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Occupational Wage Survey

PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA
NOVEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-16




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA




NOVEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-16

March I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The B ureau of Labor S ta tistics regularly conducts
areaw ide wage su rveys in a num ber of im portant industrial
cen ters. The stu d ies, m ade from late fall to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A p relim in ary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each a rea , usually in the month follow ing
the payroll period studied. T his bulletin provides additional
data not included in the e a rlier report. A consolidated
an alytical bulletin sum m arizing the resu lts of a ll of the
year*s su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the final area
b ulletin for the current round of su rveys.
T his report w as prepared in the Bureau*s regional
office in New York, N. Y. , by E lliott A. B row ar, under
the d irection of F red erick W. M ueller, R egional Wage and
Industrial R elation s A n alyst.




P age
Introduction _______________________________________________________________
1
Wage trend s for selected occupational groups ___________________________
4
Table s:
1. E stab lish m en ts and w ork ers within scope of s u r v e y ____________
3
2. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la rie s and stra ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percen ts of in crea se for selected p e r io d s _________________
3
A.

O ccupational earnings:*
A - 1. O ffice occupations ________________________________________
A -2. P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical occupations __________________
A - 3. M aintenance and pow er plant occupations ________________
A -4 . C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occu p ation s___________
B. E stablishm en t p ra ctices and supplem entary w age
provisions: *
B - l . Shift d iffe r e n tia ls___________________________________
B -2 . M inim um entrance sa la rie s for w om en
office worke rs ___________________________________________
B - 3. Scheduled w eekly h o u r s _________________
B -4 . P aid holidays ______________________________________________
B -5 . Paid v a c a tio n s _____________________________________________
B -6 . H ealth, insu ran ce, and pension plans ____________________
Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s ___________________________________
'* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are availab le in the P h iladelphia,
area rep orts for O ctober of 1951, 1952, and 1953, Novem ber
1954, 1955, and 1956, O ctober 1957, and N ovem ber 1958. M ost
of the rep orts a lso include data on th ese or related estab lish m en t
p ra ctices and supplem entary w age p ro vision s. A d irectory indi­
cating date of study and the p rice of the rep orts, a s w ell a s r e ­
ports for other m ajor a r ea s, is availab le upon req u est.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplem entary
w age p ra ctices in the P hiladelphia area are a lso available for
the leath er tanning and finishing industry (P h iladelphia-C am denW ilm ington) (May 1959), and for gray iron foundries (Philadelphia)
(A pril 1959). Union sc a le s , in dicative of prevailin g pay le v e ls ,
are available for the follow ing trad es or in d u stries: Building
construction, printing, lo c a l-tr a n sit operating em p lo yees, and
m otortruck d riv ers and h elp ers.
iii

5
9
10
12
15
16
17
18
19
21
23




Occupational Wage Survey—Philadelphia, Pa.
Introduction

This area is one of sev era l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L ab or’ s Bureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a sis. In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of Bureau field econ om ists 1 to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
within six broad industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; transportation,
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; finance, insu ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from these studies are governm ent operations
and the construction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w ar­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary c o st involved in surveying all esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at m inim um co st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, all estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are presen ted , th erefore, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cept for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform se t of job descrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties within the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese descriptions. ) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice c le rica l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and power plant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
1 Data w ere obtained by m ail from som e of the sm a ller e s ­
tablishm ents for which v is its by B ureau field econ om ists in the la st
previous su rvey indicated em ploym ent in rela tiv ely few of the o ccu ­
pations studied. Unusual changes reported by m ail w ere verified with
em p lo y ers.
R ailroads, fo rm erly excluded from the scop e of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in nearly a ll of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959*60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
y ea r. F or scope of su rvey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e. , those h ired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eeken ds, h olid ays, and
late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earn in gs for th ese
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (1) d ifferen ces in the distrib u tion of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d within
the sam e survey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of se r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this b asis.
Longer average serv ic e of m en would resu lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed w ithin the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen eralized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts w ithin the scop e of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re am ong
esta b lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m ateria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary b en efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this bulletin, inclu des working su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e, ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w ork ers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice fu n ction s. A d m in istrative,
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and force -account con stru ction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are exclu d ed .
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing in d u stries.

2
Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is p resented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p o lic y ,3 presen ted in term s of total plant worker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, p resented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "other11 was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e late^
sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a differential was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p loyer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer p ractice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 week* s pay.

Data are presen ted for all health , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg al req u irem en ts such as w ork m en 's com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insurance com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em p loyer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for this p u rp ose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accid en t insuran ce is lim ited to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e ss or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insurance law s which require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,5 plans are included only if the em ployer (l) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form al plans 5 which provide
full .pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during absence from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans w hich provide fu ll pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
p resentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided Sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es referred to as extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu d es those plans which are d esigned to protect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ical, and su rg ica l plans.
M edical insuran ce re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organizations or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er 's life .

3 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
4 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (fir st sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers em ­
ployed in offices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

5
The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual b a sis,
w ere excluded.

M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . T hey are presen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in suran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .4 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




3

■ £able 1. E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk e r s w ithin scope of su rvey and num ber studied in P h ilad elp h ia, P a. , 1 by m ajor in dustry d iv isio n , 2 N ovem ber 1959
M inim um
em p loym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m en ts in scope
of study

Industry d iv isio n

N um ber of esta b lish m e n ts

Studied
T o ta l4

Within scope
of stu d y 3

Studied

1,482
635
847

319
134
185

566, 600
312, 000
2 5 4 ,6 0 0

1 10,4 00
41, 500
68, 900

3 4 3 ,8 0 0

3 5 0 ,4 2 0

213, 600
1 30,2 00

73
278
98
185
213

29
38
32
46
40

7 7 ,5 0 0
3 4 ,2 0 0
69, 000
4 4 ,8 0 0
29, 100

15, 200
10, 300
9 ,4 0 0
27, 900
6, 100

4 4 ,8 0 0
13, 600
52, 500
7 2 ,5 0 0
16, 800

1 82,5 10
167,9 10
67, 300
7, 530
56, 700
27, 900
8 ,4 8 0

.

A ll d iv isio n s _ _________________________________________
M an u fa ctu rin g __________________________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________________________
T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and
oth er public u t ilit ie s 5 ____________________________
W h olesale tr a d e ______________ _____________________
R eta il trad e 6 -----------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s t a t e ______________
S e r v ic e s 8 . __ ______________________________________

W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts
Within scope of study
P lant
O ffice

101
101
51
101
51
51

T o ta l4

1 The P h ilad elp h ia A rea (P hiladelp hia and D elaw are C ou n ties, P a. , and C am den County, N. J. ). The "w ork ers w ithin sco p e of study" e stim a te s show n in th is table
provide a rea son ab ly a ccu rate d e scrip tio n of the siz e and co m p osition of the lab or fo rce included in the su rvey. The e stim a te s a re not intended, ho w ever, to ser v e a s a
b a sis of co m p arison w ith oth er a rea em p loym en t in d exes to m e a su re em p loym en t tren d s or le v e ls sin ce ( l) planning of w age su rv ey s r e q u ire s the use of e sta b lish m en t data
com p iled co n sid erab ly in advance of the p a yro ll p eriod stud ied a n d (2) sm a ll esta b lish m e n ts a re exclud ed from the scope of the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v ise d ed ition of the Standard Ind ustrial C la ssific a tio n M anual w as used in c la ssify in g esta b lish m e n ts by in dustry d iv isio n . M ajor chan ges from the e a r lie r
ed ition (u sed in the B u reau ’s lab or m ark et w age su rvey program p rio r to the w in ter of 1958-1959) a r e the tr a n sfe r of m ilk p a steu riza tio n plants and rea d y -m ix ed con crete
esta b lish m e n ts from trad e (w h olesale or r e ta il) to m anufacturing, and the tr a n sfe r of radio and te le v is io n b road castin g from s e r v ic e s to the tran sp ortation , com m un ication ,
and oth er public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includ es a ll esta b lish m e n ts w ith total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim ita tio n . A ll o u tlets (w ithin the a r ea ) of com p an ies in such in d u str ie s a s tra d e,
fin an ce, auto rep air se r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ictu re th ea ters a re co n sid ered a s 1 e sta b lish m en t.
4 Includ es e x e c u tiv e, p r o fessio n a l, and other w o rk e r s exclud ed from the sep arate o ffice and plant c a te g o r ie s.
5 R ailroad s w ere included; tax ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclud ed.
4 E x clu d es lim ite d -p r ic e variety sto r e s.
7 E stim a te r e la te s to r e a l esta te esta b lish m e n ts only.
8 H otels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile rep air shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organ ization s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h itec tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

T able 2. Ind exes of standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and str a ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs for selec ted occup ation al groups in P h ilad elp h ia, P a .,
N ovem ber 1959 and N ovem ber 1958, and p ercen ts of in c r e a se for se le c te d p eriod s
Industry and occup ation al group
A ll in d u stries;
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) __________
Ind ustrial n u r se s (w o m e n )________
S k illed m ainten ance (m e n )________
U n sk illed plant (m en) _____________
M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) __________
Ind ustrial n u r se s (w o m e n )________
S k illed m ainten ance (m e n )________
U n sk illed plant (m e n )______________




Indexe s
(O ctober 1952 = 100)
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
1958
1959

N ovem ber 1958
to
N ovem ber 1959

O ctober 1957
to
N ovem ber 1958

P er c e n t in c r e a s e s fro m —
N ovem ber 1956 N ovem ber 1955 N ovem ber 1954
to
to
to
N ovem ber 1956 N ovem ber 1955
O ctober 1957

O ctober 1953
to
N ovem ber 1954

O ctober 1952
to
O ctober 1953

138. 6
142. 1
139. 7
140. 8

134. 1
134. 9
132. 9
134. 5

3 .4
5. 3
5. 1
4. 7

4. 0
3. 7
3 .2
5. 0

5. 7
6. 5
5 .2
6. 0

6. 5
6 .2
5 .2
4. 7

3 .4
4 .3
4. 0
6. 0

3 .4
3. 0
4 .4
4. 3

7. 1
7. 1
7 .2
4. 5

137.4
141. 7
138. 9
139.6

133. 3
133. 9
132. 3
132. 1

3. 1
5. 9
5. 0
5. 7

4 .2
2 .4
3 .2
4. 9

6 .2
5 .7
5. I
5. 8

5. 1
6. 1
5 .4
4. 5

2. 8
5. 0
3. 8
5. 5

4. 6
2 .9
3. 9
|4. 5

6 .6
7. 9
7. 2
3 .3

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are indexes of sa la rie s of office c le r ic a l
w orkers and industrial n u r se s, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F or office c le r ic a l w orkers and industrial n u r se s, the indexes
relate to average w eekly sa la rie s for norm al hours of w ork, that is ,
the standard work schedule for which straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in stra ig h t-tim e hourly
earn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eek ­
ends, holid ays, and late sh ifts. The* indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the n u m erically im portant
jobs w ithin each group. The office c le r ic a l data are based on w om en in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s, m achine (billing m achine); bookkeepingm achine op erators, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter operators; c le rk s, file ,
cla ss A and B; c le rk s, order; c le rk s, payroll; keypunch operators;
office girls; se c r eta ries; sten ograp h ers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard o p e ra to r-r ecep tio n ists; tabulating-m achine operators;
tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general; and ty p ists, cla ss A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on wom en industrial n u r se s. Men
in the follow ing 10 sk illed m aintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
included in the plant w orker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricia n s;
m ach in ists; m ech a n ics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; m illw righ ts; painters;
p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l w orkers; and tool and die m akers; unskilled—ja n itors, p o rters, and clean ers; la b o rers, m aterial handling; and
w atchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la ries
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the job. T hese w eighted earnings for individual
occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. F in ally, the ratio of th ese group aggregates for a given
year to the a gg reg atefor the b ase period (su rvey m onth, w inter 1952-53)




w as computed and the re su lt m ultiplied by the b ase year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
A djustm ents have been m ade w h ere n e c e ssa r y to m aintain
com parability. F or exam p le, in m ost of the areas su rveyed , railroad s
w ere included in the coverage of the su rveys for the fir s t tim e this
year. In com puting the in d exes, data relatin g to the railroad industry
w ere excluded.
The indexes m ea su re, p rin cip ally, the effects of (l) gen eral
sa la ry and w age changes; (2) m erit or other in cr ea ses in pay received
by individual w orkers w h ile in the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, fo rce exp an sion s, fo rce red u c­
tion s, and changes in the proportion of w ork ers em ployed by esta b ­
lish m en ts w ith different pay le v e ls. Changes in the labor force can
cause in cr ea ses or d ec rea se s in the occupational averag es without
actual w age changes. F or exam ple, a force expansion m ight in crea se
the proportion of low er paid w ork ers in a. sp ecific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the a verag e, w h ereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w orkers would have the opposite effect. The m ovem ent
of a high-paying estab lish m en t out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area estab lish m en ts.
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w ork ers rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork sched ules or in prem ium pay for overtim e, sin ce they
are based on pay for stra ig h t-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for w ork ers in 17 m ajor
labor m ark ets appeared in BLS B u ll. 1240-22, W ages and Related
B en efits, 20 Labor M arkets, W inter 1958-59-

5

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupatbns

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, P a ., Novem ber 1959)
Sex, occupation, and in d u stry divisio n

Number
of
worker*

M en
C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A -------------- — _ __
633
M anufacturing _________________ ________________
328
305
N onm anufacturing ________ ___________ _______
P u blic u tilitie s * ____________ ___ ___________
33
W holesale tra d e _______________________ _______
102
105
F in a n c e 3 _____ __ ___
S e rv ic es ---------- _ ___ __
_
___
50
C le rk s, accounting, c la ss B „ _______ __
326
M anufacturing ___
_____
__ _
140
186
___
___
N onm anufacturing __________ —
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ______________
40
62
W holesale t r a d e ____ _________________ __
F in a n c e 3 _____________ __________________
61
C lerk 8, file, c la ss B _____ _ __________
___
71
N onm anufacturing _____ ____________ __
------ 43“
305
C lerk s, o rd e r ------- ----- _ ---------- _ ------- —
M anufacturing ____ __ — — ---- ---- __
141
N onm anufacturing
_ ___ __ _______ ___
164
146
W holesale tra d e _______________________ __
C lerk s, p a y ro ll __ _________ ____ __
182
M anufacturing _______ ___________ _ ________
119
N onm anufacturing _______________________________
63
Office boys _________ _____ ___ __
---------------727
M anufacturing ______________________________________
329
N onm anufacturing ____________ _____ ___
398
W holesale t r a d e _________________________________
63
144
F in a n c e 3 _____________________ _____________ __
S erv ices ______ ____
______
_____ _
72
312
T abu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss A -------------------M anufacturing ______________ ___________ ___ __
195
N onm anufacturing _ ___
___ _ _______
117
63
F in a n c e 3 -----------------------------------------------------------634
T abu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss B ---------------M anufacturing ________ ___ ____ ____________ ___
310
N onm anufacturing ________________ _ _ ___ __ __ 324
86
W holesale t r a d e _________________________________
143
F in a n c e 3 _______ ___ _ __ _______
T abu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss C ______________
261
M anufacturing
______ _
___________ _______
76
185
N onm anufacturing _______
_
___
F in a n c e 3 ------------- _
------------------------110

Avxbaos
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
*
$
Weekly,1 earnings , 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 *90. 00 *95.00 foO.OG f 05.00 f 10.00 f 15.00 ? 20.00
Weekly
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 ov er
38.5
39. 0
37.5
38.5
3 8.0
36.5
3 7.0
38. 0
38.5
3 8.0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
35.5
3 8.5
38. 0
38.5
39. 0
38.5
39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
38.5
39. 0
38. 0
39. 0
37. 0
38. 0
39. 0
39. 0
38.5
38. 0
38.5
39. 0
3 7.5
37. 5
37.5
38. 0
38.5
37.5
37.5

$ 92.00
94.50
89.50
1 1 1 .00
89.50
84. 50
86. 00
77.00
75.50
78.50
101.50
77. 50
67. 00
59.50
53. 00
85.00
84.50
85.50
85. 00
91. 00
92. 50
88.50
54.50
51.50
57. 00
59.50
49. 00
49. 50
95.50
100.00
88. 50
77. 00
81. 00
83. $0
78.50
82. 00
75. 00
64. 00
67. 00
63. 00
57.50

_
_
-

_
-

_

- ,

_
-

20
-16
4
2
_
"
_
-

"

4
4
_
4
_
3
3
_
_
3
5
5
5 ------ 5—

_

_

-

-

168
90
78
6
37
22
_
-

147
75
72
7
40
12
1
1
1
5
5
5
15
15
14

_

_
6
6
6

5
5
_
4
21
14
7
_
4
18
12

_

-

_

124
47
77
3
32
28
5
5
5
5
5
5
29
29
21

5
5
5
20
2
18
_
17
18
18
12
12
12
_
70
21
49
17
20
3
6
6
6
11
11
10
56
22
34
29

48
16
32
6
15
11
32
25
7
2
4
1

_

-

8
1
7
53
30
23
3
10
7
2
2
2
38
6
32
8
31
9
22
19

11
47
10
16
31
1
12
1
17
“
11
57
10
7
4
47
_
26
17
15
3
2
11
19
2 — rr~
3
9
8
2
11
7
11 -------5“
1
40
29
13
23
16
17
12
15
3
2
4
2
4
4
2
62
81
31
33
50
29
18
9
18
24
28
49
13
21
15
28
12
6

57
35
22
6
12
3
34
20
14
12
-

_

38
22
16
15
13
3
10
15
13
2
18
4
14
13
71
3i
39
7
24
31
7
24
3

64
25
39
2
22
3
8
39
25
14
1
4
9
2
73
29
44
36
10
10
33
1
32
30
18
12
8
100
67
33
6
15
2
1
1
~

57
26
31
2
19
4
5
28
13
15
1
5
9

63
32
31
14
5
11
38
17
21
6
15
-

52
49
3
2
1
12
1
11
9
-

34
20
14
6
3
4
9
1
8
7
-

42
30
12
3
7
18
1
17
16
-

34
19
15
15
-

69
47
22
20
14
14

6
29
8 ------21
r
19
53
29
8
38
15
21
28
28
44
49
29
29
15
20
5
11
50
79
25
45
25
34
4
8
12
7
_
11
11
“
"

28
8
20
19
3
1
2
_
31
24
7

15
15
15
19
12
7

_
1
1
_
22
20
2
4
4
_

12
11
1
1
1
_

-

-

1

_

35
24
11
5
103
56
47
34
8
3
3
-

_

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE: E stim ates for a ll in dustries, nonmanufacturing, and public u tilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), om itted from the scope
of all labor m arket wage surveys made before the winter of 1959-60. Where significant, the effect of the inclusion of r a il­
roads is greatest on the data shown separately for the public u tilities division. The trend of earnings in selected occupational
groups in all in dustries, excluding railroad s, appears in table 2, p. 3.

_

_

15
7
8
7

18
l5
3
7
1
6
-

-

-

1

■

2
2
-

49
17
32
20
11
2
2
-

_

_

~

1
1
“
1
1
-

_

~

i

61
33
28
5
13
9
_
4
2
2
13
13
_
4 33
21
12
2
2
_
-

“

6
Table A -l. Office Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , Novem ber 1959)
Sex, occupation, and in d u stry divisio n
W omen
B ille rs , m achine (billing m achine)
M anufacturing
...
.... N onm anufacturing __
_...... ..............
B ille rs , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) _
N onm anufacturing
_ ..
R etail tra d e 5 _
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss A
M anufacturing
_
_____
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ________________________________ .
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss B ____________
M anufacturing
.... ___
N onm anufacturing
_ .............
._ ___
W holesale tra d e
R etail tra d e 5
. ......... . . . _
Fi nan re 3
C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A
_..
M anufacturing __ __ __ _ _ __ __ __ ____ _
N onm anufacturing ____________________________________
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ___ _ __ __ __ _
____
W holesale tra d e ______ _
___
R etail tra d e 5
F in a n c e 3 _ _
C le rk s, accounting, c la ss B
_ .... ....
M anufacturing ________ _______________ _ __ ___
N onm anufacturing
P u b lic u tilitie s 2 __ _
__ _
___ _
W holesale tra d e ___ ___ ____ _____
R etail tr a d e 5
_ __
__
F in a n c e 3 ________ _ _____ __ _ ____
S e rv ic es
C le rk s, file, c la ss A
....................
M anufacturing
........ .........................
N onm anufacturing _
W holesale tra d e
. .
. ....
F in a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------------------C le rk s, file, c la ss B _____ _ ___
__ _ __
M a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________ ________
N onm anufacturing ___ _____________ _ __ ___
P u blic u tilitie s 2 _____
__ __ ___
W holesale t r a d e _____________ __ __ ______ ___
R etail tr a d e 5 ____ __________
_ __
___
F in a n c e 3 ____ __ ___
___
S e rv ices ________ ____ ____
C le rk s, o rd e r ______ ________ _____ __
___ __
M anufacturing __ ____ _
__ _ ____
N onm anufacturing ___________ __
W holesale tra d e __ _ ___ ___ _ _ _ _ _ ____
R etail trade 5 ---------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

324
129
195
184
149
136
251
165
86
1,381
315
1, 066
230
95
702
1,022
365
657
50
103
154
304
2,300
811
1,489
188
221
663
287
130
443
182
261
55
152
1, 765
3(>3
1,402
57
177
257
812
99
893
273
620
456
134

Avbbaqb

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$ 00 $
$ 00 45.00
55.
40.
60. 00 $65. 00 $70. 00 75. 00 $80.00 $85. 00 $9 0. 00 $95.00 foo.oo fo5.00 fio .o o f 15.00 f 20.00
50.00
Weekly,1 earnings1 35. Q0
Weekly.
hours (Standard)
(Standard)
and
under
40. 00 45.0 0 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65.00 70.00 75. 00 80,00 85.00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 ov er
38. 0 $ 6 7 .0 0
38.5 70. 00
37.5 65. 50
38.5 61.50
38.5 59. 00
38.5 58.50
37.5 75. 00
37.5 78. 00
37.5 69. 00
38.5 58.50
39. 0 64.50
38. 0 56.50
3 9 .0 65.50
38.5 62. 00
38. 0 53.00
38. 0 78.50
J8 .S 86. 00
3 7.5 74.50
3 8.5 83. 00
39. 0 82. 00
38.5 72.50
36. 0 71.50
37. 5 61.50
38. 0 63. 00
3 7.5 61. 00
36.5 70. 00
39. 0 69. 00
3 8.0 56.50
35.5 56.50
37. 0 65.50
37. 5 67. 00
38.5 71.50
3 7.0 63.50
38.5 68.50
36.5 63. 00
3 8.0 51. 00
38. 5 56. 00
38. 0 49.5 0
37.5 62. 00
39.5 54. 50
39.5 45.50
37. 0 48.5 0
38. 0 52.50
39. 0 62. 00
37.5 62. 00
39.5 62.50
39.5 65.00
39.5 52. 00

_
_
"
_
4
4
_
_
4
_
_
_
_
"
12
12
_
_
12
_
_
_
-

_

_
_
_
_

-

_

_
“

1
1
8
7
7
_
47
1
46
12
4
30
_
_
44
11
33
_
6
25
2
"
6
6
6
432
37
395
_
42
133
201
19
42
42
15
27

1
1
14
14
14
4
4
206
3
203
20
6
177
5
5
_
_
_
5
127
8
119
_
_
85
31
3
26
12
14
_
10
489
57
432
_
75
331
26
154
33
121
100
21

82
10
71
55
16
62
2
2
21
20
35
11
34
2
7
19
62
10
36
5
2
48
28
2
_
26
35
30
23
1
29
9
9
_
28
26
25
22
20
6
1
26
28
24
13
6
1
17
5
36
16
30
42
26
10
27
29
20
2
26
34
14
10
6
£7
5
16
14
4
15
8
16
4
"
302
297
4
153
36
61
48
12
199
67 ----- 58”
84
20 — r r ------T5- ------ --------r
_
235
263
141
16
44
33
3
69
_
26
54
40
6
37
14
3
9
_
_
1
24
11
7
4
19
19
241
177
52
15
6
43
175
18
132
61
94
91
129
139
- ------- 3“
5
17 ----- 50“
66
68
37 ------53“
18
40
86
112
64
28
57
109
89
_
_
6
6
8
3
8
9
_
_
12
18
6
6
42
3
15
35
8
16
16
16
18
23
7
55
10
24
46
57
27
5
4
49
66
37
21
502
438
428
289
129
169
45
192
138
122
92
86
8
3
99
310
300
306
83
18
190
37
21
29
30
22
46
31
14
14
2
8
8
_
31
43
12
20
60
14
2
19
165
157
112
3
4
66
2
19
9
_
_
_
74
13
103
57
7
25
14
2
16
67
3
"
63
84
47
50
27
60
27
26 ------- 8 j
12 -----25”
30
14
24
8
29 — m
72
15
35
2
7
34
20
13
39
20
3
3
6
14
48
28
12
10
2
1
8
14
18
_
2
253
124
7
3
340
67
48
26
1
82
77
39
39 -------5”
85
2
2
2
176
41
258
9
25
3
11
5
2
2
2
7
35
50
26
20
4
11
4
34
_
20
10
156
94
18
28
8
"
35
34
82
46
157
17
107
69
129
17
4
8 ----39 — 43 — 55” -----43
34
62
56
112
13
38
18
17
90
34
56
18
60
14
32
38
13
59
52
3
31
T T

U

T J ~

"

See footnotes at end of table.




'

l

1
_
24
24
6
3
3
3
_
35
26
9
1
4
_
4
5
2
3
_
_
3
_
16
15
1
1

_

-

"
15
1
14
14

_
_
_
_
2
2
"
_
_
_
_
_
30
13
17
_
7
_
9
9
2
7
1
5
1
_
"

_

-

_

-

1
1
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
6
_
6
6
_
11
9
2
_
2
_
13
1
12
12
_
_
3
3
3
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
16
3
13
4
_
_
9
5
2
3
_
3
_
-

_

-

_
"
'

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
30 13
30 ----- 5
_
8
_
5
_
3
_
_
"
3
3
3
3
_
3
3
_
_
_
-

_

_
_

-

_

_
"
3
3
3

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued

(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly ho u rs and earn in g s fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry divisio n, P h iladelphia, P a . , N ovem ber 1959)
Sex, occupation, and in d u stry divisio n

W omen— C ontinued
C lerk s, p a y r o l l ______ _________________
________ _
M anufacturing ..........................
........ .
N onm anufacturing _
......................
P u blic u tilitie s 2
..... . ...
W holesale t r a d e ___ _
_ .
R etail tra d e 5 _ _
F in a n c e 3 _
.
............
C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs
M anufacturing
_
__ _
N onm anufacturing __
......
W holesale tra d e __
.... _ .....
R etail tr a d e 5 __________________ __ __ ________ _
D uplicating-m achine o p e ra to rs (M im eograph
o r Ditto) ____________________
_________________
M anufacturing _______________________ ___________
N onm anufacturing _______________________ _______
Keypunch o p e ra to rs
__ __________ ______________
M anufacturing ____________ _ ___________ _ _______*
N onm anufacturing _______ ___ __ _
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ______
_ __ _ __ „ ____ _
W holesale tra d e _____ _____ — _ __ __ ___
R etail tra d e 5 ____________ j._______________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________
____________
------------------------ __
Office g irls ------------- -----M anufacturing ________________________ _____________
N onm anufacturing ________ _________
_______
W holesale tra d e __ __ ________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____ _________________________________
S e c re ta rie s ________________ ____ __________________ ____
M anufacturing ____ _____ _________________ _____
N onm anufacturing _____ ___________________ ___
P u blic u tilitie s 2 _______ _
_ ___ ________
W holesale tra d e _____ — — ------- _ __ ___
R etail tr a d e 5 ________ ___________ ___ __ ____
F in a n c e 3 ________________________________________
S e r v ic e s _____ ___________ _ __ ___ _____ __ _
S ten o g rap h ers, g e n e ra l __________ _______ __________
M anufacturing _______ _______ ________ _______
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ___ __________________ __________
P u blic u tilitie s 2 _________________________ ___
W holesale tra d e _________________________________
R etail tr a d e 5 ________________________ __________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________________ __
S e rv ices _______________ _______________________
S ten o g rap h ers, tech n ical _____________________ _______
M anufacturing ____________________________ _______
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________
See footnotes a t end of table.




Number
of
workers

Aveiuax

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly 1 earnings 1 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 $ 00 $
Weekly
50.
55.00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 $
120.00
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) un d er
and
40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55. 00 60.00 65. 00 70.00 75.00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

1, 133
730
403
92
76
104
82
973
324
649
209
360
151
--------F T
94
2, 343
------859“
1,474
215
470
133
583
333
— 124“ —
209
62
89
6,920
3, 289
3, 631
299
1, 106
268
1, 352
606
4,8 5 6
2, 618
2, 238
445
500
197
1, 010
86
135
100
35

38. 0 $69. 00
38.5 70. 00
38. 0 68. 00
37. 5 68. 00
39.5 78. 50
38.5 63.50
35.5 64. 00
38.5 65.50
38.5 70. 00
38.5 63. 00
39. 0 68.50
38. 0 59. 50
38. 0
39. 0
37.5
38.0
39. 0
37.5
38. 0
38.5
38.5
37. 0
37.5
3375“
37. 0
39.5
35.5
38. 0
38.5
37. 5
39. 0
38. 5
38. 5
36.5
38. 0
3 8.5
3 9.0
37.5
39. 0
38.5
38. 0
37. 0
37.5
39. 0
39.5
37.5

_
_
7
7
_
7

1
60. 50
64.50
58. 00
1
63.50
67. 00
61.50
69.59
61.50
61.50
58.50
7
49. 00
51700 ------1—
47. 50
6
48. 00
4
47. 00
_
84. 50
89. 00
81. 00
107. 00
83. 00
_
74. 50
76. 50
76. 00
3
69. 00
70. 50
67. 00
3
82. 00
67. 00
62. 00
3
61. 50
65.50
_
76. 50
81. 00
64. 00

5
15
7
5
8
_
_
_
_
5
8
10 ------—
36
_
35
10
2
10
27
7
7
44
18
26
2
24
60
8
52
6
34
6
6
6
4
4
_
_
2
2
_
-

106
70
36
11
_
14
11
107
24
83
6
74

166
63'"
103
42
9
23
26
145
41
104
14
84

130
79
51
1
6
9
12
204
43
161
68
46

231
79
186 — 5T“
45
18
4
2
_
14
16
2
5
10
151
98
82
31
67
69
41
23
25
42

35
18
18
13
17
5
5
10
7
12
5
13
30
8
6
78
470
394
381
381
15
125
127
69
189
63
312
254
345
205
32
61
10
29
148
132
56
49
1
35
24
25
19
62
97
118
82
139
141
66
40
3
7
64 — r i ~ — r r ~
2 ------5
22
77
48
2
1
_
40
2
14
26
2
20
3
5
122
37
306
544
4
23
50
192
5
33
352
256
99
6
6
12
73
5
24
8
16
29
61
170
18
196
45
7
16
53
401
622
670
886
149
78
342
146
311 “3 8 5
255
71
500
280
359
1
16
21
60
47
105
12
28
58
124
25
51
11
34
23
255
47
178
113
200
8
7
23
18
_
22
1
17
17
6
6
19
1
12
11
3

174
114
60
14
20
3
13
78
31
47
13
32

113
89
24
1
3
20

31
10
21
11
6
2
39
32
7
1

22
17
5
2
2
1

7
5
2

64
21
43
34
8

31
18
13
_
9
3
19
11
8
3
4

9
4
5
2

11
23
6
9
5
14
164
219
95
107
112
69
4
15
42
37
13
5
45
7
5
4
4
4
1
787 1096
331
453
456
643
11
13
211
81
32
36
220
210
112
173
643
556
398 “ 340
245
216
40
34
55
57
22
18
100
109
23
3
11
5
2
9
2
3

7
2
5
74
48
26
2
6
9
9

44
39
5
5
"

1
1
"
74
31
43
43
-

-

-

787
443
344
8
158
21
94
63
189
“ 45" '
43
10
30
_
2
1
13
12
1

-

-

656
318
338
23
160
37
110
8
139
106
33
26
7
_
9
9

423
270
153
21
68
5
42
17
157
23
134
134
_
_
15
15

_

1031
465
566
16
258
41
153
98
334
289
45
10
20
8
4
3
20
18
2

_

_

18
4
14
14
-

_

15
11
4
2
2

2
2
2
-

1
1
1
_
-

5
5
2
3
-

4
1
3
3

2
2
-

_
_
_
-

_

_

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

"
2
2
"

"
_
-

_
"

_
"

_
"

208
172
36
20
9
_
7
41
28
13
11
2
_
_
-

-

227
103
124
116
6
2
25
25
25
_
-

247
169
78
6 43
4
20
11
_
-

_
1

_

272
188
84
6
40
6
29
3
31
— 25“
6
4
2
_
5
------5“

_

_

166
108
58
16
20
_
22
6
6
6
_
_
_
-

_

_

-

.
-

8
Table A-l. Office OccuDations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1959)

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry divisio n
W omen— C ontinued
S w itchboard o p e r a to r s ___
M anufacturing
_
... —
N onm anufacturing ___ __ .
.
_____
P u blic u tilitie s 2 _ ..................................................
W holesale tra d e ___ — ___
- _
.................
......... _
R etail tr a d e 5 ......
F in a n c e 3 ___ _ ------- __ __ __ _
S e rv ices _____ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ __ __ _______
S w itchboard o p e ra to r-re c e p tio n ists ___ __ ____
M anufacturing _______ ___ ____ __ __
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ____ __ ___________ __ _ --- -----P u b lic u tilitie s 2 ___ ____ __ ___ ___ ____
W holesale tra d e ___ ___ __ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
R etail tr a d e 5 _____ __ __ --------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ___________ ___ ___ ___ _ _
S e rv ic es
_ __ ___
T abu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss A _______________
N onm anufacturing ._ __ ____ _ __ _ _____ _______
T abu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss B __ __
M anufacturing __ __ ______ _ ________________
N onm anufacturing
_
___ _ __ __ ____
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ___ __ ____ _ _
F in a n c e 3 _______
_ __ _ ____
T abu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss C _____ __ _
N onm anufacturing ____ __ ________ ________ ____
F in a n c e 3 _____ _______________ _ __ ___
T ra n sc rib in g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs, g e n e ra l __ _____
M a n u fa c tu rin g --------------- --------- — __ __
N onm anufacturing _____ _ _____ _ ________ ____
W holesale tra d e _________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ------------- __ ---- _ — -----------------T y p ists, c la ss A ___
___________ ____ ___ __
M ftnufactuTing
_____
N onm anufacturing ------- __ ___ _ — _ _ — _
P u blic u tilitie s 2 _____ _
_______
W holesale tra d e _______________ ________ _______
F in a n c e 3
___ ___________ ___ ___________
S erv ic es ____
__ ___ _ __ _
T y p ists, c la ss R ........................ ..... ....... _
M anufacturing ____ ____________ __ __ ____ __
N onm anufacturing __ __ ____ __
___ _____
Public, u tilitie s 2
W holesale tra d e ___ ___ ___ _________________
R etail tr a d e 5 ____ __ _____________ _______ j ___
F in a n c e 3 ________________ _. _______ ________
S e rv ices _____________ __ _______________ ___
1
2
3
4
5
6

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Atbbaob
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
t
$
Weekly,1 earnings1 35.00 40. 00 45.00 50. 00 55.00 60. 00 65.00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 *95.00 foo.oo 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
Weekly
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

38.5
1, 086
38.5
29 2
3 8.5
794
3 9.5
130
39.5
78
143
39. 0
232
3 7.0
211
3 8.0
912
38. 0
----- 4 Z 4 ~ r i f r r
3 7.5
488
37.5
53
232
3 8.5
54
38. 0
35.5
72
77
38.0
63
39. 0
32
3 8.0
251
38. 0
38. 5
77
174
37.5
52
37. 0
37.5
99
314
38. 0
i7 . 5
289
64
3 6.5
845
38. 0
284
38. 5
37.5
561
136
39. 0
332
36. 5
1,436
38.5
735 — w : < r
3 8.0
701
235
39.5
125
38. 0
235
37. 0
80
37. 0
38.5
3, 703
39.5
1, 325
37.5
2, 378
38.5
107
39.5
528
39. 0
399
1, 146
36.5
198
38. 5

$65. 00
72.50
62.50
83. 00
70. 50
55.50
61. 00
53. 00
63.50
64.56
63.00
67. 50
63.50
59. 00
62. 50
60. 50
93. 50
84.00
74. 00
8 l. 50
70. 50
73. 50
68.50
58. 50
57. 50
59. 00
62.50
66. 00
60.50
67. 50
57. 00
72. 00
72. 00
71. 50
86.00
68.50
61. 00
67. 00
56.50
59.00
55.50
71. 00
59. 00
53. 00
53. 00
56. 50

6
6
6
_
_
"
_
_
_
_
"
_
_
-

_
_

"

32
32
4
_
28
_
_
_

135
135
_
6
26
_
103
27
12
15
_
_
9
6
_

1
1
1
1
i
4
_
4
_
_
-

_
13
13
7
85
15
70
54
9
9
-

-

135
16
119
6
67
46

-

7
589
114
475
_
51
105
286
33

68
9
59
25
27
7
81
45
36
4
12
14
6
_
7
7
3
4
64
63
9
147
34
113
3
98
99
24
75
18
6
37
12
965
340
625
16
96
79
393
41

142
14
128
_
12
50
49
17
192
76
116
7
59
5
22
23
1
1
18
18
14
4
125
124
10
171
64
107
32
56
186
68
118
26
20
59
11
762
299
463
17
120
46
224
56

104
189
51
45
53
144
5
7
6
12
2
19
21
100
6
19
114
259
109
49
65
150
8
84
31
7
27
18
9
13
18
4
1
4
1
15
69
11
15
58
4
3
12
48
22
56
22
56
1
34
97
103
19
29
84
68
25
25
35
52
245
184
TTT— 112
134
72
5
4
31
19
23
78
17
13
356
629
137
"258
361
219
11
11
130
79
38
57
142
44
40
28

162
91
96
27
66
64
11
21
4
18
1
9
1
34
27
4
45
123
60
19
26
63
18
16
10
29
1
4
11
4
1
4
"
45
34
12
17
33
17
10
3
13
7
23
8
6
4
1
2
105
64
31
50
55
33
10
29
35
137
212
115 ■ 144
22
68
5
2
11
23
25
6
1
13
122
94
58
74
64
20
10
13
_
43
6
1
2
9
-

45
26
19
7
11
1
_
"
41
38
3
2
1
"
8
7
16
11
5
5
"
2
44
a
12
7
2
75
51
18
5
13
12
12
_
-

35
7
28
23
5
21
7
7
7
14
5
9
4
9
3
9
12
16
4
11
12
1
2
1
10
_
_
12
6
2
4
2
10
5
55
89
76 " 21
13
34
3
34
10
6
29
6
1
28
_
28
_
_
-

59
11
48
48
-

■

_

_

-

-

-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 32 at $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 3 0 ; 1 at $ 1 3 0 and o v e r .
E x c lu d e s li m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 27 at $ 1 2 0 to $ 1 3 0 ; 15 at $ 1 3 0 to $ 1 4 0 ; 1 at $ 1 4 0 and o v e r .




12
3
2
3
1
9
1
5
_
4
_
_
2
2
"
5
13
1
"
6
7
6
3
1
3
1
3
_
_
"
4
3
1
3
3
_
1
144
6 ------1
138
138
3
1
1
3
1
3
-

-

~

3
1
2
2
_
_
2
5
2
3
3
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
~
6
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
3
1
_
_
_
-

_
.
_
_
_
2
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
_
_

_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_

-

_
-

-

-

-

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , Novem ber 1959)
AtK A S
BO
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly,
Weekly j U n der
earnings
hours *
(Standard) (Standard) $

6 0 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0
and
u n d er
6 5 . 00

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

$

$

$

$
9 0 .0 0

$

$

S

$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 10 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 12 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
and
9 5 .0 0 10 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 12 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 -0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 o v e r

M en

103

4 0 .0
4 0 .6
3 9 .5

$ 1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0

-

____

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r _________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _
__
_
_
__ _ _

1 ,8 7 5
1 ,4 8 7
388

4 0 .0
4 6 .6
3 9 .5

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

_
-

1 3 2 .0 0

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

1 ,1 8 6
515
671

4 0 .0
* 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

6
6

"

108
80
28

4 0 .0
4 6 .6
4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

642
31

26
15

11

11

299
240
59

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r
M a n u fa ctu rin g _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

T racers
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

265

_
__

TET

_ _ _ _ _ _

__________________ ______________
__

....... .

-

■

-

_
-

-

1
1

“

-

19
19

1
~

-

32
24

-

■

26

-

-

~

7

-

54

32

8

22

12
10
2

15
14

8

24
17
7

1

26

-

74
48
26

10
7
3

-

-

"

217

72

-

-

139
115
24

-

3

3
9
---------r -------- 5“ -------- r
1
-

38
36

49
43

118
96

2

6

22

117
6t
50

131
85
46

218
129
89

6o

144
36
108

19
13

78

1

15
4

119
--------

12

6

77

11

11 0

3
3

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

31
25

44
36
8

41
34
7

33
29

19
18

24
24

12
11
1

4

-

28

180
150
30

221

IU o~
21

172
165
7

155
— IT T
18

r

26
19
7

10

_

10

*2 14

4 129
85

83

63
43

68

313
« 116

6

20

7

5 197

1*1

25
-

75

13

"

2

2

23

11

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

2
1
1

2

_

_

68

------ T ~
66

_
-

W om en

N u rses, industrial (re g is te re d )
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

.. ...

1

!

-

-

1

1

2
6

50
40

10

6

4

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 74 at $140 to $160; 85 at $160 to $180; 22 at $180 to $200; 33 at $200 and over.
W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 26 at $140 to $150; 25 at $150 to $160; 38 at $160 to $170; 40 at $170 to $180.
W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 109 at $140 to $150; 7 at $150 and over.
W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 12 at $140 to $150; 97 at $150 to $160; 88 at $160 to $170.
6 W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 17 at $50 to $55; 25 at $55 to $60.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroad s.
1

*

3
4
5




1
3

2

_

3

10
Table A-3. Maintenance apd Powerplant Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , Novem ber 1959)
N U M B E R OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EAR N IN G S OF—

Occupation and industry division

C arpenters, m a in ten an ce----------------M anufacturing-------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------Public u tilities 3---- -------------------R etail trad e4 ----------------------------E lectrician s, m aintenance----------------M anufacturing -------.-----------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------P ublic u tilities 3------------------------R etail trad e4 -------------------------- —
Finance * -----------------------------------E ngineers, sta tio n a r y -----------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------P ublic u tilities 3 -----------------------Finance 5 -----------------------------------Services -----------------------------------F irem en, stationary b o ile r ---------------M anufacturing-------------------------------N onm anufacturing---------------------------

H elp ers, trad es, m ainten ance-----------M anufacturing-------------------------------N onm anufacturing--------------------------P ublic u tilities 3 -----------------------M achine-tool operators, to o lr o o m ---M anufacturing-------------------------------M achinists, m a in ten a n c e ------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------P ublic u tilities 3-------------------- ---M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance)
M anufacturing-------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------P ublic u tilities 3----------------------- W holesale tr a d e ------------------------R etail trad e4 ----------------------------Services -----------------------------------M echanics, m aintenance ------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------M illw rights ---------------------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------O ile r s -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing---------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




Number
of
workers

900
575
325
123
130
1 ,6 0 5
1 ,3 1 2
293

10 2
97
63
849

622

$
Average
$ ,
hourly . U n der 1 .6 0
1 .7 0
earnings1
and
$
u n d er
1 .6 0
1 .8 0
1 .7 0

$ 2 . 80
2 . 75
2 . 88
2 .5 4
3 .5 4

2

5
5
-

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$

1 .9 0

_2 _. 00

2 .1 0

2

4

-

2
2

2 .0 0

15
5

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

_2 a2 l
Q_

35

48
46

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

2 .4 0

$

2 .5 0

2

41
24
17

-

2

$
$
2 . 5 0 ’ 2 . 60
JL_60_

-

2
-

“
-

-

10
-

14
14
-

-

-

-

2 .4 2
2 . 55

-

10

9

39
39
4
35

52
52
9
43

9
3

56

-

10
1

28

21

7
4
3
-

7
7

18

1

10
8
1

13
-

2
-

2

2

31

22

58
43
15

-

1
1
11

30
25
5
5
-

111

16

55
50
5

71
35
36
7

1

136
51
85
79

116
TOT15
3
7
5

107
73
34
25

1

-

4

-

2

22

49

20
8

2

2

26

4
-

33
-

15
-

59
59
-

44
39
5

43
40
3

6
6

249
137

81
41
40
7

152
l4 6

205
T 97

6
6

8

14
14
-

5

-

20
20

-

-

196
196

99
99

49
49

45
45

52
52
-

117
109

236
236
-

90
90
-

33
31

-

-

103
5
98
24

33
5
28
28

'8 3
28

68

1

6

48

1 ,4 6 1
1 .0 9 1
370
2 48

2 .3 5
2 . 42
2 . 15

66

12

44

-

12

65
37
28

174

22
"

7

19
16
3
3

61

2 .2 2

26
19
7
7

10

83

600
57375

2 . 75
2 . 75

“

“

-

■

2
2

2
2

8
8

29
29

16

-

"

16

44
44

1 ,4 7 3
1 ,2 6 8
205
203

2 . 82

“

-

-

-

-

-

48
48
-

79
79
-

16

123

2 26

16

125

-

-

-

-

-

10 2
21
21

-

-

-

-

-

8

6

-

23
3

8

20

6

153
9
144

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

14

"

2
2

1
1

6
6

-

-

73
73
-

47
47
-

-

-

-

“

"

69
69

. 18
18

-

1 ,7 1 0
1 ,6 4 4

2 .6 8
2 . 68

66

2 . 58

"

- 356
355

2 . 74
“ 277 1

-

-

-

“

“

“ •

540
533

2 . 07
“ 2 .0 7

28
28

111
111

4
3

41
4l

-

2
1
1

28

-

86
88

115
113

1

8

37
24
-

no
67
43
-

35
23

6
8

8

145
140
5
3
_

-

-

3
4

-

99
94
5

117

10

-

21

3

57
48
9

46
45

26

-

140
81
59

28

8

30
4

-

39
4

14

2 .3 6

163
158
5

7

9
-

10

2 .6 6

3
3
-

1

8

2 .2 9
2 . 37
1 .9 9

2 .6 3
2 . 61
2 . 64
2 . 60

3. 10

42
17
25
-

2

4 57
359
98

2 . 62

3 .0 0

2

218

1
11

112
100

-

-

-

12 0

6

24
-

-

215
60
155
79
60

8
8

-

-

123

12 1
2

59
59
-

2
2

6
6

25

20
2U

29
29

42
42

42
39

40
37

26

-

10 1
10 1
296
81
215

12
181

2
20

200

158
1 7 8 ... 135
23
22

1
1

12
8
1

-

-

23

22
1

447
95
352
231

10 1
16

-

14

6
6

8

1

_
-

-

12
12

3

-

28
28
-

336
316

1
1

-

_
-

17
84
37

6
41

68
6

-

1

84
63

21
1
20

-

13

10 1

1

4
4
4
_

28
28
-

-

156
~T55T

-

4
4
-

10

$
3 . 10

40
39

3
-

8
8

. 3 . 50

2 .9 0

63
61

208
10

.3, 2 0 . _3*-30_ 3 .4 0

$
3 .0 0

8

96

$
3 .4 0

$
2 .9 0

48
40

20

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .2 0

$
2 .8 0

72
59
13
5

116

2 . 51
2 .2 7
1 .8 5

1 ,4 7 3
314
1 ,1 5 9
580
452
73
54

7 0 _ 2 .8 0

233
176
57
52

327
58
115
107

2 .8 1
2 . 85
2 .8 5

Z,

$
2 . 70

8

-

2

2 . 80
2 . 82
2 . 72
2 . 78
3. 07
2 . 36

2 .2 2

$

4
4
4
-

$
3 .6 0
and

3j_60 _ o v e r

8
8

2 10 2
6

_
_

_
_

-

-

96

13

2
2

22

81
s r
27
25

12
1

2

—

$
3. 50

1

_
_
_

_

96

36
14
_
14
-

-

-

1

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

--------j _
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
_

.
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

76
76

25
25

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

362
359
3
3

4

2
2

2
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

20

68

9

30
38
38

-

-

_
_
-

3
------- 3“
-

3

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

231
231
-

34
34
“

11
11

68
1
67
67
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
-

4

260

123
" I T94

6

2 55
5

167
164
3

70
70

45
45

43
43

19
19

34
34

99
99

11
11

1
1

5
5

-

189
183

26
1
'

58
5 8 ..
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
33

1U
-

“

"

-

-

-

-

-

10

11
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. , Novem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
$
hourly
U n der 1 .6 0
earnings 1
and
$
1 .6 0
r V if

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

1 .8 0

$

1 .9 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

$

$

$

$
2 . 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50

$

2 .2 0

2 . 60

$
2 . 70

$

2 . 80

$
2 .9 0

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3. 50

$
3 . 60
and

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

.2. 70

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3. 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3. 50

3. 60

over

2 . 00

2 . 10

4

27

31
29

33

30

2

2

21
12

21

4

1
26

7
5

l
l

2

26

1

2

12

2

58
34
24
15
9

-

-

-

-

2
2

61

-

-

61

19
l7

54
54

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

~

"

“

■

"

“

2
2

3
3
“

1
1

2
1

1
1
1

559
343
216
78
60

$ 2 . 58

M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 --------------------------------------------

893
BZB
65
63

2 .8 7
2 . 87
2 .9 4
2 .9 7

P lu m b e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ---------------------------------------—
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 --------------------------------------------

116
91
32

2 .5 3
2."4 7
2 .5 4

2
2
■

3
3
"

2 . 75

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

-

1
1

-

6
6

14

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

^

c h fr in g 11111106

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------- --------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------------------T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ----------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------

233
n s
35
33

1 ,8 4 8
1 ,8 4 6

35

2 .6 6
2 .4 4
2 .6 9
2 .1 7

2 . 76
2 . 67
2 . 64

3 .0 3
3 . 04

35

2
“

"

_

2
2

”

“

_

11
11

~

_

'

_
"

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
a A ll w orkers w ere at $3. 70 to $3. 80.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
4 Excludes lim ited -p rice variety sto res.
* Finance, insurance, and real estate.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relative to the inclusion of railroads




~

■

_
“

_

_

29
29

9
7

20
16
3

t

17
17

"

1
“

45
45

68

68

54
14
14

58

10

l

83
70
13
13

43
43

30
29
27

10
6

63
49
14
14

41
39

-

"

-

35
15

20
20

5

11

5

21
2

2

36

2

87
87

19
19

36
-

139
i“IZ
17
17

54
54
-

22
22

48
47

"

■

1
1

4

5
3

-

!
-

9

1
“

1

-

“

-

2

-

_

323
319
4
4

1

7

6
1
1
2
2

25
-

25
25

2
2

31
29

53
52

7
7

7
7

3
3

6
1

-

2
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

"

•

5
5

33
33

56
5b

179
179

135
135

535
535

372
372

257
2 57

26
26

-

-

"

“

10
10
■

_

_

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

11
11

24
24

1
1

-

_

_

1

-

-

1

"

“

104
104

_

-

19
19

12
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , Philadelphia, P a. , Novem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly j
earnings

$
$
1 .0 0
U nder 0 .9 0
and
$
un d er
0 .9 0
1 .1 0
1 .0 0

M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
R e t a il t r a d e 4
___
___
F in a n c e 5 _

677
32
88
498

$ 1 .6 4
1 .8 8
1 .5 9
2 .1 9
1 .5 0
1 .6 3

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) _______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
____
R e t a il tr a d e 4
F in a n c e 5
_
_ . .

312
' 2 77
79
50

1 .3 1
1 .2 8
1 .4 1
1 .5 5

O u a rd s
m
T _ ------ --------r
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __
__
F in a n ce 5 -------------------------------------------------------

2 .6 4 6
1 ,0 8 2
1 ,5 6 4
286

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
_ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
_ .
..............
W h o le s a le tra d e
.......... ....
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _
_
__
_
__ _
F in a n c e 5 __ _ _
S e rv ice s
.

6 ,2 0 9
3 ,2 2 8
2 ,9 8 1
828
110
795
695
553

1 .7 4
1 .8 7
1 .6 0
2 .0 5
1 .6 3
1 .3 8
1 .6 2
1 .2 2

10
10
10

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g
. _ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __ __ _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_
_______
R e t a il tr a d e 4
F in a n c e 5

2 ,9 7 7
673
2 ,3 0 4
194
72
235
1 ,2 8 2

1 .3 7

1 .3 0
1 .7 2
1 .2 2
1 .1 8
1 .3 3

8
8
_

-

-

-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d l i n g ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
__
_ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _ __
__
■ _ _
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4

9 ,6 0 4
8 ,3 4 9
4 ,2 5 5
1 ,4 3 3
1 ,2 3 7
1 ,5 6 1

2 .0 2
2 .3 0
2 .0 0
1 .7 9

O r d e r f i l l e r s ______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ ___
_ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
W h o le s a le t r a d e __ ____
__ _
R e t a il t r a d e 4________________________________

2 ,9 1 9
1 ,2 7 1
1 ,6 4 8
1 ,1 9 5
4 53

2 .0 6
2 .0 1
2 .1 0
2 . 12
2 .0 3

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m e n ) ________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __ _
_______
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4
_ __ ___

1 ,3 0 3
572
431
287
144

1 .8 2
1 .8 $
1 .6 8
1 .7 6
1 .5 3

800

See footnotes at end of table,




ny

1 .6 5
— 2717“
1 .2 8
1 .6 9

r tt~

2 .0 4

2 .0 6

1 .1 0
1 .2 0

$

1 .2 0

$1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

-

-

-

8
8
2

-

103
14
89
62
27

_
-

_
-

-

-

139
13$
13
-

1
1
1

16
2
2

3
2
1
1

67
67
62
5

_
-

.
-

990
990
-

180
180

17
2
15
4

38
— 5
33
33

29
-------F ~
27
27

288
20
268
130
2
136

290
59
231
26
32
7
166

345
128
217
6
12
137
22
40

286
124
162
_
78
19
65

146
38
108
32
30
31

768
44
724
1
12
164
61

632
40
592
3
4
28
557

115
18
97
97

197
82
115
99

10
10
10

-

-

_
-

_
-

2
2
_
2
-

_

1
1
-

1
_
-

_

_

-

-

43
43
-

$

... 28 -

7
7

88
4
84
12
66

-

$

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

*2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

* 2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

2 .0 0 _ 2 . i o

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

64
56
8
1
7
-

7
7
7
_

14
3
11
11
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

"

12
12
11
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
"

3
-

_
_

_
_

2
2
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

.
_

_
_

.
_
_

"

$

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

130
119
11
11

221
207
14
2

127
69
58

124
124
_

27
28
4
-

-

193
178
15
7
6
2
_

171
43
128
121
_
7
_

-

1 .8 0

* 1 .9 0

1 .6 0

$1 .7 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

15
1
14
_
2
12

168
' 6
163
1
4
158

174
1
173
_
173

90
25
65
1
_
60

14
14
_
_

29
28
27

19
19
2

15
12
12

15
2
-

$1 .5 0

1 .9 0

-

30
30
30

49
6
43
40

97
31
66
66

133

174

183
rso

62
54

16
16

3
3

419
14
405
5
3
241
60
96

406
100
306
3
_
43
250
10

515
86$
146
11
_
8
103
24

552
317
235
24
29
42
140
-

890
601
289
167
_
29
87
6

382
244
138
73
28
34
3
-

454
860
94

-

888
554
334
319
6
7
2
"

410
27
383
1
12
1
357

160
131
29
20
6
1
2

187
39
148
65
1
82

295
91
204
4
8
192

96
90
6
4
2
-

133
62
71
65
6
_

36
31
5
5
_
_

23
21
2
2
_
_

61
44
17
17
_
_

18
n

-

-

-

220
79
141
12
121

128
26
102
12
90

431
111
320
268
52

238
178
60
30
30

303
171
132
73
59

606
332
274
274

678
566
112
41
71

645
536
109
4
105

119
48
71
68
3

33
l6
17
6
11

72
46
26
20
6

136
42
94
80
14

167
43
124
114
10

86
36
50
43

144
73
71
24
47

245
160
85
9
76

31
5
26
12
14

49
30
19
6
13

69
63
16
16

150
74
76

135
36
99
84
15

88
5l
37
6
31

110
94
16
3
13

60
16

7

77
40
37
26
11

7f ~TW

97
' "Sir

12
-

_
_

* 2 .9 0
and
over

-

_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

.

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

8
8
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

_
_
_
_
_

.
-

_
_

4
4
_
_
_

-

-

-

540
8 ft)
170
67
103

1362
1093
269
78
150
41

1444
658
786
497
253
36

1509
79
1430
766
288
376

140
182
8
6
2

212
144
68
36
32

140
32
108
105
3

529
248
281
186
95

480

297
222
75

154

17
16
1
1

198
137
61
60
1

15
14
1
1

180
4
4

92
_
2
_

77
77
-

1ST

no

10 $
1
_

1

_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_

-

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

792

17
17
_
_
_

2 94
286
8
_

26
3

84
72
12
_
9
3

-

-

-

2 15
8
207
150
57

5
2
3
_
3

47
47
45
2

33

22
10
12
12
-

84
21 '
63
63
*

18
12
6
6

28
$
19
18
1

25
25
_
-

16
10
6
6

16
lfc

675
117

88

8

— TT
6
6
2
2
-

-

_

_
_
_
_

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

_

13
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Philadelphia, P a. , Novem ber 1959)
*
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
Average
$
hourly
U nder 0 .9 0
1 .0 0
earnings*
and
$
und er
0 .9 0
1.0 0
1 .1 0

___
___
_____ _
_
__ _

584
239
345
283

$ 1 .4 5
1 .5 3
1 .3 9
1 .4 1

-

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s _
__
_ __ __ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________ ___________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________
W h o le s a le t ra d e
_ __
_
__ __
R e t a il tr a d e 4 __________________ __ _________

893
481
412
160
205

2 .0 4
2 .1 8
1 .8 9
2 . 13
1 .7 5

_
-

Shipping c l e r k s
M a n u fa ctu rin g _ __
__
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____ _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _
_ _

565
384
181
151

2 .2 0
2 .2 6
2 .0 6
2 .0 6

_
-

S hipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s _ ...
M a n u fa ctu rin g
—
----- _ - _ ......... ....
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _ _
W h o le s a le t r a d e _
____
R e t a il t ra d e 4 _______________________________

396
!Z 8
268
83
151

T r u c k d r iv e r s 6
_ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______
_ ___ __
__ __ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _____
__
W h o le s a le t r a d e __
__
_
R e t a il t r a d e 4
_ ___
__ ______ _ _
__
S e rv ice s

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er I 1 t o n s ) --------/*
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________________

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n )
M a n u fa ctu rin g _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
__
R e t a il t r a d e 4
__ _

__

1 .2 0 _ 1 .3 0

1 .4 0

$
1 .4 0

$

1 .5 0

1 ,5 0 __1 ,6 0

1 ,7 9 -

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

2J)Q .

JL10_

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

1 .8 0 . 1,-90

88
64
24
24

39
16
23
23

-

-

13
13
11

22
22
21

37
2
35
13

41
22
19
6
11

46
4
42
28
10

44
9
35
20
13

99
42
57
20
37

85
57
28
3
20

82
76
6
_
6

55
29
26
_
21

_
-

6
6
-

-

-

13
13
12

11
11
6

-

43
■55'
8
6

48

-

18
18
18

74
69
5

-

15
15
15

52

-

_
_

-

5
5
_

5
5
_
_

_
_

12
6
6
_

6
2
4
_
4

37
85
2
_

-

5
5
_
5

11
7
4
_
4

12
12
4
8

28
6
22
14
_
8

46
30
16
10
6
_

37
28
9
9
_

"

40
22
18
9
1
8

13
13
6

10
10
-

22
22
-

34
18
16
6

9
9
-

24

-

2
2

6
6
-

12
12
-

31
22
9

_
-

_
-

“

-

2 .2 9
2 .1 6
2 .3 5
2 .3 9
2 .4 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8 ,6 3 2
2 ,5 3 9
6 ,0 9 3
3 ,2 3 2
1 ,9 8 0
737
144

2 .5 2
2 .5 4
2 .5 1
2 .4 6
2 .6 1
2 .5 4
2 .0 1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

6
6
6
-

6
6
6
_

-

-

-

-

-

"

13
13
1
6
_
6

476
243
233
114

2 .2 4
2 .4 1
2 .0 6
2 .2 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6

6
6
6

2 .5 1
2 .5 8
2 .4 6
2 .4 7
2 .5 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 ,4 9 0
348
2 ,1 4 2
823
1, 129

2 .5 9
2 .4 7
2 .6 1
2 .5 3
2 .6 7

752
254
498
328

2 .5 5
'2 . 5 2
2 .5 6
2 .6 1

'

1 .8 0

60
24
36
36

-

_
-

$

1 .7 0

17
4
13 i
7

5
5
5

-

$
1 .6 0

59 1
25 !
34 |
34

10
10
10

-

$

63
25
38
24 |

58
2
56
56

3 ,3 7 9
1 ,4 3 8
1 ,9 4 1
1 ,4 9 5
’ 235

.

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e ) _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
.................
N n n m an u factn rin g ...
............................._
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
_
.... ....
W h o le s a le tr a d e
. ...... _
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s ,
oth e r than t r a il e r t y p e )
M a n u fa ctu rin g
...
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

$
1 .3 0

1 .1 0

71
22
49
49

_
. . .

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m (lV a to and
in clu d in g 4 t o n s ) __ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g _
.
.
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_
P n W ir iiHI i H aa ^
W
Vir*1 aqa I p fra

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$
1 .2 0

$

101
40 !
61
19

-

-

76
70
6
6
-

24
6
18
10
6

— W

24
1
23
4
1

23
6
17
13
4

54
26
28
22
4

31
1
30
6
18

14
1
13
3
10

1

165
78
87
8
13
_
66

149
87
62
24
6
_

209
92
117
111
6
_

3930
679
3251
2288
680
283

32

114
63
51
22
4
9
16

8
-

32
32
13

30
2
28
-

5
5
-

53
52
1
-

13
12
1
•
1

113
64
49
1

31
17
14

82
38
44
19

-

16

__ _

See footnotes at end of table,




6
6 !
- !

— TT

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

68
60
8

6
6
-

-

7
_
7
6
1

625
297
328
132
30

1867
276
1591
570
611
410

795
748
47
_
47

516
104
412
_
412

74
29
45
_
45

-

-

-

-

-

127
83
44
44

32
32
-

33
33
33

40
40
-

-

_

-

-

47
30
17
1j
6

1526
222
1304
1117
Q4

351
90
261

487
247
240
180
60

639
639
_

30
30
-

9
9
_

5
5
-

987
~T?4
793
433
346

4
4

8
8

467
to
397

-

4

945
13
932
390
374

8

397

-

147

28

43

15

4

-

63
63

28
6

39
39

15
15

65
20
45
45

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

-

-

‘

'

7

-----—
-

-

8
4
r ~ -------7_
1
_
_

20
18
2
_
2

-

-

-

1
1 —
_
_

5
_
5
3
2

_

-

-

122
_
122
26
96

-

-

31
19
12
12
-

55
55
-

_

1

_

-

115

60

_
_

20
19
1
-

-

-

_
_

and
_ov.er_

-

-

-

_

$
2 .9 0

24
10
14
14

-

-

$
2 .8 0

-

_

-

$
2 .7 0

4
4
_

-

-

2 .6 0

24
T5
6
6

-

-

_

43
49
r i r “ ----- Z T "
10
24
4
24
-

-

-

-

$

_2L7D__ .J2JML 2 .9 0

56

27
26

65
57
8
6

1 :

a

$
2 .5 0

-2 a 4 0 - 2 . 50

95
73
22
_
20

1 !

21
14

5
5
-

$
2 .4 0

10
10
10

-!

'

Wholesale t r a d e __ _

------

6
6
-

$
2 .3 0

1
1

_
”

424
116
308
160

166

-

166
65

_

—jr ~

-

_

_

_

_

“

15
IT "
_
_
-

_

_

_

14
Table A-4. Custodial and Material, Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a D asis
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1 959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t ) ______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ______
______________
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________________
R e t a il t r a d e
________ ___ ______ _____

1 ,9 9 4
1 ,5 2 4
470
89
155
226

$ 2 .2 1
2 . 17
2 .3 3
2 .3 0
2 .2 9
2 .3 6

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k li f t ) ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _ ____
_ _

394
327
67

2 .0 9
2 .0 7
2 . 17

W a tch m e n __________ ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
___
R e t a il t r a d e _
_____
_

1 ,3 2 8
751
577
116
113
174
100

1 .6 8
1 .8 4
1 .4 8
1 .9 8
1 .3 7
1 .5 2
1 .2 3

4

4

F in a n ce 5 ________ _____________ _____
S erv ices __________________________ ____

$
1 .1 0

$1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$1 .5 0

$ ,
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$ .9 0
1

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

_ 2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

69
64
5
5

142
139
3
3
_

304

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

56
8
48

-

_

-

96

-

96

-

14

-

-

28

NOTE:

S ee n ote on p .




5 , r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

_
-

5
5

54
54

.
-

-

-

-

-

145
79
66
1
10
22

99
78
21

107
84
23

_

_
-

226
174
52

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

61
6
55
1
21
30

93
11
82

9
25

3

1
D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
* E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
E x c lu d e s li m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
6 I n clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .

4

*

- !
1
-

28
28
28
-

-

50
21
11

33

24
24
!
!

2
16

20

1
I

2 .7 0

18
4
_
14

157
68
89
51
_
38

308
125
183
_

21
15
6
_
6
-

13
13
_
_

52

354
282
72
24
40
8

24
24
-

46
46
-

80
J>4
26

44
42
2

59
21
38

29
29
-

37
36
1

38
9
29
26

76
56
20
7
13

114
41
73
69

83
77
6
6

18
12
6
6

23
23

91
91

_

4

_
_

_
_

over

2 .6 0

193
147
46
1
_
45

_

2 .9 0

2 .5 0

124
122
2
_
2

_

$
2 .9 0
and

$ ,
2 .6 0

240
222
18
1
_
17

3

$
2 .8 0

2 .5 0

"

_

$

o
00

$
$
Average
1 .0 0
hourly a U n der 0 .9 0
earnings
and
$
0 .9 0 und er
1 .0 0
1 .1 0

o
Is

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

266

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

91

102

_
_
1
1

_

_
_
_

8
6
1
1

_
_

_

_

_
_
_

17
17
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

-

_

_
-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials

(P e r c e n t of m a n u factu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l p r o v isio n s fo r sh ift w ork, and in e sta b lish m e n ts
a c tu a lly op eratin g la te sh ifts b y typ e and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l, P h ila d elp h ia , P a. , N ovem b er 1959)
In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 fo r —
Shift d iffe r e n tia l

Second sh ift
w ork

T hird or oth er
sh ift w ork

In e sta b lish m e n ts a c tu a lly
op eratin g—
Second sh ift

T hird or oth er
sh ift

T otal ___________________________________________________________

84. 2

80. 7

14. 4

5 .8

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l ___________________________________

82. 5

5. 8

35. 3

79. 2
33. 0

14. 3

U niform c e n ts (p er hour) -------------------------------------------------4 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------------5 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

.7
6 .9
.6
1. 8
2. 0
4. 0
9 .4
.6
4 .9
.4
1. 0
2. 4
*.7

.7
1. 1
.6
_
2. 8
1. 5
.8
10. 2

5 .9
.1
1. 1

2. 7
_

43. 5
4. 3
6. 6
2. 0
1. 1
29. 6
"
3. 7

41. 3
.4
5. 8
1. 8
1. 1
28. 6
.7
2. 9
4. 9

.5
.5
.5
1. 6
.2
.5
.1
.1
.6
_
_
7. 3
.8
1. 1
.5
.4
4. 5
1. 1

1. 7

1. 5

.1

5 V3 c e n ts ________________________________________________

6 c e n ts -------------------------------------------------------------------- ------7 c e n ts __________________________________________________
_____
7 V2 c e n ts
_.
8 c e n ts __________________________________________________
9 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------------10 c e n ts ________________________________________________
11 c e n ts ________________________________________________
12 c e n ts ________________________________________________
13, I 3 V3, or 14 c e n ts ___________________________________
15 c e n ts ________________________________________________
16 c e n ts -------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 16 c e n ts __________________________________________
U n iform p e r c e n ta g e _______________________________________
5 p e r c e n t ________________________________________________
7 p e r c e n t ________________________________________________
?Vz p e r c e n t _____________________________________________
8 V4 p e r c e n t _____________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------------------------12 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t ______________________________________________
O ther fo r m a l paid d iffe r e n tia l ___________________________
No sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l______________________ _____________

-

5. 4
1. 6
2. 1
4. 0
2. 1

-

-

.2
( 2)
.1
.8
-

.7
.1
.1
.5
.1
2. 2
-

.2
( 2)
( 2)
1. 8
( 2)
.1
.8
(2)

1 In clu d es e sta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p eratin g la te sh ifts, and e sta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
ev en though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p eratin g la te s h ifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.

16
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers

(D istrib u tion of e sta b lish m en ts stud ied in a ll in d u stries and in dustry d iv isio n s by m inim um en tran ce sa la r y for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien ced w om en office w o rk ers, P hilad elph ia, P a. , N ovem ber 1959)

M inim um w eek ly sa la r y 1

E sta b lish m en ts stud ied -------------------E sta b lish m en ts having a
sp e c ifie d m inim um ________________
$35. 00 and under $37. 50 __
$37. 50 and under $40. 00 _____ _
$40. 00 and under $42. 50 ________
$42. 50 and under $45. 00 ________
$45. 00 and under $47. 50 ________
$47. 50 and under $50. 00 ________
$50. 00 and under $52. 50 _____ _
$52. 50 and under $55. 00 ________
$55. 00 and under $57. 50 -----------$57. 50 and under $60. 00 ________
$60. 00 and tinder $62. 50 ________
$62. 50 and under $65. 00 ________
$65. 00 and under $67. 50 -----------$67. 50 and under $70. 00 ________
$70. 00 and under $72. 50 ________
$72. 50 and under $75. 00 ________
$75. 00 and under $77. 50 ________
$77. 50 and under $80. 00 ________
$80. 00 and o v e r __________________
E sta b lish m en ts having no
sp e c ifie d m inim um ________________
E stab lish m en ts w hich did not
em p loy w o rk ers in th is
categ o ry ------------------------------------------Data not ava ila b le -----------------------------

A ll
tr ie s

Inexp erien ced ty p ists
M anuf a c tur ing
Nonm anuf a c tur ing
B a sed on standard w eek ly houriS 3 of---A ll
sch e d ules

37 y2

383/4

319

134

XXX

XXX

176

82
_
4
3
14
7
15
8
7
5
5
5
4
1
1
3
-

15
_
3
1
2
2
4
2
1
_
_
-

10

1
1
14
13
43
15
26
12
13
8
9
7
4
2
1
3
2
2
78

31

XXX

XXX

64

21

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

40

1
'

XXX

52
_
1
1
8
3
8
3
6
5
5
4
3
1
1
3
-

3
2
3
_
_
1
1
_
XXX

XXX
XXX

A ll
tr ie s

Other in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w ork ers
N onm anufactur ing
M anufacturing
B ased on standard w eek ly hours 3 Of—

A ll
sch ed ules

35

37l/ 2

185

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

319

134

24
_
_
1
12
1
3
2
2
1
2
_
"

8
_
1
2
2
2
_
1
_
_
_
-

34

188

2
2

16
_
1
2
7
2
2
_
1
_
_
1
_
_
-

1
6
3
6
1
3
2
3
2
2
1
2
2

1
3
26
15
38
15
29
12
18
3
7
9
2
3
1
2
2
2

86
_
1
4
6
14
6
17
9
10
1
5
7
1
2
1
2
-

47

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

92

39

XXX

XXX

XXX

38

9

XXX

XXX

1

94
1
1
10
10
29
8
11
4
6
3
4
2
1
-

43
1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

383/4

XXX

40

A ll
sch e d ­
u les

37 y2

383/4

XXX

XXX

XXX

18

10
_
_
_
3
2
3
_
1
1
_
-

51
_
2
3
6
3
9
4
7
1
4
6
1
2
1
2
-

1
2
2
3
1
4
2
3
_
_
-

XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

40

XXX

XXX
XXX

A ll
s c h e d -1
u les

35

37»/a

XXX

XXX

19
_
3
7
2
3
1
2
1
v "

24

1
2
22
9
24
9
12
3
8
2
2
2
1
1
2
2
53

XXX

29
1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

185
102

383/4

XXX

XXX

XXX

8
_
1
2
1
2
1
1
-

1
5
7
2
3
1
2
2
1
XXX

40

39
1
11
1
7
3
4
1
4
2
1
_
2
2

XXX

XXX
XXX

'

1 L ow est sa la r y ra te fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d for h irin g in ex p erien ced w o rk ers for typing or other c le r ic a l job s.
2 R ates ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s, o ffice g ir ls , or sim ila r su b c le r ic a l job s a re not con sid ered .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich e m p lo y ees r e c e iv e th eir regu lar str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s. Data a r e p resen ted for a ll w ork w eek s com bined, and for the m o st com m on w orkw eeks rep orted .
NOTE: See note on p. 17, r e la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilro a d s.




17
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P h il a d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

W eekly hours

AH
industries

1
a
3
*
*

Public .
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Finance 3

Services

All .
industries’

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

100

U nder 35 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 35 and under 3 6 V4 h o u r s --------------------------------3 6 V4 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 36Vi and under 3 7Vz h o u r s ---------------------------37Va h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 37l/a and under 38^4 h o u r s ---------------------------3 83/4 hours ---------------------------------------------------------O ver 383/i and under 40 h o u r s -------------------------40 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 40 and under 44 h o u r s -----------------------------44 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 44 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

6

7
-

7
-

7
-

18
-

7
-

3
(5)

4
-

-

8

2

-

-

25

41
1
13
29
(5 )

8

11

2
9

5
3
23
1
10
2

44
(5)

4

1

17
1
17
54
-




-

(5 )

(*)
69

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
E x clu d e s li m it e d - p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

1

-

23

-

26
15
51
-

-

24
1
4

5

59

(5)

8

12
11

1

5

7

13
-

9

-

(5 )
-

(*)
(5 )
1
83
1

(5 )
2

-

(5 )
82
-

-

100
-

2

sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .

E s t i m a t e s f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s in c lu d e d a ta f o r r a i l r o a d s (S IC 4 0 ) , o m it t e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f a l l l a b o r m a r k e t
w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 .
W h e r e s i g n i f i c a n t , th e e f f e c t o f th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s is g r e a t e s t on th e
d a ta s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r th e p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .

Retail trade2

Services

100

-

6

-

-

(5)

82
7
-

9
2

4
76
5
-

74
8

2

9

2

2

1

2

18
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , P h il a d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )
OFFICE
Ite m

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

i

w o rk ers;

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade2

Finance 3

Services

All 4
industries*

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

\
A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s -------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------------------

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

10 0

10 0

92

99

83

~

~

"

1

“

“

8

1

17

2
16
1

1
10
2

3
14
23
-

3
32

27

4
35
3
3
30
7
3

"

“

-

(• )

(5)
13
4
3
24

(5 )
(5 )
47

8
2

1
1

15

18

6

2

11

11

7

25
(5 )
3
-

3
23
3

31

1

2

1

-

(5 )

6

8
1

3
-

8

1

3

4
(s )
4

(5 )
-

(5 )

-

(5)

N um ber o f d a y s

L e s s th a n 6 h o l id a y s -------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -----------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 , 3 , 4 , o r 5 h a lf d a y s ----------------7 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y -----------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 , 3 , o r 5 h a lf d a y s ----------------------8 h o l id a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------9 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------9 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s -----------------------------10 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------10 h o l id a y s p lu s l h a lf d a y ---------------------------------------1 1 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------1 1 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------1 2 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------—
1 2 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------------------------13 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

12
3

2
20
6
3
18
3
5

26

_

2
1
1

7
4
4
-

17

1

2

1
2

"

1

13 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

_

1 2 V2 o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------1 2 o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------1 1 7 a o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------1 1 o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------1 0 V2 o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------10 o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------9 V2 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------9 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------8 V2 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------8 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------

3

-

20
21
21

1
1
1
1

1
4

16
4
-

_

_

19

34

5
"

_
-

2
1
(5)

2
3
64

2
8

_
46

11

2
2

2
1
1
-

-

2

1
47
29

1
2

6

6
1

39
3

3
7

22

2
(5)
53

10
8

-

-

11

2
~

5
-

-

2

( S)

”

2

(* )
!
(* )
(5 )

-

“

1
1

_

(5)

-

15
9
5
-

_
67

2
5
4
-

1
2
3
”

Total holiday tim e6

7Va o r
7 or m
6 V2 o r
6 or m
4 or m
1 or m

m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------o r e d a y s _________ ________________ ____ _____ - __
m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------o r e d a y s _____________ __________________ _ _____
_
o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------

23
28
28
34
36
58
64
85

5
5

11

99

17
49
56
83
87
99

10 0
10 0

10 0
10 0

88

1
1
2
2
2
6
22
22
25
25
50
53

10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

_

_

5

-

6
14

20
45
57
73
81

10 0
10 0
10 0

-

3
4
35
46
65

66
10 0
10 0
10 0

8
11
76
78
80
85

88
89
96
96
97
98

10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

_
-

0
<!>
(5)

1
1
3
26
43
54

10 0
10 0
10 0

_

2
2
5
5
10

2
2

15
43
45
80
81
97
98
99

13
46
49
87
89
99

_

2
2

_

4
4
4

8

4
4

19
19

2
2

8

21
22

9
19
75
77
84

10 0
10 0

52
52
98
98

10 0
10 0
10 0

86
92
92
92

_

5
15
30
30
54
54
93
93
99

-

3

6
6
6
14

16
83
83
83

1

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
* E x clu d e s li m it e d - p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
4
A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l an d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o the s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n s
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th en c u m u la t e d .
NOTE:

S e e n o t e on p .




17,

r e la tiv e

to th e in c l u s i o n

o f r a ilr o a d s .

of w ork ers

r e c e iv in g

a to ta l o f 7 d a y s

in c lu d e s

t h o s e w it h

7 f u l l d a y s and

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by
vacation pay p r o v isio n s, P hilad elph ia, Pa. , N ovem ber 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All
industries

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade 2

Finance 3

Services

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public i
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

1 00

100

100

100

1 00

100

100

1 00

1 00

100

100

1 00

1 00

99
99
(?)
( 5)

100
99
( 5)
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
99
-

100
94
6

99
79
17
3

100
70
28
2

1 00
100
>

91
87
4

1 00
100
_

100
65
_
35

Method of paymont
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ____________________________
O t h e r ______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________

Amount of vacation pay

( 5)

99
99
-

( 5)

-

-

-

-

( 5)

-

( 5)

-

-

9

-

*

12
43
12
9

9
55
14
3

19
25
2

20
16
2

7
50
16
26

14
38
15
18

21
18
2
1

23
19
2
1

5
21
3

7
30
3

31
9
1

28
7
2

~

15
33
22
3

-

-

-

-

24
( 5)
76
-

12
( 5)
87

71
( 5)
28

16
84

81
_

1
_
99

16
6
78

71
5
25

-

-

81
2
15
2

51
_
40
-

84
_
16

-

73
4
22
( 5)

62
31

19
-

-

-

8
6
80
6
-

47
17
35

50
24
25

56

41
8
41

33
1
65

24
40
36

_

_

42

1

1

2

-

-

-

7
6
81
6

20
19
58
1
2

18
27
51
1
3

53

5

46

15
11
65

95

18
37
45

2

-

-

-

1
1
86

1
1
83

2
8
61

6

A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

7

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d t in d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------- ------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

6

47

1
93

_

-

53

87

_

_

_

_

-

12
1
87
( 5)

-

-

-

4
2
89
1
3

47

13

15
( 5)
84

_
_

99
-

_

_

_

_

_

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

9
1
88
1
1

6

1

-

-

-

53

94

99

_

99

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
-----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

See foo tn otes at end of table.




<5

( 5)
87
4
8

(5)
82

7

10

_

_

_

_

98
1
1

87

89

97

_

_

2

13

11

1

5
1
49
12
34

6
6

_

_

1

7

97
1

91

93

9

2

29
6

20
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by
v acation pay p r o v isio n s, P h ilad elp h ia, P a. , N ovem ber 1959)
O FF IC E W O RK ERS

V acation p o lic y

All
industries

M anufacturing

(3
( 5)
57
3
39
( 5)
1

( 5)
43
4
52
( 5)
-

( 5)

1

10
89
( 5)
1

( 5)

( 5)

l

P L A N T W O RK ERS

2

4

Finance 3

Services

All
industries

79
5
17
~

5
1
34
5
46
9

1
(5)
47
10
41
1
■

1
46
14
37
2
■

_
61
_
39
■

14
86
-

16
.
84
-

5
31
4
50
1
9

1
15
1
76
7

1
14
_
74
11

_
_
100
-

( 5)

( 5)

_
14
_
80
6

10
_
77
_
12

5
30
5
51
1
9

1
14
1
65
6
13

1
14
63
9
14

_
86
_
14

5
30
5
39
1
21

1
14
1
45
6
33

1
14
46
9
31

_
_
66
34

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

_
89
11
■

_
55
45
-

16
84
-

3
_
97
( 5)

24
_
76
-

_
3
95
_
3

_
21
_
63
_
16

Public
u tilities

M anufacturing

Public
utilities

i
1

W holesale
trade

R etail trade 2

Services

47
_
44
-

1
30
_
69
-

2
8
59
29
2
-

■

~

27
_
64
-

1
15
84
-

2
60
22
9
7

_
27
_
53
_
11

1
15
_
71
_
13

2
52
28
11
7

_
27
38
26

1
14
35
50

2
52
28
11
7

Amount off vacation p a y 6— Continued
~

A fter 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s -------------------------------2 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -------------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ___-_________________
4 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

"

A fter 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s -------------------------------4 w ee k s _________________________________________

13
( 5)
85
( 5)

( 5)

_

_

_

_

~

A fter 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _____________________
4 w eek s _________________________________________

11
( 5)
75
1
13

9
72
1
17

( 5)

( 5)

.

_

-

A fter 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s -------------------------------3 w eek s _________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ----------------------------4 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

10
(5)
47
1
42

9
50
2
40

_

3
73
25

_

21
54
25

_

13
27
60

_

6
34
60

_

1 T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
2 E xclu d es lim ite d -p r ic e v a r ie ty sto r e s.
3 F inan ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te .
4 Includes data for r e a l e sta te in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s show n sep a ra tely .
5 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
6 P er io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in divid ual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s sio n s . F or exam p le, the ch an ges in p rop ortion s in d icated at 10 y e a r s'
s e r v ic e in clude chan ges in p r o v isio n s o ccu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s.
NOTE: See note on p. 17, re la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s. In the tab ulation s of vacation a llo w a n ces by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , p aym en ts oth er than "length-of-tim e," such a s p ercen ta ge
of annual earn in gs or fla t-su m p aym en ts, w ere con verted to an equ ivalent tim e b a sis; for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p e r cen t of annual earn in gs w as c o n sid ered a s 1 w e e k 's pay.




21
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercen t of o ffice and plant w o rk e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts providing
health, in su ra n ce, or p en sio n b e n efits, P h ilad elp h ia, P a . , N ovem ber 1959)
O FFIC E W ORKERS

T ype of b en efit

W holesale
trade

PL A N T W O RK ERS

All
industries

M anufacturing

Public
u tilities1

------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providing:
L ife in su r a n c e ____________
-----------------A ccid en tal death and d ism em b erm en t
in su ra n ce _________________________________
S ick n e ss and a ccid en t in su ra n ce or
sic k le a v e or both 5 ______________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in s u r a n c e -------Sick lea v e (full pay and no
w aiting p eriod ) ______________________
Sick lea v e (p artial pay or
w aiting p e r io d )---- ---------------------------H osp italization in s u r a n c e ___ ___________
S u rgical in su ra n ce _ ______________________
M ed ical in su r a n c e _________________________
C atastrophe in su ra n ce ------------------- ---------R etirem en t p e n s io n _______________________
No health, in su ra n ce, or p en sion plan —

91
35
78
39
62
4
72
68
46
36
80
1

99
43
92
64
71

54
33
67
21
60
4
58
54
54
47
50
( 6)

89
36
77
50
71

97
27
90
47
32
38
85
79
28
33
79

99
25
63
8
57

79
33
65
33
56
2
52
31
18
14
40
6

89
40
88
78
12
8
85
79
49
14
71
1

92
39
96
90
8
4
92
89
53
13
76
1

69
31
69
45
21
18
67
51
42
31
71

A ll w o rk ers

1
2
3
4

(* )
86
84
56
29
87
( 6)

R etail trade2

-

67
55
39
29
76
3

Finance 3

-

62
59
41
51
96

Services

All
industries *

M anufacturing

Public
utilities 1

W holesale
trade

R etail trade2

Services

100

100

100

87

94
46
82
68
16
18
78
76
33
7
70
2

99
76
60
56
10
8
71
52
59
1
9

33
81
68
23
-

79
65
45
14
74
8

T ransportation , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
E xclu d es lim ite d -p r ic e variety sto r e s.
F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l e sta te .
Includ es data for r e a l e sta te in addition to th ose industry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .

5 U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce shown se p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n um ber o f days* pay that can be e x p e c te d by e a ch e m p lo y e e .
I n fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e ex c lu d e d .

4 L e ss than 0. 5 p ercen t.
NOTE: See note on p. 17, re la tiv e to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s.







23

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
Biller , machine (hilling machine )— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) — U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrahd, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alances. D oes not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— K eeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
ment’s bu sin ess tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers w ith proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad ­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other du ties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A— In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
v ise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical du ties.
Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of m aterial th at h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

25

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine,.and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular du ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagram s
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not inc|uded. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

26
TYPIST

TYPIST—-Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up* sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

PR O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in draw ings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assig n in g
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or a s a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* inju ries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting too ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

27
M AINTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
in stallatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications;.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work .involves: Operating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m otors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s reauiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds, speed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress too ls, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch inist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

28
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is­
mantling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a m achiue shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making a ll necessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are w orkers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and spe£d reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia ritie s and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, w hite lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consisten cy . In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and meaisuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with sto ck s and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

29

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or eq u iv ­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, speed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

30

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, custom ers’
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May d irect or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of estab ­
lishm ents such a s: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout h elpers, make minor m echanical rep airs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c lassified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . GOVER N M ENT P R IN T IN G O FFIC E : I 9 6 0 0 — 5 4 5 9 9 3

Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a re b e in g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a jo r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r ly I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d from th e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n 2 5 , D . C . , or from a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l
s a le s o ffic e s sh o w n b elo w .
A s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n c o n t a i n i n g d a t a fo r a l l l a b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b in e d w it h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r l y in 1 9 6 1 .
B u lle t in s for th e a r e a s lis t e d b e lo w a re n o w a v a ila b le .
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
S e a t t l e , W a s h . , A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
S t . L o u i s , M o ., O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 5 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 6 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
B a lt im o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 7 , p r ic e 15 c e n t s




B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 8 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 9 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
C a n t o n , O h i o , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 0 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 1 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 2 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 3 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102