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Occupational Wage Survey
A LBA N Y-SC H EN ECTA D Y-TR O Y, NEW YORK
MARCH 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-40




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LA BO R STATISTICS
Ewan Clagu a, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
ALBANY-SCHENECTADY-TROY, NEW YORK




MARCH 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-40
June 1960
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STATISTICS
Ew an C lagu e, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price

cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e C o m m u n ity W a g e S u r v e y P r o g r a m

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________________________

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s r e g u la r ly c o n d u c ts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o r ta n t in d u s ­
t r ia l c e n t e r s . T h e s t u d ie s , m a d e fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly
s p r in g , r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s a n d r e la t e d s u p p le ­
m e n ta r y b e n e f it s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t i s a v a ila b le o n
c o m p le tio n o f th e stu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in th e m o n th
fo llo w in g th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d . T h is b u lle t in p r o v id e s
a d d itio n a l d a ta n o t in c lu d e d in th e e a r l i e r r e p o r t . A c o n ­
s o lid a te d a n a ly tic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g th e r e s u lt s o f a ll
o f th e y e a r ’ s s u r v e y s i s is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le t io n o f th e
fin a l a r e a b u lle tin fo r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u ’ s r e g io n a l
o f f ic e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , b y E llio t t A . B r o w a r , u n d e r
th e d ir e c tio n o f F r e d e r ic k W . M u e lle r , R e g io n a l W a g e a n d
I n d u s tr ia l R e la t io n s A n a ly s t .




1.

1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y ________________

2

A : O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s _______________________________________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s ________________________
A - 3 . M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________________
A - 4 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________

4
5
6
7

B : E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e
p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n
o f f i c e w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ____________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ___________________ _____________________________ _ ____________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _______________r __________

9
9
10
11
13

A p p e n d ix : O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____ _________________________________________

15

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s fo r m o s t o f t h e s e it e m s a r e
a v a i l a b l e i n t h e A l b a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y a r e a r e p o r t .f o r
M a r c h 1 9 5 2 , a s w e ll a s in s im ila r r e p o r ts fo r o th e r m a jo r
a r e a s . A d ir e c t o r y , in d ic a tin g d a te o f stu d y a n d th e p r ic e
o f th e r e p o r t s , i s a v a ila b le u p o n r e q u e s t.
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s ,
a r e a l s o a v a ila b le fo r s e v e n s e l e c t e d b u ild in g t r a d e s in
S c h e n e c ta d y .

8




Occupational Wage Survey~Albany-Schenectady-Troy,jN. Y.
Introduction

T h is a r e a i s o n e o f s e v e r a l im p o r ta n t in d u s t r ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ic h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c * h a s
c o n d u c te d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s a n d r e la te d w a g e b e n e fits
o n a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . In t h is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u r e a u fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ,1
c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l it i e s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te ; a n d s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
a n d th e c o n s t r u c t io n a n d e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g
fe w e r th a n a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th e y fu r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
r a n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
fo r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d o n a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f th e
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s . T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e
th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t . E s t i m a t e s
b a s e d o n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e ­
l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a , e x ­
c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n i s b a s e d o n a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e
jo b . (S e e a p p e n d ix f o r lis t in g o f t h e s e d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) f o r th e f o llo w in g t y p e s o f o c c u p a ­
t i o n s : ( a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; ( c ) m a i n t e ­
n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (d ) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s i f ic a t i o n . E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d

la te s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d a l s o , b u t c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
t o t h e w o r k s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d t o t h e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e
o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n a n d w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n w h ic h b o t h s e x e s a r e c o m m o n l y e m p l o y e d .
D if f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s o f m e n a n d w o m e n in t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
la r g e ly d u e to ( l ) d if f e r e n c e s in th e d is t r ib u t io n o f th e s e x e s a m o n g
in d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ; (2 ) d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e o c c u p a t io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; a n d (3 ) d if f e r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v ­
i c e o r m e r i t r e v ie w w h e n in d iv id u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d ju s te d o n t h is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u l t i n h i g h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w h e n b o th s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in th e s a m e r a te r a n g e . J o b
d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d in c la s s if y in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s to
a llo w fo r m in o r d if f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c if ic d u tie s
p e r fo rm e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d
f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d . T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r ia lly a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n ­
in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s a n d S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d a l s o ( in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e ­
le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f it s a s th e y r e ­
la t e to o f f ic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o ffic e w o r k e r s , " a s u s e d
in th is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , a n d e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , a n d p r o f e s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c lu d i n g l e a d m
1
R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r ly e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s e s t u d ie s , e n a n d t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e f u n c t io n s . A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
h a v e b e e n a d d e d in n e a r ly a l l o f th e a r e a s to b e s t u d ie d d u r in g th e
e x e c u tiv e , an d p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , an d fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
w in te r o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 ; r a ilr o a d s w ill b e a d d e d in th e r e m a in in g a r e a s n e x t
e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k fo r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
y e a r . F o r s c o p e o f s u r v e y in th is a r e a , s e e fo o tn o te to " tr a n s p o r ta ­
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s a n d r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s ­
t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l it i e s " in ta b le 1 .
t r ie s , b u t a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .




2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in A l b a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . ,
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 M a r c h I9 6 0
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
S t u d ie d

W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y
S t u d ie d
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l4

_ __

51

298

95

9 7 , 500

1 6 ,8 0 0

5 9 ,8 0 0

6 8 ,2 0 0

M a n u fa c t u r in g
__ __
___ _ _ ________
________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5
______________________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e _______________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________________________ _______
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ______________________
S e r v ic e s
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

51
51

142
156

46
49

6 0 ,2 0 0
3 7, 300

8 , 5 00
8, 300

4 0 ,6 0 0
1 9 .2 0 0

4 3 ,6 5 0
2 4 ,5 5 0

51
51
51
51
51

18
33
47
32
26

10
6
14
9
10

1 2, 0 0 0
3, 300
1 2 ,0 0 0
4 , 7 00
5, 300

2 , 100

6 , 2 00

1 1 ,1 8 0
1, 720
5 , 770
2 , 100
3, 780

A l l d iv is io n s

_____

____

______

_

_

__________

___

O
O
O

( 6)

(J )
(‘ )
(* )
( 6)

1 T h e A lb a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a ( A lb a n y , R e n s s e l a e r , S a r a t o g a , a n d S c h e n e c t a d y C o u n t i e s ). T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n
in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r ,
t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 5 7 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e
e a r l i e r e d i t io n (u s e d in th e B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p l a n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d
c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a l e o r r e t a i l ) t o m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,
co m m u n ic a tio n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o
j u s t if y s e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

3

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in t e r m s o f (a ) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t , a n d (b ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f w o r k e r s
a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n th e s p e c if ie d s h if t a t th e tim e o f th e s u r v e y .
I n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t a p p l y in g t o
a m a j o r it y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r it y , th e c l a s ­
s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . I n e s t a b l i s n m e n t s i n w h ic h s o m e l a t e s h if t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r it y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d . T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d o n a n e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
th a n o n a n e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s . P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; a n d
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a ll y o n th e
b a s is th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e li g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r th e
p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly o n th e b a s is
th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r it y
a r e c o v e r e d .3 B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t h e s e
ta b u la tio n s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls .
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le a n d h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly p r o v id e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t
c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a lf h o lid a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n
p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f t h e c o s t i s b o r n e b y t h e e m p l o y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
a n d s o c i a l s e c u r it y . S u c h p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m ­
m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v id e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r
p a id d i r e c t l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m
a fu n d s e t a s id e f o r t h is p u r p o s e . D e a th b e n e f i t s a r e in c lu d e d a s a
fo r m o f lif e in s u r a n c e .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s lim ite d - to th a t ty p e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
t o t h e i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s t o w h ic h t h e
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , i n N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h
h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s , 4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n ­
t r ib u t e s m o r e th a n i s le g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s th e e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e f it s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l im it e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e
f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( 1 ) p l a n s w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d ( 2 ) p l a n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to th e
p r e s e n ta tio n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s
sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e ith e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e f it s .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s i s lim it e d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y t im e o ff w ith p a y i s g r a n te d
a t th e d is c r e t io n o f th e e m p lo y e r . S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a t io n p a y m e n ts , s u c h
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n o t o n
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s th e e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s .e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, a n d s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r tia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th e y m a y b e
s e l f - i n s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e l im it e d to
t h o s e p la n s t h a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f th e
w o r k e r 's lif e .

2 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y if it m e t
e it h e r o f th e f o llo w in g c o n d it io n s : (1 ) O p e r a te d la t e s h if t s a t th e t im e
o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la t e s h if t s .
3 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f ir s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to la t e 1 9 5 7 a n d e a r ly 1 9 5 8 w e r e
p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith th e in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

4 T h e te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n ia a n d R h o d e I s la n d
d o n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
5 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n if
it e s t a b lis h e d a t le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e th a t
c o u ld b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S u c h a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it t e n ,
b u t in f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d jr -T r o y , N . Y . , M a r c h I9 6 0 )
S

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

1 5 .0 0
and
u n d er
4 0 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

^ 0 .0 0

^ 5 .0 0

$ 0 .0 0
6

*65.00

*70.00

*75.00

$
8 0 .0 0

*85.00

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

*9 0.0 0

*9 5.0 0 1^)0.00

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

i0 5 .0 G

f i o . o o f 1 5 .0 0

1 1 0 . O 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
C

1 2 0 .0 0
and
over

M en

_
_

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _______________ _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________ __
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________ ___________

146
88
58

3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5

$ 9 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ________________ ___ ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________________________

77
35

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------------------------------------------------------------------

26

4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0

-

O ffi c e b o y s ________________________ __________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________ ___________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

148
96
52

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

5 6 .5 0
5 6. 50
5 7 .5 0

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A __________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________________

33
30

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B __________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________________________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

53
25
28

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________ ________ ________

39
36

38. 5
3 8 .0 “

7 2. 50
"7 4 7 5 6 "

51
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 3 .5 0
5 6 .5 0

-

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
-

4
4
7
5

-

4

-

4

_

7
7

2
2

-

26
14
12

2
1
1

10
10

-

20
11
9

31
15
16

10
5
5

11
7
4

13
6
7

6
6

8
7

7
1

3
3

17
10

9
-

9
1

3
1

4
-

2
-

3
2

6

4

1

2

3

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

12
11

3
3

-

_
-

_
_
_
-

z4

-

_
-

-

-

2
2

-

2
2

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

-

_

35
25
10

11
7
4

23
16
7

18
2
16

34
32
2

_

-

-

17
10
7

2
2
-

3
1
2

4

-

1
1
-

3
3

1
1

2
-

3
3

4
4

-

4
4
-

5
4
1

18
10
8

_

_

-

-

_

-

4

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

-

7

-

_

_

-

-

1

6

7

“

1
1

2
2

5
4

5
------- 2“

4
2

2

"

-

9
8

6
6

1

10

3
3

15
13

16
10

2
2

2
2

_

-

-

2
2

-

_

2

2

_

7

17

5

4

_

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
3
9

12
7
5

15
15

-

15
11
4

-

-

1

1

9
4
5

-

5
5

_

_

1
1
_

_

_

1
1
_

-

-

-

-

_
_
1
1

-

1
1
_

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) _______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
--------------------------------------------------------- _
------------------------

39

3 8 .5

6 7 .0 0

_

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ------------------- _
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________ _____________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------------

83
37
46

4 0 .0
3 9 -5
4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________ _ __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________________

211
91
120

3 9 -0
3 9 .0
3 9 -5

6 1 .5 0
Z S .W "
5 8 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____ ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________ __ ______________________

148
77
71

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

8 1 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------

4 79
110

38. 5
39. 5

6 7. 50
6 8 .5 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________ __________________________

108
92

39- 5
3 9 .5

6 6 . 50
6 7 .0 0

_
_

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------- _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g . -------------------------------------------------------------

232
55
177

3 9 .0
39. 5
38. 5

6 2 .0 0
5 1 .0 0

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ------------------------------------------------------------- ------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g __ ___________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _______________________________ ____

185
108
77
45

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________ __________________________

123
32
91

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 1 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 0. 50

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s _________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

239
----- I2l>
114

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
37. 5

7 0 .0 0

B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le




76.50

-

_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

28
1
27

-

19
14
5

64
14
50

36
4
32

24
19
5

33
12
21

-

1

3
3
-

7
6
1

10
10
-

10
6
4

_

2

2

4

5

2

2

4

10
4
6

-

-

5

12
2
10

17
8
9

16
12
4

34
21
13

3
2
1

12
-

12
2

33
3

37
18

133
18

73
24

44
16

80
13

9
9

12
6

20
20

5
4

5
-

46
43

6
6

7
7

1
1

24
20

-

1
1

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
2
4

8
7
1

14
9
5

4
2
2

7
4
3

7
2

13
4

5
-

2
1

_

_

19
_

4
4
_

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

2
2

-

-

64
64

62
11
51

50
19
31

-

7
4
3

-

_
_
-

1
1
-

2
1
1

16
14
2

49
17
32
8

30
21
9
4

4
3
1
1

31
17
14
14

12
12
-

5
5
-

6

3
3

24
5
19

25
7
18

16
6
10

6
3
3

4
3
1

21
5
16

24
22
2

5

70
63
7

17
5
12

-

_

-

-

6

2

6

2

6

-

4

1

35

37

-

_

_

--------6

4

1

35

31

"

-

-

-

_

1

-

-

"

-------- 5—

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

13
6
7
7

6
3
3
3

15
7
8
8

22
1
21

6
3
3

1
1

2

-

13

3
2
1

-

6

5

-

_

_

-

-

_

_
-

2

9
9

_

-

-

-

_

1
1
-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

20
20

-

_

4
3
1

-

4

_

-

7
6

_

1

_
-

1
1

5 3 .5 0

6 2. 50

_

_

_
-

-

_

_

_
-

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

5
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , M a r c h I9 6 0 )
S
T
Average
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

3 5 .0 0
Weekly
earnings
and
(Standard) tind er
4 0 .0 0

1

1 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

*50.0 0

5 5 .0 0

*60.00

*6 5.0 0

*7 0.0 0

*7 5.0 0

*8 0.0 0

*8 5 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

*90 .0 0

* 9 5 .0 0 1*00.00 1*05.00 1*10.00 1*15.00 ? 2 0 .0 0
and
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 o v e r

W o m e n— C ontin ue d
O ffic e g ir ls -------------------------------------- -----------------------------------

94

3 9 .0

$ 5 4 .0 0

S e c r e t a r ie s ---------------- --------------------------- --------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g „ ________________ _____ ________ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------- --------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------------------------------

979
582
397
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

8 6 .0 0
.85750
8 5 . 50
1 0 4 .0 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ------------- -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — --------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 -------------- -------- ---------------------------

530
309
221
90

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------------------------------

142
53
89
25

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 6 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
8 3 . 5Q

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________ ________ __ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________ _____ _______

108
51
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

6 1 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

_
_
_
-

4
_
-

23

36

12

1

15

1

16
5
11
-

12
8
4
-

34
21
13
-

54
32
22
-

40
25
15
-

41
19
22
4

15
8
7
2

58
32
6

65
36
29
12

35
25
10
2

39
22
17
1

174
118
56
5

12
2
10

4
4
1

15
2
13
1

10
5
5

9
9
-

-

9
6
3
2

-

5
5

23
23

12

-

-

19
3
16

12
7
5

_

1

6
6
-

4
1
3

-

-

_
-

-

6
2
4
-

22
22

11
11

-

-

-

-

_

14
-

-

14

9
2
7

12

-

26

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

210
132
78
3

44
28
16
9

25
19
6
5

23
17
6
6

20
5
15
15

18
13
5
2

26
4
22
21

80
44
36
36

6
5
1
1

6
6
-

2
2
2

_
-

35
26
9
9

10
10
10

3
1
2
2

_
-■
-

1
1

3
3

l
l
_

_
-

5
5

1
1
_
-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_
_
_
-

-

14
5
9
9
_
_
-

9
— 5
3
2

_
-

_
_

34

3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0

_

_

3

3

_

_

5

12

3

1

1

_

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l _____________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________
________________

49
30

38. 5
3 8 .5

6 5. 50
6 8 .0 0

_

_

_

_
-

10
10

_

-

13
7

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ____________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------ ---------- -----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________

213
145
68

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

-

12
4

_

_
-

12
7

4
4

9
2
7

21
5
16

17
4
13

8
5
3

5
5
-

115
92
23

5
4
1

2
1
1

3
3
-

T y p is t s , c l a s s B _______________ _________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________

331
82
2 49

38. 5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

5 7 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

2
2

11
11

93
4
89

82
10
72

39
17
22

33
9
24

17
12
5

20
13
7

13
11
2

19
4
15

22
22
_
-

_
-

2
2

2
2
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

“

"

"

“

“

“

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C

_________________

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
2 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 2 5 to $ 1 3 0 .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




s a la r i e s

~

and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

Table A-2. Professional apd Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , A lba n y — c h e n e cta d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r c h I9 6 0 ;
S
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$’

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

6 5 .0 0
Weekly
earnings 1
and
(Standard) u n d er
7 0 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

$
$
7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

$
$
8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1*00.00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1*15.00

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0

M en
D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r

31

3 9 .0

$ 9 2 .0 0

43
35

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

1

12

4

1

5

4

3
3

6
5

8
5

14
10

3
3

1

3

2
2

3
3

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ______ _ „ .

4
4

_

338
2 24
114
-

93
----- 3 5 “
57
6

~

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

_
-

-

~

6
Table A -3. M aintenance a fid Powerplant Occupations

(A verage stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selec ted occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d ivision , A lb any-Schenectady—T roy, N. Y. , M arch I960)
NUMBER OP WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

C arp en ters, m a in ten a n ce_____________
M anu facturing______________________
N on m an ufacturing__________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________

174
114
60
27

E le c tr ic ia n s, m aintenance ______________________
M anu facturing_________________________________
N on m an ufacturing____________________________

260
06

E n gin eers, stationary ___________________________
M anu facturing_________________________________
N on m an ufacturing____________________________
F irem en , stationary boiler ____ ___
M anu facturing____________________
N on m an ufacturing_______________ _

Average, $
$
hourly 1
earnings 1a. n3d0 1 .4 0
under
1 .4 0 1 . 5 0

$2.
2.
2.
2.

63
69
52
50

$
$
$
1. 50 1. 60 1 . 70

$
1. 8 0

1 .8 0

l.a ii

1 . 60

-

5
5

9
6
3

4
4

9
9
-

20
20
-

5
5
-

37
33
4

4

_
-

3
1
2

7
7

27
14
13

16
16

-

_
-

19
9
10

7
7
-

4
4
-

5
5
“

6
6

12
12
-

12
12
-

98
95
3

31
23
8

1
1

16
16

_
-

2
2

!
1

18
18

28
28

_

_

_

_

_

22

21

-

-

-

-

-

27
21
6
6

22
22

_
-

2
2

91
57
34

2. 54
2. 62
2. 40

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

110
75
35

2 .0 6
2. 08
2. 02

16
16
-

4
4
'

_
-

10
10

1
1

6
6

4
4

13
13
-

6
5

_
-

11
10
1

, _
-

_
■

_

_
■

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) _______
M anu facturing_______________________________
N on m an ufacturing__________________________
P ublic u tilities 2 _________________________

171
66
105
77

2 .4 5
2 .4 5
2. 44
2. 44

_

_

_

-

-

-

M echanics, m a in ten a n ce______________________
M anu facturing_______________________________

148
131

2. 53
2. 54

_
-

M illw rights ________
M anu facturing__

96
80

2. 86
2 : 83

O ile rs ___________
M anufacturing

77
75
126
101
25

S h eet-m etal w ork ers, m a in ten a n c e _____________
M anu facturing_________________________________

-

-

.

3

1
-

-

_
-

-

4

-

_
_
-

19
10
9

9
8
1

9
9
-

1
1
-

175
138
37

9
2
7

12
11
1

_
-

5
5
-

2
2

20
12
8

3
3
-

_
_
-

1
1
"

3
3
-

23
23

12
4
8

_
-

_
-

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

136
128
8

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

l

65
65

13
13

7
7

28
28

126
114

51
51

7
3

26

21
7

51
19
32
20

21
12
9
9

6
5
1
1

6
4
2
-

_
"

15
3
12
12

12
12

_
-

41
38

_
-

67
6l

_
"

26
26

_
"

_
-

-

1

8
6

3. 30

-

2

_
2
- ------ 2
-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_
-

56
46

_

10
lo

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

6
6

4
4
-

46
38
8

1
1

1

-

-

1

1
1
-

_
-

31
27

5
5

16
16

24
24

1
1

163
137

2
2

6
6

7
7

_

_

3
3

31
26

1
1

1
1

2
2

_
"

_
-

1

13
6

4
4

_
"

_
"

_

-

_

-

_
"

_
-

_
'

_
-

_
"

_
"

3
3

_
-

2 .0 6
2 . 06

2
2

-

_

6
6

_
-

2
2

4
4

11
11

12
12

19
1?

2
2

13
13

4
4

_
-

2
2

2. 56
2. 56
2 .5 7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

2
2

4
4
-

4
2
2

5
4
1

5
3
2

24
20
4

10
9
1

13
13
-

286
255

2 . 85
2. 84

_

_

_
-

_

-

_
'

4

4

_
-

.
-

1
-

12
12

20
20

1
1

49

2 . 87
2 . 85

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
4

_

!

-

$
$
3 . 10 3 . 20

4
1
3
3

9
8

_

-

$
3 .0 0

_
_
-

_
-

_

-

$
2 .9 0

66
51
15
-

_
-

-

$
2 . 80

12
11
1
"

-

_
-

-

E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekend s, holidays, and late shifts,
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




1

-

-

~

-

-

-

44

-

1

-

$
2 . 70

_2^5Q _ 2 . 60 J L 7 f i_ 2 . 8Q-. _ 2 . 2 0 _ 3 .0 0 - 3 t l Q . 3 . 2 0

12
5
7
7

_
-

2. 78
2 . 77

$
2 . 60

10
10
_
-

_
-

390
374

$
2 . 50

_
-

_
-

M ach in ists, m aintenance _______________________
M anu facturing_________________________________

2 . 3 0 _2.4Q

$
2. 40

22
14
8
8

2. 82
2 . 81
2. 86

2 .2 5
2 . 51
2. 23

2 .2 0

$
2. 30

17
8
9
9

-

331
304
27

$
2. 20

12
12

-

326

$
2 . 10

-

3

-

-

H elp ers, trad es, m aintenance __________________
M anu facturing_________________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________________

P ip e fitte r s, m aintenance
M anu facturing________

6
6

"

-

-

2
2

-

_
-

P a in ter s, m a in te n a n c e ______
M anu facturing____________
N on m an ufacturing________

1. 7 0

$
2. 00
2 . 10

$
1. 90

-

-

7
Table A -4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, AlbanyHSchenectady—T roy, N .Y ., M arch 1960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O F -

Occupation 1 and industry division
E levator op erators, passenger (men) __________
E levator operators, passenger (women) _______
N onm anufacturing____________________________
Guards ____ ____ _______ ___________ .. __
M anufacturing____________ _______ ____ __
N onm anufacturing____________________________
Janitors, p orters, and clean ers (men) ____ __
M anufacturing________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
Public u tilitie s 3 __ ______ _______ _____
Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (women) ______
M anufacturing________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ __ ____
____________
L aborers, m aterial handling _____ _______ __
M anufacturing________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ „ __ ______________ __
Public u tilitie s3 ___________ __ __ _ ___
Order fille rs ____ „ ____ ________________
M anufacturing_____________________ ________
P ack ers, shipping _________ __ ________ _____
M anufacturing_____________________ ___ ___
R eceiving clerk s
M anufacturing____________ ___________ __ __
N onm anufacturing____ _______ __ ________
Shipping clerk s _________________________________
M anufacturing_______________ _______________
Shipping and receiving clerk s ______________ __
T ruckdrivers *
......... __
M anufacturing__ ____________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s3 __
____ ___________
T ruckdrivers, m edium ( l 1 to and
/^
including 4 tons) ________________________ __
M anufacturing__ ________________________
T ruckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type) ____________________
T ruckers, power (forklift) ______________ __ __
M anufacturing__ ______________ __ ____ __
N onm anufacturing_______ _______ ________
T ruckers, power (other than forklift) __________
Watchmen
M anufacturing________ ___________ ____ __
N onm anufacturing___________ __ „ ______ _
1
2
3
*
5

$
$
Average $
$
$
hourly
earnings* 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40
and
under
1.40
1. 50
1. 10 1. 20 1.30
$1. 46
8
3
6
29
1
51
19
23
2
2
1. 13
51
1. 13
19
23
2
2
_
_
236
2. 13
4
8
11
171
2. 15
10
65
2.05
4
8
1
1. 72
35
36
50
74
719
52
493
1. 77
10
41
57
32
226
35
26
•1. 59
18
11
17
84
1.96
“
115
1. 34
43
11
4
13
9
41
1
7
5
1.55
6
74
1. 22
43
6
3
6
.3
_
1.90
4
1,091
15
155
59
1. 80
T'5i
48
769
322
2. 13
4
15
4
11
137
2. 34
323
2. 05
2
5
47
19
177
27
2. 05
- ------- 8
_
198
51
1. 67
2
11
21
183
47
7
1. 69
2
18
_
144
6
6
4
8
1.99
------ T S ~ 2. 14
2
5
66
1. 83
6
6
3
2
'
_
_
_
_
_
90
2. 14
76
2. 20
_
_
_
_
36
1.97
4
548
2. 41
12
2ff5
8
2. 19
343
2. 54
4
150
2. 50
Number
of
workers

161
113

2. 14
2. 15

-

-

170
292
193
99
56
220
153
67

2. 74
2. 21
2. 17
2. 29
2. 26
1. 76
1.79
1. 68

.
_

_
_

12
12

6
6

-

-

-

12
8

-

.
11
10
1

.
_
14
11
3

_

_
24
16
8

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll drivers regard less of siz e and type of truck operated.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3 .1 0 to $ 3 .2 0 .




$
1. 50

$

1. 60

1. 70

$

1. 80

$

1.90

S

2. 00

$

2. 10

$

2. 20

$

2. 30

%

2. 40

$
2. 50

$

2. 60

$

2.70
and
oyer__

1. 80
_

1.90
10

2. 00

1
1
61
47
14
13
1
1
5
5
3
3
_

9
9
48
42
6
2
12
10
2
41
41
5
5
32
32
11
11
8
"

30
30
47
39
8
8
_
57
41
16
-

39
12
27
-

2
2
-

13
9
4
'

27
26
1
-

18
14
4
64
56
8
2
2
236
123
113
45
58
57
29
27
9
8
1
6
5
1
7
6
1
1

-

10
7

-

9
9

2
2

1
-

25
11

85
63

-

4
4

*

-

_
-

.
8
8
"

2
2
_

13
10
3
_

14
61
6i
_

9

14
30
30
8

*90
_
-

-

34
27
7

-

-

22
22
4
14
14

8
8
.

"

59
1
58
14
21
21
■

48
26

9
9
"

4
61
53
8
21
26
23
3

1. 60
_

1. 70
_

5
5
_
50
46
4
3
4
4
166
157
9
14
4
3
2
1
1
_
_

2
2
6
6
10
3
7
29
25
4
21
30
29
14
14
12
12
14

13
9
4
-

-

13

10
10
18
17
1

$

23
11
12

7
4
3
5
2
_

_

2. 10

19
19
143
78
65
57
6
2
4
65
45
20
_
25
- ------ 25“
_
8
8
14
3
l4
3
6
3
4
3

_

2. 20

2. 30
1

2. 40
_

... 2. 70

2.50

8
20
88
12
to
— W ~ -----1T ~
8
38
_
7
31
15
7
24
14
7
1
1
_
_
_
_
137
25
52
45
2
68
11
52
14
43
69
43
35
14
_
_
48
76
- ------4§
_
4
3
4
4 ------ 3—
3
_
7
24
22
------17“ -------1---- ------ ZT~
6
5
6
20
13
2
6
20 — n —
2
_
_
7
8
67
18
122
138
14
66 — r?
40
108
27
3
72
3
108
24
14

26

■

-

_
6
- ------ 5
~
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
8
8
7
2
7
2
1
1
.
90
90
-

-

-




8

B« Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift D ifferen tials

(P e r c e n t of m a n u factu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l p r o v isio n s fo r sh ift w ork, and in e sta b lish m e n ts
a c tu a lly o p eratin g la te sh ifts by typ e and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l, A lb a n y -S ch en ecta d y —T roy, N. Y. , M arch I960)

__

.

.

W ith sh ift p a y d iffe r e n tia l __
U n iform ce n ts (p er h o u r )______ _________ _____________
5 c e n ts _____________________________________________
6 c e n ts
.......
7 c e n t s ____________________________________________________
8 ce n ts _________________________________________________
9 c e n t s __________________________________________________
10 c en ts __________________________________________________
10z/3 ce n ts ________________________________________________
11 ce n ts __________________________________________________
12 ce n ts _________________________________________________
13 ce n ts __________________________________________________
13V3 ce n ts ________________________________________________
14 ce n ts __________________________________________________
15 ce n ts __________________________________________________
I 7 V2 c e n ts ________________________________________________
O ver I 7 V2 c e n t s __________________________________________
U n iform p e r c e n ta g e _______________________________________
5 p e r c e n t ________________________________________________
6 p e r c e n t ________________________________________________
7/2 p e r c e n t _______________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________________________
No sh ift p a y d iffe r e n tia l _______________________________________

In e sta b lish m e n ts a c tu a lly
op eratin g—
T hird or oth er
S econ d sh ift
sh ift

ts)

T otal

In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 for—
Secon d sh ift
T h ird or o th er
w ork
sh ift w ork
7 7 .4

1 5 .9

7. 2

84. 0
4 6 .9
1 1 .5
1. 6
7. 0
3 .4
3 .9
7. 5
1 .3
2. 2
3. 3
4. 7
_

7 7 .4
4 3 .5
3 .9
-

15. 7
8. 6
1 .9
.3
1. 7
.7
.8
.8
.2
_
.6
1. 5
_
_
.1
7. 2
1. 7
.1
.2
5. 1
.2

7. 2
4. 5
_
_
1. 0
.3
1. 5
_

00
01

S h ift d iffe r e n tia l

-

.5
37. 1
5. 3
3. 2
3 .9
24. 6
1. 1

-

9. 7
1 .3
1. 6
8. 6
2. 2
1. 6
5. 0
2. 7
1 .4
5. 6
3 3 .9
1 ..5
32. 4

-

.7
.1
(2)
.9
2. 8
.1
2. 7

1 In clu d es e sta b lish m e n ts cu r r e n tly op era tin g la te sh ifts, and e sta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v erin g la te sh ifts
ev en though th ey w ere not c u rren tly o p eratin g la te sh ifts.
2 L e ss than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salqries for W om en O ffice W orkers

9

(D istrib u tion of e sta b lish m en ts stud ied in a ll in d u stries and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m inim um en tran ce sa la r y for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien ced w om en o ffice w o rk ers, A lbany^-Schenectady—T roy, N. Y. , M arch I960)
'

M inim um w eek ly sa la r y 1

A ll
in d u str ie s

E stab lish m en ts stud ied

95

E sta b lish m en ts having a sp e c ifie d m inim um _
U nder $ 4 0 . 00 _________________________________
$40. 00 and un der $ 4 2 . 50 ___________________
$42. 50 and under $ 45. 00 ___________________
$ 45. 00 and under $ 4 7 . 50 ___________________
$ 47. 50 and under $ 5 0 . 00 ___________________
$50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 ___________________
$52. 50 and under $ 5 5 . 00 ___________________
$55. 00 and under $ 5 7 . 50 ___________________
$57. 50 and under $ 6 0 . 00 ___________________
$ 60. 00 and under $ 6 2 . 50 ___________________
$62. 50 and under $ 6 5 . 00 ___________ ________
$ 65. 00 and under $ 6 7 . 50 ____________ _______
$ 67. 50 and under $ 70. 00 ___________________
$ 70. 00 and under $ 72. 50 ___________________
$ 72. 50 and under $ 7 5 . 00 ______ _____________
$ 7 5 .0 0 and under $ 7 7 .5 0 ___________________
$ 77. 50 and o v er ______________________________
E sta b lish m en ts having no sp e c ifie d m inim um
E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not em p loy w ork ers
in th is ca teg o ry ________________________________

45
1
6
3
8
2
7
1
2
2
3
1
4
1
1
1
9
41

Inexp erien ced ty p ists
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
A ll
sch e d ­
u les
46

B a sed on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
A ll
40
sch e d ­
37V2
u les
X XX

23
3
1
3
1
3
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
7
16

17
3
1
1
2
-

1
1
2
1
2
1
1
j
XXX
XXX

A ll
in d u str ie s

40

49

XXX

XXX

22
1
3
2
5
1
4
1

10
1
1
4
2
1

10
2
1
1
_
2

-

-

-

-

_

1
2
1
2
25

-

1
_
2
1

_
-

_
XXX

XXX

X XX

XXX

95
45
1
7
1
7
3
6
1
6
3
1
1
4
1

O ther in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
A ll
sc h e d ­
u les
46

1

7
18

49

X XX

21
_
4
_
3
1
1
_
4
3
_
1
2
1
1

2
9
41

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
A ll
40
sch e d ­
37V2
u les
24
1
3
1
4
2
5
1
2
_
1
_
2
2
2
23

18
_
4
_
2
1
1
_
3
2
_
1
2
1
1

_

_
X XX
XXX

40

XXX

X XX

11
1
1
1
3
_
2
1
2

11
_
2
_
1
_
3
_
_

_

_

1
_
2
2

_
_
_

_
XXX

X XX

X XX

XXX

1 L ow est sa la r y rate fo r m a lly esta b lish e d for h irin g in ex p erien ced w ork ers for typing or oth er c le r ic a l jo b s.
2 R ates ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s, o ffice g ir ls , or s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jobs a re not con sid ered .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich e m p lo y ees r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata are p r esen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com bined, and for the m o st com m on w orkw eeks rep orted .

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by sch ed u led w eek ly hours
of fir s t- s h ift w o r k e r s, A lb an y-S ch en ectad y—T roy, N. Y. , M arch I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
W eek ly h ou rs
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s _____ ___

37l/z

__ _

_ ----------

__

U nder
h o u r s ________________________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s ________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 and u nd er 40 h o u rs --------------------------40 h o u r s ____________________________________ _____
O v er 40 and u nd er 44 h o u r s -------------------------------44 h ou rs __ ____________ __ ___________________
O v e r 44 and un d er 48 h o u r s _______ _____________
48 h o u r s ___________ ___________________ _ ___

1
2
3
4

100
1
26
4
68
( 4)
( 4)

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

1
5
7
87

4
74

-

2
10

2
9

-

-

-

-

87
-

100
-

-

-

2

-

22

83

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

2
1
3

Includes data for w h o lesa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin an ce, in su rance,' and re a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s .
Includ es data for w h o lesa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.




Public utilities 2

100

-

"

Manufacturing

10
Table B-4. Paid Holidays

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by num ber of paid ho lid ay s
provided an nually, A lbany— ch en ectady—T roy, N. Y. , M arch I960)
S
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Item

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

99

100

100

■

"

A ll w o rk ers _____________________________________

100

100

100

W ork ers in esta b lish m e n ts providin g
paid ho lid ay s __________________________________
W ork ers in esta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid ho lid ay s ______________________________

100

100

100

“

“

-

(4 )

1

_
15

_
5

6
22

12

38

17

56

23
54
“

1
4
“

Number of days

L e ss than 6 ho lid ay s ___ ______________ _____
6 h o lid ay s
6 h o lid ay s plus 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
6 h o lid ay s plus 2 h alf days ________________ __

7 h o lid ay s _______________________________________
7 h o lid ay s plus 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
7 h o lid ay s plus 2 h a lf days ____________________
8 h o lid ay s ____ ________________________________
9 h o lid ay s _______________________________________
9 h o lid ay s plus 1 h alf d a y __________________ __
10 h o lid a y s ______________________________________
11 h o lid a y s ________________________ ___________
12 h o lid a y s ______________________________________

18

1

(4 )

22

(4 )

3
33
5
(4 )
(4 )
15
1

1
1

(4 )

2

43
(4 )
-

1

-

-

2

1

1
1

3

3

_

_

6

3
2
73

39

5
1
1
"

18
37
“

1
2

-

-

Total holiday time 5
12 d a y s ------- -----------------------------------------------------11 or m ore d a y s ________________________________
10 or m o re d a y s ______________________ ________
9 Vz or m o re days ___________________________
9 or m o re days ____________ __________________
8 Vz or m o re d a y s ______________________________
8 or m o re days ______________________________ __

7Vz or m o re d a y s _________ ___________________
7 or m o re days -------------------------------------------------6 V 2 or m o re days ______________________________
6 or m o re days _________________________________
5 or m o re days _____________ 1__________________
4 or m o re days _________________________________
3 or m o re days _________________________________

!
16
17
17

22
22

58
58
81
81
99
99

100
100

_
(4 )
(4 )
45
45
84
85

100
100
100
100

54
54
54
77
77
77
77
94
95

100
100
100
100

_
4
5
5
7
7
12
13
69
72
93
96
99
99

_
-

1
1
2
2

9
10
85

88
100
100
100
100

_
37
37
37
55
55
55
55
94
94

100
100
100
100

1 In clu d es data for w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
2 T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
5 A ll com b ination s of fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a re com bined; for exam p le, the prop ortion of w o rk ers r e ce iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days
and no h a lf d ays, 6 full days and 2 h alf d a ys, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a ys, and so on. P rop ortion s w ere then cum ulated.




11
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, A lb an y-S ch en ectad y—Troy, N .Y ., M arch I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p o licy

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------

All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities

2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
_

100
99
1
_
_

100
100
_

100
93
5
1
_

100
90
8
2
_

100
100
.

"

-

-

“

“

A fter 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3
33
9
2

2
30
6

_
57
23
"

7
15
12
1

10
13
7
1

_
43
18

A fter 1 year of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------

17
_
83

11
_
88

23
_
77

67
3
30

72
5
23

45
_
55

A fter 2 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------

5
3
91
1

8
2
89
1

7
15
78
"

34
25
38
3

36
36
25
4

39
_
61
-

A fter 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------- ——-------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------

3
1
95
1

4
2
91
2

2
98

18
29
50
4

15
41
38
5

30
70
■

( 5)
95
3
2

l5)
93
3
4

_
100
-

4
87
2
6
( 5)

2
88
3
6
1

100
-

Method of payment

W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts providing
paid v a c a tio n s --------------------------------------------------------L ength-of-tim e p a y m e n t ------------------------------P er cen ta g e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------F lat-su m p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------O th er ------------------------------------------------------------------------W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providing
no paid v a c a tio n s ------------------------------------— ------

~

Amount of vacation p a y 4

-

-

A fter 5 y ea r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




12
Table B-5. Paid Vdcations-Continued
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, Albany—Sch en ectady—T roy, N. Y. , M arch I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p o licy

All industries*

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries*

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Amount off vocation p a y 4— Continued

A fter 10 y ea rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------—
—
4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------A fter 15 y ea rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ----------------------------3 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ---------------------------—
4 w eek s ------------------------- ----------------------------------A fter 20 y ea r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------— —
3 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------A fter 25 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ----------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------- -------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)
79
4
16
-

( 5)
71
6
23
-

_
76
_
24
-

4
66
5
25
(5)

2
67
7
24
1

67
_
33
-

( 5)
16
_
84
_
( 5)

( 5)
9
_
90
_
1

_
5
_
95
_
-

3
21
1
72
1
2

2
17
2
75
2
2

(* )
99
_
-

( 5)
13
81
_
6

( 5)
9
1
82

_
5
_
95

3
20
1
65
1
9

2
15
2
69
2
11

_
( 5)
92
_
8

( 5)
13
_
56
1
30

( 5)
9
_
63
2
26

3
20
1
49
1
25

2
15
2
52
2
28

(5)
74
_
26

_

9

_

-

_

5
72
_
23
_

_

1 Includes data for w h o le sa le trade; r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
2 T ransportation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data for w h o le sa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l esta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
4 P erio d s of s e r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in divid ual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s sio n s . F or exam p le,
the changes in prop ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s'
s e r v ic e in clude changes in p r o v isio n s occu rrin g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.
5 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation a llo w an ces by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , paym ents other than "length of tim e ," such as p ercen ta ge of annual earn in gs or fla t-su m p a ym en ts, w ere converted
to an eq u ivalen t tim e b a sis; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual
earn in gs w as co n sid ered as 1 w eek 's pay.




13
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercen t of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in industry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts providing
health , in su ra n ce, or p en sio n b e n efits, Albany— ch en ectady—T roy, N. Y. , M arch I960)
S
Type of b en efit

A ll w ork ers _____________________________________
W orkers in e sta b lish m e n ts providing:
L ife in su ra n ce ______________________________
A ccid en tal death and d ism em b erm en t
in su ra n ce ---------------- --------------------------------S ick n ess and accid en t in su ra n ce or
sic k lea v e or b oth 4 _______________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in s u r a n c e _______
Sick le a v e (full pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )_________________________
Sick le a v e (p artial pay or
w aiting p e r io d )_________________________
H osp italization in su ra n ce __________________
S u rgical in su ra n ce __________________________
M ed ical in su r a n c e ___________________________
C atastrophe in su ra n ce ______________________
R etirem en t p e n s io n _________________________
No health, in su ra n ce, or p en sio n p la n ____

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries *

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

94

98

82

77
93
73

59
79
2
77
3
44
44
40
40
78

88
57

96
66

70

67

69
54

79
74

11
7
83
83
49
29
74
6

5
4
94
94
56
31
84
4

91
58
76
1
84
84
53
57
82
2

79
2
89
89
64
47
84
2

51
64
9
18
37
57
57
57
49
70

1 In clu d es data for w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
2 T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
3 In clu d es data for w h o lesa le tra d e, r e ta il tra d e, re a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 U nduplicated total of w o rk ers r e ce iv in g sic k le a v e or s ic k n e ss and accid en t in su ra n ce shown sep a r a te ly below . S ick -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a s t
the m inim um num ber of days' pay that can be ex p ected by each e m p lo y ee. Inform al sic k -le a v e allo w an ces d eterm in ed on an in divid ual b a sis a re exclud ed.







15

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped Workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other c lerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrarid, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers ’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— K eeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—.Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allocatio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad ­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine accoiyiting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­

ber of varied subject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
v ise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B — Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th at has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers’ orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f th$ following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out. an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing onder sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh eets. D uties involve: C alculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and distrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic al com putations. This job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilities, records accounting and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

17

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more p erso n s,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe th is dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular du ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker0s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of step s to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter,.reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out b ills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.

Class /4— Perform s one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, etc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of draw ings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools a s required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lin es and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or a s a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an a c c id e n t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, d etail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




TRACER
C opies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

19
M A INTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ire is stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e lec­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working area s; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b a sis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve req u isite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress too ls, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sPec^ c a t^ons 9 planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist's work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b uses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten specificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are w orkers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
L aying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten specificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, ch u tes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D ie maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making n ecessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U STO D IA L AND M A TER IA L M OVEM ENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fix tu res;p o lish ­
ing m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either a t fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stack er; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose d uties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

22

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, customers*
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional sto ck , or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related d u ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in d u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such a s : M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and re ta il establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
* U .S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : I 9 6 0 0 — 5 5 4 3 8 6

O ccu p atio n al Wage S urveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a r e b e i n g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a j o r l a b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1959 a n d e a r l y I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fr o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 2 5 , D . C . , o r fr o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l
s a le s o f f ic e s s h o w n o n th e in s id e fro n t c o v e r .
A s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n c o n t a i n i n g d a t a f o r a l l la b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b in e d w it h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r l y in 1 9 6 1 .
B u l l e t i n s fo r t h e a r e a s l i s t e d b e l o w a r e n o w a v a i l a b l e .




Baltim ore, Md., September 1959—B LS B ull. 1265*7, price 15 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*8, price 25 cents
B uffalo, N .Y ., October 1959—BLS B ull. 1265*4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*10, price 25 cents
C incinnati, Ohio—K y ., February I960—BLS B ull. 1265*31, price 25 cents
C levelan d, Ohio, September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*1, price 20 cents
D a lla s, T e x ., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—B LS B ull. 1265*9, price 25 cents
Denver, C o lo ., Decem ber 1959—BLS B ull. 1265*11, price 25 cents
Des Moines, Iowa, February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*30, price 25 cents
D etroit, Mich., January I960—BLS B ull. 1265*25, price 20 cents
Fort Worthy T e x ., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265*22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*26, price 25 cents
Jack son ville, F la ., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*14, price 25 cents
Kansas C ity, Mo.—K ans., January I960—BLS B ull. 1265*23, price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January I960—BLS B ull. 4265*19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la ., December 1959—BLS B ull. 1265*6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. P aul, Minn., January I960—BLS B ull. 1265*21, price 25 cents
Newark and Jersey C ity , N .J ., February I960—BLS B ull. 1265*28, price 25 cents
P hilad elp h ia, P a ., November 1959—B LS Bull. 1265*16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a ., Decem ber 1959—B LS B ull. 1265*20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*12, price 20 cents
Richmond, V a ., February I960—B LS Bull. 1265*24, price 25 cents
St. L ou is, Mo., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iv e rs id e —Ontario, C a lif., November 1959—
BLS B ull. 1265*15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco—Oakland, C a lif., January I960—B LS B ull. 1265*17, price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—BLS B ull. 1265*2, price 25 cents
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., February I960—BLS B ull. 1265*29, price 20 cents
Washington, D .C .—Md.—V a ., December 1959—BLS B ull. 1265*18, price 25 cents
York, P a ., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265*27, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102