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Occupational Wage Survey

NEWARK AND JERSEY C ITY , NEW JERSEY
FEBRUARY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-28




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices

Occupational Wage Survey
NEWARK AND JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY




FEBRUARY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-28
April 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

F o r

s a le

b y

th e

S u p e r in te n d e n t

of

D o c u m e n ts ,

U .S .

G o v e rn m e n t

P r in tin g

O f f ic e ,

W a s h in g t o n

2 5 ,

D .C .

P r ic e

2 5

c e n ts




Preface
The C om m u n ity W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m
The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a rea w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m ber o f im p o rta n t in d u stria l
cen ters.
The s tu d ie s , m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
re la te to o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fit s .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le t io n
o f the study in e a ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d dition a l
data not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly tica l b u lletin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the
y e a r ‘ s su r v e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lletin fo r the c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .

Contents
In trod u ction _________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s ---------------------------------------

1
4

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 1 s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in New Y o r k , N . Y . , by E llio t t A . B r o w a r , under
the d ir e c tio n o f F r e d e r ic k W. M u e lle r , R e g io n a l W age and
In d u stria l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.




Page

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y ____________
In dexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r ce n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s _________________

3

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1.
O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s __________________________________________
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s __________________
A -3 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow er plant o c cu p a tio n s ________________
A -4 .
C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s --------------

5
9
10
11

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s : *
B-l.
S h ift d iffe r e n tia ls ___________________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en
o ffic e w o r k e r s ______________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs ___________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s ______________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p en sion plans ____________________

A pp en dix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s ____________________________________

* N O TE : S im ila r ta bu la tion s a re a v a ila b le in the N ew ark— e r s e y
J
C ity a r e a r e p o r t s f o r N o v e m b e r 1951 and 1952, D e c e m b e r 1953,
1954, 1955, 1957, and 1958.
The la tte r r e p o r t w as lim ite d
to o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s. A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and
the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r
a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u r re n t r e p o r t s on o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the N ew ark— e r s e y C ity a r e a a re
J
a ls o a v a ila b le fo r g ra y ir o n fo u n d r ie s (A p r il 1959), le a th e r tan ­
ning and fin ish in g (M ay 1959), m is c e lla n e o u s p la s t ic s p rod u cts
(F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 ), and m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s (F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 ).
Union s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e ls , a re a v a ila b le
fo r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p rin tin g, lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ra tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k
d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

3

13
14
15
16
17
19
21




Occupational Wage Survey—Newark and Jersey City, N. J.
Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant in d u strial cen ters in
which the U. S. D epartm ent of Labor* s B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage ben efits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
w ithin six broad industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu dies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also b ecau se
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecause of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, all estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
based on the estab lish m en ts studied are presented, th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to a ll estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cept for those below the m inim um s iz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and power plant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and

late sh ifts. N onproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incen tive earn in gs are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for th ese
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both se x e s are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and w om en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (1) d ifferen ces in the d istribution of the se x e s aiiiong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d within
the sam e su rvey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la r ie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average se r v ic e of m en would resu lt in. higher average pay
when both se x e s are em ployed w ithin the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rv ey s are u su ­
ally m ore g en era lized than those u sed in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts w ithin the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T hese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the earn**
ings data.

E stab lish m en t P ra c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary b en efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv iso rs and non su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d 1
R ailroad s, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies, en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
m
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and force-acco u n t con stru ction
w inter of 1959-60; ra ilroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
y ea r. F or scope of su rvey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.




2
Shift d ifferential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. T his inform ation is p resented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, p resented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority w as used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a differen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
ments* excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
accord ing to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings w as co n sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w eek 1 s pay.

Data are p resen ted for all health , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg al req u irem en ts such as w ork m en 's com p ensation
and so cia l secu r ity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accid en t insuran ce is limited* to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accid en t
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly req u ired , or (2) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absen ce from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting p eriod. In addition to the
p resentation of the proportions of w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insuran ce or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as, extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are design ed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al co verage of h osp italiza tio n , m ed ica l, and su rgical p lan s.
M edical insuran ce r e fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . T abulations of retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er 's life .

2 An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (fir st sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick lea ve that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e a llow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health , in suran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b ines w hole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Newark and Jersey City, N. J .,1 by m ajor industry division,*
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions

Within
scope of
study 3

_

1, 147

264

415, 800

101
-

610
537

133
131

260, 500
155, 300

101
51

74
184

22
34

49, 300
20, 100

101
51
51

46
94
139

19
27
29

25, 700
2 9 ,2 0 0
31, 000

___________________________________________

Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _
. .
__ ._
Nonmanufacturing__ _____________________________________
Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities 5 ____________________________________
Wholesale trade __
_
_ _
Retail trade (except lim ited-price variety
stores) _
_
Finance, insurance, and real estate _
. .
S e rv ices7 _ __________________________________________

Number of establishments

February I960

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T otal4

Office

Plant

Total4

75, 000

262, 700

2 3 2 ,6 9 0

33, 800
4 1 ,2 0 0

185,200
7 7 ,5 0 0

133,490
9 9,200

9 ,2 0 0
4, 700

2 9 ,3 0 0
8, 800

36, 770
5, 810

2 ,6 0 0
20, 500
(*)

2 0 .3 0 0
* 500
( 8)

19,390
19, 880
17, 350

1 The Newark and Jersey City Metropolitan A reas (E ssex, M orris, Union, and Hudson Counties). The "w orkers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment
indexes to measure employment trends or levels since ( l ) planning of wag^e surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and
(2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
* The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier edition (used in the
Bureau’ s labor market wage survey program prior to the winter of 1958-1959) are the transfer of milk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or
retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the m inim um -size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Railroads were included; taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
4 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural service s.
* This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A 3md B tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate pres­
entation of data.

Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in
Newark and Jersey City, N. J., February I960 and December 1958, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(November 1952 = 100)

Percent increases from —

Industry and occupational group
February I960

December 1958

December 1958
tp
February I960

December 1957
to
December 1958

December 1955
to
December 1957

December 1954
to
December 1955

December 1953
to
December 1954

November 1952
to
December 1953

A ll industries:
Office clerical (women) _________________ __
Industrial nurses (w om en)__________________
Skilled maintenance (m e n )---------------------------Unskilled plant (m en)________________________

135. 6
136.6
137.4
138. 9

129.
132.
132.
134.

3
1
3
9

4 .9
3 .4
3. 8
3. 0

3.
4.
3.
5.

5
7
9
0

9 .6
13.4
10.4
8. 6

3. 8
1. 4
5 .4
6. 0

3. 9
4. 3
3. 7
4 .2

5.
5.
5.
7.

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (women) _____________________
Industrial nurses (w om en)__________________
Skilled maintenance (m e n )__________________
Unskilled plant (men) _ ________ ___________

136. 1
136.6
137.4
144. 5

132.
132.
132.
139.

0
1
2
6

3. 1
3 .4
3. 9
3. 5

4.
4.
3.
5.

6
7
6
6

10. 8
13.4
10. 3
10. 1

3. 8
1.4
5. 8
6. 9

3.
4.
3.
4.

5. 9
5. 2
5. 5
7 .8




7
3
7
1

7
2
6
1

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are indexes of sa la rie s of office cle r ic a l
w ork ers and industrial n u r se s, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F or office c le r ic a l w orkers and industrial n u r se s, the indexes
relate to average w eekly sa la r ie s for norm al hours of w ork, that is ,
the standard work schedule for w hich stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in stra ig h t-tim e hourly
earn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eek ­
end s, h olid ays, and late sh ifts. The* indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m o st of the n u m erically im portant
jobs w ithin each group. The office c le r ic a l data are based on w om en in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine); bookkeepingm achine op erators, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter operators; cle rk s, file ,
cla ss* A and B; cle rk s, order; cle rk s, payroll; keypunch operators;
office girls; secr e ta r ie s; sten ograp h ers, general; sw itchboard opera­
tors; sw itchboard o p era to r-recep tio n ists; tabulating-m achine operators;
tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general; and ty p ists, c la ss A and B.
The in d u strial nurse data are based on w om en industrial n u r se s. Men
in the follow ing 10 sk illed m aintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
included in the plant w orker data: Sk illed — carpenters; electricia n s;
m ach in ists; m echanics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; m illw righ ts; painters;
p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l w orkers; and tool and die m akers; u n sk illed —
ja n itors, p o rters, and clean ers; la b o rers, m a teria l handling; and
w atchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la r ie s or average hourly earnings w ere
com puted for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la rie s
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the job. T hese w eighted earnings for individual
occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. F in ally, the ratio of th ese group aggregates for a given
year to the a g g reg a tefo r the b ase period (su rvey m onth, w inter 1952-53)




w as computed and the re su lt m ultip lied by the b ase year index (100) to
get the index for the given y ear.
A djustm ents have been m ade w h ere n e c e ssa r y to m aintain
com p arability. F or exam p le, in m ost of the areas su rveyed , railroad s
w ere included in the coverage of the su rveys for the fir s t tim e this
year. In com puting the in d exes, data relatin g to the railroad industry
w ere excluded.
The indexes m ea su re, p rin cip ally, the effects of (l) gen eral
sa la ry and w age changes; (2) m erit or other in cr ea ses in pay received
by individual w orkers w h ile in the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, fo rce exp an sion s, force red u c­
tion s, and changes in the proportion of w ork ers em ployed by esta b ­
lish m en ts w ith different pay le v e ls . Changes in the labor force can
cause in cr ea ses or d ec rea se s in the occupational averag es w ithout
actual w age changes. F or exam p le, a force expansion m ight in crea se
the proportion of low er paid w ork ers in ja sp ecific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the a verag e, w h ereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w orkers would have the opposite effect. The m ovem ent
of a high-paying estab lish m en t out of an area could cau se the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred i*i other
area estab lish m en ts.
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w ork ers rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork sched ules or in prem ium pay for overtim e, sin ce they
are based on pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for w ork ers in 17 m ajor
labor m ark ets appeared in BLS B u ll. 1240-22, W ages and R elated
B en efits, 20 Labor M arkets, W inter 1958-59.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Newark and J e rse y City, N. J . , F eb ru ary I960)

A vsn aas
Number
at
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N U M B E R OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIG H T-TIM E W EEK LY EA R N IN G S OF—

W eekly 1 Weekly 1 §5. 00
earnings
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00

lo .

00

45. 00

%5. 00 lo .
50. 00

00

I s . 00

lo . 00

I s . 00

lo . 00

I s . 00 lo . 00 I s . 00 lo . 00 *95.00 lo o .

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95 . 00

100.00

00

f05.00 fio.oo f 15.00 120.00
and

105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00

over

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A — --------- --- __ ____ ____
— ----------- — ---- -------- __
Manufacturing ---Nonmanufacturing - ---- — _ --- -------- --- --- Public utilities * _ __ . ___ _ - __
_
__
Wholesale trade
_ ------------- _ _ _
Finance4
_ —
- — — __________

560
294
266
82
79
71

38.
38.
37.
37.
39.
35.

Clerks, accounting, class B ____________________ ______________
_ —
Manufacturing ’ ___
Nonmanufacturing
_ _ — — ------ _

340
149
191

37. 5
39. 5
36.5

—

Clerks, order ___________
___ ______________ ___ _ _
_
Manufacturing — ----------- ---------------- — _ ---------- ------ _ _
Nonmanufacturing — _ ---- _ _______ _
__
Wholesale trade
- ---- _
-------------- .
Clerks, p ayroll____________ _________
Manufacturing __ _
_ __

____

__

313
149
164
135

38.
38.
38.
38.

0
5
5
0
0
5

5
0
5
5

$97.
98.
96.
95.
114.
84.

50
50
50
00
50
50

86. 50
83. 50
88. 50
91.
95.
88.
91.

50
00
00
50

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

.
“

_
"

_
-

_
-

2

-

-

-

2

8
2
6

_
-

_
-

.

-

7

-

13

12

13

12

7
5
1
4

-

.
_

-

24
16
8

18
9
9

16
9
7

93
17
76

9
2
7
-

9
9

40
27
13
13

46
11
35
34

38
28
10
-

25
9
16
16

75
37
38
34

13
4
9
9

7
6

26
19

12
12

30
27

12
9

2
1
1
_

-

-

_
-

9

-

-

4
4

18
18

16
16

11
2
9
_
8

85
26
59
35

82
32
50
6
30

65
49
16
3
12

65
25
40
4
31

49
16
33
2
8

21
4
17
5
3

17
4
13
3
8

30
11
19
19

2
1
1
_
-

“

.
-

.
“

.
“

_
-

5
-

1
1

18
8
10

40
29
11

26
13
13

15
6
9

45
11
34

26

24
14
10
9

39
14
25
19

59
12
47
40

38
20
18
11

60
20
40
35

28
14
14
4

14
4
10

18
8
10

8
4

12
3

4

29
9
20

3
2
1

52

11

24
15

36
7

6
1

23

3

-

Tabulating-machine operators, class B ___ ____ __
Manufacturing
__ __ __
__ __ —
________ __
Nonmanufacturing _ ___ _
_ ___ ___ _ __ ___
Finance4 ------- _ _
—
_
_ ------

406
151
255
169

38.
39.
37.
37.

84.
88.
82.
77.

_
-

_
-

_
"

1
1
1

5
-

-

1

12

8

1

12

8

3

6
1

21
12

Tabulating-machine operators, class C
Manufacturing _____
____ __ _ __ ------Nonmanufacturing ------------ _ _
___ _ _ _____

1
1

-

10

32
23
9

6
-

-

50
50
50
50

18
12
6

1
-

-

0
0
5
0

34
19
15

-

95. 00
95. 00
94. 50

_ ____

14
4

3

-

38. 5
39.5
38. 0

_ _

48
19
29

_

41
15
26
9
3
13

-

210
96
114

_

------

28
18
10

-

68
42
26
14
8
4

“

Tabulating-machine operators, class A _____________ _
Manufacturing
------ __
__ __ — __ __
Nonmanufacturing
— _ _____ _
__
____

_ --------

00
00
00
00
50

6

-

58.
57.
59.
71.
55.

0
5
5
5
5

2

_

60
31
29
23
2
3

85

— T o~

.

38.
38.
37.
37.
36.

_ _ _
_ _
------------- _ _ „

9

25
8
4
8

41
30
11
8

_

446
188
258
42
135

____ _
___
___

10

24
2
13
2

26

-

93. 00
92. 50

_
_____

22
3
19
11

_

-

39. 0
39. 0

__ _

-

16
9
7
3

7
-

141
109

Office boys ________ __
Manufa c tur ing
_
Nonmanufacturing
_
Public utilities2
Finance4
______

50

12
1
11
1

-

-

.
-

.

135
54
81

38. 0
39. 0
37. 5

73. 50
77. 50
70. 50

-

_
-

-

"

277
160
117
49
52

37.
37.
38.
38.
38.

70.
68.
73.
74.
75.

_

-

5

5

-

5

52
------- 5"“
46
37
21
17

4

9

20
12
8
8

39
24
15

42
38
4

12

4

-

-

44
3
3 33
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

"
8

-

8
8

-

_
-

59

22
» 18
4
4

2
2

5
2

_
-

_

-

-

-

12
14

3
2
1

8
4
4

9
1
8

14
10
4

26
17
9
2

27
4
23
2

10
3
7
4

18
13
5
“

6
1
-

13
9
4
*

4
3
1

2
1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

9 ---------- 9 g
5
_

_

-

-

_
-

5

_

_

-

-

-

-

Women
Billers, machine (billing machine)
~ ____
Manufacturing
__
—
— _____ ___
_ __
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ _
Public utilities2
_ __ _
Wholesale trade
_
___
_ _

5
5
0
0
0

00
00
00
00
50

_

_

,
_

-

3

_

5

2

9

.

9
'

'

‘

44

38
6
4

77

58
19
19

-----

5

9
9

29
12
17

5

12

6

3
3
-

3




_

-

1

-

-

_
-

-

2
1

.

.

-

-

-

3

'

See footn otes at end o f table.
NOTE:

_

-

3

E stim ates fo r all industries, nonm anufacturing, and public u tilities include data fo r ra ilro a d s (SIC 40), om itted fro m the scop e
o f all labor m arket w age surveys m ade b e fo r e the w inter o f 1959-60.
W here significant, the effect of the in clu sion of r a il­
roads is greatest on the data shown separately fo r the public utilities d ivision .
The trend o f earnings in s elected occupational
groups in all industries, excluding ra ilro a d s , appears in table 2.

1

1

6
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and Jersey City, N. J . , February I960)
Atuuqs
N m er
u b
of
w rk r*
o e

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O —
F

1

00

W
eekly
W
eekly I s .
hu
o r*
(S n a ) (S n a ) un er
ta d rd
ta d rd
40. 00

2

40. 00

45. 00

lo .

00

Is.

00

lo .

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60.

00

65. 00 70. 00

18

8
10

25
19

24
15
9

4

00

is .

00

00

^5.

00

lo .

75. 00

80.

00

4
3

lo .

00

00

% 0. 00

*95.00 foo.oo f 05.00 110.00 115.00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

100.00

-----13

5
------ —

Is.

105.00

110.00

115.00

120.00

120.00
and
over

W omen— Continued
182

B illers, machine (bookkeeping machine)
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

4

Clerks, accounting, class A --------------------------------------Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities
_ _
__
Finance

2

4

4

_

. .

4

_ _

-------.... ...

Clerks, payroll
—
Manufacturing __ __
Nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of table.




76. 50
80.
70. 00

_
-

-

_
“

_
"

37.
38.
36.
38.
36.

65.
71.
.
65.
59.

10
10
.
10

36
7
29
28

118
30

147
40
107

00
50

_
-

78

38.0
39.
37. 0
37. 0
37. 0

85.50
87. 50
83. 50
89. 50
73. 00

-

.
-

1
1
1

37. 5
38. 5
36. 5
37. 5
36.5

67. 00

611

341
270
50

120

s is

00

0
5
5
5
0

00
bd

62 00

0

64. 50
65. 00
60. 50

'"

_
_
-

8
8
8

69:50

_ _

38.0
39.
38. 0
38. 5
37. 0

67.
74.
65.
69.
60.

1, 237
252
985
81
759

37. 5
39.
37.5
39.
37. 0

54.50
“ ■627 50
52. 00
52. 50
50. 50

38.5
38.
39. 0
38. 5
39. 0

.
!
64.
69.
53.

878
671
207

38. 5
38. 5
37. 5

76. 50
76. 00
78. 00

0

0
0

0

-

12
12
12

489
290
199
131
64

Clerks, file, class B _ _ ____—
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing
Wholesale trade
Finance
--------------------------- - _ . . .. ...

__

37.5
38. 5
36. 0

216

376
92
284
29
171

_ _

...

-

725
152
204

2

Clerks, order
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W h ole sale trad *
Retail trade4

60 00

1,313

4

Clerks, file, class A
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities
Finance

$61. 50
63. 60
.

847
292
555
108
378

----

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Manufacturing —
_
Nonmanufacturing
. . . .
Wholesale trade
Finance

Clerks, accounting, class B
. Manufacturing
__ _
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade
Finance

0

138
78

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing -----Nonmanufacturing

4

10
10

38. 0
JY.5
39.

62
100

00
00
00
50

00

69 00
72 So
00
00
50

61
61

49

2
47
12
21

-

59

63
9
54
18
32

_
.

40
40
40
231
------ 5 ~

4
_
4

226
12
201

6

88
8

1
1
1

-

143
23

120

17
60

21

4
17
7

5

1

44
£3

4
16

26
1

11
6

19
17

2

43
27

5

16

96

100

93

151
32
119
40
69

24

26

44
31
13
-

12

2
22
22

227
89
138
24
39
58
4
54

25

12

14
13

201

103
98

22

35

84

26

10

6

35

58
32

410
39
371

185
51
134

123
61

62
10

20
76
6

55

12

152
74
78
15
16
24
3

21

19

33
67
34
25

79
44
35

1

28

224
128
96

6

7

16
12

4
4

36

1

12

52
31

85
39
46

8
16

68

26
42
17

12

119
80
39
7

6

34
13

28
24
4
_

2

-

.

-

12
12

6
6

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

.
.
~

_
_
_
- •

_
_
_
-

1

38
— 53
5
.

17
17
.
_

18
17

-

-

2

1

_

3
_
3
.
-

_
_
_
-

84
47
37
15

20
10

10
4
6

6
4
2

2
1
1
1

2
1
1
1

j
-

-

1

29

4

3
-

3
3
-

1

21
8
8

12
12
6

3
3
-

1

6
6
“

4
4
-

59
32
27
16
11

49
17
14
3

59
9
50
48
2

54
40
14
8
2

85
78
7
4
3

29
29

25
17
8

68
48
20

127
112
15

85
62
23

142
124
18

114
78
36

68
42
26

2

!
-

11

29

49
14
35
16
19

-

14

72
19
53

44

66

-

47
26

297

3

-

3

10
6

22

-

28
17

8
110

.
4

-

80
67
13
9

7

56
34

-

-

48
14
34
7
5

10
26

-

47
28
19
3

21
6

55
30
25
3
9

-

70
33
37
3
19

24
.
24
4
20

4

5

46
43
3

21

2

_

-

26

20

21

20
19
1
1
“

-

-

85
—

5 o ~

25

1

20
9
8
15
15

2
6
-

14
14

11
2

21
8

10
4
6
1
2
1
1

-

-

13
4
9
9
"

47
41
6

32
30
2

-

1

30
9

-

13

6

7
“

-

_
-

1
1

-

"

"

1

6
4
2
2

_
-

2
2

.
-

-

1

.
-

4
3

■

10

2

-

-

“

2
-

6

38
34

7

4

13

■

_

10
10

“

.

_

-

■

"

1
1
8
6
2

-

_
-

-

"

18

6
2

9
9

4

7
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )
Aybbagc
Number
of
workers

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
35. 00
Weekly,
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
4 0. 00

*
40. 00

$
45. 00

t
50. 00

$
55. 00

60. 00

6 5 . 00

4 5. 00

5 0 .0 0

55. 00

6 0. 00

6 5. 00

70. 00

%

70. 00

$
75. 00

$
8 0. 00

*
8 5. 00

S
9 0. 00

*95.00

$
$
100 .00 1 05 .00

110 .00 1 15 .00

75. 00

8 0 . 00

8 5. 00

90. 00

9 5. 00 1 0 0 .0 0

1 05 .00 1 10 .00

115 .00 1 20 .00

120 .00
and
over

W om en —-C o n tin u e d
C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ----- ----------------------------- ------ ----M a n u fa ctu r in g
------------- -------- _ _ —
—
__
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
_____
_
_ — _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
-----------_
_ --------W h o le s a le t r a d e __ — ____ _
__
________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _
—
_ -----_
__ __ ___
F i n a n c e 4 _ — -------- .
_
—
_ _ _ _ _

7 34
347
387
47
69
192
54

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D i t t o ) -------------------------------------------------------

73

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s _____ _______________ __ __ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ __
_ ________
__
___
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
-----_ -----__ _ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_ ------------- -------- -------- _
----- _ __
—
R e t a il t r a d e 6 __ -------------------F in a n c e 4 _
--------------- __ —
____ ___
O ffi c e g i r l s --------_ _ _ _ _
_
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _ _
__ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_ _ _ _ _ _
F in a n c e 4
—
__ —
_ __ _ _

__

_
__
_
_ __
— _ __

1 ,3 3 8
595
743
110
56
357
337
56
281
130

00
00
00
50
50
00
00

_
-

38. 0
38.
39.
37.
38.
38.
36.

37.
38.
37.
35.
39.
37.
35.

5
0
0
0
0
5
0

$75.
76.
74.
74.
8 6.
72.
65.

41
16
25
.
14
11

64
l6
48
9
3
25
10

79
37
42
10
1
24
7

154
113
41
8
10
18
2

146
52
94
9
14
57
8

80
49
31
2
6
16
2

49
24
25
3
8
8
1

36
12
24
3
8
10
1

13
2
11
3
4
4

32
21
11
_
9
1

4
_
4
4
_

2
_
2
2
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_

-

1

"

-

-

-

20

8

8

1

5

1

10

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

68
34
34
9
_
13

122
38
84
9
10
22

144
27
117
5
69

197
78
119
8
10
73

214
103
111
12
6
76

198
101
97
_

195
65
130
40
4
58

55
38
17
6
2
-

71
51
20
19

41
33
8
2
_

19
13
6
5
_

14
14
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

“

"

-

-

115
11
104
89

92
13
79
18

23
23
8

83
27
56
4

3
_
3
2

2
1
1

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

74
28
46
_
10
36

68
20
48
_
_
38

172
82
90
5
10
9
62

319
161
158
11
24
7
97

508
349
159
16
17
6
81

565
283
282
61
77
8
86

514
326
188
29
15
16
80

565
292
273
75
27
5
41

361
230
131
17
15
6
53

338
181
157
21
35
3
54

223
149
74
10
12
8
9

139
84
55
12
7
2
19

no
78
32
3
10
2
9

21
11
10
3
4
"

15
7
8
1
3
-

10
10
-

_
-

"

-

3
3
_
3

29
5
24
_
10

-

2
2
2
"

-

11

6 1. 00

6

-

8

0
0
0
0
0
5

68.
71.
66.
74.
65.
64.

50
50
00
00
00
50

_
_

-

-

-

38. 0
3875
38. 0
37. 0

57.
60 .
57.
53.

50
00
00
50

19
46

-

-

-

-

-

19
4
15
9

____
_ _____ __ __
_____ __
S e c r e t a r ie s —
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g
___
_
_ ____
__ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _ -------- —
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
------------W h o le s a le t r a d e _ ______ __________
R e t a il t r a d e 6
F i n a n c e 4 _________ __ — ____
_ _

4 ,1 2 6
2, 344
1, 782
277
264
86
679

38.
38.
37.
37.
38.
38.
36.

0
5
5
5
5
5
5

89.
8 9.
88.
93.
9 0.
8 1.
8 2.

00
50
50
00
00
50
50

_
_
_
_

.
_
_

1
_
1
1

-

"

-

8
8
3
2
3

S ten og ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
______
_ __ ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___ __________
_ _ __
__ ___ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
______ _
___
________ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
----_
--------_ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______
__
___ ,__ ______ __
F i n a n c e 4 -------------_ _
-------------- --------

2, 548
1, 171
1, 377
350
196
470

38.
39.
37.
37.
38.
36.

0
0
5
0
5
5

7 3.
7 6.
71.
7 2.
76.
64.

50
00
50
00
50
00

_
_
_

_

-

110
4
106
20
_
86

154
42
112
26
18
55

296
86
210
69
20
84

452
245
207
36
24
98

477
230
247
76
43
75

401
199
202
47
20
50

218
115
103
12
23
13

136
97
39
26
9
4

89
29
60
13
18
-

162
96
66
20
13

-

6
6
1
_
5

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n ic a l
_ _ ________ __ __ --------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------- _
___________ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------

152
66
86

38. 5
39. 0
38. 0

76. 00
77. 50
74. 50

4
_
4

6
_
6

38
17
21

23
10
13

26
10
16

22
12
10

23
13
10

8
4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

“

-

-

________
_ __
_____ _ _
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____ __
_
___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___ _ __ _ _ _
______ _ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------ ------------ _
_ _
W h o le s a le t r a d e _ ________________ ________ __
R e t a il t r a d e 6 _ _
__
_______
F in a n c e 4 __
___
___ ____ __ __ _____
___

635
230
405
114
60
56
110

38.
38.
38.
39.
38.
39.
37.

72.
75.
70.
8 0.
77.
59.
64.

27

48
8
40
2
_
2
36

84
39
45
7
12
5
12

98
----- 53
45
17
6
3
12

93
39
54
21
9
3
7

71
29
42
28
8
_
4

49
24
25
19
3
2

30
7
23
16
3
_
3

30
14
16
2
6
_
1

7
1
6

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
1

2
_

-

_

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta ble,




5
5
5
5
5
0
0

00
50
00
00
50
00
00

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

“

“

12
12
_
_
4

23
2
21
.
8
6

59
-------5
53
_
8
24
14

-

_

—

r~

21
2
_
7
9

-

_
161
— 8T~
80
17
12
1
11
1
1
1

1

-

-

8
Table A -l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )
Average
S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
Weekly . I s . 00
hours 1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 0. 00

$
40. 00

$45. 00 l o . 00

I 5 . 00

l o . 00

I 5 . 00

l o . 00

75. 00

l o . 00

I 5 . 00

90 . 00 $ 9 5 .0 0 f o o . o o f 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 I 2 O.OO

4 5. 00

50. 00 55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

8 0. 00

8 5. 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

50
27
23
_
_
11

72
41
31
_
2
9

126
99
27
_
13
7

220
107
113
15
56
13

130
53
77
27
25
21

87
59
28
9
6

44
29
15
2
13
-

17
16
1
_
1
-

41
14
27
_
23
"

5
5
_
_

7
7
_
_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

5

46

4

5

16

2

2

_

1

5

17
15
2

12
3
9

4
4
-

5
4
1

7
7
-

1
1

-

4
3
1

2
2
-

3
1
2

15
4
11

2
2
“

1
1
-

5
5

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

and
1 0 0 .0 0 1 05 .00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 15 .00 1 2 0 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n is t s
________________ ____
------— - -------------- - -------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------- *
----------------- ------------- ---------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ____ ____ __ ___ __
__ ____
W h o le s a le t r a d e —
.......................... --------F in a n c e 4 ___
____ _
__
_ ___

805
342
44
142
67

________________

86

38. 5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B __ ______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____ —
__
______ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____ ___
___________ —
__

97
69
28

3 9 .0
39. 5
3 8 .0

281
94
187

36. 5
39. 0
35. 5

a

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

cla s s A

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C
— M a n u fa ctu r in g
—
-------- -------- - — — _ —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________ ________ —
T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l - ___ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____
_____ — ____
____ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
F in a n c e 4 — _ —
________ __ ____
____ __

525
211
314
215

38.
39.
37.
37.

5
0
5
0

00
50
50
50
00
50

_

_

_

-

_

_

"

-

-

8 9. 50

38. 5
38. 5
38. 0
3 9 .5
38. 0
36. 5

_

_

8 1. 50
8 2. 00
8 0 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
“

8
7
1

7
2
5

18
11
7

6
5

_
-

2
2

28
1
27

42
4
38

53
11
42

79
56
23

40
8
32

11
1
10

$69.
6 9.
68.
69.
73.
6 4.

.

_
_
_

65. 50

_
"

3
3
3

4
4
-

77
77
42

68
20
48
40

92
41
51
39

119
65
54
42

65
36
29
20

58
19
39
27

27
24
3
2

7
3
4
~

3
1
2
~

_
-

8
8
8

32
32
_
28

33
7
26
24

118
37
81
13
55

249
93
156
26
117

301
217
84
_
45

167
97
70

102
79
23
_

76
48
28
8
~

49
39
10
8
2

47
33
14
5
1

12
6
6
1
-

5
5
4

2
2
2

129
9
120
_
6
114

22 0
33
187
6
26
5
150

440
111
329
24
35
13
239

607
227
380
42
33
19
252

529
239
290
52
32
3
188

316
190
126
37
7
15
53

280
9S
184
98
23
1
19

114
52
62
26
20
_
3

49
29
20
1
8

19

18
6
12
_
10
2

3
2
1
1
-

_

_

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

69 . 00
63. 00
6 3. 00

-

1, 201
656
545
67
332

38.
39.
38.
39.
37.

5
5
0
0
0

69.
71.
65.
73.
61.

00
50
50
50
00

T y p is t s , c l a s s B -------------- _ -------------------------M anufa c tu r in g ____ ______ _ ___ ________ __ _ _
---------- ------------ _ _ --------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ ----- _
____
__ _ _
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_ ------------ ----- ------------R e t a il t r a d e 6 .......................................................................
F in a n c e 4
__ _____
__ _ ____
___ — —

2, 738
1, 010
1, 728
287
196
66
1, 032

37.
38.
37.
37.
38.
39.
36.

5
5
0
5
5
0
5

60.
63.
58.
6 6.
6 2.
57.
54.

00
00
50
00
50
50
50

14

-

-

14
-

_
_
14

-

-

52

Z'

—

TT~
3
_
2
-

S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 11 at $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 3 0 ; 12 a t $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 4 0 ; 10 a t $ 1 4 0 and o v e r .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 3 5 to $ 1 4 0 .
E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .

"

-

-

.
_
_

-

_

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _____ ______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___ ________ ___________ ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____
_______ ___ _______________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
---------------------------------- --------- —
—,----------------------F in a n c e 4 --------- -------




6
5
_
_

6 6. 50
7 1. 00
64. 50

_
-

1
2
3
4
5
6

1

—

.
_
_
"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
"

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )

N UM BER OP W ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E W EEKLY E ARNING S OF -

Atkbaok
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

*

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

*

$

%

s

S

$

s

$

s

S

Weekly
Weekly U n der 6 5 . 00 7 0. 00 75. 00 *80. 00 8 5. 00 9 0. 00 * 9 5 .0 0 100 .00 1 0 5 .00 110 .00 115 .00 120 .00 1 25 .00 1 30 .00 1 3 5 .00 140 .00 145 .00 150 .00 1 5 5 .0 0 1 60.00 165 .00
hours I earningsl
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
and
6 5. 00

m

i

7 5. 00 80. 00

85. 00 90. 00 9 5. 00 100 .00 1 05.00 110 .00 115 .00 1 2 0 .00 125 .00 1 30 .00 1 3 5 .00 140 .00 1 45.00 150 .00 1 5 5 .00 160 .00 165 .00

over

M en

D r a ft s m e n , l e a d e r ---------- ---------------------- —
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ......... .........................................
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________ ..____

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r --------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________ _________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________

T ra cers

_____

_____

_______________________

2 38
175
63

39. 0
3 9. 0
40. 0

$141. 50
1 3 9 .5 b
148. 00

_
-

1, 164
925
2 39

39. 5
3 9. 5
4 0. 0

116. 50
113. 00
128. 00

_
-

_
-

~

*

765
606
159
47

3 9. 5
3 9. 5
3 9 .5
4 0. 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

"

"

_
-

_
-

8
— 8

"

“

-

_
-

■

8 6 .5 0
26
8 6 . 0 0 1 14
8 8 . 50
12
9 2 .0 0
"

122

3 9. 0

6 9 . 00 5 21

313
259
54

3 9. 0
3 9 .5
3 8. 0

9 1 .5 0
9 1 .5 6
9 1 .5 0

58
49
9
"

24
107
“ n>— 81
8
26
“

92

_

5
4
1

27
6

174
156
18
8

16
15“
“
119
82
37
17

_
-

74
68
6

83
68
15
10

_
-

~

115
115

-

66
5T“
5
5

9

_

_

37
22
15

38

42
35
7

*

*

135
130
5

97
83
14

20
26
'

37
5
4

_
"

1
1
~

118
95
23

149
97
52

27
23
4

3

_

_

_

27
24
3

31
30
1

26
19
7

11
n — “
“
129
TT2 —
17

TV
~

77

24
20
4

15
4
11

20
8
12

19
9
10

78
66
12

44
27
17

56
41
15

57
“ i i 23

18
7
11

2
2
-

3
2
1
~

19
19
*

_

_

_

6
5
1

_

-

4
3
1

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

"

_

"

_
“

_

26
16
10

53
------

8
8

11
3
8

w

35
_
-

_

8

*
8

—

4
2
r ------ i —
i

_

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

■
„

29
29
~

"

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________ __________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________ _______

11
11

33

12
10
2

40
35
5

33

5

1
----- j-----

1 Sta nda rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to thes<e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 2 at $ 5 5 to $ 6 0 ; 19 at $ 6 0 to $ 6 5 .
NOTE:

See n ote on p. 5, r e la t iv e t o the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .




_

_
-

-

-

-

10
Table A -3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b r u a r y I9 6 0 )

NU M BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARNING S OF—
O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____ __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ ---------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________

684
494
190

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________

1 ,2 7 6
1 ,0 8 6
190
1 14

11 6

Average U nder ! . 7 0 ! . 8 0 *1.90
hourly j
and
earnings $
1 .7 0 und er
1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0
_
.
$ 2 .7 8
7
1
2 .7 5
2 .8 7
7
1
2 .6 3
2 .9 5
3
3
1
2 .9 2
3
3
3 .1 1
1
1
96

7.

E n g in e e r s , sta t io n a r y __________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
_
_ _
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________

72 5
512
213
99

3 .0 8
3. 13
2 .9 4
7 97

F ir e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o il e r ____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________

681
526
155

2 .5 0
2 .5 1
2 .4 7

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce ________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________

900
527
373

2 .2 0
2 . 16
2 .2 5

M a c h in e -t o o l o o e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ____
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

531
531

2 .8 9
2753

h .o o

*2 . 10 ^ . 2 0 ^ . 3 0

9
9
-

2 .2 0 2 .3 0
16
20

2 .5 0

88

81
38
43
43

45
34

55
48
7

14

11

45
29

3

29
29
-

25

76

75
67

-

67

321

12

1

10

8

2

10

100

b
4

56
14
42

83
b9
14

105
75
30

118
105
13

62
37*
25

179
45
134

51
37
14

57
44
13

_
-

-

3
3

_
-

-

19
19

22
22

12
12

4
4

-

-

17
17

128
128

12

5

3
3

3
3

3
3

12
12

16
6
10
8

34
8
26

208
7
201

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________ __ _ __
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________

1 ,6 6 6
1 ,4 4 0
226

2 .8 2
2 .8 3
2 .8 0

_
-

3

15
6
9

12
12
-

3
3
-

47
47
-

92
57
35

125
118
7

T~

2 .6 2
2 .5 9
2 .7 0
2 .7 5

10
4
6
-

-

5
i
4
-

T T
-

859
758
101

2 .9 5
2 .9 0
3 .3 1

P lu m b e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________
P h W ip n filifiPQ *

101
6b
41
37

2 .7 9
' ” 2788
2 .6 5
2 . 54

-

-

-

-

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g ________________________

154
148

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s _______________ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g
____
____________

1 .7 5 2
it5 T t

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce __________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____
__________

470
325
145
74

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n ce _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _ _ _

T

-




3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

61

59
27
32
28

1
1
-

94
91
3
3

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

15
15
-

5
5
-

5
5
-

3
3

2
1
1

5
5

50
37
13

6

9
9

44
43

1

14
14

60

136
131
5

5

6

64
46
18
18

44
35
9

36
36
-

-

24
l5
9

9
9

43

51
51

14
14

48
48

118
113
5

81
77
4

118
106
12

61

244
12
232

54
l2
41

124
55
69
4

93
48
45

146
146
-

25
11
14

174
169
5

16
10

56 '
49
7

6

22
3
3

20
11
8

9

59
2

86

225
215

85

10
5

1
1

83
71

70
70
-

12

127
73
54
54
57
li
44
42

6
6

-

3 .9 0

1

4 .1 0

1

15
15
-

5
5
-

17

-

-

1

1

-

-

1
1

nvpr

4 .0 0

1
1

-

-

1
16

43
40
3

5
5

8

55
40
15

4
4

57
57
-

15
15

13
13

32
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

7

1

7

_
-

-

3
3

40
40
-

5
5
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5

97
97

97
97

145
145

6
6

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

100
100

177
177
-

345
343
2

288 ; 110

77
33

3
1
2

4
1
3

16
16

8

281

-

2
6

138
122
6

5
5

- —
1

r
-

_
-

64
31
33
13

44
37
7

49
7
42
2

45
45
36

50
5b
-

-

1
1

6
6
-

-

27
26
1

-

-

~
-

-

146
105
41

164
12“8
36

4 90
441
49

3
_
3

47
39

6
1
5

_
_
-

8
1
7

104
104
-

_

_

_

_

8

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
_
- -

3

-

-

1

4

1

-

1

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
-

21
21

_
-

6

27

20
7

X

22

37

-

1

_
_
-

1

1

4

Li

23

24

44

15
15

11
li

33

135
uu

27
26

17
~ r r

-

41
-

1

71

18
18

_
-

_
-

26
5
21
-

4
4
-

12
11
1
-

67
5i
16
9

53
41
12
12

74
63
11
11

44
40
4
4

54
44
10
6

31
31
-

24
8
16
16

16
12
4
-

8
8
8

18
10
8
8

_

5

3

16

-

_

_
_

-

5

3

16

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
"

9
9
-

22
20
2

30
30
-

72
70
2

50
50
-

94
94
-

103
99
4

122
122
-

169
i2 9
40

6
1
5

112
96
16

-

2
2

-

8
8

4
4

13
10
3

-

36
21
15

-

-

-

-

48
21
21
21

12
7
5
5

9
9
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

10
10
-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

1
1

-

-

_

_

14
3
11
11

-

-

_

6
6

14

l4

5
5

14

l3

25
22

31
31

44

44

12
12

_

_

_

.

-

-

2
1

_

56
56

65
65

98
85

343
332

2 54
236

147
80

358
358

95
95

32
22

6
6

“

-

-

-

-

-

2 .9 1
2 .9 b

_

_

_

_

_

3 .0 1
3 .0 0

_

_

-

-

S ee n ote on p. 5, r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a i l r o a d s .

3 .3 0

2

-

-

3 .2 0

79
757

-

_

7

3 .1 0

“

-

"

11 0

3 ,0 0

9
9

-

_

$
$
3 .8 0 * 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 *4. 10

“
48
" 48"

12

i2

18
18

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h ift s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 8 at un d er $ 1 . 6 0 ; and 13 at $ 1 .6 0 to $ 1 . 7 0 .
NOTE:

6

81
5b
31
30

1

36

23
16
7

39
32
7

86

-

31

19
l8
l
l

7
4
3

~

34
31
3
3

47
35

68

6
------r -

8
1

4
4
-

1

12

“
12
----IT ” 1

21

28
9
19
3

-

L

35
33

_
-

2 .6 5
779T5
2 .5 5
2 .8 1

2 .8 6
. 84

I ll
103

76
75

1 ,0 8 0
306
774
74

2 .3 5
■" 7 7 3 T "

-

104
83

51
51
-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m a in te n a n c e ) ___________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________
WVinlpfialp fraH p

357
226

-

145

-

24
3

■
5

1

8
2
6

5
5

_
-

12

-

11
11

19
19

71
29

57
45

-

1

_
-

-

49
42
7
7

18
18
-

19

2

2 .8 0

2 ,9 0
53
52

6l
27
23

14

2 .9 6
2 .9 5
3. 17

302
ZF9

2 t 60 2 .7 0

2 .4 0

1 ,7 1 9
'1'; 6"37~
82

M illw r ig h t s _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ __ _
___

*2 .5 0 *2 .6 0 * 2 .7 0 * 2 .8 0 * 2 .9 0 *3 .0 0 *3. 10 *3 .2 0 * 3 .3 0 * 3 .4 0 * 3 .5 0 *3 .6 0 *3 .7 0

and

2 .10

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce ____ _________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __ ________________

O il e r s _______________________ ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__ _________ ________

*2.4 0

9
9

~TT

10
10

47

222
93

5

13

IT"

14
14

_
-

1
_

_
_

_

-

.

-

-

_

11
Table A -4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Newark and J e r s e y City, N. J . , F ebru ary I960)

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

at

Number
worken

E levator op e r a to r s , passenger
(men)
________ ____ _______________
N onm anufacturing__________________

Public u tilitie s 6 _________________
W holesale trade _________________

$

217
178

$1.79
1.76

-

7
3

5
4

4
4

180
176
54

E levator o p era tors, passenger
( w o m e n ) ____ __ ___ __________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Jan itors, porters, and cle a n e rs
(m en) __ ___ __ ____ — _
_ ___
M anufacturing _____________ __ __

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Average Under *1 .1 0 $1 .2 0 $1.30 $1.40 *1.50 *1 .6 0 $1.70 *1.80 $1.90 2 .0 0 *2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 *2 .3 0 »2.40 2. 50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3. 10 $3.20 *3.30 $3.40 *3.50
hourly earning! $
and
and
1 ,1 0 under
1 .2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1 .6 0 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .50 2 .6 0 2.7 0 2 .8 0 2 .90 3.00 3. 10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 over

1.35
1.34

36 l

10

1

61

lb

i

1 .2 0

*20

10

33
33
13

1.85
4,6 6 2
159
" ' 2 ' w r “ T.9S " “ T S “
1 63
2 ! 03
*411
95
1.79

159
I 3"*

—

-

2

-

28
28

-

~TT~ —s r - T T ~ HZT
155

208

133

264

88

320
320
119 ~ r r r
103
4
16
6
9
2
53
86
57

201

7

161

87

12

9
152
70

81
7

47
13
34
_
34

86

42
68
68

110

2,034
689
1,145
470
591

2.28
2 .2 4
2.31
2.11
2.49

_
-

22
t>
16
16
-

P a ck e rs , shipping (m en) _ _______ _
Manufacturing _________________ ____
N onm anufacturing___ __ __ ______
W holesale trade _________________

1,593
1,4 l6
177
140

2.00
2.01
1,90
2 .00

3
3

329
191

1.52
1 . 7l

1




-

281

O rder fille r s __________________________
M anufacturing __
__ __ ________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
W holesale trade _________________
Retail t r a d e 4 _ __ _____
_ _

See footnotes at end o f table.

-

269
259

8
2

151
151
_
*151

114

7

1

ib

-

8
(y

6

27

1
1

-

583
341
667
395 ~T52 " “W
188
89
226
13
51
150
14
8
j
13
118
2
9
30
30
-

64

44
33

2

-

-

-

-

47
43

-

30
30

23
23

24
24

1243 2382
514
864
729 1518
531 1241
268
187
11
-

1169
62
1107
874
9
224

367
225
142
42
93

52
17
35
18
17

40

fA

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

371
35b
21
13
-

540
469
71
6
45
5

261

145
io5
40

221

106
80
9

11
10

14
14
9
3

12
8
4
3

36
30
6
4
1

172
6T
ill
-

103
53
20
17
-

55
54
1

42
42

68
68

-

-

-

*

128
127
1
-

215
189
26
24

72
68
4
“

52
52
'

76

10
-

36
33

4
-

88
‘ 8?

30
£9

3
-

10

222
ll6

10
9
1

8
6
2
2

9
9
8
1

b

50
33
17
15

45
25
17
"

19

17

1

3

_

4

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

4
4

3
3
3

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

j-

17
10
----~ n r
7
3
3
1
9

— 9”

-----

j-

7

185
36
9
13
2

760
~TW r r385r
a
125
114

65
42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

20
3

197
149
48
48

31
3i
-

13
l3
-

4
4
-

_
-

844
844
-

_
-

_
"

84

84

4
1

2

q

3

11

66

163
131
32
17
-

149
125
24
1

-

-

11

128
13
115
36

32
24

—wr

2

84
25
59
18

35
35

2 .3 7
T I T
2.7 0

-

33

1.50
1.71
1.42
1.43

396

27

19

2.28
2. 33
2.2 2
2 .3 3
2.21
1.90

Shipping c le r k s
__ ________ _______ _
M anufacturing ____ ,_________________
Nonmanufacturing
__ ____ ____ _

47
46

23

987
znr
732
392

2 .2 3
2.22
2 .2 3
2.01
2.22

74
73

5

1 .6 8

474
------ 23T "
190
55
104

11
11

11
6

9,311
5,04$
4,266
2,681
749
680

R eceiving cle rk s
_ __ ________ ___
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _ __ _ _________
W holesale t r a d e _______________ _
R etail tr a d e 4 __ ____
___ ___

15
15

17

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling ' _________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing
______________
Public u tilitie s 6 _________________
W holesale trade _______ ___ ___
Retail trade 4 _____
________

P a ck e rs , shipping (wom en)
________
M anufacturing ______________________

38
38

22
20

4

-

352
Jan itors, porters, and clea n ers
(wom en) ________________ ______
M anufacturing ______________________
N onm anufacturing__________________
Finance 7 --------------------------------------

3
2

237
24
4
8

12
12

648
545
103
14
51

33

7
2
5

257
124
133
74
18

205
85
120
120
-

1

303
5
228
87
135

277
36
241
3
238

248

18

1

126
119
7
2
-

170
3
167

22
9
13
1
12

1
1
-

9
9
-

48
48
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

127
103
24
24

167
158
9
8

167
107
60
56

148
133
15
13

156
156

61
61

4
4

1
1

3
3

2
2

13
13

_
-

4
4

_
-

2
2

8
8

2
2

26
26

14
14

12
?
5
4
1

79
69

22
22
-

55
2?
28
11

17
16
1

14
7
7

12
10
2

48
25
23

4
4
-

20
2
18

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

16

85
52
33
8
25

4

10
8
2

51
23
28
20
8

-

6

2

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
i2
8

26
22
4

26
26

30
21
9

36
s ir

20
l9
1

44
36
8

22
22

45
45

13
13

29

8
8

21
3
18

_

36

_

_

_

-

-

4 ,
4

-

-

-

110

16

10

4
6

1

-

29

-

4

36

12
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and J er se y City, N. J. , February I960)

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division

Num
ber
workers

510

Shipping and rece iv in g cle r k s ________
M anufacturing -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________ ___ _
P ublic u tilitie s 8 ___________ ______
W holesale trade _________________

2l0

300
121

103

T~

T ruckd riV ers 9 ______________ -__________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________ _____ _

? ,6 1 5
TTT5
4,8 5 6
746

W holesale trade _______ *___ —____
R etail trade 4 ______________ _____—

1 260

T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under
I 1 t o n s ) ______ _________ _______ ____
/*
Maniifartiiritijr
Nonmanufacturing _____ ______ ___
T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (lVz to and
including 4 tons) ____ ________ ______
M an u factu rin g ___-__ ______ -__ ___
Nonmanufacturing _______ _______
P ublic u tilitie s 8 __________ ____

7.

—

\

410

NUMl3ER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$.
$
$ ,
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 * .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 $ .4 0 2 .5 0 *2.60 2 .7 0 2.80 $2 .90 $3.00 $3. 10 *3.20 *3.30 3.40 *3.50
2
2
Undei 1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1 .6 0 1.70 $
earnings * $
and
and
1 . 10 under
1 .2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1 .6 0 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2.4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3.00 3. 10 3 .20 3.30 3 .40 3.50 over
$2. 33
2 . 36
2. 32
2.3 9
2.39
2.77
3.15
2 .5 5
2 .5 5
2.63
2.7 7

n

467
2. 13
— — 2."l'9"
405
2 . 12

39.
7
32

4
4

25
13
12

53
23
30

34
23
11

185
52
133
110

9

4

9

18

-

-

35
ll
24

90
32
58

65
40
25

375
48
327

262

202

46

49
153

36
15

3
8
1

16
8

-

-

-

-

-

6

_
-

_
*

_
-

_
-

>
-

6

-

-

-

-

-

6

5

12
7

6

-

-

-

-

-

6

5

5

6

-

-

-

*

-

-

57
4
48

11
11

-

6

10

-

5
5

78
16

1

62
2

4

57
-

-

3

18
-

31

24

-

216
60

121

1581
299
1282
947

55
-

30
-

316
18

318

25

12

11

19

13

318

4
21

37
19
16 ' ’ 25
12
3

22
8

117
9
108

8

8

16

6

1
1
-

30

89
57
32
32

17
g
11

148
3$

3,116
l',3 4 l ...
1,774
1,207
424

2 .7 6
3.21
2 .41
2 .4 3
2 .3 7

-

T ru c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler t y p e ) _____________ ...________
M anufacturing _ _
___ _T
JVonmanufacturing ______________ _
PnKlir nHliHpfi ^
W holesale trade _______ ___ ___

2 .6 5 3
584
2,069
1 249
*517

2 .8 6
3. 15
2.7 8
2.6 8
2 .9 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

23
2
21
21

682
190
492
297

2 .59
2 .7 3
2 .5 4
2 .4 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

18

36

-

-

-

-

9
9

18
18

36
36

26
4
22
15

2 .38
2 .3 6
2 .48
2.4 8
2 .56

-

26
17
9
9

1,842
T,412T "1
400
205
148

-

15
l5
-

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) ____________
Manufacturing _______ _______ ,____
Nohmanufacturing ______________
Pu blic u tilitie s 8 _________________
R etail trade 8
__________

-

4
4
-

8
8

9
9
-

51
51'
-

54
53
1

65
65
-

217
265
9

190

125
l25
-

-

-

18

170
156
14
4
IP

T r u c k e r s , power (other than
fork lift) _____ _____ _______ ____*_______
•
M anufacturing __________ ____________

192

2.18
2. 14

Watchm en _____________ ______ ___ __
Nonmanufacturing **____ ..._____ ___
P n b li r iiH liH p e ^
W V to lp s a lp tra < 4 p

Finance 7 ___ ______________ ______
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

182

970
$82
288

63
93
66

1.84
1.91
l[6 8
1.93

1.61
1.66

104
48

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

l

-

-

-

2

3

60
17
43

12
12

-

-

27
11
16

-

2

-

-

2

3

3

79
54
25

34

1

-

4

108
14
34

16
12
6

73
5$
17

73
17
56

15

22

2

NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

4

30

Oata lim ited to m en w ork ers excep t where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 35 at $ 0 .8 0 to $ 0 .9 0 ; 26 at $1 to $ 1 .1 0 .
E xcludes lim ite d -p ric e variety s to r e s.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $1 to $ 1 .1 0 .
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
F inance, insurance, and real estate.
A ll w ork ers excep t 1 w ere at $1 to $ 1 .1 0 ,
Includes all d riv e rs r e g a rd le ss o f size and type of truck operated.
A ll w ork ers w ere paid under bonus plans.




110

1434
246
1188
891
280

66
48
18

239
23
216
212
4

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

221
201
20

7
7

112
112

4
4
-

20
20

-

-

16
16
-

538
- io638
_
_

40
40

401
82
319

22
7
4 ------18

T

352
_
352

_
_

~ 20l
_

4
92
4 1097
_

352

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
3
_ -------*
_
_
_
-

106

52
54

-

30
10
20
20

316
329
179 ' 210
106
150
105
88
15
18

83
54
29
29

77
20
57
57

30
30
-

8
8
8

_
_
-

42
42
.
_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2
2

1

1

_
-

.
_
_
-

224
22
870
224 ----- 2T W T o "
_
_
-

-

54

-

56
"66

_
-

7

-

2
1

6

-

-

48
48

13

_
-

18

79
68

6

372
-

-

17

26
1

6

18
-

52
52
-

17
2

2

17
302

_

40

28

11
9
2

98
64

10

_
_
-

104
2
102
58

19
l6

9

66
66

1

180
12
168
24

41
21

19

426
54
372

162

15
14
4

82
6
76
76

58
26
32
32

39
39

20

7

193 1285
132
40
61 1245
g 1231
55
14

126
120

6

288
460
17
n r “ 7 7 T ----- IT
326
18

393
231

28
2$

16

.
_
-

567 1578
214 “ T IT
353 1467
218 1375
135
92
-

147
131
14

11

172
18

26
13
13
12

.
_
-

44
19
25
7
18

5
3
-

5
11
10 -------T
1

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra ile r type) ____ _____
M anufacturing _______________ _
Nonmanufacturing
______ ____
W holesale trade ________,____

-

.
_
-

14
16
4
3

8

202

107
107
_
-

-

1
1
-

-

_

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

13

Table B>1. Shift Differentials

(P ercen t of m anufacturing plant w o rk ers in e sta b lish m en ts having form al p ro v isio n s for sfyift w ork, and in e sta b lish m en ts
actu ally operating late sh ifts by type and am ount of d ifferen tia l, N ew arkand J e r se y C ity, N. J. , F eb ru ary I960)
In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo rm a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r ----

In e sta b lis h m e n ts a ctu a lly
o p e ra tin g —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l
S econd shift
w o rk

T o ta l

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l _______________________ ___________
U niform cen ts (per hou r)

_________ _______________________

5 ce n ts ___ ________________ ________________________ __ ____
6 cen ts _______ ___________________________________________
7 o r 7*/a cen ts ___________________________________________
8 cen ts ___ _________ __ _______________ __________________
_
9 ce n ts __________________________________________________
10, 10a , or 103 cen ts ______________________________
/3
/4
11 cen ts __
^
__
12 or 12 Va cen ts
__
____
13 or 13Va cen ts _______________________________________
14 cen ts ______________________________________________________________________
15 cen ts _ _ _ _ _
16 c e n t s __ *_________________________________________________________________
17 or 17Va cen ts _____________ ___________________ _______
18 cen ts ___
_
_ _
_
_
19 cen ts and o v e r

T h ird or other
shift w o rk

Secon d shift

8 8 .2

7 8 .4

14.2

4. 1

87. 1

7 8 .3

14. 1

4. 1

38.9

3 4 .0

6 .7

3 .0

6 .9
1 .5
5. 1
5 .5
1. 1
9 .1
2 .5
.8

.5

1 .7
-

.6
8 .8
.5
7 .4
1.2

-

1 .4
.4
.7
1 .0
.1
1 .4
.7
( 2)

-

_
-

3 .1
5 .0
2 .7

.8

2 .0

( 2)

______________________________________________________

44. 1

4 0 .2

6 .5

p e rce n t ____________________________________________________________________
6 p e rce n t __
_
_
7 or 7 Va p e rce n t _________________________________________________ ,_____
9 p e rce n t
_
10 p e rce n t __________________________________________________________________
15 p e rce n t
_
_

3.8
. 1
2 .0

U n iform p ercen ta g e

5

7*/a

4 .2

.9

-

38.2
-

.9

. 1
1.0

.2

1 .4
2 .7

.

.

1

1

.6

( 2)

. 1
-

.3

1 .4
2 .7

_____________________________________________________

_
. 1

5 .7
-

hour s _____________________________________________

No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l

.8

3 6 .3
2 .6

O ther fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n tia l _________________________________________

8 hour s ' pay fo r

T h ir d or other
shift

1

.6

.

1

.1
-

.1
.5

_

1 .0

( 2)
. 1
.5

.5

. 1
. 1
.6

_
-

( 2)
.6
( 2)
( 2)
.4

( 2)

1 Includes e sta b lish m en ts cu rren tly operating late sh ifts, and e sta b lish m en ts w ith form al p rovisio n s coverin g late sh ifts
even though they w ere not cu rren tly operating late sh ifts.
2 L e ss than 0 .0 5 p ercen t.

14
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers

(D istrib u tion of e sta b lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by m inim um entran ce sa la ry for s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien ced w om en o ffice w o rk ers, N ew ark and J e r se y C ity, N. J. , F eb ru ary I960)
In exp erien ced ty p ists
M in im um w e e k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u s ­
tr ie s

O ther in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w ork ers
N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—
A ll
sched­
ules

35

377a

383
/4

40

A ll
s c h e d ­ ■ 35
ule s

37Va

383
/4

40

N onm anufact uring

B a s e d on standard w eek ly hour s 3 of—
A ll
sched­
ules

35

37Va

383 4
/

40

A ll
sched­
ules

35

377a

383
/4

40

E sta b lish m en ts s t u d i e d _____________

264

133

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

131

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

264

133

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

131

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d
m in im um _______________________ __

158

89

8

13

4

56

69

12

16

4

32

165

87

8

15

3

53

78

13

18

5

34

.

.

.
2
2
-

1
10
2
6
8
13
5
8
2
6
1
1

_

1
1
2
1
1
1
1

.
2
1
5
1
2
2
-

_

1
1
7
4
25
5
11
3
10
4
6
4
2
5
1

j
1
1
1
2
2
2
4
1
1
-

_
1
1
1
1
-

_
6
1
3
2
5
2
2
1
3
1
2
1
1

4
12
4
21
9
46
8
19
7
7
7
4
6
1
5
1
1

_
1
2
1
1
2
1

_
1
2
2
6
2
1
1
-

.
2
1
-

_
1
1
4
2
13
3
6
2
3
5
3
4
1
4
1

4
10
2
13
4
20
4
9
3
2
-

2
2
1
4
1
2
1
-

1
2
5
3
2
4
1
-

1

_
2
2
8
5
26
4
10
4
5
7
4
4
1
4
1

53

22

XXX

XXX

XXX

46

24

XXX

U nder $ 4 0 .0 0 ____________________
$ 4 0 .0 0 and under $ 4 2 .5 0 ______
$ 4 2 .5 0 and under $ 4 5 .0 0 ______
$ 4 5 .0 0 and under $ 4 7 .5 0 ______
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0 ______
$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0 ______
$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 ______
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 ______
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0 ______
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 ______
$ 6 2 .5 0 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 ______
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 ______
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 .0 0 ______
$ 7 0 .0 0 and under $ 7 2 .5 0 ______
$ 7 2 .5 0 and under $ 7 5 .0 0 ______
$ 7 5 .0 0 and under $ 7 7 .5 0 ______
$ 7 7 .5 0 and under $ 8 0 .0 0 ______
$ 8 0 .0 0 and under $ 8 2 .5 0 ______
$ 8 2 .5 0 and o v e r _________________

1
11
3
13
12
38
10
19
5
16
5
6
5
2
7
1
1

2

1

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

1
4
2
13
2
8
2
4
3
5
4
2
5
-

1

-

2
1
1

2
"

1
1
1
4
1
1
3
-

E s ta b lis h m en ts having no s p e c ifie d
m in im u m __________________________

49

19

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not
e m p loy w o r k e r s in this c a t e g o r y __

57

25

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

-

-

2
"

■

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

2

-

"

XXX

“

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

2
1
1
1

2
~

-

-

-

~

~

1
3
1
-

-

1
6
2
3
1
8
1
2
2
1
2
1
1
1

2
"

31

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

22

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 L ow est sa la ry rate form a lly e sta b lish e d for hiring in ex p erien ced w o rk ers for typing or other c le r ic a l job s.
a R ates ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffice g ir ls , or sim ila r su b cle r ic a l jobs a re not co n sid ered .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich em p loyees r e c e iv e th eir regu lar str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a re p resen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com b ined , and for the m o st com m on w orkw eeks rep orted .
NOTE: See note on p. 15, r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of ra ilr o a d s.




15
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk e r s in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eek ly hours
of fir s t-s h ift w o rk ers, N ew ark and J e r se y C ity, N. J. , F eb ruary I960)
OFFICE workers ;
W e e k ly h o u rs

ad

.

industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

_____________________________________

Under 35 h ou rs _________________________________
35 h ou rs _________________________________ — —
O ver 35 and under 3 6 7* h o u rs -------------------------36V4 h ou rs ___ ____________ ________ _________
O ver 36 74 and under 377a h o u r s ______________
377a h ou rs ___________________________ ___ __ _____
O ver 377a and under
h o u r s ______________
3874 h ou rs ________________ __ _______________
O ver 3874 and under 40 h o u rs ________ ______
40 h ou rs ____________ ____________ __ _ __ __
O ver 40 and under 48 h o u rs _______________ __
48 h ou rs ________________________________ ______
O ver 48 h ou rs _______________________________ ___

3SlU

100

(M
17
(6)
3
3
25

M
anufacturing

100

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade 3

Finance

100

100

100

100

47

9
7
-

26
7

26

7
23

-

2

(M
8
1
2

7

18
(4 )
14

1

1

41
-

56
-

2

Public a
utilities

-

(M
-

1-

52
-

3
55
-

-

10

48
5

68

1
2
1

-

-

-

*

Services

All .
industries 9

100

(* )
4
(6)
3
(6)
1
88
2
1
1

M
anufacturing

100

Public .
utilities

100

5

2
-

-

1

2

_
_
4

-

2

-

-

100

_
-

(6)
-

1
88
2

1

_
2
-

100

94

-

1

_
4
84
_

-

6

Includes data for s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.
E xclud es lim ite d -p r ic e v a r ie ty sto r e s.
F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te .
Includes data for r e a l e sta te and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
L e ss than 0 .5 p ercen t.




Retail trade

100

-

-

W
holesale
trade

NOTE: E stim a te s for a ll in d u str ie s and public u tilitie s include data for r a ilro a d s (SIC 40), om itted from the scope of a ll labor m ark et
w age su rv ey s m ade b efore the w in ter of 1959 -6 0 . W here sig n ifica n t, the effec t of the in clu sio n of ra ilr o a d s is g r e a te st on the
data shown sep a ra tely for the public u tilitie s d iv isio n .

Services

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
'.(Percent d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by num ber o f paid h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d annually, N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J . , F e b ru a r y I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All
,
industries
A ll w o r k e r s ____ _________________________ _______
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid h o l id a y s ____ _____________ ________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid h o l id a y s _______________________________

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade3

Finance4

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

( 6)

-

-

( 6)
2
( 6)
2
1
12
2
6
2
15
1
3
( 6)
10
1
1
4
1
1
2
1
2
28
1
1
( 6)

( 6)
3
2
14
2
11
29
1
6
11
1
1
9
1
1
1
3
3
1
( 6)

1
( 6)
12
1
39
3
44
-

All industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

98

99

100

96

94

-

2

"

2

1

-

4

6

8
10
9
3
24
1
2
3
10
3
4
2
9
11
-

1
62
1
3
2
1
15
5
7
-

3
( 6)
4
3
6
1
1
3
69
5
2
2

1
5
( 6)
2
23
3
6
( 6)
21
2
6
9
1
2
6
2
( 6)
1
6
1

_
7
3
19
3
6
27
2
8
8
( 5)
2
8
( 6)
1
4
( 6)

1
3
35
4
18
12
20
6

_
4
7
7
1
14
3
15
5
6
5
23
7
“

5
1
53
13

_
-

4
9
81
81
82
82
82
84

1
2
8
8
10
10
18
20
34
36
63
66
92
92
97
98

( 6)
1
6
6
6
6
16
18
33
35
68

6
6
26
26
39
39
39
39
57
57
61
61
96
96
99
100

Services

Retail trade

Services

N um ber o f d a y s
L e s s than 6 h olid a y s ___________________________
6 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h alf d a y _______ ______________
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf days _______________
6 h olid a y s plus 4 h a lf days ____________________
7 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ______________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h o lid a y s _____________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 4, 5 o r 7 h a lf days ___________
8 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _______________ ____ __
8 h o lid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf days _______________
8 h o lid a y s plus 4 h a lf days ____________________
9 h o lid a y s __ ___________ ____ ___________________
9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf days ________ ____ _______
9 h o lid a y s plus 2 h alf days ____________________
10 h o lid a y s ______________________________________
10 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day __________.._________
10 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days ___________________
11 h o lid a y s _____________________________________
11 h o lid a y s plus 1 h alf day ____________________
11 h o lid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h alf days _____________
12 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________
12 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y _____________________
12 h o lid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf days _____________
13 o r m o r e h olid a y s __________________________

Total holiday time7
13 o r m o r e days ________________________________
12 V2 o r m o r e days ________________ *____________
12 o r m o r e days ________________________________
IIV 2 o r m o r e days ___________ ____ ____ ______
11 o r m o r e days _______________________ __________
IOV 2 o r m o r e days _____________________________
10 o r m o r e days ________________________________
9 V2 o r m o r e days -------- -------------------------------------9 o r m o r e days _________________________________
8 V2 o r m o r e days ______________________________
8 o r m o r e days ________ ________________________
7 V2 o r m o r e days ______________ ______________ __
7 o r m o r e days _________________________________
6 V2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
6 o r m o r e d ays _________________________________
3 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
no h a lf

1
4
33
34
36
37
42
43
58
60
82
84
97
97
99
99

1
3

7
7

9
9
19
20
37
38
79
81
97
97
99
100

_
44
44
46
46
46
46
87
87
87
87

99

99
100
100

In clu d es data fo r s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu b lic u tilitie s .
E x clu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
F in a n ce, in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te.
In clu d es data fo r r e a l esta te and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th ose in d u stry
L e s s than 0. 5 p e rce n t.
A ll com b in a tion s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e
d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so

N OTE:

See note on p. 15, re la tiv e to the in clu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s .




11
11
20
22
33
36
48
48
72
72
92
92
100
100

7
7

12
28
28
28
29
29
34
35
97
97
97
98

90
90
95

99

100
100
100
100

70

92
92
99
99

-

7
7
30
30
40
46
63
63
78
78
92
92
96
96

16

( 6)
6
-

-

6
6
6
6
22
35
88
89
89
94

s e p a ra te ly .

d iv is io n s shown sep a ra te ly .
,
.
com b in ed ; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in clu d e s th ose with 7 fu ll days and
on.
P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cu m u lated.

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of office and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, N ew ark and J e r se y C ity, N. J . , F eb ru ary I960)
OFFICE workers ;
V acation p olicy

All
industries .1

Manufacturing

A ll w ork ers _____________________________________

100

PLANT WORKERS
Manufacturing

Public
utilities a

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100
92
7
1
-

100
89
10
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

~

■

“

"

“

33
38
20
6

24
22
7
( 7)

33
13
4
-

_
31
32
( 7)

20
25
8
-

3
64
4
-

_
100

65
5
26
2
2

75
7
16
_
2

37
2
48
6
7

58
36
6
-

29
65
6
-

-

31
22
43
2
2

36
29
33
2

23
9
54
7
7

24
70
6
-

91
6
2

94
6

9
22
62
2

10
31
54
5

11
75

1
7
85
6
1

1
91
6
2

AU
industries 3

100

100
100
-

Public
utilities a

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade3

Finance 4

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

"

-

"

"

A fter 6 m onths of se r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ___________________________________
1 w eek _
_
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _____________________
2 w eek s __________________________________________

11
56
17
3

3
67
15
1

_
58
29
-

2
56
11
-

5
59
12
“

A fter 1 year of s e r v ic e
1 w eek __________________________________ _________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _____________ ________
2 w eek s . . . ________ _____________________ ________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _______________ _____
3 w eeks

7
( 7)
92
( 7)
( 7)

6
( 7)
92
1

10
1
89
-

14
84
2
"

30
63
6
-

A fter 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _
_
__
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eeks _____________________________ ____________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eeks

2
1
95
1
( 7)

1
1
97
1

7
3
90

9
89
2
-

2
92
6
-

100

A fter 3 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s
__ _
___
2 w eeks
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s __________________________________________

1
( 7)
94
3
2

( 7)
1
96
-

7
93
-

2
94
2
2

1
90
6

Services

M e th o d o f p a y m o n t
W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts providing
paid vacation s _________________________________
L en g th -o f-tim e paym ent ____________________
P ercen tage paym ent ________________________
F la t-su m paym ent ___________________________
Other
_
_
W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts providing
no paid v acation s _
A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6

See footn ote s at end o f ta b le .




3

-

-

3

-

_
-

-

5

7
7

1

-

Services

18
Table B-5. Paid Vpcations-Continued

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of office and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, N ew ark and J e r se y C ity, N. J. , F eb ru ary I960)
OFFICE WORKERS;
V acation policy

AH
industries1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade 3

Finance 4

Services

All
industries 3 Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

A m o u n t off v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A fter 5 y e a r s of se r v ic e
Under 2 w eek s _________________________________
2 w eek s _
__________ ___
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s
4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------A fter 10 y e a r s of se r v ic e
Under 2 w eek s _________________________ :________
2 w eek s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ___________ _______
3 w eek s _____ __________________________________
_________
4 w eek s
A fter 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
Under 2 w eek s _ ___________ _________________
2 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s ____________________________________ _ _
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ________ ____________
4 w eek s ________________________________ ______
A fter 20 y e a r s of se r v ic e
Under 2 w eek s _________________________________
2 w eek s
_ ___
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s __________ _________
3 w eek s ________________________________ _______
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _____________________
4 w eek s
A fter 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
Under 2 w eek s _________________________________
2 w eek s _______ ______________________________ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 3 and undor 4 w eek s _____________________

( 7)
76
15
8
1

( 7)
92
1
4
2

91
9
-

85
8
5
2

58
15
27
-

40
44
16
-

-

3
83
6
6
2

3
84
6
4
3

76
7
17
-

89
6
4
1

_
72
12
16
-

( 7)
43
18
38
1

_
51
12
34
3

_
58
42
-

_
61
12
25
2

_
27
73
-

_
20
41
39
-

1
46
15
35
2

1
47
19
30
3

_
44
7
49
"

_
47
19
33
1

_
27
73
-

( 7)
8
1
86
1
4

9
85
6

_

_
3
94
1
2

_
11
87
2

_
27
62
11

_
5
2
87

1
12
2
77
4

1
10
2
79

_
7
93
-

_
17
79
3
1

_
27
63
10

( 7)
8
( 7)
62
3
26

8
74
3
15

_

88
1
8

3

_
27
22
51

32
6
57

1
12
2
66
5
13

1
9
2
69
7
12

_
7
88
5

_
16
77
3
4

_
26
27
47

_
8
56

3

_
6
68
26

_
27
11
62

_
5
22
73

1
12
2
53
4
27

1
9
2
57
5
26

_
7
57
36

_
16
65
2
17

_
26
25
49

( 7)
8
( 7)
46
1
45

_

3
33

_

3

_

54
1
42

9
88
-

3
3

_
5

3

5

3

1 Includes data for s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 E xclu d es lim ite d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s to r e s.
4 F in an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
5 Includes data for r e a l e sta te and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
6 P erio d s of s e r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e ss a r ily r e fle c t the individual p ro v isio n s for p r o g r e ssio n s. For exam p le, the chan ges in prop ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s'
s e r v ic e in clude chan ges in p ro v isio n s occu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.
7 L e ss than 0 .5 p ercen t.
NOTE: See note on p. 15, re la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s. In the tab ulation s of vacation allo w a n ces by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , paym ents other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage
of annual earn in gs or fla t-su m p aym ents, w ere con verted to an equ ivalent tim e b a sis; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percent of annual earn in gs w as c o n sid ered a s 1 w e e k 's pay.




19
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercen t of office and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e sta b lish m en ts providing
health, in su ra n ce, or p en sion b en efits, N ew ark and J e r se y C ity, N .J ., F eb ruary I960)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type of ben efit

A ll
in d u stries *

M anu facturing

A ll w o rk ers _ ___________________________________

100

100

W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providing:
L ife in su r a n c e ________________________________
A ccid en tal death and d ism em b erm en t
in su rance ------------------------------------------------------S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce or
sick lea v e or both 4__________________________
S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce — — _
S ick lea v e (full pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )___________________________
S ick lea v e (p artial pay or
w aiting period ) ___ ____________________
H osp italization in su ra n ce ____________________
S u rgical in su ra n ce _________________ ________
M edical in su r a n c e ____________________________
C atastrophe in su ra n ce _______________________
R etirem en t p e n s io n __________________________
No health, in su ra n ce, or p en sion p la n _____

94
58
94
50
77
5
87
82
56
36
87
(7)

97
60
97
71
84
( 7)
88
88
53
25
86
( 7)

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s

W holesale
trad e

PL A N T W ORKERS
R etail trade3

F in a n ce4

Services

in d u str ies’

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic _
u tilitie s 2

W holesale
trad e

R etail trad e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

90

92
77
88
50
66
2
89
84
60
31
77

87
27
93
52
60
6
80
74
48
27
71
2

96
61
92
25
85
98
95
73
66
97

92
53
76
62
22
6
90
86
60
17
75
1

96
55
76
69
17
2
93
93
64
18
82
1

80
42
78
43
24
31
80
62
48
22
77

89
62
66
42
35
8
77
68
39
11
61

Services

84
34
86
51
44
8
86
80
53
16
69
2

49
88
28
50
37
63
41
37
15
84

1 Includ es data for s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 E xclu d es lim ite d -p r ic e v a riety s to r e s.
4 F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te .
5 Includ es data for r e a l esta te and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 U nduplicated total of w o rk ers re ce iv in g sick lea v e or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su rance shown sep arately below . S ick -le a v e plans are lim ite d to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a s t
the m inim um num ber of days' pay that can be exp ected by each em p loyee. Inform al s ic k -le a v e allo w a n ces d eterm in ed on an individual b a sis a re exclud ed.
7 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
NOTE: See note on p. 15, r ela tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilro a d s.







21

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B ureaus wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping 'memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrarid, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Class A— Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping- Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

22
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal entries; may direct class B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A— In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the files. May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
m asters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

23

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A— Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a/idday-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

24

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little special training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

TYPIST— Continued
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B— Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(A ssistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

25

MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE
Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




D POW ERPLANT

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts ot a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ists handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

26
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience,
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose p rim a ry d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e
whether finished pipes meet specifications* . In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

27

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D ie maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte-*
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering .
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
-(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(L oader and unloader; handler and stack er; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehousem an or w arehouse helper)
A worker employed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

28
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING—-Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
L o n g s h o re m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a re e x c lu d e d .

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, customers*
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m ore o f
th e f o llo w in g : Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n
b o x e s o r c ra te s a re e x c lu d e d .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. S h ip p in g
w o rk in v o lv e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V eri­
fying or directing others in v e r if y in g the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follow s:
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv in g c le r k

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n a n d o v e r -th e -r o a d d r iv e r s
a re e x c lu d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c lassified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m ( IV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r t y p e )

Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gaso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:
T ru c k e r , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S. GOVER N M ENT P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : I9 6 0 0 — 5 4 9 6 6 5

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese bulletins, when av aila­
ble, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 25, D. C ., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Baltim ore, Md., Septem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265”8, price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
C leveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
D allas, T ex., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., Decem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959-B LS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, F la ., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., Decem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
M inneapolis—St. P aul, Minn., January I960—BLS B ull. 1265-21, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, P a ., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, P a., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—O ntario, C alif., November 1959BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San F ran cisco —Oakland, C alif., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-17, price 25 cents
S eattle, Wash., August 1959-B LS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Washington, D .C .—Md.—Va., January I960—BLS Bull. 1265-18, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102