View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

P H IL A D E L P H IA , P E N N S Y L V A N IA
NOVEM BER

B u lle tin N o .

1 2 4 0 -8

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



1 9 5 8

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagvt, Conrwntssioa«r




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y
P H IL A D E L P H IA , P E N H S Y L V A N IA




N O V E M B E R 1958

Bulletin No. 1240-8
February 1959

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU
REAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan C orus, Gom SssioAor
I
m

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office,. Washington 25, D. C.

Price1 cents
30

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Nov. 1895Washington.




no. in
v. illus. 16-28 cm
.
Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

Library of Congress

331.06173
tr58t2j

v. 23-26 cm
.
Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. (2. Employee bene­
fits!
i. Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev*I

HD4973.A462

331.2973

U. S. Dept, of Labor.
for Library of Congress

Library
(57r52nl]f

L 49—125*

Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program

Introduction ________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ____________________

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied.
This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year's surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Table s:

This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional
office in New York, N. Y . , by Elliott A . Browar, under the
direction of Frederick W. Mueller, Regional Wage and Indus­
trial Relations Analyst.




1
4

1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey______
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods __________

4

A:

Occupational earnings:*
A - l . Office occupations __________________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations ___________
A - 3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations __________
A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations ____

5
9
9
11

B:

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions:*
B - l . Shift differentials ___________________________________
B -2 .
Minimum entrance rates for women office
workers ___________________________________________
B - 3o Scheduled weekly hours ____________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays _______________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations ______________________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans _____________

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions ____________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Philadelphia area reports for May 1950, October 1951,
1952, and 1953; November 1954, 1955, 1956, and October 1957.
The 1953 report (BJLS Bull. 1157-1) also provides a tabulation of
the rate of pay for holiday work.
The 1953 and 1957 reports
provide tabulations of wage structure characteristics, labormanagement agreements, and overtime pay provisions.
The
1954 report includes data on frequency of wage payments, and
pay provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays. A directory
indicating date of study and the price of the reports, as well
as reports for other major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supple­
mentary wage practices in the Philadelphia area are also availa­
ble for auto dealer repair shops (May 1958), and men's and
boys' suits and coats (March 1958). A similar report for ma­
chinery industries will be available in April 1959. Union scales,
indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following
trades or industries: Building construction, printing, localtransit operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

2

13
14
14
15
16
18
19




Occupational Wage Survey— Philadelphia, Pa.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U* S. Department of Labor1s Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of*occupational earnings and related wage benefitp on an areawide basis* In this area, data were obtained by per­
sonal visits of Bureau field agents 1 to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv­
ices* Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries* Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion*2 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions*

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied* In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job.
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -se rie s tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

1 Data were obtained by mail: from some of the smaller estab­
lishments for which visits by Bureau field agents in the last previous
survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occupations stud­
ied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.
2 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered*




Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e *, those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification* Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included* Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the numbet actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term "office w orkers,1 as
1
used in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing clerical or related functions, and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, and professional personnel* "Plant
workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers
(including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions* Ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional employees, and force-account
construction employees who are utilized as a separate work force are
excluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufac­
turing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,3 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers

3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering- late shifts*

2

actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other*' was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited. They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a
majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed.
Scheduled hours are treated statistically on
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
a majority are covered.4 Because of rounding, sums of individ­
ual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.

The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen’ s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
4
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
table B -3 ) in surveys made prior to late 1957 and early 1958 were
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
presented in terms of the proportion of women office workers em­
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
ployed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women workers.
form of life insurance.

Table 1.

E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scope of su rve y and num ber studied in Philadelphia, Pa. , 1 by m a jo r industry d iv isio n ,* N ovem ber 1958

Industry division

Minimum
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
m ents in scope
o f study

Num ber of establishm ents
Within
scop e of
study 3

W ork ers in establishm ents
Within scop e of study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffice

536, 700

Plant

T o ta l4

95, 700

All divisions ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

1.469

311

342,000

310,590

Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N onmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Tran sportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication,
and other public u tilities 5 -----------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade -------------- ----------------------------------------------- -------- —----R etail trade 8 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Finan ce, insurance, and re a l estate --------------------------------------------S erv ices 8 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

101
-

661
808

134
177

312,400
224 ,300

38,100
57, 600

220 ,400
121,600

173,850
136,740

101
51
101
51
51

81
250
105
177
195

23
34
34
47
39

53,300
32,800
67,900
42,900
2 7 ,400

9, 300
10,000
9 ,2 0 0
25 ,4 0 0
3, 700

33,100
14,400
52,500
7 2 ,8 0 0
18,800

4 0 ,640
8 ,020
51,870
27 ,0 0 0
9 ,2 1 0

1 The Philadelphia A rea (Philadelphia and D elaw are C ounties, P a ., and Camden County, N. J. ).
The "w o rk e rs within scop e of study" estim ates shown in this table p rovide a reasonably accu rate
descrip tion of the s ize and com p osition of the labor fo r c e included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to s e rv e as a ba sis of com p a rison with other a r e a em ploym ent indexes to
m easu re em ploym ent trends or le v e ls since ( l ) planning of wage surveys re qu ires the use o f establishm ent data com piled con sid era b ly in advance of the pay p er io d studied and (2) sm all establishm ents
are excluded fro m the scope o f the survey.
'
* The 1957 re v ise d edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssify in g establishm ents by industry division .
M ajor changes fro m the e a r lie r edition used in previous
surveys are the tran sfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready m ixed co n cre te establishm ents from trade (w holesale o r re ta il) to m anufacturing, and the tra n sfer of radio and telev ision broadcasting
from s e r v ic e s to the transportation , com m u nication, and other public utilities division .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation. A ll outlets (within the a r e a ) o f com panies in such industries as t r a d e , fin a n ce, a u t o rep air s e r v ic e ,
and m otion pictu re theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes execu tive, p ro fe s sio n a l, and other w o rk e rs excluded from the separate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
s A ls o excludes taxicabs and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation.
8 E xcludes lim ite d -p ric e va rie ty s to r e s.
7 E stim ate rela tes to re a l estate establishm ents only.
8 H otels; pe rso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir shops; m otion p ictu re s; nonprofit m em bersh ip organization s; and engineering and a rch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .




3
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,8 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or fe) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 6 which provide

5 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
6 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
were excluded.




full pay or a proportion of the worker’ s pay during absence from work
because of -illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker’ s life.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class Aand B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, material handling; and
watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual
T a b le 2 .

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for *each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1958 for workers in 17 major
labor markets appeared in BL.S Bull. 1224-20, Wages and Related
Benefits, 19 Labor Markets, Winter 1957-58.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s in
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 8 an d O c t o b e r 1 9 5 7 , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s
in d e x e s
(O c to b e r 1952 = 1 0 0 )

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p
N o v e m b e r 1958

O cto b e r 1957

P ercen t
N o v e m b e r 1956
O cto b e r 1957
to
to
O cto b e r 1957
N o v e m b e r 1958

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ------------------------------------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ----------------- ------------S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ------------------------------U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) -----------------------------------------

134. 1
1 3 4 .9
1 3 2 .9
134. 5

129. 0
1 3 0 .2
128. 8
128. 1

4 .0
3. 7
3 .2
5 .0

M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ------------------------------------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) -------------------------------S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) -------------------------------U n s k i ll e d p l a n t ( m e n ) -----------------------------------------

1 3 3 .3
1 3 3 .9
1 3 2 .3
132. 1

1 2 7 .9
130. 7
1 2 8 .2
1 2 5 .9

4 .2
2 .4
3 .2
4 .9




5. 7
6 .5
5 .2

6.0

6.2
5. 7
5. 1
5 .8

in c r e a s e fr o m —

O c t o b e r 1953
N o v e m b e r 1955 N o v e m b e r 195 4
to
to
-to
N o v e m b e r 195 6 N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 5 N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 4

O c to b e r 1952
to
O c to b e r 1953

3 .4
4. 3
4. 0

3 .4
3 .0
4 .4
4. 3

7. 1
7. 1
7 .2
4 .5

5. 1

2. 8

5 .4
4. 5

4. 6
2 .9
3 .9
4. 5

6. 6

5. 0
3. 8
5. 5

6 .5

6.2
5 .2
4. 7

6. 1

6.0

7 .9
7 .2
3. 3

5

A* Occupaiional Earnings
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupation ? studied on an area b a s is ,
1
by industry d ivision , Philadelphia, Pa. , N ovem ber 1958)
Atkbaob

—

—

45.0 0

”
50.00

“
55.00

_
“
60.00 J > 5 .m

”
70.00

■
75.00

1 5.00
80.00

O
O

0
0
-A*
0
0
0

! o . 00 I s . 00 l o . o o

a**

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eeklyl
Weekly 1 $5. 00
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00
—
—

0
0
0*
0
0
0

Num
ber
of

5*

Sex, occupation, and industry division

*80.00 *85.00 *90. 00 *95.00 100.00 ^ 05.00
”
85.00

I l5 .0 0 120 .00
and
over

“
■
"
"
■
■
9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00

“
90. 00

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A -----------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ---------------------------------------------------Finance "f------------------------------------------------------------------

824
568
256
53
76

3 8.5
38. 5
3 8.0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

$
9 4 .0 0
96. 50
8 8.00
9 7 .5 0
83.50

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B -----------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities * ---------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------Finance f ------------------------------------------------------------------

452
2 76
176
25
58
61

3 8.0
38. 0
3 7.5
39. 0
39 .5
35 .5

C lerk s, ord er ------------------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------

282
215
173

C lerk s, p ayroll --------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------

-

-

6
6
5

3
3
_
3

4
1
3
3

15
1
14
7

32
21
11
2

32
9
23
4
10

54
25
29
1
6

89
53
36
4

70
50
20
11
8

110
89
21
9
4

81
68
13
1

99
95”
4
2

56
12
44
23
16

81
TB
3
3
-

70.50
71.50
69.00
8 1 .5 0
69.00
61.00

-

6
6
5

2
2
1

34
22
12
1
7

43
16
33
9
20

70
49
21
14
4

73
34
39
21
15

68
53
15
13
-

17
7
10
1
8
-

69
59
10
1
9

35
3o
5
-

7
7
-

7
7
1
2
"

15
1
14
12
-

4
2
2
-

3 9 .0
3 9 .6
39 .0

82.50
85.66
83.50

-

_
-

_
-

_
"

10
9
9

13
7
7

19
12
10

36
l5
13

55
35
33

67
65
49

13
10
6

14
11
7

14
13
7

4
4
2

22
22
22

183
izO
63

39 .5
"T9. 5
3 9.5

89.00
8 9 .6 6
89.0 0

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

1
1
-

11
11
"

6
3
3

24
TO
14

12
12
-

30
tb

4

45
....21
24

15
.15
-

18
7
11

1
1
“

O ffice boys ----------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------Public u tilities * ---------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------Finance f ------------------------------------------------- ----------------

668
5I F ~
340
72
84
98

38 .0
39. 0
3 7.5
3 7.0
3 9 .0
3 6.5

50.50
51.5 6
4 9 .5 0
4 5 .5 0
54.50
50.00

22
13
9
_
9

165
67
98
43
2
24

142
67
75
14
24
5

160
98
62
4
3
32

66
20
46
4
23
18

61
25
36
3
26
6

32
20
12
2
6
4

7
5
2
2
-

13
13
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------Finance t ------------------------------------------------------------------

839
468
371
87
214

3 8.5
3 9.0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7.5

78.50
8 4.00
72.00
80. 50
67.00

_
-

1
1
1

9
9
9

36
1
35
34

41
2
39
38

63
25
38
7
27

79
.. 33”
46
11
24

85
41
44
6
22

117
74
43
17
18

105
67
38
13
14

135
99
36
13
10

48
28
20
8
7

52
43
9
6
3

12
8
4
4
-

30

B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e )--------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------Finance j -------------------------------------------- ----------------------

359
152
207
57

37 .5
37. 5
3 7 .5
3 5 .0

62.5 0
64. 50
61.50
61.50

-

1
1
1

3
3
1

33
22
11
6

141
52
89
7

50
13
37
27

28
6
22
5

76
37
39
5

6
1
5
5

7
7
"

13
13
"

-

1
1
-

"

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m a c h in e ) ----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------R etail trade a ----------------------------------------------------------

183
i3 6
118

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
39 .5

60.00
57. 50
56.50

_
-

10
16
10

30
29
29

15
15
15

46
tb

25
17
12

14
12
12

21
19
13

...11
g
8

7
-

4
-

"

-

19

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs, cla ss A -------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g-------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------Finance f ---------------------------------------------------------------

32 7
211
116
60

3 7 .5
38 .0
3 7 .5
3 6.5

69.50
72. 50
6 4.50
6 5.00

_
-

-

1
1
1

15
15
4

51
33
18
11

22
14
8
8

105
59
46
18

56
35
21
12

16
9
7
6

17
17
-

13
13
-

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , cla s s B --------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------R etail trade a ---------------------------------------------------------Finance f ------------------------------------------------------------------

1,357
Z26
1,131
198
99
811

3 8 .0
38. 5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8.5
3 8 .0

57.50
64. 56
5 6.00
67.0 0
59.00
53.00

-

26
2
24
2
22

211
2
209
6
8
195

336
19
317
9
28
2 74

325
34
291
28
20
235

217
70
147
53
18
71

77
35
42
21
6
13

71
Z4
47
40
4

47
21
14
7

26
9 '
17
11
6

8
4
4
4
-

50
43”
7
2
-

42
23
19
5

2
2
-

-

-

1
-

1
“

13
12
8

8
fl
-

2
2

7
4
3

-

-

-

2
2
-

5
5
-

19
i9
-

-

“

•

■

-

-

-

_
-

-

1
1
_

-

■

-

■

8
8
8
-

-

-

-

-

9
2
7

...

W om en

See footnotes at end o f table,




-

”

1

lb

-

1
29
2 9 " ..... "T '
■
■
5
1
4
4
-

-

6
Table A-1. O ffice Occupafions-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , Philadelphia, P a ., N ovem ber 1958)

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision
—

—

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly.
Weekly j I s . 00
and
hours
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 0 .0 0
—
—

$
40. 00 I s . 00 *50. 00 1 5 .0 0
“
4 5 .0 0

■
50.00

■
55.00

. “
60.00

to.

0 *65. 00
0

“
65.00

”
70. 00

*70.00 *75. 00 t o .

0 *85.00
0

"
75.00

“
80.00

“
85.0 0

9 0 .0 0

*90. 00 *95.00 \ 00.00 I

0 .0
50

0
0

Avbbaob
Num
ber
of
workers

“
■
“
*
■
9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00

!

15 0 f 2 .0
.0 0 0

12 .0
00

-

and
ov er

Wom en— C ontinue d
C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A -----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------R etail t r a d e * ----------------------------------------------------------Finance t ------------------------------------------------------------------

1,040
402
638
59
80
141
317

3 8 .0
3 8.5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .0

$
77.00
85. 00
72.00
8 5 .0 0
83.0 0
71.50
67.00

C le rk s , accounting, cla ss B ------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------

2 ,2 4 3
559
1,354
118
187
599
385
65

3 7.5
38. 0
37 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
36 .0
38 .5

C lerk s, file , cla ss A ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------P u blic u tilities * ---------------------------------------------------Finance t ------------------------------------------------------------------

474
185
289
38

C le rk s , file , cla ss B ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities * ---------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------

W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------R etail trade * -------------------------—
—----------------------------F in a n c e !------------------------------------------------------------------S erv ices ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

12
12
5
7

38
38
11
27

48
2
46
8
38

156
14
142
25
10
95

81
6
75,
2
1
*3
46

139
71
68
6
43
17

142
66
76
8
23
41

106
31
75
9
28
7
27

99
56
43
19
18
4

90
58
32
8
11
3
7

6 0.00
62.50
58.50
70.00
67.50
57.00
52.50
61.5 0

2
2

63
63

258
38
220

206
95
111
26
21
53
7
4

63
49
14

54
21
33
15

12
4
8

19

493
263
230
8
31
108
47
36

107
57
50

_
41

431
149
282
19
30
142
83

86
62
24

_

430
146
284
22
20
150
84

31
9

7
4
-

"

“

-

3 8 .0
3 9.0
37. 5
36 .0
3 7.0

85
24

69
31
38

48

38
35
3
-

3

13

23

-

-

23

65
18
47
9
28

1,575
326
1,249
58
180
248
681
82

146

90

r. - 49
31

2
-

2
2

-

*

6 5.50
70.00
6 2.00
61.50
60.50

-

6
6

3 8.0
39. 0
3 8 .0
37. 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
37. 0
3 8.0

4 9 .5 0
56. 00
4 8.00
58.00
51.50
4 4 .5 0
47.0 0
51.00

17
17
3
14

838
336
502
306
156

39.0
3 8.0
39.0
39 .5
39 .5

61.0
0
6.0
6 0
58.00
61.0
0
51.5 0

4
4
4

C le r k s , p a yroll ---------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------- ----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------- ——-------------------------P u blic utilities * -----------------------------------------------------R etail trade * --------------------------------------------------------Finance ! —--------------------------------------------------------------S e rv ice s ------------------------------------------------------------------

1,189
773
415
119
95
63
51

3 8 .0
T575
3 7 .5
3 7.0
3 8 .5
3 4.5
3 8 .5

69.00
70.50" '
65.50

-

63.50
6 2.00

"

Com ptom eter operators —-----------------------------------------------M anufacturing — ---- -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------P u blic u tilities * ------- ---------------------------------------------

1,122

3 8.0
T873
38. 0
3 7 .0
39 .5
3 7.5

6 4.00
"67. 50
61.50
63. 50
67.5 0
59.00

F in a n c e !------------------------------------------------------------------S erv ices -----------------------------------------------------------------C lerk s , o rd e r -------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------

R etail trade * -------------------------—-------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




16
0

¥55
634
28
160
417

6 .0
2 0
61.0
0

-

502

2
0

482
42
152
267

2
1

109
109
76
33

6
1

138
1
23
23
-

2
0

386
62
324

12

17
56

22
2
17

113

10

103
58
45

2
2

5
------ ---- — n —
4
n
4
2

1

8
1

2
2
-

13
13
-

2

13

8

6
1
3
43

339
90
249
15
63
30
126
15
93
55
38
24
14
181
70

8

12

6
6

81
7
23
6
34

11
12
2
'44
78
28
50

111

96
44
52

11
16

15
17
3

56
28

73
142
------ g— — 27
115
67
2
14
61
91

10

2
2
68
12
2
0

44

2
1
10
7

18
6

11
1

17
18
147
“TO T
44
-

4

167
"T IT
52
15
13

6
11

-

2
1
3
18
18

16
0

1

~ T T ..
41

10
7
5

12

110

172
75
96

188
...132
56

7
40
57

63

24
28

169
TT"

11
2
0

2

9
11
2
2

69
18 "
51
3
17

3

2

2
6

16
2

11

-

8

67
6!
-

10
4
6
_

6

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

.
-

-

~

-

“

-

2
0

_
-

_
-

_

4
4
4

55

_
-

_
-

39
-----315
4
-

t

32
r

2
2

6
1
56
5
-

2
1

— TB

19
19

2
2

55
49

27

11

6

3

4
■

49

1

18
30
73
42
— ?5“ " — 275 — 275 -------8
10
2
2
28
10
2
8
14
10
8
15
2

9

4
“

8

-

-

-

194
71
103
4
29
67

2

-

-

1
9
2
2

-

-

“

3
15
4

-

-

-

11

9
I
8

-

2

150
“TT9
31

4
4

1

-

12

15
15
13

-

-

181
T
56

8
8
8
-

-

2
2

6
6
60
6

25
24
1
1
-

1

12
1

-

109
43

7
3
4
2
2
-

1

1

18

2
1

2
2
1
1

9

8
4
4
-

t

-

3
8
-

9
------ —
-

10

5
5
3

2
1
1

27

18
14
4

23

12
2
10
2
8

2
"

3

1
2
2

------ r 17
17

7
5

2

“

5
------4
4
■

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1

-

2
-

—

3
irl

1
1

6
6

■

■

-

-

7
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(.Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and e a rn in g s 'fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , Philadelphia, Pa. , N ovem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Arauas
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

$
S
Weekly,
Weekly, 35.00 4 0 .0 0
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) under
•
40. 00 4 5.00

$
$
$
$
4 5.00 50. 00 55.00 60.00
50.00 55.00 60. 0 65.00
0

$
$
65.00 70.00
70. 00

75.00

$
75.00

$
80.00
80. 0 85.00
0

$
85.00

$

90. 00

9 5 .0 0

9 .0
0 0

$

95.00
-

10 .0
00

$

$
$
115.00 12 .0
0 0
and
0 115.00 170.00 over
0

$

105.00

110.

$

10 .0 105.00 110 0
00
.0

W om en— Continued
D uplicating-m achine o p e ra to rs
(m im eograph or d i t t o ) ---------M an u factu rin g---------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------K ey-punch op era tors •
M a n u fa c t u r in g -----Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilities *
W holesale trade
Retail trade * —
Finance f ----------O ffice g i r l s --------------M an u factu rin g------Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
Finance "f------------

137
73
64

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

$
57.00
60. 50
53.00

1.893
912
981
134
257

3 8 .0
5 8 .5
37.5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
38. 5
37 .0

62.0 0
65.00
59.00
61.5 0
60.50
59.00
57.00

8
6

464
353
123
230
71
84

3 8 .0
38. 5
3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 6 .0

4 8.00
49. 50
47. 00
4 5 .5 0
4 5 .5 0

S e c r e t a r i e s ---------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -----Nonmanufacturing Pu blic u tilities *
W holesale trade
Retail trade a —
Finance | ----------S e rv ice s -----------

6,130
2, 944
3, 186
335
911
1,291
387

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7.5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
38 .0

8 1.50
6 5.56
78.00
9 3 .5 0
81.50
76.00
74.00
73.00

Stenographers, general
M a n u fa ctu rin g------—
Nonmanufacturing —
P u blic u tilities *
W holesale trade R etail t r a d e * ----F in a n ce f ------------S erv ices -------------

4, 564
2 ,4 * 0
2, 144
425
483
196
970
70

3 8 .5
39. 0
3 7.5
3 7.5
39 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

67.50
62.50
60.00
63.0 0

Stenographers, technical
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------N onm an u factu rin g-----

139
53

8
6

3 7 .5
3 9 .8
3 6 .5

70. 50
* 3.50
69.00

Switchboard op erators ~
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------N onm anufacturing —
P u blic utilities * W holesale trade —
R etail trade a -------Finance -------—
----S e rv ice s ---------------

1.025
241
784
142
79
145
223
195

3 8 .5
3 9.0
3 8.5
3 8 .0
3 9.5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

6 .0
2 0

See footn otes at end o f table.




22
6

6 .0
6 0
6*7. 50
63. 50

6 .0
8 0

71.00
59.50
72.00
71.00
52.5 0
59.0 0
50.50

1
1

13
5

8

_
-

8
1

-

-

"

7

9
9
4

_
-

-

j
-

1

-

1

"

7
-

12
2
29
93
40
40

19
19

33
19
14

24
13

159
46
113

283
76
207
56
45

387
135
252
34
69

1
2
0
9
83

99
56
43
7
27

5
5
5
-

10
10

15

123
41
82
4
7

2

13
-

-

2
11

5
4

1

10

"

61
-

-

_
-

-

30

85

69

_

30
-

85

69

-

-

-

-

5

17

-

-

25

_

6
8

2
29

8

30

2
0
8
6
90

2
0
70
23

11

81

2
1
60
8
7
6
34
5
475
171
304
96
46
15
146

1

11

2
0
12
0
16
8
8
2

139
27

112
17
13
72

10
835
426
409
53
62
42
227
25

7
7

12

106
7
99

16
8

-

6
41
39
13

9
3
24
144
19

6

32
81

6

6
4
2
346
162
184

12

54
14
87

8
1
7
1
386
138
248

12

58
19
119
40
851
37*
479

6
8

58
49
284

2
0

29

11

2
0
18
2

3
3
-

111

197
153
44

107
73
34

7
28

13

6
2
0

13

3
5

5

4
4
-

3
3
“

_
“

_
“

_
~

765
355
410

922
367
535
37
183
30
163

799
379
420
31

623
MO
313

8
5
8
6
6

-

744
246
498
13
54
25
313
93
859
501
358
54
134
24
128
18
5

1

18

4

139

123
55

2
6
113
2
0
2
10
67
14

1
1

7

308
197

6
8
14
18
-

2
0
16

17

10

2

12

11

96
43
206
54
453

11
4

211
59
72

2
0
54
6
43
n
32

111
2
2
89
31
26

11

7
14

12
2

399
252
147

12

52
33
50
~

2
2
'4
18

108
71
37
27
-

1
9

"

“

54
44

2
0

10
3
2
-

16
0

32
164
33
288
224
64
28
28
-

8

24

2
2

164
40
84
3
136

12
2
14
8
5
-

1

■

"

6
2

4

4

30
16
14
2

12
-

5
1

36

11

25
22
3
_

"

■

~

•
“

-

-

-

18
3
15
13

2
2

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
■

2
-

-

_
-

_
“

_
-

.
"

534
314

371
262
109
35
23

230

129
93
36

20
2
39
10
2
2
2
49

8

10

38
3

41
32
9
3

40
29

"

T5$70
13
23
9
19

6

11
6

6

11
5
6
"

5
“

5
5

5
5

-

14
7
7
7

5

_

5

-

1
1
1

4

-

-

-

-

9
“

6
6
6
-

“
_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

3

98
36
42
29

“

•

208
116
92
3 54
24
5
9

31
31
29

_
-

_
-

8
6
80
6
1
2

2
1
10

-

-

“

■

"

_

“

_
-

-

.
-

•
-

-

2

-

-

_

!

1

4

11
14
2

-

“

.
-

-

8
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
b y industry div isio n , Philadelphia, Pa. , N ovem ber 1958)
Avkbaob
Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING) STRAIOHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

1 „
35.00

W
eekly t
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 0 .0 0

$
40 .0 0
■
4 5 .0 0

$
$
S
4 5 .0 0 50. 00 55.00
~
50.00 55.00 60.00

$
60.00
65.00

$
65.00
70.00

S
70.00
75.00

t
75.00
80.00

$
80 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

f
85.00
9 0 .0 0

144

44
28
16
9
4
3
“

19
7

3
3
_
.
.
*

%

9 .0
0 0

95. on

t

s

95.00
-

%

s

10 .0 105.00 110 0
00
.0

_
10 .0 105.00
00

_

110 0
.0

_
115.00

s
$
115.00 12 .0
00
_
an<j

12 .0
0 0

Wom en— C ontinue d
$
822
417
405
36

61.0
0

_
_
"

32
32
28
-

-

22
0
54
6
8

3 8 .0
38. 5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 5 .0

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------- ------------ —--------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------P u blic u tilities * ----------------------------------------- ---- ——
Finance t ------------------------------------------------------------------

373
129
244
49
145

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

6 3.00

.
-

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , g e n e r a l -------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ ; ----- ---- -----------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------Finance t ------------------------------------------------------------------

711
177
534
187
288

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 6.5

58.50
6 0.00
5 8.00
65.00
53.50

"

T yp ists, cla ss A -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
-------------- -------------- ------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------

1,277
662
615
105
245

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
37 .0
3 8 .5

65.5 0
~E9.5<H
61.50
59.0 0
59.0 0
6 2.00

_
_
“

M anufacturing
---- ---------- .------ ----■ ■
■ -------------------------N onm an u factu rin g------------— —— —------— --------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------R etail trade * ---------------------------------------------------------Finance t ------------------------------------------------------------------

S erv ices ------------------------------------------------------------------

112

T yp ists, c la s s B -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g------------------------------------------ -------- ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------P u blic u tilities * ----------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------R etail trade * --------------------------------------------------------Finance f ----------------------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------—— ------------ —-----------

3, 771
1,398
2 ,3 7 3

1

16
0

567
314
1,149
183

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .0
3 8 .0

6 3 .0 0
59.5 0
6 6.50
58. 00
59.00
6 2.50
69.00
8 0.00
6 3.50

6 .0
6 0

55.0 0
67.50
53.00
58.00
56.00
53.50
51.00
53.50

2
2
-

2
-

16
16
-

52
19
33
14

12
7

1
1

39

-

1
10
2
10
2

12
1
1

25
3

-

1

2
2
2

-

19
-

197

2
2

175
-

2
1
83
71

6

17

3
91

-

67
44
23
-

757
172
585
19
40
44
438
44

39

8
2
0
22
0
71
131
41
79
148

154
43

111

229
126
103

13
55

57

34
9
7

15

15

76
36
41
4
31
4
“

47

80
29
51
3
38

2
2
2
0
8
10

12
2

51
3
48
9
33

111
45
6
6
2
0
39

2
8
12
0

208
93
115

10

62
25

53
56

1162
446
716
47
231
49
311
78

11

737

11
1

465
37
113
30
265

2
0

1
2
2

47
9
29
99

16

83
36
33
303
129
174
17
52
67
491
225
266
25

10
2
49
49
41

110
1

70
17
53

2
1

28
163

116
47
2

42

53

8

45
35
4
173
82
91

11

15
“

36
4

172
” 70

10
2

131
85
46

12

32
3

17
18
55

11

50

2
2

28
9

8

32
9
23
17

2

127
95
32
4

6

83
78” "
5
3

2
-

12
_
_

12
13
4
9

2
6

2
2

2

"

‘

79
79
“

24
16

33

-

3

8

4
_
-

1

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hou rs.
E xcludes lim ite d -p r ic e v a rie ty s to r e s .
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 27 at $120 to $130; 17 at $130 to $140; 10 at $140 and o ve r.
* Tran sportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilities,
t Finan ce, insurance, and real estate.

*

3




13

12
1
1

4

_
_
_
_

•
_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

4
4
4
"

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

18
18
" ~
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
.
_
-

_
_
_
-

4
4
4
-

_
-

-

.
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

23
23
-

-

8

-

8

3
5
5
-

1
1

-

~

_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_
.
_
_
-

_
_

14
14
_
-

12
4
8
8

2b
7
1
6

2
2

_
-

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , Philadelphia, P a . , N ovem ber 1958)
A nugi
Num
ber
at
woken

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

8
W
eekly
Weekly 55.0 0
boon 1 eamlap1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
6 0 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0.00

7 5 .0 0

t
7 5.00

8
8 0 .0 0

$
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8 5.00 9 0 .0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
80. 00 _8§_90_ 90 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 ov er

M en
D raftsm en, lea d er ____ ____ __ __ . . __
____ ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g __ __ ________ _____________________

195
143

3 9 .5
4 0 .6

$
149.00
149.50

D raftsm en, sen ior ______________________________________
M anufacturing _
.................. _ . _
_ ...... .
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________ __
W holesale trade
________ __ „ ___________ ___

1,527
1,282
245
80

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

109.00
106.80
111.50
115.00

D raftsm en, ju n ior __ „ „ „ __ ____ ______________
M anufacturing ____________ ______________ _________
N onm anufacturing
_________ ____ ________________

841
576
265

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

295
236
59

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

-

-

8 1 .5 0
15
“ 5 3 .5 <
5— r
7 7 .5 0 4 7

16
16
-

3
3
“

-

74
—

2“
8
46

43
41
2

79
73
4
2

75
53
22
-

99
64
35

158
122“
36

121

104

41

21

37
33
4

68
81
----- JT “ — 53“
28
32

-

28
28
-

20
20
-

-

52
45

—W ------53“

2
2

1
-

4
2

91
87
4
2

177
159
18
7

155
103
50
33

16
rr —
-

2

2
1
1

10
6
4

2
1
1

-

157
123
34
2

173
124
49
23

80
19
— T r ­ ------ T3“ —
io
6

247
231
16
-

r
-

4
" —

22
rr

25 *137
25 “ n o s

122
66
36
11

27
25
2
-

81
81 "
-

33
25"
8
“

1
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

3
3

W omen
N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ________________________
M anufacturing ________________________________________
N onm anufacturing _______________________________ „

1
2
3
4

8 5 .0 0
85. 00
8 3.50

7
2
5

2
2

23
16
7

38
29
9

27
48
36 — 24“
3
12

21
26
l

23
22
1

Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e th eir regu lar straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earning* co rre sp o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
W orkers w e re distributed as fo llo w s: 18 at $ 140 to $ 150; 56 at $ 150 to $ 160; 41 at $ 160 to $ 170; 17 at $ 1< 0 to $ 160; 5 at $ 180 and o v e r.
W orkers * e r e distributed as follow s: 9 at $ 140 to $ 150; 51 at | 150 to $ 160; 31 at $ 160 to $ 170; 14 at $ 170 to $ 180.
A ll w o rk e rs at $ 50 and under $ 55.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s elected occupatii ns studied on an area b a sis,
by industry d ivision , Philadelphia, Pa. , N ovem ber 1958)

Occupation and industry division

Number
o
f
wres
okr

8
8
8
Avenge
hul l
ory
•rai g Under 1.60 1.70 1.80
n.
and
$
1 60 under 1.80 1.90
.
1.70

8
1
8
1.90 2. 00
2.00

2. 10

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
.
2. 10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 3. 10 3.20 3 30 3.40 3.50 3.60
and
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2. 80 2.90 3. 00 3. 10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 over

$

Carpenters, maintenance ________________
Manufacturing
_
_
_ ________
_
Nonmanufacturing ___ _ _____ ____
_
Public utilities * ______ _ ___ _ _
_
_ _
Retail trade3 _____________ _
_
_
_
Electricians, maintenance

_ _ ---_ _

M anufacturing _ ____ __ „ __ ____
___
Nonmanufacturing
_____ ____ __ _ __ __
P u blic utilities * ___________ _________
R etail trade 3 ___________________________
E n gin eers, stationary ____ __ „ ------- „ __
M anufacturing
_____________ ___ __ ------Nonmanufacturing __________________________
P u blic u tilitie s * __ ____
___ _
Finance f
„ ____ __ „ „ __ __ ____
S erv ices
____ ____ ____ ____ __ __
See footn otes at end o f table.




3

7
7

2
1
1

20
9
11

2

70
51
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
1
22
5
-

_
-

3

3
-

23
-

40

78

42

■ 35....
5
1

73
5
l
-

52
2
50
2
5
43

65
65
56
9

13

72
50
22
20
2

49
39
10
l

763
576
187
34
69

2.65
2.62
2.73
2.53
3.43

-

-

3
-

1,722
i 473'
!

2.69

7

249
67
106
969

654
315
34
150
106

“

2?r r
2 .63
2 .7 2
2.9 2

7
-

_
'

2 .3 4
2 .4 5
2. 12
2 .31
2. 09
2 .02

6
6
3
3

23
23
2
21

2
-

23

16
3
3
"

38
37
1

7

2

58
41
17
11

86
64
22
12
9

-

252

12
30
5
-

97
“ 77“
20
17
2

66

125

241

244

62
58
4
4

30
29
1
-

207

101
97
4

159
n r
15
14

~wr~

“137“ “

8
5
-

“ 43

87

228' “

23
9
10
4

38
3
28
-

13
3
“

20
9
11

20
94
75“ — r
12
19
10
14
2
“

236

39
38
53
46
7
4
”

11
5
6
2
-

2
2
“

165
165
-

4
4
4
-

-

-

-

"

58
49
9
5
-

40
37
3
3

316
315
1
1

100
65
35
25
10

15
4
11
11

14

20
15
2
2

23
23
-

32
10
22
22

10
10
-

-

'

5
5 '
-

13
1
1

-

8
7
1
1

-

■

1
1
"

-

-

~
“
-

*71
9
62
55
34

tb
14
14

■
“
-

10
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupationsl-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry divisio n , P h iladelphia, P a . , N ovem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ___________________
M anufacturing
_
_ _
Nonmanufacturing
________ __ __ ____ __

601
496
105

H elp ers, tra d es, m aintenance ________________
M anufacturing _______________________________

1,302
1, 047
255
186

M a ch in e-tool o p e ra to rs , to o lr o o m
M anufacturing
_ __ .
___

486
415

M achinists, maintenance
M anufacturing ____ __ ^___
__
__
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

4

1,205
1, 067
138

$
Avenge
hourly j Under *1.60 1.70
earnings
and
$
1. 60 under 1.80
1.70
$
8
2. 15
42
39
2. 2
0 23
2
42
416
6
1.89
~

2.21
272T
2 .0 4
? - 14

38
14
24

_
-

_
-

_
-

2 .5 5
2 .5 5
2 .6 5

_
-

92

M illw rights
.... .
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________ '___________

383
3US

2 .6 5
2 .6 5

_

O ile r s _
__
____ ____
____ ____
M anufacturing _______________________________

485
454

1.98 *136
1755“ “ 135“

557

2 .4 0
2 .5 4
2. 19
2 .6 1
1.93

27
27
-

2 .7 3
2 .7 2

223
66
81

P ip e fitte rs , maintenance ______________________
M anufacturing _ __ __ ____ ___
____ _
P lu m b ers, m aintenance
__ ____
„
Nonmanufacturing
__ __
______

__ __

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance _ __ __
M anufacturing _____________ ____ __ „
T ool and die m akers
M anufacturing
_
1
2
3
4
5
*
t

__

__ __

918

855
90

---- 59

2 .4 2
2 .3 2

224
202

2 .6 5
2 .6 5

1, 804
1, 802

2 .8 7
2 .87

.
-

.
■-

16
16
-

82
82

_

_

_

-

“

-

9
9

_
-

8

1
2 41
— r r ~ “ '41 ''
3
5
4

1

31
23

_

_

_

10

10

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

"

■

~

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3. 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

17
17
17

194
194

4
4

11
11

21
21

23
23

47
4

1

138
138

39
39

10
1
10
1

74
74
"

6
2
6
2

18
15"""
-

80
12
1
57“ ' 117"
23
4

105
89
16

136
115"

10
1
10
1

17

6
11
6

32
32
27
-

55
65
-

1
1

153
153
_
54
~“ T T “

29
19

8

6
6

74
4
-

64
3
-

193
176
17
4
13
-

143
139
4

103
91

35o
340

94

8
8
6

2
1

6
8

1
2
9
9

264
28
236
131
56
38

16

38o
362
24

22
8

53
53

33
33

142
142“

14
11
r r ---- 11

79
31
48

1

42

282
"

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

26
26

51
51

25
25

107
83
107 ” "52“
1
36
5
31
31
-

2

46
44

2

63
63

104

48

6

230
226
4

2
6
2
6

42
42
"

-

54

10
2
2

32

293
293
-

34
— 33“

26
26

9
9

2
2

2

-

1

_
"

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

2?
2? ”

1
0
10

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

_

_

_

_

“

-

"

-

_

-

51
51

-

20
20
-

141
141

40
40

30
30

24
24

307
36'?

38

------- 3
r

5

1

_

36
36

107
loT "

95
76

_

3

2

12
11

12

7
5

2

”

2
2

8
---- 5“

18
6

4
4

28
28

41

"

38

36
36

25
24

23

_

_

_

“

•

22
22

44

"

“ 43“

32
32

49
47

45
45

75
75

248
248

563
563

23

5

8
277
277

8
■

"
13
13
■

-

58
38
20
20

14
12

_
-

.
_

5
4

-

52
52

_
_

-

9
9

-

_
_

2

5
5
-

-

J

-

-

5
5

*3.60
and
ov er

6
8
2
6
6

. _

-

3 .6 0

•

_

23
23

—T “
T

123
27
94

*3.50

3 .5 0

-

-

1
-

-

2
0

1 .4 0

3 .4 0

5
5

-

18
18
-

2

143

^ .3 0

-

_

93
54
39
28
1

_

-

2
0

26

_

3
7
3
5
2
2

49

— —
FT

-

2
6

"

62
40
22
13
6

"

94
94

97
29

21

41
29
12
5
7

_

2
2
2
2

241
235

8
8

21
20
1
1

E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 3. 60 to $ 3. 70.
E xcludes lim it e d -p r ic e variety s to r e s.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 2 at under $ 1 50; 14 at $ 1 50 to $ 1 60.
.
.
.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 27 at under $ 1 50; 109 at $ 1 50 to $ 1 60.
.
.
.
Tran sportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public utilities,
Finan ce, insurance, and re a l estate.




2 .8 0

23
20
3
2

T
—

7
7
------ 7 -----

2 .7 0

24
2
22
22

■

1
-------j _

V

2 .6 0

39
35

_

-

%10
.

2 .5 0

30
' 36“

25
9
16
16

- •
8
-

3. 00

2 .4 0

90
81
9

"

_
-

2 .9 0

2 .3 0

117

27
19

_
"

t
2 .8 0

182
141
41
40

174
94
80
73

_
-

$
2 .7 0

4
3
l

103

_
"

2 .6 0

43
"" 43
-

63
So
13

1b

$
2 .5 0

19
19

57
7

_
-

2, 110
2, 018

_
_

7
2

$
2 .4 0

44
44
-

77
24

-

77
70

$
2 .3 0

94
87
7

4
18

_
-

M echanics, m aintenance „ ____ __ _________
M anufacturing
__ ____ ___________ __ __
Nonmanufacturing
_ __
_ _

34
3

6
8

2 .7 0
2755“
2.87
2 .5 5
2 .53
2 .5 5
2 .5 3
2 .6 3
2 .6 0

S

2. 0 2. 10 2.20
0

42
26

~

1, 029
335
694
401
176
82

$

I

2.0 2. 1 2.20
0
0
64
1
2 10
2

1.90

“

M ech an ics, autom otive (m aintenance) ________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __ ___
___
_________ _
Nonmanufacturing
__ __ __ „ ___ ___
P u blic utilities * _________________________
W holesale trade ________ ___ ___ _____
R etail trade 3 ________ _____ __ _____

__

2

%
1.90

2 .6 3
2 .6 3

_
-

P a in ters, m aintenance _____
M anufacturing _ „
___
__ __ __
Nonmanufacturing
___
P u blic utilities *
„ __ __ __ __
Finance t
_ _ __

6
4

$
1.80

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.

_

_

_

-

1
0

~

-

16

_

_

2 7
7

8

2
2

2
2

1
1

■

"

27
21

6
1

_

_

_

.

209
209

U
TS

156

10
10

"

•
53

83...

_
“

1

“
1

i

*20
20

11

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry div isio n , P h iladelphia, P a ., N ovem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

Number
at
workers

Avenge
Under *0. 90 *1 .0 0
eratage* $
and
0 .9 0 under
1 .0 0

E levator o p e r a to r s , p assen ger (m en) ____
_________
. __
M anufacturing
___
______
__
Nonmanufacturing
R etail trade 3 ____________________________

813
118
695
90
518

$
1 .56
1 .7 $

1.53
1.47
1. 58

3
_
3
_

1 .1 0

52
_
52
-

9
9
_

56
56

80
6o

330
292
92
63
108

1.29
1.25
1.32
1,51
1 .0 0

2 ,4 2 8
T , 153
1,275
292

1.65
' 2 .1 )6
1.28
1.54

_
_
-

56
_
_
-

700
-

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs (men)
___ __
Manufacturing
__
____ ____ ____
Nonmanufacturing _______ ___
________
Public utilities * __
____ ________ __
W holesale trade _______ _____
______
R etail trade 3 ____________________________
Finance t ____ ______________ ___
___ ______ _ __ __ ____
S ervices _

5,955
3,273
2,682
590
143
723
770
456

1 .6 6

15
_
15
_
_
_
15

88

333

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs ( w o m e n ) ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________._________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing _________ __ __
_____
Public u tilities * _________________________
W holesale trade ___;_____________________
Retail tra At. ^
Finance t
_ _ ____
____
S erv ices _______
_____

3,097

11

2,3 4 8
152
65
215
1,533
383

14
_
14
_

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling __________________
M anufacturing
_
__
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities * _____________________ ____
W holesale trade __ ___
__
___ _
R etail trade 3 _ „
____

9,572
™ 354
5,
4 ,0 1 8
834
1,410
1,754

O rder fille r s __
___ _________ _____________
M anufacturing ______________________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ______________ ____ __ __
W holesale trade _________________________
R etail tr a d e 3 _____ __ __
________

2,8 3 7
1,179
1,658
914
645

S e rv ice s

_

___________ _

_________

Guards __________ ____ ____ ___
_________
M anufacturing ___
______
-_ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _____ __ __ __ __ ___ __
Finance t __ ______ __ — —
__

W f~

1.79
1.50
1.87
1.62
1.37
1.54
1. 15
1.29
1.51
1.23
1.58
1. 14
1.14
1.24

_
11

_
_
_
11

1.93
1 .94

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2 .1 8
1 .8 6

1.82
2 .0 3
1.92
2 .1 0

2 .1 3
2 .0 2

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) _________
__
__ __
M anufacturing ________ ___________ — __ __
Nonmanufacturing _ __ __ ___________
R etail trade 3 ____________________________

1,353
— w r h
406
1 12

1.78
1.80
1.72
1.53

P a ck ers , shipping (w o m e n ) __________________ _
N onm anufacturing _ ________
__ ______
R etail trade 3 ____________________________

673
421
356

1.50
1.40
1.43

R eceivin g cle r k s _________ - ___________________ _
M anufacturing ______ _______________ _________
N onm anufacturing ___ ____
__
____
W holesale trade _____ __ __
_______
R etail t r a d e 3 _____ ____ __________

979
522
457
163
226

1.97
2 .1 6
1.83
2 .0 3
1.73

\ .3 0

\ .4 0

*1.50

*L.60

*1.70

\ .8 0

\ .9 0

^2 . 0 0

^ .1 0

^ .2 0

^1.30

1 .2 0

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

116
13
103
73
30

166
9
157
4
153

227
_
227
.
226

78
28
50
47

53
53
-

93
82
53
29

22
22

23
23

15
-

_
-

1

62

8

-

---- 1---60
3
57

8
1

1

-

21

1 .1 0

1 .9 0

*L. 2 0

1

_
.

Elevator o p e r a to r s , passen ger (wom en) ________
Nonmanufacturing __________ ________________

* 1 .1 0

-

_
_
_
_
“

3
3
3

52

148
m
132
2
126

203
_
14
144
13
32

1

_
1

_
_
1

_
_
_
.
_
.
_
_
"

14
5
5
92
[■“ 1 5
1—
74
73

59
17
42
42
291
79

2

333
95
238
14

3
29
24
41

116
35
63

2

29
28

10

212

7
_
108
68

29

18
11

7
7
6

3




2 .6 0

*2 . 6 0

*2.70

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

*2.80 *2.90
and
2 .9 0 over

3
3
_

13
-

_
-

2
2

_
_

_
-

_
.
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
.
_

_
_
_
_

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

15
t

4

2

-

21

-

57
195
99
. 2 ' n i t - “ 57— — T T
is o
42
20
29
42
10
42
29
31

676
201

475
24
_
22

415
14

236 1420
473
55' " 7 4 ... 34
181 1346
439
_
_
2
31
14
2
■
z
56
142
886
40
432
54
304
-

195
165
30

181
106
75

8
12

66

183
13
170
4

_
8

165
7
158
_
_
143

244
138
106
_
_
106

230
137
93
_
28
60

477
191
286
_

262

62
46

76
43
33

l

216

70

160
102

_
50
52

6

65

3
3
3

66

2

21
12

15
4

29
9

61
“ 40—

21

& r

11
11

20
6

21

40

14

34
13

12

64
64
64

54
46
18

’ 52
42
28

67
64
41

94
91
91

11

12

8
_
8
_
7

14
13
3
9

71
lS
53
3
i7

5
5

-

-

11

12

_
11

_
12

16

14

57

1

97
45
52
42
10

129

136
126

386
198
188
91
46
42
9
42
40

514
425
89
74
13
1
1

-

127
260
“ l 2 '6 ~ ■ r m
41
l
1

8

632
619
13
9
.
4

341
T ?1
170
155
3
12

-

-

-

130
130
-

13
13
-

-

-

-

2

27
27
_
_
_
_

4
4
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
.
_

86

48
34
14
.
_
14

2

82
4
_
4

_
-

_
-

_
.
.

_
.

_
_

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

153
“ 153“
2

_

17
17
-

64
64
_

2
2

_

4
4
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

1060
893
167
_
103
64

928
457
471
243
193
35

2207
919
1288
587
139
562

417
T5I
156
-

47
7
40
_
34

49
9
40
_
34

6

6

303
265
38
38
-

,
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

170
141
29
29

142
l26
16

456
348
108

8

3
113
89
24

8
2
6

4
4
4

18
18
18
-

10
8
2
2

44

102
6

378
378
235
143

116

6
10

567
134
433
176
158

70
67
3
3

129
75
56

25
16
9

35
27

2

8
2

12
6
6
2

9

4

7

3

_

23
23
-

6

4
4
_

1
1

2

188
141
47
-

_

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

73
54
19
15

17
16

1

-

5
4

1
1

1

1

1

_

1

1
”

_

3
_

'

‘

6

9
-

648 1031
581
749
282
267
95
119
31
9
18
59
132
71
2
13

299
284
15
15

10
2

119
49
70
68

2
2

4
156
-

8
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

274
1?9
95
_
71
24

1109
619
490
_
364
126

329
183
146
_
17
129

851
761
150
4
_
146

291
49
242
71
171

79

89

20

20

59
43
16

69
61

138
118

97

20

8

159
1 21

38
38
1 00

3

29
9

236
lil
95
30

12
11
11

205
19
19

47
35
35

49
43
43

34

72

64
23
41
24
17

97
54
63
3
57

12
22

_
10

68

10

62
42
18

97
3
3

619
4^8

191
35
156

100

90
10

10

125
74
51
7
38

1 00

81
19
_
19

63
59
4
-

88
68

108
42
66
64

-

1

‘
See footnotes at end o f table.

2 .5 0

3

31

103
99

10

_
14

12

202-

323
_
14
65
2

16

329

-

242

16

4

88

_
_
83
_
5

4

-

703

-

^ .4 0 A . 50

'

'

'

-

_
_
-

12

32
32
4
4
_
3

12

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a b a s is ,
by industry d iv isio n , P hiladelphia, P a . , N ovem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

Number
wort

$
Avene*
<
bouriy^2 ^ n der *0.90
and
0. 90 under

$

S

1 0 1 0 1 0
.0 .1 .2

1 0 1 0 1 0
.0 .1 .2

$

2 12
.

Shipping cle r k s _______________ _________________
M anufacturing ___ ______
„ „
N onm anufacturing _ ______
__ __

JW ~

Shipping and receivin g cle r k s
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing . ___
__
______
R etail trade 3 ____________________________

324
98
226
141

T ruckdrive rs 4 _________________________________
M anufacturing _____________ __
.
Nonmanufacturing __________ __
__
„
P u blic utilities * _________________________
W holesale trade _________________________
R etail trade 3 ____________________________
S e rv ice s
_______
__ __

8 0
,2 1

2,4 0 0
5,801
2,940
1,971
808
82

2 .4 2
2 .4 2
2 .4 3
2 .3 7
2 .5 4
2 .3 9
1.85

T r u c k d r iv e r s , light (under 1% t o n s ) ______
Nonm anufacturing
S p rvi

324
156
57

2 .0 7
1.94
1.87

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (1% to and
and including 4 tons) ______________________
M anufacturing
______
__ ____ . „
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
Pu blic utilities * ____
___ ___ __
W holesale trade _
__
___

3 ,614
1,419
2 ,1 9 5
1,772
258

2 .4 0
2 .4 5
2 .3 6
2 .3 7
2 .3 9

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) _
___ __
______
__
M annfar hiring
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________
Pu blic u tilities * _________________ _
W holesale trade ______________________

2,2 7 2
— 1§7—
2 ,0 8 5
798
1, 103

2 .5 2
.4-2
2 .5 3
2 .4 3
2 .6 1

T r u c k d riv e r s , neavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) - —
_____
KXannfar hiring
Nonm anufacturing _______________________
WVinloealp traHo

508

10
1

M 99
111

923
382

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) ____
_____
M anufacturing _______________________ _____
Nonm anufacturing _______ ____ ____
R etail trade 3 _____

1,897
1,4*2
425
194

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than fork lift) ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________ _

359
345

Watchmen __________________________ _________ _
M anufacturing
___ __ ___
Nonm anufacturing _ __
___
__ __
PnW ir ntilitipfi ♦
R etail trade 3 ____________________________
F inane e t __________ _____ _____ _____ - _—
S p rvi rpe
1
2
3
4
*
t

1,439
WS

673
194
150
172
90

2 . 14
2 .0 5

2.20
1.99
2 .2 9
2 .3 9

_
.
-

.
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
.
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
.
_
_
.
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
.
_
_
_
-

_
-

1.30

$
1.30

$
1.40

$
1.50

$ 60
1.

S
1.70

$
1.80

S

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00 2.10 2.20

3

49
40
9

-

1
2
1
2

-

_
.
_

.
.
-

8
8
1

_
_
-

.
.
-

1
1
7
7
_
7

h)
_
.

15
15

8
8

.
-

1
1

2
1
6 2 2
1 1

27

14
-

2
5

13
_
_

8

16

1
2

5

18
9
9

31
31
-

48

67

40

2
1
27
8
_
4
15

6
6
1
1
_
_
-

1
2
2

28

_
13
13

2
0
2
0

•19
19

30
l6

28
-

9

7
"
l
_
-

.
-

18
7

39
38

29
9

4

6

6

1
0
1
1
2
-

1
1

-

6
1

2
0
_
-

107
103
4
_
_
38
36

2
2
_
_
-

*2.00

_
-

.
-

-

.
-

-

_
-

-

2 .4 4
2 .4 2
2 .4 4
2. 57

2.10
2 .0 7
2.20

-

*2.60

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2.60

2 .70

37

2
0

36
16
18
7

15
_
15

93

108
51
57
16
.
_
41

95
76
19
13

260
174

9
72
5
-

3663
643
3020
1976
560
484
-

18

57
7

17
l4

60
” 53
7

77
TO
7

1858
240
1618
142Q
97
590
132
458
258
186

761
540
51

23

37
32
5
_
-

6
.
-

1 ”
2

1
6

2
8

8
6

2
-

4
4

-

-

-

-

4

19
19

8
6

2
2

2
1
16

1
1

82
78

1
_
1
1

2 .2 5

2
.01

_

_

_

-

-

2
2
2
2

84

_

14

.
-

_
_

.
22

90

6

_

19

.
.
■
_
129
42
87
45
13
15

1
1
1

_

-

19
18

1
1

_

_

-

-

9
9

131
34
97

69

- ?4

51

2
1
37
39

16

36
13
2

11
0
27
4
3

1
2
8

30
.
30
-

6
6
166
73
93
9
30
54

76
76
-

113
113
-

199
183

33
33
184
129
55
15
38

16

170
166
4
4

119
84
35
35

44
44

52
52

36
34

18
18

64
52

136
69
67
67

106
61
45
28
14
3

118
" 118 "
-

1
2
8
4
.

1
6

.

382
336
46

1
6
8
6
8

39

6

33
33

7
13

19
17

2

19
18

1

S
2 .7 0

*
2 .8 0

2.SJ
2
2
8

2 .9 0

14

23
23
-

*2.90
and
ov er

1
1
_
_
_
-

4
_
4
4

4
_
4
4

2
_
2
2

826
371
455
_
375
80
.
-

642
6Z15
14
_
14
_
-

755
54
701
_
701
_
-

&
_

38
-

3
-

516
69
447
345
78

410
340
70
.
70

513
5l3
.
_
-

2
0
2
'0

761

316
15
301
301

587
26
561
_
561

-

-

4
4
_
4

_
_
-

.

4

14
4

140

8 40
26
0
8 2
8 2
0

32
_
32

2
0
1555
242
1313
885
208

20
2
35

2
2

31
9

2
2
18

8

.
_
-

787
129
658

173
90
83
57

414
3 l6
104
14

224
109
115
73

104
40
64
44

1
6
8
8

52
42

29
29

2

4

8
8

_

_

54
54
-

30
30
.

-

-

.
-

.
-

143
_
-

1.60
1.74
1.44
1.71
1.42
1.46
1. 14

-

4

.
_
-

~2ToO—

-

S
2 .5 0

42
9
33

6
6
-

S
2.4 0

49
47

38
3'S
36

-

2 .3 0

42
’35
7

1
1
1
2
2
1
1

2.10 f2.20

t

72
67
5

2

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs excep t where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
E xcludes lim ite d -p ric e variety s to r e s .
Includes all d riv e rs re g a rd le s s o f s ize and type o f truck operated.
T ran sportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s,
F inan ce, in su ran ce, and real estate.




7
_
-

1
0

1.9
0

4
4

4

1
0
1
0

140
140

29
” I T
_
-

_
-

40

8
_
8

2
0
2
0
_
2
0

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
.

_
_
-

-

_
.
-

_
.
-

_
_
-

_
-




B :

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

and

S u p p le m e n ta r y

W a g e

13

P r o v is io n s

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having f o r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r sh ift w o r k , and in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
a c tu a lly o p e ra tin g late s h ifts by ty p e and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l, P h ila d e lp h ia , P a * , N o v e m b e r 1958)
In e sta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —
S econ d shift
w o rk

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift w o rk

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts a c tu a lly
o p e r a tin g —
S econ d shift

T h ir d o r other
sh ift

82. 1

15. 1

5 .9

7 9 .7

7 9 .9

13 .5

5 .9

U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r h o u r) __
__
5 c e n ts
__
_
_ ------ — ___
5 V, re n ts
. _
6 o r 7 ce n ts __
7 V2 ce n ts
_
_
__ __
8 c e n ts
,
9 c e n ts
__
_ __
----- _
10 ce n ts _
_
_____ __
11 ce n ts .
_ _ _ _ _
_ _ __
__ __
12 ce n ts
_
__ _ _ __
13 o r 1 3 A re n ts . . . . . .
__ _
15 ce n ts
__
_
_
16 ce n ts
__
_____ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ ____ __
O ve r 16 c e n ts
___ __ _____

3 7 .3
7 .4
.6
3 .8
5 .0
8 .4
.3
6 .5
1. 8
.6
2 .2
_
.7

3 3 .3
1 .3
.6
3 .5
1 .9
.3
1 2 .8
.4
3 .4
.7
2 .3
4. 0
2. 1

5 .9
1 .0
( 2)
.8
.4
1.5
( 2)
.7
.8
.1
.5
_

U n ifo rm p e rce n ta g e
5 percen t
__ _
__ _
7 percen t
-----,. . . . . . . . __ ___ _______ ______
7V4, 7V2, o r 8 p e r c e n t __ _ _
__
_
10 p e r c e n t _
_
_
12 p e r c e n t __
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
15 p e r c e n t __
_
_
__

4 0 .8
6 .6
6. 1
2 .8
2 5 .3
-

3 9 .0
1.1
5. 5
3 .2
2 6 .0
.5
2 .7

7. 1
1 .0
1. 3
.6
4 .2
“

2 .2
( 2)
.2
.1
1.9
( 2)
.4

T o ta l

__ _

__ _

_ __ __

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

__

O ther f o r m a l paid d iffe r e n tia l
_

_

----________

_

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r r e d u c e d h o u r s

No shift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

__

__

_

__ __

________________ _
_

_

8 5 .3

-

. 1

2 .6
l 2)
-

.2
.1
( 2)
1. 1
.4
l 2)
.1
.5
.1

-

-

3 .4

-

1 .6

4 .2

.5

.6

5 .6

2 .2

1.6

t 2)

1 In clu d es e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts
e ven though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly op e ra tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

14

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu died in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1958)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M an ufacturin g

t r ie s

_

___

M an u factu rin g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

M in im u m w e e k ly s a la r y 1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N onm anu fac tur ing

A ll
sch ed­
u les

311

_ _

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _____
$ 3 2 .5 0 and under $ 3 5 .0 0
_____________________
$ 3 5 .0 0 and under $ 3 7 .5 0
_ __
$ 3 7 .5 0 and under $ 4 0 .0 0
___
$ 4 0 .0 0 and under $ 4 2 .5 0
_____________________
$ 4 2 .5 0 and under $ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 5 .0 0 and under $ 4 7 .5 0
_____________________
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0
_____________________
$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0
_ --- ------- . —
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0
_____ _
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0
_____________________
$ 6 2 .5 0 and under $ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 0 .0 0 and o v e r __ ___
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ___
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y __ __ _ _
........
Data not a v a ila b le
______ ____ ___________ __________

134

163
1
2
22
20
34
13
28
10
6
8
8
4
3
2
2
72

79
9
5
12
15
5
4
5
7
3
2
2
2
26

75

29

1

3 y2
7

“

XXX

15
4
_
3
1
7
_
_
_
.
_
-•

383
/4

40

A ll
sch ed­
u les

37 y 2

383
/4

40

XXX

XXX

177

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

12
1
_
4
2
3
_
_
2
_
-

48
3
5
4
5
5
3
4
5
5
3
2
2
2

13
1
2
2
4
2
1
_
.
1
_
-

22
1
2
9
1
5
1
2
1
-

8
1
_
2
1
1
1
1
_
1

29
1
7
6
5
4
3
_
2
1

XXX

XXX

XXX

84
1
2
13
15
22
5
13
5
2
3
1
1
1
_
46

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

46
1

3

t r ie s
35

N onm anufa c tur ing

B a s e d on stan dard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
sched­
u les

3 y2
7

383
/4

311

134

XXX

XXX

XXX

80
.
1
12
7
11
6
17
6
2
4
6
3
2
2
1
33

15
_
1
4
1
2
_
7
_
_
-

12
_
_
1
1
3
2
3
_
.
1
1

21

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

169
1
1
5
40
17
28
14
26
10
3
6
8
4
3
2
1
92

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

49
1

-

A ll
sch ed­
u les

40

“

177

-

-

_
-

.
_
-

47
_
_
_
5
5
4
4
7
4
2
3
5
3
2
2
1

XXX

XXX

XXX

89
1
1
4
28
10
17
8
9
4
1
2
2
1
1
_
59

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

28
1

35

3 y2
7

383
/4

40

XXX

XXX

14
_
_
1
6
_
2
2
2
_
_
_
1
_
-

22
_
_

9
_
_
2
2
_
3
_
_
1
_
_
1
_
-

32
1
1
_
11
4
6
1
3
3
_
1
_
1
_
_
_

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX

4
4
4
4
3
_
1
1
1
_
_
_

-

XXX

XXX

L o w e s t s a la r y ra te fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typing o r oth er c le r i c a l jo b s .
R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g i r l s , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
H ou rs r e fl e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s .
Data a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and fo r m o s t c o m m o n w o rk w e e k s r e p o r t e d .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by s ch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h ift w o r k e r s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1958)
PLANT V ORKERS
W

OFFICE WORKERS
W eek ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s _____________________
U nder 35 h o u r s _________________
35 h o u r s _________________________
O ver 35 and under 3 6
hours
36 V4 hour s ______________________
O v er 3 6
and under
h o u rs
37Va h o u r s
______________________
O v er 3 7 V2 and under 383 h o u rs
/4
383 h o u r s
/4
______________________
O ver 3 8 3 4 and under 40 h o u r s
/
40 h o u r s _________________________
O v er 40 and under 44 h o u r s ___
44 hour s ______________________- —
O ver 44 h o u r s
__________________

l
U

1
2
3
*
f

l
U
37l z
/

All
industries

Manufacturing
100

100
2
10
( 3)
5
3
27
1
11
2
39
(3
( 3)

)

( 3)
5
1
2
1
23
1
17
50
( 3)
-

Public
utilities*
100

W
holesale
trade
100

13
_
6
_
43
_

2
1
1
27

( 3)

20

38

49
_
-

E x clu d e s data fo r l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
In clu d es data fo r r e a l e s ta te in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ,
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




Retail trade1
100
10
_
.
15
3
7
_
65
_
( 3)

Financet

Services

100

100

6
20
_
11
11
27
1
3
7
14
_
_

_

“

2
12
1
50
16
18
_
1
“

All 2
industries
100
1
1
(* )
( 3)
10
( 3)
( 3)
( 3)
84
2
( 3)
2

Manufacturing
100
1
2
12
85
_
_
( 3)

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

100

100

_

_
7
1
87
5
-

1
99
-

Retail trade 1
100

1
10
2
( 3)
1
75
9
2

Services
100
_
3
4
1
74
6
12

15

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y n u m b er o f paid h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d an n u ally, P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1958)

OFFICE WORKERS [
Item

All workers _

______

Al
l
idsre
nutis

_____

Workers in establishments
paid holidays _________
Workers in establishments
no paid holidays __ „

___

providing
— --- --providing
--- __ ---

__
---

Mnfcuig
auatrn

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Woeae
hlsl
tae
rd

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

-

(3)
15
2
2
15
6
2
(3)
18
2
1
6
1
5
1
(
3)
1
4
1
16

1
19
1
5
21
8
6
25
3
1
5
(
3)
4
-

.
1
1
7
4
41
(
3)
_
6
6
26
5
3
.
-

PLANT WORKERS
Al _
l
idsre 2
nutis

Mnfcuig
auatrn

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Woeae
hlsl
tae
rd

Rti t a e
eal r d 1

Srie
evcs

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

91

99

85

-

1

-

-

9

1

15

3
31
9
(
3)
15
30
7
5
(
3)
.
-

2
22
1
2
30
1
3
(
3)
24
3
(
3)
5
(
3)
2
1
1

1
16
1
2
38
2
4
25
3
1
4
1
1
1
-

_
2
28
37
3
1
14
7
3
5

8
6
4
8
1
37
7
14
6
-

8
43
3
12
1
20
10
-

5
72
4
1
3
-

_

5
5
8
8
8
15
29
30
33
33
70
70
98
98
100
100
100
100

_
-

_

Fin n ef
ac

Srie
evcs

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

"

20
10
1
16
7
27
6
8
.
5
.

1
38
1
2
37
8
6
1
6
-

R t i tra e
eal d 1

N u m b e r of days
Less than 6 holidays
— ----- -_ -_
6 holidays
_______ ___________ __ __ _
_
6 holidays plus 1 half day _________________
6 holidays plus 2, 3, or 7 half days --------7 holidays _ ___ ______ _ __ — _ _ _
_
_
_ _ _
7 holidays plus 1 half day _ _
_
__ _
_
7 holidays plus 2 half days _____ __________
_______
7 holidays plus 5 or 7 half days _
8 holidays _
_ ___
_ _________ _ _
_
_ _
8 holidays plus 1 half day _________________
8 holidays plus 2 or 3 half days _ _______
9 holidays
______ ___ __
_ ___
_
9 holidays plus 1 half day _ _ _ _____
_ _
_ _ _____ _____ _ _
10 holidays_
10 holidays plus 1 half day _ ___ _ ______
_
_
11 holidays________________ ____________ _
11 holidays plus 1 or 2 half days ___________ l
12 holidays____ _______ ________ ___ _____
12 holidays plus 1 or 2 half days
--13 holidays _
__
_
_
__

-

1
-

-

-

.
-

-

.
.
.
_
_
5
5
13
19
46
53
70
80
100
100
100
100

.
_
_
6
7
13
21
61
61

(
3)
(3)
2
1
1
2
8
(
3)
3
1
3
14
3
62

-

(
3)
(
3)

-

-

Total holiday time 4
13days _________________________________
12% or more days ______
_______
__
12 or more days _______ ______ _
_
1 1 % or more days
___ _ — __
_
__ _
_
11 or more days _ ___ ___ _
_ _
_ _ _
10 % or more days ___ —
__ ____ _
10 or more days _ __ ___ _ _ _ _ __ _
_
_
_
9 % or more days
___
_
_
—
_
9 or more days ___________________________
8 % or more days _______ _ __ _ ___
_
_
8 or more days _ _ ______________
_
___
7 % or more days ______ _ _ --- -_ _
7 or more days
_____ _
_
_ __
_
6 % or more days
_________ ___
__
6or more d a y s ___________________________
5 or more days _ _
_
__
_ „ __ _ _
_
_ _
4 or more d a y s ___________________________
1 or more days _____
__ _____ __ ___
1
2
3
4
no h a lf
*
f

17
17
22
22
23
24
29
30
37
39
59
66
83
85

99
99
100
100

_
1
1
1
1
6
6
12
15
46
54
79
81

99
100
100
100

.
_
3
3
3
8
34
40
46
46
87
92
99

99

100
100
100
100

99
99
100
100

63
65
79
82
82
86
86
88
95
95
96
97
99

99

100
100
100
100

.
(?)
3)
3)
!
(
3)
5
5
12
41
57
66
97
100
100
100

(
!)
(
3)
i
i

2
3
5
5
11
13
40
41
74
74
96
97
97

99

-

2
2
2
3
7
11
39
41
82
83

99
100
100
100

-

_
6
6
22
27
64
65
72
77
83
91
91
91

-

_
-

10
10
31
31
47
47
91
91
92

99

.
_
3
3
4
4
8
8
80
83
85
85

E x clu d e s l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e s ta te in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount are c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o o n . P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u la te d .
T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ,
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay p r o v is io n s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

_

_

All
industries

_ _

100

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS

Retail trade1

Financef

Services

All 2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade1

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

100
92
8

99
78
18
3

100
70
29
1

100
100
-

89
78
8
3

100
100
_

100
67
33

M eth od o f p oym on t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s _________ __ __ __ __
L e n g th -o f-tim e p aym ent ____________________
P e r c e n t a g e paym en t ___________ __ __ ______
F la t -s u m paym ent __ __ __ _____ _____ __
O th er
__
_____ _____ __ __ __ __
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s _______________________________

(* )

100
99
( 3)
-

( 3)

-

-

-

-

12
44
15
10

8
54
13
4

30
48
10
-

15
26
22
5

21
18
3
-

19
( 3)
80
-

14
86
-

42
1
57
-

17
83
-

5
1
93
( 3)
( 3)

7
1
92
-

3
97
-

12
88
-

3
( 3)
94
1
1

5
1
91
1
2

3
97

91

99
99
( 3)
-

-

( 3)

“

-

11

-

-

7
43
22
27

18
34
12
19

27
16
2
( 3)

29
17
2
1

7
29
7
-

9
17
3
-

36
9
_

23
3
_

78
22
-

1
98
-

19
7
74
-

72
5
22
( 3)

72
4
24
“

67
5
23
5

48
33
-

85
15
-

69
26
5
-

15
1
84
-

_
-

5
8
82
5
( 3)

46
19
34
( 3)

51
25
24
-

34
61
5

36
7
37
-

41
2
57
-

33
35
32
-

4
8
83
5
( 3)

20
20
58
( 3)
1

19
27
51
1
2

33
62
5

17
7
56
-

10
90
-

29
33
38
-

( 3)

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y *
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w eek
_ _ _ _ _
1 w eek
___
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _ __
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___ ____ ______ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ _________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eeks _
__ __ !____ __ __ __ __
__ _
3 w e e k s _______ __ _____ _____ __ __ __
A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ____ _____ __
2 w e e k s ___________ _________ ________ ____ _______
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____
_____
3 w e e k s _ __ __ _____ __ __ ____________ ______

99
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________ __ __
_____ _
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ____ ________ __ _
2 w eeks _
_ _ _ _ _
__
___ __
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ____ __ __ __ __ __
3 w eeks
_____ _____ _____ _____ _____________

-

'

9
-

1
-

_
-

99

99

-

-

'

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




N O T E:

In the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t im e , "
su ch a s p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o an eq u iv a len t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p aym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's pay.'

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a ca tio n pay p r o v is io n s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N ov em b er 1958)
OFFICE workers ;
V a ca tio n p o lic y

All
industries

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 1

Finanoef

Services

( 3)

_
90
10

_
87
13

_
92
8

_
94
4
1

_
1
51
12
36

3
1
85
4
6

3
1
84
5
7

_
_
94
_
6

_
89
_

_
15
85
-

_
74
7
18
-

_
1
41
7
45
6

3
( 3)
47
11
37
1
-

3
53
14
29
1
-

15
84
"

_
23
5
64
2
6

3
18
2
70
6
( 3)

3
16
2
71
8
( 3)

8
79
12

21
6
65
2
6

3
17
3
64
6
6

3
16
2
62
9
8

3
15
3
49
5
24

3
14
2
51
7
23

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 1

Services

A m o u n t o f v o c a t i o n p a y 4— C o n t in u e d
A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________
O v e r 1 and under
2 w eek s _
__
O v e r 2 and under
3 w eek s _
___

_____ ________________________
2 w e e k s __________________ __
________ __ __ „ „ _____ __
3 w e e k s ____ _______________
____________ _________________

(?)
( 3)
85
4
10

79
7
14

-

5
90
5

2
7
65
26
-

_
38
7
55
"

_
53
36
-

5
22
73
-

2
7
64
26
1
-

_
100
“

_
38
51
-

5
17
78
"

2
66
18
6
8
-

_

5
17
73
5

2
56
25
9
8
■

5
10
44

2
55
25
10
8

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ____ _______________
2 w eek s ___________________________________ _______
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w eek s
__
_
___ _______
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____________________
__
___ _____ ___
4 w eek s
__

(?)
( 3)
53
5
41
( 3)

46
6
47
-

_
73
3
24
-

_
53
47
-

( 3)
13
( 3)
85
( 3)
1

( 3)
11
87
( 3)
1

_
4
94
2

_
24
76
-

( 3)
12
( 3)
75
1
11

( 3)
11
74
1
13

_

_

_

4
94
2

24
58
18

14
-

( 3)
10
( 3)
42
1
46

( 3)
11
46
1
41

( 3)

-

-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
2 w eek s _
O v e r 2 and
3 w eeks _
O v e r 3 and
4 w eeks

_____ _____ ________ _______________
__ __ __ __ __ „ ________ __ _____
under 3 w e e k s _ ________ __ __ __
_____ „ „ __ __ _______________ „
under 4 w e e k s _ _____ _____ __
__
______ ________ ___
___ __

_
14
86
-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________ ________ ____________
2 w eek s _ _____ _____ _____ _____ __ __ __
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___________ __ __
un>f>ks
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s ____ _______________
4 w e e k s ____ ________________________________ ___

79
7

_

_

99
( 3)

38
40
11

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 u/ op V
2 w eek s _ __ __ ________ _____ __ _____ __
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____ ___ _____ —
3 w e e k s _ __________
__ __________
______
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s ____ _____ ________
4 w e e k s 5------ ----- ---------------------- __ __ ~

_

_

_

_

_

4
62

24
49

13
27

5
31

20
6
51
2
21

-

34

-

27

-

-

60

63

_

_

76

38
32

-

24

-

19

-

41

1 E x clu d e s data f o r l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
2 In clu d e s data f o r r e a l e s ta te in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
4 P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r ily r e fl e c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n g es in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica ted at 10 y ea rs* s e r v ic e in ­
clu d e ch a n g es in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
5 4 w eeks* pay is a v a ila b le .
i.ter s e r v ic e o f 30 o r m o r e y e a r s , to an a d d itio n a l 2 p e r c e n t o f o f fic e w o r k e r s (c h ie fly in p u b lic u t ilit ie s ) and t o 1 p e r c e n t o f plant w o r k e r s .
* T r a n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
f F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e ari i r e a l e s ta te .




18

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rov id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s ___

__

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

100

100

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade1

100

All
,
industries2

Financet

Services

100

100

100

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

Manufacturing

Retail trade1

Services

100

100

97

98

99

88

97

99

99

91

88

99

89

94

97

34

36

55

31

26

26

41

38

34

39

40

43

84

81
39

_

92
59

95
38

75
44

87
42

63
7

59
42

88
78

92
87

98
68

81
63

82
64

62
57

66

75

85

71

28

60

45

12

6

29

20

21

7

4
68
64
39
25
84
1

( 4)
79
78
51
20
82
( 4)

7
24
20
16
1
91

1
67
55
39
21
71
3

38
86
82
32
32
85
2

«

61
37
26
24
50
1

9
84
77
48
8
65
3

6
92
87
53
10
68
3

20
58
39
21
5
95
( 4)

3
74
62
36
12
52
7

17
75
73
41
6
61
5

4
75
59
68
2
7

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e ____ ________________ _________
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in a n r a n p fi

...

_____

.. . ................

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k lp.avfi n r b o th *
Si r im Ail a anri a c c i d e n t i n s ii r a n r p

S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and n o
w a it in g p e r i o d )

.

_

...............

S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w a it in g p e r i o d )
.... ... .....
H o s p ita lis a tio n in s u ra n c e
.
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e
T

.... ..rT
._ T
T

r

M e d ica l in s u r a n c e _______________ _________ ___
C a ta s trop h e in s u r a n c e ___________ ____ ___ „ _____
R e t i r e m e n t p e n sio n

N o h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n plan —___

62
59
34
40
94

1 E x clu d e s data fo r l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
2 In clu d es data fo r r e a l e s ta te in ad d itio n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c te d by e a ch e m p lo y e e . I n fo r m a l s ic k -l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d o n an in d ivid u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
4 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
• F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
f




19
A p p e n d ix : Occupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w ag e su r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p r o p r ia te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u nder
a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lis h m e n t to esta b lis h m e n t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g rou p in g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age
r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a sis on in ter e sta b lis h m e n t and
in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u r e a u ’ s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
ca n tly fr o m th ose in u s e in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p lyin g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s tru cte d to e x clu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , tr a in e e s , h an d icap p ed w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

Off i c e
jBILLER, M ACH IN E
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a l s o k eep r e c o r d s
as to b illin g s o r sh ipp in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w ag e study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a ch in e, a r e c la s s ifi e d b y type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B i lle r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e )— U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H opkin s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u r ro u g h s , e t c . , w h ich
a r e co m b in a tio n typin g and adding m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ra n d a , e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and sh ipping c h a r g e s and en try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot be com p u ted on the
b illin g m a ch in e , and tota ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d
b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a
fa n fo ld m a ch in e .
B i lle r , m a ch in e (book k eep in g m a c h in e )----- U ses a b ook k eep in g
m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em in gton R and, e t c . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y n ot h ave ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills a s p a rt o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and co m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts a u to ­
m a tic a lly the deb it o r c r e d it b a la n ce s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n ow l­
ed g e o f b ook k eep in g . W ork s fr o m u n ifo r m and stan d ard ty p es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (R em in gton R and, E llio tt
F is h e r , S u ndstrand, B u r ro u g h s , N ation al C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a r d ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ----- C ontinued
C la s s A — K eep s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow led ge o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r it y w ith
the s tr u c tu r e o f the p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D eter­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s
to be u se d in ea ch p h a se o f the w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B — K eep s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u ir in g little kn ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f tr ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets f o r the a c c o u n tin g d ep a rtm en t.
C L E R K , A C CO U N TIN G
C la s s A ----- U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c q u n tant, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r k eep in g on e o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te s e t o f b ook s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to one p h a se o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s . W o rk in v o lv e s p o s tin g and ba la n cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou n ts p a y a b le ; ex a m in in g and c o d in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m en t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s .
M ay a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B -----U nder s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e
a c c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
b y g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s n ot r e q u ir e a kn ow led ge of
a cc o u n tin g and b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in
w h ich the m o r e rou tin e a c c o u n tin g w o r k is su b d iv id ed on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s is a m on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

20

CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A ——R e s p o n s ib le fo r m a in tain in g an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a te r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es
in c o n ju n ctio n w ith f ile s o r s u p e r v is e o th e r s in filin g and lo c a tin g
m a te r ia l in the^ f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
C la s s B -----P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a te r ia l that
h as a lr e a d y b een c la s s if i e d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a tin g m a ­
t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by
m a il, ph one, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet
lis tin g the ite m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch e ck in g p r ic e s and q u a n tities
o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet; d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
p a rtm en ts to be f ill e d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they h ave b e e n fille d , keep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.
CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s a cco u n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on tabulating c a r d s
b y punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d se q u e n ce ,
using an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e, follow in g
w ritte n in fo r m a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by using the
d u p lica tin g d e v ic e a tta ch ed to m a ch in e .
K eep s file s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify ow n w o rk o r w o r k o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E BOY O R G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s ,
o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ch in e s su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening
and d is trib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SECRETARY
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l d u ties fo r a su p e r io r in an
a d m in is tr a tiv e o r e x e cu tiv e p o s itio n . D u ties in clu d e m aking a p p oin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p eop le c o m in g into o ffic e ; a n sw erin g
and m akin g phone c a lls ; h andling p e r s o n a l and im p ortan t o r c o n fi­
d en tia l m a il, and w ritin g ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d icta tio n (w h ere tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is not u sed) e ith er in
sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e Or s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic t a ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo r m a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o ra n d a fo r in fo rm a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

GENERAL

C om p u tes w a g e s o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s - *
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts . D u ties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s '
ea rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r .p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, sh ow in g in fo rm a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w ork in g
d a y s, tim e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , and tota l w a g es d u e. M ay
m ake out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d i s ­
trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m one or m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in volvin g a
n o r m a l r ou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d icta tion on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and keep
file s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk (s e e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPH ER,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e­
m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s.
T h is jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s t a tis tic a l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e fre q u e n t u se o f
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in volvin g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d icta tion on a
t y p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten o r h an dw ritten
m a tte r, using a m im e o g r a p h o r ditto m a ch in e . M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm en t su ch a s fo r in k and paper fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s t e n c il o r ditto m a s t e r . M ay k eep file o f
u sed s t e n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t, c o lla t e , and stap le c o m ­
pleted m a te r ia l.




O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b oa rd .
D uties in v o lv e handling in c o m in g , ou tg oin g , and in traplan t o r o ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e in fo r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in, o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s who a ls o a c t as r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

21

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
T h is
tim e

In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r , on a s in g le p o s i ­
o r m o n it o r -t y p e sw itch b o a rd , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o rk e r * s
w hile at sw itch b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s m a ch in e that a u to m a tica lly a n a ly z e s and tr a n s la te s
in fo rm a tio n pu nch ed in g ro u p s o f tabulating c a r d s and p rin ts tr a n s ­
la ted data on fo r m s o r a ccou n tin g r e c o r d s ; se ts o r a d ju sts m a ch in e;
d oes sim p le w irin g o f p lu g b oa rd s a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r a c tic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabu lated in fe e d m a g a zin e and sta r ts
m a ch in e. M ay file c a r d s a fte r they a r e ta bu la ted. M ay, in a d d itio n ,
op era te a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .
TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

in clu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d icta tio n in sh orth an d o r by stenotyp e
o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if i e d a s a ste n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w rite r to m a ke c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m a ke out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s have b een m ade by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit tle s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch a s k e e p ­
ing s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r so r tin g and d is ­
trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A ----- P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; T yping
m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m fr o m v e r y rou g h and in v o lv e d d ra ft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ich th e re is a freq u en t
and v a r ie d u se o f te c h n ic a l and unusual w o rd s o r fr o m fo r e ig n la n g u a ge c o p y ; co m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r
planning la y ou t o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u ni­
fo r m it y and b a la n ce in sp a cin g ; typing ta b le s fr o m rou g h d ra ft in
fin a l fo r m .
M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to
suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritte n c o p y and do sim p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s tr a n ­
sc r ib in g d icta tio n in volvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e n ot

P r o fe s s i o n a l

DRAFTSM AN,

JUNIOR

(A s sis ta n t d ra ftsm a n )
D ra w s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f dra w in gs p r e p a r e d b y d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g p u r ­
poses.
U se s v a r io u s ty p es o f d ra ftin g to o ls as r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e ­
pa re dra w in gs fr o m sim p le plans o r sk e tch e s , o r p e r fo r m oth er d u ties
under d ir e c tio n o f a d ra fts m a n .
DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c tiv it ie s o f on e o r m o r e d r a fts m e n in
p rep a ra tion o f w ork in g plans and d eta il d ra w in g s fr o m rou g h o r p r e ­
lim in a r y sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g
b lu e p rin ts , s k e tch e s , and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e te rm in in g w o rk
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s sig n in g d u ties to su b o rd in a te s and in s p e c tin g th eir w o rk ;
p e r fo rm in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s i s t su b o rd in a te s du ring




G E N E R A L -----C ontinued

C la s s B — P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yping
fr o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r o r ty p ed d r a fts ; ro u tin e typing o f fo r m s ,
in s u r a n ce p o lic ie s , e t c . , settin g up s im p le stan d ard ta b u la tion s, o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN,

L E A D E R ----- C on tinu ed

e m e r g e n c ie s o r a s a r e g u la r a s sig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m r e la t e d du ties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in is tra tiv e n a tu re.
DRAFTSM AN,

SENIOR

P r e p a r e s w ork in g plans and d e ta il d ra w in g s fr o m n o te s,
rou g h o r d e ta ile d sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m anu ­
fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s .
D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g p la n s, d e ta il d ra w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a le by u se o f d raftin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g en g in e e rin g com p u ta ­
tio n s su c h a s th ose in v o lv e d in stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g c o m p le t e d w o rk , ch e ck in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls
to be u s e d , and q u a n tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a t io n s ; m aking a d ju stm en ts
o r ch a n g e s in d ra w in g s o r s p e c ific a t io n s . M ay ink in lin e s and le t te r s
on p e n c il d r a w in g s , p r e p a r e d e ta il units o f c o m p le te d ra w in g s , o r
tr a c e d r a w in g s .
W ork is fr e q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch a s
a r c h it e c t u r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, o r s tru c tu ra l d r a ftin g .

22

NURSE,

N URSE,

IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i ll o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a
co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f i r s t aid to the i ll o r injurecTf
attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s * in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
oth er p u r p o s e s ; con d u ctin g p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tio n s and h ealth ev a lu a tion s
o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in v olv in g h ealth ed u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev a lu a tion o f plant

M aintenance

and

IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )----- C on tinu ed

e n v ir o n m e n t, o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s
sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

a ffe c tin g

the health,

w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by p la cin g
tr a c in g c lo t h o r paper o v e r draw in g and tr a c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
U ses T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o ls .
M ay p r e p a r e
s im p le d r a w in g s and do s im p le le t te r in g .

P o w e r plant

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E

E N G IN E E R ,

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and
m ain tain in g o o d r e p a ir b u ildin g w o o d w o r k and equ ipm en t su ch a s b in s ,
c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and t r im m a de o f w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w ­
ings^ m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n te r* s
h a n d tools, p o rta b le p ow er t o o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
m akin g stan dard sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ;
s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o r k . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f
the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o su p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n
o f s ta tio n a ry e n g in es and equ ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p ­
p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, heat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tion , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m ain taining
eq u ip m en t su ch as ste a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , v en tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ipm en t, ste a m b o i le r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a ter pu m ps; m akin g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; keepin g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p ­
tio n . M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th e se o p e r a t io n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s su ch a s the
in sta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ip m en t fo r the g e n e ra tin g ,
d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f
a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equ ip m en t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
s w itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating u nits,
con d u it s y s t e m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts, d ra w in g s , la y ou t, o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g ­
n osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s t e m o r equ ip m en t; w ork in g stan d ard
com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equ ipm en t; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d tools and m e a su rin g
and testin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c ­
q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .




F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o i le r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r, o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand
o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; ch e c k s w ater
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m en t.
HELPER,

TRADES,

M A IN T E N A N C E

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce
t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ifi c o r g e n e r a l du ties o f le s s e r s k ill, su ch
as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g w o r k ­
ing a r e a , m a ch in e , and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g w o r k e r by h oldin g m a ­
t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s a s d ir e c te d by jo u r ­
n eym a n . The kind o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tr a d e to tr a d e : In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is co n fin e d to su p ­
p ly in g, lift in g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls and t o o ls and clea n in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; an d in o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a fu ll- t i m e b a s is .

23
M A C H IN E -TO O L. O P E R A T O R ,

TO O L R O O M

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f on e o r m o r e ty p es o f m a ch in e
to o ls , su ch a s ji g b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e
la th e s, o r m illin g m a ch in e s in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls ,
g a u g es, ji g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Plann in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g
ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c i s io n m e a su rin g in s tru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
sp e e d s , to o lin g and o p e r a tio n se q u e n c e ; m a kin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m en ts d u rin g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls ,
and to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cuttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s -in d u s t r y w ag e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m ,
in topi and d ie jo b b in g sh op s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ifi c a t io n .

M ACHINIST,

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g m a ch in e s
an d m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly
in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d tools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith it e m s ob ta in ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the
p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a m a ch in e shop o r sen din g o f
the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh op fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritten
s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d
f r o m m a ch in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m akin g a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm e n ts fo r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten an ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d
th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ifi c a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m a kin g r e p a ir s
o f m eta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ica l equ ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritte n in s t r u c ­
tion s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a ­
r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts ;
settin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l
p a rts to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g stan dard sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la t ­
ing to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s and sp e e d s o f m a ch in in g ;
k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g
stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ; fittin g
and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e shop p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h ea v y equ ip m en t and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r h ea v y eq u ip m en t w hen c h a n g e s in the plant la y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m akin g sta n d a rd sh op c o m ­
p u ta tion s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f
g r a v it y ; alin in g and b a la n cin g o f eq u ip m en t; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd t o o ls ,
eq u ip m en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; in sta llin g and m a in tain in g in g o o d
o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t su ch a s d r iv e s and sp e e d r e ­
d u c e r s . Ih g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed
tra in in a /a n d e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n ­
t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R

M ECH AN IC, A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g
a u tom otiv e equ ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an dto o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
s to ck ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts;
a lin in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g b o d y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
sh ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




L u b r ic a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m o v in g p a rts o r w ea rin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an
e s ta b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e
p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la cin g
putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; ap p lyin g paint w ith sp ra y
gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o ils , w hite le a d , and oth er paint
in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r
o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

24
P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r oth er ty p es o f pipe
and p ip efittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : L ay in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u rin g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e
fr o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cuttin g v a r io u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e
t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e ; th read in g pipe w ith s t o c k s an d d ie s ;
bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe w ith co u p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g stan d ard
sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e ­
q u ir e d ; m akin g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t
s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s
p r im a r ily en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sa n ita tion o r
heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN TE N A N C E

K eep s the plum bing s y s te m o f an e sta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W ork in v o lv e s : K n ow ledge o f sa n ita ry c o d e s r e g a r d in g in sta lla tio n o f
v en ts and tra p s in plum bing s y s t e m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip e s and
fix tu r e s ; open in g c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a plu n ger o r p lu m b e r 's sn a k e.
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p lu m b er r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e ­
ship o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e tm eta l eq u ipm en t and fix tu r e s (su ch a s m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pan s,
s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u te s , d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g

Custodial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

and

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s betw een f l o o r s o f an o f f ic e b u ild in g ,
ap artm en t h o u s e , d ep a rtm en t s t o r e , h o te l o r s im ila r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k e r s w ho o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in c o n ju n ctio n w ith oth er d u ties su ch
as th o se o f s t a r t e r s and ja n ito r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
G UARD
P e r f o r m s r ou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
tou r, m a in tain in g o r d e r , usin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a tem en w ho a r e sta tion ed at g ate and c h e c k on id en tity o f
e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .




an d la yin g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten a n ce w o r k fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f
h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g, ben d in g , fo r m in g , sh ap ing, fittin g, and a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t i c le s a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g
an d e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(O ie m a k e r ; jig

m a k e r ; t o o lm a k e r ;

fix tu r e

m a k e r; gau ge

m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g es, ji g s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s , punching and o th e r m e t a l-fo r m in g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la yin g out o f w o r k
f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritten s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n dtools and p r e c is io n
m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts , u n d erstan d in g o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g o f m a ch in e t o o ls
an d r e la t e d equ ip m en t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g
to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h e a ttr e a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts du rin g fa b r ic a tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d t o o ls
an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r i b e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g
in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a
fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e r s
in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh op s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ifi c a t io n .

M aterial

PASSE N G E R

M A IN T E N A N C E -----C ontinued

Movement

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR CLE AN E R

(S w e e p e r; ch a rw o m a n ; ja n it r e s s )
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se,
o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n
o f the fo llo w in g : S w eepin g, m op p in g o r sc r u b b in g , and p olish in g f l o o r s ;
r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; du sting equ ip m en t, fu rn itu r e ,
o r fix t u r e s ; p o lish in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su p p lie s
an d m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v i c e s ; cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ash in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

25
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h an dler and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
stock m a n o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a re h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u se h e lp e r )

SH IPPIN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K -----C on tinu ed
o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g ed g o o d s ;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts; m ain taining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant,
s t o r e , o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g : L oa d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u ck s , o r oth er tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ;
u npacking, sh e lv in g , o r p la cin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
sto ra g e lo c a tio n ; tr a n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by hand tru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and u n loa d sh ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if i e d a s fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
v
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

ORD ER F IL L E R
(O rd er p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a re h o u se stock m a n )
F ills sh ipp in g o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m
s to re d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r oth er in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in a d d ition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou t­
goin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d ition a l s to ck , o r r e p o r t sh o r t su p p lie s
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er r e la te d d u tie s .
PACKER,

D r iv e s a tr u ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, o r m en betw een v a r io u s ty p es o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an u fa ctu rin g pla n ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u n loa d tr u ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and keep tr u ck in g o o d w ork in g o r d e r . D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x clu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s if i e d b y s iz e
and type o f equ ip m en t, a s fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r -t r a i l e r sh ou ld be ra te d
on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c it y .)

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts fo r sh ip m en t o r s t o r a g e by p la cin g
th em in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and n u m ber o f units to be p a ck ed , the
type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the pla cin g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r
to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r;
in se rtin g e n c lo s u r e 4 in c o n ta in e r; usin g e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
p rev en t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ta in e r ; ap plyin g
la b e ls o r e n terin g id en tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m ake w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (under lVa to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1V2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 ton s, oth er than t r a ile r type)
TRU CKER,

O p e ra te s a m a n u ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tr u ck o r tr a c to r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t.

SHIPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
tr u ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
sp o n s ib le fo r in co m in g sh ipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s ; A kn ow led ge o f sh ipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
tices^ r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tra n s p o rta tio n and r a t e s ; and p r e ­
pa rin g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ipp ed, m a kin g up b i lls o f la d in g, p o s t ­
ing w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eepin g a file o f sh ipp ing r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r




PO W E R

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d b y type o f
a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p ow er (fo r k lift )
p ow er (o th e r than fo r k lift)

W ATCHMAN
M ak es rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty
a g a in st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n tr y .
* U.s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1959 0 — 499144




Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959* These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the BLS regional sa les offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis w ill be issu ed early in I960.
B ulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1958 - BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102