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Occupational Wage Survey

CINCINNATI, OHIO— KEN TUCKY
FEBRUARY 1960

Bu letin No. 1265-31




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagoe, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
CINCINNATI, OHIO-KENTUCKY




FEBRUARY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-31

April 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

P ag e
In trod u ction

The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly c o n d u cts
a r e a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o rta n t in d u str ia l
c e n t e r s . The stu d ie s, m a d e fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la t e to o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in e a ch a r e a , u s u a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied. T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l
data n ot in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lle tin su m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r 's s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin fo r the c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :
lo

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f su r v e y

A:

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - l . O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s _______________________________
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s -------A - 3. M ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____
A -4 . C u stod ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s

B:

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in C h ica g o , 111. , b y W o o d ro w C. Linn, u nder the
d ir e c t io n o f G e o r g e E. V otava, R e g io n a l W age and In d u stria l
R e la tio n s A n a ly st.




_________________________________________________________________

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ___________________________________________
B -2 . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs ____________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ________________________________________________
B - 5. P a id v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n s io n pla n s -----------------------------

A p p en d ix :

_______

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s fo r m o s t o f th ese ite m s are
a v a ila b le in the C in cin n a ti a r e a r e p o r t f o r F e b r u a r y 1952,
as w e ll as in s im ila r r e p o r t s fo r the oth er m a jo r a r e a s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the
r e p o r t s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u rre n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta r y w age p r a c t ic e s in the C in cin n a ti a r e a a r e a ls o
a v a ila b le f o r auto d e a le r r e p a ir sh ops (J u ly 1958), m e n 's
and b o y s ' su its and c o a ts (M a r c h 1958), and g ra y ir o n fo u n d ­
r ie s (M ay 1959). Union s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay
le v e ls , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in ­
d u s t r ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p rin tin g ,
l o c a l- t r a n s it
o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

1

2

00 - j o ^

The C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

10
11
12
13
14
16
17




Occupational Wage Survey—Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.
Introduction

T his area is one of se v e r a l im portant in d u strial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r's B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage b en efits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field eco n o m ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within s ix broad industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; tran sp ortation , 1
com m u nication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; r e ta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu d ies are governm ent operations
and the con stru ction and ex tractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w ork ers are om itted a lso b ecause
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, sep arate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T h ese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecau se of the
u n n ecessa ry c o st involved in surveying a ll e sta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll esta b lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the esta b lish m en ts studied are presen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to a ll esta b lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um s iz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations se le c te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and techn ical; (c) m ain te­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regu lar w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssific a tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eeken ds, holid ays, and

late sh ifts. Nonproduction bon u ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incen tive earn in gs are inclu ded. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s are paid; average w eekly earn in gs for th ese
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnin gs of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both se x e s are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and w om en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distrib u tion of the se x e s am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d within
the sam e su rvey job d escrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la r ie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average se r v ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed w ithin the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore g en era lized than those u sed in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts w ithin the scope of the study and not the num ber actu ­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re am ong
esta b lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.

E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary b en efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this b ulletin, inclu des working su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related fu n ction s, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fessio n a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including lea d m
1
R ailroad s, fo rm erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies, en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice fu n ction s. A d m in istrative,
have been added in n ea rly a ll of the area s to be studied during the
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and fo rce-a cco u n t con stru ction
em p lo yees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
w in ter of 1959-60; ra ilroad s w ill be added in the rem aining area s next
C afeteria w ork ers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
y ea r. F or scope of su rvey in this area, se e footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing in d u stries.




2




T able

E sta b lish m en ts and w o rk ers w ithin sco p e of su rvey and num ber stud ied in C in cin n a ti, Ohio—Ky. , 1 by m ajor in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 F eb ru ary I960
Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s _ ___
_____
_
_ __
M anufacturing
__ __ _
_
_
N onm anufacturing _____ __
__
_ _ _
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other
public u tilitie s 5 ___________________________________
W h olesale trad e ______
_ __
___ __
R etail trad e
_ _
_ __ __
F in a n ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e sta te _
S e r v ic e s 7 „ ____ __ _ _

M inim um
em p loym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m en ts in sco p e
of study
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51

N um ber of esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
sco p e of
Studied
study 3
775
400
375
64
96
103
47
65

168
88
80
24
12
16
13
15

T o ta l4

W ork ers in esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin sco p e of stu<i y
P lant
O ffice

2 0 5 ,5 0 0
139,2 00
6 6 ,3 0 0
2 6 ,0 0 0
7 ,8 0 0
13,4 0 0
9 ,9 0 0
9 ,2 0 0

3 5 ,0 0 0
2 0 ,1 0 0
14,90 0
4 j 100
(* )
(M
(M

(6 )

133,5 00
9 5 ,2 0 0
3 8 ,3 0 0
15,50 0

(M
(M

(? )
(* )

Studied
T o ta l4
120,9 20
8 2 ,5 3 0
3 8 ,3 9 0
2 0 ,3 0 0
1,310
6 ,3 9 0
6 ,1 8 0
4 ,2 1 0

1 The C incinnati M etropolitan A rea (H am ilton C ounty, O hio, and C am pbell and K enton C ou n ties, K entucky). The "w ork ers w ithin sco p e of study" e stim a te s shown
in th is tab le provide a reaso n a b ly a c c u r a te d escrip tio n of the s iz e an d com p osition of the lab or force in cluded in the su r v e y . The e stim a te s a r e not in tend ed , h o w ev er,
to ser v e a s a b a sis of com p a riso n w ith other area em p loym en t in d e x e s to m ea su r e em p loym en t tren d s or le v e ls sin c e ( l ) planning of w age su rv ey s r e q u ire s the u se of
esta b lish m en t data com p iled c o n sid era b ly in ad vance of the payroll p eriod stu d ied , and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m e n ts a r e exclu d ed from the sco p e of the su rv ey .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard Ind ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la ssify in g esta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n . M ajor chan ges from the
e a r lie r edition (u sed in the B u rea u ’s lab or m ark et w age su rvey p rogram prior to the: w in ter of 1958-59) a r e the tr a n sfe r of m ilk p a steu rization plants and r ea d y -m ix ed
co n crete esta b lish m e n ts from trad e (w h o lesa le or r e ta il) to m an u factu rin g, and the tra n sfer of radio and te le v is io n b road castin g from s e r v ic e s to the tran sp ortation ,
com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includ es a ll esta b lish m e n ts w ith total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim ita tio n . A ll o u tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) of com p an ies in such in d u str ie s a s tra d e,
fin an ce, auto rep air s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ictu re th ea ters a r e c o n sid er e d a s 1 e sta b lish m en t.
4 Includes e x e c u tiv e, p r o fe ssio n a l, and other w o rk e r s exclu d ed from the sep arate o ffice and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 R ailroad s w ere included; tax icab s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclu d ed .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r
ju s t ify s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n o f d a ta .

" a ll in d u s t r ie s " a nd

" n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A

a n d B ta b le s ,

a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o

7 H otels; p erson al s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom ob ile rep air shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organ ization s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h itec tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
accord ing to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percen t of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of
annual earn ings w as co n sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w e e k 's pay.

Data are presen ted for a ll health , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg a l req u irem en ts such as w ork m en 's com p ensation
and so cia l secu r ity . Such plans include th ose underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em p loyer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund s e t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce is limited* to that type of in ­
surance under which pred eterm in ed ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accid en t
d isa b ility . Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isa b ility in su ran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly req u ired , or (2) p rovides the em ployee
with b en efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form al plans 5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during ab sen ce from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(l) plans which provide fu ll pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting p eriod. In addition to the
p resentation of the proportions o f w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accid en t insuran ce or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as, extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans w hich are d esign ed to p rotect
em p lo yees in c a se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al co vera ge of h osp italiza tio n , m ed ica l, and su rg ica l p lan s.
M edical insuran ce re fe r s to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octo rs' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . T abulations of retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ain d er of the
w o rk er 's life .

2 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p ro vision s co verin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w ork ers (fir st sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices w ith the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
it esta b lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick lea ve that
could be exp ected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e a llow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift d ifferen tial data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. T his inform ation is p resen ted both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 presen ted in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effectiv e p ra ctice, p resen ted on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified sh ift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the am ount applying to
a m ajority w as used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a d ifferen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance ra tes (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isite d . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a s is . P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health , in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistic a lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a ­
jority of such w ork ers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b in es w hole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— , February I960)
Ky.
Avkbaqb
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly
Weekly . 3 5 . 00
hours
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 0 . 00

$
4 0. 00

$
4 5 . 00

l o . 00

I s . 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

I s . 00

l o . 00

$9 5 .0 0

fo o .o o

?0 5 .0 0

fio .o o

f 15.0 0

f2 0 .0 0

4 5 . 00

5 0. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

9 0. 00

9 5. 00 100 .00

105 .00

110 .00

115 .00

1 20 .00

and
over

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

14
14
-

32
8
24

32
27
5
-

18
14
4
4

35
20
15

36
22
14
10

33
19
14
9

28
13
15
13

25
22
3
3

8
4
4
2

18
17
1
1

7
5
2
2

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g —__________________________ __________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
--- -------------------------------------------------P u b l ic u t il it i e s *
__ _ ____________________________

279
180
99
42

4 0 . 0 $ 9 5 .5 0
?o7 T
9 6 .3 0 “
40. 0
9 3 . 00
4 0 . 0 1 0 2 .5 0

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

“

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ____________________ __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ________ -___ _____________ _______ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________________________
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s a _____________________________________

158
84
74
25

40. 0
4o. o
3 9 .5
4 0. 0

8 1. 00
8 1. 00
8 0 .5 0
9 2. 00

_
-

_
-

_
-

6
6
"

4
1
3
-

10
9
1
-

7
7
-

25
15
10
4

30
9
21
4

8
7
1
"

18
3
15
-

18
18
-

23
10
13
13

-

_
"

C le r k s , o r d e r ________ __ __________________________ — _
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__
________________________________

195
83
112

40. 0
4 0. 0
40. 0

9 2 . 00
9 0. 50
9 3 . 00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

13
13

-

13
1
12

2
2
"

26
2
24

40
14
26

19
17
2

24
18
6

19
5
14

12
12

2
2
-

7
1
6

15
5
10

-

-

3 9 .5

8 4. 00

_

_

_

9

_

2

2

9

7

2

5

4

5

5

_

_

3

5

3 9 .5
3 93 “
3 9 .5

5 6. 00
5 9. 00
5 2 .5 0

3
3

38
8
30

38
12
26

53
56
17

36
l6
20

15
11
4

34
31
3

6
5
1

7
7
“

12
2
10

-

2
2

1
1
-

1
1

-

-

_

-

103
81

3 9 .5
4 o .o

1 0 1 .5 0
T b'o. So i

_

_

_

_

_

1

10
10

8
8

24
18

14
10

19
i5

3
3

1
1

2
2

3 20
— 15“

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
_______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________ _______________________

137
95

3 9. 5
39. $

9 1 . 50
9 4 . 00

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C _________________

84

3 9. 0

76. 50

_

_

_

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) ______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
___
____ ___________________ _________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

174
98
76

3 9. 0
3 9. 0
3 9 .5

64. 50
63. 5o
66. 00

.
-

.
-

.

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _____ ____ „
M a n u fa ctu r in g
____ ______________ ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________

144
60
84

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9. 0

72. 50
79. 50
67. 50

_
-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ___ __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________________ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____________________________________

568
134
4 34

3 9. 0
3370“
39. 0

60. 50
65. 00
5 9. 50

.
-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
_____________ ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________ ______ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________ _________ __________________

373
200
173

84. 00
39. 0
3 9 .5 . “ 8 9 .5 6
38. 5
78. 00

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _________ ______________ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g
„
__________
__
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________ _________________

885
428
457

3 9. 0
3 9 .5
3 9. 0

64. 50
66. 50
63. 00

_
-

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ______•
________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________________

112
70

3 9 .5
40. 0

67. 00
68. 50

_

_____________________________

58

O ffic e b o y s
_ _ ________ __
___________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____ ____________________________

C le r k s , p a y r o l l

_________

246
130
116

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ___ ___________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____ __ ____ ___ ______ _______________

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

7
2

19
17

23
17

14
8

11
4

14
6

5
5

9
1

9
9

9
9

3
3

4 14
14

2

-

1
1

12

33

9

1

_

_

3

24

_

_

_

_

_

4
4

6
6

.

.

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

"

5
5
"

2
2

1
1

6
6
"

1
1
"

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

"
4
4

-

W om en

See footnotes at end of table.




25
11
14

20
13
7

16
4
12

34
27
7

6
6
"

14
2
12

_
"

-

_
-

37
2
35

16
7
9

46
16
30

20
11
9

10
10
"

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

54
9
45

94
14
80

120
18
102

113
20
93

109
43
66

16
12
4

3
3
"

2
2
“

2
2
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

48
30
18

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

31
2
29

24

-

2
2

11

42
20

155

~~u—

22

89

113
37
76

177
68
109

119
82
37

_

12

15
1

17
11

19
11

-

-

2
9

_

-

6

18

23
31
------5— ------5—
26
18

-

.

_
-

43
25
18

42
12
30

75
45
30

36
24
12

29
18
11

20
9
11

20
18
2

24
14
10

23
23
"

_
-

99
“ 55—

78
26
52

14
12

25
20

i4
12

3

2

3

2

_
-

44

33
23
10

2

5

2

-

"

-

_
"

_
"

39
36

4
4

1
1

_

1

3

>

1

_

_

_

-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , F eb ru ary I960)

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

$

$

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$

$

$

$75. 00 $80. 00 $85. 00 W 00 $9 5.0 0 !o o .o o ! o5.00 h o .o o f 15.00 ?20.00
and
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 o v e r

*
Weekly
Weekly , 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00
hours 1 earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r

W om en— Continued

C lerks, file, class B __________________________________ 374
M anufacturing _______________________________________ 161
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________ 213
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________
30
C lerks, order ________ _________________________________
375
M anufacturing _______________________________________ 2 6 8
N onm anufacturing_______„___________________________ 107
C lerks, payroll _________________________________________ 395
M anufacturing ________________________ _______________ 276
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________ 119
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________
32
Com ptom eter operators _______________________________ 298
M anufacturing _______________________________________ 129
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________ 169
D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ________________________________
82
Keypunch operators ____________________________________ 538
M anufacturing _______________________________________ 306
Nonmanufacturing _________________ __________________ 232
Public u tilities 2 __________ _______________________
47
Office g ir ls _____________________________________________
108
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________ _
60
S e c r e ta r ie s ______________________________________________ 1, 811
M anufacturing _______________________________________ 1, 048
Nonmanufacturing ____________________, ______________ 763
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________
182
Stenographers, g e n e r a l__________________________ *_____ 1,’524
M anufacturing _______________________________________ 928
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________ 596
Public u tilities 2 _________________________ _________ 1 5 2
Switchboard operators _________________________________
283
Manufacturing _______________________________________
98
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________ 185
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________
60
Switchboard o p er a to r -r ec e p tio n ists____________________ 315
Manufacturing _______________________________________ 156
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
159
Tabulating-m achine operators, cla ss B _______________ 121
N onm anufacturing____ ______________________________
89
Tabulating-m achine op erators, cla ss C _______________ 142
Nonmanufacturing ________ __________________________
113
See footnotes at end o f table.




38. 5 $ 5 2 . 50
3 9 .5 " 5 5 . o5"
38. 0 51. 00
40, 0 58. 00
3 9 .5 65. 00
3 9 .5 64. 00
40. 0 67. 00
3 9 .5 74. 50
3 9 .5 74. 50
39. 0 74. 00
3 9 .5 74. 50
3 9 .5 67. 50
3 9 .5 71. 00
3 9 .5 65. 50
39. 0
39. 0
40. 0
38. 0
40. 0
38. 0
37. 0
39. 0
3 9 .5
38. 5
40. 0
39. 0
* 9 .5
38. 5
40. 0
3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
38. 0
3 7 .5
37. 0

62. 50
68. 50
73. 50
62. 00
72. 50
49. 00
50. 00
87. 50
89. 50
84. 50
93. 50
70. 00
72. 50
66. 00
81. 00
68. 00
76. 50
63. 50
80. 50
6 6 .5 0
68. 00
65. 00
76. 00
73. 50
59. 50
57. 00

3
3
_
_

-

_
-

_
-

67
51
16
4
4
3
1
2
_
-

"

16
10
6

100
28
72
14
58
46
12
20
17
3
12
8
4

25
13
12
2
64
61
3
38
23
15
6
22
9
13

44
16
28
14
11
11
32
24
8
4
107
19
88

17
36
6
30
36
29

6
49
9
40
1
27
15

9
85
48
37
9
4
60
12
48
7
286
169
117
8
31
11
20

6
84
37
47
19
1
1
143
52
91
14
212
155
57
5

79
27
52
10
7
46
30

76
49
27
12
8

92
15
77
27
15
12
13
6
7

.

.

_

_

16
-

8
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

82
8
74

80
16
64

-

12
12

36
36

18
18

21
48
20
28
9
4
38
13
25
3
145
70
75
16
14
5
9

1
1

25
14
11
5
5
15
14

30
12
18
5
5
6
5

_

_
_

_

-

_
-

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

40
40

_
-

-

-

-

-

20
15
5
64
28
36
59
50
9
2
51
31
20

39
16
23
3

19
17

15
15
-

80
44
36
27
14
13
4

28
13
15
5
47
20
27
15
_

-

148
82
66
1
180
106
74
31
34
8
26
19
53
19
34
32
27
7
5

5
5

2
2

26
£6
53
39
14
6
11
7
4

19
17
2
43
26
17
3
16
6
10

10
8
2
48
33
15
6
3
3

5
5
22
16
6
3

4
2
2
14
8
6
2

12
7
5

9
8
1

9
47
34
13
7
1
1
182
128
54
8

3
104
98
6
1
1
1
210
97
113
14

2
22
22

2
6
6

147
128
19
8
28
18
10
8
21
8
13

193
151
42
29
19
18
1

13
10

21
18
4

_

_

-

_

-

14
12
2

2

_
_

1
1

_

-

_

13
11
2
2

8
8
-

-

_

3
1
2
5
5

_
_

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2
-

_

1
1

_
_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

2
10
6
4
4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

109
69
40
18

80
57
23
12

75
49
26
8

76
40
36
35
7
7

152
104
48
9
34
19
15
15
8
8

8
3
5
5
1
1

7
7

24
14
10
1
2
2

66
40
26
22
1
1

-

-

-

_

_

"

215
114
101
34
71
53
18
"

36
6
30
30
7
5
2
7
3
1

309
217
92
31

-

-

_

.

.

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

1
1
3

7

_

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

9
9

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

_

6
Table A -l. Office Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— , F ebruary I960)
Ky.
N U M B E R OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EA R N IN G S OF—

Avebaqe

Number
of
workers

$ 00 $
35.
40. 00

45. 00 l o . 00

%5. 00

$
60. 00 *65. 00 $
70. 00

$75. 00 $80. 00

40. 00

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45. 00

50. 00

60. 00

65. 00

80. 00

W eekly,
W eekly .
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under

55. 00

70. 00

75. 00

*85. 00 $
90. 00 *95.00 fo o .o o fo5.0 0 f i o . o o f 15.00 f 20.00
and
85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Women— Continued

1

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , general _____________
M anufacturing
_ _
Nonmanufacturing ________ ____________________ ___

~2J0

197

39. 0 $63. 00
39. s
64. 00
38.5
61. 00

_
"

_
-

19
6
13

41
lo
31

108
-5 7
41

107
48
59

64
47
17

47
20
27

22
20
2

12
10
2

T yp ists, cla ss A ______________________________ _______
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________________________

582
353
229
105

39.5
3 9.5
39. 0
40. 0

68.
72.
62.
64.

50
50
50
00

_
-

-

-

-

18
18

25
2
23
5

91
39
52
21

93
52
41
29

116
“ 38 —
58
42

67
48
19
2

39
28
11
3

76
T5—
_

1,314
754
560
28

39. 0
40. 0
38.5
3 9.5

58.
60.
54.
54.

00
50
50
50

_
-

60
28
32

207
294
69----- 164
138
130
1
11

249
129
120
14

218
~7T2—
106
2

117
90
27

105
100
5

47
45
2

—J J —

T yp ists, c la s s B ____________ __________ ____________
_
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___
Nonmanufacturing
________
________
_______
P u blic u tilit ie s 2
__
...
..... .

427

"

5

3

-

13

_

_

.

_

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

-

_
-

-

_

l
l

-

-

-

-

-

.
_

_

_
_

_
_

_

-

3
3
_

_

1
_

'

'

-----3

_
_

'

-

4

4
1
3
2

49
46
3

_

_
_

-

2
_
2

_
-

!

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

“

“

■

‘

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e sa la ries and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
3 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 9 at $120 to $130; 10 at $130 to $140; 1 at $140 and over.
4 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 12 at $120 to $125; 2 at $125 and over.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— , February I960)
Ky.
N U M B E R OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EA R N IN G S OF—

Avebage
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
W eekly j Under
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) $5. 00

I s . 00
and
under
80. 00

l o . 00

85. 00

85. 00

9 0 . 00

$

$
$
$
95. 00 100.00 1*05. 00 110.00 f 15.00 ?20.00 ?25.00 f30.00 f35.00 f40.00 f45.00 ?50.00 {55.00
and
95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 ov er
9 0 . 00

Men
40. 0 $139. 00
40. 0
130.50

_

_

-

-

_
-

5
5
-

34
34

6
6

D raftsm en, leader ----- -------- ----------------------- -------- ----------M anufacturing ________________________________________

113
83

D raftsm en, sen ior ______________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________

619
“ 555
64

40. 0
40. 0
3 9.5

116. 50
115.00
131.00

-

D raftsm en, junior _______________________________ ^
_____
M anufacturing __________ ___________________________

432
392

40. 0
40. 0

92.00
9 1 . 00

117
108

40. 0

39.5

94. 50
93. 00

_

_

_
-

2
2

_

-

8
8

7
7

1
1

15
15

12
10

8
8

8
8

21
14

1
1

4
4

2 26
5

3
3
-

21
20
1

24
22
2

13
13
-

33
32
1

70
64
6

167
165
2

46
42
4

83
73
10

51
41
10

30
30
-

28
21
7

27
20
7

_

-

-

-

18
4
14

"

36
34

54
53

59
59

72
63

58
52

26
19

48
48

35
27

10
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
7

11
11

13
12

18
17

32
32

10
10

2
2

5
5

5
5

1
1

_

3

_
-

_

Women
N urses, industrial (reg istered ) ___ _________ __________
Manufacturing _______________________ ,________________

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours.
2 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 10 at $ 155 to $ 165; 2 at $ 165 to $ 175; 7 at $ 175 to $ 185; 7 at $ 185 to $ 195.




"

2

_
■

>

_

"

7
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— , F ebruary I960)
Ky.

%
$
$
$
Occupation and industry division
Under ‘a„6a° 1. 70 1.80 1.90
$
1.60 under 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0
1.70
_
_
_
_
_
278
$2. 72
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------ 196
2 .6 5
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------82
2. 89
E lectrician s, m ainten ance---------------------------------- 822
2. 81
1
2
1
9
M anufacturing----------------------------------------------— ~“ 5S9----- 2. 84
3
N onm anufacturing------------------------------------------ 233
2. 72
2
6
1
1
Public u tilities 3----------------------------------------- 185
2. 70
1
1
2
6
_
E ngineers, station ary----------------------------------------- 312
2 .9 0
8
1
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------ 171
ir o T "
N onm anufacturing------------------------------------------ 141
2. 71
8
1
"
F irem en, stationary b o ile r — ------------------------------ 485
2. 46
18
19 13
M anufacturing — ------------------------—--------------— “ T83----- 1. 48
10 13
14
2. 36
4
Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------------- 101
9
"
"
H elpers, trad es, m ainten ance--------------------------- 373
10 33
2.12
12
36
5
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------ ~TZh
10 " 13
2. 1Z
7
36
- 20
Nonm anufacturing----------------------------------------— 107
2. 10
5
5
Public u tilities 3 ---------------------------------------- 98
2. 13
5
- 20
M achine-tool op erators, toolroom --------------------- 486
2. 80
i
3
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------- 486
2. 80
3
i
"
"
M achinists, m ainten ance------------------------------------ 448
14
2. 78
1
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------- 380
14
2.81
1
68
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------2 .59
Public u tilities 3 --------------------------------------------------------2. 54
63
M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) ---------------------- 566
2. 50
4 42
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------95
2.71
- -----7
4 35
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------ 471
2 .4 6
4 35
Public u tilities 3 ---------------------------------------------------------- 454
2 .4 6
"
_
_
18
M echanics, m a in ten an ce --------------------------------------------------- 738
2. 56
7 12
- ------7“ TB—
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------- “ s s * — 2 .5 8
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------54
2. 31
12
"
M illw rights---------------------------------------------------------- 361
2. 86
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------ “ 551------ “ 2785—
"
_
_
O ile r s____________________________________________ 207
3 ------j— 4
2. 38
1
---- 4—
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------ ~T73------ “ Z 7n —
_
_
_
2
P ainters, m ainten ance---------------------------------------- 271
2. 67
5
- -----3—
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------ “ TS?------ “ 2770—
87
2 .62
2
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------2
31
2 .4 4
Public u tilities 3 --------------------------------------"
_
_ _
_
_
P ip efitters, m a in ten a n c e ----------------------------------- 275
2 .93
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------ ~TUB------ “ 2793—
"
“
Sheet-m etal w orkers, m a in ten an ce------------------2 .9 3
85
M anufacturing-------------------------------- --------------- — 71------ “ 3799—
_
_
2 .9 6
Tool and die m akers ------------------------------------------ 741
M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------- “ 7?I------ “ 2798
“
“
Number
of

Average
hourly ,
earnings

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 .0 0 2. 10 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2 .9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3.20 3.30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60
and
2. 10 2 .2 0 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2. 60 2 .7 0 i 2 .8 0 2 .9 0_. 3. 00 3. 10_ 3.20 _3.30_ _3.40 . 3. 50 3. 60 over
_ 5
34
10
31 66
14 27
16 16
3
6
5
26
19
15 1 6
5
Z7 " 25
31
6
2
14 27
9
19
4 41
5
3
1
1
1 *26
“
“
123 133
93 49
8
1 10
46
117 57
11 64
1
6
39 51
4
4
36 37
41
21 55
11 62
117 56
93 47
1
1
4
3 14
5
96
2
2
6 77
2
6
6
4
3 14
3
64
2
2
6 77
“
4
7
3 27
8 36
27 18
1
4
3
20
75 64
6
24
3 21
8 36
4
8
3
1
21 18
l
6
3
2
4
2
12
51 63
~
“
"
“
18
54 97
43
54 40
63
13
6
1 37
9
- Z4
43
18
53 49
13
5
45 ' 30 ' 58
9
1
5
1 13
1 48
9 10
31 20
8
104 35
56
7
16
17
4
31 ZO
16
6
77 29
6
27
3
2
39
23
3
2
6
39
67 53
4
4 28
47
21 27
4 41
114 22
29 21
4
114 22
67 53
4 4i
4 28
47
21 27
29 21
■
■
13
13
70
65
4
13 61
51 30
8
6
99
4
8
64
12
13 61
51 30
8
6
9
99
5
4
53
6
53
4
6
13
37 80
25 109
11 26
55
51
47 66
4
3
7 26
11'' 10
1
4
4
9
9
4
2
24 105
38 63
28 76
41
51
4
2
24 94
38 63
28 76
51
35
*
_
“
■
18 62
13
22
64
106 69
17 81
79 91
79
13 " 18 62
— TF“ i f .... — rs ~ 5 I---- “ 79“ 106"" 52 -----7T~ ....9T
17
5
6 13
“
"
1
58
6 137
20
24 40
41
3
14 18
14 M rs — zO
24 40
41
3
6 137... 58 ' ■
■
”
4
7
20 17
17
14 45
43
3
29
4
7
17
17
3
— TT“ “ *5---- 13
20
"
_
“
“
■
29
“
3
16
5
22 37
38 15
52
5
21 24
25
1
- — 5— 21 — 9— 17 — n r T5 — W ~ 2
15
6 37
3
3
16
1
24
8
12
15
1
1
7
8
15
“
■
~
■
“
“
_
_
48
2
62
12 33
6 ----- 3 — 91
4- 3
11
j — 9T “ 62
48
*
_ “
“
■
“
- ----- T — 3---- 11 . -------5“ “ 33“ ------ 6“
4
26
17
4
3
14 10
4
1
2
4
26
4
3
i 4 10
4
3
1
2
“
“
“
_
"
- 24
163
34 81
123 18
47 171
2
27
12 39
163
34 81
123 18
47 171
■
“
”
- ""24 ----- T ~ - ""27... -----12“ 39

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 25 at $ 3 .7 0 to $3.80 ; 1 at $ 3 .8 0 and over.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




8
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

Occupation1 and industry division
Elevator operators, passenger (women) --------Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------G uards----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------Public u tilities4------------------------------------Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (m en )----------M anufacturing------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------Public utilities4------------------------------------Janitors, porters, and cleaners (wom en)-------M anufacturing------------------------------------------Nonm anufa c tu r ing--------------------------------------Public utilities4 ------------------------------------Laborers, m aterial handling--------------------------M anufacturing------.------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------Public utilities 4------------------------------------Order fille rs -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------Packers, shipping (m en)--------------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------Packers, shipping (women)----------------------------M anufacturing------------------------------------------Receiving c le rk s--------------------------------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------Shipping c lerk s----------------------------------------------Manufa cturing--------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------Shipping and receiving clerks -------------------------M anufacturing------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------Truckdrivers 5---------------------------------------------—
M anufacturing------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------Public u tilities4------------------------------------Truckdrivers, light (under lVa to n s)---------Manufacturing -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Truckdrivers, medium (l1 to
/*
and including 4 to n s ) -------------------- ---------Manufacturing -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Public utilities 4 ------------------------------

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— , February I960)
Ky.
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
|$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Number Average 2 Under $1. 00 $1. 10 $1.20 $
of
hourly
1.30 1.40 1.50 11. 60 1.70 1.80 1 . 9 0 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 $ 70
2.
workers earnings $
and
under
1.00 1. 10 1.20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 __1.. 90 2. 00 2.10 _ 2.20 2. 30 2. 40 _2. 50 2. 60 -2._7.0_ 2,80
38
3
3 11
1
65 $1. 13
9
63 1. 13
38
3
1
1 11
39
“
"
“
“
“
“
"
"
■
8
3
3
2
2
57 48
43
7
619 2. 35
52 106 181 22
41
19
1
!
567 2. 33
8
2
2
1
6
48 98 r s r 18 r 39
42
19 i 56 48
52 2. 55
1
4
1
1
1
1
8
4
1
2
3 i - | - 5 1
43 2. 72
4
8
1
4
2
- ! 2, 626 1. 72
15 272 62 139 220
78 142 321 134 294 155 244 116 196 205
4
10 19
"1,800 .. 1.90
6
57 51
75 61 288 92 264 152 191 111 196 2TT4" 4
10 19
19
826 1.33
82 169
3 81
30
15 253 56
33 42
3 53
5
1
104 1. 77
3
4
5
6
5 16
23
32
5
4
1
20 179 35
53 26
30
8
21 12
8
12
2
509 1.32
29 74
4 22
3
7
8
8
13
12
21
2
119 1.64
19
- 12
390 1.22
20 179 32
25 52
34 19
17
8
80 1. 59
4
4 36
16
- 12
2,917 2. 02
68 40 137 107 157 175 360 252 300 344 77 260 171
78 62 247
9 69
78 r~ 33
68 T4
81 96 14? 175 360 197 239 223 J8 256 141
2,282 ' t : 98
74
9 “42
- 16
- 29 173
- 27
4 30
635 2. 18
56 12
12
55 61 121 39
4
322 2. 52
7
5
92 12
29 173
“
761 1.84
38 19
37 51
46 40
71 16
58
80 110
58 10
46 60
- | 26
- 10
416 1.84
7
37 15
46 ! 16
17
4
28
45 74
22 48
24
345 1.85
54 12
30
24 12
35 36
58
12 12
" 36
“
571 1. 69
24 1 3
43 45
70
77 94
50 44
12 28
30 13
29
9
430 1.71
3
43 45
68 70
23
24
70
26 14
12 22
1
9
141 1. 62
24
24
24 30
6
6
6 12
9
- 18
64
173 1.72
7
34
27
3
2
9
9
150 1.83
27
3
64
18
2
27
9
- :
2 74 1.96
2
28 34
17
4
6 12
2
2
20 12
33
13 24
5
24
6
26
- 26
T9U 2. 04
20 ” 13
17
5
2
6
22 28
11
21
15
84 1. 76
6 12
2
2
2
20
6
6
2
3
2
9
- 12
- 28
- 12
25
26 21
14 12
205 2. 07
9
19 24
- 16
133 2. 12
6
6
24 19
IT 11
25
3
72 1.97
12
13 18
2
2
1
1
6
*
- 12
'
235 2.25
4
1 23
25 24
4 17
23
7
12 20
9 66
- 11
185 2.29
23
1
1
1 12
22
22
4 66
4
2
50 2. 09
3
15
12
1
3
2
5
9
"
8 102 44
28 22
24 5v 115 613 462 464 284
2,915 2. 51
22
12 19
15 18
5 09
43
8 48
2.28
10
13 17
8
50
56 52
34 81
5 13
69
1
2,406 2. 56
15
10
5
52
16 11
12
12 19
5
59 561 428 383 225
14 10
1,825 2. 64
3
4
1
55 290 295 341 220
"
"
1
- 17
17
242 2. 03
6
13
25
5
5 9.2
22
12
7
5
7
9
- ” 11
12
5
5
95 1.90
10
13
7
5
7
11
9
5
147 2. 11
6
13
81
12
12
12
6
-

See footnotes at end of table.




2.46
2. 51
2. 64

2 .2 7

_

_

'

965
736
583

229

'

_
i

!

1

_
‘

10
10

15
15

'

'

15
5

10
10

11
6
5

8
8
_

64
28
36

19
19

2
2

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

10

41
39
2
2

57
33
24
20

83
17
66

310
15
295
295

53
53
_
'

$
$
$
2.80 2.90 3. 00
and
2.90 3. 00 over
“
24
24
24
4
4
2
z
2
2
604
12
592
592
-

151 116
1
150 116
150 116

_
_
19
19
5
5
-

_
2
2
10
10

_

-

'

’

-

9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— , February I960)
Ky.

Occupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Truckdrivers:5--- Continued
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) __________________________
Manufacturing __________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 4 ____________________
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than traile r type) __ ________ __
Truckers, power (forklift)___________________
Manufacturing _____________*______________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
Public utilities 4 _____________ _________

340
1, 173
1,057
116
66

Truckers, power (other than forklift) ________
Watchmen __ _____ ___ „ __ __________
Manufacturing _____________-______________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
1
a
3
4
5

Average
hourly
earnings.* ^nder
1. 00

973 $2.59
106 i.S 'i'
867 2.59
591 2. 62

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$1. 00 $1. 10 $1. 20 30 $1.40 $1.50 $1. 60 $1.70 $ 80 1.90 1. 00 $2. 10 $2. 20 $ 30 1.40 1. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 %. 00
2.
1.
and
under
and
1. 10 1. 20 1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.6 0 1.70 1.80 _1_. 90__ 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3.00 over
9
9
-

18
18
-

352 142
9
352 133
250
-

142 120
- 45
142 75
106 70

177
12
165
165

6
53
53
"

173
138
35
35

46
42
4
4

60
28
32
-

33
4
100 223
88 223
12
-

241
10
10
-

67
40
27
27

56

12

4

22

49

5

56
53
3

19
18
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 61
2. 29
2. 28
2. 34
2.40

.
"

.
~

-

.
-

-

-

-

"

.
“

8
2
6
"

5
5
-

43
43
-

51
5l
"

241
241
"

96

2. 18

_

.

_

.

.

.

.

.

2

.

345
25l>
89

1. 69
1. 79
1.39

"

24
20
4

14
14

24
18
6

49
49

28
26
2

45
42
3

2
2

3
3

31
29
2

“

-

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 0 .8 0 to $ 0 .9 0 .
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all drivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.




3
3
-

10
10
-

-

- !

16
2
6
2 — 5“ — IF "
_
"

-

.

.

2

_

.

2
2

24
24
"

*

"

“

~

-

_
-

-

93
93
-

“

_

.

-

-

*

■




10

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials

(P er cent of m anufacturing plant w o rk ers in esta b lish m e n ts having form al p r o v isio n s for shift w ork,
and in esta b lish m e n ts a ctu ally op erating late sh ifts by type and am ount of d ifferen tia l,
C in cinnati, Ohio— , F eb ru ary I960)
Ky.
Shift d ifferen tia l

T otal _____________ _____________________________ _
With shift pay d ifferen tia l ______________________
U niform cen ts (per hour) ___________________
5 cen ts _______________________________ ____
6 cen ts ____________________________________
7 or 7Vz c en ts
................
8 cen ts ____________________________________
9 cen ts ____________________________________
10 c en ts
_
. . . . . .
11 cen ts
12 c e n t s ____________________________ _____
13 or 13 y 3 cen ts _____ _________________
14 cen ts ___________________________________
15 c e n t s ___________________________________
16 cen ts
_. . .
...... .. _ . .
17 ce n ts ___________________________________
18 V 3 cen ts ________________________________
19 c en ts ___________________________________
2 0 c en ts
_ _
U niform p e r c e n ta g e __________________________
5 p ercen t _________.._______________________
7 V2 p ercen t
___
10 p e r c e n t _________________________________
O ver 10 p e r c e n t___________________________
8 hours* pay for 7 h ou rs' w ork
O ther form al pay d iffe r e n tia l_______________
No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l________________________

In esta b lish m e n ts having form al
p ro v isio n s 1 for—
Second shift
T hird or other
w ork
shift w ork
79. 7
79. 4
5 0 .4
3. 0
7. 0
3. 6
3. 3
23. 5
1. 7
1. 6
1. 5
2. 7
-

2. 5
26. 4
9. 8
1. 6
13. 5
1. 5
1. 0
1. 6
.3

62. 6
62. 3
36. 3
-

1 .3
2. 3
13.4
4. 7
.8
1.4
2. 5
.2
1. 2
1. 5
1. 7
2. 5
16. 4
1. 7
14. 7
_
9 .6
.3
2. 8

In esta b lish m e n ts actu ally
op eratin g—
T hird or other
Second shift
shift
16. 2
16.2
9. 5
.7
.4
.6
3. 8
.5
.6
.2
.1
2. 0

-

.6
6. 7
3. 0
.6
2. 9
.2
_
( 2)
( 2)

4. 1
4. 1
2. 5
.1
.1
.5
.5
( 2)
.2
.1
( 2)
.2
.2
.3
.3
1. 3
.2
1. 1
-

_

.3

( 2)

1 In clu d es esta b lish m e n ts cu rren tly op erating late sh ifts, and esta b lish m e n ts w ith form al p r o v isio n s coverin g late sh ifts
even though th ey w ere not cu rren tly op erating late sh ifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percen t.

11
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers

(D istrib u tion of esta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by m inim um entran ce sa la ry for s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien ced w om en office w o r k e r s, C in cinnati, Ohio— , F eb ru ary I960)
Ky.

M inimum weekly salary 1

E stablishm ents stu d ie d __________________________
E stablishm ents having a specified m in im u m ____
$40. 00 and under $42. 50 ____________________
$42. 50 and under $45. 00 ____________________
$45. 00 and under $47. 50 ____________________
$ 47. 50 and under $ 50. 00 ____________________
$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 ____________________
$ 52.50 and under $ 55.00 ____________________
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50 ____________________
$ 57. 50 and under $ 60. 00 ____________________
$ 60. 00 and unde r $ 62. 50 ____________________
$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00 ____________________
$ 65. 00 and under $ 67. 50 ____________________
$ 67. 50 and under $ 70. 00 ____________________
$ 7 0. 00 and under $ 72. 50 ____________________
$ 72. 50 and under $ 75. 00 ____________________
$ 75. 00 and under $ 77.50 ____________________
$ 77. 50 and under $ 80. 00 ___________________
$ 80. 00 and over _____________________________
E stablishm ents having no specified m inim um ___
E stablishm ents which did not employ w orkers
in this c a te g o ry ________________________________
Data not available _______________________________

All
in dustries

Inexperienced typists
Nonm anufacturing
M anufacturing
B ased on standard weekly h o u rs 3 of—
All
All
40
40
schedules
schedule s

168
86
10
7
15
3
12
9
7
2
5
3
3
5
1
1
3
27

88
54
5
3
7
2
11
4
5
1
4
3
1
5
1

54
1

17
1

-

XXX
47
5
2
7
2
9
3
4
4
2
1
5
1

-

-

-

2

2
16

80
32
5
4
8
1
1
5
2
1
1
2

-

-

-

XXX

XXX

-

37

XXX

XXX
25
4
2
5
1
5
2
1
1
2
-

1
1
11

-

All
in du stries

-

-

1
1

XXX

XXX
XXX

O ther inexperienced clerica l w orkers 2
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
Based on standard weekly h o u rs 3 of—
All
All
40
40
schedules
schedules

-

168
92
13
9
15
3
12
8
9
3
4
2
4
5
1
1
3
30
45
1

-

88
54
6
4
6
2
9
4
5
2
4
2
2
5
1

-

XXX
47
6
3
6
2
7
3
4
1
4
1
2
5
1
-

-

2
17
16
1

80
38
7
5
9
1
3
4
4
1

XXX
29
5
3
5
3
4
4
1

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

XXX

XXX

-

1
1
13
29

-

2

XXX

2

-

1
1

XXX

XXX
XXX

L ow est sa la ry rate form a lly esta b lish e d for h irin in ex p erien ced w o r k e r s for typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s.
R ates ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s, o ffice g ir ls , or im ilar su b cle r ic a l job s a re not con sid ered .
H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich em p lo y e e s e c eiv e th eir regu lar str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s. Data a re p resen ted for a ll w ork w eek s com b ined , and for the m o st com m on w orkw eek reported .




12
Table B-3, Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eek ly hours
of fir s t-s h ift w o r k e r s, C in cinnati, O hio— , F eb ru ary I960)
Ky.
OFFICE WORKERS

W eekly h ou rs

All w o rk ers _____________________________________
35 h o u r s __________ _______ _ _________________
O ver 35 and under 37 V2 h o u r s ________________
37 V2 h o u r s _______ _____ ________________________
O ver 37 V2 and under 40 hours -----------------------40 h o u r s ___________________________ ___________
44 h o u r s ___________________________ ____________
45 hours _ __ ____ ____________________________
48 h o u r s _________________________________________
50 h o u r s _________________________________________

1
2
3
4

All industries

100
6
5
8
2
79
(4 )
(4 )

1

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

(4 )
10
2
87
-

1
98
1
-

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

-

-

100
(4 )
3
(4 )
93
1
1
1
(4 )

Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; finance, in su rance, and r ea l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.




3
96
1
-

5
1
2

91

13
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y . , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 )
K

OFFICE WORKERS
I te m

All industries1

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities

2

All industries^

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

99

100

99

99

97

1

1

3

( 4)

( 4)

( 4)

( 4)
( 4)

Number of days
L e s s th a n 5 h o l i d a y s
5 h o l id a y s
5 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________________
6 h o l id a y s
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ______________________
7 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
8 h o l id a y s
9 h o l id a y s
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
__ ....
10 h o l id a y s
_
_ ..
_ .

1
1
28
7

8
41

2
1
8
1

1
16
3

11
47
3

4
-

15

1
2
82
-

1

1
1

( 4)

1

32

24

2

2
20

15
33

35

1
1
12

_
_
31
_
_
65
_
_
_
_

14

-

2

-

1
1
8
2

_

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
11

_

_

2
17

-

13

20

-

62

79
82
98
99
99
99
99
99

( 4)

1

3

Total holiday time5
10 d a y s ______________________________________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
7 V2 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
7 or m o re days

.

6 V2 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
5 Va o r
5 or m
4 or m
3 nr m
1 or m

m o re days
o r e d a y s _____________________________________
o r e d a y s _____________________________________
........ .
... ...
o re days
_ .
ore days
......

1
2
3
4
5

69
97
98
99
99
99
99

.

_

3
15

83
85

2
11
12
60
61

100
100
100
100
100
100

93
94
95
93
98
99

16
71
73
97
98
98
99
99
99

65
65
97
97
97
97
97
97

I n c l u d e s da ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s da ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f fu l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c lu d e s
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u l a t e d .




_
_

_

t h o s e w it h 7 fu l l d a y s a n d

14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a ca tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , C in cin n a ti, O h io— y. , F e b ru a r y I960)
K

V acation p o licy

A ll w o rk ers ________________ _______________ _
M e th o d o ! p a y m e n t
W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providing
paid v a c a tio n s ________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent __________________
P ercen ta g e p a y m e n t_______________________
Other ________________________________________
W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providing
no paid v acation s ____________________________
A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5
A fter 6 m onths of ser v ice
U nder 1 w eek __________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ____________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
3 w eek s
A fter 1 y e a r of se r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ____________________
2 w eek s ____ __ _______________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________
3 w e e k s ____ __________________________________
4 w e e k s ________ _______________________________
A fter 2 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ____________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________
3 w eek s ________________________________________
4 w e e k s - ________________________________________
A fter 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ____________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s ____________________
3 w eek s ______________________________________ _
4 w ee k s ________________________________________
A fter 5 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ____________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s ____________________
3 w ee k s ________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s ____________________
4 w ee k s ________________________________________
See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries*

Manufacttiring

Public utilities2

All industries*

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
98
2
-

99
97
3
-

100
100
-

99
90
9
-

99
86
13
-

100
100
-

(4 )

(4 )

-

1

1

-

4
48
1
3
(4 )

5
45
1
4
(4 )

_
43
-

15
14
1
(4 )

20
12
2
-

_
23
I
"

20
1
77
(4 )
1
-

11
1
86
(4 )

57
43
-

77
6
14
1
(4 )

76
9
13
2
-

86
13
1
-

6
2
91
( )
1
-

4
1
94
(4 )
1
"

11
15
74
-

51
15
31
1
1
(4 )

54
20
24
2
-

56
5
32
7
1
-

1
(4 )
97
(4 )
1
-

1
1
97
(4 )
1
-

3
97
-

14
25
57
1
2
(4 )

13
34
49
3
-

22
70
7
1
-

(4 )
96
1
2
-

(4 )
95
3
2
-

_
100
-

1
1
84
8
4
1
(4 )

1
1
81
11
4
1

92
7
1
-

15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-C ontinued

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of office and plant w o rk e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, C in cinnati, Ohio— , F eb ru ary I960)
Ky.
V a c atio n p o licy

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries 3

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n p a y 5— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 w eek
.
......... .... .
2 w e e k s _ ______________________ ___________ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________

(4 )
74
2
23
1

( 4)
70
5
25
_

97
3
_

1
50
21
26
1
(4 )

1
39
28
30
1
-

88
7
4
_
1

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s ____ ___________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------- -----3 w e e k s _______________________________ _______
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________ _
4 w e e k s ____ ___________________________________

(4 )
14
(4 )
85
(4 )
1

(4 )
10
(4 )
89
(4 )
(4 )

_
5
95
-

1
20
(4 )
69
7
2

1
16
(4 )
71
8
2

_
5
87
7
1

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 w e e k _____ __ _______________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _ __ _____ _ _____
4 w e e k s _ ______________________________________

(4 )
14
70
2
14

(4 )
10
77
(4 )
12

5
94
1

_

1
20
59
7
12

1
16
66
9
7

5
70
7
18

(4 )
12
58
2
28

(4 )
10
68
(4 )
21

_

1
20
48
5
23
1

1
16
55
6
19
1

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 w e e k _____ __ _______________________________
2 w e e k s ____ __________________________________
3 w e e k s ______________ ________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________________
4 w e e k s _________________ ________ ___________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ________ ________________________

5
66
29

_

_

5
52
7
36

1 In clu d es data for w h o le sa le trade; r e ta il trad e; finance, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e, r e ta il tra d e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
5 P er io d s of se r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e ss a r ily r e fle c t the in divid ual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e ssio n s. F o r exam p le, the chan ges in prop ortion s in d icated at 10 y e a r 's
s e r v ic e include ch an ges in p r o v isio n s occu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.
NOTE: In the tab ulation of vacation a llo w a n ces by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , p aym en ts oth er than "length of tim e" such a s percen ta ge of annual earn in gs or fla t-su m p a ym en ts, w ere con verted to
an equ ivalent tim e b a sis; for exa m p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual earn in gs w as co n sid ered a s 1 w eek ’s pay.




16
Table B-6. H ealth, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e rc e n t of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
h ealth , in su ra n c e , or pen sion b e n efits, C in cin n ati, Ohio—Ky. , F eb ru ary I960)
PLANT WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T yp e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s

____

All industries^

Manufacturing

Public utilities

a

All industries 3

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

87

92

81

82

87

73

65

75

73

62

65

64

79
58

90
82

83
14

82
75

89
87

73
38

47

54

11

6

4

5

11
81
73
45
36
79

2
90
89
59
39
80

63
37
37
26
18
76

5
83
77
40
14
62

1
88
85
45
13
69

®

35
65
65
32
28
68

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e ________________ ^______ _____
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e _______ ,_____- _____________
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce or
s ick le a v e or both 4
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce ______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) _________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
__ _ _ __ ____
w aiting period) _
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e
__ _______
___
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e _
__ - ________
M e d ica l in s u r a n c e _______________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e
R e tire m e n t p en sion _________________________
No h ealth , in s u r a n c e , o r p en sion p l a n ____

3

3

9

9

1 Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin a n ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
3 Includ es data for w h o le sa le tr a d e, r e ta il tr a d e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
4 U nduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e ce iv in g sic k le a v e or s ic k n e ss and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce show n sep a r a te ly below . S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin itely e sta b lish at le a s t
the m inim um num ber of days* pay that can be exp ected by each em p lo y e e . In form al s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d eterm in ed on an in d ivid ual b a sis a r e exclu d ed .




17

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll
title s and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
e ssen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job d escriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary w orkers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P repares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (hilling machine}— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare cu sto m ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— K eeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping- P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent’s b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— .Continued

payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers w ith proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgm ent and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la s s B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, perform s one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a know ledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accou n t­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Com putes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing inform ation such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib u t­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic a l com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, w hich may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in w hich, use of this m achine is incidental to perform ance
of other d u ties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B — Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th a t h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.
CLERK, ORDER

R eceives custom ers* orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to resp ective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or Ditto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.
KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alp habetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

19

SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone c alls; handling personal and im portant or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own in itiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for inform ation of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents w ithout close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
C lass B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.

Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple w iring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out b ills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils , m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in d uplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incom ing m ail.

Class A— Perform s one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, etc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tables
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of draw ings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and qu an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such, as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assig n in g
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, d etail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accid en t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.
TRACER

Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pen cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

21
M AIN TEN A N CE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Perform s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
v alves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

22
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
an ces; making standard shop com putations re la ting to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installin g the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ic a l equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
ch ines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
w hose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal appren ticesh ip or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with sto ck s and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
w hether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

23

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alen t training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chu tes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other sp ecificatio n s; settin g up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D ie maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND M ATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar estab lish m en t.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(L oader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehousem an or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING"—Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with sp ecificatio n s on sa le s slip s, custom ers9
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using ex celsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining n ecessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail estab lish m en ts, or betw een retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout h elpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and Jceep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gaso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . GO V ER N M E NT P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : I9 6 0 0 — 5 4 9 8 8 9

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor m arkets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese b u lletin s, when av aila­
ble, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D. C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Baltimore, Md., Septem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, M ass., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C leveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la., Decem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
Memphis, T enn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., Decem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. Paul, Minn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-21, price 25 cents
P hiladelphia, P a., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a., Decem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—Ontario, C alif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —O akland, C alif., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-17, price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
W ashington, D .C .—Md.—V a., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-18, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102