View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA
APRIL I960

Bulletin No. 1265-35




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA




APRIL 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-35
June I9 6 0

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents

/
\

y

W

\
j




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e C o m m u n ity W a ge S u r v e y P r o g r a m
T h e B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly con du cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n te r s . T h e s tu d ie s , m a d e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ied . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
data not in c lu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r l s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a ft e r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .

In tro d u c tio n ________________________________________________________________________
W a ge tre n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ______________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u re a u 1s r e g io n a l
o f f ic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif. , b y W illia m P . O f C on n or,
u n d e r the d ir e c t io n o f John L . Dana, R e g io n a l W a ge and
In d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.




1
4

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ______________
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ____________________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s _______________________________________________
A - 2.
P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s _____________________
A - 3.
M a in ten a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s ___________________
A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B - l.
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________
B -2 . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n
o f f ic e w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s _________________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s ____________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p l a n s ________________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s _________________________________________

* NO TE:
S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le in the L o s
A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h a r e a r e p o r t s f o r J a n u a ry 1952, F e b ­
r u a r y 1953, and M a r c h o f e a c h y e a r s in c e 1954. M o s t o f
the r e p o r ts a ls o in c lu d e d ata on th e s e o r r e la t e d e s t a b lis h ­
m en t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s .
A
d ir e c t o r y in d ic a tin g d ate o f stu d y and the p r i c e o f the r e ­
p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s f o r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a i l a ­
b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u rr e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and su p ­
p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t ic e s in the L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h
a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r g r a y ir o n fo u n d r ie s ( A p r i l
1959), w ood h o u seh old fu r n itu r e ( A p r i l 1959), and m i s c e l ­
lan eo u s p la s tic s p ro d u c ts (F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 ).
U n ion s c a le s ,
in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le f o r the
fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tru c tio n ,
p r in tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r ­
tru c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s i

iii

3

3
5
10
11
13

15
16
17
18
19
21
23




Occupational Wage Survey—Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.

Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o r ta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n te r s in
w h ich the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s has
con d u cted s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a w id e b a s is . In th is a r e a , d ata w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,1
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g
f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th ey fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
ra n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te tab u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d ata, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p re s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ied .

O ccu p a tion s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u ties w ith in the s a m e
jo b . (See a p p e n d ix f o r lis t in g o f th es e d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a r n in g s d ata a r e
p re s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; ( c ) m a in te ­
nance and p o w e rp la n t; and (d ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d ata a r e show n f o r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th ose h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e
p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and

1 R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s e s tu d ie s ,
h a ve b e en added in n e a r ly a ll o f the a r e a s to be stu d ie d d u rin g the
w in te r o f 1959-60; r a ilr o a d s w i l l b e ad d ed in the r e m a in in g a r e a s n e x t
y e a r . F o r s c o p e o f s u r v e y in th is a r e a , s e e fo o tn o te to " t r a n s p o r t a ­
tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t ie s " in ta b le 1.




la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b on u ses and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e re w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r te d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s a r e p aid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th es e
o c c u p a tio n s h a ve b e e n rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich both s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D if fe r e n c e s in pay le v e l s o f m en and w o m e n in th es e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
la r g e l y due to (1 ) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am on g
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2 ) d if fe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , alth ou gh the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
the sam e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3 ) d iffe r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w h en in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju s te d on th is b a sis.
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w o u ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e pay
w h en both s e x e s a r e
e m p lo y e d w ith in the s a m e r a te r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th es e s u r v e y s a re u su ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e am on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d
f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n ot m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s d ata.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s

In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits as th ey r e ­
la te to o f f ic e and plan t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m en and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tru c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s ­
tr ie s , but a r e in c lu d e d as p lan t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s trie s .

2

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 p e r c e n t of
annual earnings was con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w e ek 's pay.

Data are presen ted for all health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg al requirem ents such as w ork m en 's com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m ercia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for this purpose.. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited' to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insuredion a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the requirem ents of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as .exten d ed
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are designed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ica l, and su rgical plans.
M edical insurance re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er 's life .

2 An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al provision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as con sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick lea ve that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t policy, 2 p resented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, presented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n "other11 was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra tes, a differential was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resented on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insuran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




3

T a b le 1 .

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . ,

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

.

_ .... .

M a n u fa c t u r in g
-----_
---N o n m a n n fa r tu r in g
...... .. ......
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r
p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s *
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
R e t a il t r a d e (e x c l u d i n g d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s )
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e
S e r v ic e s (e x clu d in g m o t io n - p ic t u r e s ) 8
M o t io n p i c t u r e s 9
_ ___

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
s tu d y 3

b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A p r i l I 9 6 0
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T ota l 4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o t a l4

2 ,3 9 2

3 26

9 8 4 ,7 0 0

2 0 0 ,6 0 0

5 7 7 ,0 0 0

4 7 0 ,8 7 0

-

9 67
1 ,4 2 5

116
210

5 5 4 ,1 0 0
4 3 0 ,6 0 0

8 0 ,3 0 0
1 2 0 ,3 0 0

3 6 1 ,0 0 0
2 1 6 ,0 0 0

2 7 0 ,3 6 0
2 0 0 ,5 1 0

101
51
101
51
51
51

101
431
211
255
376
51

30
49
25
42
48
16

1 0 6 ,7 0 0
6 0 ,5 0 0
9 4 ,0 0 0
8 0 ,1 0 0
6 9 ,9 0 0
1 9 ,4 0 0

2 0 ,5 0 0
1 7 ,6 0 0

101
.........

6 1 ,7 0 0
2 5 ,3 0 0
( 6)
7 5 ,2 0 0
3 3 ,2 0 0
1 1 ,7 0 0

(6)
5 5 ,9 0 0
1 5 ,0 0 0
3 ,1 0 0

8 2 ,2 5 0
1 5 ,0 6 0
2 3 ,9 6 0
4 4 ,4 5 0
1 9 ,8 2 0
1 4 ,9 7 0

1 T h e L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ( L o s A n g e l e s a n d O r a n g e C o u n t i e s ) . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a
r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f
c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 95 7 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n . M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r
e d i t io n ( u s e d in th e B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e
e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a le o r r e t a i l ) t o m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n ,
a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
L o s A n g e l e s ' e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s a n d m o s t o f it s l o c a l t r a n s i t a r e
m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d is e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d ie s .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t to
j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a .
7 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n l y .
* H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n - p i c t u r e d i s t r ib u t io n a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d
e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
9 M o t i o n - p i c t u r e p r o d u c t io n a n d s e r v i c e s in d e p e n d e n t o f m o t i o n - p i c t u r e p r o d u c t io n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o .

T a b le 2 .

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . ,
A p r il i9 6 0 and M a rc h 195 9, an d p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
in d e x e s
( F e b r u a r y 195 3 « 1 00 )

I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
A p ril I96 0

A ll i n d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) ....................
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )
___
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n )
M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n )
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) . _ _
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n ) _




_ ...

___
_ _ .
___

M a r c h 1959

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s

fr o m —

M a r c h 1959
to
A p r i l 1 96 0

M a r c h 195 8
to
M a r c h 1959

M a r c h 195 7
to
M a r c h 195 8

M a r c h 195 6
to
M a r c h 1957

M a r c h 1 95 5
to
M a r c h 1 95 6

M a r c h 1 95 4
to
M a r c h 195 5

F e b r u a r y 195 3
to
M a r c h 1954

1 3 5 .7
1 3 5 .6
1 3 6 .8
1 3 6 .8

130. 2
130. 2
132. 5
1 3 2 .3

4 .2
4 .1
3 .3
3 .4

4 .6
3 .7
5 .3
5 .1

3 .3
5 .1
5 .3
5 .3

6 .2
6 .0
4 .0
5 .3

4 .7
4 .3
5 .6
3 .4

3 .6
2 .5
3 .0
3 .6

4 .6
5 .4
5 .5
6 .0

1 3 6 .6
1 3 7 .8
1 3 7 .0
1 3 5 .1

1 3 1 .1
1 3 2 .4
1 3 2 .7
1 2 9 .5

4 .2
4 .1
3 .3
4 .3

4 .5
4 .3
5 .0
4 .2

4 .4
5 .6
5 .5
5 .4

5 .8
5 .3
4 .0
4 .4

4 .3
4 .3
5 .8
3 .9

3 .6
2 .5
2 .9
3 .5

5 .2
6 .8
5 .8
4 .9

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are indexes of sa la rie s of office c le rica l
w orkers and industrial n u r se s, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F or office c le rica l w orkers and industrial n u r se s, the indexes
relate to average w eekly sa la rie s for norm al hours of w ork, that is ,
the standard work schedule for which straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in straigh t-tim e hourly
earn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eek ­
ends, holid ays, and late sh ifts. The* indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the n u m erically im portant
jobs w ithin each group. The office c le rica l data are based on wom en in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s, m achine (billing m achine); bookkeepingm achine op erators, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter operators; cle rk s, file ,
cla ss A and B; cle rk s, order; cle rk s, payroll; keypunch operators;
office girls; secr eta ries; sten ograp h ers, general; sw itchboard opera­
tors; switchboard o p erator-recep tio n ists; tabulating-m achine operators;
tran scrib in g-m achin e op erators, general; and ty p ists, cla ss A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on wom en industrial n u rses. Men
in the follow ing 10 sk illed m aintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
included in the plant w orker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricia n s;
m ach in ists; m echanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; m illw righ ts; painters;
p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l w orkers; and tool and die m akers; un sk illed —
jan itors, p o rters, and clean ers; la b o rers, m aterial handling; and
w atchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la rie s
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the job. T hese w eighted earnings for individual
occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. F inally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the b ase period (su rvey m onth, w inter 1952-53)




w as computed and the resu lt m ultiplied by the b ase year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
A djustm ents have been m ade w h ere n e c e ssa r y to m aintain
com parability. F or exam p le, in m ost of the areas su rveyed , railroad s
w ere included in the coverage of the su rveys for the fir s t tim e this
year. In com puting the in d exes, data relatin g to the railroad industry
w ere excluded.
The indexes m ea su re, p rin cip ally, the effects of (1) gen eral
sa la ry and w age changes; (2) m erit or other in cr ea ses in pay received
by individual w orkers w hile in the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, fo rce expansions, force red u c­
tion s, and changes in the proportion of w ork ers em ployed by esta b ­
lishm ents w ith different pay le v e ls. Changes in the labor force can
cause in cr ea ses or d ecrea ses in the occupational averages without
actual w age changes. F or exam ple, a force expansion m ight in crease
the proportion of low er paid w ork ers in a sp ecific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the averag e, w h ereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w orkers would have the opposite effect. The m ovem ent
of a high-paying estab lish m en t out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area estab lish m en ts.
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w orkers rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork sched ules or in prem ium pay for o vertim e, sin ce they
are based on pay for stra ig h t-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for w ork ers in 17 m ajor
labor m arkets appeared in BLS B u ll. 1240-22, W ages and R elated
B en efits, 20 Labor M arkets, W inter 1958-59.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , A p r i l I96 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avbbaq*

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

%

9

S
r
1
S
t
$
*
t
1
Weridy i U n d er 4 5 . 00 i o . 00
00 60. 00
00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 105 .00 n o . 00 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .00 1 2 5 .0 0 130 .00 135 .00 1 4 0 .00 f 4 5 .0 0
'hounf1
and
(Standard) (Standard) 1 5 .0 0 u n d e r
and
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 60. 00 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 05 .00 1 1 0 .00 1 1 5 .0 0 120 .00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 30 .00 1 3 5 .00 140 .00 1 4 5 .00 o v e r

*55.

*65.

M en
C le r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________
_______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
F in a n c e 3 __ — _________ __ -------M o tio n p i c t u r e s ________

910
4 58
4 42
99
136
82
44

4 0 . 0 $ 1 0 6 . 00
4 0 . 0 1 1 1 0 .0 0
3 9 .5
1 0 2 .0 0
40. 0
1 0 0 .0 0
3 9 .5
1 0 4 .0 0
9 2. 00
39. 0
40. 0
1 1 9 .5 0

_
-

C le r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s B
__ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________ ___________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_____________________

272
165
107

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

_
_

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B

______ __ ____

C le r k s , o r d e r _____ ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______

56

___

1 ,5 7 0
481
1, 089
979

C le r k s , p a y r o l l ________ __
___ —
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__ _
___
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____ _ __ _ _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
M o tio n p ic t u r e s
___________________

330
177
153
58
49

__

__

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) 1_________________

8 6 . 00
8 3. 00
9 0. 00

3 9 .5

68. 50

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

9 8 .5 0
9 8. 00
9 8. 50
9 8. 00

40. 0
4 0 .5
3 9. 5
3 9 .5
40. 0

1 0 4 .0 0
“T oT T oo
1 0 5 .0 0
9 7. 00
1 2 1 .0 0

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
4
4

13
7
6

51
41
10

28
7
21

44
41
3

28
25
3

6

3

14

10

3

6

3

2

"

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

6
1
5

1

8

_

1

_

39
29
10
10
-

15
rr
-

23
10
13
11
-

41
15
26
20
-

66
38
28
8
7

-

_
-

56
9
47

30
2r
9
3
-

-

-

30
23
7

10
-----3
8
3
-

-

-

7
7
-

169
56
113
99

6
-------- r

-

120
69
51
11
34
6

319
34
285
225

j
1
-

-

“

92
18
74
17
23
4
1

98

48
71
23
44
1
2

119

403
—r s r
252
252

_
-

-

141
72
69
13
15
12

102
16
86
86

_
-

-

65
32
33
12
21

68
44
24
24

-

-

25
6
19
2
16

101
53
48
48

10
3
7
7

-

20
2
18
4
13

155
45
110
84

16
16
16

-

-

>
-

T~ —

—

-

48
36
12
1
7
4

41
21
20
1
7
4
8

27
7
20
9
7
4

_

_
_

_
_

51
12
39
39

40
2
38
28

35
4
31
31

13
4
9
2
3

28
18
10
1
3

£1
37
6
6
13

-

1

-

90
83
7
_
_
3

7
7
_
_
3

7
5
2
_
_
2

10
8
2
_
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
_

46
46
-

-

_

-

-

"

55
r
40
40

-

“

11
31
6 ------ 2
25
9
25
9

8
7
1
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

1

-

-

4
3
1
1

i

64

3 9 .5

73. 00

-

-

-

1

4

27

3

19

6

2

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

900
317
583
63
67
280

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0
3 8. 0
3 9 .5
3 9. 0

66. 00
69. 50
6 4 .5 0
70. 50
66. 00
5 9. 00

24

19

46

135
55
80
2
2
11

82
63
19
3
2
10

44
30
14
13
-

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

15
7
7

9
4
5
2
2

2

42
7
34

129
60
69
2
20

5

19
5
2
12

271
58
213
12
42
118

18

24
24

112
40
72
7
10
51

5
1
_

2
2
_

4
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

108
65

3 8. 5
40. 0

69. 00
73. 00

l

4

-

-

27
14

20
27

56
9

4

1

1

1

4

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A _________ ____ ____
__ _ __
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
____
_ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ __________ _ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

599
326
273
31
87
96

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0
3 8 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
107. 50
106. 50
1 0 2 .5 0

_
-

_
.
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

88
48
40
4
6
24

151
113
38
4
18
8

116
74
42
13
12
9

81
45
36
5
6
4

45
10
35
5
15
10

"

19
8
11
4
7

11
7
4
_
3

2
2
-

-

64
17
47
_
22
24

5
1
4
_
4

-

6
1
5
_
_
3

7
7
_
-

-

4
_
4
_
4

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ________________
______ _____
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________
M o tio n p ic t u r e s _______ ____________

1 ,0 1 2
4 89
523
155
195
27

3 9 .5
4 0. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0. 0

9 4 . 00
9 6 . 00
9 2 . 00
9 6. 00
8 4 .5 0
1 1 1 .00

_
_

5
_
5
_
5

17
17
15

58
12
46
12
31
-

90
20
70
8
54
-

116
38
78
19
41

257
147
110
36
39
-

187
118
69
22
2
2

183
109
74
28
8
3

77
40
37
30
_
6

16
3
13
_
12

2
2

2
2
_
2

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

“

-

O ffic e b o y s _________________________________
X nn fa rh i rin g
X
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________ ______
TPinanrp ^
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
pi rh i
c|
M o tio n p ic t u r e s ______________

a

4

_
-

“
-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

3

-

_
-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




NOTE:

E s tim a t e s f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g , and p u b lic u t ilit ie s in clu d e da ta f o r r a il r o a d s (SIC 4 0 ), o m it t e d f r o m the s c o p e
o f a ll la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .
W h e r e s ig n ific a n t , the e f f e c t o f the in c lu s io n o f r a i l ­
r o a d s is g r e a t e s t on the da ta sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r th e p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
T h e t r e n d o f e a r n in g s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p s in a l l in d u s t r ie s , e x c l u d i n g , r a il r o a d s , a p p e a r s in ta b le 2.

6

Table A A. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is '
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , A p r i l I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME. WEEKLY EARNING8 OF-

A v iu oi
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

S
S
•
S
S
•
« ' - •
1
1
1
$
I
•
K
s
1
1
»
^ n d e r 4 5 . 00 5 0. 00 5 5 . 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 8 0. 00 8 5. 00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100 .00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .00 115 .00 120 .00 1 2 5 .00 130 .00 135.00 140.00 145.00

m in g i1
(Standard) (Standard) 4 5 . 00 u n d e r
5 0. 00 5 5. 00

and
6 0 . 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 10.00 1 1 5 .00 120 .00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .00 1 35 .00 L40.00 145.00

M e n — C on tin u ed
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g .
F in a n c e 3 _______

27
27
27

25
5
20
14

53
39
14
6

136
112
24

"

2
2
2

3

4

.

18

7

11

6

3
3

27
27
14

130
28
102
"

189
27
162
20

82
32
50
26

54
17
37
19

1

11

23

-

-

2
2

7
7
-

“

“

“

-

56
56
56

386
386
_
386

776
776
2
772

969
32
937
36
897

4 97
27
4 70
30
377

277
49
228
27
170

-

-

-

2

3

47

9 0 .5 0
9 1 . 50
8 9 .0 0
9 3 . 50
8 7 .5 0
8 1. 50

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

6
6
_
4

3 9. 0
40. 0

85. 50
1 1 3 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

2
"

3, 713
1 ,5 3 5
2, 178
630
324
$73

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9. 0
40. 0
40. 0
3 8 .5

7 3 .5 0
76. 50
7 1 .5 0
71. 00
76. 50
67. 00

_
_
-

_
_

-

-

58
39
19
19

106
4
102
16
4
80

403
62
341
104
3
229

204

• 3 8 .0

7 5 .5 0

-

-

-

1

5

351
216
135
52

3 9 .5
4o. o
39. 0
3 9 .5

$ 8 2 . 00
8 * . 00
80. 00
7 1 .0 0

-

52

3 7. 0

6 8 .5 0

_

3

710
1$6
554
179

40. 0
* 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

7 4.
74.
74.
8 0.

-

-

“

"

75

3 9. 0

8 1. 00

565
251
314
114

3 9 .5
4o. o
3 9. 5
40. 0

8 8 .5 0
9 0 . 00
8 7. 50
8 7. 50

-

_

-

"

■

3, 653
472
3, 181
209
2, 744

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

65. 50
8 2 . 50
63. 00
7 5 .5 0
61. 00

-

90

3 8 .5

70. 00

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) __________________1.
M o tio n p i c t u r e s ____________

2 ,3 2 7
1, 202
1, 125
151
210
255

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

310
81

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 .
W h o le s a le t r a d e _
F in a n c e 3 ________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ____________________

T y p is t s , c l a s s B _

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a ch in e )
M a n u fa ctu r in g .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g .
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) ________________________
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______,___________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________ _

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ___________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le,




00
5o
00
00

_

_

"

_

_

11

63
34
29
1

33
26
7
1

11

-

_

1

_

_

-

_

_

_

85
30
55
46

35
15
20
8

69
6
63
42

35
- ■
35
4

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

' -

8

13

6

12

1

151
34
117
39

96
5o
46
35

115
82
33
24

34
9
25
7

45
27
18
8

20
19
1
“

13
13
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

13
13
~

“

“

270
91
179
44
82

176
87
89
35
4

* 84
71
13
7
"

67
43
24
7
"

55
34
21
21

29
28
1
-

11
10
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

“

27

9

2

39
39
_
30

100
33
67
25
35

165
41
124
11
21
39

351
175
176
16
30
49

543
322
221
26
42
34

528
339
189
33
42
29

188
84
104
18
27
22

4
4
3
-

5
5
1
.

5
5
_

-

-

-

_
"

4
-

41
-

76
-

115
3

49
15

23
6

843
297
546
214
28
271

707
261
446
99
132
153

590
253
337
84
53
94

626
390
236
113
53
27

180
109
71

61
38
23

81
64
17

32

4

9

20

62

64

17

31

4

-

'
..

69
23
46

1

1

*

-

_
_
_

138
109
29
1
17
3

64
47
17
4
-

13
4
9
.
-

30
8
22
1
-

-

8

9

9

17

1

4

5

48
1$
33

4
3
1

6
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

144
40
104
42
1
10

4
4
_
4

-

7
Table A-1. O ffice Occupatioro-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , 'A p r i l I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

A nusi
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workeri

S
S
U n der 4 5 . 00 ^ 0 . 00 *55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 85. 00 9 0. 00 *9 5 .0 0 10 0.00 *0 5 .0 0 f i o . o o 11 5.0 0 12 0 .0 0 f2 5 .0 0 f3 0 .0 0 {3 5 .0 0 f4 0 .0 0 f4 5 .0 0
and
'H *
and
(Standard) (Standard) 4 5. 00 u n d e r
5 0. 00 5 5 . 00 6 0. 00 6 5. 00 70. 00 75. 00 8 0. 00 8 5. 00 90 . 00 9 5. 00 10 0.00 1 05 .00 110 .0 0 1 1 5 .00 12 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .00 135 .00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

W om en — C on tin u ed
3 9 .5 $ 7 3 . 5 0
” ? 0 . ( T T Z T b 'ft"
3 9 .5
7 1 .0 0
40. 0
70. 00
66 . 00
39. 0

_

12

469

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ___________ ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____
_ ____
__
___
___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
W h o le s a le t r a d e
__
____ __

3 .1 2 1
932
2 , 189

10 2
367
77

200

6 2. 00
7 l . 00
5 8 .5 0
7 6. 00
6 3. 00

-

-

10

190

-

2

10

188
-

252

3 9 .0
4 o .o
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

302

4 0 .0

5 7 . 00

733
246
487
355

3 9 .5
io .o
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0
' 8 2 . TO..
86 . 00
8 9 . 00

-

C le r k s , p a y r o l l _______ ___ __ _______ „ 1 ,3 6 4
M a n u fa ctu r in g
------ __ __ -----------“ 655“
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ^---------- _ __ ----676
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2 ______ __ ________
92
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
92
172
F in a n c e 3
_________ _______________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
135
p i c t u r e s ) ---------- _ ---------------- __

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 9. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

86 . 00
86 . So

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _____ _______________
•
W h o le s a le t r a d e
___ j ______________

S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
__
_ ______
p i c t u r e s ) __
C le r k s , o r d e r _ _
_ ...... _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
__________ _____

‘.

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) ___________

_____

F in a n c e 3 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) -----------------------------------------K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s __________________ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __
_______
W h o le s a le t r a d e
________________
F in a n ce 3 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ___________________________
M o tio n p ic t u r e s

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le.




12 1

18

44

9

100

-

27
— 3
24

-

-

-

62
9
53
39

_
_
_

_

2

67
33
31

31
3

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
8

1

17

31

-

-

12

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

68
6
62

368
33
335

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
4
27
3
17

6
10

74

_

3

16

3

66

39. 0

70. 50
7 3. 00
6 7. 00
6 4 .5 0

57

3 8 .5

64. 50

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9. 0

8 0. 00
8 2. 00
7 8 .5 0
77. 00
8 2 .5 0
7 1. 00

-

-

_
-

a%

_
-

■X
Q
7

8 0 . 00
96 . 00

3
4

36

3 9 .5
40. 0

3 9 .0
40. 0

8

12 2

25
_
25

345
..... 193
152

194
72

21

.
-

-

3 ,3 2 0
17524
1, 696
299
452
578

52

195

7 8 .5 0

f)
>U

220

250
“ W

-

8 3.
8 7.
8 1.
8 7.
80.

J

272

22

243
105
138
It
30

_

52
-------5“
46
4
15

20
3

113
39
“ i ' 6 .. — 57“
23
46
4

11

1

57
50
7
3

10

1

4

24

6

5
5
4

-

6
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

"

-

_

"

13
13
13

14
14
-

2

-

-

-

-

2
2

_
"

-

■

4
4
-

8

_
-

1

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

4
4

_

6

8

-

126
” 55”
60
56

— rr

85

17

2

18

17
5
4

2
1

6
3

_

37

— nr
25
15
190
82
108
-

2
48

-

26

-

~

87
29
58
53

75

127
18
109
67

79
— 27“
52
52

173
82
91
24
4
29

132
116
” T 5 “ ” 55”
72
61 .
20
17
11
9
4
2

197
108
89
13
26
15

— rr
8
8
2 12
134
78
4
32
13

33

25

22

8

282
103
179

247
™m5

112

214
n
r
103

472
"*335
. 137

2

3
56

1
66

12

123

84

45
41

10
3

69
28

41
28

60
52

8

13

5

6

_
-

1

21

8

-

3

39
4
35

228
44
184
74

314

463
245
218
27

"

6

85
85
73

43
— n r
27
7

24

11

2
2

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

"

-

2
2

5

_

2

-

-

-

-

3

22

296
18
278
16

-

-

-

-

7

20

-

-

-

-

"

117
77“
40

-

-

-

12

_

"

-

-

"
-

8

1

9

-

_

_

3

9

_
_

_
_
_

-

_

_
_

_

33

103

255
58
48
135

-

-

-

2

5

12

_ _

25
153
“ 59”
94
3
19

2
30

73
38
35
26

16
7

-

108
38
70

32

25

27

5 26
lo 6
420
25

19

-

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

1, 370
79
4 76

1

614
46
568
_

59

20

_

3 9 .5

886

81
81
16
41

8

_

-

50
00
50
00
50

-

12

87
87
40
44

786
91
695
28

8 5 .5 0
9 4 . 00
8 6 .5 0
8 2. 00

2, 255

-

12

43
43
43

21

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
----------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------ -----------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ______________ ___ _____ _
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n

2

S T

g

2

119

21
10 2
10 2

684
4 44
240
26
84
77

31

33

46

39

1

2

12

21

559
297
262

4 24
“ 223“

201
19

12 2
9

1

"

-

-

401
242
159
17
45
-

124
43
81
36
16
-

68
20

10

6

3
7

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
28

9

48

21
8

-

-

-

4
-

-

11

3

6

-

"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

8

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h , C a li f . , A p r i l I960)
L
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Atbbaob
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

%

%

s
S
«
S
$
S
S
*
s
*
S
S
$
S
$
$
S
$
$
Weekly
Weekly , U n der 4 5 . 00 5 0 .0 0 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0. 00 9 5 .0 0 10 0.00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 12 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 40 .00 1 4 5 .0 0
hours * earnings1
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 5. 00
55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 8 0. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0 10 0.00 1 05 .00 110 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 12 0 .0 0 1 25 .00 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 40 .00 1 45 .00 o v e r

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
_
__ ______ _
O ffi c e g ir ls _____ _ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________ _________ „ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e __________ __________
F in a n c e 3 --------------------------------------------

9 28

— JW
588
128
82
302

39. 5
T O T
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

$61. 50
65. S(T
59. 00
6 5 .0 0
60. 50
55. 00

52

27
27
27

34
13
17

18

S e c r e t a r i e s -------------------------------------- __ 1 3 ,1 6 7
M a n u fa c t u r in g --- -------„ ________
6 , 208
_________ __ „
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ___
6 ,9 5 9
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
733
W h o le s a le tra d e __________ __ __
1 , 021
F i n a n c e 3 — _____„
______ __ __ __ .
1 ,9 7 4
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic t u r e s )
__ „
__ _____ _________ 2 ,4 6 5
M o t io n p i c t u r e s _____________ _________
414

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
38. 5
3 9 .5
39. 0

9 4 . 50
9 6 .0 0
9 3. 50
9 9 . 50
9 4 .0 0
89. 50

_
-

_
-

3 9 .5
39. 5

9 3 . 00
1 0 7 .0 0

-

-

8 , 226
3, 937
4 , 289
614
575
1, 837

39. 5
4 0. 0
3 9 .0
39. 5
4 0 .0
39. 0

81. 50
8 4 . 50
7 9 .0 0
87. 50
8 1 .0 0
75. 50

_
_
_

7 13
159

38. 0
40. 0

74. 00
9 7. 50

662

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
3 8 .5
40. 0

S ten og ra p h ers, g en era l
___________ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ __ __ „
_____
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ________ _____________
W h o le s a le tra d e
F in a n c e 3 ______,_______
_ __ __________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic t u r e s )
_____ __ ______ _ __
M o tio n p i c t u r e s ______________________

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l __________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ __ _
__ _________ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____ ___________________
F i n a n c e 3 ____ _____ _____ _________
M o t io n p i c t u r e s ______________________

377
2 85

62
46

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ___________
___ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________ „ __ . __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _____ — — _________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _______ __ ____ __
W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________
F in a n c e 3 __________ „_________ ________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic t u r e s ) ____________________________
M o tio n p i c t u r e s ____ ______________ __

2, 2 11

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____ __________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _____
____ ___ __ _
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ___ .________________
W h o le s a le t ra d e
__ _
F in a n c e 3 ____ __ ________ ________ ____
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic t u r e s )
-

1 ,6 5 6
96T “
755
45
299
178

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




640
1371

262
166
427
523
97

135

137
221
73
249
— 3F~ “
-----— re- —
110
201
10 1
59
16
35
49
6
15
13
23
128
27
24
79

ZT

HO

21

38
13
25
13

-

10

12

-

-

_

3
3
-

70
70
51

316
. 48
268

-

-

1

-

■

19
■

9 1. 50
9 5 .0 0
86 . 50
82. 00
108. 50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

'

-

-

75. 50
85. 00
7 2 .0 0
82. 50
7 9 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

.
-

122

79
4
75

4 0. 0
3 9 .0

62. 00
9 4 .0 0

-

4 0 .0
4 0. 0
39. 5
4 0 .0
39. 5
39. 0

7 7.
77.
76.
90.
80.
68 .

_
-

_
-

8

_

39. 5

7 1. 00

39.
4 0.
39.
39.
39.
3 9.

5

6
5

0
5

0

00
50
50
50

00
00

"

-

128
128
18

9
9
9

2"

-

12 2
-

11
111

52
18
34
-

2

17

-

-

-

-

8

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

576
233
343
42
51
23

402
145
257
65
46
53

255
105
150
28

100

32
17
15
3

28

6

10

4

6

-

24
24
_

-

-

“

-

-

5

_

_

_
_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

1926
780
1146
73
124
329

2725
1585
1140
133
165
353

2168
1247
921

1650
900
750

11 6

10 1
166

222

152

821
3 44
477
74
51 '
53

277
4

534

445

10

22

354
44

215
79

214
46

97
92

38
35

39
38

16

6

8

-

-

16 6 2
1008

403
162
241
154

80
48
32

87
58
29

4
3

6
6

11

\447

733
460
273
85
67
63

186
26

6 54
73
151
312

1536
1186
350
45
74
140

31

1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

4
4
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

~

151
7

56
4

25
23

12
20

8

_

-

4

_

_

35

97

115
96
19
9

156
472
19
71
178

2 5 . 172
-'H
> 14
1 5 l8
586
932
69

88

66
114
409

64

61

18

10

79

54
9
-

25
36

-

133
64
69

_
-

1434
526
908

2

222
10
2 12

323
265

318
84
234
37
55
93

38

_
-

628

175
51
124
3
35
55

33
4
-

19
35
99

_
-

-

14
14
-

t

_
-

-

14
14
-

126
14
4
70

_
-

-

208

128

19

-

114
-

157

44
14
30

30

18
-

4

20 ------ T~ -------- T
8
12
8
4
-

84
-

8
6

8

-

37
55

2
8

28

-

945
215
730
69
93
299

33
•

"

111
1

74
*61
13

“

673
131 “
542
32
58
334

46
■

11 0

118
7

44
z r
23
14
4

$8
26
6
70
144

2
234 v
1i2

329

12 2

143

186

26
3

254
123
131
30

11
1

43

232
155
77
34
24
4

24
4

13
7

15

327
194
133

203
150
53

146
82
64
40
46

20

-

-

1

-

2

63
17

79

2
10

38

45
44

1

40

25

28

50

26

-

1
319
TM139
92
19

139

-

160

-

10

18

1

2

_

2

8

_
_

_
_

19
43

' 8

4
17

-

-

1

-

72
52

90
84

16

54

12

20

6

8
2
6

4
_
4
_
4

_
_

_

.
_
_
_

6

3
3
_
3

-

1

-

2

.
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

36

66
_

60
25

8

3

-

8

8

6

58
T7
41

18
------- 513
-

8
1

2
-

6
10
3

1

-

1

2
_

2
_

_
-

_
-

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

•

-

“

_

■

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

.
_

-

_

_
_

_
_

4
18

135
35

71
53
18

16

8
8

3
3
-

7
7

-

11

-

4
4
-

6
2

32

-

_

-

4
-

-

12

-

-

-

35
-

_

-

-

-

5

28

8
2
21

5
_

8

2

100
2

1

12

43
.57

7

9
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h , C a li f. , A p r i l 1960)
L

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Avbhaos
Number Weekly^ Weekly Under
<rf
workers (Standard) (Standard)1 $
hours earnings
45. 00

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN:[NGS OF$
$
$
$
$
$
i
S
*
$
*
$
$
»
$
S
% $
$
$
45.00 50. 00 55.00 60. 00 65.00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
and
under 55.00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
50. 00
i

Wome n—C ontin ue d
Tabulating-machine operators,
124
class A -------------------------------------------M anufacturing----------- ------------------ ------- W
Tabulating-machine operators,
301
class B ------------------------------------------146
M anufacturing----------------------------- _
Nonmanufacturing__________________
155
Transcribing-m achine operators,
general _____________________________
M anufacturing_____________________
N onm anufacturing__________________
Wholesale trade ---------------------Finance 3 _______________________

40. 0 $106. 50
5 ( 0 “ 1M 7W

-

39. 5 89. 50
40. 0 90.50
39. 5 89. 00

~

-

_
-

.

"
36
36

130
130

36

130

-

-

838
351
487
o7
282

39. 5
40. 0
38. 5
40. 0
38. 0

72. 50
75. 50
70. 50
74. 50
69. 50

Typists, class A -------------------------------- 3, 167
M anufacturing_____________________ 1, 348
Nonm anufacturing__________________ 1, 819
Public utilities 2 _____ _________
202
164
Wholesale trade ________________
Finance3 ___ __________________ 1, 038
Services (excluding motion
pictures) ______________________
350
54
Motion pictures _________________

39. 5
5 (0 ”
39. 0
39. 5
40. 0
39. 0
39. 5
40. 0

78. 50
63. 00
75. 50
77. 50
78. 50
72. 00
79. 00
96. 50

Typists, class B -------------------------------M anufacturing_____________ ________
Nonmanufacturing__________________
Public utilities 2 ________________
Wholesale trade ________________
Finance 3 ----------------------------- ------------Services (excluding motion
pictures) ___________________________
Motion pictures _ __________________

8, 248
2, 433
5, 815
187
609
3, 838
1,018
32

39. 0
40. 0
39. 0
39. 5
40. 0
38. 5
38. 5
40. 0

65. 50
72. 00
63. 00
75. 00
68. 50
61.00
1
, 63.50
! 80.00

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

“

11
3

13
2

25
21

35
27

26

-

-

■

■

4
4

23
2
21

67
41
26

83
28
55

35
20
15

48
44
4

24
7
17

11
4
7

1
1
-

36
14
22
19

89 165
30 102
59 63
14 12
30 24

92
35
57
21
33

41
22
19
19

38
38
2
36
-

6
6
73
s ir —

36
nr
18

-

5
5
5
458
26
432
3
2
391
36

34
29
5
203
— W—
134
53
22
20
25
12

-

~

133 241
24 W~
109 146
9 11
71 86

207
18
189
16
170
3
1413 2442
12 6
435
1287 2007
6
28
13 193
1009 1394
225 371

406 529 540 560 505
83 — T5T M l — W l 419
323 375 339 268 86
56
4
22 40
3
26 40
4
35
29
221 235 192
99 40
6
92 67 136 21
1 13
960 696 421 117
1509
417 463 537 389 28
1092 497 159
32 89
47
15 19
21 30
76 27
7 48
240
510 260 108
267 115
1
13
2
4 11

20
5

-

13
2

10
51 ------- <5
3
48
1
18
2
1
3

1

-

5
5

1
-

1
-

-

5

-

_

4
4

-

2
2

_

“

”

-

_

-

_
-

■
_
“

■
_
”

-

_
•

_
-

-

63
4l
22
3
7
12

2
2
2

_
*

_
“

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
5

12

5

5

16

_

-

1

I
1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e . t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

Table A -Z Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision, L os A n ge le s—
Long B each, C a l i f ., A p ril I9 60 )
Avsbaob
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Weekly
U n d er ? 5 . 0 0 l o . 00 ^ 5 . 00 *90. 00 * 9 5 .00 f o o . o o { 05.00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 15 .00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 *135.00 *140.00 1 4 5 .0 0 *150.00 *155.00 \ 6 0 .0 0 \ 6 5 .0 0 V 7 0 .0 0 *175.00
hours *
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
and
7 5 . 00 u n d er
80,-00 85, 0_0 9 0. 00 95t_00 10 0.00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0 o v e r

M en

D r a ft s m e n , l e a d e r __ _________ __ .
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ ________ __ ________
Nrtnma n iifa rh iri

478
384
94

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9. 5

$
1 4 9 .5 0
145. 00
1 6 6 .5 0

-

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r _______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ .
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 __
_
S ervices (excluding motion
p ic t u r e s ) _____ _ __
.. „ _

3, 357
2 ,7 6 5
592
89

40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

119. 00
115. 50
1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

2
2
-

-

6
4
2
2

22
18
4
3

105
164
1
-

3 9 .5

1 3 7 .0 0

"

-

-

-

1

468

D raftsm en , j u n i o r _________ —_________ _
M an u factu rin g_________________________

802
632
170

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 6
8 8 .5 0

4 42
42

54

4 0 .0
40. 0

106. 00
104. 50

-

40. 0
‘ 40. 0
3 9 .5

101. 00
i 02 . 00
9 7 .5 0

-

-

128
1i 9
Q
7

59
57
2

-

-

-

147
146
1
1
-

-

-

27
2?

39
39

75
75

47
47

36
35
1

6
4
2

25
20

27

6

60
55
c
9

71

—

28
33
5~ —
r

'

*52
37
1K
19

2 69
2 69
_

478
4 71
7
2

424
360
44
9

411
3 38
73
18

2 08
164
44
10

2 22
112
110
5

199
119
80
10

119
31
88
7

98
56
42
22

65
26
45
-

24
4
20
.

10
4
6
_

20
4
16
.

38
36
_

6

2

-

2

33

50

29

101

68

78

19

40

20

5

15

“

5

20
4
16

_

19
19

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

129
43

95
78
17

14

9
9

2

1

2

1

123
93
30

146
133
13

86

23
23

484
481
3
-

83
64
19

163
143
20

-

64
62
7
£

-

6
_

"

1
;

1

Women

D raftsm en , senior _
_ _____ __ __ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N u rses, industrial ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ______
M an u factu rin g_________________________

—

5r ~
521
4 39
82

.

2
2

_

-

3

3

2

15
15

■

2

-

-

1 14

21
7

—

T riii
164
7

46
39

7

12

—

T r­
ie
15
1

7
7

4
4

23
' 22
1

1

1

_

1

_

.

_

j

15
14

1

i
Standard hours r efle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regu lar stra igh t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
W o rk ers w ere distributed as follow s: 15 at $ 175 to $ 185; 25 at $ 185 to $ 195; 12 at $ 195 and over.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
W o rk ers w ere distributed as follow s; 16 at $ 6 0 to $ 6 5 ; 18 at $ 6 5 to $ 7 0 ;
at $ 7 0 to $ 7 5 .

8

NO TE:

See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion o f ra ilro a d s.




11

Table A -3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision, L os A ngeles—
Long B each, C a l i f ., A p ril I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Arams*

$
$
1 .9 0
1 .8 0
•m
raingm1 and
under
2-u.Q
Q
1 .9 Q . ■

hourly

Occupation and industry division

C arp en ters, maintenance .
Manufac turing
Nonmanufacturing _______________
Public u tilities
_____________
S ervices (excluding motion
p ic t u r e s ) -------------------------------Motion pictures ______________

1 ,0 4 4
352
133
54
29

E le ctr icia n s, m a in te n a n c e ______
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities
S erv ic es (excluding motion
pictures) -----------------------------Motion pictures _____________

2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

2 ,2 0 .

553
293

2 .3 0

“T5T

29
24
5

136
25

173

~~J5

131

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

3 .9 0
and
3 .7 0

211

195

132
T T
53
3

171
W
4
2

"IT T
39
15

2 58
2 47

23
"T T
6
6

42
30
2

TT"
13
112

861
"849*
12

3

2
29

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

35
15

199

66
133
129

33
T T "

38
12

127
13

1
24
TT"

16

48
"~48~

TS-

9

5

3 .0 1
3 .0 1
2 .9 5
2 .7 9
3 .3 7

2 .8 7
2 .9 6
2 .8 6
2 .8 6
2 .8 3

T T
41

8
24

2767

2 ,8 8 2
649
2 ,2 3 3
1 ,9 1 9
113

9
35

16
16

263
2T T

137
"9 5 42
40

111

~5r
60
60

140
T T
97
95

692
-5 9 0

142
W
39

97

2 .8 2

296

TW

T T

187
TFT

158
T T

25
T T

33

197
T9T

124
n r

449
“ 449"

"TT" T f o

190
i r r
14
14

T T

TT

11
7

31
124
107

48
55
43

288

412

3
3

57

6
6

95
150
94
24

587
46
541
453
22

1379
149
1230
1188
14

16

1

24

ToT"
14
5

3
3

135
10
2

42
T “
33

~1T

16

TT"
4

2 .6 0

f

1 ,4 7 1
1 ,3 6 6
105
70
31




TST

148
142

T 7?T

See footnotes at end o f table.

3 .0 0

2 .8 6
3 .3 8

1. 566
1 /5 6 6

2

$

113

16

M achin e-tool op erators,
toolroom
Manufac tur ing ______________

M ech anics, automotive
(maintenance) .
Manufacturing _____
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities
W holesale trade
S ervices (excluding motion
pictures) ____________________

$
2 .9 0

29

3 .1 2
2 . 90
2 .7 0

2 .4 3
2 .3 8
2 .3 6

2

$
2 .8 0

221
6

1

800

248
33

7Z 5 T
272
197

M achin ists, maintenance
Manufac turing
Nonmanufacturing .
Public utilities
Motion pictures

$
2 .7 0

81
“ 50~
21

2 .8 4
3 .4 1

H elp e rs, tra des, maintenance
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities

2

2 .6 0

_
_ 2 .80_ 2 .9 0

3765
3 .0 0
2 .9 1

71
129

t

$
2 . 50

$
2 .3 0

2 ,3 9 0

2

F ir e m e n , stationary b oiler
Manufacturing -----------------

$

2 .8 2
3 .3 7

17557"

2

E n gin ee rs, stationary .
Manufacturing -------Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities
S erv ic es (excluding motion
p ictures) ----------------------------Motion pictures --------------------

2 .0 0

8 2 .8 7
T T F
2 .9 7
2 .6 8

m

2

$

48
I T
32
I T

12

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , A p r i l I96 0 )
L

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

M ech anics, maintenance __
Manufacturing
_____ ___

M illw rights ----Manufacturing

__ _______
__
__ __

------------__ —_______

O ilers - ------- —
___
____
Manufacturing -____ ______ *

P a in ters, maintenance ______ —
___
Manufacturing
__
„ __ ___
Nonmanufacturing ____ ____ „ _____
Public utilities
______ ___

2

$ 2 .8 1
2 .8 4

384
364

6.01

3 .0 1

516
508

2 .3 2
2 .3 2

2.80

___

775
55 T
195
82

2.20

$

$ 2 .3 0

2.00 2 . 10 2.20

2 .3 0

3
3

6
6

3
3

-

“

-

2 .4 0 _2^ 50 _

68
68

* 2 .5 0

$ . 60

$
2 .7 0

$ .8 0
2

^ .9 0

$3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

2 . 60

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

326
61

40 7
399

256
245

493
459

354
353

147
145

“

$
2 .4 0

18
18

15
15

-

72
72

-

-

128
85
•42
“

190
161
29
4

60
31
29
27

109
3

4
4

5
3

86
86

279
279

40
40

12
1

79
78

114
116

1

19
19

.

_____ *__
_____

1

$ . 90

1.00 1.10

“

--------

-_
_

$ .8 0
1
and
under
1 .9 0

2 .2 7 4
, 964

_____

____

Average
hourly
earnings 1

1

5

■

“

17
17

10
10

-

_

.
_

-

-

-

4
_
4
-

65
— 55“

2 .7 9

2 .7 5
2 .8 1

26
26

164
154

101
93

_

1
1

5
4

"

-

1
_

54
54

13
13

72
47 .
25

63
31
32

22

n

.

2

2 .9 6

T7W

"

■

■

"

"

P lu m b ers, m a in te n a n c e______________________ ,____
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Mntinn pirhirpa

271
£ 14
57
25

2 .9 2
2 .9 0
2 .9 9
3 .4 6

.
-

_
_
_

.
_

_
_
-

_

' -

1
1

8
.
8

6
2
4

19
5
14

S h e et-m e tal w ork ers,
m a in te n a n c e __ _____ ______________.__________
Manufacturing — _______ __
__ __ __

244
154

2 .8 7
3 .0 2

-

-

-

89
4

5
5

19
19

53
53

2 , 778

3 . 10
itO O

11
11

34
34

119
119

138
138

Tool and die m ak ers ______________________________
Manufacturing _____ _____ __
„
___

2 , 76$

-

-

-

-

“

■

-

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
NOTE:

S ee n ote o n p .




5,

r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

h o lid a y s ,

and la te s h i ft s .

-

$ .4 0
3

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

89
89

122
122

“

"

159
159

113
113

-

3
3

4
4

22
22

44

~~w\

555
521

■

$3 .3 0

-

-

-

-

44
44
_

42
42
“

22
_
22
10

38
36

56
56

“

2
2

3
6
-

.
-

19
_
19
19

1
1

4
4

21
21

5
“

566
565

1207
1207

201
201

200
200

‘3 .5 0

*3.60

*3.70

^ .8 0

V 90

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

over

and

P ip efitte rs, m ain tenan ce______________________ '___
Manufacturing __ __ _____ ___
„ __

28
”

$3 .2 0

n

1

112
2

260
155”

27
25

2
-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

•
.

•_
.

_
_

_
_

-

-

“

-

3
3

i£

"

"

_
.

3
_
3

t

-

5
.
5
5

4
"

<"

.
-

_
_
-

3
.
3
3

-

-

-

28
28

23
23

19
16

- ,
_

-

12

3

2

_

-

-

-

*

“

-

13
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , A p r i l I960)
L

$
1 .4 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

$
1 .5 0

%

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$
1
1 .6 0 j 1 .7 0

1. 60 . 1. 70 _ 1.-80

$
1 .9 0

;$
!
!$
i$
2 .0 0 j 2 . 1 0 j 2 .2 0

0

$
1 .3 0

( 10H

Average
$
$
hourly
1 .2 0
1. 10
earnings 2 and
u n d er
1. 20
1 .3 0

.1.-9.0.

2. 00

_ 2 , 10 ! 2 .2 0

1°

Number
of
workers

I'j

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

9
.

4
4

$
1 .8 0

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (m en ) ___________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________
• F in a n ce 3 ---------- ------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ____________________________________

350
341
103

$ 1 .4 7
1 .4 6
1 .5 8

42
42
•
_

64
64
_

55
55
1

18
18
18

59
59
47

16
16
16

217

1 .3 7

42

64

54

-

2

“

55

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n )________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------

354
325
22 7

1 .6 0
1 .5 8
1 .5 8

10
10

31
27
6

25
25
25

143
143
143

66
66
28

51
48
23

10

-

2
2
2

G u a rd s
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________

2 , 679
1 ,9 9 6
684
138
127
287

2 . 32
2 . 34
2 .2 8
2 44
1 .8 5
2 .4 3

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

6
6

2
2

24
24

32
7
25

50
26
24

2

15

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ____________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________________
F i n a n c e 3 . ___________________________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) --------------------- ------------------------------M o tio n p ic t u r e s _____________________________

1 2 ,0 3 8
4 , 816
7 ,2 2 2
607
320
1 ,4 3 5

1 .8 7
2 .0 6
1 .7 5
2 .0 5
1 .9 5
1 .5 9

3 , 111
219

1 .7 0
2 . 19

79
-

202

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) _______
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________ _________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________ ______
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ____________________________________

2 , 394
353
2 ,0 4 1
906

1 .6 4
1. 93
1 .5 9
1 .5 0

11
11
_

6
2
4
4

915
82

1 .6 3
2 . 17

-

-

L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h a n d lin g _____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________ _____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _________________ _________
W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________________

1 0 ,6 5 5
3, 034
7, 621
3, 634
1, 963

2 .3 0
2 .2 3
2 . 32
2 .3 6
2 .4 3

1
1
_

1
1
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

O r d e r f i l l e r s ------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __ _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________________

3, 860
518
3, 342
1, 929

2 . 29
2 . 12
2 .3 1
2 .3 0

_

_

-

. r
-

_
-

-

-

20
20
20

3
3
-

45
45
21

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m en ) __________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________ _____ ______
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________ ___ _
W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________________

1 ,4 2 9
52F"
803
740

2 . 17
2 .1 6
2 . 18
2 .2 0

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

10
10
-

42
_
42
40

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g ( w o m e n ) ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________ ___ __

338

_

_

.

_

266

2 .0 0
2 .6 6

-

-

-

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s __ _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________________________ .
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________ ______

1, 076
548
528
291

2 .4 1
2 . 38
2 .4 4
2 .3 8

_
_
-

..
_
_

15
_
15

"

”

"

M o tio n p ic t u r e s ______________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le




_

80
80
_
_

_

_

6

-

325
21
304
_
_
1

219
34
185
_
_
107

100

932 1630
43" 233
892 1397
26
2
8
19
747
382

9
-

33

58
4
54
36

532
_
532
50 7

6

-

7
7
-

2* 30.1

956

_

"

-

"

-

-

"

4
4

-

_

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

"

*

“

79
33
46

249
203
46

19 7
166
31

145
145
-

25
25
-

-

-

1393 | 123
1034
118
5
359
104
_
255
5

34
34
-

1
27

320
204
116
31
2

-

-

24
20
4
_
_

45
38
7
7
_

_
N_
_
-

_ [
6
-

46

6

"

-

1225

1423
542
881
32
46
48

925
629
2 96
198
26
19

1993

166
1059
10
58
66

541
36
505
34

171
42
129
1

15

341

423

1
1
_

3
2
1
_

97
77
20
_

753

1048
91
39
10

1122
747
3 75
161
15
-

751
731
553"* 619
68
112
27
35
41
32
_
16

i

143
86
57
25
8
_

-

.

$

3 .2 0
and

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-•

-

*

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_

_
*

_
_
>

_
_

-

-

_

-

-

"

!

“

*

-

-

24
5

77
75
2

143
65
78
_

17
17
_

4
4
_

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
.

_
_

_
.

_
-

-

78

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

137
95
42
42

108
3
105
105

*
-

_

“

_
-

-

_
-

69
69
_

106

24

-

126
9*
29
_
-

200
175
25
_
19

73
4
69
41

4
-

4

4 97
196
301
57
150

2085
332
1753
1477
236

1034
396
638
1
492

2995
464
2531
2028
213

603
103
500
_
500

50 7
241
266
120

21
21
-

119
. 39
80
34

202
91
111
20

355
157
198
69

131
44
87
66

654
56
598
598

1256
48
1208
584

496
77
419
286

59
2
57
57

4 15
415
101

32
32
32

98
42
56
52

43
19
24
19

47
37
10
1

161
115
46
43

147
32
115
107

461
308
153
153

3 46
69
277
277

54
54
32

4
4
-

16

-

16
16

8

57
43

109
109

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

34
8

104

-

24
-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
-

11
_
11

11
11
-

_
_
_

5
3
2

59
59

“

~

“

"

"

71
33
38
38

74
53
21
21

321
235
. 86
73

121
34
87
69

240
52
188
89

35
22
13
1

~

3 .1 0

-

-

_

1583
571
1012
67
76

-

$

-

_

-

395
4
10

-

3 .0 0

9
190

85
40
45

656

$

_
24

49

261

$
2 . 90

-

32
-

1

$
2 .8 0

2. 50.. 2. 60 _ 2 . 70_ 2 .8 0 .. . 2 ^ 0 _ _3_. .0.0 .. _3JQ_ _ 3 ^ 2 0 . . o v e r .
-

-

680
3
677
324

$
2 . 70

-

24

861
“

$
2. 60

-

25
-

-

$
2 . 50

_

4

3

-

470
13
457
21
39

76
— 7Si
17

1$
2 .4 0

I& T

-

-

"

-

,

-

-

-

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

29
8
21
"

56
12
44

1
1

1
1
"

15
15
-

11
11
-

-

'

'

14

Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h , C a li f. , A p r i l I960)
L
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 ,1 0

J .,8 0

__
__
____
______
_______ _

682
325
357
270

S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s _____ . . „
____
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g __
__
„ _____ ______
W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________________

749
"455
284
156

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 — __ ________ __ _____ __ ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g „
___ __
___ „
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ ___
„ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 — — ____________ ______
W h o le s a le tra d e ___ _____ „ __
______
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _________________ ___
_
__
M o t io n p ic t u r e s --------------------------------------------

1 3 ,7 2 5
3 ,4 5 9
1 0 ,2 6 6
5, 977
2 , 762

2 .6 1
2 . 61
2 .6 1
2 .5 7
• 2 .6 6

_
.

_
_
_

_
-

42
42
_
20

4
4
4
_

161
464

2 .2 6
2 . 78

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er l 1 to n s ) _
/*
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________ _______ „
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________ __ _____ __ __

1 ,2 7 6
673
603

2 .3 7
2 . 32
2 .4 3

-

_
-

_
-

22
22

4
4

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( l 1 to and
/*
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s ) ____________________________ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________ ________________
"Pii'KIii?
^
W h o le s a le tra d e __________________________

4 ,4 5 6
1, 131
3, 325
2, 089
’ 981

2 . 56
2754"
2 . 54
2 .5 6
2 .4 8

.

_

_
_

20
20

-

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s ,
t r a i l e r ty p e ) ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ______________ _________

3 ,4 1 8
1 ,0 6 7
2 ,4 1 1
1 ,2 4 7
643

2 . 71
2 . 79
2 .6 7
2 .5 9
2 .7 0

-

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a il e r ty p e) _______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________ _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _____________ _____ __
W h o le s a le tr a d e __________________________

1 ,5 5 6
417
1, 139
627
426

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

62
61
63
55
70

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------P ublic, u t ilit ie s 4
W h o le s a le tra d e _________________ _________

3 ,5 8 6
2 ,3 8 4
1 ,2 0 2
251
677

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t ) ________ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________
W a tch m e n -----------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ____________________________
F in a n rp ^
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) -------------------------------------------------------

S h ip p in g c l e r k s _
„
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________
„ ___
N o n m anuf a c tu r i ng ______ „
„
W h o le s a le tra d e ___ ____________

___

Average $
hourly
1 .1 0
ftjum • and
fnfpt
tind er
1 .2 0
$ 2 .4 0
2 .2 9
2 .4 9
2 .4 5




5,

$
2 .0 0

*
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50

2 . 60

$
2 . 70

$
2 .8 0

$
2 . 90

$
3 .0 0

S
3 . 10

2 .2 0

_L._9_Q__ 2 .0 0 .

$
2 . 10

2_. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 . 90

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

94
72
22
22

102
66
17
17

148

18
4
14
14

16
3
13
1
_
_
_

_
_
-

5
_
5
-

_
_
-

13
13
-

_
_

12
1*
“

9
8
1
-

-

-

-

55
52
3
-

13
12
1
1
_

_
_

67
67
4
_

... 93
76
17
10
7

152
78
74
4
62

_

_
-

63
-

-

-

-

13
12
1

_
-

63
63

_

_

_

20

-

-

_
-

-

_

-

“

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

2 .4 7
2 .3 9
2 .6 3
2 .5 9
2 ! 63

_
.

_
_
_

-

641
4 27
214

2 .4 4
2 . 32
2 . 69

679
4 46
233
26
105
60

110
45
65
53

3 .2 0
and

over

63
85
85

103
21
82
30

67
17
50
7

145

152
129 '
23

73
53
20
-

-

-

320
123
197
19
158

387
264
123
34
89

431
219
212
59
117

1347
391
956
523
363

5036
4 87
4 54 9
406 4
330

1333
259
1074
634
3 49

1548
406
1142
8
595

1744
654
1090
613
172

460
302
158
_
_

2
-

18

-

28
“

10
-

12
-

_

“

-

_
444

18
-

10
-

38
26
12

77
70
7

156
42
114

160
154
6

158
107
51

188
115
73

92
88
4

68
52
16

.
-

2 27
7
220

10
_
10

-

-

68
8
60

130
64
66

u 2
110
9

268
6$
180

-

6(P

60

4

-

175

886
450
436
355
63

113
113
_

-

738
26
712
4 96
2 16

70
10
60

-

148
16
132
29
77

_
-

-

-

50
50
-

5
5
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

40
_
40
40

79
78
1
1
-

127 1040
40
69
87
971
938
8-7
18

3 79
26
353
270
68

524
184
340
.
281

619
^193426
38
109

_
_
_

_
- •
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
-

-

2
2
-

33
17
16
16

14
- .
14
14

19
15
4
4

100

lo ir

599
25
574
568
6

4 48
142
3 06
25
281

283
108
175
139

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

75
75
_

592

39
8
31

242
212
30
30

192
66
132

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

90

270
200
70
30
. 40

385
49
336

-

384
138
246
150
96

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1 .9 2
2 .0 2
1 .7 2
2 .2 0
1 .5 8

3
3
_

8
8
_

32
20
12
_
10

171
112
59
_
43

97
63
34
_
23

17
2
15
_

4

30
30
_
8

1 .4 9

3

4

22

2

16

1

2 .4 1
'

1

$

64
11
53
47

2 :3 5
2 . 50
2 .6 4

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_

D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
5 I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
S ee n ote o n p .

$
1 .9 0

8
§
-

_
_
_

1

NOTE:

$
1 .8 0

r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

and la te

s h ift s .

1
1
s !!
8
.

4
4
21
-

_
-

-

16
16
_

21
6
15

13
12
1

76
506
76 ~ 5 0 4
_
2

5

380
305
75

58
41

_

1894'
2 44
1650
1204
3 06

162
------7 7 “
85
80

1
.
1
-

12
4
8
_

_
_
_

28
_
28
28
46

20

_
_

_

12
_
_

2
2

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

309
181
128
_

44

-

-

115
75
40
_
40

26
------5
20
_

_
_
_
_

20
_
20
_

24
20
_

38

129

-

-

_
-

6
6

90
90

154
138
16

29
29
-

133
130
3

22
22
-

121
12
109

6
6

70
70

_
-

37
26
11
_

13
8
5
_

38
32
6
6

_
_

42 *
42
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

5

40
88
36
72
4
16
4r > _ 1

_
_
_

7

9
7
2
2

21
12
9
_

5

33
14
19
13

6

-

-

"

-

“

-

-

-

“

S7—

_
_
-

-

-

-

99

12

-

6

603
75
528
_
500

_
_
-

_

-

1

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
8

-

428
243
185
19
152

498
94

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

-

-

_

132
10
10

87

TT~

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

"

-




15

B: Establishment Practices and Supplem entary W age Provisions

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(P e r c e n t o f m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l p r o v isio n s fo r sh ift w o r k , and in e sta b lish m e n ts
a c tu ally op erating la te sh ifts by type and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l, L o s A n g e le s—Long B e a c h , C a l i f . , A p r il i9 6 0 )
In ssta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s
for—

In e sta b lish m e n ts a c tu ally
op erating—

1

Shift d ifferen tia l
Second shift
w ork

T o ta l

_

..._

_

1 8 .7

8 4 .7

1 8 .7

3 .8

7 1 .1

.........

8 4 .7

2 8 .8

1 3 .5

2.2

6.0

4 ren ts

.3

6

ren ts
.
___
-----------7V* cen ts
cen ts
9 ren ts
_ ....
---cen ts
..........................
ren ts
_
. _ _ ..
------ren ts _
......
... ...
13 cen ts
_
_
________
14 or 1 4 V? ren ts
-------. _
_
... _ _
15 r e n t s ------- _
cen ts
_ __
_
18 cen ts
_
_
_ _
ren ts
__
. . _
----- .... .
O v e r 20 ren ts
. _
. .................... .....

8
10
11
12

16
20

U n iform p erc en ta g e

__

._
.

_

_ .

.

.

.. .
-------

.

F u ll d a y 's pay for red u ced h o u r s , plus
cen ts d ifferen tia l ....
_ ... .
P aid 1unr.h period,, plus ren ts d ifferen tial
O ther fo r m a l pay d ifferen tial
No shift pay d ifferen tial

1
2

_

-----

_...... _
.........

.4
3 .3
.3
2 0 .4

1.0

2 9 .3
1 .7

1. 2

1.6

6.6

3 .0
.3
6 .7

1 .9
_

2. 1

.7

1 .5
.9

1. 2

---------

1. 8
6.0

4 .3
2 .9
7 .4

1 .4
4 .6

.6

.8
3 6 .3

2.8
2.1

2.8
10. 0

-

-

.1
1.1

_

1. 2
1. 0
2.1

4 .2

_. ..................

F u ll d a y 's pay for reduced h ours

3 .4

1 4 .6

_ ...

_
.

T h ird or other
shift

9 5 .4

U n iform ren ts (per h our)

6
10

Second shift

9 5 .4

W ith sh ift pay d ifferen tia l

5 percen t
p ercen t
p erc en t

T h ird or other
sh ift w ork

-

I

.9
(*)
•5
(*)
2 .9
.3

6.0
.6
.3
.4

.3
.1
-

3 .1

1.0

1 .3

.8

3 .8

_
.4
.3
.4

.1
.2

-

(*)

(*)

.3

.1
1

.
.3
(*)
_
(^

-

-

1.1

1.1

.5

.3

.5

.2
"

Includes e sta b lish m e n ts c u rren tly operating la te sh ifts , and e sta b lish m e n ts with fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c overin g la te sh ifts
even though they w e r e not c u rren tly operating la te s h ifts .
L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.

16
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice W orkers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , A p r i l I 9 6 0 )
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

A ll

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f ---A ll
sch ed­
u le s

40

A ll
sch ed­
u le s

37V 2

tr ie s

326

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d
m i n i m u m ................
....... ......
......

M a n u fa c t u r in g

116

XXX

210

XXX

3 8 3/ 4

40

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r is 3 o f ---A ll
sch ed­
u le s

40

A ll
sch ed ­
u le s

3 7V 2

XXX

XXX

3 26

116

XXX

2 10

XXX

3 8 3/ 4

40

XXX

XXX

.......

175

75

72

100

14

8

71

173

67

65

106

16

8

75

$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0

and
and
and
and
an d
and

under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 . 5 0 . .... .............
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 . 5 0 _____ _____________

_

_

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0

_
1
2
2
2
_
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

1
1
4
4
4
12
7
9
2
1
6
9
2
1
_
2
_
_

4
6
5
14
12
5
14
11
8
1
3
1
3
2
8
3
2
3
1

2
1
2
1
3
3
1
1
_
_
_
1
1
_
_
_

1
1
3
1
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
-

2
2
4
10
7
1
10
8
7
1
2
1
3
1
7
3
_
2
3
1

-

-

-

4
7
6
18
16
10
26
18
17
3
4
7
12
4
9
3
2
3
3
1
-

_
1
1
4
4
5
12
7
9
2
1
6
9
2
1
_
2
1
_

-

1
2
2
3
8
4
11
8
6
2
1
3
4
_
6
1
3
1
2
2
1

_

1
_
3
4
3
13
8
12
4
3
4
6
6
1
1
3
_
_
_

_
_
4
1
3
3
_
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
2
_
_
_

_

1
_
3
4
4
13
8
12
4
3
4
6
6
1
1
3
_
_
2

1
3
4
8
12
9
15
12
7
2
1
4
4
_
6
1
5
1
2
2
1

_

$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 . 00
$ 9 2 .5 0

1
4
4
11
16
13
28
20
19
6
4
8
10
6
7
2
8
1
2
4
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

54

15

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

XXX

57

16

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

XXX

97

26

XXX

71

XXX

XXX

XXX

96

33

XXX

63

XXX

XXX

XXX

_
.. ...
_
._
....

..
...
... ... .
_ _

__

... _ ..
__________________
_ _ _
_
_
__________________

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i ­
f i e d m in im u m
......... .
..

.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y
w o r k e r s in th is c a t e g o r y _____________ ________

1
2
3

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r ty p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .

NOTE:

S e e n o t e o n p . 17, r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .




17
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , A p r i l I 9 6 0 )

Weekly hours

All .
industries1 Manufacturing

All w orkers
. . ..
35 hours .
.......
..............
Over 35 and under 36V4 hours
__ .... .....
361/< hours .
.
. ___
_ ... ._
37V? hours _ _
...
_ ........ _ ___ ......
Over 371 and under 383/4 hours _ _ ..
/*
383/4 hours
_
40 hours ...
.. ... 42 hours
--... . ....
Over 42 and under 45 hours ...... ........... .
45 hours
48 hours
__ _

100
1
(6)
1
8
1
4
83
(J)
(*)
(6)

100
(6)
_
1
_
98
_
1
_

OFFICE WORKERS
Wholesale
Public ,
Finance3
trade
utilities2
100
6
_
_
1
_
1
93
_

_
_

100

100

1
_
6
_
7
86

1
3
17
5
13
61

_
_
_

_
_
_

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

M
otion
pictures4

100
4
_
3
29
(6)
63
(6)
(6)
(§)

100
2
_
_
_
_
_
98
_
_
_

All ,
industries* Manufacturing
100
(6)
(6)
1
1
_
(6)
95
1
(6)
1
(6)

PLANT WORKER8
Wholesale
Public ,
trade
utilities *




M
otion
pictures4

100

100

100

100

(*)
1
1

_
_
_

_

_

_
_
1
_

_

_

_

1
_
5
_
1
90
_
2
_

_

-

(6)
94
2
_
2

100

_
_
_

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a il t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 L i m i t e d t o e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in th e p r o d u c t io n o f m o t io n p i c t u r e s (G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in p e r f o r m i n g s e r v i c e s
p r o d u c t io n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o (G r o u p 7 8 2 1 ) a s d e f in e d in th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 5 7 e d i t io n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .
5 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
6 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

E s t i m a t e s f o r a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s in c lu d e d a ta f o r r a i l r o a d s (S IC 4 0 ) , o m it t e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f a l l l a b o r m a r k e t
w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 .
W h e r e s i g n if i c a n t , th e e f f e c t o f th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s i s g r e a t e s t o n th e
d a ta sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r th e p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .

100
_
_

_

92
_

99
_

_

_

1
6

1

in d e p e n d e n t o f m o t i o n - p i c t u r e

18

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s i n 'a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , A p r i l I 9 6 0 )
L

OFFICE WORKERS

Item

All ,
industries*

A ll w o rk e rs ............. . ..............................................
W o rk ers in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
paid holidays _ ________ ___ _ ________
W o rk ers in esta b lish m e n ts providing
no paid holidays ___________________ ____
N um ber of d a y s
L ess than 5 h o lid a y s__________ ____________
5 holidays _
6 holidays __ ____________ ________________
6 holidays plus 1 half day _ _________________
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s __________________
7 holidays __ __________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half d a y ___________________
7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s __________________
8 h o lid a y s_______________________ _____________ _
8 holidays plus 1 half d a y . _________________
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s __________________
9 h o lid a y s_____________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 half d a y ___________________
9 holidays plus 2 half d a y s _________________ _
10 holidays _ __ __________________________ _
10 holidays plus 3 half days _ ______________
11 holidays _
_
11 holidays plus 2 half days _________ _____
13 holidays ----------------------------------------------------T otal h o lid a y t i m e 7
13 days _______ ______________________________
12 or m o re d a y s ______________________________
l l 1/ 2 o r m o re days
11 o r m o re days
10 o r m o re days __ ______________ ___________
9V2 o r m o re days
_
9 o r m o re days
8V2 o r m o re d a y s ______ ____________________
8 o r m o re days _
_ __
l l ! z o r m o re days
_
_ ___
7 or m o re days
6x/ 2 o r m o re days
6 o r m o re days
5 o r m o re days
2 o r m o re days
1 o r m o re days

PLANT WORKERS
Public 2
Wholesale
trade
utilities ,

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 4

100

100

100

97
3

100

74
26

95
5

( 6)
1
13
1
6
58
7
12
1
(* )
"

1
3
31
62
-

_
13
3
2
28
3
3
39
2
3
4
-

14
35
3
2
19
(*)
1
-

_
95
-

-

-

-

(? )
( 6)
1
1
23
28
76
77
92
92
94
97

(? )
<4)
• 1
1
14
20
84
85
97
98
99
99

-

-

4
4
8
8
50
53
84
87
100
100
100
100

Finance*

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion t

All .
industries5

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
-

99
( 4)

100
-

97
3

99
1

3
18
79
"

25
1
1
27
5
3
31
2
5
1
"

2
32
10
7
26
8
1
3
2
7
2
(*)

30
1
19
23
( 4>
12
15
-

98
( 4)
2
"

4
1
15
1
4
44
4
( 6)
22
( 6)
1
( 6)
( 6)
-

-

1
1
8
8
41
46
74
75
100
100
100
100

( 6)
2
4
11
16
16
24
50
57
66
98
98
100
100
100
100

-

-

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

99
(*)

100
-

( 6)
13
1
3
39
6
1
22
7
( 6)
3
1
<4 >
1
1
2
1
( 6)

( 6)
12
1
4
57
5
1
19
1
( 6)
-

( 6)
1
1
3
5
6
9
16
39
45
87
87
99
99
99
99

(?)
( 6)
1
1
22
26
87
88
100
100
100
100

-

79
79
97
97
100
100
100
100

-

-

-

-

15
15
15
27
27
69
70
99
99
99
99

-

-

2
2
2
2
100
100
100
100

-

62
62
93
93
96
96
97
97

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
1
1
22
25
60
60
63
74

_
_
-

95
95
95
95

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 L im i t e d t o e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in th e p r o d u c t i o n o f m o t i o n p i c t u r e s (G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y
e n g a g e d in p e r f o r m i n g s e r v i c e s in d e p e n d e n t
o f m o t io n - p ic t u r e
p r o d u c t io n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o (G r o u p 7 8 2 1 ) a s d e f in e d in th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 5 7 e d i t i o n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .
5 In clu d e s
d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e
in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
6 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
7 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f fu l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c lu d e s
t h o s e w it h 7 f u l l d a y s a n d
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e t h e n c u m u la t e d .
NOTE:




See

n o te o n p .

17.

r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

19

.Tahle-£h5^£akl Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
b y v a c a tio n pay p r o v is io n s , L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a ch , C a li f ., A p r il I9 6 0 )
L

OFFICE WORKERSf

V acation policy
A ll w o rk ers

____ —___

___

PLANT WORKERS
Wholesale
Public *
trade
utilities .

Manufacturing

Public _
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Finance 3

Services
(excluding
motion picturee)

Motion
pictures *

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
93
7
-

100
83
17
-

100
97
3
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
82
18
-

100
90
10
-

100
100
-

“

-

-

-

-

"

“

99
85
14
1

-

-

"

*87
87
13

95
9
86
.
5

3
42
1
6

4
34
(8 )

1
45
_
-

2
43
2
-

4
54
2
18

32
_
11

92
3
(8 )

11
16
(8 )
(8 )

16
12
_
-

4
35
_
3

13
19
1
-

_
14
_
1

«
95
-

23
2
73
(•)
1
1

19
5
71
1
3
-

85
1
15
_
_
-

29
_
71
_
_
-

(8 )
_
99
_
_
-

19
_
69
_
_
11

5
_
95
_
.
-

60
7
31
1
1
(8 )

55
8
35
1
1
-

69
17
12
3
-

67
.
33
_
_
-

53
_
29
_
_
1

_
95
.

3
1
92
1
1
(e )
1

4
_
90
2
3
(8 )

6
14
81
_
_
_
-

1
_
99
_
_
_
-

_
100
_
_
-

.
100
_
_
_
-

19
6
70
3
1
(•)

24
5
65
4
1
1
-

13
27
56
1
3
-

6
_
94
_
.
-

28
2
56
_
_
_
1

1
(*)
94
1
2
(8 )
1

1
91
2
6
(8 )

1
99
_
_
_
-

_
_
99
_
1
_
-

_
100
_
_
_
-

1
_
81
7
_
_
11

_
100
_
_
.
-

3
4
87
3
2
(8)
(8 )

3
6
83
4
3
1
-

6
2
89
1
3
-

100
_
_
_

-

-

(*)

88
4
8

1
57
26
6
_
11

100
_
_

1
80
6
12

1
85
8
6
1

95
3

AH ,
industries*

^ e
industries 5 Manufacturing

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictsos*_|

M u lh o d o f p o y m —it
W o rk ers in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
paid vacations .
L en g th -o f-tim e paym ent - — ------- ---P e rc e n ta g e paym ent -----------------------------------O ther _________ _______
____
W orkers in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
no paid vacations _ ------- — ___
A m o unt o f v o c a tio n p a y 7
A fter 6 m onths of se rv ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ---- --------- ---------------------1 w eek --------------- ------------ __ -----------— _
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ___ ____ ___
2 w eeks ________ ____ _______ __ — __ __ __
A fter 1 y e a r of se rv ic e
1 w eek
__ __ ____ ___ ___________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __ — ---- ------2 w eeks ___________ ____ — __ ___ __ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ________
____
3 w eeks — -------- ---------- __ __ — ,_ __
4 w eeks _____ _________ ____ _________—
A fter 2 y e a rs of se rv ic e
1 w eek — — — —
— ______
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s --------__ __
2 w e e k s __ __ _ __ __ __ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks __
__
__ —
3 w eeks _ _ _ _ _ _ — —
__ __ __
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks - — —
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------A fter 3 y e a rs of se rv ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _
— __ _. __
2 w eeks — _ __
__ __
__ __
O ver 2 and tinder 3 w eeks _
__ — __ _. __
3 w e e k s ___________________________________ ____
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s --- ------- __ __ __ __
4 w eeks —
— __ __
__ __ __ __ ____
A fter 5 y e a rs of se rv ic e
1 w eek ---__ __ __
____ _______ —
2 w eeks — — _ ------------ ------O ver 2 and under 3 __ __ ___ _______ __
3 w eeks _____ __ __ — _______
__ __ __
O ver 3 and under 4 ------- __ ------- __ __
4 w eek . ------------------------------------------------------------S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le




84
5
9
(8 )
1

(8 )

(8 )

_

_

95
1
5

81
2
17

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

84
7
9
_

-

_

11
(8 )
78
_
_
_
11

_

-

_

_

-

i8 )
(8 )

-

_

_
_

3

_

_

75
1
24
_

-

_

95
_
-

7
.
80
_
_
1

.
95
_
_
_

3
83
_

95
_

_
_

_

1

_

-

_
_

-

20
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , A p r i l I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE
V a c a t io n p o l i c y
AU
,
industries 1

A m ount o f v a c a tio n
A f t e r 10 y e a r s

p a y 7—

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

A

w o rk ers;

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Finance^

M
otion
pictures 4

All
industries

(8 )
48
41
11

_
100
-

1
56
7
31
3
1

(8 )
35
54
11
-

_
10
90
-

(8 )
35
53
_
12
"

_
10
90
_
_

(8 )
35
_
36

_
10
_
90

(excluding
■ otion pictures)
n

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion
pictures 4

1
60
11
24
5
(8 )

_
78
5
15
3

_
46
1
53
-

_
95
-

-

_
57
29
1

1
11
1
81
3
2
1

1
8
2
82
5
2
1

1
2
93
1
3
-

12
85
4

_
52
34
1

_
4
91
“

1
11
1
74
3
8
1

1
8
2
75
5
9
1

_
1
2
93
1
3
-

_
10

_
52
33
_
2
-

_
4
-

1
11
1
70
4
12
1

1
8
2
70
7
12
1

_
1
2
83
1
13
-

Manufacturing

C o n tin u e d

o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w ftpk s
T
________.............. ..
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------- ------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________ —
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

f)

(8 )
56
4
37
2
(8 )

_

_

_

59
4
35
1
1

71
1
28
_

47
2
50
_

63
8
29
-

(8 )
13
(8 )
83
2
2
(8 )

(8 )
8
_
85
5
1
1

(8 )
1
99
-

(8 )
11
(8 )
72
2
14
(8 )

(8 )
8
67
5
19
1

_

_

(8 )
1
99
_
_

14
69
_
17

9
77
_
14

-

-

-

(8 )
11
(8 )
64
2
22
(8 )

(8 )
8
_
63
5
22
1

-

-

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________ ___
2 w e e k s _________________________________ — _____ ___
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________ _________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ___________ ____________________________

_

-

_

15
85
1
-

13
1
85
1
-

“

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------- — -------- ------------------2 w e e k s ______ ________________________________ _____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________ ___
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________ _________
4 w e e k s ________ ___ ________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __ --------------------------------------------------- _

_

-

-

81
9
-

91
_
_
-

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___ — ____________________________________
2 w e e k s ______ ____________________ _____ _______
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________ __ _____
3 w e e k s ______ _____________ ______ _______________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __ ________________ —
4 w e e k s ---- -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________ __ _____________

_
(8 )
1
77

_

_

14
_
57

9
_
70

_

.

_

_

22

29
“

20

29
~

-

_
_

■

_
10
_
74
_

16

_
52
_
31
_
4

4
_
91
_

“

-

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 L im i t e d to e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in th e p r o d u c t io n o f m o t io n p i c t u r e s (G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in p e r f o r m i n g s e r v i c e s in d e p e n d e n t o f m o t i o n - p i c t u r e
p r o d u c t io n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o (G r o u p 7 8 2 1 ) a s d e f in e d in th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 5 7 e d i t io n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .
5 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
6 I n c lu d e s p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t p r o v id e v a c a t i o n s u n t il a f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s '
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
8 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
N O T E : S e e n o te o n p . 1 7 , r e l a t i v e to the i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s . In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a ll o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s
a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




p ercen ta g e

of

21
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , A p r i l I 9 6 0 )

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o rk e r s

________________

All ,
industries

____________________

i

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L if e i n s u r a n c e _______________________________ __
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ____ ________________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h * _______________ __ _____
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ________
S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d no
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _________________________
S ic k l e a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ____________________________
H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ___________________________ _
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ____

1 00

Manufacturing

100

Public 2
utilities

100

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS

3

Finance

1 00

1 00

..

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

1 00

M
otion
pictures

1 00

4

AH 5
industries

Manufacturing

1 00

100

S ee




n o te o n p .

17,

100

Wholesale
trade

(excluding
motion pictures)

M
otion
pictures

1 00

100

4

1 00

1 00

97

99

87

97

97

96

94

92

98

81

90

78

62

85

52

61

30

72

86

76

87

58

68

53

95

77
33

84
44

81
13

75
25

69
24

53
34

93
34

65
27

68
33

67
14

69
29

14
6

35
35

64

74

67

57

56

48

93

36

41

51

30

9

5
91
90
77
58
79
(7)

2
96
96
77
66
76
(7)

11
52
52
50
41
86
1

5
97
92
72
38
66
(7)

8
97
97
89
65
89

42
42
23
12
93
2

15
93
93
82
37
71
1

8
99
99
87
48
69

9
56
56
52
33
80

34
89
89
79
20
68

5
83
83
80
10
40
17

96
96
84
53
74
2

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 L im i t e d t o e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in th e p r o d u c t i o n o f m o t i o n p i c t u r e s (G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r ih n a r ily e n g a g e d in
p r o d u c t i o n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o (G r o u p 7 8 2 1 ) a s d e f in e d in th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 5 7 e d i t i o n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f
5 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
6 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s* p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s
7 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

Public »
utilities

r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

-

100
1 00
84
8
1 00

p e r f o r m i n g s e r v i c e s in d e p e n d e n t o f m o t i o n - p i c t u r e
th e B u d g e t .
l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly e s t a b l i s h
a r e e x clu d e d .

at le a s t




23
Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (hilling machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrahd, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custo m ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— K eeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
ment’s b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTIN'G—-Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in youcher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accountingwork is subdivided on a functional b asis among several w orkers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­

ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B — Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th at h as
already been classified or w hich is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers* orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to resp ective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receip t of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and en ters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing inform ation such as worker*s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with th at of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in w hich, use of th is machine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening, and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

25

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular du ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this w o rk ers time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

26

TYPIST— Continued

TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do, clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.

Class A — Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B — Perform s one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of draw ings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from no tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
poses. D uties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, maps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and qu an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
specificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combina tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

27

M A INTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipm ent; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications;.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts ot a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, speed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

28

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining m achines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten specificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring $o locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten specifications; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and haihmer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or po^er-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow, #nd size of pipe 'required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship of equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

29

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U STO D IA L AND M A TER IA L M OVEM ENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
Sweeping, mopping o r scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a re s ta tio n e d a t g a te a n d c h e c k o n id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r so n s e n te r in g .

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w ­
i n g : Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

30

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen , who load and unload ships are excluded .

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, custom ers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver~salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l/ 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gaso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
* U.S. G V N EN PRIN GO : I960 O 5S3S56
O ER M T TIN FFICE
—

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor m arkets during late 1959 and early I960. These bulletins, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas liste d below are now available.




Baltimore, Md., September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C leveland, Ohio, September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
D etroit, Mich., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
K ansas City, Mo.—K ans., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-23, price 25 cents
Memphis, T enn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. Paul, Minn., January 1960-tBLS Bull. 1265-21, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, P a., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265*16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Richmond, Va., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—Ontario, C alif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —Oakland, C alif., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-17, price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
W ashington, D .C .—Md.—Va., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-18, price 25 cents
York, P a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-27, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102