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Occupational Wage Survey

B u l le t i n

No.

1 2 4 0 -1 0

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

James P. Mitchell, Secretary

Ewan Clagt*, Comam»on«r







Occupational Wage Survey




M E M P H IS , T E N N E S S E E
J A N U A R Y 1959

Bulletin No. 1240-10
March 1959

UNITED

STATES DEPARTMENT O F
Jam es

P. M itchell,
BUR E AU
E w an

OF

LABOR

S e cre ta ry

LABO R

C la gu a,

STATISTICS

Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 20 cents

T h e L ib r a r y o f C o n g r e s s h a s c a t a l o g e d
in w h i c h th is p u b l i c a t i o n

th e s e r ie s

a p p e a r s a s fo llo w s :




no. in

Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

Kov. 1895-

v.

v. illus. 16-28 cm.

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

Library of Congress

331.06173
tr58t2j

23-26 cm.

Nov 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. t2. Employee bene­
fits,
i. Title.
( Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

IID8051.A62

th is

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Bulletin, no. 1Washington.

T h e L ib r a r y o f C o n g r e s s h a s c a t a l o g e d
p u b lic a tio n a s fo llo w s :

15-23307 rev*J

HD4973.A462

331.2973

U. S. Dept of Labor.
for Library of Congress

Library
|57r52nljf

L

49—125*

Contents

Preface

Page
The C om m u n ity W age S u rv e y P r o g r a m

This r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B ureau*s r e g io n a l
o ffic e in A tlan ta , Ga. , b y B e r n a r d J. F a h r e s , u nder the
d ir e c tio n o f Loui-s B . W oy ty ch , R e g io n a l W age and In d u stria l
R ela tion s A n a ly s t.




1
2

T a b le s :
1.
2o

A:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y --------In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s -----------------------

2

O ccu p a tion a l e a rn in g s: *
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s ----------------------------------- --------A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s ----------A - 3 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t i o n s -------A - 4 . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o ccu p a tio n s

co in 'O c

The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s r e g u la r ly con d u cts
a re a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p orta n t in d u stria l
cen ters.
The stu d ie s , m a d e fr o m la te fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r e la te to o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d su p p lem en ta ry
b e n e fit s .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
o f the study in ea ch a r e a , u su a lly in the m on th fo llo w in g the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied . This b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l data
n ot in clu d ed in the e a r lie r r e p o r t . A co n s o lid a te d a n a ly tica l
b u lletin su m m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the y e a r ^ s u r v e y s
is is su e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a b u lletin f o r the
c u r re n t round o f s u r v e y s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ------- --------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ---------------------------------

A pp en d ix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s

-----------------------------------------------

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s f o r m o s t of th ese ite m s a r e a v a ila ­
b le in the M em ph is a r e a r e p o r t s f o r N o v e m b e r 1951; Janu ary 1953
and 1954; F e b r u a r y 1955, 1956, and 1957; and Janu ary 1958.
L ike the p r e s e n t r e p o r t , the 1957 r e p o r t w as lim ite d to o c c u p a ­
tion a l e a r n in g s. M ost o f the oth er r e p o r t s in clu d ed data on sh ift
d iffe r e n tia l p r o v is io n s ; m in im u m en tra n ce r a te s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s ; sch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n p la n s .
The 1954 r e p o r t
(B LS B u ll. 1 1 5 7 -2 ) a ls o p r o v id e s a tabu lation o f the ra te o f pay
fo r h o lid a y w o rk ; the 1955 r e p o r t , data on pay p r o v is io n s fo r
h o lid a y s fa llin g on n o n w ork d a y s, and fr e q u e n c y o f w age pa ym en t.
B oth the 1954 and 1958 r e p o r t s p ro v id e data on o v e rtim e pay
p r a c t ic e s , w age stru c tu re c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , and la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n ts . A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e
o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r ts f o r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is
a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r auto d e a le r r e p a ir
sh ops in the M em ph is a r e a (M ay 1958). Union s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e
o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tra d e s
o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ilding c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g ,
lo c a l-t r a n s it
o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

1

9




O c c u p a tio n a l

W

a g *

S u r v e y — M e m p h is ,

T en n .

I n t r o d u c t io n

T h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r s B u rea u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits
on an a r e a b a s is .

b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as r e ­
la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u str y g rou p in g and a r e a ,' e x ­
c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

The b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
ea rn in g s in fo r m a tio n ob ta in ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n ts
v is ite d b y B u rea u fie ld agen ts in the la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y f o r o c c u ­
pations r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r stu d y.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a d e
to n on resp on d en ts and to th o se r e sp o n d e n ts r e p o r tin g unusual ch a n g e s
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O cc u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to
take a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee a p p en d ix fo r lis tin g o f th e s e d e s c r ip t i o n s .)
E a rn in g s data
a r e p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p es o f o c ­
cu p a tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in ­
ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h ­
m ents w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r ­
tation (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le sa le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v ic e s ;1 M a jo r in d u str y g rou p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e se s tu d ie s , b e s id e s
r a ilr o a d s , a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and e x ­
tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d
n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e th ey fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ra n t i n c l u s i o n .1 W h e r ­
e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f the b r o a d
in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T o ob ta in
a p p ro p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s

S ee ta ble b elow f o r m in im u m -s iz e e s ta b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e sh ow n f o r
f u ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
ule in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if i c a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d e d a l s o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s and in ce n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) fo r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e se
o c cu p a tio n s h ave b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f th e stu d y and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in .o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e a m on g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed
f r o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f.t h e jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tion a l s t r u c tu r e do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s da ta.

Table 1 Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Memphis, Tenn. ,1 by major industry division,1 January 1959
.
Number of establishments
Industry division

Within scope
of study 3

Workers in establishments
Studied

Within scope
of study

Studied

All divisions-----------------------------------------------

413

130

76,800

44,290

Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---------- ------------- — ----------------Transportation (excluding railroads), communication,
and other public utilities 4 ------------------------------Wholesale trade * ---------------------------------------Retail trade * ------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate*----------------------Services * ’ 4 --------------------------------------------

153
260

52
78

35,500
41,300

21,490
22,800

47
78
82
23
30

20
21
17
10
10

7 700
,
9, 000
15, 100
3, 500
6 000
,

5 600
,
3,280
8 510
,
2,440
2,970

1 The Memphis Metropolitan Area (Shelby County). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the
labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since
(l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
* The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier edition used in previous
surveys are the transfer of milk pasteurization plants and ready mixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting
from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation (51 employees). All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto
repair services, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation. Electric and gas utilities are municipally operated, and are therefore excluded, by definition, from the scope of the study.
* This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




2
W age T r e n d s fo r S e le c t e d O c c u p a t io n a l G ro u p s

T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n ts in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s an d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .

o c c u p a t io n s w e r e th en to ta le d to ob ta in
tio n a l g r o u p . F in a lly , th e r a t io o f th e s e
y e a r to th e a g g r e g a te f o r th e b a s e p e r io d
w a s c o m p u te d an d the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d
g et the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that is ,
the sta n d a rd w o r k sc h e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ift s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p . T he o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
th e fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A a n d B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , f ile ,
c l a s s A and B ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f ic e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ;
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; an d t y p is t s , c l a s s A and B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l n u rse data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s . M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e
in clu d e d in the plant w o r k e r data:
S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h t s ; p a i n t e r s ;
p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h an d lin g; and
w a tch m e n .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , th e e ffe c t s o f (1 ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) c h a n g e s in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
t io n s , and ch a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e ca n
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t
a c tu a l w ag e c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m igh t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a tio n an d r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in th e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . T h e m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t ou t o f a n a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n though no ch a n ge in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h e .use o f co n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
N o r a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d by ch a n g e s in
sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e th ey
a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in th e j o b .
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l

T a b le 2 .

In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e t s a p p e a r e d in B L S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W ages and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 19 Ija b o r M a r k e t s , W in te r 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s in M e m p h i s ,
J a n u a r y 1959 and J a n u a r y 1 9 5 8 , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d ex es
(J a n u a ry 1953 r 100)

In d u s try and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
J a n u a r y 1959

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) --------------------------------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ---------------------------S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ---------------------------U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ) — --------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) --------------------------------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ---------------------------S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ---------------------------U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ) -------------------------------------

1

*

J a n u a ry 1958

120

Ten n. ,

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
J a n u a ry 1958
to
J a n u a ry 1959 1

F e b ru a ry 1957
to
J a n u a r y 1958

F e b ru a r y 1956
to
F e b r u a r y 1957

F e b ru a ry 1955
to
F e b r u a r y 1956

6

J a n u a ry 1954
to
F e b r u a r y 1955

J a n u a ry 1953
to
J an u ary 1954

1 2 5 .0
134. 5
1 3 1 .9
1 3 2 .4

. 8
130. 3
129. 0
1 3 1 .2

3. 4
3 .2
2. 3
.9

2 .4
3. 3
6 .3
4. 5

4 .3
4 .2
5 .4
7 .2

. 5
5 .9
. 1
7. 7

2.

1
7 .1
3 .0
3. 5

4. 1
. 7
3. 5
5 .2

1 2 4 .4

122. 3

1.8

4. 6

5 .6

4. 7

(*)
127. 3
128. 0

(*)
124. 8
126. 7

(*)
1 .9

(*)
5 .4
5 .8

(*)
4. 8
7. 3

(a)
8 .9
3. 6

3 .9
. 7
2. 3
4 .2

2. 3
. 7

1.0

8

I m p o r t a n t c h a n g e s in th e i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n o f M e m p h i s i n th e p a s t y e a r a f f e c t e d th e a m o u n t s o f i n c r e a s e s s h o w n f o r t h is p e r i o d .
D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




an a g g re g a te f o r *each o c c u p a ­
g rou p a g g r e g a te s f o r a g iv e n
(s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952 -53)
b y the b a s e y e a r in d e x (1 0 0 ) to

8

6

6
1.6

3. 4

3

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-l, Office Occupations
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e ,w e e k ly hours and e a r n in g s fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry division , M em phis, T e n n ., January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Atkxaqs

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

f
t
$
$
$
Weeklyj W
eekly i ^0.00 *35. 00 40.00 *45. 00 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
<

»

35.00

40.00 45.00

50.00 55.00 60.00

65.00

70.00 75.00 80. 00

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00
and
85.00 ■ . L Q . 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 over
9C.H.

Men

Clerks, accounting, class A ----------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------- :
---Nonmanufacturing------------------------ .— ------------—

164
100
64

40.0
40.0
40.0

$
91.00
92.50
88.50

-

“

-

-

-

“

"

"

2
2

1

7
5
2

12
5
7

22
13
9

34
19
15

8
7
1

14
5
9

9
7
2

Clerks, order--------------— ----------------Manufacturing------------------------- ---—
Nonmanufacturing---------------------------

123
36
87

40.0
40.0
40.0

70.00
66.00
71.50

“

"

"

4
4

21
4
17

4
4
“

27
12
15

11
1
10

15
5
10

15
15

5
1
4

12
1
11

_
“

2
2

Office boys --------------------'
--------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------- --- ---

57
37

39.5
“197?“

45.50
44.00

_

6
6

27
18

15
7

5
4

1
"

1
1

_

!

_

“

1
1

_

“

“

"

*

“

_
■

Tabulating-machine operators------------------Manufacturing------------------------ ------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------

83

40.0
40.0
40.0

84. 50
91.00
80.00

"

_
“

_
-

!
1

2
2

1

8
1
7

7
3
4

4
4

5
1
4

16
8
8

6
4
2

3

48

Billers, machine (billing machine)--------------Manufacturing---- ■ — ---------------------—
Nonmanufacturing---------------------------

99
42
57

40.0
40.0
40.0

56.50
57. 00
56.00

“

-

3
3

11
4
7

25
7
18

33
24
9

19
r~
17

1
“

5
4
1

“

"

"

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine)----------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------

42
42

40.0
40.0

50.50
50.50

3
3

13
13

4
4

11
11

_
“

_

“

10
10

_

1

”

"

~

"

■

■

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ---------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------

58
35

40.0
40.0

70.50
71.60

_

_

1
“

5

9
2

9
4

12
11

6
6

1
“

1
“

_

"

1
”

6

“

“

"

7
7

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B ---------Manufacturing------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------- -----------

369
89
280

40.0
40.0
40.5

54.00
62.50
51.50

_
"

32
32

112
4
108

83
5
78

38
20
18

56
38
18

25
14
11

-

4

"

8
1
7

9
5
4

_
-

1
1
■

■

Clerks, accounting, class A ----- -------- —— ----Manufa cturi n g -----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------------------------

173
43
130

40.0
40. 0
40.0

69.00
75.56
67. 00

2

29
1
28

25
8
17

15
2
13

7

3

-

6

1
1

2

30
8
22

6

“

36
5
31

4

“

5
1
4

10

“

3

1

8

-

■

Clerks, accounting, class B -------- —--------------------------- —
Manufacturing------------------------------------ ----------— ---------Nonm anufacturing---------------------------

599
127
472

39.5
40. 0
39.5

56.50
58.50
56.00

10

50
1
49

94
10
84

153
30
123

90

83

45

9

9

1

3

3

-

-

50

38

11

6

3
3

_

33

36
10
26

14

30

35

8
5

1
1
“

10
8
2

12
11
1

*17
8
9

4
“

_
“

1
.
1

2

"

-

-

-

16
6
7 ----5“
9
1

2
2

_
-

■

■

*

_

_

_

16
12
4

4

2
-

.

Women

See footnote at end o f table.




-

4
-

-

10

-

60

—

2
2

-

-

_

8

9

"
5
■

-

■

-

_
-

1
“

_
■

_

2
1

_

_
-

■
_

1

-

2
2

“

1
-

_
-

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d iv isio n , M em phis, Tenn, , January 1959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avnuas
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
o
f
wres
okr

$
$
W e l , Weeklyi ^0.00 35.00 40. 00
eky
hus
or
erig
anns
and
( t n a d ( t n a d under
Sadr) Sadr)
35.00 40.00 45. 00

I
$
45.00 50.00 55.00

%

%

60.00 65.00

50.00 -55,00 60,00. 65,00 70.00

*
$
$
S
$
70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90. 00
75.00 80.00

85.00 90.00 95.00

$
$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 over

t

W om en— Continued

&

39.5
39.5

$
55.50
56. 50

Clerks, file, class B --------------------------Manufacturing------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---- -- ---------------------

280
48
232

39.5
40.0
39.5

49.50
49.50
49.50

Clerks, order ---------------------------------Manufacturing----------- -------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------

116
51
65

40.0
39.5
40.0

58.50
62.00
56.00

Clerks, payroll------------------- -----------Manufacturing--------— -----— -- ------ ----Nonmanufacturing------------------- --------

192
96
96

40.0
40.0
40.5

Comptometer operators---------- --- ------- --Manufacturing------------- — --- ---- ---— — —
Nonmanufacturing---------------------------

234
63
171

Duplicating-machine operators
(mimeograph or ditto)--------------------------

_
"

3
3

11
4

20
10

2
2

3
3

21

22
22

69
9
60

58
17
41

34
6
28

28
16
12

14

■

12
3
9

21

“

20

24
7
17

17
11
6

61.00
64.00
58.50

3

8
.
8

12
9

10
2
8

29
21
8

39.5
39.5
39.5

57.00
65.50
54. 00

3

3

13
.
13

26
26

43
4
39

28

40.0

56.00

.

-

2

Key-punch operators-------- --- --------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------ -- -- — ,

159
49
110

39.5
40.0
39.5

57. 50
66.50
53. 50

-

8
8

8
8

Office girls-----------------------------------Manufacturing--------------------- ---------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------

114
26
88

39.5
40.0
39.5

46.50
47.50
46.50

5
5

2
2

41
16
25

Secretaries-------------------------------- --Manufacturing------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------- -- -------Public utilities * --------------------------

597
205
392
62

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

68.50
71.00
67.00
79.50

2
"

2
"

Stenographers, general------------------------Manufa cturing------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------Public utilities * ---- ----------------------

523
220
303
38

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

60.00
64.50
56. 50
74. 50

“

2
2
-

67
10
57
“

Clerks, f l , class A --------------------------ie
Nonmanufacturing-------------------- — ------

49

.
.
“
21

3

-

’

7

_
"

1
"

!

b

l

_

_

_

_

1

*

•

■

"

6
6

17
17

5
5

4
4

_
-

2

_

2

.
.
"

-

.
-

17
16
1

1
1
“

7
7
“

3
1
2

“

9
3
6

3
1
2

2
2

“

"

-

31
16
15

31
19
12

20
12
8

21
4
17

5
5
“

10
7
3

4
2
2

3
2

3
3
_

.
"

x
1

_
"

45
12
33

22
15
7

27
7
20

9
3
6

10
4
6

6
2
4

13
7
6

4
2
2

10
7
3

5

7

5

5

2

.

1

1

-

22
22

27
7
20

31
6
25

34
15
19

7
5
2

6
4
2

3
2

5
4
1

33
3
30

17
3
14

9
2
7

7
2
5

“

_
_

“

21

20

21
"

20
“

54
26
28
3

80
33
47
“

89
27
62
7

74
25
49

66
20
46
6

65
18
47
-

69
15
54
3

57
21
36
2

99
60
39
7

52
28
24
3

1

8
2
6

14

Switchboard operators--- -------------------— --Nonmanufacturing--- — ------------ ----- ----

125
104

42.5
43.0

44.00
41.00

*35
35

12
12

28
28

10
10

11
6

15
6

6
4

Switchboard operator-receptionists--------------Manufacturing-------------------- ----------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------

175
57
118

40.0
40.0
40.0

57.50
58.50
57. 00

_

_
-

23
23

21
2
19

39
22
17

31
14
17

33
11
22

See footn otes at end o f table,




-

1

1

_
"

1

*
-

3

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

6
4
2

2
2
“

-

“

_
“

_
“

63
17
46
12

39
12
27
8

26
14
12
7

41
29
12
5

20
13
7

22
13
9
4

6
1

_

4
4

_

-

1
1

-

_
-

.

_

_

-

“

"

"

_
"

_
-

_
~

_
“

_
*
*

31
10
21
13

19
10
9
5

6
5
1
”

5
5
~

”

2
1
1
“

17
10
7
6

12
3
9
7

_

_

"

■

_
“

“

-

_

.
.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

4

1

_

3

-

9
1
8

1

1

1

-

_
-

_

■

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

5
Table A-1. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A verage s tra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry division , M em phis, Term. , January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex, occupation, anc industry d ivision

0
1

workers

$
3 0.00

W
eekly
W
eekly
hours 1
(Standard) (Standard) under
35.00

$
$
$
35. 00 40. 00 4 5.00
”
4 0 .0 0

“
45.00

“
50.0 0

S
$
S
50. 00 5 5.00 60. 00

“
55.00

60.00

65.00

65.00

S
70.00

70.00

“
75.00

%

$
75.00

s
80. 00

85.00

S

$
90. 00

8 0.00

“
8 5 .0 0

“
90. 00

“
9 5 .0 0

$

95.00
”

s

10 0 $
0 .0 105.00 $ 1 .0 $
1 0 0 115.00
“

■

“

1 0 0 105.00 1 0 0 115.00
0 .0
1 .0

and
over

Wom en— C ontinue d
T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l -----------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------

257
5^
198

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
55.00
"52. W
56.00

“

_
~

22

T yp ists, c la s s A -------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------N onm an u factu rin g--------------------—--------------------------------

127
53
74

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 1 .0 0
63.0 0
59.50

_
“

4
4

2
2

4
4

1
2
1
2

T yp ists, c la s s B ------------------------------------------------------------M anufa c tur in g -------------------------------------------------- ----------N onm an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
*

504
127
377

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

4 8 .5 0
51.0 0
4 7 .5 0

23

1

154

1
0

144

60
25
35

64
24
40

36
5
31

43
3
40

23

2

l

2

1

2

-

22

2

14
13

24
2
22

18 '
12
6

27
9
18

1
1
1
1
0

6

3
2

12
It)
2

5
3
2

4
4

_
-

1
143
40
103

118
53
65

50
16
34

9
6
3

1

5
1
4

1

5
3
1
2

1

-

1
1

1
1

“
2
2

_
“

1

_
“

_
“

_
■

1

“

_
"

_
~

_
-

.
-

.
-

1

_
”

-

_
-

_
-

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar stra igh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly h ours.
W orkers w e re distributed as fo llo w s : 9 at $115 to $120; 8 at $120 to $130.
Includes 15 w o rk e rs at $25 to $30.
T ran sportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage s tra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
b y industry div isio n , M em phis, Tenn. , January 1959)
Avnusi
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision
—

Number
of
w
orkers
—

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
Weeklyi
W
eekly E 55.00 6 0 .0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
60.0 0 6 5 .0 0
—
—

$
65.00
70.00

<
70.00
-

$
S
75. 00 80. 00
8 0.00 8 5.00

*
$
85.00 9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0

$
$
s
$
$
$
S
$
$
I
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

Men
D raftsm en, s e n i o r ----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------- -----------------------------

112
98

4 0 .0
40. 0

$
108.00
111.00

D raftsm en, j u n i o r ------------------------------------------------- ----------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------

72
54

40. 0
4 0 .0

72. 50
74.00

30

3 9 .5

80. 00

“

5
“

1

1
1

1
“

8
7

"

5
5

8
8

5

16
13

7
4

12
8

14
14

8
5

8
8

_

_

•

5

3

3

!

6

2

6

1

38
35

9
9

4
1

_

_

“

2
....... 2

_

“

*

“

"

3

1

_

_

_

_

_

....

3
2~

3
3

1
1

5
5

11
ll

_

_

_

_

"

~

"

-

_

_

.

9
9

W om en
N u rses, industrial ( r e g i s t e r e d ) --------------------------------------

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar s tra igh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.




6

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , M em phis, T e n n ., January 1959)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
o
workers

t

73
31
42

C a rp en te rs, m a in te n a n c e _______ —____
M anufacturing ___ ____
N onm anufacturing ______ _
_
E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance
M anufacturing _ ____

$
2.11
2 .0 3
2 .1 7

1
_

2
2

______
_ ___ ___

126
111

2 .5 3
2 .6 3

“

1
"

, r, ,

113
67
46

2.1 9
2 .4 6
1.90

_
-

9
9

144

1.27
r: Z5 “

_

E n g in eers , station ary .......
M anufacturing
Nonm anufartnring
F irem en , stationary

Average Under f .0 0 f . 10
hourly .
under
earnings $
and
1.00
1.10 1.20

b o i le r ____ ______
-----

H elp ers, tr a d e s , m aintenance
Mannfa r tnring
N onmanufa c tur in g___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s * __________________

UT~

_

f . 40

f . 50

f .6 0

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

■

1

9
0
“

_

3
3 "

3
2

5
4

4
4

1
1

5
5

-

9
7
2

3
3

4
4

_
-

4
4
-

_
-

3
2
1

4
4

25
11
14

.
-

4

_

4
4

_

_

_

8
$

6
5
1
“

12
11
1
"

23
2
21
21

57
38
4
15
6
— 5F — 37 ------ — r r -------£■

8

%

_

-------

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

"

■

■

"

2 .2 8
1.97
2 .3 7
2 .5 6

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

397
372
25

2 .2 4
2 .2 7
1.83

_
-

_
-

1
1

' -

1
1
-

6
2
4

114
"114

2 .58
T75TS—

-

-

-

-

1
1

li
li
2
2

338
74
264
192

M ech a n ics, m aintenance -------- ------- -----M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________ _________
__ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ —-

1

2
2

■

_

M ech a n ics, autom otive
(m aintenance) ________________________
M anufacturing __
__
______
N onm anufacturing
__________
P u b lic u tilitie s*
____ __

3
2
1

2 .3 0

2
2

“

2 .4 9
2 .4 9

2
2

2. 10 2 .2 0

1
“

*

118
116

7
2
5

2 .0 0

5
"

16
11
5
“

M ach in ists, m aintenance ______
M a n u fa ctu rin g __
______ . .

1.90

“

34
36
4
2

9

3
2
1

9
4
5

18
14
4
“

1.63
i .4 6
1.87
2 .2 2

$
s
$
$
2 .9 0 3.00 3. 10 3 .20

f . 70

1.30

“

f . 30

29
~

195
”114
81
52

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
t
f .80 f .90 1 .0 0 1. 10 1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0

f . 20

6
f>

n

i
!
2i
2

2 .5 0

4:
1'
3i
1

2
2

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .00

5
5
-

8
1
7

7
32
------- 7 ------37

20
20

1
1

1
1

s|
2!

2
1

7!
6!

1

-

1
5!
41
l!

4
2
2i

3
1—
2

_

4
4!

5

18 !

5:

2

18
18 1

5;
5!

2

~

“

6
6

3
3

3
3

4
4

9
9

9
9

8
6

11
11

8
8

10
0
l
-

12
2
10
-

17
2
15
4

34
27
7
3

24
7
17
1

10
5
5
-

11
5
6
4

3
3
2

18 |
18
8

4
4

l
l
-

18
0
9

21
20
1

8
8
“

30
29
1

18
74
74 .. 1
8
“
“

15
15

18 j
2
16 !
151
1
22
22 1
!

_

_

-

-

10
10

-

9 -------r
1
9

2
2

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

"

3
3

-

5
2

1
“

16
15_

1

3
“

1
1

_

_

_

~

“

“

3
3

2
r
i

18
14
4

_

_ _
_-

_

_

O ile r s __________________________________
M anufacturing ___ __ .
-------

55
4$

1.95
2.66

6
-

2
2

_

_

P a in ters, m aintenance
N onm anufacturing ____ ________ ____

68
46

1.99

_

3
3

_

1.63

3

-

6
4

P ip e fitte r 8, m aintenance
M a n u fa ctu rin g __ _ __

58
68

2.7 6
2 .7 6

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

-

.

T o o l and die m a k e r s __________________
M anufacturing _________ __

60

" 60

"

3

.
-

-

■

2 .8 3

”2781

1 E x clu des prem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h o lid a ys, and late shifts.
2 W ork e rs w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s : 8 at $ 0 .8 0 to $ 0 .9 0 ; 1 at $ 0 .9 0 to $1.
* T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.




_

.

_

_

_

21
rr

1
“ -------- r

ii
nr —
i

3
1
r ------l
-

_
-

-

2

_
r

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

16
28
16 — zs-

■

■

12
12

-

-

1
1I
-

-

_
-

2
2
-

l
1
-

-

-

_

-

j

65
5
60
59

43
43
43

9
9
-

5
5
5

30
3°

22
20
2

47
47
-

36
36
-

5
5

8
12
19
-------8"— r r ----- TT

1
1

38
38

-

!
1

2
2

10 j
10 !

6
6

2
2

-

-

1
6

-

7
7

-

-

16

_

3

2
2

4
4

1!
n

_

_i

.

"

“

■

j i
1j

7
7

3
3

9[

_
|

49
49
48

15
IS
-

l l

-

_

“

—

_—

_

24
16
8

”

1
1

“—

5
4
1

1

M illw rights _
_______ __
M anufacturing

9
2
7

4:
4"

4
4

and
over

3. 10 3.2 0

!

i
1

~

11

2 .7 0

2 .6 0

8
5
3
“

_

14
10
4

T

2 .4 0

-

_
-

-

-

"

9
9

_

1
1

_

_

"

8
~

■

■

1
1

32
32

10
10

_

10
10

_

.

■

■

6
6

4
4

_

_

30

_

_
-

1.
1

“

"

"

30

7
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn. , January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation1 and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
w
orkers

»
0 .5 0

$
0 .6 0

$
0 .7 0

$
0 .8 0

$
0 .9 0

s
1.00

$
1.10

$
1.20

$
1.30

.60

.70

.80

.90

1.00

1. 10 1.20

1.30

1.40

6
f>

12
12

2
2

r
i

2
2

18
' 18

17
17

24
24

2
2

“

.

_
-

2
2

1
-

50
46

0 .6 6
.62

3 18
15

Elevator o p e r a to r s , passen ger
(wom en) ______ ________ ________________
Nonmanufacturing _________
__ _

92
9l

.67
.67

12
12

Guards __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________

102
85

1.95
01

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

"

-

-

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(m en) _______________________ _______ ____
M anufacturing _____________________ _
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities* ---------------------------

986
431
555
87

1.19
1.42
1.02
1.22

3
3
"

14
14
"

9
9
“

34
34
“

49
49
■

74
74
“

25
25
-

280
116
164
19

Ja n itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(w o m e n )__ ___________________________ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___
_______________
N on m an u factu rin g___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s * ___________ ___ _

284
76
208
37

.91
1.23
.80
1. 15

11
11
-

64
64
-

26
26
-

-

-

2
2
-

100
38
62
8

L a b o r e rs , m a te ria l handling ________ _
M anufacturing ________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________ _ __ _
Pu blic u tilitie s* __________________

2 ,2 6 4
1,174
890
145

1.40
1.41
1.39
1.88

_
-

2
2

_
-

20
.
20

16
16

4
4

795
O rder f ille r s ____________ _____ _ __ _
M anufacturing __________________ ____ ----- IBS
607
Nonmanufacturing ________________

~ T 7E 2

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

1.41

P a c k e r s , shipping (m en) ____ ____
M anufacturing ___________ __________
N on m an u factu rin g_______ __________

397
12*
274

1.52
1.67
1.45

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

P a ck e rs , shipping (w om en)
__ __ ___
M anufacturing
___________ _____

103
67

1.22
—

_

_

1

_

_

~ T 7K

"

“

-

"

R eceivin g c le r k s ________________ _____
M anufacturing ______________ _
Nonm anufacturing
____
_ ___

133
*4
79

1.49
'" . " 7 5 "
1.31

_

.

-

-

E levator o p e ra to r, passen ger ( m e n ) ___

1.46
—

3 9
- '
9
-

“

$
$
S
$
$
$
*
l
$
%
t
$
1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2 .2 0 2. 30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0
and
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .40 2 .5 0 over

17
16

$
Average s
hourly 0. 30 0 .4 0
earnings
and
under
.40
.50

_

-

"

1
1

2

4
4

8
7

5
3

6
5

8
8

5
-

5
-

2
2

7
6

113
" ‘53
60
23

97
39
58
37

43
25
18
■

55
42
13
"

50
"31
19
5

23
17
6

9
9
■

31
31'
"

■

59
54 5
“

43
17
26
26

12
9
3
1

3
3
“

-

-

-

5
3
2
2

-

-

8
8”

-

-

-

“

18
498
282
15 ~ J W ~ 131
151
160
53

164
101
63

351
170
181

291
2 75
16

119
74
45

63
11
52

97
16
81

1?
42
-

2J
23
-

15
15”
-

58
52
6

37
37

74
74

_
-

4
4

10
3
7

65
17
48

20
3
17

27
20
7

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

13
13

10
10

_
“

_
-

_
“

_
-

92
11
81

118
39
79

119
31
88

125
16
109

-

1
l

65
2$
36

44
l3
31

60
16
44

46
46

34
6
28

14
1
13

3
-

2
"

27
27

23
l6

20
9

7
“

10
5

_

_

_

“

-

■

3

5

38
80
32 ----- T ~
48
36

7
7

_

4
4

3
2

18
18

21
21

-

16
14
2
2

1
1
“

1
1
1

"

"

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

99
"94
5
4

93
5
88
88

_
-

9
9
-

11
ll
“

3
3
-

-

19
19
“

49
1
48

2
2
-

_
“

13
13
“

_

_

-

•

“

“

-

-

-

5

6
6

24
10
14

10
10

22
6
16

17
9
8

10
5
5

5
5“

3

5
5

_
-

4

i
I

4
1

4
1
3

4
4
“

_
“

8
5
"

4
4
“

2
2
"

_
“

15
10
5

4
3

2
2

2
2
-

2
2
-

4
-

|
Shipping cle r k s _________________________
149
M anufacturing ___________ ___
_ _ ------- T T ~
56
N onm an u factu rin g____ __ ___ _____
Shipping and r e ce iv in g c le r k s _ ____ _
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm an u factu rin g__ *________________

132
-------75
62

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

3

2
1
1

2
2
-

2
1
1

17
1
16

10
2
8

45
30
15

20
16
4

11
9
2

4
4
-

1

8
8
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

18
nr-

12
2
10

10
-----4~
6

17
14
3

14
7
7

10
2
8

6
6
22
6 ----- s~ ----- T
17

12
4
8

1.74
1.57
1.77
- "1.-65 " "
1.88

_

_

-

-

3
-

3

!
1
See footnotes at end of table,




8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn. , January 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccup ation

1 and industry d ivision

4

T r u c k d riv e r s ____ __ ____ _ ___ _ __
M anufacturing __ ____ ___ __________ _
P u blic u tilitie s* _ _ ______
T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under
lVs tons) __ ____ „ ___ _____
N onm anufacturing ________

______

Number
of
w
orker*

1,901
395
1,506
665

223
203

1.17
TTYi

771
23ft
533
246

1.61
1.69
2. 17

442 v

1.90

2

T r u ck d riv e rs .^m edium (1 V to and
including 4 tons) ___________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________
N onm anufacturing _ __ ____
P u blic u t ilit ie s * ________________

Trurkers, power (forklift) _

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than fo r k lift)___
M anufacturing
W atchm en
_
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing _
P u blic u tilitie s*




1
2
3
4
*

_

"

—

104
BO
252
— rn
119
53

-

0 .5 0
.60

0 0 $ .7 0
.6 0

0 .8 0

.80

.9 0

.70

I

4
4

-

“

“

-

”

4

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

“

■

"

”

_

_

_

1.53

_

_

16
.6

-

-

1.82
2 .0 4

.

_

_

"

■

“

-

4
4

2
2

1.10

1

4
4

1
1

"

“

“

“

“

"

-

5
5

4

4

a

8
■
_
"

“

-

1.0 S . 1 s1.20 $1.30
01 0

8 189
29
8 16
0
1
2

4

-

$

1.0 1.10 1.20
0

19
19

-

1.28

~T7ZS—
.98
1.04

$
0 .9 0

1
i
8; 2
0
8 2
0

"

1.66

—
510
— 3TI
179

M anufacturing

Nonmanufarturing

s
$
0 .3 0 0 .4 0
and
under
.40
.50

6

$
1.78
i .5 6
1.83
2 .3 6

___

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type)
_
__ __ ____
N onm anufacturing _ __

Avenge
hourly
earnings

2
0
2
0
2

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
All workers were at $0.20 and under $0.30.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

6
8

63

57
52

95
24
71

2
1
1
2

12

26

26
57

22
35

22

2

134
-

92
28
64

33

“

2
“

44

1.3 0 1. 40

1.50

1.60

1.70

108
13
95
42

311
53
258

242
172
70

26

67

11

56

6
6

18
13“

40
39

38

146
50
96

89

36

“

“

“

7
123
■ T ~ 123
■

11

”

98
3
95
42

1

7
7

2

1

31

1
6
$

8
6

2
6

1.80

4

16
1
6
-

15
15

8
11

1

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

46

38

4

44

42
38
4
4

627

50
5

627
598

4
4

42
38
4
4

185
185
183

-

-

130
130

4
4

_

14
l4

1

3

13

2

11
_

9

“

9

"

"

20
“

10
10

"

15

7
7

6

65
64

1
_

-

2
13

_

4

-

3

1

_

1

1
16

“

5
5

"

“

45
45

44
44

_

37

5

■

6

-

37
■

8
8
■

_

1

-

“

.
-

2 2
2
16
2

3
3

6

4
4

-

12
TT~

-

and
2 .5 0 over

2 0 2. 1 2.2
.0
0 0

2
2
2
2

-

s
$
2 .4 0 2 .5 0

51

1.90

’

8 6 50 27
8 6
4T “ 30
l6
29
2 2 11
1 0
59

2
$
6
8 8
6
6

2 0 s2. 1 s2.2 $2 .3 0
.0
0 0

$
$
%
$
$
1.40 *1.50 *1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90

6

”

1

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

16

"

20
16

-

8
8

47
47

~

-

1
1

13
13

29
29

5

3

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

3
-

5

9

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-tim e,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Of f i c e
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR-----Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges Or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:

Class A——Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing
—
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines )*to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.

Class B ^ ~-Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preoaration of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)-----Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstranct, £lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances . Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B ——
Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

10

CLERK,

FILE

Class A ——Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B ---- Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers 1 orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing tne items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or'the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephony orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

11

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL---- Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A -----Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r o fe s s i o n a l

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN,

LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B — Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc ., setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER-----Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, e tc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

12
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE,

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or in ju red
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

a

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)-----Continued
and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

d P o w e r plant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings^ models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER,

TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

13
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in topi and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re ­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required lor different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

14

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE---- Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves; lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Oust o di al

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments, understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and die8 to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

an d Mater ial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

15
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK---- Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and"“receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent, breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
T ru c k d riv e r,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons")
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
h e a v y (o v e r

4

to n s ,

o th e r th a n t r a i l e r

ty p e )

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

* U.S. GOVERNMENT P RINTIN G OFFICE : 1959 0 — 501349




O c c u p a t i o n a l Wage S u r v e y s

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959* These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 2 5 ,D .C .,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis w ill be issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties),N. Y ., September 1958 —
BLS Bull. 1240-3, price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents
D allas, Tex., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
Boston, M ass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents
Denver, C olo., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-8, price 30 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102