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Occupational Wage Survey

ATLANTA, GEORGIA
M AY 19S9

B u lle tin

N o .

1 2 4 0 -1 9

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagoe, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




ATLANTA, GEORGIA
MAY 1959

B u lle tin

N o. 1240*19
June 1959

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F
Jam es

P. M itchell,

LABOR

S e cre ta ry

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commitaonar

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.— Price 20 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U. S. Bureau of Labor
Bulletin, no. 1 Washington.




no. in

U. S.

Statistics.

Nov. 1895-

v. 23-26 cm.

v. illus. 16-28 cm.

Library of Congress

ir58t2]

Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8061.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—T S. j2. Employee H i>+J.
ntS)
t Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

331.06173

Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Occupational wage survey. 1949—
W ashington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev*J

HD4973.A462

331.2973

T S. Dept, of Labor.
J.
for Library of Congress

Library
(57r52nljf

L 49—126*

Preface

Contents
Page
■Introduction ____________________________________________ ______________
W age tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s __ ________________ 2

The C om m u n ity W age S u rv e y P r o g r a m
The B u rea u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s r e g u la r ly c o n d u cts
a re a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n t e r s . The s tu d ie s , m a de fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la te to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d s u p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fit s .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le t io n
o f the study in e a c h a r e a , u su a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l data
n ot in clu d e d in the e a r lie r r e p o r t . A c o n s o lid a te d a n a ly tica l
b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the re stilts o f a ll o f the y e a r 's s u r v e y s
is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a b u lle tin fo r the
c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in A tla n ta , G a . , b y B e r n a r d J . F a h r e s , u n der the
d ir e c t io n o f L o u is B . W oy ty ch , R e g io n a l W age and In d u s t r ia l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.




1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y
In d exes o f stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s _________
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - l . O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s ----------------------------------------------------A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s ___________ 6
A - 3 . M a in ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________ 7
A - 4 . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ___

A p p en d ix:

1

2

3

8

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________ ___ _____________ 10

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu la tion s f o r m o s t o f th ese ite m s a r e a v a ila ­
b le in the A tlan ta a r e a r e p o r t s f o r M a r ch o f e a c h y e a r fr o m
1951 to 1955, A p r il 1956 and 1957, and M ay 1958. M o s t o f the
r e p o r t s in clu d e d data on sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l p r o v is io n s ; m in im u m
en tra n ce r a te s f o r w om en o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; s c h e d u le d w eek ly
h o u r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and
p e n s io n p la n s. The 1954 r e p o r t (B LS B u ll. 1 1 5 7 -3 ) a ls o p r o v id e s
a ta bu la tion o f the rate o f pay f o r h o lid a y w o rk ; the 1955 r e p o r t ,
data on pay p r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g on n o n w o rk d a y s, and
fr e q u e n c y o f w age p a ym en t.
B oth the 1954 and 1958 r e p o r t s
p r o v id e data on o v e r t im e pay p r a c t ic e s , w age s tru c tu re c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s , and la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts .
A d ir e c t o r y
in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as
r e p o r t s fo r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u r re n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the A tlan ta a r e a a re a ls o a v a ila b le
f o r m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s (F e b r u a r y 1959), and auto d e a le r r e ­
p a ir sh op s (Ju ly 1958).
U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g
pa y le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le f o r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p r in tin g lo c a l-t r a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii




Occupational W a g * Survey—-Atlanta, 6a,
Introduction
T h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u str ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 1s B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s
c o n d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w ag e b e n e fits
on an a r e a b a s is .

b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

The .b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
ea rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u rea u fie ld agen ts in the la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y f o r o c c u ­
pations r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r stu d y.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a de
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose re sp o n d e n ts r e p o rtin g unusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
take a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee ap p en d ix f o r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r ip t i o n s .)
E a rn in g s data
a r e p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c ­
c u p a tio n s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in ­
ten an ce and p o w e r plant; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed fr o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r ­
tation (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u stry grou p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e se s tu d ie s , b e s id e s
r a ilr o a d s , a r e g ov e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x ­
tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e om itte d a ls o b e c a u s e th ey fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a rra n t i n c l u s i o n .1 W h e r ­
e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h * o f the b r o a d
in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T o obtain
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied .
In co m b in in g the d a ta, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s

1 S ee ta ble b e lo w f o r m in im u m -s iz e e sta b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in g s

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e sh ow n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
ule in the g iv e n o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ifi c a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ift s .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly
h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) fo r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e pa id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea r n in g s f o r th e se
o c cu p a tio n s have b een rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a il
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e am on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pa tion al s tr u c tu r e do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.

Table 1 Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Atlanta, Ga., 1 by major industry division, * May 1959
.
Number of establishments
Industry division

All divisions

_ _
_

. . --- -- _
.

Manufacturing _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
_ _
_
Nonmanufacturing
_
_
___
„ _
„
__ ___ ___ „
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication,
and other public utilities4
_ --_
_
_
Wholesale trade
_ _
_
_
_
_
_ _ ___ _
_ _
_
Retail trade
_
_
_
_
_ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
_ _
_
Finance, insurance, and real estate _____
Services*,
___
. _
. _
___
___ ____

Within scope
of study *

Workers in establishments
Studied

Within scope
of study

Studied

718

191

156,400

97,320

238
480

60
131

68, 900
87,500

45,720
51, 600

62
134
121
84
79

22
35
31
25
18

22,400
15, 800
26,300
13,700
9 300
,

17, 510
6 020
,
17, 370
7 110
,
3,590

1 The Atlanta Metropolitan Area (Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, and Fulton Counties). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the
size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment
trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the
scope of the survey.
a The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier edition used in previous
surveys are the transfer of milk pasteurization plants and ready mixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting
from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
* Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation (51 employees). All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto
repair services, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
* This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n ts in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .

o c c u p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in
tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio o f th e se
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d
w a s com p u te d an d the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d
g et the in d e x fo r the g iv e n y e a r .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that is ,
the stan d ard w o r k sch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in e a ch g ro u p . T he o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , f ile ,
c la s s A and B ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o ffic e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ;
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; an d t y p is ts , c la s s A and B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l n u rse data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s . M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e r e
in clu d e d in the plant w o r k e r data:
S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ;
p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h an dlin g; and
w a tch m en .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w ag e ch a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e ls .
C h a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e ca n
ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t
a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m igh t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c cu p a tio n and r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . T h e m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f a n a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n though no ch an ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h e u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s , r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d by c h a n g e s in
stan dard w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e th ey
a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b .
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l

T a b le 2.

an a g g re g a te f o r *each o c c u p a ­
g ro u p a g g r e g a te s f o r a g iv en
(s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952-53)
b y the b a s e y e a r in d e x (10 0) to

In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts a p p e a r e d in BL>S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W ages and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 19 L a b o r M a r k e ts , W in ter 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

In d exes o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t -t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l grou p s in A t la n ta , G a . ,
M a y 1 9 5 9 and M a y 1 9 5 8 , and p e r c e n ts o f i n c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d exes
( M a r c h 1 9 5 3 = 100)

In d u stry and o cc u p a tio n a l grou p
M a y 1959

M ay 1958

P e rcen t in c re a se s fro m —
M ay 1958
to
M a y 1959

A p r i l 1957
to
M ay 1958

A p r il 1956
to
A p r i l 1957

M arch 1955
to
A p r il 1956

M a rch 1954
to
M a r c h 1955

M a rch 1953
to
M arch 1954

A l l i n d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) _______________________
I n d u str ia l n u r s e s (w om en) _
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m en)
__ _
U n s k ille d plan t (m en)
. . .
_

126. 9
1 3 7 . 4X
1 3 1 .5
137. 1

122. 1
131. 3
1 2 6 .4
1 3 5 .7

3 .9
4 .7
4. 0
1. 0

5.
5.
6.
5.

6
5
2
6

3. 4
3. 8
4. 3
4 .9

6 .3
9 .0
5. 4
13. 6

2. 2
4. 3
2 .9
1. 8

3. 0
5. 3
5. 3
5 .9

M an u fac tu r in g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en)
In d u str ia l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ____________ ________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce ( m e n ) ------------------------------U n s k ille d p lan t ( m e n ) ------------------------------------—

1 2 7 .0
138. 5
130. 3
1 3 8 .8

1 2 3 .9
1 3 1 .9
1 2 6 .0
1 3 6 .0

2.
5.
3.
2.

6. 8
6 .0
6. 8
7. 3

5. 0
5 .0
3. 9
6. 6

4. 4
8. 8
5. 0
1 1 .4

1.
4.
3.
1.

3.
4.
4.
A
4.




5
1
4
1

9
3
1
7

8
4
9
O
7

A*

O c c u p a t io n a l

E a r n in g s

Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Atlanta, G a., May 1959)
Amisi
Number
o
f
wres
okr

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Under lo. 00 Is. 00 lo. 00 15. 00 lo. 00 Is. 00 fo. 00
and
’
KS'( t n a d ( t n a d lo. 00 under
S adr) Sadr)
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75.00

90.
too. 00 $05.00 $10. 00 f15. 00 120. 00
Is. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 $ 00 *95. 00 ‘
and
80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 110. 00 115.00 120. 00 over

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A
_
_
_
500
39.5
93.50
Manufacturing
„ ~ —
_ _
_
. . . — TIT" l O "
94.50
Nonmanufacturing _
_
_
_ _
387
93.50
39.5
Public utilities* _
_
_
82
39. 0 107.00
160
Wholesale trade
_
_ _
„ _
40.0
93.50
Retail trade
. . .
...
87.50
41.5
39
Finance |
85.00
38.5
99

_
-

Clerks, accounting, class B
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities*
—
--Wholesale trade
. . .
Finance f _
„
_ _
_ _
_
_

73.50
75700“
73.00
73.50
73.50
69.00

_
-

Clerks, order _
Manufacturing _
„
Nonmanufacturing
____
Wholesale trade _
Retail trade__ _
_
_

.

.

.

489
—

_
_ _

382
56
242
59

...
_ _
_

288
.
.

_
_

_
.

_ —
_
. . .

_

_

_

-

"

_
*
_
-

_
28
53
- --- z~ --- 7 ~
46
26
8
28
25
1
10
_

40.5
69. 6
40.5
40.0
43.5

74.50
76.00 '
74.00
74.00
74.50

-

104
63
51
27

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

81.00
77. 00
85. 00
85.00

“

_
-

.
-

39. 0
39.6
39.0
39.5
38.5

51.50
50.00
51.50
54. 00
47.50

-

40
15
25
2
21

66
--61
16
28

252
52
200
52
56
76

39. 0
59.5
39.0
38.5
39. 0
39. 0

79.50
94.50
75.50
78.50
81.50
71.50

-

5

10
10

174

39.5

61.00

_

s i

250
... ---T T ”
210
77
73

Tabulating-machine operators___________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
...
...
Public utilities* _
_
„ _
...
Wholesale trade _
Finance t
.....

39.5
~"40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
37.5

_

-

236
193
43

—

Clerks, payroll_______________________________
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing
Wholesale trade_
Office boys
_
Manufacturing
_ _
_
Nonmanufacturing
_
Wholesale trade .
Finance f —

n rr~

_

-

5
2

-

4

-

-

3

4

3 --- j
23—
22
3
2
21
1
.
1
1
1
-

16
12
4
2

93
— nr83
39
20

19
3
16
4

10
10
1

11
1
10
1
8

3
4

4

24
11 --- g—
21
79
--- 7“ ---R “
7
14
4
65
19
1
1
3
8
10
19
7
1
2
36
3
3
3

60
34
57
43
42
8 --- g- --- 9“ --- 5~ --- r —
48
38
52
25
33
14
1
3
3
9
23
23
21
9
9
10
7
2
9
6
8
12
13
12

46_
40
32
55 --- ?
82 '
31
- IT- --- 7“ --- 5“ ---IT--- 8“
18
37
68
26
47
33
52
4
8
6
8
2
15
24
18
18
57
26
13
15
1
4
20
1
81

—

v

r

44
58
10 — 13
31
48
41
31
7
9
9
22
--- 5“
17
8
20
20
1

6
6
4
2
"

_
-

-

_
-

1
1
1
-

2
2
2
-

8
8
8
-

6
6
-

7
7
4

-

2
2
2

17
5
12
7

6
6
6
-

2
2
2
-

16

25
25
6

2

2
12 ----j_
5
7
1
1
1
3
3
-

14
56
15 ---- r
6
— 17“
13
39
9
*27
5
3
4
10
9
1
2
-

1
4
12
38
31 --- j_
32
31
--- 1 - --- 5~ --- 5“ --- T - ----r
5
4
37
26
27
2
25
4
26
16
18
2
21
4
21
9
"
-

6
2
4
4

14

21
6
15
12
3

44
re28
12
15
1
-

7
7
7
—

4
1
3
~

1
r~
-

-

35

_

20

5

2

30
10

18
9
8
1

9
3
6
-

12
7
5
-

2
2
"

6
5
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

■

-

-

25
$
20

14
3
11

19
11
8

32
19
13

7

-

4

2

2

4
2
2

7

3
-

1
1
1
-

1
--- j_

3

-

3

2

“

-

“

~

“

-

-

"

“

”

-

*

“

■

-

“

7

2
2

3

7

8

9

12

12

24
6
18
18
-

27
9
18
11
“

14
6
8
8
-

1
2
2
-

“

1
1
“

1
I
“

■

8

-

-

4
4

-

"

■

23

16
6
10

-

8
8

1

-

-

13

7

3

2

6

2

Women
Billers, machine (billing machine)
Manufacturing
. . . .
Nonmanufacturing _
Wholesale trade
Retail trade _
Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine)
Nonmanufacturing
.
.. ..

-------55“ “ “
4070“ ■"61750“

119
43
37

39.5
40. 0
40. 0

60.50
70.50
51.50

45

40.0

57.50

-------TT~ ~ T 0 .1 T “ 5 5 7 5 T

65.50
192
40.0
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ____________
— 3 T r “ 5 9 :5 “ 7 5 7 0 0 “
Manufacturing
..
_
40. 0 63.50
162
Nonmanufacturing _ .
. .
_
_
.... . _
44
70.50
40.0
Wholesale trade__________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




-

34
12
13 ------- T —
S~ -------5“
8
4
32
4
8
11

_
-

1
10
16
1 — n r ------I T -

_
-

2

- —
-

2

9

30

- ------- j 26
9

26

19
n r --- 5”
16
13
1
3
12
2
_
-

30
-

30
6

6

------- 5“ ------- T“

31
2
29
6

23
4
19
6

5

18
14

3

19
1

18
12

1

-

"

4
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Atlanta, G a ., May 1959)
Atbsaos
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
w
orker*

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

S
$
f
$
Weekly, Weekly , Under 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00
hour*
earning* $
(Standard) (Standard) 40. 00 under
“
■15*00- JLQaJttL .55.00 6 0 . 00

t
60. 00
6 5 .0 0

S
6 5 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

$
70. 00
7 5 .0 0

•
7 5 .0 0
80. 00

53
14
39
19
1

40
9
31
30
-

5
5
5
-

f
80. 00
8 5 .0 0

1

8 5 .0 0
90. 00

$

t
$
$
*
$
t
95 .0 0 1 00 . 00 105.00 n o . 00 115.00 120 . 00
and
95. 00 100 . 00 105. 00 110 . oc 115. O 120 . O o v » r
O
O

9 0 . 00

Wom e n— C ontinue d
Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , c la s s R
_ ^
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
__ _
_ __
W holesale t r a d e __________________________________
R etail trade
.................................... . .........................
Finance | __ — ____ — ___________ ____
-

470
7b
394
175
35
165

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 0 .5 0
'63.'00
6 0 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

-

C lerk s , accounting, c la s s A ___________________________
M anufacturing _ ________ __ __ __ _ _____ __ ____
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
P u blic u t ilitie s ’!1 _________________________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________________________
R etail trade ______________________________________
Finance t --------------------------------------------------------------

503
87
416
131
63
53
143

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
38. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
70. 00

-

-

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B _
___
M anufacturing
__ ____ — __ ________ __ __
_
Nonmanufacturing
___
__ ____ __ __ __ ____
P u blic utilities * _________________________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________________________
R etail trade
__
__
______ __ „ __ __ ____
Finance f — — ------- __ __________ _
___

1,596
117"
1.379
349
300
181
435

39. 0
40. 0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 0 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

2

84
84
3

193
29
164
12
20

268
68
26

28
92

45
93

214

3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0

2

-

12

8

35
3
9
23

1

5 5 .5 0
5 3 .5 0

2

12

-

57

6 1 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

_
-

C le r k s , file , c la s s B __
__ __ ______________ _
765
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________ <
_________________________ ------- 53 Nonmanufacturing
__
__ __ __ _________
722
P u blic utilities * ____ __
____ ________ __
64
Whole sale t r a d e _____ __ __ __ __ ___
__ ____
105
R etail trade
________
__
„
___
67
461
Finance t _ — _ __
__
__ ___ ________

3 9 .0
4 9 .5 0
3 9 : 3 " "6 4 .0 0
3 9 .0
4 8 .5 0
38. 0
57. 00
5 6 .5 0
40. 0
4 6 .5 0
40. 0
3 9 .0
4 6 .0 0

7
7
7
-

C le r k s , o r d e r __________________________________________
M anufacturing _ __ __ ____ __
__ ___ __ ____ _
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------R etail trade ______________________________________

3 9 .5
39. S
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 9 .5 0
6 o. Oo
5 9 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
5 2 .0 0

_
-

8
2
6

6 9 .0 0

_
-

7

C le r k s , file , c la s s A __
__ _________ _ __ __ ____
M anufacturing ___________________________________ ____ —
Nonmanufacturing
____ __ __ __
__ ____ ____
W holesale t r a d e __ __ _____________________ __ .
Finance t --------------------------------------------------------------

v r ~TTT~

185
32
86

286
41
245
156
85

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

C lerk 8 , p ayroll _
__ __
. . . .
__
. . __ __ _
3 9 .0
387
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________
„ „
--------__ . — IT T " “ 3 9 .3 “
3 9 .0
N on m an u factu rin g______________ ____________________
227
P u blic utilities * _____________!____________________
46
3 7 .5
3 9 .5
W holesale t r a d e __________________________________
75
3 9 .0
R etail t r a d e _____
__ _______ ____ ____
51
C om ptom eter op e ra to rs ________________________________
M anufacturing .......... „........... . „ , .............
Nonm anufacturing
___ __________________ __ __
P u blic u tilitie s * _________________________________
W holesale t r a d e __ __ ________ __
__ __
R etail trade — ------- — ........................—

7 5 . oO

7 0 .0 3
6 8 .0 0

7 4 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

536
44

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 5 .5 0
T6Y53

492
25
297
166

39.5
38.0
40.0
39.0

64.50
71.50
65.50
61.00

_




10

------- T ~

8

8

250
250
1

19
224

6

1
6

-

1
1

1

123

8

40

3
47

10

91
lb
75
59
4

46

11

19

1

18
18
7
7

14
14
_
14

41

66

81

286
18

289
32
257

233
41
192
37
53

21
102

6

21

62

60

5
4
3
37

21
8
6

25

21

216
45
171
46
58
36
27

134
7
127
69
51
7

43
26
23
5
17

10

17

60

36
29

26

47

111

43
43
4
17

4

35
7

85
13
72
34
14
3

35
—

y

2i
--------r

32
10

7

22
2
10

44
211
161
49 ------- j ------- T ~ ------- T - — n r
37
152
209
39
18
18
8
14
10
18
7
51
11
22
3
3
6
147
67
15

1
10
2
1

78
9
69
55

39
5
34
33

25
2

23
23

50
9
41
14
27

51
5
46
28
18

28
51
19
-------5 " — I T " — IE ~ —
11
15
25
1
6
4
7
10
8

3
-

18
-

3

18
4
14

-

68
1

67

46
19
--------j _ ------- * 18
42
9
8
24

3

-

'
See footnotes at end of table,

43

12

-

14
14

4
4
3
1

13
3
10
10

6
20

------IT "
5
4
1

16
6
10
10

1

-

48

52

T T —

T T —

iy

38
5
13
4

27

36

6
1

24

2
21

9

2

7

140

93

45

3
42
3
25
14

4
54
4

-

16

6

88
1

130
4
84
42

87
5

29

2

10

88

57
30

8
5 --------r
5
7
1
3

67

58

21

1

-

62
20

6

-

7
7

4
4
3
-

43
15
28

46
4
42

2
12
6
8

43
16
33

12

23
1
22
8

1

1
1

- _
-

18
41
— n r ------- T ~
16
31

19
19
7
4
-

19
l
18
3
5
5
4

8

—

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
6

6
6

7

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

12
11
1

2

2
2

2

“

2

"

-

-

2

-

2

-

-

2

2

_
-

“

-

7
13

3

5
4
1

-

4
9

1
1

-

1

-

2

24
13

1

1
1

2
2

3

2

-

1

-

1
1

2

-

1

-

-

9

8

_
-

9

-

-

4

4

-

_
-

_
-

2

_
-

_
-

19
rr

-

13
.
13
13
.
.
-

10
10

6
1

_
.
.
-

_
-

13
13
-

15

9
9

-

_
.
_
_
.
-

&
.
.
_

1

-

22

20

-

11
t

12
8
2
1
1

15

20

12
11
1
1

-

-

12

34
n>
24
16

6

1
1
1

29

_
_
_
_
_
-

19

4
7
-

29
-

^

_
.
-

31
9'

11

11

-

-

7
------- 4 3

3

5

_
-

-

2

2

2

5
9

6

2

_
-

2

r

20
8

27
-

6

4 —

1

2

------- j f
1
■
■
3
-

11

'

' r
10

-

3
3

2

-

10

-

2

“

1

-

-

-

5
Table A -l. O ffice O ccupatbns-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Atlanta, G a., May 1959)
Atmuob

Number
o
f
wres
okr

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
8
8
8
8
1
S
$
$
$
$
f
$
$
8
8
1
Wee l , Weekly j ^nder 40. 00 45.00 50. 00 55.00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00
ky
hus 1
or
and
( t n a d ( t n a d 40.00 under
Sad r ) Sadr)
45. 00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0

8
120.00

and
over

Women— Continued
Duplicating-machine operators (mimeograph
or ditto) _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ „ ______ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
Key-punch operators - — ___ ___ ___ — _ _ .
_ _
Manufacturing _
___ _
_ ____________ ___
Nonmanufacturing ______ __ __ ____ ____
Public utilities * ________ _ _ _ ________
_ _ _
Wholesale trade_ __
_ _ _ _ ________
_ _ _ _
Retail trade _____________________________
Finance f __ _ ____
_
_ ______ ________
_

30
572
"90
482
97
83
86
20 6

39.0

$
59.00

Office girls___________________________________
163
Nonmanufacturing
__ _ _
— 153”
Wholesale trade __________________________________
28
91
Finance t -------------------------------

39. 0
39.0
40. 0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39. 0
38.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

_________________________
____
____
____
— __

255

__ __ --------------------------- _ ------ 53
212
______
- ________ — _
70
________
__ — ----------38
------— ------- -------------

Switchboard operator-receptionists ______________
Manufacturing _ _ --_
-------- — -- —
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities* ________ _ ------ _ _ _
_
_ _
Wholesale trade---- _ -------- _
Retail trade — _ --- — —
_
------ --Finance t --------- --- — — --Tabulating-machine operators
_ _ _ _
_ _ _
_
_
Nonmanufacturing____ _ _ —
_ _
--- --Wholesale trade____ _ — — _ ----- —
_
Finance t _
____ __
—

_
130
- — ns”
31
31
_

Transcribing-machine operators, general___________
Manufacturing
_ _ _
_ _ _ __ — __ __ — — — Nonmanufacturing
--------- ------Wholesale trade__ _
_
----------Finance f _ _ _
_ _
_ „ _____
_
See footnotes at end of table.
513489 0 - 59 - 2




366
109
257
28
103
39
58

567
63

504
157
278

41.5
- iT."5 '
41.5
40.5
39.0

58.50
78.00 ‘
54.50
52.50
61.50

2

7

3

-

5

-

-

-

105
4

28

19

18

10

11

14

1

1Z

56

27

8
11

6

11

4

-

20

17

49

.
9
80

7
4
-

5

8

12
21
8

11
11

20

11
26
8

5 —
5
5
-

35
zv

49
7
3

91
14
77

70

49
29

80
3
77
17
3

“

24

15

1

-

-

-

_

67.50
39.0
39.5 T575TP
39.0
67.00
73. 00
38.5
70.00
39.5
40.0
60.50
59.50
39. 0

Switchboard operators
Manufacturing _ __
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade __
Finance t __ __

7

-

80.00
83.00
79.00
97.50
82.00
70.00
72.50

Stenographers, general________________________
1,515
Manufa cturing _____ _____ ___ ____ ___________ _
Z75""1
1,240
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities* ________ _ ____________
_
272
Wholesale trade______
__ __ — _ _
_
443
Retail trade _ _ _ _ --- --- -------_ _ _ _
106
316
Finance t --------------------------------------------------------------

6

49

42
42
4
33

52
49

33
33

22
20

6

.

3

.

.

§“

-

-

6

12

5

28

14

8

-

-

4
4
4

23
23
15

2T
--- 6

8

13

-

50.50
49.50
51.50
49.00

Secretaries _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _
_ _
_ _
1,768
Manufacturing
_ _ . ___ ______ _______ _
_
*""533
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
1 225
,
Public utilities* _______
_ __________
_
209
Wholesale trade ___
_ _ _ ___ _ _ _
_ _ _
_
322
Retail trade _
_
_ „ ___ „ _
_
_
_____
163
Finance | _ ______ _
_
_ ___
_
__ ___
445

-

49

-

39.0
. 3 ^ 5.• 62.50
■77.5TT
60.00
38.5
38.0 68.50
71.00
39. 0
39.0
51.50
55.00
38.5

-

_
_
-

4

101
12

-

19
2
1

1

-

33

35

13

41

33
-

-

-

-------7”

35

13

34

11

12

1

21
8

39

85

_

39.0 68.50
J9.'0' .5t : v t
66.0 0
40.0
39.0 6 6 . 0 0

_
-

39.0

_
-

1

-

_
-

—

i r i

—

w ~

-

-

-

-

77
19
27

6

21

2
-------T -

10

7

10
--- j - --- 9 -

1

2

-

18

69
9
60

89
11
78

44

46

-

-

18
16

5

------- 5 - :
—

67
--- j _
66
1

4
20
27

4

1
4

-

12

1

-

-

36
19
--- T ~ --- T ~
34
18
17
10
13
3
10
7
8

77
-- jrg-H—

59
IS” —

IS”

52
-

41
3

33

22

21

49
6

7
19

12

23
"

20

20

21

IT " —

IS” —

4

8

4

4

3

12

146
12
134
40
82

75

98

20

3

55
20

30

95
42
45

93
21

37
4
33

-

-

-

-

3

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

3

9

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

19
6

-

-

4

4

124
201
190
145
170
235
239
36 — 77” ----- ST” — IS” ----- SB” ----- T T ----- 57”
124
73
134
16 2
155
163
122
1
27
26
4
11
18
22
61
31
35
37
51
19
31
5
11
26
20
15
22
13
18
38
80
61
66
51
69

19
------- j—

— ZT" —
9

6

-

261
182
38
247
223
129
191
- ----- 2 T — 37” -- 27” — 25" - 33“ — Z T "
178
214
38
210
165
149
109
33
15
33
3
29
49
29
38
57
8
55
31
89
91
11
11
13
5
2
23
39
7
48
15
88
71
24
61

13
----- 12

"

-

59.50
"50 n r " ■5ff:5V
59.50
39. 0
6 6 .0 0
39.5
57.00
38.5

-

-

60.50
58. 00
61.00
76.50
63.50
54. 00
55.00

40. 0
3^.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
42. 0
38.5

-

-

3

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

- '
-

-

~

•

-

-

182
'1ZS_

56
23
13
4
11

49
17
32
14
14

21

6

15

12

12
1
1
1

5

3

1

1

"

7
3
4

-

9
4
5
3

10

2

‘

42
15
27

12
2
10

21
6

20

13

13
5
7

2

”

~

"

"

19

-

-

-

“
"

“
-

"

1

■

_

“

■
-

1

“
“
"
~
”
"
"
"

72
32

20

1

21

i

18

21

7
14
11
1
1

1

50
5

45
3 27
17
1

“

4

8

-

-

4

8

-

~

-

4

4

8

'

-

“

-

-

-

”
“
“
-

“
”
"
'
-

"
"

9

23

5

3

2

6

3

7

17

2

1
2

1

-

-

-

1

1

1

20
10
10
1
8
1

12

20
1

1
1

3

19

2
-

"

“
~
-

5

4

1
1

4

7
2

“

-

2

“

"

“
“

"
‘

-

“

"

“

“

■
"

"
-

"
-

2

2

-

“
"
“

“

-

"
17

12
6

5
“
12

12
2

IS” --- T ” --- 3 4
2
3
7
2
-

27
2
25
18
7

36
S

30
19
8

5
-

5
2

1
1

-

“
1

2

“

1

”

“
"
“
“

”
"
~
~

’
“
“
"
“

~

-

“

2
2

2
2

"
"

"

6

Table A-l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1959)

N ber
um
of
w
orken

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Aranaas
NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNINGS O —
F
$
S
S
S
S
S
t
$
S
$
S
S
f
s
%
W
eekly Under 40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70. 00 75.00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105. 00 110. 00 115.00
W
eekly
bou 1
rn
and
(Standard) (Standard) 40. 00 under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00
70.00 75.00 80. 00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120. 00

Women— Continued
Typists, class,, A ____________________________________
Manufacturing ___ __ __ __ ..
_
_
___
Nonmanufacturing
_____ __ __
_______
____ _
_
_ _ __ _
Wholesale tr a d e __ __
Finance t __ — — ____ ____ __ __ _ ___
_

613
SO
533
135
258

Typists, class B ____________________________________ 1,355
Manufacturing___
_
_
_
_
_ __
136
Nonmanufacturing ______________________ ____ _ __ 1,219
_
Public utilities * ______________________________
50
Wholesale tr a d e _____
____ __ ____
__ _
179
Retail trade _____________ _______________ ____
134
Finance f __ — _____
____ ____
— — 779

£
39. 0 62.00
~ 1T 7W
40.0
39.0
60. 00
63.00
39.5
57.50
38.5
39.0
40. 0
39.0
39.0
40.0
40. 0
38.5

-

53
53
2
46

107
3
104
10
60

123
15
108
26
55

159
6
153
66
62

56
9
47
12
19

36
36
4
13

29
8
21
10
3

17
... n
6
2
-

1
"

3
2
1
1
-

2
2
2
“

*

1
1
-

-

-

52.00
56.50
52.00
63.50
54.50
50.50
50.50

183
8
175
7
36
118

284
16
268
4
14
29
200

506
45
461
5
88
39
322

202
21
181
11
30
14
112

68
12
56
8
18
2
23

78
30
48
2
18
10
2

27
27
19
2
4
2

6
4
2
1
1
"

1
1
1
“

“

_

“

■

-

- '
-

27
26

%

120. 00
and
over

-

_
-

“

-

-

~

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 6,at $ 120 to $ 125; 12 at $ 125 to $ 130; 6 at $ 130 to $ 140; 3 at $ 140 and over.
Workers were distributed as follows: 9 at $ 120 to $ 130; 12 at $ 130 to $ 140; 6 at $ 140 and over.
Workers were distributed as follows: 6 at $30 to $35; 27 at $35 to $40.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga., May 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
worken

%
S
S
s
s
I
s
$
s
1
s
s
s
$
$
s
%
S
S
S
1
W
eekly .
6 0.00 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00
hour* 1 £ S £ > Under
(Standard) (Standard)
and
60. 00 under
65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 80. 00 8 5.00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 ov er

Men
S
4 0 .0 151.00
s u r e ITS. 50'

-

296
Iffl
115
44
56

4 0 .0
4U7TT
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

110.50
l09. 50
113.00
111. 50
114. 00

-

277

4 0 .0

82.50

89

3 9.5

4 0 .0

Draftsgnen, l e a d e r ______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________
_ _

40
26

D raftsm en, s e n i o r __ ____
___
M anufacturing
__ ____ ______ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
_ ____ ._ ._
Pu blic utilities * __________________
W holesale t r a d e __ __ ______
D raftsm en, junior __ __ __ __ __
M anufacturing ____
_
N on m an u factu rin g ____ ______________

T 5 — Tsrc
5

~

-

“

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1
-

6
6
6
-

14
5
9
3
6

13
8
5
4
1

23

26

s 15

14

20
4
16

19

74. 50

13
4
9

3

30
17
13

33
28
5

47
40
7

90.00
93. 56

_

1

4

7

~

3
3

5
4

2

"

9
8

86.5 C

5

*

12

16

-

34
n

13
7
5

1
"

■

-

-

_
-

2
2

1
1

7
2

2
1

11
ll

2
2

3
2

5
1
4
2

30
25

40
29
11
1
9

17
?
10
8

36
36
6
3
-

17
7
10
3
6

16
2
14
3
9

13
10
3
3
-

10
4
6
6
-

1
1
1

_

_

-

1

38
22
6
6

-

42

20

4

41
1

5
1

-

IS
2

4

W omen
N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ______ _
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________

1
*
*
*

57

40

iunr

2

2

1

8

1

15

1
4

3

2

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed^* follows: 3 at $ 165 to $ 170; 1 at $ 170 to $ 175; 4 at $ 185 to $ 190; 3 at $215 and over.
All workers were at $55 to $60.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




_

- —

Ml
r
5
5
3
2

7
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Atlanta, G a ., May 1959)

Number
o
f
wres
okr

Occupation and industry division

Avenge $
«
^ory j 1 . 0 0 1 . 1 0
hui^
and
undex
1.10

t

1.30

1.30

1.2 0

' NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
s
t
$
$
t
t
t
$
<
t
8
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
1.40 1.50 1 . 6 0
1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0
2.20
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10
and
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.8Q_ 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 over

%

1.2 0

1.40

$

2.27
z.2 o
2.33
2.50

-

-

-

45

2.71
2.74
2.58

145

2.1 7

168

78
90
52

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

238
193"

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade ----

2
2

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

_
"

2

7
3
4

-

1

.
-

-

-

-

8

8

2

4
4
4

2
1
1
1

2
2

3
-

4
4

6

6

4

' 6‘

4

2

11
10

-

3

-

1

-

2

2

1

1

-

r
4

3
3
“

8

12
12

23

2
2

1

■

8
- ------ 51
3

4
4

6
r
2

2

4
- ------ j 2
3
3
-

1

9
' 8

2 .6 o

80
72

1.62
1.64

18
18

2

4

!

5
4

5
3

_

1

25
24

_

2

3
3

_

-

-

-

8

19

48

-

■

4
’

11

“

18
•
18
18

76

8
11

24
13

26

b

12
8"

s2

28
14
14
*

24
15

67

2
2

3
3

$

11
11

25
7
18
14
3

193
138

1.80
1.98 1
1.64
1.75

Machinists, maintenance

246
223

2 .5 0
2 .4 7

l*7b

___ __

Wholesale trade
Retail trade

1

“

_

__
_

"

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

2 .3 3
2 .37
1.97
2. 19

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

2 .1 8

_

_

4

-

-

4

78

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance)
_
Manufacturing _____________ __________
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities*
_
Wholesale trade
Retail trade

Nonmannfarturingr

8

534
379“
155
67
32

__

Mechanics, maintenance
Manufacturing

-

1.70
1.70

726
142
584
509
36
29

is

126
49
77

Manufacturing

86

_

_

74

2 .29
2 .1 1

2 .1 1

2 .3 7
2 .4 4
2.41

2 .8 0
2 .8 0

-

-

-

-

"
1

l
18
3
15

12

3 r
5

-

2
21

9

2

8
68

8

23
21
2

11

37
36
7
7
16
12

-

i

2
r

4

28

-

73
73

_

•
-

-

23

9

20

---9“ —

21
2T“

i

6

r
„
-

6
6

12
12

50
50

14
14

7
5

26

3

2

44
— IT "
-

5
32
7
5
4 -------5" ------3 T ------- 7_
_
1
1
1
1
3
-------- 2

-

-

_

5
4

_
.
-

1
1

r

-

-

4
4

-

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

•
-

•

-

1

—

.

34

9

" T T --- g-

42
42

—

13
14
29 ----T
11
9
--- r --- IT ---7”

T T

_

_

.
_
.
_

-

-

-

47

91

79

21

78

67

77

109

11

6

6

-

5

6

80
76

73
72
1

72
48
4

67
63
4
-

72
72

2

7
14
9
4

15

22
6
16

12

4

27
12
6
62
49
16 --------7 — r e i ------- T -----56“
10
31
6
11
4
6
6
3
4
9
2
4
3
-

1

57
46

33
21

3

9
7

11
1

2

_

_

_

_

-

*

“

-

1

2

6

rr —

7
47
5— 7T
2

a14
. --- 2

22

" 19

29
25
4
4
-

-

-

5

46
37
9
4

-

"

4

-

_

.

1 ------5“

2

.

_
-

1

62
33'
9

5
3

-

_

-

—

4
"4
is

28

52
32

-

10

1

20

-

15
1
. — n r" —
.

"

3

1

8
8

-

7
4 —
3
-

2

_

9
9

12
12

. —
_

1
1

-

4

1

-

3

-

-

“

1

5
4

2

3

-

“

2

12

1

28
14
14
3
4

20

26

ll

_
“

3

12

5

3

1

r

— r~ —

103
100
2
1

n

45
17
19 ----9"
26
8
26
8

2

.
2

_
2

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_

2

_

2
2

-

-

_

_

”

-

_
-

„

_

2

2

i

2

-

-

1

2
2

1

-

_
-

........ r

1

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

2

49

-

1

1

-

2

1

2
-

-

1

2

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

1
1

-

2

i
i

-

-

1

-

46
34

5
5

20

10
16

.

2 .2 2

2 .6 9
1.92

-

5
5
T ---- r
3
4
3
4

26

3
23

1.76
2 .0 7

2

5
12
--- 5 ---- J T
.
4
2
-

16

13
3
3

»0

369

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
* All workers were at $ 3 .1 0 to $ 3 .2 0 .
3 Includes 1 worker at $ 0 .9 0 .

-

12
22
13
TF~ — n~ — n ~

holidays, and late shifts.

* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




4
3
l

1
1

7
7
“

Helpers, trades, m aintenance _________ ______
Manufacturing
__ __
Nonmanufacturing
__
Public utilities* ------------- ----------------------

Pipefitters, maintenance
Manufacturing

4

6

65
25

_

Firemen, stationary boiler
Manufacturing

Oilers
Manufacturing

7
-

15

1

—

3

50

2

19
n r~ —

.

l

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

20

-

16

19 —

rr

_
3
*9
--- T
----- 5”

20

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry divisio n , Atlanta, G a ., May 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation1 and industry division

Avenge
hourly * Under S.70
earnings $
0 .70
.80

.90

1.00

_

_

120

5
•
5
5
.
_

35
10
25
12
13
_

30
24
6
2
4
.

27

20
10
10
8
2
_

4
2
2
1
1

13
9
4

5
5

1
_
j
_

-

•

1

.

_

_

_

_

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

83
sir
53
3
19
31

18
10
8
.
7

40
zo
20
_
20

23
2i
2
_
2

40
_
40
28
12

_

_

_

-

-

-

128
ill
60

1.40
1.33
1.29

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

299
131
168
97
67

1.72
1.86
1.65
1.73
1.54

.

_

.

.
.




_

106
35
71
24
23
18
6

_

See footn otes at end o f table.

2.7 0

111
36
75
41
12
16
1

-

__

2 .6 0

322
188
134
71
30
12
16

1.51
1.59
1.44
1.46
1.26

_ . ._
_

2 .5 0

305
519
' 159 ” 155
360
125
3
10
10
8
74
30
58
38

658
292
366
316
35

_
_ _ _ _ _

2 .4 0

_
.
-

1.55
1.48
1.57
1.53
1.69

R eceivin g c le r k s ...
M anufacturing _
Nonman ufacturing
W holesale trade
R etail trade

2 .3 0

5
.
5

1,078
195
883
676
207

..................... ..

2 .2 0

23
23

1.53
1.53
1.53
2 .00
1.31
1.29

___

2. 10

17
9
8

3.4 5 4
1,7913
1,664
554
731
379

P a ck e rs , shipping (wom en)
N onm anufacturing .
Retail trade

2.0 0

3
3

*59

_ _

1.90

_
-

.88
i .2 o
.82
1.33
.86

... _ ..

1.80

3
3

563
93
470
41
103

_
----

1.70

7
5
2

138
138
15
.
109

P a ck e rs , shipping (m en)
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
---W holesale trade
Retail trade

1.60

5
5

299
299
2
.
65
182

-----

1.50

.
“

144
144

_ ..
...

1.40

_
“

4 119
•
119

_

1.30

-

1.22
1.52
1.04
1.39
1.50
.95
.93

-----

$
2 .6 0

•

2 ,613
991
1,622
250
140
444
301

..

S
2 .5 0

3
3

■

O rder fille r s
__
M anufacturing
- ~ - ... ....
Nonmanufacturing
...
.
W holesale trade
R etail trade

$
2 .4 0

-

“

. . .

*
2 .3 0

2
2

_
"

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling _ _ _
M anufacturing ... _
_ ...
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
_
_
P u blic u tilities*
---- _
W holesale trade
R etail trade

$
2 .2 0

•

“

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs (w o m e n )___ _
M anufacturing
_
.
__
Nonmanufacturing _
_
Pu blic u tilities*
_
_ _ ---R etail trade
_ __
__

t
2 .1 0

-

2 .19
2 .3 2
1.71

84

2 .0 0

-

7

_
27

1 .9 0

-

19
19
19

-

1 .8 0

7

3 114
114
25

-

1 .7 0

1

242
192
50

^

1 .6 0

-

Guards _
_
_____
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _ . _

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs (men)
M anufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing _
Pu blic u tilities*
__,
_.
W holesale trade __ __ .
R etail trade

1 .5 0

4
4
4

150
150" "
55

___

*1.40

1.20

E levator o p e r a to r s , passenger ( w o m e n ) _____
N onm aim fartnnng
____
R etail t r a d e ______________________________

_ _

*1.30

1.10

$
0 .59
.59
.71

.

*1.20

*0.80 *0.90 $1.00 V l O

I

W

81
53
12
9

1

20
4
16
_

59

247
247

36

12

60
23
37

14

20

36

12

1

_

_

-

-

4
4

-

-

15
15
-

-

4

15

412
170
242
130
112

479
260
219
61
93
65

659
" in
246
13
204
29

406
196
210
85
104
21

172
94
78
5
62
11

190
"""54
136
. 20
76
40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65
18
47
21
26

92
26
72
70
2

101
39
62
56
6

189

-

163
148
15

60
3
57
45
12

167
24
143
132
11

66
3o
36
28
8

40
73
131
5 — n r —
r
35
63
126
35
17
57
46
69
-

102
69
33
28
5

43
30
13

97
16
81
77
4

52
1
51
44
7

10
2
8
4
4

67
4
63
62
1

11
11

20
“20

_
.

.
_

13

116
41
75
59
1

7
7
7

8
8
8

33
32
20

34
32
13

18
15
3

12
12
4

4
4
4

2
1
1

-

6
2
4

31
16
15
7
8

8
3
5

29

16

.

4
12
8

24
20
15 — n ~
14
9
10
6
4
3

-

-

36

j

-

12
-

-

-

.

4

103
56 1
53
28
12

.

_

5

26

29
7
22

16
2
14
12
172
88 —
84
20
14
50

7

_

.

. 4
15
78
13
69
4 — FT" ----- 75” ~ r r ~ ----- T T
1
280
33
ztz — T T
8
2
_
.
8
2
_
_

•

_
_
_
_
_

57
----- 57“
_
_
_

11
_
11
11
-

15
37
23
1 — r r ~ ----- 70"
14
25
3
14
25
3

•

_
-

278
775
_
_
_

20

12
nr
2
2
“

46
“45

12
— rr —

.

—

_

-

-

_
_

.

_

*
_

_

_

-

-

-

71
354
21
----- 7 T ------ T ~ -----T T
_
347
_
347
_
_

20
20
-

_ .
-

1.

_
_
_

_'

_

s
2 .7 0
and
over

2
_
2
2
-

r

4
_
4
4
-

—

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

5
5
_

_
_

_

_
-

2
2
2
r ------T T — 2

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_
.
_

_
_

.

_

_

_

10
-

50
8
22
29 ------g - ------- r
21
13
3
18
8
2
3
5
1

.

35
6
29
28
1

.

16
4
10
8 ----- T T -------5“
8
2
2
_
1
2
7
2

20
T5
2

_

2

_
_

9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Atlanta, G a ., May 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
o
f
wres
okr

Occupation1 and industry division

S
1.50

f
1.60

S
f
$
$
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00

S
2.10

S
2.20

t
2.30

t
2.40

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

8
18
- . 13
.
8
5
“
-

20
16
4
-

13
ll
2
-

34
zd
14
14

24
11
13
13

51
15
22
32 — n r ----T
12
6
19
6
11
12

7
7
3
4

24
14

16
4
12

6
4

35
35
21
7

20
3
17
3
7

1.20

-

-

2.03
TTI5
1.91
1.88
1.74

-

_
-

-

_
-

7
7
7

10
7
3

14
14
7
7

2,683
""475 "
2,210
1,315
442
368

2.04
1.56
2.14
2.50
1.67
1.50

-

2
2
2

30
30
30

37
185
- “TIT
66
37
32
28
25

144
28
116
43
73

66
36
36
6
23

116
36
80
47
33

61
25
36
7
29

212
31
181
7
159
1.
5

37
21 ■
16
2
13
-

443
84
359
135
115

1.44
1.56
1.42
1.38
1.03

-

2
2
2

26
26
26

32
32
28

28
28
14
14

75
6
69
43
26

28
4
24
6
11

34
12
22
16
6

9
5
4
3

45
8
37
36
1

20 ..
.
13
7
5

1,501
294
1,207
913
130
150

2.10
1.46
2.27
2.51
1.63
1.45

-

-

4

5

-

-

-

-

4

5

157
119
38

61
14
47

78
22
56

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

18
11

47

38
2"
6
12
.
.
12

31
25

27
14
13
.
4
9

67
id
48
7
27
14

17
8
9
1
8
-

443
105
250

Tr uckdriver s4_
_
Manufacturing — , ,
— ------- - .
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities* .
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Truckdrivers, light (under 1Vz tons) ____
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing _ _
Wholesale trade_
Retail trade

.

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) _ .
.
Nonmanufacturing .
Public utilities* _
Truckers, power (forkiift) _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Wholesale trade
...

.

_

r T .. _
1

Pu blic u tilities* .

1
a
3
4
s
4
*
t

1.10

$
1.40

-

2.39
2.42
2.56

.-

-

-

-

“

-

2
2
-

19
19
-

.
-

.
-

448
307
141
97
44

1.87
2.66
1.60
1.50
1.84,

_
-

-

_
-

12
12 "

329
178
151
32
41

1.30
1.25
1.37
1.71
1.33

235
111
71

Retail trade

1.00

8
1.30

-

Shipping and receiving clerks ____________
Manufacturing __
.
.
Nonmanufacturing .
Wholesale trade_________________
Retail trad* _

Watchmen
Manufacturing _
_
No-nmanufacturing

.90

$
$
$
S
0.90 1.00 1.10 1.20

-

322
220
102
74

R etail trade

S
0.80

$
1.86
1.93
1.71
1.81

Shipping clerks _
_
Manufacturing
------------Non-manufacturing_____
Wholesale trade _
_

Truckdrivers, medium (lVa to and
including 4 tons) _
Manufacturing
_
_
Nonmanufacturing _
Pnhlio utilities*
Wholesale trade .
. .
Retail trade .

Avenge
S
^ o r y g Under 0.70
hui^
$
0.70
.80

_ —

427

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

14

1

-

4
~

_

-

4
.
“

-

-

14

1

.
6

_
"

89
66
29
4
5

10

-

-

-

30
z2
8
6
2

18
6
12
12

58
55

25
14

20
16

3
3

11
2

2

5

2

-

.

10

79
49
-- 25T --- 37 —
53
15
50
15
3
-

54

-47

18
8 —
10

7
3
—

7
1
2
40
35
5
-

2
-—
2
.
_
2
12
.
-

12
9
n r ----r
.
8
_
8

2.00

37
37
_

16
nr —
3

_
3

1
1

31
12
19
_

19

16
•—
-

r~

2

20

6

-

- --- 5T

20
2
18

_

_
-

10
4
. --- 7 4
3
4
3
-

35
135
13 “ I W
31
4
9
10
8

22

59
2
22
35

27
1
26
12
14

71
8
63
4
52
7

5
1
4
4

4
4
4

2
2
2

83
nr

-

1

-

5 --------r
15
-

31

7

14

2

5

14

2

6
8

2

8

2

1

1

1

1

7
3
4
3
1

7
b

1
1
-

8
8

.
.

_
.
_

■

”

“

— n r

7

.
7
3
4

141
ITT
_
_
-

7
--- T _
-

16
nr
_
22

.
22
10

-

60
.
29
31

1219
11
1208
1186
5
17

41
4
37
30
6
1

_
.
.
_
_
-

_
.
_

.
.
.
.

_
.
.
_

_
.

14
8
6
_
4
2

878
_
878
856
5
17

1
.
1
_
_
1

_

95
35

35
20
23
54
---35"— zrr ---ZT — 5T"
4
-

23

2
.

56
.
56
2

20
10
18
19
"— n r
re-— r r --- 8
.
6
2
2
2
6
2
22
15
7
7
-

—

13
62
43
15
--- 3 ----5 r
nr — n r --- I T
3
48
20
2
12
_
.
46
2
1
2
17
7
2
2
5
1
-

15

5

v r

9
8

.

18
11

_
3

27
—

54
29 120
re- ---ZT — n r —
41
3 106
1
36
46
3
2
4
2
1

-

31

2.10

25
16
rr --- 9~
10
7
3
2
7
-

-

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W orkers were distributed as follows: 91 at $0.40 to $0.50; 9 at $0.50 to $0.60; 14 at $0.60 to $0.70.
Workers were distributed as follows: 52 at $0.50 to $0.60; 67 at $0.60 to $0.70.
W orkers were
distributed as
follows:
20at$0.40 to $0.50; 18 at $0.50 to $ 0.6 0; 21 at $0.60 to$0.70.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




12
-

1.90

S
S
I
2.50 2.60 2.70
and
2 .60 2.70 over

22
22
.
_
-

_
3
_ ------ 3.
-

223
36
2 1 r — 35“
216
30
.
.
.
-

2
.
2

_

•

_

.
_
.
.
_
-

-

_
_
_
_
-

_
.
_
.
-

_
.
.
_
-

5
5
.

10

A p p e n d ix : O ccupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w ag e s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o p r ia te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n der
a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lis h m e n t to e sta b lis h m e n t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g rou p in g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age
r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a sis on in ter e s ta b lis h m e n t and
in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
c a n tly fr o m th o se in u s e in in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p lyin g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s tru cte d to e x clu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h an d icap p ed w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

Office
B IL L E R , M ACH IN E
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a l s o k eep r e c o r d s
as to b illin g s o r sh ipp in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
cid e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w ag e study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a ch in e , a r e c la s s ifi e d b y type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B i lle r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e )— U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H opk in s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u r ro u g h s , e t c . , w h ich
a r e c o m b in a tio n typin g and addin g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ipp in g m e m o ra n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and sh ipp in g c h a r g e s and en try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot be com p u te d on the
b illin g m a ch in e , and tota ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d
b y m a ch in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a
fa n fo ld m a ch in e .
B i lle r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ) ^ - U s e s a b ook k eep in g
m a ch in e (S undstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em in gton R and, e t c . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y n ot h ave ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills a s p a rt o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts a u to ­
m a t ic a lly the deb it o r c r e d it b a la n ce s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w l­
ed g e o f b oo k k e e p in g . W ork s fr o m u n ifo r m and stan dard ty p es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (R em in gton R and, E llio tt
F is h e r , Su n dstrand, B u r ro u g h s , N a tion al C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ----- C on tinu ed
C la s s A— K eep s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r ity w ith
the s tr u c tu r e o f the p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D eter­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it item s
to be u se d in ea ch p h a se o f the w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B — -K eeps a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g little kn ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k ee p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d er b i lle r , m a ch in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f tr ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets f o r the a c c o u n tin g d ep a rtm en t.
CLERK,

A C CO U N TIN G

C la s s A — U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r k eep in g on e o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te s e t o f book s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to one p h a se o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s . W o rk in v o lv e s p o s tin g and b a la n cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou n ts p a y a b le ; ex a m in in g and c o d in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m en t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s .
M ay a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B -----U nder s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e
a cco u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te rin g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
b y g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a k n ow led ge o f
a cco u n tin g and b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in
w h ich the m o r e rou tin e a cco u n tin g w o r k is su b d iv id ed on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s is a m on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

11
CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A — R e s p o n s ib le fo r m ain tain in g an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r oth er m a te r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es
in c o n ju n ctio n w ith file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e r s in filin g and lo c a tin g
m a te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
C la s s B -----P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g , u su ally o f m a te r ia l that
h as a lr e a d y been c la s s ifi e d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a tin g m a ­
t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by
m a il, ph one, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet
lis tin g the it e m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and q u a n tities
o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
p a rtm en ts to be f ill e d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r , a ck n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to se e that they h ave b een fille d , k eep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.

CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s a ccou n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on tabulating c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d se q u e n c e ,
using an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e , fo llo w in g
w ritten in fo r m a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by using the
d u p lica tin g d e v ic e a tta ch ed to m a ch in e .
K eep s file s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify ow n w o rk o r w o rk o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E BOY O R G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e du ties su ch a s running e r r a n d s ,
op e r a tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ch in e s su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening
and d is trib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SECRETARY
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l d u ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in is tra tiv e o r e x e cu tiv e p o s it io n . D u ties in clu d e m aking a p p oin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p eop le c o m in g in to o f f ic e ; a n sw erin g
and m akin g phone c a lls ; h andling p e r s o n a l and im p o rta n t o r c o n fi­
den tia l m a il, and w ritin g ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d icta tio n (w h ere tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is n ot u sed ) e ith er in
sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo rm a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o ra n d a fo r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

GENERAL

C om p u tes w a g e s o f c om p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts . D u ties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s '
e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r .p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g
d a y s , tim e , r a te , d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n c e , and tota l w a g es d u e. M ay
m a ke out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d i s ­
trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d icta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and k eep
file s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk (s e e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPH ER,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e­
m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s.
T h is jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s t a t is t ic a l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e fre q u e n t u se o f
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in volvin g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d icta tio n on a
ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , keep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes n ot in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten o r h an dw ritten
m a tte r, using a m im e o g ra p h o r ditto m a ch in e . M ak es n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm e n t su ch a s fo r ink and paper fe e d co u n te r and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s te n c il o r ditto m a s t e r . M ay k eep file o f
u se d s t e n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s . M ay s o r t, c o lla t e , and staple c o m ­
p leted m a te r ia l.




O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd .
D u ties in v o lv e handling in c o m in g , ou tg oin g , and in tra p la n t o r o ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e in fo r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in , o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w ho a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

12

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL---- Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s
time while at switchboard.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A -----Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal'
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r o f e 8 sional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B — Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc ., setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

nd

T ec hn i cal

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER-----Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN. SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, e t c .,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

13
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE,

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injurecTT
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

and

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)-----Continued
and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one~"engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER,

TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

14
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in topi and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re ­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

15

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE---- Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments, understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker*s work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

M a t e r ia 1 Movernent

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store* hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

16
LABORER, MATERIAL. HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK---- Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and "“
receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers' houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of thp following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify cdntent; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium (IV2 to and~including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other thanHErailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
U.s.

GOV ERNMENT P RI NT IN G OFFICE :

1959

0 — 513489

Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 21 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959* These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-21, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the BLS regional sa les offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-22) containing data for all labor markets, except Lawrence, M ass., combined with additional analysis w ill be
issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y., September 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-3,
price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
Boston, Mass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-8, price 30 cents
Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-9, price 20 cents




Memphis, Tenn., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-10, price 20 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-11,
price 20 cents
Detroit, Mich., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-12, price 25 cents
San Franc is co-Oakland, Calif., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-13,
price 25 cents
New Orleans, La., February 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-14, price 20 cents
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-15,
price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102