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Occupational Wage Survey

MINNEAPOUS-ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA
JA N U A R Y

1 9 5 9

B u l l e t i n N o . 1 2 4 0 -1 1

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU O LABOR S A IST S
F
T T IC
Ewan Claoo*, Gxtvnisttoner




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y
M IN N E A P O L IS -S T . P A U L , M IN N E S O T A




JANUARY 1959

B u lletin

No.

1 2 4 0 -1 1
March 1 9 5 9

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O LABOR ST T IC
F
A IST S
Ewan Clagoe, Com lttioner
m

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Nov. 1895Washington.




U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

no. in
v. illus. 16-28 cm
.
Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

Library of Congress

331.06173
tr58t2,

v. 23-26 cm
.
Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. t Employee bene2.
ntsj
i. Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows;

15-23307 rev*J

HD4973.A462

331.2973

T . S. Dept of Labor.
J
for Library of Congress

Library
(57rS2nl]t

L 49—125*

Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program

This report was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional
office in Chicago, III. , by Woodrow C. Linn, under the di­
rection of George E. Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial
Relations Analyst.




Tables:
1.
Establishments and workers within scope of su rvey ---------2.
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected p e rio d s-----------------A.

Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations----------------------------------------------------A -2 .
Professional and technical occupations------------------A - 3. Maintenance and powerplant occupations-----------------A -4 .
Custodial and material movement occupations-------

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions ---------------------------------------------

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area reports for November of
each year from 1951 to 1954, December 1955, March 1957, and
January 1958.
Like the present report, the 1957 report was
limited to occupational earnings. Most of the other reports in­
cluded data on shift differential provisions; minimum entrance
rates for women office workers; scheduled weekly hours; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
The 1953 report (BLS Bull. 1157-1) also provides a tabulation of
the rate of pay for holiday work; the 1954 report, data on pay
provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays, and frequency of
wage payment.
Both the 1953 and 1958 reports provide data
on overtime pay practices, wage structure characteristics, and
labor-management agreements. A directory indicating date of
study and the price of the reports, as well as reports for other
major areas, is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and supple­
mentary wage practices is also available for auto dealer repair
shops in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area (June 1958). A report
on occupational earnings is also available for the machinery
industries (January 1959); data for supplementary wage practices
in the machinery industries were included in the report of Jan­
uary 1958.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for the following trades or industries: Building
construction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and
motortruck drivers and helpers.

1
2
1
2
m vO r- oo

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year*s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Introduction --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational grou p s--------------------------------

10




Occupational W a g e Survey— M inneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an area basis.

based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field agents in the last previous survey for occu­
pations reported in that earlier study.
Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -se rie s tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying ail establishments.
To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied.
In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates

1

See table below for minimum-size establishment covered.
Table 1.

Occupations and Earnings

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in ail
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., 1 by major industry division, 2 January 1959
Number of establishments

Industry, division

All divisions

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Within 8cope
of study*

Studied

Studied

1,011

_

_

240

234.700

140,600

427
584

_ _ _ _ _

Manufacturing _
_
_
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication,
WhnlAsale trad*
Retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real estate ___________________ _
Services5* 6 _ ,
_ ... - _ _ _ _ _ _ __
_ _

Workers in establishments
Within scope
of study

92
148

115,800
118,900

69,420
71,180

71
138
195
90
90

25
35
38
29
21

26,500
19,600
41,100
19,700
12,000

20,350
9,030
25,690
12,190
3,920

1 The Minneapolis-St. Paul Metropolitan Area (Anoka, Dakota, Hennepin, and Ramsey Counties).
The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accu
rate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to
measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied and (2) small establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
* The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
Major changes from the earlier edition used n previous
i are the transfer of milk pasteurization plants and ready mixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting
3 irvices to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation (51 employees). All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade finance auto
repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
’
s Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for all industries and nonmanufacturing in the Series A tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
H otels, personal s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; m otion pictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and arch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .




2
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.

occupations were then totaled to obtain
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these
year to the aggregate for the base period
was computed and the result multiplied
get the index for the given year.

For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class Aand B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, material handling; and
watchmen.

The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2 ) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.

Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual
T a b le 2 .

an aggregate for *each occupa­
group aggregates for a given
(survey month, winter 1952-53)
by the base year index ( 1 0 0 ) to

Indexes for the period 1953 to 1958 for workers in 17 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1224-20, Wages and Related
Benefits, 19 Labor Markets, Winter 1957-58.

In d exes of stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r i e s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly earn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n a l grou p s in M in n e a p o lis -S t . P a u l, M in n . ,
Jan uary 1959 and Jan u ary 1 9 5 8 , and p e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
’

Ind exes
(N o v e m b e r 1952 = 100)

j.adustry and o cc u p ation al group
Jan uary 1959

Jan uary 1958

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s fr o m —
Jan u ary 195 8
to
Jan uary 1959

M a r c h 195 7
to
J an u ary 1 9 5 8

'D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 5
to
M arch 1957

N ovem ber 1954
to
D ecem b er 1955

N o v e m b e r 1953
to
N ovem ber 1954

N o v e m b e r 195 2
to
N o v e m b e r 195 3

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffice c le r i c a l (w om en ) ---------------------------In d u stria l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ----------------------S k ille d m a in ten a n ce ( m e n ) ----------------------U n sk ille d plan t (m en ) --------------------------------

1 2 9 .2
1 3 3 .9
132. 6
1 3 7 .4

1 2 5 .0
129. 1
126. 7
1 1 3 0 .9

3 .4
3. 7
4 .6
4 .9

3 .0
3. 8
4. 1
* 5 .1

6 .3
5 .3
5 .3
6 .4

3 .8
3. 4
4 .9
4 .9

3 .3
4 .3
3 .3
4 .9

6. 3
9 .4
6. 6
6 .4

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ---------------------------In d u stria l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ----------------------S k ille d m a in ten a n ce ( m e n ) ----------------------U n sk ille d plan t ( m e n ) --------------------------------

126. 7
1 3 3 .6
1 3 0 .2
133. 7

1 2 2 .9
1 2 8 .9
1 2 5 .1
1 126. 7

3. 1
3 .6
4. 1
5 .5

3. 0
4 .4
4 .4
*4. 1

5 .3
5 .3
5. 1
5 .4

3. 4
2. 0
5 .4
4 .2

3 .6
5 .0
1 .4
4. 8

5. 8
9 .4
6. 7
5. 8

1

R e v ise d e s t im a t e .




3

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly h ours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry div isio n , M inneapolis-St. Paul, M in n ., January 1959)

1 0 .0 0

*55.00 10.00

55.00

60.00 65.00

*65.00 *70.00 $5.00
70.00

75.00 80.00

*80.00 I s . 00

o
i •
o
©

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM WEEKLY EARNINGS O —
E
F

Under 40.00 I s . 00
and
(S n a ) (S n a ) $
ta d rd
ta d rd
under
40.00 45.00 50.00

85.00 90.00

•
o
o

Araaeoa
N m er
u b
cl
w rk r*
o e

Sex, occupation, and industry division

*95.00 *00.00 1*05.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00

and
over

Men
Clerks, accounting, class A .........
Manufacturing
Nonmanufac tur ing
Public utilities*
Wholesale trade
Retail trade

■ ---------------------

Clerks, accounting, class B
Manufac turing
Nonmanufacturing__________________________ ________
Public utilities*
Wholesale trade
Clerks, order
Manufacturing
NAnmsnn&rtnrinfr
Wholesale trade

_

_ ----

...

.........................

Clerks, payroll

671
248
423
170
145
62

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

$
94.50
'917515“
96.50
108.50
87.00
94.50

-

-

-

“

4
4
4
-

322
TO
J
242
135
78

39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

73.50
68.00
75.50
76.50
75.50

-

_
-

10
10
7
2

16
4
12
7
5

540
'117'
423
388

4 0.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

90.00
96.56
88.50
87.50

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

58
— n
47
2
20

76
— 18
58
11
29

37
17
20
15
2

29
------- 6 - -------7_ ----- 16
r
H—
22
1
11
“

5
_
4
1

18
5
13
4
4

39
22
17
13
4

39
19
20
11
4

36
12
24
10
12

3
3
3

24
24
24

37
37
37

24
------16
15

40
_
40
40

2

_

12

5

6
1
5
4
-

6
_
6
2
41
11
30
19

60
"26"
34
29

40.0

81.50

Office boys
239
VUnnfkrtnrinjf
.
_
... . --------- IT
T
Nftiim»nnhctiirinj ......... ........ — .................. ...
... ..
182
61
Wholesale tra d e ----- -------------------------------------------- 60
Financef

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

50.50
49.50
51.00
55.00
47.00

Tabulating.machine operators3 ----_ ------ _
Manufacturing _.
.......... _ ..
Nonmanufac tur ing
Finance1
}_
.......................
.........

432
157
275
186

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5

79.00
"80 ."50 '
78.50
76.50

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

12
1
11
10

25
6
19
19

40
re
24
17

42
14
28
22

253
272'
82
58
67

39.5
39.5
40.0
38.5
40.0

59.00
58.5 0
59.50
62.50
54.00

«
.
_
-

3
3
_
_
3

15
l5
2
5
8

79
- ?8'
28
17
26

42
42
22
_
10

68
66
14
16
19

17
— re
8
7
-

178
169

39.5
39.5

61.00
“
59.50

_

_

-

-

25
25

36
36

17
59
— TT” ---- 59

— 12

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A _ _ ...........
Nonmanufacturing . . . . . . .
Wholesale trade --------------------

171
173
51

39.5
39.5
40.0

71.00
69.50
76.50

_
_
-

_
-

1
1
-

6
6
-

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B ........ ........
Manufacturing
— .... - ...
..........
Nonmanufac tur ing .............. .........................................
Wholesale trade _
---...
_
_
Retail trade
_
Finance}

914
27fl
684
178
122
318

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

58.50
6 4 .O
o
56.50
60.00
57.50
52.50

_
-

39
39
_
4
35

112
3
109
2
9
94

196
5i
145
30
28
71

61

41
78
78
----- I T - ----- 50“ ----- 50“
38
48
25
6
3
7
18
21
20
10
1
13

3
1
-

36
14
------ 9“ — r ~
27
13
18
9
7
2

42
—

64

95
104
96
40 --------r
11
46 ----- I T - ----- Z5“ ------- JT
—
56
38
71
10
49
24
32
10
*7
29
_
1
25
19
19
8
4
23
1

35

51
25
21

32
28
4

11
11
9
2
90

r~ ----- I T - ------- 3~

40
15
14

_
.
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_

_

_
_
-

_
_
-

42

78

44
ll
ll

13
_
13
13

_
_
-

18
3
15
15

_

1

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
•
_
-

_
_
-

2 ------ 3 j
2
2
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

12
12
6
6

73

54

51
51

50
48

79
66

21
10

63
55

9

10

10

7

1

3

l

5
_
5
_
-

1
_
1
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

21 ------- 7T ------TT“ ----- 21“ — r e - ----- 57“

57
56
— 27“ -----25
31
34
21
13

30
43
re- ------ i “
is
39
238
13
1
1
1
-

n
34
13
34 -------r ------- j - -------5T----- 17“
17
27
8
8
3
7
3
19

_

Woqnen
B illers, machine (billing machine) _
Nonmanufacturing _
_ ..... . ...
Public utilities*
Wholesale trade
Retail trade

_ -----...

B illers, machine (boekkeeping machine) ..._
Nonmanufac tur ing

See footnotes at end of table,




---- ---- _

_

15
— J5—
1
191
25
166

55
25
82

12

13
54
— n r ~ — ?5
6
207
54
153
68
34
36

17
— rr“
2
7
1

4
4
2
2
-

8
8
4
4
-

_
_
_
-

------ 3

9
9

2
------ 2

3
“

27
16
16

15
-----1?
14

10
------ T~ —
l

i ------- 1
—
i—
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

14
9
5
3

13
1
12
_

4
4
_

5
9
r ~ ------ 5—
_
i
_
_

_
_

_
-

_
.

_
_ ■

_
_

_

_

_
,

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

28
— 22
13

80
44
---- CT— — 57—
ll
39
12
8
21
1

_
_
_
—

—

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

12
5—

_

_

-

_

_
_
_
_
, _

4

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1959)
Avhaoi
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly.
Weekly j Under l o . o o
hours
and
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)
40.00 under
45. 00

$
45.00 10.00

l s .0 0

$
60.00 ?5 .0 0

^ 0 .0 0

$
75.00 80.00

*85.00 90.00

50.00 55.00

60.00

65.00 70.00

75.00

80.00 85.00

90.00 95.00

18
18
2
1
6
9

52
52
12
2
6
18

129
26
103
22
16
24
35

407
■81 "
326
67
30
63
150

397
70
327
72
61
91
92

218
60
158
53
13
9
71

96
48
48
16
8
4
20

88
15
73
23
25
_
22

55
12
43
27
14
_
2

31
11
20
17
3
_

78
6l
27

60
41
19

18
2
16

17
5
12

2
2

10
10

33
Z
31
4
21
1
5

14
_
14
4
6
4
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

$
95.00 f o o .o o 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
$
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00

and
over

Wom en— Continued
... ... ___
C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A
lir..754
Manufacturing
.............. .................._
— rw *
Nonmanufactnr ing ________
_ . ----604
P ublic u tilities*
.
_
___
_
223
W holesale trade _
72
R etail trade
__ _
98
Finance^
_ __
..................... . .
......
171

39.5
39.0
39.5
40 .0
4 0.0
40 .0
38.0

«
P
74.50
77.00
74.00
77.50
76.50
72.00
70.50

C lerk s , accounting, c la s s B
Manufacturing
_r
....
............. .. ..... .. ......... .
Nonmanufacturing
...
_
---------- -Public utilities*
W holesale trade
_
_
_ -----R etail trade
_ _ ---.... ___
F inan cef

39.0
3 9 .o
39.0
40 .0
4 0 .0
40.0
38.0

60.00
63.00
59.50
64.50
61.50
54.50
58.50

213
119
94

39.0
3TT5"
39.0

61.50
59.00
65.00

-

1,266
244
1,022
77
154
198
509

39.5
39". 5 '
39.5
40.0
4 0 .0
40.0
38.5

50.00
51750'
50.00
52.00
55.50
49.50
48.50

325
98
227
78
93

39.5
39.6
39.5
40.0
4 0.0

61.50
65.50
59.50
71.50
52.00

C le r k s , payroll
Manufacturing ------......
. . ...... . .
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ . _ _.
P ublic utilities*
. ..
. _
W holesale trade
___
R etail trade
_ __
---- . _ ._

640
341
74
88
103

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0.0
39.5
39.5

68.00
67.50
68.00
71.00
76.50
60.50

Com ptom eter operators
M anufacturing
. ..
_ _ .........
Nonmanufacturing .......... . _
---W holesale trade
Retail trade
.
-----Finance^
_ ........ .................

688
T J
5T
508
232
157
55

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.0
4 0 .0
38.5

74

39.5

C le r k s r file , c la s s A
Manufac tur ing
Nonmanufacturing
C lerk s, file , c la s s R
Manufacturing
Nonmanufactnr ing
Public u tilities*
W holesale trade
R etail trade.
F in an cef

_

----- ------

.......

.....
_

__
---_ ...
----

....

_ _

...
....... .

C lerk s, ord er __ ----- _ _
Manufacturing .
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
R etail trade

. . ...
. .
_

. . .
-------.....
.... ----

D uplicating-m achine o p erators
(m im eograph or ditto)
.....

See footnotes at end o f table.




...

----

.
...........
---

..... . . . .
. . .
.......

_ ___ _ ____

__
_

1,980
3^1
1,589
367
234
346
556

■m ™

_
-

_
_
-

9
9
_
9

1
1
_
-

60
9
51
i
21
20

210
3l
179
3
33
81
47

400
45
355
81
46
77
131

_
_

3
1
2

22
18
4

11
11
_
_
4
7

216
26
190
10
12
41
91

425
71
354
23
29
47
232

381
89
292
25
34
85
127

-

15
15
15

45
45
4
22

44
8
36
7
21

43
7
36
10
18

_
_

2
2
.
2

19
1
18
9
1
8

68
31
37
12
4
14

90
38
52
7
1
26

64.50
71.50
61.50
63.00
57.50
63.50

_
_
-

5
5
3
2
-

19
2
17
23
11
3

123
11
112
23
53
15

87
15
72
42
22
5

194
41
153
87
48
9

91
29
62
39
18
5

40
15
25
18
2
-

55
9

46
6
1
18

16
10
6
4
_
-

55.00

3

4

15

13

22

12

-

2

3

-

1

78
— nr
63
14
5
22
20

113
46
67
19
12
10
19

140
41
39
89
F — n r — r r ------22~
28
134
24
67
2
4
22
99
1
14
5
8
3
2
24
1
15
14
20
11

32
6 '
26
20
6
_
1

7
_
7
4
_
_
-

2
_
2
2
_
_
-

1
1
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

"

"

-

“

_
«

_
>
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
.
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

4
_
4
_
4
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

1
_
1
j
_

-

_
_
_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
_
-

-

_

_

_

16
8
8
8
_
_

1
_
_
_
_

"

-

2
2

_
-

1
1
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

68
50
15
11
19 ------- j -----T3~ — 29“ ------- T - — n ~
35
8
6
10
21
5
13
8
6
10
16
1

7
7
7
-

3
3
3
-

4
4
4
-

1
_
1
1
-

108
134
75
33
28
— 59“ — 7T~ -----47“ — v r~ -------4“
63
28
21
24
49
1
6
6
3
9
18
10
10
8
11
17
32
2
1
1

22
12
10
8
1
-

42
20
22
8
14
-

14
4
10
4
6
-

_
_
_
_

126
60
— W ~ ----- T7~
87
43
8
3
33
19
6
10
36
11

25
31
----- 29“ — 27“
5
4
3
4
_
_
_

-

-

2
1
1
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

1

2 ------- 2_
j
_
2
1
_
_
1
1
1

-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_

5

Table A-1. Office Occupatk>ns-Cof>tifUjed
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings lor selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Minneapolis-S t. Paul, Minn., January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avnuas
N ber
um
of
w
orker*

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly, Under
earnings
ES*
(Standard) (Standard) $
40. 00

$
55.00

S
$
60.00 65.00

60.00

$
$
$
4 0.00 45.00 50.00
and
under
4 5 .0 0 50.00 55.00

65.00

70.00

S
%
«
70.00 75.00 80.00

$
$
85.00 90.0 0

80.00 85.00

90.00 95.00

75.00

f
$
$
S
$
$
9 5.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Women— Continued
Key-punch op erators _
_
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_
P ublic utilities* _
W holesale trade
Finan cef
_

. .

_

......

_ __
___ __

_

Offir.fi g ir ls _ ----- .. . ..
.
_ ...
M anufacturing
__
.. .
Nonmanufacturing _
n
. . .
Pu blic u t ilit ie s * __________________________________
W holesale trade
R etail trade
_
___
F inan cef
_ _
_ _
____ _ __

884
------Z5E"
598
94
90
344

Stenographers, technical
Nonmanufactuing
.

2,489
911
1,578
232
354
208
520

_ _
_

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
38.0

2,523
—

_ _

39.5

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs 4______________________ _
Nonmanufacturing
. . . ....
Finan cef
......... ..... . ..

See footnotes at end of table,




39.5
4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0
38.5

631
27 T ~

137
nn~

70

7
- —
7
_
_
_
7

182
20
21
194
100
86 -------75" ------- 15" ------- FT --------- T
108
107
65
7
15
14
4
11
4
2
_
14
25
25
2
74
45
23
10
1

20
---- 5
15
14
1

1
1
_
1
-

l
-

1
1
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

488
225
265
25
63
33
109

25
25
_
_
25

94
14
80
9
6
58

227
52
175
36
16
108

167
136
_
10
20
106

123
26
97
3
24
22
48

54
4
50
9
12
15
14

17
4
13
5
7
_
1

15
_
15
4
4
1
6

8
8
2
6
_
-

2
_
2
1
1
_
-

280

415
1^3
292
35
30
34
110

305
147
158
13
32
32
57

~TT

_
_
-

1
1
_
_
1

7
7
1

22
1
21
11
3
l

101
i2
89
26
1
3
35

206
32
32
26
47

64.00

_
_
-

13
13
3
_
_
10

103
19
84
17
4
3
60

359

500

601

IT T —

m r —

iw r

237
45
40
52
87

310
43
48
39
104

319
58
94
59
90

_

_
-

_
-

63.50
69.00
66.50
62.50
58.50

92
39.5
66.50
------- 5F~ — w n r ■’ 577OT"

410
63
123
107
53

_
_
"

76.50
78.06
75.50
77.00
80.50
75.00
75.50

W T ” 3975" " S I ."56

1,529
357
341
234
453

Switchboard operators
406
— m “
Manufacturing
____
_
_
_
295
N onm anufacturing__
_
_
_ __
____
Public utilities*
_
____
42
Retail trade
_
_
......
78
Finan cef ---------------------------------------------------------------60
Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ___ _______________
Manufacturing
------- __
Nonmanufacturing
...... ~
_
. .
Public utilities* ....
W holesale t r a d e _________________________________
Retail trade ....
F inan cef
__ __ _

$
58.00
60.66
57.00
61.00
6 1.00
55.00

394
39.0
47.00
------- 55" -----W 7 T r ~ ? r i w
47.50
39. 0
329
25
4 0.0
57.00
64
39.5
51.50
58
40.0
46.5 0
38.5
45.00
182

S ecreta ries
........
.......... ..
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing .........
_.
... _ .
Public utilities*
__
__
„
_
W holesale t r a d e ________:__________________________
R etail trade
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
F inan cef
_
__ __ ____
Stenographers, general
Manufacturing
__
Nonmanufacturing
__ __ _______
__
Public utilities*
_ __
W holesale trade _
_
___ __ ____ ___
Retail trade
... _ ---F inan cef

39.0
39.5
39.0
40 .0
40.0
38.5

_

11
-------- 8“ —

lA

26
nr —

341
232 -------7J.
174
147 -----% “
194
134
101
31
43
22
47
40
31
33
21
26
62
27
9
33

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

367
149
218
27
88
45
48

210
64
146
11
57
13
58

105
55
70
8
22
12
28

84
36
48
17
11
3
17

45
19
26
12
7
4
3

20
11
9
6
1
_
2

12
6
6
5
1
_

12
8
4
1
3
_
-

15
3
12
3
6
_
3

95
54
61
50
6
1
4

42
20
22
12
10
_
"

10
29
_ ------- =Y
29
9
8
17
12
1
_
_
-

20
6
14
6
8
-

3
1
2
2
_
_

1
1
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
"

_

_

_

2
2
— r -------- r

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

27
19
8
1
_
2

18
8
10
6
_
2

n
6
3
_
-

8
3
5
5
_
"

7
2
5
5
"

3
1
2
2
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
1
7
3
3
1

7
4
3
3
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

5
5

5
5
3

6
1

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

40.5
40.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
37.5

59.50
61.56
58.00
58.50
61.50
54.50
60.00

_
_
-

11
11
3
_
4
-

28
12
16
_
_
5
-

181
40
141
19
40
50
11

130
45
87
17
12
34
20

139
51
88
10
44
8
14

50
25
25
5
7
2
5

60
31
23
6
9
4
1

17
8
9
_
5
-

39.0
39.6
38.0

67.00
63.00
61.50

_
5
- --------5“
5

5
5
5

12
12
10

13
ID
10

32
2b
19

15
12
8

19
14
4

18
11
6

63
66
n r ------ T T
48
43
1
9
3
11
8
13

_
_
_
_
-

75
17
58
11
10
17

3
3
_
2
1

82
nr —
67
2
41
15

-

_
_
-

z r

_
_
_
_
-

43
_ —
43
11
2

_
_

14
4
10 -------- i "

62.00
T575o“
60.50
74.50
55.00
61.00

40.5

_
-

1

-

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea basis,
by industry d iv isio n , M inneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , January 1959)
Avuuai
Num
ber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W om en— C ontinued

*

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs , general
Manufacturing
....
_
N onmanufa c t,uring _
_
W holesale trade
_ _ _ _ „
_
_
Finance^ _
_
— __ _

666
IF T
480
232
175

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

60.00
61.50
59.00
61.00
57.00

T yp ists, c la s s A
. . .
..
Manufacturing _
. . . . .
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities*
W holesale trade
F in an cef
_
_
__

617
237"
380
90
80
116

39.5
39.5
39.0
40 .0
40. 0
38.0
39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.0

T yp ists, c la s s B
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
R etail trade
F in an ce!

. . .
....
___

.
_

.

.

.

.
.

.

2,529
628
1,901
308
131
1 , 122

. .

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly
Weekly. Under
hours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $
40.00

_

1 0 .0 0 15.00
and
under
4 5 .0 0 50.00

50.00 § 5 .0 0

10.00

15 .0 0

70.00

75.00

55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

9 0 .0 0

58
10
48
9
27

115
28
87
23
52

149
42
107
49
37

154
26
128
91
26

74
26
48
32
3

60
29
31
19
8

23
14
9
3
6

8
1
7
3
4

132
33
99
14
10
48

130
67
63
7
5
36

150
71
79
13
34
14

63
2$
35
4
19
4

62
19
43
26
11
-

19
6
13
5
_
4

15
15
15
_
~

747

626

3

5

489
74
17
271

115
46
69
21
1
8

49

535
76
44
377

303
82
221
56
30
72

17
9
8

"

8

61.00
60.00
61.50
69.50
64.50
56.50

_
-

>
-

39
'13
26
-

-

-

10

54.00

2

54.00
55.50
53.00
52.50

2

125
10
115
28
13
69

554
122
432
44
26
315

33.06

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

^ 5 .0 0 1*00.00 1*05. 00 1*10.00 1*15.00 1*20.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

5
1
4

-

-

TT
T

137

— rr
32
9

_

7

*80.00 1 5 .0 0

_ ------r
3
3
_
_
_
_
~
1

10.00

3

_
_

_

3
3
-

_

_
_
_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

_
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

5
5
5
_
-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

_

.

■

-

“

"

2

2
1
1

_

_

_
_
_
_

.

_~
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

"

_
_

_
_
_
_

“

1 Standard hours r e fle c t
the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rre sp on d to these w eekly hours.
* W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 9 at $120 to $125; 11 at $125 to $130; 3 at $130 to $135; 6 at $135 to $140; 4 at $140 to $145; 5 at $145 and o v e r .
5 The January 1958 data
(BLS Bull. 1224-10) should read as follow s:
Total— number o f w o rk e rs , 416, w eekly earnings, $ 7 6 .5 0 ; manufacturing— number o f w o rk e rs , 140, w eekly earnings, $ 8 0 .5 0 .
4 The January 1958 data
(BLS Bull. 1224-10) should read as follow s:
Total— number o f w o rk e rs , 148, w eekly earnings, $ 6 6 .5 0 .
* T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M inneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , January 1959)
’
Avsbaob

N ber
um
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$

$

W
eekly,
Weekly j U nder f o . o o *65.00 70.00 75.00
hours 1
and
£
(Standard) (Standard)
“
under
6 0 .0 0
6 5.00 70.00 75.00 80.00

$

80.00

85.00

*
t
S
t
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
90.00 95.00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125 .0 0 130.00 135.00 140.00
“
“
“
“
~
and
“
95.00 100.00 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115,00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00
140.00 o v e r

85.00
90.00

M en

D raftsm en, Senior _ ---Manufacturing _____
Non-manufacturing
. ...
D raftsm en, junior . . . . . .
Manufacturing --- .
Nonmanufacturing

_
............
...........................
_ __
... . .. . __

.

___
._

-------------- ---- .
. .. ....
.......

$

746
584

39.5

108.00

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .6 0

162

4 0 .0

114.00

505
434
71

40.0
4 6 .6
4 0.0

84.50
85.66
8 2 .5 0

10

22

9

z
‘z

100
73

39.5
39.5

8 5.00
85.50

-

“

“

“

14
13

49
41

64

2

4

50
43
7

2

6
3

20
15

68

48
45

45
43

83
Vl

3

1
1

2

12

97
66
37

36
21
9

44
39

27
22

15
11

5

82
74
8

102
6!

21

46
46

16'

5

35

57
41
16

93
... ,?5

57
36

18

21

21

41
4l

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2b
I

74
46
28

12

T
5

15
15 —
“

18

rr —

45
n
12

-

-

W om en

N urses industrial (re g is te r e d )
....
.
Manufacturing
_ _ ........................

. .
.......

1

16
13

7

3

5
4 ^

1

1
'

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa laries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.




7

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerpkmt Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an area b asis,
by industry division , M inneapolis-St. Paul, M in n., January 1959)
NUMBER OF W0RKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Num
ber
^ of ^

O ccupation and industry division

$

1.90
and
under
2 .0 0

E n gin eers, stationary
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

H elpers, trades, m a in t e n a n c e ___
Manufacturing ...... .
Machine-tool operators, toolroom
Manufacturing

—

Machinists, maintenance
Manufacturing
_ ...

....

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance)
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities*

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

2.39
Z . 43
2.32
2.27
2.2 4

6
6

2.4 4
2 .4 4

_
-

2.82
2781

_

_

-

740
66
674
610

_ _ ------

_
16
- ■ ■■ 15 ■
1
-

493
480

— r

2 .6 0

2.63
2.56

116

_

_
-

116

_

2.89
2.82
3.10

311
254

..

-

422
2*75
147

__

$
2.81
£.71
2.92

528
3b4
224

... —

. . -...

_

Manufacturing

196
107
89

2.58
Z r 58
2.58
2.60

_
-

608
393""
215

E le ctricia n s , m aintenance
Manufac taring
Nonmanufacturing

2 .53
2.52
2.56

211
... _ _

----------

—

TUB

Oilers
Manufacturing

142
— 135

Painters, maintenance
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

147
------ 53“
97

P ip efitters, m aintenance _
Manufacturing

144
-----133

Tool and die makers
Manufacturing

Under
$
1.90

345
254
91

r,»rp *n t*r«, m aintenance ____ _______
Manufacturing --------------- ----------------------Nonmanufacturing

M anufacturing

Avenge
hourly ,
earnings

2 .1 0

$
2.30

2.30

2.40

2

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2 .2 0

$

$

13

2 . 10

$

2.40
2.50

$

$

2.50

2 .6 0

S

2.70

2.70

2.8 0

7

2 .6 0

39

2 .8 0

$

S
2.90

2.90

$

3.00

3.00 '
3.10

-

10

13
3

34
l8

2

3

10

16

_
-

1

17
17
-

16

11

1

24
24
-

15

-

4

l3
3

19
19
-

19
17

12
8

62

40

2

4

22

30
13
17

169
82
117

56
18
38

20
10

43
' 34
9

61

29
19

55
29

10

26

73
l9
54

67
47

-

29
24
5

_
-

14
13

41
41

51
43

32
31

79
74

23

61

_

_

32

3
3

1

11

■

~

-

.

_

31
31

30
3d

28
28

11
11

3

_

_

-

12
12

!

-

_

_

_

-

-

40
4o

13
13

60
59

8

-

7

183
183

59
59

_
-

_
“

10
10

42
7
35
30

18
6
12
12

72
17
55
36

70
" '3
67
42

426
28
398
393

89
89
89

7
7
7

-

3
3

14
9
5

13
9
4

42
38
4

42
26
16

109
88
21

48
22
26

68
26
42

82
66
16

95
84
11

64
64

4
1
3

-

2.72
— 2773"

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

3
3

3
3

10
9

11
~ n —

46
46

80
80

34
32

3
3

19
19

2.26
— 2725"

.

6
6

_
-

2.83
Z.76
2.87
2.86
— 2753"

2.95
569
”■■569"- — 2795“

19
......5"
14

2
2

_
_
-

6
6

_
-

52
9

1

1 '

.... 36 -

9

— 5----- ------ 5— ------ 5$
2
4
-

20

_

46
55
8

30

3.50
and

3.50

over

1

5
4

-

60
18
42

-

1

1

3
_
3

54
l5
36

18
3
15

23
9
14

_
_
-

2

_
-

_
-

6
6

1

_
-

5
5
"

35
35
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

"

»
-

13
10

1
1

11

_
-

_
-

2
2

9
9

7
2
5

8
3
5

15
8
7

_
-

32
23
9

2
1
1

_
~
-

_

_

2

6

-

-

“

!
1

!

-

1

2

6

3
3

56
56

36
36

2
1

_

_

_

_

_

57
" 57 ..
"

$

2

13
13

12

3.40

3.40

-

14
14

12

s

3.30

6
6

18
14

16

3.30

$

44
17
40 ---------r r
4
6

62
62

16

3.20

3.20

51
43
8

53
53

92
92

6
36
----------r -------35“

2

_

“

_,

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

12
8

25
z5

3
3

42
35

12
12

_

_
-

4
3
1
“

_
-

2
2
"

-

_
"

_
-

_
-

24
24
-

_
-

-

_

_
“

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

82
82

$

39
' 59
-

39
39 "
-

12
12

_

1
1

"

2
--------2

-

$
3. 10

1

6

---------r~
4

!
1

1 E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late sh ifts.
* T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities.




$

.

11
n
“
21
12

70
70

“

_
-

_
-

55
1
54

5
1
4

~

.
“

_
~

13
lo

-

3
Z

16
16

171
" 171

_

_

_
~

_

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a sis,
6y industry division, M inneapolis-St. Paul, M in n., January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccup ation1 and industry division

of
w
orker*

hourly 3 Under
earning* $
1.10

1. 10
and
under
1 .2 0

$

* _
1.20
“
1.30

1.30
"
1.40

$

1.40

$
1. 50

“
1.50

“
1. 60

E levator op era tors, passenger (m en) ---N onm anufacturing---- ---------------------------

101
100

$
1.53
1.53

Elevator op era tors, p assenger (wom en) N onm anufacturing----------- ----- --------------R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------

233
233
89

1.41
1.41
1 .27

10
10
10

38
38
38

20
20
1

14
14
14

10
10
9

Guards 3 ----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------F i n a n c e f ------------------------------------------

473
347
126
123

2 .0 6
2. 14
1.85
1.85

-

-

-

_
-

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and cleaners (m en) —
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing------— ---------------------Pu blic utilities * ------—■
------------------W holesale trade — ------------------------R etail t r a d e ------- —--------------------------Finance f ------------------------------- — --------

2, 592
~~171*2'
1,450
213
79
552
426

1. 72
1.68
1.59
1.79
1.76
1.52
1.6 7

34
34
6
19
-

83
25
58
2
10
-

172
10
162
13
123
18

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea ners (women)
M an u factu rin g------- ■
------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------Finance t ------------------------------------------

695
153
542
106
349

1.41
1.65
1.35
1.22
1.38

22
'22
15
“

53
53
35
- ^

L a b orers , m aterial h a n d lin g ------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------Pu blic utilities * -----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------Retail t r a d e -------------------------------------

4 ,244
1,676
2,5 6 8
938
1 ,034
568

2. 14
2. 07
2. 18
2 .4 5
2 .2 0
1. 75

58
58
58

O rder f i l l e r s -------------------------------- ■
-----------M anufacturing — —
-------------------------------Nonmanufacturing —-----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail t r a d e -------------------------------------

2,499
423
2 ,0 7 6
1,32 7
639

2 .0 7
2 .0 5
2. 07
2.21
1.81

P a ck e rs , shipping ( m e n ) -------------------------M an u factu rin g--------------------------------------N onmanufacturing ------------------------------W holesale t r a d e -------------------------------

816
309
507
431

P a ck e rs , shipping (w o m e n )----------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Retail t r a d e ------------------ —-----------------

,
1.60

S
1. 70

1
1.80

1. 70

“
1.80

1.90

$

4
4

l

133
133
17

_
-

_
_

_
_
-

5
5
“

30
30
30

5
5
5

8
2
6
6

20
19
1
-

18
8
10
9

211
19
192
9
8
81
2

67
12
55
1
15
33

131
29
102
12
26
40
23

294
77
217
17
6
87
107

489
70
419
63
8
113
220

65
32
33
21
6

341
1
340
26
276

77
2
75
8
66

9
5
4
1

11
10
1
-

50
50
22

55
9
46
46

49
2
47
47

32
11
21
21

74
59
15
15

11
11
11

8
8
8

62
62
62

103
103
103

101
101
101

2. 10
2 .03
2. 14
2 .1 7

_
"

_
-

_
-

3
3
-

382
160
147

1.56
1.39
1.37

4
3
* 3

33

16
16
16

R eceiving clerk s —-----------------------------------M an u factu rin g--------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ——-------- ; -------- : -------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------Retail t r a d e --------------------------------------

477
254
223
96
112

2. 19
2 .2 3
2 .1 4
2 .2 4
2 .0 8

_
-

.
-

Shipping c l e r k s -------- ---- ---------- ----------------Manufacturing — ----------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------------------

368
187
181
122

2. 31
2 .2 8
2 .3 4
2.31

-

-




9
9

23
23

5
5

S
2 .0 0
~
2. 10

1.90
■
2 .00

51
51

See footnotes at end of table.

3
3

1

-

t

io

30

$

$
2 .1 0
■
2 .2 0

2. 20
2. 30

1
2 .3 0
2. 40

$
2 .4 0
2. 50

$
2 .5 0
7. A
O

I
2 .6 0
2. 70

$
2. 70
and
over

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

_

_

_

_

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

82
68
14
14

101
60
41
40

52
33
19
19

86
86
_
-

20
20
_
-

_28
28
.
-

18
18
_
-

5
5
_
-

_
_
_
-

493
405
88
18
6
50
11

233
204
29
9

159
138
21
16
4
.
1

78
36
42
23
19
-

81
52
29
24
2
3

61
59
2
.
2
-

3
3
.
_
_
-

3
3
_
_
*

_
.
_
_
.
.
-

_
.
_
_
.
_
-

61
56
5
-

44
38
6
1
-

9
9
.
-

_
_
_
_

-

_
_
.
_
-

127
95
32
8
24

113
71
42
4
38

314
250
64
11
18
35

348
197
151
43
27
81

296
2 71
25
25
-

752
166
586
560
26

83
83
_
_
_
-

56
10
46
1
45

14
8
6
-

70
48
22
6
2

32
21
11
4
3

164
83
81
34
23

247
111
136
118
5

17
3
14
-

16
16
-

6
6
-

7
1
6
6

68
54
14
9

70
64
6
4

50
26
26

46
46
36

11
11
11

162
24
24

8
-

32
"

-

1
1
1

7
7
2

3
3
3

6
6
6

14
10
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

-

12
8

1
1
1

.

_

_

_

_

.
_

.
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
-

402
193
20 9 '
149
60

420
207
213
_
138
75

876
59
817
688
109
20

195
3
192
192
_
, *

_
.
.
_
-

781
20
761
681
31

201
87
114
96
18

612
612
386
226

7
5
2
1
1

30
30
-

_
_
-

_
•
_
_
-

98
59
39
34

347
27
320
310

103
62
41
4

61
61
61

7
4
3
3

_
-

1
1
“

12
12
-

8
-

4
"

4
-

4
4
1

-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

30
1
29
5
24

45
20
25
9
12

64
46
16
3
13

49
40
9
3
5

92
44
48
40
8

58
29
29
23
5

69
2?
42
10
29

15
12
3
3
“

24
23
1
-

_
-

7
7
-

16
6
10
9

38
31
7
3

50
34
16
12

41
25
16
13

92
28
64
48

66
' 19
47
28

22
l6
6
6

32
......1?
15
3

4
4
-

- •
_ '

3
3

-

9
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement OecupaKons-Continoed
(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r ^elected occupations studied on an area b a sis,
by industry division, M inneapolis-St. Paul, M in n., January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING 8TRAIGST-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
workers

Avenge,
hourly * Under
earnings $
1. 10

* ..1 0
and
under
I. 20

$ 1.20

$1 .30

*1.40

*1.50

* 1 .6 8

*1.™

*1.80

* 1.90

*2.00

* 2 .1 0

*2.20

*2.30

*2.40

*2. 50

* 2 .6 0

40

1.30

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2. 70

*2. 70
and
over

Shipping and rece ivin g c l e r k s -------------------------M an u factu rin g--------------------------------- ------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------------

209
127
82

$
2 .2 6
2.2 9
2 .2 0

-

-

“

-

-

2
2

-

13
13

2
2

15
14
1

49
37
12

17
17

29
10
19

16
4
12

6
6

27
22
5

11
4
7

22
19
3

T ruckd rivers 4 -------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing---------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * -------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e -------------------------------------Retail t r a d e ---------------------------------------------

3.281
439
2,842
1, 784
442
613

2.4 2
2.4 3
2.42
2 .4 5
2 .3 7
2 .3 7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3
3
-

10
10
10
-

2
2
2
-

21
21
12
9

13
13
5
7

47
8
39
20
19

66
43
23
5
18
-

46
18
28
24
4

202
51
151
1
86
64

342
92
250
1
88
159

2249
63
2186
1677
184
325

139
32
107
39
42
26

109
100
9
9
-

32
32
-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under 1Va t o n s ) --------M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------

413
135

2 .3 7
2. 54

_

_

_

3

10
-

2
“

21
-

6
-

19
-

10
5

11
10

11
8

28
6

202
18

14
12

74
74

2
2

T ru ck d rivers, m edium (lVa to and
including 4 t o n s ) ------------—---- --------------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------Retail t r a d e ----------------------------------------

1.92 7
232
1,695
1,190
281
224

2.42
2 .3 7
2.42
2 .4 6
2 .3 3
2. 33

_
-

208
1321
65 -------S I 143
1283
1
1130
105
39
48
103

67
13
54
39
15
-

26

22
22
-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r t y p e ) ------------------ ---- ——-----------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------------

591
574
382
72

2 ,4 7
2 .4 6
2 .4 7
2 .4 4

-

538
533
382
57

35
35
9

-

8
-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra ile r t y p e ) --------- : -----------------Nonmanufacturing — ..
........ ..... -... —------

160
123

2 .3 8
2.41

_
-

M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------P ublic utilities * -------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------- —
R etail t r a d e ---------------------------------------------

769
329
440
224
92
124

2 .3 0
2. 18
2 .3 9
2 .4 7
2 .3 0
2. 32

_
-

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than f o r k l i f t ) ------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------

221 ,
182

2.22
2 .2 3

W atchm en8 -------------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing---------------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------------

228
62
166
55

1. 70
1. 79
1.66
1.90

t
*
1
4
8
*
f

-

_
-

_
“

.
-

„
-

_
-

.
-

-

7
7
7

28
8
20
20
-

56
38
18
18
“

35
8
27
24
3

157
14
143
80
63

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

_
-

.
-

9
5
5

1
1
1

_

_

-

.
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

-

.
-

25
-

94
84

14
14

18
16

9
9

-

_
_

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

19
19
-

23
23
-

61
61
-

48
42
6
6

32
25
7
7

100
30
70
44
26

130
44
86
7
11
68

326
56
2 70
217
30
23

1
1
1

_
“

25
25
“

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

•

-

-

-

-

25
13

15
15

6
6

66
62

32
9

49
49

_

-

19
19

_

-

-

-

9
9

1

26
26
“

16
5
11
"

5
3
2
"

3
2
1

9
1
8
8

22
4
18
8

29
fi­
ll
8

H

1

34
12
22
20

6
6
-

8
8
8

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

>
-

.
-

1

57
6 —
51
1

5
6
~

'

l

z(>

-

'

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The January 1958 data (BUS Bull. 1224-10) should read as fo llo w s: Total— num ber of w o rk e rs, 540, average hourly earnings, $2; m anufacturing— num ber of w ork ers, 418, average hourly earnings, $ 2 .0 6 .
Includes all driv e rs re ga rd le ss of s ize and type of truck operated.
The January 1958 data (BLS Bull. 1224-10) should read as follow s: Total— num ber of w o rk e rs, 237, average hourly earnings, $1. 68; m anufacturing— num ber of w ork ers, 86, average hourly ea rn in g s,$1.80 .
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities,
Finance insurance, and rea l estate.




A p p e n d ix : O ccupational Descriptions

10

The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w ag e su r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o p r ia te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u nder
a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e sta b lis h m e n t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g rou p in g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age
r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b c on ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and
in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
ca n tly fr o m th ose in u s e in in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p lyin g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s tr u c te d to e x clu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h an d icap p ed w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O ff ic e
B IL L E R ,

M ACHIN E

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a l s o k eep r e c o r d s
as to b illin g s o r sh ipp in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
cid e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a ch in e , a r e c la s s ifie d b y type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e )— U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H opk in s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u r ro u g h s , e t c . , w h ich
a r e co m b in a tio n typin g and addin g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ipp in g m e m o ra n d a , e t c .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is co u n ts and sh ipp in g c h a r g e s and en try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot be com p u te d on the
b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d
b y m a ch in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b i ll b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a
fa n fo ld m a ch in e .
B i lle r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e )----- U ses a b ook k eep in g
m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em in gton R and, e tc . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y not have ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills a s p a r t o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and co m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts a u to ­
m a tic a lly the deb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s
D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w l­
edg e o f b oo k k e e p in g . W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and stan dard ty p es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (R em in gton R and, E llio tt
F is h e r , S u ndstrand, B u r ro u g h s, N a tion al C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u sin e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ----- C on tinu ed
C la s s A — K eep s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow led ge o f
—
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r it y w ith
the s tr u c tu r e o f the p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D eter­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d i t ite m s
to b e u se d in e a ch p h a s e o f the w o r k . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C l a s s B — K eep s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k ee p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e ts f o r the a c c o u n tin g d ep a rtm en t.
CLERK,

AC CO U N TIN G

C la sjj_A — U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r k e e p in g on e o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te s e t o f b ook s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a se o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s . W o r k in v o lv e s p o s tin g and b a la n cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou n ts p a y a b le ; ex a m in in g and c o d in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m en t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s .
M ay a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n tr ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B — U nder s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e
a cc o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , en te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
by g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s n ot r e q u ir e a k n ow led g e o f
a cco u n tin g and b o ok k eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o f f ic e s in
w h ich the m o r e rou tin e a c c o u n tin g w o r k is su b d iv id e d on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s is a m on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

11

CLERK, FILE
Class A — —
Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B -----Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following; Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve; Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

12

SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL---- Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s
time while at switchboard.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A -----Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r o f e s s i o na 1

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following; Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B ----Performs one or more of the following:
Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e t c ., setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

nd

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER-----Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, e tc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

13
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE,

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured
attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)-----Continued
and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

nd

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

P o w e r plant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings^ models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tor s, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. . Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to Sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

14
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following;
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in topi and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following; Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re ­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER. MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

15
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE---- Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded*

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling ; installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,' metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

(Oiemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments, understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded*
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

16

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK---- Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, , as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following; Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under 1 V2 tons)
medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
U S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE . 1959 0 — 501376

Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959. These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the BLS regional sa les offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis w ill be issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties),N. Y., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents
D allas, Tex., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass.,October 1958 -B L S Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, Pa*, November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-8, price 30 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102