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Occupational Wage Survey

PHOENIX, ARIZONA
APRIL I960

Bulletin No. 1265-42




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




PHOENIX, ARIZONA
APRIL 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-42
June I960
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STATISTICS
Ew an C lo g u t, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent off Documents, U.S. Government Printing Offffice, Washington 25, D.C. - Price

25

cents




Preface
The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The Bureau of Labor S ta tistics regularly conducts
areaw ide wage surveys in a num ber of im portant industrial
cen te rs. The stu d ies, made from late fall to ea rly spring
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A prelim inary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the ea rlier report. A consolidated
analytical b ulletin sum m arizing the resu lts of all of the
y e a r 's su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of su rveys.
This report was prepared in the B ureau’s regional
office in San F ra n cisco , C alif., by W illiam P . O 'C onnor,
under the d irection of John L. Dana, R egional Wage and
Industrial R elations A n alyst.




Contents

Page
In trod u ction -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
T able s :
1. E stab lish m en ts and w orkers w ithin scope of s u r v e y ____________
A: O ccupational earnings: *
A - 1. O ffice occupations -------------------------------------------------------------A -2 . P ro fessio n a l and techn ical occupations --------------------------A -3 . M aintenance and power plant occupations -----------------------A -4 . C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations -------------B: E stablishm en t p ractices and supplem entary
wage provisions: *
B - l. Shift d ifferentials _________________________________________
B -2 . M inim um entrance sa la rie s for wom en
office w orkers ------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours __________________________________
B -4 . P aid holidays ---------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . P aid vacations ____________________________________________
B -6 . H ealth, insuran ce, and pension plans ___________________

8
9
9
10
11
13

Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s -----------------------------------------------------

15

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations for m ost of th ese item s are
available in the Phoenix area report for M arch 1952, as
w ell as in sim ila r reports for other m ajor a r e a s. A d ir e c ­
tory, indicating date of study and the p rice of the rep orts,
is available upon req u est.
Union s c a le s , indicative of p revailin g pay le v e ls ,
are also available for seven selected building trades in the
P hoenix area.

iii

2
4
5
6
7




Occupational Wage Survey—'Phoenix, Ariz.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is o n e o f s e v e r a l im p o r ta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ic h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s h a s
c o n d u c te d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s a n d r e la te d w a g e b e n e fits
o n a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . In t h is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u r e a u fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l it i e s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te ; a n d s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
a n d th e c o n s t r u c t io n a n d e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g
f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y fu r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
r a n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
fo r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d o n a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f th e
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s . T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
th a n o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t . E s t i m a t e s
b a s e d o n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e ­
l a t i n g t o a l l E s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a , e x ­
c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n i s b a s e d o n a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e
jo b . (S e e a p p e n d ix f o r lis t in g o f t h e s e d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) f o r th e f o llo w in g t y p e s o f o c c u p a ­
t i o n s : ( a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; ( c ) m a i n t e ­
n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (d ) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s i f ic a t i o n . E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d

la t e s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d a l s o , b u t c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
t o t h e w o r k s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d t o t h e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e
o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n a n d w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n w h ic h b o t h s e x e s a r e c o m m o n l y e m p l o y e d .
D if f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s o f m e n a n d w o m e n in t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
l a r g e ly d u e to (1 ) d if f e r e n c e s in th e d is t r ib u t io n o f th e s e x e s a m o n g
in d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ; (2 ) d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e o c c u p a t io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; a n d (3 ) d if f e r e n c e s in le n g t h o f s e r v ­
i c e o r m e r i t r e v ie w w h e n in d iv id u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d ju s te d o n th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u l t i n h i g h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w h e n b o th s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in th e s a m e r a te r a n g e . J o b
d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c la s s if y in g e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th a n th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s to
a llo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f ic d u tie s
p e r fo rm e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d
f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e
r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r ia lly a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n *
in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s a n d S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d a l s o ( in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e ­
le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f it s a s th e y r e ­
la t e to o f f ic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o ffic e w o r k e r s , " a s u s e d
in t h is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r ic a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s , a n d e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , a n d p r o f e s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a n d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d 1
R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r ly e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s e s t u d ie s , e n a n d t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c t io n s . A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
m
h a v e b e e n a d d e d in n e a r ly a ll o f th e a r e a s to b e s tu d ie d d u r in g th e
e x e c u tiv e , a n d p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , a n d fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
w in te r o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 ; r a ilr o a d s w ill b e a d d e d in th e r e m a in in g a r e a s n e x t
e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k fo r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
y e a r . F o r s c o p e o f s u r v e y in th is a r e a , s e e fo o tn o te to " tr a n s p o r ta ­
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s a n d r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s ­
t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l it i e s " in ta b le 1 .
t r i e s b u t a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .




2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in P h o e n ix , A r i z . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A p r i l I 9 6 0
M i n im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

In d u stry d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W it h in
scope of
s tu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f stu d y

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l4

A l l d i v i s i o n s _________________________________________________

51

2 85

91

5 5 ,4 0 0

9, 7 0 0

3 4 ,5 0 0

3 7, 000

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________ _____ ____ __ _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 _________________________________ ______
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________ ______ ________
R e t a i l t r a d e __ __________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________________
S e r v i c e s 7 _______________________ _______________________

51
51

81
204

33
58

2 4 ,7 0 0
30, 700

2 , 800
6, 9 0 0

15, 5 0 0
1 9, 0 0 0

1 9 ,4 3 0
1 7 ,5 7 0

51
51
51
51
51

24
30
90
20
40

11
6
24
9
8

8, 0 0 0
2 ,2 0 0
1 1, 8 0 0
4, 500
4 ,2 0 0

(? )
(? )
( )
( )
( 6)

(? )
?)
( )
( )
( 6)

6 ,7 6 0
490
5, 540
3, 7 60
1, 0 2 0

1 T h e P h o e n ix M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a ( M a r i c o p a C o u n t y ). T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n
o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y ­
m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e
p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e
e a r l i e r e d i t i o n ( u s e d in th e B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r to th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a le o r r e t a i l ) t o m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n ,
a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e li m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o t io n - p i c t u r e t h e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4

I n c lu d e s

e x e c u tiv e ,

p r o fe s s io n a l,

and

oth e r

w ork ers

e x clu d e d

fro m

th e

sep a ra te

o ffic e

and

p la n t

c a te g o r ie s .

5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d . S e v e r a l e l e c t r i c u t il it i e s ( s u p p ly in g l e s s th a n h a lf th e e l e c t r i c c o n ­
s u m p t io n in M a r i c o p a C o u n t y ) w e r e p u b l i c l y o p e r a t e d a n d e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
b T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t t o
j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l
se r v ice s .

3
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in t e r m s o f (a ) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t , a n d (b ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f w o r k e r s
a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n th e s p e c if ie d s h if t a t th e tim e o f th e s u r v e y .
I n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t a p p l y in g t o
a m a j o r it y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r it y , th e c l a s ­
s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . I n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n w h ic h s o m e l a t e s h if t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r it y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d . T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d o n an e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
th a n o n a n e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s . P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; a n d
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a ll y o n th e
b a s is th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e li g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r th e
p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly o n th e b a s is
th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r it y
a r e c o v e r e d .3 B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t h e s e
ta b u la tio n s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls .
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le a n d h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly p r o v id e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t
c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a lf h o lid a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n
p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f t h e c o s t i s b o r n e b y t h e e m p l o y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
a n d s o c i a l s e c u r it y . S u c h p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v id e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r
p a id d i r e c t l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m
a fu n d s e t a s id e f o r t h is p u r p o s e . D e a th b e n e f i t s a r e in c lu d e d a s a
fo r m o f lif e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s l im it e d to th a t ty p e o f in ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
t o t h e i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s t o w h ic h t h e
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , i n N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h
h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n ­
t r ib u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s th e e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e f it s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e
f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) p l a n s w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d ( 2 ) p l a n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a it in g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to th e
p r e s e n ta tio n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s
sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e ith e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e f it s .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s i s lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y t im e o ff w ith p a y i s g r a n te d
a t th e d is c r e t io n o f th e e m p lo y e r . S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , su c h
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n o t o n
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s th e e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h a r e d e s i g n e d t o p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d in j u r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, a n d s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th e y m a y b e
s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f th e
w o r k e r 's lif e .

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y if it m e t
e it h e r o f th e f o llo w in g c o n d it io n s : (1 ) O p e r a te d la t e s h if t s a t th e t im e
o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la t e s h if t s .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f ir s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to la t e 1 9 5 7 a n d e a r ly 1 9 5 8 w e r e
p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith th e in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

4 T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n ia a n d R h o d e I s la n d
d o n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
5 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n if
it e s t a b lis h e d a t le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e th a t
c o u ld b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S u c h a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it t e n ,
b u t in f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , A p r i l I9 6 0 )
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

I s . 00
Weekly
Weekly
and
hours 1 earnings
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
4 0 . 00

1

I 5 . 00

l o . 00

%5. 00

4 5 . 0 0 . 5 0. 00

55. 00

60. 00

l o . 00

$
60. 00

*65. 00

*70. 00

65. 00 -I Q . OP

7 5 .0 0

^ 5 . 00 f o o . 00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 f 1 5.00 ?20.G 0

*75. 00 *80. 00

% 5. 00

^ 0 . 00

8 5. 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 . 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0

and
8 0. 00

1 1 0 .0 0

115 .00 1 20 .00

over

M en
_

-

48
29

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

$ 9 5 . 00
1 0 0 .5o

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ___ _________________ ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________________________

45
29

40. 5
4 0 .5

7 9 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

C le r k s , o r d e r ________________________________________________

50

40. 0

8 3. 00

_

________________

27

40. 0

5 5. 50

________________

26

4 0. 0

107. 00

.

.

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) _______________ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________________________

48
44

40. 5
40. 5

61. 50
61. 50

.

.

"

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________________________

43
26

40. 5
4 0 .5

78. 50
72. 00

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

305
288

40. 0
40. 0

5 6. 50
5 5. So

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
___ ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________________________

138
34
104

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5

8 1. 00
9 0. 50
78. 00

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________________________

343
71
272

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ........................... ................ ..........................
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________ ___________________________

173
140

C le r k s , o r d e r ________________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________________________

_

_
-

2

4

-

O ffi c e b o y s __ ________

-

_
-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________________ ___

.

_

_

_

_

8

13

.

_

_
-

17
15

7
7

-

_

_

8
8

56
56

_
-

_
-

_
-

65. 00
70. 00
63. 50

_
-

18
18

40. 0
40. 0

5 8. 00
5 4. 50

2
2

54
27

40. 0
40. 5

64. 50
72. 50

_

C le r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ...................................................................................
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_______ ____________________________

84
45
39

40. 0
4 0. 0
4 0. 0

71. 50
77. 00
65. 00

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s _____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________ _—

61
30
31

40. 5
41. 0
40. 0

63. 50
66. 00
60. 50

_
-

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ________________ ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________ *__________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________________________

128
44
84

4 0. 0
40. 0
40. 0

70. 00
8 5. 00
62. 50

_
-

_
-

_
-

S e c r e t a r i e s ____________ ______
—
— ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________________________ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________________________

502
206
296

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

80. 50
8 8. 00
76. 00

_

_

_

-

-

___________________

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A

_

_

_
2

_

1
"

2
"

-

3
"

3
3

7
4

6

10

7

.

_

11
8

4
-

16
15

1
1

9
7

13
13

2
-

_

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

19

2

_

_

9

3

.

1

2
1

1

3
2

6

2

3

2

1

8

3

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

.

3
--------

-

W om en

S ee fo o t n o t e at en d o f ta b le




11

.

11

-

_

8
8

9
9

81
81

73
73

48
46

22
20

2
2

2
2

17
17

_
-

38
4
34

57
4
53

17
17

29
29

48
48

17
16

-

2
2

2
2

23
2

8
5

_
-

_
-

9
4
5

5
5

8
2
6

7
3
4

11
5
6

_
-

_
-

7
1
6

17
11
6

14
14

10
8
2

-

16
16

9
2
7

35
1
34

-

14
14

58

-

_

-

-

_

-

4
4

-

-

11
2

4
2

4
3

2

_

-

3
2

-

-

2
-

3
2

8
'

4
-

2
2

_

>

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

12
2
10

5
2
3

18
5
13

28
4
24

22
5
17

16
3
13

1
1
"

8
5
3

1
1
"

6
6
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

79
18
61

40
9
31

47
21
26

23
7
16

23
3
20

7
7

7
1
6

2
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1
1
-

-

"

-

4
4

-

-

8
-

27
12

12
6

7
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

_

2
-

2
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
7
-

9
7
2

7
2
5

7
4
3

2
2

_
-

2
2

2
2

_
-

_
-

1
1
"

1
1
■

1
1
■

-

■

_
■

_
-

-

"

_
-

1

3
1
2

17
3
14

19
9
10

3
3
"

4
1
3

8
8
■

4
4
"

3
3
“

10
10
■

_
-

_
■

-

-

_
~

66
13
53

39
19
20

79
23
56

73
33
40

37
24
13

53
29
24

33
24
9

16
10
6

14
6
8

20
20

-

-

6
--------5“

—

r~

53

9
7
_

8
5
3
7
------- 5“

-

~

■

5
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , A p r i l I96 0 )
A verage
Sex,

o c cu p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
(Standard)

N U M B ER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y EA RN IN G S OF—

$
3 5 . 00
Weekly
earnings 1 a n d
(Standard) u n d e r
4 0 . 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$

$
6 0 . 00

$

$

$

$

$

$

6 5 . 00

70 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

$

5 5 . 00

n o .o o

$
1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 2 0 .0 0
and

4 5 . 00

5 0 .0 0

5.5, QQ

60 . 00

4 5 ,0 0 .

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .00

over

$

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

-

-

-

1

2

2

39
1

7
7

11

17
16
1

184
111

40. 0
40. 5

68. 50
63. 50

12
12

17
17

252
71
181

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

5 6 . 50
6 7 . 00
5 2 . 50

61
4
57

42
13

53

-

26
13

2

16

-

27
15

_

-

-

-

_

53

_

4

_

-

_

9

_

16

4
1
3 '

-

69- 50

-

-

9

3 9 .5

_

_

-

-

12

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ________________________________________________ _ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________________

_

-

9
9

18

-

12
12

12

-

23
3
20

-

_

-

3
3

2
2

-

_

5

_

_

-

5

-

9
6
3

5 9 . 00
6 3 . 00
5 7 . 50

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A _______
____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________________

_

2

13
10
3

41. 0
40. 0
4 1 .5

25

2

1

1
1

5

g e n e r a l ___________________

1

2

4

6
1

20

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

-

4

28
8

8

-

-

8

8
-

47

96
31
65

-

4
4

47
-

1

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________

-

13

1
-

6

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5

-

19

6
-

107

_

-

9
.3

5 4 . 50

137
30

_

12

5 8 . 50
7 4 . 00

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________________

_
-

23
10
13

-

-

3
3

61
48
13

18
1
17

$ 7 2 .0 0
7 6 . 00
6 8 . 50

12
6
6

76
25
51

9
9

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

2

51

6
6

303
132
171

op e ra to rs,

_

2

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________________

16
35

—

48
45“
42
21
21

29

29
13
16

---------5“

7
4

-

n
7

"

2
2

1
1

1
1

_
"

“

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

■

"

-

■
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

“

'
-

-

"
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , A p r i l I96 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weeklyj Weekly 2
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

U n d er
?5 . 00

$
65. 00
and
u n d er
70. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
9 0. 00

$
9 5. 00

$
100 .00

$
$
1 05.00 1 10.00 $
115.00 *120.00 ^ 25.00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

9 0. 00

9 5. 00 1 0 0 .0 0

105 .00

1 1 0 .00 115 .00 120 .00

130 .00 1 5 .0 0
$3

1 2 5 .00 130 .00 135 .00 140 .00

$
140 .00 1 5 .0 0
$4
145 .00

and
over

7
5

3
3
_

M en
_

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ___________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________________________

156
149

40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

-

-

2
2

7
7

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ---------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------- -----------------------------------

59
51

40. 0
40. 0

9 2 . 00
9 3. 00

1

5
5

5
4

1

9

"

-

25

40. 0

9 2 . 50

1

_

1

4

10
10

5

5

8
8

5
S

11
11

20
20

8

8
8

4
4

2
1

3
1

17
16

1

1

6

6

1

1

16

15

l5

20
19

14
10

11
11

2
2

1

3
3

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

3

_

_

_

l6

1

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ___________________________

_

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s,




_

_

6

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , A p r i l I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings1

$1 .4 0 *1 .5 0
and
u n d er
1 .5 0
1 .6 0

$

1 .6 0

$1 . 70

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

$

1 .8 0

1 ,9 0 .

$

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

$

2 .0 0

$

2 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 . 50

2^2.0

$

2. 30 - 2 , 4 0

2 .5 0

2 , 60 .. J L 70__ 2 .8 0

2 . 10

2 . 10

2 .2 0

1 . 60

1 . 70

$
2 .8 0

$

2 .9 0

$

3 .0 0

2_JjO_ 3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0
3 .2 0

$

3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .5 0
and
over

i
C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____ __

43

$ 2 .7 6

151
91

3 .0 9
3 .0 9

_______

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce __ __________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -_________________________________

“

-

•

-

“

-

5

-

_

.

55

2. 72
2785“
2 . 67

-

-

“

"

5

“

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce __________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________

97
32

2 .0 1
1 .8 8

.

4
4

10
10

15
3

1
1

7

-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in t e n a n c e )---------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________________

173
34139

2 . 60
2 . 6'6
2 .5 9

-

-

■

“

-

“

"

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce ------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________________

173
155

2 .8 9
2 .9 5

.
"

_
-

.

_

-

-

O il e r s _______________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________________

--------2 3

50

2 . 16
2 . 16

5

5

-

6
6

3

P a i n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ___________________________

29

2 .8 8

_

.

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________

92“

92

3 .0 3

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t io n a r y _____ ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________

97

-------

4Z~ “




11

6

1
1

5
“

-

3
3

2
2

7

_

_

7

“

1

2

17
12

_

29
9
20

-

6
6

1

“

“

-

-

■

.

5
5

1

-

5

7

1

57
7

32
32

25
25

“

21
21

.
-

-

.
-

“

-

5

3
3

5
5

6
5
1

.
-

■

~

~

38
9
29

2
2

■

~

-

22

-

“

6
6

2
2

95
95

2
2

.

14
14

.

.

“

■

1
22
22
■

.
-

_

"

39
4

6
6

"

■

43
6
37

7
4
3

4
4

5

"

47
4
43

"

.
-

3
3

3
3

3
3

13
7

_

-

4
4

16
4

12
12

1
1

7
7

------- 7

7

17
17

.
-

_

"

2
2

.

-

2

"

-

-

"

-

.

.

_

.

1

6

_

1

_

_

5

11

_

5

_

.

.

1

.

3

14
4

1
1

1
1

6

6

18
1$

1
1

4

15
15

2
2

34
34

1
1

2
2

6
6

.

3 .0 3

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,

1

5

1

5

-

i

h o lid a y s ,

and la te s h ift s .

-

"
_

4

22

-

-

-

7

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , A p r i l I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

G u a r d s ___________________________________________ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

__________________

________

Number
of
workers

hourly ,
earnings *

$ 2 .2 5
119
"IQ 8 ’
2 .-2 9 -

469
188
281

1 .4 8
i . 85
1 .2 3

$
U n d er 1 .0 0
and
1 .0 0
1 .1 0

$
1. 10

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

4
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

1.9 0

$

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 . 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$ ,
2 . 60

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 . 90

$
3 .0 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2.00

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 . 3 0 _ 2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 6 0 _ 2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 . 90

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

2
-

67

55

67

55

_
-

-

-

924
281
643

1 .8 5
1. 78
1 .8 7

O r d e r f i l l e r s -------------------------------- -----------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________ ____________

52
29

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ___________________________________

41

T r u c k d r iv e r s 3 ------------------ ----------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __ ________ _____ _____ „
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------ -----------------------------

857
208
649

2 .0 4
2 .0 0
2 .0 6

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er l 1 t o n s ) ___ __
/*
M a n u fa ctu r in g „ __________ ___ _____ „
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________

188
81
107

1 .7 6
1 .9 2
1 .6 3

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( l 1 to
/*
and in clu d in g 4 to n s ) _______ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g „ _________
__ __
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _ — —
__
„ ___

400
92
3 08

2 .2 7
1 .8 3
2 .4 0

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e ) ------ -------- — ----N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____ ____

-----

136
— ITS

2 . 18
2 .6 6 "

-

77
23
54

72
72

1
-

20
18

-

8
-

10
-

2

3

2

17
IT -

8
_
8

4
3 .
1
_
-

135
72
63

195
19
176

26
14
12

5
2
3

7
4
3

3
3

3
3

-

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

8

6

2

3

5

3

117
12
105

12
_
12

-

15
12
3

4
4
“

_

_

_

3

12
63
5 -----7
59

-

D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 0 .5 0 to $ 0 . 6 0 .

103
66
43

—

28
r~
23

1

22
IT

3
3

18
18

.

—

.

_

"

1

-

“

-

"

_

_

51

114

112

249
12
2 37
.
-

9
9

.
_

201
12
189

1
1
-

_
_

7
4
3

7
7

11
6
6

73
10
63

12
_
12

.
-

6
6

2
2

29
29

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
.

3

_
.

-

“

2
2
-

_
_

“

60
60
"

_
_

“

”

22
10
12

105
1
104

17
17

42
42

-

_

48
48

_

-

8
$

.

-

-

1
1

19
13

31
31

_

“

_

_
-

*

-

22
22
"

1
1
"

"

_

.
-

.
-

_
_

_
_

-

"

16
-

1

.

-

-

"

-

"

_

.

-

“

2
-

“

4
4

“

"

-

12

— w \Z ~

-

-

12
5
7

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

“

-

11
------ 5

3
3

2
2

-

4 10




I ll
32
79

130
15
115

_

1
2
3
4

63
29
34

15
1
14

-

1 .3 4
1 .5 2

-

79
70
9

-

49
------- 27

-

9
_
9

_
_

W a tch m en ________________________________ _____
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___ ___________________ _______

-

-

-

-

_

“

_
_

2 . 15
2 . 14

37
3

5
4

■

94
88

.

21
21

_
_

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t ) ____________ __ ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g
___ ________________ _____ __

10

41
41

8
3
3

-

15
15

63
45
18

11
5
6

.

10
10

27
14
13

“

-

23
23

32
l6
16

26
5
21

_

"

17
5
12

11
5
6

_

4
3

11

3

-

13
13

11

1 .9 2

“

-

6
4

67
3
64

2 .3 1

2.06

2
"

-

21
21

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g --------- -------- ------M a n u fa ctu r in g — ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________ ________

1
-

and la te s h ift s .

6
------- 5“

9
9

18
rs

1

—

r~ —

-

_
8
r ~

_
3

_

13
13

5

2
2

~

_
_
-

4
-----------

"

6
------- 5~
-

8




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift Differentials

(P e r c e n t of m anufacturin g p lant w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l p r o v isio n s for sh ift w ork, and in e sta b lish m e n ts
a c tu a lly op eratin g la te sh ifts by type and am oun t of d iffe r e n tia l, P h oen ix, A r iz . , A p ril I960)
In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 for---T hird or oth er
Second sh ift
w ork
sh ift w ork

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

T otal _ ---------

----- -----

89. 7

------ _

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l _
_ _
U niform c e n ts (p er hour)
4 c e n ts _ _ ----5 c e n ts _ _ --------6 c e n ts ----7 c e n ts _
_
______
7lU c e n ts *__
8 c e n ts __
__ __
10 c e n ts _ ___
12 c e n ts __ __
___
15 ce n ts
18 c e n ts _ _ _ _ _
25 c e n ts
U niform p e r c e n ta g e _ _
10 p e r c e n t __ _ _
F u ll d a y 's pay for red u ced ho u rs _
O ther _________
N o sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

In e sta b lish m e n ts a ctu a lly
op eratin g—
T hird or oth er
Second sh ift
sh ift

—

84. 6

21. 7

7. 3

89. 7
67. 7
4. 2
14. 0

84. 6

21. 7

3 9 .9
1. 7
2. 0
2. 5

1 7 .9
.9
2. 3
2. 1
3. 7
1. 8
3. 3
_
3. 9
2. 1
2. 1
.2
1. 4

7. 3
5. 2

-

6. 3

-

14. 2
11. 2

4. 4
4. 2
9. 4
13. 2
1 .9
.6
11. 2

11. 2
1. 4
9 .4

11. 2
8. 0
* 25. 5

-

11. 3
5. 0
12. 7
-

"

.5
.1
.3
-

.6
3. 6
-

-

.3
1. 7
-

1
In clu d es e sta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly op eratin g la te s h ifts, and e sta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v isio n s co v e r in g la te sh ifts
e v e n though th ey w e r e not cu r r e n tly o p eratin g la te s h ifts .
* P r im a r ily com b in a tion p la n s provid in g fu ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ced h o u rs p lu s c e n ts or p e r c e n ta g e d iffe r e n tia l.

9
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers

(D istrib u tion of esta b lish m e n ts stud ied in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by m inim um en tran ce sa la r y for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien ced w om en o ffice w o rk ers, P hoenix, A riz. , A p ril I960)

A ll
in d u str ie s

M inim um w eek ly sa la r y 3

E stab lish m en ts studied ____________

__

____

E sta b lish m en ts having a sp e c ifie d m inim um
$35. 00 and under $37. 50 - —
— $37. 50 and under $40. 00 - __ _ _
$40. 00 and under $42. 50 __
_ __
$42. 50 and under $45. 00 _ __
$45. 00 and under $47. 50 __
$47. 50 and under $50. 00
$50. 00 and under $52. 50
$52. 50 and under $55. 00
__ _
$55. 00 and under $57. 50 „ _
$57. 50 and under $60. 00 ___
$60. 00 and under $62. 50 _
$62. 50 and under $65. 00 - ___
$65. 00 and over
—
E sta b lish m en ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m -------E stab lish m en ts w hich did not em p loy w o rk ers
in th is categ o ry __
-----_
------

In exp erien ced ty p ists
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
B ased on stan d ard w eek ly hours 3 of—
A ll
A ll
40
sch e d ­
40
sch e d ­
u les
u les

91

33

22
1
1
2
4
3
4
2
2
2

9
_
_
1
2
_
2
1
1
2
_
_
6
18

1
11
58

XXX

8
_
1
.
2
2
1
2
-

58

XXX

Other in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2
M anuf a c tur ing
N onm anufacturing
B ased on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
A ll
A ll
40
40
sch e d ­
sch e d ­
u les
u les

A ll
in d u str ie s
91

33
11
_
_
2
_
1
_
_
1
2
4
_
1
6
16

XXX

13
1
1
1
.
2
3
2
1
1
_
_
1
5

XXX

32
1
1
6
1
5
3
3
2
3
5
_
1
1
10

XXX

40

XXX

49

11
1
_
1
_
2
3
1
1
1
_
_
_
1

XXX

10
_
_
2
1
_
_
1
1
4
_
1
XXX
XXX

58
21
1
1
4
1
4
3
3
1
1
1
_
_
1
4
33

XXX

20
1
-

4

1
4
3
3
1
1
1
_
_
1
XXX
XXX

1 L ow est sa la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d for h irin g in ex p erien ced w o rk ers for typing or other c le r ic a l job s.
2 R ates ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s, o ffic e g ir ls , or sim ila r su b c le r ic a l job s a re not co n sid ered .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich e m p lo y ees r e c e iv e th eir regu lar str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s. Data a r e p resen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com bined, and for the m o st com m on w orkw eek reported .

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eek ly hours
of fir s t- s h ift w o rk ers, P hoenix, A riz. , A p ril I960)
W eekly hours
A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------3 7 l/ z hours ____
40 hours
_
_____
O ver 40 and under 44 hours
44 h ours ,,
, . __ ____________________
O ver 44 and under 48 hours
48 h ou rs _ ----50 h ou rs ---------

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries3
100
3
90
1
4
-

1
“

All industries2

Manufacturing

100

100

100

( 3)
96
3
“

3
69
4
7
2
13
2

4
86
2
2
5
“

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Public utilities

1 Includes data for tran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s; w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s
show n sep a r a te ly .
2 Includes data for tran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s; w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trade; r ea l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in dustry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
3 L e ss than 0 .5 p ercen t.




10
Table B-4. Paid Holidays

(P ercen t d istrib u tio n of office and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by num ber of paid h o lid ay s
provided an nually, P hoenix, A r iz . , A p ril I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Item

A ll w o r k e r s _____

__

All industries 1
...

.. _

W ork ers in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
paid holid ays __________________________________
W ork ers in esta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid ho lid ay s _ _ _ _ _ _
2 ho lid ay s
3 ho lid ay s
4 h o lid ay s
5 ho lid ay s
6 ho lid ay s
6 h o lid ay s
6 ho lid ay s
7 ho lid ay s
8 h o lid ay s

N um ber o f d a y s
_
........
________________________________________
___________________ ___________ ________
________________________________________
__ _
...._.
plus 1 h a lf d a y _______
plus 2 h a lf days
_ __
____
________________________________________
. _ . ......................................

T otal h o lid a y t i m e 4
8 days ......................................................................................
7 or m o re days ._ . ... . _
6 llz or m o re days _______________________________
6 or m o re days __________________________________
5 or m o re days
....
....
.... . ..........
4 or m o re days .
... _. ....
3 or m o re days __________________________________
2 or m o re days __________________________________

Manufacturing

100

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities

All industries 2

Manufacturing

100

100

100

98

98
2

85
15

100

2
_
( 3)
1
8
45
1
27
16

_
2
22
1
65
9

4
1
1
31
1
35
11

4
2
1
29
3
58
2

16
43
44
89
97
97
98
98

9
74
75
96
98
98
98
98

11
47
47
79
80
80
81
85

2
63
63
93
94
94
96
100

Public utilities

-

1 Includ es data for tran sp ortation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s; w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th o se in dustry
d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
2 Includ es data for tran sp ortation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s; w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trade; r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
3 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
4 A ll com b ination s of fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a re com bined; for ex a m p le, the prop ortion of w o rk ers r e ce iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days
and no h a lf d a ys, 6 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a ys, and so on. P rop ortion s w ere then cum ulated.




11
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P ercent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Phoenix, A riz. , A pril I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V acation p o licy

A ll w ork ers _______ _________ ____ __________

Public utilities

All industries 2

Manufacturing

All industries 1

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100
99
i 3)
-

100
99
( 3)
-

96
91
5
1
-

100
95
5
-

4

“

Method o! payment

W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providin g
paid vacation s _______________________ ________
L en g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t___________ _________
P er c e n ta g e p a y m e n t_________________________
F la t-su m p a y m e n t____________________________
O th e r ______________________________________ —
W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts providing
no paid vacation s
______________T_ _________

-

Amount off vacation p a y 4

A fter 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____________________________________
1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------------------

1
40

_
27

1
18

_
17

A fter 1 y ea r of s e r v ic e
1 1X70OV
2 w e e k s __________ ____________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___ _ __ _ _ ____

34
66
-

27
73
~

77
19
1

79
21
-

A fter 2
1
O ver 1 and under 2
2 w eeks ____ __
O ver 2 and under 3

w eeks ___________________
_____ ___
______
w eeks __
_______________

9
2
89
"

8
3
90
“

41
7
47
1

42
15
43
“

A fter 3 y ea r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ______________________ __ _ ____ __ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________ ____ __

4
1
92
3

2
3
84
12

22
8
60
7

19
17
50
14

A fter 5 y ea r s of s e r v ic e
1 week
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s __ __________ ___ _
_ ____ __ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __ __ _ _
3 w eeks —
_ ..

2
(3 )
88
6
4

1
1
85
12
2

10
1
76
7
2

4
2
76
14
4

y e a rs of s e r v ic e

See footnotes at end of table,




Public utilities

12
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, P h oen ix, A r iz . , A p ril I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
V acation p o lic y

PLANT WORKERS

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries 2

A fter 10 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _
.
2 w eek s
....... .
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks ___________________________________________

2
52
3
42

1
47
7
44

10
53
7
27

4
44
11
41

A fter 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________
2 w eeks ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eeks ___________________________________________

2
24
_
74

1
17
_
82

10
36
1
49

4
26
_
70

A fter 20 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________
2 w eeks ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eeks
4 w e e k s _____________________________ ___________

2
24
62
11

1
17
82
“

10
36
1
49
-

4
26
_
70
-

2
24
_
54
20

1
17
_
69
_
14

10
35
1
37
5
8

4
26
_
51
11
9

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vocation p a y4— Continued

A fter 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________
2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w e e k s _____ ____________ ___________ ________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____________________

1 Includes data for tran sp ortation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s; w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trad e; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s
show n sep a r a te ly .
2 Includ es data for tran sp ortation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s; w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trad e; re a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
3 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
4 P er io d s of s e r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in divid ual p ro v isio n s for p r o g r e s sio n s . F o r exam p le, the chan ges in p rop ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s'
s e r v ic e in clude changes in p r o v isio n s occu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.
NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation a llo w an ces by y ea r s of s e r v ic e , paym ents oth er than "length of tim e , " su ch as p ercen ta g e of annual earn in gs or fla t-su m p a ym en ts, w ere con verted
to an equ ivalent tim e b a sis; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual earn in gs w as c o n sid ered a s 1 w eek 's pay.




13
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P ercen t of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts providing
health , in su ra n ce, or pen sion b e n efits, P hoenix, A r iz . , A p ril I960)
Type of ben efit

A ll w ork ers _ __________________________________
W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providing:
L ife in su r a n c e -----------------------------------------------A ccid en tal death and d ism em b erm en t
in su ra n ce ___________________________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ra n ce or
sic k leave or both 3-------------------------------------S ick n ess and accid en t in su ra n ce ________
Sick lea v e (full pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )__________________________
Sick le a v e (p artial pay or
w aiting p e r io d )__________________________
H osp italization in su ra n ce ___________________
S u rgical in s u r a n c e ___________________________
M ed ical in su r a n c e ___________________________
C atastrophe in su ra n ce ______________________
R etirem en t p e n s io n __________________________
No health, in su ra n ce, or p en sio n p la n -------

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries 2

Manufacturing

100

100

98

83

93
93
73
81

67
64

92
85
71
70
15
2
96
96
70
31
67
3

All industries 1

Manufacturing

100

100

89
61
79
29
61
10
82
82
53
52
61
6

“
99
99
90
62
87

Public utilities

42
22
10
84
84
58
30
45
9

Public utilities

1
1 Includ es data for tran sp ortation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s; w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trad e; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose in dustry
d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 Includ es data for tran sp ortation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s; w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trad e; r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
3 U nduplicated total of w o rk ers r e ce iv in g sick lea v e or sic k n e ss and a ccid en t in su ra n ce shown sep a ra tely below . S ick -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a s t
the m inim um num ber of days' pay that can be ex p ected by each em p lo y ee. Inform al s ic k -le a v e allo w a n ces d eterm in ed on an in divid ual b a sis a re exclu d ed .







15

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying th ese job d escriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary w orkers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
B iller machine (billing m achine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc ., w hich are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills? and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold m achine.
B iller machine (bookkeeping m achine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




,

,

C lass A — K eeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
C lass B — K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), co st distribution, expense d istribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete s e t of books or records relating to one pha'se of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's bu sin ess tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— .Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad ­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accou n t­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­

ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
v ise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B — Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th a t h as
already been c lassified or w hich is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers'o rd ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to resp ective departm ents to be filled .
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and en ters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing inform ation such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib u t­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calcu latin g m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic a l com putations. T his job is not to be confused with th at of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, w hich may involve frequent u se of a Comp­
tom eter but, in w hich, use of this m achine is incidental to perform ance
of other d u ties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alp habetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine d uties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

17
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own in itiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more p ersons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. D o e s n ot in clu de tra n scribing-m ach in e
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. D o e s not in clu d e tran scribing-m ach in e w ork .

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of th is w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A — O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents w ithout clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of step s to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in m achine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s n ot in clu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production o i
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
C la s s B — O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter,, re producer, and collator. T his work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and stu d ies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
C la s s C — O perates sim ple tabulating or ele c tric a l account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instru ctio n s. May include sim ple w iring from diagram s
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18

TYPIST

TYPIST—-Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in d uplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.
— Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , puncC la s s A

tuation, etc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circu m stan ces.
C la s s B —-Performs on e or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tab ulation s, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

P R O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and d irects activ ities of one or .more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or a s a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, d etail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in draw ings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lin es and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accid en t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a com bin er
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressin g of em ployees' inju ries; keeping records of p atien ts
treated; preparing accid en t reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting p hysical exam inations and health evaluations of ap p licants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

19

M AINTENANCE

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as b in s,crib s,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carp en ter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
e lectrician 's handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May a ls o
supervise these operations. H ead or c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts
em p lo yin g m ore than on e en g in eer are e x c lu d e d




.

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lath es,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve req u isite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize .when tools need dressing, to dress tools, arid to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary d u ties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in stalls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard too ls, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L u bricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or w earing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying p aint w ith spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other p aint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from draw ings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with sto ck s and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. W orkers primarily en g a g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
sa n ita tion or h eatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d

.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specifications; settin g up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded. training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop too ls, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and written sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND M ATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar estab lish m en t.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

men w ho are sta tio n e d at g a te and ch e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . In c lu d es g a te -

,.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
oth er person s en terin g

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stack er; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve on e or more o f the fo llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

22

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting dev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
L o n g sh o r e m e n

, who

loa d and unload s h ip s are e x c lu d e d

.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with sp ecificatio n s on sa le s slip s, custom ers*
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay in v o lv e on e or m ore o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using ex celsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ake w o o d en
b o x e s or c ra tes are e x c lu d e d

.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work i n v o l v e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. R e c e iv i n g w ork i n v o l v e s : V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Sh ipping clerk
S hipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck w ithin a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
te ria ls, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and re ta il estab lish m en ts, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers* houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical rep airs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and o v e r -th e -r o a d d rivers
are e x c lu d e d

.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: ^T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)
T r u c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
Tru ckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
li g h t (u n d e r 1% t o n s )
medium ( 1
to and in clu d in g 4 to n s)
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s, trailer t y p e )

%

Truckdriver, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s, o th er than trailer t y p e )

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:
Tru cker, p o w e r (fo rk lift)
T ru cker, p o w e r (o th er than fo rk lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1960 0 — 554625

O ccupational Wage Surveys
O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor m arkets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese bulletins, when av ailable,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now av ailable.




B altim ore, Md., September 1959—B LS B ull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959—B LS B ull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
B u ffalo, N .Y ., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, Decem ber 1959—B LS B ull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C incinnati, Ohio—K y., February I960—B LS B u ll. 1265-31, price 25 cents
C levela n d , Ohio, September 1959—B LS B ull. 1265“ 1, price 20 cents
D a lla s , T e x ., October 1959—B LS B ull. 1265*3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, Decem ber 1959—B LS B ull. 1265“9> price 25 cents
D enver, C o lo ., Decem ber 1959—B LS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Des M oines, Iow a, February I960—B LS Bull. 1265“30, price 25 cents
D etroit, M ich., January I960—B LS Bull. 1265*25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T e x ., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS B ull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960—B LS B u ll. 1265-26, price 25 cents
J ac k s on v ille , F la ., Decem ber 1959—B LS B u ll. 1265*14, price 25 cents
Kansas C ity , Mo.—K ans., January I960—B LS B u ll. 1265-23, price 25 cents
Memphis, T en n ., January I960—B LS B ull. 1265*19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la ., Decem ber 1959—B LS Bull. 1265*6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. P au l, Minn., January I960—B LS B u ll. 1265-21, price 25 cents
Newark and Jersey C ity , N .J ., February I960—B LS B u ll. 1265-28, price 25 cents
P h ilad elp h ia, P a ., November 1959—B LS B ull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a ., Decem ber 1959—B LS B u ll. 1265-20, price 25 cents
P ortland, Maine, November 1959—B LS B u ll. 1265*12, price 20 cents
Richmond, V a ., February I960—B LS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. L o u is , Mo., October 1959—B LS B ull. 1265“ 5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iv e rs id e —Ontario, C a lif., Novem ber 1959—
B LS B u ll. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ra n c isc o —Oakland, C a lif., January I960—B LS B u ll. 1265*17, price 25 cents
S eattle, Wash., August 1959—B LS B ull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., February I960—BLS B ull. 1265-29, price 20 cents
Washington, D .C .—Md.—V a ., Decem ber 1959—B LS B ull. 1265-18, price 25 cents
Y ork, P a ., February I960—B LS B ull. 1265*27, price 25 cents





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