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Occupational Wage Survey

MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
JANUARY 1960

Bui etin No. 1265-19




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
JAN U A R Y 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-19
A p r il I 9 6 0

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents

P age
The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The B ureau of Labor S tatistics regu larly conducts
areaw ide wage su rveys in a num ber of im portant industrial
cen ters. The stu dies, m ade from late fa ll to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A prelim in ary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing
the p ayroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the ea rlier report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin sum m arizing the resu lts of a ll of the
y ea r's su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of su rveys.
This report w as prepared in the B ureau's regional
office in Atlanta, Ga. , by Donald Cruse, under the d ir e c ­
tion of Louis B. W oytych, R egional Wage and Industrial
R elations A nalyst.




Introduction ______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________

1
4

Tables:
1. E stablishm en ts and w orkers w ithin scope of s u r v e y ___________
2. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la rie s and straigh t-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
p ercen ts of in crea se for selected p eriod s ____________________

3

A: O ccupational earnings: *
A - l. O ffice occupations ________________________________________
A -2. P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical occupations __________________
A -3. M aintenance and pow erplant occupations _______________
A -4. C ustodial and m a terial m ovem ent occupations __________
B: E stablishm en t p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
p rovisions: *
B - l. Shift d ifferen tia ls _________________________________________
B -2 . M inimum entrance sa la rie s for wom en office w orkers —
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours __________________________________
B -4 . Paid h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
B -5 . Paid v a c a tio n s_____________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insuran ce, and pen sion plans ___________________
Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s __________________________________
* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations for m ost of th ese item s are av a ila ­
ble in the M em phis area rep orts for N ovem ber 1951; January 1953
and 1954; F ebruary 1955, 1956, and 1957; and January 1958 and
1959. The 1957 and 1959 rep orts w ere lim ited to occupational
earnings. M ost of the other rep orts a lso include data on th ese or
related estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary w age p ro ­
v isio n s. A d irectory indicating date of study and the p rice of
the rep orts, as w ell as reports for other m ajor a reas, is a v a ila ­
ble upon request.
Union sca les, indicative of p revailin g pay le v e ls, are
available for the follow ing trades or in d u stries: Building con ­
struction, printing, lo c a l-tr a n sit operating em p loyees, and
m otortruck d riv ers and h elp ers.
iii

3
5
7
8
9
11
12
13
14
15
17
19




Occupational Wage Survey—Memphis, Tenn.
Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L abor’ s Bureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a sis. In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within six broad industry divisions: M anufacturing; tran sp orta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; finance, insuran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from these studies are governm ent operations
and the construction and extractive in d u stries. E stablishm en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d ivision s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at m inim um co st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, all estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim ates
based on the estab lish m en ts studied are presented, th erefore, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selected for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties within the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of these d escrip tion s.) E arnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice c le rica l; (b) p rofession al and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w ork ers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and
1 R ailroads, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n early all of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; railroads w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
year. For scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where w eekly
hours are reported, as for office cle r ic a l occupations, referen ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are presented sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in these occupations are
largely due to (1) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es among
industries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ssifie d within
the sam e survey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this b asis.
Longer average serv ic e of m en would resu lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen eralized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces among estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally surveyed. B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T hese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m a terially affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stablishm en t P ra c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P rovision s
Inform ation is presented also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w ork ers. The term "office w ork ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erviso rs and nonsu p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e, ex ecu tive, and p rofession al person n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lead m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
execu tive, and p rofession al em p lo yees, and force-acco u n t construction
em ployees who are u tilized as a separate work force are excluded.
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.

2

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer p ractice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percent of
annual earnings w as co n sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w e ek 's pay.

Data are presen ted for a ll health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg al requirem ents such as workmen* s com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m ercia l insurance com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t aside for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life insu ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited - to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con tributes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s w hich require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with benefits which ex ceed the requirem ents of the law . T abulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as .exten d ed
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are designed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ical, and su rgical plans.
M edical insuran ce re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organizations or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . T abulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er's life .

2 An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first section of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sick -lea v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant w orker em ploy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, presented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "other” was u sed. In estab lish m en ts in which som e la tesh ift hours are paid at norm al ra tes, a d ifferential was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are presented on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insuran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




3
T able

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in M e m p h is ,

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

T enn. ,

b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J a n u a r y I 9 6 0

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
S tu d ie d

W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y
S tu d ie d

4

T ota l

O ffic e

P la n t

T ota l 4

A l l d i v i s i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

51

454

146

8 5 , 6 00

1 1 ,9 0 0

6 0 , 100

5 1 ,1 2 0

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ------------------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e __________________________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________________________
S e r v i c e s 7 __________________________________________________________

51
51

1 74
280

60
86

3 7 ,5 0 0
4 8 , 100

3, 2 00
8, 700

2 9, 100
3 1 ,0 0 0

2 3 , 510
2 7 ,6 1 0

51
51
51
51
51

53
77
87
28
35

24
17
22
10
13

1 1 ,4 0 0
8 , 2 00
1 7 ,6 0 0
4, 600
6, 300

1, 3 00
( 6)
(* )

1 The
o f th e l a b o r
le v e ls sin ce
th e s c o p e o f

7, 400
( 6)

8,
2,
1 0,
2,
3,

(*)

0

< >
( 6)

( 6)

6 70
510
590
740
100

M e m p h is M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a (S h e lb y C o u n t y ). T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
f o r c e i n c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r
(1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (?) srr a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m
th e s u r v e y .

2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard Ind ustrial C la ssific a tio n M anual w as u se d in c la ssify in g esta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n . M ajor chan ges from the e a r lie r ed ition (u sed in
the B u reau 's lab or m a rk et w age su rvey program p rior to the w in ter of 1958-59) are the tr a n sfe r of m ilk p a steu riza tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix ed co n crete esta b lish m e n ts from trad e (w h olesale
or retail) to m anufacturin g, and the tra n sfer of radio and te le v is io n b road castin g from s e r v ic e s to the tran sp ortation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s d iv isio n ,
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in
s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
M e m p h is '
d e f in i t io n
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s
p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s , b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p

T a b le

2.

th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,

e le c tr ic
A

ta b le s ,

o r g a n iz a t io n s ;

u t il it i e s

are

a lt h o u g h

m u n i c ip a l ly o p e r a t e d

covera ge

a n d e n g in e e r in g

In d ex es
(J a n u a r y 1 95 3 = 100)
Jan u a ry
I96 0

J a n u a r y 1959
to
Jan u a ry I96 0

1 27 .
1 40 .
137.
1 36 .

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) _________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) _____________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) _____________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) ___________________

1 27. 3

1 24. 4

2. 3

O
1 31 . 4
1 30 . 1

n
1 27 . 3
128. 0

3. 2
1. 6

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l ic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

1 25.
134.
1 31.
1 32.

and a re

in s u ffic ie n t

a u to r e p a i r

e x clu d e d

to j u s t i f y

by

sep a ra te

s e r v ice s .

Tenn. ,

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

J an u a ry
1959

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) --------- -------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) _____________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) _____________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) __________________

7
3
1
9

w as

and a r c h ite c tu r a l

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in M e m p h is ,
J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 an d J a n u a r y 1 95 9, a n d p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s

In d u s try and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p




and gas

and B

fin a n ce ,

0
5
9
4

2.
4.
3.
3.

2
4
9
5

( l)

J a n u a r y 1958
to
J a n u a r y 1959

3.
3.
2.
.

4
2
3
9

1. 8
n
1. 9
1. 0

F e b r u a r y 1957
to
J a n u a r y 1958

2.
3.
6.
4.

4
3
3
5

4. 6
(>)
5. 4
5. 8

F e b r u a r y 1956
to
F e b r u a r y 1957

F e b r u a r y 1955
to
F e b r u a r y 1956

J a n u a r y 1 95 4
to
F e b r u a r y 1955

J a n u a r y 1953
to
J a n u a r y 195 4

3
2
4
2

6. 5
5 .9
8. 1
7. 7

2.
7.
3.
3.

1
1
0
5

4.
6.
3.
5.

1
7
5
2

5. 6
(M
4. 8
7. 3

4. 7
( 1)
8. 9
3. 6

3.
8.
2.
4.

9
7
3
2

2.
6.
1.
3.

3
7
6
4

4.
4.
5.
7.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are indexes of sa la ries of office c le rica l
w orkers and industrial n u rses, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F or office cle rica l w orkers and industrial n u r se s, the indexes
relate to average w eekly sa la rie s for norm al hours of w ork, that is ,
the standard work schedule for which straigh t-tim e sa la ries are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in straigh t-tim e hourly
earn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eek ­
ends, holidays, and late sh ifts. The* indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the n u m erically im portant
jobs within each group. The office c le r ic a l data are based on wom en in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s, m achine (billing m achine); bookkeepingm achine op erators, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter operators; cle rk s, file ,
cla ss A and B; clerk s, order; cle rk s, payroll; k eyp u n ch o p e r a to r s ;;
office g irls; secr eta ries; sten ograp h ers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard o p erator-recep tio n ists; tabulating-m achine operators;
tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general; and ty p ists, cla ss A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on wom en industrial n u r se s. Men
in the follow ing 10 skilled m aintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
included in the plant w orker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricia n s;
m ach in ists; m echanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; m illw rights; painters;
p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l w orkers; and tool and die m akers; un sk illed —
jan itors, p o rters, and clean ers; la b o rers, m aterial handling; and
w atchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la rie s
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the job. T hese w eighted earnings for individual
occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. F inally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the b ase period (su rvey m onth, w inter 1952-53)




w as computed and the resu lt m ultiplied by the b ase year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
A djustm ents have been m ade w h ere n e c e ssa r y to m aintain
com parability. F or exam ple, in m ost of the areas su rveyed , railroad s
w ere included in the coverage of the su rveys for the fir s t tim e this
year. In computing the in d exes, data relatin g to the railroad industry
w ere excluded.
The indexes m ea su re, p rin cip ally, the effects of (l) gen eral
sa la ry and w age changes; (2) m erit or other in cr ea ses in pay received
by individual w orkers w hile in the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force red u c­
tion s, and changes in the proportion of w ork ers em ployed by esta b ­
lishm ents w ith different pay le v e ls. Changes in the labor force can
cause in crea ses or d ecrea ses in the occupational averages without
actual w age changes. F or exam ple, a force expansion m ight in crea se
the proportion of low er paid w ork ers in a sp ecific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the a verag e, w h ereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w orkers would have the opposite effect. The m ovem ent
of a high-paying estab lish m en t out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area estab lish m en ts.
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w orkers rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork sched ules or in prem ium pay for overtim e, sin ce they
are based on pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for w orkers in 17 m ajor
labor m arkets appeared in BLS B u ll. 1240-22, W ages and R elated
B en efits, 20 Labor M arkets, W inter 1958-59.

5

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. O ffice Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M e m p h is , T erm . , J a n u a ry I960)
A verage

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUM B ER OF W O RK ER S RECE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EA RN IN G S OF-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
S
30. 00 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
under
35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

$
Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
Aftniin^R 1
(Standard)

M en

O ffic e b o y s -------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------

58
52
50
177
110
67
36
30
116
55
61
51
29

40. 0 $84. 50
40. 0 88. 00
40. 0 89. 00
40. 0 96. 00
40. 0 96. 00
40. 0 96. 00
40. 0 82. 50
40. 0 84. 50
40. 0 69. 00
40. 0 6 9 .0 0
40. 0 69. 00
40. 0 50. 00
4 0 .0 4 9 .0 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A -----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________

51
26
25

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ------------------------------------------------------

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) -----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A -----------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

6
4

24
7
17
4
4

-

-

-

1
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

~

~

40. 0 100.00
40. 0 104.50
40. 0 95. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

35

39.5

78. 00

.

.

.

.

.

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------

104
30
74

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

5 9 .0 0

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a ch in e ) --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________

58
52

4 0 .0
40. 0

50. 00
48. 50

6

6
6

7
7

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B -----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------

314
68
246
163
51
112

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

53. 00
58.00
52. 00
73. 00
83. 00

-

5
5

28
28

25
16

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r _____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________

6

12
2
10
10
3

.

_

-

6
-

4
1
1
3
35
25
10
1
1

-

-

6
-

4
4
4
10
8
2

-

7
2
5
10
10
3
3
-

6
6
6
20
13
7
4
4
20
4
16

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

2

6

57
23
34

15
7
8

14
14

4
1

"

104
24
80
_ 12
12

70
12
58
14
14

46
5
41
15
1
14

_

_

2
2

5
1
4

2

3

5

1
1

_
-

1
1

_

3

-

18
18

9
9

18
13
5
6
6
4
"

.

-

-

4

-

3
3
3
13
4
9
8
8
4
4
1
1

7
7
7
21
15
6
2
2
6
1
5

20
20
20
10
9
1
3
2

1
1
1
16
7
9
2
1

-

4
4
4
18
8
10
2
2
5
3
2

-

-

_

1

-

_

_

_

.

-

_
-

_

-

■

-

"
1

“

-

-

-

-

15
14
1
1
1

16
8
8
-

"

_

_

-

-

_

■

~

14
11
3

5
1
4

3
3
-

-

!

_

_

_

_

'

5
3
2

6

4

2

*

2
2

1
1

3
3

•

“

-

.

.

.

_

.

.

_

.

1
1
16
4
12

1
1
17
8
9

1
1
9
7
2

1
1
*

-

6

1
5

2
2

1
1
1
12
9
3

9
4
5

_

-

W om en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------

57. 50
53. 50

6 8 . 00

6

.
-

_

-

-

_

-

17
8
9
19
5
14

9
9
33
9
24
14
2
12

7
1
17
9

13
5

8

8

6

.
-

.

.

.

-

-

-

9
3

1
1

5
5

6

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




NOTE:

E s t im a t e s f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g , and p u b lic u t ilit ie s in c lu d e da ta f o r r a il r o a d s (SIC 4 0 ), o m it t e d f r o m the s c o p e
o f a ll la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e fo r e the w in te r o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .
W h ere s ig n ific a n t , the e f f e c t o f the in c lu s io n o f r a i l ­
r o a d s is g r e a t e s t o n the data sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r the p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
T he tr e n d o f e a r n in g s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p s in a ll in d u s t r ie s , e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s , a p p e a r s in ta b le 2.

_
-

_

1
1

_
-

1
1

6
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued

(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly h o u rs and earn in g s fo r selec te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry division, M em phis, Term. , Jan u ary I960)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNING8 OF—

A vebaok

W

S

Weekly:
hours1
(Standard)

W eek ly.
earnings
(Standard)

*

*

1

S

S

$

$

o m e n — C on tin u ed

709
164
545

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 5

$ 5 5 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

C l e r k s , f i le , c l a s s A
— —
— _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------

57
42

4 0. 5
4 1 .0

5 8 .5 0
5 7 . 50

_

_

-

C l e r k s , f i le , c l a s s B ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g - — ---------~ .

284
49
235

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

5 1. 00
4 7 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

9
9

C le r k s , o r d e r -------------------------------------------------- _ _ _ _ _
_ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________

166

o
o*

2

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g ----------------------------------

60
106

40. 0
4 0 .0

6 0 .5 0
6 3 . 50
5 8 .5 0

_
-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------------------------------------M m 1 a /-tn r-i r«g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _ _ —
_ — —

221
10 2

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 3 .5 0

1

6 2 .0 0

1

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _
---------_
_ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____

260
2 10

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0

5 7 . 50
7 0 . 00
5 4 .5 0

3
3

6

40
30

40. 0
40. 0

5 6 . 00
5 5 .5 0

-

-

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
__ -------—
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__ _ — _ _

152
49
103

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 0

6 0 .0 0
69 . 50
5 6 .0 0

_
-

O ffi c e g i r l s . . . .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------

90
75

40. 0
40. 0

5 0. 00
5 0 .5 0

1
1

1

. . . .
S e c r e t a r ie s
—
— ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------- __
__ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
— _
—
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 2 ___________________

622
241
381
47

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 1. 00
7 4 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

3
3

1

-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ---------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------- ---------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
_ -------- __ _

488
225
263
45

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 3 .0 0
66 . 50
6 0 .5 0

_
-

_
-

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
_ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _ ._ _ __ _ __ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------- -

132
26

4 1 .5
3 9 .5
4 2 .0

4 6 . 00
6 l . 50
4 2 . 50

37
37

10

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g - — -------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________ _____ _

173
61

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0. 0

5 8 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

_
-

_
-

a f

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto )
— ~

8

■PiiM-ir- n t i l i t i o a 2




S

$

6 5. 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 .0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 10 0 .0 0 1 05 .00 11 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .00 12 0 .0 0
30.00 3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 . 00
and
"
_
~
“
and
~
~
■
“
“
■
"
u n d er
35.00 4 0 .0 0 4 5 . 00 5 0. 00 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0 10 0.00 1 0 5 .00 11 0 .0 0 115 .00 12 0 .0 0 o v e r
0
0

Number
of
workers

0

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

.....................

See footnotes a t end of table,

119
50

106

112

179
3
176

94
24
70

123
48
75

92
18
74

*

3
-

11
10

7
4

16

42
42

34
17
17

59
18
41

63
9
54

27

19

-

3
3

1

6

26

13

11

10
2

23

11

8

12
6
6

23
23

34
4
30

67

3

7

6
4

-

-

-

2

65 00
6
-

3
_

20

3

7
16

11
56

16
12
-

88

41

44

8

10

35
53

11

11

30

33

5
3

5
5

5
4

6
6

_

6

-

-

27
5

2

20

5
3

8

10

1

-

-

-

-

2

8

10

2
1

_

_

-

1.
1

_

1

-

5

8

1

_

2

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

22

2

20

5

8

1

-

2

-

-

22

6

14

5
3

1
1

1

~

-

4
4

_
-

2

2
1
1

_
-

8

2
1
1

-

-

-

45
31
14

27
17

24

28

17

8

5

4

_

_

1

10

14

20

6
2

4

1

2
2

1

8

9

2

10

2
2

-

-

1

1

30
3
27

39

13

4

2
11

9

6

1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

9
9
-

-

-

*
-

-

_
-

-

33

5

8

1

11
6

11
6

8

5

5

2
2

1

-

'

_
-

12
11

-

-

-

1

1

-

_

-

_

Q
7

33

23

7
7
-

5
4

13
7

5
3

5
3

_
-

_

_

-

-

1

6

2

2

-

69

77
40
37
3

50

33

16

28

5

2

10

11

8

2

23

10
6

25
9

9

24
26

17

16

1

1
1

10

3

-

..
-

_

3
3

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

>
-

_
-

10

6

5

10

5
3

28

13

2

30
24

13

9

20

6

18

17
17

44

47

68

60

2

16

42

31
7

39
29

26
34

64
19
45

48

-

-

2

6

70
19
51

30
13
17

66
29
37

77
54
23

56
25
31

4

2

4

4

9

10

8

10

5
5

4

7

2
2

6
1

39
-16
23

13
4
9

5
5

1
1

_

_
_
_

1

10

15
15

-

35

66

1

29
37

34

7 9 .0 0
-

1

52
19
33

19

1

10

_

*

23
9
14

25

-

20

-

1
_

12

11
1
10

-

l

3

1
2

34
34

6

27
21

16

6

-

8
2

4
4

18

22

34

2

13
9

24

6

10

21

2

5

5

26

14

15

13

21

12
2

10

10

20
2

3

18

3

-

-

1

4
3
1
-

_

16

5

3

5

4

1

-

1

-

~

3

1

3

3

1

1

1

2

2

1

-

-

7
7

_
' -

-

_
-

7
Table A -l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M e m p h is , T en n . , J a n u a ry I96 0 )

Atkbaox
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

Weekly^
(Standard)

W om en

(Standard)

s
$
S
S
$
$
I
I
S
s
$
S
$
$
»
$
S
$
%
30. 00 35. 00 40.00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65.00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 o v e r

— C on tin u ed

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l _________________________ _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
-------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________

A

T y p is t s , c l a s s
__________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________ _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ___ _________

B _________________ ___
__ ____
__ __ _

T y p is t s , c l a s s
M a n u fa ctu r in g
____ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____

1
2

N U M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF

Number

245
— 4r ~
197
163
47
116
440
90
350

4 0 .0 $57. 00
40. 0 ■
40. 0 58.00
4 0 .0
60.00
40. 0 71.00
40. 0 56. 00
40. 0 48. 00
40. 0 50. 50
40. 0 47. 50

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

11
11

_
-

15
1
14
2
2
168
10
158

44
10
34
35
4
31
116
39
77

26
69
24 ------9
60
2
15
39
4
8
11
31
86
30
25
5
25
61

5
59
j— — 3
2
58
32
5
2
1
31
3
5
13
5
6
7

18
18
11
7
4
1
1

-----

2
2
6
6
-

3
3
6
4
2
2
2
-

1
1
6
6

1
1
5
5

-

-

-

4
4

_
-

_
-

1
1

1
1

_
-

-

4
4

-

-

"

1
1

-

-

-

_

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

'
-

-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M e m p h is , T en n . , J a n u a ry I960)

Avkkaob
Sex, occupation, and in d u stry divisio n

Number
of
■workers

(Standard)

M en
D raftsm en , s e n io r ------------------ __ ------- — ------- — —
M a n u fa c tu rin g ---------- ---------------------------------------------D raftsm en , ju n io r -------------------------------------- ------- -----M a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------- W omen
N u rse s, in d u stria l (r e g is te r e d ) ---- -------------- ------------

NU M B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y EA RN IN G S OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
60.00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120.00 125. 00 130.00 135. 00 140.00 145. 00
”
~
“
~
“
~
~
■
~
~
and
# 8 5 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 125.00 130. 00 135. 00 140. o a 145.00 o ver

$
Weekly^

Weekly
earnings I
(Standard)

81
73
36
30

40. 0 $116.50
40. 0 118.00
73.50
4 0 .0
40. 0
75.50

29

39. 5

83.50

39
5

2
'
7
7

_
10
10

_
"
1
1

2
2
-

1

5

1

3

6

-

6
4
1
1

13
12
3
1

8
8
_

2

5

4

10
10
3
3
1

_
-

l

1
l

1
1
_
_

1 S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 3 at $ 1 5 0 to $ 1 5 5 ; 6 at $ 1 5 5 to $ 1 6 0 ; 3 at $ 1 6 0 and o v e r .
3 I n clu d e s 4 w o r k e r s at $ 50 t o $ 55.
NOTE:

S ee note on p. 5 , r e l a t i v e to the in c lu s io n o f r a i l r o a d s .




4
4
1
1

1
1
_
"

1
1
_
-

13
12
_
-

_

_

_

_

-

5

3
-

_

3
3
_

2 12
12
_
-

_

_

8
Table A-3. Maintenance apd Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M e m p h is , T erm . , J a n u a ry I960)
N UM BER OF W ORKERS RECE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN ING S OF—

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly U nder 1 .0 0 1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1 .4 0
earnings 1 $
and
1 .0 0 u n d e r
1 . 10 1 . 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------

97
47
50

$ 2 . 21
2. 14
2 . 28

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce --------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________

146
129

2 . 61
2 . 68

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------

125
72
53

2 .3 9
2 . 6l
2 . 09

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------- -------- -------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------ ----------

161

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce --------------

—

m r~
29

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 . 80 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0

17

10

3

8

9

2

9

1

1

4
4

1
1

1
1

3
3

7

3
3

_
-

_
-

-

4
4

"

"

9
4
5

_
-

6

1

5

-

17
16

1

1

9
9

1

2

1

6

2
2

31
30

8
6
2

16

16

4

12

13
3

3

4
4

4
4

-

13
13

3

50
44
6

1

28
13
15
3

20
20

49
47

"

2

-

-

-

2

_

1

_

2

*

-

2

6

3

_
-

8
8

-

-

2

6

1 .4 8
1 .4 2
1 .7 7

_
-

44
42

-

42
39
3

2

9
9
-

11

5

26
14

14
g

12

6

-

_

-

-

-

12 1
69

1 .6 6

2 11

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce -----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________

135
119

2. 56
2. 57

-

-

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce ) __
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------------

399

2 .4 1
1 .9 9
2. 57
2. 67

_
-

_
*

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

7
5

288
243

2

2
1
1

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e ------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
----------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

576
516
60

2. 33
2. 35
2 . 10

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

2
2

7

15

12

2

10

-

-

-

5

5

7
5

M illw r ig h t s ----- ---------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------

100
100

2. 67
2. 67

_

_

_

-

-

O il e r s ______________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------

69
64

1 .9 7
2. 05

4
-

4
4

8
7

P a i n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ---------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------

76
32
44

2 . 11
2 . 39
1 .9 0

_
-

7

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n ce -----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------

68
68

2. 83
2. 83

_

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s _____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________

57
57

2. 84
2 .8 4

5

•

1
2
2

-

2 . 60 2. 70 2 .8 0

2. 90

3 .0 0 3. 10

4
3

2

3

5

1

-

-

-

-

2

1
2

1

1

4

1

5
4

2
2

3
3

3
3

6

5
4

7

_

4

1

1

9

1

-

-

15
9

-

-

1

1

5

3

5
5
-

1

-

6
1

1

6

1

1

6

1

4

-

-

_
■

9
9

.
'

4
4
~

13
13
~

-

“

-

12

9

9

21
10
11

1
1

8

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

18
15

11
11

24

_

11

"

2
2

7
7

19
9

1
1

-

33
6
27
24

142
6
136
135

13
13
13

8

-

9
4
5
5

46

-

15
6
9
9

17

10
26
26
-

94
88
6

12
12

27
17

19
19
-

26
26
-

35
34

1

49
49
-

53
53

-

78
54
24

30
28

10

1

12
12

_

14
14

6
6

18
18

10
10

-

-

18
18

-

-

8
7

1
1

“

7
7
"

1

~

'

1

4

6

1

2
15
4

2

19
7

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

12

1

1

7
7

33
29

28
28

1

23
23

-

1
1

_

-

11

14

11

2
2

8

-

1
1

7

8

-

5
5
-

2

3

10
10

2

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
31

-

1
1

2
2

12
12

_

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
"

12
12

4
4
“

1
1

3
3

-

_

28
28

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
-

1
1

9
9

_

8
8

2
2

1
1

_

-

_

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
7

-

-

4
4

-

"

4
4

-

-

3
3

4
4

2

-

8
3
5

-

7

_

~

3
3
~

3
3
“

2

5
5

_
-

6

4
4
“

2

1

2
2

-

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

1
1

3
3

1
1

32
32

11
11

-

-

4
4

_

-

1
1

.

-

1
1

-

-

-

10
10

11
11

2
2

5
5

6
6

-

-

_

-

1
1

-

and
over

-

_

2

3. 40

1

-

-

3. 30

2
2

-

1

-

-

2
2

_

1
45
44

6
6

_

-

3. 20

8

6

1
1

_

S ee n ote on p. 5 , r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a i l r o a d s .




4

2. 50

2

4

2

2 .4 0

-

5
5

6
2

2. 30

-

7

_

g

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h ift s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 5 at $ 0 . 8 0 to $ 0 . 9 0 ; 6 at $ 0. 90 to $ 1.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
NOTE:

2 . 20

8

2

1

-

2 . 00 2 . 10

5
5
-

1
-

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------

111

1 .9 0

1 .7 0

1. 64
1 .6 2

190

1 .8 0

1 .6 0

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

8
8

1
-

_
-

_
-

13
13

-

-

-

-

1

-

~
-

-

21
21

-

9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M e m p h is , T e n n . , J a n u a ry I96 0 )
N UM BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S OF—

O cc u p a tio n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(m e n ) ______________________________________
i no. U a u.
B

Number
of
workers

$
Average $
hourly 2 0. 30 0. 40 0 .5 0
and
earning*
u n d er
.6 0
.4 0
. 50

$

0 .6 0

$
0 .7 0

$
0 .8 0

0. 90

. 70

.8 0

.9 0

1 . 00

-

1
1

6

$
$
$
1. 30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 $ 0
1.6

$

$

1 . 10

1 . 20 1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

-

-

-

1
1

1

6
6

1

1

8

7

_

11
9
2

5

2

_

12
12

_

5
4

5

2

-

-

-

1

-

15
13

17

20

12
5
5

13
7
7

13
_
13
13

53
46
7
-

10
10

2

5
5
4

-

2

1 .0 0

1 . 10 1 . 20

1 .7 0

* . 8.0
1

$
1 .9 0

2 .0 0 *2 . 10 *2 . 20 *2. 30 2 .4 0 *2.50 *2.60

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

$

and

45
42

$ 0 . 74
.7 1

16
16

2
2

2
2

10
10

-

133
132

.7 0
. 70

18
18

4

8
8

29
29

2
2

50
50

5
5

112

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------

80
32

2. 14
2 . 16
2 . 11

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(m e n ) ------------ ------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------

1, 233
444
789
104

1 . 18
1 .4 4
1 .0 4
1 .4 4

3
3
-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w o m e n )
--------------------------------------- --------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------

377
59
318
34

.8 1
1 .2 6
.7 3
1. 23

9
9
-

53

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g -----------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------

2 ,4 0 6
1 ,4 5 9
947

1. 49
1. 44
1 .5 7

_

O rd er fille r s _
--------------------------------- —
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------- ------------- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
-------------------------------

734
159
575

1 .5 1
1 .6 9
1 .4 6

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------

467
179
288

1 .5 8
1 .7 1
1 .5 0

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ---------------------------- — —
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------- ------------- —

174
46
128

1 .5 8
1 .7 7
1 .5 2

Sh ippin g c l e r k s ------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------- -------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------

152
79
73

1 .8 2

S hipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ---------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------- — —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — -------------------------

141
82
59

T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 __________ ________ ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------

2 ,0 2 3
634
1, 389
724

2 . 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 60 o v e r

17

—

1 . 60 1 .7 0

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
( w o m e n ) ____ _____________ ____ ______ „

G u a r d s ------------

-----------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




3

16

1

1

2

8
1

10 2

40

22

63
28
35
30

127
108
19
-

48

64
38
14

4

31
24
7
-

42

8
3
5
-

3
3

6

21
21
16

-

-

1

~

-

-

-

3
3

304
179
125

208
84
124

115
59
56

417
399
18

183
165
18

58
50

32
32

54
49
5

77
5
72

12 1

75
35
40

67

18
18

42
42

1

_

-

-

65

38
38

31

73
19
54

36

77
38
39

12
12

8
8

_
-

24

34
4
30

------ 5 "

15
15
-

13
13

52
_
52

76
76

-

-

-

11 6

22

36
36

-

65
_
65
-

26
26

438
82
356

-

20

1

-

62
15
47

6

-

-

47

116

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

2

1

9

18

2
-

520
320

2

200
138

1

18

6

-

6

-

22
26

-

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
31

86
86

11

114
16
98

2
2

-

142
142

4
4
-

78
13
65

_
“

8
8

.
-

21
^*"21

15
15
_

16

50
50

3
3

-

~

■

13
13
■

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

7
4
3

*

-

18

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

22

46
25

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

~

116

21

_
-

_
-

_

1

1

-

-

_
-

2

-

~

*

■

1

1

84
36
48

11
1
10

-

-

7
7

7
13

24
24

11
20

12
2
10

14

12
2
10

11
8

-

-

-

-

7
7

15

-

.
'

20

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

.

7

3

14

28

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
1

2
1

-

-

14

8
20

23
23
-

15
4

1 .7 5

5
5
-

11

1
12

1 .8 5
1 .7 1
2 .0 3

.

_

_

_

_

_

4

_

_

>
-

15
15
“

■

13
9
4

6
1

-

3
3
"

8
8

4

4
4
-

11
11

~

24
17
7

20
11

“

■

5

9
_
9

35
35

28
28

152

12 0

445
435

-

76

10

4

1

2
1
1
1

31
5
26
3

62

20

27

39
25
14

1

22

86
10

24

26
94

71
7
64

49

11

14
9
5
5

1
1

1 .8 8

1 .8 9
1 .6 0

2 . 02
2 .5 6

■

-

-

-

-

141

31

9

1

*

1
_
-

“

3

_
-

64
31
33

-

~

-

39
28

9

29

_
-

-

1

2

-

2
2

-

12

-

1
1

-

2

-

1
1

-

2

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

2

3
3

11
11

-

-

24
97

-

36
19
17

-

2
2

3
3

8

21
21

3
3
13

1
1

8
4
4
13
3

10

5
4

1
9
9
-

6
56

16

3

12

1
2

3
9

4
4

7

'

6
1

-

19
19

3
3

6
2

49
23
26

62
34
28

744
744
715

4

-

3
3

4
4
.
-

10
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , M e m p h is , T e n n . , J a n u a ry I96 0 )
N UM BER OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN ING S OF—

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
worker*

$
$
$
Average $
hourly , 0. 30 0 .4 0 0. 50 0 .6 0
and
earning*
tinder
.4 0
.5 0
.6 0
.7 0

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5— C on tin u ed
T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
l l / 2 t o n s) ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------

233
35
198

$ 1 .2 6
1 .5 2

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V 2 to and
in c lu d in g 4 to n s) -------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
--------- — --------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------iiti liti oo ^

729
256
473
231

1 .7 7

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r ty p e ) _ ------------------ -------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------ -------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------

440
59
381
155

2. 14
1 .7 6

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t )
-----------M a n u fa ctu r in g
-----------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------

604
338
266

1 .5 0
1 .6 9
1. 27

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
f o r k l i f t ) ________________________________ 1 ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------

129
98

2 .0 7
2 .2 6

259
138

1 .0 7
1. 15
.9 8
1 .0 5

W a tch m e n
------------- -------- --------M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------------

12 1

68

-

1 .8 3
2 .5 5

2 .2 0

0 .8 0

. 80

.9 0

0 .9 0 *1 .0 0

$

1 . 10

$

1 . 20

1 . 10

1 . 20

$
1 .7 0

*
1 .8 0

$

$

$

S

2 . 20

$
S
2. 30 2 .4 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

49
4
45

1
1

10

54
54

11

14
14

13
9
4

65

66
6
60

39
15
24

14
4

139
139
-

-

11
11

10

-

12

-

~

~

~

4
4

18
18

26
26

22

_
-

-

_
-

5
5

17
17

2

83

-

6

20

2

77

45

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

42
42

6
2
4

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
"

56
9
47

177
36
141

-

18

-

-

$
$
$
$
1. 30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

*
2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .5 0 - 2 . 60

over

and

1 .0 0

-

1 .2 2

T 7W

0 .7 0

-

27
5

7
3

5

6

-

-

-

1
1

1

■

“

-

1

3
3

6
6

23

56

1

-

1

3

-

-

-

1

-

3
3
~

~

~

4
4

15
15
-

34
34
-

225
225
223

-

30
4
26

28
28

182
182
155

"

54
54

.
-

14
14

■

■

“

1
-

4

25
25
-

r
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

23
19
4

-

-

-

-

23

56

9
9
-

53
29
24

36
34

22
22

41
40

39
29

1
1

2

9

-

-

•

1

29

“

7
7
~

2

10

51
51
“

40

2

2

2

1
8

6
6

2

-

-

-

-

-

“

■

“

■

9
9

34
34

11

"

1
1

“

5
5

35
35

8
8

10

21

7

1

_

_

_

_

_

6
1

-

2
2

_

18

_
-

_

7

2 .5 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

6

6
-

-

-

-

21

-

-

6

21

.
-

127
49
78
63

58
56

2

3
2

3
3

11

_

_

-

1
-

1 D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 11 at $ 3. 20 t o $ 3. 30; 10 at $ 3. 30 t o $ 3. 4 0 .
5 I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
NOTE:




S ee n o te o n p . 5, r e l a t i v e t o the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s ,

-




B* Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

11

Table B-l. Shift Differentials

(P e rc e n t of m anufacturing plant w o rk ers in e sta b lish m en ts having form al p r o v isio n s for sh ift w ork, and in esta b lish m e n ts
a ctu ally op eratin g la te sh ifts by type and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l, M em p his, Tenn. , January I960)
Shift d ifferen tia l

In esta b lish m e n ts having form al
p ro v isio n s 1 for—
T hird or other
Second sh ift
w ork
sh ift w ork

In esta b lish m e n ts actu ally
op erating—
T hird or other
Second shift
sh ift

T o ta l_____________________________________________

67. 1

55. 3

1 4 .9

7. 2

With shift pay d ifferen tia l _____________________
U niform cen ts (p er hour) __________________
2 c en ts _________________________ ________
3 cen ts ----------------------------------------------------4 cen ts __ ----------------- ---------------------------5 ce n ts ___________ ______________________
6 cen ts ___________________________________
8 cen ts ___________________________________
10 c e n t s __________________________________
12 cen ts __________________________________
13l /3 ce n ts _______________________________
263/4 c e n ts _______________________________
U niform p ercen ta ge ________________________
6 p ercen t _________________________________
9 V 5 p e r c e n t ______________________________
10 p ercen t _______
__________________
F u ll day's pay for reduced hours -------------O ther ----------------------------------------------------------No sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l___ __________________

52. 6

4 7 .4

6. 1

43. 6
.5
3 .4
1 1 .2
10. 3
6. 2
8. 3
1 .4
2. 3
8. 0
2. 0
4 .4
1. 6
1. 0

39. 0

1 1 .9
10. 1

14. 5

_

-

.5
14. 1
10. 3
1.1
9 .3
1 .4
2. 3
8. 0
2. 0
4 .4
1 .6
.4
7 .9

5. 6

_

_

-

-

.6
1 .6
3. 6
.9
2. 1
.2
1. 1
1 .8
.2
1 .0
.6

1 .4
2. 3
.2
1 .6
(2)
.1
.4
_
.2
.2

3. 0

.1
1. 1

-

1 Includ es esta b lish m e n ts c u rren tly op eratin g la te sh ifts, and esta b lish m e n ts w ith form al p r o v isio n s co v erin g la te sh ifts even
though they w ere not c u r ren tly op erating late sh ifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 p ercen t.

12
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers

(D istrib u tion of esta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m inim um en tran ce sa la r y for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s, M em p his, Term. , January I960)
Inexp erien ced ty p ists
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

O ther in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk ers
M a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

2

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _______________________________________________

146

60

XXX

86

XXX

146

60

XXX

86

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ____________________

69

30

30

39

33

78

32

32

46

39

1
2
3
21
7
10
6
4
3
2
1
3
3

_
7
4
7
3
3
3
1
1
-

_
7
4
7
3
3
3
1
1

1
2
3
14
3
3
3
1
1
1
2

1
1
2
14
3
2
1
1
1
1
2

4
2
2
1
24
7
13
5
4
2
3
1
4
1
1

_
8
4
8
3
3
2
1
1
1
-

_
8
4
8
3
3
2
1
1
1

4
2
2
1
16
3
5
2
1
2
3
1
1

3
1
2
1
16
3
2
1
1
2
2
1
1

$ 3 0 .0 0
$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5. 00
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 . 00
$ 8 2 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 . 50
$ 8 5 .0 0

________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________ ______
____________
_________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________

_

_

1

1
1
-

-

1

-

-

2

3
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1
1
1

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1

-

1

1

1

1

1

20

8

XXX

12

XXX

20

7

XXX

13

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _____________________________________________________________________ 57

22

XXX

35

XXX

48

21

XXX

27

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

_______________________

-

-

1 L o w est sa la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d for hiring in ex p erien ced w ork ers for typing or oth er c le r ic a l jo b s.
2 R ates ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s, o ffice g ir ls , or s im ila r su b cle r ic a l job s are not c o n sid ered .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich e m p lo y ees r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a re p resen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com bined, and for the m o st com m on w orkw eek rep orted .
NOTE: See note on p. 13, re la tiv e to the in clu sio n of ra ilr o a d s.




13
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eek ly hours
of fir s t-s h ift w o rk ers, M em phis, Tenn. , January I960)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

U n d e r 371/ 2 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------- —
3 7 V 2 h o u r s ................................................................................
O v e r 3 7 */2 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s --------------------------------40 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 0 an d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ---------------------------------------4 4 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 l / 2 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------45 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------46 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------48 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 8 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

All industries1

100
4
4

2

81
4
1
1

1

1
1

Manufacturing

100
(4)
5
1
93

Public utilities 2

100

_
16

-

80

-

-

(4 )
-

-

1

4

-

-

All industries3

Manufacturing

100

100

(4 )
1

_
2

100

.

-

-

75
3
3

88

91

-

2
-

4

4

-

9
1

1
1

I

2

2

Includ es data for w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; finance, in su ra n ce, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
T ransportation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
Includ es data for w h o lesa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.




Public utilities2

NOTE: E stim a te s for a ll in d u str ie s and public u tilitie s in clude data for r a ilro a d s (SIC 40), om itted from the sco p e of a ll labor m ark et
w age su rv ey s m ade b efore the w in ter of 1959-60. W here sign ifican t, the effect of the in clu sio n of ra ilro a d s is g r e a te st on the
data show n sep a r a te ly for the public u tilitie s d iv isio n .

-

-

9

14
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Memphis, T e n n ., January I960)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s ___________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

92

95

91

(4)

"

'

8

5

9

(?)
(4)

1
-

_
-

1
4
1
25
27
1
1
31
1
3

~

4
3
5
32
16
1
1
27
(4)
1
2
■

.

_

5
5
37
38
64
64
90
91
95
95

-

N um ber o f d a y s
1
3
4
5
5
6
6
6
7
7
7
8
8

h o l i d a y ----------------------------------------------------------------h o l id a y s -------------------------------------------------------------h o l id a y s ____________________________________________
h o l id a y s ________________________________________
h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
h o l id a y s -------------------------------------------------------------h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------h o l id a y s ________________________________________
h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
h o l id a y s ____________________________________________
h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________

3
44
1
12
3
2
21
2
1
7
3

3
28

-

-

9
38
(4)
53
-

4
5

-

-

26
2
3
28

_
-

10
27
54
-

~

T o ta l h o l i d a y t i m e 5
8 V2

3

_

_

_

8 or
71/2
7 or
6V2
6 or
5V 2
5 or

n
13
36
40
51
53
97

9
9
40
41
68
68
96

-

3
3
31
32
48
48
80
85

d a y s ------ -------------------------------------------------------------m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------- —
o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------4 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
3 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
1 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
and no

99
99
99

99
99

100

-

53
53
91
91
1 00
1 00
1 00
100

88

92

-

54
54
81
81
91
91
91
91

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days
half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions were then cumulated,

NOTE:

See note on p. 1 3 , relative to the inclusion of railroads.




15
Table. B-5. Paid Vacations

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion o f o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, M em p his, T enn. , January I960)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll w o r k e r s

---------------------------------------------------------------

All industries1

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

1 00

100

100

100

100

100
99
1

100
98
2

100
100

"

98
90
8

98
81
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

2

2

6
40
3

4
35
6
1

31
14

7
15
1

6
6
1

-

-

31
68
1

70
30

85
12

94
4

79
12

"

'

"

18
1
80
1

43
10
47

68

9

31

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------O t h e r ______________________ _____________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s — __ --------------------------------------

4 100
99
1

-

Amount of vacation pays
A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

( 6)

23
2

"

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------ --------------------w e e k s ___ ___________ __ _____________ ______________
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------

2

45
54

(*)

~

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w eeks
_
_
_________ _____ _
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------

23
1
75

( 6)

( 6)
30

85
1
12

64

36

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________ _ ___________ ______
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _ — --------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

11

( 6)
(?)

8
1
90
1

( 6)
90

-

-

4
93
1
2

_
94

06)
(

35
11
51

36

-

1

64
-

( 6)

“

8
86
1

1
99
(6 )

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -________ ______________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f table,




5
92

1

10
( 6)

6

3

3

16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M e m p h is , T e n n . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 )

OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p o licy

All industries

1

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Amount of vacation pay5 Continued
-^.

A fter 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________
2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________
4 w eek s _________________________________________
A fter 15 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________
2 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _____________________
4 w eek s _________________________________________
A fter 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________
2 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -------------------------------3 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _____________________
4 w eek s _________________________________________
A fter 25 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -------------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s -------------------------------4 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
se r v ice
6

5
67
7
21
(6)

4
77
1
19
-

_
75
20
4

10
65
6
17
-

8
68
11
10
*

1
79
_
20
-

5
46
4
44
1

4
52
1
43
-

_
11
81
8

10
42
2
44
(6)

8
40
4
46
1
“

1
16
_
83
-

5
37
1
50
7

4
47
2
42
5

_
11
67
22

10
39
2
42
(6)
5

8
36
4
48
1
1

1
16
_
65

5
33
1
40
22

41
2
25
28

11
66
23

10
34
2
31
5
15

8
35
4
26
11
15

1
16
63
20

4

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t p r o v i d e v a c a t i o n s u n t il a f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

-

19

i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s 1

N O T E : S e e n o t e o n p . 1 3,
r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .
In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o f f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




17
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , M e m p h is , T e n n . , J a n u a r y I9 6 0 )

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

100

100

85

92

39

56

51

61

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

100

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

77

72

77

56

44

41

52

50

73

57

67

56

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------A c c id e n t a l d ea th a nd d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e _______________________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 4 ___________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e -------------S ic k l e a v e (f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) -------------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _____________________________

33

54

48

43

66

33

20

20

35

10

4

4

14

1

17

10

2

23

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ______________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e _______________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e _________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n -------------------------------------------N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p l a n _____

83
82
47
39
61
4

90
87
49
22
49
3

81
81
61
54
62

71
69
39
15
42
13

80
76
49
10
45
10

64
64
38
36
56
13

( 5)

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
5 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

S e e n o t e on p .




1 3,

r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

e s t a b l i s h at

le a s t




19

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (hilling machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrarid, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers ’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class . A— Keeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
ment’s b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allocatio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh eets. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and distrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A— In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
v ise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B— Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th at has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers' orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilities, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

21
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own in itiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific*instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

22
TYPIST

TYPIST—-Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out b ills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils , m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for u se in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.
Class A — Perform s one or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

P R O F E S S IO N A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools a s required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail draw ings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing p urposes. D uties
involve a combination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or a s a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, d etail draw ings, maps," cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.
C lass B —^Performs one or more o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accid en t'on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combiner
tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ inju ries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accid en t reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

23

M A IN T E N A N C E

D P O W ER PLA N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selecting m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e lec­
trical system or equipment; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, speed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
c h in ist's handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and

24

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installing and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten specifications; cutting various siz es of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

25

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, speed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police du ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

26
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, custom ers *
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of esta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing plants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under ly2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
☆ U .S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O FF IC E : I960 0 -5 4 67 82

Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a re b e in g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a jo r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r ly I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d from th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n 2 5 , D .C . , or from a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l
s a le s o ffic e s sh o w n b elo w .
A su m m a r y b u lle t in c o n t a in in g d a ta fo r a ll la b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b in e d w it h a d d it io n a l a n a l y s i s , w il l b e i s s u e d e a r ly in 1 9 6 1 .
B u l l e t i n s for th e a r e a s l i s t e d b e l o w a re n o w a v a i l a b l e .
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
S e a t t l e , W a s h ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
S t . L o u i s , M o . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 5 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 6 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 7 , p r i c e 1 5 c e n t s
B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 8 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s




D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 9 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
C a n t o n , O h i o , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 0 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 1 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
P o r tla n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 * 1 2 , p r ic e 20 c e n t s
F o r t W orth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 3 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102