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Occupational Wage Survey
SAN BERNARDINO-RIVERSIDEONTARIO, CALIFORNIA
NOVEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-15




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN BERNARDINO-RIVERSIDEONTARIO, CALIFORNIA




NOVEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-15
March 1960
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents/ U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The B ureau of Labor S ta tistics regu larly conducts
areaw ide wage su rveys in a num ber of im portant in d u s­
tria l c e n te r s. The stu d ies, m ade from late fa ll to early
sp rin g, relate to occupational earnings and related supple­
m entary b en efits. A p relim inary report is available on
com p letion of the study in each area, usu ally in the month
follow ing the payroll period studied. T his b u lletin provides
additional data not included in the e a r lie r rep ort. A co n ­
solid ated an alytical bu lletin sum m arizing the resu lts of all
of the y e a r 's su rveys is issu e d after com p letion of the
final area b ulletin for the curren t round of su rv e y s.
T his report was prepared in the B ureau's regional
office in San F ra n c isc o , C alif. , by W illiam P . O'Connor,
under the d irection of John L . Dana, R egional Wage and
Industrial R elations A n alyst.




Contents

In trod u ctio n ______________________________________________________________

P age
1

T able s :
1. E stab lish m en ts and w orkers w ithin scope of s u r v e y --------------

2

A: O ccupational earnings: *
A - 1. O ffice occupations ______________________________
A -2 . P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical occupations ______
A -3 . M aintenance and pow erplant occupations ____
A -4 . C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations
B: E stab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
p rovision s: *
B - l . Shift d ifferen tia ls ________________________________________
B -2 . M inim um entrance sa la r ie s for w om en
office w orkers __________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours -------------------------------------------------B -4 . P aid holidays ____________________________________________
B -5 . P aid vacations ___________________________________________
B -6 . H ealth, in su ran ce, and pen sion plans --------------------------

8
9
9
10
11
13

Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s __________________________________

15

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations for th ese and other item s are
available in the reports for su rveys in other m ajor a r e a s.
A d irectory indicating date of study and the p rice of the
reports is available upon req u est.




Occupational Wage Survey —San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario, Calif.
Introduction

T his area is one of se v e r a l im portant in d u strial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L ab or’ s B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage ben efits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v is its of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
w ithin six broad industry division s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m u nication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu d ies are governm ent operations
and the con stru ction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also b ecause
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, sep arate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecau se of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying all esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are presen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fessio n a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regu lar w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssific a tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and
1 R ailroad s, fo rm erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n early a ll of the area s to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; ra ilroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
y ea r. F or scope of su rvey in this area, se e footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but cost-of;living bonuses and incen tive earn in gs are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both se x e s are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and w om en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d within
the sam e su rvey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average se r v ic e of m en would resu lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore g en era lized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
esta b lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stab lish m en t P ra c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working au p ervisors and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related fu n ction s, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fessio n a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and force-acco u n t con stru ction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing ind u stries.

2

T A B L E 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e —O n t a r io ,
R
M in im u m
In d u s try d iv is io n

in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W it h in
scope o f
stu d y 3

C a lif.,

1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

2 N o v e m b e r 1 959

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l 4

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

51

205

85

5 8 , 7 00

7, 8 00

40, 800

4 7 , 0 90

M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 -------------------------------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ------------------------------------S e r v i c e s 7 ------------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------

51
51

78
127

37
48

27, 7 00
31, 0 00

2, 4 0 0
5, 4 0 0

2 1, 5 00
19, 300

23, 5 1 0
2 3, 5 80

51
51
51
51
51

19
20
42
17
29

13
6
15
6
8

14,
2,
7,
3,
3,

1, 5 00

8, 100

A ll d iv is io n s

100
6 00
9 00
400
0 00

(‘ )
(* )
(!)
(6)

( 6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

13,
1,
5,
2,
1,

710
210
340
2 50
070

1 T h e S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e —O n t a r io M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a ( R i v e r s i d e a n d San B e r n a r d i n o C o u n t i e s ) .
R
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n ­
a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a
e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p iein n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d
s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 195 7 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r e d i t io n ( u s e d in
th e B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r t o t h e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e t h e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a l e
o r r e t a il ) t o m a n u fa c t u r i n g , a n d t h e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s t o th e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w it h in t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , and m o t io n - p ic t u r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e i n c l u d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s ,
a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3

The summary of vacation.plans is lim ited to formal arrange­
m ents, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer. Separate estim ates are provided
according to em ployer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 w eek's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen1s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com ­
m ercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illn ess or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the em ployer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to formal plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illn ess. Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to as extended
m edical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em ployees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, m edical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w orker's life.

An establishm ent was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section
table B-3) in surveys made prior to late 1957 and early 1958 were
presented in term s of the proportion of women office workers em ­
ployed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women w orkers.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishm ent was considered as having a form al plan if
of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual b asis,
were excluded.

Shift differential data (table B -l) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishm ent policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant worker em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishm ents having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s­
sification "other" was used. In establishm ents in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishm ents visited. They are presented on an establishm ent, rather
than on an employment basis. Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a m a­
jority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the
practices listed. Scheduled hours are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a m ajority
are covered .3 Because of rounding, sums of individual item s in these
tabulations may not equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , San B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e - O n t a r i o , C a lif. , N o v e m b e r 1959)
R

Avebaqb

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly,1 earnings1 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110. 00 115. 00 120.00
Weekly. and
hours
(Standard) (Standard) u n der
“
“
”
■
"
“
“
■
“
■
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 _&5J)0 __zo,.oo 75, Q.0_ JO^fiO. _85,0Q -S Q ^ Q O 95. 00, 100.00 105.00 11CL00 115. 00 120.00 125. 00

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry divisio n

Number
of
workers

M en
C le rk s , accounting, c la ss A ________________________
N o n m an u factu rin g ----------------------------------------------------C le rk s, o rd e r __________________________________________
N o n m an u factu rin g ----------------------------------------------------O ffice b o y s _______ - ------------ ---- — - - — -------T ab u lating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss B

62
42
38
34
30
28

40. 5
41. 0
41. 5
42. 0
40. 0
40. 5

$99.50
1Q0.00
90.50
89.00
59.50
100.00

3

W omen
B ille rs , m achine (billing m a c h in e ) -----------------------------B ille rs , m achine (bookkeeping m a c h in e )-------B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss A ____________
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss B ______
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ------------— _
C le rk s , acco unting, c la ss A __ __ _ __ — __ _
M a n u fa c tu rin g ________ __ — -_______________________
N onm anufacturing _ _ ___
__ _ — — __
C le rk s, acco unting, c la ss B ___ _
— — —
M anufacturing — __ ----- __ __ __ —
N onm anufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ------C le rk s , file, c la ss B _ __ _
N onm anufacturing _ ____
_______
C le rk s, p a y r o ll_________________________________________
M anufacturing — ------------ __ _ — N o n m an u factu rin g ______ _ ____ __ _
_ _
K eypunch o p e r a to r s -----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing — — — _ _ _ _ __ —
N onm anufacturing —
__ _ - - — —
S e c re ta rie s ------- — —
—
M anufacturing _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _
__
N onm anufacturing ----- __
_
— - —
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ---_ __ _ - _ — S ten o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l ---_ ---M a n u fa c tu rin g ---------- _ _
__ _
--------N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ---- _ _
__ _ _
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ---------------------------------------------------

30
33
29
310
291
79
25
54
164
95
69
45
28
94
54
40
97
43
54
419
185
234
57
315
117
198
71

40. 0
40. 0
38. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
40. 0
39.5
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
39.5
40. 5
4 0 .0
41. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

60.00
65.00
81.00
56.50
56.00
80.00
83.50
78.50
69.00
72.50
64.50
60.50
57.50
72.50
73.00
72.00
81.50
80.00
83.00
86.00
92.00
81.50
92.00
76.50
82.50
72.50
86.50

2
2
_
.

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le ,




_
_
4
4
_
_
-

3
.

8
.

8

9
3
_

.
.
_

3
_

52
52
_
2
2
9
9
1
1
_
-

85
85
_
"
24
7
17
5
4
18
8
10
"
3
3
11
11

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

5
84
81
_
12
1
11
5
1
-

1

6
6
2
2
24
3
21

_
_

9
10
_
48
44
7
7
32
21
11
9
3
11
8
3
3
1
2
11
1
10
58
16
42

4
4
2

3
11
2
20
15
9
2
7
31
24
7
2
2
9
7
2
8
7
1
51
19
32
3
44
15
29
5

3
_
"
1

2
4
5
13
6
10
1
9
20
12
8
3
2
11
10
1
11
5
6
34
13
21
1
22
4
18
12

_
4
4
1

7
4
5
5
1
2

5
3
_

_
1
2
5
5
12
6
6
17
14
3
1

1

11
7
4
7
2
5
74
16
58
9
43
18
25
5

8
6
1
1
_

10
8
4
2
_

4
4
4
2
_

1

11
10
13
13
3
1

5

13

6

_

_

1

1

_

1
4
3
3
21
6
15
6
5
1
1
"
16
5
11
21
14
7
54
23
31
7
14
4
10
8

1
1
.
"
6
5
1
5
5
3
“
2
1
1
3
1
2
31
13
18
7
6
2
4
4

3

_
.
3
3
_
"
2
2
1
1
"
1
-

7
.

$
125. 00
and
over

5
1
4
5
1
4
1
1
2
2
31
13
18
38
21
17
5
22
8
14
13

1

34
17
17
13
63
45
18
18

2
2
10
10
"
_
10
6
4
6
6
16
10
6
2
6
6
6

3
2
2
2
_

2
1
1
1
.

7
2
_
_

2
2
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
.
4
1
3
_
_
"
■
_
~
15
5
10
4
1
1
-

_
.
-•
_
_
_

.

_
_

.
.
_
"
_
-

1
1
_
•
52
45
7
4
_
-

_
_
.
"
“
■
3
2
1
1
1
1
-

_
_
_

-

_
-

-

-

"
■
_
-

1
1
1
_
-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a lif. , N o v e m b e r 1959)
R
O

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55.00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120.00
Weekly1 earnings 1
Weekly
hours (Standard) and
(Standard)
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 _90,_00 95.00 100.00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00
Average

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry divisio n
W omen— C ontinued
S w itchboard o p e r a to r s _________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g ----------------------------------------------------Sw itchboard o p e ra to r-re c e p tio n ists ----------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________ -____ -______
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------T y p ists, c la ss A _______________________________________
................................ ____________
N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------T y p ists, c la s s B ____________________________________________
___ ____
t i l TT T ig
- N o n m an u factu rin g ----------------------------------------------------1
2

of
workers

97
28
69
92
49
43
61
32
29
27 3
85
188

40. 5 $72. 00
40. 0 82. 50
40. 5 68. 00
40. 0 64. 50
4 0 .0 68:65"
40. 0 60. 50
4 0 .0 70. 00
4 0 .0 74. 00
40. 0 65.50
40. 0 62. 50
40. 0 69. 50
40. 0 59. 00

1
1
2
2
-

9
9
9
_
9

_
_

_
_

-

-

4
2
2

8
_
8

11
2
9
20
10
10
3
_
3
59
8
51

17
1
16
5
4
1
9
4
5
83
28
55

8
2
6
22
11
11
15
4
11
36
9
27

1
1
"
9
3
6
10
6
4
34
2
32

2
1
1
6
5
1
12
9
3
11
6
5

9
9
3
3

14
14
3
2
1

3
1
2

“

-

1
1

9
1

3
3
1
1

-

6
6
8
4
4
2
2

“

28
28

-

8

16
12
4

-

-

6
6

~

“

”
4
"4
1
1
- ■

.

_

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

$
125. 00
and
over
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

"

■

“

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a lif. , N o v e m b e r 1959)
R
O

Average
Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d ivisio n
M en
D raftsm en , s e n io r __________________ ________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g ---------------------------------------------------Piihli r* u tilities 3
............
D raftsm en , ju n io r -------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------W omen
N u rse s, in d u stria l (re g iste re d ) ----------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

116
88
28
28
58
32
26
29
26

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
80.00 85. 00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00 130. 00 135.00 140.00 145. 00 150. 00 155. 00
and
80. 00 under 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00 130. 00 135. 00 140.00 145. 00 150. 00 155. 00 160. 00
85. 00

Weekly
Weekly U nder
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard) $

40. 0 $134. 00
4 0 .0 140.50
40. 0 113. 50
40. 0 113.50
40. 0
98. 50
40. 0 101.00
40. 0
95. 00
40. 0
40. 0

96. 50
99. 00

-

1
1

5
1

3
4
3 ----- 3
-

1

2
■

6
6

_

-

44

4
4

4

~

2
2
2
10
5
5
4
3

2
2
-

10
8
2
2

15
5
10

3
2
1
1
2
2
-

6
6

2
2

_

4

3
1

l
i
-

3
2
1
1

13
1
12
12

4
4

6
5
1
1

13
8
5

-

-

-

_

_

8
8

•

1

1

■

9
5

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 6 at $ 1 6 0 to $ 1 7 0 ; 3 at $ 1 7 0 to $ 1 8 0 ; 8 at $ 1 8 0 to $ 1 9 0 ; 1 at $ 1 9 0 and o v e r .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 3 at $ 6 5 to $ 7 0 ; 1 at $ 7 0 to $ 7 5 .




$
160. 00
and
over

2
2
-

6
6
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

2 18
18
-

2
- ----- T ~
“
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

31
31
-

_

■

*

6
Table A -3. M aintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, San Bernardino—R iverside-O ntario, Calif. , Novem ber 1959)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
worken

Average $
hourly . 1 • 50
earning*
and

<
1.70

$

1.60
under
1.60 -i.a-7.CL_ _L

$

1.80

$

1.90

N U M B E R OF W ORKERS REC EIV IN G STRAIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EA R N IN G 8 OF—
$
$
$
i
$
$
$

S

2.00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2.40

_2*_20_ 2. 30

2 .50

~

"

“

■

*

“

“

5
5

41
1

4

3.01
3.00
3. 09
3.09

-

_
■

_
■

_
■

_
■

.
-

_
■

_
■

4
4
“

3
3
■

3
3
~

34

2.86

_

_

.

_

.

_

_

_

44
31

2.42
2 .5 4

1

■

2
"

"

“

3
3

17
9

134
85

$ 2 .6 7
2.75

E lectrician s, m aintenance ---- — --------------------M anufacturing ———
N onm anufacturing----------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ________________________

334
302
32
32

E ngineers, stationary — ----- ----------------------------F irem en, stationary boiler —----- --------- ---- -— —
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

1

1
■

1
1

2.70

*2.80

*
2.90

-3 a M _

”

C arpenters, m aintenance -------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------- --------------

2.60

8

3.00

t

3. 10

—2u l0—

3. 20
and
over

34
32

37
35

4
4

■

“

3
-

-

m

5
5
"

50
50
-

13
13
•

218
208
10
10

37
15
22
22

1
1
*

13

3

_

.

_

13

4

1

■

“

2
2

16
16

■

■

"

*

282

128

_

.

_

_

.

i

6

t

6

2

1

1

3

9

58

-

-

-

■

-

-

“

1

1

1
1

14
7

2
2

4
4

63
63

15
12

193
193

5
-

1
1

.
“

_
■

.
"

_
"

_
■

_
-

-

4
4
4

9
9
8

2
1
1
1

3
3
■

10
2
8
8

9
5
4
4

27
21
6
6

29
21
8
8

12
9
3
3

64
64
-

_
-

.
-

2.86

_

_

9

.

_
■

.

■

_
■

_

24
24

_

~

”

15
15

40
40

to

20

45
44

47
40

U t

242

2
2

*

44
43

2. 33
2. 33

_

_

_

_

2
2

5
5

20
19

14
14

_

_

_

_

■

3
3

_

"

_
"

_

*

_
■

~

"

-

P ainters, m a in ten a n c e ----- — ---- ---------------------M anufacturing -------------------------— .....— . — _

65
52

2.62
2.65

.
•

_
“

_

_

_

17
7

13
12

5
5

20
19

5
5

1
1

.

"

3
3

.

■

_
"

P ip efitters, m aintenance —---- ---------- ---- ---------M anufacturing

102
102

2 .84
2.84

.

.

.

.

.

5
5

.

.

4
4

4
4

79
79

10
10

H elpers, trad es, m aintenance --------------— -------

484

2. 36

M achinists, m aintenance —— ----------------- --------M anufacturing-----------------------------------------------

299
284

2. 98
2. 99

-

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) ------------M anufacturing —------- —— — ______ ........
N onm anufacturing____ — ---------------------- ------Public u tilities 2 ------------------------------------

169
126
43
42

2. 83
2.91
2.58
2.58

M echanics, m aintenance —--------------------— ------M anufacturing --------- -------— . — ________ _— ..

444
427

o r

■

M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

Qilers

______________________________________________________

"

_
■

_

.

"

■

.

1 E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




_

.

1
-

7
Table A -4. Custodial and M ate rial Movem ent Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Bernardino~Riverside-Ontario, C a lif., November 1959)

N U M B E R OF W O RK ERS R EC E IV IN G ST R A IG H T -T IM E HOURLY E A R N IN G S OF—

Number
of
workers

Average $
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
* , $
$
$
$
$
$
t
$
$
hourly .
earnings 4 1 .0 0 1. 10 1 .20 1. 30 1 .40 1. 50 1 .6 0 1.70 1.80 1 .90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2 .7 0 2. 80 2 .9 0 3. 00
and
r t o 1 .20 1 .30 1 .40 1 .50 1 .60 1 .70 1.80 1 .90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2 .9 0 3. 00 3. 10

Guards
M anu facturing----------------------------------------------

136
l2 4

$2 . 38
2. 66

*

*

•

■

■

“

“

‘

3
3

5
5

10
10

4
4

25
21

5
5

11
16 "

73
66

Jan itors, p o rters, and c le a n e r s -----------—-------M anu facturing_______________________________
N on m an ufacturing_____________ _____________
P ublic u tilitie s 3 -.................................................

365
146
175
39

1.83
1.46
1.67
2. 03

27
2
25
*

5
5
■

17
2
15
“

20
20

2
2
"

9
6
4
“

9
4
5
2

32
26
4
2

41
15
26
6

16
16
■

87
64
50
12

87
42
15
15

9
4
2
2

1
1
"

3
1
2
*

_
“

L ab orers, m a terial handling __________________
M anufacturing -________________ ______________
N on m an ufacturing----------------------------------------

186
111
75

1 ,96
2 .7 5
1.83

_
-

4
4

4
4

16
16

-

8
8

14
4
5

5
6
2

12
12
■

12
12
■

9
6
l

12
11
1

10
3
7

31
19
12

34
34
“

9
9

-

O rder fille r s ________________ —_________________
M anu facturing----------------------------------------------

125
29

1 .73
T I T

_

.
“

80
“

.
“

.
■

8
6

3
3

_

■

2
2

1
1

11
lb

7
6

3
3

P a ck ers, shipping ____________—----------------------M anu facturing_______________________________

... 57

2 .2 6
2. 26

_

_

_

_

_

_

■

R eceiving c le r k s ____________——_______________
N on m an ufacturing---------------------------------- -----

31
~ 8 -----

1.99
1.47

“

“

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

-

“
“

_

.
“
"
.

Shipping and receiv in g cle r k s . . . . . . ____________

32

2 .4 2

_

T ruckd rivers 4 --------------------------------------------------M anu facturing_______________ _______________
N on m an ufacturing_____________—____________
P ublic u tilitie s 3 ________________________ _

751
533
218
30

2. 54
2.62
2. 33
2. 33

*

Truckdrivers, light (under l*/i tons; _____ _

39

1.95

Truckdrivers, medium ( l 1/* to and
including 4 tons) . . . ____________ _________ ___
Manufacturing_________________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing . . . . . ___. . . . . . . __ . . . . . . . . . .

46

86

-

38

2 .06
1.96
2. 17

224

2 .7 0

-

Truckers, power (forklift) —----------------------------Manufacturing________________________________
Nonmanufacturing . . . . ____ ________ ______. . . . .

247
176
71

2. 62

-

2. 35

•

"

Truckers, power (other than forklift) --------- . . .

91

2 .4 2

_

_

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
---------------------trailer type) --------------------Manufacturing____________________________

1
2
3
4

“1 7 2 — T 6 T

-

_

“
5
5
_

■

“

_

10
1

_

_

*

“

■

“

“

.
"

_

“

“

“

6
6

6
6

“

2
2

-

-

-

8

6 n o 169
5 .... i l " 164
63
1
“
“
■

1
1
“

_

_

_

_

1
1

-

-

"

-

“

-

5
5

106
46

-

“

25
25

14
14

_

.

"

- '

6
6

6 — r
1
6 ■

_
“

5
4

4
4

_
-

-

_
-

6
6

1
“

_
-

_

_

_

_

m

_

_

3

4

4

16

3

2
2
“

-

-

5
5
”

20
11
9
■

40
l5
25
"

13
13

2
2
"

14
16
4

35
12
23

20
12
8

36
6f
5

41
66
11

137
99
38

100
91
9

.

_

3

13

_

4

_

2

.
-

.
-

-

10
10

12

“

-

■

“

■

12
“

3

4
6
l

?
1

4
...... 2

-

-

-

1

-

3

1

16

-------- 5
r

11

15

9

23

24
~

2

2
“

96

14
12

_

1

1
.
1

4

8

l

7
3
4

11

“

5

5

_

_

_

_

5

6

1

2
*

-

_

4

2

*

-

5

26
8
18

-

_

3

13
9
4

1
1

-

2

2
2

-

"

4

3
3

-

“

Data limited to men workers.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




*

■

.
-

“

■

1
1

-

-

4
4

“

3

2. 33

2
2

_

9

-

_
■

•

“

_
“

.

-

“

5

-

“

_

.

-

*

■

2

.

"

.

_

“

■

"

“

.

-

*

3

_

*

11

*

1

■

IT ’
“

4
“

2

2

26

■

4

8

16

2

12

*

87
— 57“
2

........2 '
"
48

_

-

“
“

-

■
_

“
.

_

.

29
-

29

_

-

■

*
-

■

_

“

*

_

_

-

-

“




8

B* Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r s h ift w o r k , a n d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s a c t u a ll y
o p e r a t i n g la t e s h ift s b y t y p e an d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t ia l , San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a li f. , N o v e m b e r 1959)
R
O
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s a c t u a ll y
o p e r a tin g —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t ia l
S e c o n d sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

19. 7

13. 0

T o t a l ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

89. 3

87. 7

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t ia l ___________________________

89. 3

87. 7

19. 7

13. 0

7 9 .4

6 3. 1

17. 6

1 1 .9

3 c e n t s ___________________________________________
5 c e n t s ___________________________________________
7 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------7 V 2 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s __________________________________________
11 c e n t s __________________________________________
12 c e n t s __________________________________________
1 3 c e n t s __________________________________________
14 c e n t s __________________________________________
16 c e n t s __________________________________________
24 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------

1 .8
8. 3
1.
1. 1
48. 0
1. 1
17. 5
-

1. 8
1. 1
8. 3
1. 5
44. 1
1. 1
2. 9
1. 1
1. 2

. 3
2. 2
.4
. 2
10. 8
. 3
3 .4
-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------------------

6. 9

5. 0

1. 6

5 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t __________________________ __________

6. 9
-

_
5. 0

1. 6
-

1. 1

-

.4

-

1 .9

2. 3
17. 3

. 1

.7

U n ifo r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) _____

_________________

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _______________
F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s , p lu s
c e n t s d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------- --------------- _
O t h e r f o r m a l p a id d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________
N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________

6

-

-

-

_
. 1
.8
. 3
9 .8
. 6
. 1
.2

.4
_

.4

___________
'

1
I n c lu d e s e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e
th o u g h t h e y w e r e n ot c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h i ft s .

‘

s h ifts ,

a n d e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

c o v e r i n g la t e

s h ift s

even

9
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e —O n t a r io , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1959)
R
I n e x p e rie n ce d ty p ists

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

40

A ll
sch ed­
u le s

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sch ed­
u le s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s :5 o f—
A ll
sch ed­
u le s

40

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

40

A ll
sch ed­
u le s

40

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ----------------------------------------------------------------

85

37

XXX

48

XXX

85

37

XXX

48

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m -----------------------$ 4 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 4 2 . 50 -----------------------------------------------------$ 4 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 4 5 . 00 -----------------------------------------------------$ 4 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 7 . 50 ____________________________________
$ 4 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 0 . 00 ____________________________________
$ 5 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 5 2. 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 5 . 00 ____________________________________
$ 5 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 ____________________________________
$ 5 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 00 -----------------------------------------------------$ 6 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50 ____________________________________
$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 00 -----------------------------------------------------$ 7 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 50 -----------------------------------------------------$ 7 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5. 00 ____________________________________
$ 7 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 50 ____________________________________
$ 7 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 00 ____________________________________
$ 8 0 . 00 a n d o v e r _______________________________________________
E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m --------------------E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y __________________________________________________

29
1
4
3
2
2
2
6
2
1
2

12
1
1
2
4
1

11
1
2
4
1
-

17

16
3
3
1
2
2
1
1
1

38
2
7
3
6
4
5
1
1
2
1
1
1
1

13
1
1
3
2
3
1
-

13
1
1

25
2
6
2
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
-

24
2
5
2
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
-

1
2
3

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

1

-

4
3
1
2
2
1
-

1
1
1
1

-

-

1
1
1
1
5

1
1
2

-

XXX

3

XXX

51

23

XXX

28

XXX

1
1

-

3
2
3
1
1
1
-

-

5

1
1
2

XXX

3
3

XXX

42

22

XXX

20

XXX

3

3

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r in g in e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f ic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e n ot c o n s id e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k

rep orted .

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , S a n B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r io , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1959)

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

36 h o u r s ______________________________________________
37 V 2 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------38 3/* h o u r s __________________________________________
40 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 44 h o u r s ______________________
44 h o u r s ______________________________________________
O v e r 44 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s ______________________
48 h o u r s ______________________________________________
1
2
3
4

PLANT WORKERS

All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100
1
1
1
87
1
5
1
3

(4)

2
95
(4)
2
( 4)
1

.
_

1
98
(4)
( 4)

_
_

100
_
_
_
-

Manufacturing

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




100
1
1
92
3

2
1

Public utilities 2

100

98

2

-

10
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif. , November 1959)

O
FFICE W RK
O ERS
Item

A ll workers

— - ---------

M
anufacturing

P
ublio utilities 2

100

100

100

99

99

100

A in stries 1
ll du

----- — — -------

—

W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays
------- —------------------ . -----------W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays
. __ — _______________ —

PLAN W RK
T O ERS
A in stries 3
ll du

M
anufacturing

Publio utilities2

100

100

100

94

97

100

1

(4)

"

6

3

■

1
3
1
14

2

_
(4)
-

2

2
2

Number of days
L e ss than 5 holidays
—
— ----------------------5 holidays _ — — ------- — — - — ---------5 holidays plus 1 half day __ ------------- ------- __
6 holidays ___ , __________________ — . ------------------_
6 holidays plus 1 half d a y ---------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ------------------------------7 holidays ------- — - ------------- — ------ — 8 holidays ___________
.,,
..... ......, ...........
8 holidays plus 1 half d a y ----------------- 1--------------9 h o lid a y s ___________________________________ ____
------— —
9 holidays plus 1 half d a v -----

2
48
17
4
5
4

1
2

13
5
71
5

-

-

43
34
22

-

-

3
(4 )

19
1
-

54
13
2
-

1
15
2
-

74
2
-

”

_
2
-

62
28
8
"

Total holiday timo 5
O l/j

d ay.

or m ore days — —----------- — ---------------------------8 l /z or m ore d a y s ----------------------------------------------8 or m ore d a y s ------------------------------------------ --------7 or m ore d a y s ----------- —------------------- ---------------6l /g or m ore d a y s --------------------------------------------- .
6 or m ore days _________
- — ... ... — ~
5 l /z or m ore d a y s ------------ -------------- ------------------5 or m ore days ---------—-------------— ---------------------4 or m ore days — ----------------------------------------------3 or m ore d a y s ------ ------------------ -------------------------9

4

.

.

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

14
31
81
81
95
96
98
99
99

5
81
81
94
97
98
99
99

22
56

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

2
14
68
69
89
89
92
93
94

2
75
77
93
93
95
96
97

.
-

8
36
98
98

100
100
100
100
100

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
* A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions were then cumulated.




11
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, San Bernardino’-R iverside-O ntario, C a lif ., November 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll workers ----------------------------------------------------------

All in
dustries1

M
anufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
P
ublio utilities2

All in u
d stries3

M
anufacturing

P
ublio u
tilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(4)
-

100
99
(4)
-

100
100
-

98
95
3
-

100
95
5
-

100
100
-

*

2

-

-

_

M e th o d o f p aym en t
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations — — -----------------------------------------L ength-of-tim e p a y m e n t------ -----. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Percentage payment
---------------------- ----------Other
------ - ---------------------------------- --------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations ------------------------------— -- --------Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 8
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week ------------------------------------------------ ----'1 week ___________________________________________
2 weeks
--------- --------------------------------------------------

_

9
35
7

9
46
-

16
-

9
8
-

12
2
-

16
-

34
(4)
60
6

16
(4)
63
20

81
19
-

80
2
8
8

77
4
4
15

87
.
13
-

4
4
85
6
(4)

5
75
20
(4)

_
19
81
-

39
10
41
8
-

63
2
20
15
-

4
39
57
.

3
.
91
6

4
76
20

_
_
100
.

8
20
62
8

9
37
39
15

4
_
96
.

(4)

(4 )

-

-

-

-

2
89
6
2

3
76
20

_
99
.

7
78
15

(4 )

(4 )

5
78
8
7

_
98
.
2

A fter 1 year of service
1 week ---------------------------------- ----------------- v ...
Over 1 and under 2 weeks - ------------------ —-----—
2 weeks ____________. . . ___ ___ ____ ____ ___________ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ________ - -- ---------------

After 2 years of service
1 week
------------------ ----- ------------------- . . . .
Over 1 and under 2 weeks -------------------------------2 weeks ___ ___ _______________________________ ____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ----------- ------ ---------- —
3 w eek . ----------------------------------------------------------------

-

After 3 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks -----------------------------. . .
2 weeks
......
_________ __________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
----------------------. . . . .
3 w eek . ----------------------------------------------------------------

After 5 years of service
1 w e e k .................... .... ....... ............... ......... ......... ...........
2 w eeks
______________________
_____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
— ------- ---------------

See footnotes at end of table,




12
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif. , November 1959)

OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p o licy

All industries1

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Amount of vacatiopi pay ~ Continued

A fter 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------ ---------------------------------2 w eek s -------------- -----------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________
3 w eek s -----------------------------------------------

2
58
14
26

1
37
44
18

A fter 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________
2 w eek s ____________________ ____________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________
3 w eek s _____________________________

2
18
80

1
22
77

100

2
18
71

1
22
74

-

A fter 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _-_______ ______________ ______
2 w eek s --------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________
3 w eek s ________________________________________
4 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

9

2

2

1
22

A fter 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 u rp o lr

w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ------------------------------------------4 w eek s
______________________________________________________
2

13
-

60
7

19

-

36
23
17

57
43

_
-

-

-

73
27

_
-

58
42

_

3
44
27
23

34
51
12

80
20

3
17
2
76

3
17
3
77

_
_
_

3
17
2

3
17
3

69
7

76

17

3

17

2
44

17
15

3

100

_
_

_

90

1

10

3

_
_

3
33
32

82

12

_

18

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
5 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years'
service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, were converted
to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.




13
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , S a n B e r n a r d in o H E U v e r s id e —O n t a r io , C a l i f . , N o v e m b e r 1 95 9)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

91

93

81

78

92

57

50

84

64

65

82

45

80

84

100

66

72

55
23

All industries1

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------------A c c id e n ta l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4 ----------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ----------S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ------------------------------------------S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a i t in g p e r i o d ) -------------------------------------------

27

34

32

31

40

71

84

69

45

57

37

5

-

24

14

10

12

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e ___________ ________ _
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ___________________ _________
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n __________________ _____ ___
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ____

94
94
76
64
74
3

95
95
94
54
84

86
86
86

88
88

94
94
93

82
82
80
63
55

1
2
3
4

1

53
81

87
54
64
7

60
78
3

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .

U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e




lim it e d to
e x clu d e d .

t h o s e w h ic h

d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t le a s t




15

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped Workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrarid, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— Keeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— ‘Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad ­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among several w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathem a­
tic al com putations. This job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A— In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may aliso file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B— Performs routine filing, usually of m aterial th at h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled .
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

17

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for inform ation of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of step s to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagram s
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18
TYPIST

TYPIST—-Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils , m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, etc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

P R O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etches,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, maps, cro ss-sectio n s, etc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and q u an tities;
writing sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

19

MAINTENANCE

D POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power too ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks w ater and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications;.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary ^ engines and equipm ent (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: O perating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors*,
turbines, ventilating ana refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety ol pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ic a l equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in die plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre s se s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P aints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, w hite lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te sts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

21
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in sta lls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other sp ecificatio n s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; settin g up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making n ecessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of £ arts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers betw een floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police d u ties, either a t fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stack er; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehousem an or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

22
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or ind u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of e sta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ain st fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . G OVER N M ENT P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 19 6 0 0 — 5 4 4 2 2 7

Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a r e b e i n g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a j o r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r l y I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fr o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 2 5 , D . C . , o r fr o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l
s a le s o ff ic e s sh o w n b e lo w .
A s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n c o n t a i n i n g d a t a f o r a l l la b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b in e d w it h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r l y in 1 9 6 1 .
B u lle t in s fo r th e a r e a s l i s t e d b e lo w a r e n o w a v a ila b le .
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
S e a t t l e , W a s h ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D a l l a s , T e x ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 3 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
S t . L o u i s , M o ., O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 5 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 6 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s




B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 7 , p r i c e 1 5 c e n t s
B o s t o n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 8 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 9 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
C a n t o n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 0 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 1 1 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102