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Occupational Wage Survey

B U F F A LO , NEW Y O R K
(ERIE A N D N IA G A R A COUNTIES)

SEP T EM B ER

19S8

B u lle t in N o . 1 2 4 0 - 3

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

J a m e s P. M itc h e ll, S e cre ta ry

Ewan Clagut, CommitBonir







O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y
BUFFALO, NEW

YORK

( ERIE A N D N IA G A R A COUNTIES )




SEPTEMBER 1958

Bulletin No. 1240-3
Dtcaater 1958

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. MHchell, Secretary
BU
REAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Ctogwe, Cywniniomr

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 25 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U. S. Bureau o f L abor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Nov. 1895Washington.

no. in v. illus. 16-28 cm.
Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

331.06173

Library of Congress

tr58t2j




U. S. Bureau o f Labor Statistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

v. 23-26 cm.
Nov. 1949- issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. |2. Employee bene­
fits] i. Title. (Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev*t

HD4973.A462

U. S. Dept, of Labor.
for Library of Congress

331.2973

Library
j57r52nljt

L 49—125*

Contents

Preface

P age
The C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m
W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s -----------------------------------

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u reau *s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in New Y o r k , N. Y . , b y F r e d e r ic k W. M u e lle r u nder
the d ir e c tio n o f P au l E. W a rw ick , R eg ion a l W age and In dus­
tr ia l R ela tion s A n a ly st.




4

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y ----------In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tra ig h ttim e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s -----------------O ccu p ation a l ea rn in g s * A - 1: O ffice occu p a tion s ----------------------------------------------------------A - 2 : P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tion s ----------------------A - 3: M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t occu p a tion s --------------------A -4 :
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ---------E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s * B -l:
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls -------------------------------------------------------------B -2 : M inim um en tran ce ra te s f o r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 :
S cheduled w e e k ly h ou rs ------------------------------------------------B -4 :
P aid h olid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 :
Paid v a ca tion s ---------------------------------------------------------------B -6 :
H ealth, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans --------------------------

A pp en dix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s

--------------------------------------------------

* N O TE : S im ila r tabu lation s f o r m o s t o f th ese item s a r e a v a ila ­
b le in the B u ffa lo a r e a r e p o r ts fo r January 1950, Janu ary 1952,
A p r il 1953, S ep tem b er 1954, S ep tem b er 1956, and S e p te m ­
b e r 1957. The la tter r e p o r t w as lim ite d to o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n ­
ings o f plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u factu rin g and p u b lic u tilitie s .
The 1954 r e p o r t a ls o in clu ded data on fr e q u e n c y o f w age p a y ­
m e n ts , and pa y p r o v is io n s fo r h olid a y s fa llin g on n on w orkd ay s.
A d ir e c t o r y in d icatin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s ,
as w e ll as r e p o r t s f o r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon
r e q u e s t.
A c u r re n t r e p o r t on occu p a tio n a l earn in g s and su p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r auto d e a le r r e p a ir
sh ops in the B u ffa lo a r e a (June 1958). Union s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e
o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le f o r the fo llo w in g trad es
o r in d u str ie s :
B u ild ing c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l-t r a n s it
op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

2

4

in oo oo o

The B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistics r e g u la r ly con du cts
a r e a w id e w age su r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
cen ters.
The s tu d ie s, m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la te to o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and re la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . T his b u lletin p r o v id e s ad d ition a l data
not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t . A c o n s o lid a te d a n a ly tica l
b u lletin su m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the y e a r !s su r v e y s
is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a re a b u lletin f o r the
c u r re n t round o f s u r v e y s .

1

12
13
13
14
15
17
18




Occupational W a g e Survey— Buffalo, N. Y.

Introduction

T h is area is one of several im portant in d ustria l centers in
w hich the U . S. Departm ent of L a b o r's Bureau of L a b o r Statistics
has conducted surveys of*occupational earnings and related wage benefitp on an areawide basis* In this area, data w ere obtained by p e r­
sonal visits of B ureau field agents 1 to representative establishm ents
w ithin six broad in d ustry divisions: M anufacturing; transportation
(excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s; w hole­
sale trade; re ta il trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s e rv ­
ice s.
M a jo r industry groups excluded fro m these studies, besides
ra ilro a d s , are governm ent operations and the construction and ex­
tra ctive industries*
Establishm ents having fewer than a p re scrib e d
num ber of w o rk e rs are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a rra n t inclusion* 2 W her­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions*

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying a ll establishments* T o obtain
appropriate accu ra cy at m in im u m cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data, how­
e ve r, a ll establishments are given th e ir appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to a ll establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the m in im u m size studied.

Occupations and Ea rn in g s
Th e occupations selected for study are com m on to a va rie ty
of m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational cla s ­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishm ent va ria tio n in duties w ithin the same
job.
(See appendix fo r listin g of these descriptions. ) E a rn in g s dato
are presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office c le ric a l; (b ) professional and technical; (c ) m a in ­
tenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m a te ria l m ovem ent.

1 Data w ere obtained by m a il fro m some of the s m alle r estab­
lishm ents for which visits by B ureau field agents in the last previous
survey indicated em ploym ent in re la tive ly few of the occupations stud­
ied.
Unusual changes reported by m a il w ere ve rifie d w ith e m p lo ye rs.
2 See table on page 2 for m in im u m -s ize establishm ent covered.




Occupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs , i. e . , those h ire d to w o rk a re gu la r weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
E a rn in gs data exclude
p re m iu m pay fo r o vertim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but c o s t-o flivin g bonuses and incentive earnings are included*
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office c le ric a l occupations, reference is
to the w o rk schedules (rounded to the nearest half h o u r) for which
s tra ig h t-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half d o lla r.
Occupational em ploym ent estimates represent the total in a ll
establishments w ithin the scope of the study and not the numbeV actu­
a lly surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishm ents, the estimates of occupational em ploym ent obtained
fro m the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m a te ria lly affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishm ent P ra ctic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro visio n s
Inform ation is presented also (in the B -s e rie s tables) on se­
lected establishm ent practices and supplem entary benefits as they re ­
late to office and plant w o rk e rs .
Th e te rm "office w o rk e rs , " as
used in this bulletin, includes w orking superviso rs and nonsuperv is o ry w o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g c le ric a l or related functions, and ex­
cludes a d m in istra tive , executive, and professional personnel. "P lant
w o rk e rs " include w orking forem en and a ll nonsupervisory w orkers
(including leadm en and tra in e e s) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d ­
m in is tra tiv e , executive, and professional employees, and force-account
construction employees who are u tilize d as a separate w o rk force are
excluded. Cafeteria w ork e rs and routemen are excluded in manufac­
tu rin g industries, but are included as plant w o rk e rs in nonmanufac­
turing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are lim ite d to manufacturing
industries. T h is inform ation is presented both in te rm s of (a ) estab­
lishm ent p o licy,
presented in te rm s of total plant w o rk e r em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of w o rk e rs
3
A n establishm ent was considered as having a policy if it m et
either of the following conditions; ( l ) Operated late shifts at the tim e
of the su rve y, o r (2) had fo rm a l provisions covering late shifts*

2
actually employed on the specified shift at the tim e of the su rve y.
In establishm ents having va rie d differentials, the amount applying to
a m a jo rity was used o r, if no amount applied to a m a jo rity , the cla s ­
sification ''o the r1 was used. In establishm ents in w hich some la te 1
shift hours a re paid at n o rm a l rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a m a jo rity of the shift h o urs.
M in im u m entrance rates (table B - 2 ) relate only to the estab­
lishm ents visite d .
T h e y are presented on an establishm ent, rath er
than on an em ploym ent b a sis.
P a id holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated sta tistically on the
basis that these are applicable to a ll plant o r office w o rk e rs if a
m a jo rity of such w o rk e rs are eligible o r m ay eventually qualify fo r
the practices liste d .
Scheduled hours are treated sta tistically on
the basis that these a re applicable to a ll plant or office w o rk e rs if
a m a jo rity a re c o v e re d .4 Because of rounding, sums of in d ivid ­
ual item s in these tabulations do not n e ce ssa rily equal totals.

Th e f ir s t part of the paid holidays table presents the num ­
b e r of whole and half holidays actually provided.
Th e second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .
Th e s u m m a ry of vacation plans is lim ite d to fo rm a l a rra n g e ­
m ents, excluding in fo rm a l plans w hereby tim e off w ith pay is granted
at the d iscre tio n of the e m p lo ye r.
Separate estim ates a re provided
according to em ployer pra ctice in computing vacation payments, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earnings, o r fla t-s u m amounts.
H o w e ve r, in the tabulations of vacation allow ances, payments not on
a tim e basis w ere converted; fo r exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week*s pay.

Data are presented for a ll health, insurance, and pension
plans for w hich at least a p a rt of the cost is borne by the e m ployer,
excepting only legal requirem ents such as w orkm en 's compensation
and social se cu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a com ­
m
4
Scheduled w eekly hours fo r office w o rk e rs (firs t section of e rc ia l insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
paid d ire c tly by the em ployer out of c u rre n t operating funds or fro m
table B - 3 ) in surveys made p r io r to late 1957 and e a rly 1958 w ere
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
presented in te rm s of the p roportion of wom en office w o rk e rs e m ­
ployed in offices w ith the indicated w eekly hours fo r wom en w o rk e rs .
fo rm of life insurance.
Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope o£ survey and number studied in Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y . , 1 by m ajor industry division, * September 1958
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll d iv is io n s __ __ ____ „

_______ ____ „

Studied

Studied
T otal4

Office

Plant

Total4

___

51

751

204

224,100

29,000

157,500

149,180

51
51

388
363

112
92

154,800
69,300

16,500
12,500

113,900
43,600

110, 070
39,110

Transportation (excluding railroads), communication,
and other public utilities5 __ ____ ________________________
Wholesale trade __ __
__
„ __ _______________
______
Retail trade _____ _ ________________________ ___________ ____
_
Finance, insurance, and real estate
____________ — — ___
Services 7 ..................... . ..................................................................

51
51
51
51
51

69
79
126
40
49

26
16
27
10
13

17,600
7,200
29,100
8,300
7, 100

__ __ __

___

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

____ ___

Manufacturing _ __ __ „

__ __ __

Within
scope of
study 3

Number of establishments

________

____ „

2,700
(‘ )

L
r)

11,400
<;>
(* )

14, 190
2,450
15,750
3,360
3,360

1 The Buffalo Metropolitan Area (Erie and Niagara Counties). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the
labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since ( l ) planning of
wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
* The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier edition used in previous surveys are
the transfer of milk pasteurization plants and ready mixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the
transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and
motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 A lso excludes taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation.
4 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




3
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,3 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide

full pay or a proportion of the worker’ s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
5
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island normal coverage of hospitalisation, medical, and surgical plans.
the
do not require employer contributions.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
3
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organisations or they may be
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
were excluded.
worker’ s life.




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: B illers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class Aand B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, material handling; and
watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were*
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average Salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job* These Weighted earnings for individual
T a b le 2 .

occupations were then totaled to obtain
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these
year to the aggregate for the base period
was computed and the result multiplied
get the index for the given year*

an aggregate for *each occupa­
group aggregates for a given
(survey month, winter 1952-53)
by the base year index (100) to

The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (1) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments*
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1958 for workers in 17 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull* 1224-20, Wages and Related
Benefits, 19 Labor Markets, Winter 1957-58.

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in B u ffa lo ( E r ie an d N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . ,
S e p te m b e r 1 9 5 8 and S e p te m b e r 1 9 5 6 , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d exe s
( A p r il 1953 =
S e p te m b e r 1958

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

100)

I n d u s tr ia l and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p
S e p te m b e r 1956

S e p te m b e r 1956
to
S e p te m b e r 1958

S e p te m b e r 1 9 5 4
to
S e p t e m b e r 195 6

A p r i l 1953
to
S e p te m b e r 1954

J a n u a ry 1952
to
A p r i l 1953

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) _______________________
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) _________________ __
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) __ — -------------- —
U n s k ille d plan t ( m e n ) ____ — __
_______

1 2 8 .6
1 3 1 .4
1 3 1 .3
1 3 2 .4

1 1 5 .2
117. 1
1 1 9 .5
1 1 8 .2

1 1 .6
1 2 .2
9 .8
12. 0

9 .4
8 .6
12. 0
9 .9

5 .3
7 .9
6 .7
7 .6

9 .3
7 .7
7 .5
8. 1

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) _______________________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n )
_
_
_______
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )
______________
U n s k ille d p lan t (m e n ) __ _________ _____ ___

1 3 2 .3
1 3 1 .9
1 3 1 .0
1 3 2 .7

1 1 6 .7
1 1 7 .7
1 1 9 .5
1 1 8 .9

1 3 .4
1 2 .0
9 .6
1 1 .6

9 .8
9 .2
1 1 .9
1 0 .4

6 .3
7 .8
6 .7
7 .8

9. 1
6 .8
7 .2
7 .7




5

Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , Buffalo (E r ie and Niagara C ou nties), N. Y . , Septem ber 1958)

Number
o
f
wres
okr

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Avebaqx
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
*
t
t
$
f
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly
Weekly 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55. 00 6 0 .00 65.00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 1 0 0 .00 105.00 1 1 0 .00 115. 00 1 2 0 .00
Uitg
h u s1 fftnaA and
or
( t n a d ( t n a d under
Sadr) Sadr)
and
40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55.00 6 0 .00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80.00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 m Loo 1 2 0 .00 oyer.

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A
Manufacturing
Erie County
Niagara County
N onmanufacturing
Public utilities *

327
236
180
56
91
30

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
36. 5
36. 5
39. 5

$
100. 50
105. So
104. 50
108. 00
69. 00
96. 00

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

Clerks, accounting, class B
Manufacturing
Erie County _
_

131
96
71

39. 5
39. 5
40.0

90. 50
95. 50
90. 50

_
-

_
-

>
-

_
-

2

40. 5
97. 50
"40.0 . 192.00
40. 0
105. 00

_
-

_
-

_
-

40. 0
40. 0
40.0

107.50
110.50
113. 00

_
-

_
-

.
*

-

39. 0
"39. 5
39. 5
38. 5

55. 50
- $ ¥ . 56
51. 50
51. 00

3
3

25
14
14

39.5
39.5
39. 5

94. 00
97. 00
1 0 0 .00

-

-

_
-

71.00
.73.06
73. 50
70. 50

_
-

_
-

2
2

30

39.5
"3975
40. 0
38. 5

90
83

38. 5
38. 0

56. 00
56. do

_

7
— 7--

156
64
55
92

39. 0
*4070
40.0
38. 5

71. 00
8 i dd
.
81. 00

_
-

_
-

64. 00

-

-

516

38.0
39. 6
39. 5
37. 5

53. 00
'64. 50
67. 50
50. 00

-

39. 0
39. 0
39.0
39. 0
38. 5

80. 00
82. 50
82. 50
81. 50
77.00

_
_

Clerks, order
_
Manufacturing _ _ _
_
Erie County

141
-- 96
61

_ _

104

Clerks, payroll .
Manufacturing
Erie County

_ _

$0

76

Office boys
Manufacturing
Erie County
Nonmanufacturing

126

76
52
50
105

Manufacturing
_
_
Erie County-----------------------------

62
62

r ~

i
2

13
4
4
9
-

6
2
1

---—
-

5
5
4

5
3
-

2
2
2

2

-

7
- j —
-

5
5
-

-

9
4
3

11
8

15

- 5
4

12

13
---§

5

9

2

_
_
-

- 3—
-5
3
-

16
T—
6

3
- 3—
-

---5

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

31
“T 6 ..

5
5
3
-

5
5

-

-

7
- 5—
2

1
16
12
11

_
-

1

_
-

13

3

6

2

12

11

_
-

15

9

1
1

2

6

58
— 51
44
7
7

10
1

15
— F5
15

_
-

16

12

33
— 21
12

21
6

-

1

12
2

12

19
--- 9
4
5

12
11

-

5—
3
17

2

-

.
-

—

14
--- 2

23
19
16

25
9
9

22

11
11

£

-

_
-

'

23

7
3
3

-

16

14

3
—

9
“

11
6

17
---7_
5
8
---?__

9
---9
9
7
--- 6

8
13
20
72
— 56“ --- g— — n “ — n
47
5
10
6
3
3
5
9
16
7
2
13
5
2
2
1
1

5

6

—

r*
5

--- 7 _
r
1

2

24
36
16

5
---i“
3

18
rs
18

23
T9
13

9
--- 9

--- 2

1

6

_

_
-

-

13
n
ii

5
---5
4

12
T2
12

_

8

_
_
-

*49
~ F T

34
15
-

1
1
1

3 16
T6

6

4 21
21
20

5“
5
_
-

7

5 25

25
_

9
7

4
4
4

_
_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

10

_
6 12
12
11

Women
Billers, machine (billing machine)
Manufacturing
Erie County
Niagara County
Rillers, marhine (hnokkeeping machine)
Nonmanufacturing _
_

- -

145
118
88

. ..
..

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing
Erie County
Nonmanufacturing
Ronkkeeping-m achine op e ra to r* , c la s s R

Manufacturing
Erie County _
Nonmanufacturing

lOO
.

Clerks, accounting, class A
Manufacturing
Erie County
N onm anufacturing

See footnotes at end o f table.

492217 0 -5 9 —2




. _

77
416
319
195
161

34
124

-

3
5—
l

2

2

16
16

10

20

- 5
- --

19

34
33

_
-

—

12
12

-

25
23-- —
22

3

18
18

3

24
—
13
4

2
16

17
.17
17
-

3
- 3--

_
-

_
-

_
-

16
9—
6

— f i

2

18

49

8

17

-

-

-

-

11

-

9

18
T7—
13

15

1

2

18

49

8

6

1

6

-

-

4
4
3

4
-----? ----

8
7

5

1
1

4

7

-

-

75
62
224
— 6----- — 5— — 5—
2
56
221
69
_
_

25

34
16

12

17

18

8

28
39

21
_ n -----

35

.

3

13

-

-

-

-

-

— rs—
8
2
3

3

68
29
“ ZI----- “ 29----

11

5

9

6
10

24

2

34
41
“ Z5----- “ 23—
22
3
16

21
2
11

22
16
16

1

1
1
4

1

-

_
-

------3
j
---1

2

-

2
----- 2—
2
-

-

15

3

8
8

3
3
-

61

“

_

2—
6

20
35
T3— “ 31—

30
26

21

15

23

25

5
35

_

10
2

1

-

5

4

7

6
2
1
1

4

.

-

_
-

2
2

-

2

-

6
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d iv isio n , B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ou n ties), N. Y . , Septem ber 1958)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
S
t
$
S
S
S
S
t
$
t
t
*
t
9
$
S
$
$
Weekly i 35.00 40.00 45.00 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70. 00 75.00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .00 105.00 1 1 0 .00 115. 00 1 2 0 . 0 0
and
_
(tnad (tnad
Sadr) Sadr)
and
45.00 50. 00 55.00 6 0 . 0 0 65.00 70.00 75.00 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 .00 105. 00 no. 00 115. 00 1 2 0 .00 _ovfir_
—
—
Avbsaqs

Number
o
f

Sex, occupation, and industry division
---------------------------------------------- - —

W omen— C ontinued

7
-

IS .

39. 0
39. 5
39.5
39. 5
38. 5

54.50
6 7 50
*.
6 2 .00
75. 50
45. 50

39.5
39. 5
40.0
38. 0

65.00
srnnr
6 8 .00
63.00

-

5
-

471
387
300
87
84

39. 0
39. 0
39.0
39. 5
38. 5

71. 50
73.00
72. 50
73. 50
6 6 .50

_
-

3
3

2

49
36
27
3
19

450
265
252
185

39.5
39. 0
39.0
39. 5

6 6 .50

2

71. 00
71.00
6 0 .00

-

9
9

25
25

44
30
30
14

66

31
397
161

93
68

-- _

-

Manufacturing
Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing
Manufacturing
. _
.
.
Erie County
Nonmanufacturing ........

..
—

_ _.
....

Duplicating-machine operators (mimeo­
graph or ditto)

6 6 .00

50
82. 50

53

Nonmanufacturing
Office girls
Manufacturing
Erie County
Niagara C.minty _

.
-

.............

Niagara County _
Nonmanufacturing

See footn otes at end o f table.

- -

-

39.5

6 1.0 0

380
230
176
54
150

Key-punch operators
Manufacturing
Erie County




_
-

39.0
39. 5
40. 0

131
Toi
76
28

-

Clerks, f l , class B
ie
Manufacturing
--Erie County _
_
Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing .

.

23
23

236

ni«rks, fil«T rlasa A
Manufacturing .
Niagara County

Secretaries

-

39.0
39. 5
39.5
39. 5
38.0

96

Niagara C ounty

Clerks, order
Manufacturing _
Erie County
Niagara County

*
63. 50
69. 50
6 8 .00
73.50
57. 50

701
342
251
91
359

Clerks, accounting, class B
Manufacturing

39. 5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

67. 50
■ 73:or
73. 50
70. 50
59. 50

123
39.0
54. 00
— 51— ~ W . T " ' 56.TO"
57.00
52
39. 5
56.00
39.0
29
1,298
39.5
“ 555— 19. 5
570
39.5
296
39.5
432
38. 5
107
39. 0

82. 50
" Kl'flO"
85. 00
86. 00
77. 58
88. 00

10

10

2

.
-

1

“

_
-

93
93

73
9

103
13

118
61
51

8
1

11
2

10

8

64

90

57

31

10

16

6
2

-

3
3

93
'll"

53
9

12
1

2

22

7
44

4
9

6

28
— 27
23
4

80
13
---9
4
5
2

_
-

---5
6

1

66

74

33
32
33

27
46

7

23
T5

24
T5—

10
6

10

2

7

2

5
2

2
5

33
33
30
3
-

7
--- 7
5

10

15

40
T6

3

9
9
3

— nr9

18
3

12

9

-

3
3

37

8
8

29
T7

2

48

21

81

10

12

20
10

54
46
38

30
30

5

106
56
43
15
48

2

30
— 36

1

12

17
-- T T ~

35
26

4
4
21
— =5—

88

57
49

66

54

28

44
43
31

21

9
12

41
37
23
14
4

12
1

27

2

--- 2

—

5
z

1

2

1

-

“

10
16
6

3
—

r ~

i

9 --- 2 _
j
---9“
8

_
-

.
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
.
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

.
-

_
"

2
2
2

1

-

-

4

2

1

1

57
48
35
13
9

71

42
36
18

16

14
14

26

8
6

10
10

-

-

67
48
48
19

48
z8
23

1

68

52
16

3

20

12
12

35
26
24
9

— ri“
10

3
3
41
33 ’
30
8

11
11
11

1

1

2
22

26

23
T9
18

4
30

9
34

12
6

46
18
31
7
8

4

21

12

15
13

4
-----4—
4
-

-

167
T T I—
86
25
56

174
i £.5
83
42
49
7

6

7
113
46
24
22
67
6

1

1

1

----- 1
—
1

186
"ITS
91
32
63
21

20

23
23
22

-

6

74
34
22
12
40
6

_
-

16

50
¥4
32

26
-----7---5
2
19

_
-

_
-

_
_
.
_
.
-

3
39
39
39
-

5

T7— "T O ~
12
7
5
3

_
-

16

69
3?

6

_
-

16

r ~

50
3!
24
7
19

10

1
1
1

6
2

4
—

2
1

-

_
1
- -- 1
_
1
_
_
-

13

16
13
3
5

10
2

3
3

l
-

_
_
.
-

21

19 ’
9

1

1

4
7

_
--- 1
j__
1
_
.
-

21

II

15
6
1

12

"TO
7
3

36
— 26
23
3
10

_
-

1

-

-

2

3 --- 1
r
--- 5“
2
1

5
12
6
--- 5 ~ — rz“ --- 5
6
4
12
1
-

5
5
5
‘

2
--- 2
2

1
1

!
--- 1
1

"

1

-

h

1
1
1

-

-

1

2

--- 1

-- Z-

1

2

_

-

_
-

_
-

-

_

-

-

■

■

“

2
2
2

.
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

143
133
“ 85 " lo t
73
52
34
33
36
48
25
19

121
T09
42
67
12
4

63
45
35
10
18
3

43

19

3o
22
8
13
13

15
n

15
1
3
2

-

16

10

12
—
8

4

4

1
1

-

7
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings £or se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , B uffalo (E rie and Niagara C ou nties), N. Y . , Septem ber 1958)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
o
f
wres
okr

Atiusi
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNING8 OF—
$
t
$
$
$
f
$
$
*
S
«
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
Weeklx
35.00 40. 00 45.00 50.00 55. 00 60.00 65. 00 70.00 75.00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 1 0 0 .00 105. 00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0
hus
or3
( t n a d ( t n a d under
Sadr) Sadr)
and
40.00 45.00 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70. 00 75.00 80.00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105. 00 no: oo 115. 00 1 2 0 .00 over

W omen— C ontinued

Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities *

678
322
468
81

39, 0
39.5
39.5
40. 0
38.0
38. 5

73. 00

_
-

Stenographe rs, technical
Manufacturing _
Niagara County

123
55
46

40.0
78. 50
29.5 w
40. 0 73. 00

.
-

311
80
49
182
46

40. 0
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39. 5

65. 00
77. 50
77. 00
77. 50
56. 50
70. 50

.
-

Switchboard operator-receptionists
Manufacturing
Erie County
Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing

434
264
214
50
170

39. 5
39. d
39.0
39.5
39. 5

62. 50
66.50
65.50
69.00
57. 00

-

Tabulating-machine operators
M anufac turing

114

40.0
40. 0
40. 0
40.0

81.00
8 6 .So
85. 00
8 8 .00

.
_
_
-

1,468
1 ,Ooo

Manufacturing

Manufac turing
Erie County

TW ~

Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities *

82

47
35

Niagara County

72.00
72.00
75. 00
81.00
6 2.0 0

Transcribing-machine operators, general
Manufac turing
Erie County
Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing

26 1

162
135
27
99

39.0
39.0
39.0
39. 0
39.0

6 2 .00
63. 50
64. 50
59. 00
59. 50

Typists, class A
Manufac turing

414
282
167
115
132

39. 0
39.5
39.5
39.5
38. 0

69. 50
75. 50
74. 50
77. 50
57. 00

1.086
620
401
219
466
108

39.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
38. 5
39.5

58. 50
64. 00
6 1 .50
69. 00
51. 50
59. 00

Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing
Typists, class B .
Manufac turing
Erie County
Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing

1
2
3
4
3
6
*

Standard hours r e fle c t the
W orkers w e re distributed
W orkers w e re distributed
W ork ers w e re distributed
W orkers w e re distributed
W ork ers w ere distributed
Tran sportation (excluding




30
3
3
27
3

1

1
2

_
-

l

"
1

16

11
6

-

.
-

-

4
-

123
15

-

10

4

5
108
3

24
rr

-

15

11

20

50
17

22

n
-

21

6

24

10

10

38
1
1

37
138
42
36
6

96
7

6

9 —
5
4
12

33

53
33
27

6
16

6
20

27 ---19
g2
2
5
25
14

116

37

nr —
5
5

6
11

10
2

7

80
43
39
4
37

91
70
58

2

12
21

4
14
5
- --- T ~ ""— T~
2
4
2
1

35
19
13

197
81
48
33

6

10
6
6

31
16

8

20

74

225
141
161 — I T T
106
125
36
21
64
14
3
9

11
11
11

25
25

4
4

163
89
69

2
2
2

30

21

3
3
3
“

147
49
45
4
98
4

64
5
5
59
-

-

10

1
1

21

34
" IK

141
34
27
7
107
7

_
-

3

165
113
88

25
52
20

87
44
41
3
43

37
37
31

20

---- T —
3

122

94
28
41
14

131
136
38
121
--- 9 7 - — r r r — m ~ --- 5 T
74
43
33
35
71
23
103
3
34
7
34
1
-

1

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

18
18
15
3
-

28
25
7
18
3
"

6

1
1

1

_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
.
~

4
15
3
----3~ --- r f - ---- r

_
"

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
- r
_
_
"

4
5
5

58
45 —
32
13
13
14
11
8

3

18
11
10
1

10

38
w -

7
7

32
4
2

7
5
4
1

5

16

6

2
1
1

12
11
1

-

3

4

68

44
26
12

59
51
39

14
18
7

12
8
8

47
31
16
21

10

—

18
_
-

8

7

8

19
14

32
23

_
-

7
n r ---- T
8
7
_
2*
-

12
12
12

21
8
8

17

23
nr

46
14
13

47
53
49 - 37
22
31
18
15
4
10
196
143
107
36
53
15

163

46
36 —
27
9
10

55
52 —
43
9
3
3

1

10

1

5
3
2
1

3
"

4

-

1

2

13

5
4
3

31
6
30 ----5
“
3
9

1

21

10
8
2
12
11
11

1

19
W ~

19
90
fo­
il
79
-

3
1

1
2

.
-

70
9
---7 0 ~ --- r 13
9
57
"
"
10
2
2
-

8
8

w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar s tra igh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co r re s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
as fo llo w s: 19 at $120 to $130; 30 at $130 to $140.
as fo llo w s: 12 at $120 to $130; 6 at $130 to $140.
as fo llo w s: 7 at $120 to $130; 14 at $130 to $140.
as follow s: 2 at $120 to $130; 23 at $130 to $140.
as follow s: 2 at $120 to $130; 10 at $130 to $140.
railroads), com m u nication, and other public u tilities.

5
5
5
-

2

_
4
4
4
-

_
-

1

_
7
2
- ---- J - ---- 2 "
4
2
3
_
_
_
_
_
3
3
3
“
_
_
_
-

_
.
_
_
>
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
.

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , Buffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N. Y. , Septem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

A ekagz
v
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber

of

65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00

Men
Draftsmen, le a d e r ------------------------------49
Manufacturing--------------------------------- ----- ¥5“
42
Erie C ounty-------------------------------66
1
Draftsmen, senior ------------------------- —
520
Manufacturing--------------------------------404
Erie C ounty-------------------------------Niagara C ou n ty -------------------------16
1
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------96
Draftsmen, j u n i o r ------------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------Erie C ounty-------------------------------Niagara C ou n ty ----------------------------

375
331
299
32

$
is
!s
S
s
115.00 120.00 *125.00 130.O j 135.0G*140.00 *145.0( *50.00 *55.00 1 0 0165.00
O
6 .0
and
2 .0
95.00 1 0 0105.00 1 0 0115.00 1 0 0125.00 130.00 135.001140.00 145.00 150.0C 155.00 1 0 0165.00 over
0 .0
1 .0
6 .0

W
eeklyi W
eekly j Under I s . 00 $0.00 $5.00 io . oo Ss.OO 90.00 *95.00
and
earnings
under
(Standard) (Standard) $

39.0
39. b
39.0
39.0
3'9r5”
39.0
40.0
38.5

d
>
V
153.50
156. 00
156.50

19 0
1 .0
1 0 Oo
2.
12 0
2 .0

114.50
111.50
87.00
39.0
3 9 .0 "' 87. Oo
39.0
87.50
40.0
8 . 00
6

-

-

-

-

13
13

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1
0

-

1
1
1

-

-

1
1

48
42
41

3

7

2

9
9
-

1

23
zi

1

29
27
25

1

90.00

14

I

6
8

31
ZZ

36
35'
28
7

1
6
6

82

62
49
13

6
8
2
0

23
23

31
29

14

15
15

6
6
65
1

30
30
26

"
44
75
47 “ T9
40
23
1
2
7
28
9
17
19
17
19
17
17

48

1

9
94

29
27
23
4

2
0

$

1 0 0105.00 110 .0 0
0 .0

5
5
3

1
2
3

2
1
17
1
2

2
2
2
2

1
1

2
Z
2

4
4
4

-

2

2
2
2

-

-

-

“

-

-

■

-

-

-

17

38
35
26
9
3

63
28
35
3

7
7
7

3
3
3

3
3
3

2
Z
2

"

■

"

■

3
3

2

2

64
47
35

1
i

2
2

-

1
2

5

1
1
6
6

9
9
9
31
32
30” "" 29
30
27

43
39
36
3
4

1

3

2
2

4
14 * 8
4 “ 14 "
8
4
14
8

14
13
13

24
24

2

6
11
1 16
1 16
i

2
2

5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

“

- j
“

■

■

-

-

-

-

1

j
,

Women
Nurses, industrial (re g is te re d ) -----------Manufacturing -----------------------------------Erie C ounty ----------------------------------Niagara C ou n ty ----------------------------

181
1 6 9“
130
39

39.5
"'3975
39.5
39.5

92.00
93750
93.00
93.50

_
“

4
■

— 5— .....I T '"
3
4
2

1
0

2
1
2

2
1
8

18

5

4

23
23
13

1

3

1
0

4

2

-

a f j f ndard hours refle ct the w orkweek for which em ployees receive their regu lar stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 175 to $185.
o
r
y

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , Buffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N. Y. , Septem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

A
verage^
hourly * Under
earniujp
$

1.80

Carpenters, maintenance-------------------------------Manufacturing---------------------------------------------Erie C o u n t y ------------------------------------------Niagara County -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------------Electricians, maintenance ----------------------------Manufacturing---------------------------------------------Erie County---------------------Niagara County------------------Engineers, stationary-----------------Manufacturing — -- -----------------Erie C o unty --------------------Niagara County -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------------------Firemen, stationary boiler-----------------------------Manufacturing---------------------------------------------Erie County -------------------------------------------Niagara County --------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f table.




$

1.80
and
under
1.90

$

481

2. 70

15

6

40b

2. 72

335
65
81

2. 72
2. 70
2. 61
2.86
Z •87
2.92
2. 72

-

-

215

6

1,380
1, 346
995
351
797
663
518
145
134
522
484
275
209

2.59
2. 64
2. 65
2.59
2.36
2.33
Z. 34
2. 38
2.28

$

1.90
“

_
-

-

6
-

6
-

2
2
2
-

6

6

-

6

25

6

20
5

15

2.00
“

2. 00

-

6

$

$
2.10
■

2. 10
10
8

8

"

10
10
10

Z6

-

19
19
13
6
58
38
58

12

-

32
32

32
31

6

21
10

Z
b

26

15

$
2.30

$
2.40
■

“

2.30

-

27
15

2.20

2.20

2
-

$

29
25
1
3
14
13
13
54
16

10
6

38

2.40

-

2
17
13
9
4
7
3
3
4

2.50
"

2.50

13
11
11

$

33
31
29
2
2
73
72
55
17

2.60

S
2.60
■

$
2. 70
“

20

28

17

28

20

23
1

67

40
4b

43
41
41
16
25

9

17

21

16

24

S
3.20

3 .10

100

20

3 10
.

3. 30

28

IT

55
1

3.00

$
-

79
9
2

4
11
6Y

-

88

79
68
64

25
42

3.00

90

9
3
2
77
77
47
30
81
38
18

141

$

140
1T5
75
40
25
253
' ’253
146
107
124
1Z3

14

116
23

-

2.90

12

139

2.90

2.80

35

68

$

2. 70

33

49
28

2.80
-

23
10
2
124
122
45
77
181
180
125

37

$

-

-

3.2 0

$

$

3.30
3. 4-0

20
-

.... 20

135
134
134
24
24
24

3.40
and
ovp,

18
1
1

-

-

317

65
65
57
8
1
1

88
88
88
3
3

4 51
5l
51
5
5

3
_
-

5
_
-

20

_

279
2 75
218
57
85
73
57

3
158
139
94
45
46
46
40

16
12

6
-

-

3

-

10

-

1
-

10

_

_

_

_

■

“

“

"

”

ZO

3

20
“

3
“

-

25
Z3
23
10
10
10

10

_
-

-

9
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , Buffalo (E rie and Niagara C ounties), N. Y. , Septem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF W0RKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
o
f
wre*
okr

O ccupation and industry division

Avenge
h u l . Under
ory
erig * $
anns
1.80

H elpers, tra d es, m a in te n a n ce------------M a n u fa ctu rin g--------------------------------E rie C o u n t y -------------------------------N iagara C ou n ty --------------------------N onm an u factu rin g--------------------------P u blic utilities * ------------------------

960
744
162
54
35

$
2.38
2.4o
2.44
2.23
2.09
2. 11

M ach in e-tool o p e r a to r s , t o o l r o o m ---M an u factu rin g--------------------------------E rie C o u n t y -------------------------------N iagara C o u n t y --------------------------

688
688
624
64

2. 70
2. 7b
2. 71
2.66

M achinists, m a in t e n a n c e ------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------E rie C o u n t y -------------------------------Niagara C ou n ty ---------------------------

985
974
775
199

2. 82
2. 82
2.82
2.81

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance)
M a n u fa ctu rin g--------------------------------E rie County ------------------------------N iagara C o u n t y -------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------Pu blic utilities * -------- *---------------

531
186
147
39
345
321

2. 51
2. 62
2. 60
2. 69
2.45
2.44

M echanics, m a in te n a n c e --------------------M an u factu rin g--------------------------------E rie C o u n t y -------------------------------N iagara C o u n t y -----------—------- ---Nonma n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------M illw r ig h ts ------------------------------ ------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------E rie C o u n t y -------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y --------------------------

1,273
1,211
884
32 7
62
1,052
1,052
673
379

2. 77
2. 77
2. 82
2. 64
2. 63
2. 77
2. 77
2. 82
2. 68

-

O i l e r s --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g-------------------------------—
E rie C o u n t y ------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y --------------------------

560
541
404
137

2.38
2.40
2.46
2.20
2. 57
2.60

w

-

r

P a in te r s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------E rie C o u n ty -------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y --------------------------

351
305
155
150

2. 57
2. 63

P ip efitters, m a in t e n a n c e -------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------E rie C o u n t y -------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y --------------------------

826
821
474
347

2.69
2.69
2. 71
2.66

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance —
M an u factu rin g---------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y --------------------------

285
2w r
69

2. 76
2. 77
2. 79
2. 72

1,090
1,096
991
99

2.98
2.98
2.99
2.90

T ool and die m a k e r s ----------------- ---------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------E rie C o u n ty -------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y --------------------------

1
*
3
4
*

212

*1.80
and
under
1.90

$
2.00

$
1.90
2.00

10

*2.20

*2. 30

*2.40

*2 50
.

*2 60
.

* . 70
2

* . 80
2

*2.90

*3.00

*3. 10

*3.20

*3.30

- k i o . 2.20

2.30

2.40

2.90

3.00

3. 10

3.40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

59
59
59
-

10
10
7
3

145
.145'
145
-

125
125
125

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
" 21"
18
3

38
38
38
-

128
128
97
31

185
185
178
7

31
31
27
4

197
197
186
11

57
57
57

26
26
18
8

_

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

68
64
64
-

103

164
164
72
92

261
261
254
7

42
35
19
16

97
97
93
4

65
65
65
-

-

72
31

58
58
43
15

-

-

-

10
10
10
“

17
1
1

128
1
1

124
49
49

86
42
39
3
44
44

42
' If
f"
8
10
24
24

75
59
38
21
16
2

38

3

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

10
4
4
6
-

29
27
13
14
2
2

31
30
20
10
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

20
20
20
-

-

3

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

15
15

16
16

127
125

75
73

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20
8
12
-

44
44
44

31
19
13
6
12
23
23
21
2

134
121
114
7
13
26
26
14
12

20
20
-

-

-

20
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
13
1
12

1
1
1
*

12
12
2
10

12

7

-

-

-

159
123
74
49
36
32

85
82
56
26
3
5
5
5
-

-

-

-

149
146
50
96
3
158
158.
45
113

19
17
15
2
_

59
48
22
26

129
H9
108
21

85
85
51
34

73
73
54
19

29
29
16
13

_

8
8
8
12
12
12
-

11
10
10
8
8
8
-

21
17
12
5
6
6
4
2

56
55
24
31
87
87
77
10

34
31
9
22
142
142
23
119

5
2
2
"

17
16

2
2
2
-

15
15
14
1

-

-

-

5
§
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
4
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17
15
2

-

-

-

$
3.40
and
over

295
291
231
60
4
-

12
10
10
2
-

-

-

"

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Excludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 9 at $1.60 to $ 1 .7 0 ; 6 at $ 1 .7 0 to $1. 80.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 7 at $3. 50 to $3. 60; 10 at $3. 70 to $3. 80.
A ll w ork ers w e re at $ 3 .4 0 to $3. 50.
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




$2 .

-

16

-

137
129
64
65
8
215
215

138
77

-

161
159
121
38
2
261
261
180
81

3.20

3.30

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

11
5
22
22
180
156
99
57
24
159
.159
87
72

3
108
108
82
26
66
66
46
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

27
27
27

74
74
74

181
l8l
181

7
7
7

-

-

-

28
Z8
28
-

15
~15
15

-

-

-

84

-

“

-

-

84
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

70
70
21
49
56
56
22
34

57
48
48
270
270
156
114

59
56
13
43
208
205
142
63

4
4
4
2

14
14
3
11

37
37
8
29

102
102
98
4

74
74
49
25

60
60
55
5

55
55
45
10

144
144
137
7

68
68
51
17

-

-

-

15
15
15

2l
21

63
34

-

98
98
98
-

21

97

ip j—

-

1

_

.

-

-

-

8
8
8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18
18
-

6
1
1
-

-

-

21
21
21
-

13
13
13
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
”

160
1 6o
157
3

187
187
131
56

75
75
75
-

318
318
318
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

6
6
6
-

10

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage s tra igh t-tim e h ou rly earnings £or s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ou nties), N. Y. , Septem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

E levator o p e ra to rs , p assen ger (w o m e n )--------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------Guards --------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers ( m e n ) ----------M anufacturing — ------------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ---------------------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y ---------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g----------------------------------------Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs (w o m e n )------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------- ------- --------------------E rie C o u n t y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y --------------------------------------------------------------------

Number
St
workers

Avenge

$

$

Under 1 . 0 0
and
$
1 . 00
t i v
_

235
2 z2

1.2 2
1.2 1

891
8 i9
584
265

2 .31
t . 32
2 .3 2
2 .3 4

2 ,2 1 4
1, 723
1,293
430
491

1.91
2 .0 4
2 .0 3
2 .0 7
1 .4 4
1.79

20

1,129
345
270
75

1

7 fll

$
1

. 10
_

■

71
71
-

-

20

89
4
4
85

143

2 .1 9
Z. 2 2 "

P a ck e rs , shipping ( w o m e n ) -----------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------- -----------------E rie C o u n t y ----------------------------------------------

405
303
240
1 UZ

1.40

1.50

1.60

1. 70

1.6 0

.

$
1. 70
-

1

1.80
_

1.90

1.80

_

_

_

2

2

78
71

t

"

~

■

4
-

-

-

38
36
36

-

1

6

-

1
1

48
Z

65

2

3
3
59

78
Z7
24
3
51

-

82
33
27

248
5Z
52

-

6

46

6

139
-

-

1

-

185
17
17

124

i

Q
yA A

62
36
34

139
97
9
42
23

192

156
114
42
36
24

88

2

2

26

33
16

32
15

72
Z5
23

36
3Z
8

15
15
9

2

24

6

4

10

5

-

196

82
49
47

1

7

R eceivin g c l e r k s ----------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ---------------------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y ---------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------

1,16 6

328
177
136
41
151

Shipping c l e r k s --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ----------------------------------------------

178
162
138

Shipping and receivin g c l e r k s --------------------------Ma nufa c tu r i n g ----------------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------

264
148
144
116

See footn otes at end o f table,




2 .0 9
TTT3
2 .1 5
2 .0 7
1 .9 7

-

-

21
-

-

143

21

-

44

99
73
43
30
26

37

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

1

-

-

7

-

44

8
8

29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

12
10
10

1
-

4

$

2 .0 0

2

_
2 .0 0

_

2 .10

. 10
_

2 .2 0

_

_

$
2 .2 0

.
2 .3 0

$
2 .3 0
_

t
2 .4 0
_

$
2 .5 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2

.

.

“

■

~

103
94
63
31

55
55
32
23

80
55
37
18

248
248
115
133

449
449

149
144
143

6
6

188
-

257
257
205
52
-

1

6

5

-

35
35
31
4

13
3

22

159
128
68

60
31
31
36
36
19
17

3 77
352
290
62
25
q
7
73
69
61
8

261

186

369
3T8"
316
32

628

-

-

-

3
-

5
-

2 .2 2

-

-

-

-

-

2 .0 7

-

*

"

3

5

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

-

1

-

14
-

17
17
17

~

"

-

-

-

1

9
9
9

-

-

-

_
-

-

.
-

56
56 —
5
51

1

r~

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

903
“621
487
134
282

88
88

82

30
30
29

6

1

61

18
18
-

29

-

12

2

3

-

4

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

19

11

-

-

-

-

-

17
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

*

"

■

1

6

17

1

11

217
163
131
32
54
49

16
10"
6

4
6

18
15
15
10
8
8
2

19

25

12
12

It

-

61
40

” 757
741
16

265
98
210

Z9
29

28
28
24
4
-

10

“

-

14
3

1022

-

87
"87
87

11

3.00

-

181

18
18
18

2 .2 0

-

2 .9 0

.

-

-

2
2
2

2 .2 6
2 .1 1

-

2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0
and
over

-

171

-

3

6

7 .2 8

-

-

S
2 .9 0

-

8
16

8

-

Z1

-

-

1

S
2 .8 0

-

189
18
18

10

22

5
5
7

-

5

2. 70

$
2. 70

-

113
'9 7
89

-

2

34
34
34

111

"
151
15T
150

. 60
_

-

36
33
33

21

2
6

4
4

116

.

2

16

25
17
17

22
22

11
8

6

-

116

. 60

$

16

21
2

6

195
195
180
15

4
Z

1

10
10

■

-

494
307
187
134
118

180

142
38

81
79
73

14
7
7
7

19

-

1
-

.

25
25

31
29
19

16

-

2 .3 4
"Z73B---2. 36

-

20
-

-

32
3Z
32

-

2 .2 6

-

14
ZO " 14

77
37
13
40

-

Z .Z 5

-

26

20

50
50

-

Q
7

-

18

-

-

-

2 .1 6

296
Z 70
233
37

21

~

-

1.8 6
1 .3 *

*

4

124
106
85

14
14
14
-

-

1.81
T770

99
49
49
50

-

1

-

2 .2 1

$
1.90

3

-

-

8
-

2 .3 3

67
53
35
18
14

A7

2 .2 6

701
670
588
82

$

3

-

P a c k e r s , shipping ( m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ------------------------------------- -------Niagara C ou n ty-----------------------------------------

2
2

32

168

2 .2 4
Z. 17
2 . 18
2 .0 6
2 .2 9

4

10
10

I 37

678
Z 74
246
28
404

12
10

42

36

O rder f i l l e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------------- —
E rie C o u n t y ----------------------------------------------------------------------------Niagara C ou n ty ---------------------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------------

$
1.50
_

3

1.2 6

2 70

-

66

36
-

4 ,3 2 7
3, l b l
2 ,612
549

1.2 0

66

-

1.30
_

$
1.40
_

%

1.30

1.2 0

1.41
1. 75
1. 74
1.81

L a b o r e rs , m a terial h a n d lin g ----------------------------------------------M t' l fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------^ r ie County ------- -------------------------------------N iagara C o u n t y ---------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g----------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities * ----------------------------------------------------------- —

$

40
40
37
3
"

3
3
3

-

3
11

28

11
1
1

24

-

23
-

1
1

12
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

9
9
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

32
32
32

1

103
103
73
30

10

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
31

17
14

4
4
4
"

Z

12
2

3
3
3
-

-

21
10

-

9
7
7

'
27

49
Zb
23
3
23

87
30
18
57

9

7

17
17

ll

10
10

-

9
9
6

-

2
2

1
1
1

-

-

-

6
6
6

14
14
14

12

7
15
ii

15
15

6

21
Z1

11

6

13

10

11

5
5
5

83
74
74
9

43
4Z
42

14
Z

25

-

17

-

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

14

■

17

-

■

10

-

3
-

-

-

11

11

3

1

1
12

3
11

-

-

-

18
4
3

12

-

16

16
3
3
-

-

"

11

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e h ourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , B uffalo (E rie and Niagara C ounties), N. Y . , Septem ber 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Under 1 . 0 0
$
uncfer

<
kcr»

1.0 0

$

T ru ck d rivers 3 --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------- ----------------------E rie C o u n t y ---------------------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y ---------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g----------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------------

2,451
846
706
140
1,605
930

2 .4 0
2 .3 9
2 .4 0
2 .3 5
2.41
2 .4 3

T r u ck d riv ers, light (under lV* t o n s ) --------M a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y -----------------------------------------

413
177
1 60

2 .2 5
2 .2 6

T ru ck d riv e rs , m edium (lV a to a n d
including 4 t o n s ) ----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ----------------------------------------N iagara C o u n t y ----------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g-----------------------------------Pu blic utilities * ---------------------------------

549
167
133
34
382
176

2 .2 4
2 .2 5
2 .2 3
2. 36
2 .2 3
2 .4 2

T r u ck d riv ers , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r t y p e ) ----------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g --------------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * -----------------------------------------

754
585
425

2. 55
2. 55
2 .4 7

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons, other
than tr a ile r t y p e ) ------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y --------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ------------------------------------------P u blic u tilities * ----------------------------------------

579
243
223
336
149

2 .4 8
2.51
2.51
2 .4 6
2. 53

T ru c k e r s , pow er ( fo r k lift ) ---------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ----------------------------------------------------- j—
Niagara C o u n t y --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------j—
Pu blic utilities * -------------------------------------------*
—

1,4 8 7
1 ,2 9 7
977
320
190

2 .31

86

2 .3 5
2 . 18
2 .3 4
2 .3 6

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than f o r k l i f t ) ---------——
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------- ——
•
E rie C o u n ty --------------------------------------------------- )—
Niagara C o u n t y ----------------------------------------

499
490
366
124

2 .3 0
2. 30
2. 31
2 .2 5

W a t c h m e n ---------------------------------- ------- ---------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ------- -------------------------------------Niagara C o u n t y ---------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g -----------------------------------------P u blic utilities * --------------------------------------

459
34o
214
126
119
32

1.71
1.82
1. 73
1.96
1.40
1 .5 7

1
a
3
*

2 .2 0

2 . 30

_
-

1.10

$
1

.
-

$
1.30
1.40

9
10

1.2 0

1.2 0

1.30

S
1.50
1.60

t ,
1.60
1.70

$
1. 70
1.80

87

23
.... 1 0
4

S
1.8 0
1-90
4

-

2 .0 0

2 .10

2 .3 0

4

_
-

8

29

7
7

2
2

266
92
91

7
7
7
-

86

118

57
53
4
29

3
3

6

2

12

-

-

-

67
-

13
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

.
-

_
-

15
4

9
9
9

17
4
4

2

-

-

-

-

6

2

1

78

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

2

1

-

-

-

-

1

3
2
2

-

1

-

16

427
291
140"1 93
122
70
18
23
287
198
197
6

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

19
18

196
28
25
168

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

9
9"

11

10

77

11
8

lo
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

"

"

-

-

54

40
25
13

15
4
4
11
6

-

“

24
9
9
15
“

26
20

"2 1

20

21

6
-

33
12

12

15
“

-

-

-

6

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

10
10
10

-

77

99
95

13
64

27

-

1

-

-

4

-

"

-

-

3

1
1
1

58
58
58
-

73
73
65

8

105
103
57
46
2
2

3

3

3

-

-

7

29

5

10

-

42
42
32

30

2

5
2

18

2

10

10

12

19
“

"

39

9
7

6
5

68

8

19
19
3

112

85
74

11

27
24
80
80

41
39
33
32
28
4
1

17

1
1

-

399

189

349

168

309
40
50

110
21

-

-

39
39
31

120

8

29
29
2
27
“

45
45

27
24
24

.
-

_
-

-

_
-

24
14
14
-

1

1

1

12

1
1

1
1

1
1

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

163

-

40

60

------ g—

-

39

60

33
31

-

-

-

~

102

28
28
28

2

102
102

2
2

-

-

19
138
138

6

-

63
3
3
60
-

12

36
26

-

113
30
30
83
“

169
31“

4
-

-

-

107
’ 103
103
4

19

8

112
22

-

-

386
251
218
33
135
80

21

2

-

$
2. 70
2 .8 0

26

40
36
28

3

2
1

'

S
2 .6 0
2 .7 0

725
95
44
51
630
630

12
12

20

2
1
1

15
14
14
-

2 .2 0

1

26

1

4
3

-

$
2 .5 0
2.6Q

t
$
2 .3 0 2 .4 0
2. 4Q__ 2 .5 0

"

4

67
-

2 .2 0

1

-

-

$

2 .1 0

"

-

-

$

2 .0 0

-

16

-

1

S

2

2

“

6

$
1.90
-

137
78
74
4
59
17

6

-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay f o r o vertim e and f o r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
Includes all d riv e r s r e g a rd le ss o f s ize and type o f truck operated.
T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




S
1.40
1.50

58

~TT0

58
62
8
8

3
5
-

422
419
419

■

85

j ? 5

68
68

3 79
" 313
286
27

-

125
29
25
96
80
100

8
0
58

$
2 .8 0
2 .9 0

9

2 .9 0
3.00.

12

<
3 .0 0
and
over_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

14

44
"?Z
42

12
i2
12

26

-

-

-

-

2b

14

14

22
20

2

-

-

-

-

-

*

8
8
1

21
12
12

16

_
-

4

14

-

-

4

7

16
-

52
52
52

14
-

“

“

66
62

-

-

-

-

~

-

16

“

----

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

”




12

B> Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(P erce n t o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs in establishm ents having fo rm a l p ro v isio n s fo r shift w ork , and in establishm ents
actually operating late shifts by type and amount o f d ifferen tial, B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C o u n tie s), N. Y . , Septem ber 1958)
In e s ta b lis h m e n t's h a vin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s a c t u a lly
o p e r a t in g —

Shift d iff e r e n t ia l
S e c o n d sh ift
w ork

T o t a l ____

________

_____

__

W ith s h ift p a y d iff e r e n t ia l

_____

__

9 0 .0

__ __________

U n ifo r m c e n t s (p e r h o u r ) _________

__

__ _____

O ther3

_

_

___

______

__ __ _

__
_ ____

1 9 .2

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

6 .9

__

__

8 7 .4

1 9 .2

6 .9

5 7 .3

__

3 p e r c e n t _____ __ _____ ___ __
5 p e r c e n t __ __ _____________________________
7 percen t
____ _______
__ __ _ __
7 7 a p e r c e n t ________ __ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
9 percen t
_________ _____ __ __ —
10 p e r c e n t
______ ____
_ __ __ __
12 p e r c e n t
_____ __ _____ ____________

N o shift pay d ifferen tia l

8 7 .5

S e c o n d sh ift

9 0 .0

4 c e n ts _ _ __ _ _ ____
5 c e n t s ______ ________________ _
6 o r 6^a c e n t s
___________________
7 o r 7 V* c d n ts
____
__,
8 c e n t s _ _ __ __ _
9 o r 9 Va c e n t s __r__ __ _______ __ u
10 c e n t s _______________ _____ __
11 c e n t s ____ _____
___ __
12 c e n t s __ ______________________________ _ ..
O v e r 12 and u n d e r 15 c e n t s __ _______
15 c e n t s
__ _____ __ __ _ __ __ __ _
O v e r 15 c e n t s
__ __ __ __ __ __
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

5 2 .6

1 1 .2

4 .8

1. 1
4 .8
3 .4
2 .2
1 9 .5
4 .7
1 0 .5
.3
2 .2
2 .4
4 .6
1 .6

.4
1. 1
1 .9
7 .6
1 1 .9
2 0 .2
2 .4
4 .0
3. 1

.3
.7
.4
.4
4 .5
.8
1 .0
.4
.9
1 .7
. 1

2 5 .0

2 3 .7

6 .7

.9

.4
1 4 .7
1. 1
8 .8
“

4. 6
.6
18. 0
.5

. 1
5. 0
.2
1 .4
“

.3

7 .7

11. 1

1.3

_

.1

_
( 2)
. 1
.2
.6
.5
3. 0

( 2)
.2
.2

( 2)
.6
“

1.2
( 2)

1
Includes establishm ents cu rren tly operating late shifts, and establishm ents with fo rm a l p ro v isio n s cov erin g late shifts
even though they w e re not cu rren tly operating late shifts.
a L e s s than 0 .0 5 p ercen t.
3 Includes d ifferen tia ls varying a cco rd in g to occupation o r a cco rd in g to d egree o f shift rotation, com bination o f a cents
d ifferen tial plus a paid lunch p e rio d , and other p ro v is io n s .

13
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fi c e w o r k e r s , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s ), N . Y . , S e p te m b e r 1958)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
N on m an u factu rin g

M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

______________________

M an u factu rin g
A ll
Indus tr i6 s

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—
A ll
sch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

3?y2

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

37 %

204

E s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _____
$ 3 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 4 0 .0 0 _______________________
$ 4 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 4 2 . 50 _______________________
$ 4 2 .5 0 and un d er $ 4 5 .0 0
___ ___ ___________
$ 4 5 .0 0 and un d er $ 4 7 .5 0
........................................
$ 4 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 5 0 .0 0 _______________________
$ 5 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 5 2 . 50 ____________________ _
$ 5 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 5 5 .0 0
________ _____ ____
$ 5 5 .0 0 and un d er $ 5 7 . 50 _______________________
$ 5 7 .5 0 and unde r $ 6 0 .0 0 _______________________
$ 6 0 .0 0 and un d er $ 6 2 .5 0 _______________________
$ 6 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 6 5 .0 0 ____________
___ __
$ 6 5 .0 0 and un d er $ 6 7 .5 0 _______________________
$ 6 7 . 50 and und er $ 7 0 . 00 _______________________
$ 7 0 .0 0 and un d er $ 7 2 . 50 ____________________ _
$ 7 2 .5 0 and under $ 7 5 .0 0
_____________________
$ 7 5 .0 0 and o v e r ______________________________ _
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m i n i m u m ___
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ___________________________________
Data not a v a ila b le _
___ __ _____________________

112

XXX

92

XXX

XXX

204

112

XXX

92

XXX

XXX

97
3
11
5
12
6
18
4
8
8
9
5
2
2
1
1
2
35

62
_
4
2
7
6
8
4
6
6
9
4
1
2
.
1
2
24

49
_
4
1
3
4
7
2
6
5
8
3
1
2

14
3
3
1
2
_
3
_
_
1
_
>
1
_

49
_
5
1
3
5
10
2
2
5
8
2
1
2

22
_
4
2
3
_
5
_
2
1
2
1
1

_

_
-

1
_
_

XXX

1
2
26

XXX

45
6
11
2
5
4
8
1
2
1
2
1
1
_
1
_
.
14

16
6
3
_
2
2
2
1
_
_
_
_
_
_

XXX

106
6
16
5
13
9
19
5
4
6
11
4
2
2
1
1
2
40

61
_
5
3
8
5
11
4
2
5
9
3
1
2

_
_

17
_
1
2
3
.
6
_
2
1
_
1
_
_
1
_
_

XXX

35
3
7
3
5
_
10
_
2
2
_
1
1
.
1
_
_
11

XXX

XXX

71
1

25
1

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

57
1

24
1

XXX
XXX

33
~

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

.

1
2

46
-

_

_

-

1
2

1 L o w e s t s a la r y rate f o r m a lly e s t a b lis h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typing o r o th e r c l e r i c a l j o b s ,
2 R a tes a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g i r l s , o r s im ila r s u b c l e r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H ou rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r ie s . D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r all w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w o rk w e e k s r e p o r t e d .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by sch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B u ffa lo ( E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n tie s ), N . Y . , S e p te m b e r 1958)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u rs
All industries 1
A ll w o r k e r s

_____________

__ -------

-------------

_

U n der 37l/ 2 h o u r s _____________________________ _
3 7 % h ou rs _ ----- ------------------ ------------- ----------O v e r 3 7 % and u n d er 40 h o u rs _ __ ----------------40 h ou rs __ __________________________ — ----------O v e r 40 and un d er 45 h o u rs __________________
45 h ou rs and o v e r _______ _____
______ __

1
2
3
*

Manufacturing

100

100

5
29
3
62
_
( 3)

2
11
5
82
_
(3)

Public utilities*

All industries 2

100

100

1
60

1
8
1
85
3
2

-

39
(3 )

Manufacturing
100
2
3
(3)
92
2
1

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th ose in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s .




Public utilities*
100
-

_
98
.
2

14
Table B-4. Paid H o lid ays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by n u m b er o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u ally, B u ffa lo ( E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . , S e p te m b e r 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

All industries1

. . .

_

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities*

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities*

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id h o lid a y s
_____
___
___
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
n o p aid h o lid a y s
—
__
__ ______

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

97

98

100

( 3)

-

-

3

2

-

(3)
23
2
8
( 3)
21
1
8
1
8
3
3
( 3)
3
1
16
1

(3 )
14
2
14
.
.
34
2
14
1
13
5
1
(3)
.
-

1
17
.
2
2
_
*

1
25
( 3)
11
(? )
(3)
29
2
9
14
(3)
1
.
1
1
2
“

1
10
15
1
_
38
2
12
_
17
.
2
.
1
-

1
20
_
_

_
2
3
5
5
28
30
71
71
96
96
97

_
_
1
2
2
31
34
87
87
97
97
98

N um ber o f d a y s
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s _
___
6 h o lid a y s ------ „ „
___ __
6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days
6 h o lid a y s plus 3 h a lf days
6 h o lid a y s plus 4 h a lf d a ys __
7 h o lid a y s ________
_____ „
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _
__
_______
7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days
7 h o lid a y s plu s 6 h a lf days
_______ ___ __ __
8 h o lid a y s
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y __ _____________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days
8 h o lid a y s plu s 4 h a lf days
9 h o lid a y s __ __
_ _ __
10 h o lid a y s
_ ___
11 h o lid a y s __ . .
__ __
12 h o lid a y s
__
_
__ __ __ __

31
2
45
-

-

( 3)
19
_
_
14
.
_
.
15
3
28
-

T o t a l h o l i d a y t im e 4
12 d a y s __ _____ __ _
11 o r m o r e days _
__
10 o r m o r e days 9 o r m o r e days __ __ _
__
8l/ 2 o r m o r e d ays
__
__
8 o r m o r e days _ ___
71 o r m o r e days _ _
/*
_
7 o r m o r e days - __ __ ___
6l/ 2 o r m o r e days ___
—
6 o r m o r e days _
5 o r m o r e d ays _ __ „
__
__
2 o r m o r e days _ _____
__ __

1
2
3
4
no h a lf
*

___

__
_
__ _
______
__

_
— ___

__ __

1
17
19
25
28
44
45
75
76

99
99
99

_
.
2
7
7
33
35
83
86
100
100
100

45
47
79
79
79
80
83
83

99
99

100

_
28
32
47
47
61
61
80
80

99
99

100

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v ic e s in ad d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s sh ow n
s e p a r a t e ly .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d ays that add to the s a m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l
o f 7 days in c lu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll d ays and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days
and 2 h a lf d a y s ,
5 fu ll
days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o o n .
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u la te d .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




15
T able B-5. Paid V acations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plan t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v i s io n s , B u ffa lo ( E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . , S e p te m b e r 1958)
OFFICE W0RKER8

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 1

A ll w ork e rs

______________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities*

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities*

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
( 3)

100
98
1
1

100
100
-

100
89
8
1
2

100
86
11
3

100
99
1
_

-

-

-

M e t h o d off p o y m o n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a t i o n s _______________________________ __
L e n g t h -o f - t im e paym en t .
P e r c e n t a g e p aym en t
_
F la t - s u m paym en t _
----O th er -- ____ . _____ .. ___ __________ . ___ ___
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
n o paid v a c a tio n s
__ __

-

-

6
65
6
( 3)

6
68
2
( 3)

_
55
17
-

16
12
2
-

17
6
1
-

1
36
15
-

_
19
1
80
( 3)

_
16
_
84
-

_
28
1

(3 )
78
4

71
-

17
-

_
86
2
12
-

48
4
48
"

_
10
(3 )
87
2
1

_

_
4
3
93
_

(3 )
54
10
32
2
1

_
61
11
28
_

_
31
16
53
_

-

-

_
12
39
49
_
1

2
_
96
2
-

A m o u n t off v o c a t i o n p a y 4
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w eek
__ _
1 w eek
__ __
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _
2 w eeks
_
-----

__ __
_ _

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _
_ _ _ _ _ _
1 w eek
_
___
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s _
__ __
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _
__
___
_____
1 w eek _____
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s
2 w eek s — __ __ ___
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s
3 w eek s _
______
__

___
__
_
__
_

______

___
__

_
_

__
_ .........
_____
___ _

9
_
91
_
-

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek ------ __
_ __ __
__
__ ____
1 w eek ___________________________________________
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s _
2 w eek s _ —
_
_ _
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ____ ___ ______________
3 w eek s _
_ _ _ _ _
___ _

_
2
1
93
2
2

_
4
1
95
_
-

_
1
99
_

(3)
10
28
57
2
3

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




NOTE:

In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p aym en ts o th e r than "len g th o f t i m e , "
s u ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a len t tim e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p ay.

16
T able B-5. Paid V acatio n s-C o n tin u ed
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f f i c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n tie s ), N . Y . , S e p te m b e r 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities*

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities*

A m o u n t o l v a c a t i o n p a y 4 — C o n t in u e d
A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek
2 w eek s

___
____________
__________ _____ _
_ _____________ ______ ___ __ _____ _
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w ee k s _
-------------------3 w eek s _
— ______
___________________ __ _

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ______ _______________ __
2 w eek s ______ __________ ___
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s

3 w eek s

_

( 3)
90
3
7

(3 )
94

( 3>
42

(3)
39

46

45

( 3)
9
( 3)
89

_
94
.

(3 )

1

5

6

(3 )
89

2
8

(3 )
95

2
2

•
93

2

4

y

_____ ____
__ ___
_ ______

--------------------------------------------------------------

1
2

1
6

(3 )
34
29
37

(3 )
31
39
30

(3 )

74
_
26

_
57

(3)

2

40

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek
2 w eeks

__________

_____

_____________

„

__ _

„
_______
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s __ «_
3 w eek s
— _____ __ _______________ „
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s _ ________ _____ __
____ __ __
4 w eek s _____ _______ _

1
1

6

_
90

2
2

9
.
91
_
-

1
1
1
83
3

6
1
8
6

2

4
3

1
0
1

(3 )

78
4

1
0
1

(3 )

(3 )
6

45
13
31

41
18
34

2

(3 )

76
3
9

(* )
97
_

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1
2

w eek
___ _____________ _____
_____________
w eek s _______________ ______
__ ------ ---------O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s __ ____ ____ _______
--------- - -------3 w eek s --------------- —
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ---------- —
4 w eek s _ ___ ____________________________

(3 )

8

(3 )
5
.

( 3)
82

8
6

9

2
7

1

.
9
.
85
6

6
2

1
1

( 3)
95
2
2

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1

w eek
___
____________________________________
2 w eek s _____ __________ _
______________ ____
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w ee k s ______ _ __
____
3 w eeks
__
_____ __
_______________ _
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w eek s ------------------------- __ _
4 w eek s --------------------------- — __
_____

1
2
3
4
s e r v ic e
*

( 3)
7
(3)
46
7
40

(3 )
5
.
44

1
2

39

_
9
50
41

1

_
( 3)
51
2
46

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in ad d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e f l e c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n g es in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s '
in clu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




17
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions employed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension ben efits, Buffalo (Brie and Niagara Counties) N . Y . , September 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Type of benefit
All industrial1

M
anufacturing

P
ublic utilities*

All in
dustries 2

M
anufacturing

P
ublic u
tilities*

100

100

100

100

95

98

98

92

96

98

45

55

61

43

48

63

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Life insurance
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
___ .
insurance
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both3
_____
Sickness and accident insurance
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)
_____

_____

91

_

94

83

87

93

67

7

69

82

30

73

Hospitalization insurance
Surgical insurance
__
M edical insurance
Catastrophe in s u r a n c e __ —___ —........................
Retirem ent pension
_ —
No health, insurance, or pension p la n _____

93

50

66

92

14

7

38

4

6

1

8

8

29

85
82
61
16
81
1

94
92
64
15
81
1

53
52
46
19
89
( 4)

88
87
51
7
77
3

96
95
53
5
81
1

71
71
48
33
89

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
S ick -leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the minim um number of days' pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
Informal sick -leave allowances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.
Excludes sickness and accident or
combination plans which m eet only the minimum requirem ents of the State law as to benefits or em ployer contributions.
In som e instances, the proportions of workers covered by paid sick leave (full
pay and no waiting period) are somewhat lower than reported in earlier studies, due to a m ore rigid adherehce to the criteria distinguishing form al from inform al plans.
4 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

*




18

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-tim e,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Of fic e
BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)-----Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Eilliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances
Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR----- Continued
Class A— Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B——Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B ---- Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers *

19
CLERK, FILE
Class A -----Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B ---- Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing tne items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

20
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR. GENERAL---- Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A -----Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is 16 transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN,

LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B — Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc ., setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN. LEADER-----Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN. SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, e tc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

21
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE,

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injurecfT
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)-----Continued
and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

and

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings^ models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with £ower, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

22
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in topi and die jobbing shops are excluded fr<ftn this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re ­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

23
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE---- Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker*s handtools and precision
measuring instruments, understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker*s work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity~of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

24
LABORER,

MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK---- Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers' houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under
tons)
medium ( 1 ^ to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over
tons, trailer type)
heavy (over
tons, other thantrailer type)

4
4

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other Than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1959 0 — 4 9 2 2 1 7

Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959* These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 2 5 ,D .C .,
or from any of the regional sa les offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis w ill be issued early in I960.
A bulletin for the labor market listed below is now available*




Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102