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O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y

L O S A N G E L E S -L O N G B E A C H ,
C A L IF O R N IA
MARCH 1 9 5 9

Bulletin No. 1240-15

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH ,
CALIFORNIA




M ARCH

1959

B u lle tin

N o . 1 2 4 0 -1 5
May 1 9 5 9

UN ITED

STATES

D E P A R TM E N T

Jam es

P.

OF

M itch e ll,

LABOR

S e c r e ta r y

BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan ClaguG, Cocnmissionor

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents

The

L ib r a r y o f

in w h i c h

C on gress

th is p u b li c a t i o n

U. S. B u re a u o f L a b o r
Bulletin, no. 1Washington.




h a s c a ta lo g e d

no. in

app ears

th e

s e r ie s

a s fo llo w s :

Nov. 1895-

£r58t2j

has

c a ta lo g e d

th is

Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. t Employee bene­
2.
fits]
i. Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

Library of Congress

C on gress

a s fo llo w s :

v. 23-26 cm
.

v. illus. 16-28 cm
.

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

331.06173

L ib r a r y o f

U. S. B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

S ta tistics.

HD8051.A62

The

p u b lic a tio n

15-23307 rev*!

HD4973.A462

331.2973

U. S. Dept, of Labor.
for Library of Congress

Library
[57r52nljf

L49—125*

Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year’ s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.
This report was prepared in the Bureau1s regional
office in San Francisco, C a lif., by William P. O’ Connor,
under the direction of John L. Dana, Regional Wage and
Industrial Relations Analyst.




Introduction ______________________________________________ _____________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _____________________

1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight’-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods ______________

A.

Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations
_________ _______________________ „
A - 2 . Professional and technical occupations __________ ____
A - 3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _____________
A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations_______

B:

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions: *
B- 1. Shift differentials _______________________________ _____ —
B -2 . Minimum entrance rates for women office w o rk e rs__
B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours ________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays __________________________________ _________
B -5 . Paid vacations „______ ____ _____________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans _______ _________

Appendix: Occupational descriptions __________ ______________________

2
4
5
9
9
11

13
14
14
15
16
18
19

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are available
in the Los Angeles-Long Beach area reports for January 1952,
February 1953, and March of each year since 1954.
The 1954 re­
port (BLS Bull. 1157-3) presents, in addition, data on rate of pay
for holiday work; and both the 1954 and 1958 reports, data on over­
time pay provisions, wage structure characteristics, and labormanagement agreements.
The 1955 report also included data on
frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions for holidays falling
on nonworkdays. A directory indicating date of study and the price
of the reports, as well as reports for other major areas, is availa­
ble upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage
practices in the Los Angeles-Long Beach area are also available for
auto dealer repair shops (May 1958), men’ s and boys’ suits and coats
(March 1958), and banking (July 1958).
A report on occupational
earnings is also available for the machinery industries (January 1959).
Data for supplementary wage practices were included in the machinery
industries report of January 1958. Union scales, indicative of pre­
vailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating employee s, and
motortruck drivers and helpers.




Occupational Wage Survey— Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of-occupational earnings and related wage benefit£ on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by per­
sonal visits of Bureau field agents 1 to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv­
ices.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries* Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 2 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job.
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -se rie s tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

1 Data were obtained by mail from some of the smaller -estab­
lishments for which visits by Bureau field agents in the last previous
survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occupations stud­
ied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.
2 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




Occupational employment and earnings dataware shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the numbet actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term "office workers, 11 as
used in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing clerical or related functions, and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant
workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers
(including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional employees, and force-account
construction employees who are utilized as a separate work force are
excluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufac­
turing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both iii terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy , 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following; conditions; (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the Survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other*1 was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited. They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a
majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed.
Scheduled hours are treated statistically on
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
a majority are covered.4 Because of rounding, sums of individ­
ual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.

The first part of the paid holidays table presents the. num­
ber* of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen’ s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
4
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
table B -3 ) in surveys made prior to late 1957 and early 1958 were
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
presented in terms of the proportion of women office workers em­
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
ployed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for Women workers.
form of life insurance.

Table 1 Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., 1 by major industry division, * March 1959
.

Industry division

A ll divisions _

_
_

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

__________ _________________________ _________ _

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ____________
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication,
and other public utilities9 _ __ _________ _ ___ _
_
Wholesale trade_______________________ ___ ______________ ________
Retail trade (excluding department s to r e s )______ .. ...__________
Finance, insurance, and real estate _______________________ ____
Services (excluding motion pictures)*__________________________
Motion pictures9 ________
_
__ ________ _ _
_ ______

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study3

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied
Total4

Office

Studied
Plant

T otal4

2,390

317

934,000

195.800

535,900

442,440

101
-

982
1,408

113
204

543,000
390,700

87,800
108, 000

338,600
197,300

262 , 670
179, 770

101
51
101
51
51
51

95
430
211
255
376
41

25
49
25
42
47
16

88, 100
60,600
90,700
72,400
59,900
19, 000

18,600
17,300
( 6)
49,900
11,900
2,900

49, 500
24,300
_
<‘ >
7 3, 900
31, 000
12, 100

67,470
15,250
23,550
41,460
17,450
14, 590

1 Los Angeles-Long Beach Metropolitan Area (Los Angeles and Orange Counties). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of
the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employ­
ment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from
the scope of the survey.
* The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier edition used in previous
surveys are the transfer of milk pasteurization plants and ready mixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting
from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation. Los Angeles' electric utilities and most of its local transit are municipally operated and, therefore, excluded by definition
from the scope of the studies.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
7 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
.
.
.
.
.
* Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion-picture distribution and motion-picture theaters; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.
9 Motion-picture production and services independent of motion-picture production but allied thereto.




3
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions, 5 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans * which provide
5 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
6 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of day6 of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
were excluded.




full pay or a proportion of the worker*s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker*8 life.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, material handling; and
watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for >each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (1) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1958 for workers in 17 major
labor markets appeared in BL>S Bull. 1224-20, Wages and Related
Benefits, 19 Labor Markets, Winter 1957-58.

Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif. ,
March 1959 and March 1958,and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(February 1953 = 100)

Percent increases from—
March 1957
to
March 1958

March 1956
to
March 1957

March 1955
to
March 1956

March 1954
to
March 1955

February 1953
to
March 1954

March
1959

March
1958

March 1958
to
March 1959

All industries:
---------Office clerical (women)
--------Industrial nurses (women) _ --------- ---------_
Skilled maintenance (men) _ ______________ _____
_
Unskilled plant (men) ________________________ __

130.2
130.2
132.5
132.3

124.4
125.5
125. 7
1 125. 9

4.6
3.7
5.3
5. 1

3.3
5. 1
5. 3
x5.3

6.2
6.0
4.0
5.3

4. 7
4. 3
5. 6
3.4

3. 6
2.5
3.0
3. 6

4.6
5.4
5.5
6.0

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (women) ------- ------------- —
Industrial nurses (women) _______________________
Skilled maintenance (men) _________ __ _________
Unskilled plant (men) _ ___________________ ___

131.1
132.4
132.7
129. 5

125.5
127.0
\26.4
124.3

4. 5
4.3
5.0
4.2

4.4
5. 6
5.5
5.4

5. 8
5.3
4.0
4.4

4. 3
4.3
5.8
3. 9

3. 6
2. 5
2.9
3. 5

5.2
6. 8
5.8
4. 9

Industry and occupational group

1 Revised estimate.




A*

O c c u p a t io n a l E a r n in g s

Table A-1. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif. , March 1959)
Avebaqk
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly,
W
eekly , 4 0 .0 0
hours
earnin
gs
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 5 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

*55.00

1 0 .0 0

*65.00

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

.
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
.
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
_
-

.
_
.
_
-

$

7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

5
_
5
_
_
5
-

28
l4
14
_
_
14
-

79
48
31
3
8
19
“

139
85
54
8
27
17
2

44
35
9

18
17
1

13
13

147
156
73 ------- T T
124
83
83
64

386
4b
340
340

<
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
8 0 .0 0 *8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 i 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00
and
8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 over

Men

____

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A
Manufacturing
_ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
_
Puhlic. u tilities*
W holesale trade
__
Finance f
Motion pictures
_ _

_____

$
3 9 .5
1 0 0 .0 0
1 ,0 1 7
573 ----- iUTTT r o 2 . w
9 7 .5 0
3 9 .5
44
86
4 0 .0
9 7 .0 0
171
3 9 .5
9 8 .0 0
92
3 9 .0
8 7 .0 0
47
1 1 4 .5 0
4 0 .0

.... _
___

-

“

-

-

-

11
6
5
_
_
5
-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B
^ T _ ...
_ T_ -------268
3 9 .5
8 1 .0 0
Manufacturing
_. ____ ___________ ____________ __ . .
------- Y E T — ¥ O T -■79.1TC
3 9 .5
8 5 .0 0
N onm an ufactu ring____________________________________ __
102

_
-

_
-

_
-

!
1

12
1
11

69
69
10

16
2
14

C le r k s, order
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing .....
.
W h olesale trade
__ __

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

_
-

7
7
7

25
4
21
21

4
4
4

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

_
-

6
1
5
-

_
-

10
4
6

-

1
1
-

-

-

..............__

_

. . . . . . .
__
_
_ ._

. .

—

1 ,7 1 5
n r
1. 199
1 ,1 0 3

C le r k s, p a y r o ll _____________________________________________
Manufacturing ...
_
..
..
Nonmanufacturing
._
..... ...... .....
Motion pictures
. . .
____
_

318
182
136
54

O ffice boys .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities* . . . .
_ _ _ _ _
W h olesale t r a d e ______________________________________
Finance 1 _______ ______________ _____________ __________
Motion p ic t u r e s ______________________________________

642

Tabulating-m achine operators
Manufacturing
__
__
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
.
Public utilities* _
W holesale t r a d e ______________________________________
Finance f
— __
__ ___
Motion pictures
.
_
_
.....

—

IK T

402
38
71
182
70

—

4 0 .0
—

w

j t

3 9 .5
----- iOTTT
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 ,2 1 7
3 9 .5
n r — i O 3 9 .5
623
4 0 .0
92
3 9 .5
202
225
3 9 .0
55
4 0 .0

6 2 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

“

-

-

45
55
182
137
1
109
76
- -------- z ~ ---------5“ -------7T~ ------ T T -------71“ ------ I F "
38
43
28
1
114
49
109
_
_
6
4
4
1
19
_
_
_
14
38
8
3
8
38
6
15
71
1
43
25
24
13
-

9 2 .5 0
91T0TT
9 1 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

"

*

“

“

7 2 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

_
_
-

_
-

3
3
_
-

83
78
55

22
51
3
- -------- T ~ ---------7 ~ —
3
20
44
_
_
5
_
20
4
16
3
19
“
“
”

19
10
9
1
7
_
1

21
lb
5

12
3
9
3
1
5

4
4
_
_
.

117
79
r r -------5 T
63
62
2
5
8
17
51
35
~
“

-

-

52
17
35

30
20
10

-

33
29
4
-

98
118
n r ------- 9 T
45
25
6
7
2
12
4
11
6
2

191
— 58T —
133
43
61
9
1

389
—

m

r

193
193
33
l5
18
2
2
_
2

205
285
13b — f49 "
136
69
8
53
28
46
30
23
2
3

—

209
nr
159
159

'

94
r r

67
67

13
b
7
1

14
1
_
13

28
rr
17
8
7
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

15
55
lo --------I T
5
38
5
38

20
20
20

55
15
40
40

57
T3
24
6

37
3T
3
3

24
7
17
11

29
4
25
25

21
14
7
7

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

7T

_
-

12
2
10

—

36

174
TT
77
10
54
8
5

153
------- 5 F
98
62

33
19 ”
14
1

—

15
8
7
_
7

95
*78
17
_
_
9

_
_
_
_

.
_
_
-

_
_
_

.
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

170

139

82
4b
36
5
4
3
10

19

26
3
23
.
15
8

6
6
.
.
1
5

13
13
4
-

_

_

-

-

-

FT" ------87
9
45
18
3

55
5
26
11

9

—

rr
6
.
6

9

W om en

B ille r s , machine (billing m achine)
______
Manufacturing . _. _
........... .......
N on m an ufactu ring______________________ ________________
W holesale trade
.
_ _

767
4 0 .0
------ TFT" — w r r
605
4 0 .0
120
3 9 .5

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m achine)
.........
M an u factu rin g___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
_
.

155
-------- 7 T
80

3 9 .5
"39". 5
3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

4
16
.
16

193
149
------ T T ------ I T
172
106
17
21
12
12

27

--- 7“
20

99
------ T T
52
-

40
15
25

39

23

16

4

38
1
37
28

3
2
1
-

15
13

2
2
2
2

15

2

3
12

152
4
148

46
7
7

7
1
6
_
-

1
1

.
-

1
-

‘
See footnotes at end of table




-

-

6

Table A-1. Office Qccupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, JLos Angeles-Long Beach, Calif,, March 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Ak a x
v b q

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Weekly.
W
eekly ,
hours
earnin
gs
(Standard) (Standard)

$
$
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

S
8 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

■
5 5 .0 0

“
6 0 .0 0

~
6 5 .0 0

“
7 0 .0 0

“
7 5 .0 0

~
8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

2
2

166
81
85
46

50
42
8

4 5 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0 *90.00

%

9 5 .0 0 l!>0 .00 1*05.00 1*1 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 ,11 0.00 1 1 5 .0 0

$
1*15.00 120.00 125.00
and
1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 over

W omen— Continued

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A ---------------------M an u factu rin g __ ________,_________________________________
W h olesale t r a d e ________________ ________ __ ___________

524
241
283
122

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
8 5 .5 0
8*7.00
8 4 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

-

_

547

98
.
93

547
7
540

732
21
711
20
687

926
27
899
5
825

333
27
306
68
193

244
’ 41
203
46
81

_
_
-

_
-'
_
_
-

1
1
_
1
-

61
61
37
18
-

166
61
105
3
31
22
40

-

22
22
20
2
-

263
4
259
15
2
236
2

605
183
422
141
10
251
8

805
293
512
187
53
152
117

70

76

31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 4 .0 0
8 0 . Oo
6 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A
Man ufa c t ur i n g ___ ____ __ ____ __ _____________________ __ _
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
___ __
Public u t i li t i e s * ______________________________________
W holesale trade ___________________________ _________
Financet
_
....................
S ervices (excluding motion p ic t u r e s ) _____________
Motion pictures
._
___

1 ,9 2 0
— 735“
935
116
202
245
193
65

3 9 .5
■40 ;o
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0
~577W ~
8 5 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

-

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ____________________ ______ _
M an u factu rin g______ ______ _____ ____ __ ____________ ___ _
Nonmanufacturing
____
Public u tilities*
W h olesale trade
^
^
r__.
Financet
.
..
S ervices (excluding motion pictures)

3 ,7 1 6
1,4*79
2 ,2 3 7
617
350
824
296

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

9
9
_
_
9
-

21
21
_
_
21
-

44
4
40
_
_
40
-

457
------IT T *
330
205
50

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

7 1 .5 0
8 1 . Oo
6 7 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

_

_

38

Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
'W h olesa le trade
_
....... _
_
Financet
. ..
_
_

C le r k s, file , c la ss A
......
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
__ ...... .
.....
Financet
__
. .
S ervices (excluding motion p ic t u r e s ) ____________

C le r k s , f ile , c la ss B __ ___________________________________
Manufacturing ___ _______ __
_____
_ _
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities*
T
T
..... ____
W holesale t r a d e ____ ,_____________ ___________________
Financet
_r
_
____
Services (excluding m otion p ic t u r e s ) _____________

C le r k s, order
_
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W h olesale trade

_
_ _ _
_ T _
_ .....

See footnote at end of table,




_ _.
r

... _____
. . .
_ _
_

3, 133
5F 7"
2 ,2 6 4
153
220
1 ,5 2 5
285

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

728

3 9 .5

-----3T5" " 4 0 . 0 "
413
300

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

5 8 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
5 4 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
5 1 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

_
_
"

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

38
38

-

-

-

70
61
9

76
34
24

218

"

507
2
505
_
10
43 3
47

_
_

_
_

8 1 .0 0

sronro
8 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

790
70
720
_
45
516
142

389
76
313
2
51
193
58

17

-

218
.
_
218

94
27
67
7

22
22

98

3 ,4 8 6
444
3 ,0 4 2
260
2 ,4 8 1

B ookkeeping-m achine o p erators, c la ss B _______________

10
8
2

19

_

17

_

19
1

-

31
25
3

267
108
I W - - ngi
167
17
45
6
48
9

102
55
47
35
-

300
328
12? ' I F '
173
129
15
28
28
24
76
46
25
42
-

323
175125
17
30
42
31
*

374
2T46
128
23
22
15
47
1

674
—'M 2‘
362
87
126
87
54

630
325
305
73
110
24
64

165
145
20
_
4
_
1

79
59
20
_
7
_
6

76
55
21
15
3

43
3
40
28
11

"

349
118
231
114
38
4
44

26
66
------I T - — 47“
14
17
_
2
-

-

17
2
15
2
-

80
12
68
59
2
_

13
3
_
_

3
2
1
_
.
_

-

-

-

53

79

140

25
21

158
48
110
80

60
32
28
8

39
6
33
28
-

21
3
18
18

18
17

_
_

-

-

27
25
2
_

!

4

1

4

_
_

-

-

-

26
~7“
17
_
4
_
_
13

6
_
6
_
_
_
_
6

17
_
17
4
_
_
_
13

10
_
10
_
_
_
_
10

6
_
6
_
_
_

2
_
2
_
_
_

1
1
1
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

133
84
------3 7 " ------S T 26
94
25
1
7
17
2
3
_
1
7
5
42
22
20
_
_
_
7
--------5“
1
_

19
"14
5
_
_
_

69
’
21
_
2
_
5
10
2
_
2
_
_
_

4
4
_

-

_
_
_
>_

311
290
21
8
11
1

52

90

— i T T — W ~ — r r - — 52“ — 72“
10
60
40
17
68
26

12

68

13
-

4
4

3
3
_

5
•
5

_

_
-

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

2
2

-

-

-

169
id9
60
8
28
14
10

45

53
sr
7
_

203
149
54
31
_
10
10

449
159
290
47
73
140
18

8

76
31
45
43

-

1
_
_
_

54

_
_
_

16

4

_

50
50

16

4

2

18

— re~
_

-

.

_
_

7
Table A-l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings lor selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1959)

Number
o
f
wre*
okr

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Anun
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIOHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
%
S
$
$
$
S
$
$
S
50.00 Is. 00 *60.00 Is. 00 fo.oo ^5.00 ^0.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
Weekly
W e l . 40.00 *45.00 $
eky!
h u *1 e r i g
or
ann*
and
( t n s d ( t n a d under
S s d r ) S a d r ) and
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

W o m e n — Continued
1,374
751
623
69
80
144
154
26

39.5
4b. b
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0

$
82.50
83.50
81.00
91.00
84.50
75.50
75.00
113.00

.
-

_
-

_
.
■

6
_
3
2
-

2,325
"l.OZT'
1,301
72
426
285

39.5
40.6
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

80.50
03.50
78.00
77.00
79.50
64.00

_
-

_
_
-

4
4
_
-

42
8
34
4
2
2

226
13
213
14
12
177

39.5
4b. 0
39.0
39.0

69.00
74.00
64.50
59.50

-

5
5
5

14
14
14

23
23
21

28
7

Key-punch operators
_
.
. . ..
.
.
.T
T
l
2,916
Manufacturing .
. “1,394 '
Nonmanufar.turing
1,522
Public utilities* ...
.
-263
Wholesale trade _
.
. .
.
, T
- _
479
510
Financef _ _
Services (excluding motion pictures)
. _
87
Motion pictures _
—
....
71

39.5
imr
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0

77.50
75.00
74.50
81.50
66.00
73.50
93.50

_
.
.
_
_
-

_
*

31
31
31
-

Office girls _ .
.
. .
.
.
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufarturing

39.5
4b. 0
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

59.50
62.50
57.50
65.00
60.00
54.00
59.00

77
77
_
12
62
3

218
'54
164
_
19
122
20

39.5
40.0“
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.0

90.50
91.50
90.00
96.00
90.50
85.00
88.50
108.50

33
24
9
.
_
59
_
_
.
_

.
.
_
_
.

_
_
.
-

-

-

-

20
11
-

11

145

_
.

-

-

-

7

11

145

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
7
-

.
10
1

2
115
28

'

'

'

'

Clerks, payroll _
_ _ -Manufacturing
_
___
Nonmanufacturing _
_
_
Public utilities*___
Wholesale trade--- ------ —_______ ____ _
Financed _ ,
_
_
____________
Motion pirturon _

.......

Comptometer operators
..
,- r
Manufacturing_________
—
^ ..
Nonmanufar.turing .
...
..... .
Public utilities*
__ _
Wholesale trade
_
Services (excluding motion pictures)
Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) _ - _
__
.
.r. .
,
Manufacturing _
_
.
Nonmanufacturing
.. . . . _
.
.. (
.
Financef ----- -----

.
..

r

_ . .

Wholesale trade _
Financef
.
..
.
.......
Services (excluding motion pictures)

- ..... .

__

Secretaries

__

M anufacturing .
_ .............. ...... .
Nonmanufar.turing ............ .. ...............
Public, u tilitie s*
.
..
W holesale trade
F in a n cef
_ _
_
.
S erv ices (excluding m otion p ictu res)
Motion pictu res
......
...
.
Stenographers, general ...
M anufacturing ..... rT ...
Nonmanufacturing ....
.
P ublic u tilities*
W holesale trade

Financef - -

_T
r

..... . _

_

...... .
_

-.
.

_ ----

.........
r

See footnotes at end of table,




— r
-

11.034
5,394
5,640
640
954
_ _ 1,828
1,547
351

_

1
j

953
353
600
107
76
341
54

_ ....
8,583
............. . T "4,173"

.
-

___

S erv ices (excluding m otion p ictu re s) .....

Motion pictures

247
115
129
67

“

4,390
545
606
1,855
758
227

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
38.0
40.0

7 9 :5 0

78.50
82.00
75.50
82.00
78.00
72.00
70.50
98.00

6

_

7

'

72
172
28 — BT“
44
83
_
4
7
2
14
44
14
32
292
52
240
16
74
85

30
t

—

31

52
3T~ —
21
7
436

~

v s r

184
30
67
56
26
-

209
98
in
45
7
39
14

68
29
39
14
6
9
6

90
69
21
14
6
.
1

56

319
126
193
2
48
95
36
“

308

-

_

31

56

_

219
109
110
3
66
12

47
Z T “—
23
13

117
236
356
6 - IT- ‘“125"
222
231
111
28
56
39
30
2
6
115
162
69
1
6
20
197
51
146
23
16
100
7

110
280
166
146
64
82
227 ---7 T 44 " 165 '..132 ■
- T T ---58" ---53“
66
114
95
72
26
27
69
1
7
28
2
11
9
27
7
11
4
18
2
2
_
28
16
24
1
4
9
26
36
14
23
3
1
3
2
7
4
-

-

2
43
8
-

128

180
3
33
81
54
-

290
283
nrar — I87"
182
96
4
4
53
91
9
52
45“ —
7
-

16
8
n r — ..3 “
3
5
-

576
379
558" " 284.
95
220
24
18
122
38
51
26
18
3
9
21
16
5
4
_
_
1

467
363"
104
6
71
-

29
6
23
7
10
-

2

343
134
209
18
144
_
13
22

.
_
-

1148
1609
1175 “ 875 “
434
313
86
83
93
42
190
105
16
12
13
27

.
.
-

_
_
_
.
-

1096
2262
1256 ■ 545“
“
1006
556
180
88
251
93
103
299
217
215
12
49
420
217'
202
104
60
15
4
15

_
_
_
_
>
-

8
_
8
_
_
_
_
8

4
_
4
_
_
_
_
4

-

3
3
.
_
-

3
3
_
-

3
.
3
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

-

.
_
-

_
_ J
.
-

_

_
_
-

3
3
_
_
_
.
3

3
_
3
_
.
3

_
_
-

_
_

1
1
_
_
_
1
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
*
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

9
9
_

333
23
79
' 192 - 25" --- 8T
141
56
15
.
21
29
53
13
4
_
_
_
_
.
10
12
11

7
4
- --- 5“
1
4
_
_
.
_
-

1711
1021
1964
5ZT" ' 800' “Tits
697
779
911
67
34
62
116
107
99
375
333
312
193
342
216
8
9
*

938
1787
584
1334
“"Tl— "*T95“ ■'"5TB "TFT”
503
743
826
920
46
29
69
65
30
106
135
103
255
364
356
438
166
182
182
147
14
'
‘

196
288
138 - 48"
58
242
8
13
30
27
-

13
24
lb --- 12"
8
1
_
7
_
_
_
1
_
_
1
-

_
_
_
_
899
417"
462
83
91
59
124
53

-

_
-

_

582
395
102
219
267"""TBIT J - T T - 58"
315
245
126
44
3
24
71
21
25
4
69
12
77
8
20
2
81
25
20
17
115
32
33

80
395
81
29
2~4T~ - TT" ------- T ~ - 54"
26
155
70
22
63
24
10
1
_
.
.
.
4
4
4
56
54
22
21

11
2
9
_
.
4
5

_
_
.
_
69
30
39
2
4
1
5

23

_

4

-

4

_
‘

-

.
4

8
Table AA. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings ior selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Los Angeles-(Long Beach, C a lif., March 1959)
At h m i

Number
o
f
worked

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
t
S
Weekly Weekly j 40.00 45.00 *50.00 55.00 10.00 *65.00 70.00 75.00 10.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
h u s*
or
and
( t n a d ( t n a d under
Sadr) Sadr)
and
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

Wom e n — Continued
Stenographers, technical

_ __

Nonmanufacturing _ _
_
Services (excluding motion pictures)
Motion pictures — — — — --- — ..... — - ----Manufacturing .... .
—
.. ... .
_
_ .. .
..
Nonmanufarturing . . _____
.
Puhlir utilities* ,
....
Wholesale trade
Finance^
„,
Services (excluding motion pictures) _
Motion pictures
-_ .
. .
.
.
Switchboard operator-receptionists
_
.. .
Manufacturing ......
....
...
Nonmanufacturing
. .
-- .
.
.
Public utilities*
_
Wholesale trade
Financef ... .
. ......... ..
.
.
Services (excluding motion pictures)
Tabulating-machine operators
_ ........— '
_
Manufacturing
. .
.
.
_..
.
.
Nonmanufacturing .. ,. . .
Finance^
_ ..
.
T ..... .
Transcribing-machine operators, general . . .
...
Manufacturing _
_
.. _ . .
. .
.
.. . .
. .
.
Public utilities*
Wholesale trade
Financet

__
—... -..

Typists, class A
_ .
Manufacturing
_ ..
Nonmanufacturing
.
__ . _
Wholesale trade
. _. . -.
.
Finance^
------- Services (excluding motion.pictures)
--. Motion pictures -Typists, class R
Manufacturing

...... . _ .

Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilities*
W holesale trade
Finance^
..

... ..
...
.

_.

__
>

---- _ _
-----...
. .
----- . _

’ r _......

Services (excluding motion pictures):
Motion pictu res

1
2
3
*
t

..

. . .

. ...

697
315
379
266
48

40.0
?or
39.5
39.5
40.0

89.00
94.00
84.50
81.00
109.00

_
-

1,944
584
1,360
214
152
393
434
91
1,662
846
816
51
326
171
156
385
T5T1
219
52

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.0

73.50
82.00
69.50
80.00
77.00
67.50
58.50
96.00

40.0
46.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

73.50
73. SO
73.50
89.50
75.50
66.00
66.00
88.50
09.50
88.00
85.50

_
.
_
.
.
-

650
101
549
82
64
285

39.0
46.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

69.00
66.56
69.50
83.00
73.00
64.50

_
.

39.5
74.00
2,689
1,242 ’ 40.0" “ 75716™
39.0
1,447
70.00
40.0
73.50
180
915
38.5
68.00
59.5
73.50.
119
40.0
95.50
64
7,571
“27212“
5,339
136
521
3,597
939
25

39.0
62.50
5070“ ~ T 7 :g ir
38.5
59.50.
39.0
71.50
40.0
65.50
57.00
38.5
38.5
61.00
40.0
82.00

-

_
-■
-

--

.
-

3
2
1
-

17
8
9
9
-

150
150
150
2
2
_
2
-

87
87
.
_
22
65
28
13
15
.
15
.
-

79
79
2
20
42
90
28
62
.
30
32
_
-

189
7
182
10
9
124
39
228
93
135
1
52
49
29
3
3
2

294
47
247
26
20
90
74
316
185
131
.
53
25
53
11
11
2

9
9
.
9

30
30

71
71

125
40
85
3
54

129
24
105
20
42

-

59
100
_
100
95
-

-

66
.
66
_
66
.

-

-

-

390
-

390
.
_

390
“

1

-

-

737
2174
1137
1402
" I T " "113” ” ■215“
420 ' 482
624
1187
1754
655
339
.
.
7
23
27
.
14
83
227
111
330
537
851
1013
360
482
132
73
9
209
“

“

■

23
18
-

“

155
111
35 — z r
76
127
52
114
“

284
191
40 — nrr
151
177
36
29
35
37
64
54
33
19
1
314
217
150
182
132
67
_
2
83
26
13
2
31
11
14
52
6
26 —
8
26
14
1
96
26

70
16
35

480
342
480
31 “ 158 — 241 ■
311
322
239
53
54
19
194
150
199
27
17
18

351

.
.
.
.

1
.
1
-

-

.
30

49
26

105
3
102
28
25
40

5#
_
5
5

_
_
_
_
“
_
_
.
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
.
_

5 ,
5
5

6
.
6
.
_
_
_
6
_
_
_
_
_
4
4
-

8
8
2

_
-

_ ,
.
.
_
_
_
.
_
.
_
.
_
_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

34
2
32
16
16

41
3
38
38
-

8
3
5
-

-

“

164
16
112
27
3

651
265
454" ■ 2 IT
'
217
54
33
29
28
6
106
10
25
6
5
3

174
263
22
T5 ------- j 149 ” “ 9 '
74
15
25
8
9
6
46
_
_
3
4
1
11

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees Receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 38 at $125 to $130; 30 at $130 to $135; and 10 at $135 and over.
All workers were at $35 and under $40.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




17
rr
6
6

294
113
60
6
12
179
114 — rrr — ffr —
nr
65
45
12 1
32
6
12
_
.
.
23
8
82
_
6
21
20
2
_
_
_
_
17
2
_
.
12
8
4
35
6
12
19
206
135
16
8
8
94
62
41
3
1 ---- r
126
73
13
7
53
_
_
_
28
20
_
31
15
7
7
52
_
_
*
35
13
73
99
19
39
50
16 — 6tT --- 14" --- 22" ---- T
in
5
34
17
52
12
39
3
10
13
3
1
1

207
283
71
---57“ ' 245 ---24“
120
38
47
5
16
17
80
8
10
.
30
8
11
3

-

560

88
45
60
93
49
19 --- 25"--- 47" --- 3 T --- 5 T —
20
13
14
11
69
60
13
1
6
14
11
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

41
44
14
28 — rs“ ------ T4"
13
26
_
.
26
13
4

1

_

-

-

4

1

-

.

.
.

.
-

-

-

~

-

•

1

.
_
_
_
_
_
.
.
.
_
.

-

“

-

-

_
.
.
-

_
.
_
-

_
.
_
-

_
.
_
-

-

-

-

_
.
_

_
-

_
.
-

-

-

_

-

-

~

“

~

“

_

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings t o r s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , Los A n g e le s-L o n g Beach, C h lif. , M arch 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Avnuiai
$
$
1
$
<
f
$
$
.0
0 0
00
00
0
0 .0
W
eekly i W
eekly j 75. 00 80. 0 ^ 5. 0 ? 0 0 *95.00 10 .0 105.00 110 0 115.00 12 .0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 16 .0
hour*
corning*
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
160.00 over
.0
0 0
80. 0 8 5.00 90.0 0 95 .0 0 lo o .o a 105.00 110 0 115.00 12 .0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00
0

Num
ber
of
w
orker*

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Men
$
4 0 .0
142.00
w o .. ” 139750

318

1

_

D raftsm en, l e a d e r -------- ■---------------— ------- —... .
M an u factu rin g----------------—
—— ------------------------------------

—

D raftsm en, sen ior — ------------ — ------------------------ ------—
—
M anufacturing ---- ---------------------------------- -- ■ "
'
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------— -------- ------- — --------------——
P u blic u tilities * --------------------------------------------------

2,783
T,TTJ4
279
47

4 0 .0
..4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

D raftsm en, ju n ior ---- -----------— — — --- -------- ----...Manufa c tur in g -------------------------------------------------------------

1, 138
1,102

4 0 .0
■ ?0 7 0 ”
”

4 1 75
9 'o : w 'T 75

141
139

19
6

512
— i
68

4 0 .0
4 0.0
3 9.5

97. 0
0 19
9 8 .0 0 -------5
9 3 .0 0
14

25
— T T
7

77
69"
8

mr

------- j -

-

29

112.50
4
41
“ TTTTOOi ------ T ~ — 3 T "
126. 50
2
124. 50
2
-

9 .0
0 0

5
4
4 --------5 —

7
5
7 ------- 5”

238

353

233

301

1
—vr 2 5 ' "TXT T ~" 2 9 3
W
8
4
13
12
-

"

“
229
"229

-

215
“T IT -

8
8

-

152
144

402
..394

11

458
■"437

2
1
10

7
- —

------- 5“

26
48
” 47 ------ 247

14
51
19
n ~ ------ I T - ------ 5T”
225
--T 9
T
30
3

12

_

_

-

-

12

-

ll

-

nr

117
'155"

192
62
173“ ------32“ —
30
69
7
4

12
4

-

29
29

17
------ ---

16

6
6

76
nr
64
9

"

2

2

-

--------

*76

6 "731

“

"

T -------- T

42
42
-

_

_

.

-

-

-

.
"

"

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W om en
M anufacturing — ------------------- —-------------- —
............
N onm anufacturing .............
.................-■.... .

vr

81
"

7..
5
6

27
24
54
192
— i z ~ “ "174 7 ----- 19“ ----- 2 9 7
7
8
12
5

i
i

1

“

"

1
a
3

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sala rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w e re distributed as fo llo w s: 33 at $160 to $170; 10 at $170 to $180; 29 at $180 to $190; and 4 at $190 ando v e r .
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 8 at $165 to $170; and 43 at $170 and o v e r.
Includes 25 w ork ers at $65 to $70; and 32 at $70 to $75.
* T ransportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.

*

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , Los A n g e le s-L o n g Beach, C a lif. , M arch 1959)
NUMBER OE WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
w
orker*

Avenge
hourly 1 Under
earning* $
1.90

C a rp en ters, m aintenance --------------------------------M an u factu rin g ---------- :------- — -------- ------------------------------------- -------N onm anufacturing------- —
P u blic u tilities * -------------------------------------M otion p i c t u r e s ------------- —
—-----— ------------

1,007
t3U
277
59
49

$
2. 80
2. 74
2 .9 8
3 .0 0
3 .3 5

E le c tr ic ia n s , m a in t e n a n c e ------------------------------M anufacturing ---- --------------------- — — -----------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------- —
—----- --------Motion pictures ----------------- ----- ------ — —■

2 ,2 2 8
1 ,8 5Z
376
1.41

2 .9 7
2 .9 4
3 .0 8
3 .3 6

-

2 .9 3
Z.9V
2 .8 2
2 .6 9
3 .3 5

Engineers, station ary-------------- ———
—---- —-----M anufacturing---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------- - ■
—...- — -— ----------

Services (excluding motion pictures) —
-Motion p ictu re s ----------— — . -- .. — ....
...
See footnotes at end o f table.




813
899“
213
116
32

-

$
1.90
and
under
2 .0 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2; 30

2 .4 0

$

2 .4 0

*
2. 50

t

2 .6 0

2. 80

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

31
21
10
.
-

43
' 34
9
2
-

90
64
26
-

78
bb
12
5
“

»

2. 80

-

.
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

17
14
3
-

75
b9
6
-

117
»9
28
-

-

»

2
2
2

2
2

-

2

5
3
2

5
4
1

70
10
60
59

159
129
31
6

95
b6
29
20

90
71
19
1

“

”

“

~

"

*

-

“

“

*

“

_

139
127"
12
-

155
iZ3
32
23
“

198
132
87 — TT7
45
1
-

S
3 .2 0

3 .2 0

%

115
95 ’
20
2
244
-----2T7“
7
■
■

$
3. 10

3. 10

3 .0 0

18
lb
2
-

294
Zb3
31
2
-

3. 00

$
2 .9 0

2 .9 0

$
2. 70

14
121
T 4 ■“ 11T
.
8
_
7

"

_

3. 30

$

3 .4 0
3. 50

s
3. 50
and
over

"

3. 30

3 .4 0

12
12
_

40
34
6
6
983
89!
122
-

$

69
2
67
2
5

59
59
15
44

61
60
1
-

33
33
27

102
102
98

30
30
-

93
77
*16
16

73
60
13
13

74
60
14

30

.

73
771
* 2

"

2

.

6

-

30
6
24

_
.
-

- -

* 2
2
2
-

-

10

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupationsj-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area b asis,
by industry division, Los Angeles-Long Beach, C a lif., March 19$9)
J.

Occupation and industry division

F irem en , stationary b o i l e r ---------- — — —
—
M an u factu rin g----------------- — -------------- ——
H elp ers, tra d es, m aintenance — — ----------M an u factu rin g------------- --- - - » - ■
..........>
—
N onm anufacturing--------- ---— ..... ... ........ .
M a ch in e-tool op era to rs (to o lr o o m )
M anufacturing — ---------

———■

M achinists, m aintenance — - . . -- ....
.
M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g------------------------ ---------P u blic utilities * ---- -------------— --------M otion p i c t u r e s ------------- ------- ------------M ech an ics, autom otive (m aintenance) <
——■
M an u factu rin g----------—— —
N onm anufacturing — ------------------------------P u blic u tilitie s 1 --------------------------------"
W holesale t r a d e ------------------ — -- -------S erv ices (excluding m otion p ictu re s)
M ech an ics, m aintenance
M anufacturing ---------Nonmanufacturing .........

---------—

M illw rights ------------------------- ---- ------- ----------Manufa ctur ing ----—
O ilers ----------------------—.
M anufacturing — ----------------------- ------------P a in te r s , m aintenance —----—
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---- ------— . — ------- -----— —
Nonmanufacturing
..... .....
P u blic u tilities * ------------- ------_____----P ip e fitte r s , m aintenance .........................
M anufacturing —------— ——---- ------------- -P lu m bers ------------------- -— —------------- -------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------ ----------------- ---------M otion p i c t u r e s ------------- ------------ — — —
- —
S h eet-m etal w o rk e rs , m a in te n a n c e -----------M anufacturing --------------- - ...................... ■ ...
T ool and die m a k e r s -------------------------------- —
Manufa c tu r i n g ------- ----------- ----- ---- -----------

Nofb
u *
m
w m
ork

152
92
1,795
1,664
131
1 ,795
1,372
1,434
1,366
68
28
34
2,793
656
2,137
1,853
102
50
1.988
1,926
62

t
A f*.
vsn
a n g1 U
win*1 $nder 1.90
and
1.90
$
2.53
2.67
2.30
2.30
2.33
2.82
2• 2
8
2.94
7:93'
3.13
2.99
3.36
2.76
2.80
2. 7
5
2. 7
5
2. 7
5
2. 7
3
2. 7
5
2. 7
5
2.66

325
325
556
.....554
796
596
200
57
535

2.91
2.91
2.27
2.27
2. 7
1
2. 7
0
2. 74
2.85
2.93
------- 578" " T . 93'
280 2.84
2.80
------- IW
27 3.40
152 2.95
146 2 .9 3
2,678 3.00
T ,W

■
156
153
3
*
1

-

121
110
11

"
-

$
$
2.00

2.20

2.30

2.20

2 .10

“
331
309“
22

25
146
144

“
5
1
45

■
.
“
5
a
5
5

"
.
“
17
12
5
5

2

"
•
7
7

6

*

-

-

-

-

1

-

7

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

38
38

29
29

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

.
"

*
-

-

*

-

.

-

-

“
154
154
3
3

.

-

-

-

-

-

133
1
31
6
6

-

.
-

.

-

1

“

“

“

.

-

2 .9 9 ”

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* All workers were at $3. 50 to $3. 60.
3 Workers were distributed as follows: 64 at $3.50 to $3.60; 7 at $3.80 to $3.90.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




$

2 . 10

N M E O W& B 8 R C IV GS R IG T IM H U L E R IN SO—
U B R V O K B E E IN T A H -T E O R Y A N G F
$
S
$
t
$
S
S
S
$
2.30 2.40 2.50 *2.60 2. 7
0 2.80 2.90 3.00
3. 1
0 3.20
2.40

2.50

2.60

2. 7
0

2.80

2.90

34
45
20
4
15
29 ' 20 ' ...... 4"
•
“
80
40
835
35
32 ' 34
835
2
48
6
33
*
7
25 336
138 399
1
138 —399”
25 336
*
85
6
23 ..... 26
266
160
2Z,
4
23
85
Z i 159"
b
4
2
3
1
1
3
“ ►4
1
134 225
587 1312
91
38
102
15 ' 14
56 120
77
78 105
26
549 1210
501 1181
50
15
15
7
9
17
5
5
4
40
20
5
5
2
5
1
126
586 407
292
192
50 l 26
6
27 — nnr~ 656 4&
3
28
1
1
12
1
9
8
36
33
8
33
36
“
6
123
12
39
rrr
12
6
39
“
"
135
53
124
133
106
3
1
80 ......83“
50
101
90
2s
3
23
43
26
5
2
3
1
3
3
30
1
1
14
7
1
2
86
bb
7
1
2
11
"
“
.
87 101
20
16
2
8
8b
2
1
9
99

3.20

3.30

“
-

24
24
-

"
-

212
212

21
2

30
30

316
307
9
9
275
“ 238—
17

282
267
15
1
5

2
11

“
107
103
1

155
' T5
3"
22
22

113
105
8
3

248
248“
21
2i

“

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

23

49

2

.

23
23

-

94
94

143

208

758

145“

208

“ 738—

2

49

-

3.10

-

23

-

3.00

7

i

“

10

TO

221

33

2l
12
-

8

4

116

116
91
91
.

17:
" ' 1" "
7
-

4
1

4
4
157
6
157 -■ 42
2
26
12
20
6

-

12
-

8

6

9
3.30

$
3.40

3.40

3. 50

$ 50
3.
and
over

_
*
_
43
11
32
32
16
16
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
.
_
-

.
•
_
*64
64
.
11
-

11

-

111

-

“

-

-

-

-

.

_

-

■

2
2

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

■
4
1
35“

-

-

11

15
15

8

2

-

"

"n r
-

-

5
5

11
8

-

8

54

54

“

"

4

41

*15
15

3

-

8
8

12

3
-

12

-

5
5

1
8

1

1'8

•

5
-

"

9
7
*28

242

104

20

242

1 0 4 "'

38
38

1027
1027

-

20

2

2$

1
9

io

11

Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , Los A n g e le s-L o n g B each, C a lif. , M arch 1959)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OP—
Number

Avenge
$
$
hourly a Under
*1.30 1.40
1. 50 *1.60 *1. 70
$
under
T
1.40 1. 50
. 60 1. 70 1.80
1.30
$
1.48
42
51
25
55
62
31
1 .46
l
42
51
25
31
$5
62
1.55
18
55
15
1.36
42
51
43

1. 80

k
O
3

12
0

N on m anufacturing---------------------- ---- -------------S ervices (excluding m otion p i c t u r e s ) ------

11
P

nn.ai*atfir a

naosAviivAi*

\

296
ZUT

10
0
162

432
404
218
92

1

5

10
6
10

2

2

166
1 .47
1.55

90

i3

80

9

-

42
-

166
-

G u a r d s -------------------------------------------- —----------------2, 737
M an u factu rin g--------- — ------ ---------- —------------ — “ 1 , ?
N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------—
620
125
M otion pictu res ---------------------------------------302

2 .2 5
2 .2 6

-

-

-

5
5

7
7

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers (men) —------— 11,945
M anufacturing --------- ------- ---------------------- ------- " 5,1 9 5 ..
N onm anufacturing-------- -— —-— ..— ------- — —
6, 750
Pu blic utilities ♦ ------------*
------------------------515
W holesale t r a d e --------- ------- ------------- ------ —
315
Finance f —
—----------------------------------- ---------1,431
S ervices (excluding m otion p ictu re s) ——
2, 769
M otion pictu res —--------------------------------- ——
256

1.82
n r
1.69
1.96
1.92
1.55
1.65
2. 15

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers (wom en) —— —
M an u factu rin g ------------- ----------------------------- — _
N on m anufacturing--------- ------- ------------------ —~

12

k(\
ou

26

1.22

S ervices (excluding m otion p i c t u r e s ) ------

11

2.20 1.3 0
2. 10 1
2
2 0 2.10 2.20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0
.0
6
5
6 6 -

15

1.20

2.22

1.77
2 .42

12

-

3

55

37

33

31

2
2

6

1.90
Q
•

-

8
8

46
42

1 .9 0

-

0
0

1 and industry division

«*<
vi

O ccupation

-

$

-

1 .4 0
2 .5 0

9

2. 50

2 .6 0

$

2. 60

$
2. 70

2. 70

2 .8 0

9

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

2 .9 0

f
3.00

3 .0 0

3. 10

9

9

3. 10

9

3 .20

3 .2 0
3.30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■
*

-

-

*

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1fi
U
-

-

-

144
137
7

217
rw

592
556
36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

750
***620
130

503
308
195

108

38

7

32

7
7

-

-

-

-

■-

30

195

7

31

-

-

"

“

-

-

275
174
101
34
27
10
5
25

27
17
10
6
4

53
46
7
7
-

“

19
19
19

-

"

"

“

“

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

2096 1322
383
234
1862
939
1147
370
635
569

242
47
195
113

50
50
-

88
B5
-

42
42
42

84
34
84

-

-

“

195
3
192
26

101
101
101

*

-

-

”

"

-

-

186
135
51

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

109
108
-

576
17
559
1
36
162
-

205
25
180
4
24
59
-

462 1417
40
149
422 1268
1
9
23
268
832
62
376
-

1534
200
1334
26
45
171
1012
-

907
393
514
9
29
29
446
“

1406
691
715
202
56
51
385
-

2043
977
1066
112
33
10
122
-

JO}?
901
131
55
41
35

94
4
90
36
35

674 1038
18
12
662 1020
C C 7 kD
Q
k
CO
722
59

271
58
213
1O
1A
161

60
40
20

32
20
12

116

121

92
74
18

12

3
7
3
5

10
1

6

12

-

10
9
-

-

2 ,5 1 6
374
2, 142
QIC
1,009
84

1.58
1.85
1.53

33
33

8
6
2

1. 54
2. 13

8

-

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l handling —-------------------------M anufacturing --------------------— ——— — ---------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------- ------------——
Pu blic utilities * ----------------- ----------------- ----W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------------------

8,919
3, 176
5, 743
1,575
2,082

2.21
2715
2 .2 4
2. 36
2 .3 4

1
1
-

1
1
_

20
20
_
20

*
-

78
77
1
-

45
25
20
_
-

248
'242
6
_
1

526
2 76
248
4

962
50
912
13
17

987
575“
411
6
101

O rder fille r s ( m e n ) ------------------------------------------M anufacturing -------- ---------------------------- ------—
N onm anufacturing---------------------------------— ---W holesale t r a d e ------- —-------■
----------------------

3 ,574

2.2 2
2 .0 9
2 .2 4
2 .2 3

.
“

-

_
-

“

42
42
42

14
14
"

61
27
34
11

158
16
142
6

288
213
75
75

139
30
109
88

-

-

-

16

34

no

12

111

29

-

21
’"21"

21
21

88
80
a
8

87
38
49
48

204

-

10
-

56

1Q1
i7J
191

_
-

26
26

8
7
1

“

1105
775
857 "“ 708“
248
67
28
33
24
25
9
196
“

S ervices (excluding m otion p ictu re s)

b ib

2 ,9 2 6
1, 702

O rder f ille r s ( w o m e n ) -------- -----------------------------

312

1 .84

-

P a ck e rs , shipping ( m e n ) -----------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------- ------------------ —---- ------—

1,434
642

2. 11
2 70 7

_

-

W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------------------

744

2. 15

“

M anufacturing —.............. ................. —
--------------

345
Z73

1.89
1.93

R eceiving c l e r k s ----------------------- ------------— .-------M anufacturing — ------— --------- -----------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------- — —

1,22 7
566
661
412

2 .3 3
2. 32
2 .3 4
2 .3 0

See footnotes at end o f table.




18

-

-

-

-

42
4£
42

"

“

-

"

■

1Q
l7
"

28
~

2
1

2
2

_
-

15
15

5
5

-

5
5

'

‘

‘

‘

‘

5

2
19
19

■

0

21
2
19
19

87
20
67

6
6
-

66

8
0

1006 1121
631
495'
375
626
12
27
313
183

338
572 1211
174
80 — I W
398 1131
233
342
588
233
-

-

360
436
202 ~T9'5

-

155
-

455
455
190
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

_
-

-

*

L
O

150

234

133

6

“

"

*

"

“

"

49

133

1

28
28

347
193 "
154
131

80
57
23
10

325
40
285
199

81
6l
20
2

27
z2
5
1

79
2
77
1

1
1

3
3
2

15
15
-

123

48' —ror

6 .
6
-

4
^
-

12
Table A-4. Custodial and M aterial Movem ent Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area ba sis,
by industry division , Los A n geles-L on g Beach, C a lif. , M arch 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

at

worker*

*
$
hourij* Under 1.20
1.30
earning*
and
$
under
1.40
1.30
$
_
_
2 .3 2
2 .2 2
2 .4 2
2 .3 9
-

Shipping c l e r k s ----------------------------------------------—M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------- —-----W holesale trade --------------- -------- -------------

708
357
351
243

Shipping and receivin g c l e r k s --------------------------M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------- ----------W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------

694
41 6
2 78
184

T ru ck d rivers 4 -------- — ------------- --------------- - <
—
M anufacturing — — —— ----------------------- —-----N onm anufacturing-------------- —
-------- -----------—
P u blic utilities * -------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------- —-----M otion p i c t u r e s --------------------------------------

13,302
3, 680
9,622
5,399
2 ,699
558

T r u ck d riv ers , light (under lV* t o n s ) -------M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing--------------------------------—

1,197
"573
504

2 .3 0
2 .2 3
2 .3 9

4 ,386
1,213
3,173
2 007

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium (lV* to and
including 4 t o n s ) ---- —---------------------- —
-----—
M an u factu rin g----------------------- ------------ -----Nonmanufacturing —
— — ......... ... .
W holesale t r a d e --------------- —------— ---T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r t y p e ) ---- ----------- --------- — — - ——-----M an u factu rin g ------- --------------------- -— — -N onm anufacturing----------— -------- — — -----Pu blic utilities * ..... ...............
...........
T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r t y p e ) ----------------------------Manuf a ctur i n g ------------------- —------------------N onm anufacturing-------------- ------------- — ■
Tin* rtl A a 4 1 A f

JA

$
1.40

$
1. 50

$
1.60

1. 50

1.60

1. 70

_

-

-

1. 70
1.80

_

-

t

%

2 .0 0

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2. 30

S
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

s
2 .6 0

S
2. 70

S
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3.00

$
3. 10

$
3.20

1.90

2 .0 0

2. 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3. 10

3 .20

3.30

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

5
5
-

229

73
2
71
48

39
"39
-

97
61
60

-

-

25
25'
-

28
28
28

“

2
2
-

2641 1469
' SIT 732
2124
737
1640
240
424
100
136
-

1588
457
1131
7
603
379

143
128“
23
23

568
b7
501
460
8

....16

1
1
“

-

-

19
1
18
-

45
23
22
20

82
32
50
-

12
12
-

68
21
47
5
-

96
74
22
8
14
-

224
44
180
6
170
-

249
151
98
1
86
-

12
12
-

22
21
1

41
24
17

156
38
118

88
61
27

125
"1 1 8
7

160
119
41

112
112
-

59
57
2
2

193
94
99

232
54
178

70

686 1784
235
52
634 1549
320 1363
310
32

20
2u
-

148
51
97

740
54
686
643
43
183
14*
169
120
49

-

“

-

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42
42

-

66
b
60

82
22
60

’ 911

2 .4 8
2. 55
2 .4 5
2. 48
2 !4 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

60

3,161
1,061
2 ,1 0 0
1,123
490

2 .6 0
2. 67
2. 56
2. 51
2. 54

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
50
-

-

33
23
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,731
509'
1,222
523

2. 58
2 .5 3
2 .6 0
2. 50
2.’ 66

-

-

-■
-

-

61
16
45
45
54
54"
-

2 77 . 460
257
IW
78 203
16
24
60
149
-

84
24
60
-

-

-

-

- •

2

22
22

-

-

75
75

7
-----7 "

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

7
7

127

14
14

26
18
8

-

-

2

-

-

ZUT

28
28

1253 3489
185" 449
847 3040
430 2702
413
124
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ru c k e r s , pow er (other than fo rk lift) -----------------Manuf a c tu r in g ------ — — — --------------— -----------------------------

660
473

2 .3 2
2 .2 2

-

-

-

_

-

.

W atchm en ------------------ ------ M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------- -------------------N onm anufacturing — — ----- —

728
493
235

1.86
1.96
1.65

-

-

-

-

-

10

32

16

-

-

-

10

32

16

38
20
18

Q
O

-

230
179
51

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
A ll w ork ers w e re at $1 and under $ 1 .1 0 .
A ll w ork ers w e re at $1. 10 to $ 1 .2 0 .
A ll w ork ers w e re at $ 3 .3 0 to $ 3 .4 0 .
Includes all d riv e rs r e g a rd le ss o f s ize and type of truck operated.
Tran sportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

-------

-

51
23
28

42
42

. T

21
7
14

55
32
23

130
311
130 "'311

205
205

-

-

-

773
63 J
240
240

217
44
173

136
136
80
56

116
lib
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

653
159
494
445
21

422
iu5
317

599
356
243

4
4
-

76
67
9

4
4
-

116
lib
-

-

-

-

-

100

129

212
28
184
35
40

766
19"?
571
323
248

108

366
48
318

50
26
24

-

24

-

-

339
569
4ZTT '299
40
149
40
143
-

472
222
250
126
28

355
66“
289
20
132

63
34
29
24
5

79
64
15

326
190
136

-

-

5
42
42

-

-

-

24
24

186

-

86
80

I W

-

i l l

152
92
60

88
82"
6

2

8
8
-

168

155

-

b it

28

40
82
78

75
75

122
122

18
18

165
42

55

46
31
15

57
57

34
24
10

26

30

-

16

io
-

-

-

-

10

-

-

24

12
12

306

312
185
127
1
103

699
658“
41

611
5¥.
557
320
96
-

6
6

5
-

36

5

116
116
-

97

60

2 .3 7
Z73U
2. 55
.2 . 54
2. 54

QQ
77

_

“
-

*
-

OV7

!
1
1

“

-

22
22
-

30
3
27
27

128
112
16
16

~

2. 54
2. 52 .
2. 54
2. 50
2 .5 8
2. 74

2. 70

122
49
73
61

103
94
9
9

-

-

2 .6 0

142
34
108
43

1
1
.1

-

2 .3 8
2. 36
2 .4 2
2 . 53

2. 50

110
45
65
39

!
1
1

3, 779
2, 703
1,076
211
583




$
1.90

4
4
-

T ru ck ers , pow er ( fo r k lift ) ---------------------- — - — ---------M anufacturing —------ ----------------------------------------— — —
N onm anufacturing---- -------- — ---------------------- P u blic utilities * -------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------

1
*
3
4
5
4
*
■
f

1. 80

%

-

-

-

-

-

-

132

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-




13

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n t s having f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r sh ift w o rk , and in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
a c tu a lly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts by type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l, L o s A n g e le s - L o n g B e a ch , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1959)
In e s ta b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o rk

|

|
fl

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s a c tu a lly

S e co n d shift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

T o ta l _________ ________________ ___________________________________

9 4 .5

8 3 .8

2 0 .3

3. 8

With shift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l _________ ____________ _______________

9 4 .5

83. 8

2 0 .3

3 .8

7 1 .0

30. 5

1 5 .5

1 .9

4 ce n ts
__
.
_ _
5 c e n ts ____________________________________________________
6 c e n t s __________ __________________________________________
7
c e n ts __________________________________________ _______
8 c e n ts ____________________________________________________
9 ce n ts _____________________________________ _______ _______
10 c e n ts _____________________ _____________ ________________
12 ce n ts ___________________ ________ _______________________
13 c e n ts __________________________________________ ________
133/* o r 14
c e n ts _____________________________________
15 c e n ts __________________________________________________
16 c e n ts ___________________________________________________
18 c e n ts ___________________________________________________
2 0 c e n ts _
_
... ..
O v e r 20 c e n ts ____________________________________________

.3
5 .9
3 .8
.7
2. 8
.3
2 2 .7
26. 1
2 .9
.7
1.7

_
. 1
1 .8
1 .2
2 .3
10. 1
2. 0
.3
_
7 .0
1 .6
1. 1
1 .6
1 .4

. 1
.7
1. 0
. 1
.5
. 1
3 .9
6 .8
.7
.3
.6
.7
( 2)

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e
_
. . . . . .
5 p e r c e n t ____________ ____________________________________
6 p e r c e n t __________________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________________________

13.7
4 .7
3 .2
5. 8

7. 0
1 .4

2 .8
.8
1 .4
.7

F u ll d a y ’ s pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _________________________

.7

.9

F u ll d a y ’ s pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s , p lu s
c e n ts d iffe r e n t ia l __________________________________________

4 .3

P a id lu n ch p e r io d , p lu s c e n ts d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________

2 .8

O th er fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l _____________________________

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r )

_

.

x
!z

l!z

No sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

-

2 .4
.6
-

-

5 .7

_
-

.3
. 1
-

.4
.3
.2
( 2)
(*>
.2
. 1
.1
. 1
.3
.3

-

-

3 3 .9

1.2

1 .2

2 .8

.5

.2

2. 1

8 .7

.3

.2

-

-

-

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late
e v e n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

s h ifts

14
Table B-2. Minim um Entrance Salarie s for W om en O ffice W o rk e rs
(D istrib u tio n o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o f fic e w o r k e r s , L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a ch , C a l i f ., M a rch 1959)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
A ll
in d u s trie s

M in im um w e e k ly s a la r y 1

A ll
sch e d u le s

E sta b lish m en ts s t u d i e d _________________________________

317

113

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
_______
$ 4 0 .0 0 and under $ 4 2 .5 0 __________________________
$ 4 2 .5 0 and under $ 4 5 .0 0 ________ ________________
$ 4 5 .0 0 and under $ 4 7 .5 0 __________________________
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0
___________ __ ___ ____
$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0
_ ____ _ _ _
$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 __________________________
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0
____
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0
_
$ 6 2 .5 0 and under $ 6 5 .0 0
_
_ $ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 _____ ____ ____ __
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 0 .0 0 and under $ 7 2 .5 0
______
____
$ 7 2 .5 0 and under $ 7 5 .0 0
_ .. ..
$ 7 5 .0 0 and under $ 7 7 .5 0
_
_
$ 7 7 .5 0 and under $ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 0 .0 0 and under $ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 2 .5 0 and under $ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 5 .0 0 and under $ 8 7 .5 0 _ _____ ____
_ _
$ 8 7 .5 0 and under $ 9 0 .0 0
__
E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______
E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
_________________________
in this c a t e g o r y ___ _________„

162
2
1
4
6
16
15
15
31
16
7
1
7
11
8
6
3
4
5
1
3
60

66
_
1
1
3
3
7
14
9
4
1
6
7
4
4
_
1
1
18

95

29

A ll

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—
A ll
37 V
40
383 4
/
sch e d u le s

2

X X
X

63
_
1
1
3
3
6
14
9
4
1
6
7
4
4
_

204

X X
X

40
X X
X

13
1
_
_
_
3
2
1
2
1
1
_
_
_
_
-

X X
X

X X
X

X X
X

X X
X

66

X X
X

X X
X

2

_

113

166
2
7
4
12
16
17
20
21
14
7
2
10
9
6
5
7
2
5
_
_
63

65
_
2
1
3
7
9
10
7
4
1
9
6
3
2
_
1
_
18

X X
X

8
_
_
1
3
_
1
1
_
_
_
2
_
_
_

317

68
1
1
1
4
6
9
5
13
5
2
_
1
2
4
2
3
4
3
2

X X
X

96
2
1
3
5
13
12
8
17
7
3
_
1
4
4
2
3
4
5
2
42

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M anufacturin g
N onm anufa c t ur ing
1
B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
an—
40
37 y .
383
/4
sch ed u les
sch ed u les

88

30

X X
X

X X
X

204

X X
X

63

14
1

8

1
1
2
2
2
2
.
1
_
_
_
_
1
1
_
_
_
_

1
1
2
1
1

X X
X

101
2
5
3
12
13
10
11
11
7
3
1
1
3
3
3
7
1
5
_
45

X X
X

X X
X

58

X X
X

2
1
_
3
7
8
10
7
4
1
9
6
3
2
_
_
_
_
_

X X
X

40
X X
X

_
_

71
1
2
1
10
8
5
0
9
7
2
1

1
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2
3
2
6
1
5
_

_

_

_

_

_

X X
X

_

X X
X

X X
X

X X
X

L o w e s t s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d f o r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r o th e r c le r i c a l jo b s .
R a tes a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
H ours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a re p re s e n te d fo r a ll w o rk w eek s com b in ed , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek s r e p o r te d .

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly H ours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a ch , C a li f ., M a r c h 1959)
office workers

W eekly h o u rs

All .
industries
--------------------------

100

35 h ou rs __________________________________________
O ver 35 and under 3 6 V4 h o u rs -------------------------36 V4 h ou rs ----------------------------------------------------------■}7Yj h ou rs
___ _________________ __
O ver ^7 V’ ar|d nnHpr 38^/4 Hours
.......
h ou rs
_ _ ______ • __ _
.
_
4-0 Viru^r s
____ _ __ _
4-7. h ou rs
...
_
______ __ _..
O ver 42 and under 44 h o u rs ------------------------------44 hour s
_ _____ ____ ____________
45 h ou rs
_
______ ___ ___________________
4ft linnrs
........ _
_ _ _ _______

1

A ll w o rk e r s

__ ------- ---------------

M
anufacturing
100
( 4)

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*
100

100

7

-

( 4)
1
7
1
4

1

_
_

85
( 4)

98

( 4)
( 4)

( 4)

_

1
_

1
92
_

1
8
_
8
84
-

_

-

PLANT WORKERS
Financet
100
( 4)
1
3
18
5
11
62
-

M
otion
pictures 2

All 3
industries

100

100

100

5

-

4
24
_
65
( 4)

_
-

(excluding
m
otion pictures)

■

-

;

-

lj>
( 4)
-

-

100

_
-

( 4)
( 4)
1
1
( 4)
94
1
( 4)
( 4)
1
1

M
anufacturing
100
1
( 4)
1
1
94
2
1
“

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion .
pictures2

100

100

100

100

-

-

-

-

3
2
91

2
91
-

100
-

*

-

2
3

-

"

1
6

:
99

1

■

1 T ’ i mHco fiafra fc»r r e ta il trad e (exceD t d e o a rtm e n t s t o r e s ) in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
rw
.
,
,
.
.
2 iTimUed to e s t lb lis h m e n t s p r im a r ily en gag ed in the p rod u ction of m o tio n p ic tu re s (G rou p 7811) and e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily en gag ed in p e r fo rm in g s e r v t c e s independent o f m o tio n -p ic tu r e
p rod u ction but a llie d th e re to (GroupP7821) as d e fin e d in the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual (1957 E d ition ) p r e p a r e d by the B u reau o f the B u dget.
3 In clu d es data fo r r e t a il trad e (e x ce p t dep a rtm en t s t o r e s ) and r e a l estate in a d d itio n to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s that 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
* T r a n sp o rta tio n (e xclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ica tio n , and other public u t ilit ie s .
+ F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




15
Table B-4. Ppid H olid ays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in d u s trie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by n u m ber o f paid h olid ays
p ro v id e d ann ually, L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a c h ,C a li f ., M a rch 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS;
Item

PLANT WORKERS
Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

_________________________ __________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h olid a y s ___________________________________
W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g
no paid h o l i d a y s _____ ______________________ _

99

100

100

100

100

99

A ll w o r k e r s

(M

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

-

Finance

-

(4 )

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

All .
industries

M
anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

10
0

100

94

98

96

100

62

10
0

-

6

2

4

“

38

3
18
1
3
42
3
1
21
(4 )

2
16
1
5
56
5
1
11
1
1
-

2
4
13
78
“

15
3
2
32
4
3
36
2
1
3
"

_

_
78
78
91
91
95
95
95
96
96

3
3
6
6
45
49
82
85
100
100
100
100
100

M
otion ,
pictures

*

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

M
otion .
1 pictures*

-

N um ber o f d a y s
L e s s than 6 h olid a ys ______________ _____________
6 h o lid a y s
___
6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
_
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days _ _____ ___________
7 h olid a y s _
- _
_
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ______________________
7 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
8 h o l id a y s _____________ __ _____ __________*____
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day __ ________ ___
8 h o lid a y s plus 2 h alf d a y s _____________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h alf d a y s _______ _____ ______
9 h o lid a y s
____
_______ _______ ___
9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _____ _______________
9 h olid a y s plus 2 h alf d a y s ___________ ________
9 h o lid a y s plus 3 h a lf d a y s _____________________
10 h o lid a y s ___________ _________________________
11 h o l i d a y s ___ _____ _________________________
11 h o lid a y s plus 1 h alf day ____________________
11 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s __ *_______________ _

(4)
14
1
2
43
10
1
21
1
1
(4 )
3
1
(4)
1
1
2
(4)
1

(4)
11
1
3
64
3
1
15
(4)
1
(4)
-

3
5
91
"

23
6
1
25
4
2
33
2
2
1
-

4
(4)
34
28
4
4
2
(4)
9
1
2
4
7
1
2

3
41
(4)
(4)
26
1
18
9
-

100
(4 )
“

1
(4)
(4)
■

6
36
3
15
(4)
2
“

10
0
■

T o ta l h o l i d a y t im e 5
12 o r m o r e days _____ _____ __ _______________
11 Vz o r m o r e d a y s _________ _____ ________ __
11 o r m o r e days ____- ___________________________
10 V o r m o r e d a y s ____________ _________________
10 o r m o r e d ays ____________ ____________________
9 V2 o r m o r e d a ys _________________*_______ *____
9 o r m o r e d ays _____ __ ___ -____ ___________
8 V2 o r m o r e d ays ______
__________________
8 o r m o r e days ______ ______ _________________ —
7
o r m o r e days _________________________ ______
7 o r m o r e d ays ________ ___________ ___ ___
6 7 2 o r m o r e days
_____ ______ _________ ____
6 o r m o r e d a ys _______________ _______________
o r m o r e d ays __________ __ __ __ ________
5 o r m o r e d a ys _____
______________________
2 o r m o r e d a y s ___________ ___ _______________
1 o r m o r e days

2

l/
z

5l/
z

1
1
2
3
4
5
8
9
31
41
85
86
99
99
99
99
99

_
(4)
(4 )

1
1

18
21
88
89
100
100
100
100
100

_
91
91
97
97
100
100
100
100
100

1
1
5
5
40
44
71
77
100
100
100
100
100

2
3
10
12
17
17
27
31
35
62
96
96
100
100
100
100
100

_

9
9
9
27
29
56
56
97
97
97
99
99

(!)
(4)
100
100
100
100
100

(4)
1
1
1
23
26
72
73
91
91
92
93
94

1
1
1
1
13
18
80
81
97
97
98
98
98

_

_

2
2
2
2
2
17
20
56
56
59
62
62

-

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0

1 In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tra d e (e x ce p t dep a rtm en t s t o r e s ) in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 L im ite d to e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in the p r o d u ctio n o f m o tio n p ic tu re s (G roup 781 1) and e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily en gaged in p e r fo rm in g s e r v ic e s independent o f m o tio n -p ic tu r e
p rod u ction but a llie d th e r e to (G roup 782 1) a s de fin e d in the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual (1957 e d itio n ) p re p a r e d by the B u rea u o f the Bu dget.
3 In clu d es data f o r r e ta il trade (e x ce p t dep a rtm en t s t o r e s ) and r e a l estate in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d ays that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the
p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es those w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fvlll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on .
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cum ulated.
* T r a n sp o rta tio n (e xclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s ,
t F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




16
Table B-5. Pgid Vacations
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a ch , C a l i f ., M a rch 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS:
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s ___ _______________ *__

All
industries 1
___ _____

____

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

PLANT WORKERS
Services
(excluding
-m
otion pictures)

Finance |

All ,
industries 3

M
otion .
pictures *

M
anufacturing

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

Wholesale
trade

Public
Utilities*

| Motion,
1 pictures2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
90
10

100
79
21

100
96
4

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
85
14

100
82
18

100
89
11

100
100
_

86
86
.

100
16
84

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

14

-

2
44
1
6

4
38
_

1
51
_

39
„
13

92
3
( 5)

10
17
(5 )
( 5)

15
18
2
-

100
_

-

7
42
_
3

14

-

(■)
55
2
20

13
13

-

2
43
3
“

2

-

21
1
75
1
2
1

15
2
78
1
4
-

84
1
15
_
_

30
_
70
_
_

4
_
96
_

-

-

60
6
30
1
2
( 5)

56
6
34
2
2
-

63
21
13
_
3
-

67
_
3:3

-

24
.
61
_
_
13

3
(5)
93
1
2
( 5)
1

4
( 5)
90
2
4
( 5)

6
1
92
_
_
_

3
_
97
_
.
_

_
100
_
_
_

-

-

-

19
5
70
2
2
1
<8)

25
5
63
4
3
1
-

<*>
(5)
94
1
3
( 5)
1

1
_
91
2
6
( 5)

_
1
99
_
_
_

_

.
_
100
_
_

3
4
86
3
4
1
( 5)

4
5
81
4
5
1
-

M e th o d o f p a y m on t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a ca tion s __________ — ___________ ,_____
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent _____ ___ ____
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent
_____________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a ca tion s _ ______ ______ ________ _
A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 4
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek __ __ __________________
__ __
1 w eek
__________________ __________________ _
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks __________________ :___
2 w eek s ____
__ _________ ______ __ _______

_

_

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __ __ _____ __
______
___________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------2 w eeks _
__
________ _______________
____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks _________ ____ ___ _______________ __
4 w eeks __

(5)
100
_
_

-

54
_

26
_

100

_

_

_

-

2

-

6
20
70
1
3
_

8
_
92

30
2
53

_
100

-

-

_
_
2

95

77

_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __
__ __
___
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w eek s __________
______
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s
__________
3 w eeks _
O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s
4 w eek s ___ __ _
_

_____________
___ _
______________________
_ _____ _____ _____
_____________________
______________________
_

_

13
( 5)
73
_
_
_
13

_
100
_
_
_

1
_
77
10
.

_
_
100
_
_
_

-

_
_

_

_
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eeks --------- __ _____
__ _____________ __
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s ____
___
_ _
3 w eeks _________ __ _
O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s _________ ___________
4 w eeks _ __

-

98
_
2
_
-

_

-

13

-

See foo tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




N O T E:

In the tabulations o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents o th e r than "len gth o f t i m e , "
such as p e rce n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r fla t -s u m pa ym e n ts, w e re c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.

7
2
93
1
3
_

-

_

_

5

_
100
_

2

-

_

_

-

_

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v is io n s , L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , M a rc h 1959)

OFFICE WORKERS;
V a ca tio n p o lic y
AU
industries i
1

Manufacturing

(5)
86
4
8

(5)
88
2
9

1

1

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

PLANT WORKERS
Finance'}’

(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion
pictures “

All
industries J

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion
pictures s

Amount o! vacation p a y 4-— Continued
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ppV

2 w eeks
_
______
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks _________ __
_____
3 w eek s ____________ ___________________________________________
____ __
__ _
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s _
4 w eeks _____ _________________________________________ _____

_

_

94
1
6

83
3
14

86
8
7

_

_

_

_

_

-

13

-

1
56
_
30
13

1
39
.
47
„
13

8
_
92
_
-

1
39

_
8

1

-

-

(5)
63
4
31
1
1

( 5)
65
3
30
2
-

_

_

_

65
1
34
-

45
3
52
-

66
9
25
-

(5 )

(5)
8

_

_
13
1
84
_

-

1
71
10
5

_

_

93
3
_

81
2
17

_

_

1
79
4
13
1
( 5)

1
83
6
8
2
-

_
100
_
-

1
60
6
28
3
1

1
65
8
21
5
-

_

1
16
1
75
3

1
12
2
78
5
2

2
2
92
1

16
.
81

3

100
_
_
_

.

4
81

100

_

_

_

_

-

2

-

_

_

71
5
20
3

49
2
50
-

4
64
_
17
2

100
.
_
-

3

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __ _____________
_______________________
2 w eeks _
__
_ __
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w eeks _____________________________________ ,_____
O v er 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------ ----------------

_

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __________________________ ,_________
2 w eeks ______
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks _ _ ________
O v er 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w eeks _
___

_____
.. _

13
(5)
82
2
2

_

85
5
1

_

1
1
99

21
78
_

-

1

1

_
1
1
99

_
20

10

_

_

_

_

70

76

47

92

1
16
1
69

_

_

_

_

_

3

-

10

14

13

-

10

3

_

_

4
59
_
22

3
_
97

3

2

-

_

_

2
2
92
1
3

14

4
59

3

_

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________________ ____
2 w eek s _
_
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w eeks _________ _______________ ________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(5)
12
( 5)
72
2
14

(5)
8
_

69
5
18

_

1
12
2
70
5
10

.

_

_

_

77

22

97

_

_

_

8

2

“

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________ __ ____ __
2 w eeks
.
.......
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks ___________ __ ______
3 w eeks __ ______
___ __ _____________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ______________ ___ _
4 w eeks
_
_
___

C
5)
12
(5)
63
2
22

( 5)
8
>

65
6
21

_

1
1
71

_

_

_

20

10

1
39

8

_

_

_

_

69

26

92

_

_

_

_

..

28

26

55

21

34

1
16
1
63
4

14

!
12

_

_

4

.

2
2

14

59

2

_

_

3
_

65
7
14

76
1
19

71

20

97

_

_

_

15

4

1 Includes data fo r r e ta il trade (excep t d ep artm en t s t o r e s ) in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 L im ite d to e sta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in the production of m otion p ictu re s (Group 7811) and e sta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in p erfo rm in g s e r v ic e s independent of m o tio n -p ictu r e
production but a llie d th ereto (Group 7821) as defined in the Standard In d ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual (1 9 5 7 edition) p rep ared by the B ureau of the B ud get.
3 Includes data for r e ta il trade (excep t d ep artm en t sto r e s ) and r e a l estate in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 P e r io d s o f se r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily c h ose n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p ro v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , the changes in p roportion s indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e
include chan ges in p ro v isio n s o c cu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
5 L e s s than 0 . 5 p erc en t.
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s ,
t F in a n c e , in su r a n ce , and r ea l e s ta te .




18
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em ployed in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
h ealth, in su r a n ce , or p en sion b e n e fits, L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B ea c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1959)

OFFICE workers ;
Type of ben efit

A ll w o r k e r s _____________________________________ ____

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

Public
utilities*

100

PLANT WORKERS

W
holesale
trade

Finance "f

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

100

100

100

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

All 3
industries

M
anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

M
otion
pictures2

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

M
otion
pictures2

W o rk ers in esta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g:
L ife in su ran ce __________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d isrp e m b erm e n t
in su ran ce ____ _____ _____________________________
S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ran ce or
sick le ave or b o th 4 ___________________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce _________
Sick le a v e (full pay and no
w aiting p erio d ) _____________________________
Sick le a v e (p artial pay or
w aiting p erio d ) ____________________________
H osp ita liza tio n in su ran ce _________ ____________
S u rg ic a l in su ran ce ______________________________
M e d ic a l in su ran ce _______________________________
C ata strop h e in su ran ce _________________________
R e tire m e n t pen sion _____________________________
No h ealth, in su r a n ce , o r p en sion plan _____

98

99

99

95

97

95

95

94

97

98

89

78

65

87

58

58

30

67

82

76

86

68

61

51

94

79
33

87
43

93
18

74
35

66
22

55
25

96
46

64
31

66
38

82
18

71
40

12
4

41
41

68

73

79

56

63

54

96

32

35

64

35

7

4
90
89
74
50
83
( S)

2
96
96
77
67
83
( 5)

11
47
47
45
33
98
1

5
92
86
67
37
62
( 5)

1
93
93
84
37
90

-

-

li
92
92
80
31
70

7
99
99
85
43
66

11
47
47
44
21
96

26
88
88
77
19
57

5
80
80
77
9
38
20

92
92
76
51
70
2

53
53
34
25
96

-

100
100
84
6
10 0

1 In clud es data fo r r e ta il trade (excep t d ep artm en t s t o r e s ) in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 L im ite d to e sta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in
the production of m otion p ictu r e s (Group 7 8 1 1 ) and e sta b lish m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in p e r fo r m in g s e r v ic e s independent of m o tio n -p ictu r e
production but allie d th e re to (Group 7 8 2 1 ) a s defined in
the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual (19 57 ed ition) p rep ared by the B u reau of the B udget.
3 In clud es data fo r r e ta il tra de (excep t d ep artm en t s t o r e s ) and r e a l estate in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 U nduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sick le a v e or sic k n e ss and a c cid en t in su ran ce shown se p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ic k -le a v e p lan s a r e lim ite d to those w hich
d efin itely e sta b lish at le a st
the m in im u m num ber of days* pay that can be ex pected by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e allo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is a re ex clu d ed .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s ,
t F in a n c e, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te .




19
Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p r ia te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d under
a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lis h m e n t to e sta b lis h m e n t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n tia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g rou p in g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age
r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a sis on in ter e sta b lis h m e n t and
in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
ca n tly fr o m th ose in u se in in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In
ap p lyin g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in stru cte d to e x clu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , tr a in e e s , h an dicapped w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O ff ic e
B IL L E R ,

M ACHINE

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s
as to b illin g s o r sh ipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i lle r s ,
m a ch in e , a r e c la s s ifie d b y type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e )— U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H opkin s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u r ro u g h s , e tc . , w h ich
a r e c om b in a tion typing and adding m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a se o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ipp ing m e m o ra n d a , e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d iscou n ts and shipping c h a r g e s and en try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot be com p u ted on the
b illin g m a ch in e , and tota ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u la te d
b y m a ch in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a
fa n fo ld m a ch in e .
B ille r , m a ch in e (book k eep in g m a c h in e )----- U ses a book k eep in g
m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt F is n e r , R em in gton R and, e tc . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y not have ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills a s p a rt o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and co m p u te s and u su a lly p r in ts a u to ­
m a tic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n ce s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
edg e o f b ook k eep in g . W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and stan dard typ es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (R em in gton R and, E llio tt
F is h e r , Sundstrand, B u r ro u g h s, N ation al C ash R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ----- Continued
C la s s A — K eep s a s e t o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic book k eep in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r ity w ith
the s tru c tu re o f the p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g sy s te m u s e d .
D e te r ­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it item s
to be u se d in ea ch p h a se o f the w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B — K eeps a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s
—
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly r e q u irin g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k eep in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e 'o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n der b i lle r , m a ch in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , ex p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t in p r e p a r a tio n o f tr ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets f o r the a cco u n tin g d ep a rtm en t.
C L E R K , AC CO U N TIN G
Cla£s__A— U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ility fo r k eep in g on e o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te se t o f b ook s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to one p h ase o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s . W ork in v o lv e s p ostin g and b a la n cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou n ts p a y a b le; exam in in g and co d in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a cco u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju dg m en t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a kin g p r o p e r a s sig n a tio n s and a llo c a tio n s .
M ay a s s is t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B —^ U n d er s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine
a cco u n tin g o p e ra tio n s su ch as p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a cco u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , en terin g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n tr o lle d
by g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d oes not r e q u ir e a kn ow led ge o f
a cco u n tin g and b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in
w h ich the m o r e rou tin e a cco u n tin g w o r k is su b d ivid ed on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s is am on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

20

CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A ----- R e s p o n s ib le fo r m ain tain in g an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r oth er m a te r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es
in co n ju n ctio n w ith file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e r s in filin g and lo c a tin g
m a te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
C la s s B -----P e r fo r m s r ou tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a te r ia l that
has a lr e a d y been c la s s ifi e d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a tin g m a ­
t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by
m a il, ph one, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet
lis tin g the ite m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and q u a n tities
o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet; d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
p a rtm en ts to b e fille d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they h ave b een fille d , keep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.
CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s a ccou n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on tabulating c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d se q u e n ce ,
using an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e , follow in g
w ritte n in fo r m a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by using the
d u p lica tin g d e v ic e a tta ch ed to m a ch in e .
K eep s f ile s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify ow n w o rk o r w o rk o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties su ch a s running e r r a n d s ,
o p e ra tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ch in e s su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening
and d is trib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SECRETARY
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l du ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in is tra tiv e o r e x e c u tiv e p o s it io n . D u ties in clu d e m aking a p p oin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le c o m in g in to o f f ic e ; a n sw erin g
and m akin g phone c a lls ; han dlin g p e r s o n a l and im p o rta n t o r c o n fi­
den tia l m a il, and w ritin g ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d ic ta tio n (w h e re tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is n ot u sed ) eith er in
sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo r m a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o ra n d a fo r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

GENERAL

C om p u tes w a g es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s ­
s a ry data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts . D u ties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s '
ea rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r , p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo r m a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w ork in g
da ys, tim e , r a te , d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n c e , and tota l w a g es d u e. M ay
m ake out p a y ch e ck s and a s s i s t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d i s ­
trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith er in sh orth an d o r b y sten oty p e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
n o r m a l r ou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o se t up and k eep
file s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s not in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k (s e e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPH ER,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e­
m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s.
T h is jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s ta tis tic a l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e fre q u e n t u se o f
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is ^nachine is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in sh orth an d o r by sten oty p e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d icta tio n on a
t y p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes n ot in clu d e
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and ^rith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ' ty p ew ritten o r h an dw ritten
m a tte r, using a m im e o g ra p h o r ditto m a ch in e . M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm en t su ch a s fo r in k and paper fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s t e n c il o r d itto m a s t e r . M ay k eep file o f
u sed s t e n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s . M ay s o r t, c o lla t e , and stap le c o m ­
p leted m a te r ia l.




O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd .
D uties in v o lv e handling in c o m in g , ou tg oin g , and in tra p la n t o r o ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e in fo r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in, o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w ho a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

21

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
T h is
tim e

In ad d ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r , on a sin g le p o s i ­
o r m o n it o r -t y p e s w itch b o a rd , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o rk e r * s
w h ile at s w itch b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s m a ch in e that a u to m a tica lly a n a ly z e s and tr a n s la te s
in fo rm a tio n pu nch ed in g ro u p s o f tabulating c a r d s and p rin ts tr a n s ­
la ted data on fo r m s o r a ccou n tin g r e c o r d s ; se ts o r a d ju sts m a ch in e;
d o e s sim p le w irin g o f p lu g b o a rd s a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r a c tic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabu lated in fe e d m a g a z in e and sta rts
m a ch in e . M ay file c a r d s a fte r they a r e tabu la ted . M ay, in a d d itio n ,
o p e r a te a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .
T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

in clu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d icta tio n in sh orth an d o r by stenotyp e
o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if i e d a s a ste n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m a ke out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s have b een m ade by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v olv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch as k e e p ­
ing s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r s o rtin g and d is ­
trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A ----- P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
T yping
m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m fr o m v e r y rou g h and in v o lv e d d ra ft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d co p y in w h ich v th e re is a freq u en t
and v a r ie d u se o f te c h n ic a l and unusual w o r d s o r fr o m fo r e ig n la n g u a ge c o p y ; co m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r
planning la you t o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m ain tain uni­
fo r m it y and b a la n ce in sp a cin g ; typing ta b le s fr o m rou g h d ra ft in
fin a l fo r m .
M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to
su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritte n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s tr a n ­
s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v olv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e not

C la s s B — P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing
fr o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r o r ty p ed d r a fts ; rou tin e typing o f fo r m s ,
in s u r a n ce p o lic ie s , e t c . , settin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tion s, or
co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P r o f e s s i o na 1 a n d

DRAFTSM AN,

JUNIOR

(A s s is ta n t d ra fts m a n )
D ra w s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g p u r ­
poses.
U ses v a r io u s ty p es o f d ra ftin g to o ls a s r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e ­
p a re d ra w in gs fr o m sim p le p la n s o r s k e tc h e s , o r p e r fo r m oth er d u ties
under d ir e c t io n o f a d r a fts m a n .
DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c tiv it ie s o f on e o r m o r e d r a fts m e n in
p r e p a r a tio n o f w ork in g plans and d e ta il d ra w in g s fr o m rou g h o r p r e ­
lim in a r y sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D uties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g
b lu e p r in ts , s k e tc h e s , and w ritte n o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e te rm in in g w o rk
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n in g d u ties to su b o rd in a te s and in s p e c tin g th e ir w o rk ;
p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s i s t su b o rd in a te s during




G E N E R A L -----Continued

T echnica1

DRAFTSM AN,

L E A D E R ----- C on tinu ed

e m e r g e n c ie s o r a s a r e g u la r a s sig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m r e la t e d duties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in is tra tiv e n a tu re.
DRAFTSM AN,

SENIOR

P r e p a r e s w ork in g plans and d eta il d ra w in gs fr o m n otes,
rou g h o r d e ta ile d sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m anu­
fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D uties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g p la n s, d e ta il d ra w in g s , m a p s, c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a le by use o f draftin g in stru m e n ts ; m aking en g in eerin g com p u ta ­
tio n s su ch a s th ose in v o lv e d in stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g c o m p le t e d w o rk , ch eck in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls
to be u s e d , and q u a n tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a t io n s ; m aking ad ju stm en ts
o r ch a n g e s in d ra w in g s o r s p e c ific a t io n s . M ay ink in lin e s and le t te r s
on p e n c il d ra w in g s , p r e p a r e d eta il units o f c o m p le te d ra w in g s, o r
tr a c e d r a w in g s .
W ork is fr e q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld tfuch as
a r c h it e c t u r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, or stru c tu ra l d ra ftin g .

22

NURSE,

N U RSE,

IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g is t e r e d n u r se w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r su ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a
com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g ; G iving f ir s t aid to the il l o r in ju re d ;
attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f em p lo y e e s * in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f patients tr e a te d ; p re p a rin g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
oth er p u r p o s e s ; con d u ctin g p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and h ealth ev a lu a tion s
o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in volvin g h ealth e d u ca tion , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev a lu a tion o f plant

Maintenance

CARPENTER,

M A IN TE N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and
m ain tain in g o o d r e p a ir b u ildin g w o o d w o r k and equ ipm en t su ch a s b in s,
c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and t r im m a d e o f w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g : Plann in g and la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w ­
ings^ m o d e ls , o r verbal* in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n te r* s
h a n d tools, p o rta b le p ow er to o ls , and stan d ard m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ;
m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ;
s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o r k . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f
the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s su ch a s the
in sta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ip m en t fo r the g e n e ra tin g ,
d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f
a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equ ip m en t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating u nits,
con du it s y s t e m s , o r oth er t r a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts, d ra w in g s, la you t, o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g ­
n osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s t e m o r equ ip m en t; w ork in g sta n d a rd
com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equ ipm en t; u sing a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n * s h a n d tools and m e a s u rin g
and testin g in s tru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c ­
q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .




IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )----- C on tinu ed

e n v ir o n m e n t, o r oth er a c t iv it ie s
sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

a ffe c tin g

the

h ealth,

w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by pla cin g
tr a c in g c lo th o r pa per o v e r d raw in g and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U s e s T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o l s .
M ay p r e p a r e
s im p le d r a w in g s and do s im p le le t te r in g .

a

d

Powerplant

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n
o f s ta tio n a ry e n g in es and equ ip m en t (m e c h a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p ­
p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h eat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tion , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m ain taining
eq u ip m en t su ch as s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t, ste a m b o ile r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a ter pu m ps; m akin g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; keepin g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l co n s u m p ­
tion . M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a t io n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than o n e en g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F ir e s s ta tio n a ry b o i le r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r, o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand
o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; c h e c k s w ater
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

TRADES,

M A IN T E N A N C E

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce
t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c if i c o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch
as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ; clea n in g w o r k ­
in g a r e a , m a ch in e , and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g w o r k e r by h oldin g m a ­
t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s a s d ir e c te d by jo u r ­
n ey m a n . The kind o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is co n fin e d to su p ­
p ly in g , lift in g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls and t o o ls and clea n in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; an d in o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a fu ll- t i m e b a s i s .

23
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p es o f m a ch in e
t o o ls , su ch as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e
la th e s, o r m illin g m a ch in e s in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls ,
g a u g es, ji g s , fix tu r e s , or d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and p e r fo rm in g d ifficu lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g
ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
sp e e d s, to o lin g and o p e r a tio n se q u e n ce ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m en ts du ring o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite to le r a n q e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls ,
and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study pur p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m ,
in to o l and die job b in g sh ops a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

M ACHIN IST,

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm ent o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing m a ch in e s
and m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly
in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d tools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a rts; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob ta in ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the
p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t pa rt b y a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f
the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritten
s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n o f pa rts o r d e r e d
f r o m m a ch in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m akin g a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm e n ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten an ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d
th rou g h
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

a

M A IN TE N AN C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s
o f m eta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ica l equ ipm en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritte n in s t r u c ­
tion s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; using a v a ­
r ie ty o f m a c h in is t’ s h an d tools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ;
settin g up and op e ra tin g stan dard m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m eta l
p a rts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la t ­
ing to d im e n s io n s o f w ork , too lin g , fe e d s and sp e e d s o f m a ch in in g;
kn ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g
stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts, and equ ipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ; fittin g
and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ica l eq u ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed train in g in m a c h in e shop p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm en t and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s Or h eavy eq u ipm en t w hen ch a n g es in the plant la y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and
la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m aking stan d ard shop c o m ­
pu tation s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f m a te r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f
g r a v it y ; alin in g and ba la n cin g o f equ ipm en t; s e le ctin g stan dard to o ls ,
eq u ip m en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; in sta llin g and m ain tain in g in g o o d
o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n eq u ipm en t su ch a s d r iv e s and sp eed r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t’ s w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R

M ECHANIC,

A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing
a u tom otiv e equ ipm en t to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h andto o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
s to ck ; grin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts;
alin in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts, or tightening b od y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
ship o r eq u iv a len t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




L u b r ic a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m ov in g p a rts o r w ea rin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e sta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu r e s o f an
e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g ; K n ow ledge o f s u r fa c e
p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin ish o r by placing
putty or fill e r in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; ap plyin g paint with sp ra y
gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o ils , w hite le a d , and oth er paint
in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r
o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce pa in ter r e q u ir e s rou n ded train in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

24
P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , stea m , g a s , o r oth er ty p es o f pipe
and p ip efittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : L ay in g out o f w o rk and m e a su rin g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f pipe
fr o m d ra w in gs o r oth er .w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a ce ty le n e
to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e ; th read in g pipe w ith s to ck s and d ie s ;
bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a ch in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe w ith c o u p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e r s; m akin g stan dard
shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e ­
q u ir e d ; m akin g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ish e d p ip es m e e t
s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s
p r im a r ily en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sa n ita tion o r
heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M AIN TE N A N C E

K eep s the plum bing s y s te m o f an e sta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W ork in v o lv e s ; K n ow ledge o f sa n ita ry c o d e s r e g a rd in g in sta lla tio n o f
ven ts and tra p s in plum bing s y s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip es and
fix tu r e s ; open in g c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a plu n ger o r p lu m b er*s sn ak e.
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p lu m b er r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
ship o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

F a b r ic a te s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the sh e e tm e ta l equ ipm en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pans,
s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m eta l r o o fin g )
o f an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g

Custodial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

and

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s betw een f lo o r s o f an o ffic e bu ild in g,
ap artm en t h ou se, d ep a rtm en t s t o r e , h o te l o r s im ila r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k e r s who o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in c o n ju n ctio n w ith oth er d u ties such
as th ose o f s t a r te r s and ja n ito r s a r e e x clu d e d .
GUARD
P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d p ost o r on
tou r, m a in tain in g o r d e r , usin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a tem en w ho a r e sta tion ed at gate and c h e c k on id en tity o f
e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .




and la yin g out a ll ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and op era tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f
h a n d tools in cu ttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , sh aping, fittin g, and a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r; jig

m a k e r; to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu re

m a k e r; gau ge

m a k e r)

C o n stru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , ji g s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la yin g out o f w o rk
f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritten s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; u sing a v a r ie ty o f to o l and d ie m a k e r ’ s h an d tools and p r e c is io n
m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts , u n derstan din g o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls
and r e la t e d equ ipm en t; m akin g n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s re la tin g
to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h e a ttre a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts d u rin g fa b r ic a tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin ish e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r i b e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou n ded train in g
in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e rs
in to o l and d ie job b in g sh op s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

M aterial

PA SSE N G ER

M A IN T E N A N C E -----C ontinued

Movement

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w e e p e r; c h a rw om a n ; ja n it r e s s )
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se,
o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n
o f the fo llo w in g : S w eepin g, m op p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f l o o r s ;
r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re ,
o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s or tr im m in g s ; p rov id in g su p p lies
an d m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ; cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ashin g a r e e x clu d e d .

25
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n loa d er; h an dler and s ta c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
stock m a n o f s to c k h e lp e r ; w a reh ou sem a n o r w a re h o u se h e lp e r )

SHIPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K -----C ontinued
oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g da m ag ed g o o d s;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; m aintaining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

A w o rk e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u se , m a n u factu rin g plant,
s t o r e , o r oth er esta b lis h m e n t w h ose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g : L oad in g and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n ­
d is e on or fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u ck s , o r oth er tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ;
unpacking, sh elv in g, o r p la cin g m a te r ia ls or m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; tra n sp o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by hand tru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and u nload sh ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d as fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

O RD ER F IL L E R
(O rd er p ic k e r ; s to ck s e l e c t o r ; w a re h o u se stock m a n )
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m
s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s to m e r s* o r d e r s , o r oth er in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in a d d ition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , keep r e c o r d s o f ou t­
goin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d ition a l stock , o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er r e la te d d u tie s .
PACKER,

D r iv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u str ia l a r e a to tra n sp o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, o r m en betw een v a r io u s types o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an ufacturin g plants, fr e ig h t d ep ots, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s ’ h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u n loa d tr u ck w ith or w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and keep tr u ck in g o o d w ork in g o r d e r . D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d by s iz e
and type o f equ ipm en t, as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r -t r a ile r sh ou ld be ra ted
on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c it y .)

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u cts fo r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e by p la cin g
them in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g
depen den t upon the type, s iz e , and n u m ber o f units to be p a ck ed , the
type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one or
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r
to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r;
in se r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sing e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
preven t b rea k a g e o r d a m ag e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ta in e r ; applying
la b e ls o r en terin g id en tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and in clu din g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, tr a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eav y (o v e r
ton s, oth er than tr a ile r type)

4

TRU CKER,

O p e ra te s a m a n u ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - or e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d
tr u ck o r tr a c to r to tr a n s p o rt g o o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u factu rin g plant, o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t.

SHIPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
tru ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
s p o n s ib le fo r in co m in g sh ipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s ; A k n ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tra n sp o rta tio n and r a t e s ; and p r e ­
p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ipp ed, m akin g up b ills o f la d in g, p o s t ­
ing w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and keepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts a g a in st b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s , o r




PO W E R

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f
a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p ow er (fo r k lift)
pow er (oth er than fo r k lift)

W ATCHMAN
M akes rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te ctin g p r o p e rty
a g a in st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n try .

☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1959 O - 509458




Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 21 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959. These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-21, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the BLS regional sa les offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-22) containing data for all labor markets, except Lawrence, M ass., combined with additional analysis w ill be
issued early in I960.

Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. L ouis, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents
D allas, T ex ., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
Boston, Mass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents
Denver, C o lo ., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, P a., November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-8, price 30 cents




Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-9, price 20 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-10, price 20 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1959 —
BLS Bull. 1240-11, price 20 cents
Detroit, Mich., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-12, price 25 cents
San Francisco-O akland, C a lif., January 1959 —
BLS Bull. 1240-13, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102