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Occupational Wage Survey

NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA
FEBRUARY 1960

Bui etin No. 1265-32




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA




FEBRUARY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-32
May I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

This report w as prepared in the B ureau's regional
office in Atlanta, Ga„ , by Donald C ruse, under the d irection
of Louis B. W oytych, R egional Wage and Industrial R e­
lation s A nalyst.




in oo o

The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The Bureau of Labor S ta tistics regu larly conducts
areaw id e wage su rveys in a num ber of im portant in d u strial
cen ters. The stu d ies, m ade from late fa ll to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A p relim in ary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, usu ally in the m onth follow ing
the p ayroll period studied. This bulletin p rovid es additional
data not included in the ea rlier report. A consolidated
an alytical b ulletin sum m arizing the resu lts of a ll of the
y e a r's su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the final area
b u lletin for the curren t round of su rveys.

P age
Introduction _____________________________________________________________
1
Wage trends for selec te d occupational groups ________________________
4
T a b les:
1. E stab lish m en ts and w ork ers w ithin scop e 6f su rvey __________
3
2. P ercen t changes in standard w eek ly sa la r ie s and
stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational
groups, for selec te d p eriod s ______________
3
jt\: O ccupational earnings: *
A - 1. O ffice occupations _______________________
A -2. P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical occupations ,
A - 3. M aintenance and pow erplant occupations
A -4. C ustodial and m a teria l m ovem ent occupations _________
10
B: E stablishm en t p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
p r o v isio n s: *
B - 1. Shift d ifferen tia ls _________________________________________
12
B -2 . M inim um entrance sa la r ie s for w om en office
w ork ers __________________________________________________
13
14
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours ___________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays ______________________________________________
15
B -5 . Paid vacation s ______________________________________ ,_______ 16
B -6 . Health insuran ce, and pen sion plans ------------------------------- 18
Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s __________________________________ 19
* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are availab le in the New O rleans
area rep orts for D ecem ber 1951, N ovem ber 1953, N ovem ­
ber 1955, F ebruary 1958, and F ebru ary 1959. The latter
report w as lim ited to occupational earn in gs. A d irectory
indicating date of study and the p rice of the rep orts, as w ell
as rep orts for other m ajor a r ea s, is availab le upon request.
Union s c a le s, in d icative of p revailin g pay le v e ls, are
available for the follow ing trad es or in d u stries: Building con ­
struction, printing, lo c a l-tr a n sit operating em p lo yees, and
m otortruck d riv ers and h elp ers.

iii




Occupational Wage Survey—New Orleans, La.
Introduction

T his area is one of sev er a l im portant in d u strial cen ters in
w hich the U .S . D epartm ent of L ab or’ s B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage b en efits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field eco n o m ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within six broad industry division s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m u nication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu dies are governm ent operations
and the con stru ction and ex tractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w ork ers are om itted also b ecau se
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T h ese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecau se of the
u n n ecessary c o st involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
based on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties within the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and techn ical; (c) m ain te­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regu lar w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssific a tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eeken ds, holid ays, and
1 R ailroad s, fo rm erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n ea rly a ll of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; ra ilroad s w ill be added in the rem aining area s next
y ear. F or scope of su rvey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




late sh ifts. N onproduction b on u ses are excluded a lso , but c o s t-o fliving bonuses and incen tive earn in gs are inclu ded. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the w ork sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s are paid; average w eekly earn in gs for th ese
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d olla r.
A verage earnin gs of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both se x e s are com m only em p loyed .
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and w om en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the d istrib u tion of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are ap propriately c la ss ifie d w ithin
the sam e su rvey job descrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la r ie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average se r v ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed w ithin the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p lo yees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore g en era lized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts w ithin the scop e of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re am ong
esta b lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ings data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted a lso (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary b en efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as u sed
in this b ulletin, inclu d es w orking su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related fu n ction s, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fessio n a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including lea d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice fun ction s. A d m in istrative,
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and force-a cco u n t con stru ction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
C afeteria w ork ers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing in d u stries.

2

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
accord ing to em ployer p ractice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percen t of annual ea rn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of
annual earn ings w as co n sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w e e k 's pay.

Data are p resen ted for all h ealth , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg a l req u irem en ts such as workmen* s com p ensation
and so cia l secu r ity . Such plans include th ose underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l in suran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em p loyer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for th is pu rp ose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce is lim ited- to that type of in ­
surance under which p red eterm in ed ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eek ly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accid en t
d isa b ility . Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isa b ility insu ran ce law s w hich require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly req u ired , or (2) provides the em ployee
with b en efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during ab sen ce from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord in g to
(1) plans which provide fu ll pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
p resentation of the proportions o f w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accid en t insuran ce or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w ork ers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as, extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu d es those plans which are d esign ed to p rotect
em p lo yees in c a se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al co vera ge of h osp italiza tio n , m ed ic a l, and su rg ica l p lan s.
M edical insuran ce re fe r s to plans providing for com p lete or p artial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m e r­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . T abulations of retirem en t p en sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ain d er of the
w o r k e r 's life .

An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p ro vision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3
Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (fir st sectio n
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isa b ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
of esta b lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sic k lea ve that
it
could be exp ected by each em p lo y ee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al s ic k -le a v e allow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded .

Shift d ifferen tial data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presen ted both in term s of (a) e sta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 p resen ted in term s of total plant w orker em p lo y­
m ent, and (b) effectiv e p ra ctice, presen ted on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified sh ift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the am ount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n '’other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a d ifferen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the sh ift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistic a lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a ­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




O ccu p ation al Wage Survey

NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA
B u lle tin No, 1265-32
ERRATA
Page 3 , ta b le 2, fo o tn o te r e fe re n ce 1 a p p lie s t o th e 0 ,1 p er­
cen t in c r e a se from February 1959 t o February 1960 fo r u n s k ille d
p la n t (men) in a l l in d u s tr ie s .

U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor S t a t i s t i c s
W ashington 25, D, C„




3
T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in N ew O r le a n s ,
-by m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 F e b r u a r y I96 0

A l l d i v is i o n s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

I n d u s try d i v is i o n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f stud y

W ith in
scop e of
stu d y 3

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o t a l4

--------------------- --------- ---------------- ------------------------------------

51

649

170

122, 000

18, 600

76, 500

6 5 ,3 8 0

M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ........................... .......................... .............................
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te _______________________
S e r v i c e s 7 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

51
51

177
472

54
116

3 8 ,5 0 0
8 3 ,5 0 0

3, 100
15, 500

2 9 ,8 0 0
4 6 ,7 0 0

21, 020
44, 360

51
51
51
51
51

99
118
129
61
65

33
18
32
14
19

10, 700
( 6)
2 1 ,1 0 0
(*)
(6)

19,
2,
14,
3,
4,

27,
12,
26,
8,
8,

600
500
200
200
900

4, 200
( 6)
2, 600
(‘ )
( 6)

610
780
260
080
630

1 T h e N ew O r le a n s M e t r o p o lit a n A r e a ( J e ff e r s o n , O r le a n s , and St. B e r n a r d P a r is h e s ) .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T he e s t im a t e s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t
in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u se o f e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r io d stu d ied , and
(2) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v i s e d e d it io n o f the S tandard In d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M a nua l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i fy in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s by in d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
M a jo r ch a n g e s fr o m the e a r l i e r e d it io n (u s e d in
the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r to the w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 -5 9 ) a r e the t r a n s f e r o f m ilk p a s t e u r iz a t io n p la n ts and r e a d y -m i x e d c o n c r e t e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s fr o m t r a d e (w h o le s a le
o r r e t a il) to m a n u fa ctu rin g , and the t r a n s f e r o f r a d io and t e le v i s io n b r o a d c a s t in g f r o m s e r v i c e s to the t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in i m u m -s i z e lim it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir
s e r v i c e , and m o t io n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a te o f f i c e and pla n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a ilr o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v is i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the S e r i e s A and B t a b le s , a lth ou g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u ff ic ie n t to ju s t if y se p a r a te
p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .
7 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s ; m o iio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




T a b le 2.

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s in s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p s in N ew O r le a n s , L a . , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s
1

I n d u s try and o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s f r o m —
F e b r u a r y 1959
to
F e b r u a r y I96 0

F e b r u a r y 1958
to
F e b r u a r y 1959

N o v e m b e r 1955
to
F e b r u a r y 1958

N o v e m b e r 1953
to
N o v e m b e r 1955

D e c e m b e r 1951
to
N o v e m b e r 1953

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en )
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w om en ) _____
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce ( m e n ) _____
U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) ___________

2. 1
7. 1
.9
. 1

2.
5.
5.
4.

7
6
2
2

13.
13.
15.
18.

4
5
2
1

8.
8.
9.
6.

0
5
0
0

10. 2
23. 8
2 1 .8
10. 7

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en )
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w om en )
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en ) _____
U n s k ille d p la n t (m en )

5. 0
9 .8
1. 7
6. 6

1 .4
4. 8
6. 1
4. 6

12.
16.
16.
15.

4
1
4
2

8.
8.
7.
8.

1
3
6
7

11.
25.
22.
4.

4
7
2
7

I n c r e a s e s f o r th is g ro u p in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s w e r e o f f s e t b y a d e c lin e in n on m a n u fa ctu r in g in d u s t r ie s ; the
d e c lin e in the la t t e r g ro u p la r g e l y r e f l e c t s s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n ts in th is j o b g ro u p b e tw e e n h ig h - and lo w - r a t e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
r a t h e r than w a g e d e c r e a s e s .

4
Waae Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n t s o f c han ge in s a l a r i e s of
w o m e n o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n ts o f ch an ge r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , the s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p aid .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r ­
t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h i f t s . T h e p e r ­
c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in c lu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w i t h i n e a c h g r o u p .
The of­
f i c e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in the f o l l o w i n g 18 j o b s : B i l l e r s ,
m achine (b illin g m a ch in e); b o o k k eep in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B; C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A and B; c l e r k s ,
o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o l l ; ke yp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ; o f f i c e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ;
s ten o gra p h ers, g e n e ra l; sw itch bo ard o p e ra to rs ; sw itch board o p e r a to r r e c e p tio n is ts ; tab u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e op­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ; and t y p i s t s , c l a s s A and B.
The in d u strial nurse
data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s .
M e n in the f o l l o w i n g
10 s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e j o b s and 3 u n s k i l l e d j o b s w e r e i n c l u d e d in the
plant w o r k e r data:
S k ille d — c a rp e n te rs ; e le c t ric ia n s ; m a ch in ists; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ; m i l l w r i g h t s ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ;
s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and die m a k e r s ; u n s k i l l e d — j a n i t o r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ; l a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l hand lin g; and w a t c h m e n .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s or a v e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
The a v e ra g e sala rie s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e then m u l t i p l i e d by the a v e r a g e o f N o v e m ­
b e r 1953 and N o v e m b e r 1955 e m p l o y m e n t in the j o b .
T h e s e w eighted
e a r n i n g s f o r i n d i v i d u a l oc c u p a tio n s w e r e then t o t a l e d to o b ta in an
a g g r e g a te fo r each occupational grou p.
F i n a l l y , the r a t i o o f t h e s e
g r o u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r a g i v e n y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r o th e r y e a r s




w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t
p e r c e n t o f c han ge f r o m one p e r i o d to a n o th e r .

and 100 is the

A d j u s t m e n t s h a v e been m a d e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to m a i n t a i n
com p a ra b ility.
F o r e x a m p l e , in m o s t o f the a r e a s s u r v e y e d , r a i l ­
r o a d s w e r e i n c lu d e d in the c o v e r a g e o f the s u r v e y s f o r the f i r s t t i m e
this y e a r .
In c o m p u tin g the i n d e x e s , data r e l a t i n g to the r a i l r o a d
in d u stry w e r e excluded.
T h e p e r c e n t o f c han ge m e a s u r e s , p r i n c i p a l l y , the e f f e c t s o f
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t or o t h e r i n c r e a s e s
in pay r e c e i v e d by i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e job ; and
(3 ) c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e such as l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n ­
s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h d i f f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the
l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s with out a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n
m i g h t i n c r e a s e the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c
o c c u p a t i o n and r e s u l t in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n
in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p aid w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e the o p p o s i t e e f f e c t .
T h e m o v e m e n t o f a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld
c a u s e the a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n though no c han ge in r a t e s
o c c u r r e d in ot h e r a r e a e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
T h e use o f con stant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t s
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
N o r a r e the p e r c e n t s o f chan ge i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s or in p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e ,
s in c e th e y a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
I n d e x e s f o r the p e r i o d 1953 to 1959 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a j o r
l a b o r m a r k e t s a p p e a r e d in B L S B u ll. 1240 -2 2 , W a g e s and R e l a t e d
B e n e f i t s , 20 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W i n t e r 1958-59.

A« Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , N ew O r le a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I96 0 )

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Number
Weekly ,
warnings
(Standard)

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
42. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
39.5
40. 0
39.5
40. 0
39.5
39.5

$69. 50
92. 50
95. 50
91. 50
87. 00
91. 00
68. 50
75. 50
66. 00
63. 50
73.00
| 72.50
89.50
1 91.50
88. 00
i 52.00
i 47. 50
! 53. 50
61.50

N U M B E R OP W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

«
$
$
35. $
30. 00 $ 00 40. 00 45. 00 $ 00 $ 00 $ 00 !$ 00 $ 00 s75. 00 $ 00 !s 00 90. 00 $ 95.00|!$ I 105.00 $110.00 $115.00 s
50. 55. 60. 65. 70.
80. 85.
100.0(D-------120.00 $125.00
~
“
“
"
"
“
~
”
" and
under
!
•
35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 170.’ 00 75. 00 180. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00
IjllO.OO 115.00 120.00 125.00 over
1
1
i
o
in
o
o'
o
o
o

W eekly.
hours
(Standard)

Men
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B ----------------------------------------C lerks, accounting, class A -------------Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------Retail trade ----------------------------Clerks, accounting, class B ------------Manufacturing -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------Public utilities 2 --------------------C lerks, order _____________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------C lerks, payroll -----------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ________________
Office boys -------------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class A ---------------------------------------Tabulating-machine operators,
class B ------------------- ------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------Women
B illers, machine (billing machine) ----Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------B illers, machine (bookkeeping
machine) __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------- ---------Retail trade ---------------- ---------Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A --------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------- —
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------

32

40. 0 95. 00

1
10 ! 2
6
_
_
_ _
13
4 | 9 i 13
_
1
_
6 12
4
1
4 ! 3
9
i - I
1 - i 3
3
i
_
_
1
42 20
84 39 ! 9
7
_
_
! 7 ! 13 13
1
7
35 20
71 26 i 2
1 , 6
26 | 11
6 ! 7
i
_ 1
5
5
63 1 41
54
37 20
!
1 5
1
5
58 ! 3 9 : 54
37 15
_
_
_
_
_
3 ! 4 i 5
5
3 i 4
"
_
1
78 48
1
28 20
12
3
- :
22 12
10
1
2
2
10
1
1
56 36
18 19
1
7
16
8
14
5
" 1
"
1
-

86
65

39. 0 80. 50
39. 0 78. 50

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

6
6

7
4

149
29
120

39.5 ! 56. 50
39. 5 65. 50
39. 0 i 54. 50

57
3
54

21
6
15

6
6

23
8
15

10
4
6

41. 0 52. 50
41. 0 52. 00
40. 5 51. 50

-

_
4
4
4

10
10

78
67
50

_
-

6
6
2

19
19
14

18
13
13

21
16
12

9
9
5

127
30
97

39. 5 66. 00
40. 0 74. 50
39. 5 63. 50

-

-

-

3
-

4
-

18
4
14

1
35
35

41
488
130
358
120
46
301
85
216
69
372
348
79
38
41
223
50
173
81

-

-

- i

3

4

1

36
5
31

! 6 16 ,
i_ 40 83 !
2
8
38 75
26 31
1 8
2
I 34 23
! 12 1 10
; 22 i 13 j
9
29 24
j| 29 24
3 22
8
3 14 |
_ 31
- 31
31
-

66
2
64
19
9
5
5
34
33
11
10
1

!
!
|
i
!
i
!

-

-

-

14

14
14

11
11

20
12

9
4

13
4
9
8
7
1

4
2
2

_ 1
-

-

-

-

"

4
4

14
5
9

1
1

-

-

i

1
- i
_
[
1
l--------7
7
26
64 33
14
59 ! 50
22 25
26
8
2
7
3
3
38 25
37 • 25
4
4
12
19
15 10
5 ! 10
1
2
6
2
5
9
_
| _
_
_
12 -j-—----- _
8
17
13
3
2
10 i
5
4
3
"
1
15 j 4
5 | _
35
5
30
14
'
' 2
3
5 10
2 . 1 r—S---- 2
6
7
1 j 1 j
!— i— ' 5 ! 3
2
1 1 3
" ; i
_ j - ! _
_
_
1
i—
- T-" -----!
1 ;— j:— ~----- 1
1
| - 1 - ! i
1
i1
i
!~—~—
1
l ------—|I
3 ! 4
9
1
1
4
7
1
1
4
2
3
7 {
!
_ |
_ 1 2
_
_
»
2
- ! 2
2
- | - ■
- '
"
1 4
1 4
-

1

1

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




NOTE:

E s tim a t e s f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g , and p u b lic u t ilit ie s in c lu d e data f o r r a il r o a d s (SIC 4 0 ), o m it t e d fr o m the s c o p e
o f a ll la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e fo r e the w in te r o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .
W h e r e s ig n ific a n t , the e ff e c t o f the in c lu s io n o f r a i l ­
r o a d s is g r e a t e s t on the data sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly fo r the p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
T h e t r e n d o f e a rn in g s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g ro u p s in a ll in d u s t r ie s , e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s , a p p e a r s in ta b le 2.

______ !i---------

i

6
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , N ew O r le a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I96 0 )
A
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Number Weeklyj Weekly $
$
$
S
$
s
S
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
Is
of
workers (Standard) (Standard)1 30. 00 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 1 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120. 00125.00
earnings and
1 and
under
35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115.00 120. 00 125. 00i over
verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division
Women—Continued
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B --------------- --------------------------Manufacturing ------ ------------------ ---Nonm anufacturing--------------------------Retail tr a d e ------------------------------Clerks, accounting, class A __________
Manufa c tu r in g ------------ -----------------Nonmanufacturing ______________ ___
Public utilities 2 ________________
Retail trade ____________________
Clerks, accounting, class B __________
Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------- L—
Retail trade . . . . . .
Clerks, file, class A _________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Clerks, file, class B -------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Retail tr a d e ------------------------------Clerks, order -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Retail trade -----------------------------Clerks, payroll --------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------Retail trade ----------------- ----------Comptometer operators — ---------------Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Public utilities 2 ----------------------Retail trade ____________________
Keypunch operators ---------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Public u tilities2 _______________
Retail trade --------------------- --------Office girls -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ________________
Secretaries ---------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Public utilities 2 ________________________
Retail trade _______________________________




51
94
39. 5 $54. 50 6
40. 0 67. 00 1
3
51 i 91
39. 5 53.00 6
6
6
40. 5 51. 00 11
.
8
39. 0 77. 00 _
8
40. 0 74. 50 39. 0 78. 00 38. 5 82. 50 40. 5 74. 50
~
‘
6
48
85
39. 5 59. 00 _
4
10 !
67. 00 39. 5
6
44
58. 00 75 !
39.5
24
31
6
54. 00 "
41.5
i
3
5
39. 5 59. 00 _ j 5
1 3
39. 5 57. 50 86
40. 0 48. 00 3
129
13
39. 0 50. 50 73
40. 0 47. 50 3
129
2
22
28
46. 50 41.5
20
17
40. 0 57. 50 20
15
40. 0 56. 50 10
6
40. 0 58. 00
_
8
14
39. 5 66. 00 _
6
4
39. 5 64. 50 2
10
39. 5 67. 50 1
39. 0 75. 50 j 8
40. 0 ' 60. 50 *
- ! 2
i 18
25
39. 5 61.50 39. 0 68. 50 1 - i
i ! 18
25
39. 5 60. 50 i 1
39. 0 63. 50
24
39. 5 56. 00 i 3
| _
30
39. 5 , 63.50 _
1 6
40. 0 72. 00 i 24
39.5
61. 50 | 7
39. 0 61.50 _ | 40. 0 57. 50 4
j 54
43. 50 16
28
39.5
42. 50 16
28
39.5
53
.
1 14
39.5
79. 50 _
! 40. 0 85. 50 14
39. 5 77. 50 j
39.5
84. 00
4 1
40. 0 71. 50
“
'
I

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

j

!
456
56
400
53
246
69
177
50
45
648
85
563
182
75
65
337
29
308
86
156
138
45
191
94
97
26
38
276
27
249
33
85
275
50
225
43
34
109
106
810
184
626
204
97

1

94
7
87
12
1
1
1
142
6
136
33
11
11
90
12
78
33
44
44
6
14
7
7
2
1
55
3
52
8
17
33
33
2
8
6
5
18
18 i
'
12 1

136
16
120
12
30
9
21
11
72
7
65
20
27
23
19
19
27
27
8
35
23
12
2
5
51
1
50
9
15
59
7
52
13
10
1
1
66
66
13
8

4
6
2
4
21 2
2! i
24 20
6
7
18 13
8
5
3
48 113
1 17
47 96
19 10
5
1
5
_
3
1
2
4
9
4
1
4
1
27 23
10
7
17 16
2
8
2
6
23 10
6
7
4
16
5
2
9j
32 16
6 11
26
5
4
4
4
1
_
_
"
113 66
27 12
86 54
15 19
17
5

35
3
32
3
22
6
16
1
2
94
17
77
34
15
14
3
2
1
1
19
11
1
24
14
10
1
9
46
4
42
4
7
61
3
58
9
6
_
60
5
55
19
4

1

5
2
3
"
29
3
26
13
11
13
7
6
5
7
3
17
11
6
4
14
3
11
7
11
5
6
1
1
-

1

_________ i

99
12
87
25
16

i
1 14
1 14
j
27
8
19
2
4
8
8
_
3
3
3
3
5
1
4
3
6
6
1 3
i 3
128

46
82
30
13

7
5
2
20
5
15
9
3
2
2
_
1
1
9
9
9
6
3
3
2
1
6
2
4
9
5
4
i
: _
'
: 66
: 27
!
39
19
12
i
i

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 4
40
3
37
4
10
7
2
5

- '
10
6
4
4
1
1
-

8
8
7
1
6
_
_
5
1
4
2
3
3
2

1
1
7
7
13
4
9
6
i 14
14
2
- !
7
11
i ! 6
10 ! 1
! 1
1
|
I
! _
j
- ; i 38 ! 31
1 8 ! 9
i 22
, 30
11
: 14
!
1
1
i

_
"
5
5
-

1 1
1 '
i 29
! 8
j 21
13
!

1

4
4
4

2
2
-

1
1
! _
I
1
t
_
1
! i _
I
_
_
l _
i _
j
_
_
i
|
42
i 24
18
10
'

!
|
j;

!
|
!
j
■

_
1
1
_ 1
_
- 1
- - _ ! _ !
1 - 1 ! _
_
- ;
- - - - _
l 1
- 1
l _ _
_
- _ 1
_
- - 1
_
_ _
_
- _ _
_
- _
- _ _
_
- 13 9
8
1 2
1
12 7 ! 7
5
5
1
3
"
-

I

_
_
_
_
~
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
10
2
8
5
“

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Orleans, La. , February I960)
A vebaoe

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

3
Weekly j $ 0 . 0 0
and
earnings
(Standard) u n d e r

(Standard)

* 4 0 .0 0 * 4 5 .0 0

* 3 5 .0 0

3 5 .0 0

Weekly j

4 0 .0 0

* 5 0 .0 0

* 5 5 .0 0

* 6 0 .0 0

* 6 5 .0 0

* 7 0 .0 0

* 7 5 .0 0

* 8 0 .0 0

* 8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

$
* 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 * 1 0 5 . 0 0 * 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 * 1 2 0 . 0 0 * 1 2 5 .0 0
and

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 '

over
|

Women—Continued

i
I

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

986
223

39. 5
40. 0

763
294
66

39. 5
39. 0
39. 5

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

324

42. 0

30
294

39. 5 :
42. 5 i

5 1 . 50
6 4 . 00
50 . 50

47
77

39. 5 !
4 0 .5 ;

7 1 .0 0
4 7 . 50

203
86
117
31

39. 5 1
40. 0

5 8 . 50
6 l . 50

39. 5
40. 0 |
4 1 .0

5 6 . 50
62 . 50
5 7 .0 0

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------R e t a il t r a d e _________________________
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ___________________________________
T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________

29

$ 6 4 . 50
6 7 . 50
6 4 . 00
6 4 . 50
56. 00

7
-

-

54
-

59
2

7
-

57
24

7

-

15

43

43

29

-

4

19

]

_

i

_

|

5

l

10

10

43
11

145

152
22

!

53

137
50

i
•

99
34

5

9

1

115

1 67

i

42

39
76
41

'
!
1

'

55
14

53

9

|

6
1

I

41
7
2

;

1

8
2

1
1

6
1

103
!

68
7

29

34

54
-

! 165
!
22
143

44
-

24

34

20

6

29
1
25

44

24

3

6
7

28
13
1

11
9
2
2

11
-

73

21

37
4
10

19
12

7

■
;

!

-

1

11
-

-

i

2

19

36

27
8

14

io

|

5

i

5

3

!
1
'

!

18

!

26

3
15

!
;

22

5

!

9

15

7

8
1
1

4

7
_

]

16
16
16

1
_

-

1
-

_

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

1
-

_
_

_
_

_

-

_

_

:

-

-

-

_

.

_

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

"

-

_
!
i

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

28

25

1

4

_

10

13

18

1
_

4

_

-

9

12
6
1

1
1
_

_

11
10
-

2
2
-

-

"

9

j

;
.

-

“

-

!

_

_

i
28

3 9 .0

j

7 4 .5 0

.

_

1

|

1

1

3
1

1

4

10

1

4

.

_

2

.

-

3
3

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
7
21

8
8
-

11
2

3
2

13

-

-

_

_

9
3

3

_

2
2
_

_

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

.

2
2

1
95
94

T y p is t s , c l a s s A __________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ___________________

220

T y p is t s , c l a s s B __________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

454
70
384
82

33
187
62

86

3 9 .0

60. 00

39. 0

60. 00

-

-

39.
39.
39.
38.

6 4 . 50
7 5 . 50
6 2 . 50

_

-

-

.

-

-

0
0
0
5

!

6 9 . 50

39. 0
41. 0

6
-

00
00
50
50

50 . 00

-

6

6

5
5

7
7

-

26

-

26

39
12

47
11

9

4

9

-

92
3

_

-

52.
60.
50.
51.

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

i

118
8

45
14
31
5

30
3
27
6

2
-

no

53
10
43
13
12

18
15

89

77
15
62
20
15

3

-

9

8

-

"
n
|

1
1
1
!

li
2

1 21
1 16
!
i_____

21
13

14
14

26
26

17
17

18
17

-

48
1

18
1
17

21

39

9
12

i_____

1

2

- j
- !
-

3

1
12

-

i
1

:—

"

_

_

10

3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_
_
_

_

-

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

-

i

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




1
-

1
_

_

_

2
-

-

_

2
-

1
-

_

-

5
1
4
2

_
_

_

_
_

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New O rleans, L a., February I960)
A verage

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

WeeklVj

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

(Standard)

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

f

70. 00 75. 00

u n d er
60. 00
65. 00 7 0. 00

“

$

*

%

$

$

U n der 60. 00 6b. 00

S
$
$
$
$
$
|$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 100 .00 105 .00 1 1 0 .00 115 .00 120 .00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 135 .00 1 40.00 1 45.00 150 .00
and
“
“
“
“
"
00 95. 00 1 0 0 .00 1 0 5 .00 1 10.00 1 15.00 1 2 0 .00 125 .00 130.001135.00 140 .00 145 .00 1 50.00 ! o v e r
$

80. 00 85. 00 90. 00
“

“

2.5, 00 ■£Qc.0.0-. 85, 0.0.

~
9.Q,

$

-

1

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r

j

------

__ — --------------

30

I

!

_

4 0 . 0 '$ 1 32 .00

i

1
1

i

M en

.

-

5
5

i

.

i

.

j

9

4

19
17
2

5
5

_

9
9

4

! 1

2 12

i
D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r -----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
— ------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — _ --------- --------

147
97
50

40. 5
1 14 .00
4 1 . 0 ! 122 .00
4 0 . 0 | 9 8 .5 0

-

8 4 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

4
2
2

1 5

1

:
'

;

5

'

"

15

8
8

1 11
I 11

11

6
5
1

5
4
1

3
2
1

11

3
2
1

"

*

20
4
16

6
5
1

5
2
3

4
2
2

1
1

"

10
2
r T z
1 ! -

1

10
9
1

10
9
1

4
4

15
~ ^ l3 ~
2

I
D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

------------ - ------------------------ ----------------------- --------------

75
41
34

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

i
I

-

43
29

40. 0
40. 5

9 0 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

i--------------

.

!

1 5
| 2
1
1
i------------

3

3
2
1

9
9
j

4
4

-

'

"

i
i

1
1

\~i

"

|

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d ) --------------------- ----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g

15

9

5
3

5
2

2
1

4
1

7
6

___

3

2
2

4
4

__ -__ _
2

"

i
i

j

2
2

1_______
_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Workers were distributed as follows: 8 at $150 to $160; 4 at $160 to $170.
3 W orkers were distributed as follows: 2 at $ 150 to $ 160; 4 at $ 160 to $ 170; 7 at $ 170 to $ 180.
NOTE; See note on p. 5 , relative to the inclusion of railroads.




-

------ -— 1
! -

1

"

1

_ ] _

|
—

z—

.
'

|

1
1

_

9
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , N ew O r le a n s ,
F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )

La..,

$
$
Average
hourly . U n d er i . 20
1. 30
earnings
and
$
under
1 .2 0
1 .4 0
1 .3 0

$
1 . 40
-

1 .5 0

J . 50

;$
i 1 .6 0

1 .6 0

1

-J
o

Number
of
workers

8
i$
8
j$
$
iS
■s
i$
i&
!8
1. 80 | 1 .9 0 1 2 . 00 ' 2. 10
2. 20 : 2 .3 0 ! 2 .4 0 j 2 50 j 2 .6 0 j 2 .7 0 j 2 .8 0
i.

$
2 .9 0

‘
1 "
2.. 80_! 2 .9 0

_3x 00

00
o

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

oc

;

N U M B E R OK W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S 0 1 -

1 .7 0 .

2. 20

2 .0 0 i 2, 10

1. 90

>.
2 .4 0 , 2. 50.., 2 60 | 2.. 70.

2. 30

$
1$
j$
3 .0 0 1 3. 10
3. 20
and
1 l
3. 10
3. 20 ! o v e r
------ 1

2
2

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ----------------------------------—
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

187
77
110
31

$ 2 .2 5
2 .4 8
2 .0 8
2 .8 6

-

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce
-------- -------- ---------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------ -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------------------------

326
193
133
86

2 .6 8
2 .7 8
2 .5 3
2 .6 8

.
_

2
2

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y -----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----- — ------------- --------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

271
125
146
40

2 .0 4
2 .0 5
2 .0 3
2 .3 9

5
5
!

-

!

F ir e m e n , s c a t io n a r y b o i l e r ---------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------

113
89

1 .8 7
2 .0 7

! *18
1
-

6
6

j

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e --------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________ ___ ______ ________ _
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------------------------

4 40
289
151
109

1 .9 0
1 .9 7
1 .7 5
1 .8 9

27
12
15

9
2
7
-

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n c e ---------------------------------------- --------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------------------------

202
152
50
44

2 .7 0
2 .7 5
2 .5 5
2 .5 4

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce ) -------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
— ------------ — ---------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ------ — — -------- ---------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

557
125
432
369
43
563
4 84
79
65

_
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

i
1

-

,

2

10

2

10
-

12
12

53
48
5

1

2 .5 6
2 .5 6
2. 57
2 .6 7

_
-

I
I
j

-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

-

1
1
-

_
-

J

1
!
i

j

1
!

|
1

! 13
' 10

29
27
2

i 29
i— :

,
:
!

6
4
2
_

_
-

i
1

29
26
_
j
-

|
i

2
2

21
; 15

-

i

i
!

6
5
1
2
2
-

1
4
1 35
1 25
10

1

,

\

^

;

6
3

-

5

j
!

2
2

'

186
78
108

2 .2 1
2 .6 2
1 .9 1

_
-

_
-

-

-

32
5
27

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in te n a n c e -----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------

101
93

2 .7 8
2 .7 9

_

_

_

j

_

-

-

-

|

-

5

I

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3. 20 t o $ 3. 30.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 12 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 9 0 ; 6 at $ 0. 90 to $ 1.

, 38
! 19
' 19
18

1—

1 .
- :
1
1
i
3 i
3

2
2
-

18
9
9
2

8
8

7
5
2

4
4
-

t

1
7
7
6

, 39
1 12
27
4

5
5
1

3
-

3
3

: 34
i 24
: 10
10

i

14
• 14
'
: -

~

8
8
4

'

1

-

8
4
4
-

14
6
8
2

15
15

-

9 •
F T
8 ,
7 |
!
•

-

;
!

|

-

t 37 . , 51
I
' 35
• 16
i 37
6
i 30
i 7
10
1
'
2
. 31
2
1 29
j
2
j
_

15

1 10

15

! 10

-

!
,
i
1
!
j

i
i
j
I

■
2
■
2

!
!
!

•

"
-

'
'

i

!

;

_
-

-

1.
1

-

1

1

i
1
!

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ---------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------




,

!
;
!

12
12

5, r e la t iv e t o the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s ,

i
!

_
-

4
-

S ee n o te o n p .

|
!

2
2

2 .0 1
2 .0 6

NOTE:

i
1
!
i

J

86
82

15
15
-

1

i

-

4

!
'
i

1
1
-

9
-

1

11
10
1
1
2
1
i

;
1

:

5
3
2
l

,
j
:

37
29
8

-

12
6
6
3

|
1
'

61

,

54

j
i

3
3
1

n
li
8

67
6

;

8
6
2
2

2
1
1
“

1
!
!

20
16
4 |
1
1 ,
I
1
1
3
------------11
3 !
2 ,

33
15
18
18

.
!

1 27
i
7
• 20
1 20

_ i
- !
- !
- j
34
10
24
18
6

15
15

7
7
-

1
1 33
....
1
6
! 27
! 20
I
2

22 [. 31
22 j 31
- i
3 1 23
3
23
16 !
3
- j
3
16

j
j

3 i
3 S

3
3

!

,

1
1
i

j
S

, 36
i 3
j
1 33
, 20
! 13
8
8
-

.

16

8
8

1

| 23
1 14
9
-

| 19
19
! -

104
94
10
10

4

, 20
! 12
:
8
;
i 8
|
| 46

4
4

3
3

i
i
1
; 58
■ 48

-

8
i 38
|
! 36
1 2
43
43
-

10
1 10
i

-

j

10
; 10

1

2
2

i
1
!

4
2
2

!
j

9
8
1

i

7
7

1

6
6

9

3

1

_
_

!
i

i

|

2
2
-

2
2

_
_
-

-

-

-

1
1
-

4
4

4
4

..

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

;

-

1

i

-

i \ i|

n

|
i

|

-

-

i 22
! 17
1
5
!
_

51
51
_

_
_
-

-

-

21
4
17
11
-

_
_
_

21

1 13
! 12
1
_

4
4
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

35
22
13
6

9
4
5
5

9
9
9

7
7
7

177
177
-

_
-

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

18
18

_

-

-

-

2
-

3
3

69
48
21
21

6
2

5
5
5

8
8

6
6

!

3
3

5
2
3

_
-

-

15
10
5
5

7
7

2
2
1

2
2
2

166
14
2 | 166
1
163
2
2
- !

;
i

:
i

-

_
18
2 18

2
1
1
1

13
13
-

;
3 |
j
22 j
22
16

!

_

25

1
i
1
17 1 22
j~ 12
11
6 1 10

! “

j

99
94
5

;
1
!
,

i
1

i

!
•

9
4
5
4

1
1
-

i

30
5
25
1 25

2

13
2
11
11

29
22
7
7

'

20
12
8

11
10
1
1

,

,
!

j

1
!
!

2
2
2

18

1
1

-

4

i

i

18
18
-

i

:

■
i

31
29
1
2

i

2
2
1

4
_

9

| 39
1 38
1
1

24
11
13
12

1
,

-

8
8

i
j
i
;

,

I

4

!

1
1
-

i

3
2
1
1

'

4_ 12
! 12

-

-

j 10
1 1 10
1 10
1 1

;
;

6
6

-

|
_
-

10

j

i
i
i 41
1 37
| 4

13
5
8

10
-

O il e r s ______________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------

4

18
7
11
-

;

28
3
25

-

j

2, 29
2. 13
2. 33
2. 38
1 .9 9

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e ------------------------------- -----M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________ ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------------P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3 -----— ---------------------

10
10

-

i>o
!

1

1
1

i
1

11
11

-

_
-

21
21
-

i

-

_

_

51
50

_

*

10
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New O rleans, L a., February I960)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G ST R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
Average
hourly , U nder 0. 50 0 . 60 0. 70
and
earnings $
und er
0. 50
. 80
. 60
. 70

$

$

$

$

$

1 . 20

$
$
1. 30 1 .4 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1 . 80 1. 90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 90
and

1 . 00

0 . 80

1 . 10

1 . 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 . 60

0 . 90

. 90

1.00

1 . 10

1. 50
j

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------

198
187

$ 0 . 87
. 85

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------

203
203

. 72
. 72

G u a rd s ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------

378
62
316

1. 52
2 . 19
1. 39

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(m e n )
-----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
___________________
R e t a il t r a d e

________________________

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w o m e n ) --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------R e ta il

-

21
* 21

6

80
80

2
2

-

59
59

26
26

42
42

-

-

79
74

1

26
26

-

16
16

27
25

10
10
3

1
1

12

3

2
2

67
-

-

-

110

2

17

67

"

-

110

2

17

5
5

1 . 80

1. 90

1
1

-

-

1. 70

-

-

-

-

11 !
1
10

ii
3

18
18

26
3
23 !

1 ,9 8 5
329
1 ,6 5 6
1 56
750

579
40
539
222

68

1. 07
1. 54
. 98

47
47

153
153

99
99

124
124

217
10
207

68

. 86

47

47

61

102

200

64

.
1.
.
.

75
21
71
62

-

616
64
552
14
167

159
25
134
24
33

85
14
71
g
10

76
12
64
43
3

101
53
48
28
5

-

41

34 i

33
29
41

4

-

-

25

1

31
18

-

24 !

13

4'

7

?Q 1

3!
i
- 1
- j
-

164
164
143

58
58
44

19
19
19

152
152
3

-

60
29
31
10

15
15
2

11
11

5
4
1

5

81
5 81

-

23
20
;
3

29 i
16
13
12

237
44
193
178
5

180
32
148
3
145

117
111
6
-!
g

64
64
4

102
102
90

34
24
10

-

1 .4 8
1. 56
1 .4 1
1. 57
1. 32

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

32
32
32

5
5
5

42
12
30
30

506
360
146
72
24

304
59
245
12
44

176
76
100
-

4

695
122
573
230
142

O r d e r f i l l e r s -------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
-----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------P ptail tra^P

789
105
684
1 30

1 .4 2
1 .4 0
1 .4 2
1. 66

-

-

-

-

-

91
12
79

168
16
152

71
4
67
1

129
43
86
15

53
2
51

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m e n ) --------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
-----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------R e ta il trarlp

310

1.
1.
1.
1.

97

2

15
3

-

30
18

11

42
4
38
4

11

-

-

25
7
18
15

19

-

-

4
4
4

8

88
222

17
4

12
2

11
1

12
2

25

4

2

21

2:
1
1
9

16l

9

141

61

121
1
111

51

38
60
29
08

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n ) _____________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g
-----------------------------

42
34

• 98
. 95

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
-----------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________
R p tail traHp

158
46

1. 73
2. 03
1 . 61
1 .4 7

112
59

Sh ippin g c l e r k s
________________________ M a n u fa ctu r in g
________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
-------------------------------------

198
89
109

1 .7 8
1 .8 7
1. 71

S hipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e
__________________________

316
69
247
49

1. 83
1. 93
1 .8 1
2. 05

-

1
1
_
-

-

-

-

.

-

;
!

-

2 .4 0

-

8
8

“
■
_
-

j

-

-

!

_
-

!

-

"1
-

4:

|

-1

-1

!
-

-

-;

-

-

_ |

_

-

-

-

20
77

1

I ____
_
- 1
!
i
!
-;

!

_;
_ j

: i

_

-

_
;

2. 50

-

-

2 . 60 2. 70

-

_

2 . 80

2. 90

over

_

_

_

-

-

4 !
4

-

-

!

!

1

19
4
15

41
14
27
10

-

16
11
5

51 *
51 !------ 7 “

20
16
4

36
16

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

-

_

_

-

4
4
-

-

-

2
2

-

51
45
6
-

126
5
121
96

14
10
4
2

180
170
10
_

20
15
5
-

5
_

68
12
56
51

5
5

3
3

14
4
10

5
5

10

10

15

10

10

10

15

10

-

5

-

-

3
3
-

3
3
-

10

5

-

28
28
-

10

-

10

10

5 |

-

-

-

-

-

32

3
3

5

9
4
5

4

2
2

-

7

315
315
-

5

3

5

-

5

j

g

2
2

_
-

‘

-

-

8

16
15
1

1

8i
1|
7
1

3, 107
1 ,4 0 4
1 ,7 0 3
644
454




-

2. 30

i

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ----------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.

-

2 . 20

i

-

8

2 . 00 2 . 10

4

;

-

-

-

!

"

“

1
1

4!
- j
4'
41
1

14
14
4

:.......... "I
j

2

12

18
5
13
13

12
9

17

10

- ! ---------- 2]

li

15

50
50

20
20

"

"

-

5
5
16
-

16
4

9
5
4

30

1

9

3

27
2
25

43
27
16

29
18
11

3

23
19
4
4

33
12
21

11

12 |
2
10|
2

“

2

-

11
11

3
-

15
2
13
3

2
3

5
4

1
1

1

2

7
3
4

7
7
“

-

19

13
13

-

“

2
2

8
11
1

12
12

-

-

5
5

21

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

15

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

6
6

5

6

6

-

-

1
5

1
5

11
11

9

7
-

9
9

7

7
2
5

9

-

-

-

-

7

_

-

-

48
2
46

7

-

-

“

“

-

-

5

-

~

-

9

69

11
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selectee occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Orleans, La. , February I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average
Under 0. 50 0. 60
hourly
and
earnings 2 $
u n d er
0. 50
. 60
. 70

0. 70

0. 80

0. 90

$
1 .0 0

. 80

. 90

1 .0 0

1. 10

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .1 0 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1. 70 1 .8 0 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90
and
1. 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1. 60
|

T r u c k d r iv e r s 7 -------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ....................................
R e t a il t r a d e ---------------------------------------

2, 935
459
2, 476
776
605

$ 1 .6 0
1 .5 3
1. 61
2. 05
1 .5 2

-

-

-

-

"

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er
l V 2 ton s) ........................................................
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------

735
123
612
245

1. 32
1 .4 7
1. 29
1. 30

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V 2 to
and in c lu d in g 4 ton s) _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 -----------------------R e t a il t r a d e ---------- ---------------------

1, 165
174
991
334
120

1 .6 2
1 .6 5
1 .6 1
2. 23
1 .5 1

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a il e r type) ---------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------- .-----------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------

495
44
451
92

1 .7 0
1 .6 4
1 .7 1
1 .6 8

12
12
9

41
20
21
12

39

17
17
9

199
25
174
12
60

415
67
348
41

169
42
127
20

350
88
262
4
107

-

12
12
9

20
19
12

17
17
9

132
5
127
53

77
9
68
35

67
6
61
19

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

47
47
7

290
12
278
4

67
26
41
1

80
19
61
4
57

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

30
5
25
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

208
13
195
12

112
7
105
2
1

7
6
11
1I

11
11
1

-

9
6

- :

344
320

2. 09
2. 11

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k lif t ) ---------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ................................................
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------r uti liti 0 c 4
R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------ --------

722
377
345
186
51

1 .8 4
2. 02
1 .6 5
1 .8 1
l ! 66

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

66
14
52

23
23
-

44
11
33

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

167

1 .8 2

W a tch m en --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ----------------------------R e t a il t ra d e -------------------------------------

668
78
590
134
43

1. 14
1 .5 5
1 .0 9
1. 15
1 .0 6

-

-

-

-

11
11
-

-

13
13
1

-

-

-

-

11
11
11

61
61
12

164
10
154
49
5

281
4
277
54
5

1 Data limited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 W orkers were distributed as follows: 14 at $ 0. 30 to $ 0. 40; 7 at $ 0. 40 to $ 0. 50.
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 W orkers were distributed as follows: 23 at $ 0. 30 to $ 0. 40; 58 at $ 0. 40 to $0.50.
6 All w orkers were at $ 3. 10 to $ 3. 20.
7 Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




-

-

32
11
21
6

58
3
55
55

196
60
136 !
136

-

-

50

38
24
14
4
4

5
5
“

73
13
60
58

251
60
34 ! 16
217 | 44
- i
1
43
195

[
i
!
!

-

34
34
34

3
3
3

-

172
151

-

128
5
123
86
36

39
39
-

76
75
1

35

60

8

6
6
5
1

3
3
-

6
6
-

26
12
14

-

-

-

20
9
11
7
1

17
14
3
1

6
6
2
1

14
7

l
l
-

312
7
3
4 j 312
4
30

5
5

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

38
20
18
-

28
8
20
5
-

15
12
3
-

23
11
12
-

-

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

over

7
.

-

"

6
!
i

6
-

-

!

_

4
4
-

-

292
292
288
-

-

*

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

191
191
189

-

1
1
-

-

2
2

-

3
3
-

-

99
99

-

-

-

-

-

65
44
21
21

5
5

_
-

_
-

-

1
1
___ 31j1__ 3__
_
6 !
25
1
i
15 '
-

14 :
2
12
ij

2. 20

24
27
~ “ 7 l
7
1 20 : 17
- | 4
- :

45
5
40
40

4

14
14
13
1

441
15
426
327
88

-

9

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
f o r k l i f t ) -------------------------------------------------------

'

22
-

46 !
9 |
37
19

1
1|

22

5 i
148
11 1

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 ton s,
o t h e r than t r a i l e r ty p e) --------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------

-

209
63
146
137
4

131 ___ 48_ ___ I9_
2
33
7
72
98
46;
31
j
153

1. 70 _______i 1. 90 ! 2. 00 2. 10
1 .8 0
I
]

-

-

4
4

!

16

!

16
-

4

j

-

4
3
1
-

7
7
-

4
4
-

9
5
4
4

8
8
-

9
7
2
-

3
3

3
3
-

3
3

7
4
3
-

14
4
10
-

-

-

39
38
1

-

20
20

10
10

15
15

12
12

57
38
19
18

1
1
-

12
12
-

23
23
-

28
28
-

-

_

-

-

-

9

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
11
1
-

-

■

-

-

-

-

■

“

"

"

"

"




B*' Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

12

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r s h ift w o r k , a n d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
a c t u a ll y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h ift s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t p f d i f f e r e n t i a l , N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b l is h m e n t s a c t u a ll y
o p e r a tin g —

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

T o t a l — -----------------------------------------------------------------------

78. 4

5 9. 6

1 7. 1

5. 8

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ________________________

63. 9

48. 1

14. 8

5. 4

U n ifo r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________ _

6 1 .4

45. 1

14. 2

5. 1

3 c e n t s ------ -----------------------------------------------------4 c e n t s ------ --------------------------------------------------5 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s __________________________ ____________
7 c e n t s ------ ------------— ------------------------------------8 c e n t s ________________________________________
9 c e n t s _____________________ ______ ________
10 c e n t s _______________________________________
12 c e n t s _ ____________________________________
I 2 V 2 c e n t s --------------- ----------------------------------13 c e n t s ------ ----------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s __________________________________________________
16 c e n t s __________________________________________________

O th er

-

_
-

2
7
0
2
1
2

2.
6.
6.
2.

0

1

-

1 4. 5

1
I n c lu d e s e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e
t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i ft s .

1

3. 0

2. 5

N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________________________

.

. 1
.4
1. 7
5. 1
1. 1
2. 7
1 .9
1. 2

-

3. 5

2. 5

— ------ ---------------------------------- ...-----------------------------------------

3
7
8

3. 0

-

----------------------------------------------- ----------------------

7

19.0

2. 0
-

____________________________________

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e
4 percen t

2.
2.
8.
17.
6.
16.
7.

11. 5

s h ifts ,

.
.

6
6

2. 3

an d e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

_

-

. 3
1 .4
. 9
. 1
1. 7
-

. 2
. 5

.

3

. 4

co v e rin g

la t e

s h ift s

even

13

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

---------------------------------------------------------------------

$ 37.

and
and
and
and
an d
an d
an d
and
and
and
an d
and
and
and
an d
an d
an d
an d

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

$ 2 7 . 50
$ 3 0. 00
$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5. 00
$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a se d on sta n d a rd

re e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

1

40

170

54

XXX

116

XXX

170

54

XXX

116

XXX

-----------------------------

66

19

15

47

36

72

19

15

53

43

_______________________________________
_______________________________________
----------------------------------------------------------_______________________________________
_______________________________________
----------------------------------------------------------______________________________________
----------------------------------------------------------_______________________________________
----------------------------------------------------------_______________________________________
_______________________________________
----------------------------------------------------------_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________

1
1
1
15
11

_
-

1
_
1
1
13
8

_
_
1
11

1
_
1
-

4
-

6

4

4

3
1
1

7

6

3
1
1

2
1
2

2
1
2

-

-

2
9
3
2
1
1
1

2
2
2
-

1
_
1
2
15
9

_
_
_
2
13

4

_
_
_
2
3
3
-

_
_
_
-

-

_
2
2
2
-

-

-

1
9
1
1
2
1
2

-

"

-

_

2

2

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m
$ 2 5 . 00
$ 2 7. 50
$ 3 0 .0 0
$ 3 2. 50
$ 3 5 . 00
50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7. 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f —
A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

7

2
15
3

4
3
1
1
1

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

_______________________________________________________________

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m in im u m

-

2
3
3

-

-

-

6

2
2
1
1
1

2

17
12
9
1
15
1
3
3
3
2
-

2

-

-

6

7
5
-

7
1
1

2

1
2

_______________________

24

9

XXX

15

XXX

28

11

XXX

17

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n ot e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y
_ __ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

79

26

XXX

53

XXX

69

24

XXX

45

XXX

'

■

D a ta not a v a il a b l e

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

1
'

'

1
■

1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r in g in e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d .
3 H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r
rep orted .
NOTE:

S ee n o t e on p. 14 , r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .




a ll w o r k w e e k s

1

c o m b in e d ,

and

fo r

■

th e

m ost com m on

w ork w eek

14
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )

PLANT WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

AU ,
industries 1

W e e k ly h o u r s

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

U n d e r 3 7 1 / 2 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------3 7 V 2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------—
O v e r 3 7 V 2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _________________
4 0 h o u r s ___________________________________ _______
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s _____________________
4 4 h o u r s _____________________________________________
4 5 h o u r s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 5 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s _____________________
4 8 h o u r s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------

100
5
12
7
65
5
4
1
2
(4)

Manufacturing

Public
utilities2

100

100

3
5

5
22

-

80
1
9
2

4

63
5
(4)
1

-

-

-

-

Retail trade

Finance

100

4
(4 )
79
7
7
(4)

AU
industries 3

100

Manufacturing

100

100

100

83
_

92
3
(4)

41
13
8
8

16

|

3
2

4

30

_

2

4

2
2

_

_
9
_

1




Retail trade

1
1
(4 )
64
4
3
6

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

Public ,
utilities 6

E s t i m a t e s f o r a ll in d u s t r i e s an d p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s in c lu d e d a ta f o r r a i l r o a d s (S IC 4 0 ), o m it t e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f a l l l a b o r m a r k e t
w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 .
W h e r e s i g n if i c a n t , th e e f f e c t o f th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s i s g r e a t e s t o n th e
d a ta s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r the p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .

(4)

_

_
_

_

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )

Item

All w o rk e rs _________ ______________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holidays ______________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays -----------------------------------------

Manufacturing

OFFICE WORKERS
Public
utilities 2

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

99
1

97
3

100
-

97
3

All
industries j

PLANT WORKERS
Public
utilities 2

100

100

100

77
23

74
26

94
6

75
25

5
5
23
2
4
1
1
(4)
19
(4)
1
9
(4)
3
3

(4)
3
15
4
4
-

17
_
45
2
-

21
(4)
2
10
8
6

4
9
(4)
57
21
1
1
-

7
-

3
3
6
6
17
18
42
44
67
72
72
73
77

6
6
14
14
26
26
52
55
70
74
74
74
74

1
2
23
23
81
81
90
90
90
90
94

_
_
_
7
7
11
13
58
58
59
62
75

Retail trade

l

N um ber of d a y s
L ess than 5 holidays ____________ __________
5 holidays __________________________________
6 holidays __________________________________
6 holidays plus 1 half d a y ___________________
6 holidays plus 2 half days -------------------------6 holidays plus 3 half days __________________
6 holidays plus 4 half days __________________
6 holidays plus 5 half days __________________
7 holidays __________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half d a y ___________________
7 holidays plus 2 half days --------------------------8 holidays ---------------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half d a y ----------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half days ------ ------ ------------9 holidays ----------------------- ----- ----- ----------------9 holidays plus 1 half d a y ----------------------------10 holidays _________________________________

!

Manufacturing

100

Finance

All
industries ■*

.

.

1
30
1
12
3
4
2
17
2
2
14
2
6
2
(4)
1

2
28
7
2
1
7
12
3
19
5
1
4
3
4

1
1
9
14
34
38
68
68
98

4
6
11
16
40
53
67
67
95
97
97
97
97

.

(4)
6
2
7
1
5
10
40
1
5
20
5
"

.
47
3
9
15
1
1
21
~

!

:
|

-

-

-

4
-

-

Total holiday tim e5

10 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------- ---9*/2 or m ore d a y s ----------------------------------------9 or m ore days -------------------------------------------81/z or m ore days ---------------------------------------8 or m ore days _____________________________
7x/2 or m ore d a y s ___________________________
7 or m ore days -------------------------------------------61lz or m ore d a y s ___________________________
6 or m ore days ------ ----------------------------------5 or m ore days -------------------------------------------3 or m ore days -------------------------------------------2 or m ore days -------------- -----------------------1 or m ore days --------------------------------------------

99
99
99
99

1
2
3
4
5

.

25
34
44
45
92
94
100
100
100
100
100

.

22
23
47
50
97
97
97
97
97

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f fu l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 7 fu l l d a y s a n d
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .
NOTE:

S ee n o t e o n p . 14 , r e l a t i v e to the i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .




16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll w o r k e r s

All
i
industries

------------------------------------------------------------

M eth od

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 2

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

A
U
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

10 0

10 0

100

99
99
( 5)
-

10 0

10 0
10 0

499

-

93
87
5

-

99
99
-

( 5)
-

( 5)

“

“

1

1

6

60

58
4

69
5
3

43
-

100

Public utilities

c

Retail trade

10 0

100

85
81
3

-

99
99
-

7

1

1

15

5
23

10

30
( 5)
-

38
"

o f paym ent

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s
---------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym en t
------------------------------P e rce n ta g e paym en t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------F la t -s u m p a ym en t
O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------------------------

A m ount o f v a c a tio n

99

1

88
10

1
-

p a y 6

A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w eek
-------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

2
1

-

13

1

0

"

( 5)

“

1

( 5)
64

84
4
7

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------

( 5)
24
74

1

_
19
80
-

37
63
( 5)

43
55
( 5)

1
21

56
37

1

6

5

51
30
3

35
58
6

37
44
3

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k . .........
_
... . _
. _
1 w eek
--------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________

( 5)
13

2
81
3

15
84

9
80

1

( 5)

-

7
( 5)

1
18
79
( 5)

( 5)
49
5
33

69

( 5)
36
3
48
6

42
8
45
3

( 5)

10

1

9
2
81
3
4

6

11
15
3

1

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ____ __________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------- ---------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)

1

10

11

( 5)
86
3

88

( 5)

( 5)

( 5)
3

_
4

_
-

7

( 5)
14

-

-

-

-

1

90
3
3

93

88

90

-

1
11

( 5)

1

92

( 5)

18
79
( 5)

-

1

22

37
44
3
'

71
6
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
_______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e .




3

1

70
5
2

-

1

1

25
56
3

92
4
2

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )

Vacation policy

Manufacturing

OFFICE WORKERS
Public
utilities 2

Retail trade

3
73
4
19
(5)

4
56
4
35
1

_
87
(5)
12
-

8
75
(5)
15
~

3
44
1
47
3
1

4
36
56
3
1

_
19
(5)
78
2

8
71
(5)
19
-

3
40
1
41
3
11

4
33
51
3
9

_
19
(5)
69
11

3
40
1
32
1
22

4
33
_
41
3
19

19
(5)
61
19

_

All
industries1

PLANT WORKERS
Finance

All
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 2

Retail trade

A m ount of v a c a tio n p a y 6 — C ontinued
A fter 10 years of service
Under 2 weeks ______________________________
2 weeks _____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks _____________________________________
4 weeks _____________________________________
A fter 15 years of service
Under 2 weeks ______________________________
2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks _____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks -------------------------4 weeks _____________________________________
A fter 20 y ears of service
Under 2 weeks ______________________________
2 weeks _____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __________________
3 weeks _____________________ ______________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks ___________________ _____________
A fter 25 y ears of service
Under 2 weeks _____________________________
2 weeks _____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __________________
3 weeks _____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks --------------------------------------------------------

i

14
60
10
8
1

8
60
15
12
3

1
86
4
8
"

26
52
3
4
-

14
39
5
30
3
1

8
38
3
38
8
3

1
17
4
77
(5)

26
50
3
6
-

8
67
(5)
23
-

14
37
5
30
2
5

8
36
1
38
5
11

1
17
4
71
6

26
46
3
10
-

8
67
(5)
8
15

14
37
5
26
2
9

8
36
1
32
5
16

1
17
4
67
_
10

26
46
3
6
_

1

|

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r
e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 I n c lu d e s p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t p r o v id e p a id v a c a t i o n s u n til a f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
5 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
6 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .

4

e$l

th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s

in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s '

N O T E : S e e n o te on p . 1 4 , r e l a t i v e to th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .
In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a ll o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




18
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s

All j
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

100

100

100

100

91

85

82

91

53

________________________________________

51

37

50

49

67

56

59

Finance

All
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

77

79

82

70

42

40

55

37

55

81

55

35
29

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t

i n qt| r a n r p

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 4
-----------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e ----------S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) --------------------------------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------

24

44

14

33

44

73

28

21

30

29

14

6

7

8

4

10

4

18

19

10

4

28

10

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e ----- ------------------------------------M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n
--------------------------------------N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n -----

79
75
53
42
62
3

81
81
34
14
74
7

81
81
68
55
60
1

72
52
23
19
44
6

63
57
32
11
45
15

75
73
33
5
51
11

69
68
55
40
67
1

50
35
13
4
37
24

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e trac^e, r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e li m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly e s t a b l i s h
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
NOTE:

S ee n ote on p. 1 4 ,




r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

at l e a s t

19

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
e ssen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary w orkers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare cu sto m ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— K eeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping- P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), co st distribution, expense d istribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent’s bu sin ess tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued

CLERK, PAYROLL

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal entries; may direct class B accounting
clerks.

Class B

— Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accountingwork is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Class B

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

— In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the files. May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
— Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




any combination of the following:

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

21
SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc.
(see transcribing-machine operator).

Does not include transcribing-machine

work

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc.
.

Does not include transcribing-machine work

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




Class A

— Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations
day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.

Does not include
and
Class B

— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C

— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

22
TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little special training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A
or

one or more of the following:

— Performs
Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B

one or more of the following:

— Performs
Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve
Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May assist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

a combination of the following:

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

tion of the following:

a combina

TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve
Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve
Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees9 injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

a combination of the following:

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

23

M AINTENANCE

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

most of the following:

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves
Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

most of the following:

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
supervise these operations.

also
Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves
Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.

most of the following:

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves
Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

most of the following:

24

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations re la ting to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves
Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves
Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

most of the following:

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most
Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

of the following:

primary duties

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




most of the following:

OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work
Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

involves the following:

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience.

most of the following:

Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

25

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves
Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

most of the following:

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves
Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

most of the following:

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve
Sweeping, mopping
scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

or

a combination of the following:

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.

Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

ing:

one or more of the follow­

26
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

SUPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

TRUCKDRIVER

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers9
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, die
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or elec trie-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : I960 O - 550646

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. These bulletins, when availa­
ble, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1961.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Baltimore, Md., September 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, Mass., October 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
Cleveland, Ohio, September 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265*3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Fort Worth, Tex., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b r u a r y i 960 — L S B u l l . 1265-26, p r i c e 25 c e n t s
B
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1959— }L S B u l l . 1265-14, p r i c e 25 c e n t s
E
K a n s a s C i t y , M o .—K a n s . , J a n u a r y I960— L S B u l l . 1265-23, p r i c e 25 c e n t s
B
M e m p h i s , T e n n . , J a n u a r y I960— L S B u l l . 1265-19, p r i c e 25 e v e n ts
B
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1959— L S B u l l . 1265-6, p r i c e 20 c e n t s
B
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., January I960—
St.
BLS Bull. 1265-21, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, Pa., December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Richmond, Va., February I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-17, price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-18, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102