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Occupational Wage Survey

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
APRIL 1 9 S 9

B u lle t in

N o . 1240-18

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU
E w an

OF

LABOR

STATISTICS

Clooua, Commts»on«r




Occupational Wage Survey




CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
APRIL 1959

B u lle tin N o. 1240-18
June 1 95 9

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU R E AU
E w an

OF

LABO R

STATISTICS

C la g u e , Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U . S. Bureau of Labor
B ulletin, no. 1 W ash in gton .




no. in

U. S.

Statistics.

y. 23-26 cm.

y. illus. 16-28 cm.

Library of Congress

[r58t2j

Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. t Employee bene2.
fltej
i. Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.
331.06173

Bureau of Labor Statistics.

O ccupational w age survey. 1949W ash ington , U. S. G ovt. P rint. O ff.

Isov. 1895-

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

H D 805 1.A 6 2

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev*J

H D 4973.A 462

331.2973

U. S. Dept of Labor.
for Library of Congress

Library
[57r52nljt

L 49— 125*

Contents

Preface

Page
Introduction ________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups __________________

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied.
This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the y ear’s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Tables:

A:

B:

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straighttime hourly earnings for selected cccupational
groups, and percents of increase for selected periods.-Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations _________________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations _
A -3 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations
A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations

__

2
4
i sO vO (J
—
i

1.
2.

This report was prepared in the Bureau’s regional
office in Chicago, 111. , by Woodrow C. Linn, under the di­
rection of George E. Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial
Relations Analyst.




1
4

1

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions:*
B - 1. Shift differentials __________________________________
B -2 . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
workers ___________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours ____________________________
B -4 .
Paid holidays ____________________________________
B -5 .
Paid vacations ___________________________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance,and pension plans _____________

14
15
16
17
19

Appendix: Occupational descriptions ____________________________

21

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are available in the Chicago area reports for
April 1951; March 1952, 1953, 1954; and April of each year since 1955.
The 1954 report (BLS Bull.
115 7-3 ) presents, in addition, data on rate of pay for holiday work; and both the 1954 and 1958 reports,
data on wage structure characteristics, labor-management agreements, and overtime pay provisions.
The 1955 report also included data on frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions for holidays
falling on nonworkdays.
A directory indicating date of study and the price of the reports, as well as
reports for other major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage practices in the Chicago area
are also available for auto dealer repair shops (July 1958), and men’ s and boys* suits and coats (March
1958).
A report on occupational earnings is also available for the machinery industries (March 1959).
Data for supplementary wage practices were included in the machinery industries report of April 1958.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

in

13




Occupational Wage Survey— Chicago, III.

Introduction

T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U . S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s
h as con d u cted s u r v e y s o f-o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d w ag e b e n e ­
fit^ on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . In th is a r e a , data w e re ob ta in ed by p e r ­
son a l v is it s o f B u rea u fie ld a g en ts 1 to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ta tio n
(ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le ­
sa le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ­
ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se s tu d ie s, b e s id e s
r a ilr o a d s , a r e g ov e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x ­
t r a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d
n um ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted a ls o b e c a u s e th ey fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s studied to w a rra n t in c lu s io n . 2 W h er­
e v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f the b r o a d
in d u stry d iv is io n s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o ob ta in
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f sm a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In com b in in g the data, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eig h t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , a s r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
ce p t fo r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
T h e o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
take a cco u n t o f in ter e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b .
(See ap p en d ix f o r lis tin g o f th e se d e s c r i p t i o n s .) E a rn in g s data
a r e p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c ­
cu p a tion s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in ­
ten an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

1 Data w e r e obtain ed by m a il fr o m so m e o f the s m a lle r e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts fo r w h ich v is it s by B u rea u fie ld a g e n ts in the la s t p r e v io u s
su r v e y in d ica te d e m p lo y m e n t in r e la t iv e ly few o f the o c cu p a tio n s stu d­
ie d .
U nusual ch a n g e s r e p o r t e d b y m a il w e r e v e r ifie d w ith e m p lo y e r s .
2 See ta b le on pa ge 2 fo r m in im u m -s iz e e s ta b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .




O ccu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w eek ly sc h e d ­
ule in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data ex clu d e
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u s e s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W here w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o r k sc h e d u le s (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese
o c c u p a tio n s have b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the num bed a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p loy m en t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pa tion a l stru c tu re d o not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits a s they r e ­
la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m ’ ’o ffic e w o r k e r s , ” as
u sed in th is b u lle tin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n on su p erv is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ctio n s, and e x ­
c lu d e s a d m in is t r a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. ’ ’P lant
w o r k e r s ” in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s
(in clu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s. A d ­
m in is tr a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t
c o n s tr u c tio n e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u tiliz e d a s a sep a ra te w o rk f o r c e a re
e x c lu d e d . C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and r ou tem en a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa c­
tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but a r e in clu d ed a s plant w o r k e r s in n onm an ufac­
tu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (table B - l ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o li c y ,* p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
3
A n e sta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h aving a p o lic y i f it m et
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s ; ( l ) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts.

2
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t ap p ly in g to
a m a jo r ity w as u se d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s ific a t io n "oth er*’ w as u sed .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e la t e sh ift h o u r s a r e paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d on ly
i f it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
M in im u m en tra n ce r a te s (table B - 2 ) r e la t e on ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, ra th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h ealth, in s u r a n ce , an d p e n sio n p la n s a r e tr e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is that th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if a
m a jo r ity o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r
the p r a c t ic e s lis t e d .
Sch edu led h o u r s a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on
the b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if
a m a jo r ity a r e c o v e r e d .*
B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g, su m s o f in d iv id ­
ual ite m s in th ese ta bu la tion s do not n e c e s s a r il y equ al t o t a ls .
* S ch edu led w e e k ly h o u r s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m ade p r io r to la te 1957 and e a r ly 1958 w e r e
p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in o f f ic e s w ith the in d ica te d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

TA BLE 1.

Minimum

________

__ ____

T h e su m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x clu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith pay is gra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep arate e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g v a ca tio n p a ym en ts, such
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tion s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , pa ym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t of
annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s the eq u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k ’ s pa y.
D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p en sion
pla n s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r ,
e x ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such a s w o rk m e n ’ s co m p e n sa tio n
and s o c ia l s e c u r it y . Such plan s in clu d e th o se u n d erw ritten b y a c o m ­
m e r c ia l in s u r a n ce com p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d th rou gh a union fund o r
p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p era tin g funds o r fr o m
a fund se t a s id e fo r th is p u r p o s e . D eath b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed a s a
fo r m o f life in s u r a n c e .

Establishm ents and w ork ers within scope of survey and number studied in Ch icago, 111. , 1 by m ajor industry d ivision , 2 A p ril 1959

in estab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions __________________

T h e f i r s t p a rt o f the paid h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the num ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a ctu a lly p r o v id e d .
The se c o n d pa rt
c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s to show to ta l h olid a y t im e .

_______ _ __

______

Manufacturing „ _______ ______ ________________________ _____
______
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _____ _ ___
_____ _ _____ ____ __ __ ______
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), communication,
and other public u tilities5
„ _____________ _______________ ______
W holesale trade ________ __ _______________ .
__
_ ____
R etail trade
. . . . . . . _ __________________ _____________ ___________ ____
Fin ance, in suran ce, and real estate __________ ____ _
S e r v ic e s 7 _
_ _
__
__

_

Number of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study3

W ork ers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total4

Office

Plant

T otal4

3, 167

438

1 ,0 3 2 ,2 0 0

2 2 3 ,9 0 0

6 2 4 ,1 0 0

4 8 1 ,1 7 0

101
"

1 ,3 3 6
1,8 3 1

173
265

5 7 6 ,1 0 0
4 5 6 ,1 0 0

8 9 ,0 0 0
13 4 ,9 0 0

4 0 2 ,6 0 0
2 2 1 ,5 0 0

2 4 1 ,6 0 0
2 3 9 ,5 7 0

101
51
101
51
51

134
603
211
363
520

35
62
46
49
73

8 3 ,4 0 0
7 9 ,8 0 0
1 3 7 ,3 0 0
7 9 ,6 0 0
7 6 ,0 0 0

1 9, 9 00
2 5 ,9 0 0
2 5 ,5 0 0
4 9 ,3 0 0
1 4 ,3 0 0

4 4 ,2 0 0
3 2 ,5 0 0
9 7 ,4 0 0
6 8,200
3 9 ,2 0 0

6 2 ,9 4 0
2 0 ,4 7 0
9 5 ,5 3 0
3 6 ,6 3 0
2 4 ,0 0 0

1 The Chicago A rea (Cook County).
The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate d escrip tion of the size and com position of the labor fo rc e
included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a basis o f com parison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ploym ent trends or lev els since ( l) planning
of wage surveys r e q u ire s the use o f establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance o f the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 r e v ise d edition o f the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual w as used in cla ssify in g establishm ents by industry d ivision .
M ajor changes from the e a rlie r edition used in previous
surveys are the tran sfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready m ixed con crete establishm ents from trade (wholesale or retail) to m anufacturing and the transfer of radio and telev ision broadcasting from
s e r v ic e s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) o f com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto rep air s e r v ic e ,
and m otion -pictu re theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes execu tive, p ro fe ssio n a l, and other w o rk e rs excluded fro m the separate o ffic e and plant c a te g o rie s .
5 A lso excludes taxicabs, and s e r v ic e s incidental to water transportation.
C h ica g o 's transit „ system is m unicipally operated and, th erefore, excluded by definition, from the scope of the studies.
5 Estim ate rela tes to rea l estate establishm ents only.
7 H otels; personal s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and a rch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .




3
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u n d er w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is du rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s . H o w e v e r , in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have en a cted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su ra n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r co n trib u tio n s , 5 p la n s a r e in clu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f paid s ic k -le a v e pla n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l pla n s 6 w h ich p r o v id e
5 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Isla n d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
6 A n e sta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h aving a fo r m a l plan if
it e sta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m ber o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e that
c o u ld be e x p e cte d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a plan n eed not be w ritte n ,
but in fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e r e e x clu d e d .




fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r * s pay d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f 'i l l n e s s .
S ep arate ta b u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) pla n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r tia l pa y o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ick n e s s
and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r pa id s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated tota l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fit s .
C a ta stro p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s exten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in clu d e s th o se pla n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n ce r e f e r s to plans p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a rtia l
paym en t o f d o c to r s * f e e s . Such pla n s m a y be u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in su r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la tion s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a r e lim ite d to
th o s e pla n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w ork er*8 life .

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n ts in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that is ,
the stan dard w o r k sch e d u le fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ithin e a ch g rou p . The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A a n d B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , f ile ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ;
o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ;
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l n u rse data a r e b a se d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s . M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e
in clu d e d in the plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in te r s ;
p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n it o r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h an dlin g; and
w a tch m e n .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
co m p u te d fo r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 em p loy m en t in the jo b .
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l

T A B L E 2.

o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in
tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio o f th ese
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d
w a s com p u te d and the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d
g et the in d e x fo r the g iv e n y e a r .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w ag e c h a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n sio n s, fo r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can
ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a ctu a l w age c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sion m igh t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and r e ­
sult in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r tio n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . T h e m ov em en t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h e u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a ch jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the da ta.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n ce d by ch a n g es in
stan dard w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , sin ce they
a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 fo r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts a p p e a r e d in B L S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fit s , 19 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in ter 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion a l grou p s in C h ic a g o , 111. ,
A p r il 1959 and A p r il 1958, and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexe s
(M a rch 1953 = 100)

In du stry and o ccu p a tio n a l group
A p ril 1959

A ll in d u stries:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en) __ ______ _ _ _ _ _
Industrial n u rs e s (w om en) ________________________________
S k illed m aintenance (m en )
_ _
U n sk illed plant (m e n )

.

_

M anufacturin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en ) _ __

__ _____

_____

_

_

_

_

__ __

Industrial n u r se s (w om en)

_ _ __

S k illed m aintenance (m en )
U n sk illed plant (m en ) _

________________________________
__
______
__ _ __ _




an a g g re g a te fo r -e a c h o c c u p a ­
g rou p a g g r e g a te s f o r a given
(s u r v e y m onth, w in ter 1952-53)
b y the b a se y e a r in d ex (100) to

A p r il 1958

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
A p r il 1958
to
A p r il 1959

A p ril 1957
to
A p ril 1958

A p r il 1956
to
A p ril 1957

A p r il 1955
to
A p r il 1956

M a rch 1954
to
A p r il 1955

M a rch 1953
to
M a rch 1954

129.9
135 .3
133.6
130 .6

126. 1
1 3 0 .9
1 2 7 .6
1 2 4 .8

3 .0
3 .4
4 .7
4 .6

4 .7
6 .6
5 .3
4 .9

5 .4
5 .0
5 .0
4 .0

4 .3
6 .0
5. 1
4 .6

3 .6
4 .2
3 .3
3 .5

5 .8
5 .9
6 .3
5 .7

131 .0
135 .3
134 .0
129 .3

1 2 7 .3
1 3 0 .9
1 2 8 .2
1 2 4 .6

3 .0
3 .4
4 .6
3 .8

5 .5
6 .6
5. 3
5. 1

5 .4
5 .0
5 .5
4 .9

4 .2
6 .0
5 .8
5 .0

3 .4
4 .2
3. 1
2 .7

6 .2
5 .9
5 .8
4 .8

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a sis,
by industry division, Ch icago, 111. , A p ril 1959)
Avebaqe
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly.
W
eekly , Under
hou
rs
earn gs $
in
(Standard) (Standard) 45 . 00

$
4 5 . 00
and
under
50. 00

50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
$
65. 00 70. 00

$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 foo.oo
75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00

55. 00

60. 00

65 . 00

70. 00

80. 00

75. 00

85. 00

9 0 . 00

95. 00 100.00

f 05.00 f io .o o

105.00 110.00

115.00

f 15.00 120 .00
120.00

125.00

125.00
and
ove r

Men
C le r k s, ^ quanting, c la ss A ______________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilitie s* _________________ _____ ______________
Wholesale trade
__________ __ __________ ____________
R etail trade _____________ _____ _______________________
Finance t _____________________________________________

2 , 008
924
1, 084
153
371
135
359

39. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
38. 0

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ______________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Wholesale trade ______________________________________

1, 159
357
802
372

39. 0
3&. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5

C le r k s, order _______________________________________________
...............
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Wholesale trade

1, 989
582
1,4 07
1 ,2 73

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

C le r k s, payroll
Manufacturing
...
.............. _ .
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

436
312
124

Office boys _____________________________________ ._____________
Manufacturing
...... _ _ _.
NonmanufactuTing _______________________________________
Public u tilitie s* _____________________________________
Wholesale trade ______________________________________
R etail trade _________________________________________
Finance f _____________________________________________
S ervices ______________________________________________
Tabulating-m achine op erators ___________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilitie s* _____________________________________
Wholesale trade ______________________________________
Retail trade -------------- ------------------ ------------------------------Finance t _________________________________________________________

4
>
1 01 .00
1 0 3 .5 0
99. 00
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

_
-

.
-

_
_
_

_
_

5
5
2

10
2
8
_
4

32
20
12
1
_
4
4

72
19
53
5
14
9
17

121
29
92
4
38
8
40

197
77
120
19
15
12
67

298
120
178
18
49
6
100

251
109
142
11
59
31
24

29-*
144
150
28
68
15
34

207
124
83
15
40
2
25

158
89
69
19
16
9
19

117
65
52
10
29
4
5

125
62
63
4
27
27
*

121
64
57
19
16
6
16

.
-

12
12
-

_
-

45
1
44
36

190
“ 48
142
3 141

-

-

-

“

_
-

1
1
-

13
1
12
-

19
2
17
1

69
14
55
28

135
9
126
48

262
52
210
125

162
33
129
62

114
39
75
37

142
63
79
29

119
53
66
33

48
32
16
2

34
19
15
5

18
2
2

11
11
-

9 9 .5 0
98. 00
100. 00
1 0 1 .0 0

_
-

_
-

7
7
5

13
1
12
6

80
18
62

-

1
1
-

59

29
20
9
4

124
24
100
96

168
50
118
104

136
22
114
100

286
114
172
123

204
102
102
87

184
34
150
141

185
63
122
122

155
51
104
101

182
34
148
1*8

39. 0
3$. 0
39. 0

9 6 .5 0
96.00
9 7 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

12
8
4

4
4

51
40
11

58
45
13

35
16
19

41
36
5

41
36
5

45
41
4

53
31
22

42
22
20

18
18
-

22
11 11

12
7

-

1
1

1 ,6 8 0
481
1, 199
102
136
120
581
260

38. 0
39. 0
38. 0
39. 0
39. 0
40 . 0
37. 0
3 8 .5

59. 00
6 1 .5 0
58. 00
63. 00
58. 50
58. 00
5 7 .5 0
57. 50

46
5
41
1
30
10

145
28
117
7
78
32

359
114
245
28
44
29
119
25

359
80
27 9
11
44
25
103
96

378
93
285
13
21
41
157
53

187
82
105
18
18
15
34
20

130
36
94
32
5
48
9

34
11
23
2
6
15

18
8
10
4
6
-

14
14
-

_
-

4
4
-

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

_
-

2, 265
921
1, 344
183
248
151
610

39.
39.
38.
39.
39.
39.
38.

0
0
5
0
5
0
0

8 8 .5 0
92 . 00
8 6 .5 0
94. 00
91. 00
84. 00
81. 50

_
.
-

_
-

.
_
-

-

-

75
1
74
3
2
2
65

124
25
99
3
13
15
61

168
59
109
9
25
11
55

309
108
201
18
13
21
139

318
115
2 03
25
50
25
80

296
135
161
14
42
30
57

230
118
112
20
19
13
40

210
96
114
26
11
10
45

166
85
81
15
13
13
24

141
65
76
13
22

-

6
_
6
1
4
1

27

120
60
60
33
6
1
9

47
22
25
1
18
2
"

22
15
7
1
3
3

33
1?
16
1
11
4

B ille r s , machine (billing m a c h in e )----------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilitie s* ______________________________________
Wholesale trade ______________________________________

1, 3 03
----- 7^9
594
136
319

39.
39.
39.
40 .
39.

5
5
0
0
0

7 0 . 50
■?o” 5 < r
7 0 . 50
77 . 00
7 1 .5 0

_
-

6

214
135
79

136
82
54

20

2
2

16

8

1

-

39

2

23

12

■
“

"
~
“

-

-

16
16
"

-

8
12

34

157
94
63
53
.9

49
25
24

62

218
62
156
40
105

35
23

-

68
39
29
4

309
198"

-

73
25
48
29

"

'

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping machine) _______________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

430
340

3 8 .5
38. 5

6 8 . 50
6 5 .5 0

_

15
15

33
33

39
39

85
82

85
85

46
33

27
-

65
27-

35
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

~

B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A ______________
Manufacturing .......................... ......... .............................. .............
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Wholesale trade ______________________________________

985
449
536
2 07

3 8 .5
39. 0
38. 0
39. 0

82 . 00
8 1 .0 0
83. 00
8 3 .5 0

_
-

_

_
-

3
3

22

136
50

166

198

58

11

2

2

2

2

-

56

9

2
~

1

12
2

2

36

146
52
23

~

-

55

183
76
107
81

25
13

86

56
38
18

7 9 .0 0
85750"
76 . 00
76 . 00

-

-

4

5

Women

See footnotes at end of table.




6

-

'

-

111
8

19
3

111
11

12
10

123
46
77
53

"

“

"

'

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a sis,
by industry division , C h icago, 111. , A p ril 1959)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly

W
eekly Under
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 5 . 00

$
$
4 5 . 00. 50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70 . 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90.00

$

under
50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

9 5 .0 0

100.00

97
56
41
41

10
6
4
_
4

-

95 .00

$
$
$
$
$
$
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00

and
over

Wome n— Continued
_
-•
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

6
5
1
1
-

44
9
35
10
22
3
-

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B ................. ........
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Wholesale trade ___________________ ___________ ______
R etail trade
Finance t ___________________________________________
S e r v ic e s ______________________________________________

4, 013
$51
3, 062
487
265
2, 126
133

38. 5
3 9 .5
38. 0
3 9 .5
40 . 0
37. 5
38. 0

70 . 00
7 4 .0 6
69 . 00
68. 50
66 . 50
69 . 00
7 4 . 50

17
17
17
"

42
42
7
34
1

52
7
45
12
16
16
1

193
58
135
5
41
89
-

685
52
633
151
54
410
14

1284
231
1053
120
45
847
34

689
IW
509
93
44
347
7

486
129
357
77
23
208
30

236
98
138
15
27
72
24

220
132
88
14
8
41
22

"

-

-

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A _____________________________
Manufacturing
_ .. ....
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilitie s* ____________________________________
Wholesale trade
__
_ ... _
R etail trade ____________________________ ____ _________
Finance f _____________________________________________
S ervices ............................................................................ ........

2, 622
1, 006
1, 616
243
359
232
577
205

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5
38. 0
38. 0

87 . 00
89. 00
86. 00
9 1 .5 0
90.00
84. 00
8 2 .5 0
84. 00

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

158
45
113
1
24
16
62
10

191
50
141
10
6
30
80
15

406
133
273
47
28
37
130
31

213
33
77
52
42
9

352
117
235
43
70
21
83
18

151
445
150 ------- 4T
104
295
34
20
58
16
44
11
14
114
45
43

144
94
50
6
4
2
30
8

173
93
80
8
47
11
12
2

68
35
33
27
1
3
2

17
10
7
3
4
-

-

17
1
16
2
2
10
2

430

-

20
20
_
_
20

-

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss R
.
_
...
.
_
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
P ublic u tilitie s*
............................
W holesale trade
R etail trade __________________ ______________________
Finance t _____________________________________________
S e r v i c e s ______________________________________________

5 ,2 5 6
1, 661
3, 595
305
838
1, 130
951
371

39.0
39. 0
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5
40. 0
38. 0
38. 5

70 . 00
73 . 00
68. 50
7 2 . 00
72 . 50
6 6 .5 0
66 . 50
6 8 .5 0

6
6
6
-

214
13
201
6
_
107
64
24

428
92
336
13
14
110
142
57

730
60
198
213
195
64

1065
310
755
67
145
246
215
82

885
3W
519
66
161
167
93
32

669
201
468
21
126
141
107
73

386
139
247
41
77
68
55
6

264
121
143
1
76
24
22
20

142
87
55
8
13
11
18
5

57
31
26
13
10
1
2
-

70
22
48
9
17
12
2
8

7
7
-

4
2
2
1
1
-

-

59
59
23
36
-

-

3
3
-

_
“

-

C le r k s, file , class A ______________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Wholesale t r a d e _____________________________________
Finance t _____________________________ _________ _____

1, 530
565
965
182
550

38.
39.
38.
38.
38.

5
0
0
5
0

7 0 . 50
7 1 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 4 . 00
68 . 00

_
-

2
2
-

160
66
94
11
69

328
59
269
22
186

231
46
183
27
130

288
183
105
3
51

196
84
112
26
47

156
77
79
57
7

69
21
48
23
15

11
5
6
5

16
9
7
1
2

25
3
22
22

3
3
-

1
1
1

“

_
-

-

44
10
34
12
15

C le r k s, file, class B
_
. . . . . . . . . ___ .
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilitie s* ______„_____________________________
Wholesale trade _____________________________________
Retail trade ______ ____ _______________________________
Finance t .................................... - ........................ ....................
S ervices _____________________________________________

5 ,4 2 4
1 ,2 6 9
4, 155
389
7 06
568
2, 097
395

38. 5
39. 0
38. 5
40. 0
3 9 .5
39. 5
3 7 .5
39. 0

57 . 50
61.00
57. 00
63 . 50
60. 50
55. 50
55. 00
56. 00

234
25
209
78
131
-

428
26
402
22
36
315
29

1344
201
1143
15
204
138
583
203

1375

1135

542
179
363
97
81
84
70
31

203
66
115
42
55
6
9
3

85
42
43
11
17
6
9

52
29
23
2
21
-

17
12
5
2
3
-

2
2
-

6
2
4
4
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

_
-

C le r k s , order ______________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Wholesale trade
. . .
_ ............ . _
Retail trade _________________ :________________________

1, 612
583
1, 029
621
346

39.0
39.0
3 9 .5
39. 0
3 9 .5

7 0 .5 0
75 . 00
68 . 00
7 3 .5 0
58. 50

5
5
5

53
53
46

78
78
9
64

175
34
141
48
83

283
— n rr
176
97
74

406
154
252
184
58

116
46
70
60
7

96
40
56
48
3

163
76
87
75
5

22
7
15
8
-

86
69
17
15
1

71
71
69
-

28
28
-

C le r k s, payroll __
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities * ______________ ______________________
Wholesale trade _____________________________________
R etail trade __________________________________________
Finance t ____________________________________________
S erv ic es _____________________________________________

2, 176
" 1, i t s
998
165
218
245
163
207

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
37. 0
38. 5

79.00
79.00
79.00
8 4 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
72 . 00
85 . 00
80 . 00

_
_

8
2
6

15
3
12

158
ror
50
4
5
32
8

182
92
90
10
26
20
6
28

254
147
107
28
21
21
16
21

448
218
230
65
73
58
13
21

302
173
129
17
15
17
41
39

298
112
186
10
51
36
35
54

214
143
71
9
8
9
17
28

79
51
28
4
1
8
13
2

29
20 —
9
1
6
2

-

_
_

-

-

-

6
_

12
_

TUT

T S z~

T W

993
51
108
115
657
62

855
169
191
111
326
58

104
------ U 0 ~
44

-

997

9
26
9

'

See footnotes at end of table.




—

IT T

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

11
7
4
4
-

19
15
4
4
-

-

"

12
6
6
2
4

2
2

13
13
13
-

-

25
33
n r -------33“
15
3
8
4

-

2

7
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, C hicago, 111., A p ril 1959)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
45 . 00
and
under
50. 00

l o . 00

55. 00

?0 . 00

I 5 . 00

? 0. 00

$ 5 . 00

l o . 00

I s . 00

l o . 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

132
16
116
5
13
70
25
3

395
45
350
5
66
144
65
70

642
179
463
25
99
222
60
57

11

35
nr
17

71
44
27

294
64
230
3
113
36
72

495

2
14

92
4
88
2
12
16
49

8
"

75
19
56
12
6
23

220
55
165
15
43
90

421
127
294
29
65
179

1

5

40

-

-

-

_
-

1

5

-

_

W
eekly
W
eekly Under
h
ours 1 earnin 1 $
gs
(Standard) (Standard) 4 5 . 00

$

9 5 .0 0 foo.oo f0 5 .0 0 f io .o o

100.00

105.00

110.00

115.00

163
114
49
9
26
10
4
"

46
36
10

27
27

3
2
1

f 15.00 f 2 0.00 f 2 5 .00
120.00 125.00

and
over

W omen— Continued
C om ptom eter operators __________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilitie s* ____________________________________
W holesale trade _______________________________________________
R etail trade ____________________________________________________
Finance t ______________ _____________________________ _______
S e r v ic e s ____________ __ ___________ _________________________

3 ,4 0 3
1 ,2 3 4
2, 169
135
515
873
240
406

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 0
3 9 .5
37. 5
40 . 0

$
7 4 . 00
80. 00
7 1 .0 0
77. 00
74 . 50
6 8 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

D uplicating-m achine operators (mim eograph
or ditto) _________________________________________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ _ _

396
------ 244~
152

39. 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

6 5 .5 0
6 4 .6 6
6 8 .0 0

Key-punch operators
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
________________
P ublic utilities *
___________________________________________
Wholesale trade ______________ ___________
____________
R etail trade ________________________ __ _ ____ ____________
Finance t

4, 172
1, 638
2 ,5 3 4
264
558
378
986

38. 5
72. 00
39. 0 ... 74766"
38. 5
71 . 00
77 . 50
3 9 .5
7 1 . 00
39. 5
3 9 .5
69. 00
6 8 .5 0
38. 0

Office g irls
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _______________ _____________ ____ _______
Wholesale trade ______________________
________________
R etail trade ____________________________________________________
Finance t ___________________ — ____________________ _______

1, 124
393
731
113
157
371

39. 0
39. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
40. 0
39. 0

59.
61.
57.
59.
56.
57.

S ecretaries ____________________ __ ________________________ _______
Manufacturing ____________________ _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________ _________________
Public u tilitie s* _____________________________________________
Wholesale trade ______________________________________________
R etail trade ____________________________________________________
Finance t ______________ __ ___________ __ __ __ _______
S e r v ic e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 1 ,723
4 ,7 2 4
6 ,9 9 9
569
1 ,4 8 8
1,4 0 2
2, 146
1, 394

38. 5
39. 0
38. 5
39. 5
39. 0
3 9 .5
37. 5
37. 5

89. 50
91. 00
8 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
91. 00
85. 50
87. 00
87. 50

Stenographers, general ______________________________________ ___
Manufacturing _____________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________ _________________________
Public u t i l i t i e s * ________ __________________________________
Wholesale trade _ __________________
________
__ ___
R etail trade ____________________________________________________
Finance t ________________________________________________________
S e r v ic e s __________________________________________________________

9, 806
4 ,3 2 3
5 ,4 8 3
514
1 ,2 63
492
2, 052
, 162

38.
39.
38.
39.
39.
40.
37.
37.

5
0
0
0
0
0
5
5

75 . 50
7 7 . 00
7 4 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
7 5 . 50
72 . 00
7 1 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

Stenographers, technical
Nonmanufacturing
____________________________________

377

38. 5
38. 0

85. 00
83. 50

See footnotes at end o f table.




1

—

z s r

00
50
50
00
00
50

1
1

18
18

-

-

1
-

-

-

_
_

8
-

8
-

58
7
51
4
1
42
1
3

16
2
-

22
15
7
22
-

22
-

69
—

—

W

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

679
236
443
39
129
124
22
12 9

49
31
18

59
38
21

46
19
27

331
13
64
57
182

714
305
409
27
89
84
187

847
378
469
49
70
80
214

178
65
113
28
25
41

104
56
48
23
7
15

53
30
23
1
2
5

42
19
23
4
1
18

16
15
1
1

67 5
224
451
38
100
81
127
105

144 0
833
35
107
150
379
162

1812
791
1021
51
195
190
352
233

1704
534
117 0
53
257
303
328
229

1762
728
1034
86
198
108
445
197

1950
841
1109
70
351
92
355
241

1466
523
943
107
255
85
2 02
294

T E T

125
466
------- T T — TF<r
88
306
5
7
41
11
47
10
80
14
101
2
28
11
77
-

40

34
276
6 ------- 7 2 “
28
204
1
9
2
22
39
24
126
8
-

1

6
6

1004
441
563
30
89
45
284
115

5
5

1570
655
915
51
202
97
483
82

36
25
25 ------- TE~

321
140
181
7
60
68
1
45

237
TS0"
77
20
19
30
4
4

586
209"
377
9
79
145
52
92

37
7
14 ----------6"
1
23

464
817
287 ------TFT
277
530
64
57
77
45
32
62
70
181

E oT

66
51

95
63
32
12
12
1
4
3

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

10

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

102
243
141 -------- 8 0
22
102
36
2
10
43
9
8
5

60
17
43
3
32

20
11
9
6
3

-

-

1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

.

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

.

-

"

-

■

4
4

3
3

.

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

"
1871
—

E W

1192
86
296
278
314
218

376
890
559 ------ T E E 188
331
30
46
26
81
3
22
74
56
108
73

61
56
35
45 ------- TS~ ------- 20~ —

-

■

_

1201
4 E 9~
712
87
147
128
234
116

465
39
127
76
135
88

590
318
272
41
71
28
73
59

264
153
111
37
33
9
14
18

251
70
81
34
12

151
44
76
42
24

49
21
5
2
1

25

.

2

.

-

-

-

4
4

-

2
2

-

-

-

851
TEE'

-

-

2
33

1
9
14
3

31
30

-

17 1
92
79
19
31
-

29
~

247
125
122
29
40
10
4
39

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2

34
rr

-

260
129
13 1
42
32
6
40
11

-

"
2

6
5

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b a sis,
by industry d ivision , Ch icago, 111. , A p ril 1959)
AveS G
A E
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly 1 W
eekly 1 Under 45 . 00
hou
rs
earnin
gs $
and
(Standard) (Standard) 45 . 00 under
50. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65 . 00

$
7 0. 00

$
75. 00

80. 00

$
85. 00

*90. 00

55. 00

6 0 . 00

65. 00

7 0 . 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

154
63
91
10
20
3
33
25

82
56
26
13
7

80
34
46
33

$
10.00 *115.00 120.00 125.00
and
110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

* 95.0C !o o .o o 1 0 5 .0 0
100. 0 c 105.00

\

W om en— Continued
$
Switchboard operators
7 0 .5 0
1, 965
3 9 .5
Manufacturing ____________________________________________ ------ 390“ “ W
1 1 . too
68. 00
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
1 ,4 7 5
3 9 .5
Public u tilitie s* _____________________________________
161
82. 00
39. 5
214
Wholesale trade ______________________________________
7 5 .5 0
39. 0
Retail trade _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _228_ _40 . _ _ 64 ._ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _5
_
_ _ _ _00 _ _
_ _
Finance-)- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _324 _ _37. _ _7 3 .5 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 0_ _ _
_
_ 5
__
S e r v ic e s _______________________________________________
548
40. 5
59. 50
Switchboard op era to r-rec ep tio n ists _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .5
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _2, 210 _ _ _
__
38
Manufacturing
_ . ___ ________ .
1, 136
39. 0
1, 074
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
3 8 .5
Public u tilitie s* _____________________________________
3 9 .5
119
Wholesale trade
38. 5
537
R etail trade ___________________________________________
128
39. 5
F in an ce-)
36. 5
149
S erv ic es ______________________________________________
141
38. 5

-

9
-

61

.
-

.
_
-

-

-

79.00

-

-

39. 0
39. 0
38. 5
38. 0
39. 0

73. 00
7 5 .0 0
71. 50
74. 00
69. 50
73. 50

-

4, 839
2, 279
2, 560
165
267
1, 509
420

38.
39.
38.
39.
39.
37.
39.

5
0
0
5
5
0
0

72. 50
73. 00
72. 00
7 7 .0 0
77. 50
70. 00
74. 00

9, 858
3, 162

39.
39.
38.
39.
39.
40.
38.
39.

0
0
5
5
0
0
0

62. 50
6 5 .5 0
65. 00

T ran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, g e n e r a l______________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Wholesale trade ______________________________________
Finance t ____________________________________________
S ervices ______________________________________________

1,949
691
1, 258
493
481
169

T yp ists, c la ss A ____________________________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilitie s* _____________________________________
Wholesale trade ______________________________________
Finance t _____________________________________________
S ervices ________ ____________________________________

6,696
1,
1,
3,
1,

388
080
032
052
144

39.0

0

63. 50
65.00

62. 00
60. 50
64. 50

224
27
15
182

-

-

16
1

224
-

_

77. 50
77. 50

913
431

1
2
3
*
t

7 2 .5 0
71. 50
74. 00

-

37. 5
3 875"
3 8.5

Tabulating-m achine operators _________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
......... .
Finance t _____________________________________________

T yp ists, c la ss R
.........................
_
Manufacturing _
.
... _
.
Nonmanufacturing
... . .
...
Public u tilitie s*
___________________________________
Wholesale trade ______________________________________
Retail trade ___________________________________________
Finance f _____________________________________________
S ervices ______________________________________________

72 . 00
7 3 .5 0
71 . 00
74 . 50
69. 00

70
70

4

35
35
23

12

84
20
64
62
_

-

2
-

35
-

-

35

54
3
31

-

4

1

7
4

"

-

-

-

-

-

20

180
25
155

800
125
675

-

54

-

-

_

-

3
17

77
72

6

1
2

6
6

20
6

_

4
54
7

-

5

6

96
125
368
80

191
69
-

21
01
649

1362
60
170
148
831
153

w

341
—

TTT

239
27
79
36
87
10

225
23
46
26
73
57

457

535
265
270
26
160

346
203
143
20
45

303

208
19
99

21
16
24

24
40
26

5
57
22

42
13
23

8
21
22

1

4

337
—

280
134
146
16
69

14
5
43
5 ------- 3PT ------43"
4
7

-

20
-

187
158
263
23 — r r ------ 7 T T
164
147
193
1
10
21
6
33
5
36
60
29
4
22
65
117
50
45

292

96

16
9
80
83
17

744
i& r

Z W

219
54
19
306
109
197
31
139
9
972
3515“
606
31

475
13
49
377
22

421
114

2889

2280

550“
2009
126
214

22
6

1086
321

8

T W

1490

8
6

390
272
47 5
267

137
—

13 0

W

80

m

127
34
42

-

6
•

58
—

-

-

-

-

1
3
2 --------- r
1
1
-

*

38
20
18
2

-

36
29
7
-

-

9
6
3
1
-

-

7

4

2

~

4
8

49
29
14

65
33
10

58
18
4

28
15
8

6
6
-

6

375
l2 l
254

463
164
299
137
106
47

282
109
173
104
23
34

67
36
31

46
39
7

15
9

9
9

-

4

■

748
350
398
38
55
163
95

501
233

288
176

145
71

31
18
13

13
49
85
88

13
38
34
18

25

3
4

5
3
2

5

■

448

158
87
71

27
16
11

41
37
4

17
14
3

-

-

-

5
5

982
370“

62
1

71
92
69
146
234

169
279

2
1
8
8
6
8

48
54

28
6

1
1
18
8
6

28

-

-

_

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

1
1

12
1

2
6
-

3

6
6

2

6
8
1
0
2
6

-

6

2
-

“

34
24

1
0

_

-

-

3

3

-

-

I

4
2•
2

-

6
_

_

_

_
_

■

.
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

■

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

5

-

-

-

_
-

.
'

_

-

■

-

_

_
“

1
0
9
1
1
-

-

6
6

•

566
534
36
32
338
71

1
1
-

7
4
■

10

24

10
10

-

-

■

2

-

-

4

79
33

-

4

-

_
-

11

1

-

4
-

-

148
81
21

16
1

4

.

-

1

Standard hours r e fle c t thew orkweek for which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sala rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 41 at/$ 125 to $ 130; 7 at $ 135 to $ 140.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 47 at $ 125 to $ 130; 39 at $ 130 to $ 135; 16 at $ 135 to $ 140;
39 at $ 140 and o v e r.
Tran sportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.
F inance, insurance, and real estate.




10
4
6
6

72
30
42
33
8

W

42
21
4
2
15
"

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupatbns
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , C hicago, 111. , A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
$ex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

S
S
S
«
W
eekly . W
85. 00 90. 00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 *115.00 120.00 * 2 5 .0 0 130.00 *135100 *140.00 *145.00 150.00 *155.00 160.00 *165.00 *170.00
eekly . j^nder 7 0. 00 75. 00 l o . 00 $
hou
rs
earnin 1
gs
ard')
and
(Standard) 70. 00
*
~
~(Stand "
“
~
~
■
~
"
'
75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105. 00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 over

Men
_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

562
D raftsm en , l e a d e r ------------- - -----------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------ ------- TTZ

38. 5
39. 5

145. 00
140. 00

D raftsm en , senior __________________________
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________________
Public u tilitie s*

3, 544
1, 978
1, 566
109

39. 5
3 9 .5
39 . 0
39. 0

1 2 7 .0 0
119. 50
136. 50
125. 50

_

_

_

D raftsm en , junior ---------------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________ *--------------------

2 ,4 1 9
1, 609
810

39 . 5
39. 5
39. 0

93. 50
89. 00
102. 00

89
77
12

149
143
6

192
171
21

342
292
50

T r a c e r s ______________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________

109
61

39. 0
40. 0

72. 50
74. 00

241
11
20 ---------S'

44
22

7
5

628
507
121

3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 0

92. 00
92. 00
92. 00

65
£•
9

120
94
26

_
-

-

-

16
12
4

24
4

79
20

82
22

49
19

19
19

65
3

53
13

16
1

47
13

53
16

411
328
83
10

205
106
99
9

316
135
181
25

201
81
120
8

208
106
102
10

149
70
79
3

212
44
168
3

114
42
72
3

158
48
110
_

84
19
65
3

124
2
122
_

96
56
40

139
29
110

26
26

14
14

.
-

11
11

2
2

4
4

9
8
1

1
1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

- -

_ -

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

27
27

27
19
8

4
3
1

2
2

-

2
2

2
2

37
23
18 " ’ 2 "6
11
5
_
6

172
138
34
7

95
77
18
2

317
197
120
3

279
229
50
7

159
130
29
5

264
170
94
5

344
238
106

391
251
140

181
116
65

204
129
75

118
61
57

107
38
69

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

82
70
12

?o
78
12

53
33
20

57
45
12

6
---------

2
2—

10
nr

7
7

14
37
r r --------T

1
1

—

.

-

.

-

"

Women
N u rses, industrial (registere d ) __________
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------N[nnmapiifa rtnring

5
5

23
18
5

73
62
11

- -

- -

-

- -

-

- -

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 5 at $ 55 to $60; 25 at $60 to $65; and 11 at $ 65 to $70 .
Tran sportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in selected occupations studied on an area b a sis,
by industry d ivision , Chicago, 111. , A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

C a rp enters, maintenance _____________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________ __
Retail trade ______________________________
Finance t ----------------------------------- ------- ------

1, 132
663
469
158
216

E lectricia n s , maintenance ____ ______________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
R etail trade ______________________________
Finance t ____________ __________________
S ervices __________________________________

3, 122
2,233
889
90
230
164

See footnotes at end o f table.




$
Average
$
$
$
hourly Under 2. 00 2. 10 2 .2 0 2. 30
earnings 1
and
$
under
2. 00
2. 10 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0
$
3. 01
3
2
58
77
19
trrn
18 ~ W ~
53
3 .34
3
2
1
24
10
3.01
3
1
24
1
3
3 .64
2
3. 05
2. 99
3.21
3. 15
3.49
3. 03

_

3

-

3

11
10
1

-

-

2

“

-

-

6
6
-

92
52
40
5

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .50

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3. 60

$
3. 70

$
3. 80

$
3. 90

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3. 50

3. 60

3 .7 0

3. 80

3. 90

4. 00

85

86
36

94
6$
26

105
10S

26
21
5
1
2

17
10
14 ---4
3
3
3
-

9
9

2
2
2
-

305
18
287
62
176

23
23
1
22

9
_
9
9

6
6
6
-

12
12

33
32
1

9
9

190
56
134
5
110
19

93
61
32
11
9
12

27
21
6
6
-

105
58 —
47
43
-

56
53
3

149

-

-

7

2

126

23
9
2
2

64

W — w -

6
1
-

5
1
2

155
139
16

341
288
53

_

-

1
10

3
50

_

_

_

-

-

-

233
195
38
4
2
31

288
27 0
18
2
2
-

615
472
143
30
95
-

269
202
67
1
1

188
95
93
23
-

23

315
101
214
_

_
_

59
49
10
5

-

5

■

-

-

-

1

-

_

$
4. 00
and
over
-

5
5
-

"

10
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations-Continued
(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r men in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry d ivision , Ch icago, 111., A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

$
$
$
Average
hourly , ^ nder 2. 00
2. 10 2 .2 0
earnings
and
2. 00 under
2 .2 0 2 .3 0
2, IQ
$
44
2.9 6
1
2
22
7
2. 93
22
1
37
2
2 .9 9
1
17
2. 98
3 .06
20
1
1
2. 92
-

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3. 50

3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
3. 80

$
3 .9 0

2 .9 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3. 50

4. 00

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3. 10

3 .2 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3.8 0

3. 90

92
88
4
1
-

156
84
72
13
57

70
55
15
4
2
-

128
93
35
7
28

99
72
27
3
12

122
104
18
-

720
95
625
130
404
85

371
290
81
49
3
23

137
134
3
2
1

47
43
4
4
-

27
26
1
1
-

10
10
-

22
•22
22

17
17
13

-

69
64
5
4

99
6l
38
4

73
70
3
3

42
41
1
-

186
30
156
47

50
33
17
12

78
71
7
-

17
14
3
-

18
18
*

8
8
"

4
4
-

_
-

13
13
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

56
50
6

155
112
43

384
325
59

443
268
175

236
213
23

87
49
38

70
66
4

_
-

1
1

8
8
-

_
-

56
56
-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

6
6

6
6

76
76

63
63

92
92

221
221

188
nnr

211
211

610
331
STcT 331

168
res-

168

108
108“

36
36

24
24

7
?

_
-

6
6
-

.
-

7
6
1

57
55
2

141
140
1

49
49
-

218
210
8

198
185
13

487
485"
1

306
301
5

596
587
9

426
417
9

85
74
11

256
199
57

69
68
1

2. 83
2 .8 0
2 .8 5
2. 89
2 .7 4

_
-

24
24
12
12

17
17
-

14
4
10
8
-

59
59
19
23

66
6
60
27
17

34
18
16
12
*

170
93
77
28
13

225
124
101
6
69

529
136
393
327
20

597
46
551
432
84

107
12
95
93
-

108
30
78
72
-

30
18
12
12
-

-

2.7 4
2.7 3
2.77

19
2
17

6
2
4

107
85
22

316
276
40

150
143
7

240
190
50

331
262

424
316
108

694
625
69

280
267
13

316
311
5

406
399
7

232
200
32

100
21
79

190
77
113

_
2 .9 0
2. 91
2 .3 6 3 107
2 .33 .. 107“
2.6 3
~

2
2
54
54
-

_
69

11
11
50
50

108
T07
96
56
40

135
133
108
46

93
90
17
17
“

326
316
14
13
1

590
589
-

10
10
11
11

21
21
-

7
7
-

41
23
18
17

46
43
3
-

56
55
1
-

134
93
5
5
"
24
19
5
2

103
61
42
-

35
35
“

16
4
12
"

6
6
"

13
13
-

1
1

39
34
5

55
53
2

131
127
4

148
146
2

151
141
10

150
149”
1

148
145
3

9
7
2

131
88
43

6
2

10
id

4
"

“

37
36

104
T04“

13
13

417
417”

569
569

489
489

F irem en , stationary b o ile r __________________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
' _
R etail trade ______________________________

982
714
268
81

2 .3 9
2 .3 5
2. 51
2 .5 5

2 150
116
34
7

89
85
4
4

86
86
-

H elpers, trades, maintenance _________________
Manufacturing
... _
Nonmanufacturing

1,701
1,323
378

2.4 1
2.41
2 .4 0

124
25

81
77
4

M ach in e-tool o p e ra to rs , to o lr o o m ____________
M anufacturing _________________ ____________

2, 315
2, 315

2. 82
2.8 2

_
-

M achinists, m aintenance _____________________
M anufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
___________ ____________

3, 168
3, 048
120

3. 03
3. 02
3. 12

M echanics, autom otive (m a in te n a n ce )________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
P u blic u tilitie s* _________________________
W holesale trade __________________ _____

1, 980
504
1,476
1, 048
238

M ech an ics, maintenance _________ ____________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

3, 823
3, 125
698

M illw rights _____________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________ _____

1, 577
T .51 T 4
883
-------7 W
90

—
~

3
2
1
1

1, 115
i , bo 6
107

3.02
TTW

3 .28

_
-

_
-

_
-

103
------- S T

3. 17
3.31

1
1

_

_

_

_

•

-

4
"

12
■

7
3

7
7

2

-

3 .01
3. 02

-

2
2

.

r

"

5
5

13
10

7
7

13
11

22
22

70
70

4, 107
“0 0 7 “

3. 16
3. 16

"

"

■

4
4

14
14

188
lW

155
155

258
258

383

.

*

10
10
-

71
— 48
23
9

21
rs
3
-

62

4
4
-

w

30
22
8
3

53
53
116
236
235“ ’ I I 3 "
3
■
zu~

3. 01
2 .77
3.2 6
2. 89

S heet-m etal w ork e rs, m aintenance ___________
M anufacturing _______________________________ —

6
------ 5“
-

26

—

129

764
3 92
372
53

P ip efitters , maintenance __________________ __
M anufacturing _____________ ___________ ___
Nonmanufacturing ________________ ________

T ool and die m akers ___________________________
M anufacturing _______________________________

$
2. 60

2. 50

2, 182
1, 141
1,041
232
411
336

P lu m bers, m aintenance _______________________
Nonmanufacturing

2 .4 0

$
2. 50

69
18
51
2
47

____________
E n gin eers, stationary ________
M anufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________ ________
R etail trade ______________________________
Finance t ________________________________
S ervices __________ _____________________

Hi lnrfl
_______ __ __ ____________
M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________________
P a in ters, maintenance _________________ _____
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_________________________
Retail trade ______________________________

$
$
2. 30 2 .4 0

14
7
12 — T ~
2
-

168

-

13
13
13

13
13
13

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

45
45
-

7
6
1

17
17

11
10
1

105
105
-

82
82

.
-

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

6
6
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

3
3
-

_
-

1
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

238
21
217
21

47
9
38
“

-

■

3
3
*

_

67
67
-

17
1
16

2
2

36
21
15

"

-

-

1
1

■

15

20
20

14
4

-

-

-

5
5

89
89

1
1

_

-

-

814
814

444
444

376
376

159
159

-

1
1

7
53
53 ----- T ~
-

15

-

'
_
"

E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 16 at $ 1.40 to $ 1. 50; 10 at $ 1. 50 to $ 1. 60; 1 at $ 1. 60 to $ 1.7 0; 12 at $ 1. 70 to $ 1. £ ; 59 at $ 1. 80 to $ 1. 90; 52 at $ 1. 90 to $ 2 .
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 13 at $ 1 .7 0 to $ 1 .8 0 ; 24 at $ 1 .8 0 to $ 1 .9 0 ; 70 at $ 1 .9 0 to $ 2 .
Tran sportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




$
4. 00
and
over

157
157

2
2

_

58
58

4
4

'

11
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, C hicago, 111. , A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation1 and industry division

Num
ber
^ of ^

$
Average
hourly 2 Under 1.00
$
aijd
1.00

$
1.10
1.20

$
1.20
1.30

$
1. 30
1.40

4
4
"

49
49
-

2
2
-

2
2

48
48
48

138
l38
51

41
41
29

60
60
48

E levator op e ra to rs , passenger (men) ________
N onm anufacturing_
„ ______ _________
Finan ce+ ---------------------------------------------------

1,901
1,802
1,540

$
2.08
2.08
2. 15

Elevator o p era tors, passenger (w o m e n )_______
Nonmanufacturing ___ ____ ______ ___ __
R etail trade ___ ________
____ „ __

494
483
219

1.31
1.30
1.24

-

Guards ________ ________________________________ _
M anufacturing _______ ___ — _______ _____
Nonmanufacturing
______ ____ __ _ _____
Finance + ______ ________ _______________

2,400
1,423
977
680

2.07
2. 16
1.94
1.95

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

3
3
-

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs (m e n )___
M anufacturing _________ „
. _______
Nonmanufacturing _ _ ________
___ _____
Pu blic u tilities* _________________________
W holesale trade _________ __ __________
R etail trade __ __
___
Finance t _______________ _______________ _
S erv ices
------_
___

13,473
7,244
6,229
638
510
1,690
1,946
1,445

1.83
1.89
1.76
1.96
1.74
1.50
2. 12
1.-19

122
122
17
105

110
20
90
67
4
19

329
50
279
116
_
163

741
137"
604
26
318
4
256

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and cle a n e rs (wom en) _____
Manufacturing __
__ ___
____
____
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
P ublic u tilities* __
__ _
W holesale trade __
__
___ _ ______
R etail trade ____
_
Finance t
____ __
---- _
S ervices --------------------------------------------------

5,075
701
4 ,3 7 4
85
80
397
3, 191
621

1.61
1.69
1.60
1.67
1.41
1.38
1.63

3
3
3
-

41
41
_
29
-

85
17
68
_
22
13
_
33

L a b orers , m aterial handling
_
Manufacturing ______________ _____
____ _
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Pu blic u tilities* _____
____ __ _
W holesale trade _____________ _____ __
R etail trade __________ __

19,818
10,396
9,422
2 ,9 0 1

2.06
"'1.99
2. 13
2.42

3,859
2,546

2 .0 1
2.00

3
3
3

24
24
24

O rder fille r s __ __ ___
_
M an u factu rin g __ _ ____
_
__
___ __
Nonmanufacturing _ _
W holesale trade _________________________
Retail trade
___
_ _

6,651
2 ,295
4, 358
3,084
1,262

2.09
2 .06
2 . 10
2.09
2. 13

_
"

_
-

____
P a ck e rs , shipping (m en)
__
M an u factu rin g____ ______
Nonmanufacturing
_
__
W holesale trade ________________________
R etail trade __
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __
P a ck e rs , shipping (wom en) _
Manufacturing
__
______
Nonmanufacturing

____
__ _
____

R eceivin g c lerk s ___
__ __ _ __ _ ________
Manufa c tur ing _____ ________ ________________ _
Nonmanufacturing _________ ________________
W holesale trade
R etail trade _ ___
See footnotes at end o f table,




1.61

-

$
1.90
2.00

$
2.00
2. 10

$
2. 10
2.20

$
2.20
2 .30

$
2.30
2.40

$
2.40
2 .50

$
2.50
2.60

$
2 .o0
2.70

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

$
$
2.70 2.80
2.60 2 .90

$
2.90
3.00

$
3 .00

and
over

6
-

1
_
-

32
32
11

1606
1528
1507

85
77
13

4
3
3

2
2
2

17
129
129 .... 17
16
16

41
41
10

8
7
1

8
2

4
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

132
15
117
101

259
137
64

265
95
170
112

200
147
53
44

114
46
68
52

173
87
86
70

278
235
43
32

190
144
46
31

239
94
145
118

367
275
92
40

90
88
2
2

35
35
_
-

36
36
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

414
142
272
6
12
133
121

670 1063
271
'661
462
399
46
43
30
23
135
273
6
.14
182
109

1712
947
765
46
194
297
24
204

1002
768
234
69
54
87
12
12

920
767
153
36
14
89
8
6

961
799
162
67
45
36
2
12

991 2850
775" 793
216 2057
66
18
51
45
52
23
13 1771
117
117

819
494"
32 5
221
3
41
56
4

286
252
34
20
6
6
2
-

147
145
2
1
_
1
-

258
2 34
24
_
24
“

42
35
7
_
6
_
1
-

10
10
_
_
_
_
_
-

4
2
- ------2
_
4
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
4
-

147
52
95
_
23
_
72

265
53
212
4
11
157
9
31

155
212
47 ' 167
108
105
_
_
7
24
73
36
16
44
12
1

3696
76
3620
49
11
60
3087
413

_
_
_
-

3
3
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

45
_
45
_
_
_
_
45

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

203
61
142

482
327'
155

1028
81T2~
226
8
109

1408
392

3048
250
2798
2337
353
108

512
43b
76

545
' 187"
158
7
44
107

184
154
30
_
_
15

29
27
2
_
-

3
3
_
_
-

26
24"~
2
_

498
“ T59“
339
251
87

458
12
426
65
361

54
29'
25
25

15
13
2
2
-

2

_
-

34

17

30
30
-

42
42
-

33
31
-

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

20
rr

1
1

18
T7
1

18

-

-

1
1

-

1

139
139
131
8

1.96

_

"

_
-

1,663
1,244
419

1.70
1.78
1.48

_
-

24
' 14
10

41
38
3

8

1.795
------779“
1,016
552
431

2.21
"2.27
2. 16
2.21
2. 12

_

_
_

_

1
_
1

34
43
" " 2 7 “ -----7“
7
36
_
7
36

_
-

8

_ _
-

$
1.80
1.90

$
1.70
1.80
4
4
4

1.90
1.92
1.82

- -

$
1.60
1.70
51
46
“

2, 148
1,795
338

- - _

1.50
1.60

217
9
5 178“
4
39
_
_
4
39

'

12

-

%

3
3
-

~ T ^ T ~ ''2 .0 0

5,707

$
1.40
1.50

-

50
50
-

19
4
15
14

TFT

181
116 '
65
29
1
_
35
-

102

1515
796
719
13
499
167

28
255
218
139
------ T ~ ------38" “ 2T“ — W
21
101
230
138
4
31
79
91
17
22
137
107

493
161
332
262
70

2

47
93

1
66

82

954
623
331
1

263
55

215
ro4
in
98
9

385
302
T9'8" " 105
187
197
176
169
10

21

144
80
64

331

284
137
147

112

33
15
18
2
11

19
_
19
2
15

202

129
24
24
_

15

433
138
104
33

-

97
92
5
2
_
1

2

2511
! 1686
825
19
254
531

20
17 ...
3
1
_
2
_
1663
1058
605
19
313
258

75
n

3
_
3
_
_
-

1299
739
560
5
322
233

23
22
1
1
_
3090
1790
1300
15
1206
79

584
435
566
766
' 249" " 5 7 8 .. "'252 '1 ff9
335
188
377
183
45
170
273
285
104
49
139
9

603
443
467
' ~ m .™ 2 65 ""419
178
201
48
150
146
21
54
28
26

73
39

217
213
4

45
34
11

82
80
2

71
id
53
41
9

71
16
55
33
22

56
22
34
1
33

92
64
28
11
17

466
2T0"' “
216
179
37

'

23
z i
~

250
—

W

151
81
70

669
543

27
27
_
_
_
_
_
1065
658
407
78
188
141

1016

385
156
475

786 1180
2 4 4 ' ~ZU2
978
542
531
864
114
11
687
"T 9 8
389
38 3

687

38
86
b2 ....38
24
24
-

6

295
268
27

171
189
2

164
T 84
-

_
-

_

230
51
179
56
121

176
127'
49
36
10

194
95
98
88
5

271

121
101
20

11

39
26

106

165
163
1

—

-

_
133
” '8'6
47
38
9

r r
~

7
7

116
'

T T —

87
-

86

5
-

5

2

1
1

-

20
------ T ~
18
_
_
_
_
18

2

-

1

l

27
27™
-

19
1
-

1

12
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division , C h icago, 111. , A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 1 .00
1 . 10
O ccupation 1 and industry division
earnings
and
$
under
1 .00
1 .20
1 . 10
$
.
2.30
1,633
Shipping c lerk s _________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________ ------ 95T " “ 2733—
2 . 18
Nonmanufacturing _________ ____ __ -------729
2 .2 1
532
W holesale trade _________________________
2.08
165
Retail trade __________________________ —
Number
of
workers

2 . 10

2.20

$
2.30

$
2.40

2.40

2 .50

$

1.80

1.90

2 .00

2 . 10

2 .20

2.30

48
48
38

92
25
67
56

161

2

10

11

153
117
36
4
28

154
137
17

1

37
13
24
3
9

46
36

-

53
53
51

8

27
27
15

9
-

148

143

101

106

2

50
35
15
10
2

47
9
30

37
26
9

1

1

10

10

43
118
67
50

2

15

$

$
2.50

2.00

$
2.70

$
2.80

$
2.90

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

255
184
175 -----53“
80
131
55
125
12

163
60
103
99
4

6

-

-

-

_
-

26
26
26

16
16
16

1
1
-

1
1
-

8
8
-

4
4
"

16
16
16

44
38
6
3
2

314
4
310
18
291
1

2.58
2.68
2.52

_
-

_
-

_
"

.
-

_
"

26
26

16
16

1
1

1
1

8
8
-

_
-

16
16

25
19
6

156
3
153

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

"

-

4
4
“

-

19
19
-

-

42 1121
27
395“
15
723
317
15 267

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
8
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

"

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

1
1
1

4
4
4

-

37
2S
12
12
-

259
137
122
10
61
50
1

12
217
137
80
5
2
35
3

2.58
3,872
----- 743” “ 2733—
3, 129
2 .5 9
2 .5 4
1,729
2.67
1, 166
2.70
2.69
2 .70
2.69
2.79

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons, other
than trailer type) __
_ __ ___
Nonmanufacturing

1,480
1', 336

2.68
2.69

-

4,278
3,744
534
401
123

2.3 0
2.30
2.32
2.32
2 .3 4

-

-

-

675
594

2.33
2 .3 3

-

-

108
2
106
76
30
"

5, 164
1.42
' 1,088 '■ 1.80
4 ,076
1.32
2.05
84
1.26
390
1.52
299
1.26
3,090

-

42
42
_
42

2 34
34" "
200
_
156
15
29

3023
65
2958
44
18
2864

127
17
no
_
10

16
84

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late sh ifts.
Includes all d riv e rs r e g a rd le s s o f size and type o f truck operated.
Tran sportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities,
F inance, in surance, and re a l estate.




1.70

$

2.00

$

_
-

4,740
43$
4,305
2,770
720

1
2
3
*
t

$
1.90

2 .63
2.63
2.63
2 .6 4
2.65
2.60

.

T ru c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ______ _________________________
Man ufa c tur ing _____________________ __ ____ _
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public utilities* ---------------------------------W holesale trade ______________________

Watchmen ___ _ __ ________ __ „ ____________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public utilities*
_
__ _
W holesale trade __________________________
R etail trade __________________________ ___
S erv ices
_
_
_

1.50

.
-

$
1.80

_
-

12,596
2,27$
10,321
5,826
2,617
1,707

T ru ck ers , power (other than f o r k l i f t ) ___
Manufacturing ________________________________

1.40

_
"

$
1.70

_
-

T ru ckd river s3
_
_
____
Manufacturing ________________________ ____
Nonmanufacturing
___
____
Public u tilities* _________________________
W holesale trade _________________ _____
R etail trade ______________________________

T ru ck e rs , power (fork lift) _____ -_______________
M an u factu rin g_______ __ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing
___________ _____________
W holesale trade ___________________________
R etail trade _______________________________

1.30

$
1.60

_
-

2.18
2 .18
2. 17
2.29
1.94

T ru c k d riv e r s , m edium (IV 2 to and
including 4 tons) ___________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________
N onmanufa d u rin g _______________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s * _______________________
W holesale trade _____________________

$
1.40

_
"

991
575
416
211
118

2,206
877 '
1,329

$
1.30

$
1.50
1.60

1.20

_
-

Shipping and receivin g cle rk s ________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
W holesale trade __ ___________________ _
Retail trade ______________________________

T ru ckd river s , light (under 1 V? tons) M anufacturing ________________ __________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________

$

8

8

-

237
OS142
_
2
31
57

1
-

105
47
85 — ZS”
20
19
2
2
18
13

45
117
68
3
53
.41 — IT T -------3- ------7 T ' 66
4
5
30
2
30
2
2
5
"
-

81
8b
141
38
22
31
34 ------ 73 — r r ------ TT — 71“ ------35"
107
6
75
7
10
8
72
2
60
6
4
8
8
10
2
69 2071
$22
43
26 1549
451
15
356
11
580
8
8
“

1365 3099
307
199
1058 2900
792 2468
148
388
116
44

303
/4
229

4
4
4
-

3
3
2
1

48
34
14
4
-

1886
185
1701
367
1142
192

157
29
128
119
8
1

41
5
36
36
_
-

47
47

10
10

36
36

465
465
415

8
8
8

_
-

2080
902
31 ” 179
723
2049
1481
95
63
580

111
T
no

5
5
-

110

-

3478
935
2543
1572
243
728

39
15
24

728
728

786
755~
36

963
91
872
762
84

962
60
902
650
252

288
143
140
125

111 1138
69 ' 111
42 1025
1018
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

374
29
345
66
77

-

-

-

-

1
j

-

239
2 39

196
114

220
324
198 1' "318

112
101
11
11
-

185
181
4
3

388
376
18
6
12

438
228
402 " Z i?
36
11
28
10
8
-

465
428
37
32
4

577
749
573" ™477
223
100
213
55
10
45

479
436
43
_
36

215
215
-

31
3l

43
43

27
24

40
37

27
26

133
" 133

168

177
84
93
6
3
20
4

209
173
36
_
15
1
"

55
29
26
_
13
.
4

110
S3
27
10
7
7

81
39
42
39
1
_
-

85
83
5
_
76
2

90
89

128
"91

51
3
42 ------ 3“
_
9
_
9
_
_
_
-

"

—

-

-

28
"

-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
65

6
6
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

472
466

251
149
177 “ 339”
22
12
22
12
-

_
40
39
nr — 45"
_
56
1
_ ----- 55“
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

$
3.00
and
over

_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_




B :

E s t a b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

and

S u p p le m e n t a r y

W a g e

13

P r o v is io n s

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
(P erc en t of m anufacturing plant w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having f o r m a l p ro v isio n s for shift w ork , and in e sta b lish m e n ts
a c tu ally op erating late sh ifts by type and amo'unt of d iffe r e n tia l, C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1959)

In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —
Shift d iffe r e n tia l

Second shift
w o rk

T o ta l ___________________ ______ ______ ______ ___________________

9 0 .4

T h ird o r other
shift w o rk

79. 0

In e sta b lis h m e n ts a ctu ally
o p e ra tin g —
Second shift

T h ird o r other
shift

17. 0

5 .6
5 .5

8 9 .3

78. 8

16.6

U n ifo rm cen ts (p er h o u r) _________________________________
U nder 5 cen ts _________________________________________
5 cen ts ______________________________________________
__
6 cen ts _ ________________________________________________
7 o r 7 l/z ce n ts __________________________________________
8 cen ts ___________________________________________________
8 V2 c e n t s ______ ____ _____________________________________
10 cen ts _________________________________ ________________
11 ce n ts _______ _________ ________________________________
12 ce n ts _________________________________________________
12 V cen ts ______________________________________________
13 ce n ts _________________________________________________
14 o r 14 V c e n t s __________ _____________________________
15 cen ts _____________________________________ ___________
O ver 15 cen ts ___________________________________________

4 7 .6
.5
4 .2
.8
2 .6
7 .2
.7
24. 0
1. 0
. 1
.7
.4
1.7
3 .5

3 7 .2
.4
.8
.2
1.2
12.4
. 1
6 .3
2 .9
.7
1.3
9 .2
1.7

9 .2
. 1
.7
.2
.7
1 .9
.3
3 .6
.2
( 2)
.2
. 1
.3
.9

U n iform pe rce n ta ge ______________________ _________________
5 p e r c e n t __________________________________ _______ ____
7 p e r c e n t ________________________________________________
7
p e r c e n t _______________________________ ____ _________
10 p e r c e n t ______________________________________________
12
p e rce n t _____________ _____ ________________________
15 p e r c e n t ______________________________________________

3 5 .9
6 .8
.5
27. 0
1. 0
.6

32. 1
.8
.5
.3
25. 1
1.6
3. 8

5 .9
1. 5
. 1
4. 1
. 1
. 1

1 .4

F u ll.d a y ’ s pay fo r re d u ce d h o u rs, plus cen ts
o r p e rce n ta g e d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________________
O ther fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n tia l _________ _________________

.7
5. 1

5. 1
4 .4

. 1
1 .4

.2
.6

No shift pay d iffe re n tia l ______________________________________

1. 1

.2

.4

With shift pay d iffe r e n tia l

_________________ ____ ________ _____

2

2

7
2
7
2

1 In cludes e sta b lish m e n ts c u rren tly operating late sh ifts,
even though they w ere not cu rren tly operating late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e rc e n t.

3 .3
( 2)
.2
.5
1.3
.4
.3
.4
. 1

-

. 1
. 1
.9
. 1
.4

( 2)

and esta b lish m e n ts with fo r m a l p ro v isio n s c overin g late

sh ifts

14

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om e n O ffice W o rke rs
(D istrib u tion of e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv isio n s by m in im u m entrance sa la r y for selec te d c a te g o r ie s
of in exp erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1959)
Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

In exp erien ced ty p ists
M anufacturing
M in im u m w eekly sa la r y 1

A ll
in d u st r ie s

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eekly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
sc h e d ­
ules

A ll
sch e d ­
ules

40

37 V .

A ll
in d u st r ie s
40

37 l/a

Nonm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eekly hour:3 3 Of---A ll
sc h e d ­
u les

A ll
sc h e d ­
ules

40

37 V .

40

37 V .

E sta b lish m e n ts studied ___________________________

43 8

173

XXX

XXX

265

XXX

XXX

43 8

173

XXX

XXX

265

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp ec ified
m i n i m u m ___________________________________________

23 0

103

15

76

127

20

81

251

105

15

78

146

23

94

2
6
6
13
40
27
38
21
24
12
15
10
2
2
2
6

_
3
2
15
11
15
8
13
9
6
7

_
2
3
1
4
2
2
1

_
3
10
10
8
4
10
8
5
5

2
6
3
11
25
16
23
13
11
3
9
3
2

_
1
5
3
6
3
1

_
6
2
5
16
9
14
7
8
3
6
3
2

2
7
4
18
15
56
35
30
14
26
6
13
8
2
2
3
7

_
-

_
1
1
5
3
2
2
1
-

_
6
13
10
6
4
12
3
6
4
2
2
7

2
7
4
11
14
35
19
19
8
13
2
7
3
2
-

_
1
2
6
6
5
1
2
-

_
7
4
4
8
23
10
10
6
12
2
3
3
2
-

-

-

1
3

1
3

E s ta b lish m e n ts having no sp ec ified
m i n i m u m ________________________________________________________ 106

46

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts which did not em p loy
--------------------------------------w o r k e r s in this c a te g o r y

24

XXX

Under $ 4 0 .
$ 4 0 . 00 and
$ 4 2 . 5 0 and
$ 4 5 . 0 0 and
$ 4 7 . 50 and
$ 5 0 . 00 and
$ 5 2 . 5 0 and
$ 5 5 . 00 and
$ 5 7 . 5 0 and
$ 6 0 . 0 0 and
$ 6 2 . 5 0 and
$ 6 5 . 0 0 and
$ 6 7 . 5 0 and
$ 7 0 . 0 0 and
$ 7 2 . 50 and
$ 7 5 . 00 and
$ 7 7 . 50 and
$ 8 0 . 00 and
$ 8 2 . 50 and
$ 8 5 . 0 0 and

00 _____________________________________
under $ 4 2 . 5 0 _____________ _____
under $ 4 5 . 0 0 ____________________
under $ 4 7 . 5 0 ______________________
under $ 5 0 . 00 ______________________
under $ 5 2 . 5 0 ____________________
under $ 5 5 . 00 ______________________
und^r $ 5 7 . 5 0 ____________________
under $ 6 0 . 0 0 ______________________
under $ 6 2 .5 0 ______________________
under $ 6 5 . 0 0 ____________________
under $ 6 7 . 5 0 ______________________
under $ 7 0 . 0 0 ____________________
under $ 7 2 . 50 _____ _____________
under $ 7 5 . 0 0 ____________________
under $ 7 7 . 5 0 ______________________
under $ 8 0 . 00 ______________________
under $ 8 2 . 5 0 ____________________
under $ 8 5 . 0 0 ______________________
over __________________________________________

102

-

2
2
6

-

-

2
1
6

~

-

-

-

1
3

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

XXX

XXX

-

"

-

-

-

XXX

78

XXX

XXX

XXX

L ow e st s a la r y rate f o r m a lly e sta b lish e d fo r h irin g in exp erien ced w o r k e r s for typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s .
R a te s a p p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s , office g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le ric a l jo b s are not c o n sid e r e d .
H ours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e their r eg u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s .
Data are p resen ted fo r




-

-

114

44

XXX

XXX

70

XXX

XXX

73

24

XXX

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

a ll

1
2

-

"

w ork w eek s com b ined,

-

-

1
2

"

-

-

-

-

60

-

-

1
2

-

7
1
21
16
11
6
13
4
6
5
2
3
7

-

'

-

"

"

and fo r the m o st com m on w ork w eek s r ep orted .

15
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in industry d iv is io n s by sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , C h ica g o , 111., A p r il 1959)
OFFICE workers ;
W eekly h o u rs

A ll w o r k e r s

-------------------------------------------------------

IlnriftT 35 h ou rs
__
_______ ___ _
35 h ou rs
_ ___ _______
3h h ou rs
3 6 V h o u r s _____________________________
O v er
V and under 37 V h o u rs ____
37 V h ou rs
__________
O v er 37 V and under 383/4 h o u rs -----3 * I a h ou rs
O ver 3 ^4 and und«r 40 h o u rs
8/
...................... .
40 h ou rs
_
_____________
O v er 40 and under 44 h o u rs __________
44 h ou rs
_ ___ __ _____
4 4 V h ou rs _____________________________
45 h ou rs
48 h ou rs
O ver 48 h ou rs __________________________

8

4
36 4
2
2

2

1
2
*
t

2

All
industries

M
anufacturing

10
0

10
0

( 2)
5
( 2)
5

( 2)
5

2
17
1
8
1

61
( 2)
_

2
( 2)
16
( 2)

12
2
6
2
_
-

( 2)

_

_

( 2)
M

(* )
( 2)

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

10
0
3
5
( 2)

1

91
_
-

_
_

10
0
3
3
-

2
0
2
69

2
_
-

_
_

In clu d es data f o r r e a l estate in add ition to those industry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
T ra n sp o rta tio n (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s ,
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

10
0
_
( 2)
-

6

5
87

1
_
1
_
_

Financet

10
0
7
( 2)
15

6
2
6
4
10
_
33
_
-

_
_

Services

10
0
6
10

All
industries

10
0
( 2)

2
2

( 2)
3
6
17
3
4
_
51
( 2)
-

_
1

( 2)
3
( 2)
( 2)
( 2)
84

1
1

( 2)

2
3

1

Manufacturing

10
0
1
2
1
3
( 2)
4
( 2)

8
6
( 2)
_
-

1
1

( 2)

Public
utilities*

10
0
_
_
_
_
_

10
0
_
-

_

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

10
0

10
0

10
0

_
_

2

( 2)
4

-

1

_
_

8
4
6
_
-

2
3

4

_
_
_
76
3

2

2
7
8

1

( 2)

1
( 2)

2
67
-

8
_
1
0
5

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by num ber o f paid h olid a ys
p ro v id e d ann ually, C h ic a g o , 111. , A p ril 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS'
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

__________________________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts providing
paid h olid ays _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts providing
_
no paid h olid ays _______________________________ _

All
industries

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Financef

All
industries 1

Services

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

99

100

99

97

99

98

98

95

87

( 2)

( 2)

“

"

1

"

( 2)

3

2

2

5

13

_
48
1
10
17
( 2)
21
( 2)
2
“

_
64
2
( 2)
32
( 2)
( 2)
“

_
10
5
3
4
7
1
1
4
4
5
4
2
1
8
( 2)
32
5
3

_
67
1
1
( 2)
14
1
6
6
3

4
37
2

_

4
76
13
1
( 2)
"

30
55
-

1

N um ber o f d a y s
L e s s than 6 h olid ays _______________________________
6 h olid ays ____________________________________________
6 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day _________________________
6 h olid ays plus 2 or 3 h a lf days ------------------------6 h olid ays plus 6 , or 7 h alf d a y s ________________
7 h olid ays ________________________________- _________ _
7 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day _________________________
7 h olid ays plus 2 or 3 h a lf days _________________
7 h olid ays plus 4 h a lf days _______________________
7 h olid ays plus 6 h a lf days _______________________
8 h olid ays
___________________________________________
8 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day _________________________
8 h olid ays plus 2 h alf days _ ----------------------------9 h olid ays ___________ _______________________________
9 h olid ays plus 1 h alf d a y _________________________
9 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d ays ______________ _______
10 h o lid a y s _____ ____ __________________ ________ ___
10 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _ _________________ _
_
11 h olid ays _____ ____ ________ ________ ____ __ ______
11 h olid ays plus 1 h alf day _______________________
11 h olid ays plus 2 h a lf days ________________ ____

_
32
3
7
1
22
4
1
( !)
( 2)
11
1
1
4
(!)
( 2)
2
( 2)
7
1
1

_
30
3
14
34
5
( 2)
11
1
2
“

_
10
7
20
3
36
22
2
-

“

11
31
1
( 2)
( 2)
9
( 2)
2
( 2)
( 2)
-

2
23
3
17
42
1
( 2)
9
1
( 2)
“

_
34
10
32
23
-

58
1
7
18
1
9
2
1
"

( 2)
1
(*)
( 2)
( 2)
”

T ota l h o l i d a y t im e 3
12 days ___________________________________________ __
11 l/z or m o re days _________________________________
11 or m o r e days ____________________________________
IOV2 or m o r e days __________________________________
10 or m o r e days ____________________________________
9 V2 or m o r e days ___________________________________
9 or m o r e days
__________________________________
8 V2 or m o r e days __________________________________
8 or m o re days _____________________________________
7 V or m o r e days __________________________________
7 or m o r e days _____________________________________
6 V or m o r e days _______ •
___________________________
6 or m o r e days _____________________________ ________
5 or m o r e days __________________________________ _
4 or m o r e days _____________________________________
3 or m o r e days _____________________________________
1 or m o r e days _________________________________ __

2

2

1
2
9
9
12
12
18
20
31
35
65
68
99
99
99
99
99

_

_

-

-

-

2
3
14
19
66
69
99
99
99
99
99

-

2
2
24
27
63
63
90
90
100
100
100
100
100

_

_

-

-

2
2
2
2
2
2
24
24
51
52
100
100
100
100
100

-

(!)
(!)
( 2)
1
1
33
35
99
99
99
99
99

3
8
40
41
50
52
65
68
74
81
85
90
100
100
100
100
100

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

(!)

( !)

(!
l 2)

(
(!)
( 2)

3
3
12
12
55
57
94
95
95
97
97

1
1
11
12
71
74
97
98
99
99
99

-

23
23
55
55
64
64
98
98
98
98
98

a total o f 7 days

1
1
1
1
3
3
14
14
39
40
98
98
98
98
98

_

-

-

1 Inclu des data fo r r e a l estate in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
3 A ll com b in a tio n s o f full and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g
and no h a lf d a y s , 6 full days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 full days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on . P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cum ulated.
* T r a n sp orta tio n (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and other public u t ilit ie s ,
t F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .




_

_

3
3
3
9
9
15
15
15
17
31
33
99
99
99
99
99

-

-

(!)

(!)
( 2)
O

( 2)

(!)
(!)
( 2)

1
1
15
15
91
91
91
92
95

1
2
2
2
57
57
57
87
87

O

in clu d es th ose w ith 7 full days

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d ivision s
by vacation pay p r o v is io n s , C h icago, III. , A p r il 1959)

OFFICE WORKERS'

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All
industries
A ll w o rk e rs

---------------------------------------------------------

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

All j
industries

Services

Financet

Manufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
1
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
96
4
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
92
6
(a )
1

100
90
8
2

100
100
-

100
92
8
-

100
95
5
-

100
99
(a)

(a)

■

"

~

“

5
52
8
5

9
55
5
7

_

49
-

1
54
5
-

24
2
-

_
20
1
78
(a)
2

_

_

_

_

16
1
81
2

12
88
-

21
75
4
"

69
31
-

M e t h o d off p a y m o n t
W o rk e rs in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a ca tion s --------------------------- -- ---------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t ------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t --------------------------------------F la t-s tim paym ent ----------------------------------------Other ---------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------

(a)

"

“

“

“

"

“

2
63
21
7

8
45
14
(a)

18
12
3
-

27
8
4
-

_
6
-

3
26
4
-

_
29
-

4
7
(2)

_
3
97
-

_
24
66
1
9

(2)
77
2
16
1
4

_
82
3
9
1
6

64
1
35
"

_
63
36
2
-

67
33
-

(a)
87
1
11
(2)

(a)
40
5
50
1
4

_

52
6
34
1
7

_
27
1
72
-

_
23
6
69
2
"

_
10
90
-

(2)
37
7
56
(2)

(2)
8
15
71
2
4

10
22
58
3
7

-

-

99
1

6
5
87
2

7
93
-

(2)
2
7
90
(2)

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n p a y 3
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eeks ---------------------------------------------- '------------------

_

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eeks ..............................................................................

(a)

A ft e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------------- —
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w eeks ---------------------------------------- ------------------------

(2)
2
(a)
93
1
3

_

_

3
.
90
7

4

_

1

(a)

96
-

-

-

-

99

99

-

-

-

(a)

_

-

3
4
89
4
"

_

_

(a)
88
3
9

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w eek ----------------------------------------------1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------- ---------O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks --------------------------------3 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------

_

«

(a)
(2)
94
1
4

(2)
91
1
7

-

100
-

-

2
94
4
"

1
99
-

_

_

99

-

-

(a)

-

77
3
21

See footnotes at end of ta b le.




NOTE:

In the tabulations of vacatio n a llo w a n ces by y e a rs of s e r v ic e , paym ents other than "le n g th of tim e , "
such as p ercen tage of annual earn ing s or fla t -s u m p aym e n ts, w e r e converted to an equivalent tim e
b a s is ; fo r ex a m p le , a paym ent of 2 p erc en t of annual earn ings w as con sid ered as 1 w e e k ’ s p ay.

"

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs in all in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv ision s
b y v a ca tio n pay p r o v is io n s , C h ica g o , I I I., A p ril 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS
V acation p o lic y

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n

p a y 3—

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Financef

Services

All j
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

_
98

_
94
3
3

2

Services

C o n tin u e d

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks -------------------------------------2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------

8
8

O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks -------------------------------------3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------

5
7

(2)
-

87
4
9

-

99
-

1

-

8
8
5
6

1
-

94
3
3

-

_

-

-

9
3

70
3
27

8
8

1
(2)
87
4

8

1
1
85
4
9

1
1

1

_

85
3

1
0

99
(*)

A fte r 10 y e a rs of s e r v ic e

1w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------

(2)
48

O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ------ ------------------------------3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks -------------------------------------4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------

40
-

1
0
2

_
46
9
42
4

_

6
1
23
1
6

_
60

8

-

29
4

3

2
2

-

1

1
1
6

_

_
48

47

-

46
16
38
-

-

"

49
3

36
(2)
(2)

1

_
7

_
34

15

34
3

6
2

1

1
2
1
36
1

70
24
7
-

-

"

1
1
87
2

_

42

_

_

6
1
8
30
_

1

2
40
3
54
_

1
89
_

1
0
_

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1w eek --------------------- i---------------------------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks -------------------------------------3 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O ve r 3 and under 4 w eeks -------------------------------------4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

(2)

1
1
1
82
2

_

1
0
2
84

-

74

3

4

2
2
1

(2)

_

_

1
0

-

_

3
72

7
92

-

-

-

-

4

-

3

9

1

_

2
89

1

57

1
1

80
3
(2)

9

(2)

_

2

18

1
8
6

-

26

-

-

-

75
24

73

80
-

13
-

-

-

2

-

1

A fte r 20 y e a rs of se r v ic e

1w e e k ---------------------- ----------------------------------------------------2 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks -------------------------------------3 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s -------------------------------------4 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------

1
0
1
73
1
13
2

74

1

15

-

3
72
3

2
2

_

2
1

6

_

33

3
58
18

5
81
13

2
1
0

57
9

"

-

-

-

3
79

1

1
1
70
2
1
1
2
14

1
8
1
80
3
7

"

_
44
33
23

_

2
2
6
2
15

"

2

1

15
63
-

2
0

82
17
-

"

-

A fte r 25 y e a rs of s e r v ic e

1w ee k
2 w eek s

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks -------------------------------------3 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks -------------------------------------4 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 w eeks --------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
s e r v ic e
*
"f

_

_

_

1
0

1
0

3

2
1

(2)

-

-

47
4
39

65

(2)

46

2

38
3

1

1
9
2
2

3
38

2

1

6

-

-

17

54

-

36

78

"

"

Inclu des data fo r r e a l e state in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fl e c t the individual p r o v is io n s
in clu d e changes in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
T ra n sp o rta tio n (e xclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilitie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .




_

5

2
37
2

_
31

1

55
-

14

“

f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .

1
1
50
6
2
6
2
13

F o r ex a m p le,

1
8
1
56
1
0
23
1

the

_
-

43
-

34
23

2
2

2
15

-

-

43

39

2

-

33

44

■

“

1
77
-

2
1
1
"

changes in p r o p o r tio n s in dica ted at 10 y e a r s '

19
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all industries, and in d u stry d iv isio n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts p rovidin g
health, in s u ra n ce , or pension b e n e fits, C h ic a g o , 111., A p ril 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS ,
:
T ype o f ben efit

A ll w o r k e r s

__________________

All
industries

_____________

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts providin g:
L ife in su ra n ce — --------------- ---------------A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce _ -------------- ------------------------S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce or
s ic k le a v e or b oth 2 _________________________
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce _______
S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) _________________________
S ick lea v e (p a rtia l pay or
w aiting p e r i o d ) _______ ______________ .
H os p ita liz a tio n in su ra n ce ________ __ --------S u rg ica l in su ra n ce ___________________________
M e d ica l in su ra n ce - __________________________
C a ta strop h e in su ra n ce _______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n sio n
________________________
No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n p l a n -------

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS

Retail trade

Financef

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

99

96

85

92

99

44

54

30

50

38

38

80
48

88
68

92
36

78
43

91
35

65
32

49
23

42

44

41

53

8

54

29

15
83
83
56
37
76
1

9
87
87
63
28
75
( 3)

43
55
54
37
35
86

2
84
82
59
34
72
1

57
95
90
24
58
77
1

2
83
86
70
50
84
( 3)

5
69
69
43
23
41
11

( 3)

100

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

100

100

100

69

92

98

23

49

57

90
78

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

98

89

91

79

37

49

32

33

97
89

97
54

70
53

79
57

74
70

5

1

30

22

4

13

14
89
88
58
15
60
2

10
93
93
61
13
65
1

36
61
61
38
23
94
"

3
78
77
48
14
59
4

29
90
85
46
22
45
3

1
87
85
78
8
17
12

1 Inclu des data fo r r e a l e state in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce shown se p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d efin itely esta b lish at lea s t
the m in im u m num ber o f days* pay that can be e x p e c te d by ea ch e m p lo y e e . In form a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an individual b a s is a r e e x clu d e d .
3 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
•* T ra n sp o rta tio n (e xclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and other public u t ilit ie s ,
t F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .







21
A p p e n d ix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Office
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR-----Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:

Class A— Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing
—
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.

Class B——Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)-----Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances
Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A -----Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B ---- Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

22

CLERK,

FILE

Class A — Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B ---- Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resppnsibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

23
SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL---- Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s
time while at switchboard.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A -----Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL.
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN,

LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more d iffic u lt problems. May assist s u b o r d in a t e s d u rin g




Class B ----Performs one or more of the following:
Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc. , setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER---- Continue d
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

24
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE,

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)-----Continued
and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

and

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings^ models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy
establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring
the work of the maintenance
and
usually ac-

in an

equipment; using a variety
and testing instrum ents. In general,
electrician requires rounded training
experience
t S o » 8h a fcrm .1 .p p r .n t ic h ip or .q m v .U o . to— *». —
experience.




f ir e m a n ,

STATIONARY BOILER

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER,

TRADES, MAINTENANCE

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supnlvine lifting and holding materials and tools and cleaning working

■ B s / V S K IS rra rs fi
on a full-time basis.

x m

t x s z s

rs r.

25
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making ail necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER,

MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required ?or different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

26
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE---- Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience

PLUMBER,

MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER,

MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker*s handtools and precision
measuring instruments, understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; ' selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; ’ providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

27
LABORER,

MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK---- Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves; Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under lVa tons)
medium (IV2 to and~including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1959 O - 511487




Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 21 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959. These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-21, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 2 5 ,D .C .,
or from any of the BLS regional sa les offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-22) containing data for all labor markets, except Lawrence, M ass., combined with additional analysis w ill be
issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. Lou is, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents
D allas, T ex ., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents
Denver, C o lo ., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, P a., November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-8, price 30 cents




Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-9, price 20 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-10, price 20 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1959 —
BLS Bull. 1240-11, price 20 cents
Detroit, Mich., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-12, price 25 cents
San Francisco-O akland, C a lif., January 1959 —
BLS Bull. 1240-13, price 25 cents
New Orleans, La., February 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-14, price 20 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102