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O c c u p a tio n a l W age

S urvey

SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
JANUARY 1 9 S 9

B u lle t in N o . 1 2 4 0 -1 3

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretory




BUREAU Of LABOR STATISTICS
Ewon Clafut, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA




J A N U A R Y 1959

Bu lletin N o. 1240-13
A p r il 1959

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua* Commissionar

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Nov. 1895Washington.




no. in

v. 23-26 cm
.

v. illus. 16-28 cm
.

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

Library of Congress

331.06173
tr58t2]

Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. {2. Employee benefltsj
i. Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev*t

HD4973.A462
U. S. Dept of Labor.
for Library of Congress

331.2973
Library
[57r52nl]f

L 49—125*

Contents

Preface

Page

The Community Wage Survey Program

Introduction____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups_______________________

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied.
This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year*s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Tables:

1.
2.

2
4

A: Occupational earnings: *
A -1.
Office occupations______________________________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations________________
A -3 . Maintenance and power plant occupations_______________
A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations________

5
8
9
10

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions: *
B - l . Shift differentials_______________________________________
B -2 . Minimum entrance rates for women officew o rk e rs___
B -3 . Scheduled weekly h o u r s_________________________ - _______
B -4 . Paid holidays____________________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations___________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans__________________

12
13
13
14
15
17

Appendix: Occupational descriptions-------------------------------------------------

18

This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional
office in San Francisco, C a lif., by William P. 0*Connor,
under the direction of John L. Dana, Regional Wage and
Industrial Relations Analyst.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey *________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected p erio d s______________

1
4

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are available in the San Francisco-Oakland area
reports for January of each year since 1950.
Data on the rate of pay for holiday work were shown in
the 1954 summary report (BLS Bull. 1157-2).
Both the 1954 and 1958 reports provide tabulations of
wage structure characteristics, labor-management agreements, and overtime pay provisions. The 1955
report included data on frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions for holidays falling on non­
workdays.
A directory indicating date of study and the price of the reports, as well as reports for
other major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage practices in the San FranciscoOakland area are also available for auto dealer repair shops (May 1958) and banking (July 1958). A re­
port on occupational earnings is also available for the machinery industries (December 1958); data for
supplementary wage practices were included in the machinery industries report of December 1957.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

in




Occupational Wage Survey— San Francisco-Oakland,Calif.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of la b o r 's Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of-occupational earnings and related wage benefitp on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by per­
sonal visits of Bureau field agents 1 to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv­
ices.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studiied to warrant inclusion. 2 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job.
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

1 Data were obtained by mail from some of the smaller estab­
lishments for which visits by Bureau field agents in the last previous
survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occupations stud­
ied.
Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.
2 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. - Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term "office workers, M as
used in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing clerical or related, functions, and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant
workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers
(including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional employees, and force-account
construction employees who are utilized as a separate work force are
excluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufac­
turing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, * presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers

3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2

T h e f i r s t p a rt o f the pa id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
T h e s e c o n d p a rt
c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h aving v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the a m ou n t a p p ly in g to
a m a jo r ity w a s u se d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e la t e sh ift h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d on ly
i f it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s i s lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x clu d in g in fo r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith pay is g ra n ted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te e s t im a te s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , such
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r f la t -s u m a m ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a ym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s the eq u iv a len t o f 1 w e e k ’ s p a y.

M in im u m e n tr a n ce r a te s (table B - 2 ) r e la t e on ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and
h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s a r e tr e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s i s that th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if a
m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r
the p r a c t ic e s lis t e d .
S ch ed u led h o u r s a r e tr e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on
the b a s is that th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if
a m a jo r it y a r e c o v e r e d . 4
B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g, su m s o f in d iv id ­
ual it e m s in th e se ta b u la tion s do not n e c e s s a r il y equ al t o t a ls .

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
pla n s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r ,
e x ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch a s w o r k m e n ’ s c o m p e n s a tio n
and s o c ia l s e c u r it y . Such p la n s in clu d e th o se u n d erw ritten b y a c o m ­
4
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s (fir s t s e c tio n om e r c ia l in s u r a n c e co m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th rou g h a union fund o r
f
p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m ade p r io r to la te 1957 and e a r ly 1958 w e r e
a fund se t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e . D eath b e n e fit s a r e in clu d e d a s a
p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m ­
fo r m o f life in s u r a n c e .
p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .
Table 1.

Establishm ents and w ork ers within scope of survey and number studied in San Fran cis co-O akland, C alif. , 1 by m ajor industry d ivision .* January 1959

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study 5

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total4

Office

Plant

Total4

— --------— .
.

-

1,157

253

346,300

91,100

179.800

181,860

Manufa cturi n g -- — -------- — ------------------------ — --Nonm anufacturing — — — — — — — — — — — -- ---- — -------- — --Transportation (excluding railroads), communication,
and other public utilities 9 ---- — ---------------------Wholesale trade-------------------------------------Retail trade — — ----------------------- — -----------Finance, insurance, and real estate ---- -------- — -------Services 7 ---------------------------------------- — ---

101
-

380
777

86
167

136,400
209,900

24, 100
67,000

87,500
92,300

59,960
121,900

101
51
101
51
51

61
246
115
184
171

27
34
46
35
25

62,500
31,200
47,200
44,400
24,600

11,900
9, 700
5,900
35,000
(
#)

27, 700
13,300
35,800
9 1,100
()
*

53,120
7,600
29,680
23,050
8,450

All divisions —

■.
-..... ■ ■ .....—

.■• ....
■

* The San F ran cis co-O akland M etropolitan A rea (Alam eda, Contra Costa, M arin, San F ra n cisco , San Mateo, and Solano Counties). The "w ork ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate d escrip tion of the size and com position of the labor fo r c e included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a basis of com parison with other
area em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ploym ent trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied,
and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
* The 1957 re vise d edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifyin g establishm ents by industry division. M ajor changes from , the ea r lie r edition used
in previous
surveys
are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready m ixed con crete establishm ents from trade (wholesale or retail) to m anufacturing
and the transfer of radio and telev ision broadcasting
from s e r v ic e s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities division.
* Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies
in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair s e r v ic e ,
and m otion -pictu re theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p ro fe ssio n a l, and other w ork ers excluded from the separate o ffice and plant ca tegories.
9 A lso excludes taxicabs, and s e r v ic e s incidental to water transportation.
San F r a n cis c o 's transit system is m unicipally operated, and is th erefore excluded, by definition, from the scope of the studies.
9 Estim ate relates to real estate establishm ents only.
7 Hotels; personal s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; m otion pictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and arch itectural s e r v ic e s .
* This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.




3
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
s u r a n ce u n d er w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d o n a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a tio n i s p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have e n a cte d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s , 5 p la n s a r e in clu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
t r ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f paid s i c k - le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 6 w h ich p r o v id e

fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r ’ s pay d u rin g absencfe fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f il l n e s s .
S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , an d (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l pa y o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u ndu p lica ted to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s ex ten d ed
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
5
T h e te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h ode Is la nthe n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
d
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a rtia l
d o not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s .
* A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h aving a fo r m a l plan if
pa ym en t o f d o c t o r s 1 f e e s . Such p la n s m a y be u n d erw ritten b y c o m m e r ­
it e s t a b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e that
c ia l in s u r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y be
c o u ld b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a plan n eed not b e w r itte n ,
s e l f - in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim ite d to
but in fo r m a l s i c k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
th o s e p la n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o rk e r’ s life .
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n t s in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s an d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .

o c c u p a t io n s w e r e th en to ta le d to o b ta in
tio n a l g r o u p . F in a lly , th e r a t io o f th e s e
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d
w a s c o m p u te d an d the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d
g et the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that is ,
th e sta n d a rd w o r k sc h e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a t io n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p . T h e o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
th e fo llo w in g 18 j o b s : B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A a n d B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , file ,
c l a s s A an d B ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f i c e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r e ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ;
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; an d t y p is t s , c l a s s A and B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l manse data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s . M en
in the fo llo w in g U n s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s an d 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e
in clu d e d in th e giiaat w o r k e r data:
S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r ic ia n s ;
m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h t s ; p a i n t e r s ;
p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e ti-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n i t o r s ,
p o r t e r s ^ an d c le a n e r s ; l a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h an dlin g; and
w a tc h m e n .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , th e e f f e c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g e s in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e l s .
C h a n g es in th e la b o r f o r c e ca n
ca u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t
a c tu a l w ag e c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m igh t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a tio n an d r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e f f e c t . T h e m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t ou t o f a n a r e a c o u ld ca u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n though no ch a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in. o th e r
a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h e u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo & in ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
N o r a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d by c h a n g e s in
sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , since? th ey
a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .

A v e ra g e ? w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r eachs o f th e s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly earn isgipi w e r e th en m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 an d
1954 e m p lo y m e n t m th e j o b .
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l
Taddfte; 2 .

In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e t s a p p e a r e d in BL.S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W ages and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 19 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in te r 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

In d ex es o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in San F r a n c is c o - O a k la n d , C a l i f . ,
J a n u a ry 1959 and J a n u a ry 1958, and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d ex es
(J a n u a ry 1953 = 100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ______________
In d u s tria l nu rse** (w o m e n )
___
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )
TT-nslH11#»H plant" (m e n )

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )
In d u s tria l n u r s e s i ( w o m e n ) ___ ________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ) ___ —______
U n s k ille d plan t (in en )




an a g g r e g a te fo r * e a c h o c c u p a ­
g ro u p a g g r e g a te s f o r a g iv e n
(s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952-53)
b y the b a s e y e a r in d e x (1 0 0 ) to

J a n u a ry 1959

P e rce n t in cr e a s e s fr o m —

J a n u a ry 1958

J a n u a ry 1958
to
J a n u a ry 1959

J a n u a ry 1957
to
J a n u a ry 1958

1 2 9 .2
1 3 6 .2
1 3 2 .2
1 3 3 .4

123. 3
1 2 9 .0
1 2 5 .6
1 2 5 .9

4 .8
5 .6
5 .3
5 .9

4 .2

1 2 9 .3
1 3 7 .7
1 3 4 .4
1 3 3 .5

1 2 3 .0
1 3 0 .4
1 2 7 .8
1 2 4 .8

5. 1
5 .6
5. 1
6 .9

4 .2
6 .5
6 .4
5 .5

6.6
5 .9
5 .4

J a n u a ry 195b
to
J a n u a ry 1957

5 .0
6 .4
7 .5
5 .5

4 .7
7 .0
8 .5

6.0

J a n u a ry 1955
to
J a n u a ry 1956

J a n u a ry 1954
to
J a n u a ry 1955

4 .8

3 .7
4 .4

3 .0
6 .3
2 .4
3 .0

4 .4
4*3
4 .0
6. 1

5 .4

2 .4

4 .1
4 .3

4 .2

4 .5
5 .1
4*0
4% 2

2.6

2.6

6.2
2.2

January^ 15753
to
January? 1954

A*

O c c u p a t i o n a l Earnings

Table A-l. O ffice Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d iv isio n , San F ran cisco-O ak lan d , C a lif. , January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F

Avbsaob
Num
ber
of
workers

Spx, occupation, and industry d ivision

Men
...
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A -----------------------Nonmanufac titring ,,
Public u tilities*
W holesale trade
Finance f

...

C lerk s , accounting, c la s s B
Manufacturing „
Nonmanufacturing r
P ublic utilities*
C le rk s , ord er ________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade

.

.
__

_
_
_
_
_____

. ___

94
32
62
10
5
23

39.0
3 9 .5
39.0
39.5

85.00
9 o .0 o
81.00
90.50

_
-

.
-

_
-

4
4
-

12
12
2

21
10
11
1

5
3

43
6
37
4

68
37
32 ------ T T
36
14
7
4

99.50
112.00
95.00
95.50

_
-

_
-

_
3
- -------- r
-

-

23
_
23
23

31
1
30
15

2
- -------- T~
_
.
-

2
_
2
-

4
_
4
-

92

15
5“

60.0 0
63.50
58.50
61.50
59.50

_
.
_
_
-

697
217
480
77
92
257

39.0
59.0
38.5
39.0
39.5
38.5

89.50
1 W
8 7.50
94.50
97.50
8 1.00

196
164

39.5
39.5

Retail trade _

220
183
155

4 0 .0
40 .0
4 0.0

W holesale trade

219
95
124
72
1,770
19b
1,574
271
61
1,187

Nonmanufacturing
P ublic u tilities*
W holesale trade
F in a n cef . . . . _

. . . ....................
__

. _.

_

._

.

95.00

90.00

47
9
38
1
_
21

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.5
38.0

_

8 5 .0 0

15
15
1
13
1

576
212
364
33
194

.

80 .00

1
1
1
_
■

_
_
_
-

_

75 .00

70.00

_
_
"

98.50
100.50
90.50
95.50

P ublic u tilities*
F in a n cef
_

65.00

_
_
■

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

O ffice hoys
_
... __
M anufacturing
.

60.00

90.00

_

125
55
70
31

_

55.00

S
S
8 0.00 8 5.00

_
-

----- ----- _
_
----- ---....
.

___

•75 .00

_
_
-

598
553

----

S
70 .00

99.50
lo i.O o
95.00
104.50
98.00
86.5 0

..............

C lerk s , payroll
Manufacturing
Nonmannfarturing ...

$
60.00 l s . 0 0

39.5
" 3 9 .5
39.0
39.0
40 .0
38.0

4 0.0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0.0

—

.... .........
- _.

l s .0 0

800

_ _
_
- ...
... ... ..
---- . ....

_

$
50.00

262
T2T
141
45

_
_

4 5 .0 0
and
under
50.0 0

808
4b 4
344
91
95
94

..... .................... . .
-

r,

Weekly
Weekly , Under
hours4 earnings $
(Standard) (Standard) 45.00

..

w

r

_
_
-

_
_
-

rr

2

2

57
T T —
43
43

70 -------r r
100
32
38
23
7
6
_
9
25
6

90
37
53
11
29
13

111
“ 93"
18
5
6
3

98
TT —
27
7
17
-

87
W

47
33
10
2

6
6

_
12
_ ---------8"
.
4
4
-

74
rr
63
63

84
” 5T
48
48

72
53
T T ------- I T
51
36
43
34

5
14
9
1 -------- r -------- r
8
3
12
5
2
12

8
6
2
-

26
11
T T ---------5"
8
6
3
-4

6
17
. -------- r
6
9
6
9

53
85
130
r r -------- r -------- r —
73
124
44
68
37
119
7
_
7
4

21

T *
15
1

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105 .0 0 110.00 115 .00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00
and
100.00 105.00 n o ,0 0 115.00 JL&L.00 125.00 over

34

23
“TT —
7
1
6
-

19

3
T

_
-

31
ir r —
21
20

53

r r ------ w
2
13

_
_

8
_

-

-

_
_
_
-

>
.
-

30
74
n r ' '152'
22
18
22

20

~T
3
-

-

12
r r
_
-

_
_
_
_

„
_
_
_

_
_
_

4

3
1

8
_
6

6
4
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
"

-

-

-

29
11
18
_
_
18

40
9
31
5
23

72
13
59
2
_
56

109
18
91
7
8
65

103
28
75
4
14
44

94
40
54
18
6
27

72
9
63
18
33
11

75
34
41
15
14
2

51
20
31
6
14
-

34
.."30
4
1
3
-

5
5
_
_
_

2

_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

10
9

28
2b

23
22

21
21

20
18

_
-

21
9 —

26
nr

39

_

2
2

_

-

6
-

_
-

17
11
17

43
29
9

22
22
16

101
92
92

18
15
13

2
-

8
-

2
2
2

•
-

_
.
-

1

_
.
-

_
_
-

„
-

1
1
“

14
14
13

14
2
12
-

29
11
18
13

56
25
31
7

55
41
14
12

11
8"
3
-

2
.
2
-

_
.
-

_
.
-

_
.
.
-

_
_
.
-

310
4
306
_
.
301

529
5
524
44
10
445

302
Zb
276
82
7
178

158
24
134
54
29
40

116
48
68
53
2
12

103
32
51
35
13
•

12
rr
_
.
_

3
3
.
_
_

_
.
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
.
_
„

_

_

-

"

”

“

•

“

60
15
45
_
11

91
21
70
5
26

_
_
-

_
.
-

_
.
-

_
.
-

11
11
.
11

85.50

_

6 4 . oO

-•

_
-

_
-

-

70.00
6 9 .0 0
70.50

“

_
-

1
1
1

38.5
39.0
38.5
38.5

8 5 .0 0
8b. 6o
83.5 0
85.5 0

_
-

_
-

„
- •
-

4 0 .0
39.0
4 0 .0
40 .0
39.5
40 .0

6 4 .5 0
78.00
63.0 0
71.50
73.00
'6 0 .5 0

_
.
-

7
.
7
.
_
7

203
73 —
130
14
82

63

------ W
46
53
5
4
37
31

10

34
26

'

11
11
_

_
_
_

1
1
_

_
- .

_
_
_
_

. —
_

-

.
2
1

W omen
B ille r s , m achine (hilling m achine)
... _ ...
.. .
Nonmanufacturing -------------------- --------------- -----------------

___ --------- __

-----

__ -----

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , cla s s B
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
Retail trade
F in an cef

_

_
__

------ ------

----------------

‘

See footnotes




at end o f table.

204
.
204
.
_
204

"

5
4
4

3 . - 34
8
.
3
26
26
1

22 ------- 4
y—
—
19
3
1
3
_
_
“

_
_
-

“

-

1
T

“

6
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d iv isio n , San F ran cisco-O ak lan d , C a lif ., January 1959)
Avhaob
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
S
4 5 .0 0
and
under
5 0 .0 0

S
50.00

*
55.00

$
60.00

$
6 5.00

$
70.00

*
75.00

$
80.00

S
8 5.00

S
90.00

55.00

6 0 .0 0

65.00

70.00

75.00

8 0.00

8 5.00

90.00

95.00

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

6

59
59
_
.
59

123
3

W
eekly,
W
eekly . Under
hours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $
45.00

W om en— Continued
39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5

<
f
c
84.50
9 z .s 6
8 1.00
90.50
82.50
8 0.00
75.50

415
1,786
389
225
265
803

39.0
" " 3 9 .5
39.0
4 0 .0
40 .0
4 0.0
38.0

6 9.50
?8 . 6 5
<
67.50
73.50
76.50
67.50
6 3 .0 0

6

C le rk s , file , c la s s A
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Pu blic u t i l i t i e s * __________________________________
Finan cet
. __r
. ...

400
79
321
53
186

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.5
38.5

75.50
do. *6
74.50
85.50
71.00

_
-

C le rk s , file , cla s s B ______________ __ _________________
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
n
P ublic utilities*
n
_
.. . .. .
W holesale trade ---...
R etail trade
. . . .
_
Finance^

2,158
130
2,0 2 8
172
188
137
1,441

C le r k s , ord er .
.
. . .
M anufacturing
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
__
W holesale trade _
_
---- _ _ _ ...
R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------

238
96"
142
64
78

4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0.0

8 0.00
“ 52757"
79.00
95.0 0
65.5 0

_
-

C le r k s , p ayroll
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
P u blic utilities*
W holesale trade
R etail trade
Finance^
*

823
40*Y
416
77

39.0
39.6
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0

84 .0 0
6 5.66
82 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
74.00
8 2 .0 0

_
-

39.5
1.331
463“ 1 39 .0 '
868
39.5
73
39.0
368
39.5
368
4 0.0

76.00
79.66
7 4.50
82.5 0
75.50
73.00
6 9 .5 0
Y1 .6 0
‘ 6 7 .5 0

C le r k s , accounting, cla s s A ___
_
_ ..... _
_
M anufacturing
/. _
—
Nonmanufacturing ^
. ...
_ ------ _
Public utilities *
_
. . . . . .
W holesale t r a d e ___________________________________
R etail trade ___________________ ... _
_
Finance^
C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B
Manufa c t ur ing _____________________ r_________________
Nonmanufacturing ^
_ _
---Pu blic utilities*
___
W holesale trade
_
.. . ...
.
R etail trade
---_ _ ___
Finance^
^

C om ptom eter op era to rs
M anufacturing
---Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities* _
W holesale trade
R etail trade

_
.
.

... _
..

........ .
------------------------_

----

_

623
103
149
111

190
2 ,2 0 1

101

109
99

----_

921
IW

.
----_

38.5
56.00
39.5 " " 6 9 .0 0 '
38.5
55.50
39.5
6 9 .5 0
40 .0
57.0 0
40.0
59.50
38.0
53.00

8 6 .0 0

6

_
_

79
79
_
6

73

_
-

120
6

1

113

60
-

8

.

1

60

8

54

4
_
56

4
.
_
4

8

185
" 16
175

461
36
431
55
13
145
171

26

.
9
123

55

19
11

9
392
69
323
88

42
33
152

137
124
77
139
58
68
48
28 ------- T T ----- ~ T T -------SB- -------SB- ------- ST ------- 3T ------- T T r
73
108
103
86
41
22
27
16
7
5
10
14
6
9
4
7
26
26
24
18
5
12
13
6
22
21
22
26
4
3
1
1
16
20
35
27
8
5
8
2

282
37
245
54
24
50
94

42
42
-

549

452
' 26
426
18
59
65
267

306
28
278
40
32
46
26
11

38
6

17
5

6

15
15
15

15
.
15

32
5
27

12
6
6

2
2

2

5
1

34
18

-

2

4

16

64
27
37

-

2

2

1

7
_
9
-

6

_
6

483
1

8

482
_
.
482

541
9
76
16

372
6

-

6

-

-

“

-

.
-

"

1
1

2

22

_
1

43
59
- ------ T T —
43
30
7
12
26
22

160

125
19
106
13
13
5
75

2
6

9
18

16

10
6

55

13

12

7
_
5
-

-

-

-

-

.
_
_
_

_
_
_

2

_

.
.
_

20
20

.
_
_
_

2

-

-

-

-

-

.
.
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
-

J 12
_

126
44
15
56
13
2
68 ------55” ------ T T ------ ST- -------- r -------- 5" -------- r
_
22
71
42
33
7
4
.
.
14
7
1
9
9
_
_
4
10
4
19
19
_
.
.
.
2
11
3
16
5
30
-

m

. —
.
_
.
_
-

3
r
_
_
.
_
_
_
.
.
-

.

_

_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

-

13

11

4

11

6

--------9" -------- r -------- r
_
2
6
.
2
6
-

6
6

2
2

-

-

6

8

51
59
7
24
12

356
289
98 — r r r “
258
156
4
19
98
82
150
55

204
111" —
93
9
18
64

r _
_
_
_
_

-

_
.
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_

20

_
_
_
_
-

143
9l
52
19
15
3
13

12

2

1
1

_1
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

45
23

110

31
19

-

55
13
3ir -------- T
25
8
_
.
18
4

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

22
16
2

94
27
67
59

26

7
3
3
_
_

40
1 _
------- I T --------- r
27
_
27
_
_

14 ----------r
1

6 --------IT

28
7

34
9
25
25
-

57
31

10

31
25
25
_
_
-

21
20

37
33
4
4

41
... 17 '
24

76
43
37 -------ST
8
39
_
5
_
12
_
1
8
16

35 -------- j_
1
—
35
_
8
1
-

1
12

11
11

11

54
39

88

11

4

-

265
84
181
95
70

169
30
64

72
61
49

145
27
118

16

257

84
37
r r -------- r
73
34
4
2
52
30

128
5
123
5
36
56

21
1
20

S
$
$
$
$
$
95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00
and
1 00.00 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 over

101

3
3
3

6

S

8

5
.
5

6
6

_
_
8

- -------- 5"

no

71
s ir —
41
3
28
-

38
v r —

8
7
-

-

.
.
-

_
.
.
.
-

-

_
_
-

.
-

-

.
-

-

_
-

■

‘

■

60

19
z r -------- r
35
16
6
16
.
29
-

12
12

_
.
.
_

D uplicating-m ach ine o p e ra to rs
Nonmanufacturing

..................... ..

-----

. _

189
.97
92

39.5
39.5
39.0

3
1

18
12
6

17
6
' ’ "11 --------TT
6
4

4
4
‘

See footn otes at end o f table.




-

'

7
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, San Francisco-Oakland, C a lif., January 1959)
A U .Q
.V U I
Num
ber

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly Under
Weekly
boon1 earnInge *
(Standard) (Standard) $
45.0 0

4 5 .0 0 10.00
and
under
5 0 .0 0 55.00

1 5 .0 0

20.00

6 5.00

$
70.00

75.00

So. 0 0

1 5 .00

50 . 0 0

*95.00 f o o .o o 15 5 .00 f i o . o o f 15.00 120.00 ?25.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

8 5.00

90.0 0

95.00

100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00

and
over

W omen— Continued
Key-punch op era to rs
N nnm annfacturing________
Public u tilities* _

_ __

1,931
528
1,403
181
238
90
775

__ .

R etail trade
F in an cef
Manufacturing
Nnnmanufacturing
Finance^

_ ..
_ .

-----

—

. .....
... .

S ecreta ries
P ublic u t ilit ie s * ----W holesale trade
Retail trade _

"

39.0
37.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
4 0.0
38.5

71.50
76.00
70.00
78.00
76.00
71.50
65.50

476
39.0
59.50
I W — 3770" ■-SS750277
39.5
56.00
126
39.0
53.50

4,013
“ T75TT
2,502
317
442
268
1,100

-----

__

_

------

Stenographers, gen eral
M anufacturing
Nnnmanufacttrringr
__ .
Public u t ilitie s * . _
W holesale trade
R etail trade
Finance^ -------------

89.00
93.00
86.50
91.5 0
91.50
82.0 0
84.5 0

2,443
501
332
100
1,091

39.0
T977
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

78.00
"8 2 :5 0 "
75.00
80.00
80.0 0
73.50
72.00

199

--------

39.0
3775“
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5

4 0 .0

77.00

3,869
'
....

..

_

_

. ... .
_ ----

Stenographers, technical

1,010

3
3
_
_
3

3
3
.
.
3

8
32
_ -------- T —
8
30
8
22
_
_
_
.
.
.
w
_
_
.
.
_
.
_

_
_
.
_

.

71.50
8 1 .5 0 "
68.50
8 3 .0 0
74.50
70.00
66.50

3
_
3
3

_
.

39.0
39.0
39.0
4 0 .0
39.5
38.0

70.50
70.50
70.50
86 .0 0
71.00
66.00

_
- •
-

462
rrcr
292
101
152

39.5
39.5
39.0
4 0.0
38.5

83.5 0
85 ."50
8 2.50
8 8.00
78.50

_
-

864
------ j j j -

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0
38.0

71.50
75.50
71.00
72.00
70.50

—

----

-------

zm r

806
119
73
113
240

__

773
—

Pu blic u tilities*
W holesale trade
Finance f
Tabulating-m achine operators
Manufacturing
Pu blic utilities*

—
— ... - .......---------------------

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , general
Manufacturing
............. ......... .......................
F inan cef

See footnotes at end of table.




T v r

691
179
475

295

182
17
165
6
9
1
149

95
nr
85
37
_
_
.
_
.
.
-

158
80
78
37

7
_
7
1
_
_
6

61
61
4
13
1
43

418
66
352
54
2
7
172

654
rw
465
97
32
31
236

577
1lb
452
71
59
26
243

711
251
460
72
72
14
240

18

9

28

21

37

14

5
5
2
.
3

9
.
9

100
4
96
2
42

_
-

2
2
2

43
lb
33
13
12

_
-

_
-,
-

_
-

_

_

4

30

-

-

-

-

-

4

30

-

-

4

30

'

W holesale trade
R etail trade

39.0
3775^
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

454
31
236
99

Manufacturing

324
91
233
22
17
10
178

89
1
88
.
_
88

'

9

11

223
42
44
29
86

322
IW
222
17
67
21
113

279
86
193
11
23
20
85

178
41
136
9
22
8
66

132
61
71
39
30
.
-

92
42
50
35
10
1
4

19
3
16

.
16
_
-

5
5
.
.
_
-

_
10
80
6
4
3
2
39
39
.
6
4
2 --------- T
29 ------ T T -------3T -------- r
_
_
.
.
51
16
7
2
3
19
236
262
590
323
236
81
514
532
629
------- f r
------ W — W — IT T — I W — r r r — 2TT — n r — r w
66
223
396
206
127
139
343
314
449
10
13
46
4
53
42
44
25
12
25
6
15
92
94
62
56
29
14
2
40
27
10
69
50
9
39
26
46
82
88
217
31
239
139
169
542
245
255 — r r r
287
108
77
3
68
19
8
10
96
37
17

14

158
246
lVb — r w
76
53
13
19
21
26
_
3
16
2
_
1

157
rw
57
43
12
28

8
8
_
_
_
.
248
176 —
92
5
26
5
48
28
14'
14
2
8
.
5

_
.
-

_
.
_
_
-

_
_
.
.
-

_
_
.
.
-

_
_
_
_
.
.
.
T
106
86
85
80
W ------- 7 7 ------- 37 ------ ST26
58
9
49
23
4
33
1
4
12
12
9
_
1
1
1
5
5
1
1
48
46
45
7

8
b
2
_

9
b
3
*
_

_
-

_
.
-

_
-

_

224
120
94
254
18 — n r -------- 5 - ------ *8"
115
236
206
46
15
13
19
9
30
10
20
26
7
61
11
37
76
56
6

23
5
5
2
11

50
35
15
11
.
4
-

38
23
15
13
2
.
-

35
20
15
7
6
_
-

28
I
27
27
.
-

-

_
-

-

_
.
-

196
78
118
2
64
29

35
18
17
6
2
-

48
10 —
38
19
14
3

25

13
-

12
" 8
4
4
-

1
1
1
-

*

_
-

-

_
-

_
_
-

22
3 —
19
6
10
96
5
91
18
69

55
ii

213
fo ri
107
37
40

149
91
70
13

49
2Z
27
19
-

36
nr
25
7
18

42
21
21
6
11

86
32
54
6
45

115
38
77
27
43

28
b
22
2
7

44
20
24
2
18

29
17
12
9
“

48
io
38
36
-

3
3
-

1
1 -.
-

8
8
_
-

_
-

156
33
123
46
70

164
5s
106
53
51

78
1
77
6
70

9
9

8
8

5
”3
2

3
-

2

3

1
1

„

-

-

5
2
2
2

2

_
-

.

.

-

-

“

“

2

2

3

1

301
57
248
54
171

56

r
16
3

‘

2

-

-

-

2
-

2
‘

8
Table A-1. O ffice Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hou rs and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis,
by industry d iv isio n , San F ran cisco-O ak lan d , C alif. , January 1959)
Av*SAGS
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
$
Weekly | Under 4 5 .0 0 50.00 55.00
“
"
(Standard) (Standard) $
under
45,.00 5 0 .0 0 5 5.00 60.0 0

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
S
$
<
65.00 70.00 75.00 8 0.00 § 5 .0 0 90.00 *95.00 100.00 1*05.00 110.00 1*15.00 1*20.00 125.00
~
“
“
“
“
■
■
and
65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
60.00

W om en — Continued
T yp ists, c la s s A _ .
_
................... .........
M anufacturing
.
.....................
_
_
Nonmanufacturing
_.
P u blic u tilities* .... ________
___
W holesale trade
_ Finance^
. . . . . . .

1,428
3$ 3
1,045
176
101
630

39.0
39.5
38.5
4 0.0
39.5
38.5

$
73.00
82.5 0
69.5 0
76.50
71.50
67.00

T y p is ts , c la s s B

3,449
593
2,856
172
299
117
2 ,050

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
38.5

62.00
b 8 .50
61.0 0
6 7.00
6 2.50
6 3.00
60.00

....

N onm anufacturingP u blic utilities*
W holesale t r a d e . _
R etail trade _
Finance^
_ ..... .
*
*
3
*
f

.

.

_ ...... _
_
_
___

. .
_ ..

_ ...
_ ... ....
_ _ . ___ ___

6

6

16

84

6

6

16

84
7

6

6

14

77

27

68
1
67

433
8
425
14
44
9
339

707
35
672
21
49
21
542

27

3
27

64

245
328
7 - - -'jg
238
290
35
40
15
49
177
152

218
61
157
16
16
92

128
45
83
17
7
41

567
130
437
26
98
24
261

258
65
193
24
22
10
135

145
93
52
l?
16

1149
Z5T
945
52
77
50
646

152
86
ffl ------- W —
71
17
“
6
54
11
46
19
27
1ft
io

i
2

1
8

7R
6©

36
"31
1
“
“

94
15
50
--------- 5EtT------12
30
2
12
2
5
"
10
4
L
O
4
2

3
3
”
“
“
“

“
“
“
■

“
“
“

”
"
■
■

“
”

“
“
“

-

-

■

“

”
“

“
“

“
“
-

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w e re distributed as follow s: 10 at $125 to $130; 12 at $130 to $140; 6 at $140 to $150; 12 at $150 to $160; 12 at $165 and o v e r .
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $125 to $130; 10 at $130 to $135.
T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public utilities,
F inance, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis,
by industry d iv isio n , San F ran cisco-O ak lan d , C a lif. , January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

A n u ai
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
Weekly. Under ^5. 00 80.00
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
under
75.00 80. 00
85.00

*85.00 90.00
90.00 95.00

S
s
$
S
$
S
S
%
f
95.00 100.00 105.00
. 00 1*15. 00 170.00 125.00 1*30. 00 1*35. 00 140. 00 145. 00 150. 00 ?55.00
and
115.00
105.00
125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 over

10
1

10 0
2 .0

10 0
1 .0

10 0
0 .0

Men
Draftsmen, leader _________ ________ _______ - ................—
Manufacturing__— —- ............ ........ ...
....... —

$
132.50

_

_

W — 3775” 133.05

-

-

12
0

39.5

_

1
1

_
-

52
------ IT

50

-

3

19

705
40.0
Draftsmen, se n io r -------------------------------------------- ------------Manufacturing —-_____________________________________ ------5TT ’" ' " C F
4 0.0
164
Nonmanufacturing _
—

112.50
I 'l l . OB'
108.50

_
-

40.0
303
Draftsmen, junior
Manufacturing----------------- -------------- . ------------- —----------- ------ ITT — u n r

90.00
9'0.'50"

1

6
6

1

2
2

1
1

1
1

1
1
1
1

_
-

-

1
6
1
2

2
1
26
1

10
0

78
52

36
3b

18
14

26
rr

37
23

”

2

25
16

2
0

23

u
8

1
1

1
0

4

T

72
58 -------5T
42
17

95
114
82 -------75“
32

2
0

-

25

70
53
17

39
"35
4

"

~

2

5
5

4
4

105

8
8
17

2

2
2
6

4
3

4
4

"

l
1
~

-

-

-

-

-

■

_

-

-

.

1
0

15
13

1
0
"

26

26
ZT
3

27
b

2
1

1
2
1
0
2

1

■

-

1
2

9

.... J
3

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered)--- --------- ---- ------- -------—
Manufacturing-----------------------------------------—— -----------

143

— nr —

39.5

94.00
95“ BB"
.

“ — ~nr

1
1
7

i r — nr

ll

9

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich e m ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to these w eekly hou rs.




_

1

9
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. , January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Num
ber
of
worker*

O ccupation and industry division

$

Average
hourly . Under
earnings*
$
2 .10
$
2.97
2.92
3.05
2.75
3.28

2.10
and
under
2 .20

-

_

-

1
-

2. 70

2 .80

2.90

48
46

39
26

32
6
26
-

85
85
-

16
4
12
7

121
61
103
23 ------ 7 T 40
------ TOT- ---------58“------- 85“
18
23
15
3
19
23
5
4
2
4

14
-

16
15

9
9

10
-

"

154
36

96
4

69
63

25
20

549
545

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

25
25 ""

_
-

1

_

-

_

~
_

.

O ilers
Manufacturing
„

.

Sheet-metal workers, maintenance____________
...

...

----

9
V

13
13

38
------- 37“

45
40

30
35
------- 30“ ------ 35
-

8
--------- 8“
-

_
-

11
11
-

3
--------- 7T
1
1

7
7
6

"

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

10
10

66
66

141
141

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

_
-

58
57
1

167
94
73

431
39T
37

36
36
-

72
72
-

_
-

12
12
-

11
11
-

n
11
u

22
4
18
12

188
38
150
150

567
“ 95'
472
427

63
33
30
-

4
4
-

13
13
-

_
-

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

16
13
3

64
43
21

88
88
-

61
61

253
237
16

291
ZFT"
28

9
9

_
-

47
47

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6
6

_

_

_

"

“

17
17

42
42

_

-

55
3
3 ------55

_
-

“

78
70

69
30

34
74

14
14

_
-

_
-

48
48
-

9
5
4
4

18
1
17
15

31
27
4
4

27
19
8
8

102
98
4
1

_

_

2
2

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

21
20

55
52

2
2

-

_
-

_
-

5
4
1

5
5

_
-

2 .90
2.96
2.88
2 .87

_
-

l
1
l

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

37
30
7

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

17
----- TT

-

_
-

_
_

7
....... 7"

39
39

_

6
--------- 5~

82
------- 8Z“
-

-

1
1

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

22
9
13
-

13
13
-

_
-

229
200“

3
3

_

_

-

8
8

_
"

_
-

71
64

2.91
2.91

-

_
-

_
-

_
“

2
2

_
-

-

_
-

1
-

60
54

3.38

.

_

_

_

_

_

1

1

_

2
2

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

469
79
469 ------ 79
-

3
3

2 .9 7
2.97

3.38

1
-

-

3.02
3.03
2.85

766
— 7FT~

4
4

-

_

21
9
----------T ------- n -

349
316

_

9
9

-

-

-

2.86
----- T75— — 2772"
126
2.79
32
2 .73

1
1
1

_

-

301

5
5
“

4
4

-

_

77
21
56
46

_

_
-

2.4 3
— 270"

3
2
1
-

-

_

227
— rso

3.70
and
over

_

_

3.17
3 .1 7

3.70

%

-

2 .98
2.98

127
-----ITT

M illw rights __

3.60

_

2.45
2.52

2.92
— 2773"
2.82

3.60

$

-

945
720

867
791
76

3.50

-

877
194
683
602

P u blic utilities* __
M echanics, m aintenance
Manufacturing

3.50

$

3
3
-

1

119
349 ...... j r8
72TT

3.40

_

1,429
1,310
• 119

M echanics, autom otive (maintenance)
Manufacturing .

2
2
-

3.40

$

"

248
248

M achinists, maintenance
Manufacturing

132
124
8
2
-

$
3.30

_

2.57
2.65

_

"

3.20

13
9

97
63

Manufa c tur ing

3.20

12
12

_
"

H elpers, trades, maintenance
M an u factu rin g --------- ---------------------------------------

$
3. 10

3. 10

3.00

$

3.30

3.00

$

2.90

13
13

2.88
575
-----355T- — 370 T
220
2 .66
2 .80
52

F irem en , stationary b oiler
Manufacturing

S

$
2.80

7
-

_




$
2 .70

76
65
11
11
-

-

Manufacturing

2.60

2.60

27
11
16
12
4

_

Tool and die m akers .........

2 .5 0

$

1
1
1
~

3.04
707
547 ' — 3TTTT

P ip efitters, m aintenance
Manufacturing

2 .4 0

$
2.50

14
9
5
5
-

E lectricia n s , m aintenance
Manufacturing
_ _

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
P ublic u tilities* __

$

13
13
1

-

-- . ........ .

2. 30
2.40

354
235
119
32
52

E n gin eers, stationary ________
_ „
Manufacturing ....
__
Nonmanufacturing ,
..
R etail trade

$

2.30

C a rp enters, m a in te n a n ce -------------- T
------------------Manufacturing —, ...... .......
...... —
Nonmanufacturing _
P ublic u tilities*
_ _
_
R etail t r a d e _____________________________ __
.

$
2.2 0

4
15
4 ------J5—

_

_

_ .

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

29
16
13 ..
-

-

2
2
“

_
-

-

18
18"'

_
-

10
'1 0

-

9
9

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

_
-

-•
-

20
"20

534
534

63
63

84

84

30

30

12
12

10

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. , January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

Under
$
1.40

*

1.40
and
under
1.50

$

$

1. 50
1. 60

1.60
1.70

$

$

1.70
1.80

1.80
1.90

$

1.90

$2. 00

2. 00

s

2. 10

* 2 .2 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

Elevator o p era tors , passenger ( m e n ) _________
Nonmanufacturing
.............
Finance t
____ ___ ___ ________________

288
265
72

$
1.74
1.72
1.92

Elevator op era tors, passenger (w o m e n )_______
Nonmanufacturing
_
_

246
22?

1.90
lrs r

3 13
13

13
13

2
2

16
16

Guards _____________
M anufacturing _ _________________ __ __
Nonmanufacturing
F in a n cet __________________________________

1.93
1,211
3 09 ----- 273 T
1.81
902
1. 83
119

"

6
6
6

169
169
V

24
24
23

Jan itors, p orters , and c le a n e rs (men) _____
M anufacturing _ __ ____
_____ __ ____
Nonmanufacturing
__
__
__ _
P ublic utilities * ______________ ____________
W holesale t r a d e _____ __ „ __
__ _
R etail trade
___
Finance t __ __ ______________ _________

4, 847
1, 754
3, 093
455
100
218
584

2. 02
2 .2 0
1.92
1.89
2 .0 4
1.79
•1.96

3 80
80
10
-

71
71
4
48
-

195
195
44
3
2

149
27
122
35
44
14

192
28
164
21
35
12

411
73
338
154
10
46

1377
l2 l
1256
100
43
4
356

652
132
520
11
30
20
154

595
438
137
78
6
5
-

605
45o '
155
4
21
23
~

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n er a (wonhen) ______
M anufacturing
...
. ..
Nonmanufacturing
_
....

652
75
577

1.90
2. 64
1. 88

6
2
4

3
3

16
16

88
4
84

28
16
18

109
109

305
8
297

43
2
41

33
33

16

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling
__ ________ ___
________ ______ _
____ „
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
____
____ ____ ___
Puhlic u tilitie s *
. _
W holesale trade _
R etail trade __ ________ _________________

4,892
2, 19o
2,702
967
1,263
470

2.32

_
-

_
-

_
*

-

14
14
2
12

74
58
16
14
2

7
7
7

92
90
2
2
-

453
92
361
57
300
4

2 .3 0
2 .3 1
2.27

-

-

21
21
21

10
10
10

19
-------- 1 r
7
7

13
13
13

2 .2 4
685
340 — n r
345
2 .2 0
2 .2 4
226
117
2. 13

_
-

_
-

_
'

5
5
5

5
5
5

11
11
11

2 .4 1
2 .4 6
2. 35 k
2 .3 1
2 .3 9

_
-

_
-

_
'

_
-

1
1
1

_
-

2 .4 5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
-

-

3

!
1

O rder f i l l e r s __ __
__
___ _ ___ ,_____
1,708
-------- X T ? —
M anufacturing
__ ____ __ __
____
Nonmanufacturing
__ „ „ ____ _ ____ ___
1,229
W holesale trade _
_ ^
_ _
950
R etail trade _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _ _ _
273
P a ck e rs , shipping __
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
R etail trade
__

__ __
__
_ __
__ ____________ __ _ __
____ ._ __ _
____

__

_________ _

R eceiving cle r k s ___ __
__ __
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
__ ____ __ __ __ __ __
W holesale t r a d e __________________________
Retail trade
__ __ __
__ __
Shipping c le r k s
__
__
__ _
___
M anufacturing _ __ __ __ __
__ ____
_
Nonmanufacturing
__ ______
_ _ __ ______
W holesale t r a d e _____ _

See footnotes at end of table




467
223
244
149
84
265
--------- T T —
190
159

z . io

2 .3 4
2 .4 S
2 .23
2 .3 8
2 .3 3
zTX z

ir x r

2 .4 6
2 .4 6

$

2. 10

2 .3 0

$

2 .4 0

* 2 .5 0

* 2 .6 0

S
2 .7 0

*2. tiO

* 2 .9 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2. 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

$

3 .00
and
over

31
1
1

3
3
1

142
-

-

3
5
3

n
7
7

110
104
60

6
1
-

4
4
-

8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

164
164

12
6

-

18
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

48

9

1
1
■

-

_
■

_
-

-

142

_

8
25
---------- g“ -------2 X ~
l
1
-

-

-

115
-------- ItT
99
8

32
4
28
23

561
46
21
--------T T ------- FF~ -------- r r —
538
27
4
27
22
2

26
26
26

_
-

-

12
29
1 -------- r ~
28
ii
28
10
_
-

1
1

34
51
n ~ ------- S T
3
"
1

94
90 —
4
"

X T ---------- T
-

■

■

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

_
“

_
-

_
“

_
-

54
5
- --------- r
54
32
22
-

122
io4
18
18

30
30
-

5
2
3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

71
52
19
6
6

20
6
12
2
10

4
4
4

38
35
3
3

2
2
2
-

_
-

20
8
12
12

27
1
26
21

18
1
17
14

6
3

2
2
2

2
2

382
362
20
16
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

3
3

2
2

*

■

■

2230
1165
1065
96
762
207

489
366
189
15
168
6

705
345
360
321
19
20

573
9?
476
306
168

234
22
212
168
44

21

36
889
- — ZT7
36
672
514
36
158
—

138
103
35
4
-

224
44
180
180
“

133
- —
133
132
1

119

-

383
ll6
267
208
59

11
4
7
6
-

9
9
9

46
36
10
6
2

126
43
83
59
24

109
47
62
46
15

3

9
3
6
6

92
34
58
48

81
25
56

133
n r
-

3
3

16

W
84

56
22

43
63
46 ------- T T
6
15
12
6
2

53

_

2
1
~

3

.
-

11

Table A-4. Custodial and MateriaI Movement Occupatbns-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, San Francisco-Oakland, C alif., January 1959)
NUMBER OF W0RKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Num
ber
of
worker*

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Average
hourly 2 Under
earning* $
1.40

336
226
90

$
2 .5 4
2 .5 3
2 .5 5
2 .6 5
2 .3 0

T r u c k d riv e r s 4
>
_
M anufacturing
. . .
_
Nonmannfacturing
----- . .
P u blic utilities * __________________________
W holesale trade
______
Retail trade

3,956
737
3,219
1,739
824
562

T r u ck d riv ers , light (under lVa tons) _______
M anufacturing
_____
Nonmanufacturing
._ __
W holesale trade

Shipping and receivin g c le r k s
M anufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing
Whole sale trade .
R etail trade

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium
including 4 tons)
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic utilities *
W holesale trade
R etail trade
..

536

1
2
3
4
*
t

* 2 .1 0

* 2 .2 0

* 2 .3 0

* 2 .4 0

*2 .5 0

*2 .6 0

* 2 .7 0

* 2 .8 0

* 2 .9 0

1.90

2. 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

7
7
7

10
10
10

2
2
-

8
2
6
6

29
16
13
6
7

123
76
47
9
36

15
3
12
12

2.6 3
2 .7 1
2 .6 1
2 .5 5
2 .59
2 .8 1

_
-

_
-

.
-

7
7
7
-

8
8
8
-

22
22
22
-

7
7
7
-

19
19
13
6

14
2
12
12
“

25
3
22
10
6
6

33
16
17
14
3
-

804
88
716
475
229
10

532
"156
376
93

2 .5 4
2 .6 9
2 .4 8
2 .5 8

-

-

“

7
7
-

6
6
-

9
9
~

3
3

7
7
-

5
2
3
~

19
"" j
16
6

22
15
7
3

204
TO
194
46

1,460
298
1, 162
525
312
316

2 .6 2
2.7 5
2 .5 9
2 .5 2
2 .53
2 .7 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6

-

6
6
6

555
- ---------57 —
516
338
177
-

904
2 .7 0
162 ----- 277T
2 .7 0
742
2 .6 6
492
2 .6 8
129

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .6 4
813
---------TUT ----- 275T
2 .6 4
710
313
2 .6 0
284
2 .6 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
- --------- j f
-

28
28
28

562
18
544
313
231

63
38
25
25

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

224
rsi
41
37
4
-

533
493
40
1
26
13

57
3
54
38
16

7
7
3
4

24
nr
14

6
6

44
38
53
7
17
50 ------ T r
95
39
- --------23" -------- 5“ --------- T
--------ST- ------ J T ~ ------- t r ­
io
41
7
7
20
11
11
9

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_ _

1, 465
rrm

362
154
128
80
385

. ____

*2. 00

-

T ru ck ers , pow er (fork lift)
M anufacturing
„ __
_
—
Nonmanufacturing
. ..
P u blic utilities * .................................................
W holesale t r a d e __
R etail trade
..
__
_ . ..

__

* 1.90

1.80

-

T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (over 4 tons,
t r a ile r type)
M anufacturing
..
._ . .
No nmanufactur ing
Pu blic u tilities * __ ___ __
W holesale trade . __

Watchmen . . .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

* 1.80

- 1 ,7 0

1.60

* 1.70

-

(lV a to and
_ __
_ __

T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) . _.
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
...
Pu blic utilities * . . .
. . .
W holesale trade
- ...

$ 1.60

-

___

_ _ _ _ _ _
. .
.
_ _
__

* 1 .5 0

-

__
__

*1.40
and
under
1.50

2 .4 1
— TTT
2 .4 0
2 .4 2 '
2 .3 6
2 .4 5

2. 01
-------- IT T ------27T7T
1.87
148

9
- —
9

Data limited to men workers, except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
All workers were at $ 1. 30 to $ 1.40.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




54
--------37-

-

_
-

27
136
--------2 T — IT T " —
19
19
-

426
z z r —

200
75
79
46

97
57
40
18
6
266
nrcr
166
28
119
12
26
26

-

173
r r
132
22
91
12

186
186
180
6

18
2
2 --------- nr —
-

39

$3 .0 0
and
over

13
13
-

-

W

1452
130
1322
915
322

623
179
444
228
89
127

488
97
391
56
335

136
94
42
42

52
28:
24
24

96
12
84
-

31
T9
12
12

97
69
28
26

-

*

94

22
-----------r
15
15

171
238
195
56 ------- T T -------- 2T —
155
150
182
165
16
28
127
150
-

16
384
333
- -------- I T ---------3T ------- 32“
251
340
227
265
24
75

108
3
105
30

W
-

42
21
- --------- IT
4
42
-

9
4
5
-

1
1
1

-

“
-

-

-

112
4
108
-

“
-




12

B :

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

an d

S u p p le m e n ta r y

W a g e

P r o v is io n s

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers in establishm ents having form al provisions for shift work, and in establishm ents
actually operating late shifts by type and amount of differential, San F rancisco-O akland, C a li f ., January 1959)
In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—

In establishm ents actually
operating—

Shift differential
Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Third or other
shift

Second shift

5.Z

T o t a l ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------t
With shift pay d if f e r e n t ia l-------------------------------------------------------

9 2 .0

9 0 .4

1 6 .3

9 2 .0

9 0 .4

1 6 .3

5 .2

Uniform cents (per hour) ---------- —----- ---------- ---------------------

4 9 .6

3 8 .2

10 .1

4 .6

4 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------- —-------------— ----5 cents -----------------------------------------------------------------------------6 cents ---------------------- — --------------------------------------------------7 cents ------------------ ——----------------------------------------------------8 cents ---------------------------—-----------------------------------------------9 c e n t s --------------------------------------------- —--------------------- —----10 cents --------------------------------------------------------------------------11 */a c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------------12 c e n t s --------—------------------------— ---------------------------—------12 l/a c e n t s ------------------------------------- -----------------------------------

1.0
3 .0
1 .5
1.0
1 6 .9
1 1 .9
.8
.5

13^4 c e n t s -------------------------------------------—-------------------------14‘/ j c e n t s ------------------------------ ----- -----------------------------------1 5 c e n t s --------- —---------------------- -----—- --------------------------1 6 c e n t s -------------- ------------------ -- ---------- ---------- — -------------20 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------- — ---------------23 cents ------- ------------— — ------— ----------- ---------- --------- -----

4 .0
3 .4
2.6
2 .9
-

7 .4
7 .0
2 .9
2. 6

Uniform p e r c e n t a g e --------- —----------------- ------------------------------

5 .9

4 .6

.3

. 1

4 p e r c e n t ------------------------------ —— — -— ------ —--------- -------5 percent ----------------—------—
----------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t -------------------------------- .----------------- --------------------1 5 percent —---------- —-— —------- ------------------------------------ —

.5
2. 5
3 .0
“

2. 5
2. 1

. 1
.2
“

.1
(S)

3 6 .5

47. 6

5 .9

.5

-

-

O th e r2 -----

-

-

-

-

N o shift pay differential ---------- -----------------------------------------------

-

_
1 .9
1.0
1.0
1 .5
1.6
.8
4 .0
.5
C Q
D. O
-

-

.2
. 7
. 5
.3
3 .2
•
2.1
.3
.1
1 .4
.3
.8
. 1
“

_
.2
.2
.2
. 5
( s)
.5
. 1
1.0
.3
1.0
. 7

1 Includes establishm ents cu rrently operating late sh ifts, and establishm ents with form a l provision s cov erin g late shifts
even though they were not cu rrently operating late shifts.
2 P rim a rily com bination plans providing full day's pay fo r reduced hours plus a percentage d ifferen tial.
M ost other
plans provide full day's pay for reduced hours plus either a flat sum per shift o r per week, o r a paid lunch period not provided to
fir s t shift w ork ers.
3 L ess than 0 .0 5 p ercen t.

13

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, San Francis co-Oakland, C a li f ., January 1959)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing

Minimum weekly s a la r y 1

E sta b lish m en ts studied

All
industries

Other inexperienced clerical workers 1

Nonm anufac tur ing

Manufacturing
A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
— 3m —
an
37Va
3 8 }4
40
s ch e d u le s
s ch e d u le s

“ ATI-----sch ed u les

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
40

------- 30!-----s ch ed u les

3 7‘/ a

38*4

40

------ -----------------------------— ------

253

86

XXX

167

XXX

XXX

XXX

253

86

XXX

167

XXX

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------$ 4 2 . 50 and und er $ 4 5 . 00 ----- ------------------- -------------$45 . 00 and un d er $ 4 7 . 50 --------------------------------------$ 4 7 . 50 and u nd er $ 5 0 . 00 ------------> -----------■
---$ 5 0 . 00 and un d er $ 5 2 . 50 ------------------- ......--------------$ 5 2 .5 0 and u nd er $ 5 5 .0 0 ------------------------- ------------$ 55. 00 and u nd er $ 5 7 . 50 -------------- ------ -----------------$ 5 7 . 50 and u nd er $ 6 0 . 00 — — ------——. . . ----$ 6 0 .0 0 and u nd er $ 6 2 .5 0 --------------- -----—-----— ——
$ 6 2 . 50 and u nd er $ 6 5 . 00 ------------------- -----------------$ 6 5 .0 0 and u nd er $ 6 7 .5 0 ------- — —
-------------- ------ —

120
1
1
4
25
15
6
21
12
3
9
3
4
4
2
6
4
71

43
•
1
3
1
12
6
1
6
2
•
2
2
3
4
22

35
.
3
1
10
4
1
5
2
2
2
3
2
XXX

77
1
1
3
25
12
5
9
6
2
3
1
4
2
3
49

12
1
5
3
1
1
.
•
-

8
_
.

47
1
.
1
6
2
10
8
2
2
3
1
3
2
3
3
21

.
1
4
2
9
7
2
1
3
1
3
2
3
1
XXX

86
2
6
8
24
9
5
8
6
4
4
2
4
2
2
49

13
2
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
XXX

8

XXX

133
2
7
8
25
15
7
18
14
6
6
5
5
5
2
5
3
70

39

XXX

50
1
1
17
6
4
5
4
2
2
.
4
1
.
3
.
XXX

2
1
1
1
XXX

58
1
2
3
20
5
4
4
5
2
3
2
4
1
2
XXX

62

21

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

XXX

50

18

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

XXX

$'72. 50 and u n d er $ 7 5 . 00 -------------— — ----------—----$ 7 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 7 7 . 50 ------------- -— ---------- -— ----$ 7 7 . 50 and un d er $ 8 0 . 00 ------- —- —-------------------$ 80. 00 and o v e r — ---------- --------------- -------— ------ -—
E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ------—
E sta b lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y — -----—------ - — ------- -------------------

1
.
-

-

3
_
2
1
.
1
1
.
-

-

2
.
1
-

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
* Rates applicable to m essen gers, office g irls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the m ost common workweeks reported.

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, San Francisco-Oakland, C a lif ., January 1959)
OFFICE W
ORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Weekly, hours
All .
in u
d stries 1

M ufactu g
an
rin

P blic
u
utilities*

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trad
e

Fiaanoef

100
Under 35 hours —.....——
—.... .............. . .........

100

100

100

100

100

2
1
1
16
4
12
64
“

2
1
5
6
16
70

2
.
.
7
V
8
83
~

4
8
7
81
"

(»)

(»)

...

Over 36V4 and under 371 hours — ..........
/*
37Va hours ............- ........................................ ............
Over 3 71 and under 38^4 hours —------- — -------/*
3&$t» hours ----------- ---------------------- - ------— ----------

.
6
_
10
84
"

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
1 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Less than 0. 5 percent.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and <bther public utilities,
f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




29
11
13
47
“

S
ervices

All
in u
d stries *
100
(3)
3
2

M ufactu g
an
rin
100

P
ublic
utilities*

W olesale
h
trad
e

100

6
4

_

7

3
_

3

.

.

87

96
1

100

100

_

1

_

.

87
<*>

R
etail trad
e

6

9

94

88
2

S
ervices

14
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, San Francisco-O akland, C alif. , January 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

^ 1- o r l ' c r 1

All
!
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

PLANT WORKERS

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Financet

Services

All a
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h olid a ys -----------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

96

100

100

100

~

-

“

3

4

"

"

"

_
5
49
2
1
26
6
2
2
3
4

3
4
4
1
34
1
7
40
(4)
1
1
-

.
4
2
30
2
14
40
1
1
2
"

7
26
67
”

4
6
12
17
44
46
95
95
100
100
100
100

1
1
2
2
50
51
86
90
94

Services

*
■

"

Number off days
L e s s than 5 h olid a ys ------------------------------------------5 h olid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid a y s plus 2 h alf days --------------------------------7 h olid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------7 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------7 h olid a ys plus 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------8 h olid a y s ------------------------------- -----------------------------8 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------8 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days --------------------------------9 h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------------------------9 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------9 h olid a ys plus 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------9 h olid a y s plus 3 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------1 0 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------1 3 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------

(4)
(4)
1
(4)
24
1
4
50
1
1
11
2
1
1
1
(4)
2

_
(4)
1
32
(4)
15
45
2
(4)
1
(4)
1

_
20
78
1
“

4
25
2
66
2
“

(4)
2
77
6
12
-•
3
“

(4)
8
2
90
“

16
1
62
1
20
‘

Total holiday time 3
11 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------10Va o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------10 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------9 l/z o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------9 o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------------------------------------81 o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------/*
8 o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------------------------------------7Va o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------5 o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------

2 or m ore day.

2
3
5
7
19
20
74
75
99

99
99
100

_
1
1
1
3
5
66
66
99
100
100
100

_
1
1
1
1
80
80
100
100
100
100

_
-

2
2
70
70
96
100
100
100

_
3
3
15
21
98

99
99
100

_

_
2

_

_
-

4
4
58
60

67
67

92

93

92
92
99

96
96
96

100
100
100

100
100
100

2

20
21
83
84
84
100

"

* Includes data for serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are com bined; fo r exam ple, the proportion o f w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7full days and no half days,
6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. P roportions w ere then cumulated.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), com m unication, and other public utilities.
| Finance, insurance, and real estate.




15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, San F rancisco-O akland, C a lif., January 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS:

Vacation policy

A ll w orkers

All
j
industries

——
---------------------------------------------------

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Financef

Services

All industries

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100

99

100
100

100

99

.

100
100
.
_

100
100
_

.

94
6

100
100
_

.

97
3

_
_

_
-

M eth od o f paym on t

W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations —
-------------------------------------------------Length-of-tim e p a y m e n t ------------------------------Percentage p a y m en t ---------------------:-----------------Flat-sum p a y m e n t -----------------------------------------Other ---------------------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing
no paid v a c a t io n s -----------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

(3)
56
2
8

_
64
2
-

63

19
79

( 3)

1

-

-

-

-

-

(3)

.

.
1

-

-

-

-

3
26
2

5
29
2

3
59
6

_
12

_

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 4

After 6 months of service
Less than 1 w e e k ------------------------------------ —------ —
—------------------------------------1 w e e k --------- ---------- —
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------

1

_

_

_

-

40
.
-

16
„
-

61
4
21

66
.
33
1

24
.
76
_

69
.
31
.

.
96

2
( 3)

4
95
.
1

-

-

-

( 3)
(3)

.

4
94

_
_
100
-

_
100
-

-

-

7
_

-

-

76
2
22
_

71

A fter 1 year of service
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------— ----- —
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------ — ------------—

_
4
-

60
10
26
2
2

53
20
22
_
5

53
»
32
15

_
96
.
4

11
5
78
3
4

15

4

-

29
-

A fter 2 years of service
1 w e e k ------------------- ■
----------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------- ---- --------- -------------------— ---------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---- --------------‘-----------3 w e e k s ---------------— -------------— —--------- — —
----

2 weeks

97

(3)
2

99

1

1
1
-

9

66
1
8

_
(3)
99

3
1
96

-

_
81
15

-

A fter 3 years of service
1 week — ----- ---------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------— -------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks --------------- — —
---- -----3 weeks — ------------— ----------- ——
.

_

.

96

-

93

.

95

100

.

4

.

.

7

5

_

_

„

.

100
.

■

96
.

4

2

6
85
(*)

____ ____1

3
13
75
1
8

See footnotes at end of table.




N OTE:

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of t i m e ,"
such .a s percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, were converted to an equivalent time
b asis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

50 3 8 6 9

_

«•

85

99

(3)

1
99

15

■

-

.

16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, San Francisco-O akland, C a lif., January 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
Al
l
idsre 1
nutis

\

Mnfcuig
auatrn

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Woeae
hlsl
tae
rd

Rti ta e
eal rd

F n n et
iac

Srie
evcs

All

id s r e 2
nutis

Mnfcuig
auatrn

Pbi
ulc
uiiis
tlte*

Woeae
hlsl
tae
rd

83

91
2
6
~

Rti t a e
eal r d

Amount of vocation p a y 4— Continued
After 5 years of service
Under 2 weeks --------------------------2 weeks --------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ----------------3 w e e k s -------------------------- — ---4 weeks --------------------------------

_

80
5
14
(S)

_

86

83
-

14
"

17
"

_

95
3
1
"

_

39
-

61
*

83
13
4
■

1
75
1
23
"

1
83
1
15
”

1
37
8
54

1
47
11
42

_
..

17
“

_

44
-

56
"

After 10 years of service
Under 2 w e e k s ----- ----- ------- -------2 w e e k s ---- --------- -- --- ------- — -—
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --- -- — — -- — —
3 weeks — — -- ------- ------ —
4 w e e k s ------- ------ — -----------------

_

_
33
11
56

_

(S)

-

64
3
33

86

60
16
23

-

-

“

(3)

-

_

48
10
42

_

_

_

5

13

5

1
5

1
3

57
4
38
1

14

_

46
18
33
3

_

46
2
52

91

-

-

9
-

After 15 years of service
Under 2 w e e k s ----------- ------- -----2 w e e k s -------------------- -- --------Over 2 and under 3 weeks — — —— — — — -----Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s .. .— ... ........4 w e e k s -- -- --- — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — —

_
10
1
87
2
(» )

5
_

95
-

(*)

-

_

-

94

87

95

-

-

-

16
2
77
5

1

•

"

"

5
93

83

_

_

_

2

-

4

-

.

-

93

93
1
2

95

(»)•

1

100

-

96

-

-

-

3

"

-

After 20 years of service
Under 2 w e e k s -------------- ----— -- ---2 w e e k s -------- -------------- -------3 w e e k s ----- — ----------- — — — — — ---Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------- -— -4 w e e k s ------------- — — — --- — ------- —

«

_

6

5
75

5

13

93

79

2
18

-

..

-

-

(*)

10

2

8

2

10

10

83
1
13

6
66
3
25

5
53
10
33

1
5
73
3
19

1
3
67
6
23

83
(*)

_

1
6

5
84

1
3

-

2
91
-

7

.
-

.

4

90
10

90
6

83
17

4
80
15

After 25 years of service
Under 2 w e e k s ------- ------- .. - ------ —
.2 weeks — --- — -- — — — — — — —
-- — — -— -

_

„

_

_

5
67

13
58

5
75

5
74

28

29

*

*

-

20

-

21

1 Includes data for serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Includes data fo r real estate and serv ices in addition to those industry divisions snown separately.
3 L ess than 0. 5 percent.
4 Periods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n e ce ss a rily re fle ct the individual provisions fo r p ro g re ssio n s.
s erv ice include changes in provisions occu rrin g between 5 and 10 yea rs.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.




_

_

2
77
21

F or exam ple, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs '

17
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions em ployed in establishments providing
health, insurance, o r pension benefits, San Francisco-O akland, C a lif., January 1959)
OFFICE W
ORKERS;
Type of benefit

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------- -----------------

All
industries 1

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

PLANT W
ORKERS
Retail trade

Financef

Services

All industries *

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

92

97

97

80

100

94

97

94

100

87

48

62

61

51

30

43

57

68

66

66

24

81
36

78
38

96
32

79
32

77
15

81
44

65
25

45
28

89
36

89
19

88
19

58

58

51

68

20

63

18

12

45

18

13

11
98
98
93
30
66

42
59
59
59
46
95

71
86
81
79
26
89

Services

68
95
95
94
43
52

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Life in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance —---- ------------------—■
—*---- -------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or b oth 3 -----------------------------------Sickness and accident in s u r a n c e ------------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p e r i o d ) -------------------------- ---- ------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p eriod ) -------------------------------------Hospitalization in s u r a n c e ----------------------------Surgical insurance -------------------—...................
M edical insurance ---- -------- -------- —— —-------Catastrophe insurance ---- --------- -----------------Retirem ent pension -------------------------------------No health, insurance, or pension p l a n --------

11
83
83
72
43
82
(4)

1
95
94
88
34
83
(4)

42
54
54
54
37
87

9
83
81
72
31
65
1

51
90
90
88
61
36

3
85
85
65
53
96

34
90
90
87
32
70
(3)

1 Includes data fo r s erv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data fo r rea l estate a n d 'serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.

3

Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately belo%*.
Sick-leave plans are limited
the minimum number of days* pay that catfbe expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on ail individual basis are excluded.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
"f Finance, insurance, and real estate.

4




,
to those which definitely establish at least

18

A p p e n d ix : O ccupational Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w ag e s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o p r ia te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n der
a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t
and f r o m ’ a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w age
r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and
in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
c a n tly fr o m th o se in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p ly in g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h an d ica p p ed w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O ff ic e
B IL L E R ,

M ACH IN E

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts , b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s
a s to b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w ag e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a c h in e , a r e c la s s if i e d b y type o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B i lle r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e )-----U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H o p k in s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich
a r e co m b in a tio n typin g and ad din g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and sh ipp in g c h a r g e s and e n try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot be c o m p u te d on the
b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d
b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is o ften don e on a
fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i lle r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e )----- U ses a b o o k k e e p in g
m a ch in e (& undstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em in g ton R and, e t c . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y n ot h ave ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills a s p a r t o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n e o u s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts a u to ­
m a t ic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w l­
ed g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W ork s fr o m u n ifo r m and sta n d a rd ty p es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (R em in g ton R and, E llio tt
F is h e r , Su n dstran d, B u r r o u g h s , N a tion al C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ----- C on tinu ed
C la s s A — K eep s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow led ge o f
—
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r it y w ith
the s t r u c tu r e o f the p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D eter­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d i t ite m s
to b e u se d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B -— K ee p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f tr ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh e e ts f o r the a c c o u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N TIN G

C la s s A ----- U n der g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r k e e p in g on e o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to on e p h a se o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s . W o r k in v o lv e s p o s tin g and b a la n cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou n ts p a y a b le ; ex a m in in g and c o d in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m en t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s .
M ay a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju s tin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .
C la s s B -----U n der s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e
a c c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
by g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a k n ow led ge o f
a c c o u n tin g and b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ff ic e s in
w h ich the m o r e r ou tin e a c c o u n tin g w o r k is su b d iv id e d on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s is a m on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

19
CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A - ^ R e s p o n s i b l e fo r m a in tain in g an e s t a b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . C l a s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a te r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es
in c o n ju n c tio n w ith f ile s o r s u p e r v is e o th e r s in filin g and lo c a tin g
m a t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
C la s s B -----P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a t e r ia l that
h as a lr e a d y b een c la s s if i e d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a tin g m a ­
t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by
m a il, ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uotin g p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet
lis tin g the it e m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e ck in g p r ic e s and q u a n tities
o f it e m s on o r d e r sh eet; d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
p a rtm e n ts to be f ill e d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a rtm e n t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they h ave b e e n fille d , keep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k sh ipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.

CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s a cco u n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on tabulating c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d se q u e n c e ,
using an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e , fo llo w in g
w ritte n in fo r m a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by using the
d u p lica tin g d e v ic e a tta ch ed to m a c h in e .
K eep s f ile s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify ow n w o rk o r w o rk o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E BO Y O R G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties su ch a s running e r r a n d s ,
o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ch in e s su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening
and d is tr ib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SECRETARY
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l du ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in is tr a tiv e o r e x e c u tiv e p o s it io n . D u ties in clu d e m akin g a p p oin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le c o m in g in to o f f ic e ; a n sw e rin g
and m a kin g phone c a lls ; han dlin g p e r s o n a l and im p o rta n t o r c o n fi­
d en tia l m a il, and w ritin g rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d ic ta tio n (w h ere t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is n ot u se d ) eith er in
sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo r m a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o ra n d a f o r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
STENOGRAPH ER,

GENERAL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts . D u ties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s '
e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh e e t, sh ow in g in fo r m a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w ork in g
d a y s , tim e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s fo r in s u r a n c e ’, and tota l w a g e s d u e. M ay
m ake out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m akin g up and d i s ­
trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r by sten oty p e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and k eep
f ile s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s not in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k (s e e t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPH ER,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e ­
m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s .
T h is jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s t a t is t ic a l o r o th e r type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e fr e q u e n t u se o f
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f o th e r d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r by sten oty p e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a
t y p e w r it e r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and
k eep f ile s in o r d e r , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes n ot in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s i b il it ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p e w ritte n o r h an dw ritten
m a tte r, u sing a m im e o g r a p h o r d itto m a c h in e . M ak es n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm e n t su ch a s fo r in k and pa per fe e d c o u n te r and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s t e n c il o r d itto m a s t e r . M ay k eep file o f
u sed s t e n c ils o r d itto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t , c o lla t e , and sta p le c o m ­
p leted m a t e r ia l.




O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telep h on e s w itch b o a rd .
D u ties in v o lv e han dlin g in c o m in g , ou tg oin g , and in tra p la n t o r o ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e in f o r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in, o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w ho a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

20

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

tion
type
T h is
tim e

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r , on a sin g le p o s i ­
o r m o n it o r -t y p e s w itch b o a rd , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s .
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o rk e r * s
w h ile at s w itc h b o a r d .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
Operate»s m a ch in e that a u to m a tic a lly a n a ly z e s an d tr a n s la te s
in fo r m a tio n pu nch ed in g ro u p s o f tabu latin g c a r d s and p rin ts t r a n s ­
la te d data on f o r m s o r a cco u n tin g r e c o r d s ; se ts o r a d ju s ts m a ch in e ;
d o e s s im p le w irin g o f p lu g b o a r d s a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r a c t ic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be ta b u la ted in fe e d m a g a z in e and s ta r ts
m a ch in e . M ay file c a r d s a fte r th ey a r e ta b u la ted . M ay, in a d d itio n ,
op e r a te a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d ic ta tio n in sh orth an d o r b y sten otyp e
o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m a k e out b ills a fte r c a lc u la tio n s h ave b e e n m a d e b y a n oth er p e r s o n .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit tle s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch a s k e e p ­
ing s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r s o r tin g and d i s ­
trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A ----- P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
T y pin g
m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m f r o m v e r y r o u g h and in v o lv e d d r a ft; c o p y ­
in g fr o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ich th e r e is a fre q u e n t
and v a r ie d u se o f t e c h n ic a l and unusual w o r d s o r fr o m f o r e ig n la n g u a g e c o p y ; c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r
planning la y ou t o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u ni­
fo r m it y and b a la n c e in sp a c in g ; typin g ta b le s fr o m ro u g h d r a ft in
fin a l fo r m .
M ay type r o u tin e fo r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to
su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
r ou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritte n c o p y and u q . s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s tr a n ­
s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e n ot

Professional

DRAFTSM AN,

JUNIOR

(A s s is ta n t d r a fts m a n )
D ra w s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g p u r ­
poses.
U ses v a r io u s ty p es o f d ra ftin g t o o ls a s r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e ­
pa re d ra w in gs fr o m s im p le p la n s o r s k e t c h e s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r d u ties
under d ir e c t io n o f a d r a fts m a n .
DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c t iv it ie s o f one o r m o r e d r a fts m e n in
p r e p a r a tio n o f w ork in g plans and d e ta il d ra w in g s fr o m rou g h o r p r e ­
lim in a r y sk e tch e s fo r e n g in e e r in g ; c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g
b lu e p r in ts , s k e tc h e s , and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e te rm in in g w o rk
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n in g du ties to su b o r d in a te s and in s p e c tin g th e ir w o rk ;
p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s i s t su b o r d in a te s du rin g




G E N E R A L -----C on tinu ed

C la s s B — P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; T ypin g
f r o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r o r ty p e d d r a fts ; r o u tin e typin g o f fo r m s ,
in s u r a n c e p o li c ie s , e t c . , settin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tion s, o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN,

L E A D E R ----- C on tin u ed

e m e r g e n c ie s o r a s a r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m r e la t e d d u ties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in is tr a tiv e n a tu re .
DRAFTSM AN,

SENIOR

P r e p a r e s w o rk in g plans and d e ta il d ra w in g s fr o m n o te s ,
rou g h o r d e ta ile d s k e tc h e s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u ­
fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s .
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g p la n s, d e ta il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a le by use o f d ra ftin g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g e n g in e e rin g c o m p u ta ­
tio n s s u c h a s th o se in v o lv e d in stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g c o m p le t e d w o r k , c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls
to be u s e d , and q u a n titie s ; w ritin g s p e c ific a t io n s ; m akin g a d ju stm en ts
o r c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s o r s p e c ific a t io n s . M ay ink in lin e s and le t t e r s
on p e n c il d r a w in g s , p r e p a r e d e ta il units o f c o m p le t e d r a w in g s , o r
t r a c e d r a w in g s .
W ork is fr e q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch a s
a r c h it e c t u r a l, e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n ic a l, o r s t r u c tu r a l d r a ftin g .

21

NURSE,

N U R SE ,

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e to i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a
c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G ivin g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r in ju re d 7
atten din g to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
oth er p u r p o s e s ; con d u ctin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth ev a lu a tio n s
o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in v o lv in g h ealth e d u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant

Maintenance

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and
m a in tain in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m en t su ch a s b in s ,
c r i b s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and t r im m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w ­
ings^ m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's
h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;
m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ;
s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o r k . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f
the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s su ch a s the
in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m en t f o r the g e n e r a tin g ,
d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g an y o f
a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g u nits,
con d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e ­
p r in ts, d r a w in g s , la y o u t, o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g ­
n osin g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g sta n d a rd
c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w irin g o r e l e c t r i c a l
eq u ip m en t; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r in g
an d te s tin g in s t r u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c ­
q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .




IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )----- C on tinu ed

e n v ir o n m e n t, o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s
s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

a ffe c tin g

the h ealth,

w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by p la cin g
tr a c in g c lo t h o r pa per o v e r d raw in g and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U s e s T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o l s .
M ay p r e p a r e
s im p le d r a w in g s and do s im p le le t te r in g .

and

Powerplant

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n
o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ica l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p ­
p ly the e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h eat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tio n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m a in tain in g
eq u ip m e n t su ch a s s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
to r s, tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g eq u ip m en t, ste a m b o i le r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a ter pu m ps; m akin g equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; keep in g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p ­
tio n . M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e se o p e r a t io n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s
in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than o n e "e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s sta tio n a ry b o i le r s to fu rn is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r, o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand
o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; c h e c k s w a ter
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

TRADES,

M A IN T E N A N C E

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce
t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c if i c o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch
a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o r k ­
in g a r e a , m a ch in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g w o r k e r b y h old in g m a ­
t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s a s d ir e c t e d by jo u r ­
n e y m a n . The kind o f w o r k the h e lp e r i s p e r m it te d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p ­
p ly in g , lift in g , and h old in g m a t e r ia ls an d t o o ls and c le a n in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; a n d in o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a f u ll- t i m e b a s i s .

22

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a t io n o f on e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e
t o o ls , su ch a s jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gin e
la th e s , o r m iltin g m a ch in e s in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls ,
g a u g e s , ji g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g
it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f p r e c i s io n m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g and o p e r a tio n se q u e n c e ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m en ts d u rin g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls ,
and to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cuttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m ,
in to o l and die jo b b in g sh op s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if i c a t io n .

M ACH IN IST,

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing m a ch in e s
an d m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly
in v o lv e the u se o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a rts; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith it e m s ob ta in ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the
p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f
the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh op fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n
s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d
f r o m m a ch in e sh op ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m akin g a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm e n ts fo r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten a n ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d
th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if i c a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritte n in s t r u c ­
tio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a ­
r ie t y o f m a c h i n i s t s h a n d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ;
settin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l
p a rts to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a kin g stan d ard sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e l a t ­
ing to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s and sp e e d s o f m a ch in in g ;
k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g
sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a rts, and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ; fittin g
and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e sh op p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls new m a c h in e s o r h eav y eq u ip m en t and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea v y eq u ip m en t w hen c h a n g e s in the plant la y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m akin g sta n d a rd sh op c o m ­
pu ta tion s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f
g r a v it y ; alin in g and b a la n cin g o f eq u ip m en t; s e le c t in g stan dard t o o ls ,
eq u ip m en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; in s ta llin g and m a in tain in g in g o o d
o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t su ch a s d r iv e s and sp e e d r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R

M ECH A N IC,

A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g
a u to m o tiv e eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an dto o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m akin g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ;
a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g b od y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e ­
sh ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m ov in g p a rts o r w ea rin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an
e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g ; K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e
p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r painting by r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by placing*
putty o r f ill e r in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; ap p lyin g paint w ith s p ra y
gun o r b r u s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w hite le a d , and o th e r paint
in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r
o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

23
P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r oth er ty p es o f pipe
and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : L ay in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f pipe
fr o m d ra w in g s o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cuttin g v a r io u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e
t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e ; th rea d in g pipe w ith s to c k s and d ie s ;
bending pipe by h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe w ith co u p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e r s ; m akin g stan dard
shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e ­
q u ir e d ; m akin g s t a n d a r d 'te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip es m e e t
s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a
fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s
p r im a r ily e n g a g ed in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ildin g sa n ita tion or
heating s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s the plu m bin g s y s te m o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W o rk in v o lv e s : K n ow ledge o f s a n ita ry c o d e s r e g a r d in g in sta lla tio n o f
v en ts and tra p s in plu m bin g s y s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip es and
fix t u r e s ; op en in g c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a p lu n ger o r p lu m b e r 's sn ak e.
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p lu m b er r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e ­
ship o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e tm eta l eq u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pans,
s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g

Custodial

ELEVATOR O PERATOR,

an d

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s b e tw e e n f l o o r s o f an o f f ic e b u ild in g ,
ap a rtm en t h o u s e , d e p a rtm e n t s t o r e , h o te l o r s im ila r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k e r s who o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in c o n ju n ctio n w ith oth er d u ties su ch
as th o se o f s t a r t e r s and ja n ito r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
GUARD
P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
tou r, m a in tain in g o r d e r , usin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In clu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e sta tion ed at gate and c h e c k on id e n tity ~ o f
e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .




and la yin g out a ll ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , or oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and op era tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g m a ch in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f
h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , sh aping, fittin g, and a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; jig

m a k e r; to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu re

m a k e r; gauge

m a k e r)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g e s , jig s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and la yin g out o f w o rk
f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritten s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; u sing a v a r ie ty o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d tools and p r e c is io n
m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts , u n d erstan din g o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls
and r e la t e d eq u ip m en t; m akin g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g
to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h e a ttr e a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts du ring fa b r ic a tio n as w e ll a s o f fin is h e d to o ls
an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed train in g
in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a
f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
in to o l

Material

PA S SE N G E R

M A IN T E N A N C E -----C on tinu ed

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e r s
and die jo b b in g sh op s a r e e x clu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .

Movement

J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w e e p e r ; ch a rw o m a n ; ja n it r e s s )
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y co n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , a p a rtm en t h ou se,
o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n
o f the fo llo w in g : S w eepin g, m op p in g or sc r u b b in g , and p olish in g f lo o r s ;
r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; du sting equ ip m en t, fu rn itu re ,
o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s or tr im m in g s ; p rov id in g su p p lies
and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v i c e s ; clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , sh o w e r s , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ashing a r e e x clu d e d .

24
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L H AN DLIN G

SH IPPIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K -----C on tinu ed

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h an d ler and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ;
s to ck m a n o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch e ck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g ed g o o d s ;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts; m ain taining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant,
s t o r e , o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g : L oa d in g and u nloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n ­
d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ;
unpacking, sh elv in g , o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
s to r a g e lo c a t io n ; tr a n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by hand tru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and u n loa d sh ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if i e d a s fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

O R D E R F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e stock m a n )
F ills sh ipp ing o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m
s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in a d d ition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f o u t­
goin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d itio n a l s to ck , o r r e p o r t sh o r t su p p lie s
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er r e la t e d d u tie s .
PACKER,

D r iv e s a tr u ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , eq u ip m en t, o r m en b etw een v a r io u s ty p es o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d e p o ts, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s * h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u n loa d tr u ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m e c h a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and keep tr u c k in g o o d w ork in g o r d e r . D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s if i e d b y s iz e
and type o f eq u ip m en t, a s fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be ra te d
on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c it y .)

SH IPPIN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r sh ip m en t o r s t o r a g e by p la cin g
th em in shipping c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c if i c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g
depen den t upon the ty p e, s iz e , and n u m b er o f units to b e p a ck ed , the
type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W o r k r e q u ir e s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in sh ipping c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; K n ow led g e o f v a r io u s ite m s ol s t o c k in o r d e r
to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia te type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ;
in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and se a lin g c o n t a in e r ; ap p lyin g
la b e ls o r en te rin g id e n tify in g data on c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m ake w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u nder 1 lU tons")
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s, oth er than t r a ile r type)
TRUCKER,

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tr u c k o r tr a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t.

SH IPPIN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
tr u ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
s p o n s ib le fo r in co m in g sh ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o l v e s ; A k n ow led ge o f sh ipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n and r a t e s ; and p r e ­
p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ip p ed , m a k in g up b i lls o f la d in g , p o s t ­
ing w eigh t and sh ipping c h a r g e s , and k eepin g a file o f sh ipp ing r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in s t b i lls o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r




POW ER

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if i e d b y type o f
a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p ow er (fo r k lift )
p ow er (o th e r than fo r k lift)

WATCHMAN
M akes rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty
a g a in s t f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n tr y .

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1 959 0 — 5 0 3 8 6 9

Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959. These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25,D . C.,
or from any of the BLS regional sa les offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis w ill be issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. L ou is, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents




D allas, T e x ., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents
Denver, C o lo ., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, P a ., November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-8, price 30 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102