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Occupational Wage Survey

N EW O R L E A N S , L O U IS IA N A
FEBRU ARY

1959

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 4 0 -1 4

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

J a m e s P. M itc h e ll, S e cre ta ry

Ewan Clagwa, Commistionar







Occupational Wage Survey
NEW




O R L E A N S , L O U IS IA N A
FEBR U A R Y 1959

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 4 0 - 1 4
A p r il 1959

UNITED

STATES DEPARTMENT O F
Jam es

P. M itchell,
BUREAU
E w an

OF

LA B O R

S e cre ta ry

LABOR

C la gu e,

STATISTICS

Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Nov. 1895Washington.




no. in

v.

v. illus. 16-28 cm.

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

Library o f Congress

331.06173
(r58t2]

23-26 cm.

Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2 Non-wage payments—U. S. <. Employee bene2
fltsj
i. Title.
( Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev* t

HD4973.A462

331.2973

U. S. Dept, o f Labor.
for Library o f Congress

Library
|57r52nl)t

L 49— 126*

Contents

Preface

Page
I n t r o d u c t io n ____________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s ______________________

The B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistics r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a rea w id e w age su r v e y s in a num ber o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
cen ters.
The s tu d ie s, m ade fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la te to o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fits .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su ally in the m onth follow in g the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied.
T h is b u lletin p r o v id e s a d dition a l data
not in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d a n a ly tica l
b u lletin s u m m a rizin g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the y e a r 's su rv e y s
is is s u e d a fter c o m p le tio n o f the final a r e a b u lletin fo r the
cu r re n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .

T a b le s :

T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in A tlan ta , G a. , by B e rn a rd J. F a h r e s , under the
d ir e c tio n o f L ou is B . W oy ty ch , R eg ion a l W age and In du stria l
R e la tio n s A n a ly st.




1.
2.

A:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y ________
P e r c e n t ch a n ges in stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h ttim e h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
for s e le c te d p e r i o d s ___ ___________________________ ______ ____

2

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s __ _____,_______________ —________ _____
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s _______________
A - 3 . M ain ten an ce and pow erp lan t o c c u p a t io n s _________ *___
A - 4 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t occu p a tio n s •
______

A pp en d ix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________

* N O TE:
S im ila r tabu lation s fo r m o s t o f th ese ite m s
a r e a v a ila b le in the New O rle a n s a r e a r e p o r t s fo r D e­
c e m b e r 1951, N ov em b er 1953, N ov em b er 1955, and F e b ­
ru a ry 1958.
M ost o f the r e p o r t s in clu d ed data on shift
d iffe r e n tia l p r o v is io n s ; m in im u m en tra n ce r a te s fo r w om en
o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sch ed u led w eek ly h o u rs; paid h o lid a y s ;
paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s.
The 1953 r e p o r t (B L S B u ll. 11 5 7 -1 ) p r o v id e s a tabulation
o f the ra te o f pay fo r h olid a y w o r k .
B oth the 1953 and
1958 r e p o r t s p ro v id e data on o v e r t im e pay p r a c t ic e s ,
w age stru c tu re c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , and la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n ts .
A d ir e c t o r y , in dicatin g date o f study and
the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s fo r oth er
m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
A c u r re n t r e p o r t on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and
su p p lem en ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r auto
d e a le r r e p a ir sh ops in the New O rlea n s a re a (June 1958).
Union s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e o f p rev a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e
a v a ila b le fo r the follow in g tr a d e s or in d u s tr ie s :
B uilding
c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

1
2

to in so r>
^

The C om m u n ity W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

1

9




Occupational W age Survey— New Orleans, La.

Introduction

T h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p orta n t in d u stria l c e n t e r s in
w hich the U. S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s
con d u cts s u rv e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en efits
on an a r e a b a s is .

b a s e d on the esta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou pin g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t fo r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

The b u lletin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t occu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and
ea rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lish m en ts
v is ite d by B u reau fie ld agents in the la s t p r e v io u s su r v e y fo r o c c u ­
pations r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m ade
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose resp on d en ts r e o o r tin g unusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to
take a cco u n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in du ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (See ap pen dix fo r lis tin g o f th ese d e s c r ip t i o n s .)
E arn in gs data
a r e p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g types o f o c ­
cu p a tio n s: (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in ­
ten an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

In e a c h area* data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h ­
m ents w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r ­
tation (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ;
w h olesa le tra d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and
s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry g rou ps e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ie s, b e s id e s
r a ilr o a d s , a r e g ov ern m en t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x ­
tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E sta b lish m en ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d
n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itted a ls o b e c a u s e they fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t
em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a rra n t i n c l u s io n .1 W h e r ­
e v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d fo r e a ch o f the b r o a d
in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h ese su r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e ce s s a ry c o s t in v o lv e d in su r v e y in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts .
T o obtain
a p p ro p ria te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied .
In co m b in in g the da ta, h ow ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s tim a te s

1 See table below fo r m in im u m -s iz e e sta b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o se h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
ule in the g iv en o ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w eek ly
h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is
to the w o r k sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th ese
occu p a tio n s have b een rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pation al stru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.

Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in New Orleans, L a ., 1 by major industry d ivision ,2 February 1959
Workers in establishments

Number of establishment
Industry division

Within scope
of study 2

Studied

Within scope
of study

Studied

—

6b5

158

120.300

62.540

Manufacturing
_
—
---------- — ..
—
----------- ---------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------- ----------- —----------------------------Transportation (excluding railroads), communication,
and other public utilities 4 -------------------—
------------------------------—---Wholesale trade s ----- --------------------- -—
—
Retail trade — ---------—
-------- — -----------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate 8 -------------------- —-— --------------S ervices8 ’ * ------ —
—
.
— ----------.
—

178
487

50
108

38, 900
81,400

2 , 17^>
0

42, 37(1

104
131
153
54
45

27
23
33

26, 400
11,500
28, 500
7, 500
7, 500

17,820
3, 100
14,630
2, 770
4, 050

All d ivision s-----------------

----------

------

— — -......... —

1
2
13

1 The New Orleans Metropolitan Area (Jefferson, Orleans, and St. Bernard Parishes). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description o f the size
and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or level*
since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope o f the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier edition used in previous surveys are
the transfer of milk pasteurisation plants and ready mixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services to the
transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
2 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation (51 employees). All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair serv­
ice, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
8 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
4 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




2
Wags Trends for $tlected Occupational Groups

Thet t&ble b e lo w p r e se n ts p e r ce n ts ©I change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and in a v e ra g e
earn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o rk e r g ro u p s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n ts o f change re la te to a v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the stan dard w ork sch ed u le fo r w hich str a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e paid.
F o r plant w o rk e r g ro u p s , they m e a su re ch a n ges
in str a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s, ex clu d in g p rem iu m pay f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w ork ©n w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and late s h ift s . The p e r ­
ce n ta g e s a re b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey occu p a tio n s and in clu de
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch g ro u p .
The o f ­
f ic e c le r i c a l data a re b a se d on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , f ile , c la s s A and B; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keypunch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B .
The in d u stria l n u rse
data a re b a se d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
10 sk ille d m ain ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w ere in clu d ed in the
plant w o rk e r data: S k illed-— rp en terS ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts ; m e ­
-ca
ch a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; m illw rig h ts ; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ;
sheet-m efe-1 w o r k e r s ; and to o l and die m a k e rs ; u n sk illed *-—ja n i t o r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling; ancP w atch m en ,
A v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e
com p u ted f o r each o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
o r h ou rly ea rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by the
1953 and N o v em b er 1955 em p loy m en t in the




h o u rly ea rn in g s w ere
The a v e ra g e s a la r ie s
a v era g e o f N o v em b er
jo b .
T h ese w eigh ted

earn in g s fo r in dividu al o ccu p a tio n s w e re then tota led to ob ta in an a g ­
g reg a te fo r ea ch o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the ra tio o f th ese grou p
a ggy©gat « » fo r a g iven y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r oth er y e a r s w as c o m ­
puted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 is the p e r ce n t o f
change fr o m one p e r io d to a n oth er.
The p e r ce n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f
( l ) g e n e ra l s a la r y and w age ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s
in pay r e c e iv e d by in dividu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n ges in the la b o r fo r c e such as la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex pan ­
s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o rtio n o f w o rk e r s
e m p lo y e d by esta b lis h m e n ts with d iffe r e n t pay l e v e ls . Changes in the
la b o r f o r c e can c a u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l a v ­
e r a g e s w ithout actu al w age c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e exp an sion
m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e r s in a s p e c ific
o c cu p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a red u ction
in the p r o p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e f ­
fe c t,
The m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g esta b lis h m e n t out o f an a re a
c o u ld c a u se the a v e ra g e ea rn in g s to d r o p , even though no change in
ra te s o c c u r r e d in oth er a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
The u se o f con sta n t em p lo y m e n t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c ts
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in e a ch jo b in ­
clu d e d in the data.
N or a re the p e r ce n ts o f change in flu en ced by
ch a n g es in stan dard w ork sch e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e ,
sin ce they a r e b a s e d on pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
In dexes f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 fo r w o rk e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk ets a p p ea red in BLS B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 19 L a b o r M a r k e ts, W in ter 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

Table 2 , P e rce n t ch an gei in standard w eekly s a la rie s and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings
fo r se le cte d occupational groups in Now O rlea n s, i«a. > lo r s e le cte d p eriod s
P e rce n t in cre a s e s fr o m —
Industry and occupational group

February 195$
to
February 1959

November 1955
to
February 1958

November V
953
to
November 1955

TJecemEeFTTST"
to
November 1953

All industries:
Office clerical (women) ------------ -— . ----- — — —- — —
Industrial nurses (women
Skilled maintenance (men
Unskilled plant (m en )-----.----------- -----------------—- ——-— .

2.7
5,6
5,2
4,2

13,4
13,5
15.2
18.1

8,0
8.5
9.0
6.0

10.2
23.8
21.8
10.7

Manufac tur ing:
Office clerical (women) ___________ ____—
„—.------Industrial nurses (women) — ------------------- —— — — ——
Skilled maintenance (men) __
_
—
Unskilled plant (men)
—
—----- --------- —

1. 4
4,8
6.1
4,6

12.4
16.1
16.4
15.2

8.1
8.3
7.6
8.7

11.4
25.7
22.2
4 ,7

A :

O c c u p a t io n a l

3

E a r n in g s

Table A*1. Office Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division . New O rleans. La . , Febru ary 1959)

A sbaob
v
Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
w
orkers
—

—

$

$

W
eekly. W
eekly , 30.00 35. 00
hours
(Standard) (S dard)
tan
35. 00 40. 00
—
—

N BER O W RK
UM
P O ERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARN GS O
IN
P
S
1
1
$
S
1
t
f
$
I
»
$
I
1
40.00 45.00 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90,00
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00
and
“
“
“
*
“
“
*
*
“
*
“
“
“
1
45. Q 50.00 55.00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 15..Q0 flO.OQ AS. 00 qp.no 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 • 15.00 r>Va»
Q

8

1

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A ------------ --------------------------Manufacturing —------------------------ ----- — ------ ---- —
.
----Nonmanufacturing----- — —
------ —
Public utilities * ----------------------------------Retail tra d e ---- ------ ---- — ---------— ---------—— —
—
—

572
146
426
136
61

40.0
*9.5
40.0
39.0
43.0

89.50
91.00
89.00
85. 00
60.00

-

-

•
“

;
-

Clerks, accounting, class B ---------------------------------------Manufacturing
---------- —
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------------- ----Public utilities * --— -----------------------------------------Retail tra d e --------------- —-— --------------------------------

289
65
224
71
27

40.5
40. o
40.5
39. 5
45. 5

68.00

-

71.“00
67.00
68 . 00
62.50

.
“

Manufacturing------ — — — --------——..... .....—
— ,
----- — —
Nonmanufacturing — ------- -— --------—— ---- —
————

417
48
369

40.0
40. 0
40.0

69.50
73.50
69.00

.
-

Clerks, p a y ro ll------------ ------ ----------------------------—--------Manufacturing---------------------------- --------------- ------------Nonmanufacturing —— ■ - ............— ------ — — — 1—
- —
—

76
3Z
44

40.0
40.0
40.0

88.00

91.00
85.50

-

Office b o y s ----------------------------------------------------------- -----Manufacturing ----- ---- -------------- ...—— ------ —---------—
Nonmanufacturing —— -— — ------- ---------------------------Public utilities * — — ---------------------------------------

206
37
169
59

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5

45.50
46.00
45.00
46.00

Tabulating-machine operators — — —
- —------------ —----- -—
Nonmanufacturing------------- ---- —
---------- ----------- ---- —

113
89

39.5
39.5

78.00
76. Oo

“

-

-

B illers, machine (billing machine) ----- ----- — -------------Manufa c tur in g -------------------------------- ---------------- -----Nonmanufacturing-------------------- ------ -------------- ------ —

168
47

39.5
39.5
40.0

55.50
60.00
53. 50

-

-“

20

121

B illers, machine (bookkeeping machine) — —— — —
—
——
Nonmanufacturing — — — -------- ----- ----------- ------ —
— —

78
78
67

42.0
42.0
41.5

48.00
48.00
47. 50

-"

5
5
5

123
47
76
28

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.5

61.50
67.00
58.00
54.50

-

-

615
65
550

40.0
39.5
40.0
41.0

53.50
64.0b
52.50
48.50

-

6

39.5
40. 0
39.0
38.5
41.0

75.50
7 4 . 50
75.50
78.50
73.00

-

1

1

1

-

14

25

1

14
•

21
6

4

“
“

-

-

10

4

6

22

54

80

16

■ '” 8

-

20
10
2

38
14

-

3
3
3

.
-

5
5

5
»
5

32
«
32

-

-

-

84

75
lb
65
24
“

7
7

48
4
44

29
IT
18

„ 3 „.
1

19

15
15
15

29
29
22

15
15
15

7
7
3

7
7
7

-

11

11

21

-

11
11

11

Z
19
5

49
49
15

172

173
17
156

-

-

*
•

9
9
-

20

64
22

6
1

1

44

18

1i

"8
10

32
9

5
2

35
9
26
9
-

3
T“

72
14
17
107

... . 47 j2

11

47

22
22

T4

2
2

-

50
21
X
30

82
14

52

68

42

30
9

21

26
- -g
17
3
5

23
9
14
9

13
5
8
8

5
•
-

55
55

26

25

9
17

19

10

42
3T1
"
39

10
1

72
35

39
>
32
3

6

10

7

14
f
n
i
-

101
2*

i

6

49

28

14 ,

37

6
22

3

11
6

3
“

it

-

-

i
3
T " ' .... T "
*
-

*
-

47

-

5
3

10

-

13
3

6
6

-

2

2

“

2

*

2

10

10

-

1

10

3

26

8

2

-

2
1

-

-

-

8
2

-

1

6
20
10

-

-

-

4

13
l3

15
1?

.4

17

21

9

18"

6

9
..... T

1

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

’ 4

...... 4'

'

10

r ■
>
-

5

7
5

*

4

6

3

-

r

1

‘

“

4

*
-

1
1

f

6
2

2

.3

2

1
1

-

93

8

“

2

35

....... 7 1

2

2

*
*
-

55
If
42
3

‘

1
1.

2

r“

Women

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ----—
----- ----- Manufacturing — —-----------------—
-------------------- —

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B -.....— ...........
Manufacturing ---- — ------------- ■— ---------- -------—

99

Manufacturing -— —-------—------------- — —— ---------—
Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------------------------Retail tra d e --------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f table.




187
41

146
54
42

-

»
6

6
-

20

-

-

-

172
42

-

5

6

13

7
.. "3 "
4

2

12

2

1

«
*
-

15
' '3 '

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
13
5
“

12
10 "
2

5
"51

-

-

17
6
11

5
3

40

19
14
5

2

11
10
1

3

1

-

-

-

5
“

8

25

18

30

25

3

2

10

20
12"',

1

23

8

25

24

15

5

7

8

5

5
-

10

11

1

5

4
3

8

2

2
3

11

6

4

15

106‘
7
99
26

4

20
•

9

20

.
4

41
2z

43
16
27
6

48
'

8

-

1

-

1
1

-

-

*
-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

15

-

-

-

5
-

-

-

-

-

“

.
-

“

-

8

3

3
1
2
•

-

-

1

i

-

-

1

i
-

-

4
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight*time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, New Orleans, L a ., February 1959)

NUMBER 07 WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS 07-

o
i •
o
o

o
o
©

Nme
u br
O
O
o
f
Ss.OO So. 00 *95.00 foo.oo l05.00 f 10.00 *115.00
ok
e k So.O Is.oo to. 00 *45. 00 lo.oo Ss.O lo.oo *65. 00
wr a _he* i era ly, a d
okm Wuljr W in
or
n
an n
ad
n
(Sadr ) (Sadr ) u der
t nad t nad n
______ ______ ______ 35.00 40. 00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 110.00 110.00 115.00 over
o
o
in

Sex, occupation* and industry division

1
5
9
6
-

15
5
10
10

_

_

■

■
-

23
14

7
0
5
65
2
“
3
3
3
2
4
28
1

Women-—Continued

627
14S
479
126

Clerks, accounting, class B ■
Manufacturing •
Nonmanufacturing •
Retail trade ——
Clerks, file, class A
Nonmanufacturing •

45
40

Clerks, file, class B
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade ——-

273
2bl
68

Clerks, order .
Manufacturing *
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade —

39.5
39. 5
39.5
41.0

$
58.00
49.40
57.50
55.00

-

39.0 59.00
37.0 ' 57. 5o

-

40.0
40.0
40.5

47.00
46.50
44.50

2
Z
2

226
40.0
e ;-0
49 ..4 r
186
40.0
82
40.0

58.00
66.50
56.00
53.50

5

48
8
40
6

109
1
3
96
52

148
4
1
107
1
1

90
25
65
1
3

84
3l
53
22

23
6
17
10

4
4
■
3
115
3 "ITS
38
.
35
•
4
3
1
1
3
“

5
4

5
5

1
3
13

10
9

3
1

77
7
1
1
2

35
32
6

3
1
Z
B
10

3
3
-

28

36

1
9
16
3
3

4
4
23

2
•
2
2
.

-

3

•

-

28
1
0

36
18

-

-

5
5

30
5
25
15

17
8
9
6

17
1
3
4
1
Z

29
8
21
9
6

24
15 "
9
1
8

17
9
8
2
5

17
5
1
2
Z

14
6
9
6
1

1
1
5
6
1
1

50
14
35

6
1

33
1
32
2
13

27
1
20
4
1
0

47
9
38
22
9

24
ii
1
3
2
7

10
1
9
5

10
9
1

9

-

-

3
1

1
1
3
8
-

1
1
9
2
2

-

1
3
3

8
-

2
1
1
-

.
-

.

.

.

“

-

-

1

8

-

-

"
-

-

2
-

2
2
1
1
1
6

“
2
2

1

"
-

.

.

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

•

3

2

-

1

Clerks, payroll —
«
Manufacturing •
Nonmanufacturing .
Public utilities * •
Retail trade — —

182
‘ ST
100
28
33

39. S
34.4
39.0
38.5
40.0

62.00
62.80 "
61.50
68.00
56.50

Comptometer operators ■
Manufacturing — —
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities * .
Retail trade —
•

317
"*"’"'47
270
42
96

39.5
38.0
39.5
38.5
39.5

60.00
62.6o
59.50
63.50
54.50

-

35

-

35

-

16

22

6
1
1
1
14

205
18?
40

39.5
34.5
40.0

61.00
59.00
55.50

*

18
18
3

14
14
3

42
41
1
3

40
40
8

39
3b
1
1

7
b
1

92

40.0
40.0

40.50
40.00

58
57

8
b

4

1
1

1
■

-

.

_

.

.

.

_

.

_

“

"

■

■

“

■

"

"

■

39.5
■ 47.8“
“
39.5
39.5
40.0

78.50
“8 0 0
78.00
82.50
70.50

5
“ '5
"
«

44

-

-

44
5
16

101
35
66
21
14

65
7
58
35
15

112
23
89
44
7

108
37
7
1
22
26

29
17
1

1,195
39.5
2b4 .19; 5“
39.5
931
327
39.0
125
40.0

63.00
6b. 50
62.50
61.00
55.00

1
9

*
120
IT
107
36
20

21
1
3

7
2
1
3
59
20
10

174
28
146
49
28

150
58
100
39
13

300
1
9
281
153
34

157
76
81
9
1
2

7
3
18
55
7
2

37
9
28
7
1

20
9
u
3
6

69
67
5
52

64
63
1
1
10

1
5
' 1
3"
5
7

19
16
5
1

24
Z
U
8
2

96
28
68
21
6

37
10
27
9
“
16
15
1

20

•

14

5

2
1

Key-punch operators •
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade ——

. »

Office girls Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing •
Nonmanufacturing •
Public utilities * ■
Retail trade — —
Stenographers, general
Manufacturing —-----Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities * —
Retail trade — ——
Switchboard operators •
Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities * •
Retail tr a d e ------

See footnotes at end of table.




1
—

746
r r r

575
221
96

7
-

7
-

15
15

42.0 47.00
85
379
362 *" "-a. tr" "46750“ '" "85""
»
41
39.5 60.00
130
41.0 45.00
5

*
5
5

-

«

*

-

19
-

1
5
23
£S
-

7

64
™ ‘
64
»

46

14
-

-

4

21

4

4

i

-

i

2

1
2
8
4
3
1
1
3
”
8

10
3
7
4
2
7

2
z
-

•

-

-

•

6

3

2

-

-

-

-

.

“

7
1
“

-

-

-

-

-

5
4
-

s6
5
-

8
5
-

7
z
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

- -

-

.

_

36
f

32
6
27
4
“
1
1
1

50
lb
34
12
1
7
3
4
2
i
l
.

4

16
1
2
1
8
-

8

-

6

-

-

-

-

•

-

1

1
0
1
0
8
1

_

•

31
-----5
26
1
2
1

-

.

•
-

-

1
1

.

-

_

-

-

•
•

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly houri and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, New Orleans, L a ., February 1959)
NUM
BER 07 W
ORKERS RECBIVINO 8TRAIQHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNIN O —
GS F

Avbsaos
N ber
um
w er*
ork

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W
eekly,
hour* *
(Student)

W
eekly. *30. 00 I s .o o *40.00 ls .0 0 10.00 *55. 00 lo .o o l s .00 *70. 00 1 5.00 10.00 I 5.OO 10.00
and
under
Q
35...00. 40. 00 45. Q 50. 00 55.00 AO. 00 65. 00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90. 00 95.00

*95.00 !o o.oo f 05.00 ! 10.00 ! 15.00
and
100.00 105.00 1 lo.bo 115.00 over

Women-—
Continued
39.5
19'. 5
40.0
39.0

$
58.50
57. do
60.00
61.50

27

39.5

73.50

Transcribing-machine operators, general — — — —
—
103
— nro
Nonmanufacturing — —-—

39.0
39; 5

62.50
b i . 00

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0
40.5

59.00
67.30’
57.50
58.50
49.00

211
109
102
32

Public utilities * — — — — — — —
— — — — — —— — — —
—
— — —
—— ——
—
Tabulating-machine operators —— — -----——
—■

Nonmanufacturing — ——
Public utilities * --------------- —— — —— --------—
Retail trade
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing — — — — — — — —— ——— —
— —
— —
—

309
------ 3T~
272
96
31
—

492 r
v y
391
73
118

Retail trade — — — — — — — — —— — — —
— —
— —
—
—

40.0
"39.3
40.0
39.0
41.0

5
-

9
9

34
22
12
4

36
f6

20
4

30
19
11
8

35

20
15

3
„
«
•

7
-

•
•
-

51.50

2
m"

2
2

7

11
-

11

•

10

-

v r w

51.50
58.50
49.50

5

4
4

1
25
23"

12
9

21

2

2

6
6

1
l

1
1

2

-

10

1

5
5

9

2
2

1

1

l

3
3

3
3

4
4

8
55 -------j _

4
4
41
9
----- =7-1 ------ * - -------Z“ -------j 34
5
1
7
2
1
1
15
1
1
1
-

4

3
------- r

48
7
3

61
60
49.
- ------ 9“ -------346
60
52
18
11
39
3
4
9

58
17
145
79
• — 37“ — TF“ ------ j ——
113
53
63
17
•
16
11
10
18
12
39

22
20
8

8

1

21

30
13
17
8

4
3
"

2

-

■

■

_
“

*

-

7

77 ■
73“ —
54
18
7

7
7

11
65 -----29
------ 5n r
22
5
55
12
1
9
18
12
“

9

.
“

7
*
7
6
“

2
-1
—

TT

“

-

1
1
- ■

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, New Orleans, L a ., February 1959)
A
vmaos
N ber
um

Sex, occupation, and industry division

m&m

( S

,

Men

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNIN OFGS

W
eekly. l o . 00 *65.00 l o . 00 ?5,00
and
( I S A under
65.00 70.00 78.00 80.00

l o . 00 I f . 00
85. Q 90.00
Q

*
*
90. 00 *95.00 1 00.00 1*05.00 1 10.00 1*15.00 { 20.00 {25.00 {30.00 {35.00 140.00 f45.00
and
over

95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00

$
137
161
36

Manufacturing — ------ — — —
----------- -» .. .
Nonmanufacturing------ — — ------------- -----------------—

40. i
40.0

Draftsmen, junior
.< , ____|L_ - jP y fl,
Manufacturing -— -— ...................... ................. .
...
54
40.0
Nonmanufacturing,------ ..................... ...........— . ——
27
40.0

T it , to
H I . 00
81.00
81.50
80,00

., H 3

8

«
«
•

"

.14

i?

12
2

m

27
27
-

19

12
1

18
-

14

1

23
id
13

13
9
4

5 .__ 16
3
13

3
3
-

2
2

2
2

4

2
2

-

„
•
-

?

2

1

6
10
4
2 -------3“ -------5- -------g 2
1
1
2

8
1

•
-

k

3

4

7

4
4
-

2
2

1
1

_

4
3

1
1

1

.

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

•

2
2

“

“

11
1

17
314
3

.
-

-

ib

_

Women
-

, 10 ... - $ 0, Q
40.5
31

Q ____
87, 00
1

____ Z—
4

12

•

2
2

„ ■
"

2

3
3

-

* Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
* Workers were distributed as follows: 2 at $145 to $155; 10 at $155 to $165l 2 at $165 and over.




m

_

“

“

1
1

6

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, New Orleans, La. , February 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKER8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
s
$
$
S
S
$
$
s
$
$
$
S
$
f
S
Aeae
vrg
1.30 1.40 1.50 *1.60 1.70 *1 .80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2 . 2 0
2.30 2.40 2.50 *2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3 . 0 0
Under f.20
mS p 1
and
$
1.20 under 1.40 1.50
1.30
2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3 . 1 0
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30

Number
o
f
wre*
okr

Occupation and industry division

Carpenters, maintenance
Manufacturing .
Nonmanufacturing .
Public utilities*
Retail trade
_

$
2.26
187
--- FT” - 273T
102
2.19
28
2.29
2.63
29

Electricians, maintenance .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
- Engineers, stationary _
Manufacturing
-- ---Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade . . _ _
.
.

10
10
-

17
9
8
-

10
8"
2
-

3
3
-

2
2
2

14
5
9
1

13
4
9
5
2

1
1

_
-

4
3
1

3
3
T
-

_
-

3
•
3

4
4

3
3

_
-

_
-

1
1

43

36
7

20
16
4

5
5
-

4
4
-

13
13
-

25
18
7
-

41
32
9
5

19
19
-

15
15
-

5
5
3

43
36
7
■

8
8
4

32
32
2

5
5
5

20
20
18

8
6
2
-

197
- IFF
29

1.56
76
- T F T “ *5 4 1.05
322

3
3
"

18
16
2

7
5
2

20
20"
-

23
Z3
-

6
-

-

3

4
4
-

-

3
3
-

363
-- 271
92

1.82
436
16
35
- I7FF"- 21“---9" - 35"
1.68
15
7
-

13
12
1

24
18
6

13
5
8

19
19

5
4
1

44
2l
23

51
51

14
9
5

10
8
2

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

1
“

_
-

»
-

60
59

7 _ 14_
14
7

40
13“
27
26

22
1'
1
11

34
21
13

7
2
5

22
22
16
6

40
b
34
13
13

9
9
9
“

63
Zb
37
37

28
11
17
16
1

8
8
-

"

221
2.69
- IFT” - T H T
58
2.49

_
-

1.97

289
.
_

Firemen, stationary boiler
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing.__ ___

_ —
_
_

_

Helpers, trades, maintenance _
Manufacturing
..
.
Nonmanufacturing
_

n

r - —

157
52

n w

1.99
2.34

Mechanics, maintenance- r
Manufacturing
__ .
Nonmanufacturing_
PnKlir
.. .
.

- -

2.27
2.15
2.31
2.36
1.93

“

-

10
10
10
-

2.57

.

2 .5 7
2.52
2.65

-

1 .9 6

4

r w

- ----- F ~

--- FI

—

-

“

3
- ■
3
2
-

4
2
2

1
1

-

■

“

2 .1 6

2.45

_

_

r

-

1 .9 6

-

-

5

16

_

_

_

_

10

—

16

■

_
-

1?

-

* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

-

17
16
1

-

-

5

-

3

_

3

"

4
4

10

5

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 All workers were at $1 to $1.10.
3 Workers were distributed as follows: 16 at $0.80 to $0.90; 6 at $0.90 to $1.
4 Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at under $1; 24 at $1 to $1.10; 9 at $1.10 to $1.20.




-

5

8

93

71
— rr~ — 2 .4 4r
rz

-

13

3

_
20
- ' 20
-

6
19
7 . 4
2
12
12
2
-

22

1

76
ib

1

2
22

37

16

2

"

10

4
4 —

3

_

5

"5

_

7
4
3
5
5

11
— rr

-

6
11
8 --- r
3
4
3
“
9
9

.
-

5
1
4

1
1

-

-

16
16
10

-

-

_
-

n

26
25
1

45
44
1

11
8
3

4
6
12
- --- 9
"---5“
4
3
4
3
-

1
1
-

5
5
5

1
1
-

20
20

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

>
-

_
-

_
-

-

11
11

2

11
1U

54
54

17
17

207
.6
3
—
Z l" g
205
28
205
22
*

11
11
9
-

15
2
13
12

4
2
2

11
10
1

1
1

-

-

1

-

-

18

13

-

-

1

3

18
18

13
-

3

-

1

.
_
_
-

10
6

9

.

137.

.

4

4

5

-

137
-

-

4

3

1

14
10
4

6
-

55

5

"

-

-

4

3

T

3

■

■

13

18
13
5

17

■
-

4
4

-

17

-

-

1

_

_

2

— n r ---

—

2
9

_
-

54

10

6

13

18
13
rr — n r
3
1
2
-

5

9

-

-

-

16
3

6
- —
6
6

58
53

2

24

-

16

2

16
13
3

1
1
-

~

-

37

4
9
1 --- r
4
3
2
3

.
-

8
--- T ~

50

-

r

2
1

50

22

18
12
6
4
1

4
—

5

157

_

-

-

2
17

1

.

. --- 64
.

Painter 8, maintenance
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pipefitters, maintenance
Manufacturing

9
9

35

_

1
-

394
40

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) -----Manufacturing
. . .
Nonmanufacturing
_
Public utilities*___________________
Retail trade-- _

_
-

434

—

2.66
Z .b7

571
122
449
377
43

T

193
nn—

88

Machinists r maintenance , .
Manufacturing
__

Oilers _
Manufacturing

5
5
-

-

$
$
3.10 3.20
and
3.20 over

r --- 5"
7
-

12
12
—17“— rr

“
19

nr
19
—rr-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

1

_

7

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, New Orleans, L a ., February 1959)

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
o
f
wre*
okr

Elevator operators, passenger (men)__
Nonmanufacturing------ — _____

242
< 36
2

Elevator operators, passenger
(women)
_
_

190
■
104

Guards _
-------Manufacturing --- -----,
Nonmanufacturing

NUMBER OF
»
S
S
S
%
$
A e a e Under *
vrg
0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1 . 0 0 1 . 1 0 1 . 2 0 1.30
erig *
ann!
and
0 50 under
.
.70 .80 .90 1 . 0 0 1 .10 1 . 2 0 1.30 1.40
.60
$
0.83
.82
.67
”
.T7"
.71

20
20

4

78
76
78
■
“75“
28

10
10

Z 7W

5
37
T
37 "“ "
5
32

15
15

5
27
5" “77“ —
5
14

1.05
1.49
.94
1 32
.82

27
27

144
144

25

.75

Laborers, material handling_________
Nonmanufacturing
_____
Public utilities*
Retail trade_________________
Order fillers
Nonmanufacturing... ....... ....

Packers, shipping (women) ____________

8
Receiving clerks
X/ann/a
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade

1.47
1.45
1.49
1.72
1.19

732
48
684

1.42
1.55
1.43
1.44

353

224
------ 67—
157
93

102

187
56

footnotes at end of table.




184
184

174
174

71

115

184

181

29
29

103
103

175
175

19
19

123
123

4

63

161

14

15

16

23

_

_

67
5

16

62

-

-

16

23
23

62

45
15
30
.
30

_

5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

~

_

_

2
2

10
10

1.6 0

_

_

_

1.89
1.47
1.39

_
-

_
-

_
-

1.69
1.73
1.66
1.64

-

-

-

123
8

r

6

6

129
30
99
43
3

-

13
- -- 5”

9
9

6

84
18

70
59
3
1

14

-

1

1

5
5

4

11
6

3

22 2
20

333
ill

33
7

7

15
- — 9“
6
-

26

1
6

24
17

23
23

3

-

-

-

_
-

2
2

-

119
109

-

-

13
IT”
-

-

-

-

-

16

-

- “ 16“
33
33

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_

16

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

4
4

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

12
1
11

.

.

.

_
_

.
“

.

“

”

“

.

39
24
15
_

50

_

71
47
24
_

_

-

_

58
55

26
24

13

8

294
197
97
-

9
9

3

1

87
-- 5“
82

5
l

56
9
47
34
4

66
43

11

11

8

12

1

1

—

8

-

.98
.94

54
18
36

256
256

“

39
35

-

133
133

-

1.35
1.35
1.35

68

65

115
27
29

-

9
4

l

591
139
452
15
186

-

5
5

285

289

See

.73
1.34
.64

3,168
1,064
2, 104
1,069
415

110

Packers, shipping (men)
rfni*4ng
Nonmanufacturing

1.26

-

T~

117
117

-

-

2

22

22

-

3
3

19
19

-

1.24

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men) _ _ 2,170
_
441
Manufacturing
1 729
171
872
Retail trade _

61
60

61

1.41

253
51
202

/Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(women)
553
—
w ~
Manufacturing
523
Nonmanufacturing___ ___ ____ _____
T . h 4 > nHlJHaa*
>i1r
27
P efa4
1
267

61

-

WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
s
s
$
f
«
s
S
S
S
S
s
$
s
S
$
S
1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2 . 6 0 2.70 2.80 2.90
and
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 over

7
3

3

19
10
9

16

2

12
1

40

430
169
261
114

639
74
565
410
15

83

173

65
19
46
18

-

10

73

173

12

3

7

'8

89

45

10

12

79

33

42

_

_

15

7

12

4

_

_
“

“

.
“

•

_

„

_

_

-

-

-

-

74

30

93

33

38

_

13

9

5

65

25

38

-

10

93
45

33

2

8

40

32
24

30

40

8

18

51

2

10

5

346

_

5
_

346
346

8

19

9

2

13

8

19

9

2

6

4

-

6

4

-

15

_

1
1

_
-

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

9

3

9

-----3“

2
2

_

-

-

2

_

21

70
67
3
3

22
1

5

_

117
96

2

146
55
91
3
77

45

10

8

345
300
289

2

52

36
36

-

16
5
10
1

11

18

29
Q

30
"'S'

12

6

37
15

18

13

1

11
11

18

20

27

12

6

22

17

6

18

25

3

17

1

2
11
2

4
-

9
9

12

-

22

4

22

7

27
4
18

zi

45

25

23

21

7

6

4

2

53
27
26
23

24

34

4

20

li
23

12

4

26

6
20
2

4
---- 3
—
1

- •
8

8

14

1

1

-

4

-

-

_

_

-

-

4

1
5

_

_

_

_
-

_

-

5

2
2

5

-

-

-

5

5
5

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earning* for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, New Orleans, L a ., February 1959)

$
1.84

240
114

1.82
1.78

19

3

13

3

*

19
10

13
6

55
.
55
47

168
48
120
26

186
"35
150
_
24

318
33
283
38

55
55
47

96
19
77
24

82
12
70
23

77
i9
58
36

81
81
13

4
.
4
-

2
2

50
9
41

101
21
80

109
8
101

67
120

213
43
170

-

-

1

2

65

3
3
-

52
3
49
-

85
13
72
32
22

2
Z

-

45
43

’

3
3
-

30
Z6
4

18
24
15 ' T3
11

2

11

_
*

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_•
-

_
.
_
.
-

5
.
5
.
5

21
_
21
21

34
.
34
24

.
-

.
.
-

5
.
5
5

21
21
21

32
.
32
24

1.61
1750“
1.62
2.11
1.51

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailar typa)
531
Manufacturing
___
--- 72“
Nonmanufacturing ____________
489
Public utilities*____________
272
t
) 4 fee/ a
1
l
82

1.63
1.63
1.63
1.66
1 Ae

_

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type)
Nonmanufacturing ...................

488
472

2.08
2.09

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

Truckers, power (forklift)____
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing --------------DnK14/» u+414+4**4i
P a +*4 f 1 Am
1 i!

625
371
254
205
32

1.82
1.94
1.65
1.65
1.57

_
-

_
_
_

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

Truckers, power (other than forklift) __

151

1.70

Truckdrivers3 ___
_
_
_____
Manufacturing_____________ _ ___
Nonmanufacturing ___-----------Public utilities*__ _____ _
______
Retail trade____ _____
Truckdrivers, light (under
1Va tons) . __ __
. _ __
Manufacturing
_ .

3.129

Uzo

2,709
1,032
610

1.68
.. r.361.70
2.16
1.43

757
1.42
--- 77“ - T.71T
680
1.42
270
1.20
Retail trade___— ___________
.

Truckdrivers, medium (lVs to and
including 4 tons)______________
Manufacturing --------------Nonmanufacturing .... — ...— ...
Dnk1(/< i HIIHm *
i
Retail trade_______________

Manufacturing
r
---- -—
- —
Nonmanufacturing — ,
------- --Public i
.HliHaaifc
P afe4 fwe
1

1.144
2?0
894
296
118

584
--- 9 T “ —
485
118
55

1.14
1777“
1.08
1.18
1.01

.
.

» 21
, jg

7

43
34

11
2

7
3

154
6
148
4
72

178
5
170
3
143

153
"
"32.
121
93

10
9
1
•
-

38
.
38
-

133
b
127
52

11
22
2
.3’“ ” "T'" ""T
"
8
15
5
15
-

160
lb
144
120

l
1
1

12
l
11

61
13
48

7
7
-

37
10
27
-

217
.3
214
204
2

20
20
20

3
3

38
38
_
38

"

-

*
"

152
145""

32
20

40 113
- ' 20
40
93
40
93

60
60
48
3

16
•
16

80
so
•

7
15
89
■89'1 13 ' 1
>
6

74

21

.

m

28
27
1

•
-

353 254 415
50 'T 3 ‘ 19
273 201 396
41
4 326
100
2
10

55
_
.
.

10
'10
5

9
9

11
.
11

13
_
13

44
44

2

5

14

117
Z5
92
49
9

1 Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated. *
* Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




43

25
9
16
11

256
6
250
32
6

31
5
23
12
11

33
55
' 13 " I V
20
36
26
"

s
*
•
s
1.40 2,50 2.60 2.70 2,80 2.90
and
2.59 2.6,9 2.79 2.69 2.90 over

10

-

Nonmanufacturing____
______ .
Retail trade________________ _

N

320

o

Shipping and receiving clerks______

o

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
s
•
s
s
I
s
t
s
•
S
$
Avenge Under S
0.50 *0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 *1.60 1.70 *1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20
and
0 50 under
.
.60
.70 .80 ,?Q 1.00 1,19 1.29 1.29 1.49 1.59 1.69 1.79 1.99 1,99 2.09 2.19 2.29 2.59

Number
o
f
wre*
okr

Occupation1 and industry division

12
11 "
1
1

6
1
3
4
1

11
•
11
9
1

7

41

11

2

4
-

40
-

11
11

-

88
17
b4 .“ T "
24
15
•
•
5
*

17

4
6
4 .T
•
5
5
3
9
-

1
1
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1
1
-

»
"

10
10

"
18
.7.
11
.
•

24
”13 1 "
11
11

7
3"’
2
-

_
-

•

9
.
•

17
Z
15
.
*

660
b
655
654
•

2
6
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—
.
.
2
.
.
•
-

•
.
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.
.
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4
4
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.
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84
. «
84
-

.

51
31"
-

•
-

4
4
-

1 ,179
- 1 5"
1 174
174

6
....2 " "
4
>

2

15
ib

9

2
-

15
" 13"

m

-

'

9
9
«

16
Z
14
•

36
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36
36

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- 117 ’
35
39
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4
4
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.
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«
.
-

.
.
.
-

1
«
1

2
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1
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- 1 l
1
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m

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*,

9
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9
7

m

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„

Sf
77
24
24

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-

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.

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-

•
•

16

1
26
21
5
4
1

5
g

.
•

9

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area. This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Office

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing
machine (Moon kopkins, Euloti Fisher, Burroughs , e t c ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
—Uses a bookkeeping
machine (mindstrandr, ElliottFisn e r, kernington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
safes and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR-----Continued
Class A— Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — -Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B —
~Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

10

CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A ----- R e s p o n s ib le fo r m ain taining an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r oth er m a te r ia l;
m ay a ls o file th is m a te r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s types
in co n ju n ctio n with file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e r s in filin g and lo ca tin g
m a te r ia l in the f ile s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid en ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
C la s s B -----P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g , u su ally o f m a te r ia l that
has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a tin g m a ­
te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e rs* o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by
m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g ; Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r sh eet
lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and q u an tities
o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
pa rtm en ts to be fille d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s to m e r , a ck n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they h ave b een fille d , keep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.
CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s a ccou n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on tabulating c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d se q u e n c e ,
using an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e , fo llo w in g
w ritten in fo rm a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by using the
d u p lica tin g d e v ic e a tta ch ed to m a ch in e .
K eep s f ile s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify ow n w o rk o r w o rk o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r ou tin e d u ties su ch a s running e r r a n d s ,
o p e ra tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ch in e s su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening
and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SE CRE TARY
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l d u ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in is tra tiv e o r e x e cu tiv e p o s itio n . D u ties in clu d e m aking a p p oin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p eop le co m in g in to o f f ic e ; a n sw erin g
and m akin g phone c a lls ; h andling p e r s o n a l and im p orta n t o r c o n fi­
den tia l m a il, and w ritin g ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d icta tio n (w h ere tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is n ot u sed ) eith er in
sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo rm a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o ra n d a fo r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
STENOGRAPH ER,

GENERAL

C om p u tes w a g es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts . D uties in v o lv e ; C a lcu la tin g w ork ers*
e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r , p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r ’ s n a m e, w ork in g
d a ys, tim e , r a te , d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n ce , and total w a g es d u e. M ay
m ake out p a y ch e ck s and a s s is t p a y m a ster in m aking up and d i s ­
tribu tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d icta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and keep
file s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n ot in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k (s e e t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e­
m a tic a l co m p u ta tio n s.
T h is jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s t a tis tic a l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e freq u en t u se o f
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d icta tio n on a
t y p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten o r h an dw ritten
m a tte r, using a m im e o g ra p h o r ditto m a ch in e . M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm en t su ch a s fo r ink and paper fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r sp eed .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s te n c il o r ditto m a s t e r . M ay k eep file o f
u sed s t e n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t, c o lla t e , and stap le c o m ­
pleted m a te r ia l.




O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd .
D uties in v o lv e handling in c o m in g , ou tg oin g , and in traplan t o r o ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e in fo r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in, o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w ho a ls o a c t as r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

11

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
T h is
tim e

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

In ad dition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r , on a sin g le p o s i­
o r m o n it o r -t y p e sw itch b o a rd , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as pa rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r part o f th is w o rk e r* s
w hile at s w itch b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s m a ch in e that a u to m a tica lly a n a ly z e s and tr a n sla te s
in fo rm a tio n , punched in g ro u p s o f tabulating c a r d s and p rin ts tr a n s ­
la ted data on fo r m s o r a ccou n tin g r e c o r d s ; sets o r a d ju sts m a ch in e;
d o e s sim p le w irin g o f p lu g b oa rd s a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r a c tic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabu lated in fe e d m a g a zin e and sta rts
m a ch in e . M ay file c a r d s a fter they a r e ta bu la ted. M ay, in a d d itio n ,
o p e ra te a u x ilia ry m a c h in e s .
TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

in clu d e d . A w o r k e r who ta kes d icta tio n in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e
or s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if i e d a s a s te n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s have b een m a de by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v olv in g lit tle s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as k e e p ­
ing s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r s o rtin g and d is ­
tribu tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A -----P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
Typing
m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m fr o m v e r y rou g h and in v o lv e d d ra ft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d co p y in w h ich th ere is a freq u en t
and v a r ie d use o f te c h n ic a l and unusual w o r d s o r fr o m fo r e ig n la n g u a ge c o p y ; com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r
planning la you t o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u ni­
fo r m it y and b a la n ce in sp a cin g ; typing ta b le s fr o m rou g h d ra ft in
fin a l fo r m .
M ay type r ou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to
suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v olv in g a n o rm a l
rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do sim p le c l e r i c a l w o rk . W o r k e r s tr a n ­
s c r ib in g d icta tio n in volvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not

Professional

DRAFTSM AN,

JUNIOR

(A s sis ta n t d ra ftsm a n )
D ra w s to s c a le units o r pa rts o f d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u factu rin g p u r­
poses.
U ses v a r io u s ty p es o f d ra ftin g to o ls as r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e ­
pa re draw in gs fr o m sim p le plans o r sk e tch e s , o r p e r fo r m oth er du ties
under d ir e c tio n o f a d ra fts m a n .
D R A FTS M A N ,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c tiv it ie s o f one o r m o r e d r a fts m e n in
p rep a ra tion o f w ork in g plans and d eta il dra w in gs fr o m rou g h o r p r e ­
lim in a r y sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u factu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g
b lu ep rin ts, s k e tch e s , and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d eterm in in g w o rk
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s sig n in g du ties to su b ord in a tes and in sp e c tin g th eir w ork ;
p e r fo rm in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s is t su b ord in a tes during




G E N E R A L -----C ontinued

C la s s B — P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yping
fr o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r o r ty p ed d r a fts ; r ou tin e typing o f fo r m s ,
in s u r a n ce p o lic ie s , e t c . , settin g up sim p le stan dard ta b u la tion s, o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and sp a ce d p r o p e r ly .

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN,

L E A D E R ----- C on tinu ed

e m e r g e n c ie s o r as a r e g u la r a s sig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m r e la t e d du ties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in istra tiv e n a tu re.
DRAFTSM AN,

SENIOR

P r e p a r e s w ork in g plans and d eta il dra w in gs fr o m n o te s,
rou gh o r d e ta ile d sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m anu ­
fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g p la n s, d eta il d ra w in g s, m a p s, c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a le by use o f draftin g in stru m e n ts ; m aking en g in eerin g co m p u ta ­
tion s su ch a s th ose in v o lv e d in stren gth o f m a te r ia ls , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g c o m p le te d w o rk , ch eck in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls
to be u se d , and q u a n tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a t io n s ; m aking a d ju stm en ts
o r c h a n g e s in d ra w in g s o r s p e c ific a t io n s . M ay ink in lin e s and le t te r s
on p e n c il d ra w in g s, p r e p a r e d eta il units o f c o m p le te d ra w in g s , o r
tr a c e d r a w in g s .
W ork is fre q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch as
a r c h it e c t u r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ica l, or stru c tu ra l d ra ftin g .

12

NURSE,

NURSE,

IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

e n v iro n m e n t, o r oth er a c t iv it ie s
sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

A r e g is t e r e d n u r se w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a
co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f i r s t aid to the ill o r i n j u r e d
attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p loy ees* in ju r ie s ; k eepin g r e c o r d s
o f patien ts tre a te d ; p re p a rin g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
oth er p u r p o s e s ; con du ctin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tion s and h ealth ev a lu a tion s
o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in v olv in g h ealth ed u ca tion , a c c id e n t p re v e n tio n , ev alu ation o f plant

Maint enanc e

IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )----- C ontinued
a ffe c tin g

the h ealth,

w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by p la cin g
tr a c in g c lo th o r paper o v e r draw in g and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U ses T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o l s .
M ay p r e p a r e
s im p le d ra w in g s and do s im p le le t te r in g .

nd

P o w e r plant

C A R P E N T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E

E N G IN E E R ,

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n try d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and
m ain tain in g o o d r e p a ir bu ildin g w o o d w o rk and equ ipm en t su ch a s b in s,
c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and t r im m ade o f w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and la yin g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w ­
ings^ m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; usin g a v a r ie ty o f carp eriter*s
h a n d tools, p o rta b le p ow er t o o ls , and stan dard m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ;
m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ;
s e le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o r k . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f
the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .
T

O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n
o f s ta tio n a ry e n g in es and equ ip m en t (m e c h a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p ­
ply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h eat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tion , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m ain taining
eq u ip m en t su ch as ste a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ipm en t, ste a m b o ile r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a ter pu m p s; m akin g eq u ipm en t r e p a ir s ; keepin g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e ra tu re , and fu e l c o n s u m p ­
tion . M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th e se o p e r a t io n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s su ch a s the
in sta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t fo r the g en era tin g ,
d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f
a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l eq u ipm en t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
s w itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating units,
con d u it s y s t e m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts, d ra w in g s, la you t, o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g ­
n osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s t e m o r equ ipm en t; w ork in g stan dard
com p u ta tion s re la tin g to lo a d r e q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equ ipm ent; u sing a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h a n d tools and m e a su rin g
and testin g in s tru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c ­
q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .




F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r, o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to fir e by hand
o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; c h e c k s w ater
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m en t.
HELPER,

TRADES,

M A IN TE N A N C E

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce
tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ifi c o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f le s s e r s k ill, su ch
as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g w o r k ­
in g a r e a , m a ch in e , and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g w o r k e r b y h oldin g m a ­
t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s a s d ir e c t e d by jo u r ­
n eym a n . The kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r i s p e r m itte d Id p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tr a d e to tr a d e : In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is co n fin e d to su p ­
p ly in g, lift in g , and h old in g m a te r ia ls and t o o ls and clea n in g worIcing
a r e a s ; a n d in o th e r s he its p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a f u ll-t i m e b a s i s .

13
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f on e o r m o r e ty p es o f m a ch in e
to o ls , su ch as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e
la th e s, o r m illin g m a ch in e s in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls ,
g a u ges, jig s , fix tu r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lann in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g
ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setu p s o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
sp e e d s, to o lin g and o p e r a tio n se q u e n ce ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m en ts du ring o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls ,
and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cuttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .
For
c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u rp o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m ,
in topi and die job b in g sh op s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

M ACH IN IST,

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ipm en t o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E xam in ing m a ch in e s
an d m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly
in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d tools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a rts; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob ta in ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the
p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f
the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh op fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritten
s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p r o d u c tio n o f pa rts o r d e r e d
f r o m m a ch in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m akin g a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm e n ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten a n ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d
th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M AIN TE N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ica l eq u ipm en t o p e r a te d in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fa llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in s t r u c ­
tion s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; usin g a v a ­
r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's h a n d tools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ;
settin g up and o p e ra tin g Standard m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l
p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; ttiaking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la t ­
ing to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ;
k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g
stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a rts, and equ ipm en t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ; fittin g
and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly R eq u ires a rou n d ed train in g in m a c h in e shop p r a c tic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls n e w m a ch in e s o r h ea v y equ ipm en t and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r h ea v y equ ip m en t w hen ch a n g es in the plant la y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and
la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty p f h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan d ard sh op c o m ­
pu tation s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f
g r a v it y ; alin in g and b a la n cin g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c tin g stan dard t o o ls ,
eq u ip m en t, and f a r t s to be u sed ; in sta llin g and m a in tain in g in g o o d
o r d e r p ow er t r a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t su ch a s d r iv e s and s p e e d r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R

M ECH ANIC, A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing
au tom otiv e eq u ipm en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an dto o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
s to ck ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts;
a lin in g w h e e ls, ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g b od y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the A u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
ship o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




L u b r ic a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m o v in g p a rts o r w ea rin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F A IN T E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s the f o l l o w i i y : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e
p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la cin g
putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; a p plyin g paint w ith sp ra y
gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o ils , w hite le a d , a n d , oth er paint
in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r
o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce pa in ter r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

14
P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M AIN TE N A N C E

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a ter, stea m , g a s, o r oth er ty p es o f pipe
and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : L ayin g out o f w o rk and m e a su rin g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f pipe
fr o m d ra w in gs o r oth er w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a ce ty le n e
to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e; th readin g pipe w ith sto ck s and d ie s ;
bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a ch in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe w ith cou p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e r s; m aking stan dard
shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e ­
q u ir e d ; m aking stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ish e d p ip es m e e t
s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e rs
p r im a r ily en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g building sa n ita tion o r
heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M AIN TE N AN C E

K eep s the plum bing s y s te m o f an e sta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W ork in v o lv e s : K now ledge o f sa n ita ry c o d e s r e g a rd in g in sta lla tion o f
v en ts and tra p s in plum bing sy s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip es and
fix tu r e s ; open in g c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a plu n ger o r p lu m b e r 's sn ake.
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce plu m b er r e q u ir e s rou n ded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
ship o r eq u ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER,

M AIN TE N A N C E

F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m a in tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e tm eta l equ ipm ent and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e pans,
sh e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m eta l r o o fin g ;
o f an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning

Custodial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

and

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s betw een f lo o r s o f an o ffic e bu ildin g,
a p artm en t h ou se, dep a rtm en t s t o r e , h otel o r s im ila r e sta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k e rs who o p e ra te e le v a t o r s in con ju n ction w ith oth er d u ties such
as th ose o f s t a r te r s and ja n ito r s a r e e x clu d e d .
GUARD
P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u ties, eith er at fix e d p ost o r on
tou r, m ain taining o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a tem en w ho a r e station ed at gate and c h e c k on id en tity “ o f
e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e r s o n s e n te r in g •




and la yin g out a ll ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and op era tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g m a ch in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f
h a n d tools in cuttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g, and a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
e q u iv a len t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r; jig

m a k e r; to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu re

m a k e r; gauge

m a k e r)

C o n stru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a u g es, ji g s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Plann in g and layin g out o f w ork
f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n dtools and p r e c is io n
m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts , u nderstan din g o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op era tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls
and r e la te d equ ipm en t; m aking n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g
to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s; h e a ttre a tin g o f m eta l p a rts du ring fa b r ic a tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin ish e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s ; s e le ctin g a p p ro p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s a rou n ded train in g
in m a ch in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e rs
in to o l and die job b in g sh op s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .

M aterial

PASSE N G ER

M A IN T E N A N C E -----C ontinued

Movement

J A N ITO R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w eep er; ch a rw om a n ; ja n it r e s s )
C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se,
o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion
o f the fo llo w in g : S w eeping, m op pin g o r sc r u b b in g , and p olish in g f lo o r s ;
r e m o v in g c h ip s , tra s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; du sting equ ipm ent, fu rn itu re,
o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m eta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p rovid in g su p p lies
and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , sh o w e rs , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ashing a r e e x clu d e d .

15
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L oa d er and u n loa d er; h an dler and s ta c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
stock m an o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a reh ou sem a n or w a re h o u se h e lp e r )

SHIPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K -----C ontinued
oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged g o o d s;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; m aintaining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

A w o rk e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u se , m a n u factu rin g plant,
s to r e , or oth er e sta b lis h m e n t w h ose du ties in v o lv e one or m o r e of
the fo llo w in g : L oad ing and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n ­
d is e on or fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u ck s , o r oth er tra n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ;
unpacking, sh elv in g, o r pla cin g m a te r ia ls or m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
sto ra g e lo c a tio n ; tra n sp o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by hand tru ck ,
c a r , or w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who loa d and unload sh ips a r e
e x clu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d as fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

O RD ER F IL L E R
(O rd er p ic k e r ; s to ck s e le c t o r ; w a re h o u se stock m an )
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish e d g o o d s fr o m
s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tr u c tio n s . M ay, in a d dition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d icatin g ite m s fille d o r om itted , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou t­
goin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d ition a l stock , o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er r e la te d d u ties.
PACKER,

D r iv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u str ia l a r e a to tr a n sp o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm ent, o r m en b etw een v a r io u s types o f
e sta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an ufacturin g plants, fr e ig h t d ep ots, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a il e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
loa d o r u n loa d tru ck with or w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in g ood w ork in g o r d e r . D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d by s iz e
and type o f equ ipm ent, as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r -t r a i l e r sh ou ld be ra ted
on the b a s is o f tr a ile r c a p a c ity . )

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p ro d u cts fo r sh ipm ent o r s to ra g e by placing
them in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and n um ber o f units to be pa ck ed , the
type o f con ta in er e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the pla cin g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in e rs and m ay in v o lv e one or
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to ck in o r d e r
to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type and s iz e o f co n ta in e r;
in se rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
preven t b rea k a g e o r da m ag e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ta in e r; applying
la b e ls or en terin g id en tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o
m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis te d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under 1 l/ ton sl
z
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( 1 V2 to and in clu din g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, tr a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, oth er th an ~ trailer type)
TRUCKER,

O p e ra te s a m a n u ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tru ck o r tr a c to r to tr a n s p o rt g o o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t.

SHIPPING AND RE C E IV IN G C L E R K
tru ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
sp on sib le fo r in co m in g sh ipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w ork in v o lv e s ; A kn ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tra n sp o rta tio n and r a te s ; and p r e ­
paring r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ipped, m aking up b ills o f la din g, p o s t­
ing w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and keepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g others in v e r ify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts a g a in st b ills o f la din g, in v o ic e s , o r




PO W ER

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f
as fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er (fo r k lift)
pow er (oth er than fo r k lift)

WATCHMAN
M akes rou n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te ctin g p r o p e rty
ag a in st f i r e , theft, and ille g a l e n try .

* U
.S. G V R M N P IN IN O F E : 1959 0—505129
O E N E T R T G F IC




Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959- These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis w ill be issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. Lou is, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents




D allas, T ex ., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
B oston , M ass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents
Denver, C o lo ., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, P a., November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-8, price 30 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102