

137
66
71
21
3
_
45

331
187
144
51
58
35

700
183
517
1
114
333
61

83
64
19
1
3
15

91
74
17
4
13

48
47
1
1
-

286
156
130
16
38

11
4
7
-

95
95

26

26

4
4

“

98
2
69

'

-

-

340
194
146
26
23
97
-

117
169
40 ------ S T
77
116
75
111
1
5
1

-

It

16

to

2
2

$
4 . 00
and
over

_
_

_
_

-

*

-

12
12

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

.
-

.
"

.
-

-

-

-

“

■

19
19

11
11

1
i

.

.

_

-

-

64
53
11

8
6
2

40
32
8
-

1
1
“

8
8
-

149
149

150
150

193
193

471
471

171
171

217
217

174
174

59
59

51
51

98
87
11

102
100
2

220
214
6

336
324
12

537
534
3

454
449
5

459
451
8

168
160
8

127
122
5

236
173
63

30
29
1

45
45
"

2
2
“

20
19
1

36
36

143
143
_

54
4
50
27
22

101
21
80
77

46
12
34
16
2

85
58
27
16
7

277
141
136
59
43

885
82
803
703
66

238
134
104
68

95
12
83
72

19
15
4
_

_
_
_

_

_
-

12
_
12
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
-

344
215
129
62

99
93
6
-

47

119
119

10
5
5

56
3
53
42
11

26
19
“

34
34
-

-

.
-

_

12

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r i l I960)
NU M B ER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

$
hourly j U n der 2 . 00
earnings
and
$
2 . 00 u n d e r
2 . 10

1
-

4
3

1

1

3. 01
3. 01

_

_

803
752

2 .4 2
2 . 39

40
40

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ---------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
-------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
_________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ________________ ________

810
406
4 04

3.
2.
3.
2.

_

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in te n a n ce --------- -----------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------- -----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------

1 , 061

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce ---------------- -----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------- -----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
____________________________

3, 524
3, 156
368

$ 2 . 84
2 . 81
3. 03

M illw r ig h t s
M a n u fa ctu r in g

1, 629
1, 609

____________
------------------

------------------------ ------------------------

O il e r s ________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------

P lu m b e r s , m a in te n a n ce
-----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
---------- -----------------------------

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in te n a n ce -----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
--------------------------------------------------

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ---------- ------------------------- —
M a n u fa ctu r in g
------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

10 1

890
171

162
119
4 03
382

4, 120
4, 120

05
84
26
69

3. 08
3. 05
3. 23

3. 07
3. 08

$

2 . 10

$

2 . 20
-

-

2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

-

■2.30... 2 .A Q _ -iL_50

$
2. 50
-

S ee n ote on p . 5 ,




$
2. 70

2 . 60
-

$
j$
!
2 .8 0 | 2 . 90

$
3 .0 0

$
3. 10
-

$
3. 20

$
3. 30

$
3 .4 0

$
3. 50

$
3. 60

$
3. 70

$
3. 80

$
3. 90

$
4 . 00
and

2 . QO

JL.UD_ 3. 20

3. 30

3 .4 0

3. 50

3. 60

3. 70

3. 80

3. 90

4 . 00

over

-

2 _ 8.Q

JL_6.Q
—

191
181

225

304
294

10

4

10

412
395
17

349
303
46

323
285
38

569
563
6

319
319
~

174
168
6

89
79

6

242
180
62

146

12 1

10

144

7
7
"

"

1
1

_
"

23
23

44
44

69
66

85
83

125
124

71
70

318
314

239
238

4 28
4 22

18
18

15
14

55
55

78
78

59
59

59
59

58
58

91
91

138
138

162
159

76
74

43
42

63
45

40
13

32
32

.

.

1

.

"

“

-

-

4
4
"

11
11

5
5
-

66
15
51
35

59
48

38

55
54

.
-

14
13

27
15

"

5
5
“

275
29
246

"

37
37
■

10

11

67
63
4
2

"

_
"

_
"

5
5
-

14
14
-

17
14
3

32
28
4

75
39
36

145
134
11

91
51
40

55
52
3

.
-

1

_

_

_

_

"

■

"
_

"

“
_

1

3 .0 8
3. 06

_

3. 25
3. 25

.

38
34
4

127

"

_

_

■

■

3
3

_

_

_

“
2
2

221

7

1

12
12

11

35

21
14

48
48

r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .

1

26
5

3
3

1
63
56
7

"

86
43
43
42

116
109
7

103
103
"

238
231
7

9

1

10

3

8

1

7
4

3
■

11
5
6
■
29
28
1

7
7

48
48
■
.

2

1

_

1
1

-

.

.

.

"

!

-

1

-

-

"

-

1

.
-

3
3
-

-

-

1

24
24

4

15
15

1
3

“

12
12

1

.

.

1

-

1

12 1
12 1

43
43

14

7

10

37
37

72
71

63
63

81
81

14
14

8
7

63
63

1

_

138
138

100
100

96
96

102
10 2

600
600

4 06
406

572
572

1058
1058

4 35
4 35

276
276

-

2

-

.

10

2

-

6

13

2
2

-

6

11

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 122 at $ 4 to $ 4 . 10; 19 at $ 4 . 10 and o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s : 31 at $ 1. 40 to $ 1. 60; 62 at $ 1. 60 to $ 1. 80; 57 at $ 1. 80 to $ 2.

NOTE:

$

146
146

30
12
18

-

20
9

1

10

1

-

21
21

2
2

13
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l I960)
N UM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN ING S OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

of

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Atrorngo
hourly , U n der 1 .0 0 1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 . 90 3 .0 0 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30
$
1 .0 0 u n d er
1 . 1 0 1 . 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 1 70 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 1 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2. 70 2 .8 0 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0
I

$

3 .4 0

and
over

i
i

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(m en ) -------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------ --------- --------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ---------------------------F in a n c e * -----------------------------------------

1, 500
1 ,4 0 6
123
1, 125

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) ____ _______ _________ ____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------

480
467
238

1. 36
1. 35
1. 29

-

2, 4 14
1, 377
1, 037
133
672

2. 15
2 . 22
2 .0 6
2 .4 7
2 .0 3

.

M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------- ------------------------------ ----N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------F in a n c e 4 ------ ---------------------------J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(m en ) ------------------------- — -----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------- ------------- - —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------- ----nfi liti a Q ^
W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------R e t a il t r a d e - ------------- ------ ---F in a n c e 4 --------------------- — — ----S e rv ice s
-----------------------------------

14, 159
7, 035
7, 124
994
616
1 , 861
1, 773
1 , 880

1 .8 6
1 .9 2
1 .7 9
2. 05
l ! 84
1. 52
2 . 16
1 .5 7

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
( w o m e n ) _____________________________ ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------ ---------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------ -------------

4, 824
638
4, 186

1 .6 5
1 .7 5
1 .6 4

2

80
319
3, 069
407

l ! 47
1. 41
1 .6 7
1. 39

_

G u a rd s

W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------R e t a il t r a d e -----------------------------------F in a n c e 4 ______________ ____ _

$ 2.
2.
2.
2.

12
12
24

-

47
47
42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
45

281
15
266

263
46
217

381
93
288

606
223
383

_

_

_

10

12

209
_
57

153
4
60

33
81
174

38
38

127

88
11

205
45

127

77

160

-

-

33

-

2
2
-

_

2 .4 1
2 . 12
2. 04

-

O r d e r f i l l e r s ------------------------- --------- -----M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____-----------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e __________________
R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------

6 , 795




17
13

20
23

11

_
18
_

20

2. 14

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,

59
69
-

6
6
3

18
18
-

2
1
1

_

94
_
94
_
_

-

22

.
_

2
2

-

-

-

-

183

10
180

_

22

10

24
4
qq
77

27
28

63
_
85

37

65
19
46

249
138

11
26
_
26
_
_
-

111

42
37

2 12

19

27
24
3

30
182

232
125
107

15

"

111

85

623
160
463
63
26
158
23
193

119 0

206
56
150

169

4
87
17
40

27
39
25

26
2818
91

155
65
90

523
346
177

690

1733

508
182

10 20

2

742
448
13
45

2 11
15
164

66
103

12

1735
642
1093
52
44
435
27
5 35

~To£

1060

3069
72
2997
51

399
131
268

454
42
63

121
8
220

4

11
33
216
15

713

-

-

-

12

12

2

_
46

4
107

13

57
97

42
99

461

68

5
5
4

10

314
35
279
96
179

278
44
234
48
186

451
229

1

64
4
60
50

72

12
60
47
13

“

7
7

5

318
193
125
3
85

94
32
62

155
79
76
3
54

858
635
223
28
113
57
7
18

1029
813
216

139
90
49
43
4

86

129

73
13
q
7

117
116

196

222
133

88

-

2

2014
1194
820
7
266
518
303
229
74
36
37

10
35

21
75
113

1
6

1005
678
327
176

10 1
24
14

12

12

36
24
9
7

1250
1176
79
1094,

44
44
23
18

16 1

230
184
46
44

25 3
187

3086
1069
2017
37 3
59
50
1322
213

1215
701
514
179
33

2 12
112
100

138
54
84
84

27
26

91
70

6
58

22

8

388
133

624
194

435
324

844
351
493
434
55

85
23

291
“

299
223
76
65

85
74

1

181
146
35

27
7
34
30

20
1
6
7

2
1

2

1

-

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

.
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

8
4
4

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

_
4

_
-

_
_

_
_
-

_

_

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

-

"

-

-

“

-

_

270
82
66 1 188
32
52 1 131
!

-

4
4
-

11
11

56
53
3
-

3
3
3

-

1

"

77
74
3

249

46
45

27

1

4
4
-

_

6
1
8
12

_
-

222

.
-

2
2

1

1

2308 1496
175 3
660
555
836

111

11

2

1

1
3

2
2

-

2

4
3
3

34
34
34

-

-

8
1

153
153
33

8

-

8
8
8

4
4
4

19

99
99
31

2 . 06
2 . 20

399
396
095
209

3
3
-

46
46
46

10,
11,
4,
4,
2,

2,
4,
3,
1,

56
56
-

41
41
41

2 2 , 16 1

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

4
4
-

20

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g -------------- M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------- ----- —_ ------------- -N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________ _______ ___ _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------ --------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------- —

365
796
466
481
622

-

2052

110 0
952
58
765
128
553
342

2 11
181
18

465
270
195
-

88

3387
1551
1836
1106
667
63

2481
62l
1860
694
802
364

1248
349
899
722
133
44

2645
349
2296
1805

366
284
82

12 1

26
45

112

65
23
7
-

83

16

723
187
536
419
62

741

800
170
630
574
55

675
142
533
37 3
159

310
18

154
39
115
92
23

28
28
-

200
541
474
57

370

11

292
52
240

17
14
3
-

3

1
1
-

22
22

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

*

-

4
4
-

_

35
35
-

“
_
-

-

3
3
-

-

-

14
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

Average
earnings

$
$
$
S
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$ ,
J n d er 1 .0 0 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 $ 60 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
2.
and
$
cLTld
u n d er
1 00
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0 o v e r
I

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m en ) ------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________ ____
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________
R e t a il tr a d e
________ _____ ____

6,
3,
2,
2,

500
899
601
098
481

$2.
2.
1.
1.
1.

00
02
96
99
84

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n ) _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____ ________ __ _

2, 183
1, 837
346

1 .8 0
1. 85
1. 58

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s _________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______ __ ___________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------W h o le s a le t ra d e ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e
_____________________ _

1, 983
842
1, 141
491
398

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

Shippin g c l e r k s ----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
___ __ _____ __ _
W h o le s a le tr a d e ______ _____ ____
R e t a il tr a d e -------------------------------------

1, 538
847
691
4 90
165

2 .4 4
2. 52
2. 35
2 .4 4
2. 10

-

.

27
27
27

110
51
59
54
5

143
30
113
99
14

103
67
36
27
9

312
200
112
74
29

j
301
407
141
210
160 j 197
83
91
67
106

729 | 4 06
510
338
68
219
202
31
16
36

4 89
338
151
122
28

692
373
319
285
34

722
375
347
288
59

384
295
89

337
285
52

49
43
6

4 76
463
13

34
26
8

47
47
"

768 j 256
436 ! 197
332
59
315
51
17
8

636 : 114
343 I 93
293
21 1
279
14 j
21
|

32
14
18
18

95
25
70
70
-

-

-

~

23
^17
6

10
9
1

4
4

89
51
38

_
-

.
-

.
-

-

"

1
1
1

24
24
20

44
17
27
4
16

50
4
46
23
17

24
24
11
13

90
76
14
1
13

86
52
34
2
32

98
36
62
20
42

176
67
109
64
42

180
45
135
45
84

252
120
132
118
12

368
71
297
75
4

193
88
105
90
10

282
168
114
28
86

46
46
-

"

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

40
28
12
1

-

*

-

38
7
31
1
30

94
36
58
20
38

156
88
68
52
16

157
100
57
23
30

174
105
69
38
16

155
78
77
72
4

249
93
156
147

-

30
4
26
24
2

11
11
11

"

22
4
18
2
16

7

70
35
35
30
2

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

1
1
1

35
35
10
14

22
9
13
10
3

36
7
29
27

162
137
25
25

106
35
71
42
18

44
16
28
27

124
48
76
57
1

56
24
32
14
1

79
42
37
10
15

103
64
39
27
9

6
6
-

18
18

22
22
-

292
1
291
40
242

55
3
52
28

-

167 1 236
117
159
50
77

199
197 |
2

90
90

14 j
14 !
• !

5
5

"

16
16
_

31
31
_

31
31
_

16
16
_

23
23
_

23
23
_

18
18
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
“

-

9
9
-

9
9
"

-

-

-

•

-

-

10
10
10
-

-

29
29
-

-

-

1
1
1

52
29
23
23
-

9
8
1
1
-

97
75
22
22
-

1
32
38
28
31
17

Sh ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s _____ — M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e ____ ____________ ____

1, 061
502
559
294
175

2. 34
2. 33
2. 35
2 .4 7
2. 15

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------- -----P iiW ir
^
W h o le s a le tr a d e
__________________
R e t a il t r a d e
_________ _____ __ _

1 4 ,6 8 2
2, 017
12, 665
7, 963
3, 010
1, 530

2. 74
2 .7 9
2. 73
2. 73
2.’ 75
2. 72

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er
l V j ton s) -------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ----------------------

2, 244
924
1, 320
1 ,0 7 5

2.
2.
2.
2.

73
87
63
69

4 , 680
632
4 , 048
1
1
1, 259

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.’

67
67
67
63
78

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in clu d in g 4 to n s) -------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e

------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le ,




7 oy

-

-

8
8
8

_

_

_

_

_

_

36

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

-

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

23
13

_

'

■

“

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

36

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

41

_

_

18

18
18

22
22
-

15
15
_

101
76
25
21
4

61
61
-

16
15
1
1

103
45
58
48
8

69
41
28
16
8

16
10
6
4
2

45
45
42
1

8
1
7
_

6
6
_

_

-

-

1702
343
1359

3648
162
3486

3438
539
2899

2082
182
1900

206
35
171

19

544 2212
317
29
515 1895
1
1 IQ
184
68
176
363

320
68

742
52

242
4 56

1181
344

7
1
6
6

29
3
26
25

279
9
270
118

428
124
304
283

43
6
37
35

462
3
459
458

4 23
372
51
50

41
-

14
1

1092
113
979

1421
294
1127

1260
69”
1191

41

144
4
140
1
•2

114

316

291

_

6
6
-

1

-

_
•

13
8
5
4

-

-

-

14

ly

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

-

18
4
14
14
-

20
13
7
_
7

399
378
21

.
-

-

20
20

8
20

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

50
50
40

20
20
20

399
378
21
20

20
-•
20
20

265
140
125

4 35
12
423

8
8

110

418

8

-

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l I960)

5, 924
329
5, 595
3, 756
783
1, 056

$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
[Jnder 1 .0 0 1. 10 1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0
hourly
earnings2 $
and
1 .0 0 u n d er
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1 .6 0

O'
o

T r u c k d r iv e r s : 5— C on tin u ed
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r type) --------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------- ------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -----------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________
R e t a il tr a d e --------------------------------

Number
of

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
$
$
$
$
2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0

$
$
$
$
2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2 .8 0

-J
o

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 50

2. 60

47
8
39

72
39
33

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2

9

2
2

9
2
7

39

477
22
455
194
70
191

3
3

$ 2 . 81
2. 82
2. 81
2. 80
2. 90
2 .7 9

-

164
127

-

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2. 90

%
2 .9 0

$
$
$
$
$
3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0

3 .0 0

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

33

1259
67
1192
1177
15

2646
23
2623
2111
71
441

1282
170
1112
160
642
310

130
130
110
20

156
156
120

613
590
130

104
100
40

315
315
175

183
164
19

76
64
12

19

-

3 .4 0

and
over

_
-

-

-

-

-

48
13
13

-

■

-

"

"

-

85
85
-

186
186
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

-

12

.

-

_

_

i
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a i l e r type) _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ________________

1, 403
1, 304
478

2. 77
2 .7 7
2. 81

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k lif t ) ______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
‘PiiHUr* u t ilit ie s ^
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e ________________________

4 ,1 7 1
3, 466
705
131
452
118

2 .4 0
2 .4 0
2 .4 0
2. 48
2. 37
2 .4 3

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
fo r k lift ) _____ ___________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________ ________

829
542
287

2. 41
2 .4 2
2. 39

W a tch m en --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------- __ --------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ----------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ______ _______________ ___

5, 229

4, 242
128
314
3, 343

1 .4 9
1795
1. 39
2. 26
1 .6 1
1. 32

w r

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

.
-

1
1

.
-

2
2

-

1

"

77
3

168
145
23

514
456
58

372
339
33

273
159
114

933
675
258
15
232
11

424
365
59

66
3

345
315
30
3
24
2

4
55

489
396
93
68
3
22

"

2

2

-

12
11

50
8

30
1

.
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

13
13

67
67

24
23
1

27
23
4

67
58
9

197
23
174

106
73
33

175
141
34

33
1
32

7
7

60
60

12
12

4
4

4
4

5
5

-

8
8

35
35

55
30
25
6
19

211

545
10
535
25
480

2776
54
2722
6
2676

155
33
122
18
90

146
74
72

198
132
66
13
47
6

176
78
98
76
6

148
91
57
11
9

149
110
39

195
92
103

121
68
53
15
7

103
60
43
33
2

67
58
9
4

44
31
13
13

44
5
39
39

.
-

_
-

61
61

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

35

S ee n ote on p . 5 , r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .




j

38
38
45

-

211
29

-

50
15

1 D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
5 I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
NOTE:

2
2
-

-

-

5
8

34
8




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r s h i ft w o r k , a n d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
a c t u a ll y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i ft s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l , C h i c a g o , 111. , A p r i l I 9 6 0 )
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h i ft
w ork

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a c t u a ll y
o p e r a tin g —
S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

89. 5

7 9 .5

18. 8

6 .0

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________________

8 8 .4

78. 3

1 8 .4

6. 0

U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________________

42. 0

3 4 .7

8 .9

3. 5

. 1
. 6
.4
.6
1 .8
. 2
.4
3. 3
. 5
. 3
. 1
. 2
. 3

( 2)

U n d e r 5 c e n t s _____________________________________
5 c e n t s _____________________________________________
6 c e n t s _____________________________________________
7 or
c e n t s ------------------------------ --------------------8 c e n t s ________________________ ___________ _____
c e n t s ________________________________________
9
......
................. .
_. .
. ..
10 c e n t s _________________ _________________________
11 c e n t s ____________________________________________
12 c e n t s ___________________________ _______________
1 21/ 2 c e n t s ------------------------------------- ------------------ ----13 c e n t s ____________________________________________
14 o r 1 4 V 2 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s ___________________ ______________________
O v e r 1 5 c e n t s ___________________ _____________

. 5
4. 1
1. 5
1 .7
6 .9
.6
1 .6
1 8 .4
2. 2
. 2
.8
. 5
1. 0
1 .8

. 5
.6
.6
7 .4
. 1
9 .5
2. 8
.8
1 .2
9 .0
2. 1

U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e _________________________________

37. 7

33. 7

6 .9

1 .9

5 p e r c e n t __________________________________________
7 p e r c e n t __________________________________________
7 1/* p e r c e n t ------------------ ------------------------- ---------10 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------------------12 1
p e r c e n t _____________________________________
13 p e r c e n t ____________________________________ ___
15 p e r c e n t _______________________ ________________

9 .2
27. 7
. 5
. 2

1 .4
.8
. 3
27. 1
.7
.2
3. 3

2. 3
4. 5
( 2)
( 2)

. 1
( 2)
. 1
1. 3
( 2)
.4

7 l /z

8l /z

ren ts

......

!z

. 1
( 2)
. 3
1 .8
.4
( 2)
. 2
.4
. 1

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ,
p lu s c e n t s o r p e r c e n t a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------------

1 .8

3. 5

. 5

. 1

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _ ----------------------

7. 0

6 .4

2. 1

. 5

1. 1

1. 1

.4

—

N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------------------------

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e
t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .

s h ifts ,

and

e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h

fo r m a l

p r o v is io n s

( 2)

c o v e r in g

la t e

s h ifts

even

17
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , C h i c a g o , 111. , A p r i l I 9 6 0 )
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e rie n ce d ty p ists

N onm anufacturing
M anuf a ctu r ing
B ased on standard w eek ly hours3 3 Of—
A ll
in d u stries
A ll
AH
40
40
37V2
37 V2
sch ed u les
sch ed u les

M inim um w eek ly sa la r y 1

E sta b lish m en ts studied ___________
E sta b lish m en ts having a
sp e cified m inim um --------- ---------Under $ 4 0 .0 0 __________________
$ 40. 00 and under $ 42. 50 -----$ 42. 50 and under $ 45. 00 _____
$ 45. 00 and under $ 47. 50 ____
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0 -------$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 -----$ 52. 50 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 _____
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50 ____ _
$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 _____
$ 60. 00 and under $ 62. 50 -------$ 6 2 .5 0 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 -------$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 -------$ 67. 50 and under $ 70. 00 -------$ 70. 00 and under $ 72. 50 -------$ 7 2 . 50 and under $ 7 5 . 00 _____
$ 7 5 .0 0 and under $ 77. 50 -------$ 77. 50 and under $ 80. 00 -------$ 8 0 .0 0 and under $ 8 2 .5 0 _____
$ 8 2 .5 0 and under $ 85. 00 -------$ 85. 00 and under $ 87. 50 -------$ 87. 50 and under $ 9 0 .0 0 -------$ 90. 00 and o v e r ------------------------E sta b lish m en ts having no
sp e cified m inim um --------------------E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not
em p loy w o rk ers in th is
category ---------------------------------------

1
2
3

A ll
in d u stries

M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
B ased on standard w eek ly houris 3 of—
A ll
A ll
40
40
37V2
37V2
sch ed u les
sch ed u les

459

176

XXX

XXX

283

XXX

XXX

459

176

XXX

XXX

283

XXX

XXX

248
2
2
1
6
4
18
20
57
27
32
15
18
9
6
8
3
9
3
1
4
3

108
_
2
1
4
8
20
10
17
9
9
7
4
4
1
6
2
-

79
_
_
2
_
2
6
15
5
11
7
8
6
1
4
6
2
2
2

140
2
2
1
4
3
14
12
37
17
15
6
9
2
2
4
2
3
1
1
2
1

25
_
_
_
3
2
6
4
5
4
1
-

267
2
7
2
7
12
36
33
53
22
27
9
17
5
9
8
1
6
5
1
2
1
2

15
_
_
_
1
2
2
5
1
1
1
2
-

80
_
_
_
2
2
4
7
17
5
9
6
8
3
1
4
6
3
1
2

158
2
7
2
5
9
27
23
28
12
16
3
8
2
5
4
_
2
i
1
1
-

27
_
_
_
_
2
4
6
5
5
2
1
2
_

-

86
_
2
1
4
2
9
5
22
8
9
2
5
1
2
4
2
3
1
1
2
1

109

2
2

16
_
_
_
1
1
4
4
3
1
_
2
_
_
-

97

46

XXX

X XX

51

XXX

XXX

108

47

X XX

XXX

61

99
.
7
2
3
5
17
10
17
3
12
2
5
2
5
4
_
_
2
1
1
1
<

X XX

XXX

114

22

X XX

XXX

92

XXX

XXX

84

20

X XX

XXX

64

X XX

XXX

-

_
_
2
3
9
10
25
10
11
6
9
3
4
4
1
6
3
1
2

-

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f ic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e n ot c o n s id e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d ,

NOTE:

S ee n o te o n p . 18,




r e la t iv e to th e in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

a n d f o r th e m o s t

-

-

com m on w ork w eek s rep o rte d .

18

Table B>3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C h i c a g o , ELI. , A p r i l I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

All
industries

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

U n d e r 35 h o u r s _______ _____ ____________________
35 h o u r s ______________________________________ _____
36 h o u r s ______________________________________________
36
h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 6 1/* a n d u n d e r 3 7 V 2 h o u r s ________________
h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 */ 2 a n d u n d e r 3 8 3/4 h o u r s ________________
3 8 j /4 h o u r s ______________ _______________ __________
O v e r 3 8 3/4 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s __________________
4 0 h o u r s ______________________________ ______________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s ______________________
4 5 h o u r s ______________________________________________
46 h o u r s ____________________________ ________________
4 8 h o u r s ______________________________________ _____
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s _______________________________ ______

lU

37l /z

1
2
3
4

100

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance2

Services

AU
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

5
( 4)
5
1
16
3
8
( 4)
60

6

2

-

-

3

3

( 4)
61

( 4)

-

( 4)
16
14

-

-

( 4)

( 4)

( 4)
1
-

94
-

3
( 4)
2

1
( 4)

-

19
2
4
2
66
2
-

6
-

91
2
-

8
( 4)
17
5
24
11
9

14
3
6
28
4
8

-

36

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

1
2
1
2
3

1
2
1
4
_
4
-

_
-

2
_
_

2
2
_
_

-

_
1
1
-

( 4)

1
( 4)

( 4)

-

( 4)
( 4)

3

-

26
-

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

( 4)
1

-

86
2
1
(4 )
3
1

87
(4)
1
1
1

97
3
-

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




NOTE:

( 4)

E s t i m a t e s f o r a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s i n c lu d e d a t a f o r r a i l r o a d s (S IC 4 0 ) , o m i t t e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f a l l l a b o r m a r k e t
w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 .
W h e r e s i g n if i c a n t , th e e f f e c t o f th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s i s g r e a t e s t o n th e
d a ta s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r th e p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .

-

85
5
3
2
3

80
6
2
3
8
( 4)

69
8
13
4

19
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , C h i c a g o , 111., A p r i l I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS ?
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

All
industries

------------------------------------------------------------- -

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s ---------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

All
industries

3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

l'OO

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

100

100

99

(4 )

(4 )

-

-

"

49

65
3
2

9
4
3
11
7
1
1
6
5
2
3
4

98

99

100

100

98

85

(4 )

2

1

~

-

2

15

1
65
3

3
35
2
13

1
23
3
17
42
1

2
45
2
23
3
14
9

4
74
1
17
1

23
60
(4)
1

N u m b er, p f d a y s

L e s s th a n 6 h o l id a y s ---------------- -----------------------------6 h o l id a y s ----- ----------------------------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a l f d a y s ---------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 4 h a l f d a y s ______________________
7 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p l u s 4 h a lf d a y s ______________________
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 6 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------8 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ------------------------------------8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ---------------------------------9 h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------10 h o l id a y s __________________________________________
10 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _____________________ _
10 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s -------------------------------11 h o l id a y s __________________________________________
11 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ---------------------------------11 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________

T ota l h o l id a y

(4 )
30
4
8

n

1
28
4
1
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )

9
2
1
3
1
(4 )
(4 )

7
2
1

7
1

5
5
1
54
2
21
-

(4 )
2
-

12
1
-

1
15
1
14
13
4
3
-

-

-

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
3
11
16
65
71
99
99
99
99
99

-

29
6
15
33
6
(4)
-

-

-

(4 )
29
-

1
-•
-

(4 )
2
32
6
3

0

(4 )
13
(4 )
9
-

(4 )
34
1

_

-

(4 )
8
3
1
_

_
4
4
4
4
4
4
18
19
32
34
99
99
99
99
99

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

(4 )
5
4

(4 )
7
(4 )
3
(4 )
(4 )
-

1
2
10
10
n
15
17
27
31
66
70
99
99
99
99
99

-

1
13
15
37
37
95
95
100
100
100
100
100

3
3
3
6
6
19
20
50
51
100
100
100
100
100

1
1
1
1
1
1
32
35
100
100
100
100
100

3
9
43
44
48
54
59
69
76
87
91
100
100
100
100
100




18,

r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s ,

1
1
1
3
3
11
12
71
74
98
98
99
99
99

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
3
3
11
12
58
60
95
95
97
97
98

1 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
2 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o t h e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e t h e n c u m u la t e d .
S ee n ote o n p .

(4 )
-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

(4 )
-

(4 )
-

"

(4 )
-

-

-

_

tim e 5

12 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------1 1 3/z o r m o r e d a y s ------------------------------------------------11 o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------IO V 2 o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------10 o r m o r e d a y s ____________ _____________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
8 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------8 o r m o r e d a y s ------------------------------------------------------7 1/ 2 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------------6 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------------5 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------- --------------------------------4 o r m o r e d a y s -------- -------------------------------------------3 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
1 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------

NOTE:

.
25
41
20
14
-

r e c e iv in g

14
14
34
34
75
75
100
100
100
100
100

0
0

(4 )
1
1
11
14
52
54
98
98
98
100
100

0
0
0

(4 )
2
2
20
20
94
94
94
95
98

-

0
0
0

!!>

b

1
2
2
2

62
62
81
85
85

a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c l u d e s t h o s e w it h 7 f u l l d a y s and

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h i c a g o , 111. , A p r i l I9 6 0 )
OFFICE
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A
H
industries

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

M eth od

100

wo rk ers

;

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

AU
industries ,

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(4)
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
95
5
-

99
99
-

“

■

■

_

-

1
48
6
-

1
23
3
-

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

1 00

100

100

100

1 00

100

100
100
-

100
92
7

100
100
-

100
91
9
-

1 00
96
3

(4)
1

100
89
9
2

100
96
4
-

"

~

_

■

"

“

-

2
65
22
5

15
54
4
-

17
12
3

26
10
4
-

_

4
-

6
20
4
-

2
27
(4)

3
7
-

27
72
(4)

79
2
15
1
4

82
3
8
1
6

76
24
-

62
37
2

87
13
-

-

-

69
30
1
-

54
5
34
1
6

50
3
46
-

26
6
67
2

12
87
1

35
7
58
-

-

-

-

-

30
70
-

6
8
84
2
-

5
93
1
-

(4)
7
93
1

_
94
3
3

_

_

88

97

-

-

12

3

3

of paym ent

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _________________________ __________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t __ ____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ____________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ______________________________
O t h e r ______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s __________________________________

A m ount o f v a c a tio n

99
99
1
( 4)

( 4)

( 4)
-

p a y 5

A f te r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________

5
48
8
4

9
53
5
8

25
1
73
1
1

16
2
79
3

51
49
-

22
75
4

72
27
1

2
98
-

-

-

-

-

5
3
88
1
3

2
90
7

24
23
54
-

3
2
91
4

1
98
1

_
99
-

2
96
3

-

-

-

-

-

44
4
46
1
4

3
(4)
92
1
4

( 4)
1
90
1
8

19
81
-

_

1
98
1

_
99
-

_
82
3
15

11
15
69
2
4

10
22
60
2
6

_
70
3
27

1
88
3
8

2
85
4
9

27
-

-

A fte r 1 y ea r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________ ____________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

-

A fte r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s __ ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

-

2
93
4
1

-

-

-

A fte r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .




_

_

_

_

_

_

89
4
7

86
4
11

99

88
5
7

96

89
8
3

-

1

-

4

_
99
-

1

21

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h i c a g o , 111. , A p r i l I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS'

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All
industries

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n

p a y 5—

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

All _
industries'*

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------- -----------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
_______________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ve r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

48
9
40
(4 )
2

43
8
45
4

75
15
10
-

53
6
37
4

35
63
1

_
44
15
41
-

-

-

_
20
3
73
4

_
10
89
1
-

_
3
94
2

(4 )
45

1
45
16
38

(4 )
3

2
36
23
39
-

79
14
7
-

(4 )

-

-

_
53
7
39
1

1
14
1
81
3
1

2
9
1
86
3

_

_

_

18
78
4

17
81
1
-

83
17
-

(4 )

_
84
14
2

1
12
1
70
2
12
1

2
7
1
78
3
9
-

_
66
20
14

_

_

_

18
57
1
24
-

15
-

79
21
-

1
12
1
51
7
27
2

2
7
1
55
11
25

52

o

-

_

_

39
60
1
-

92
8
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
_______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________- __________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s — -----------------------------3 w e e k s _-------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __ ----------------------------____________________________ ________________
4 w eeks

_
9
1
85
2
3

_
10
2
84
4

_
(4 )
87
12
1

_
30
(4 )
61
-

9

(4 )

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------- -----------------------4 w eeks
___ ______________ ____ __________ ____ _
_ _
O v e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________________

_
8
(4 )
74
1
14
2

_
9
73
1
17
-

_

81
2
5
12

_

_

_

19
3
53
24
*

6
78
1
14
-

3
84
2
11
-

29
(4 )
62
9
-

_
19

_
6

_
3

-

(4 )

_

-

-

40
3
38

18

61
2
34

_
27
(4 )
57

59
1
25

(4 )

~

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------- -----------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------- -------------- -----------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________ ________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

_
8
(4 )
52
2
36
2

_

_

9

(4 )

-

49
3
40

78
1
9
12

1 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
2 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b it r a r i ly c h o s e n and d o n ot n e c e s s a r i ly r e f le c t th e
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .

-

75
1

-

16

in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .

F or

e x a m p le ,

_
18

_

_

-

_

15

75

-

-

-

-

65

41
3
39

34

24
2

-

21
14

th e ch a n g e s

in p r o p o r t i o n s

-

50
1

in d ic a t e d at

N O T E : S e e n o t e o n p . 1 8 , r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .
In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t im e , " s u c h a s
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




10 y e a r s '

p ercen ta g e

22

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
{ P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f it s , C h i c a g o , 111., A p r i l I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS'
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o rk e rs

All
industries

_______________________________________

100

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities

1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

100

All
,
industries

Finance 2

Services

100

100

100

100

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
----------------------------------------------L i f e in s u r a n c e
A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ----------------- — — __ -------------- _
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 _______________________ -

91

99

64

91

90

99

74

90

98

74

91

79

82

51

57

42

65

42

48

39

53

61

51

57

36

28

82

81

87

88

93

67

59

88

95

79

71

81

76

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e --------S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a i t in g p e r i o d ) __________________________
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ----------------------------------------

46

68

22

45

35

35

30

74

88

42

55

49

72

47

45

60

62

9

56

39

7

2

33

26

3

13

13

7

25

2

56

2

6

13

9

22

3

38

1

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e ---------------------------S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ___________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ______________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n __________________________
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p la n —

85
84
61
49
71
1

88
88
61
38
71

73
73
71
67
52

91
86
26
62
75

86
88
72
59
84

(5)

(5 )

(5 )

72
63
49
27
57
8

89
88
59
23
58
1

92
93
57
18
63
1

76
76
69
49
66

(5 )

86
84
64
42
76
1

90
89
61
24
61
3

85
76
44
31
50
2

90
88
80
9
20
9

1 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
2 F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at le a s t
the' m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s* p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

S ee n ote o n p . 1 8 ,




r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

23

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary w orkers.
O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (hilling machine )— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— K eeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and cred it item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping • P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent’s b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— .Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad ­
justing and closing journal en tries; may d irect c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accou n t­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­

ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of m aterial th a t has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers'o rd ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled .
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check sh ip ­
ping invoices with original orders.




CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic al com putations. This job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

25

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone c alls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular du ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABLLATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— O perates simple tabulating or e lectrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

26

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

tuation, etc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , puncP R O F E S S IO N A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and written or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail drawings from no tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, maps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




AND

T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and qu an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer ah accid en t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pen cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting too ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

27

MAINTENANCE

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e lec­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and

28

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary d u ties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in stalls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes ,in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from draw ings
or other w ritten specifications; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. W orkers prim arily en g a g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
sa n itation or heatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d

.

29

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding in stallatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the'w orking properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For crossrindustry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fix tu res;p o lish ­
ing m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.

men who are s ta tio n ed at g a te and c h eck on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

Performs routine police du ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . In clu d es g a te -

.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
oth er person s en terin g

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(L oader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)
A worker employed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

30

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING—.Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
L o n g sh o rem en

,

w ho load and unload s h ip s are ex c lu d e d ,

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ood en
b o x e s or c ra tes are e x clu d ed ,

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work i n v o l v e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. R e c e iv i n g work i n v o l v e s : V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such a s: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and o v er -th e -r o a d drivers
are e x c lu d e d .

For w a ge study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and in clu din g 4 to n s )
T ru ckdriver, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s, trailer t y p e )
Truckdriver, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s, oth er than trailer ty p e )

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g asoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as fQllows:
Tru cker, p o w e r (fo rk lift)
Tru cker, p o w e r (o th er than fo rk lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1960 0 —557567

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960, T hese bulletins, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.

Allentown—Bethlehem —Easton, P a .—N .J., March I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-33, price 25 cents
Baltim ore, Md., September 1959-B LS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Birmingham, A la., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-37, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents

Memphis, T enn., January 1960-B LS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. P aul, Minn., January 1060—BLS Bull. 1265-21,
price 25 cents
Newark and Jersey City, N .J., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-28,
price 25 cents
New O rleans, L a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-32,
price 25 cents

I960—B L S B u l l . 1265-31,
Cleveland, Ohio, September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959—BLS BulL 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Des Moines, Iowa, February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-30, price 25 cents

Philadelphia, P a ., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-16,
price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Richmond, V a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*24, price 25 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—Ontario, C alif., November 1959BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —Oakland, C alif., January i 960—BLS Bull. 1265-17,
price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959-B LS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Sioux F a lls, S. D ak., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-29, price 20 cents
South Bend, Ind., April I960—BLS Bull. 1265-38, price 25 cents
Washington, D .C .—Md.—V a., December 1959-B LS Bull. 1265-18,
price 25 cents
Waterbury, Conn., March I960—BLS Bull. 1265-36, price 25 cents
York, P a ., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-27, price 25 cents

C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . , F e b r u a r y
p r i c e 25 c e n t s

D etroit, Mich., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la., December 1959—3LS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
K ansas City, Mo.—K ans., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-23,
price 25 cents
Los A ngeles—Long Beach, C alif., April I960—BLS Bull. 1265-35,
price 25 cents








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102