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Occupational Wage Survey
ALLENTOWN-BETHLEHEM-EASTON,
PENNSYLVANIA-NEW JERSEY
MARCH 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-33




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lo gu t, Commisnoner




Occupational Wage Survey
ALLENTOWN-BETHLEHEM-EASTON,
PENNSYLVANIA-NEW JERSEY




MARCH 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-33
M ay I 9 6 0
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewart Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent off Documents, U.S. Government Printing Offfice, Washington 25, D.C. - Price

cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e C o m m u n ity W a ge S u rv e y P r o g r a m
T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly con du cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n te r s .
T h e s tu d ie s , m a d e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r ly s p rin g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u s u a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o l l p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d ata n ot in c lu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s o f a l l o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s .

In tro d u c tio n

1

T a b le s :
1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y

---------------

2

A : O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - l . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s ______________________________________________
A - 2 0 P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s ------------------------A - 3. M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s -----------------------A - 4. C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ___________

4
6
7
8

B : E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B - l . S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________
B -2 .
M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________
B -3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs _______________________________________
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________
B - 5. P a id v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________
B -6 . H ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s -----------------------------

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N. Y . , b y E llio t t A . B r o w a r , u n der
the d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r ic k W. M u e lle r , R e g io n a l W a g e and
In d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.




_____________________________________________________________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s

_____________________________________ -

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s f o r m o s t o f th e s e ite m s a r e
a v a ila b le in the A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n a r e a r e p o r t
f o r M a y 1952, as w e l l as in s i m ila r r e p o r t s f o r o th e r
m a jo r a r e a s .
A d ir e c t o r y , in d ic a tin g d ate o f study and
the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.

iii

9
10
11
12
13
15
17




Occupational Wage Survey-Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, Pa.-N.J.
Introduction

T his area is one of sev er a l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L ab or’ s B ureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage ben efits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within six broad industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu dies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecause of the
u n n ecessary c o st involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, all estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are presented, th erefore, as r e ­
lating to a ll estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w ork ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and
1 R ailroad s, fo rm erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n ea rly all of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
y ea r. F or scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are presented sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (1) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es among
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ssifie d w ithin
the sam e survey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average serv ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
descrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen eralized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m ateria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w ork ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
execu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and force-acco u n t construction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded.
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.

2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in A lle n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n ,

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

M a rch

I960

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scop e of
s tu d y 3

1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2

W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

S tu d ied

S tu d ie d
T ota l 4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o t a l4

----------------------------------------------------------------------

51

405

100

1 04, 000

13, 9 0 0

76, 300

6 0, 8 7 0

M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------- -----------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r
p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ____________________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ____________________________________________
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _____________
S e r v i c e s 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------- —

51
51

297
108

61
39

8 4 , 4 00
1 9 ,6 0 0

9, 200
4, 7 00

6 5 , 000
1 1 ,3 0 0

5 0, 8 8 0
9 ,9 9 0

51
51
51
51
51

24
16
39
15
14

12
4
12
5
6

2, 100

3, 9 0 0

A ll d iv is io n s

8,
1,
6,
2,
1,
*

000
300
600
000
700

0
(J

0

0
0
0

( 6)

( 6)

5, 190
370
2, 540
970
920
-------------------------------------

1 T h e A lle n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ( L e h i g h a n d N o r t h a m p t o n C o u n t ie s , P e n n s y lv a n ia , a n d W a r r e n C o u n ty , N ew J e r s e y ) .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e
o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T he e stim a te s a re
n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s
r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 195 7 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a jo r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r
e d i t io n ( u s e d in th e B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e
e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h o l e s a l e o r r e t a i l ) t o m a n u fa c t u r in g , an d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,
c o m m u n i c a t io n ,
a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e ,
fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e s , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t to
j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

1

3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w eek 1s pay.

Data are p resen ted for all health , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg al requirem ents such as w ork m en 's com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t aside for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al plans 5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are design ed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ica l, and su rgical plans.
M edical insurance re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
wo rke r ' s lif e .

An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3
Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first section
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isa o ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
of estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e allow an ces, determ in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is p resented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t policy, 2 p resented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, p resented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority w as used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te shift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a differential was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resented on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A -l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , A lle n t o w n -B e t h le h e m -E a s t o n , P a . — N . J . , M a r c h I96 0 )

Sex, occupation, and industry division
Men
C lerks, accounting, class A __________
Manufacturing __________ _________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public utilities 3 ________________
C lerks, accounting, class B __ __ __ __
Manufacturing ____ __ __ — ______
C lerks, payroll ______________________
Manufacturing ____________________
Office boys __________________________
Manufacturing ____________ ______
Tabulating-machine operators,
class A __ _______________________
Manufacturing _____________________
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B _____________________________
Manufacturing ____________________
Tabulating-machine operators,
class C _______ -___________________
Women
B illers, machine (billing
machine) _____________________ __
Manufacturing __ — _______________
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A ______________ __________ _
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B ______________ ____________
Manufacturing ---------------------------- _
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Comptometer operators ______________
Manufacturing ------------------------------C lerks, accounting, class A __________
Manufacturing ------------------------------C lerks, accounting, class B __________
Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _________________
Clerks, file, class A ------------------------Manufacturing __________________ _
C lerks, file, class B __ — ____ ___
Manufacturing ___ __ ____ ___
Nonmanufacturing -------------- — ----S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




Average
Number Weeklyj Weekly 1
of
workers (Standard) (Standard) Under
earnings $
40. 00
194
148
46
30
48
34
75
60
51
43

39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .0
40. 0
40. 5
38. 5
40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
39. 5

$118.00
126.00
93.50
102.50
88.00
93.00
111.00
115.00
79.50
82.00

_
-

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$
$
$
$
$
$ 00 $ 00 $ 00 55. 00 60. 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $
Is
40. 45. 50.
65. 70. 75. 80. 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 $
105.00 110.00 S
115.00 120.00 $
135.00 $
140.00
125.00 130.00 $
and
under
and
45. 00 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.001135.00 140.00 over
_
-

_
"
4
4

"
_
4
-

1
1
1
1
1
"
3 . 2
2
1
-

-

6
2
4
2
9 i 7
8
1
_
2
2
~

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

5
4

3
2

1
1

8
8
4
-

13
9
4
1
_
5
5
8
8

8
7
1
_
12
12
8
ft

21
18
3
2
7
5
_
7
4

8
8
7
5
5
8
1
1

10
7
3
3
4
4
_
“
_
"

7 1
- 7 1
7 11
9
9 2 5
2 4
7 3
7 3

11
4
7
7
1
1
_
_
-

1
1
-

7
7
-

_
6
3
_
-

_
1
1
_

-

3
3

8
8

39
37

39. 5 117.00 40. 0 118.50 -

"
6
6
-

87
70

39. 5
40.0

99.50 103.00

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

2
2

20
6

3
3

2
1

5
3

11
11

28
28

7
7

41

38. 5

80.50 -

-

-

1

6

1

-

-

9

2

5

16

1

-

-

-

57
41

39 0
3 9 .0

.

53.00 54.50

6
-

11
7

11
7

23
23

4
3

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

70

38. 5

59.50 -

-

-

15

42

4

-

1

5

-

-

-

3

-

- ;-

-

-

139
67
72
53
27
42
36
152
112
40

38. 5
38. 0
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
38. 0

53.50
57.00
50.00
79.50

"
_
66.00
82.50 .
82.50
_
66.00
70.00 55.50 79.50 84.00
64.50 20
70.00 46.00 20

11
11
.
_
-

37
3
34
_
_
-

28
23
5
16
16

-

2

_
"

5
2

6
6

2

8
8

2
2

21
4
4

7

16

_
_
-

29
24
5

21

12
12

1
1

4
4

_
!.
;t"
:2
2
-

_
4
4

8
6

2
2

1
1

3

3

~

.
1
.
_

-

6

2

-

.
-

3
3
6

11

22
13
9
1
1
14
11
3
-

-

8

38
25
13
14

10
10

8

_
-

_
-

44

35

221

170
51

3S. 5

!

-

-

4

7
_
1
1
"
24 j 15
n
7
17
4
8

29
28

1

6
6

I 8
1 "
J

10
6
5
5
5
5

17
4

29
20
9

_
1
14
13
1

9

4
4

6

22
22

34
34

9
9
19

19

-

3
3
5
5

2 11
2 p ------

_
2
: "
2
1 1 2
2
_
3
3
"
4
3
4
3
_
1
1
-

i

i1

5
! 5
1
j
I

_
_
-

38
38
_
28
28
_
-

21
21
_
2
2
_
-

2 33
33
_
1
1
_
-

9
9

1
1

2
2

- ’ '

j

-

2
2

-

|
!
i

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
.
.
.
_
_
- '

_

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

1'

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A l le n t o w n -B e t h le h e m -E a s t o n , P a . —N .J . , M a r c h I960)

Sex, occupation, and industry division
Women—Continued
Clerks, order ________________________
M anufacturing_____________________
Clerks, p ay ro ll______________ _______
M anufacturing-------------------------------Keypunch operators ---------------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------Nonm anufacturing______________ __
Public utilities 3 ________________
Office girls __________________________
M anufacturing-------------------------------Secretaries -------------------------------------M anufacturing_____________________
Nonm anufacturing__________________
Stenographers, general _______________
M anufacturing_______ ____________
Nonm anufacturing__________________
Public utilities 3 ________________
Switchboard o p e ra to rs________________
M anufacturing_____________________
Nonm anufacturing__________________
Switchboard operator-receptionists ----M anufacturing------------ ---------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class C _____________________________
Transcribing-m achine operators,
general _____________________________
Typists, class A _____________________
M anufacturing-------------------------------Typists, class B ___ ____________ —
M anufacturing--------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 3 ____ __________

Average
Number Weekly Weekly . Under
of
workers (Standard) (Standard)
hours1 earnings1
40. 00
188
181
216
199
241
170
71
41
120
89
593
461
132
522
422
100
63
99
42
57
106
93
25
73
229
168
242
175
67
33

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME! WEEKLY EARNINGS OF$
$ 00 $ 00 50. 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 S 00 $ 00 $95.00 $
100.00 $
135.001140.00
40. 45.
105.00 $
110.00 115.00 120.00 125.Oo|l 30.00 $
55. 60. 65. 70. 75. 80. 85. 90.
1
and
and
under
over
45.00 50. 00 55.00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 !80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
1
J
j
1
I
_
_
4
3
6 10
6
3 13
24 40
2
2
1
3
1
34 13
9 — i6r i 8
34 i 13
2
2 10
24 40
1
3
- ----- 6 10 ----- 5~ 4
8 ! 2 ^ 1
“
i! 1
1 _
_
_
_
_
35 32
8 11
4 , _
27 39
38
6
3
1
5
4
25 37
33 32
32
6
3
6
1
1
9
4 i "
. 1 _
_
_
_
_
44 18
3
12 12
5 14
24 29
31 41
6
2
2
20 18
5 11
24 41
6
2
18 14
9
24
- ! 10
3
3
3
6 15 . 7
7
24
10
"
"
"
j _
_
_
.
.
.
_
12
2
4
8
1
27
2
2 27
8
9 15
2
4
8
3
2
2 26
1
12
9 12
- 1
- ■ 8
10
7 | 5
2
5
5 ! 28 27
74 44
23 23
10
76 29
14 ! 10
59 41
49 52
— :— 12 1 6 " ' 31 35
71 27
53 40
8
7 j 5 -----2 --- 5---- 10
23 20 | 14 10
31 41
2
16 11
43
18 11
5
6
1
5
9
- j - i 2
“
3
_
_
_
_
_
18 18
25 10
7
1 i 2
15 1 18 72
71 81
48 48
30 56
65 72
2
6 I----- 6 63
48 44
18 15
7
7 | 7
23 38
1
1
12
6
4
3
18
3
7 18
9
9
9
4
3
18
1
7 18
3
9
- j
1 - !
’
1
_
_
|
_ 1 - i
23
8
12
4
10
4
4
2
3
1
9 11
1
1
4
3
3
12
4
6
1
9
!
14
2
1
5
4
3
9 11
" 1 "
“
"
- ! _
_
.
_
.
- ij
_
_
_
16 25
8 34
3
3
7
1
9
16 22
3 31
5
3
3
1
9
"
“
“
"
-

$82. 50
83. 00
61. 50
61.00
76. 00
78. 00
71. 50
83. 00
69. 00
72. 50
78. 00
82. 50
62. 50
68.50
68. 50
70.00
83. 00
62. 00
71.00
55. 50
59. 50
59. 50

_

40. 0 80. 50

-

-

-

2

2

-

1

1

2

7

4

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

76. 50
76. 50
72. 50
62. 00
64. 50
55. 00
61.00

-

-

6
18
18
40
23
17
11

13
20
20
24
20
4
1

1
40
26
14
14

2
34
19
35
35

20
21
21
12
12
-

12
36
34
7
7
-

4
9
5
5
5

4
25
7
2
2
-

3
7
4

2
2
2

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

5
5

2
22
22
50
34
16
7

1
26
8

6
6

2
8
8
16
11
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
38. 5
40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
39. 0
39. 5
38. 0
39. 0
39. 0
38. 5
40. 0
39. 0
39. 5
39. 0
39. 5
39. 5

39. 5
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

"
3
"
_
2
2
8
8
_
-

-

-

_
-

-

1--- ;---

j--------S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 18 at $ 1 4 0 to $ 1 6 0 ; 13 at $ 1 6 0 to $ 1 8 0 ; 2 at $ 1 8 0 and o v e r .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




_ 1
- ,

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

6

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations

{Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, P a.— .J., M arch I960)
N
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV E < . S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

A verage
Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly ,
W eekly , U n der
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) $

s

$

t
$
1$
75. 00 80. 00 85. 00
and
u n d er
80. 00 85. 00 90. 00

$
S
$
n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 120.

$
1$
95. 00 100. 00| 105. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
00 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00 135. 00 140. 00 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0
and
95. 00 100. 00! 105. 00j 110. 00 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00 1 3 5 . 00 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 150 . 0J) 1 5 5 .0 0 o v e r

$

90. 00

M en
4 0. 0 $ 146 .50
147 .50
40. 0

_

1

1

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r ------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------

70
63

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r ----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------

546
523

39. 5
39. 5

116 .50
116 .00

6
6

5
5

D r a ft s m e n , j u n io r ________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------

296
293

4 0. 0
4 0. 0

98.5 0
9 8 .5 0

27
26

16
16

13
13

1
! 18 8

i_±g__
i 46

42
42

19
18

|

41
41

W om en

.. . .

.

. . _. _

36
35

4 0. 0
4 0. 0

92.00
9 2 .5 0

1

i

3

|
!
:

s 1
!
J
j
!
1
i- - - - i - - - - - - - - U 1

:
1
1

2

1
1

73
73

18
18

!

j

10

27
27

|

1
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_

__

!

’
!
1

6
6

j

1
1

10

i

__

!

1
i

64
64

j

45
43

|

15
15

1 _ 1__ !
_
!
7

1

1
1

74

74
!

4
4

5
5

4
4

18
11

9
9

1
1

1
1

2 25
25

60
60

i

46
37

20
9

9
9

3
3

8
8

8
8

3 48
48

8
8

17
17

14
14

13
13

4
4

10
10

-

-

_

.

_

_

.

j
7
6

:
! 3
i
|
—

9
9

j

10

1

01

2
2

i

I

'

;

[|
i
!

i_

_
_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to tnese weekly hours.
2 Workers were distributed as follows: 13 at $155 to $165; 5 at $165 to $175; and 7 at $175 to $185.
3 Workers were distributed as follows: 28 at $155 to $175; 18 at $175 to $195; and 2 at $195 and over.




i

|
_

1

_

_ _1 _ _ _

__

_

_

_

_

_

_

7
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
'by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A l le n t o w n -B e t h le h e m -E a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a r c h I96 0 )
N

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

Occupation and industry division
Carpenters, maintenance ---------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------E lectricians, maintenance -------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Engineers, stationary -------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Firem en, stationary boiler ------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Helpers, trades, maintenance -------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------M achinists, maintenance ---------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) --------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Mechanics, maintenance ___________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------Millwrights --------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------- -------- —
Oilers ------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Painters, maintenance ------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Pipefitters, maintenance ---------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Sheet-metal w orkers, maintenance -------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Tool and die m akers ----------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------

N um ber
of
workers

153
124
256
238
70
66
177
172
347
329
111
95
158
58
789
775
85
77
210
210
107
105
131
122
34
28
259
259

A verage
hourly j
earnings

$2. 53
2. 57
2. 61
2. 61
2. 67
2.69
2. 26
2. 29
2. 43
2. 44
2. 69
2. 68
2. 44
2. 72
2. 73
2. 73
2. 81
2. 83
2. 45
2. 45
2. 53
2. 54
2. 60
2.59
2. 89
2. 95
2. 66
2. 66

Under 1. 90
and
$
1.90 under
2. 00
$

3
-

6
6
.
40
2 35
7
7

-

$

2. 00
2. 10
9
9
15
15
4
4
13
13
9

$

2. 10
2. 20
-

_
"

2

_
3
3
13
8

_

_

_

-

-

-

1

'
_
11
8

_

68

-

_

-

_

_

$

2. 20
2. 30
20
19
19
17
4
4
4
4
10
10
9
9
20
14
11
11

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

16
16
_

49
49
13
13
_
_
34
34

47
47
21
19
40
40
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
"
_

_
_
_
"
_
_

3
3
_
"
1
1

$

2. 30
2. 40

!$

2. 40
2. 50

i$

2. 50
2,60
-

$ 2. 60 $ 2. 70
„
2. 70




2. 80

14
34
7
18
3
10
14
18
7
3
12
30
18
39
39
24
32
18
12
39
2
4 j 18 j
1
2
18
"
_ j! 80
! 28
9 -----------80
28
9
182
24
22
15
20
182
21
22
20
15
24
7
5
13 | 10
T2
f T
7
10
!
5
j
2
5
5
19
2
2
5
141
22
27
4
129
141
22 ! 128
20
2
_
_
6
5
13
6
5
7
_
10
4
14
29
4
14
10
29
_
4
24
7
7
4
24
7
7
_
7
1
9
9
3
1
7
9
_
2
8
1
1
2
2
1
1
12
70
7
20
39
12
7
20
70
39

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s : 1 3 at $ 1. 30 to $ 1. 40; 6 at $ 1. 40 to $ 1. 50; 15 at $ 1. 60 to $ 1. 70; and 1 at $ 1. 70 to $ 1. 80.

$

2. 80
2. 90

i
i

45
44
28
28
20
20
_
34
34
10
10
-

234
234
!
!

n

11
13
13
31
31
54
53
4
4

19
19

$

2. 90
3. 00

$

3. 00
3. 10

$

3. 10
3. 20

_

_

12
10
28
28
47
45
40
38
_
_
6
4
4
4
4
4

$3. 30

3. 30

3. 40

-

123
121
10
10
12
12
_
"
2

2
_
_

3. 50

3. 50
and
over

$

_

_

_
-

-

_

_

_

.

.

"

-

_
-

21
19
3

3. 40

.
-

-

_

_
"

$

_
_
-

25 I 13
24 | 13
_
8
8
_
_
-

-

3. 20

_
_
- 1
_
.
-

"

12
10
10
10
_
-

$

7
7
3
3
_

_

.

_
-

-

33
33

15
15

_

_

-

'

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
"
_
_
5

_
14
14
12
12

-

5

-

_
_
_
_
18
18

16
16
_
_
_
3
3

_
_
_
15
15

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A l le n t o w n -B e t h le h e m -E a s t o n , P a . —N. J. , M a r c h I9 6 0 )

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of'
workers

Guards --------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing____________________________
Janitors, porters, and cleaners -------------------M anufacturing____________________________
Nonm anufacturing------------------------------------Public utilities 3 ----------------------------------L aborers, m aterial handling ________________
M anufacturing____________________________
N onm anufacturing------------------------ ---------Public utilities 3 ________ ____________
Order fillers _______________________________
M anufacturing____________________________
Packers, shipping (men) ------------------------------M anufacturing____________________________
Receiving clerks ____________________________
M anufacturing____________________________
Shipping clerks --------------------------------------------M anufacturing____________________________
Shipping and receiving clerks ----------------------M anufacturing____________________________
Nonm anufacturing________________________
Truckdrivers 6 ---------------------------------------------M anufacturing__ _______________________
N onm anufacturing------------------------------------Public utilities 3 _______________________
Truckdrivers, light (under l l l2 tons)______
M anufacturing-------------------------------------Truckdrivers, medium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons) ________________________
M anufacturing-------------------------------------Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) ____________________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons, other
than trailer type) _______________________
M anufacturing_________________________
Truckers, power (forklift) __________________
M anufacturing-----------------------------------------Truckers, power (other than forklift) ________
Watchmen __________________________________
M anufacturing____________________________

317
302
972
816
156
59
978
797
181
159
235
154
198
198
52
39
102
99
126
101
25
819
364
455
315
49
30

1
2
3
4
5
6

$
$
Average
$
hourly
earnings 2 Under 1.00 1. 10 1.20
and
$
1.00 under 1. 20 1. 30
1. 10
_
.
_
_
$2. 29
2. 33
16
23
1.88
11
19
6
2
4
1.96
16
13
21
7
1.49
1.92
4
2. 21
1
4
2. 20
2. 24
1
2. 63
.
_
18
13
1.65
6
18
1.65
_
3
17
1.79
3
17
1.79
_
_
3
1.95
3
1.97
_
_
2. 38
2. 38
2. 09
2. 10
2. 06
7
2. 28
6
6
2. 26
7
2. 30
2. 40
7
1.89
2. 07
-

144
69

2. 20
2. 13

“

-

-

2.41
2.42

-

-

-

-

76
70
222
216
35
77
70

2. 22
2. 30
2. 21
2. 23
2. 31
1.45
1. 51

-

-

-

-

$1.40

$1. 50

$1.60

$1.70

$1.80

$1.90

1.40
7
1
54
54
_
41
34
22
22
_

1. 50
3
“
40
32
8
38
38
35
14
9
9
_
3
3

1.70
3

1.80
3
3
22
18
4
1
26
26
1
1
7
7
17
12
5
"

1.90
29
29
78
50
28
28
133
132
1
1
2
2
2
2
6
6
6
6
-

2. 00
37
37
59
49
10
10
87
69
18
18
16
8
1
1
6
6
22
22
9
9
22
19
3
15
12

2. 10
26
26
121
104
17
17
44
44
31
7
86
86
_
_

1
1
1
1

1.60
3
33
20
13
6
6
15
8
28
28
9
2
6
6
-

-

-

-

12
12

-

"

5
5

-

_ |I
1
1
|

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

9
3
6
-

-

296
246

"
-

4

_
7
5

_
9
8

N U M B E R O F W O R K E B S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

$1. 30

1

“
-

9
3
3

"

-

8
8

j

13
13

-

"
3

-

6

4

6 !

-

4

63
47
16
30
27
3
22
15
3
3
8
8
6
6
1
1
21
12
9
6
-

4
4
1
1

-

-

2
2

28
28
8
8

____________i

Data limited to men w orkers .
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
All w orkers were at $ 3. 30 to $ 3. 40.
Workers were distributed as follows: 11 at $ 2. 60 to $ 2. 80; 4 at $ 2. 80 to $ 3; 5 at $ 3 to $ 3. 20; 6 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 40; and 5 at $ 3. 40 and over.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




$2. 00 $2. 10 $2. 20

$2. 30

2. 30
6
6
12
12
133
41
92
83
.

3
3
97
41
56
5
3
-

2. 20
13
13
385
382
3
3
148
130
18
12
42
42
18
18
8
8
_
46
41
5
46
46
12
12

12
7

18
18

41
1

39
9

17
-

-

-

-

35
35
15 |
15

-

"

2. 40 2. 50
4
4
_
36
36
218
5
170
5
48
45
_
_
_
8
1
8
1
7 •- — —
3
4
5
4
1
2
4
1
15
6
4
6
13
2
4
65 243
221
25
77
53
40 166
168
6 136
168
2
3
2
3
"

-

-

-

-

5
5
3
.

37
37
_

3
3
15

"

"

-

i

$2. 40

$2. 50

$2. 60
and
over

2. 60
183
183
_
_
_ 4 105
- 105
_
_
_
7
7
20
20
6
4
2
81
81
-

5 31
31
4
4
_
-

17
17

-

-

78
78

198
T58

-

-

61
61
6
6
_

6
6
67
67
17

29
29
-

2
2
-

"

“

“

"

-

_
_

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
T ab le B-l. Shift D ifferen tials

(P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r sh ift w o r k , and in e s ta b lis h m e n ts a c tu a lly
o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts by ty p e and am ou n t o f d iffe r e n tia l, A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m -E a s to n , P a .—N . J . , M a r c h I960)
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
S h ift d iffe r e n tia l

S e co n d sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o rk

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts a c tu a lly
o p e r a tin g —
S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

T o ta l _______________________________________________

72. 9

64. 1

13. 2

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n tia l _____________________

66. 8

62. 5

12. 1

6. 3

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r ho u r) ___________________

53. 2

50. 7
_
1. 5

10. 2

6. 1

3
5
6
7
8

c e n ts _____________________________________
c e n ts _____________________________________
__________________________________
c e n ts
___
. __
rpiitfi
_
c e n ts _ --------------------------------- -----------8 l /z c e n ts ----------- ---------------------- -----------9 c e n ts _____________________________________
10 c e n ts _ __ __ __ _____ __ ________
11 c e n ts ____ __ ______
____________
12 c e n ts __ __ _________ _____ ________
13 c e n ts _____ _____________ ____________
15 c e n ts _________________________ ________

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e

2. 1
6. 5
1 .4
3. 0
29. 5
1. 2
.5
8. 5
.5
~

-

3. 1
-

.7
7 .4
1. 2
31. 1
.8
4 .9

.5
1. 1
.2
(2 )
7. 0
.3
.2
.8
.1

6. 5

-

-

.2
(2)
.1
.6
.3
4. 6
.1
.2

-

_________________________

13. 6

11. 8

1 .9

.2

10 p e r c e n t ________ _____ ____ ________
15 p e r c e n t _____________ _____ ________

13. 6
■

10. 5
1. 3

1. 9
_

.2
-

N o s h ift p a y d iffe r e n tia l __________ — — -----

6. 1

1. 6

1. 1

.2

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h if ts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts e v e n
th ou gh th e y w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h if ts .
2 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t.




10
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fi c e w o r k e r s , A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m -E a s to n , P a . — .J . , M a rch I960)
N

Minimum weekly salary 1

E stablishm ents studied ----- ------------------------------------ --------E stablishm ents having a specified m inim um ________________
$ 35. 00 and under $ 37. 50 __________ _______ ____ ___
$37. 50 and under $40. 00 ___________________________ __
$40. 00 and under $42. 50 _______________________________
$42. 50 and under $45. 00 _______________________________
$4 5. 00 and under $47. 50 __ -------------- ------------------------$47. 50 and under $50. 00 _______________________________
$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 _______________________________
$ 52. 50 and under $ 55. 00 _______________________________
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50 _______________________________
$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 ----------------------------------------------$60.00 and under $62.50 __ ------------------------------------------$62. 50 and under $65. 00 — ------------------------------------------$ 65. 00 and under $ 67. 50 _______________________________
$67. 50 and under $70. 00 ----------------------------------------------------------------$70. 00 and under $72. 50 ----------------------------------------------------------------$7 2. 50 and under $7 5. 00 __ --------- ---------------------------------------------$7 5. 00 and over _____ __________________________________
E stablishm ents having no specified m inim um -----------------------------E stablishm ents which did not employ w orkers
in this category -----------------------------------------------------------------

All
industries

100
40
1
4
6
2
7
2
10
1
1

Inexperienced typists
N onm anufacturing
M anufacturing
B ased on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
All
40
40
schedules
schedules
61
26
_
2
4
1
6
2
6
1

XXX
20
_
3
1
4
2
5
1

39
14
1
2
2
1
1
4
1

All
industries

XXX '
8
_
1
1
1
2
1

100
41
1
3
7
3
7
2
10
1
1

O ther inexperienced clerica l w orkers 2
Nonm anufacturing
M anufacturing
Based on standard weekly h o u rs3 of—
All
All
40
40
schedules
schedules

61
26
_
2
3
2
6
2
6
1

39
15
1
1
4
1
1
4
1

XXX
8
_
-

1
1
1
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
37

1
2
1
21

XXX

23

14

XXX

1
2
1

1
1
16
9

-

XXX

1
2
2
1
37

2
2
21

XXX

22

14

1
1

L o w e s t s a la r y ra te fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th e r c le r i c a l jo b s .
R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fi c e g i r ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
H ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s . D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll w o rk w eek s c o m b in e d ,




XXX
20
_
2
2
4
2
5
1

1

1

-

XXX

1
16

XXX

XXX

8

XXX

-

1

and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek r e p o r te d .

11
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m -E a s to n , P a . — J. , M a r c h I960)
N.

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll

w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------

3^ h o u r «
...................................
Q y p r 3^ a n d u n d ^ r 37*/-« V,r>i1T,s
.................
3 7 3/ ’ h o u r s
O v e r 3 7 3/~ a n d und^'** 4 0 h r>ir r s
40 h o u r s
...
........
O v e r 4 0 and u n d * * r 44- h ^ u r ®
....
44 h o u rs
. . . . . . . . .
4ft h r >u r «
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

All industries *

Manufacturing

100

100

3
3
11
6
75
1

1
1
11
5
83

(4 )

(4 )

n

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

6
94

_

Manufacturing

100

100

4

100

All industries 3

5

(4 )

3

87

3
3

2
2

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce, in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




100

4

87

Public utilities 2

100

12
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by n u m ber o f paid h olid a y s
p r o v id e d annually, A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m -E a s to n , P a . — J. , M a r c h I960)
N.

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
pa id h olid a y s __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid h olid a y s _______________________________

All industries 1

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

-

■

■

1

-

-

1
1
-

_

Number of days

5

U nder
h olid a y s ________________________________
h o lid a y s _______________________________________
h olid a y s plus
h alf days ------------------------------6 h olid a y s _______________________________________
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf d a y ______________________
6 h olid a y s plus h a lf days _ ___________________
h olid a y s _______________________________________
h olid a y s plus
h a lf days
----------------------------h olid a y s plus
h alf days ____________________
h olid a y s __ __ _______________________________
h olid a y s plus
h a lf days ___ ______________
h olid a y s _______________________________________
10 h olid a y s _______________________________________
h o l i d a y s _______________________________________
h olid a y s _______________________________________

5
5

2

2
2
5
2

7
7
7
8
8
9
11
12

1

1
-

15
1
1

44
( 4)
2
22
1
4
(4)
7

1
1

3
2

1
16

5
2
2
56

16

3
64

( 4)
-

-

-

32
1

(4 )

(4)
"

(4 )

_

-

6
28
1
47
"

1

4

2
1

(4 )
(4)

3
2
2
13
4
69
1

3
3

_

11
-

43
-

-

18
18
6
3

_

_

~

"

Total holiday time5

12 days ___________________________________ ______
11 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
1 0 o r m o r e days ________________________________
91/2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
9 o r m o r e days _________________________________
8 o r m o r e days _________________________________
7 o r m o r e days _________________________________

61/ 2 o r m o r e d a y s _______________________________
6 o r m o r e days _________________________________
5 o r m o r e days --------------------------------------------------o r m o r e days _______________________________
o r m o r e days _________________________________
o r m o r e days ____________________________ ___
1 o r m o r e days _________________________________

4 12
/
4
2

1
2
3
4
5
and no

7
8
10
15
37
82
83
98
99

100
100
100

100

-

1
34
91
93
98
99
99
100

100
100

_

47
48
48
76
82
98
98
99

100
100
100
100
100

_
(4)

0
(4)

4
9
73
76
93
96
97
98
98
99

-

3
7
76
80
95
97
98
99
99

100

3
9
9
27
46
89
89
89

100
100
100
100
100

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in c lu d e s th os e w ith 7 fu ll days
h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated .




13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
{ P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m -E a s to n , P a . — J. , M a r c h I960)
N.

PLANT WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

-------------------------------------------------------

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99

100
99
1

100
100

-

100
81
19

100
78
22

100
100
-

-

“

■

7
-

_

19
13

-

20
13
-

_
18
-

(4)
21
_
78

_
98
-

3
83

3
83

5

7

-

-

8
1

_
89
-

1

"

12
2

46

66

42

13
19

Method of paymont
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym en t --------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym en t ----------------------------------Othe r _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s
------------------------------------------

(4)
-

-

-

-

-

“

Amount of vacation p a y 5
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------1 w eek --------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------

4
48
2
1

5

64
2

-

"

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek --------------------------------------------------w eek --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and tinder 2 w e e k s -----------------------------w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------O ver
and under
w e e k s ------------------------------

1
2

2

3

(4)

39
_

61
-

2

5

11

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------2 w eek s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s

------------------------------

18

3
1

78

86

12

-

1

71
15
13

1

37

6

57

"

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------

16
1
81
1

10

2
88

46
54

34
39

_
100

77
7

-

33

34
-

25
1

46
19

66

15

77
8

15

100
-

1

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek

---------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s -----------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




2
92
3
3

1

95
2
2

-

1

(4 )

14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , A l l e n t o w n - B e t h l e h e m - E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a r c h I9 6 0 )

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Amount off vacation p a y 5— Continued
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
_______________________________________________
2 w eeks
-------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ --------------------_____________________________________________
3 w eeks

2
50
26
22

1
46
35
18

_

73
22
5

15
37
33
15

15
18
3
60
5
(4 )

15
17
3
59
6
(4 )

15
17
3
58
5
1

15
16
3
60
6

1517
3
27
30
8

_

15
33
39
13

15
16
3
26
35

69
11
20

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------2 w eeks
-------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
_______________________
3 w eeks
______________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________________
4 w eeks
--------------------------------------------------

1

-

14

4

-

-

82
2
1

96

2
15
81
1
1

2
15

1
14

75
5
3

81
3
1

2
15
42
23
18

1
14
40
35
11

-

-

_

-

100
-

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
___________________________ _______________________
2 w eeks
-------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
______________________________________________
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and u n d e r
w e e k s _______________________
w eeks
------------------------------------- ------------------------------

4

4

-

-

_

4
74
22
-

_

78
11
12

(4 )

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks
---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
w eeks
______________________________________________

4

_

4

64
32




61
-

4

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e : a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t t h e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p l e , t h e c h a n g e s in
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
N O T E : In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e " , s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e
t o a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

_
_
_

o f annual e a rn in g s

or

39

p r o p o r t io n s

fla t-s u m

in d ic a t e d t o

p a y m en ts,

w ere

10 y e a r s '

co n v e rte d

15
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , A l l e n t o w n - B e t h l e h e m - E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a r c h I9 6 0 )

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o rk e r s

------------------------------------------------------------

All industries

100

1

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

100

100

All industries 3

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

76

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L i f e in s u r a n c e
------------------------------------------------A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 ....................................... —

84

95

45

87

90

31

43

9

40

40

37

95

94

99

85

87

76

S ic k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e --------S ic k le a v e ( f u l l p a y and n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ---------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) .................... ........................ —

60

86

8

80

87

33

77

72

86

8

5

21

2

1

7

2

-

24

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e ........- ........................
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------------------------------M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ---------------------------------------N o h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n
p la n ------------------------- -------------- -------- - .......... ........

86
80
72
27
76

89
87
76
19
88

91
91
91
55
39

82
76
57
9
67

85
81
58
7
70

76
76
76
24
76

2

3

5

5

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




e s t a b lis h

at le a s t




17

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
title s and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying th ese job d escriptions, the B ureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary w orkers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P repares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other c lerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
B ille r , m achine (h illin g m achine) — U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare b ills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of n ecessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and to tals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (b o o kk eepin g m a ch in e)~ - U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare cu sto m ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alan ces. D oes not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




C la ss A — Keeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
C la ss B — Keeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping- P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense d istribution, in ­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent’s b u sin ess tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers w ith proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgm ent and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad ­
justing and closing journal en tries; may d irect c la s s B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, perform s one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher re g iste rs;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a know ledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accou n t­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib u t­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in w hich, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A— In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file th is m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
v ise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B— Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th a t h as
already been classified or w hich is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers* orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking p rices and q u antities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to resp ective departm ents to be filled .
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in "the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

19

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own in itiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine ip not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded inform ation
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for inform ation of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more perso n s,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give inform ation to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, a cts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of th is w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple w iring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out b ills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils , m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in du plicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incom ing m ail.

Class A— Perform s one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or resp o n sib ility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniform ity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
e tc .; settin g up sim ple standard tab ulation s, or copying more com­
plex tab les already s e t up and spaced properly.

PR O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of draw ings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lan s and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing p urposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assig n in g
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing p lans, d etail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in draw ings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lin es and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as arch itectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accid en t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a, combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' inju ries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting p hysical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the h ealth, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
C opies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

21
M A IN TEN A N CE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Perform s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instru ctio n s; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power too ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
v alves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
in stallatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or u tilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipm ent; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipm ent (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipm ent such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise th ese operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A s s is ts one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
m itted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve req u isite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
arc excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecific atio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

22
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bo lts. In general, the work of the autom otive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Work involves m ost of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from m achine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout



MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L u bricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, w hite lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
L aying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from draw ings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
w hether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s• In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

23

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, v entilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other sp ecificatio n s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND M ATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar estab lish m en t.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fix tu res;p o lish ­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stack er; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting dev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shippirig or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with sp ecificatio n s on sa le s slip s, custom ers *
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified as follow s:
R e c e iv in g c le r k

Shipping clerk

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv in g c le r k

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of esta b ­
lishm ents such a s: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail estab lish m en ts, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n a n d o v e r -th e -r o a d d r iv e r s
a re e x c lu d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under PA tons)
Truckdriver, medium (PA to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : I 9 6 0 0 — 5 5 2 0 1 5

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese bulletins, when av ailable,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Docum ents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
Baltim ore, Md., September 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N .Y ., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C leveland, Ohio, September 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-1, price 20 cents




D allas, T ex., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, C olo., December 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959—BLS B uil. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS B ull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, M iss., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jack so nv ille, F la., December 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
K ansas C ity, Mo.—K ans., January I960—BLS B ull. 1265-23, price 25 cents
Memphis, T enn., January I960—BLS B ull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la ., December 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. P aul, Minn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-21, price 25 cents
P hiladelphia, P a., November 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
P ittsburgh, P a ., December 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Richmond, V a., February I960—BLS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., October 1959—BLS B ull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—O ntario, C alif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —Oakland, C alif., January I960—BLS B ull. 1265-17, price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
W ashington, D .C .—Md.—V a., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-18, price 25 cen ts





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102