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Occupational Wage Survey

DES MOINES, IOWA
FEBRUARY 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
B U R EA U O F LA B O R STA TISTICS
Ew a n C lo g u a , Comnrms*on«r




Occupational Wage Survey




DES MOINES, IOWA
FEBRUARY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-30
April 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STATISTICS
Ew an Clague, Commissioner

Ear

hv the Superintendent ol Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price

25

cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e C o m m u n ity W a g e S u rv e y P r o g r a m

In tr o d u c tio n

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o r ta n t in d u s ­
tr ia l c e n te rs.
T h e s tu d ie s , m a d e f r o m la te f a ll to e a r ly
s p rin g , r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le ­
m e n ta r y b e n e fits .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on
c o m p le tio n o f the study in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m onth
fo llo w in g the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ied . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s
a d d itio n a l d ata not in c lu d e d in th e e a r l i e r r e p o r t . A c o n ­
s o lid a te d a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s o f a ll
o f the y e a r * s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a f t e r c o m p le tio n o f the
fin a l a r e a b u lle tin f o r th e c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :

T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u rs r e g io n a l
o ffic e in C h ic a g o , 111. , b y W o o d r o w C . L in n , under the d i­
r e c t io n o f G e o r g e E . V o ta v a , R e g io n a l W age and In d u s tr ia l
R e la tio n s A n a ly s t .




_____________________________________________________________________

1

1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e o f s u r v e y ___________

2

A:

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s _____________________________________________
A -2 .
P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s __________________
A - 3.
M a in ten a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s ________________
A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s __________

4
6
7
8

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B - l.
Sh ift d if fe r e n t ia ls ______________________________________________
B -2 . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n
o f f ic e w o r k e r s ________________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs _____________________________________
B - 4.
P a id h o lid a y s __________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s ____________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s

______________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s f o r th e s e and o th e r it e m s a r e
a v a ila b le in the r e p o r t s f o r s u r v e y s in o th e r m a jo r a r e a s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ic a tin g d ate o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e ­
p o r ts is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
U n ion s c a le s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g p ay l e v e l s , a r e
a v a ila b le f o r the fo llo w in g t r a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s : B u ild in g c o n ­
s tr u c tio n , p r in tin g , lo c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and
m o to r tr u c k d r i v e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

9
10
10
11
12
14

15




Occupational Wage Survey-—Des Moines, Iowa
Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant in dustrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r's B ureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within six broad industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m u nication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu dies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also b ecau se
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary c o st involved in surveying all esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
based on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to a ll estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cept for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and

late sh ifts. N onproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ssifie d w ithin
the sam e su rvey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average serv ic e of m en would resu lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore g en era lized than those u sed in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
esta b lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T hese d ifferen ces in occu ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.

E stab lish m en t P ra c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv iso rs and non su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e, ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d 1
R ailroad s, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies, en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
m
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and fo rce-acco u n t con stru ction
w in ter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining area s next
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
y ea r. F or scope of survey in this area, se e footnote to "transporta­
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.




2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , 1 b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
s tu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o t a l4

A l l d i v i s i o n s __________________________________ _______________

51

238

93

4 3 ,3 0 0

10, 0 0 0

2 2 ,5 0 0

3 0, 010

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________ ,______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __ *______________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r
p u b l ic u t il it i e s 5 ----------------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e ------------------- ---------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________________
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _______________
S e r v i c e s 7 _ ______ __________ __________________________

51
51

75
163

36
57

1 8 ,4 0 0
2 4 , 900

1 ,9 0 0
8 , 100

1 2 ,9 0 0
9, 6 0 0

14, 5 8 0
1 5 ,4 3 0

51
51
51
51
51

26
26
44
44
23

15
10
12
13
7

6 ,3 0 0
3 ,3 0 0
5 ,4 0 0
7 ,3 0 0
2, 600

1 ,2 0 0

2 , 900

5 ,4 4 0
2 , 000
3 ,2 5 0
3, 6 8 0
1, 0 60

(?)

?
(‘ )
( 6)

(?)

( 6)

1 T h e D e s M o i n e s M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ( P o l k C o u n t y ). T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s crip tio n
o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s i o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m ­
p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in
advance o f
th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
. 2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n . M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r
e d i t i o n (u s e d in th e B u r e a u ’ s l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w i n t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 1 9 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m il k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s fr o m tra d e
(w h o l e s a le o r
r e t a i l ) t o m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a ­
t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e li m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .

5 R ailroad s w ere included; tax ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclud ed.

6
ju s t ify
7

T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta .
H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer p ractice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w eek ’ s pay.

Data are p resen ted for all health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg a l req u irem en ts such as w ork m en 's com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require em ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . T abulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absen ce from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(1) plans which provide fu ll pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
p resentation of the proportions of w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es referred to as extended
m ed ical insu ran ce, includes those plans which are designed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ica l, and su rgical plans.
M edical insuran ce re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
wo rke r ' s lif e .

2 An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (l) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eek ly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e a llow an ces, determ in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift d ifferen tial data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p o lic y ,2 presented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effectiv e p ra ctice, presented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n "other" was u sed. In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a differen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are presen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are covered . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Des M oines, Iowa, February I960)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Men
C lerks, accounting, c la ss A ----------------------------------------Manufa c tu r i ng _ ----------------- -------------------------------------N onm anufacturing___________________________________
Public u tilitie s 3 ________________________ — ___
Office b o y s _____________________________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss A ----------------------N onm anufacturing________________ __________________
Tabulating-m achine operators, c la ss B _______________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________ _____________
Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss C _______________
Women
B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A ------------- M anufacturing_________________ ___ _______________
N onm anufacturing----------------------------------------------------Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B ------------------M anufacturing__________ ___________________ ______
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
C lerks, accounting, c la ss A ________________ _________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------C lerks, accounting, c la ss B ---- ---------------------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------------------------- _
N onm anufacturing________________ __________________
Public u tilities 3 _________________________________
C lerks, file, c la ss A __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________ _
C lerks, file, c la ss B __________________________________
N onm anufacturing---------- --------------------------------------C lerks, o r d e r ----------------------------------------- -------------------M anufacturing----------------------------------------------------------C lerks, payroll _______________________________________
M anufacturing_____________________________________
N onm anufacturing______________________________ _____
Com ptom eter operators ________________________________
M anufacturing________________________ _______ _____
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ________________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________________________
See footnotes at end of table.




Number
of
workers

47
23
24
19
43
31
32
27
36
32
25

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$35. 00 $40. 00 $45. 00 $50. 00 $55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75.00 *80. 00 *85. 00 *90. 00 *95. 00 fo o .o o ?05. 00 lio .o c \ 15.00 120.0 0
Weekly,1 earnings1 and
hours Weekly
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00 45.00 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over
Avkraos

4 0 .5 $ 9 1 .5 0
41. 5 98.00
4 0 .0 85.00
4 0 .0 84. 50
39.5 52.00
3 9.5 50. 50
39.5 94. 50
39.5 96. 50
39.0 77.00
39.0 74. 50
39.5 72. 00

46
18
28
132
33
99
96
85
214
30
184
20
46
45
499
473
32
24
73
35
38
81
21
54

39.5
39.5
40. 5
4 0 .0
40. 5
40. 0
— 4070"'
39.5
40, 0
39. 5
4 0 .0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39. 5
40. 5
4 0 .0
40.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

69. 50
78. 50
63. 50
59.50
64.50
58. 00
68. 50
67756
58.00
74. 00
55. 50
70. 50
58. 50
58.00
47. 50
47.00
67. 50
70. 50
68.50
72. 50
64. 50
62. 50
64.00
62.00

15
15

3 9.5
39. 5

48. 50
48. 50

4 6 .0

_
-

_
-

_

6
4
_
_

_
_
"
_
2
2
_
_
10
10
2
_
_
-

-

-

_
1
1
_
18
18
_
155
155
_
1
1
4
4
2
2

_
19
15
_
_
_

_
9
7
_
.
-

2
2
11
11
_
37
37
1
2
2
179
179
_
- .
4
4
4
4

2
2
19
1
18
10
10
44
44
8
8
83
70

8
8

4

_
2
2
_
“
2
2
2

7
1
6
19
12
7

4
4
30
8
22
15
15
33
1
32
22
22
57
53
7
7
5
5
18
2
16

4

-

_
3
2
_
-

-

2

_
1
_
4
4
3

1
14
2
1
12
37
26
15
3
22
23
17
14
15
12
20
33
3
9
17
24
5
4
11
1
11
1
11
4
6
5
3
3
16
8
8 -------£ 10
13
6
4
2
4
9
1
1

-

_
_
7
7
_

4
4
4
_
1
"
11
11
12

10
5
5
4
*
2
1
8
8
1

11
6
5
4
2
1
4
3
5
5
3

4
4
4
1
6
6
2
2
2

6
3
3
_
4
3
1
.

1
1
_
3
3
3
.

2
2
_
1

9
4
5
4
4
“
13
11
13
5
8
6
l

6
4
2
_
-

2
2
1
1
1
9
6
3
3
1
1
_

1
1
_
1
“
1
1
“
_

_
-

_
10
10
8
3
5

_
_
_
-

_

_

_

3
3
1
1
“
8
6
4
4
_
_
_
2
1
1
7
4
3

.
_
1
1
_

.
1
10
5
5

2
2
_
10
10
_
"
.

-

-

6
5
2
1
1
1

-

-

4
4
11
11
"
7
2
5

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1

1
2
1
1

_
-

-

.
_

_

_
_

3
3
3
_
_
_
-

_
_
4
4
_

_
_

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

_

6
26
.
_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_

.
.
_

_
_

_

_

_

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_
1
1

"
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, D es M oines, Iowa, F ebruary I960)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Women — Continued
Keypunch operators .
— — —---- —— —
M anufacturing
—
Nonmanufacturing ------ __ _
---------- Public u tilities 3 ---------------- -------------------------------Office girls ------------------------------ — ------ - — --------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Secretaries ---------- _ — ~ —--------- - - -------------M an u factu rin g---------- ------- _ — — — — ---Nonmanufacturing ____ -____________ __ ____ _______ ._
Public u tilities 3 ------------- ------- ------ ----------------Stenographers , general --------- — _ -------- - __ ----M anufacturing ---- -------- __ — — — _ _ — _
Nonmanufacturing ----- __ — — — _ _ _
Public u tilities 3 — ------- ------- — — — ---Switchboard operators --------- ---------- ---------------.---Nonmanufacturing
---- — - . . . — . . . .
Switchboard op erator-recep tion ists --------------------------M anufacturing __ . . . . . . ---------- - — - Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Tabulating-m achine op erators, cla ss C ____________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------T ranscribing-m achine op erators, general ---------------M anufacturing _____________ _.
— . — ---------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------T yp ists, c la ss A _______________________________________
M anufacturing _____ — . . . . . .
------ —Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------T yp ists, c la s 8 B _____________ ________ _______________
M anufacturing — ------------------- - — ------ —
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------- -----------------------Public u tilitie s 3 — ----- . . . .
....

Number
of
workers

225
37
188
18
107
16
91
441
170
271
31
481
90
391
54
63
54
101
39
62
58
37
149
29
120

116
25
91
486
61
425
48

Weekly} Weekly i
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

39. 5 $57. 00
0 70. 50
39. 0 54. 50
40. 0 62. 50
39. 0 47. 00
40. 0 53. 50
38. 5 46. 00
39. 5 79. 00
4 6 .5 77. f>0
39. 5 80. 00
39. 5 90. 50
39. 5 64. 00
40. 0 67. 50
39. 5 63. 00
39. 5 70. 50
41. 5 55. 50
“ O ' $3706
40. 5 61. 50
40. 5 65. 50
40. 0 59. 00
39. 0 63. 00
38. 0 6 l . 00
40. 0 57. 50
40. 0 64. 00
40. 0 56. 00
39.5 59. 50
40. 0 69. 00
39. 0 56. 50
39.5 50. 50
40. 0 59. 00
39.5 49. 00
39. 5 54. 50
.. 40.

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$ 00 40. 00 $ 00 $50. 00 I 5 . 00 $ 00 ?5. 00 70. 00 $75. 00 $ 00 §5. 00 ?0. 00 $95. 00 100. 00 ?05. 00 fio . 00 f 15. 00 ?20. 00
$
80.
60.
45.
35.
and
and
under
4 0 .0 0 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.0 0 90 .0 0 95. ocl 100. 00 105,00 110. 00 115,00 120. 00 over

-

_

-

-

48
48

13
13

66
1
65
3
33
13
20
4
4
56
5
51
1
3
3
17
4
13

-

6

8
-

37
2
35
42
3
39
99
10
89

-

-

39
39

25
25

_
-

_
-

_
-

“
_

1
1
.
_
-

-

-

"
.
-

-

4
4
2
20
to

.

“
-

“

■

73.
73
8

29
29
2
6
6

19
1
18
8
205
2
203
7

5

6

36
1
34

39
8
31
9
1
7
2
5
1
12
45
1 ~ T l—
11
24
4
~
72
144
— 20
52
124
8
9
10
7
3
9
20
19
10
5
10
14
15
7
15
3
47
30
8
6
24
39
27
17
2
5
25
12
58
37
27
10
31
27
7
19

----- ----

17
9
8
4
1
1

52
n—
31
1

63
11
52
3
10
9
4
4
25
14
7

7
"

6

3
3
9
7

2
1

5
4
1
1
1
1
61
31
30
40
9
31

8

7
1
1
_

4
4
-

-

_

"
76
23
53
5
25
9
16
1
1
1
1
-

-

64
27
37
2
23
8
15
13
1
1
7
3
4
-

2

2

1
1

7
6

2
1
1

6

1

-

16
11

5
5

2

1

3
3
-

-

_

-

"
1
1

■

•

1
1

_
-

-

-

2
2
-

_

-

37
22---15
2
18
— S
12
5
2
1
_

4

2
2

3

2
1
1
1

-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours,
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 3 at $120 to $130; 1 at $130 to $140; 1 at $140 to $150; 1 at $150 and over.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

35
8
27

-

-

17
7
10
1
2
----- 1
1
1

18
4
14
4
1
1
1
_

-

1

-

-

4
1
3
-

-

-

6

4
1
3
3
_

-

-

-

10
2
8
4
_

-

2
1
1
"

“

-

_

_

-

"

-

_

8
— z—
6
2
.

-

-

_

_

.

-

*

■
-

"
-

"

-

-

-

-

"
-

-

•

_

-

-

_
-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

.
-

-

_

-

-

"

■

-

-

-

■

-

_

■

-

-

-

“

-

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage str a ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earn in gs for s e le c te d occup ation s studied on an area b a sis
by in dustry d ivision , D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb ru ary I960)
Average
Sex, occu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly j Weekly ^
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
5 5 .0 0 60. 00 65. 00 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.0 0 105. 00 n o . oo 115.0 0 120.0 0 125.0 0 1$3 0 .0 0
and
tinder

60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 1 05.0 0 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00 130. 00 135. 00

M en

-----------------------------------------------------------

---------- ---------------------------------------------

34
31

40. 0 $ 1 0 8 . 00
40. 0 1 1 1 .00

D ra ftsm en , ju n io r ------------------------------------------ -------------M anufacturin g --------------------------------------------------------------

37
26

40. 0
40. 0

D ra ftsm en , s e n io r
M anufacturin g

76. 50
83. 00

-

-

1
“

“

2
-

6

5
2

4
3

2
1

7
7

3
3

4
4

5
5

1
1

6
6

1
1

'

5
5
_

2
2

7
7

1
1

1
1

~

_

.

'

_

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d ) ________________________
M an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------- -----------------

20
16

3 9 .5
40. 0

88. 50
90. 50

.

1

.

.

2
2

5
4

4
3

4
3

1
1

2
2

1 Standard hours r eflect the w orkw eek for w hich em p lo y ees r e ce iv e th eir regu lar stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earn in gs corresp o n d to th e se w eek ly h o u rs.




1
1

5

5

.

“

-

3
3

"

“

7
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage str a ig h t-tim e hourly earnin gs for m en in s elec ted occup ation s studied on an area b a sis
by in dustry d ivision , D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb ruary I960)
O ccupation and in dustry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

hourly ,
earnings

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90 _ 3, 00 .

and
under
1 .7 0

C arp en ters, m ainten ance ------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

31
19

$ 2 . 72
2. 85

~

E le c tr ic ia n s, m ainten ance --------------------- —-----M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

109
97

2.91
2. 91

-

E n gin eers, station ary -------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------------

69
36
33

2. 46
2. 79
2. 10

"

F irem en , station ary b o iler ---------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------------

59
32
27

2. 17
2. 35
1 .9 4

8

H elp ers, trad es, m ainten ance ---------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

53
40

2. 26
2. 20

5
5

M ach in ists, m ainten ance --------------------------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------

52
44

2. 83
2. 86

.

.

-

-

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) ----------M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------P ublic u tilitie s 2 ------------------------------------

142
31
111
90

2. 66
2 .5 9
2. 67
2. 67

.

.

-

“

“

~

M ech an ics, m ainten ance -------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

194
172

2. 82
2. 81

-

-

.

0 ilers ____________________________________

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$
$
1 .6 0 ■ 1 .7 0

1
-

-

2
2

"

9
9

4

~

2
2

2
2

9
9

15
15

.
“

29
29

.
~

.
-

7
4
3

5
2
3

13
12
1

_

1
1

_

_
"

1
1
~

9
9
"

10
8
2

6
6

12
8

7
-

~

6
2

-

-

-

'

_

.

_

_

"

8

-

3
-

9

-

6

8

3

9

6

---- 1----

2

-

13

-

2

-

3
-

2

2

13

2

3

8
5
3

5
5

*

-

6
6

6
4

.

.

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

2

~

17
17

1
1

8
8

21

26
2
24
24

-

T ool and die m a k ers --------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

91
91

2. 97
2. 97

1 E xclu d es p rem iu m pay for o v ertim e and for w ork on w eekend s, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
2 T ransportation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.

3
1

1
1

.
*

2
1

_

2

„
“

"

_

-

“

-

.

-

30
30

6
6

53
53

-

16
8

“

16
16

-

1
1

■

11

"

1

-

3
3

2. 73
2. 79

1

-

-

27
16

1
-

-

“

P a in ter s, m ainten ance ------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

4
4

2
1

-

_
"

2
2

6
6

-

3
3
-

56
13
43
31

1
1

3. 50

~

21
12
9
9

4
4

3. 40

~

16
4
12
12

~

3«_20_ 3. 30

.
~

_
~

~

$
3. 40

.
■

2
2

~

$
3. 30

.
-

.

6

$
3. 20

14
14

-

-

3j_l_Q_

$
3. 10

3
3

-

-

3. 00

~

.

2. 42
2. 42

.

-

-

25
25

.

■

-

-

M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------




10
1

-

*

2. 90

.

-

21
12
_

-

_

~

12
12

“

10
8

"

10
10

6
6

10
10

“

"

_
-

-

■

■

"

_

.

"

-

5

10
10

-

-

-

_

_
"

3
“

5

_
-

“

-

_

.

-

.

52
52

20

3

*

6
6

33
33

-

.
_

.

_

.

~

.

“

_

l
l

-

-

-

1
1

9
9

14
14

6

~

"

1

2

-

4
4

5
5

14
14

21
21

-

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straight--tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, D es M oines, Iowa, F ebruary I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation1 and industry division
E levator op erators, passenger (women) —____
Nonmanufacturing ------------- ------- -------Guards ----------------------- ------- _ — __ ------- —
Jan itors, p o rters, and cleaners (men) ---------M anufacturing -------------------- __ — — _ __
N on m an ufacturing---------- ----------------------------Public u tilities 3 ________________________
Jan itors, p o rters, and cleaners (women) ------Nonmanufacturing --------- -------_ -------- _
L aborers, m aterial handling __ — — ____ —
M anufacturing ________________________—__—
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Order fille r s ________ ____ — — ________
M anufacturing ----------------- — __ __ — —
P ack ers, shipping -------- _ __ ____ _ __
R eceiving clerk s --------------------- — - — — —
M anufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______ __ __ _ ________
Shipping clerk s -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------Shipping and receiving clerks ----------------- — M anufacturing ------------------------------ —---------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
T ru ck d rivers4 — -------------- ------------ --------M anufacturing _____ _____________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing ___ ____ _ -------- _
Public u tilities 3 ________________________
T ruckd rivers, light (under lV 2 tons) ---- --Nonmanufacturing ______________________
T ruckd rivers, m edium ( l 1^ to and
including 4 tons) ------- _ - — — —
M anufacturing _______ _________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
T ruckd rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) ______________________ ________
T ruckd rivers, heavy (over 4 ton s,
other than tra iler type) _________ ________
T ru ck ers, power (forklift) ____________________
M anufacturing -------------------- ------------- —
W atchmen ___________________________ _________
M anufacturing -------- _ ------- — — __ -

Number
of

Average
hourly 2
earnings

67
61
35
571
330
241
41
76
66
259
146
113
206
36
98
39
20
19
36
23
48
15
33
313
115
198
126
36
27

$1. 04
1. 00
2. 38
1.70
1. 96
1. 35
1. 68
1. 19
1. 15
2. 05
2. 17
1.89
2. 11
1. 86
2. 21
2. 06
2. 15
1. 97
2. 19
2. 26
1. 98
2. 29
1. 84
2. 33
2. 23
2. 39
2. 57
1. 86
1. 88

49
30
19

2. 12
2. 13
2. 11

30

2 .40

43
96
77
23

2. 29
2. 28
2. 31
1. 63
1.77

$0. 70 $0. 80
10 V 20
30 ! .4 0 ! . 50 f . 60 f.7 0 f . 80 f . 90 1.00 1 . 10 1. 20 2. 30 1 .4 0 *2. 50 2. 60 2 .70 2. 80
$0. 90 $1. 00
and
under
. 80 .9 0 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2 .2 0 2. 30 2 .40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2.80 2. 90
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
.
.
5
15
10
16
18
3
5
2
10
16
18
10
"
~
- _
_
.
1
4
2
1
17
5
5
.
_
_
4 20
42
7 19
14 66
104
16 44
28 6
3 111
68
19
4
2 17
20
80
2 103
28 6
68
1
4 20
7 19
14 62
14 27
22
24
8
19
2
2
4
2
4
14
4
1
8
_
_
- 23
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
_
7
1
2
2
3
29
9
25
7
2
9
- 23
.
_
_
_
_
1
r
2
14
4
6
14 7
38 123
10
9
31
4
50
8 7
30
7
31
9
14
2
1
6
6
8
73
3
"
“
"
"
" _
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
10
5
2 _
14
50
3 110
3
9
10
2 2
4
3
6
"
9
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
4
3
1 _
24
7
23 36
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
!
!
_
2
5 7
16
4
3
5 2
4
6
3
2
5
1
10
1
"
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_ 13
1
5
2
3 _
11
1
2
4
1
3 13
_ 4
_
_
_
_
2
15
8
1
1
7
6
4
4
5
4
2
2
15
4
1
1
5
1
■
- 4
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
2
4
40
35
16
8 4
42
14
28
9 111
3
8 4
8
18
24
8
4
29
9
2
22
13
20
6
18 14
103
2
2
1
18
103
“
"
"
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_ _
_
_
_
_
2
2
2
4
13
8
2
3
2
13
2
6
1
3
"
-

n

-

_
_
-

-

_
"
“

-

_
“

-

_
"
-

”

-

-

_
3
"

1 Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
2 E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 Includes all drivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.




-

-

_

_

1

3
2

1

-

-

-

-

_
2
“

_
"
"

3
3

_
"
_
”

-

-

_
3
3

8
8

4
4
11
11

4
4

4
4
_
■

12
12

6
2
4

6
3
3

-

1
1

-

9
9

-

-

"

-

-

-

3

5

11

3

-

8

3
33
14
_
_

22
13
13
_

_
.

4
_
_
“

-

_
~

_
14
20
22
20 -----22“
_
_
■

-

_
.
_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_
■

_

-

"




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(P e rc e n t of m anufacturing plant w o rk ers in e sta b lish m en ts having fo rm a l p r o v isio n s for sh ift w ork, and in e sta b lish m en ts
a ctu ally op erating la te sh ifts by type and am ount of d ifferen tia l, D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb ru ary I960)

Shift d ifferen tial

In esta b lish m e n ts having fo rm a l
p r o v isio n s 1 for—
T hird or other
Second Shift
w ork
sh ift w ork

In esta b lish m e n ts actu ally
op erating—
T hird or other
Second shift
shift

88. 6

8 1 .7

2 0 .8

1 0 .6

With sh ift pay d ifferen tia l ________________________

88. 6

8 1 .7

2 0 .8

10. 6

U niform c en ts (p er hour) _____________________
2 c en ts _ ____________________________________
3 cen ts -------------------------------------------------------4 cen ts ---------------------------------------------------------.5 ce n ts ------- ----------------------------- ------------------7 cen ts ------------ ------------------------------------------8 cen ts ______ _______________ _________________
9 V 2 c en ts ---------------- --------------------------------10 cen ts ______________________________________
12 cen ts . ----------------------------------------------------122/3 ce n ts ---------------------------------------------------15 c en ts — . . . ________________________________
18 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------

57. 1
1. 3
7 .0
2. 1
6 .0
2 .6
9 .4
6 .8
8 .9
1 3 .0
"

6 3 .7

10. 2

8. 3

U niform p ercen ta ge ___________________________
5 p ercen t -----------------------------------------------------7 p ercen t -----------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t----------------------------------------------------O ther form al pay d iffe r e n tia l-------------------------No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l__________________________

1 2.7
4 .0
1. 1
7. 6
18. 8

1 2.7

_
-

7 .7
3 .9
13. 1
7. 1
1 6 .6
2. 3
1 3 .0

-

(2)
2. 1
.4
.5
.2
2 .0
1. 1
.4
3. 5
"
3. 5
1 .0

_

-

2 .0
.1
4. 1
.5
.3
1. 3
2. 3
-

:z

2 .3

2. 3

7. 1

(2)

■

1 2 .7
5. 3

'

1
Includ es e sta b lish m en ts cu rren tly op erating la te sh ifts, and esta b lish m e n ts w ith form al p r o v isio n s cov erin g la te sh ifts even
though th ey w ere not cu rren tly op erating la te sh ifts.
* L e ss than 0. 05 p ercen t.

10
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women O ffice W orkers
(D istrib u tion of esta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by m inim um entran ce sa la r y for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien ced w om en office w o rk ers, D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb ruary I960)
In exp erien ced ty p ists
N onm anufacturing
M anufacturing
B ased on standard w eek ly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
in d u stries
A ll
A ll
40
40
37V2
sch ed u les
sch ed u les

M inim um w eek ly s a la r y 1

39
1
11
9
6
1
6
1
3
1
3
51

XXX
10
1
1
2
1
2
2
1
XXX
XXX

36
11
1
1
3
1
2
2
1
25

93

E sta b lish m en ts studied —------------------ ---------------------------------E stab lish m en ts having a sp e cified m inim um — -------------—
$ 32. 50 and under $ 35. 00 ---- ----- —---------------- --------------$ 35. 00 and under $ 37, 50 — -------------------------------------------$ 37. 50 and under $ 40, 00 ------------ -------------------------------- —
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 42. 50 -----------------------------------------------$ 42. 50 and under $ 45. 00 ------------------------------------------------$ 45. 00 and under $ 47. 50 -----------------------------------------------—
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 50. 00 -------------------------------------------------$ 50. 00 and under $ 5 2 .5 0 -------------------------------------------------$ 52. 50 and under $ 5 5 . 00 -------------------------- ---------------------$ 5 5 . 00 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------$ 5 7 . 50 and under $ 60. 00 ------------------------------------------------$ 60. 00 and under $ 62. 50 ----------------------------------------------- —
$ 6 2 . 50 and over ____________________________ _______ ___
E sta b lish m en ts having no sp e c ifie d m inim um -------------------E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not em p loy w o rk ers
in th is category -------------------------------------------------------------------

57
28
1
10
8
3
4
1
1
3
26

XXX
5
3
2
XXX
XXX

A ll
in d u stries

XXX
22
1
7
5
3
4
1
1
XXX

93

XXX

49

39
1
2
14
5
7
1
5
1
2
1
5

Other in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk ers 2
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
B ased on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
AIL
A ll
40
37V2
40
sch ed u les
sch ed u les
XXX

36
12
1
2
5
1
2
1
1
23

57
27
1
2
13
3
2
1
4
1
4
26

11
1
2
4
1
2
1
XXX
XXX

XXX
21
1
_
2
9
1
2
1
4
1
_
XXX
XXX

XXX
5
3
2
_
XXX
XXX

1 L ow est sa la ry rate fo rm a lly e sta b lish ed for h irin g in ex p erien ced w o rk ers for typing or oth er c le r ic a l job s.
2 R ates ap plicab le to m e s s e n g e r s, office g ir ls , or sim ila r su b cle r ic a l jobs are not con sid ered .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich em p lo y ees r e ce iv e th eir regu lar str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a re p resen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com bined, and for the m o st com m on w orkw eeks rep orted .

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eek ly hours
of fir s t-s h ift w o r k e r s, D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb ru ary I960)
W eekly hours
A ll w o rk ers _____ .________________ _____________
3 7 1/ 2 hours
------------ ------- ------------------------ _
O ver 3 7 V 2 and under 4 0 hours ----------------------hours --------------- ------------ ---------------------------O ver 4 0 and under 4 4 hours __________________
4 4 hours ------------------------------ ---------------------------O ver 4 4 and under 4 8 hours ---- — ------------------4 8 hours ------------------------------------------------------------49 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------- --------------40

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries 1
100

19
5

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

4

1
9
1
81

1

73
1
2
(4 )

94
2
2
1
-

_

-

-

-

-

96

_

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

(4)
1

-

6

(4 )

1 Includ es data for w h o lesa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; finance, in su ra n ce, and rea l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, rea l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.




14

8

82
1
1

91

_

_

2
-

_
_
_
_

2

11
Table B-4. Rpid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 )

PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S
Item

A ll in d u stries 1

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s ------------------- --------------------------------

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s2

A ll in d u stries 3

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

92

98

92

( 4)

■

-

8

2

8

(4)
64
10
7
16
1
1

_

_

_

15
7
77
1

1
39
3
9
31
3
7

_

38
2
27
24
5
5

26
5
14
38
5
11

20

2
26
35
99
99

10
60
62
100
100

1
78
85
100
100

10
50
52
91
92

16
68
72
98
98

Number of days
3
6
6
6
7
7
8

h o l id a y s
h o l id a y s
h o l id a y s
h o l id a y s
h o l id a y s
h o l id a y s
h o l id a y s

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------------p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------___________________________________________

Total holiday time

1

-

3

5

8 d a y s ________________________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s ------------------------------------------------------o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------------3 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________

61/z

-

70

3
72
72
92
92

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w it h 7 f u l l d a y s an d
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e t h e n c u m u la t e d .




12
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, D es M oin es, Iow a, F eb ru ary I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

____________________

—

____________

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

...... ............. ....... ...........................1 1 .......................
Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
78
22
-

100
62
38
-

100
100
-

■

■

-

-

"

"

3
52
12

5
68
1

18
5
"

3
31

_

1

31
2

23
9
"

25
75

23
77

76
24

80
1
19

81
2
17

45

6

14

( 5)
94

86

15
3
82

54
5
42

70
6
24

10
11
80

1

15
14
68

17
23
55
5

2
2
96
1

4

( 5)
10

2
85
13

92
1
8

_
77
23

6
57
12
25

2
50
20
27

64
1
35

M e th o d o f p a y m en t

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -------------------- ------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------P e rce n ta g e paym ent
-------------------- -------------O t h e r ------- ----- -------- ------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s -------- — i— -------------------------

A m ou n t o f v o c a t io n

-

pay4

A f te r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w eek
----------------------------------- --------------____________ _____ _____ _________________
1 w eek
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
------------------ -----------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------- — — -----------------------

-

55
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
__ ___________ — __ -------------- -------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________ _____ —
2 w e e k s --------------------—
,----------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------- -------- --------------- „----- O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------- —
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________ __________ ______

2

10

( 5)
91
7

76
14

-

( 5)
99
"

( 5)
4

■

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
-------------- — -------- ------------------------------2 w e e k s ______ _____________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
____________________
w e e k s ---------------------------------------- --------------------------

3

( 5)
86
( 5)
14

( 5)
62
1
37

_
96
-

6
84

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
---------------------------- -------- — -----------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------- ----- — ------O ver 2 and u n d er
w eeks
— -------- -------------w e e k s ______________________ ____________________

3

3

See footnotes at end of table,




( 5)

55

4

41

( 5)

44

56

13

Table

B-5. Paid Vacations-C ontinued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D e s M o i n e s , Io w a , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )

OFFICE

V acation p o licy

All in d u stries

1

PLA N T W ORKERS

W ORKERS

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

A ll in d u stries 3

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

4

Amount of vocation p a y — Continued

A fter 15 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________
2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------ -----------------------------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________________________
A fter 20 y e a r s o f se r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s ----------------- ----------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________________________
A fter 25 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w eek -------------------- ------------------------- -----------2 w e e k s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________
O ver 4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
s e r v ic e
5

( 5)

22
78

( 5)

( 5)

8
76
16

( 5)

8
-

66

21
5

( 5)

17
83
-

( 5)

17
83
-

( 5)

17
57
26

_

4
96
-

_

4
72
24

_

4
72
24

6
20
1
72
1
6
12
1
65
16

2
7
2
86
2

6
12
1
38
43

_

2
7
2
88

2
7
2
42
46

1

_

99

-

-

_
1

-

57
42

_
1

-

56
43

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

N O T E : In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m
t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k * s p a y .




in d ic a t e d a t

p a y m en ts,

w ere

10

years*

co n v e r te d

14
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 )

O F F IC E W O R K E R S
T y p e o f b e n e f it

A ll w o r k e r s

--------------------- ,--------------------------------------

A ll in d u stries 3

M an u factu rin g

PLA N T W ORKERS
P u b lic u tilitie s 2

A ll in d u stries 3

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
96

98

100

87

95

100

49

61

94

68

79

81

70

80

91

80

86

91

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e _______
S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ----------------------------------------S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------

23

30

9

58

70

19

50

40

35

19

9

42

12

29

55

14

15

37

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ___________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ----------------------------------------N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n -----

87
87
60
39
72
1

95
93
77
11
73

45
44
32
14
86

82
81
56
13
62
3

96
96
72
12
73
3

63
55
38
15
86

L i f e in s u r a n c e --------------- — ------------------------A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 --------------------------------------

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y t h a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




15

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
title s and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P repares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc ., which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
term ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— Keeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib u t­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with th at of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of m aterial th at has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g :
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled .
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used sten cils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

17

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. D o e s n o t in c lu d e tra n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e
w o rk (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. D o e s n o t in c lu d e tra n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABLLATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A — O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations a n d d ay-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
C la s s B — O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la s s C — O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18
TYPIST

TYPIST-—Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.
— Perform s o n e o r m ore o f th e f o llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources o r responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , puncC la s s A

tuation, etc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.
C la s s B — Perform s o ne o r m ore o f th e f o llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
po ses. D uties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pen cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting too ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

19

MAINTENANCE

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications ^locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, speed s, tooling and o p ­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecific atio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or w earing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint w ith spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs water, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet specifications- In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training an d[ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

21
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding in stallatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chu tes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fix tu res;p o lish ­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehousem an or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

22
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting dev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w heelbarrow.

Longshoremen* who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, custom ers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following; Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various tvpes of esta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and custom ers' houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V tons)
2
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gaso lin e- or elec trie-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ainst fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
* U .S . G O VER N M ENT P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : I9 6 0 0 — 5 4 9 6 6 6

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese bulletins, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, W ashington 25, D .C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Baltimore, Md., September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C leveland, Ohio, September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959—BLS Buil. 1265-13, price 25 cen ts
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la ., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
Memphis, T enn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. P aul, Minn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-21,
price 25 cents
Philadelphia, P a ., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—Ontario, C alif., November 1959—BLS
Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —O akland, C alif., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-17,
price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Washington, D .C .—Md.—V a., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-18,
price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102