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Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
JANUARY 1960

Bui etin No. 1265-17




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA




JANUARY 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-17
March I9 6 0

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissionei

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e C o m m u n ity W a g e S u r v e y P r o g r a m
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly c o n d u c ts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o r ta n t in d u s t r ia l
c e n te r s.
T h e s t u d ie s , m a d e fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s a n d r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta r y
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t i s a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f th e s tu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in th e m o n th f o llo w in g
th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s t u d ie d . T h is b u lle t in p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d a ta n o t in c lu d e d in th e e a r l i e r r e p o r t . A c o n s o lid a t e d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle t in s u m m a r iz in g th e r e s u lt s o f a ll o f th e
y e a r 's s u r v e y s i s i s s u e d a f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e f i n a l a r e a
b u lle tin fo r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s .
T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f i c e i n S a n F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , b y W i l l i a m P . O 'C o n n o r
u n d e r th e d ir e c t io n o f J o h n L . D a n a , R e g io n a l W a g e a n d
I n d u s tr ia l R e la t io n s A n a ly s t .




I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _________________________________
T a b le s :
1 . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y _______________
2 . I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a la r ie s a n d s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
a n d p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________
A : O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s ______________________________________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s _________________________
A - 3 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________________
A - 4 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________
B : E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e
p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ______________________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s __________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ___________________________
A p p e n d ix : O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________________

* N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u l a t i o n s a r e a v a i l a b l e in t h e S a n
F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d a r e a r e p o r t s f o r J a n u a r y o f e a c h y e a r
s in c e 1 9 5 0 . M o s t o f th e r e p o r t s a l s o in c lu d e d a ta o n t h e s e
o r r e la t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e
p r o v is io n s . A d ir e c t o r y in d ic a t in g d a te o f stu d y a n d th e
p r ic e o f th e r e p o r t s , a s w e ll a s r e p o r t s fo r o th e r m a jo r
a r e a s , is a v a ila b le u p on r e q u e s t.
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t o n o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s a n d s u p ­
p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r a c t ic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r g r a y ir o n
f o u n d r i e s in t h e S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d a r e a ( A p r i l 19 5 9 ) .
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a ­
b le fo r th e fo llo w in g t r a d e s o r in d u s t r ie s :
B u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t io n , p r in t in g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p l o y e e s , a n d
m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s an d h e lp e r s .

iii

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Occupational Wage Survey—San Francisco-Oalcland,Calif.
Introduction

T h is a r e a i s o n e o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s t r ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ic h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s h a s
c o n d u c te d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s a n d r e la te d w a g e b e n e fits
o n a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , 2
c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l it i e s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te ; an d s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in ­
d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
a n d th e c o n s t r u c t io n a n d e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g
f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d a ls o b e c a u s e
t h e y f u r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d to w a r ­
r a n t in c lu s io n . W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
fo r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d o n a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f th e
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . T o o b ta in
a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e
th a n o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a s e d o n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e ­
l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a , e x ­
c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n i s b a s e d o n a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e
jo b . (S e e a p p e n d ix fo r lis t in g o f t h e s e d e s c r ip t io n s .) E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d ( in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) f o r t h e f o l l o w i n g t y p e s o f o c c u p a ­
t i o n s : ( a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; ( c ) m a i n t e ­
n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (d ) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .

1 D a ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y m a il f r o m s o m e o f th e s m a lle r e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t s f o r w h ic h v i s i t s b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s in th e l a s t
p r e v io u s s u r v e y in d ic a t e d e m p lo y m e n t in r e l a t i v e l y f e w o f th e o c c u ­
p a tio n s s t u d ie d . U n u s u a l c h a n g e s r e p o r t e d b y m a il w e r e v e r i f ie d w ith
e m p lo y e r s .
R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r ly e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s e s t u d ie s ,
h a v e b e e n a d d e d in n e a r ly a l l o f th e a r e a s to b e s t u d ie d d u r in g th e
w in te r o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 ; r a ilr o a d s w ill b e a d d e d in th e r e m a in in g a r e a s n e x t
y e a r . F o r s c o p e o f s u r v e y in t h is a r e a , s e e f o o tn o te to " t r a n s p o r t a ­
t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i lit ie s " in ta b le 1.




O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n fo r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n . E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e a n d fo r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d
la te s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , b u t c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s a n d in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
t o t h e w o r k s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d t o t h e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e
o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n a n d w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly
fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in w h ic h b o th s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D if f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s o f m e n a n d w o m e n in t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
l a r g e l y d u e to (1 ) d i f f e r e n c e s in th e d is t r ib u t io n o f th e s e x e s a m o n g
in d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ; (2 ) d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f ic d u t ie s p e r ­
fo r m e d , a lth o u g h th e o c c u p a t io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; a n d (3 ) d i f f e r e n c e s in le n g t h o f s e r v ­
ic e o r m e r it r e v ie w w h e n in d iv id u a l s a l a r ie s a r e a d ju s te d o n th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u l t i n h i g h e r a v e r a g e p a y
w h e n b o th s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in th e s a m e r a te r a n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c la s s i f y in g e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to
a llo w fo r m in o r d if f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c if ic d u tie s
p e r fo rm e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o ta l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d
f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e
r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s t u d ie d . T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r ia lly a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n ­
in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s a n d S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d a l s o ( in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e ­
le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits a s th e y r e ­
la t e to o f f ic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o ffic e w o r k e r s , " a s u s e d
in th is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c le r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , a n d e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a n d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s ( in c lu d in g l e a d m e n a n d t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e f u n c t io n s . A d m in is t r a t iv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , an d p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , a n d f o r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e u t iliz e d a s a se p a r a te w o r k fo r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s ­
t r ie s , b u t a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .

2
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r i e s . T h is in f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in t e r m s o f (a ) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 3 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t , a n d (b ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f w o r k e r s
a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n th e s p e c if ie d s h if t a t th e tim e o f th e s u r v e y .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t a p p ly in g to
a m a j o r it y w a s u s e d o r , if n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r it y , th e c l a s ­
s i f i c a t i o n " o th e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e la te ^
s h if t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f i t a p p lie d to a m a j o r it y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d . T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d o n a n e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
th a n o n a n e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s . P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; a n d
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a ll y o n th e
b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r th e
p r a c t ic e s l is t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a ll y o n th e b a s is
th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r it y
a r e c o v e r e d .4 B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t h e s e
ta b u la tio n s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls .
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le a n d h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly p r o v id e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t
c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a lf h o lid a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
a n d s o c i a l s e c u r it y . S u c h p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v id e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r
p a id d i r e c t l y b y th e e m p lo y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m
a fu n d s e t a s id e f o r t h is p u r p o s e . D e a th b e n e f it s a r e in c lu d e d a s a
fo r m o f life in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s lim it e d to th a t ty p e o f in ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d o n a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s t o w h ic h t h e
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h
h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i li t y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,5 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e th a n i s le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s th e e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e f it s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e l a w .1 T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e lim i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s * w h ic h p r o v id e
f u l l .p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a r a te ta b id a tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y a n d n o w a it in g p e r io d , a n d (2 ) p la n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a it in g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to th e
p r e s e n ta tio n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d S ic k n e s s
a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s
sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e ith e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e f it s .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s i s lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith p a y i s g r a n te d
a t th e d is c r e t io n o f th e e m p lo y e r . S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , s u c h
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n o t o n
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s th e e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k * s p a y .

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h a r e d e s i g n e d t o p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, a n d s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th e y m a y b e
s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e l im it e d to
t h o s e p la n s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f th e
w o r k e r 's lif e .

3 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y i f it m e t
e it h e r o f th e fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : (1 ) O p e r a te d la t e s h if t s a t th e tim e
o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h if t s .
4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f ir s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to la t e 1 9 5 7 a n d e a r l y 1 9 5 8 w e r e
p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in o f f ic e s w ith th e in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

5 T h e te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n ia a n d R h o d e I s la n d
d o n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
6 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n if
it e s t a b lis h e d a t l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e th a t
c o u ld b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . S u c h a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it t e n ,
b u t in f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




3

TABLE

1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . ,

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

b y m a jo r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J a n u a r y I9 6 0
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

S tu d ie d

W it h in s c o p e o f s tu d y
T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

O ffic e

P la n t

T 6 ta l4

_________________ ____________________________

_

1 ,1 6 2

259

3 6 6 .2 0 0

9 9 ,0 0 0

1 8 8 ,3 0 0

2 0 0 ,5 8 0

M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r
p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _____________________________ ________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e ________________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e
__ _______________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _______________
S e r v i c e s 7 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

101
-

378
7 84

86
173

1 4 2 ,8 0 0
2 2 3 ,4 0 0

2 5 ,3 0 0
7 3 ,7 0 0

9 2 ,1 0 0
9 6 ,2 0 0

6 4 ,9 6 0
1 3 5 ,6 2 0

101
51
101
51
51

68
246
115
184
171

33
34
46
35
25

7 4 ,8 0 0
3 1 ,5 0 0
4 7 ,2 0 0
4 5 ,0 0 0
2 4 ,9 0 0

1 7 ,5 0 0
1 0 ,0 0 0
5 ,9 0 0
3 5 ,7 0 0
(8)

3 2 ,1 0 0
1 3 ,0 0 0
3 5 ,8 0 0
6 1 ,1 0 0
(8)

A ll d iv is io n s

6 5 ,5 9 0
7 ,5 5 0
3 0 ,1 7 0
2 3 ,7 3 0
8 ,5 8 0

1 T h e San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ( A la m e d a , C o n t r a C o s t a , M a r i n , San F r a n c i s c o , San M a t e o , a n d S o la n o C o u n t i e s ) .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f
s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot
in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s
r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 195 7 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m the
e a r l i e r e d i t io n ( u s e d in th e B u r e a u ’ s la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e the t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d
c o n c r e t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e (w h o l e s a le o r r e t a i l ) to m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d the t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s to th e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ,
c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e li m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e ,
fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
Sa n F r a n c i s c o 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m is m u n i c ip a l ly o p e r a t e d
a n d is
e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d ie s .
6 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n ly .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
8 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t t o
j u s t if y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .

TA B LE 2.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in Sa n F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . ,
J a n u a ry I960 and J a n u a ry 1 95 9, and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d ex es
(J a n u a r y 1953 = 1 00 )

I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

J an u a ry
1960

Jan u a ry
1959

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s f r o m ---J a n u a r y 1959 J a n u a r y 1958 J a n u a r y 1957 J a n u a r y 1956 J a n u a r y 1955 J a n u a r y 1954 J a n u a r y 1953
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
J a n u a r y I9 6 0 J a n u a r y 1959 J a n u a r y 1958 J a n u a r y 1957 J a n u a r y 1956 J a n u a r y 1955 J a n u a r y 1954

A l l in d u s t r i e s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) _ _________________ _______________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) _
_ -------------------------------------S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) _______________________________________

1 3 2 .8
1 3 9 .9
1 3 6 .0
139. 1

1 2 9 .2
1 3 6 .2
1 3 2 .2
1 3 3 .4

2 .8
2 .7
2 .9
4. 3

4 .8
5 .6
5. 3
5 .9

4 .2
6 .6
5 .9
5 .4

5 .0
6 .4
7 .5
5 .5

4 .8
2 .6
3 .7
4 .4

3 .0
6 .3
2 .4
3 .0

4 .4
4. 3
4. u
6. 1

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ____________________________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) _________________________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n )
______ ____________________________

1 3 2 .5
1 4 1 .3
137. 3
1 3 8 .4

1 2 9 .3
1 3 7 .7
1 3 4 .4
1 3 3 .5

2 .5
2 .6
2 .2
3 .7

5. 1
5 .6
5. 1
6 .9

4 .2
6 .5
6 .4
5. 5

4. 7
7 .0
8 .5
6 .0

5 .4
2 .6
4. 1
4. 3

2 .4
6 .2
2 .2
4 .2

4. 5
5. 1
4 .0
4 .2




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are indexes of sa la rie s of office c le rica l
w orkers and industrial n u r se s, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F or office c le r ic a l w orkers and industrial n u r se s, the indexes
relate to average w eekly sa la rie s for norm al hours of w ork, that is ,
the standard work schedule for which straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in stra ig h t-tim e hourly
earn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eek ­
ends, holidays, and late sh ifts. The- indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the n u m erically im portant
jobs w ithin each group. The office c le r ic a l data are based on w om en in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s, m achine (billing m achine); bookkeepingm achine op erators, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter operators; c le rk s, file ,
c la ss -A and B; c le rk s, order; cle rk s, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secr eta ries; sten ograp h ers, general; sw itchboard opera­
tors; sw itchboard o p erator-recep tio n ists; tabulating-m achine operators;
tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general; and ty p ists, cla ss A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on wom en industrial n u rses. Men
in the follow ing 10 sk illed m aintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
included in the plant w orker data: Skilled-— carpenters; electricia n s;
m ach in ists; m echanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; m illw righ ts; painters;
p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l w orkers; and tool and die m akers; unskilled-—
ja n itors, p o rters, and clean ers; la b o rers, m aterial handling; and
w atchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la rie s
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the job. T hese w eighted earnings for individual
occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. F inally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the a gg reg atefor the b ase period (su rvey m onth, w inter 1952-53)




w as computed and the resu lt m u ltiplied by the b ase year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
A djustm ents have been m ade w h ere n e c e ssa r y to m aintain
com parability. F or exam p le, in m ost of the areas su rveyed , railroad s
w ere included in the coverage of the su rveys for the fir s t tim e this
year. In com puting the in d exes, data relatin g to the railroad industry
w ere excluded.
The indexes m ea su re, p rin cip ally, the effects of (l) gen eral
sa la ry and w age changes; (2) m erit or other in cr ea ses in pay received
by individual w orkers w h ile in the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, fo rce exp an sion s, fo rce red u c­
tion s, and changes in the proportion of w ork ers em ployed by esta b ­
lish m en ts w ith different pay le v e ls. Changes in the labor force can
cause in cr ea ses or d ec rea se s in the occupational averag es without
actual w age changes. F or exam ple, a force expansion m ight in crea se
the proportion of low er paid w ork ers in a sp ecific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the averag e, w h ereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w orkers would have the opposite effect. The m ovem ent
of a high-paying estab lish m en t out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area estab lish m en ts.
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w orkers rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork sched ules or in prem ium pay for overtim e, sin ce they
are based on pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for w ork ers in 17 m ajor
labor m arkets appeared in BLS B u ll. 1240-22, W ages and R elated
B en efits, 20 Labor M arkets, W inter 1958-59.

5

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a li f. , J a n u a ry I9 6 0 )
O

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

1

Weekly.
Weekly. Under
hours
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $
45

00

$ 5 .0 0
4
and
under
50. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90.00 95. 00
105.00 n o
55.00 I Q aM 65.00 -70.00- 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.0 0
105.00
115

100.00

100.00

110.00

.00

$
115

$

.00 120 .00

.00 120 .00

125

.00

$
125.00
and
over

Men
C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ____ ______
_________
Manufacturing _________________________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing ___________________ ____ ______
Public utilities 2__________________________________
W holesale trade _________________________________
Finance 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------

729
440
289

C le rk s , accounting, cla s s B _______ __
_____________
Manufacturing __
____________ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing
__
__
Public utilities 2 _________________________________

329
155
174
67

C le r k s , order
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade _________________________________

ltd

C le r k s , payroll ___ __________________________ ______
M anufacturing _______________________ _____________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Public utilities 2 _

100
93
70

877

617
567

162

------55“
97
53

.0 $101 00
102 So
.0 99 00
.0 106 50
.0 99 50
.0 87 00
39 5
91 00
94 00
39 5
39 0
89 00
97 50
40 .0
103 00
39 .5
3< .5
)
111 50
40 .0
99.,50
40 .0
100 .,00
39 . 5
3$ .5
39 .5
40

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

10
1
1
1

_
_
_
-

_
_
"

_
_

_
-

_
-

.00
,00

_
-

_
-

1
1

.0

103,.50
114.
96.
103.. 50

_
-

_
-

38 . 5
.5
38
39 .5
38

63., 50
65..So
63.
72..50
..50

_
_
-

19
3

2

65

1

48
74
14
47

.00
,00
93. ,00

_

_

_

_

-

-

. _
-

-

651
224
427
80
224

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s A
____________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________

137
93

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B
____ __ __
Manufacturing __________________ ______ ________ ____
Nonmanufacturing
_ _ _ _ _
Public u t ilit ie s 2
F in a n ce3 __ _________ ________
__ _

571
204
367
82
189

39,
39,rs39,
39,
38,.5

95., 50
91. 50
96, 50
82. 50

_
-

_
-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s C _____________—
Nonmanufacturing
F in a n ce3 ____ ___ __ ____ __ _ __
__ _

223
129

39.,0
3<).
39,,0

80.
7$.
72.

00
5o
00

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine)
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________

238
l96

39.,5
39.,5

8 7 . So

87. 50

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)
Nonmanufacturing
...... . . . . . . .
Retail trade

209
rss
142

39.,5
40.
40.,0

72. 00
72. So
72. 50

_

_

_

17

-

-

_

W

.0
.0
39,.0

39,. S

.0
.0
.0
,6

,00

60

108.
105.

16

-

142
38
104

-

_
-

7
7
_
_
-

3

32
rr-

1
2
2

—

16
-

~

13
23
- -------13
18
13
13

_
-

3

2
2

1
1

11
1
10

60

99
24
75

9
47

33

_

_

-

122

O ffice boys _____________________________________________
___________ _ __ _______ __
M anufacturing __ _
Nonmanufacturing
____ ________ ________ ______
Public u t ilitie s 2 __ _____________________________
Finance 3

m

10
10

_
_
_
_
- '

39
S9 .5
39
39
40
38

-

105
45

36
16

20

41
7
34

90
57
33

2

18

19

58
17
41

64
28
36

54
n r36
36

4
57
52

2
6

5
13

25

8

17
3

2

29

11
8

18

51
16
35
4
18

42

23
19
4
4
136
28
108

101

25
3

22
22

132
16

116
106
11
6

106
64
42

11
15
11

58
35
23
15

15
7

96
28

20

68

67

11
3
8

8
8

22
l6
6
6

_

_
_
_
_

40
27

12

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

3
3

3
3

2
2

4
4

4
4

27

22

16

20

9
9

43

89
41
48
40

— W
41

50

33

4

25
4
-

38
5

7

131
51
80
13
48

14
14

12

32
32
31

26
14

10

12
8

28
25

17
17

7

34
30

43
43

38
37

4

21

103
94
80

13
13
13

2

_
-

35

-

_
-

27
27

21
21
21

45
45
43

8

2

2

8
2

35

52
7
45
3
42

62
29
33
7
26

22

14

-

27
18
9
4

13
13
-

_
_

1
1

71

5

7

-

65
65

58
35
23
23
-

_
_

12
6
6

18
18

1
6

5
5

56
44

38

7
7
7

-

7

6
61

8

113
74
39
25
13
-

5
5
3

-

18
18
~

—

12

107
50
73 ------ 3 l“
34
17
5
3
23
4
4

17

6

10
1

45
13
32
17

~T

12
2

_
-

18
18
-

4
4
4

76
36
40
40

20
12

56
36

58
43
15
9

2
-

2
2
-

92

4 52

40
36

16

25
T
23

_
_
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
-

19

12

11

19
4
15
-

9
_
9
5
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

16

7

3

516
_
_
_
_
-

16

* 12

1
1

12

TT

2

-

2

7

4
4

2

-

-

-

_
-

14

6

47
47

1
1

3
3

3
3
3

1
1
1

_

_

,

-

_

_

-

-

-

~

30

2

1

-

W om en

,6

10
10

12
1
12
12
6

12
41

23

6
-------- 5“
3

5

8
-

10

7
7

3

2

16

2
2

1
1

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




N O T E :'

E s t im a t e s f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g , and p u b lic u t ilit ie s in c lu d e data f o r r a il r o a d s (SIC 4 0 ), o m it t e d f r o m the s c o p e
o f a ll la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e the w in te r o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .
W h e r e s ig n ific a n t , the e ff e c t o f th e in c lu s io n o f r a i l ­
r o a d s i s g r e a t e s t on the data sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly fo r the p u b lic u t ilit ie s d i v is i o n .
T h e t r e n d o f e a r n in g s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p s in a ll in d u s t r ie s , e x clu d in g r a i l r o a d s , a p p e a r s in ta b le 2 , p. 3.

6

_

-

-

_

_

6
Table A-1. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San F ra n cis co —
Oakland, C a lif. , January I960)

N U M B E R OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EARNING S OF—

Avebaok
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly. W eekly . U n der
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)
4 5. 00

$
$
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0
an d
u n d er
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

S,
6 0 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

$

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
6 5 .0 0
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 * 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 ! o 5 . 00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
and
7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 . 00

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

-

-

-

6 5 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

-

23
23
23

182
182
182

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 7 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

7 3 . 50
8 2 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

_
-

6
6
_
6

3 9 .0

_
67
67
_
67

3 8 .5

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____ _____ _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
______ __________ __ _____
W h o le s a le t r a d e
__
__

259
125
134
86

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

$ 8 7 . 50
8 $ .5 o
8 6 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____________ ___ ______________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__
_
___
R e t a il t r a d e
_____ __
_ _ _
__ _
F in a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,6 8 1
l6 6
1 ,4 9 5
256
52
1 ,1 4 1

4 0 .0
3 $ .o
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____________________________
_____ ______ __ ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s *
__ _______ __
__ __
W h o le s a le tra d e
R e t a il t r a d e ________ __ _______ __ ____________ __
F in a n c e 3 ____ _____ __ __ _________ __ _____ __

847

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ _
_______
_____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * __ _______________ ____ ____________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e
__ _
_
F in a n c e 3 _
_ _

tu

613
92
151
121
144
2 .1 0 6
458“
1 ,6 3 8
340
187
301
678

W 7o~

-

C le rk s , file , c la s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ __ ____ __ __
__________ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________ __ __ __
_
F in a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

412
73
339
68
183

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

7 6 .5 0
8 3 .5 6
7 5 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

C le r k s , file , c la s s R
___
__
_
__
_ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ ________ ___
....
_____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________ __
_
P u b lic u t il it i e s * _
___
_
_____
___
W h o le s a le t r a d e __ __ _ ____
__ __
R e t a il tr a d e
.......
F in a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

2 ,3 3 4
146
2 ,1 8 8
227
142
159
1 ,5 1 9

3 8 .5
3 $ .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

5 8 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
7 5 . 50
5 9 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

C le rk s , o rd e r _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _
_
_ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _____
_ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
_
_
_ ____
R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------

322
------- T o T
217
74

4 0 .0
4 o.O
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
" 8 7 .0 6 "
7 8 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

_
-

3 9 .0
3 $. 6
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

_
-

C le r k s , p a y r o ll

..............
_ _
__
_ ....
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________ ___ ________________ ______
___ ______ __ __
N on m a nufa ctu r in g _
__
__
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * --------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e
__
_
—
_____ __
R e t a il tr a d e _ __
__
__ __ __ __ ___________

See footnotes at end o f table,




828
380
448
105
93
103

W .6

20
20
13

7
7
1

77
56
21
13

32
10
22
6

58
41
17
14

12
10
2
“

30
30
26

10
8
2
-

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

-

13
13
13

-

-

-

-

295
295
13
277

431
3
428
12
10
401

267
19
248
38
7
182

184
27
157
90
2
59

115
31
84
46
17
16

116
59
57
44
9
1

41
22
19
13
6

4
3
1
_

7
7
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

16
15
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
33
1
32

40
40
1
25
7
7

53
53
3
28
10

137
33
104
15
13
21
9

131
29
102
10
40
16
24

123
44
79
8
12
16
19

124
18
106
18
31
22
25

61
31
30
8
11
3
8

59
39
20
8
4
8

37
18
19
5
13
1
-

23
ii
10
2
6
2
-

25
8
17
13
_
1
2

_
_
_

1
1
_
_
_
_

-

-

89
89
89

85
85
17
68

253
22
231
42
13
33
124

478
41
437
57
19
185
137

394
54
340
47
23
31
178

239
111
128
31
24
29
40

260
63
197
69
87
16
22

134
91
43
11
21
4
2

64
35
29
14
3
12

30
6
24
23
-

41
35
6
6
_

25
2
23
23
_
_

_
_
_
_

6
6
_
_
_

1
_
_

1
1
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
_
6

6
6
6

35
35
2
19

40
40
11
11

65
6
59
9
46

53
20
33
4
25

66
11
55
10
35

43
43
2
11

10
10
6
3

47
31
16
9

9
5
4
4

7
7
1
6

7
7
1
6

2
2
2
-

16
_
16
16
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

390

483
483
3
28
3
449

528
16
512
22
56
12
30 3

434
50
384
34
24
118
191

159

111

43
--------

136
12
25
14
85

92
51
i
2
38

36
23
_
8
4

32
2
30
30
_
_

58
23
35
29
2
_

29
6
23
23
_
_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

9
_
9
9

8
_
8
8

26
26
13

32
3
24
11

32
6
26
26

51
10
41
2

3
3
-

2

18
9
9
3
-

33
11
22
4
10

76
20
56
2
31

97
54
43
2

-

390
6
2
382
_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

4

16

j-

6

26

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

64
18
46
“

38
28
10
5

16
11
5

9
9
-

_
_
-

6
6
-

6
_
6
-

_
_
-

-

15
9
6
-

"

10
_
10
-

171
84
87
26

134
65
69
18
16

61
29
32

49
33
16

68

12

7

9
9
-

_
-

3
3
-

95
------I T 64

8

12

9

22
11

8

7

4

4

-

26
42
23
18

9
3
6

6

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a li f. , J a n u a ry I9 6 0 )
Avkkaqk
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
Weekly .
hours 1 earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
U nder
$
4 5 .0 0

*4 5 .0 0 *5 0 .0 0 *5 5 .0 0 *6 0 .0 0 * 6 5 .0 0
an d
u n d er
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0

$
$
$
7 0 .0 0 * 7 5 .0 0 * 8 0 .0 0 * 8 5 .0 0 * 9 0 .0 0 * 9 5 .0 0 f o o . o o 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 5 .0 0
*2
and
7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

191
lit
74
4
35
25
-

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

over

W om e n — C on tin u ed

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __________ _______
— — N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _
___________________ _________
W h o le s a le t r a d e __ _________ __ __ ___ __
R e t a il tr a d e
______
_________ _ __ _______
F in a n ce 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto )
___
_ ____ __ _
M a n u fa ctu rin g _ __________ ____ ______ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________________
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s
_______________________ ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________ _______ ______ _ _______
_ ___
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _ _______ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
____
_ ____
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________________________
F in a n c e 3 _
_ _______ _______
_______ ___ __
O ffi c e g i r l s ________________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____ __ — __ _____ __ __ _ __ ___
__
__
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_ _____ ___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s a
__ __ __
______ _____ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________________ '
F in a n c e 3 _
___ _____ _____ ___ ___________ __ _

928
192
288
319
100

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$ 8 0 .0 0
5 2 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

_

.
_

-

-

191
94
97

3 9 .5
5 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 1 .0 0
"7 3 7 5 0
6 8 .0 0

3
3

-

2 .3 1 8
597
1 ,7 2 1
483
232
100
799

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 6 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

_
_
-

3 9 .0
5 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 0 .5 0
6 5 . 50
5 7 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

_
-

3 9 .0

1 ,4 1 4

~4&0

409
r s ir
249
33
51
106

.

140
19
121
8
42
54
17

268
89
179
4
52
102
17

2 47
95
152
10
65
50
15

183
67
116
14
46
55

16

60
ii
47
12
17
16

1
1
-

4
4

37
37

35
22
13

55
41
14

27
10
17

15
13
2

2
2
2

30
30
_
_
30

206
3
20 3
6
_
197

219
57
162
27
12
3
120

381
134
247
28
33
2
171

286
63
223
40
56
44
79

386
105
281
37
55
35
122

-

38
2
36
6
28

84
10
74
6
40

120
64
56
10
5
25

57
14
43
12
18
9

39
16
23
4
14
2

39
30
9
5
2
1

16
9
7
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

19
19
19

30
4
26
9
1

-

238
117
“
1“ ------53
175
116
4
11
25
2
19
40
34

S e c r e t a r ie s . ....
_ _
_ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g
1., r
..
,
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
__ _______ ____ __ __ ____
_
P u b lic u t il it i e s * ________ _______________ ___
______
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_
__
R e t a il t r a d e ________________________________ ________ _
___ ________________ _ _______ ______
F in a n c e 3

4 .3 1 5
l [6 16
2 ,7 0 5
400
484
258
1 ,1 6 8

—W .T ~
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 1 .5 0
95750"
8 9 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _ ______ __ __ ____ ______ __
M anufa c t ur in g ____ __ ________ _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___ ___ ___ _________ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ____________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
______________
__ ____
— _
R e t a il t ra d e
.
F in a n c e 3 _
___ __ __ __ __
______ _ _____

4 ,0 4 2

i,h r

3 9 .0
3975“
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

_
-

1
1
1

11
11
11

50
50
10
40

203
18
185
27
16
4
100

52 3
101
422
95
8
8
165

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s *
________ _ __ __ __

243

8 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

_
-

_
-

9
9
-

1
1
-

18
18
"

28

35

4 0 .0
4 6 .6
4 0 .0

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _ _ _ _ _
_ ____ _
__ _ ____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s *
____________ ________ _____
W h o le s a le tr a d e
___
_____
_____
R e t a il tr a d e
...............
F in a n ce

1 ,0 0 4
208
796
140
58
122
243

3 9 .0
5 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 5 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

3
3

_

1
1

7
7

-

-

1

7

253
1
252
5
3
5
58

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




2 ,6 8 8
648
392
80
1 ,1 3 7

w r

-

3

-

498
360
68
45
27
202

-

151
34
117
96
6
15

66
27
39
31
8
-

43
21
22
9
13
-

16
16
16
-

.

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

173
70
103
22
12
14
52

200
89
111
6
36
1
24

260
49
211
188
10
_
2

98
6
92
79
12
1
-

21
5
16
16
_

56
16
40
40
_

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

6
6
-

5
4
1
1
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

102
■§ ?
45
8
11
3
8

182
86
96
39
11
1
31

58
43
15
3
10
1
-

125
6o
65
34
14
1
12

-

9
--------

T

-

5
---------5”

-

-

-

482
722
T5T“ ■ "232”
330
490
38
33
28
47
46
53
203
292

698
Z5o“
448
54
131
50
195

512
172
340
47
80
39
131

413
lt 2
241
61
58
13
97

357
154
203
41
28
18
94

309
T51T
141
27
41
12
31

815
189 ,
626
80
131
16
312

697
z tir i
429
86
85
15
182

408
213
195
33
38
5
90

336
168
168
78
30
1
30

228
105
63
23
3
4

118
86
32
14
14
1
*

95
42
53
47
2
'

12
6
6
5
-

45
2
43
42
-

2
2
-

_
-

16
"5 "
-

4
4
-

9
7
-

7
5
5

46
34
10

16
13
9

2
2
2

8
8
8

-

-

52
37
15
9
2
2
2

62
31
31
27
1
2
1

38
23
11
4

8
1
7
5
2

30
30
30

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

50
38

• *

29
29
1

127
14
113
11
6
14
62

212
26
186
19
9
77
61

89
31
58
14
10
9
25

-

122
52
70
9
21
13
17

128

ib

6

-

-

-

8
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a li f . , J a n u a ry I 9 6 0 )
O
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

U nder
W
eekly^
Weekly
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 5 .0 0

$
$
4 5 .0 0
5 0 .0 0 $5 5 .0 0
and
u n d er
5 0 .0 0
5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 $8 5 . 00 $9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
and

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0 $7 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

91
39
52
26
18

179
59
120
52
34

194
91
103
2
79
20

115
45
70
_
48
4

65
35
30
2
19
-

51
18
33
10
12
3

29
29
24
5

52
28
24
2
22

88
41
47
6
41

140
34
106
63
25

56
16
40
4
34
_
-

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n tin u ed
_

-

!
1
_
1

16

11
4
7
_
1

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

23
23
10
13

_
-

_
-

"

27
19
19

21
15
12

18
15
14

25
17
14

4
4
2

4
4
1

-

-

8
8
8

10 ’
10
10

69
1
68
13
50

118
118
31
74

156
28
128
30
91

234
96
138
52
74

77
32
45

30
2
28
27

12
7
5
-

80
58
22
6
2
8

104
36
68
39
3
11

55
28
27
17
6
_

7
3
4
2
2
_

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
_
W h o le s a le tra d e
F in a n c e 3
_ _

772
5oF"
466
31
253
97

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

$ 7 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
9 0 ,5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________________________
F in a n c e 3
_ _ _ _ _

447
143
304
139
140

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ____ _________________________________
F in a n c e 3
_ _ __

104
76
62

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

-

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
_ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______________________________________
F in a n c e 3

731
169
562
144
371

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

7 4 . 50
7 8 .5 0
7 3 . 50
7 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________ _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_
_
F in a n c e 3 _ ____________________________________________

1 ,5 8 2
345
1 ,2 3 7
200
96
818

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 4 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

6
6

6 4 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

T y p is t s , c l a s s B
_
_
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_
____
R e t a il tr a d e __________________________________________
F in a n ce 3 ______________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6

3 ,4 6 7
3 9 .0
------ 643“ ■ " * 9 7 5 '
3 9 .0
2 ,8 1 9
156
3 9 .5
2 58
3 9 .5
90
4 0 .0
2 ,1 2 0
3 8 .5

_

~

16
16
_

6

14
14
14

19
19
19

92
92
1
_
91

177
4
173
25
_
144

307
32
275
35
16
173

339
40
299
23
46
201

211
76
135
17
14
97

17
17
17

71
71
71

330
1
329
6
19
304

631
24
607
34
36
14
52 3

975
174
801
38
52
39
534

666

456
113
343
18
87
5
217

204
107
97
9
10
20
58

-

168
498
20
42
11
388

16
28
134
------53“
81
3
13
54
50
29
21
8
4
1
8

10
34
5 -------V
5
29
5
12
_
17
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

4
2
2
_

1
1
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

tk ~
2
1
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

5
2
“

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
2
-

6
3
3
_
3

1
_
1
1

1
_
1
_
1

2
_
2
_
2

_
_
_
-

2
_
2
_
2

66

13
9
4
4
_

_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s an d the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 22 at $ 1 2 5 to $ 1 3 5 ; 6 at $ 1 3 5 to $ 1 4 5 ; 24
at $ 1 4 5 and o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 9 at $ 1 2 5 to $ 1 3 5 ; 1 at $ 1 3 5 to $ 1 4 5 ; 6 at $ 1 4 5 and o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 4 at $ 1 2 5 to $ 1 3 5 ; 7 at $ 1 3 5 t o $ 1 4 5 ; 1 at $ 1 4 5 and o v e r .




37
6 —
31
29
-

5
5_
_
_

-----35
33
2
1
1
_
_
_

20
-------- 5”
14
14
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a lif. , J a n u a ry I9 6 0 )

Average
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
Weekly U n d er
hours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $
75. 00

M en

$

75. 00
and
und er
80. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
80. 00 85. 00 90. 00
9 5 .0 0 100 .00 105. 00 110 .00 1 15 .00
90. 00

95. 00

-

8 5. 00

-

100.00

105.00 1 1 0 .00

115 .00 1 20 .00

$
120 .00

$

125 .00

130 .00 135 .00

125 .00

$

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________________

119
72

39. 5
40. 0

133. 50
1 3 3 .5 0

-

-

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
....
.
_ .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
___________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________ _________________________

491
321
170
58

4 0.
40.
40.
40.

119.
121.
117.
109.

50
00
00
50

5
5
5

4
4
4

1
1
1

2
1
1
1

14
12
2
2

14
14
-

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ________________________________ ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ___________ ________ _________________

187
120
67

4 0. 0
40. 0
40. 0

94. 50
97. 00

-

14
3
11

25
24
1

28
12
16

45
13
32

143
113

40. 0

39. 5

96. 50
97. 50

2

24
22

32
27

15

0
0
0
0

90. 00

$

130.00

$

$

1 40.00 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .Ou

155.00

and
over

9

12

1

2

31

42
19
23
2

6

11
9

5
1

6
4
2
-

2
2
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

_

9
3

8
3

46
40

21
16
5
5

29
22
7
6

111
79
32
17

54
26
28
1

55
55
-

24

20

~

68
22
46
5

-

-

19
17
2

25
24
1

5
3
2

13
13
-

11
10
1

1
1
-

1
1

15
10

12
8

11

15
14

9
9

_

1

“

$

150 .00 155. 00

8

-

-

$

4

-

3

$

135 .00 140 .00 145 .00

24
-

15
15

5

2

4
2
*

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _
...
_ ................
.. .............

2

1 . S tandard h ou'rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
NOTE:

See note on p. 5 , r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .




s t r a ig h t - t im e

9

9

5
5

s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

10
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

•by

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a li f, J an u a ry I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly f U n d er
earnings 1
$
'
2 .2 0

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce _______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ............ ........................................
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ...................................................

358
257
101
33

$ 3 . 05
2. 98
3 .2 0
2. 95

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce ................................... .....
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________ ______________

663
509

3. 09
3. 09

E n g in e e r s , s ta t io n a r y __ ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________ _____ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g .............. ......................................
R e t a il tr a d e
_______ _____________________

607
346
261
52

3.
3.
2.
2.

F ir e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o i l e r .............. ........................
M a n u fa ctu r in g
.............. ........................ ..................

88
67

2. 62
2. 71

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________

941
712

2 . 51
2 . 55

2
“

M a c h i n e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________

312
312

3. 08
3 . 08

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce _____________ __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
......................................
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________

1,451
1,327
124

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o tiv e ( m a i n t e n a n c e ) ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ..................................................

$
•
2. 20
and
un d er
2. 30

$

$
2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .4 0

.2 ,5 0

$

2 . 50
2. 60

4
4

$

,
2 . 60
2. 70

$

2. 70

$2. 80

2. 80

2. 90

$

$

2. 90
3. 00

3. 00
3. 10

$

3. 10
3. 20

$

$

3. 20

3 .3 0

$

3. 40

3 .4 0

3. 30

3. 50

$

3. 50
3. 60

$

3. 60
3. 70

$

3. 70
3. 80

8
4
4
4

6
6
-

7
5
2
-

51
51
-

150
133
17
12

43
29
14
14

15
12
3
3

4
3
1
-

1
1
-

5
5
-

64
20
44
-

-

-

-

12
12

5
5

90
89

144
130

123
“ Too

152
50

6
6

72
71

2
2

22
22

1
-

.

54
54
-

49
3
46
-

25
1
24
6

41
11
30
2

80
52
28
27

84
69
15
"

78
78
-

32
32

4
4
3

2
2
-

16
16
6

82
82
-

-

59
48
11
8

10
9

13
13

10
9

11
8

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

15
15

-

29
-

43
15

2 50
85

542
537

8
8

41
41

26
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

85
85

165
165

34
34

-

-

21
21

_

3. 09
3. 10
2 . 99

_
-

-

-

1
1

-

■

4
4
-

90
89
1

344
306
38

240

517
513
4

154
154
-

42
42

80

936
194
742
650

3.
3.
3.
3.

02
04
01
00

-

-

-

-

35
35
35

-

4
2
2
2

34
20
14
4

141
37
104
61

622
78
544
508

59
32
27
10

34
20
14
10

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g .... .........................................................
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
___________________________

979
877
102

3. 05
3. Ub
2. 97

"

-

-

6
6

18
8
10

-

37
37
"

221
198
23

110
93
17

210
210
-

111
" 'i l l
■

O il e r s __________ ____ _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ......................................................... .....

212
159

2 . 52
2 .5 1

-

17
17

24
24

40
40

72
19

53
53

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

“

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ...............................................
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ..................................................

3 00
176
124
34

2.
2.
2.
2.

~

-

-

26
26
-

5
5
5

21
21
-

6
b
-

73
59
14
14

80
77
3
_

24
10
14
14

9
6
1
1

l

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ...........................................
M a n u fa ctu r in g ......... ...............................................

384
354

2. 96
2. 96

.

_

.

-

-

1

-

-

-

~

6
6

47
46

253
225

64
64

3
3

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in te n a n ce ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________

66
59

2. 93
2. 93

-

-

2
2

33
32

20
16

4
2

7
7

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s __________ _____ _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________

o*±4
642

3 .4 7
3 .4 7

_

.

-

2

-

3. 80
and
over

-

3
-

$

-

See note on p. 5 ,




-

-

-

-

-

-

1

'

-

-

97
97
96
87

-

-

.
-

01
16
81
98

-

-

14

1

_

r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

4

.

h o lid a y s ,

-

-

-

~

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w orK on w e e k e n d s ,
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
NOTE:

-

-

_

-

_

and la te

_

sh ifts .

-

_

160

'

-

-

27
22

1
1
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

■

12
12
■

24
2*
■

8
8
"

■

15
15
~

7
5
2
-

"

-

-

“

-

2 00
i"T 5 8 ■ ■
42

4
4

"

62
62

~

-

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

"

-

2

'

-

54
14
40
_

"

"

■

-

-

-

-

■

■

"

10
10

-

-

■

*

-

"

“

■

49
~49

580
5t>0

9<
9?

49
49

10
10

34

-

-

"
-

23
23

-

-

-

"

-

-

34

11
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., January I960)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly 2 U n der ! . 40
earnings
and
$
u n d er
1. 40
1. 50

! . 50

$
1 .6 0

$ 70
1.

$
1 .8 0

1 .9 0

1 . 00

1 . 10

1 . 20

$ 30
2.

$
2. 40

50

1 . 60

1 . 70

1 .8 0

1 90

S.

1 . 60

2. 30

_ 2 . 40

2. 50

2 .6 0

2. 70

2 . 80

2 . 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

1. 70

1 . 80

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

_

12 0
12 0

_

!

2
2

12

g

79
71

3

-

135
131

-

587
587
13
34

45
19
26

31
13
18

28
25
3

2

11

24

7

1
2

502
89
413
136
_
13

1449
78
1371

68

778
OU7
469
50

47
27
386
326
3
323
-

82
28
54
15

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n )________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____

197
175

1 .9 6
1 .9 3

8
8

7
7

11
11

17
17

_

G u a rd s __
M a n u fa ctu r in g
____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------ ------------------- __ _
F i n a n c e 4 -------------------------------------------------------

1. 240
268
972
55
109

1 .9 6
2. 41
1 .8 4
2. 23
1 .9 0

2

2

190

6

-

-

-

6

17
17

92

6

1
16

2
12

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) _________

4, 972

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------- --------- ----- -----W h o le s a le t r a d e _______- ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ____________ ___________ __

3, 306
498

2.
?l!
2.
2.
1.
?

297
44
253
50
14

225

110
224
581

2

2
-

2

2

07
24
99

10

104

233

54

95

10
_
_

104
.
_

233

02

6

54

47
23
_
3

69
26
13
4

659
64
595
54

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g
— _____ _ __ .
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________ ___ __ _____ ________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ____ ___ _ __ ___ __ _
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________
___
______ —
R e t a il t r a d e _____________

4, 722
2 , 281
2, 441
995
957
487

O r d e r f i l l e r s ___________ . _____ _____ _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________
___ ______ ________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
------------- _
------------W h o le s a le t r a d e — ----- ----------------------R e t a il t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------

1, 556
"■
1 , 088
833
249

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m e n ) -------------------- - - —
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ ------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
- — _____ — _
W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e
--------- --------

689
350
339
225
113

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n )
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
____
R e t a il t r a d e — --------- -----

220

1. 71
1 .9 1
1 . 81

70
57

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s
_______ ____
______
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________
______ ___
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
_____
___
___
_____
W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e _________________________________

430
182
248

S hipping c l e r k s ____________________________________

224
74
150
117

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_____________ ___

16 1
78

1 .9 8

2 . 06
1 .9 7
1. 83
2. 44
2. 38
2 .4 9
2 . 62
2. 34
2. 54
2. 47
T T S T "
2. 44
2. 44
2. 40

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------- ----- -----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------------------

_
___
— __
— - -

1

190
4

05
89
04

31
34
28
35
15

56
62
52
49
59

2 . 60
2 . 59
2 . 60
2. 58

2
2
-

22

7
7
-

-

1
1
98

6

68
10

52
4
48
-

10
8

1

34
34
31

4
_
4

24
_
24

_
4
23

9
9

•
.

_
_
.

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
9
- -------8
1
-

16
7
7

18

4




%.

20

$3. 30

$3. 40
and

3. 30

3. 40

over

8

14

_

.

8

8

8

26

2

28
28
28

12
12

2

26
-

-

“

-

“

”

59
59
-

4
4
-

11
11

1
1

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

362
237
125
-

366
326
40
4

28

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

28
4

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6
12

23

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

503
449
54
39
13

5 44
184
360
48

215
30
185
-

441
63
378
344

66
21

12 2

26

_
-

_
.
-

_
-

_
-

188

159

26
8

3
3
-

2

385
75
310
303
_
7

-

-

-

"

676
182
4 94
418
76

242

128
128
97
31

95

7

10

1
6

26
26
26
-

165
149

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

176
176
-

56
7
49
45
4

-

"

2 12

45
44

58
52

44

1

6
6

32
24

_
-

-

8

3

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

19
13
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

«
-

-

- _
-

_
-

-

_
"

-

-

_
-

29

W\

73

1

53
46
7

107
43
64
58
5

68

3
-

19

6
12

15
15

_
-

_
-

103
56
47
42

20

26

17

13
7
2

25
20

-

-

694
550
144
115 ■
18
4

2
1
1

14
14
-

305 1294
8 72
“ TOT “ 54T " ~458“
200
414
449
172
73
12
28
341
387
35
15

-

61
17
44
39
5

-

-

-

1
1

8
1

2

47

-

11

7
7

2
2

36
28
7

.

_

1

3

2

-

-

1

2

“

“

3
3

-

-

156
127
29
25

_
-

-

-

3
3
_

27
27
27

_
.
-

-

-

_
-

_
.
_

-

_

-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

96
-

_

“

16

64
nr
16
_
_
_

_

-

138
_
138
99
39

9
9
9
_
-

_

-

133
133
-

-

_
_
_

_

-

16
_
16
-

—

_

-

2

-

5
5
5

_

-

7
_
7
7

9

1

_

-

14
_
14
14

1

_
_
-

-

_

-

26

-

_
_
-

1

-

2

-

-

_

-

-

8

-

_

111
2
109
3

12
10

10
2

_
-

9
9

10

_

_
-

-

T or
106
90
16

—

2
-

2

66

-

20

39
"

39
35

12

24
44

21

85
32
53

11
2
9

6

-

37
19
18

17

2

1
16

45
45

-

16
-

16

“

-

_
-

40
35
5

-

2

-

3

1

4
3

8

1

-

_
-

1

8

1

-

-

2

13
'

See footnotes at end of table.

10

8
18

58
48

-

-

S.

151

202

$ 1 . 80
1. 76

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) __________

00

1

-

1
1

-

12
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d, C a lif. , J a n u a ry I9 6 0 )
O

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s -----------------------------

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly 2 U n der 1. 40
earnings
and
1 40 u n d er
1. 50

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

2. 10

$
2. 20

$
!$
2. 30 j 2. 40

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40 1 2 .5 0

.

_

-

-

633
189
4 44
32
272
138

$2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

61
59
62
59
69
52

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ----- -------------------------------------- _

4, 070
767
3, 303
1, 913
785
514

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

82
86
81
75
81
05

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

1
1
1
_
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r lV 2 t o n s ) ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------- _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------ ---------- __
W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------

547
166
381
199
85

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

69
81
63
56
67

-

-

_
-

_
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to and
in clu d in g 4 t o n s )_______________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________ ________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3__________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _____________________________

1, 507
321
1, 186
633
313
234

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

82
89
80
71
81
03

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a il e r t y p e ) ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__________ _________ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
PiiKlir* n filifi aq ^

803

643
529

2 .9 1
2 .9 3
2. 90
2. 87

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o th e r than t r a i l e r t y p e ) ______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ’ _______________________ _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ________________ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________________

799
101
698
313
259

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

88
78
90
86
86

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t ) ______ _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________ ____ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _ ________ __ _________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e __________________ ______ ____

1, 606
1, 247
359
129
144
86

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

51
49
58
64
48
65

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t ) ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________

285
2 14

2. 64
2. 71

W a tch m e n -------------------------------------------------- ----- _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________ ____
_____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________ _______ _____ _

331
208
123

2. 11
2. 22
1 .9 3

1
2
3
4
5
6

TW

2
2




10

2. 60 . 2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

S.

00

3. 10

S.

10

3. 20

h.

20

3. 30

h.

30

$3. 40
and

3. 40

over

6

10

3
3
3
-

12
12
12
_
-

10
10
10
-

17
17
17

25
3
22
19
3
-

227
7
220
183
36
-

128
35
93
55
26
12

368
85
283
261
22
-

880
148
732
359
273
16

801
157
6 44
498
140
-

906
215
691
394
256
41

323
37
286
86
29
171

274
54
220
_
_
220

35
35
-

-

21
21
15
_
6

35

_
_
_
-

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

11
11
11
-

5
5
5
-

9
9
9
-

3
3
3
-

23
3
20
17
3

41
41
10
30

57
35
22
22
-

10
10
-

256
4
252
120
38

71
71
_
-

32
18
14
14

_
-

27
25
2
-

_
_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

6
6
6

2
2
2
-

185
6
179
173
6
-

12
12
_
12

65
34
31
25
6
-

437
67
370
212
152
6

288
54
234
152
76
-

279
122
157
69
47
41

34
6
28
26
2

177
25
152
_
152

2
_
2
_
_
2

_
-

20
7
13
_
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
19
19

80
16
64
64

83
33
50
26

95
2
93
93

332
67
265
265

88
23
65
62

60
60

27
27

-

619

340
23
317
253
64

223
8
215
60
155

10

75
2
73
41
18
14

117
117
3
_
-

6
_
-

6
6
_
-

_
-

_
-

13
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

14
-

16
10
6

1
-

6
6

15
4
11

S ee n o te on p. 5, r e l a t i v e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

8

105
67
38
2

$
2. 90

5

_
-

14

10

$
2. 80

2

1

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
I n clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s : 13 a t $ 3 . 40 to $ 3 . 50; 6 a t $ 3 . 50 to $ 3 . 60.

NOTE:

5

8

$
2. 70

64
32
32
14
12
6

-

’

5

$
2. 60

$ 50
2.

_
-

---- 5“
7

1

1

_
18
-

44
4
40

264
33
231

36

37
3

184
47

62
11
51
16
13
22

1
1

1

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

34
22
12
12

69
44
25
25

62

41
41
-

374
268
106
57

355
255
100
100
-

242
228
14
6
8
-

399
391
8
5
•3

27

31

27
27

31
20
11

-

10
10

7
7

9
9

43
40

_
-

4
4

-

62
-

-

31

-

-

92
38

44
40

69
26
43

35

61
48
13

51
41
10

_
33
2

_
3

"

~

_
-

“

49
36
13

19
6
13

13

13

110
110
-

“

-

“

-

_

"

_

“

_

"

39
26
13
_
_
13

19
-

_

“




13

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p lant w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fo r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r s h ift w o r k , and in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
a c tu a lly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l, San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a lif. , J an u ary I9 6 0 )
O
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts a c t u a lly
o p e r a tin g —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l
S e co n d sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

T o ta l ------------------------------------------------------------------------

9 2 .4

9 0 .9

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -------------------------------------

9 2 .4

9 0 .9

16. 8

5. 1

49. 3

38. 5

1 0 .3

4 .6

1 .7

.7
.5
.3

.2
.2
.2

U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r h o u r ) -------------------------------4 ce n ts ----------------------------------------------------------5 ce n ts ----------------------------------------------------------6 ce n ts ---------------------------------------------------------7 ce n ts -------------------------------------------------------- —
8 cen ts ----------------------------------------------------------9 cen ts ----------------------------------------------------------1 0 cen ts ---------------------------------------------------------llV a cen ts -----------------------------------------------------1 2 c e n t s ---------- ----------------------------------------------127* c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------13 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------1 4 Y3 cen ts — —-----—------------------------------------- 15 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------16 ce n ts ---------------------------------------------------------2 0 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------23 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e ----------------------------------------4 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------

1 0 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------O th e r 3

.....................................................................

N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------------------------

1.0
2.8
1.6
1.0

1 3 .2
1. 1
14. 6
.7
.5

1.1
5. 8

1.0
1.0

1.6
1 .7
. 7
5. 7
.5
1 .9

S e co n d s h ift

16. 8

.2

2.2

.3
3. 0
.3

.1

>)
1 .7

2 .9
"

10. 1
6. 7
2 .9
3. 0

7 .0
.3

5 .4
"

3 .9

2. 7
2. 7

3 6 .1

47. 0

6.1

-

-

3. 0

2.8

-

T h ird o r oth er
s h ift

5. 1

.5
(# )
.5

.2
-

.9

1.0

.1
-

.8

.4
.1
.3

.9

.1

_

.1
(a )
.4

-

1
In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
e v e n though th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
a L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
3 P r i m a r il y c o m b in a tio n plan s p r o v id in g fu ll d a y 's p a y f o r re d u c e d h o u rs plus p e r c e n t a g e d iffe r e n t ia l. M o s t o th e r plans
p r o v id e fu ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s e ith e r a fla t sum p e r s h ift o r p e r w e e k , o r p aid lu n ch p e r io d n ot p r o v id e d to
the f i r s t s h ift w o r k e r s .

14
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a li f . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 )
I n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p is t s

M inim um w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

B a sed on standard we ekly hours! 3
A ll
sch e d u le s

E sta b lish m en ts s t u d i e d ----------------------------------------

259

86

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m —

40

XXX

A ll
sch e d u le s

37 V*

173

XXX

A ll
in d u strie s

Of—

XXX

B a sed on standard we ek ly h ours 3 of—
A ll
sch ed u les

40

383
/4

37

86

6

3

_

_

_

1
2
1
2
_
_

_
_
2

2
3
6
14
6
5
4
4

35

79

13

7

52

132

46

_
1
9
2
6
2

1
1
10
21
8
10
4
5

_
3
3
4

_
1
4
16
4
6
3
4

1
6
7
9
17
16
17
10
14

_
1
1
5
9
6
9
1

8

7

6
2

6

_
2
2
1

3
2
6
6

1

4

3

2

“

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m —

70

22

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o rk e rs
in this c a t e g o r y ---------------------------------------------------

67

21

XXX

46

XXX

XXX

1
3

1
1
1

3

1

3

3
1
3

2

-

2

1

7
3

6
6
2
8

2
2
2

1
4

S ee n ote on p .




1 5,

r e la tiv e

to th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

-

4
7
5
8
1

1
5
7
9
16
11
8
4
5
6

2

1

1
2

4
4

1

1

XXX

-

XXX

XXX

3

4
2

4

21

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

58

19

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

-

-

60

1
_

3

1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h i r in g in e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e t o m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .
3 H o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s
NOTE:

_

XXX

69

2
2

-

40

XXX

>
1
2
10
3
7
3

1
1
_
1

383
/4

173

43

4
2
5
2

37V2

XXX

1
1
11
21
10
20
7
12
7

-

A ll
sch ed u les

86

122

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

40

259

XXX

und er $ 4 5 . 00 ------------------------------under $ 4 7 . 50 ------------------------------u nd er $ 5 0 . 00 ------------------------------u nd er $5 2 . 50 ------------------------------under $5 5 . 00 ------------------------------under $ 5 7 . 50 ------------------------------under $ 6 0 . 00 ------------------------------under $62 . 50 ------------------------------u nd er $ 6 5 . 00 ------------------------------under $ 6 7 . 50 ------------------------------under $ 7 0 . 00 ------------------------------under $ 72 . 50 ------------------------------under $ 7 5 . 00 ------------------------------under $ 77. 50 ------------------------------und er $ 8 0 . 00 ------------------------------o v e r -----------------------------------------------

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$50 . 00
$ 52. 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$57 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$6 2 . 50
$65 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 75. 00
$77. 50
$ 80. 00

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

5

-

3
4

1

3
-

-

XXX

XXX

c o m b in e d , and f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .

15
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

(P ercen t d istribution of office and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eek ly hours
of fir s t-s h ift w o r k e r s, San F ran cisco-O ak lan d , C alif. , January I960)
O FFIC E W ORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o rk e r s

All
in du stries1

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

U n d e r 3 5 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------3 5 h o u r s — — ____ __ —___ _ ______ - —
---------- _-------—
3 6 1/* h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 6 ^ 3 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 7 V s h o u r s — ------------- -— — ---------------------— -------------------------—
O v e r 3 7 x/a an d u n d e r 3 8 3/ 4 h o u r s ------------------------------ 383 h o u r s ----- -— ---------------- --------------—------------------—
/4
40 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

100

100

2

2

1
1
15
3

12
66

1
4

P L A N T W O RK ERS

Public .
u tilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

1
-

6
-

5
-

19
68

5

89

-

5
7
8
80

(*>
10
5

84

(» )
28

9
13
49

Services

AU
industries *

100
(* )
5
-

M anufacturing

Public ,
u tilities*

W holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

9

6

3

1

1

-

-

87

87

( 5)

_

_

-

-

-

6

2
-

97
1

_
_

8
_
-

94

89

1 Includes data for s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
a T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l e sta te .
* Includes data fo r rea l esta te and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
5 L ess than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




1
-

.

NOTE: E stim a tes for a ll in d u stries and public u tilitie s include data for railroad s (SIC 40), om itted from the sco p e of a ll labor m ark et
w age su rveys m ade b efore the w in ter of 1959-60. W here sign ifican t, the e ffec t of the in clu sion of railroad s is g r e a te st on the
data shown sep a ra tely for the public u tilitie s d ivision .

2

Services

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
Wholesale
trade

All
industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

Manufacturing

Public „
utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

_
_

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

100

_
_

"

■

”

■

_

1

( 5)

"

-

-

3
3
4
1
35
l 5)
8
41
1
( 5)
2
1
( 5)
-

_

_

_

6
50
3
25
5
2
2
3
4

2
2
30
17
42
2
1
1
2
“

6
36
57
2
-

15
1
-

4
4
6
11
16
42
44
94
94
100
100
100
100

(!)
( 5)
i
i
3
4
53
53
89
93
96
99

____ _________________________________ ___

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s __________________________ ____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s _____________________________

N u m ber o f

Retail trade

Finance 3

Services

All .
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

days

L e s s th a n 5 h o l id a y s _____________________________
5 h o l i d a y s ____ _______________ ______ _____________ _
_
6 h o l id a y s _ _____ __ _____________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ______________________
7 h o l id a y s __ ___________________ ____ _________ _____ 7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
8 h o l id a y s _ ________________________ _____ ______
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ________________ _ —
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s
___________________
______ _ _____ ____________ _________
_
9 h o l id a y s
_______ ___ ______
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s
____________________
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ______________________
10 h o l id a y s _________________________________________
10 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ______________________
11 h o l id a y s
______________________________________
_
13 h o l id a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)
( 5)
1
( 5)
26
( 5)
6
48
2
( 5)
10
2
1
1
1
( 5)
1

_
( 5)
1
28
( 5)
19
46
2
( 5)
1
( 5)
1
“

_

_

46
1
52
1
-

5
14
3
75
4
"

( 5)
2
76
5'
13
3
“

_

( 5)
"

( 5)
4
2
85
8
-

61
1
22
■

Total holiday time*
13 d a y s ___ _____ _________________________________
11 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
1 0 Va o r m o r e d a y s _ __ ______________________ _
10 o r m o r e d a y s
_________________________________
9 Va o r m o r e d a y s _ __
_________ ______________
9 o r m o r e d a y s __________________ _________ ______
8 Va o r m o r e - d a y s _ __________________________ _
_
8 o r m o r e d a y s _ _________________________________
7Va o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________
_____
6 o r m o r e d a y s _ __________________________________
5 o r m o r e d a y s _________________ _____ __________
2 o r m o r e d a y s __ __ _____________________________

1
1
2
4
6
17
18
72
73
99
100
100
100

_
1
1
1
3
5
70
70
100
100
100
100

_
1
1
1
1
54
54
100
100
100
100

_
4
4
81
81
95
100
100
100

_
3
3
16
22
98
100
100
100

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n
a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .
M OTE:

S e e n o t e on p . 1 5 , r e l a t i v e t o the i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .




_

of w ork ers

_
2
2
4
5
65
65
97
99
99
99

r e c e iv in g

_
(!)
(!)
( 5)
2
2
59
59
94
100
100
100

a tota l o f 7 d a ys

_
8
8
96
96
100
100
100
100

_
22
23
84
85
85
100

i n c lu d e s t h o s e w it h 7 fu l l d a y s

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll w o r k e r s

.

...

All
industries 1

.

.

_ _

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

c

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance3

Services

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

10 0

10 0

100

100

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

10 0
99

10 0
10 0

10 0
10 0

10 0
100

10 0
10 0

10 0
10 0

-

-

( 5)

1

-

92
92
-

10 0
10 0

-

99
96
3
-

10 0

99

-

-

*

1

-

-

8

-

M e th o d o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s __________________ _____ ____________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t _____________________________
O th er
___________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s _________________________________
A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n

1

( 5)
-

-

-

-

-

-

93

6
-

-

p a y6

A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ______________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________ _____ _____________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________

1

1

2

_

_

_

6

12

53
3
7

63
3
"

42
-

41
-

15
-

62

23

24

3
52

_

_

6

6

13
-

2

-

"

3
19

2

"

"

-

"

-

-

23
75

4
95
-

78
-

22

_
97
3

53

11

22
1

70
30
-

59

_
78
-

22
20

71
19
-

71
29
-

6

59
28
13
"

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

_
99
-

1

_
-

_
-

10 0

100

1

-

-

-

"

_
97
3

12

34
64

16
10

11
1

92
-

_
-

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k _______________________________________ _____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s __ __________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _ ___________________________________________

L

1
( 5)

24

2

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________

( 5)

O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ________ ___________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _ ____________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________

6
92
(s)

5
75
3
4

1

~

_
93

96

_
99

10 0

_
97

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
7
83
( 5)

3

7

3

1

-

3

6

1

65

1
8

75
13

~

3

1
96
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k __

___________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________________________________________

( 5)
96

1

2

11

14
76

76
13

1
8

-

-

-

1

90

99
-

-

2

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____ __ ___________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _ ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________ ____________________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le ,




_

82
5
14
( 5)

_

_

_

87

88

93
3
4

-

-

13

12

_

39
-

61

_
84
13
3

( 5)
74

1

-

-

-

83

84
16

77

39
61

1

1

24

15

2
13

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 )
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All .
industries1

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n

Manufacturing

Public ^
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

Services

All .
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

p a y 6— C o n t i n u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_

-

48
9
43

66
3
30
1

50
3
47

16
84

(5 )

21
11
68
-

_

_

_

_

_

9
89
1
1

3
95
2

2
96
2

14
84
1

5
95
-

16
80
4
"

_

_

_

_

-

6
84
(5 )
10

3
74
2
21

2
95

14
76

5
93
2

6
85
9

_
5
74
21

5
76
20

-

_
67
15
18
-

(5 )
33
8
57
1

1
38
11
50

_

_

46
16
3J
5

32
2
56
2

_
9
_
91
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

-

(5 )
4
90
(5)
4

2
94
1
3

_
86
14

(5)
4
82
(5 )
13

1
2
82
1
15

-

-

_

-

83
17

80
12

4
90
6

(5)
4
70
3
22

1
2
67
6
24

_
71
29

_
73
19

_
4
80
16

1

_

_

-

4
96

84
-

-

8

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

3

9

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s - _______ - _ __ __________________ ________ ——
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

1
a
3
4
5
4
in c lu d e

_

_

_

_

5
69
2
24

3
53
9
34

2
77
21

14
56
30

_

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .

F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e

N O T E : S e e n o t e o n p . 1 5 , r e l a t i v e t o th e in c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .
In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




19
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , Sa n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y I 9 6 0 )
O

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e f it

All .
industries1

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________ _______ _______

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L if e i n s u r a n c e __________________________________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ------- -------- -------------------- ---------- --------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 _________________ _________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ------------S ic k l e a v e (f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ___________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ___________________________
H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e _________________________ ___
M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e
______ _________ _____ _
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ____________________________
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ____

Manufacturing

100

100

Public ,
utilities2

100

Wholesale
trade

100

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 3

100

100

Services

All

industries'

Manufacturing

100

100

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

Public ,
utilities 2

90

92

65

94

80

100

92

95

82

100

89

46

63

45

51

29

41

57

68

60

78

24

79
29

74
35

97
9

79
32

79
11

76
39

64
21

44
27

85
20

81
18

89
13

59

55

67

67

19

62

18

12

45

21

12

10
86
86
76
58
78
( 6)

1
96
96
90
43
81
( 6)

29
69
69
69
60
59

9
79
77
69
35
63
3

55
89
89
86
61
41

3
89
89
69
77
96

34
92
91
88
34
70
( 6)

11
98
98
93
31
69

39
64
64
64
52
86

61
98
94
79
28
89

Services

71
95
95
94
45
51

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t il it i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly e s t a b l i s h a t
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .

6

L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.

NOTE:




S ee n o te on p . 1 5 ,

re la tiv e

t o the i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

le a s t




21

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
Biller , machine (billing machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc ., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shippingm em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) — U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F isher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational Cash R egister, with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A — K eeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B — K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping- P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­

ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

22
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—-Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allocatio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable* vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­

ber of varied subject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may aliso file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B — Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th at has
already been classified or which is easily identifiab le, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers’ orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh eets. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers’
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages, due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic a l com putations. T his job is not to be confused with th at of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OK DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m atter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

23

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from written copy. May also s e t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe th is dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular du ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports^and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

24

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­

terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, etc., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etches,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail drawings from no tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, maps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u antities;
writing sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
specificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' inju ries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting too ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

25

M AINTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
computations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
in stallatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e lec­
trical system or equipment; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m otors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch inist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and

26
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b uses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment and dism antles and
in stalls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates frails, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten specifications; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

27

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installing sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

28

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, custom ers’
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and pertorm
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of estab ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ainst fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . G OVERNMENT P R IN T IN G O FFIC E : 1 9 60 0 — 5 4 5 8 0 4

Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a re b e in g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a jo r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r ly I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d from th e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n 2 5 , D .C . , or from a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l
s a le s o ffic e s sh o w n b elo w .
A s u m m a r y b u ll e t in c o n t a in i n g d a t a fo r a l l la b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b in e d w it h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w il l b e i s s u e d e a r ly in 1 9 6 1 .
B u lle t in s for th e a r e a s l is t e d b e lo w a re n o w a v a i l a b l e .
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 1 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
S e a t t l e , W a s h . , A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 * 2 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
S t. L o u i s , M o ., O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 5 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 6 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
B a lt im o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 7 , p r ic e 15 c e n t s




B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 8 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 9 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
C a n t o n , O h i o , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 0 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 1 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 2 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 3 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102