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Occupational Wage Survey

KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI-KANSAS
JANUARY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-23




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU REAU O F LA BO R STATISTICS
Ew an Clagu o , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI -KANSAS




JANUARY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-23
A p r il 1 9 6 0
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents

P age
The C om m unity Wage Survey P rogram

This report w as prepared in the B u reau ^ regional
office in C hicago, 111. , by W oodrow C. Linn, under the
d irection of G eorge E. V otava, R egional Wage and Industrial
R elations A n alyst.




* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are availab le in the K ansas
C ity area rep orts for O ctober 1951, October 1952, and
D ecem ber 1956. A d irectory indicating date of study and
the price of the re p o rts, as w ell a s rep orts for other m ajor
a r e a s , is available upon req u est.
Union s c a le s , in d icative of prevailing pay le v e ls ,
a re available for the follow ing trad es or in d u stries: B u ild ­
ing con stru ction , printing, lo c a l-tr a n sit operating em p loy­
e e s , and m otortruck d riv ers and h elp ers.

iii

1
4
3
3
IT ) CO CT'

The Bureau of Labor S ta tistics regu larly conducts
areaw ide wage su rveys in a num ber of im portant industrial
cen ters. The stu d ies, m ade from late fall to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A p relim inary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each a r ea , usually in the month follow ing
the payroll period studied. T his bulletin provides additional
data not included in the ea rlier report. A consolidated
an alytical bulletin sum m arizing the re su lts of all of the
y ea r's su rveys is issu e d after com pletion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of su rveys.

Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selec te d occupational groups ________________________
Tables:
1. E stab lish m en ts and w ork ers w ithin scope of su rvey __________
2. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la rie s and stra ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational grou p s, and
p ercen ts of in crea se for selec te d p eriods ____________________
A: O ccupational earnings:*
A - 1 . O ffice occupations ________________________________________
A -2 . P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical occupations __________________
A -3 . M aintenance and power plant occupations ________________
A -4 . C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations __________
B: E stab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
pr o vision s:*
B - l . Shift d ifferen tials _________________________________________
B -2 . M inim um entrance sa la r ie s for w om en office
B - 3 . Scheduled w eekly hours __________________________________
B - 4 . P aid holidays ______________________________________________
B - 5 . P aid vacations _______________________________________ _____
B -6 . H ealth, in su ran ce, and pension plans ___________________
Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s __________________________________

10
12
14
15
16
18
19




Occupational Wage Survey—Kansas City, Mo. - Kans.
Introduction

T his area is one of sev er a l im portant in d u strial cen ters in
which the U. S. D epartm ent of Labor* s B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage b en efits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within six broad industry division s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m u nication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu d ies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and ex tractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted a lso b ecau se
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, sep arate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T h ese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecause of the
u n n ecessa ry c o st involved in surveying a ll e sta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fessio n a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssific a tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eeken ds, holid ays, and

late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incen tive earnings are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the w ork sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are presented sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and w om en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d within
the sam e su rvey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average se r v ic e of m en would re su lt in. higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore g en era lized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts w ithin the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.

E stab lish m en t P ra c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related fun ction s, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w ork ers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d m
1
R ailroad s, fo rm erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies, en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
have been added in n ea rly a ll of the areas to be studied during the
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and force-a cco u n t con stru ction
w inter of 1959-60; ra ilroad s w ill be added in the rem aining area s next
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
y ea r. F or scope of survey in this area, se e footnote to "transportaC afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s " in table 1.
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.




2

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
accord ing to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percen t of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings w as co n sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w e e k 's pay.

Data are presen ted for all h ealth , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a. part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg al req u irem en ts such as w ork m en 's com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em p loyer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited- to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accid en t
d isa b ility . Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s w hich require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) co n ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with b en efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . T abulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form al plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(l) plans which provide fu ll pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as .exten d ed
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans w hich are design ed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al covera ge of h osp italization , m ed ica l, and su rgical plans.
M edical insuran ce re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' f e e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . Tabulations of retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er 's life .

2 An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p ro vision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (fir st sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w ork ers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
it esta b lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick lea ve that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al S ick -leave allow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift d ifferen tial data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presen ted both in term s of (a) e sta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 presen ted in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effectiv e p ra ctice, presen ted on the b a sis of w orkers
actu ally em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority w as used o r, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a d ifferen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health , in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistic a lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a ­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are co vered . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b in es whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




3
T a b le

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e of su r v e y and n u m b er stu d ied in K a n sa s C ity, M o .-K a n s .,1 by m a jo r in d u str y d iv is io n , a Jan u ary I960

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in sco p e
of stu d y

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
sco p e of
stud y 3

W o r k er s in e s ta b lish m e n ts
W ithin sco p e of stud y

Stud ied

Stud ied

T o ta l 4

O ffice

P la n t

T o ta l4

A ll d iv is io n s

51

802

172

2 0 1 ,7 0 0

3 5 ,6 0 0

1 2 6 ,4 0 0

1 0 5 ,7 6 0

M an u factu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g _______________________________________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er
pu blic u t i l i t i e s 5 _______ ____ __________ _____
W h o le sa le tr a d e _________________________ __________
R e ta il tr a d e ______________________________ __________
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ______________
S e r v ic e s 7 ______ ______________________ ____ _______

51
51

310
492

72
100

9 2 ,7 0 0
1 0 9 ,0 0 0

1 0 ,0 0 0
2 5 ,6 0 0

6 6 ,3 0 0
6 0 ,1 0 0

5 2 ,9 8 0
5 2 ,7 8 0

51
51
51
51
51

85
121
140
72
74

34

23
13
14

3 3 ,3 0 0
1 6 ,9 0 0
3 9 ,2 0 0
1 0 ,9 0 0
8 ,7 0 0

1 7 ,0 0 0
(M
(6 )
(6 )
(6)

2 6 ,5 2 0
5 , 120
1 5 ,0 3 0
3, 140
2 ,9 7 0

16

5 ,8 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6)

1 T he K an sa s C ity M e tr o p o lita n A r e a (C lay and J a c k so n C o u n tie s , M is s o u r i, and Joh n son and W yan dotte C o u n tie s , K a n sa s). T he " w o r k er s w ith in sco p e of study"
e s t im a te s show n in th is ta b le p ro v id e a r e a so n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e and c o m p o sitio n of the lab o r fo r c e in clu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T he e s tim a te s a r e not
in te n d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er a r e a e m p lo y m en t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e em p lo y m en t tr e n d s or le v e ls sin c e ( l ) plann ing of w a g e s u r v e y s
r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad v a n ce o f th e p a y ro ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the sco p e of th e s u r v e y .
a T h e 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n of the S tand ard In d u str ia l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w a s u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lish m e n ts by in d u str y d iv is io n . M ajor c h a n g e s fr o m the
e a r lie r e d itio n (u se d in th e B u r e a u 's lab o r m a rk e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p rio r to the w in ter of 1 9 5 8 -5 9 ) a r e th e tr a n sfe r of m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n p lan ts and r e a d y -m ix e d
c o n c r e te e sta b lis h m e n ts fro m tra d e (w h o le sa le or r e ta il) to m a n u fa c tu r in g , and th e tr a n sfe r of r a d io and te le v is io n b r o a d c a stin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to th e tr a n sp o r ta tio n ,
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilit ie s d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m en t at or ab o v e the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) of c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s a s tr a d e ,
fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m the se p a r a te o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 R a ilr o a d s w e r e in clu d ed ; ta x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n sp o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u str y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s t im a te s for " all in d u s tr ie s " and "n onm anu factu ring" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s , alth ou gh c o v e r a g e w a s in su ffic ie n t to
ju stify s e p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n o f d ata.
7 H o te ls; p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ictu r e s; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iz a tio n s; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




T ab le 2 . In d ex e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s for s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s
in K a n sa s C ity , M o .-K a n s . , Jan u ary I9 6 0 and D e c e m b e r 1956, and p e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

In d ex es
(O cto b er 1952 = 100)
Jan u ary I960

D e c em b e r 1956

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e fro m —
D e c e m b e r 1956
O cto b er 1952
O cto b er 1951
to
to
to
Jan u ary I960
D e c em b e r 1956
O cto b er 1952

A ll in d u s tr ie s ;
O ffic e c le r ic a l ( w o m e n ) _______________
In d u str ia l n u r s e s (w om en ) ___________
S k ille d m a in ten a n c e (m en ) ____________
U n sk ille d plant (m en ) _________________

1 3 8 .0
1 4 3 .0
1 4 2 .1
1 3 4 .9

1 2 3 .6
1 2 6 .6
1 2 4 .8
124. 3

1 1 .7
1 3 .0
1 3 .9
8 .5

2 3 .6
2 6 .6
2 4 .8
24. 3

5 .7
1 0 .3
5 .4
3 .8

M an u factu rin g;
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en ) _
__
In d u str ia l n u r s e s (w om en ) ___________
S k ille d m a in ten a n c e (m en )
U n sk ille d plant (m en ) _ ___ _______

1 4 0 .9
1 4 2 .3
1 4 1 .6
1 4 1 .2

123. 1
1 2 2 .3
1 2 4 .8
126. 3

14. 5
1 6 .4
1 3 .4
1 1 .8

23. 1
2 2 .3
2 4 .8
2 6 .3

7 .6
1 1 .1
5 .2
3. 3

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are indexes of sa la rie s of office c le r ic a l
w ork ers and industrial n u r se s, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F or office c le r ic a l w orkers and industrial n u r se s, the indexes
relate to average w eekly sa la r ie s for norm al hours of w ork, that is ,
the standard w ork schedule for which stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in stra ig h t-tim e hourly
ea rn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eek ­
end s, h olid ays, and late sh ifts. The* indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m o st of the n u m erically im portant
jobs w ithin each group. The office c le r ic a l data are based on w om en in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine); bookkeepingm achine op erators, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter operators; cle r k s, file ,
c la ss -A and B; cle rk s, order; cle rk s, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secr e ta r ie s; sten ograp h ers, general; sw itchboard op era­
tors; switchboard o p e r a to r-r ecep tio n ists; tabulating-m achine operators;
tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general; and ty p ists, c la ss A and B.
The in d u strial nurse data are based on w om en industrial n u r se s. Men
in the follow ing 10 sk illed m aintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
included in the plant w orker data: S killed— carpenters; ele ctricia n s;
m ach in ists; m ec h a n ics; m ec h a n ics, autom otive; m illw righ ts; painters;
p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l w orkers; and tool and die m akers; u n sk illed —
ja n itors, p o r te rs, and clean ers; la b o rer s, m a teria l handling; and
w atchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
com puted for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la rie s
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the job. T hese w eighted earnings f*>r individual
occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. F in ally, the ratio of th ese group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the b ase period (su rvey m onth, w inter 1952-53)




was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
Adjustments have been made where necessary to maintain
comparability. For example, in m ost of the areas surveyed, railroads
were included in the coverage of the surveys for the first time this
year. In computing the indexes, data relating to the railroad industry
were excluded.
The indexes m easure, principally, the effects of (1) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishm ents with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishm ent out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishm ents.
The use of constant employment weights elim inates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtim e, since they
are based on pay for straight-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for workers in 17 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1240-22, Wages and Related
Benefits, 20 Labor M arkets, Winter 1958-59.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
. by industry division, Kansas City, M o.-K ans., January I960)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly
W
eekly 35. 00
hours1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00

$
40. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
$
$
$
55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00

45. 00

50 . 00_ 55.00 _60._00

$
$
$
$
$
$
. 00 95. 00
75. 00 80. 00 85. 00

90

100. 00

70.00

7 5.00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

43

34
16
18

56
26 "
30
7

58

84

108
26

2
1

33

65. 00

52
9

62
29

82
47

75
47

29
25

26
25

27
23

1
2
1
0

1
2

95. 00^

100.00 105.00

$
$
105. 00

$
$
110.00 115. 00 120.00

n o . oo 115.00

120.00

and
over

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________________________

66
2
219
407
164

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ___________________________

20
1

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

$96.50

100.00

_

_

.

.

_
1
0
1
0

75

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

73.50
72.50
76.50

C lerk s, ord er ___________________________________________
M anufacturin g_______________________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________

310
119
191

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

94.00
99.00

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, p a y r o l l _________________________________________
M anufacturing •
_______________________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 __________________________________

139
65
74

40 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

89.50
83.50
94.50
95.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3
-

O ffice b o y s ______________________________________________
M anufacturin g_______________________________________
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------Pnhlir u t ilit ie s 2

240
76
164
53

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

53.50
55.00
52.50
66.50

_
-

55
19
36

94
13
81

18
4
14

2
0
11
3
1

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs, cla ss A _______________
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------Public u t ilit ie s 2 _____ __________________________

133
105
39

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

106.50
102.50
101.50

-

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs, cla s s
_______________
M anufacturin g_______________________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
Public. u t ilit ie s 2 .

262
76
186
35

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

86.50
93.00
84.00
88.50

-

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs, cla ss C _______________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________

164
125

40. 0
40. 0

75.50
75.50

127
104

40. 0
40. 0

72.00
72.50

40. 0
40. 0

62.00
62.00

B

6
6

.

.

94.00
99.00

86.00

14
14

3
3

8

-

1
1

2

1
0

-

-

4
9
9

-

-

-

-

1
2

9

6

24
24

4
2

1
-

-

9

50
34

18
9

1
0

1
1
8
3
2
16
6
2 ------ TZ~--------g -

-

-

15
15
-

9
4
5
5

8

4
4
4

7
7
-

13

6

7
4

8
7
1
1

1
1

1
0

37
25

56
23
33

1
2
1
0
8
2

5
3

2
2

-

6
3
3

19
19
19

4
4
4

2

-

-

-

-

9

1
0
1
0

2
1
2
1
1
0

41

33

34

2
0
1

1
2

14
14

14

46
35

6

18

28
23

2

2

7
14

7

6

2
2

19

38

2
2

19

9

27

3
19

18

15
7

7

14

32

1
0
1
1
6
5
5

7

1
1
6
1
1

4

_

3

-

1

3
7
7

4

24
24

6

2
1
2
1
2
1
1

2
0
19
1

2
1
8

2

1
1

27
27

6

22

6
6
6

_
-

4
4

6

1
1

7

2
3
1
2

8

6

2
-

-

1
1

-

4

6

1

31
31
_
-

30

6

1

-

24
17

1
0
2
0

1
8

9
9

30

57
16
41

13

1

54
23
31
15

1
1
1
2
2

3
3
3

31
24

7
2

96

18

36

2
2
14
6

39
33

6
2

6
6
6

25
4

18
14
4
4

2
33
3

2
1

330

3
3
-

3
3
-

5
5
-

-

_
-

_
-

7

427

_

18
16
14

3
3

1

2
2

9

-

-

5
5
-

-

"

"

_

_

Women
B ille rs , m achine (billing machine) ___________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
B ille rs , m achine (bookkeeping machine) ______________
N onm anufacturing------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




88
80

j________

_

-

_
J_______

_

-

_ !
I
1

4
4
1

1

_______ _______

46

— W~

_

6

8

4
9
9

15
15

2

2

_

_

9

_

6

6

3

3

I
_______

NOTE: Estim ates for all industries, nonmanufacturing, and public utilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), omitted from the scope
of all labor m arket wage surveys made before the winter of 1959-60. Where significant, the effect of the inclusion of ra il­
roads is greatest on the data shown separately for the public utilities division. The trend of earnings in selected occupational
groups in all industries, excluding railroads, appears in table 2.

.

_

.

-

_

-

_

6
Table A-l. Office Qccupations-Continued

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Kansas City, M o.-Kans. , January I960)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G ST R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF

A verage

N um ber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W omen — Continued
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ____________
Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------------------Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B ____________
Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
Clerks, accounting, class A ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

Clerks, accounting, class B ------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------PnHHr utilities 2
Clerks, file, class A ..............................................................
Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
Clerks, file, class B ---------- --------- --------------- —........
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------P n h lir u t i l i t i e s 2

......

....................

Clerks, order --------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
Clerks, payroll -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------P n K lir u t i l i t i e s 2

Comptometer operators ------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------ --------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------- -------------------------------------------------------- P n K lir u t ilit ie s 2

..........

. .

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) --------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------Keypunch operators ________________________________
Manufacturing --------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------P n K lir u t i l i t i e s 2

_

.

Office girls ------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------See footnotes at end of table.




185
61
124
549
120
429
588
160
428
89
1, 547
224
1, 323
240
233
52
181
884
86
798
93
286
84
202
431
166
265
62
678
189
489
48
61
52
834
179
655
138
321
293

W eekly i
W eekly j
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

40. 0 $81.00
40. 5 81.00
40. 0 80. 50
40. 0 58. 50
40. 0 65. 50
40. 0 57. 00
40. 0 81.00
40. 0 86. 00
40. 0 79. 00
40. 0 88. 50
40. 0 63. 00
40. 0 66. 00
40. 0 62. 50
40. 0 67. 00
39.5
67. 00
40. 5 66. 50
39.5
67. 50
40. 0 52. 50
40. 0 57. 50
40. 0 52. 00
40. 0 57. 00
40. 0 64. 50
40. 0 60. 50
40. 0 66. 00
40. 0 73. 00
40. 0 71.00
40. 0 74. 00
40. 0 82. 50
40. 0 71.00
40. 0 75. 00
40. 0 69. 00
40. 0 85. 00
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
39.5
39.5

58. 50
57. 00
67. 50
71.00
66. 50
70. 00
49. 50
49. 00

$
$
$
$
$
60.
35. 00 40. 00 $45. 00 S50. 00 $55. 00 $ 00 $65. 00 $ 00 $
70.
75.00 $ 00 $ 00 $90. 00 $95. 00 100.00 105.00 $110.00 115.00 120. 00
85.
80.
and
under
■
~
~
■
"
and
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 _5_5._00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80,00 .85,00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105,00 n o . o o 115.00 120. 00 over

$

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

*

-

_
-

63
6
57
_
_

77
77
_
_

71
9
62
6
6

-

31
31

68
7
6l

“
154
154
5
2
2

214
11
203
5
21
21
15
15
1
4
4

208
25
183
37
12
10
2
276
33
243
43
35
22
13
29
10
19
6
37
37

_
-

4
4
-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

27
27

-

_
-

8
8
2
2
118
116

7
7
45
2
43
5
84
69

11
11
75
12
63
10
59
54

1 20
1 20
79 117
15 46
64 71
21 40
14 10
7 30
3
322 428
45 53
277 375
59 39
59 60
8
10
49 52
98 30
7 15
91 15
22
4
64 77
19 18
45 59
45 81
25 30
20 51
2
2
40 202
8 49
32 153
2
4

30
6
24
67
12
55
101
28
73
6
164
29
135
28
28
5
23
54
11
43
5
20
15
5
62
29
33
7
86
31
55
1

7 11
3 11
105 180
21 33
84 147
24 36
19 13
17 11

9 2
7 1
124 81
22 19
102 62
14 3
14 3
14 3

39
22
17
20
9
11
93
1
92
9
95
13
82
18
25
1
24
29
8
21
5
12
3
9
39
23
16
52
20
32
4

6
6
31
10
21
53
13
40
10
93
30
63
10
22
15
7
9
1
8
11
6
5
31
16
15
6
44
13
31
4
1
1
68
19
49
8
2

14
9
5
14
9
5
81
8
73
18
63
7
56
13
11
2
9
7
7
1
4
1
3
30
11
19
12
55
24
31
4

3
3
59
24
35
2
9
9

16
15
1
4
1
3
13
6
7
2
30
2
28
11
1
1
6
6

25
7
18
4
1
3
38
15
23
11
28
7
21
14
2
2

4
4
14
4
10
1
24
9
15

17
17
30
5
25
1
36
6
30
23

_

-

14
14
2
2

10
1
9
_
-

10
l
9
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

51
27
24
8
1
1
-

5
2
3
3

3
3
3

6
6

-

-

-

1
1

-

33
7
26
11
12
1
11
11
11
11
3
3

44
23
21
5
4
4
-

14
14
9
2
7
6
33
12
21

5
5
19
3
16
15
38
17
21

3

_
_

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

_
_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
2
18
2

1
1

5
4
1
1

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

6

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

49
11
38

32
10
22
22

11
3
8
8

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans. , January I960)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(Standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$
35. 00
and
tinder
4 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 $
85. 00 90. 90

$
4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

$50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

4 5 . 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

7
7
"

15
2
13
"

96
8
88
-

216
30
186
14

169
32
137
25

330
103
227
33

269
73
196
36

191
76
115
17

82
9
73
35

174
31
143
39

324
84
240
47

277
93
184
29

170
72
98
11

122
43
79
9

112
72
40
13

129
82
47
5

$
$00. 00 1 0 5 .0 0
95. 00 1

n o . oo

$

n o . oo

$
$
115. 00 120. 00
and
over

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

200
51
149
52

152
50
102
18

113
45
68
10

74
31
43
24

68
24
44
14

116
70
46
35

107
39
68
52

19
11
8
5

13
7
6
6

6
6

-

-

-

_

1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
S e c r e t a r i e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ______________________________________

1 ,9 4 9
554
1, 395
258

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _____________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,6 8 8
626
1 ,0 6 2
286

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

$84.
8 9.
83.
90.

50
50
00
50

7 2.
78.
69.
7 5.

50
00
50
00

-

-

-

_

18

12

18

12

-

-

-

-

-

19
9
10
7

30
20
10
8

3
3

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

"

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l ___________________________________

68

40. 0

7 4. 50

_

_

_

_

9

1

10

14

14

10

3

5

2

_

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ____________________________ j
.________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------ --------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------------------------------------

402
68
334
61

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

61.
73.
59.
8 1.

50
50
00
50

16
16
-

108
108
-

6
6
-

33
5
28
"

28
13
15
"

49
4
45
7

47
7
40
4

16
8
8
4

16
6
10
3

27
11
16
7

35
3
32
30

13
6
7
6

5
2
3
-

3
3
-

-

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________________ ____
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------------------------------------

427
193
234
41

40.
40.
39.
40.

0
0
5
0

63.
62.
63.
69.

00
00
50
00

-

21
21
-

12
12

49
22
27
6

94
77
17
8

112
32
80
1

67
26
41
10

18
17
1
1

19
11
8
7

13
6
7
-

3
3
-

9
1
8
8

_
-

1
1
-

9
9
-

_
-

_
-

"

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B --------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------- ----------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------------------------------------

107
67
32

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

8 2. 00
8 3. 00
79. 50

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

8
2
-

11
8
8

21
7
7

41
31
11

8
8
5

6
4
1

8
5
-

3
2
-

1
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________________

70
56

40. 0
40. 0

65. 00
6 3. 50

_

.

_

17
15

10
7

3
3

3
2

1
-

8
5

1
"

_

_

.

_

-

14
11

_

-

13
13

_

-

-

-

“

"

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l_______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------

286
105
181

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

62. 00
6 2. 50
62. 00

_
-

18
-

4
4

30
6
24

82
33
49

61
38
23

28
16
12

33
8
25

21
3
18

2
2

3
3

3
3

_
"

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A --------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------------------------------------

564
271
293
115

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

7 4.
7 8.
7 0.
7 2.

00
00
50
00

_
-

_
-

18
12
6
-

48
2
46
9

73
25
48
23

69
16
53
34

45
6
39
16

107
64
43
9

117
94
23
3

39
30
9
1

38
18
20
17

7
4
3
3

3
3
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

T y p is t s , c l a s s B --------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ______________________________________

1 ,4 2 2
369
1 ,0 5 3
176

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

56.
60.
55.
60.

50
50
00
50

_
-

175
15
160
15

4 35
91
344
55

298
74
224
37

187
80
107
26

66
31
35
16

108
61
47
10

15
1
14
2

5
1
4

8
8
-

12

3

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

3
3

-

-

_
-

12
12

1
2
3
4

1

!

18
_
-

j

no

!

7
103

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 20 at $ 120 to $ 130; 1 at $ 130 to $ 140; 9 at $ 140 and over.
Workers were distributed as follows: 21 at $ 120 to $ 130; 5 at $ 130 to $ 140; 1 at $ 140 and over.




-

.

-

-

-

8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans. , January I960)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

A v er a g e
W eekly U n der
earn in gs1
(Standard)
65. 00

$

65. 00
and
u n d er
70. 00

$

70. 00

75. 00

$

$

$

75. 00
o

W eekly
hours 1
(Standard)

i°

N um ber
of
workers

00
o

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

85. 00

90. 00

$
$
$
$
95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o .

8 5 .0 0 _9_0. 00

9 5 .0 0

100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 00 130,,00 135. 00 140. 00 145. 00

80. 00

$

oo

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00 130. 00 135. 00 140. 00 145. 00
and
over

M en

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

145 .00

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

_
-

_
-

1

-

_
-

10
10

5

-

5
5

28
22
6
2

31
26
5
4

26
21
5
3

9 0.0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

6

12
8

24
11
13

60
20
40

35
28
7

19
18
1

33
32
1

51
46
5

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

_

14
13

11
7

22
9

11
9

60
51

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r --------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________________________________

369
293
76
52

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

1 1 3 .00
113 .00
1 13.50
114 .00

267
181
86

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

103
74

40. 0
40. 0

‘P n K lir '

ti H

1i H

ps

^

. . .

D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________________

40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 44.00

D r a ft s m e n , l e a d e r __________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

6

4

1
1
4
2
2

-

_

_

1

2

-

-

2

38
35
3
1

64
61
3
3

50
33
17
13

9
8
1

4
3

7

6
6

2
1

21
21

4
1

4
4

2 26
22

39
30
9

21
16
5
3

10
10

12
12

3
3

2

31
14
17
15

-

-

-

4
3

-

-

-

'

'

“

“

”

4
4

-

_

_

-

-

-

7

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) __________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________________________

3
3

3
1

14
11

3
3

12
8

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Workers were distributed as follows: 12 at $ 145 to $ 155; 5 at $ 155 to $ 165; 6 at $ 165 to $ 175; 3 at $ 175 and over.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion,of railroads.




9
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

Occupation and industry division
Carpenters, maintenance ........................................
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------Electricians, maintenance ----------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------Engineers, stationary _______________________
Manufacturing ................................. ....................
Nonmanufacturing ...............................—.............
Firem en, stationary boiler _________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------Helpers, trades, maintenance ----------------------Manufacturing ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------Public u tilities4 _______________________
Machine-tool operators, toolroom ___________
Manufacturing ----------------------- ----------------M achinists, maintenance -----------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) ________
Manufacturing ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public u tilities4 ---------------------------------Mechanics, maintenance ____________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------Millwrights _________________________________
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------Oilers ................... .........................................................
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------Painters, maintenance --------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------Pipefitters, maintenance ------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------Sheet-metal w orkers, maintenance __________
Manufacturing ___________________________
Tool and die m akers -------------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________________

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Kansas City, M o.-K ans., January I960)
N U M B E R , O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F—
Number Average j Under $ 1.90 2. 00 $2. 10 $2. 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 52. 60 $ 2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $ 3. 00 $ 3. 10 $ 3. 20 $ 3. 30 $ 3. 40 $ 3. 50
2
of
hourly
workers earnings $
and
and
under
2. 80 2. 90 3. 00
2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70
3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3.50
over
217
137
80
613
537
76
371
219
152
179
142
353
302
51
41
250
249
472
433
666
212
454
427
637
571
66
292
292
129
129
126
103
309
302
66
64
395
395

$ 2. 76
2. 79
2. 71
2. 95
2. 94
2. 96
2. 76
2. 94
2. 50
2. 24
2. 23
2. 41
2. 44
2. 20
2. 22
2.93
2. 93
2. 88
2. 91
2. 64
2. 61
2. 65
2.66
2. 73
2. 70
2. 92
3. 02
3. 02
2. 30
2. 30
2. 76
2. 77
2. 96
2. 97
2. 91
2. 91
3. 02
3. 02

9
9
1
1
11
11
33
3 30
8
2
6
_
_
14
14
12
23
20
3
_
6
6
_
_
-

_
-

_
'

10
10
_
.
_
3
3
_
_
_
_
"
_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
'

1

"
_
6
6
2
2
13
10
3
3
_
_
2
2
_
33
33
_
_
-

_
-

_
'

6
1
6
1
_
32
32
25
30
30
9
16
40
27
16
13
16
13
.
_
10
3
3
10
21
8
21 I :
8
8
4
17
4
16
1
_
_
*
14
16
14
16
_
15
12
_
_
-

_

_

"

-

.
'

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Workers were distributed as follows: 19 at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60; 1 at $ 3. 80 to $ 3. 90.
3 All w orkers were at $ 1. 30 to $ 1.40.
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads,




_
'

21
2
19
_
15
15
8
3
139
139
_
10
10
54
4
50
45
4
2
2
_
2
2
5
2
_
4
4
7
7

7
6
1
52
39
13
8
8
28
20
28
15
13
9
8
8
58
49
76
72
4
4
47
45
2
_
20
20

11
11
4
4
16
12
4
16
11

21
15
6
22
20
2
38
4
34
13

13

! 10 I
10
1
25
25
1 38
17
1 12
17
76
i 62
5
! 11 | 71
! 51
53
49
54
76
54
73
3
_
_
26
1
26
1
5
5
13
12
5
------ l ---|
12
4
5
4
!
_
_
5
5
;

'

_
'

_
'

28
26
2
58
58
77
51
26
7
7
94
94
18
18
22
22
276
52
224
224
131
122
9
4
4
11
11
25
20
27
27
9
9
57
57

30
23
7
78
78
31
20
11
5
5
2
1 2
i
j
78
78
33
33

4
4
58
58
"
35
35
8
8
_
-

1 17
7
10
10
72
59
13
60
60
_
17
15
61
61
11
11
8
8

1
!
1
i

5
5
37
37
11
11
99
96
3
8
8
_
5
5
22
22
4
4
135
135

50
48
2
79
79
58
58
_
_
5
5
117
117
30
29
1
1
77
74
3
192
192
_
21
21
148
148
12
10
29
29

5
3
2
191
191
23
23
_
_
-

no
no

93
93
21
21
21
_
28
28
_
15
9
35
35
19
19
22
22

38
14
24
16
16
“
4
4
_
_
30
26
_
27
27
_
_
_
_
"
2
2
122
122

1
1
25
25
.
"
_
_
_
3
3
_
4
4
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
-

_

_

_

-

-

9
9

6
6

20
2 20
_
5
5
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
_
_
-

_
-

_
'

10
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , K a n s a s C it y , M o . — a n s . , J a n u a ry I960)
K

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Elevator operators, passenger (men) ------------Nonmanufacturing________________________
Elevator operators, passenger (women)______
Nonm anufacturing________________________
G uards______________________________________
M anufacturing____________________________
Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men)_______
M anufacturing____________________________
Nonmanufacturing_______________ _______
Public utilities 3 -------- ----------------------Janitors, porters, and cleaners (wom en)____
M anufacturing____________________________
Nonm anufacturing____________ __________
Public utilities 3 ---------------------------------L aborers, m aterial handling_________________
M anufacturing____________________________
Nonm anufacturing________________________
Public utilities 3 _______________________
Order fille rs ________________________________
M anufacturing-----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_______________ _______
P ackers, shipping (men) ____________________
M anufacturing-----------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing________________________
P ackers, shipping (women)_________________
M anufacturing____________________________
Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------Receiving c lerk s____________________________
M anufacturing-----------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------- __
Shipping c lerk s--------------------------------------------M anufacturing____________________________
Nonm anufacturing---------- ----------------------Shipping and receiving clerks — ------------------M anufacturing---------------- -----------------------Nonm anufacturing________________________
Truckdrivers 4 --------------------------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------Public utilities 3 ---- ---------------------------Truckdrivers, light (under 1V2 tons)______
M anufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

138
138
244
236
921
414
3,423
1,630
1,793
237
423
86
337
61
4, 552
1,789
2, 763
1,074
1,686
290
1, 396
1,282
214
1,068
344
120
224
349
138
211
224
148
76
430
204
226
2, 570
854
1,716
874
258
70
188

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Average Under $0. 80 $0. 90 $1. 00
10 $1. 20 $1. 30 S1.40 $1. 50 1$1.60 $1. 70 $1. 80 $1. 90 $2. 00 $2. 10 $2. 20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70 $2. 80
hourly
earnings2 $
and
and
0. 80 under 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 L 30 1.40 J . 50 1. 60 1. 70 ! 1.- 80 1. 90 2.00 2. _10_ 2.20 _2. 30 2. 40_ 2. 50_ 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 over
. 90
!
! ■
11
1
$ 1. 05
96
2 | 5
5
9
L
1
11
2 ! 5
1. 05
96
1! 1
| 8
8
5
9
- 1
j
_
_ I
1
_i
_
_
_
54 15
i 2 j 5]
1. 20
17 ! 95 43
2
_ !
54 15
2 | 5
17
1. 19
89 ! 43 | 11
11
-!
_
.
_
_
30
3 i 33 I 11
2
1. 80
3 378
14 i 11 12
21 70
9 ! 14
59 127 67 57
3 !-----33"1 n ~ i
—
2.43
3
2
1
12 41
59 127 63 55
"
"
4
_
_
_
_
32 186 128 105 251 315 195 253 270 1 194 1 99 i 205 1 132 346 467 120
1. 67 87
38
- 18
24 52
57 ! I ll ! 64 142 29 , 127 | 106 269 452 111
1. 97
39
29
32 186 110
1.40
87
i
66 227 263 138 142 206 | 52 ! 70 ! 78 ! 26 77
15
9
9
70 1 6
1. 83
5
4
14 65
- 12
- 15
i 8 1 25 28 24 15 -_ _ _ -_ _ _
61
_ 63
22 149 47
2!
45 29
2
1. 39
1 ^
1. 52
- 18
16
7
3
2 24
8
7
1
- 45
2
6 142 39
42 29
4
1. 36
1
26
1
1
1
1
4
26
1
1.79
"
- 27
_
_ 160
_
10
1. 96
3
91 252 424 142 158 103 251 30 359 362 257 528 528 428 442 24
78
30 40
60 60
81 59
94 201 92 335 264 328
43 21
3
2. 09
- 160
22 192 30 265 161 165 193 264 100 399
10
82 98
3
13 222 384
1.88
15 127 127 216
52 387
2. 29
7
1 4
- 138
"
"
_
_
_
_
_ 88 40
_
2. 12
15
7
6
16
47 20
87 169 334 509
79 169
9
91
- 25 12
2
72 26
2. 23
3
6
17
6
87 34
15
45 20
7
15 143 247 475
74
2. 09
76 163
6 i 10
63 28
9
_
_
_ 290
_
_
_ 16
_
55
11 31
40
45 4 34 20
14
1. 85
47
28 221
3
27
- 12
- 14
12
2. 06
6
40
4 20
12 34
13
3
17
27
2
5 31
42
14
35
28 430
16 187
1. 81
278
*
.
_
_ 104
_
_
_
10
34 23
11 17
8 19 21
1
15 22
1.40
59
- 16
- 16
14
4
15 12
10
27
6
1. 57
1
32
20 17
11
1
4 19 21
1. 31
" 88
"
- 10
"
_
_
_
_
4
3
6
40
24 71
31
3
3
2. 08
10
23
8
8
36 32
29
9
9
- 17
25
2
12
3
2. 22
8
16 11
6
29
9
4
2
1
2
3
6
4
10
23
28
36 15
8 60
9
1. 99
~
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
32
22
10
2. 25
6
40
34 20
8
9 24 10
9
22
31
1
3
6
6
34 17
3
16
2. 19
9
2
24
3
1
7
2. 38
9
9
- 21
"
'
"
_
_
.
_
_
_ 15
24
3
8
18 23
46 42 115 127
2. 38
9
10
68
8
16
7
6
2.43
89
2 16
40 42
26
3
14
2. 34
59
9
- 15
"
_
_
_
_
_
_
5
30 28
24
32 189
90 177 277 1244 254 38
2. 39
9 15 143 15
2
15 10
75 23
81 379 89 28
16
23 78
20 15
2.40
3
15 18
15 154 196 865 165 10
8
9 111
2. 38
9 15 123
10 752 15 10
2
1
13 71
2. 54
“
"
"
"
"
~
"
_
_
_
_
.
.
- 96
3
8
3 10
16
3 24
13 15
26 17
1. 96
9 15
1
8
2
3
2
8
10 15
11
- 10
1.95
3
23
3
94
15 15
8
15
3
9
1. 97
i

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




11
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Kansas City, M o.-Kans. , January I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number Average , Under $0. 80 $0. 90 $1.00 $1. 10 1$1.20 $1. 30 j1$1.40 $ 50 $1.60 |1$1. 70 |1$1.80 $1.90 $ 00 $ 10 $ 20 $ 30 $
of
hourly
Occupation1 and industry division
workers earnings $
!
_
_
_
_
_ 1._
_ 2._ 2._ 2._ 2._ 2.40
and _
0 80 under 1.00 1. 10 1.20 1 1. 30 _1.40 __1_. 50.J 1.60 j.1 ,_70 _1. 80 j l._90 1 Z. 00 2. 1CL 2. 20 2. 30 2. 4_0_ 2. 50
I
.90
j
Truckdrivers : 4—Continued
1
,
I
Truckdrivers, medium {l1/z to and
_
| _
803 $2. 35
including 4 tons) _______________________
52 151
85 ;
75
3
8 ! _ 52
_
- ; 10
M anufacturing________________________
2. 40
37 | 22
61
279
8 I - 35
- 1
1
!
Nonm anufacturing____________________
524
2. 32
75
3
17
15 129
14
_
Public utilities 3 ___________________
2. 50
10
1
13 70
359
i :
I !
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
- | - 41
trailer type) ----------------------------------------602
2. 41
45
4
8
2
98
- 41
M anufacturing________________________
110
2. 31
4 ! 8
"
2
98
Nonm anufacturing------------------------------492
2.44
45
" |
"
"
"
i
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons, other
- | _
- 1--- - ;
than trailer type) _______________________
548
2. 52
35
87
9
1 “--Nonmanufacturing____________________
212
84
2.49
9
- |
- i "
*
"
- 1
"
'
_
_
- !
_
Truckers, power (forklift) _________________
920
2. 31
5
53 160 274
1-------- 1 3
1
16 88
99
- 1
- i— i— I 15
50 103 242
M anufacturing----------------------------------------12
16 66
2. 39
689
Nonm anufacturing_______________________
32
231
2. 07
15
87
5
3 57
3
1
"
" 22
_
_ j _ ;
_
_
_
_
2. 26
120 39
37
301
6
23
7 15
2
6
Truckers, power (other than fork lift)_______
9
- !
- 10
94 39
37
M anufacturing------- ------- -------------------211
! _
2. 38
26
Nonmanufacturing_______________________
90
2. 00
2
23 1 9
7
5
6
i 6 ;
Public utilities 3 --------------------------------7
5
26
78
2. 07
6
1 - !
- j 19 j 9
2
4
2
15
6
W atchmen_________________________ _______
282
1. 55
48 ! 4 ! 4 I 11
22 38
7
1 i 3
68 ; 12
1
12
124
j
4
1
6
M anufacturing----------------------------------------4 ! 4 11
18 12 !----- z~ !—13
2
1. 71
! 33
1
_
Nonmanufacturing_______________________
1.42
158
4
1
I
48
4 | 26 ! - 11
3
1
3
3 ! 35 I 12
1
- j
11
3
1
44
3
Public utilities 3 __ ____ ___________
1.72
16
1 3
i
J
1 _____
_
Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads.




i

$2. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70
,
_
_
_
2. 60 2.70 2.80

283
27
256
250

$ 80
2.
and
over_

88
73
15
15

4
4
"

2
2
-

27 5 129
51
6
224 123

-

-

380
82
206
200
6
14
8
6
6
11
4
7
7

27
27
_
"
_
2
2
-

10
10
_
23
23
8
8
-

-

_
'
_
"
_
-




12

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r s h ift w o r k , a n d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
a c t u a ll y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l , K a n s a s C it y , M o . —K a n s . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 )
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a c t u a ll y
o p e r a tin g —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l
S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T ota l

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

W it h s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

------------------------------------

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

8 1 .9

78. 8

1 4. 1

4. 8

80. 0

76. 9

13. 9

4. 4

5 8 .8

3. 6

43. 1

1 1. 3

1 2. 0
1. 1
2. 7
1 1. 1
.8
1 0. 7
14. 0
1 .9
2. 0
.8
1 .7

1. 7
_
. 8
1 3. 2
1 4. 4
1. 9
1. 2
1. 8
5. 6
2. 5

2. 7
( 2)
. 2
2. 3
. 1
1 .4
3. 0
. 8
. 2
. 2
.4

( 2)
.8
1 .6
. 4
. 3
. 1
.4

------------------------------------------

1 9 .5

17. 6

1. 9

. 1

5 p e r c e n t ------- _ -----------------------------------------7 V 2 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ______________________________ ___

1 4 .4
5. 1
-

17. 6

1. 3
. 6
-

. 1

1 .7

16. 2

. 7

. 7

. 2

.4

U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r )

____________________

5
6
7
8

c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------9 V 2 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s
--------------------------------------------------------12 cen ts
______________________________________
I 2 V 2 c e n t s ------ ----------------- -----------------------------13 c e n t s
___________________________________ 14 c e n t s
______________________________________
15 c e n t s
______________________________________
O v e r 15 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e

O th er f o r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l
N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

------------------------

---------------------------------------

1 .9

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e
t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 05 p e r c e n t .

s h ifts ,

1. 9

a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

_
_

co v e rin g

la t e

s h ifts

even

13
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers

(D istrib u tion of esta b lish m e n ts stud ied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m inim um entran ce sa la r y for s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffice w o r k e r s, K an sas C ity, M o.—K ans. , January I960)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M an ufacturin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

B a s e d on stan dard 'w eek ly h o u rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s t u d i e d __________________________________________

172

72

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m __________________

76

27

27

_

_

U nder $ 4 0 .0 0 _________________________________________________
$ 4 0 . 00 and u n d er $ 4 2 . 50 __________________ _________________
$ 4 2 . 50 and un d er $ 4 5 . 00 ------------------------------------------------------$ 4 5 .0 0 and u nd er $ 4 7 . 50 ____________________________________
$ 4 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 5 0 .0 0 ____________________________________
$ 5 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 5 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 52. 50 and u n d er $ 55. 00 ____________________________________
$ 55. 00 and u n d er $ 57. 50 ------------------------------------------------------$ 5 7 .5 0 and u nd er $ 6 0 .0 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 6 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 62. 50 and u nd er $ 65. 00 ____________________________________
$ 65. 00 and un d er $ 67. 50 ____________________________________
$ 6 7 .5 0 and u nd er $ 7 0 .0 0 ____________________________________
$ 7 0 .0 0 and un d er $ 72. 50 ------------------------------------------------------$ 72. 50 and u n d er $ 75. 00 ____________________________________
$ 7 5 .0 0 and u nd er $ 77. 50 _____________________ _____________
O v er $ 7 7 . 50 ___________________________________________________

2
13
4

8
6
9
8
2
8
3
2
1
2
1
4
2

1

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N onm an u factu rin g

2

4

2
1
3
1
3
2
-

2
1
4
1
1

2
4

2
1
3
1
3
2
-

2
1
4
1
1

A ll
sch e d u le s

M an u factu rin g

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N on m anufacturing

B a sed on stan dard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

40

1
00

XXX

172

72

XXX

49

41

76

26

26

2
1
1

2
1
1
3
1
3
6
5
1
4
1
2
1

2
6
13
1

_

_

2
1
6
1
1
3
1

2
1
6
1
1
3
1

3
-

3
-

-

-

4
4
4

8
5
1
5
1
2
1
-

1

-

18

9
7
3
5
-

2
2
1
1

-

3

-

1

1

2

1
1
1
3
1
1

1
1
1
3
1
1

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

100

XXX

50

43

2

2

16
5
7
-

15
3
5
-

4

4

-

-

8
2
2
2
1
1

6
2
2
2
1
1

-

-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________________

40

19

XXX

2
1

XXX

48

23

X XX

25

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

56

26

XXX

30

XXX

48

23

X XX

25

XXX

1 L o w est s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d for hirin g in ex p e r ie n c e d w o rk ers for typing or oth er c le r ic a l jo b s.
2 R ates ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffice g ir ls , or sim ila r s u b c le r ic a l job s a re not co n sid er e d .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w h ich em p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata are p resen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com b ined , and for the m o st com m on w orkw eek rep orted .
NOTE: See note on p. 14, r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s.




14
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by sch ed u led w eek ly hours
of fir s t- s h ift w o r k e r s, K an sas C ity, M o .—K a n s., January I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

W eekly hours

A ll w o rk ers

___________________________________

U nder 37x/2 hours ---------------------------------------------3 7 V 2 hours
--------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 7 V 2 and under 40 hours ------------------------40 hours -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 40 and under 42 hours __________________
42 h ou rs ________________________________________
O ver 42 and under 48 hours ___________________
48 h ou rs -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 48 hours .................... .......... ...... ...........................

1
2
3
4

All industries 3

100
2
4
4
88
(4 )

1

(4 )

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100
2

100

100

100

.

.

1
2

95

100

2
1
1
2
-

-

-

-

_

3
_

88

84

1

4
2
4
1

_
3
3
3

_

Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
L e ss than 0. 5 p e rcen t.




NOTE: E stim a te s for a ll in d u str ie s and public u tilitie s in clude data for ra ilr o a d s (SIC 40), o m itted fro m the sco p e of a ll lab or m a rk et
w age su r v e y s m ade b efore the w in ter of 1959 -6 0 . W here sign ifica n t, the e ffec t o f the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s is g r e a te st on the
data show n sep a r a te ly for th e public u tilitie s d iv isio n .

Public utilities2

100
_
_
93

2

_

4
1

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by num ber of paid ho lid ay s
provid ed annually, K ansas C ity, M o.—K ans. , January I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Item

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries

^

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

A ll w ork ers _______________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providing
paid holid ays -----------------------------------------------------W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid holidays _____________________________ _

99
1

100

100

98

99

100

"

■

2

(4)

-

(4)
n
(4)
35
2
4
34
(4)
22
1
1

_
1
21
6
15
45
9
3
~

_
19
51
26
4

3
1
3
39
3
9
29
(4)
9
2
1

_
5
22
6
16
33
14
3
■

_
31
55
9
5

1
2
2
23
62
64
99
99
99
99

_

4
4
4
30
81
81
100
100
100
100

1
2
2
11
50
53
92
95
96
98

_

5
5
5
14
69
69
100
100
100
100

Number of days

L e ss than 4 h o lid ay s ------------------------------------------4 ho lid ay s _________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s __ _ ________________________________
6 ho lid ay s -------------------------------------------------------------6 holid ays plus 1 half d a y -----------------------------------6 ho lid ay s plus 2 h alf days ______________________
7 ho lid ay s ______________________ _ ------------------7 ho lid ay s plus 2 or 3 h alf d a y s ------------------------8 holid ays ----------- --------------------- ----------------------9 holid ays ________ ________________ ____ ______
10 h o lid a y s ____ ___________________ ____________
Total holiday time5

10 d a y s __________________________________________
9 or m o re days ___ ______________________________
8x/2 or m o re d a y s ------------------------------------------------8 or m o re days ---------------------------- _ ---------------7 or m o re days ---------- -------------------------------------61/2 or m o re d a y s ________________________________
6 or m o re days ------------------- ------------------------------5 or m o re days __ _______________________________
4 or m o re days ------------------------ ------------------------ •
1 or m o re days -----------------------------------------------------

3
3
12
72
78
99
100
100
100

3
3
17
66
72
95
99
99
99

1 Includ es data for w h o le sa le trade; r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
4 L e ss than 0. 5 p e rcen t.
5 A ll com b in ation s of fu ll and h alf days that add to the sa m e am ount a re com bined; for exam p le, the prop ortion of w o rk ers r e ce iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es th o se w ith 7 fu ll days and
no half d a ys, 6 fu ll days and 2 half days, 5 fu ll days and 4 half d ays, and so on. P rop o rtio n s w ere then cum ulated.
NOTE: See note on p. 14, r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s.




16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a cation pay
p r o v isio n s, K an sas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., January I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p o licy

A ll w o rk ers ---------------------------------------------------------

All industries *

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(4 )
-

100
99
(4)
-

100
99
1

100
93
6

100
88
12

(4 )

(4 )

100
99
1
-

(4 )
31

(4 )
30

7

12
4

_
26

-

-

"

-

Method of payment

W ork ers in esta b lish m e n ts providing
paid v a ca tio n s -------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent ___________________
P er c e n ta g e paym ent ----------------------------- ------F la t-su m paym ent ------------------------------------O ther --------------------------------------------------------------W ork ers in esta b lish m e n ts providing
no paid v a ca tio n s ....................... .............................—

-

-

Amount of vocation p a y 5

A fter 6 m onths of se r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s -------------------------------2 w eek s _________________________________________
A fter 1 yea r of s e r v ic e

4
2

(4 )

11

-

(4 )
-

76
4
20
-

75

1
8
16
-

_
66
34
-

61

40
25
35
-

1
63
1

73

-

_
42
58
“

1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ...........—.............-............
2 w eek s -------------------- ------- ------------------------------- —
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s --------------------------------

11
4
84
2

8
1
90
-

14
23
63
-

50
11
39
-

A fter 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek __________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s --------------------------------2 w eek s ............................................. .....................................
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
A fter 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

3
(4)
95
2

4
1
95
-

2
98
-

70
-

54
"

16
84
-

1 w eek ......... .................-..........— .......................................
2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ------------------------- ------3 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

1
90
3
6

97
1
2

1
90
5
4

(4 )
87
9
3

95
4
1




35

_
27

.
46
-

Under 1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------1 w eek __________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s -------------------------------2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -------- ----------- ----------A fter 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

See footn otes at end of tab le

_

1

-

_

-

95
4
1

(4 )

14

17

13

26
15
31

-

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, K an sas C ity, M o .—K an s. , January I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p o licy

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries ^

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

Amount of vacation p a y 5— Continued

A fter 10 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A fter 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1
53
9
36
1

58
12
30
"

60
22
18
-

1
60
16
23
-

(4 )
56
27
17
-

85
8
7
-

1 w e e k ----------------------------.-------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------- ------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------A fter 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1
23
75
1
1

16
84
-

_
6
94
-

1
25
4
70
1

(4 )
19
7
72
1

1
99
-

1
61
2
15

16
70
6
9

6
75
19

1
25

(4 )
19

1

_
16
58
26

_
6
63
31

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------ —
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---- ----------------------- _
3 w e e k s ____________________ ________________ —
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A fter 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------- — — -------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________ _____________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------- --------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________ ___

2
0

18
41
1
40

4
60

-

1
0
1

25
4
41
3
26

7
67

-

7

(4 )
19
7
47
5
21

-

1

76
23
-

1

66
33

1 Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 Includ es data for w h o le sa le tr a d e, r e ta il tr a d e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
4 L e ss than 0. 5 p e rcen t.
5 P er io d s of s e r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch o sen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in divid ual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s sio n s . F o r ex a m p le, the chan ges in p rop ortion s in d icated at 10 y e a r s'
s e r v ic e in clude chan ges in p r o v isio n s o c cu rrin g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.
NOTE: See note on p. 1 4 , r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s. In the tab ulation s of vacation a llo w a n ces by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , paym ents oth er than "length of tim e" such as p ercen ta g e of
annual earn in gs of fla t-su m p a ym en ts, w ere con verted to an eq u ivalen t tim e b a sis; for exa m p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual earn in gs w as c o n sid ered as 1 w eek 's pay.




18
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e rc e n t of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts providin g
health, in su ra n ce, or p en sio n b e n efits, K an sas C ity, M o.—K ans. , January I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of b en efit

All industries 1

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in su ra n ce ---------------------------------------------A ccid en tal death and d ism em b erm en t
in su ra n ce ----------------------------------------------------S ick n e ss and a ccid en t in su ra n ce or
sic k le a v e or b o th 4 _________________ _____

87

92

75

83

87

64

54

63

59

52

60

44

74

82

92

74

81

56

S ick n e ss and accid en t in s u r a n c e _______
Sick le a v e (full pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )_________________________
Sick le a v e (p artial pay or
w aiting p e r io d )-------------------------------------H osp ita liza tio n in s u r a n c e __________________
S u rgical in s u r a n c e ____ ____________________
M edical in su ra n ce __________________________
C atastrophe in su ra n ce ________ _ __________
R etirem en t p e n s io n _________________________
No health, in su ra n ce, or p en sio n p la n ____

42

70

48

60

75

35

42

50

47

11

7

13

12

6

38

11

11

20

78
78
58
37
69
4

92
92
72
28
69
3

74
74
63
52
61

83
83
65
28
56

86
86
71
15
64

74
74
64
44
56

A ll w o rk ers ____________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providing:

2

4

5

1 Includ es data for w h o le sa le trade; r e ta il trade; fin a n ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 Includ es data for w h o le sa le tra d e, r e ta il tra d e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
4 U nduplicated total of w o rk ers r e c e iv in g sic k le a v e or sic k n e s s and accid en t in su ra n ce show n sep a r a te ly below . S ic k -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a s t
the m inim um num ber of days* pay that can be exp ected by each e m p lo y ee. Inform al s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d eterm in ed on an in d ivid ual b a sis a re exclu d ed .
NOTE: See note on p. 14, r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of ra ilr o a d s.




19

Appendix*. Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
B iller machine (billing m achine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller machine (bookkeeping m achine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




,

,

C lass A — Keeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
C lass B — K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping. P h ases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

20
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.
C lass B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh eets. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic a l com putations. This job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may aliso file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
C lass B — Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th at h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

21
SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone c alls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include ironscribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For w orkers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k as part of regular du ties. T his t y p i n g
o r c l e r i c a l w o r k may take the major part of this w orker's time w hile at

s w itc h b o a r d .




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

22
TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incom ing mail.

Class A— Perform s one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or a s a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from no tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing wor
ing plans, detail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those



DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and qu an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accid en t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

23

MAINTENANCE

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY

O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform v aries from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

24

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Coniinoed
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of m achining; knowledge of die working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling p arts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work norm ally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most o f the following: Examining autom otive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools a s w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fittin g parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v alves; reassem bling and installin g the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lig h ts, or tightening body b o lts. In general, the work of die autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience u sually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ic a l equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that m ainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective
p arts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to. a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of p arts ordered from m achine shop; reassem bling jnach ines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from th is classificatio n ate w orkers
w hose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting machine s .

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the p lan t layour



MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with sto ck s and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* . In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

25

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K^eps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

26
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting dev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, custom ers *
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container;,applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in d u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of estab ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gaso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1 9 6 0 0 — 5 4 7 7 0 9

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor m arkets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese b u lletin s, when av ailable,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Docum ents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
C leveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
D allas, T ex., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Buffalo, N.Y*, O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., December 1959-B LS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
Baltim ore, Md., September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, M ass., O ctober 1959-B LS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959-B LS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents




Canton, Ohio, December 1959-B L S Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959-B L S Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959-B L S B uli. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959-B L S Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cen ts
Jacksonville, F la., December 1959-B LS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
San Bernardino—R iverside—Ontario, C alif., November 1959-"—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102