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O c c u p a tio n a l W age

S urvey

DENVER, COLORADO
DECEMBER 1 9 5 8

B u lle t in N o . 1 2 4 0 - 7

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Jam«t P.
S«cr«tary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewon O ogvt, CoRMniuio«m




Occupational Wage Survey




DENVER, COLORADO
D E C E M B E R 1958

B u lle tin

No. 1240-7
February 1959

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogua, Convmbaontr

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents

The

L ib r a r y o f C o n g r e s s h a s c a t a l o g e d

in w h i c h t h is p u b l i c a t i o n

th e s e r ie s

The

a p p e a r s a s fo llo w s :

U. S. Bureau.of Labor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Nov. 1895Washington.




no. in

L ib r a r y o f C o n g r e s s h a s c a t a l o g e d

p u b lic a tio n

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.
v. 23-26 cm.

v. illns. 16-28 cm.

Nov. 1949-

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

1
fits)
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62
Library of Congress

331.06173

th is

a s fo llo w s :

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—T S. (2. Bmployee beneJ.
x. Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­

HD4973.A462

(r58t2]

\

331.2973

U. S. Dept o f Labor,
for Library o f Congress

15-23307 rev*t

Library
t57r52nl]f

L 49—125*

Preface

Contents
Page

The C om m u n ity W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m
The B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a r e a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
cen ters.
The s tu d ie s , m a d e fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la te to o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d s u p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fit s .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l data
n ot in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t . -A c o n s o lid a te d a n a ly tica l
b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the y e a r 's s u r v e y s
is is s u e d a ft e r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a b u lle tin f o r the
c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s .

In trod u ction --------------------------- :------------------------------ --------------------------------W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s -----------------------------T a b le s :

1.
2.

A.:
T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ’ s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif. , b y W illia m P . O 'C o n n o r ,
u n der the d ir e c t io n o f John L . D ana, R e g io n a l W age and In­
d u stria l R e la tio n s A n a ly st.




1
2

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y -----In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s -----------------

2

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s: *
A - 1 . O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s -------------------------------------------------------A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s -----------------A -3 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c cu p a tio n s --------------A - 4 . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ------

3
5
6
7

A p p en d ix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s

---------------------------------------------

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s f o r m o s t o f th ese ite m s a r e a v a ila ­
b le in the D e n v e r a r e a r e p o r t s f o r N o v e m b e r 1949, Janu ary 1951,
N o v e m b e r 1951, N o v e m b e r 1952, D e c e m b e r 1953, D e c e m b e r 1954,
D e c e m b e r 1955, and D e c e m b e r 1957.
M o s t o f the r e p o r t s a ls o
in clu d e data on sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s ; m in im u m e n tr a n ce
r a te s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; paid
h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in su ra n ce , and p e n s io n p la n s .
Data on w age str u c tu r e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e ­
m e n ts , and o v e r t im e pa y p r o v is io n s w e r e show n in the 1953
su m m a r y r e p o r t (B L S B u ll. 1 1 5 7 -2 ), and in the 1957 r e p o r t .
The 1954 r e p o r t a ls o in clu d ed data on fr e q u e n c y o f w age p a y ­
m e n ts , and pa y p r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g on n o n w o rk d a y s.
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s ,
as w e ll as r e p o r t s f o r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon
r e q u e s t.
C u r re n t r e p o r t s on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the D en v er a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r
the m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s (D e c e m b e r 1958), banking (A ugust 1958),
and au to d e a le r r e p a ir sh op s (June 1958). Union s c a l e s , in d ic a ­
tive o f p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g
tra d e s o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , l o c a ltr a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

1

9




O ccupational W a g e Survey— Denver, Colo.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U. S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r s B u rea u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
c o n d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a b a s is .

b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

The b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in fo r m a t io n ob ta in ed la r g e ly b y m a il f r o m the e sta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u rea u fie ld agen ts in the la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y f o r o c c u ­
pation s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r stu d y.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a d e
to n o n re sp o n d e n ts and to th o se r e s p o n d e n ts r e p o r tin g unusual c h a n g e s
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

T he o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O cc u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
take a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee a p p en d ix f o r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r ip t i o n s .)
E a rn in g s data
a r e p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c ­
c u p a tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (c) m a in ­
ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s p o r ­
ta tion (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s tr y g rou p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e se s tu d ie s , b e s id e s
r a ilr o a d s , a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and e x ­
t r a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a l s o b e c a u s e th ey fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ra n t in c l u s i o n . 1 W h e r ­
e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d
in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s tim a te s

1 S ee ta b le b e lo w f o r m in im u m -s iz e e s ta b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .
Table 1.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e sh ow n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
ule in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if i c a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ift s .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d e d a l s o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h e re w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) fo r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s a r e pa id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e se
o c cu p a tio n s have b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r ..
O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and n ot the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e a m on g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed
f r o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l s t r u c tu r e d o not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.

Establishm ents and w ork ers within scope of su rvey and num ber studied in D enver, C o lo . , 1 by m a jor industry d iv isio n ,* D ecem ber 1958
W orkers in establishm ents

Number o f establishm ents
Industry division

Within scope
of s tu d y3

Studied

Within scope
of study

Studied

A ll d i v i s i o n s ____________________________________________________________

532

145

107,400

66,490

M anufacturing -------------------------------------------- — -----—------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication,
and other public u tilit ie s 4 -------------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade 3 ----------------------— ------------—______-------- -------------- --—
Retail t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate 5 -------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s 5 ' 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

161
371

49
96

39,900
67, 500

27, 760
38,730

43
88
128
56
56

19
17
32
14
14

18,500
10,900
2 3 ,600
8, 000
6,500

15,190
2,9 6 0
14,560
3, 300
2, 720

1 The D enver M etropolitan A rea (Adam s, A rapahoe, D enver, and Je ffe rso n Cou nties).
The "w o rk e rs within scop e o f study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accu rate d escrip tion
of the s ize and com position of the labor fo r c e included in the su rvey.
The estim ates are not intended, h ow ever, to s e rv e as a b a sis of com parison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easu re e m ­
ploym ent trends or levels sin ce (1) planning of wage surveys requ ires the use o f establishm ent data com piled co n sid e ra b ly in advance of the pay p eriod studied and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded
from the s cop e of the survey.
* The 1957 re v ise d edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division .
M ajor changes from the e a r lie r edition used in previous
surveys are the tran sfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready m ixed co n cre te establishm ents from trade (w holesale o r retail) to m anufacturing, and the tran sfer of radio and telev ision broadcasting
from s e r v ic e s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities division .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m in im u m -size lim itation (51 e m p lo y e e s).
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto
rep a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ictu re theaters are con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
4 A lso excludes taxicabs, and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation.
5 This industry d ivision is represen ted in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A and B tables, although coverage was insufficien t to ju stify separate presentation of data.
4 H otels; person al s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep air shops; m otion p ictu re s ; nonprofit m em bersh ip organizations; and engineering and arch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




W Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
age
T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n t s in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that i s ,
the sta n d a rd w o r k sc h e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a t io n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p . T h e o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , f ile ,
c l a s s A and B ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f ic e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ;
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; an d t y p is t s , c l a s s A and B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l n u r se data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s . M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d j o b s w e r e
in clu d e d in th e plant w o r k e r data:
S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h t s ; p a i n t e r s ;
p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; l a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g; and
w a tch m e n .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 an d
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in th e jo b .
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l
T a b le 2 .

o c c u p a t io n s w e r e th en to t a le d to ob ta in
tio n a l g r o u p . F in a lly , th e r a t io o f th e s e
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r th e b a s e p e r io d
w a s c o m p u te d an d th e r e s u lt m u ltip lie d
g et the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .

a n a g g r e g a te f o r *each o c c u p a ­
g ro u p a g g r e g a te s f o r a g iv e n
(s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952 -53)
b y the b a s e y e a r in d e x (1 0 0 ) to

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , th e e f f e c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3 ) c h a n g e s in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
t io n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e ca n
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t
a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a tio n an d r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w o u ld h ave the o p p o s ite e f f e c t . T h e m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t ou t o f a n a r e a c o u ld ca u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n th ou gh no ch a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h e u se o f co n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ff e c t s
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
N o r a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y ch a n g e s in
sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e th ey
a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .
In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e t s a p p e a r e d in BL.S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W a ges and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 19 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in te r 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

In d exes o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in D e n v e r , C o lo . ,
D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 8 and D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 7 , and p e r c e n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
in d e x e s
(N o v e m b e r 1952 = 1 0 0 )

In d u stry and o cc u p a tio n a l grou p
D e ce m b e r 1958

D ecem b er 1957

P e rc e n t in c r e a se fro m —
D ecem b er 1957
to
D e ce m b e r 1958

D ecem b er 1955 D ecem b er 1954
to
to
D ecem b er 1957 D ecem b er 1955

D e c e m b e r 195 3 N o v e m b e r 195 2 N o v e m b e r 1951
to
to
to
D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 4 D e c e m b e r 1 953 N o v e m b e r 1952

A l l i n d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n )----------------------------------In d u str ia l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ----------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) ----------------------------U n s k ille d p lan t ( m e n ) ----------------------------------------

1 3 0 .4
1 3 2 .0
140. 6
145. 1

125. 8
129. 6
1 3 5 .2
137. 3

3. 6
1 .9
4 .0
5. 7

1 1 .0
1 2 .5
1 1 .8
1 0 .9

4 .2
6. 7
7. 0
8 .4

2 .9
0. 0
4. 5
5. 7

5. 7
8 .0
8. 1
8. 0

7. 8
2. 5
6. 6
6 .9

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m en ) ---------------------------------In d u stria l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ----------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) -----------------------------U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) ----------------------------------------

1 3 6 .3
1 4 2 .8
1 4 9 .3

129. 7
1 3 7 .4
1 4 1 .5

5. 1
4 .0
5 .5

1 1 .3
1 4 .5
1 4 .0

6. 1
6. 6
4. 3

3. 8
3. 1
5 .8

5. 8
9 .2
1 2 .4

3. 0

NOTE:




D a s h e s in d ica te no data r e p o r te d o r data that do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

8. 8
3 .0

3

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Denver, Colo. , December 1958)
A n u si
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

S
Weekly *35. 00 40 .0 0
W
eekly
hours 1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0

$
45.0 0

$
50.00

S
55.00

50.00

55.00

60.00

f

60.00

65. 00

t
70.00

f
t
$
*
75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 .0 0

65. 00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0

$
$
t
s
*95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Men
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * -----------------------------------------------------

200
43
157
41

4 0 .0
4b. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 1 .0 0
94. bb
90. b0
88.5b

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

3
3
1

32
12
20
2

32
4
28
12

25
25
3

43
9
34
19

11
4
7
3

21
1
20
1

21
9
12
-

1
-

2
1
1
-

5
2
3
-

C lerk s , accounting, c la s s B ------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------

123
30
93

4 0 .0
4b. 0
4b. 5

76.5b
80. bb
75.5b

-

-

-

4
4

3
1
2

13
13

10
2
8

28
8
20

19
7
12

15
2
13

4
4

22
10
12

5
5

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

C lerk s, ord er ------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g--------------------------- *--------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------

246
51
195

40. b
40. 0
4 0 .0

75. bb
81.80
73.5b

-

-

. -

2
2

4
4

31
2
29

29
6
23

72

50
50

28
12
16

11
11

-

7
1
6

8
8

54

4
4
-

-

-

-

C lerk s, p a y r o l l ------------------:---------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g--------------------------------------------------------------

47
33

40. 0
4o. 0

80. 00
81.50

"

-

'

-

“

4

*

15
14

7
4

10
8

3
1

4
2

-

■

3
3

1
1

“

-

O ffice b o y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

116
97

4 0 .0
40. 0

49.0 0
4 9.50

-

43
29

30
26

25
25

5
3.

9
9

4
3

-

-

-

_

_

.

.

-

"

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

'

-

Tabulating-m achine o p erators --------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------

144
31
113

4 0 .0
40. b
40. 0

81.00
&2. 50
80. 50

"

'

■

1
1
•

6
6

2
2

14
5
9

22
4
18

31
7
24

28
3
25

11
4
7

8
1
7

10
2
- --------j 2
9

5
3
2

2
1
1

2
1
1

'

B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e )--------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------

133
1i 6
75

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

63.00
63.50
6 2.50 .

-

-

10
7
7

13
11
8

24
24
21

48
40
17

6
5
4

10
7
7

14
14
3

8
8
8

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m a c h in e ) ----------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------R etail t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------

40
37
34

40. 5
4 0 .5
40. 0

54. 50
54.50
54. 50

_
-

-

-

27
27
24

6
3
3

7
7
7

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

'

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, cla ss A --------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

56
43

4 0 .0
40. 0

75.00
74. 00

“

-

“

-

4
4

11
11

5
3

4

12
10

1
-

18
15

1
-

-

■

"

■

-

-

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B --------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Retail t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------

519
49
470
62

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
4 1 .0

58. 00
66. 00
57.50
57. 50

-

2
2
“

39
39
12

167
2
165
11

114
9
105
15

114
14
100
17

35
6
29
7

31
8
23
-

12
9
3
-

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A —.......— ‘----------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g-------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------P u blic u tilities * ----------------------------------------------------Retail trade ------------------------------------------------------------

298
70
228
62
60

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
39 .5
4 0 .0

75.50
84700
73. 00
80.00
67.5 0

-

-

8
8
8

29
29
2

55
55
2
29

10
10
7
1

28
10
18
6
2

59
9
50
22
12

35
13
22
11
-

35
16
19
5
6

26
22
4
3
-

6
6
5
-

7
7
1
'

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B -----------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities * ---------------------------------------------------R etail trade ------------------------------------------------------------

765
140
625
104
86

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0
39.5

6 1.50
68.00
6 0.50
64.50
58.00

-

25
25
-

82
82
7

110
3
107
13
35

120
14
106
21
9

150
45
105
19
19

108
15
93
25
13

103
35
68
12
2

31
17
14
12
1

15
9
6
2
-

14
2
12
-

7
7
-

-

'

-

-

-

-

C lerk s , file , cla ss A ------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

87
§4

3 9.5
3 9.0

61.5 0

-

9
9

16
16

14
14

23
23

12
12

7
6

3
2

3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

....

18

W om en

See footnote at end of table.




61.00

-

-

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings, for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Denver, Colo., December 1958)
A ISA E
V G
Sex, occupation, and industry division
—

Num
ber
of
w
orkers
—

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly
35.00
hours 1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00
—
—

$
$
S
$
4 0 .0 0 4 5.00 50.00 55.00
"
"
45. 00 50.00 55. 00 60. 00

$
$
60.00 65.00
"
“
64. 00 70. 00

$
S
70.00 75.00
“
“
74. 00 SO. 00

$
$
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
80.00 85.00 9 0 .0 0
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
“
and
“
”
“
“
■
■
85. 00 90. no 9 4 .0 0 100.00 104.00
120.00 ov er

W omen— Continued
C le rk s , file , cla ss B ------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------R etail t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------

590
413
101
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
5 5.00
50.00
54.00
50.50

C le r k s , o rd e r ------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------------------

164
138

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 0.50
59.50

C le r k s , p ayroll --------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------- ——---------------N on m an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------R etail trade ------------------------------------------------------------

209
83
126
30
35

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

72.00
72.50
72.00
76. 50
69.00

C om ptom eter o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------R etail t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------

372
49
323
104

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

63.00
6 9.50
6 1.50
5 6.00

D uplicating-m achine operators
(m im eograph o r d i t t o ) ---------------------------------------------------

56

4 0 .0

65.00

Key-punch op erators -------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g-------------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------

3 73
58
315
102

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

59.50
70.50
57.50
6 1.50

-

O ffice g irls ----------------------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------------------

91
86

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

S ecreta ries ----------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ---------------------------------------------------Retail trade ------------------------------------------------------------

1.022
252
770
201
77

Stenographers, general --------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -------- — — — —— ------------------------ ---- -—
—
N on m an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------------------R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------Stenographers, technical -----------------------------------------------Sw itchboard op erators ----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g----------- -------------------------- -----------------R etail trade -------------- --------------------------------------------Sw itchboard opera to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g--------- ---------------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * ---------------------------------------------------R etail t r a d e ----------------------------------------—------------------

See footnote at end of table.




_

_
_

-

-

1

_

32
18
14
2
2

46
21
25
9

56
13
43
4

21
2
19
-

20
10
10
-

9
9
"

65
63
10

126
126
18
4

129
114
37
6

83
78
35
10

68
18
7
4

37
4
3
-

71
1
1

_
-

11
11

6
6

30
30

30
28

23
19

42
24

21
20

_
-

_
-

!
1
-

2

28
3
25

33
12
21
5
12

21
15
6
3
1

_
-

_
-

15

38
15

61
14
47
12

40
8
32
4

-

-

-

-

109
2
107
68

-

7
38

_
_
-

-

*

-

28
11
17
4
7

6

7

6
6
-

7
_
4

2
1
1
_
-

10
10
-

.
_
_
-

2
-

-

_

•
_

1

_

2

2

20

21

9

1

_

_

_

19

58

19
"

58
7

55
4
51
17

54
8
46
15

35
12
23
12

45
18
27
7

23
8
15
14

9
4
5
2

3
2
1

-

71
1
70
27

1
1
-

4 9 .5 0
4 9 .0 0

6
6

16
16

24
22

33
33

5
5

_

4
4

2

1

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0.5

8 1.50
8 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
71.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

3

15

3
3

15
2
-

76
3
73
11
15

108
2
106
15
25

106
25
81
20
12

1.184
332
852
168
98

39 .5
4 0 .0
39 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 7.50
72.50
6 6.00
72.50
6 0.00

_
-

5

12

140
8
132
7
23

220
26
194
21
16

240
86
154
26
22

30

4 0 .0

79.00

2

3

226
43
183
58
302
95
207
39
44

4 2 .0
4 0 .0
4 2 .5
4 1 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .5

6 2.00
72.50
5 9 .5 0
5 4.00 .
61.50
61.00
62.00
66.5 0
56.00

_

15
1

2
2

_
_
-

-

2

-

-

5
5

12
-

80
1
79
7
21

_

_

_

_

-

.
-

-

19
19
8

71
71
32

8
2
6

9

-

-

6

3

44
10
34
1
16

9

l

22
2
20
11
78
43
35
7
6

35
1
34
7
62
9
53
12
6

20
13
7
33
8
25
1

_
_

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
.
-

1

_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

_
_
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
-

.
_
-

-

2
-

_
_
_

1
1
.
_

_
_

_
_

.

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

186
52
134
17
9

171
69
102
21
3

121
35
86
28
2

no
36
74
35
6

35
9
26
8
1

28
13
15
10
1

26
2
24
16
“

10
3
7
5
-

13
1
12
8
-

14
2
12
5
-

241
98
143
58
6

136
68
68
14
2

46
19
27
16
1

35
12
23
9
1

19
12
7
4
-

8

2
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

5

7

3

7

21
13
8
-

18
2
16
-

21
11
10
8
1

41
11
30
10
6

7
6
-

-

-

_

13
11
2
-

3
1
2
-

3
1
2

3
3

1
1
_
-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

3
3
_
-

.
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

.
_
-

.
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continoed
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry div isio n , D enver, C o lo . , D ecem ber 1958)
Avxbags
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

W
eekly)
Weekly, *35. 00 1 0 .0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.0 0

W om en— Continued

0
0

^ 5 .0 0

1 0 .0 0

I s . 00 l o .

I s . 00 10.00

75. 00 1 0.00

*85. 00 1 0.00

50. 00

55.00

60.00

65. 00

70. 00

75.00

80. 00 85.00

9 0 .0 0

9 5.00

*95.00 !o o .o o *05.00 f io . o o 115.00 120.00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

£

Tabulating-m achine op erators -------------------------------------N on m anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities * ----------------------------------------------------

79
60
30

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

71.50
68. 50
66.50

-

"

2
2
2

2
1
1

10
10
10

7
7
5

15
15
*

14
14
3

9
2
2

9
7
4

9
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs, g e n e r a l------------------M an u factu rin g ------------------------------------- — ------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------------------------------

201
47
154

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

60.00
65. 50
58.00

-

3
3

12
12

46
5
41

39
8
31

57
11
46

25
9
16

9
8
1

7
4
3

2
2
-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

"

-

-

T ypists, cla s s A ------——------— ---- ----------------- —-------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------Retail t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------------

425
158
267
29

3 9.5
4 0 .0
39 .0
40. 0

63.50
67.50
61.0 0
58.00

-

-

-

53
4
49
14

76
4
72
'

131
58
73
14

78
26
52
1

64
56
8
-

15
6
9
-

6
4
2
“

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

T yp ists, cla ss B ------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------------------------R etail t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------------

848
141
707
38
68

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

54. 50
57. 50
54.00
67.50
53.00

3
3
"

42
4
38
9

150
6
144
9

253
49
204
5
25

212
27
185
12

119
3b
89
10
13

44
2l
23
8
■

7
7
7
"

12
4
8
2
“

6
6
6
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

“

“

~

"

-

-

'
_
"

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e sala rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
* T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , D enver, C o lo . , D e cem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Weekly)
Weekly 1 10.00
and
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) under
65.00

5

I .OO *70.00 *75.00
70. 00

75. 00 80.00

S
$
$
80.00 85.00 9 0 .0 0
85.00 90.0 0

9 5.00

S
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
9
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 13.5,J O .1-4.0*00. -145.1.QQ. __over
&

$

Men
D raftsm en, l e a d e r -----------------------------------------------------------

74

4 0 .0

150.50

-

-

-

D raftsm en, s e n i o r ----------------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------------------------

528

128.50
104. 50

_

_

_

.... 185

4 0 .0
40. 0

-

-

-

-

D raftsm en, ju n ior ----------------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * -----------------------------------------------------

215
123
92
44

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

82. 50

2
2

15
5

11

15

86.50
8.0
8 0

4
"

2
0
14
6
6

32

4 0 .0

8 2.50

1

4

80. 00

18
4
-

1
0
2

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

10

4

-

1

1

_

16

1
0

12
12

20

34
z4

60
49

39
31

28
12

10
4

15
2

27
13

23

41

4

41
4

5162
1

6
1

2
2
10
12

12
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

29

12

11

43

18

17

2
9
7

1
0

11

4

4
4

_

-

8
8

1 * 52

W omen
N u rses, industrial ( r e g is t e r e d ) --------------------------------------

42

2

9

5

8

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e thie regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hou rs.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $145 to $150; 10 at $150 to $160; 13 at $160 to $170; 24 at $170 to $180; 1 at $180 and o ver.
W orkers w e re distributed as fo llo w s : 8 at $150 to $160; 53 at $160 to $170; 10 at $170 to $180; 11 at $180 and ov e r.
8
Both w ork ers w ere at under $60.
Tran sportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




6
Table A-3. M aintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , D enver, C o l o . , D ecem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

Average
hourly
Under
earning*1 i
1.70

$
2 .6 5
2 .6 4

C a rp en ters, m a in t e n a n c e --------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------

90
67

E le c tr ic ia n s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------

156
IT S

2 .6 7
2. b i

E n gin eers, s t a t io n a r y ---------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------

233
162
71

2. 54
2. 66
2 .2 6

$
1. 70
and
under
1.80

$

1.80
“
1.90

1.90
■
2 .0 0

$
2. 10
~
2. 20

$
2 .2 0

3
2

1
1

$
2 .4 0

t

2 .5 0

$
2 .5 0
■
2 .6 0

$
2 .6 0
■
2 .7 0

11
6

6
5

30
20

9
9

1
i

15
11

5
5

43
43

14
14

49
25

S
2 .8 0
2 .9 0

8
8

2 .3 0

$
2 .3 0
■
2 .4 0

2. 70
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0
3 .0 0

4
4

_

54
54

4
4

_
'

.
-

_
-

_

_

"

_

-

_
-

-

■

*

~

-

7
7

36
36

3
3

-

*

1
1

6
4

_
-

2
-

-

-

-

2
-

38
38

24
24

-

7
“

-

“

“

-

1
1

”

-

-

“
“

_

_

_

“

-

_
-

10
10

.
“

6
6

23
8
15

_
“

9
6

4

17
10
7

31
20
11

46
39
7

6
5
1

11
6
5

16
15
1

3
3

_

8
8

4
4

4
-

8
8

19
19

-

4
4

_

4
4

_

-

-

28
28
"

23
23
‘

40
4
36

1
1
■

6
6
"

1
1

“

■

-

"

“

_

_

12
16

18
18

1
1

100

20
7

15
l4

225
5

106
69
37

1 .96
i
2 .0 6

1
1
"

6
6
•

M achinists, m a in t e n a n c e --------------------------—-----M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------

214
T75

2 .6 2
2. 6
2

_

.

"

M ech an ics, autom otive (m a in te n a n c e )------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ----------------------------------------

525
28
497
435

2.
2.
2.
2.

50
63
50
52

_
~

_
-

_
"

M ech an ics, m a in te n a n c e -----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g-------------------------------------------------

20
2

'

"

-

267

2. 60
2. £3

O i l e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------- — --------- ---------------------------

44
43

2. 13
X " .T ?

.

1
■

P a in ters, m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------

62
38

2 .5 6
2. 69

_

_
"

"

P ip e fitte r s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -----------——-------------------------------

137
T T 7 -----

2. 71
2.71

_

_

_

T ool and die m a k e r s -----------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------

109
“ Tire—

2. 79
T779—

_

"

1
1

_

.

1

■

1

_
-

_
-

80
2
78
58

2
0
2
0

23
3

19
1
18
18

69
69
30

99
9
90
90

“

"

“

6
6

18
18

8
8

99
99

.
“

18
18

3
3

-

18
18

“

1
1

-

“

“

-

“

_

.
~

_
*

1
1

1
"

2

7
7

5
4

5
5

6
6

-

13
13

"

_
■

■

1

- “

2
2

1
1

49
49

5
5

39
39

1
1

38
38

-

”

_

_

_

6
6

2
2

8
8

15
15

23
23

24
24

-

_

8
ff

■

1
1

_

6
*

“

_

“
_

-

“

_

■

H elp ers, tra d es, m aintenance -------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g------------------------------------------

3
3

$
3 .3 0
and
over_
_

■

_

■

*18

$
3 .2 0
3.30

24
24

_

“

2.01
2 .2 5

S
3. 10
3 .2 0

-

_

-

$
3 .0 0
3 .1 0

13
T3

■

72
50

_

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
a W orkers w e re distributed as fo llo w s : 12 at $1.20 to $ 1 .3 0 ; 6at $ 1 .5 0 to $ 1 .6 0 .
* Tran sportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.




S
2 .0 0
■
2 .1 0

"

F irem en , station ary b o i l e r ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------

.91

$

1

2
2
24

16
6

20
2

2
2

217

2
0
14

-

23

2
2

2

2

“

7
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , D enver, C o l o . , D ecem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation

1 and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Average _
hourly * S. 70 $. 80
earning*
and
under
.8 0
.9 0

$

1.0 *1. 10 1.20
0
1.0 1. 10 1.20 1.30
0

8 .9 0

*

$

Elevator o p era tors , pa sse n g e rs (w o m e n )-------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------

1. 12
1.11
1. 18
2.0
0

95
91
39

Guards ---------------------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing------------------------------------------

2 .2 3
1 .47

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers (w o m e n )-------M an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------R etail t r a d e -----------------------------------------------

12
12
12

1.46

1,181
467
714
143

_
~

1.5 4
1.81
1.3 6
.
1. 15

146
rcz
44

Janitors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers (m e n )------------M an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------------

16

*
*
“

-

16
8

243
27

1.68

2
16

1.43
1.26

31

16
7

_
-

39
39
-

_
-

_
•
»
-

34
34
4
_
-

2 71
0
9
2 6
0 2
.
-

9
-

10
10
10

15
15

11
11

97
37

90
7
83
5
-J
Q

167
13
154

2
2

53

40

50

24

6
0

41

_
-

26
26
23

-

3

-

~T7?9
2 .0 3
2 .2 9
1. 78

3
3
3

7
7
7

26
24

1,045
255
790
217

1.90
1.98
1.87
1.73

~

-

_
"

_
-

4
4
-

2
11
11

P a ck e rs , shipping ( m e n ) -----------------------------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------n
:l

232

1.69
1. 74
1.65

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

4

40
3b
4

P a ck ers, shipping ( w o m e n ) ------------------------------M an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------

74
33

1.58
1.51

_

_

_

“

"

_
-

_
-

1.93
2 .0 5
1.90

_
-

2 .0 7
1 .9 7
2. 15

_
-

R eceiving c l e r k s -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------R etail t r a d e ----------------------------------------------Shipping c l e r k s --------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing-----------------------------------------Shipping and receivin g c l e r k s ----------------------------M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------------

■

211
47
164
92
165
35
130

10
0
43
57

1.0
0

1 .84

2.12
1. 77
1 .64

1.60

S
1. 70

t
1.80

L . IL, 1.80.

1.90

S

1. 60
2

JV

1

2
6

13

1

3

2
2
—

5

S
1. 50

-

-

8

1
1

2
2

4
4
97
16
81

8

112
112

97
42
55
38

3
-

40
26
23

8
7

55

6
2
2

106
76
30
4

6
6

39

37
Zb

_
-

.
-

10
10
10

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

1
1

6
2
4
4

8
8

1

49

Zb

2
8

112
4
1
71
5

16




Z

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

S

2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2 .8 0

an

2. 50

2, M -

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2.9.0 .

7

_

5
5
3

6
6

5
5

5
5

4
4

9
9

6
6

24
24
9
19
7

12
12
4

2
2
-

12

2
2

-

_
-

56
5b
-

_
-

_
-

17
l

-

6
1
1

-

3
3
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

2 i

515
Z
513
513
-

151
lo
49
3

33

-

_
"

-

295
14
281
93

IQ

-

_
-

7
5

197
3
194

11

-

_
"

-

40
7
33

2

-

177
55

137

15

2
1

-

-

19

1

.

1
1

234

106
“

13

— j-j

2
t

12
22
2-

2
1
55
10

11

2

2

79
36
43
3
40

37

6
2
2 2
1Z
2 10
_

26
14

12
2
2

23
19
4

_

_

43

23

12
1

41
17

2
2
1
1

33
Z
31

58
9
49

9
9
-

16

26

1

lb

2

.. 9
17

'
See footnotes at end of table,

_
-

23
23

10
12
12
8

18
18
18

7
4

2

1

-

47
47
35

----- z ~

31
31
-

76

24
24
24

_

103
99
4
3

-

65

5
3

81
31
27

69
36
33
15

174
62

43
5
3

8

38
.. 38
-

91

13

6
6

!
-

5
5

44

”

_
-

6 112
6

90
24

•

1.90 $ 0 2. 10 2.20
2.0
2.0 2. 1R - 2. 2Q- 7.. ™
0

-

30
4
26
24

_

9
9
9

16
1

1 11
2 3

“

—

69

AQ

10
10
1
10

*

$

S

15

7
7

3
3
3

112
12
0

1.50

!
-

_
-

O rder f i l l e r s -----------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------Retail t r a d e -----------------------------------------------

1.40

2 1§
2 9

-

2.0
2

1,625
303
1,322
643
284

$
1.40

15
l4
7

_
-

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling ---------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g-----------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing-----------------------------------------P u blic utilities * --------------------------------------Retail trade -----------------------------------------------

1.30

-

-

16
2

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

14 „
-

31
3l
"

*

■

17
17
■

~

.
■

_
~

-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

8
8
-

_
-

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

16

2
2

3
Z

■

-

1
1

"

"

_
■

_
■

_
“

■

_
"

.
■

-

-

6
6

2
2

2
2

2
2
5

1
2
1
1
4

1
8
6
6

15

2
0
18
2

-

2
1

-

~

13
13

... 14

9
5

1

22
-

1
1

”

8
Io b lfL A-4. Custodial ond M aterial Movem ent Ocaipatjons-ContinuedL.
(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry division , D enver, C o l o . , D e cem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

T r u c k d r iv e r s 3 ---------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ---------------------------------------•Retail t r a d e ------------------------------------------------

Number
at
work era

2 ,3 1 3
464
1,849
969
393

$
Average S
hourly a 0. 70 0 .8 0
esrnlnge
and
under
. 80
.9 0
$
2 .1 6
2.11
2 .1 7
2 .3 2
2 .0 7

“
*

-

T ru ck d riv e rs , light (under l 1 t o n s ) -----------/*
M anufacturing ------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g--------------------------------------

417
130
287

1.92
1.91
1.92

_
"

T r u ck d riv ers , m edium (lVa to and
including 4 t o n s ) ------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g--------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g-------------------------------------P u blic u tilities * ---------------------------------R etail t r a d e -------------------------------------------

1,023
236
787
489
47

2. 18
2 .2 0
2 .1 7
2 .2 9
1 .9 7

-

N onm an u factu rin g-------------------------------------P u blic u tilities * ------------------------------------

521
585
3 77

2 .3 6
2 .3 6
2 .3 9

T r u ck d riv ers , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) .-------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g--------------------------------------

2 74
249
434

0 .9 0

<
1.00

1
1.10

9

1.00

1.10

1.20

9

1.30

$
1.40

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.20

9

$
1.50

$
1.90

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

2 .0 0

2. 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2. 60 _2_. 70

2 .8 0

2 .8 0
2 .9 0

120
26
94
9

77
40
37
.

211
40
171
-

478
45
433
303

393
rs7
256
235
3

11
4
7
_
-

_
_
-

-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

9

1. 60

1.60 _L

37
16
21
1
5

f
1.80

9

1. 70
1.8 0

9

3
3
3

-

"

-

-

-

_
-

3
3

_
-

_
-

.
"

_
-

_
-

31
l6
15

9
9
-

97
26
71

21
9
12

122
26
96

7
7
-

104
20
84

7
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
"

2
2
2

23
23
3

49
26
23
1

82
10
72
-

178
12
166
41

"

-

■

"

-

"

3
-

35

-

-

-

-

-

-

220

2
25

-

37
31
6

49
19
30

11
9
2
2

1

T ru c k e r s , pow er (fo r k lift ) ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g-------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * ---------------------------------------W a t c h m e n -------------------------------------------------------—
—
M a n u fa ctu rin g------------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

T7B

156
82
144
7Z

72

-

-

2. 07
2. 06

-

-

-

-

2. 10
2.05
2 .1 9
2 .3 8

_
-

1 .5 7
1 . 5b
1.59

-

2
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

"

-

-

"

_
-

_
-

1
-

20
18

2

17
1
16

1 Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
a Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
3 Includes all d riv e rs r e g a rd le ss o f s ize and type of truck operated.
* T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.




15
6
9

7
7
-

16
16
-

_
-

18
15
3

-

-

"

-

-

6
4

1
1

2

10
10

8
3
5

33
27
6

9
3
6
6
-

_
_

1

5
5

238
94
144
144
-

17
1?
-

376
25
351
345
-

51
51
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

L
o
3
-

64
58
28

38
38
2

365
381
347

-

7
-

-

-

227
2

25

18

2

-

-

-

-

"

53
22
31

155
153
2

_
-

1
1
-

"

-

3
3

423
55'
368
349
“

8
8
~

35
-

424
33
391
349
36

!
1

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,

"

116
36
60
29
31

“

-

4
4

_
-

_
-

3
1
2
-

20
10 '
10

_
-

27
27
27

59
4
55
55

9
9
-

-

6

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

4

-

_
-

_
-

9
A p p e n d ix : O ccupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w ag e s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o p r ia te o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n der
a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w age
r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and
in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
c a n tly fr o m th o se in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
in
a p p ly in g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h a n d ica p p ed w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O ff ic e
B IL L E R , M ACH IN E
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r
than an o r d in a r y or- e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r ite r . M ay a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s
a s to b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w ag e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a ch in e , a r e c la s s if i e d b y type o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B i lle r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e )——U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H op k in s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich
a r e co m b in a tio n typin g and addin g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and sh ipp in g c h a r g e s and en tr y o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u te d on the
b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d
b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b i ll b ein g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n don e on a
fa n fo ld m a ch in e .
B i lle r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e )— U s e s a b oo k k e e p in g
m a ch in e (&un<lstrand, E llio tt F is n e r , R em in g ton R and , e t c . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y n ot h ave ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills a s p a r t o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record.
The m a ch in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts a u to ­
m a t ic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w l­
ed g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s fr o m u n ifo r m and stan d ard ty p es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b oo k k e e p in g m a ch in e (R em in g ton R and, E llio tt
F is h e r , S u n dstrand, B u r ro u g h s , N a tion al C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ----- C on tinu ed
C la s s A — K ee p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow led ge o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r it y w ith
the s t r u c tu r e o f the p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D eter­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d i t ite m s
to b e u s e d in e a ch p h a s e o f the w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B — K eep s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s
—
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , ex p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh e e ts f o r the a c c o u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N TIN G

C la s s A — U n der g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
an t, lias r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r k eep in g on e o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to on e p h a se o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W o r k in v o lv e s p o s tin g and b a la n cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g and c o d in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m en t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s .
M ay a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .
C la s s B -----U n der s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e
a c c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
b y g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s n ot r e q u ir e a k n ow led g e o f
a c c o u n tin g and b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o f f ic e s in
w h ich the m o r e r ou tin e a c c o u n tin g w o r k is su b d iv id e d on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s is a m on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

10

CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A ----- R e s p o n s ib le fo r m a in tain in g an e s t a b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . C l a s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a t e r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es
in c o n ju n ctio n w ith f i l e s o r s u p e r v is e o th e r s in filin g and lo c a tin g
m a te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in c id e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
C la s s B -----P e r f o r m s r o u tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a t e r ia l that
h as a lr e a d y b een c la s s if i e d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a t in g m a ­
t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in c id e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s * o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
m a il, ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e an y c o m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uotin g p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r sh e e t
lis tin g the it e m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r ic e s an d q u a n tities
o f it e m s on o r d e r sh e e t; d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
p a rtm e n ts to be f ill e d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a rtm e n t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey h a v e b e e n fille d , k eep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k sh ipp in g in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.
CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b i lit ie s , r e c o r d s a c c o u n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on tabu latin g c a r d s
by punching a s e r i e s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e ,
u sin g an a lp h a b e tic a l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e , fo llo w in g
w ritte n in fo r m a t io n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by u sing the
d u p lica tin g d e v ic e a tta ch e d to m a c h in e .
K eep s f ile s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r if y ow n w o r k o r w o r k o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E BO Y O R G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u ties su ch a s running e r r a n d s ,
o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , open in g
and d is tr ib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SECRETARY
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r ia l an d c l e r i c a l d u ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in is t r a tiv e o r e x e c u tiv e p o s it io n . D u ties in clu d e m akin g a p p o in t­
m e n ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le c o m in g in to o f f ic e ; a n sw e rin g
and m a k in g phone c a l l s ; h an dlin g p e r s o n a l and im p o rta n t o r c o n fi­
d en tia l m a il, and w ritin g ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d ic ta tio n (w h e r e t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is n ot u se d ) e ith e r in
sh orth an d o r by sten oty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic t a ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo r m a t io n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o ra n d a f o r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
STEN OGRAPH ER,

GENERAL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s an d e n te r s the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts . D u ties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o rk e r s *
e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r .p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p o s tin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh e e t, sh ow in g in fo r m a t io n su ch a s w o r k e r * s n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , tim e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , an d to ta l w a g e s d u e . M ay
m ake out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g up and d i s ­
trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

P r im a r y duty i s to take d ic ta tio n f r o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth a n d o r b y ste n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v o lv in g a
n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d icta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and k eep
f i l e s in o r d e r , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n ot in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k (s e e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r }.

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STEN O G R APH ER ,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e ­
m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s .
T h is jo b is n ot to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s t a t is t ic a l o r o th e r type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e fr e q u e n t u se o f
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f o th e r d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n f r o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth a n d o r b y sten oty p e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v o lv in g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a
t y p e w r it e r .
M ay a l s o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o se t up and
k e e p f i l e s in o r d e r , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n ot in clu d e
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H O R D IT T O )
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib il it ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p e w ritte n o r h a n d w ritten
m a tte r, u sing a m im e o g r a p h o r d itto m a c h in e . M a k es n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm e n t su ch a s fo r in k and p a p er fe e d c o u n te r arid c y lin d e r s p e e d .
Is n ot r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s t e n c il o r d itto m a s t e r . M ay k e e p file o f
u se d s t e n c ils o r d itto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t , c o lla t e , and sta p le c o m ­
p leted m a t e r ia l.




O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd .
D u ties in v o lv e h an dlin g in c o m in g , ou tg o in g , and in tra p la n t o r o ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e i n f o r ­
m a tio n to p e r s o n s w ho c a ll in , o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w ho a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

11
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

tion
type
T h is
tim e

In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r , on a s in g le p o s i ­
o r m o n it o r -t y p e s w itc h b o a r d , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o r k e r 1s
w h ile at s w it c h b o a r d .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s m a ch in e that a u to m a tic a lly a n a ly z e s and tr a n s la te s
in fo rm a tio n pu n ch ed in g r o u p s o f tabu latin g c a r d s and p rin ts t r a n s ­
la te d data on f o r m s o r a c c o u n tin g r e c o r d s ; s e ts o r a d ju s ts m a ch in e ;
d o e s s im p le w irin g o f p lu g b o a r d s a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r a c t ic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be ta bu la ted in fe e d m a g a z in e and s ta r ts
m a ch in e . M ay f ile c a r d s a fte r th ey a r e ta b u la ted . M ay, in a d d itio n ,
o p e r a te a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d ic ta tio n in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e
o r s i m il a r m a ch in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a ste n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m a k e out b i lls a fte r c a lc u la tio n s h ave b e e n m a de b y a n oth er p e r s o n .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit tle s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch a s k e e p ­
ing s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r s o r tin g and d is ­
trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A ----- P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
Typin g
m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m fr o m v e r y rou g h and in v o lv e d d r a ft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ich th e re is a freq u en t
and v a r ie d u se o f te c h n ic a l and unusual w o r d s o r fr o m f o r e ig n la n g u a g e c o p y ; c o m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r
plann in g la y ou t o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in tain u ni­
fo r m it y and b a la n ce in sp a c in g ; typin g ta b le s fr o m ro u g h d ra ft in
fin a l fo r m .
M ay type ro u tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to
su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritte n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s tr a n ­
s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e n ot

Professional

DRAFTSM AN,

JUNIOR

(A s s is ta n t d r a fts m a n )
D ra w s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g p u r­
poses.
U s e s v a r io u s ty p e s o f d ra ftin g t o o ls a s r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e ­
p a re d ra w in g s fr o m s im p le pla n s o r s k e t c h e s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r d u ties
under d ir e c t io n o f a d r a fts m a n .
DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c t iv it ie s o f on e o r m o r e d r a fts m e n in
p r e p a r a tio n o f w o rk in g plans and d e ta il d ra w in g s fr o m ro u g h o r p r e ­
lim in a r y s k e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g
b lu e p r in ts , s k e tc h e s , and w ritte n o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e te rm in in g w o rk
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n in g d u ties to s u b o r d in a te s and in s p e c tin g th e ir w o rk ;
p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s i s t su b o r d in a te s du ring




G E N E R A L -----C on tinu ed

C la s s B — P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typin g
fr o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r o r ty p e d d r a fts ; ro u tin e typing o f fo r m s ,
in s u r a n c e p o li c ie s , e t c . , settin g up s im p le stan d ard ta b u la tion s, o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y se t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN,

L E A D E R ----- C on tin u ed

e m e r g e n c ie s o r a s a r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t, o f p e r fo r m r e la t e d du ties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in is tr a tiv e n a tu re.
DRAFTSM AN,

SENIOR

P r e p a r e s w o rk in g plans and d e ta il d ra w in g s fr o m n o te s,
rou g h o r d e ta ile d s k e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , or. m anu ­
fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s .
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g p la n s, d e ta il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a le by u se o f d ra ftin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g e n g in e e rin g co m p u ta ­
tio n s s u c h a s th o se in v o lv e d in stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g c o m p le t e d w o rk , c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls
to be u s e d , and q u a n tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a t io n s ; m aking a d ju stm en ts
o r c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s o r s p e c ific a t io n s . M ay ink in lin e s and le t t e r s
on p e n c il d r a w in g s , p r e p a r e d e ta il units o f c o m p le te d ra w in g s , o r
tr a c e d r a w in g s .
W ork is fr e q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch a s
a r c h it e c t u r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, or s tru c tu ra l d r a ftin g .

12

N U RSE,

N U RSE,

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e to i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a
c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G ivin g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r in ju r edT
atten din g to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s * in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; con d u ctin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s
o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in v o lv in g h ealth e d u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant

M aintenance

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and
m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m en t su ch a s b in s ,
c r i b s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t itio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and t r im m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w ­
ings^ m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n te r * s
h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;
m a k in g stan d ard sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ;
s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f
the m a in te n a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s r ou n d ed tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s su ch a s the
in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o r r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t f o r the g e n e r a tin g ,
d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f
a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eatin g u n its,
con d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u t, o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g ­
n o sin g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g sta n d a rd
c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l
eq u ip m en t; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n * s h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g
and te s tin g in s t r u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce
e l e c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c ­
q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .




and

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )----- C on tinu ed

e n v ir o n m e n t, o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s
s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

a ffe c tin g

the h ealth,

w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plans and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by p la cin g
tr a c in g c lo t h o r p a p er o v e r d ra w in g and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U s e s T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and o th e r d ra ftin g t o o l s .
M ay p r e p a r e
s im p le d r a w in g s and do s im p le le t te r in g .

Powerplant

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n
o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p ­
p ly the e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h eat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tion , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m a in tain in g
e q u ip m e n t su ch a s s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g an d r e fr ig e r a t in g eq u ip m en t, s te a m b o i le r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s; m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; keep in g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p ­
tio n . M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e se o p e r a t io n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s
in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o i le r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r ste a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand
o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; c h e c k s w a ter
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

TRADES,

M A IN T E N A N C E

A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce
t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c if i c o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch
a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; cle a n in g w o r k ­
in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is t in g w o r k e r b y h old in g m a ­
t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d by jo u r ­
n e y m a n . T h e kin d o f w o r k the h e lp e r i s p e r m it te d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p ­
p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls an d t o o ls and cle a n in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; a n d in o th e r s he i s p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

13
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a t io n o f on e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e
t o o ls , su ch a s jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e
la th e s, o r m illin g m a c h in e s in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls ,
g a u g es, ji g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g
it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
usin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m en ts du rin g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n i z e w hen t o o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls ,
and to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cuttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w ag e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m ,
in to o l and die jo b b in g sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c l a s s if i c a t io n .

M ACH IN IST,

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g m a ch in e s
an d m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly
in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts w ith it e m s o b ta in e d fr o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the
p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a m a ch in e sh op o r sen din g o f
th e m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh op fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n
s p e c ifi c a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d
f r o m m a ch in e sh op ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m akin g a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s tm e n ts fo r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten a n ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d
th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if i c a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m a k in g r e p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritte n in s t r u c ­
tio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a ­
r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools and p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;
settin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l
p a rts to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t ­
in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ;
k n ow led g e o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g
sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a rts , and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ; fittin g
and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tra in in g in m a c h in e shop p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls new m a c h in e s o r h ea v y eq u ip m en t and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea v y eq u ip m en t w hen ch a n g e s in the plant la y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m ­
pu ta tion s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f
g r a v it y ; a lin in g and b a la n cin g o f eq u ip m en t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd t o o ls ,
e q u ip m e n t, and p a rts to be u sed ; in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d
o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t su ch a s d r iv e s and s p e e d r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n ­
t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e s t a b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E x am in in g
a u to m o tiv e eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o £ tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an dto o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m en t in d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts fr o m
s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b li e s in the v e h ic le and m a kin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ;
a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g b od y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e ­
ship o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m o v in g p a rts o r w ea rin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.

P A IN T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an
e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e
p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la cin g
putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; a p p lyin g paint w ith s p ra y
gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w hite le a d , and o th e r
paint
in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r
o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

14
P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p es o f pipe
and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f pip e
f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e
t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e ; th rea d in g pipe w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ;
ben din g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe w ith c o u p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e ­
q u ir e d ; m a k in g stan d ard te s ts to d e te r m in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t
s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a
fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s
p r im a r ily e n g a g ed in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tion o r
h eatin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s the plu m bin g s y s t e m o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W o r k in v o lv e s : K n ow led g e o f sa n ita ry c o d e s r e g a r d in g in sta lla tio n o f
v e n ts and tra p s in plu m bin g s y s t e m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip e s and
fix t u r e s ; op en in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a plu n ger o r p lu m b e r* s sn a k e.
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s r ou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e ­
sh ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e tm e ta l eq u ip m en t and fix t u r e s (su ch a s m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans,
s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n ks, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u cts , m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llQ w in g : P la n n in g

C us to dial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

and

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s b e tw e e n f l o o r s o f an o f f ic e b u ild in g ,
a p a rtm en t h o u s e , d e p a rtm e n t s t o r e , h o te l o r s im ila r e s t a b lis h m e n t.
W o r k e r s w ho o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in c o n ju n ctio n w ith o th e r d u ties su ch
a s th o s e o f s t a r t e r s and ja n it o r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
G U AR D
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e sta tio n e d at g ate and c h e c k on id en tity o f
e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .




an d la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in ten a n ce w o r k fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l-w o r k in g m a ch in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f
h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g, ben d in g , fo r m in g , sh aping, fittin g , and a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in s ta llin g s h e e t -m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g
an d e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; jig

m a k e r ; t o o lm a k e r ;

fix tu r e

m a k e r; g au ge

m a k e r)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , ji g s , f i x ­
t u r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s , punching and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la yin g out o f w o rk
f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritte n s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r ’ s h a n d tools and p r e c is io n
m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts , u n d ersta n d in g o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls
an d r e la t e d e q u ip m en t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g
to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a ttr e a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts d u rin g fa b r ic a tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d to o ls
an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g
in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a
fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w ag e study p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e r s
in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if i c a t io n .

Mat e r i a 1

PA S SE N G E R

M A IN T E N A N C E -----C on tinu ed

Movem ent

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR CLE AN E R

(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; ja n i t r e s s )
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm en t h ou se,
o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n
o f the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g , m op p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f l o o r s ;
r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; du stin g eq u ip m en t, fu rn itu r e ,
o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix t u r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s
an d m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v i c e s ; c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ash in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

15

LABORER,

M A T E R IA L H AN DLIN G

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r ; h a n d ler and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
sto ck m a n o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

SH IPPIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K -----C on tin u ed
o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; m a in tain in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant,
s t o r e , o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g : L oa d in g and u nloadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ;
u npacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
sto ra g e lo c a t io n ; tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by hand tr u ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and u n loa d sh ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if i e d a s fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping a n d ~ r e ce iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
O R D E R F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto ck m a n )
F il ls sh ipp in g o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m
s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in a d d itio n to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ica tin g it e m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f o u t­
g oin g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n a d d itio n a l sto c k , o r r e p o r t s h o r t su p p lie s
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

PACKER,

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , eq u ip m en t, o r m en b etw een v a r io u s ty p es o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s su ch a s : M an u fa ctu rin g pla n ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b etw een r e t a il e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s 1 h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u n loa d tr u c k w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l
r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r . D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s if i e d by s iz e
and type o f eq u ip m en t, a s fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be r a te d
on the b a s i s o f t r a ile r c a p a c it y .)

SH IPPIN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r . sh ip m en t o r s t o r a g e b y p la cin g
th em in sh ipping c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c if i c o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g
depen den t upon the ty p e, s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to b e p a ck ed , the
type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f sh ip m en t. W o r k r e q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in sh ipp ing c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; K n ow led g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r
to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia te type and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ;
in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p rev en t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and se a lin g c o n t a in e r ; ap p lyin g
la b e ls o r e n te rin g id en tify in g data on c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m ake w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u nder IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a ile r ty pe)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 ton s, oth er than t r a ile r type)
TRU CKER,

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tr u ck o r tr a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kin ds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

SH IPPIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
tr u ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e ­
s p o n s ib le fo r in co m in g sh ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o r k in v o l v e s ; A k n ow led ge o f sh ipp in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
tices^ r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n and r a t e s ; and p r e ­
p a rin g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p ed , m a k in g up b i lls o f la d in g , p o s t ­
ing w eigh t and sh ipping c h a r g e s , and k eep in g a file o f sh ipp in g r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s ; V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in s t b i lls o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r




POW ER

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if i e d by type o f
a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p ow e r (fo r k lift )
p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift )

W ATCHMAN
M ak es rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty
a g a in s t f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n tr y .
U. S GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFF.CE

1959 0 — 4 9 6 7 5 2




O ccupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959- These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent o f Documents, Government Printing O ffice, Washington 2 5 ,D .C .,
or from any BLS regional sales office shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis will be issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1958 - BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties) N. Y ., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. L ou is, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102