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Occupational Wage Survey

WASHINGTON, D .C. -M D .-V A .
DECEMBER 1959

Bui etin No. 1265-18




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commitfionar




Occupational Wage Survey
WASHINGTON, D. C. -MD.-VA.




DECEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-18
April 1960
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissionar

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C . - Price 25 cents




Preface




Page
Introduction

1

Tables:
1.

Establishm ents and workers within scope of s u r v e y __________ __

2

A: Occupational earnings:*
A -l. Office occupations____________________________
A-2 . Professional and technical o c c u p a tio n s_____
A -3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations
A -4. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations
Bs Establishm ent practices and supplementary wage
provisions:*
B -1. Shift differentials ,____ _____________________ ______________11
B-2 . Minimum entrance salaries for women office w orkers_____ \2
B -3. Scheduled weekly h o u r s ---------------------------------------- ----------- \ 2
B-4 . Paid h o lid a y s______________________________ _______________ 13
B -5. Paid vacations __________ ______________________________ _ 14
B - 6 . Health, insurance, and pension p la n s ______ ______________16

>o 00 -J

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year *s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.
This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional
office in New York, N .Y ., by Elliott A. Browar, under
the direction of Frederick W. M ueller, Regional Wage and
Industrial Relations Analyst.

Contents

Appendix: Occupational d e s c r ip tio n s ____ ______ ______________________17

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these and other item s are
available in the reports for surveys in other major areas.
A directory indicating date of study and the price of the
reports is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay lev els,
are available for the following trades or industries: Build­
ing construction, printing, local-transit operating employ­
ees and motortruck drivers and helpers.

111




Occupational Wage Survey— Washington, D. C .-M d .-V a .
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has
conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field econom ists to representative establishm ents
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation , 1
communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ices. Major in­
dustry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishm ents having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to w ar­
rant inclusion. Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishm ents is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishm ents studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishm ent variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data are
presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) m ainte­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and

late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to ( 1 ) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishm ents; (2 ) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or m erit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher ayerage pay
when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying em ployees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow for minor differences among establishm ents in specific duties
performed.
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishm ents within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishm ents studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on s e ­
lected establishm ent practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers. The term "office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working aupervisors. and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working forem en and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen
1
Railroads, form erly excluded from the scope of these studies, and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
have been added in nearly all of the areas to be studied during the
executive, and professional em ployees, and force-account construction
winter of 1959-60; railroads w ill be added in the remaining areas next
em ployees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
year. For scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tion, communication, and other public utilities" in table 1 .
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.




2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 D e c e m b e r 195 9

I n d u s t r y d i v is i o n

A l l d i v i s i o n s __

_

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

,

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y
_ _

M a n u fa c t u r in g
________
_ __ - -------- — _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
_ __ _
—
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r
p u b lic u t il it i e s 5
_ _
—
_
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
R e t a il t r a d e ( e x c e p t l i m i t e d - p r i c e
v a r ie t y s t o r e s )
___ __
_ - __ ------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________________
S e rv ice s 7
_ _
_ _ _ _
__
_ _ _ _ _ _

W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

51

708

215

1 7 7 .2 0 0

51
51

108
600

45
170

51
51

68
72

51
51
51

168
106
186

W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y
T ota l 4

O ffic e

S tu d ie d
P la n t

T o t a l4

3 4 .1 0 0

1 1 0 .3 0 0

1 1 8 .5 5 0

2 3 ,2 0 0
1 5 4 ,0 0 0

3 ,4 0 0
3 0 ,7 0 0

1 4 ,7 0 0
9 5 ,6 0 0

1 6 ,0 3 0
1 0 2 ,5 2 0

25
27

3 7 ,4 0 0
9 ,1 0 0

6 ,7 0 0
1 ,9 0 0

2 4 ,1 0 0
4 ,8 0 0

3 0 ,1 2 0
4 ,7 3 0

35
35
48

5 4 ,6 0 0
1 6 ,0 0 0
3 6 ,9 0 0

4 ,6 0 0
9 ,5 0 0
8 ,0 0 0

4 5 ,1 0 0
* 2 ,4 0 0
1 9 ,2 0 0

3 8 ,5 5 0
9 ,2 0 0
1 9 ,9 2 0

1 T h e W a s h in g t o n M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a (W a s h in g t o n , D . C . ; A l e x a n d r ia a n d F a l l s C h u r c h C i t ie s , a n d A r li n g t o n a n d F a i r f a x C o u n t i e s , V i r g i n i a ; a n d M o n t g o m e r y a n d P r i n c e
G e o r g e s C o u n t i e s , M a r y l a n d ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f
the l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r q n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , and
(2 ) s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f the S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a jo r c h a n g e s f r o m the
e a r l i e r e d i t io n ( u s e d in the B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o the w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r iz a t io n p la n ts a n d r e a d y - m i x e d
c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h o l e s a le o r r e t a i l ) t o m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d the t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,
c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e ,
fi n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e s , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
4 E s t im a t e r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n l y .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

3

The summary of vacation plans is lim ited to formal arrange­
m ents, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer. Separate estim ates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 w eek's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen1s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com ­
m ercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illn ess or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to formal plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illn ess. Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to a st extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em ployees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, m edical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w orker's life.

An establishm ent was considered as having a policy if it m et
either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section
table B-3) in surveys made prior to late 1957 and early 1958 were
presented in term s of the proportion of women office workers em ­
ployed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women w orkers.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishm ent was considered as having a form al plan if
of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual b asis,
were excluded.

Shift differential data (table B -l) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishm ent policy,2 presented in term s of total plant worker em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishm ents having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s­
sification "other" was used. In establishm ents in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishm ents visited. They are presented on an establishm ent, rather
than on an employment basis. Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a m a­
jority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the
practices listed. Scheduled hours are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a m ajority
are covered .3 Because of rounding, sums of individual item s in these
tabulations may not equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. O ffice Occupatbns
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , W a sh in g to n , D . C . — d .— a . , D e c e m b e r 1959)
M
V

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d ivisio n

M en
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B ____________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------------------C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u fa c tu rin g --------------- ---------- ---------------------P u blic u tilitie s 2 __________________________________
C le rk s, accounting, c la s s B _________________________ _
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------------------C le rk s, o rd e r ___________________________________________
N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------------------W holesale tra d e --------------------------------------------------O ffice b o y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
P u blic u tilitie s 2 _________________ — __
____
F in an ce 3 _________________________________________
S e rv ic es __________________________________________
T ab u latin g -m ach in e o p e ra to rs, c la s s B _______________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 2 __________________________________
T ab u latin g -m ach in e o p e ra to rs, c la s s C _____________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
P u blic u tilitie s 2 __________________________________
W omen
B ille rs , m achine (billing m achine) ____________________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
B ille rs , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) ______________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s A ____________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------------------F inance 3 -------------------------------------------------------------B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B ____________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g --------- ----------------------------------------R etail tr a d e 4 _____________________________________
F in an ce 3 _________________________ ____________
C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A ___________________________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________
P u blic u tilitie s 2 __________________________________
R e ta il tra d e 4 _____________________________________
F in an ce 3 _____________________________ __________
S e rv ic es -------------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le .




Number
of
workers

63
61
213
58
155
33
137
95
135
110
104
267
234
58
99
56
126
115
28
77
66
31
66
6l
106
78
174
169
126
1, 027
1, 015
91
841
486
455
146
98
95
107

Average
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly1 earnings 1 U nder 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o . oo $ 00 120. 00
Weekly
115.
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
40. 00
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 over

39. 0 $65. 50
65. 00
39. 0
96. 50
39. 5
95. 50
39. 5
39.5
96. 50
4 0 .0 100.50
72. 50
4 0 .0
40. 0
71.00
40. 0
89. 00
40. 0
91.0 0
40. 0
91.0 0
55. 50
39. 0
56. 00
39. 0
38. 0
64. 50
52. 50
38. 5
40. 0
55. 00
86. 00
39. 5
85. 50
39. 5
40. 0 101.50
80. 50
39. 5
81.00
39. 5
40. 0
97. 00

_
_
"
_
_
*
_
_
_
-

40. 0
40. 5
40. 0
40. 0
39. 0
39. 0
38. 5
39.0
39. 0
4 1 .0
38. 5
39. 0
39.0
38. 0
3 9.5
38. 5
39. 5

_

63. 00
63. 50
68. 00
67. 50
77. 50
77. 50
77. 50
61. 50
61.50
61. 50
61.00
80. 00
80. 00
82. 50
85. 00
75. 50
76. 00

.
_
_
-

1
1
_
~
2
2
27
20
12
6
_
3
3
_
_
4
4
4
-

_
-

1
1
_
4
4
_
44
34
24
_
_
"
16
16
_
2
2
71
71
12
57
_
-

16
l6
_
_
12
12
12
77
69
23
25
21
_
_
-

14
14
_
10
8
1
1
1
56
56
8
24
19
_
9
9
-

8
8
2
2
_
152
152
22
130

9
5
12
9
4
4
1
250
250
13
224
18
18
4
2
12

2
2

-

2

14
14
10
4
6
18
16
8
32 .
24
6
14
4
3
3
“
8
6
2
2
24
15
15
15
15
216
212
14
178
38
32
3
6

23

_
3
3
1

1
1
5
5
36
26
16
14
14
3
3
2
9
9
8
8
"

19
15
6
2
2
6
6
6
16
16
“
6
5
3

11
11
21
17
16
l6
13
206
205
5
178
40
39

4
4
20
15
25
22
15
65
64
1
49
29
27

5

2

26

6

3

6
11
6

_
"
4
1
3
21
6
6
3
3
3
3
1
_
25
25
"
12
9
2

2
29
11
18
6
6
4
5
5
5
19
19
18
_
7
7
8
4
1

_
26
15
11
1
6
2
13
12
12
_
_
15
14
4
5
4
4

12
12
13
3
10
2
2
13
10
10
_
_
14
12
1
_
-

2
2
35
1
34
8
5
3
15
15
9
_
8
3
1
4
4
4

_
33
3
30
4
3
3
5
5
5
_
_
8
5
4
3
3
3

_
13
4
9
6
4
4
2
2
2
_
_
19
19
18
8
-----8----8

_
12
7
5
2
1
11
10
10
_
_
_
6
6
6

_
7
1
6
2
_
3
3
3

3
2
12
10
39
39
28
23
22
1
20
94
88
31
25
17
15

2
2
11
10
30
30
24
16
13

_
4
27
27
22
16
16
14
83
82
35
25
13
9

2
2
_
4
4
8
6
-

_

_
_
_
_
-

.

6
6
_
_
-

_

_

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

5
5

97
91
54
9
11
15

33

28
4
14

3

3

_
"
11
9
8
_
-

_
"
1
1
"
_
-

_
-

-

24

22
2
11
2

15
13
-

7

11

-

9
9

4
4

3

6

-

2
2

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
23
8
15
3
_
19
16
16
_
_
_
2
2
_
-

_
-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, W ashington, D. C M d . —Va. , D ecem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avebage

Number

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

Weekly^ Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)

U n d er
$
4 0 . 00

$
$
$
4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00
and
u n d er
4 5 . 00 50. 00 5 5. 00

$
55. 00

$
6 0. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

60. 00

65. 00

7 0. 00

7 5. 00

8 0. 00

32
1
31
22
5
4

113
3
110
29
26
51
4

211
19
192
22
17
93
60

19
91
7
21
19
28

79
23
56
7
11
9
29

$
$
7 5. 00 8 0. 00

$
8 5. 00

$
9 0. 00

$

8 5. 00

90. 00

9 5. 00

1 0 0 .0 0

55
13
42
8
12
5
9

19
5
14
1
2
11

19
6
13
3
5
5

5
3
2
2
-

9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 15 .00 120 .00
and
1 0 5 .00

1 1 0 .00

1 1 5 .00

1 20 .00

over

_
-

_
_
_

W o m e n — C on tin u ed

no

3
3
3
-

!
1
1
-

_
_

.
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

_
.
_

_
.
-

_
.
-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ~ ------------------------- _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------- _ --------- — ------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 -------------- --------- — _ -----R e t a il t r a d e 4 ___________________ _ ---------F in a n c e 3 __ ------------- _ ------------------------------ S e r v i c e s ___ _________________ —
--------------------

710
92
618
86
163
189
156

39.
39.
39.
38.
40.
39.
39.

5
5
0
0
0
0
0

$64.
71.
63.
68.
56.
63.
69.

50
00
50
00
00
00
00

_
-

29
29
29
-

25
25
25
-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ------------------- — --------- ------ -------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________ _________
F i n a n c e 3 ________ — ------------- ------------- ------ -----S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------- --------------------------

624
605"
84
4 85

39.
39.
39.
39.

0
0
0
0

64.
64.
6 3.
6 4.

00
00
50
50

-

-

1
1
-

51
47
4
30

154
153
24
123

158
156
25
125

115
106
11
93

53
52
9
42

42
42
9
31

31
30
2
27

13
13
11

5
4
3

3 9 .5
39. 5
38. 0 .
38. 5
39. 5

52.
5 1.
57.
52.
52.

00
50
00
50
00

8
8
-

83
83
28

276
276
7
54
178

44 3
4 28
19
182
212

212
205
16
57
115

106
89
10
18
48

18
12
1
1
9

20
20
20

2
2
2
-

1
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
.
-

-

-

-

-

-

23
17
13

27
7
7

10
6
6

9
8
8

11
10
10

2
2
2

3
2
2

4
2
2

1
-

1
-

"

44
35
2
14
12

42
38
4
12
9

62
51
8
3
26

26
18
4
4
5

27
21
6
4
3

17
17
9
2

28
27
11
6
7

12
12
7
3
2

6
6
5
1

2
2
-

6
6
-

-

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ---------- — __ __ -------- _ —
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------- ------------- -------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 --------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e 3 __________ — __ _____
_ _
S e r v i c e s _____________ — _____ _____ ___ ________

1, 169
1, 124
56
312
610

-

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r ___ __________________________ __ ________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________ _____ _____ ________

135
93
50

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 1. 50
5 9. 50
6 9. 50

_
-

11
11
-

17
15
-

15
13

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 --------------------- — —
--------R e t a il t r a d e 4 _________ — ------------------S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

294
252
55
68
68

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 0
40. 5
3 9 .5

7 5.
7 6.
8 5.
7 0.
7 4.

50
00
50
00
50

_
-

1
1
1
-

5
5
5

-

4
4
4
-

-

9
8
3
3
-

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ------------ — — -----— -----M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------— -------- ------------------- ----W h o le s a le t r a d e ----------------------- -------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 4 ---------- -------------------- -----------------

322
50
272
99
123

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
38. 5
40. 0

69.
6 9.
6 9.
67.
69.

50
00
50
50
00

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

6
6
6

29
1
28
6
17

69
19
50
33
13

69
6
63
22
30

53
15
38
15
20

57
1
56
20
21

22
1
21
2
16

9
7
2
1
-

__ __ ------------- __ __
---------------------------------- -

51
50

39. 5
3 9 .5

6 5. 50
65. 50

-

-

1
1

12
12

12
12

8
7

-

-

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ---------- ------------------- —
--------M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________ _____ __ — ----------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------- ------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 — — __ -------- — ------- ------------F in a n c e 3 --------- ------------------------------ -------------------------S e r v i c e s ----- ----------------------- --------------------------------------

388
50
338
84
85
98

39.
39.
39.
39.
38.
39.

68.
7 2.
6 7.
7 8.
66.
5 8.

_

9
9

-

_

6
6

-

-

1
1

2

-

-

-

-

64
64
-

2

32
1
31
13
9

66
6
60
11

74
16
58
3
26

-

56

4

15

11

16
16
9
1
-

20
1
19
19
-

-

43
20
23
7
6
-

11
11
9
-

-

53
5
48
6
19
12

-

27
27

27
27

4
4

3
3

1
1

_

.

-

11
11

_

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

_
-

•
_
-

10
10
10
-

10
10
10
-

17
17
6

387
39
348
54

■

161
9
152
43
10
16
32
51

357
26
331
49
10

■

72
4
68
7
32
19
10

464
50
4 14
43
27
27
81
236

400
39
361
46
30
58
59
168

378
38
340
32
15
51
73
169

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D i t t o ) -------- „
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
-------------

O ffi c e g i r l s -----------— ------ -------------------------- -----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------- __ ------

-

S e c r e t a r i e s ______ __
__________ ____________ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g
— ---------------- ------------------------------- _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------- -------- ------------------- ----P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ---------------- — ------------- — ---------W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 4 --------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ------------------------ ------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ___________________________________ ____ ____

See footnotes at end of table.
546527 0 -6 0 -2




87
87
2 ,8 6 2
257
2, 605
4 56
159
301
4 98
1, 191

0
5
0
0
5
5

00
50
50
00
50
50

39. 5
39. 5

52. 50
52. 50

39.
39.
39.
38.
39.
40.
38.
39.

85.
8 6.
8 5.
90.
88.
77.
85.
8 4.

0
5
0
5
5
0
5
5

00
00
00
50
00
50
50
50

_

_

“

“

-

11

■

22

44

42
186

25

32
68
169

2

_

9
9
3
_
_
6

-

-

-

-

1
-

_
"

_
"

_
-

4
4
2
1

2
2
1
-

3
2
2
-

2
1
-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
7
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

“

.

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

219
16
203
42
12

114
16
98
30

56
4
52
17

71
3
68
42

8

9
2

108
8
100
37

-

3

49
92

15
42

32
21

8

4

38
5
33
14
7
-

23

17

7

_

8
2

_

-

4

_

-

2

_

5

6
Table A -l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , W a sh in g to n , D . C . — d . — a . , D e c e m b e r 1 959)
M
V
Avebaob
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
Weekly j U n d er
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 0 .0 0

$
4 0. 00
and
u n d er
4 5. 00

I s . 00

$
5 0. 00

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0. 00

§
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0. 00

8 5 . 00

$
9 0. 00

$
9 5 .0 0

1 00 .00

$
$
$
$
105 .00 1 10 .00 1 1 5 .0 0 120 .00
and

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5. 00

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5. 00

90 . 00

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0

105 .00

1 1 0 .00

1
1
-

24
24
1
20
3

63
55
3
18
15

81
76
20
21
22

97
84
7
7
61

71
61
29
6
19

96
94
16
1
69

24
24
1
_
18

19
18
9
_
4

43
43
42
_

7
6
6

5
5
5

7
6
6

6
6
6

8
8
8

10
10
8

9
9
7

9
9
6

1 1 5 .00

1 20 .00

over

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
_
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

14
14
13
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

7
7
7

99
99
34
31
34

96
96
7
37
4
48

123
123
4
34
49
35

101
98
3
15
26
41

85
74
12
4
29
15

72
64
7
21
22
14

63
54
32
1
8
7

18
12
10
_
1
-

24
23
14
_
_
8

4
4
2

20
5
15
9
4

25
25
6
16

54
25
29
6
3
19

79
31
48
12
15
14

59
10
49
6
19
18
5

41
5
36
10
2
1
23

4
2
2
1
1
-

9
9
4
5
_

-

9
9
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
8

-

-

21
21
11
10

33
33
8
25

_
-

1
1
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

8

86
80
4
75

_
-

-

47
44
21
23

_
-

-

13
12
6
2

_
-

-

12
12
1
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

24
2
22
15
6

141
15
126
13
no

149
21
128
1
16
111

259
4
255
28
92
107

185
5
180
22
66
88

76
10
66
12
35
16

31
1
30
13
14

15
1
14
1
11
2

8
8
3
5
-

3
3
3
-

7
7
2
5
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

206
9
197
4
31
104
58

298
23
275
15
10
29
144
77

449
33
416
52
21
17
118
208

286
31
255
39
23
6
97
90

85
20
65
13
12
7
8
25

76
4
72
36
1
13
21
1

38
3
35
6
1
8
20

9

1

3
3

_
.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _______-_______ -_______ - __ ____ ,____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------- -----------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

549
510
138
86
211

3 9 .0
39. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
39. 0

$ 7 5 .5 0
7 5 . 50
8 4 . 50
6 3. 00
7 6. 50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n ic a l -------------------- ----------------- -----------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------S e rv ice s
--------------------------------------------------------------------

65
63
52

39. 0
39. 0
3 9 .0

7 7. 50
7 8 . 00
7 4. 50

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 4 ------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

831
792
110
147
266
233

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
4 0 .5

59.
5 8.
7 7.
55.
52.
56.

00
50
00
50
50
50

T ils

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 4 --------------------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s _______________________________________________

308
78
230
25
51
55
83

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
36. 0
3 9 .5
4 1 ,5
39. 0

6 6 . 00
6 5 . 00
6 6 . 50
7 9 . 50
6 8 . 50
6 1 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

-

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

221
211
51
154

39.
39.
38,
39.

0
0
0
0

7 0. 50
7 0 .5 0
7 0. 50
7 0 . 50

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ___________________ _______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ______________________________________________
S e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

910
59
851
72
271
4 54

39. 0
4 0 .0
39. 0
3 8 .0
38. 0
3 9 .5

6 7 . 00
6 4 . 50
6 7 . 50
7 3 ,5 0
7 0 . 50
6 5 . 00

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 4 ------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,5 7 5
129
1 ,4 4 6
170
73
174
554
475

39. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
38. 5
40. 0
40. 0
3 8 .5
40. 0

6 1 .0 0
6 6 . 00
6 1 .0 0
6 9 . 00
6 4 .5 0
5 5 . 00
6 0 . 00
6 0. 50

115
1
91
23

-

-

_

_

12
12
-

-

-

-

_

38

83

-

-

-

-

38
38
_

83
25
42
16

_
_

•

1
1
1
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1
-

25
24
18
_
5
1

3
3
3
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

.

_

-

-

9
8
1
_
_

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 40 at $ 30 t o $ 3 5 ; 75 at $ 3 5 to $ 4 0 .




13
13
9

-

-

3
3

1
1
_
_

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupatbns
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , W a sh in g to n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , D e c e m b e r 1 959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Atbraok
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly^ Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)

$
S
$
9
s
$
9
$
$
9
9
9
9
$
$
$
*
s
$
$
$
$
55. 00 6 0. 00 6 5. 00 7 0. 00 75. 00 8 0. 00 8 5. 00 9 0. 00 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 35 .00 1 4 0 .0 0 1 45 .00 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0
“
”
“
*
“
■
“
■
~
■
and
60. 00 6 5. 00 7 0. 00 7 5. 00 8 0. 00 8 5. 00 9 0. 00 9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 45 .00 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 o v e r

-

-

~

M en

_

_

_

.

.

.

_

.

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

"

-

-

"

-

.

.

-

-

12
10
2
2

16
16
1
15

11
9
2

-

2
2
2

-

-

2
2
2

8 5 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

6
-

6
6

14
4
10
10

26
7
19
19

8
2

6
6

58
30
28
27

39
4
35
32

8 6 .0 0

1

2

4

4

11

6

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r ________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g
-----------------------------S e r v i c e s _____________________________

90
71
67

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ___________________
S e r v i c e s _________________________ __

333
78
255
34
209

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 18 .50
1 0 6 .5 0

D r a ft s m e n , j u n io r ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------__
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------S e r v i c e s ____________________________

303
53
250
197

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

57

3 9 .5

4 0 . 0 $ 1 2 8 .5 0
40. 0
1 2 9 .5 0
40. 0
1 2 8 .0 0

2
2
2

.

.

-

-

-

-

55
11
44
41

60
5
55
10
45

7
7
7

2

-

36
7
29
-

2

29

36
1
35
32

40
40
30

15
2
13

6

48
2
46
17

7

7

2

4

-

6
3
3

19
17
17

40
33
12 — r ~
28
27
1
6
27
21

1
1
-

3

-

-

3
3

6

14
13
13

6
6
6

6
5
5

12
7
4

1
1

20
7
13
2
10

19
2
17
8
9

7
1
6
3
3

3
3
3

10
2
8
.

_
_

-

-

-

2
2

1

1
2

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




-

.

2

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d ) ______

!

14
7
7

-

9
9
9

7
------r 1
_
1

_

1
1

_
_

_
_

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

8
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , W a sh in g to n , D . C . - M d . — a . , D e c e m b e r 1959)
V

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings1

$
$
U n d er 1. 30
1. 40
and
$
under
1. 50
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0
“
1 .6 0

$

$

“
1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$
1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

l . 90

■
2 .0 0

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2
1

1

12
11
8

19
18
14

41
41

-

11

10

_

_

2
2
2

7
7
7

18
18
18

5
3
3

5
5
4

4
4

8
8

8
6

263
238
92

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n c e
_____ _______________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------------------

257
234
51

2 .5 9
2 .5 5
2. 27

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -----------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 4 ------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 5 _____ __ ______________________________
S e r v i c e s _____________ _____________________

366
326
50
69

2. 70
2. 67
2 .9 2
3. 08

136

2 .5 7

-

-

-

-

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
-------------------------------------------P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 3 _____________________________

102

1 .7 3
1 .7 1

6 22
22

2
2
2

3
3

18
18

12
-

-

-

“

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________________

5 43
513
463

28
27
25

49
43
43

42
40
37

32
31
26

6

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n c e _________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 3 ____________________________

138

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
-

60

94
28

110

78

$ 2 . 62
2. 62

2 . 21

2 . 21

1 .9 8

1. 99

2 . 00

2. 04
2. 70
2. 70
2. 76

-

-

-

10

_

_

_

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

4
4
_
4

_

1
1

16
16
-

2

“
31
28
15
_
-

_
_

1

20
12

“

1

8

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

“

~

"

.
-

8
8

8
8

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------

220
175

2. 70
2. 63

P a i n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
------------------------------------------F in a n c e 5 -------------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------------

190
180
58
83

2 . 21

.

2. 19
1 .8 4
2. 09

-

-

-

_

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------------------

97
96
92

2 . 66
2 .6 6

_
-

2. 35

1

5

703
179
5 24
4 40

2 .4 3
2. 41

_
-

50
50
39

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o tiv e (m a in t e n a n c e ) _________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t il it i e s 3 ------------------------------------------

2 . 12

10
10

-

_

-

13

11
-

-

_
3

13

4

4

4
4

"

4
4
-

2

2

-

16

25

9
7
5

17
15

5
5

1
1

_

.
-

-

29
24
5
5

_

2
2

2
2

_

9
9
8

18
18
18
"

18
18

11
11

5

3
8

.
-

.
-

.
-

■
.

-

1

5
5
5

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

2. 67

12

8

-

2

_

6

7
5
-

1
1

_
_

18
18

23
22

2 .7 0

21

140
138

20
20

26
26

1

_
_
24

-

19

9
9

-

-

10
10
10

7

9
7
4

69

203

66
66

202
200

2
2

2
2

16

2. 70
-

42
42

3
-

-

26
24

2. 60

10
10
10

6

2

2 .5 0

2. 60

11
11

_
-

3

2 .5 0

6

3

8

2 .4 0

2 .8 0

3

-

$

2 .8 0
-

2 .9 0

2

-

3

1
2
2

11

30

_
-

8
8

1
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

_
-

1
1

1

-

2
2

-

-

15

41
30

11

-

5

-

12
12

23
23

91
64
_

_
-

59
_
5

-

_
5
_
7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

5
_
_
_

26 l
60

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

_
-

26
26
24

21
11
11

1

1

_

.
_

-

-

-

_

-

4

72

12

11
6

14
14
3

34
34
17

2

_

4

122

10

_

1

2
2

-

118

3

-

3
3

17
15
14

5
3
3

9
7
-

7
7
5

7
4
4
-

-

1

.
-

_
-

.
-

80
79
78

3
3

.
-

.
-

“

2

8

_
-

_
-

62
46

10

12

over

-

16 8

-

4
3

3. 30

$
3. 30
and

_
-

-

58
52
39

8
7

-

-

20

25
143
139

_
-

1

51
50
18

27
34
28

.
-

3. 20

13
13
_
5
4

16

61

.
-

3. 10

16
9
_
_
3

79

10

3 .0 0

3
3
_
_
_
3

89

-

-

41
40
28

2

71
15
56
54

44
44
13
31

$
3. 20

-

6

1

15
15

-

$
3. 10

1
1
-

"

10
10

$
3. 00
-

2
-

-

66

2 .9 0
-

1
-

"

10

$

6
-

■

‘

_

1

7
4

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h ift s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 60 at $ 3. 60 t o $ 3. 7 0 ; 1 at $ 3. 70 and o v e r .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
6 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 8 at $ 0. 80 t o $ 0. 9 0 ; 14 at $ 1. 20 t o $ 1. 30.




l
l

8
8

1

2. 40

11
11
5

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------------------

‘

2. 30

-

2
2
-

1
1

-

23
23

_

21

1

-

-

21

21
21

2
1

21

1

1
1
1

-

-

6

8

-

-

-

-

9
9
_

-

13
13
-

-

-

-

13
13
13

-

-

18

30
19

2
2

2

-

.
-

3

_

9
Table A-4, Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, W ashington, D. C .— d.— a ., D ecem ber 1959)
M V
O ccupation 1 and in d u stry divisio n

E lev ato r o p e ra to rs , p a s se n g e r
(m e n )--------- ---------------------- -----------F in a n c e 3 ___________ _ — — ---S e rv ic e s ---------------------------------------E lev ato r o p e ra to rs, p a s se n g e r
(wom en) ----------------- -------- ~ — _
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ---------------------- ---R etail tr a d e 4 -------------- — --------S e rv ic e s _____________________ G u a rd s ----------------------------- — — ------N o n m an u fa c tu rin g _______ __ ------P u blic u tilitie s 5 _________________
S e rv ic e s ________ _ — — — ~
J a n ito rs , p o r te rs , and c le a n e rs
(m en )___ _ ____ _
- _—
M a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
N onm anufacturing — ------- — _
P u blic u tilitie s 5 _________ __ —
W holesale tr a d e _______ — _ __
R etail tr a d e 4 ---- -----------F in a n c e 3 ____ ______________

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Average $0. 50 0. 60 $ 70 0 .80 $ 90 $ 00 $ 10 $ 20 $ 30 $1.40 $1. 50 $1. 60 $ 70 $1.80 $1. 90 2. 00 $ 10 S2. 20 $2. 30 $ .40 % 50 2. 60 % 70 2. 80 2. 90 $3. 00
0.
0.
1.
1.
1.
1.
2.
2.
2.
1.
2
hourly
earning! 2 and
and
un d er
.6 0 .7 0 .8 0 .9 0 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1.70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 over

206
80
119

$1. 05
1. 05
1. 14
. 98

32
32
32

-

5
5
5
-

15
15
15
-

2
2
2
-

43
43
2
40

45
45
3
39

55
55
49
5

4
4
3

1
1
1
-

1

1
1

1
1

-

1

1

237
237
86
91
454
432
122
274

1. 06
1. 06
1. 05
1. 04
1. 68
1.66
2. 03
1. 53

_
_
-

24
24
“
_
-

16
16
1
15
_
-

3
3
1
2
_
-

29
29
19
9
4
4

-

-

5
5
4
33
33
12

4
4
1
41
41
39

7
7
1
27
27
27

4
4

-

5
5
3
2
9
9
5

_
-

-

41
41
27
2
22
21
21

-

-

96
96
34
56
42
42
42

50
44
22
19

48
47
9
38

29
27
4
23

2,045
234
1,811
307
68
607
336
493

1. 35
1.44
1. 34
1. 82
1. 59
1. 24
1. 07
1. 32

-

48
48
48

44
44
14
30

27
27
_
23
4

67
67
_
33
22
12

278
278
160
58
60

303 272 216
25 25 64
278 247 152
5
9
8
9 14
87 120
36
81
39 33
101
69 66

141
27
114
20
25
9
60

190 154
43 25
147 129
78 24
7
6
9 i 60
3
9
44
36

60
18
42
2
3
2
3
32

J a n ito rs , p o r te rs , and c le a n e rs
(w o m e n )----- — — -------- — „ ---1. 14
689
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------- ------65?
1. 14
OnV\11 ufilifioc ®
1. 51
wUDllC UllllllcS
148
1. 06
R etail tra d e ______ __ ------- __
2 30
F in an ce 3 _______ __________________
1. 11
174
1. 06
S e rv ic e s ---------------------------------------2, 574
1. 81
L a b o re rs , m a te ria l h a n d lin g ---------------564
M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------1.81
2,010
1.82
N onm anufacturing _ __ -----------------1, 125
2. 03
P u blic u tilitie s 5 --------- -----------288
W holesale tra d e _ — __ -----1. 66
542
1.48
R etail tr a d e 4 ------------------------------55
1. 62
S e rv ic e s ---------------------------------------1,027
1.86
O rd e r fille rs - — _ ------- -----------1.85
981
N onm anufacturing __ ------------ -----402
1. 62
W holesale tra d e -------------------- 2. 05
470
R etail tr a d e 4 ____________ — —
186
1.41
P a c k e rs , shipping --------- ------------ —
157 ^ 1. 38
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------72
1.41
W holesale tr a d e ---------------------------267
1.84
R eceiving c le rk s __ ____ — ------- ---241
1.85
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------2. 00
62
121
1. 70
R etail tr a d e 4 ____________________

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
-

4
4
_
4
_
_
-

26
26
19
7

3
3

-

“

"

32
299 205
2913 191 26
4
11
104
10
41 162
5
143
11
7
121 176 151
39
121 176 112
35
7
- 44 20
117 95 83
2
2
4
35 72 48
35 72 48
20 48 25
15 24 23
12 46 20
12 44
17
12 12
2
_
2 19
2 19
1 18
"

See footnotes at end of table.




I W

_
_
“
_
_
“
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
"
_
_
"
_
-

'

"

71
67
47
4
12
4
38
1
37
33
4
67
67
48
19
34
34
12
27
23
4
18

24
24
20
3
1
50
16
34
8
25

1
1

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

3
3

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

73
71
57
14

33
31
31

2
2
2

1
1
1

_
-

10
2
-

12
12
12

_
-

18
18
18

_
-

_
-

_
-

26
26
6
3
10
1
g

55
1
54
52
2

37
37
27
8
1
1

90
2
88
84
4
-

6
29
- —
27
6
6
27

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_ _

-

_

-

-

4
4
4

-

16
16
16

3
3
3

2
2
_

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

5 211
5 211
5
3
201
_
1
1
"
1
15
9
15
9
2
■

_
-

_
_
“
4
4
4

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
"
4
4
4

1
1
1
_
-i

1
3
188 208 225 341 80 214
114 62 27 83 25 85
74 146 198 258 55 129
1 52 158 206
7 128
2
1
46
38 37 50
25
13 54
2
1 14
3
2 21
55 54
34 84 55 122 58
55 51
34 78 51 116
37
25
4
38 18 19 31 81
1 30
13
7
8 12 50
5
2
14 10 24
7
4
4
2
12
6
8
4
<
0
12
6
2
2
4
4
“
12 24 20 20 32 20 24
11 22
16 19 27 20
g
4
g
1 19
3
1
12
8
7
5 13 10 15
9

1

315 39
105 2
210 37
203 4 36
3 1

322
322
320
2
-

52 29
46
46 29 -----4#
3 5
29
16
28 23
2
3 2
2
3 2
2 1
2
25
3
22
3
1
5 3
1
16

104
3
101
8
93

_
5
5
5

_
■

10
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations-Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, W ashington, D. C .— d.— , D ecem ber 1959)
M Va.
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

Shipping c le rk s -------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------Shipping and re c eiv in g c le rk s _________
N onm anufacturing __________________
T ru c k d riv e rs 6 --------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ___________________
P u b lic u tilitite s 5 ________________
W holesale tra d e -------------------------R e ta il tr a d e 4 ------------------------------S e rv ic es --------------------------------------T ru c k d riv e rs, ligh t (un der
l l /z tons) ---------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------’M rmrttarmfa rtn rin g
W holfisalft tradf*
S e rv ic es ---------------------------------T ru c k d riv e rs, m edium ( l l/2 to
and including 4 tons) -------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------N o n m an u fa c tu rin g -----------------------Di 1K14r* tifilifioa
x^uouc uxiixtie s 5 . . ....... ..........
W holesale tra d e -------------------- R ptail traH p ^
.. .
S e rv ic es ---------------------------------T ru c k d riv e rs, heavy (o v er 4 tons,
tr a il e r type) ----------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------N o n m an u fa c tu rin g -----------------------R e ta il tra d e 4 --------------------------T ru c k d riv e rs, heavy (o v er 4 tons,
o th e r th an tr a il e r ty p e ) -----------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------T ru c k e rs , pow er (forklift) ____________
N onm anufacturing ---------------------------W atchm en ---------------------------------------------N o n m an u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

Number
of

Average
hourly 2
earnings

107
75
128
To?
3, 114
944
2, 170
638
739
634
146

$ 2.00
1.92
2. 01
2. 03
2 .08
2. 16
2. 04
2. 19
2. 01
2 .09
1.43

319
51
268
159
57

1.60
1.79
1.57
1.59
1.51

705
122
583
284
168
61
64

2. 04
1.97
2.06
2. 25
2! 15
1. 74
1. 27

730
71
659
228
393

2. 29
2. 27
2. 30
2 J7
2. 32

722
133
90
50
194
180
eq
37
52

2. 23
1.88
1.7 2
1.85
1.29
1.29
1 17
1• xQ
1. 26

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
0. 50 0. 60 0. 70 0. 80 0.90 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1.70 $1.80 $1. 90 $2. 00 $2. 10 $2. 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 2. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70 S2. 80 $ 90 3. 00
2.
and
u n der
and
.60 . 70 . 80 . 90 1.00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1.80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 2.70 2. 80 2. 90 3.00 o ver

3
3
8
8
8
_
-

3
3
71
71
12
23
36

9
9
9
9
58
58
28
2
8
20

8
8
8

22
22
4

2
2
2

_

_

36
36
_

-

-

-

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

. _
_
- ■

_
_
-

_
.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

’

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2
2

_

_

-

17
17
5
4
188
45
143
5
72
49
11

9
7
4
3
99
5
94
83
11
-

10
3
13
6
156
7
149
33
59
53
4

10
7
5
6
5
3
4
9 13
9 13
143 103 138
52 23 29
91 80 109
2 76
66
18 47
8
4 28 21
3
4
3

4
_
1108
613
495
379
86
30
-

1
3
3
_
3
2
36 238
7
29 238
_
9
_
8
12 238
-

5
4

1
-

59
3
56
_
56
_
-

123
123
_
102
21
-

4
_
4
_

.
_
_
_
_

4
-

-

-

9
8
33
32

_

_

_

_
_

3
3
3
3
3
_
_
_

_

52
24
28
5
6

31
1
30
22
5

4
4
4

13
13
12
1

14
14
12
2

16
16

13
13
4

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

27
27
2
7
18

14
14
4
10

12
12
2
10

23
15
8
4
1

22
18
4
3
1

46
4
42
30
3
6

6
2
4
1
3

71 107
4 46
67 61
30 60
33
3
1
1

18
4
14
1
12
1

33
17
16
4
11
1

237
11
226
32

1
1
-

_

-

_

52
52
52

_
_

.
_

_
_

_
-

I

I

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

28
28

40
40
40

-

6
3
3
3

5
5
5

34
34
4
30

26
26
26

14
14
14

6
6
6

51
51
46
5

9
6
3

no
62
48
18
30

4 123
4 123
4 102
21

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1
6

25
22
5
2
7
5

26
17
10
7
18
18

24
17
8
3
2
2

4
4
2

6
3
_

12
6
1

3

16
10
17
17
.

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

3
3
3

14
14
10

46
44
11

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except w here oth erw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
E xcludes lim ited -p rice variety sto r e s.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d riv ers regard less of siz e and type of truck operated.




7
3
11
7
210
126
84
5
36
32
8

65
10
55
44
11

_

4

7
7
4
7
4
4
76 152
31
76 121
- 20
30 56
14 24
31 18

31 48
31 48
20 24
8 22

-

3
3
3

4
4
141
141
15
56
62
8

7

-

55
51
12
29

-

15
15
27
15
29
23

12
12

9

11
1

2

-

4
-

5

2

“

-

-

.

-

-

.

-

3

-

-

-

-

576
36
5
5
1
1

27 238
27 238
g
12 238
8
2
1
2
2

-

-

1
1
_
-

3

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

3

-

_
_
-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

11

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r s h ift w o r k , an d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s a c t u a lly
o p e r a t i n g la t e s h ift s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . — d . — a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )
M
V
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

In e s t a b l is h m e n t s a c t u a ll y
o p e r a tin g —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t ia l
S e c o n d sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

T o t a l -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

8 1. 4

68.6

16. 2

5 .9

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------------------

73. 8

6 1 .4

14. 4

5. 6

49. 9

3 9 .6

9 .4

2. 9

7. 0
2 .9
4 .6
2. 5
6. 8
8. 3
3. 0
10. 3
4. 5
_
-

5. 7
2. 3

1 .5

. 5

U n ifo r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r )

---------------------------------

2 V 2 c e n t s ______________________________ _____
5 c e n t s ________________________________________
7 c e n t s ---------------- ------------------------------------------- 10 c e n t s ______________________ ______ ___________
1 3 V 3 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------1 4 l / 3 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------16 c e n t s ----------------------- ----------- -----------------------20 c e n t s — ........... ...........—............... .......................
24 c e n t s ---------------- -------- ---------------------------------2 6 2/ 3 c e n t s ___________________ _______ ____ ____
c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------30 c e n t s _______________________________________

28 2/3

1.0
3. 0
-

10. 3
6. 8
8. 3

-

2. 2

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e -------------------------------------------

6. 5

4 .4

5 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------1 2V 2 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------

2 3
2. 1
2. 1

2. 3
2. 1
-

-

-

. 1
. 2
2. 3
1. 1
. 2
2. 6
1. 4
_
-

( 2)
-

. 1
1. 1
. 2

1.0

-

( 2)

1. 2

. 2

4

.
.8
-

( 2)
. 2
-

-

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s
ce n ts d iffe r e n tia l
------------------------------------------

4. 0

4. 0

.

O t h e r 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------

13. 4

13. 4

3. 4

2. 5

7. 6

7. 2

1.8

. 3

N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

----------------------------------------

4

1 I n c lu d e s e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i ft s , an d e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
th o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i ft s .
2 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
3 P r i m a r i l y c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d i f f e r e n t i a l s , v a r y i n g b y o c c u p a t io n .

-

c o v e r i n g la t e

s h ift s e v e n

12
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . — d . —V a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )
M
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

M anufacturing
M inim um w e e k ly s a la r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing

B a se d on standard w e e k ly hou rs 3 of—

A ll
in du s­
t r ie s

A ll
sch ed­
u les

A ll
sch ed­
u le s

40

A ll
sch ed ­
u les

40

37V2

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s­
t r ie s

A ll
sch ed­
u les

40

37 V 2

40

215

45

XXX

170

XXX

XXX

215

45

XXX

170

XXX

XXX

92
8
2
10
3
25
7
14
6
9
3
1
1

E sta b lish m en ts s t u d ie d __________________________________
E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m __________
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50 ____________________________
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $45 . 00 ____________________________
$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 . 50 ____________________________
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0 ____________________________
$ 50. 00 and under $ 5 2 .5 0 -------------------------------------------$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 ____________________________
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 _____________________________
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0 ____________________________
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 ____________________________
$ 62. 50 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 ____________________________
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 ____________________________
$ 67. 50 and under $ 7 0 . 00 -------------------------------------------$ 70. 00 and under $ 7 2 .5 0 _____________________________
$ 72. 50 and under $ 75. 00 ____________________________
$7 5 .0 0 and o v e r _______________________________________
E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _____
E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o rk e rs
in this c a t e g o r y _________________________________________

19
1
7
4
1
1
4
1

17
1
7
3
1
1
3
1

8
1
2
1
1
1
2
-

54
•6
2
7
2
14
2
8
5
4
1
-

14
1
1
1
4
2
2
1
1
_
1

68
8
4
7
5
20
7
7
4
2
1

10
1
_
2
1
1
4
_
_
1
_

47
7
3
5
3
14
3
6
3
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

84
9
4
8
6
25
9
9
5
4
1
1
1

16
1
1
1
5
2
2
1
2
1

-

73
7
2
10
3
18
3
13
5
5
3
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
49

-

-

XXX

2
1
XXX

-

14

XXX

XXX

82

15

_

2
1
47

-

-

13

XXX

2
1
34

76

13

XXX

63

_

_

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

XXX

1
1
35

XXX

1
1
XXX

XXX

67

XXX

XXX

-

1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r ty p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .
3 H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . — d . - 'V a . , D e c e m b e r 1 95 9)
M

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________ —

—

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Finance 3

Services

All
industries 4

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

10 0

100

100

10 0

10 0

100

100

100

100

10 0

100

100

100

1

_

4
9

i

j

29

:

([>

76

58

97

91

70

2

1
1

1

3

3
3
14

3 2 */2 h o u r s -----------------------------------------

35 h o u r s
O v e r 35 a n d u n d « r 37 */2 h o u r s
3 7 V 2 h o u r s ___________________________________________
38 h o u r s _
........
38 3/ i h o u r s
_
_____
.
... _
O v fir 38 ^/^ rind n n d <> 4^ h o u r s
=r
.............
40 h o u r s
O v p r 40 a n d u n d a r 44 h o u r s ___
44 h o u r s
44
O v p r 48 h o u r s

48

O ver
and u n d er
h o u r s ______
h o u r s _____________________________

48

5

2
$

r)
65
1

A
(? )
( )

_

2

_
4

17

29

11

3

13

74

53

1

_
-

1

-

1

78
5
_

-

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

*

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




_

_
_

3
3

1

2 E x clu d e s lim it e d - p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

_

6

5

B

86

5
1

1

41

3
_
_

<?>
_

1

3
4

7

3

12

3

([)
“

2

3
2

2

5

76
11
2
2

13
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . — d . —V a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )
M
OFFICE
I te m

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

w o rk er s;

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade 2

Finance 3

Services

All
industries 4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s _________________________________

99

97

100

100

98

99

99

96

91

99

100

96

97

1

3

■

■

2

4

9

1

-

4

3

_
-

_

_
1
38
( 5)
59
2
-

_

_

_

_

2
1
12
7
3
24
46
1
-

-

-

4
2
20
-

7
20

8
1
2
3
_
20
13
19
-

-

-

“

-

4
17
8
3
19
3
31
9
3
3
-

1

( 4)

N um ber o f d a y s
2 h a lf h o l id a y s
„
___________ ________________
1 h o l i d a y _____________________________________________
2 h o l id a y s p lu s 6 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------3 h o l id a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------4 h o l id a y s _________________________________
_____
5 h o l id a y s
-------------------------------------------------------------5 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s ________________
6 h o l id a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _____________ ________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s ------------------------7 h o l id a y s
_________ _____________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s ________________
8 h o l id a y s __________________________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
9 h o l id a y s
-------------------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s ________________________________ _______
10 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------11 h o l id a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------

T ota l h o lid a y

5
1
5
4
47
17
3
13

-

-

“

"

( 5)
4
39
11
25
18
-

3

"

(? )
( 5)
( 5)
“

_
18
18
43
54
93
93
93
97
98
98

3
3
20
36
87
87
92
93
99
99
99
99
99
99

2
2
13
24
48
57
74
74
95
96
99
99
99
99

(? )
( 5)
1
1
33
34
60
66
84
84
89
91
91
96

( 5)

( 5)
17
10
23
12
4
6
2

.
3
2
20

.
3
1
3
-

( 5)
7
24
35
1
-

37
55
-

( 5)
5
14
2
39
4
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

29
-

2
1
_
_
_
22
4
25
26
5
11
1
( 5)
( 5)

-

■

n
-

tim e 6

11 d a y s _____________
__________
________________
10 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
81/ 2 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------- -------------------------8 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________ ___________
o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
61/ 2 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
51/2 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
4 o r m o r e d a y s ------------------------------------------------------3 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
1 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________

l l !z

( 5)
1
1
1
14
3
1
20
3
39
8
2
5
( 5)
1
1

( 5)
4
( 5)
1
1
4
1
18
6
1
24
1
32
1

l

_

_

_

2
9
17
57
60
80
83
97
97
98
99
99
99

1
48
48
75
82
95
95
97
97
97
97

2
2
61
61
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

3
7
15
46
49
71
79
96
96
100
100
100
100

_
1
36
36
67
67
89
89
91
91
91
91

_
55
55
92
92
95
95
95
96
96
99

_

_

8
12
51
53
72
73
93
93
100
100
100
100

29
29
49
62
82
82
83
86
87
96

(?>
( 5)
i
2
13
17
43
43
69
72
94
94
94
97

1 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
2 E x clu d e s lim it e d - p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 7 f u l l d a y s an d
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .




14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W a s h in g t o n , D . C .— d . —V a . , D e c e m b e r 1959)
M

O FFIC E
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll w o rk e r s

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

w o r k ers;

PL A N T W ORKERS

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

W holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Finance 3

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

100
99

100
100

99
99

(5 )

“
-

-

1

100
100
-

100
100

-

100
100
-

-

(5 )

"

~

"

2
51
12
3

1
63
6
3

1
63
~

4
42
5
■

3
49
7
~

17
1
78
4

16
80
4

23
( 5)
76
1

31
66
2

27
4
66
2

91
4

4
4
85
5
3

9

3
18
78
1

18

9

.

-

-

79
2
-

81
4
5

96
4
-

79
9
10

-

-

-

5
2
84
4
5

_

1
72
6
21

All
industries

All
industries

100

4

M anufacturing

P u b lic.
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

95
90
3

100
100
-

100
100

100
97

-

-

100
100
-

“

”

20
25
7

2
34
3

23
29
5
3

53

47
11
42

51
8
39
2

Method off payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -----------------------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------------------O th e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

99
97
(5)

-

-

2

2

(S)

1

5

1
38
19
7

3
55
22
2

7
35
4
( S)

5
32
10
~

5

17
1
72
9

46
6
46
1

34
1
54
6

42
1
57

24
1
67
6
1
(5)

15
1
72
7
-

22
5
72

(5)

-

11

8
1
60
7
19
( 5)

18
82
-

-

'

-

'

3

-

Amount off vacation p ay6
A f te r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

-

_
46
1
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------

-

“

-

43
4

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(5)

_

86
4
1

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

31

-

65
4
-

28
61
10
2

24

_

-

70
5
1
-

4
1
81
6
8

22
68
6
5

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek
-------------------------------- -------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le ,




2
(5)
85
4
9
( 5)

5
_
62
4
28
1

1
_
98
1
-

14
79
2
5

96
4
-

(5)
76
4
7
(5)

16
72
4
8

15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued

(P ercen t distribution of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, W ashington, D. C .— d.—V a. , D ecem ber 1959)
M
V acation p o licy

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

1
78
3
12
6
(5)

_
52
3
43
1
1

_
95
4
1
-

2
87
2
9
-

3
86
4
7
-

1
35
5
52
2
5

_
22
77
1
1

_
60
7
32
1
-

2
56
2
40
"

3
17
8
72
-

32
6
59
4
-

1
12
1
70
4
13

16
57
Y
26

_

_

1
_
95
1
3

2
24
75
-

3
17
4
72
4

13
(5)
75
10
2

1
12
1
63
2
22

16
56
1
28

_

_

1
95
1
3

2
24
70
5

3
15
4
45
33

11
( 5)
67
4
18

1
11
1
53

16
54

1
69

_

3
15
4
39
-

33

1

2
24
48
-

30

29

27

39

Retail trade2

Finance3

Services

All
industries *

_
82
5
9
4

( 5)
65
2
13
19
-

_

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

(5)
76
4
13
1
( 5)

_
49
5
39
2
( 5)

_
86
14
-

5
78
4
13
_
-

3
84
6
8
-

16
2
66
6
7
2
-

( 5)
30
2
42
3
22

5
39
5
49
( 5)
1

22
70
3
(5)

_

_
62
3
35
-

5
50
4
41
-

3
20
8
69
-

19
61
4
11
( 5)
5

( 5)
15
( 5)
45
3
36

5
19
3
64
( 5)
8

10
65
3
17

_

_

3
84
13

5
22
73
-

3
20
6
69
3

19
38
4
29
( 5)
10

_

( 5)
15
( 5)
45
3
36

5
19
3
57
( 5)
16

10
64
3
18

3
83
14

5
22
65
8

3
18
6
53
20

19
38
4
29
(5)
10

11
(5)
55

_

( 5)
14
(5)
45
3
37

_
10
59

_
3
64
-

5
22
52
-

3
18
6
48
-

30

4
( 5)
19
3
49
( 5)

16
2
38
4
29
( 5)

A m o u n t off v a c a tio n p a y ^ - C o n t i n u e d
A fte r 5 y e a rs of s e rv ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v er 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________________
2 w e e k s ____
........... .
..........
O v er 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________
3 w e e k s ______ _______________________________
O v er 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------- ---------------------------------A fte r 10 y e a rs of s e rv ic e
U nder 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------ — ---------------- ----O v er 2 and u n d e r 3 w eeks ------------- ---- —
3 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v er 3 and u n d e r 4 w eeks — — _________ _
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------A fter 15 y e a rs of s e rv ic e
U nder 2 w e e k s _____ __ __ __ __________ —
2 w eeks __________________ _______________ —
O v er 2 and u n d e r 3 w eeks ------- —
_ —
^ urp<>Vs
O v er 3 and u n d e r 4 w eeks ------------------ ------4 w e e k s _______________________ _______________
A fte r 20 y e a rs of s e rv ic e
U nder 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w eeks ------- — ------ —
3 w e e k s -------------------- ---------------------------------- —
O v er 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---- -----------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 25 y e a rs of s e rv ic e
1 m oo t
O v er 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------- -------- ---------O v er 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________ ______
O ver 3 and u n d e r 4 w eeks ___________ _____
4

w e e k s _________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
4

2

1

_

4

4

23

T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
E xclud es lim ite d -p r ic e v a riety sto r e s.
F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and real e sta te.
Includes data for rea l esta te in addition to th ose industry d iv isio n s shown sep arately.
L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
P eriod s of se r v ic e w ere a r b itra rily ch osen and do not n e c e ss a r ily r e fle c t the individual p rovisio n s for p r o g r e ssio n s.
ser v ice include changes in p rovisio n s occu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.




_

3
23

32

21

26

11

F or exam p le, the changes in prop ortion s indicated at 10 yea rs'

16
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercen t of o ffice and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s em ployed in esta b lish m en ts providing
health, in su ra n ce, or pen sion b en efits, W ashington, D. C M d . - V a . , D ecem b er 1959)

OFFICE WORKERS
Wholesale
Public ,
Retail trade 2
trade
utilities 1

Type of benefit

All
industries

Manufacturing

A ll w ork ers ___________ — — - ------ — ------

100

100

100

100

87
46
82
31

82

77
45
84
25
82

92
49
82
41
71

(6)
65
63
41
47
74

75
53
43
38
73

W orkers in estab lish m en ts providing:
L ife in su ran ce __ __ _ __ __ — _ _ _ _
A ccidental death and d ism em b erm en t
in su r a n c e ---- — __ _ — ---S ick n ess and acciden t in su rance or
sick lea v e or b o th 5 __ _ _______ ___
S ick n ess and acciden t in su r a n c e _____ _
Sick lea v e (full pay and no
w aiting period) __ __ __ __
Sick lea v e (p artial pay or
w aiting p e r io d )_________________________
H osp italization in su r a n c e ___________________
Su rgical in su r a n c e ____ „ _
___ _
M edical in su rance __ __ _ __ _ __ _
C atastrophe in su rance
__
_ _
R etirem en t pen sion __ _
__
_ _
No health, in su ra n ce, or pen sion p la n ____

68
6
69
67
44
45
72

1

52
85
44
51
15
81
78
47
41
65
4

12

Finance 3

Services

100

100

100

87
37

93
44
74

90
53
84
28
78

91
35
58
26
75
70
31
28
70

2

29
59
"
64
64
51
55
76

"
69
69
45
44

68

(6)

All M
industries4 Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public
Wholesale
utilities *
trade

100

100

100

100

82

88

49
82
50
38
16
77
74
37
29
56

52

73
47
73
35
56
14

90
60
84
45
53
18
72
61
37
29
61

6

83

66
14
7
78
72
36
22
41

2

69
67
51
51
72

4

Retail trade 2

Services

100

100

88

79
57
83

45

86
48
33
26
82
77
27
19
63
5

66
46

2
78
78
39
34
38
15

1 T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
2 E xclud es lim ite d -p r ic e v a riety s to r e s.
3 F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l e sta te .
4 Includes data for r ea l esta te in addition to th ose industry d iv isio n s shown sep arately.
5 U nduplicated total of w ork ers r e ceiv in g sick le a v e or sic k n e ss and acciden t in su ran ce shown sep a ra tely below . S ick -le a v e plans a re lim ited to th ose w hich d efin itely e sta b lish at le a st
the m inim um num ber of days' pay that can be expected by each em p loyee. Inform al s ic k -le a v e allo w an ces determ ined on an individual b a sis a re excluded.
6 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.




17

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
e ssen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
rhan an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (hilling machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry ot necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)~ U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers ’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alances. D oes not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F isher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, w ith or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— Keeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent’s bu sin ess tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­

ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may aliso file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B— Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th a t h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers'o rd ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled .
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing inform ation such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and to tal w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in w hich, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

19

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone c alls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for inform ation of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does hot include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of th is w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Perform s com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST-—Continued

TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils , m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.

Class A— Perform s one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

PR O FESSIO NAL AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of draw ings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail draw ings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assig n in g
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or a s a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lin es and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accid en t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting ph ysical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

21
M AIN TEN A N CE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power too ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating u n its, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipm ent; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m otors»
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in establishm ents
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ie s. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety or pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve req u isite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress too ls, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

22
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations re la ting to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of die common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Examining autom otive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installin g the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lig h ts, or tightening body bo lts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Examining m achines and m echan­
ic a l equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
p arts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from m achine shop; reassem bling ma­
ch ines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
die work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. E xcluded from this classificatio n are w orkers
w hose prim ary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layour




MILLWRIGHT— Continued
—

are required. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to s tre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L u bricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work in vo lve s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying p aint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, w hite lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consisten cy . In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g :
L aying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with sto ck s and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
w hether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers p rim a rily engaged in in s ta llin g and rep airin g b u ild in g
s a n ita tio n or heating systems are excluded .

23

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alen t training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, ch u tes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other sp ecificatio n s; settin g up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal«*working m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; in stallin g sh eetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
a c . ;red through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
expwirience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop too ls, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stack er; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting dev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specificatio n s on sa le s slip s, custom ers9
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional sto ck , or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of esta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and re ta il establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)
T ru ckd river (com bination o f sizes lis te d separately)
T ruckdriver9 lig h t (under 1% to ns)

Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gaso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:

Truckery power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 9 6 0

0 — 546527

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor m arkets during late 1959 and early I960. T hese b ulletins, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional
sa le s offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor m arkets, combined with additional an aly sis, w ill be issu ed early in 1961.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
C leveland, Ohio, September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
Seattle, Wash., A ugust 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
D allas, T ex., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Buffalo, N.Y ., O ctober 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
Miami, F la., Decem ber 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
Baltimore, Md., September 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-8, price 25 cents




Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
D enver, Colo., December 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—BLS Buli. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, T ex., November 1959—BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102