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Occupational Wage Survey

FORT WORTH, TEXAS
NOVEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-13




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




FORT WORTH, TEXAS
NOVEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-13
March I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C . - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents

P age




Introduction

1

T ables:
1. E stablishm en ts and w orkers within scope of s u r v e y ----------------

2

B: E stablishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
p rovision s:*
B - l. Shift d ifferen tials ------------------------------------------------------------B -2 . M inimum entrance sa la rie s for wom en office w o rk er s—
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------B -4 . P aid h o lid a y s --- ----------------------------------------------------------- ----B -5 . P aid vacations -----------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . H ealth, in su ran ce, and pen sion plans ----------------------------

9
10
10
11
12
14

Appendix: Occupational d e s c r ip tio n s ----------------------------------------------------

15

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations for these and other item s are
available in the reports for su rveys in other m ajor a rea s.
A d irectory indicating date of study and the p rice of the
reports is available upon req u est.

^

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - l . O ffice occupations ------------------------------------------A -2 . P ro fessio n a l and techn ical o c c u p a tio n s--------A -3 . M aintenance and pow erplant o ccu p ation s-------A -4 . C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations

oo -j

The Com m unity Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor S tatistics regu larly conducts
areaw ide wage surveys in a number of im portant industrial
cen ters. The stu d ies, m ade from late fall to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A prelim in ary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the ea rlier report. A consolidated
an alytical b ulletin sum m arizing the resu lts of all of the
y e a r fs su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of su rveys.
This report was prepared in the B ureau’s regional
office in A tlanta, Ga. , by Donald C ruse, under the d ire c­
tion of Louis B . W oytych, R egional Wage and Industrial
R elations A n alyst.




Occupational Wage Survey—Fort Worth, Tex.
Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U .S . Departm ent of Labor* s Bureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a sis. In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of Bureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative establishm ents
within six broad industry divisions: M anufacturing; tran sp orta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; finance, insuran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from these stu dies are governm ent operations
and the construction and extractive in d u stries. E stablishm en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w ar­
rant inclu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d ivision s.
T hese surveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying all estab lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at m inim um co st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, all estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim ates
based on the estab lish m en ts studied are presented, th erefore, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cept for those below the m inim um size studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selected for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties within the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of these d escrip tion s.) E arnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle rica l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and
1 R ailroads, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies,
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
year. F or scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.




late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occupations, referen ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half dollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are presented sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay lev els of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
largely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es among
in d ustries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ssifie d within
the sam e survey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average serv ic e of m en would resu lt in. higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
d escriptions used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen eralized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces among estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally surveyed. B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T hese d ifferen ces in occu ­
pational structure do not m a terially affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.
E stablishm en t P ra c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P rovision s
Inform ation is presented also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ractices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w ork ers. The term "office w ork ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erviso rs and nonsu p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e, ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all non su p ervisory w orkers (including lead m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
execu tive, and p rofession al em p lo yees, and force-acco u n t construction
em ployees who are u tilized as a separate work force are excluded.
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.

2




T able 1. E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers w ithin scope of su rvey and num ber studied in F ort Worth, T ex. , 1 by m ajor in dustry d iv isio n , 2 N ovem ber 1959
M inim um
em p loym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m en ts in scope
of study

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s _

.

. ..

M anufacturing . _
...... .......
N onm anufacturing
.............
T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and
oth er public u t ilit ie s 5 ______________________
W holesale trad e _
_
R eta il trade __________________________________
F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s t a t e _______
S e r v ic e s 7

N um ber of esta b lish m e n ts
Within
Studied
scop e of
study 3

T o ta l4

W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scope of study
O ffice
P lan t

Studied
T o ta l4

51

339

104

8 4 ,7 0 0

15, 700

50, 800

5 6 ,4 9 0

51
51
51
51
51
51
51

124
215
35
46
69
33
32

41
63

4 6 ,0 0 0
38, 700
1 2 ,6 0 0
5 ,2 0 0
14,20 0
3 ,6 0 0
3, 100

6, 800
8, 900

28, 600

2,200

6, 900

3 4 ,3 1 0
2 2 ,1 8 0
11,27 0
1,240
7 ,2 9 0
1,280
1 100
,

19
9
7

20
8

(M

(!)
( 6)

22,200

(!)
(? )
(?)
( 6)

1 The F o rt W orth M etropolitan A rea (Johnson and T arrant C ou n ties). The "w ork ers w ithin scope of study" e stim a te s show n in th is tab le provide a reason ab ly a c c u ­
rate d e sc rip tio n of the siz e and com p osition of the lab or force in cluded in the su rvey. The e stim a te s are not intended, h ow ever, to ser v e a s a b a sis of com p arison w ith
oth er area em p loym en t in d exes to m ea su re em p loym en t tren d s or le v e ls sin ce ( l ) planning of w age su rv ey s r e q u ires the use of esta b lish m en t data com p iled con sid erab ly in
advance of the p a yro ll p eriod stud ied, and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m e n ts a re exclud ed from the scope of the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v ise d edition of the Standard Ind ustrial C la ssific a tio n M anual w as used in c la ssify in g esta b lish m e n ts by in dustry d iv isio n . M ajor changes from the e a r lie r
ed ition (u sed in the B ureau’ s lab or m ark et w age su rvey program p rior to the w in ter of 1958-59) a re the tr a n sfe r of m ilk p a steu riza tio n plan ts and rea d y -m ix e d con crete
esta b lish m e n ts from trade (w h olesale or r e ta il) to m anufacturing, and the tr a n sfe r of radio and te le v is io n b road castin g from s e r v ic e s to the tran sp ortation , com m un ication ,
and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includ es a ll esta b lish m e n ts w ith total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (within the a r ea ) of com p an ies in such in d u str ie s a s trad e,
fin an ce, auto rep air s e r v ic e s , and m o tion -p ictu re th e a te r s a re co n sid ered a s 1 e sta b lish m en t.
4 Includ es e x e c u tiv e, p r o fessio n a l, and other w o rk ers exclud ed from the sep arate o ffice and plant c a te g o r ie s.
5 R ailroad s w e r e included; ta x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclud ed.
6 T h is in dustry d iv isio n is r e p resen ted in e stim a te s for "all in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the s e r ie s A and B ta b le s, although co verage w as in su fficien t to
ju stify sep arate p resen tation of data.
7 H otels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep air shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organ ization s; and en gin eerin g and a rc h itec tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m ents , excluding inform al plans whereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em ployer. Separate estim a tes are provided
according to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earnings, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week* s pay.

Data are presented for all health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p loyer,
excepting only leg al requirem ents such as w orkm en1 s com pensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a com ­
m ercia l insurance com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of curren t operating funds or from
a fund se t aside for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life insuran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is limited* to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined cash paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e ss or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is presented for all such plans to which the
em ployer contributes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e rse y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insurance law s which require em ­
ployer co n trib u tion s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) con­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requirem ents of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker's pay during absence from work
because of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es referred to as, extended
m edical insuran ce, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em ployees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving exp en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italization , m ed ical, and su rgical plans.
M edical insurance re fe rs to plans providing for com plete or partial
paym ent of doctors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organizations or they m ay be
self-in su r ed . Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er's life .

An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovisions coverin g late sh ifts.
3
Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first section
table B -3 ) in surveys made prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
presented in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers em ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for wom en w ork ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C alifornia and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An estab lish m en t was con sid ered as having a form al plan if
of estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sick -lea v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual b a sis,
w ere excluded.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) esta b ­
lish m en t p olicy, 2 presented in term s of total plant worker em ploy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ractice, presented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the survey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, die c la s ­
sification "other" was used. In estab lish m en ts in which som e la tesh ift hours are paid at norm al ra tes, a differential was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are presented on an establishm ent, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insuran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that these are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b asis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are covered . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal totals.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com bines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




A* Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-1. Office Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex. , Novem ber 1959)
A vsbaq k

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

N U M B E R OF W OR K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—
$

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

3 0 .0 0

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 . 00

$
5 0 .0 0

$
4 5 . 00
"

under

M anufacturing-------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 -----------------------------------------Tabulating-m achine op erators, class A ------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------Tabulating-m achine operators, cla ss B -------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------Tabulating-m achine op erators, cla ss C ------———
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------Women
B ille r s, m achine (billing m a ch in e)————
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------B ille r s, m achine (bookkeeping m achine)—
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------ ——
Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, class B
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------C lerks, accounting, cla ss A -------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing--------------------------------Public u tilities 2 -----------------------------C lerks, accounting, c la ss B —
M anufacturing-------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------Public u tilities 2------------C lerks, file, c la ss B
Nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of table,




233
85
148

$ 9 1 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

46

40. 5
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

67
52

40. 0
40. 0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

36

4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

64
24

7
-

40

-

-

2
-

25
3

13
-

39
10

2
2

22
7

13
7

29
3

25
1
3

--------7 T —
4

1

49
24

26
----- 5-----21

and

1 1 5 .0 0

over

3

9
5
3
3

38

13

9

l8
20
5

8
5
2

7

-

_

_

_

T~

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

2

_

_

_

_

—

Z—
1

-

-

9
9

13

6

9

11

1

9

6

-

ll

“

2
2

-

-

4

-

6

4

10

4

_

_

7

3

1

_

4

_

4

1

7

26
8

18

_

12
-

_

_

_

_

_

7
6

18

14

2
2
-

_

-

9
9
-

_

4

5
5
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

9

1

-

-

-

-

12
12

_
-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

23
15

6
2

"

22
1

3

-

6
b

7

-

1
1

5

-

1
1

2
2

-

4

16

17

-

-

1

-

1

lb

11
4

5

2

1
1

3

**

5
4

-

2

-

-

“

-

7
7

13
13

10
10

-

2

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

'

'

'

■

91
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 1 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

-

-

-

76

1 0 2 .5 0
9 4 . 50

-

-

28

4 0 .0
40. 0

“

-

"

-

66
32

40. 0
40. 0

8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

_

1
1

34
32

4 0 .0
40. 0

5 9 . 50
5 9 . 00

-

-

-

76. 50
-

.

!

-

57
36

40. 5
40. 5

5 9 .0 0
5 6 . 50

67
48

4 0 .0
4b. 0

5 4 .0 0
” 50700”

78
56

40. 5
40. 5

6 5 .0 0
62 . 0 0

"

197

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

5 7 . 50
6 1 .0 0

-

5 6 .5 0
7 6 . 50
T6H J0“
7 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

319

5
-

“

“
iio .o n

1

-

129

9
9
-

$
$
1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0

6
b

52

331

-

■
1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

-

_

582

1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

-

-

“ 109
473

“

9 5 .0 0

9 5 . 00

-

8 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

-

9 0 .0 0

$

-

5 2 .0 0
5 3 . 50

4 0 .0

"

8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

-

"

2

$
8 5 .0 0

-

4 1 .0

85
171
46

~

8 0 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

-

40. 0
40. 0

4 0 .0
7070

"
7 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

-

27

172

“
, 6 5 , QQ.

$
7 0 .0 0

5
5

143

256

“
60. 00

2
-

-

-

25

$
6 5 .0 0

"

4 0 .5
40. 0

-

$
6 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

4 0 , 0 0 - i. 5 J L 0 _ 5 0 . QQ

Men
C lerks, accounting, class A ------------------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2------------------------------------------C lerks, accounting, class B -------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------C lerks, order ------------------------------------------------------C lerks, p a y r o ll----------------------------------------------------

$
5 5 . 00

"

1

-

-

■

.

5
5

9
9

12
"1 2

3
1

13

20
20

11

19
13

-

-

12

"

9
3

.

1

“

5
5

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

"

2
1

~

“

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

25
23

6
1

4

3

2

-

-

-

_

“

3
3

-

"

7
4

"

-

-

"

-

31
’ 8

17
2

-

8
2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

8
8

-

-

”

”

9

16
lb

-

5
-

12
3

63
5

59
3

-

-

5

9

58

56

23

15

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

4
-

18
-

28

28

20

-

-

b

6

-

-

4b
8
8

-

-

9
11
4

4

2

2
26
7

-

-

12
4
8
8

4
-

18

29
7
22
14

54

-

19
4
15
3

18

4

22
1
21

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .5
40. 0

5 7 . 50
6 3 . 50

-

-

2

103
-

4 0 .5
40. 0

5 6 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

-

-

-

42
2

103
13

4 0 .0
40. 0

4 4 . 00
T 4 TOO

8
8

10

"199

61

Iff

44

206

59

b

141
33"
108

97
lb
81

22

12

-

65
18

45
3

20
8

42
27

12
12

29
9
20
20

30
16
14
14

4

1
1

2

-

-

-

7

13

47
17

23
22

18
18

2
2

5
1
4

-

-

-

-

5
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex. , Novem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division
Women— C ontinue d
C lerks, order --------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------C lerks, payroll -----------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Com ptom eter operators ----------------------M anufacturing----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Public u tilities 2--------------------------D uplicating-m achine operators
(M imeograpn or Ditto) ----------------------Keypunch op era to rs------------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing---------------------------Public utilities 2 --------------------------Office girls ---------------M anufacturing------Nonmanufacturing S e c r e ta r ie s ---------------M anufacturing------Nonmanufacturing-Public utilities 2
Stenographers, general -----------------M anufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing-----------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------Switchboard op erators---------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------Public u tilities 2---------------------Switchboard op erator-recep tion ists -------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------Tabulating-m achine operators, class B -------T ranscribing-m achine op erators, g e n e r a l---M anufacturing-------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------T ypists, class A ---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------Public u tilities 2------------------------------------T ypists, class B -------------------------------------------M anufacturing---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------Public u tilities 2-------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

$
$
3 0 .0 0 3 5 . 00
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0

151
31
120

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0. 0

$ 5 3 . 50
60. 50
5 1 .5 0

151
58
93

4 0 .5
40. 0
40. 5

6 2. 00
6 8. 00
58. 50

170
58
112
25

40.
4 0.
40.
40.

6 4 .0 0
68. 50
6 2 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

0
0
0
0

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

$
4 0 . 00

4 5 .0 0

$ 0 .0 0
5

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 ,0 0

60. 00

6 5 .0 0

70. 00

75, 00

80. 00

85. 00

37
2
35

29
2
27

36
"9
27

7
4
3

13
6
7

4
4

17
17

4
4
-

4
4
-

-

-

17
5
12

14
8
6

19
3
16

42
8
34

16
10
6

9
1
8

6
4
2

8
6
2

8
2
6

2
------ 2

1
1
-

2
1
1

19
6
13
-

7
3
4
-

38
9
29
1

15
2
13
1

21
7
14
1

5
4
1

11
1
10
2

20
8
12
12

17
10
7
7

1
1
_

5
4
1

-

10
3
7
“

_

9

_

18
— F5
3
3

23
— n>
8
4

-

5
5

*55. 00 *6 0.0 0

$
$
$
*95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1*05. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00
and
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 o v e r

*65. 00 *70. 00 * 7 5 .0 0 * 8 0 .0 0 *85. 00 ^ 0 . 0 0

40

4 0 .0

5 9. 50

4

_

4

.

15

2

1

2

_

325
T7J9
216
39

40. 0
4C10
4 0. 0
4 0 .0

6 1 .0 0
72. 50
5 5 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

-

-

31
5
26
-

43
4
39
1

70
9
61
3

48
8
40
11

21
8
13
5

17
6
11
7

18
6
12
2

79
33
46

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

5 1 .5 0
5 7. 00
4 7 .0 0

-

10
10

37
11
26

6
4
2

3
1
2

-

-

8
------ 7
1

817
2 97
520
89

40. 0
4u. o
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

73. 00
79. 50
6 9. 50
8 5 .0 0

-

-

31
1
30
-

59
8
51
-

62
20
42
-

55
28
27
-

92
2b
66
7

— TT

488
ET5
360
121

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 4. 50
75. 00
6 1 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

-

-

60
60
-

15
2
13
1

38
8
30
7

107
29
78
16

148
■ 37 —
111
29

4 1 .0
40. U
4 1 .0
40. 0

6 1 .0 0
74. 50
56. 50
77. 50

"

6
6
~

20
20

19
19
-

18
5
13
1

132
52
80

40. 5
4 0 .0
40. 5

5 5 .0 0
5 6. 50
53. 50

-

-

12
12

10
8
2

59
14
45

94

10
— n i—
-

9 0 . 00

■

17—

-

-

1
------- 1
"

6
------- 5
“

-

.

_

_

_
_

-

"

_

_

3
3

_
-

_
_

-

-

1

3

-

rr~

57
5

44
6
38
3

73
12
61
19

74
n
60
23

16
8
8
6

13
3
10
9

17
6
11
11

4
4
-

19
3
16
16

43
32
11
11

19
2
17
2

13
5
8
4

12
5
7
3

3
3
3

6
4
2

2
1
1
1

22
10
12
12

4
1
3
3

4
4
-

22
10
12

15
15
-

8
5
3

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

>

-

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

13
9—
4
1

13
46
121
------- j
— n r - “ 93-----28
28
10
10
2
16

1
------- j-—
-

3

-------

2

1
1

_
-

4
— 3-----1
l

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

2

-

32

40. 0

8 3 . 50

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

4

-

1

10

3

3

9

-

-

-

-

151
26
125

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

54. 00
6 2 . 50
5 2. 50

-

-

25
1
24

47
4
43

36
5
31

13
4
9

8
2
6

2
2 ”
-

2
2

6
4
2

6
4
2

2
2

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

283
90
193
53

4 0 .0
OTT'd
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

62.
7T.
57.
62.

00
50
50
00

-

-

14
2
12
-

8
1
7
-

76
22
54
4

55
2
53
17

52
""""3
49
22

6
6
4

12
10
2
2

21
16
5
2

18
14
4
1

21
ZO
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

411
51
360
52

40. 0
40. 5
4 0 .0
40. 0

4 8. 50
4 9 . 00
4 8 .5 0
5 3. 00

4
4
-

-

91
17
74
3

178
16
162
11

89
7
82
27

27
7
20
3

4
4

3

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
-

7
5

...

"

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




-

14

—

_
-

28
18

-

-

22

—

50
r r - — 22

78
----- 56
— n ~
44
65
12
13

"

-

-

-

-

6
Table A-2. Professional qnd Technical Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Fort Worth, T e x ., Novem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours *
(Standard)

$

$
Weekly
earnings * 50. 00 5 5 . 00
and
(Standard) u n d er
5 5. 00 6 0 . 00

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 . 00

$
70. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
7 5. 00 80. 00 8 5 . 00 90. 00
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .00 1 05 .00 110 .00 115.00 120.00 125. 00

6 5 . 00

70. 00

75. 00

8 0. 00

8 5. 00

90. 00

9 5. 00

100.00 1 0 5 .0 0

110 .00 "1 15 .00 120 .00 1 25.00 130. 00

M en
-

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r _________________________________ ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________ _______________________ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________

97
6l
36

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$ 9 8 .0 0
101. 00
9 2 .5 0

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ........................... ........... ........... ..........................
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__
.
_
....
_
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g
............ . . . .

99
45
54

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

7 2 . 00
7 5 .5 0
6 9. 00

-

33

40. 0

1 0 3 .0 0

-

-

1

4

1

_

-

"

1

-

1

1
1

14
12
2

14
3
11

5

_
-

3
-

“

1

4

39
20
19

19
6
13

7
7
-

13
13

_

_

1

1

_

-

10
5
5

11
9
2

1
1
-

12
6
6

16
15

3

_
~

_
”

6
5
1

7
7
“

_
"

*

1

_

1

1

23

4

_

5

-

1

5
4
1

4
3
1

3
3
~

_
-

_
-

-

_
'

Wo m e n
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d ) - ................................................




1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to th ese w eekly hours.

_

_

7
Table A-3. Maintenance apd Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 959}

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

C arpenters, m aintenance
_______ _______
Nonmanufacturing ___________ ____ __ __

97
72
25

E lectrician s, m aintenance ____________________
M anufacturing ______________________________

251
230

$
$
|$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average $
$
hourly
2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .30 2 .40 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .70 2 .80 2 .9 0 3.00 3. 10 3.20 3. 30
earnings , 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90
“
“
_
“
■
~
■
*•
“
under
1 ~
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1,90 2 , 0 0 2 , i O L-2., 20 - _2 ._30_ 2 . 4 0_ _2^-50_ ..2 ..6 Q 2 .7 0 _JL j8_Q 2.9-0— 3.0.0.. 3.. 10- 3.20 3.30 3. 40
__
—
I
1
1
3
$2.43
4
5
3
13
7
1
38
6
6 ! 1
9
1
1
1
6
$
2.61
2
5
2
7
37
3
1.90
2 j 2
12
4
1
1
_
'
■
" j I
I
_
_
_
2.81
2
3
5
1
5 .3 ! 2
7
1
13 26
1
1
8
121
29
2 . 6$
5
6 1 ~
5 12 ! 2
6
8
10
26
U1
it
”
~
~
“
~
■
-

E ngineers, stationary ________________ ________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________ _____ ____
H elpers, trad es, m aintenance _______________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

105
65
40
127
91
36

2 .64
""2782
2 .34
1.73
1.78
1.60

M achinists, m ainten ance_______________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------

112

123

2.73
2.81

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) ________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public u tilitie s 4 _____ __________________

186
90
96
75

2.04
" 2 . 10
1.97
2 .03

M echanics, m aintenance ______________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________

261
163
98

tv
o
o

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

_
-

4
4
13
9
4

_
"
_
-

9
9
-

10

_
"

_
'
_

.
5
5

-

_
'

22
36

‘ 16

-

1

1

3
5

-

9
$
-

2 . 16
2.27
1.98

6
6

6
6

_
"

8
8

86
2 .45
M illw rights _
_______________________________
Manufacturing ______________________________ ---- 75------ 2.44

.
“

_

.
"

~

“

.

3
3

12
12

~

58
2. 14
58------ 2. 14

-

94
83

2.49
2.52

-

-

162
Tool and die m akers _______________________ —
Manufacturing __ _______________________ __ “ 132

3.00
3.00

_

_

O ilers _____________ ___________________________
Manufacturing ______________________________
P ain ters, m aintenance ________________________
Manufacturing ____________________ ________

-----

'

-

4
4

"

I 11
i 3
|
|
36
1 7
6 j 9
1 1 | 27
i 1
s 8
i .0
29
1 3
1$
j 7 16
.
"

|

j

1
1

“

_ ! .
1 "

1
j

1

2
11
11

1 14 i 49
! 3 1 20
11

_

“

3
.

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1 . 10 to $ 1 . 2 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $1 to $ 1 . 10.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




26
17
9

20
14
6

7
7

7
7

4

5 -----9
5
5
6
_
31
30
1

4
1
3
_
-

_

3

10
8
2

_
-

_
-

10
8

_
"

"

15
15

.
_

_
.
3 ! 13
- i
| 18 |
3
3
l8 j
"

18
17

1
1

18
15
3
3

-

1
1

-

2

z—
i
i

!
5 j
5

3
3

-

22
12
10

“

6
6

.
"

_

12
12

4

17
17

.

_

-

"

_

10

1

_

-

"

3

_

r

~

1_

■ :—
j—

~

9
- —
2
7
4 ---------- !
i 1
1
3
>
_
7
7 !
!
1
I
1
1
4
1 $
' 6 ! 4 !
2
■

1 -

4
1
I

J______
1
2
3
4

! 29

7 1 2
7
! 2
j
.

7
7
-

.
7
| 7
1 i
i 7

_
! i
i
\
I
1
! 28 ! 23
' 2 1 Id
13
i 26
! 26 j 13

1
!

1

-

_

1
1

_

2

10

;

_

~

"

i

.
13
3

!

7

3
3

3

1
1
8
8

16

1
2
-

1

25
25
_
_

13 13
5
13 “ “T ~ ----- 5“
8
_
_
_
_
_
64
64

"

-

-

3
3
"

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

-

5
“ 5-----

.
"

_
■

-

1
1

~

1
1

-

1
1

37
37

12
12

-

-

32

_
"

1
1

18
18

_
“

.
~

_

.

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

“

22

6

16

6

"

8

58
54

4
4

1

_

_

5

8

-

-

-

6

_

.

_

14

1
1

3
3

15
15

14

_
_
_
-

.
■

7
5

2

_
_
_
-

_
-

_

-

_

_

-

85
85

-

27
27

_

8
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , F o r t W orth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n )__
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

Number
of
workers

Average $
hourly
0 .5 0
earnings2 and
u n d er
. 60

$
0 .6 0

$
0 .7 0

$
0 .8 0

$
0 .9 0

$
1. 00

$
1. 10

$
1 .2 0

.7 0

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1. 10

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

_

54
54

$ 0 .9 4
•94

6
6

.
____________________

293
293

2 .3 3
2 .3 3

-

-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _
___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__________ ______ __________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ____________________________

1, 112
503
609
144

1 .4 3
1 .7 7
1. 15
1 .6 8

52
52
-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n )_____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _ ___
___

127
104

1. 04
.9 7

___ . . . . . .
G uards
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _____

-

-

5
5

5
5

1
1

-

4
4

- 1

-

2 . 10

2 .2 0

_

_

-

-

15
15
-

-

-

-

5
5

2
2

21
21

1 83
1 83

34
34

33
33

-

2
2
-

164
164
-

33
33
33

73
50
23
23

68
65
3
3

19
19
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

3
-

-

50
16
34
34
-

74
24
50
50

-

52
42

14
9

6
5

4
4

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

-

5
1

18
6
12
-

18
18
-

215
42
173
-

143
80
63
-

35
11
24
-

42
16
-

25
25
10

20
6
14
3

55
22
33
27

88
66
2
-

70
28
42
42

61
66
1
1

15
12
3
3

-

-

4
4

4
4

28
22
6

36
1
35

32
3
29

14
8
6

7
7

13
11
2

25
8
17

15
12
3

12
12
-

-

-

1
1

-

30
30

31
5
26

20
7
13

16
12
4

6
6

5
5
-

8
2
6
-

9
9

-

-

7
7
-

3
3

-

8
8

-

12
12

10
10

34
5
29

6
6

10
10

10
5
5

6
3
3

14
2
12

9
5
4

-

4
4

8
8

9
5
4

15
15

9
5
4

24
7
17

21
9
12

2
2

15
3
12

12
-

23
14

14
14

14
14

13
7

14
7

6
-

5
-

Sh ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ___________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
....
___ .

433
80

2 . 08
1 .5 5

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4
.
____ .
M a n u fa ctu r in g . _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ____________________________

792
375
417
110

1 .6 5
1. 73
1 .5 7
2 . 12

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r I V 2 t o n s ) ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________

134
42
92

1 .3 2
1 .4 6
1 .2 5

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 t o an d
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s ) _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________ . . .
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________ ___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ......... .......................... ..........

304
68
236
109

1. 74
1 .9 0
1 .6 9
2 . 12

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r ty p e ) .......................................... ...................
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________________

105
43

1 .7 9
2 . 03

_
-

-

-

-

'

-

”

1

-

-

93
82
11
11

-

73
73
-

-

25
25
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
-

2
2
-

7
6
l

2
2
-

-

10
2
8

2
2
-

1
1
4
3
1

1
1
-

30
30
-

-

5
2

6
1

8
4

68
6

8
5

231
6

6
-

2
2
-

13
1
12
1

10
6
4
4

46
10
36
34

17
17
-

46
1
45
45

41
29
12
12

32
32
-

30
30
-

6
6
-

58
6
52
-

92
41
51
-

16
8
8
-

75
56
19
1

72
33
39
-

61
26
35
-

140
59
81
1

40
20
20
12

3
3

32
32

11
3
8

11
5
6

21
21
-

21
21

15
15

11
4
7

7
'

7

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20
-

46
3
43
-

5
3
2
-

11
7
4
1

23
5
18
-

16
16
-

20
4
16
1

24
6
18
12

5
1
4
-

9
5
4
4

38
4
34
34

14
14
-

45
45
45

12
12
12

16
16
-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

3
3

58
2

6
6

6

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

21
21

-

'

'

'

34
50
42
” 47------— j z — ----4
2
3

1
1
*
-

16

6
6

-

-

i

-

'
-

.

_
-

3
3
-

'

-

2 .7 0

-

-

_
_
-

2 .6 0

-

1
I

1 .7 7
2 . 04
1 .5 4

2 .5 0

-

-

160
73
87

$
2 .6 0

-

11
11

S hipping c l e r k s ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
. __ ... ........
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

$
2 .5 0

_

9
9

1 .5 2
1 .9 0
1 .4 1

2 .4 0

2 .4 0

_

-

134
30
104

2 .3 0

$

_

16

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s _ _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
________ _________________

$
2 .3 0

_

46
9
37
27

26

2 .2 0

_

3
3
-

16

$

3
3

60
35
25
8

1 .4 2
1 .7 9
1 .2 0

'

-

1
1
1

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e an d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




-

2 . 00

_

100
46
54
25

143
54
89

1
2
3
4

1

2
2

107
49
58
15

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g _ .
_
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________

1 .2 6
HT9
1 .4 5

_

$
2 . 10

107
23
84
9

_
-

176
----- IT?—
42

_

$
2 . 00

92
23
69
1

1 .4 8
1 .6 7
1 .3 1

W a tch m en _
.
..
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
____

1. 90

1 .7 0

_

j

3
3

1. 90

44
44
-

223
104
119

1 .9 2
2 .0 1
1 .6 6

1 .8 0

1 .6 0

3
3

18
18

$

63
63
-

O rd er fille r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g ......... ....................................................
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g .............. ............ .....................

1 .7 7
1 .7 7

$
1 .8 0

39
39
-

1 .6 2
1 .7 8
1 .4 3
1 .9 9

183
183

1 .5 0

$
1 .7 0

25
25
-

1, 095
592
503
181

275
202
73

1 .4 0

$
$
1 .5 0 _ 1 .6 0

-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g __ ____ _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ _
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g . ..................................................
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
_
..... .

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________

$
1 .4 0

-

_
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e ) _____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___ ________________________

_

18
18

$
1 .3 0

'

-

-

28
28

28
28

23
23

24
6
18

1
1

37
36
1

11
11
4
4

2
1
1

13
2
1 11

7

(

1

49
49
22
4
18
21
21

-

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

9
2
7
-

19
16
3

11
11
-

7
7
-

26
2
24
-

2
2

27
27
55
55
-

16
51
51
2

2

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

9

Table B-l. Shift Differentials

(P e r c e n t of m a n u fa ctu rin g p lant w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts h avin g fo r m a l p r o v isio n s fo r sh ift w ork , and in e sta b lish m e n ts
a c tu a lly o p era tin g la te sh ifts b y type and am oun t of d iffe r e n tia l, F o r t W orth, T ex . , N o v em b er 1959)
In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 for----

In e sta b lish m e n ts a c tu a lly
o p eratin g—

Secon d sh ift
w ork

T hird or oth er
sh ift w ork

Secon d sh ift

T hird or oth er
sh ift

8 5 .9

80. 5

14. 6

2.

W ith sh ift p ay d iffe r e n tia l----------------------------------

85. 3

7 9 .9

14. 5

2. 5

U n iform ce n ts (p er h o u r )------------------------------

79. 6

28. 3

1 4 .4

1.2

3 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------5 ce n ts —-----------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------71/* c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s -------------------------------------- ------------------10 c e n ts -------------------------------------------------------12 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------1 3% c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------15 c e n ts -----------------------------------------------------16 ce n ts -----------------------------------------------------27Va c e n ts -_________________________________
2 73/5 c en ts -------------------------------------------------

3 .2
7 .3

4. 3

.2
1.0

.2

T o t a l......................................................

.................

2.2

4. 5

1.6

3. 7
4. 1
44. 5
3 .2
5 .3
-

-

3. 1
-

2.

6
4. 3
8. 8
-

1 .9
1 .7

1.6

.6
.8
-

.1

-

5. 0

_

6 .9

_

•

39. 7

-

N o sh ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l-------------------------------------

.6

.6

-

-

5. 7
5 .0
.7

F u ll d a y's pay fo r red u ced h o u r s ----------------F u ll d a y's p a y fo r red u ced h o u rs
plu s ce n ts d iffe r e n tia l---------------------------------

.2

.3
(*)
(*)

5 p e r c e n t----------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------

-

_
-

.7
.7
8 .4
.7
1 .3
-

U niform p e r c e n ta g e ----------------------------------------

5. 0

6

.1

.1

(*)

.2
.2
-

“
.2
1.

1

.1

1
In clu d es e sta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p era tin g la te s h ifts , and e sta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
ev en though th ey w e r e n o t c u r r e n tly o p era tin g la te s h ifts .
* L e ss than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.




10
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists

M inim um w eek ly sa la ry

A ll
in d u stries

1

E stab lish m en ts studied __________ ___ ___________________
_

104

E stab lish m en ts having a sp e c ifie d m inim um ___ _
$ 3 0 . 0 0 and under $ 3 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
$ 3 2 . 5 0 and under $ 3 5 . 0 0
____ _
___ _
$ 3 5 . 0 0 and under $ 3 7 . 5 0
_______________
__ _
$ 3 7 . 5 0 and under $ 4 0 . 0 0 ____________________________________
$ 4 0 . 0 0 and under $ 4 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
$ 4 2 . 5 0 and under $ 4 5 . 0 0 ____ __
_________ _
$ 4 5 . 0 0 and under $ 4 7 . 5 0 _ _ __ ______ ___
$ 4 7 . 5 0 and under $ 5 0 . 0 0 __
__ __ _______ _
$ 5 0 . 0 0 and under $ 5 2 . 5 0 ____________________________
$ 5 2 . 5 0 and un d er $ 5 5 . 0 0
_ __ _
$ 5 5 . 0 0 and under $ 5 7 . 5 0 ____________ __
$ 5 7 . 5 0 and under $ 6 0 . 0 0
___________ _____
_ __ ______
$ 6 0 . 0 0 and under $ 6 2 . 5 0 _ __
$ 6 2 . 50 a n d o v e r --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------E sta b lish m en ts having no sp e c ifie d m inim um --------------—
E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not em p loy w o rk ers
in th is ca tegory _______________________________________________________
Data not a v a ila b le _______________________________________
1
2
3

41

34

1
0

-

-

-

XXX

63
24

23

-

-

-

1
0
1

-

1
2

-

-

-

3
4

-

1

-

13

-

-

1

-

-

-

6
1

-

23

45

18

XXX
XXX
XXX

5

-

-

1
1

-

2

2

-

13

-

2

-

1
1

1

13
-

13
-

-

-

41

40
3

-

3
4
-

2
1
1

2

-

104

2

-

-

-

1
6

2

M anufacturing
Nonm anufac t ur ing
B ased on standard w eek ly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
A ll
40
40
sch ed u les
sch ed u les

A ll
in d u stries

XXX

1
0

-

2
-

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

M anufacturing
N onm anufa c t ur ing
B ased on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
A ll
A ll
40
40
sch ed u les
sch ed u les

-

-

-

_

2

-

2
8

2
2

1
1
1

1

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

1

24
38

-

2
1
2

14

XXX

2

2

6

1

-

2

2

14
_

-

-

XXX

27

2
_

5

-

-

-

1
2

-

5

XXX

-

25

_

2
2

19

XXX

27
3

_

-

-

63

XXX

2

14
_
5
_
_

_
-

1

1

_
_

_
_

1

1

-

-

XXX

XXX

XXX

2

1
2

24

XXX

"

XXX

XXX

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r ty p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a t e s a p p l ic a b l e to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n

w ork w eek rep orted .

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f ir s t - s h ift w o r k e r s , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1959)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
All industries1

W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s

---- -------

—

-

—

— -

—

-------

U n d e r 37*/2 h o u r s ---- ---------- ------------ — — 3 7 V2 h o u r s _________________________________________
3 8 V2 h o u r s _ ________________________ ------- —
40 h o u r s ____________________________________________
O v e r 40 an d u n d er 44 h o u r s
----------- — 4 4 h o u r s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s -----------------------------48 h o u r s
___________________
_ — - — — O v e r 48 h o u r s
------- -------- --------------- -------- -

Manufacturing

Public utilities a

All industries3

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

_

_
95
1
1
3
-

-

2
80
2
5
2
6
3

3
88
1
2
2
4

95
5

(4)
( 4)
94
1
2
3
( 4)

100
-

"

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




Public utilities 2

_

11
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 95 9)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

All industries 1

_______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s
____ _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id h o l id a y s _________ _

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

97
___

100

96

100

89

90

95

3

4

11

10

5

6
1
3
21
31
1
3
16
3
5

1
4
11
44
2
5
9
5
8

8
26
27
58
79
82
83
89

14
28
29
73
85
89
89
90

Number of days
1
3
4
5
6
6
6
7
7
8

h o l id a y
_____________________________ ____________
h o l id a y s
___________________________________________
h o l id a y s
____ ____ _____ _________ _______ _________ _
h o l id a y s
_
h o l id a y s __________________________ _ _
_____
h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
_ _ _ _
_ ____
h o l id a y s __ _______________________________________
h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
_ _
_
____
h o lid a y s

2
1
1
29
45
1
1
12
2
3

2
10
61
2
3
7
4
6

5
19
19
65
93
95
96
97

11
21
23
84
94
95
95
96

( 4)
-

21
21
58
-

-

_
_
8
14
_
_
73
_

-

Total holiday tim e 5
8 d a y s _________________________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
6 V2 o r m o r e d a y s
________________________________
6 d a y s ________________________________________ ________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
_ _
4 o r m o r e d a y s ____________
3 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
1 or m o re days
___________________________________

_

58
79
79
100
100
100
100

_
73
73
87
95
95
95
95

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
a T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s da ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f fu ll a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w it h 7 f u l l d a y s
a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u l a t e d .




12
Table B-5. Paid Vacations

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of office and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, F ort W orth, T e x ., N ovem ber 1 9 5 9 )
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All industries

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities

100

A ll w o r l c f i r s ...................

Manufacturing

1 00

100

1 00

100

100

4 99
99
( 5)
_

100
1 00
_

100
1 00
-

98
95
3
-

4 100
96
4
-

100
100
-

"

~

2

1
34

2
14

48

-

-

37
1
37
22

22
2
24
52

79
_
21

16
1
60
22

15
1
33
52

24
9
67

12
2
63
22

8
3
37
52

24
76

8
1
65
23
2

36
52
4

1

*

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

Method of payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s
..... . ___
_ _ _
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e rce n ta g e paym ent
....................
F la t -s u m p a y m en t
O th er
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s

1

'

'

( 5)
2
1

1
10
1

36

57
( 5)
19
21

48
1
12
38

88
12

33
3
40
21

35
5
22
38

54
3
43

20
6
50
22

16
11
35
38

49
51

9
1
63
22

8
2
48
39

Amount of vacation p a y 6
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w eek
... ___
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s

. ........... . .................
.
_ .....

_

_
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
.. . . ___ ..
........ ..
........ _,
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s
. ...
2 w e e k s ........................ . _ .....
_
.... .
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _
_ .

.

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
.......
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks
-------- _
... .. . .
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________ ___________

-

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
............... . .... ................
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks
_
...
.
___
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ...

-

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _ -----. . . .
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s .
... ....
2 w eeks
__
_
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er
w e e k s ___________________ _
3 w eeks

3

See footnotes at end of table




5

3

-

1 00
-

3

3

_

100
-

13

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is i o n s , F o r t W orth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1959)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Public utilities 2

Manufacturing

Amount of v a c a tio n , p ay fe—Continued
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
....... .....
....
.... .............
2 w eeks
........... .
_ . _
___ _
O ver
and under
w e e k s ______________________
w eeks
_
. ...
... ... . _ _ ___ ...

3

2

3

_

8
58
24
9

5
24
57
14

8
36
32
22

5
16
1
27
52

23
_
77

8
36
( 5)
32
22
( 5)

5
16
1
26
52
( 5)

23
_
77
_

8
36
( 5)
21
22
11

5
16
1
18
52
9

92
_
8

_

8

9
55
29
6

_

35
51
7

99

1

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
_
......... .........
2 w eeks
_ .
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s . ---- _. _ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________

( 5)

_
-

8

9
29
1
38
21

.

18

14
.
86

2
35
37

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek . _ _
. . ... .
,
2 w eeks _
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
_ _ _
_
___ . ...
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eeks

_

( 5)

_

8
18
2
35
37

9
29
1
38
21
( 5)

14
_
84
_
1

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
2 w eeks
O ver 2 and
3 w eeks
.
O v e r 3 an d
4 w eeks

. . .
. ___ _
. ..... . ... .
under 3 w eek s
. .. .
.
.
. _ _
_ ___
.
under 4 w eek s
. _
............................ _ . .
... ... . _____

_

23
_
69

_

8

12




su ch as p e r ce n ta g e

14
_
83

18
2
23
37
12

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 I n c lu d e s p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t p r o v i d e p a i d v a c a t i o n s u n til a f t e r 2 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
NOTE:
In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , "
t o an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

_

8

9
29
1
26
21

o f annual e a r n in g s

-

2

in p r o p o r t i o n s

o r fla t-s u m

in d ic a t e d

p a y m e n t,

at 10 y e a r s 1

w ere

co n v e r te d

14

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100

100

Public utilities 2

100
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L if e i n s u r a n c e __
__
_ ...
A c c id e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 4
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e _________
S ic k l e a v e (fu ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d )
S ic k l e a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d )
H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e
.............
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n _
........
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n _____

100

92

98

78

82

93

59

70

82

56

63

79

44

81
45

90
76

76
14

66
53

82
79

52
12

63

75

38

38

50

20

11
84
84
58
43
65
3

1
94
94
86
58
85
1

29
73
73
64
38
66

10
82
81
65
35
60
8

2
91
91
82
39
74
6

26
76
76
67
54
53

100

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t the
m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




15

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
Biller , machine (billing machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F isher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b usiness tran sactio n s.




Class A— Keeps a s e t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping. P h ases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
ment’s b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

16
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—.Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accountingw ork is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tic al or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B— Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th at h as
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers'o rd ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or Ditto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilities, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

17

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone c alls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also s e t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incom ing, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular du ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18
TYPIST

TYPIST—-Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils , m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records* filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incom ing m ail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, etc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

PRO FESSIO NAL AND TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other d u ties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and written or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from no tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, maps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and quantities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pen cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting too ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

19

M A INTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or o il burner; checks w ater and safety
v alves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and too ls; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLRdOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve req u isite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b uses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and m echan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making all n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to s tre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; in stallin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten specifications; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

21
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding in stallatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D ie maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die m aker's
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.

Performs routine police du ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

22
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, custom ers’
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available m eans of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various tvpes of e stab ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and custom ers’ houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ainst fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . GO V ER N M E NT P R IN T IN G O FFIC E : 1 9 6 0 0 — 5 4 3 1 8 9

O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a r e b e i n g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a j o r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r l y I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a ­
b l e , m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fr o m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 2 5 , D . C . , o r fr o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l
s a le s o f f ic e s sh o w n b e lo w .
A s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n c o n t a i n i n g d a t a f o r a l l l a b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b in e d w it h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r l y in 1 9 6 1 .
B u lle t in s fo r th e a r e a s l is t e d b e lo w a re n o w a v a ila b le .




C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 1 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
S e a t t l e , W a s h ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D a l l a s , T e x ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -4 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
S t . L o u i s , M o ., O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 5 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 6 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 7 , p r i c e 1 5 c e n t s
B o s t o n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 8 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102