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Occupational Wage Survey

BUFFALO, NEW YORK
OCTOBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-4




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Ja m e s P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC
S
Ewan Clagua, Commissionor




Occupational Wage Survey




BUFFALO, NEW YORK
O C TO B ER

1959

Bulletin No. 1265-4
January 1 9 6 0

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Ja m e s P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The C o m m u n i t y W a g e Survey P r o g r a m

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r Statistics regularly co n d u c t s
a r e a w i d e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r of i m p o r t a n t industrial
centers.
T h e studies, m a d e f r o m late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational e a r n i n g s a n d related s u p p l e m e n t a r y
benefits.
A p r e l i m i n a r y re port is available o n c o m p l e t i o n
of the study in e a c h ar e a , usually in the m o n t h following
the payroll pe r i o d studied. T h i s bulletin pr o v i d e s additional
data not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin s u m m a r i z i n g the results of all of the
year's s u r v e y s is i s s u e d after c o m p l e t i o n of the final a r e a
bulletin for the c u r r e n t r o u n d of surve y s .
T h i s r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ' s regional
office in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , b y Elliott A . B r o w a r , u n d e r
the direction of F r e d e r i c k W . M u e l l e r , R e g i o n a l W a g e a n d
Industrial R elations A nalyst.




I n t r o d u c t i o n ________________ _______________________________________ —
W a g e tre n d s for selected occupational g r o u p s _______ ____________

1
3

Tables:
1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s within s c o p e of s u r v e y ______
2. In d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w e e k l y salaries a n d straight-time
h o u r l y earni n g s for selected occupational grou p s ,
a n d percents of i n c r e a s e for selected p e r i o d s ___________
A:

O c c u p a t i o n a l earnings:*
A - 1. Office o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________________________
A - 2 . Pro f e s s i o n a l a n d technical occupations _____________
A-3.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
A -4. Custodial a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____

Appendix:

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________

2

2

4
7
.
8
10
13

*
NOTE:
S i milar tabulations a r e available in the Buffalo a r e a
reports for J a n u a r y 1950, J a n u a r y 1952, April 1953, S e p t e m b e r
1954, a n d S e p t e m b e r of e a c h y e a r since 1956.
The September
1957 r e p o r t w a s limited to occupational ear n i n g s of plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d public utilities.
T h e other r e ports
also
include data o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t practices a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e
provisions.
A directory indicating date of study a n d the price
of the reports, as well as reports for other m a j o r areas, is
available u p o n request.
A c urrent report o n occupational ea r n i n g s is also availa­
ble for the m a c h i n e r y industry in the Buffalo a r e a ( J a n u a r y 19 59).
U n i o n scales, indicative of prevailing p a y levels, a r e available
for the following trades or industries:
Building construction,
printing,
local-transit operating
employees,
and motortruck
drivers a n d helpers.




Occupational Wag© Survey—Buffalo, N. Y.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for occu­
pations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, 1 communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; re­
tail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to war­
rant inclusion. Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas1 Railroads, formerly excluded from the scope of these studies,
have been added in nearly all of the areas to be studied during the
winter of 1959-60; railroads will be added in the remaining areas next
year. For scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta tion, communication, and other public utilities1 in table 1.
1




sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestabiishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data are
presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average pay
when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not-the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates, of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

2

TABLE

1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e of s u r v e y an d n u m b er s tu d ie d in B u ffa lo ^E rie
an d N ia g a r a C o u n tie s ), N . Y . , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , a O c to b e r 1959

N um ber of e sta b lish m e n ts
In d u stry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s

_

_

W o rk ers in e sta b lish m e n ts

Within sco p e
of study 3
__

_________________ ____________
M an u factu rin g
N on m an ufactu rin g __ ___ _ __ ___________
T ra n sp o r ta tio n , com m u n icatio n , and
other public u t i l i t i e s 4 ____
_ __
W h olesale t r a d e 5 _______ __ ___ _____
R e ta il t r a d e 5
___ _ „ _____ ___
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 5______
S e r v ic e s 5,6 _
___ ________ ___

Studied

750

204

2 3 1 ,4 0 0

155,7 1 0

386
364

111
93

162 ,7 0 0
6 8 ,7 0 0

1 1 7 ,0 7 0
3 8 ,6 4 0

69
79
126
40
50

26
27
10
14

1 7 ,7 0 0
7 ,3 0 0
2 8 ,5 0 0
8 ,3 0 0
6 ,9 0 0

1 4 ,3 7 0
2 ,4 0 0
1 5 ,2 3 0
3 ,3 4 0
3 ,3 0 0

16

Within sco p e
of study

Studied

1 T h e B u ffa lo M e tro p o lita n A r e a ( E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e of stu d y " e s tim a te s show n in
th is ta b le p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
The
e s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m ­
p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e ( l) p lan n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
a d v a n c e o f the pay p e rio d stu d ie d , an d (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
a T h e 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the S tan d ard I n d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M an u al w a s u s e d in c l a s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in ­
d u s tr y d iv is io n .
M a jo r ch a n g e s fr o m the e a r l i e r e d itio n (u sed in the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r io r to the
w in te r o f 19 5 8 -5 9 ) a r e the t r a n s f e r o f m ilk p a s t e u r iz a t io n p lan ts an d r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e s ta b lis h m e n ts fr o m tr a d e (w h o le s a le
or r e t a il) to m a n u fa c tu rin g , and the t r a n s f e r o f r a d io an d t e le v is io n b r o a d c a s tin g fr o m s e r v i c e s to the tr a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n i­
c a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t or a b o v e th e m in im u m - s iz e lim it a t io n (51 e m p lo y e e s ) .
A l l o u tle ts
(w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v i c e s , an d m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e
c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 R a ilr o a d s w e r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s u r v e y , a s w e r e t a x ic a b s , and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n .
5 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a ll in d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r i e s A t a b le s ,
alth o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u ffic ie n t to ju s t i f y s e p a r a t e p re s e n ta tio n o f d a ta .
® H o te ls; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i­
z a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T A B L E 2.

In d ex es o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in B u ffa lo ( E r ie
and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s ), N . Y . , O c to b e r 1959 and S e p te m b e r 195 8 , an d p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s

In d exes
(A p ril 1953 = 100)
In d u stry and o ccu p atio n al grou p
O ctober
1959

S ep tem b er
1958

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fro m —
S ep tem b er 1958
to
O ctober 1959

S ep tem b er 1956
to
S ep tem b er 1958

S ep tem b er 1954
to
S ep tem b er 1956

A p r il 1953
to
S ep tem b er 1954

Ja n u a r y 1952
to
A p r il 1953

A ll in d u str ie s:
O ffice c l e r ic a l (w om en) ___ ____ ____________
__ _______
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en) ____________________________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en) ____________________________________
U n sk illed p lan t (m en )
____ __ __ ___
____ __
___ ___

1 3 2 .3
1 3 6 .4
136 .2
1 3 6 .8

1 2 8 .6
1 3 1 .4
1 3 1 .3
1 3 2 .4

2 .8
3 .8
3 .8
3 .4

1 1 .6
1 2 .2
9 .8
1 2 .0

9 .4
8 .6
1 2 .0
9 .9

5. 3
7 .9
6 .7
7 .6

9 .3
7 .7
7 .5
8. 1

M an u factu rin g:
O ffice c l e r ic a l (w om en)
_____________ ___________ _ _____
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en) _ _ __ __ ___ __
__ _ ___
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en) __ ____ __ __ _________ ___ __
U n sk illed plant (m en )
----- __ ---__ --------------------------

1 3 5 .3
1 36.9
136 .0
1 3 8 .7

1 3 2 .3
131 .9
1 3 1 .0
1 3 2 .7

2 .2
3 .8
3 .8
4. 5

1 3 .4
1 2 .0
9 .6
1 1 .6

9 .8
9 .2
1 1 .9
1 0 .4

6 .3
7 .8
6 .7
7 .8

9 .1
6 .8
7 .2
7 .7




3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts. The* indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class-A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; keypunch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled—carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, material handling; and
watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual
occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)




was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
Adjustments have been made where necessary to maintain
comparability. For example, in most of the areas surveyed, railroads
were included in the coverage of the surveys for the first time this
year. In computing the indexes, data relating to the railroad industry
were excluded.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (1) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for workers in 17 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1240-22, Wages and Related
Benefits, 20 Labor Markets, Winter 1958-59.

A :

O c c u p a tio n a l

E a r n in g s

Table A -l. O ffic e Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earn in gs for sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is
by industry division, Buffalo (E r ie and N iag ara Counties), N. Y. , O ctober 1959)
Average
Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
s
$
$
$
$
$
c—
Weekly j Weekly j 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 l o . 00 55,, 00 l o . 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 *115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 ;—
135.00 140.00
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60,, 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 1 o ver
i
l

Men
C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ______ _
_
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___ _______ _ ____
E r ie County _«___ . . . _______ _
N ia g a ra C o u n ty ___ ______ _____
_
N onm anufacturing - _________ - _ _ -

321
233
187
46
88

39.
39.
40.
39.
38.

5 $106. 50
5 ' 1 1 0 . 50
0
109.00
115 . 00
0
5
96. 00

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

-

-

1

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B _________
M anufacturing ---------- -------------------E r ie C o u n ty -----------------------------N ia g a ra County ------------ --------------

129
100
67
33

39.
39.
40.
38.

0
5
0
5

96. 50
10 1.0 0
96. 00
110. 00

_
-

_
-

_
"

1
"

_
"

7
1
1

C le r k s , o r d e r __________ ______ ____
M anufacturing ____ ______ . . . . _ _
_
E r ie County __________________

139
90
79

40. 5
40. 0
40. 0

103. 00
108.00
109.00

_
“

_
-

_
-

-

_
"

_
"

C le r k s , p a y r o ll ___________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g --------- ---------------- -----E r ie County ------------ ----- ----- ------

95
81
67

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

109. 50
112. 00
114. 50

_
-

_
"

_
“

_
-

1
"

O ffice b o ys ______________________ M anufacturing ___________________
E r ie County -----------------------------_

104
67
48

3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 0

61. 00
63. 50
59. 00

2
-

2
-

9
6
4

25
19
19

T abula tin g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ---------- M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ _ __________
_
E r ie County ___ _______ _ _ _
_ _

100
86
78

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

102. 00
104. 50
104. 00

_
-

_
"

_
"

B i lle r s , m ach in e (b illin g m ach in e) _
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ______ ___ _
_
E r ie County _____ ____ __ ___
_

119
92
71

3 9 .5
39. 5
40. 0

73. 50
74. 50
75. 00

_
-

_
"

B i lle r s , m ach in e (bookkeeping
m a c h i n e ) __ ___ __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----- ------------ ----- -

83
79

37. 5
37. 5

56. 00
56. 00

-

B o o kkeep in g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
c l a s s A __________ ________ - ______
M anufacturing _______ ___ _______
E r ie County ____ _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________

167
65
56
102

39.
40.
40.
38.

0
0
0
0

72.
82.
83.
66.

50
50
00
00

B o o kkeep in g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B ____ _ _ _________ ,______
_ _
M anufacturing _____ _____________
E r ie County ____ _____________
_ _
N onm anufacturing __ _ ___ _____

515
101
82
414

38.
39.
39.
37.

0
5
5
5

55.
65.
67.
52.

00
00
50
50

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ------------ M anuia c tu r i n g _____ ________ ____
E r ie County __________________
N onm anufacturing __ _ ____ ____
_ _

284
rs !145
116

39.
39.
39.
38.

0
0
0
5

84.
86.
87.
81.

00
06
00
50

_
-

_
-

j

3

11
6
3
3
5

22
9
8
1
13

30
28
26
2
2

69
32
25
7
37

55
48
44
4
7

16
10
8
2

8
7
4
3

11
11
9
2

12
10
7
3

25
17
14
3

5
5
2

26
15
15

8
-

23
6
4

1
1
1

_
"

1
1
-

3
3
1

5
1
~

4
4
3

7
7
2

2
2
2

8
8
5

1
1
-

1
1
1

_
"

_
-

3
-

6
6
6

8
6
6

3
3
2

13
6
5

23
16
16

22
12
10

21
21
14

8
6

23
23

15
15

12
11

-

-

"

19
19

44
44

5
5

151
151
_
-

I ll
4
107

68
13
12
55

33
13
10
20

3
3

7

24
14
8
10

2
1
1

16
13
5
8
3

15
12
8
4
3

21
19
15
4
2

14
14
10
4
"

27
27
26
1
"

8
8
4
4
"

4
4
4
"

5
5
1
4

7
7
6
1

3
3
1
2

11
11
7
4

1
1
1

4
4
4

2
2
2

1
1
1

15
8
8

7
7
6

16
15
12

4
3
2

6
6
6

9
9
8

12
12
12

2
2
2

4
-

6
2
2

18
17
15

12
8
2

13
13
12

4
4
4

1
1
1

1
1
1

23
23
23

_
-

_
-

6
6

>

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

11
9
9

9
4
4

12
10
7

10
10
9

11
11
10

12
12
11

2
2
2

1
1
1

4
4
3

10
10
10

1
1

•"

12
9
1

1
1
1

9
9
9

6
6
6

3
3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

_
“

_
-

_
-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
11
9
6

25
5
20

29
27
27
2

16
10
10
6

7
7
7

4
4
2

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

76
34
30
42

23
21
21
2

7
2
1
5

5
5

3
3
3

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

- "
-

-

-

-

-

-

17
9
7
8

31
9
6
22

14
4
4
10

25
16
10
9

66
34

34
30
27
4

b
17
17

31
22
22
9

7
1
1
6

2
2
2

4
1
1

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

3
-

10
2
2

1

3

8

_
-

14
9
9
-

1
1
1
"

_
"

1
1
1

3
3
3

_
"

8
3
2

33
14
13

_
-

_
"

6
6
4

_
"

1
1

22
21

-

-

_

35
8
2
27
_

-

-

-

-

13
10
10

.

1

W omen

7
7

33
32

1
See footnote at end of table.




3

,

-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e weekly hou rs and earn in gs for sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is
by industry division, Buffalo (E r ie and N iag ara Counties), N. Y. , O ctober 1959)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
w
orkers

Women— Continued
C lerk s, accounting, c l a s s B -------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------E rie C oun ty----------------------------N iag ara County------------- ----------N on m an ufactu rin g------------ ------------

641
316
224
92
325

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
$
$
1
$
$
W
eekly j W
eekly x 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 lo . 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00'l 10. 00 115.00 1.20.00 I2 5 .0 0 |i3 0 .0 0 |l3 5 .0 0 ji4 0 .0 0
hours
earnings
and
- |
!
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over
1
i
!
1
i
j
1
1
1
1
_ .
_
1 j
26
15
17 i
3 8 .5 $65. 00
75 125
125
82
64
25 I 26
4
41
6
9
1
22
4
15
62
11 ! 15
70. 50
T
47
48 i 46
39. 5
19 1 24
- i
1
5 ! 12
11 ! 14 j 9
1
2
37
26
11
36
39. 5
69. 00
59
6 ! 3
3
8
75. 50
4
3
20
11
11
39. 5
10 ! 13
5
7 1
i
4 1 2
38. 0
4
6
60
78
63
18
34
59. 50
39
■
"
1
"
4 ;
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
5 i
38. 5
2
5
4
3
1
1
67. 00
13
8
7
4
4 |
8
J
!
.
_
.
. !
.
_
85
8
2
22
55. 50
8
71
32
33
24
63
39. 0
19
_
_
- — z—
22
- j
15
15
8
2
33
24
39. 5
69. 50
19
_ ! - i
- I
- i
;
65. 50
14
4
2
18
32
21
39. 5
9
- i
- !
- ;
40. 0
4
22
1
3
1
1
79. 50
6
38. 0
71
47. 00
8
63
70
17
"
“
"
“
"
■
"
“
_
_
_
_ '
_
_
_
_
2
4
1
4
3
i,
1 !
65. 00
26
10
50
11
23
1
39. 5
13
2
4
4
2
i
1 |
25
10
10
30
23
1
39. 5 ! 67. 50
2
4 '[
!
2
40. 0 1 6 8 .5 0
14
6
7
16
1
1
29
1 j
2
38. 0 j 65. 50
11
3
4
1
i
7
1
- 1
"
|

C lerk s, file, c la s s A ------------------------

65

C lerk s, file, c la s s B ------ ----------------M an u factu rin g_______________________
E rie County _____________________
N iag ara County __________________
N on m an ufacturin g----- ------------------

367
138
100
38
229

C lerk s, o rd er --------------------------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------E rie County ---------------------- --N iag ara County __________________

150
113
82
31

C lerk s, p ay ro ll ------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------E rie C ou n ty --------------------- -------N iag ara County--- ------- -------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------

450
361
278
83
89

39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

0
5
0
5
5

73.
74.
74.
74.
69.

00
00
00
50
00

_
-

Com ptom eter o p erato rs -------------------M anufacturing ----- -----------------------E rie C oun ty----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------

492
312
301
180

39.
39.
39.
39.

0
0
0
5

69.
72.
72.
63.

00
50
50
00

2
2

Keypunch o p e r a to r s --------------------------M an u factu rin g_______________________
E rie C oun ty______________________
N iag ara County -----------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public u tilities 2------------------------

379
205
157
48
174
41

39.
39.
40.
39.
39.
38.

5
69. 50
77. 00
5
0
79. 00
0 j 70. 50
0 j 61. 00
5 ! 72. 00

_
-

O ffice g ir ls ____________________________
M anufacturing ______________________
E rie County ---------------------------N iagara County -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ........................... .........

129
77
47
30
52

39.
39.
40.
39.
38.

0
5
0
0
0

55.
59.
60.
58.
50.

50
00
00
00
50

S e c re ta rie s ....................................................
M anufacturing ----- ------- ---------------E rie County _____________________
N iag ara County __________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public u tilitie s 2 -----------------------

1, 313
892
585
307
421
101

39.
39.
39.
39.
38.
39.

0
5
5
0
5
0

85.
87.
87.
88.
81.
94.

50
50
00
50
50
00

11
1
1
10

27
17
13
4
10

31
25
24
1
6

50
44
28
16
6

122
100
79
21
22

48
38
36
2
10

49
42
25
17
7

24
23
19
4
1

21
13
5
8
8

12
12
10
2
-

12
12
8
4
~

15
6
5
1
9

5
5
5
"

1 1
- i
1
!
19
4
4
15
1

17

74
33
33
41

82
55
54
27

81
49
46
32

83
56
53
27

35
15
15
20

47
43
41
4

20
20
19
"

14
14
13
-

17
17
17
“

_
-

_
-

17
5
5
"

19
10
10
9
20
4
2
2
16
1

61
11
6
5
50
4

42
18
8
10
24
7

51
22
12
10
29
7

42
30
23
7
12
2

32
26
20
6

41
41
40
1
"

12
11

2

42
27
24
3
15
15

3
1
1

8
7
6
1
1
1

2
2
2
"

.
-

_
"

25
11
8
3
14

22
9
5
4
13

22
6
6
16

20
16
11
5
4

12
11
7
4
1

10
9
4
5
1

11
10
8
2
1

5
4
3
1
1

2
1
1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

1
1
"

5
5

24
2
2
22

69
50
40
10
19

70
39
39
31
1

144
97
61
36
47
5

181
102
56
46
79
3

159
120
85
35
39
7

165
94
54
40
71
29

121
91
66
1 25
30
:
7

1
|

1
See footnotes at end of table.




[

1 _____ i
_

1
1______

6

i _____ |
_

8

-

1

1

26

1______

2
2
2
-

19
19
16
3
"
j

|
,
i

1
1 i
1
- ,

-

-

_

44
34
23
11
10
4 i

1

33
18
12
6
15
3

i
1

-

i

1
1
1
■

_
“

"

_
-

_
-

_'
- 1
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

12
11
8
3
1
1

9
9
7
2
-

4
4
4
-

_
-

2
2
2
-

-

2
2
2
"

"
_

_

_
-

- J

_ i
|

i

"
198
163
88
75
35

1
!
i
|
i

- .
" !
j
52
20
39 ! 17
34 I 10
5
7
13
3
13

2

1

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earn in gs fo r sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is
by industry division , Buffalo (E r ie and N iag ara Counties), N. Y. , October 1959)

NUMBER O W
P ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNINGS O
F

Avebagk
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

W , W
eekly
eekly t $ 5 . 00 J o . 00 J 5 . 00 J o . 00 I s . 00 J o . 00 %5. 00 $0. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00 *9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 *110.00 *115.00 *120.00 ^25.00 j3 0 .o d J3 5 ,o q !\ 40.00
hours
earnings and
_ 1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00il40.00i over

Women— Continued
Sten ograp h ers, gen eral _______________
M an u factu rin g------------ ----------------E rie C oun ty_____________________
N iag ara County__________________
N on m an ufacturin g-----------------------Public u tilities 2 ----------------------

1, 384
911
653
258
473
81

Sten ograp h ers, tech n ical ....................... —

93

Switchboard o p e r a t o r s _________________
M an u factu rin g----------------------------E rie C oun ty----------------------------N iag ara County ----------------------N on m an ufacturin g__________________
P ublic u tilitie s 2 _________________

340
127
88
39
213
40

Switchboard o p e r a to r - r e c e p t io n is ts ___
M an u factu rin g----------------- -----------E rie C oun ty_____________________
N iag ara County -----------------------N on m an ufactu rin g__________________

39.
39.
39.
39.
38.
38.

0
5
5
5
0
5

$74.
79.
77.
82.
65.
77.

00
00

50
00
00
50

-

2
2

26
3
3
23
"

56
17
13
4
39
-

151
63
57
6
88
6

215
97
80
17
118
11

162
77
51
26
85
11

128
89
61
28
39
1

159
149
125
24
10
8

123
109
89
20
14
8

142
95
59
36
47
36

59
53
38
15
6

99
97
26
71
2

39
39
33
6
-

8
8
8
-

10
10
8
2
-

5
5
5
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

81. 50

_

_

_

2

2

7

1

11

20

12

12

14

12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

40.
39.
39.
39.
40.
39.

65. 50
0
77. 50
5
77. 00
5
5 / 78. 00
0
58. 00
73. 00
5

-

20
20

56
12
12
44
1

30
8
5
3
22
7

27
12
6
6
15
"

31
12
3
9
19
1

19
3
3
16
13

25
13
11
2
12
3

27
14
12
2
13
13

27
27
21
6
-

15
14
5
9
1
"

10
7
7
3
1

3
3
1
2
“

2
2
2
-

-

1

48
48
“

“

“

“

“

“

“

403
255
205
50
148

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.

5
5
5
5
5

.
-

.
-

.
“

Tabulating-m achine o p e rato rs ----------M an u factu rin g______________________
E r ie C ou n ty _____________________

108
67
45

_

_
“

■

T ran scrib in g-m ach in e o p erato rs,
gen eral -----------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------E rie County --------------------------N iag ara County__________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------

40. 0

00
50
00
50
50

-

24
10
10
14

19
7
4
3
12

17
12
12
5

49
21
16
5
28

69
34
28
6
35

37
13
6
7
24

87
72
66
6
15

58
44
32
12
14

26
26
20
6
■

8
8
6
2
"

6
5
3
2
1

3
3
2
1
■

"

“

"

.
“

“

.
■

39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

84. 00
91. 50
92. 50

.
“

_
"

_
“

-

8
-

9
“

8
4
2

6
4
2

8
6
5

20
7
7

4
4
2

15
14
4

15
13
12

4
4
3

3
3
“

8
8
8

_
■

_
"

_
”

"

220
149
124
25
71

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.

50
50
50
50
50

-

24
15
13
2
9

29
11
3
8
18

26
9
8
1
17

47
40
37
3
7

54
43
36
7
11

18
12
11
1
6

7
5
5
2

10
10
10
■

-

-

-

0
0

67.
68.
70.
60.
64.

"

T y p ists, c l a s s A ____________________
M anufacturing _____________________
E rie C oun ty_____________________
N iag ara County ----------------------N on m an ufactu rin g------------------------

419

39. 0
39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .5
38. 0

71.
77.
77.
78.
59.

00
50
50
50
50

21
1
1

66
4
4

20

62

46
36
22
14
10

44
44
26
18

86
57
43
14
29

24
24
16
8

14
14
14

22

32
22
13
9
10

"

-

T y p ists, c l a s s B ____________________
M anufacturing _____________________
E rie County ____________________

1, 065
567
372
195
498
121

39. 0

5 9 .0 0

150
38
26
12
112
10

189
109
75
34
80

155
64
43
21
91
42

180
92
68
24
88
24

143
111
55
56
32
14

65
51
37
14
14

34
27
18
9
7

34
31
29
2
3

33
25
2
23
8

Niagara County ---------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------PiiKlif* utilitiAfl ^

266

168
98
153

0
5
5

66.
69.
69.
71.
60.

39 .5 “ 53750“
63. 00
39. 5
65. 00
39. 5
38. 5
54. 50
63. 00
39. 5

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

3
"

"

_

_

-

"

22

■

-

_
-

-

73
10
10
-

63

-

-

-

5

-

g

7

3

2
1
1

-

1
59
59
24
35

g

-

-

-

-

~

■

“

■

4
4
4

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

-

”

"

-

9
9
9

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




-

-

'

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e sala rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

i
1

"

_

~

-

-

-

1

-

7

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hou rs and earn in gs for selected occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is
by industry division , Buffalo (E rie and N iagara Counties), N .Y ., October 1959)
Avkbaoe
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

S
s
$
$
s
$
S
$
*
S
S
S
S
S
S
*
t
*
$
s
$
Under 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 1*0.00 1*5.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165. 00
and
$
(Standard) (Standard)
“
- 1 "
65. 00
75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165. 00 ! over

Men
D raftsm en , lea d er ...................................... .
M anufacturing ___________________ _
E r ie County ..................................... _

41
37
34

40. 0
4 6 .0
40. 0

D raftsm en , s e n i o r ___ _______________
M an u factu rin g ______________________
E r ie County ___________________ _
N iag ara County ...................................
Nonmanufacturing __________________

630
?>39
448
91
91

39.5
39.5
39.5
40. 0
38. 5

D raftsm en , jun ior .........................................
M an u factu rin g............................................
E r ie County _____________________
N iag ara County _______________ _

336
299
271
28

39.5
39. 5
39.5
40. 0

$
154. 00
156.66
156.50
123.50
125766

1 2 6 .0 0
119.50
116.5 0
94.
95.
95.
91.

50
00
50
00

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

“

~

"

_
-

_
-

.

.

-

-

“

_
-

3
3

1
2

6

4
4

36
34
32

3

1
1
2
-

29
28
25
3

2

'

.
*

41
40
34

6

-

-

*

“

16 15
15
-

1

57
55
51
4

41
32
30

2

9

66

37
32
5

-

27
U
21

3
3
32
32
28
4

-

-

-

■

~

"

50
41
25
16
9
16
l6
15

1

99

41

~ 7f "

62

9
28

20
20
19
1

9
9
9
97
—

23
17

1

18

"T I

53
18
26

-

4
-

"

■

1
—

r
1

50
36
55
“
52 ■ i t “ — I T "
44
28
*
5
3
3

*0
12

If f

18

7
7
7
-

2
2
2

3
3
3

-

2

-

_
-

1

1
38
36
34

2
2

39. 5
39.5
39.5
39. 5

95.5 0
9 6 .5 0
96. 00
9 9 .0 0

3
-

1

-

2
2
2

16

12 15
15
10 12
3

27
25
18
7

23
23
17

6

38
33

26

7

18
18
15
3

18
18
*
4

1

20
20
10
10

_
-

1
1
1

-

_
-

Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regu la r straigh t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earn in gs co rresp o n d to these weekly h ou rs.
W orkers w ere distribu ted a s follow s: 2 at $180 to $190 and 7 at $190 to $200.




2

2
2
2

2

29

2
2

9
9
9

9
9

9
9 .
91
-

4
4
4
-

25
~ 2 l -----25
-

■

“

■

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

'

"

_
-

10
8
2

29
--- 2? " ~ n r i
27
-

J
180
167
127
40

5
5
3

1

.

Wome n
N u rse s, in d u strial ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ________
M an u factu rin g __ __________________
E r ie C o u n ty _____________________
N iag ara County _______________ _

1
----- r

‘

i

_

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_
-

_
-

-

-

8

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for men in sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in dustry division , Buffalo (E rie and N iag ara C oun ties), N. Y. , October 1959)

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

hourly j Under
earnings $
1.80

$

1.80
and
under
1.90

$

1.90
2 .0 0

$

2 .0 0
-

$

2 .1 0
2 .2 0

C a rp e n te rs, m a in ten a n c e____________________
M anufacturing _ _____ __ _ -----------E rie County ______ _______ __________ ___
N iag ara County __________ ____ __ _
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
_ ___________

481
400
336
64
81

$ 2 .7 7
2 .7 9
2.78
2.81
2 .6 5

13
2 13

8
8

.
-

4
4
4
"

4
4
4
-

E le c tric ia n s, m aintenance
_____
_______
M anufacturing
_ __
__ _ __ ______
_________________________
E rie County
N iag ara County
_ _ __ _ ___

1,376
1,3^5
1,016
319

2 .9 7
2 .9 7
3.02
2 .8 2

“

-

-

2
2
2
-

9
9
9
-

E n g in e e rs, station ary _______________________
M anufacturing
_ __
_
__ ____
E rie C o u n ty ___ ____ _ __
_____ __
N iag ara C o u n ty __ _
_ ___
. ___ __
Nonmanufacturing _________ _ __ ______
Public u t ilit ie s 4 _ ____ ___ _ __ ____
_
F irem en , station ary boiler
_ _____ __
_
M anufacturing _ ___ __ ____________ —
E rie County _ _
_ ________ _ ______
N iag ara C o u n t y ________________________

824
692
548
144
132
33
472
44 o
245
195

2 .6 7
2 .7 1
2 .7 1
2 .6 9
2 .4 4
2 .7 3
2.41
2 .4 2
2 .4 5
2 .3 8

3
3
-

3
3
11
9
9

_
1
1
1
-

12
12
31
29
8
21

H e lp ers, tra d e s, m aintenance
M anufacturing __ ______ — ____ __ ____
E rie County
___________ _ _______ __
N iagara County _____
____
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ __ __ _
___
P ublic u t ilit ie s 4 _____ ___ _____
M achine-tool o p e ra to rs, t o o lr o o m ___________
M anufacturing
__
E r ie County _

900
532—
653
179
68
44
631
63i
615

2 .4 6
2 .4 8
2 .5 2
2 .3 0
2 .2 2
2 .2 2

10
8
8
2
-

6
2
2
4
-

13
12
8
4
1
1
-

2 .9 1
2 .9 1
2 .9 1

NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 .2 0
2 .5 0
2 .3 0
2 .4 0
2 .6 0
2 .7 0
2 .8 0
2 .9 0
3.00
2 .3 0
2 .4 0
2 .5 0
2 .6 0
2 .7 0
3 .0 0 .....XJQ
2 .9 0
2,M

$

3 .30
3 .4 0

3.40
and
_over

_
-

13
1
1
_
12

197
125
---- TTT~' "'124
197
114
10
-

3 52
----- 52
52
-

35
35
25
10
-

38
31
13
18
7

147
120
103
17
27

27
27
11
16
-

60

58
58
2

19
16
16
_
3

18

12
6

9
?
7
-

21
18
11
7

89
86
72
14

94
94
30
64

92
87
44
43

199
m ~
147
51

184
rBT3
103
77

205
ZT5T“
164
41

80
5a
52
6

72
63
63
9
67
66 '
26
34

57
23
8
15
34
36
35
31
4

20
17
11
6
3
88
87
49
38

22
13
13
9
6
86
67
59
8

111
110
96
14
1
63
63
30
33

133
133
89
44
8
8
1
7

60
19
7
12
41
20
45
45
12
33

196
T5T“
139
47
10
15
15
7
8

52
45
45
7
7
2
2
2
“

33
33
27
6
3
3
3
-

28
28
28
10
10
10
-

13
13
13
.
-

4
4
4
3
3
3
-

18
17
7
10
1
1
*

60
27
12
15
33
27
"

88
84
17
67
4
4
-

201
185
152
33
16
11
12
12
6

130
130
88
42
19
19
19

77
73
65
8
4
33
63
33

169
rsF ~
166
3
100
lM
99

126
TZl
126
22
22
22

2
Z
2
132
l32
132

25
25
19

_
70
?0
70

_
189
IS9
186

_
2^
29
29

_
-

_
-

80
TO
40
40

118
m
99
19

251
251
227
24

107
99
96
3

79
79
79
-

85
85
50
35

_
-

42

20

8
7
27
17

19
1
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

68
61
42
19

25
25
25

254
254
254
-

9
9
9
-

1
1
1

196
196
158
38

30
30
30

46
46
46

15
15
15

384
84
84

18

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

16
lT
16
-

1
1
1
-

4
1
1
-

110
ITJS
108
“

95
66
59
36

74
... 7 T , „

M ech an ics, autom otive (m ain ten an ce)________
M anufacturing _
__ __ __ _ ___ ___
E r ie County
______ __
____ _ __
N iag ara County __
_ ___ __ _
_
_
_
N o n m a n u factu rin g _
_
__ __
_ ___
Public u tilities 4 .......

557
178
150
28
379
346

2 .6 2
2 .7 2
2 .7 0
2 .7 9
2 .5 7
2 .5 6

_
-

-

-

6
-

_
-

19
17
11

159
21
21
138
138

78
30
29
1
48
48

159
4$
39

6

33
zi
9
12
12
12

38
25
23

-

-

M ech anics, m aintenance _
___
M anufacturing
__ _ _ _ _ ___ _ ____
_
E rie County
N iag ara County _ _ _ _ _
_
__ __

1,307
1,263
977
286

2 .8 4
2 .8 5
2 .8 8
2 .7 3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

20
20
20

20
20

14

92
77
77
-

82
7o
70
-

145
145
52
93

70
T6
64

191
lT 7"
145
42

263

6

67
65
50
15

M illw rights
_
________
M anufacturing
_ _ ____
E rie County
..........
N iag ara County ____ __ __ _____ _ _
O ile rs
__
_ __ ___ __ ____ __ _
M anufacturing
__ _ _ _ _ _
_
__ _
E r ie County
____ _
___ __ _
N iag ara County ___
__ _ __ _ _
_

1,105

2 .9 0
1,106 “ O o
717
2 .9 6
338
2 .7 9
546
2 .4 5
--- 52T” 2 .4 7
2 .5 4
389
134
2 .2 6

_
-

_
-

_
-

6

16
16
-

178
178
19
159

275
2*75

2
2
2
-

4

30
30
19

128
125“”
28

-

6
-

15
14
4

43
34

33
33
28
5
81
"Si
59

60

6

4

22

4
4
4




$

34
32
30
2
2

_
-

See footnotes at end of table,

3 .20
3.30

21
17
17
4

2 .9 3
2 .9 3
2 .9 4
2 .9 1

-

$

14
11
10
1
3

1,020
1,007
813
194

5 15

3. 10
3.20

23
23
23
-

M ach in ists, m a in te n a n c e __
_______ __
M anufacturing ______
_ _ ___ _ __ __
E rie County
_
__ _ ____
N iag ara County _______________________

15

$

6

-

10

16

18

4

26
20
18

2

2
2

16
98
98
48
50

22

11

117
i i7
108
9

114
i 14

37
37

2

To
49

11

2

13

6

100

108
11
11 “ loS

108

23
23
23

“

■

3
8

15

182
81

211

64

“

19

-

-

21
21
21
-

-

-

5
-------T "
5
33
3
3

“

_

9
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for men in sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by industry division , Buffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N. Y. , October 1959)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly . Under
earnings1
$
1.80

$

1.80
and
under
1.90

$

1.90

2 .0 0

$

2 .0 0

_2..» 1fl_

$

2 .1 0
2 .2 0

$ 2 .6 5
2 .6 9
2 .6 5
2 .7 3

3
-

7
-

7
-

9
4
4
-

2 .8 0
2 .8 0
2 .8 3
2 .7 7

-

-

-

"

9
9
4
5

S heet-m etal w o rk e rs, m aintenance __ ________
M anufacturing _______ _____ ____________
E rie C o u n ty ______ ____________________
N iagara County ________ ______________

297
293
223
70

2 .9 1
2 .91
2 .9 5
2 .78

-

-

Tool and die m a k e rs _________________________
M anufacturing _________ _________________
E rie County _
_ ____ _ __ ___________
N iag ara County
_ __
__
_
_

1,132
1, 1^2
1,072
60

3. 11
3.11
3. 13
2 .8 6

-

_

“

-

P a in te rs, m aintenance ----------------------------_________________
M anufacturing ______
_____ ______ __________
E r ie County
N iag ara County ________________________

340
296
148
148

___________
P ip e fitte rs, m aintenance _____
M anufacturing
E rie County ______ _____________________
N iag ara County _________________ _____

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

E x clu d es prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olidays, and late sh ifts.
W orkers w ere distribu ted a s follow s: 3 at $ 1 .2 0 to $ 1 .3 0 ; 10 at $ 1 .7 0 to $ 1 .8 0 .
All w ork ers w ere at $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .5 0 .
T ran sp ortation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
All w orker s w ere at $ 1 .4 0 to $ 1 .5 0 .
W orkers w ere distribu ted a s follow s: 17 at $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .5 0 ; 42 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 .




15
15
15
"

2 .6 0

2 .4 0
13
\t

8
8
8

11
1
10
10
10

-

-

“

-

“

"

5
5
5
“

4
4
4
“

-

-

-

“

2 .2 0
2 .3 0

"

813
§09“
475
334

NUMBER OF WORKEKS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 .3 0
2. 50
2 .4 0
2 .7 0
2 .9 0
2 .8 0
3.00

$

2 .5 0
25

2 . 60

2 .7 0

62

15
47

66

17
97
17 ---- 97
14
89
3
8

148
148
17
131

32
32
26
6

19
19
18
1

35
35
35

19
19
15
4

91
91
86
5

21

18
3

7
------- r 2
1
10
10
10
■

65

2 .8Q

28
28
13
15

64

.. -2..-9.Q..
—

19
41

3.00

27
72
r r ---- 72
31
41
-

21

3 .10

1
-

-

$

3. 10

—3.2Q ,
-

$

3.20
3.30
_

_

155

149

51
104

75
71

165
164
158
6

23
23
23
-

7
7
1
6

50
50
50
-

107
107
80
27

33
33
33
-

13
13
13
-

24
24
24
"

84
“ 54
73
11

112
112
85
27

35
35
35

28
28
27
1

8$

89

222
222
222
"

—

77
12

-

$

3. 30

S

3.40
and
3^ 4Q _ —
QyfiX —
_
-

------- 4
r

1

_

_

-

-

_

2
2
2
-

374
374
374

—

6w
59
59
-

10

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for selected occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is
by industry division , Buffalo (E rie and N iagara Counties), N. Y. , O ctober 1959)

Occupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

Average
$
$
hourly , Under 1. 00 1. 10
$
under 1. 10 1. 20

$
1.20
1. 30

$
1. 30
1.40

$
1.40
1. 50

_

22
9

E levator o p e ra to rs, p a sse n g e r (women) _____
Nonmanufacturing ________________ _____

222
209

$ 1.25
1.23

"

32
32

102
102

17
17

G uards ______________________________________
M anufacturing
..
...... ..
E rie County
N iagara County

837
7 94
588
2 06

2 .3 6
2. 37
2. 37
2 .3 8

-

-

-

2
-

Ja n ito rs, p o rte rs, and cle an e rs (m en )_______
M an u factu rin g____________________________
E rie County ___________________________
' N iag ara County ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
P ublic u tilitie s*

2,252

1.95
2. 13
2. 12
2. 15
1.45
1. 88

14
14
-

126
126
-

35
10
10
25
-

87
2
2
85
3

Ja n ito rs, p o rte rs, and c le a n e rs (w om en )____
M an u factu rin g____________________________
E rie County
.
....
..........
N iag ara County ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public utilitie s 3 ___________________ __

1, 071
338
271
67
733
89

1.43
1.79
1.77
1. 90
1.26
1.46

9
9
-

289
10
10
279
-

91
2
2
89
3

10
10
-

L a b o r e r s, m a te ria l handling ________________
M anufacturing
___________________ _____
E rie County- _ __ _
__ _________ _
N iag ara County
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3 __________________ __

4, 061
2, 890
2, 274
616
1, 171
283

2. 17
2 .2 3
2 .2 4
2. 17
2. 04
2. 31

141
141
-

35
35
-

41
41
-

62
36
36
26

O rder file r s _____________ _______ ________
M anufacturing
E rie County __ _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________

757
261
240
494

2 .3 4
2 .2 6
2 .2 6
2. 38

_
_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

P a c k e r s, shipping (m e n )_____________________
M anufacturing ____________ ____ ______
E rie C o u n ty ________________________ __
N iag ara County _ _____ ______________

705
£80
598
82

2 .3 1
2 .3 3
2 .3 1
2 .4 9

-

2
-

P a c k e r s, shipping (women) ______________ _
M anufacturing ___________ ____ _____
E rie County ------- ~ — — -------------N iag ara C oun ty--------------------------------N onm anufacturing___ „ __ __ _______ __

285
193
140
53
92

1. 98
2. 15
2. 06
2. 38
1.62

_
"

18
10
10
8

R eceivin g c le rk s ____________________________
M an u factu rin g ___ ________________ _____
E rie County __ ________________ __
N iag ara County _____ _________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ „ __ ____ „
Shipping c le rk s
M anufacturing ____________ ____ ____ __
E rie C o u n ty ____________ ______________
Shipping and receivin g c le rk s -- -- ------ _
M anufacturing _____ ____ ____ ____ __
E rie County _____________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing ______________ ________

313
165
122
43
148
170

2 .2 8
2 .2 9
2 .3 0
2 .2 8
2.27

-

-

See footnotes at end of table,




1 ,6 7 1

1,299
372
581
128

151

128
294
— TUG—
156
128

2.4 3
2 .4 9
2 .4 8
2 .2 4
2 .3 6
2. 37
2. 09

_

_

_
-

6
2
2
J
56
5
2
3
51

1
|

79
11
8
3
68

j
1

!
i
!

31
17
17
14
-

99
72
70
2
27
12

107
56
52
4
51
38

256

36
33
32
1
3
1 “

36
30
12
18
6
2

$
2 .7 0
2. 80
_
-

$

2. 60
2. 70
_
40
40
34
6

20
20
20

$
2. 80
2. 90
_
~
—

1
r~

1

-

$
2. 90
3. 00
“

-

15 -----j—
1
15
8
1
7
_
_
_
_
_
-

216
184
131
53
32
28

186
140
89
51
46
45

302
285
239
46
17
”

316
316
207
109
-

254
244
174
70
10
-

177
177
177
-

25
21
21
4
-

_
-

9
9
9
-

_
-

14
9
13
9
6 i
1
3
12
- i
1
-

24
24
23
1

58
58
34
24
-

45
45
43
1
2
-

2
2
2
~

4
4
4
-

-

.
-

-

-

131 241
124 220
146
113
11 : 7 4
7
21
-

157
147
114
33
10
9

426
293
237
56
133
114

766 388
392 HiTo
312
326
80
4
58
374
14
139

4
4
-

82
70
70
12
-

_
-

20
20
-

133
122
100
22
11
1
2
1

$
3. 00
and
over

‘
91
! 52
52
39
23

28
228
45
50
34
22
12
16
_
-

32
1 8
! 8
!
24

117
65
65
52

_
-

62
57
12
45
5
_
-

5
4
4
1

14
14
14
-

4
4
4
-

16
16
8
-

29
23
23
6

45
40
32
5

98
36
30
68

3 OS
69
68
240

103
20
20
83

59
1
1
58

56
36
36
2Q_

-

18
6
12

-

6
-

3
-

1
-

13
12
12
“

2
"

18
18
-

54
53
53
“

25
24
14
10

12
4
4
-

92
92
70
22

25
25
25
-

217
2 1?
211
6

87
87
87
-

17
17
17
-

1
1
1
-

52
52
51
1

46
46
3
43

32
32
32
-

-

2
2

1
1

_
-

1
1

20
20

28

53
13
13
40

34
34
28
6
■

4
4
4
"

_
-

14
14
14
"

31
31
31
“

-

40
40
40
-

24
24
24
”

15
15
15
"

-

-

“

.
"

3
3
-

3
3
-

1
-

5
2
2
3
5
21
21

17
13
5
8
4
1
1
31
31

23
l6
13
3
7
20
17
17
30
9
9
21

24
18
15
3
6
8
4
3
3

18
15
10
5
3
7
7
7
4
4
4

36
25
18
7
11
1
“
22
22
22

38
23
21
2
15
27
27
13
86
86
86

49
27
16
11
22

18

34

6
2
10

15,
15
15
8
4
4
4

17
17
17
23
11
10
12

~
7
5
5
20
3
17

4
4
4
_
15
15
15
3
3
3

2
2
2
"
16
16
12

-

13
13
3
3
3

10
4
2
2
6

-

9
9
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

'
97

2
-

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
S
;$
!$
!$
I$
$
$
$
i$
1. 70 | 1. 80 ! 1 . 9 0 2. 00 2 . 1 0 2 .2 0 2. 30 2 .4 0
2. 50
! , j 1
1 1. 80 1 . so 2. 00 i 2. 10 j 2 . 2 0 i 2. 30 | 2 .4 0 2. 50
2 .6 0
1
i
_
_ !
_
_
- I ‘
;
!
\____ 1_
1
1
j
i
i
‘
23 |
21
40
56
187
118 220
9 1 76
----- -—
76
23 1
55
31
162
T l8 |2 f S
9
; 21
; 21
23
67
13 ‘ 50
90 217
!
5 1 56
18 !
28
5
95
3
- 1 4 j 20

1s
1* ,
1. 50 | 1. 60
| “
| 1. 60 1.70
l~" . _
! 47
2
47
2

28

22
6
69
16

-

-

8

26

—

8
20
7
7
7
7
~ 1 ---7
5
5

18

1

12
12
12
26
24
18
2

571
735
511 T 0 3
314 499
197
104
60
132
7

S

1

1
1
-

33
8
8
8
1
1

_
_
-

-

-

-

11

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by industry division , Buffalo (E rie and N iag ara C ounties), N. Y. , October 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF-

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly - Under 1.00
earnings
and
$
under
1.00

1.4 Q _ 1.50
_

-L.. L .
Q

Truckdrive,zs ______
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___
E rie C o u n ty ___
N iagara County
Nonmanufacturing
Public u t ilit ie s 3
T ru c k d riv e rs, light (under lVa tons) .
M anufacturing ___________________
E rie County __________________
T ru ckd river s , medium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons) _________________
M anufacturing __________________
E rie County _________________
N iag ara County ______________
Nonmanufactur ing
Public u t ilit ie s 3 _______________

804
681
123
1,813
997

2 .4 4
2 .4 5
2.41
2 .51
2 .5 4

-

404
178
162

2.28
2 .3 2
2 .3 3

-

2 .3 2
2 .3 2
2 .2 7
2 .5 0
2 .3 2
2 .5 2

_
" 1

2 .6 5
2 .6 8
2 .5 8

_
-

_

2 .5 5

T ru c k d riv e rs, heavy (over 4 tons,
t ra ile r type)
Nonmanufacturing .
Public u t ilit ie s 3

481

T ru c k d riv e rs, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) .
M anufacturing __________
E rie C o u n ty __________
Nonmanufacturing ______
Public u tilities 3 _____

578
2 io
195
368
161

2 .5 8
2 .5 4
2 .6 5

_
-

1,556
1,348
1,021
327
208
97

2.39
2.38
2.42
2 .2 4
2 .4 5
2 .4 7

-

T ru c k e rs, power ( f o r k lif t ) __________
M anufacturing ___________________
E rie County ___________________
N iagara County ________ ______
N on m a n u factu rin g__ _________
_
Public u t ilit ie s 3 _______________

822
sw ~

T7W ~

-

-

_
____ I_J
-

-

"
"

-

j

_
- i

j

-

i
j

-

509
503~
38 5
124

2 .3 6
2 .3 6
2 .38
2 .31

_
"

Watchmen ______
M anufacturing .
E rie County .
N iagara County ____________
Nonmanufacturing ____________
Public u tilities 3____________

455
349
214
135
106
30

1.77
1.87
1.76
2 .0 5
1.46
1.57

_
'

7
7

i
i . ~ |

"

_ !

-

_
- 1
- 1
- 1

-

"

-

-

-

35
6
29
29
- j
6 ! 6
'

’
- ;
-

|
-

t
_ '
-....j........_
1
;
1
I
_ 1
- !
" i

26
67
- ! 45
36
9
26
22
12

|
i
1
1

|
!

|

_
-

1
I

j

I
!
I

9
6

1$

'! $

1$

-

3
3

-

!
j
!
;

4
2
2

-

2

i _____
_

$

|

:

2 .1 0

i

|
i

i

2
- '
"

1 ,
1 !
1 j

8
6 i
7

6
2
2

I
i
i

_
79 1
9 !
9
_ i
70
- I " !

2
2 !
2
-

, !

_
45
- 1 43
39
4
2
_
2

j
i
,

- !
6
1 81
1
1 I 13
13
1

_
-

!

9
9
9

- |
j

'
17
17
14
3
-

1
i

I
.
| n _
"

!
1
|
i
!

2
2
2

18
35
- | 34
- 1 16
18
1
18
1
!
1------- i
-

_ j
-

2
2

-

;
|
'
'

" ■i
■

,

_
_

1 "
8
58
$
f*4
8
7
47
- 1 4
_
13
"B
13
-

60
(>0
60
"

34
34
20
14
_

15
8
6
2
7

7

1

10 : 45
7
41
3
4
6
3
-

- i
- !

-

_ i
_ !

.
_

83

]

1

!
!
!
;

!
i
i
!
|

72
58
14
44
18
24
•

;
“
j
,
1
!

399 ! 425 ;
■ m l
89 !
65 j
131
- i 24
268 ! 336 !
187
6 i
31 I
258
98 ; 31 j
21
93

$
2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .6 0 ; 2 .7 0

2_. 80

2 .9 0

$

2 .5 0

971 ■ 114
IS V

54

205
61
705
703

46
8
60
-

8
25
1 --- 25
24
-

i
106
46 j
51
31 1----- 7I
201
31
7
12
_
_1
8
20
99 ! 26
18
21
_
_ !
27 I
27 1
27
_
-

“ 1
j
!
"
35
31.
31
4
1

139
115
106
9
24
24

101
98
54
44
3
-

129
79
33
46
50
-

17
17
1
16

106
106

75
31

46
46
27
19

34
34
20
14

44
3$
18
20
6
5

82
80
63
17
2
“

42
42
42
_
“

20
19
10
9
1
“

IS

1 25
1 58
|

|

I-

__2_.20 > 2 . 3£ 1 2 .4 0 J 2.5Q

3 1
3
-

1 1 22

1$

2 .3 0 I 2 .4 0

- I-

2 1
2 ’
2
-

28

n

.
-

i
23 i
14 1
14

,

1

-

-

-

i

_ !
- 1

.
-

3
i
!

:$

116

1
- j

_ 1
-

-

|

-

i

1$

1.70 ! 1.80 1 1.90 j 2 .0 0 | 2 .1 0 | 2 .2 0

I
i 1.7 0 1 1.6 0 . 1.9 0 1 2.00

'

_
-

l$

- ,- !- ! -

16 !
3 |

-'
-

7
7

I$

16

3
3
13
“

n
-

1

-

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
E xclu d es prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holiday s, and late sh ifts.
T ran sp o rtation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
Includes a ll d riv e rs r e g a r d le s s of siz e and type of truck operated.
W orkers w ere distribu ted a s follow s: 80 at $3 to $3. 10 and 45 at $3. 10 to $ 3 .2 0 .
6 W orkers w ere distribu ted a s follow s: 80 at $3 to $ 3 . 10 and 36 at $ 3 . 10 to $ 3 .2 0 .




1

■

_
-

1 1.6 0
1
!

1
—

'

1.50 I 1. 60

-

"

-

"

T ru c k e rs, power (other than forklift)
M anufacturing ___________________
E rie County .
N iagara County

1
2
3
4
5

-

---------

_

553
167
133
34
386
184

1.40

1.30

I$

176
27
33
17
18
10
7
15
143
10
M3 1
1
i
1
638 1 13
13
I
St
1 475
6
475 ;

152
74
72 “ 2$ 1
72
28
_
_
80
46
30
_
_
1-----“
_
3
3
3
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

3.00
and
ove-r_

_
_
-

125
_
_
_
125
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

9
_
_
_
9
-

_
_
_
40
-

1
-

1
-

40 ;6i 16
40 116
1

29
9
9
20
-

148
68
68
80
80

27
27
27
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

199
15
12
184
-

113 !
33
21
80
80

588
570
491
79
18
-

229
150
148
2
79
73

136
108
87
21
28
-

5
3
3
2
-

42
42
36
6
_
-

_
_
_
-

9
9
9
_
-

22
22
16
6

15
15
4
11

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

52
52
52
_
_
_
"

_
_
_
_
_
_

23
23
23
_
_
_
_
_

119 .
119
92
27
4
4
_
4
_
“ !

~




13

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes in applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
BILLER, M A C H I N E

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work inciden­
tal to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine,
are classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine)—Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller , machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger
record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a num­
ber of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.




C lass A—Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles ami familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to
be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated re­
ports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
C lass B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic
bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, pay­
roll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing
described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense dis­
tribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist in prep­
aration of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the ac­
counting department.
C L ERK,

ACCOUNTING

C lass A—Under general direction of a bookkeeper or ac­
countant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a
complete set of books or records relating to one phase of an es­
tablishment’s business transactions. W involves posting and
ork

14

CLERK, A C C O U N T I N G — Continued

balancing subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receiv­
able or accounts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouch­
ers with proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and ex­
perience in making proper assignations and allocations. May
assist in preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may
direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

C L ERK, P A Y R O L L

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as workers name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distrib­
uting pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.
DUPL I C A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( M I M E O G R A P H O R DITTO)

CLERK, FILE

Class A—Responsible for maintaining an established filing

system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.

CLERK, O R D E R

Receives customers9 orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled. May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjust­
ments such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is
not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used
stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed
material*
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following
written information on records. May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. May keep files of punch
cards. May verify own work or work of others.
O F F I C E B O Y O R GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

15

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. D uties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidental
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the re­
corded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May pre­
pare sp ecial reports or memorandums for information of superior.

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's
while at switchboard.

t a b u l a u n g -machine

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May a lso s e t up and keep
file s in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing
machine work (s e e transcribing-machine operator).

posi­
also
This
time

o perato r

Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; se ts or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition ,
operate auxiliary machines.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or sp ecia lized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May a lso se t up and keep
file s in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
ca lls. May record toll c a lls and take m essages. May give information to
persons who c a ll in., or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who a lso act as receptionists se e switchboard operator-receptionist.




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type
from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing
dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such
as legal briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar
machine is c la ssified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
U ses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out b ills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.

16

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST— Continued

C lass A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copying
from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent and varied
use of technical and unusual words or from foreign-language copy;
combining material from several sources, or planning layout of
complicated sta tistic a l tables to maintain uniformity and balance

in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form. May type
routine form letters, varying d etails to suit circumstances.

C lass B — Performs one or more of the following: Typing from
relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance
p o licies, etc., setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

PR O F E SSIO N AL AND TE C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to sc a le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sk etch es, or perform ether duties under direction
of a draftsman.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs a ctiv ities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve o combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p o ses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, c r o ss- sectio n s, etc,, to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, materials to be used, iand quantities;




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications* May ink in lin es and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. U ses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

17
MAINTENANCE

D P O W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selectin g materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation

of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; a ssistin g worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S p ecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

18

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to c lo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selectin g standard m aterials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to str e sse s, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ic a l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written sp ecification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making a ll necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting machines.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dism antles and
in sta lls machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and siz e of pipe required; making standard te sts to determine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

19
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D ie maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; selectin g appropriate
materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross ^industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classifica tio n .

C U STODIA L AND M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures;polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte**
nance services; cleaning, lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER,. MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

20

LA BO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
fro m

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K — Continued

fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r tin g d e v i c e s ;

in g , o r p la c in g
p o r tin g

m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e

m a t e r ia ls

L o n g sh o rem en ,

or

w ho

m e r c h a n d is e
lo a d

and

by

F or

u n p a c k in g , s h e lv ­

w age

hand

u n lo a d s h ip s

tru ck ,
are

car,

or

R e c e iv in g

w h e e lb a r r o w .

S h ip p in g

e x c lu d e d .

S h ip p in g

ORDER F IL L E R
stock

s e le c to r ;

w areh ou se

s h ip p in g

o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s

in a c c o r d a n c e

tio n

ite m s

fille d

or

fo r fin is h e d

w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s

o rd e r s , or o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
c a t in g

M a y , in

o m itte d , k e e p

a d d it io n
record s

good s

fro m

stored

on

s a le s s lip s , cu s to m e rs ’

to

fillin g

orders

a n d in d i­

o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i­

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

c le r k

c le r k
a n d r e c e iv in g

c le r k

to

s u p e r v is o r ,

and

p e r fo rm

d u tie s .

a tru ck

w it h in

a c it y

o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a

t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r m en
lis h m e n ts

su ch

w h o le s a le

and

and

tru ck

w it h
in

are

a s:

M a n u fa c t u r in g

r e t a il

or

w it h o u t

good

w o r k in g

or

p la c e s

b e tw een

p la n ts ,

e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r

cu stom ers’ h ou ses

tru ck

a d d it io n a l s t o c k , o r re p o rt s h o r t s u p p lie s

o th e r r e la te d

w ork ers

stock m a n )
D r iv e s

m e r c h a n d is e

p u rposes,

TRUCKDRIVER

(O r d e r p ic k e r ;

F ills

stu d y

in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; t r a n s ­

fre ig h t

ty p es o f e s ta b ­

d ep ots, w a reh ou ses,

b etw een

o f b u s in e s s .

to tra n sp ort m a­

v a r io u s

r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s

M ay a ls o

lo a d

or

u n lo a d

h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p
order.

D r iv e r - s a le s m e n

and

o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s

e x c lu d e d .

PA CKER, SHIPPING
F or w age
P rep a res
th e m

s h ip p in g

in

fin is h e d

c o n ta in e r s ,

dependent
ty p e

th e

th e

ty p e, s iz e ,

o f

ite m s

s e le c tio n

e n c lo s u r e s
break age
e n te r in g
b o x es

in

or

s h ip p in g

K n o w le d g e

fo llo w in g :

con ten t;

in

of

of

id e n tify in g
are

v a r io u s

u s in g

d a ta

on

of

o f

and

m ay
of

and

s iz e

e x c e ls io r

or

s e a lin g

c o n ta in e r .

u n its

s h ip m e n t.

ite m s

ty p e

and

o p e r a tio n s

num ber

m eth od

c o n ta in e r s

d a m a g e ; c lo s in g

or c r a te s

s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e

s p e c ific

a p p r o p r ia te

c o n ta in e r ;

fo r

and

o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d

p la c in g
th e

upon

p rod u cts

p e r fo rm e d
to

be

b e in g

on e

in

ty p e

a ls o

to

t r a ile r

m ake

or

w ooden

m e r c h a n d is e
s h ip m e n ts

A

k n o w le d g e

good s

m eans

s h ip p e d ,

ch a rges,

or d ir e c tin g

b ills

of

r e je c t in g

up

a file

m e r c h a n d is e

fy in g

fo r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e iv e s

of

s h ip p in g

oth ers

in

b ills

or




la d in g , p o s t in g

o f s h ip p in g
fo r s h ip m e n t.
v e r ify in g

n ecessary

is

s iz e
on

lis te d

s e p a r a te ly )

(1 %

to

(o v e r 4

and

in c lu d in g

t o n s , tr a ile r

4

to n s)

ty p e)

to n s , o th e r th a n

tr a ile r

ty p e )

tra cto r

to

a m a n u a lly
tra n sp ort

record s.

w e ig h t a n d

M ay d ir e c t

R e c e iv in g

w ork

c h e c k in g

or a s s is t

in v o lv e s :

record s

and

fo r

o r m a t e r ia ls
file s .

and

g a s o lin e m a te r ia ls

or
o f

e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d
a ll

k in d s

about a

p la n t, o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

F or
tru ck , a s

w age

stu d y

p u rposes,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

by

ty p e

of

fo llo w s :

o f th e

s h ip p in g
in

sh orta g es

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r th a n fo r k lift)

V e r i­

th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t

record s;

c o n t r o lle d
good s

resp on ­

p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s ,

g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e

p a r tm e n ts ; m a in ta in in g

and

o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . S h ip p in g

a n d r a t e s ; a n d p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f

la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r
dam aged

by

b e ra ted

TRU CKER, POWER

tru ck

o f m e r c h a n d is e

o f tr a n s p o r t a t io n
m a k in g

a n d k e e p in g

p r e p a r in g th e

c la s s ifie d
s h o u ld

e x c lu d e d .

s ib le fo r in c o m in g

a v a ila b le

o f s iz e s

T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4

w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g

in v o lv e s :

are

(T r a c to r -tr a ile r

c a p a c it y .)

T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m

O p era tes

w ork

fo llo w s :

T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y

preven t

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LER K
P rep a res

p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a t io n

o rd e r to v e r ify

m a te r ia l

w ho

stu d y

e q u ip m e n t, a s

Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)

o f

o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g

oth er

o f

th e b a s is o f

th e

or m ore

c o n t a in e r ; a p p ly in g la b e ls

P a ck ers

and

p a c k e d , th e

W ork r e q u ir e s

in v o lv e
stock

b y p la c in g

WATCHMAN

and

to p rop er d e ­

M akes

rou n ds

a g a in s t fir e , th e ft, a n d

o f

p r e m is e s

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o te c tin g

p rop erty

ille g a l en try .

* U.S. GOVERNM
ENT PRINTING OFFICE : I960 0 —539311

Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a t io n a l w a g e

su rveys

are

b e in g

con d u cted

in

60

m a jo r la b o r m a r k e ts

d u r in g la t e 1 9 5 9

and

e a r ly I 9 6 0 .

T h ese

b l e , m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fr o m t h e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 2 5 , D . C ., o r fr o m
s a le s

o ffic e s

A

show n

su m m ary

B u lle t in s




b u lle tin s , w h en

any

o f th e

b e lo w .

b u lle tin

fo r th e

c o n t a in in g

areas

lis t e d

d a ta

b e lo w

fo r a ll la b o r m a r k e ts ,

are n ow

C le v e la n d ,

w it h

a d d it io n a l a n a ly s is

w ill b e

a v a ila b le .

O h io , S e p te m b e r

S e a t t l e , W a s h .,

c o m b in e d

A u gu st

1 9 5 9 —B L S

1 9 5 9 —B L S

B u ll.

B u ll.

1 2 6 5 -1 , p r ic e

1 2 6 5 -2 , p r ic e

25

20 cen ts

cen ts

is s u e d

e a r ly

in

1961.

B L S

a v a ila ­

r e g io n a l





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102