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Occupational W
age Survey

MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
JANUARY 19S8

Bulletin No. 1224-9

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



B R A O L B R S A IS IC
U E U F A O TT T S
E a Clagua, C m
w rt
om baonar




Occupational Wage Survey




MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
JANUARY 1958

B u lle tin No. 1224-9
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STATISTICS
Ew an C la gu a , Commissionar
April 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface
The Community Wage Survey Program

1
4

T ables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of s u r v e y ------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected periods _______________

A:

Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations __________________________________
A - 2: P rofessional and technical occupations ---------------A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations ------------A - 4: Custodial and m aterial movement occupations —

B:

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B -l:
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls________________________________________
B -2 :
Minimum entrance rates for womenoffice workers —
B -3 : Scheduled weekly hours _________________________________
B -4 : Overtime pay --------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 : Wage structure characteristics and lab ormanagement agreements ----------------------------------------------B -6 : Paid holidays _____________________________________________
B -7 : Paid vacations ____________________________________________
B -8 : Health, insurance, and pension p la n s __________________

Appendix:

Job descriptions

____________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for m ost of these item s are
available in the Memphis area reports for November 1951,
January 1953, January 1954, February 1955, February 1956,
and February 1957. The latter report was lim ited to oc­
cupational earnings. P rior to the present report, data on
wage structure ch aracteristics, labor-m anagem ent a gree­
m ents, and overtime pay provisions were last shown in
the 1954 summary report (BLS B ull. 1157 -2 ). The 1955
report included data on frequency of wage payments, and
pay provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays not in­
cluded in other reports.
A directory indicating date of
study and the price of the reports, as well as reports for
other m ajor a re a s, is available upon request.
Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay lev els, are
available for the following trades or industries: Building
construction, printing, local-tra n sit operating em ployees,
and motortruck drivers and helpers.
in

2

4

O '




Introduction____________________ _ — ----------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational g r o u p s -----------------------------------

* r- oo

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the y e a r's surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Page

11
12
13
13
14
15
16
18
19




Occupational W age Survey - Memphis, Tenn*
Introduction

The Memphis area is one of several important industrial cen­
ters in which the Department of Labor* s Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage
benefits on an area wide b asis.
In each area, data are obtained
by visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se r v ­
ic e s.
M ajor industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries.
Establishm ents having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant in clu sion .1 W her­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum co st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishments is studied.
In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i . e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification .
Earnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but c o s t-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report w a s rprepared in the Bureau's regional office in
Atlanta, Ga. , by Bernard J. Fah res, under the direction of Louis B.
Woytych, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations A nalyst.
1 See table on page 2 for m in im um -size establishment covered.




to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on s e ­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w orkers.
The term "office w o r k e r s ," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerica l employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, p rofession al, and technical personnel.
"P lant w o rk ers" include working forem en and all nonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical em ployees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment p o lic y ,2 presented in term s of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "o th e r " was used.
In establishments in which some la te shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment b a sis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.

2
workers if a m ajority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed .
Scheduled hours, wage structure
ch aracteristics, and labor-m anagem ent agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a m ajority are c o v e r e d .3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual item s in these tabulations do not n ecessarily equal totals.
The fir st part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summ ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arrange­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estim ates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation paym ents, such
as time paym ents, percent of annual earnings, or fla t-su m amounts.
How ever, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week* s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen* s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com ­
m ercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or

paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illn ess or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
em ployer contributes.
H owever, in New York and New J ersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the em ployer (1) con­
tributes m ore than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick -lea ve plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker's pay during absence from work
because of illn e ss.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B -3 ) were presented in earlier years in term s of the propor­
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
but inform al sick leave allowances, determined on an individual b a sis,
weekly hours for women w orkers.
were excluded.
Table 1:

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

All divisions _ _ __ ____ ____ ____ „
_

Establishm ents and workers within scope of survey and number studied in M em ph is, Tenn. , 1 January 1958

____ ____

Manufacturing_________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ __ __ „ __
„ __ ____ _
Transportation (excluding railroads), communica­
tion, and other public utilities4 ___________________
Wholesale trade
____ __ __
____ __ — _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade
________ __________ _____________ _
Finance, insurance, and real estate _____ ____ ___
Services 4 _
__
__ ________ __ ____ ____ _

Number of establishments

Workers in establishments

Within

Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
study *

Total3

Office

Plant

Total3

51

421

131

83,700

11,300

58,600

48,170

51
51

16
2

52
79

39,200
44,500

3,100

30,700
27,900

23,820
24,350

19

8,200
8,800
16,800

51
51
51
51
51

259
41
73

86

23
36

20
19
1
0
1
1

3,500
7,200

8,200
1,200
(!)
(!)
(5)
(5)

4,900
(5)
(!)
(5)
(5)

6,060
3,250
9,240
2,490
3,310

1 The M emphis Metropolitan A r e a (Shelby County).
The "w o rk ers within scope of stu d y" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the
labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other area employment indexes to m easu re employment trends or levels since (l) planning
of wage surveys requires the use o f establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair se r v ic e , and
m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
3 Includes executive, technical, p ro fe ssio n a l, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categ ories.
4 A lso excludes taxicabs and se rv ic e s incidental to water transportation.
E lec tric and gas utilities are m unicipally operated, and are therefore excluded, by definition, from the scope of the study.
5 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A and B tab les, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
6 H otels; personal se r v ic e s; business s e r v ic e s; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural se r v ic e s.




3

Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
M edical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fe e s . Such plans m aybe underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-in su red .
Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker*s life.
With reference to wage structure ch aracteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system . However, because of technical considerations, all tim e­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these w orkers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the p re ­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were c la s s i­
fied to the first effective premium rate.
For exam ple, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Sim ilarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37l/z hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each
tional group.
F in ally, the ratio of these group aggregates for
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter
was computed and the result m ultiplied by the base year index
get the index for the given year.

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerica l
workers and industrial n u rse s, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerica l workers and industrial n u rse s, the indexes
relate to average weekly sa la ries for norm al hours of w ork, that i s ,
the standard work schedule for which straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid.
For plant worker groups, they m easure changes in straigh t-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtim e and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the n u m erically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based
on women in the following 18 job s:
B ille r s , machine (billing m a ­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Com ptom eter
operators; c lerk s, file , cla ss A and B; cle rk s, order; cle r k s, pay^
roll; key-punch operators; office g irls; se c re ta rie s; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operato r-recep tion ists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-m achine o perators, gen­
era l; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial n u rse s. Men in the following 10 skilled m ainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electrician s; m achinists; m echanics; m e ­
chanics, automotive; m illw rights; painters; pipefitters; sh eet-m eta l
w orkers; and tool and die m a k ers; unskilled— jan itors, p o r te rs, and
cleaners; la b o rers, m aterial handling; and watchmen.

The indexes m e a su re, principally, the effects of ( l) general
•alary and wage changes; (2) m e rit or other in creases in pay received
by individual w orkers while in ‘the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor fo rce such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of w orkers employed by esta b­
lishm ents with different pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor force can
cause in creases or d ecreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For exam ple, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid w orkers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the avera ge, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishm ent out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establish m en ts.
The use of constant em ployment weights elim inates the e iie cts
of changes in the proportion of w orkers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in prem ium pay for o vertim e, since they
are based on pay for straigh t-tim e hours.

Average weekly sa la ries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la rie s
or hourly earnings were then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings fo r individual

Table 2:

Indexes
(January 1953 = 100)

J

Percent in creases from —

February 1957 February 1956 February 1955 January 1954 January 1953 Novem ber 1951
January 1958 February 1957
to
to
to
to
to
to
January 1958 February 1957 February 1956 February 1955 January 1954 January 1953

A ll industries:
Office c le rica l (women) _____________________________________
Industrial nurses (women)
_
_
Skilled maintenance (men)
Unskilled plant (men) _________ _______ _ _
__ _ _

1 3 0 .3
1 2 9 .0
1 3 1 .2

Manufactur ing:
Office c le rica l (women)
Industrial nurses (women)
_ _ _
Skilled mainteance (men)
_ _ _ _ _
Unskilled plant (men) _ _ _ _ _

1 2 2 .3
t1)
1 2 4 .8
1 2 6 .7

______
_

Insufficient data to justify presentation.




Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 m ajor
labor m arkets appeared in BLS B ull. 1202, Wages and Related B enefits,
17 Labor M a rk ets, 1 9 5 6 -5 7 .

Indexes of standard weekly s a la ries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in
M em phis, Term. , February 1957 and January 1958, and percent of in crease for selected periods

Industry and occupational group

1

occupa­
a given
1952 -5 3)
(100) to

_ _

120.8

1 1 8 .0
126. 1
1 2 1 .4
1 2 5 .6

2 .4
3. 3
6 .3
4. 5

4 .3
4 .2
5 .4
7 .2

6 .5
5 .9
8. 1
7 .7

2.

1
7 .1
3 .0
3 .5

4 .1
6 .7
3 .5
5 .2

1 1 7 .0

4 .6
(1)
5 .4
5 .8

5 .6

4 .7
(M
8 .9
3 .6

3 .9
8 .7
2 .3
4 .2

2 .3
6 .7

4 .8
7 .3

(l )

1 1 8 .5
1 1 9 .7

(l )

1.6

3 .4

4 .8
3 .5

6.6
3 .8

5 .0
4 .4

6.6
5. 1

A : O c c u p a t i o n a l E a r n in g s

T a b le A - l: O f fic e O c c u p a t io n s
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
in M em phis, Tenn. , by industry d ivision , January 1958)
Avkragk
Num
ber
of
w
orker*

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
Weekly, 25.00
30.0 0 35.00
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
■ Q.-QQ. 35.00 40.00
1

$
40.0 0

$
4 5.00

$
$
50.00 55.00

$
$
$
60.00 65.00 70.00

$
75.0 0

$
8 0.00

$
85.00

$
90.00

45.00

50.00

55.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

8 0.00

85.0 0

9 0.00

95.00

23

21

10

60.00

$
$
$
$
95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0
and
1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0
over

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________________________„
M an u factu rin g________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing

149
78
71

4 0 .0
4 0 .5
4 0 .0

8 9.50
91.0 0
8 7.50

_
-

-

_
-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ___________________________

38

4 0 .0

72.00

_

_

_

1

_

115

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

67.00
” 66.0 0 '

_

.

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

C lerk s, o r d e r
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
N onm anufacturing___ ____

— w ~

_
-

-

4

15

7

1

8

6

15

6

19
9

13

2

8

1

5

3

7

17

6

4

10

5

-

9
3

6

1

6

1

3

7

2

6

4

1

_

_

22

5
4

26

19
13

4
-

3
z

20

4
4

6

------ 2

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

O ffice b o y s _____ __________ ______ _______ __ _______ ______
N onm anufacturing
_ .
_
___

64
46

39.5
39.5

44. 50
4 3 .6 0

_
-

-

7
7

33
26

14
5

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs _________________________
M anufacturing
_ r ..........
Nonmanufacturing _

82
38
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39 .5

8 2.00
8 6.60
78.00

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h i n e ) _____________ _______
M a n u fa ctu rin g________________ _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _
_

104
56
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

55.00
56. 50
52.50

_
-

_
-

3
3

12

-

B ille r 8 , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) . . . ____________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

43
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

45. 50
4 5.50

_

1

-

1

3
3

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A
M anufacturing
_
.............. . .... .........
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

61

4 0 .0
40. 5
4 0 .0

6 8 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B _____________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
..... .......... _

388
8 l
307

4 0 .0
5070“
4 0 .5

52. 50

_
-

_
-

........... . ....

164
43

4 0 .0
40 .0
4 0 .0

_
-

54.50
1 0 .0
T 9 .0 0 "
39.5
53.50
3 9 .5

I T

”

7

26

6

2

_

_

5

1

-

-

1
1

2

2

—

T9™

_
1
-------j _

-

_
-

-

14
7
7

5
3

7
4
3

12
2
10

10
6

7

2

6

i

2

4

l

-

.
-

_
-

_
_
-

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

1

-

2
1

10
1

1

9

7
4
3

5
7

43
16
27

25
16
9

15
15
-

_
-

4
”4

14
14

13
13

2
2

10

_

_

16

-

-

~

1

1

2

11

13

10

1

1

1

1

8

14
4

T

-

-

~

3

10

n

5
5

5
5

57
4
53

115

77

43

6

8

27
19

109

69

51
n
37

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5

18

23

_
-

4
4

8
8

2

18
7
*11

-

2

4

12

-

W omen

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A
Manufacturing __
__
Nonmanufacturing
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing
__
N on m anufacturing__ _ __

z9
32

121

_
__

_
_
..........

_ _

587
13b
451

6 8 .6 0
6 8 .0 0

6 1 .6 0

50. 50
67.50
72.50
6 6 .0 0

3 9.5

-

—

70
2—
68

C lerk s, file , c la s s A
M anufacturing
_
_ .................
........
N onm an u factu rin g________________________________ ___

53
— ir ~
28

1 0 ". 0

39.5

56.00
56. 50
56.00

_
_
-

_
„
-

_
-

C le rk s , file , c la s s B
_ _
M an u factu rin g________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing

268
50
218

39 .5
4 0 .0
39.5

4 6 .5 0
4 9.50
46.0 0

_
-

27
_
27

32
32

83
19
64

4 0 .0
" 3 9 .5
4 0 .0

55.50
68.50
52.50

_
.

13
.
13

C lerk s, ord er _______
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing

_

_

.............

See footnotes at end o f table




117
----- ^ ---60

_

_

.

_

- - - - - - -5 —
12

- - - - - - -5 —

17

148
78
n — — 32— ~ n —
n o
116
57

121

4
u
------j----- — 5 —
3
5

16

21
22

8

1
1

1
1

_
-

1
1

-

-

10

9

12

2

------4
18

66

49
I?
34

17
n
6

1
8

10
----- r _

-

2
1
1

48
----- 8 —
40

10
6

7
5

4

2

18
_
18

4
_
4

24
28
----- ?---- T
—
13
17

22

T3—
9

-

3
3
-

1

5

11

1

7
3
4

35

1

23

2

1

14

_

34

-

_
_
-

22

5
_
5

10
6

_
_
-

36

46
26
1

— ~T~
7
9

1
1

6

3
4
------3
1

------ 3
j—

2

2

—

2

_

_

5
------ 5 —

2

3
------ 3—

------ 2
~

5
5

2

2

-

-

2

2

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
~

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
.
_

1

1

.

_
>

3

1

-

—

1

z
-

z
10

4

3
16
2
1
------j---14— ------j---- ----- 1 —
:—
2

-

-

21

------?—

2

3
3
------j — j
2— ----- 1 ---2

2

2

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

-

_
-

2

2

1
1

_

_

2

2

_
_

_

-

-

_
_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

.
_

_

_
_

_

6

T a b le A-1: O f fic e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
^Average straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in M em ph is, Tenn. , by industry division, January 1958)

Avkbagi
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
30.00

$
35.00

$
40.00

$
$
$
45.00 50.00 55.00

3 5.00

40.0 0

45.00

50.00

3
3

7
7

14
3

24
16

12

20

11

8

14

25

4
4

17
17

43
43

38
4
34

45
S
37

28

-

6

8

19

31
11
20

$
W
eekly.
Weekly, 25.0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
30.00

$
$
60.00 65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.0 0

$
8 5.00

$
90.0 0

70.00

75 on

80.00

85.00

9 0.00

9 5.00 1Q0.0Q 105.00

----- 7—

11

4
------T ~

55.00 . 6 6 . Q _ 6 5.00
6

$
$
95.0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0

$
$
105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0
and
11000

-flyer.

W om en - Continued
4 0 .0
4 6 /6
4 0 .5

$
59.50
'52/56
55.50

C lerk s, payroll ____________ ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____ ___________________ __ _________
Nonmanufacturing _ _
_ _ _
_
___

202

C om ptom eter op era to rs _________________ _____________
M anufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________

241
57
184

39.5
"3775“
39.5

54.50
■66-766“
51.00

K ey-punch op erators ___________________________________
M an u factu rin g ______________________________ _________
Nonmanufacturing
_
-

156

58.50
6 4 .0 0 ,
56.00

_

_

-

-

107

4 0 .0
"40” 0
39.5

O ffice g i r l s _______________________________________________
Manufacturing _____________ _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________ _____ __________________

117
4$
74

39.5
4 0.6
39.5

45.50
47.50
44.00

_
-

S e c r e t a r ie s ___________ ___________ ________ ___________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________
Pu blic utilities-j_ _

580
190
390
29

Stenographers, general
Manufacturing _ __ _________________ _______________
Nonmanufacturing
P ublic utilities f ___________________________________

r o i"
98

4T ~

_

10

9

8

4

6

3

4
4

1
1

6

3
5

6
6

3

31
14
17

28

8

4

2
6

7
5

8

6
22

6
2

4

2

6
2

2
2

_
-

_
“

5
5
-

_
■

1

_
-

"

_
"

_
"

_
"

33

43
14
29
9

28

29
15
14
3

30
16
14

20

15

2

2

_

34
15
19
1

1

81
30
51
“

80

-

25
25

68

_
-

2

3

1

_

_
-

1
2

_

_
_
-

3

8
6

2

59
16
43
3

71
17
54

72
26
46
3

111

64
47
3

38
23
15
5

29
17

85
— s—
77

112

26

4 0 .0

68

237
n*5
131

39.5
4 6 .6
39.0

54.00
54. 50
54.00

-

39.5
4 0 .6
39.5

58.00
'60.66
56.50

-

*

5
5

5
4
1

_

4

25

186
l6
176

177
45
132

169

9
6

12

14

55.00
57.50
54.00

428

19
7

12
16

38
7
31

4 0 .0
4 6 .6
39.5

46.50
■51766- '
45.50

1

49

170
S—

39.5
"4 6 7 6
39.5

4

28

Sw itchboard o p e ra to r-re ce p tio n ists ____________________
Manufacturing
__
_
_
Nonmanufacturing __________ ________________________

537

2

_
-

43.50
4 1 .5 0

T yp ists, c la s s B
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________

b

7
7

4 2 .5
4 2 .5

133
T yp ists, cla ss A _________________________________________
— 53—
Manufacturing
80
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________

8

9
2

1

127
FT5----

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l_____________
Manufacturing
_
_
__
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________

11

18

Switchboard o p e r a t o r s _____ _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _

_____

9
5
4

-

21

15
“ 15-----

-

2

23
$

2

_

_

-

-

21
21

"

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

4

25

17
17
25
25

_
25
7
18

36
32

1

16

93
27

64

66

1

52
13
39

12
6

16

8

14

5

11

4
4

1
1

6

16
29
7

44

27
d
19

18

11

4

22
22

12
6

4
7

1

_

5

5

9

22

_

2

31
-

_

15
4

11

17
9

1

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
------5

5
5
-

1

1

1

"

l
-

_
-

_
■

_
-

1
1

_

_

"

“

_
“

_
“

_
_

_

_

_

2

“

_

_

6
1

-

_

_
-

"

-

-

2

1

_
-

"

1

-

■

2
1
1
1

_

“
_
"

13
13

2

1

2

------ 1---- ------ j—
1
“

“

“

1

3

3
3
"

2

5

1

_
~

1

1

2

2

1

_

_
-

3

-

1

99
50
49

17
7

39

17

1

2

1

22

10

-

-

-

- -

-

10

17

7

1

-

2

1

3

19
9

35

25

8

16

5

_

1

_

_

_

11

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

7

12

11
1

2

25

2
1
1

12

10

10

3

"

"

1

"

-

-

83

41

16

1

_

2

_

2

_

_

.

_

26

20

1 ----

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-j

-

58

21

33
10

23

7

1

2

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regu lar straigh t-tim e sa la ries and the earnings correspon d to these w eekly hours.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s:
2 at $ 110 to $ 1 1 5 ; 2 at $115 to $ 1 2 0 ; 4 at $120 to $ 1 2 5 ; 3 at $ i 2 5 to $ 1 3 0 .
f Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




4
4
-

32
17
15

8

328
39

. 50

45

-

58.50
63756‘
55.50
73. 50

206

26

6

4 0 .0
4 6 .0
4 0 .0
39.0

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs

534

6 6 .0 0
4 0 .0
■■4670 T T 7 5 6 '
4 0 .0
65. 50
4 0 .5
79.50

-

2

■-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b le A -2 : Pro fessio n al a n d T e ch n ica l O c c u p a tio n s
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in M em phis, Tenn. , by industry d ivision , January 1958)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
s
Is
S
$
Under 50.00 55.00 60.0 0 *65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.0 0 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 110. OOjl 15.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 {5 0 .0 0
and
$
and
50.00 under
55.00 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 .0 0 70.00 75.00 80.00 8 5.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 H 5.O oll20.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 over

Men
D raftsm en, s e n i o r ______________________
M an u factu rin g________________________
D raftsm en, junior
M a n n fa r t u r in g

40 .0
4 0 .0

99
88

82

— 47—

4 0 .0
u

n

$
107.50
169.50
66.50

r

6 9 .0 6

39.5

77. 50

.

.

_

_

■

"

"

“

~

16

6

9

18

4
4

1

7

-------- i ~ ------- g— -------- 4 ~

-------- 5 ~

4
3

5
“

13

7
7

10

24
24

24

_

21

“

2

8
8

_

2
2

5
4

3
3

2

Women
N u rses, industrial (re g is te re d )

31

_

1

4

7

1

4

3

4

7

1 _______
_
1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.




7
7

5
5

_

~

9
9

1
1

1
1

8
T a b le A -3 :

M ain te n an ce an d Po w erplant O c c u p a tio n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in M em ph is, T e n n ., by industry division, January 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry divisio n

C a rp en ters, m aintenance _____________________
M anufacturing
________ _________________
Nonmanufacturing
____ ________ ________

83
35
48

Average
hourly . Under 1 .0 0
earnings 1
and
$
1. 00 ander
1. 10
$
2. 13
1.97
2 .2 5

1
1

E le c tr ic ia n s , maintenance ___________________
M anufacturing ______________ ,____________

148
1t r "

2 .4 1
2 .5 1

_

E n gin eers, stationary ______________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________ ___________

118
68
50

2. 15
2 .3 4
1.88

F irem en , stationary b o i l e r ___________________
M anufacturing _ ___________ ______________

-

$
1. 10

$
1.20

1.20

1. 30

1.40

“

1
1

*1.50

*1.60

$
1. 70

$
1.80

1.50

1.60

1. 70

1.80

1.90

1
1

12
12
“

6
1
5

5
2
3

8
2
6

6
6
~

■

5
-

_

2
2

3
2

3
3

!
-

13
12

-

1
-

6
1
5

3
3
■

$

1. 30 *1.40

$

1.90

2. 00

! . io

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

$ .5 0
2

*2.60

*2.70

*2.80

*2.90

2. 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3. 00

2
2

3
3

2
1
1

3
3

1
1
“

3
3
'

5
5
■

!
1

8
8

13
8

1
-

5
4

12

5
5

47
37

21
9
12

4
4

5
5
"

1
1

6
4
2

4
1
3

9
9

8
3
5

11
10
1

5
5

4
4

_

_

„

“

*

1
1

4
4

_

“

_

1
1

23
2
21

3 .0 0
and
over

-

-

3
-

_

“

9
9

“

7
7
■

4
4

4
4

2
2

4
4
~

1

159
152

1.28
1.27

_

67
66

38
37

4
4

17
15

5
4

7
5

4

_

_

_

_

4

4
4

~

“

"

“

4
4

H elp ers, tra d es, maintenance ________________
M anufacturing ____ ________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
P u blic utilities t ________ ____ ____

195
114
81
49

1.52
1.38
1.72
2. 03

10
*10
■

22
18
4
2

26
22
4
~

19
14
5
■

2
2
"

12
12
“

17
12
5
“

22
20
2
“

18
11
7
4

2
2
1

n
n
li

12
3
9
9

6
6
6

13
13
13

3
3
3

_
■

.
-

_
■

_
*

_
■

.
"

_
~

M achinists, m a in te n a n ce _____________________
M anufacturing _______________ _____________

162
I6 0

2 .5 0
2~. 50

_

_

_

_

_

_
"

6
6

2
2

~

9
9

10
10

6
4

10
10

14
14

_

“

2
2

_

“

“

12
12

9
9

63
63

7
7

12
12

~

M echanics, autom otive (m a in ten a n ce)________
M anufacturing _______________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing
____ __ __ __ ________
P u blic utilities t ________________________

346
45
301
210

2. 19
2 .0 4
2 .2 1
2 .4 0

_
-

_
"

_
“

_
-

10
5
5
-

13
5
8
1

7
1
6
2

23
23
2

30
7
23
4

19
8
16
1

5
1
4
"

9
4
5
5

13
13
4

42
3
39
38

42
1
41
36

26
5
21
21

75
1
74
74

23
6
18
17

8
3
5
5

1
1
"

_
"

_
■

M echanics, m aintenance ___________ ____ __
M anufacturing _________________ _ ________
Nonmanufacturing
___
__ __ ___ ___

402
373
29

2 .2 1
2 .2 3
1.84

_
■

_
~

1
T~

!
1
■

6
2
4

8
4
4

13
12
1

24
17“
5

11
11
~

61
6b
1

28
24
4

15
15
*

37
37 '
~

21
13
8

49
49
~

6
6
■

1
1
“

2
2

110
no
~

M illw rights _____
_ _ _
_ _
M anufacturing ____ ________ __ __ ________

138
138

2 .4 9
2 .4 9

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

“

7
7

2
2

1
1

-

3
3

l
1

13
13

1
1

1
1

14
14

_

-

10
10

_

-

-

73
73

O ilers _________________________________________
M anufacturing _ ____ _____________________

62
56

1.97

4

2
2

~

_
“

1
1

3

1
1

-

-

14
14

2
2

2
2

-

_

"

18
18

-

■

2
2

-

“

2
2

-

2 .0 6

"

■

■

■

_
"

P a in ters, m aintenance
_
.......
M anufacturing
. __
_ __
_
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

72
26
46

2 .0 1
2 .2 8
1. 86

6
6

3
3

_

_

5

8

"

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

.
~

2
2

4
4

x
1

9
8
1

4
4

■

3
3
"

9
9

3
3
“

_
■

_
“

P ip efitters, m aintenance
__ __^ _______
M anufacturing _ _______ ^ ____ __ _______

76
76

2. 68
2768

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

61
51

7
7

_

“

2
2

_

■

1
1

_

~

2
2

T ool and die m akers

48
48

2 .7 7
2 .7 7

_

_

1
1

_

Manufacturing

_____
_____

__________

____________

__

_________

~

“

-

1

5

3
3
■

9
2
7

8

_

_

_

1

_

-

“

"

1

“

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* W ork ers w ere distributed a s follo w s: 5 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90; 5 at $ 0. 90 to $ 1.
t Transportation (excluding railro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




11
j j

-

'

_

!

‘

1

'

9

‘

18
—

W

'
8
8

1
1

4
4

4
4

_

4
3
1
_
“

1
5
1 ----- 5
■
~
12
12

.

8
----- 5

_

_

2
~ ~ 1 -----

_

-

‘
30
36

-

9
Ta b le A -4 :

C u sto d ia l and M aterial M ovem ent O ccu p a tio n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in M em ph is, Tenn. , by industry division , January 1958)

!"**
(&
.
o

^ .5 0

60

1 .7 0

*1.80

*L. 90

^ .0 0

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .10

9
4

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
5
3 — 6

6
3

5
5

15
15

2
1

1
1

14
14
_

34
32
2
2

50
42
8
4

15
14
1

33
32
1

-

2
2
.

13
13
.

$ .4 0
0

$ 50
0.

$ 60
0.

*0. 70

$ 80
0.

f>.90

1 .0 0

$1. 10

*1.20

^ .3 0

.40

. 50

. 60

.70

. 80

.90

1.00

1.10

1.20

1.30

1.40

1
1

-

-

under

59
51

0 .7 2
. 63

3 16
l6

-

9
9

14
14

3
3

1
1

1
1

5
2

-

“

Elevator operators, passenger (women) ____
Nonmanufacturing

84
83

.6 6
. 66

13
13

5
5

8
8

20
20

20
20

2
2

-

16
15

137
113

1.93
2 .0 2

_

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

1,051
504
547
74

1.20
1.42
1.00
1.25

3
3

14
14

35
35

49
_
49

76
_
76

-

-

-

-

-

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (women)____
Manufacturing
_ _
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Public utilities! _____________________

315
86
229
38

.89
1.25
. 76
1.10

1 9
_
9

11
_
11

79
_
79

1
_
1

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

31
_
31
1

-

-

Laborers, material handling ______ _______
Manufacturing ______________________ __
Nonmanufacturing
_ __
Public utilities! _
__

2 ,4 8 6
1,469
1,017
174

1.38
1.39
1.37
1.92

_
-

2
_
2
-

2
.
2
"

14
_
14
-

14
_
14
-

3
.
3
-

.
_
-

_

.
-

.

_

-

-

.
_

.
_

_

_

-

-

-

1
-

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men)_____
Manufacturing
_______ __ __ _______
Nonmanufacturing __
__ ____________
Public utilities! -

-

1

-

"

10
7

10
3

10
9

28
303
_ ~T28
175
28
23

122
70
52
12

92
44
48
26

45
20
25
1

58
53
5

119
50
69
13

30
9
21
20

13
8
5
1

_
_

_
_

28
580
28 “ 409
_
171
47
"

282
138
144
-

371
121
250
-

387
270
117
-

"

116
17
99

158
45
113

168
27
141

-

2
_
2

1
_
1

70
28
42

48
11
37

“

-

5
-

-

63
63

2
2

4

*

Order fillers ______________ _____________
Manufacturing
____ .. __ „
____ __
Nonmanufacturing ________ __ __ __

774
205
569

1.37
1.55
1.30

Packers, shipping (men)_____ __ ____ „
Manufacturing
___________ ________ „
Nonmanufacturing
_

369
122
247

1.45
1.58
1.38

_
_
-

Packers, shipping (women)
______
Manufacturing

1.11
1.10

_

________

143
109

-

-

Receiving clerks ___________________________
Manufacturing
_______ ____
Nonmanufacturing __ __ ________________

175
80
95

1.55
1.95
1.21

_
-

_

Shipping c le rk s__
__________ ________
Manufacturing ___ _
__
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____ _______

176
90
86

1.71
1.81
1.61

Shipping and receiving clerks
Manufacturing
_ ___
Nonmanufacturing

107
62
45

1. 70
1.69
1.73

_____________

“

.

4

_
-

-

_
-

__ ____

-

-

7
7

_
-

_
"

_
“

_
“

_
_
-

_

_

-

_

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




2 .2 0

2.30

*2.40

and
over

$

Elevator operators, passenger (men)_______
Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------- -

Guards_____ _______ __ __ _____________
Manufacturing __ ______________ __ __

*2. 10 *2.20

o

Average
$0.30
hourly
earnings 2 and

o

Number
of
w
orker*

ru
i
o

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

.

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

23
23

21
21

4 16

_
_

_
_

-

1
.
1
1

1
1
-

_
_

.
_

.
_

_
-

-

-

“

"

-

-

35
27
8
-

50
50
.
-

96
96
_

1
_
1
-

5
5
_

-

189
60
129
127

6

16

60
43
17
5

12
12
_

3
_
3
3

2
2
_

-

-

149
135
14
-

167
68
99
-

65
17
48
-

16
15
1
-

30
30
_
-

129
50
79

8
.
8

35
12
23

73
_
73

7
>
7

_
-

T~

-

49
23
26

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

102
11
91

6
5
1

12
1
11

5
3
2

17
10
7

36
29
7

.
_
-

3
3
-

8
8
-

47
1
46

2
2
-

.
_
-

10
10
-

34
30

22
9

16
5

_

.

_

.

-

2
2

.

-

-

18
18

11
11

20
12
8

9
9

12
12

16
6
10

8
5
3

9
7
2

6
2
4

2
2
-

8
8
“

!

_
-

_

4
4

-

20
4
16

61
35
26

17
14
3

4
3
1

4

1

10
1
9

15

-

.
-

4

25
14
11

.

_

_

4

2

11
11

16
9
7

2
2

11
6
5

12
6
6

12
12

_

-

.

5
5
4

_

2

-

-

_

-

_

15

12
22
11 ----- 5 ~
16
1

1
1
_

-

22
22

.

.

-

-

13
13
-

20
20
"

1
1
“

4
4

-

7
7

1
1

4
4

3
3

-

-

-

"

2
2

6
4
2

.
-

2

_

2

10
Tab le A -4 :

C u sto d ia l and M aterial M ovem ent O ccu p a tio n s - Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in M em phis, Tenn. , by industry division, January 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
hourly
earnings 2

Truckdrivers5
__ _____________ _____
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ _________________
Public utilities t _____________________

1.961
292
1,669
710

$
1.74
1.58
1.77
2. 30

Truckdrivers, light (under 1l/ z tons)_____
Nonmanufacturing ___________ _______

225
202

1. 14
1.12

Truckdrivers, medium (l1 to and
/*
_
including 4 tons) __ ____ _______ _
Manufacturing _____ „ ___________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities f __________________

783
207
576
2 65

1.67
1.57
1.71
2.25

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) _ ___________________ __
Manufacturing
_______ __________ „
Nonmanufacturing _____ _____________

450
------45
405

Truckers, power (forklift) _________________
Manufacturing _
_
_____________ __
Nonmanufacturing __ __________ ____ __

0.
0.70
*0.30 $ 40 $
0.
0.50 $ 60 $
and
under
.40
. 50
. 60
.70
.80

.
-

_
-

_
-

“

$ . 80

$.90

.90

1.00

3
3
-

32
_
32
-

2
2
-

*1.00 $
1.10

$.20

1.30

$.40

$.50

$.60

$.70

$.80

$. 90

$ .00

$.10

$.20

$.30

1.20

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

$.40
and
over

213
33
180
12

106
23
83
2

57
11
46
6

333
52
281
-

237
42
195

40
35
5
-

22
4
18
-

11
7
4
-

_
"

53
4
49
5

42
12
30
-

53
41
12
-

48
28
20
4

677
_
677
677

32
_
32
4

93
82

37
36

12
12

41
35

6
6

5
5

3
3

.
“

-

4
-

-

-

1
-

-

-

4
4

238
238
238

2
2
-

1.10

.

_

-

”

_
-

23
23

.

-

_
_
-

.
"

_
*

_
_
-

3
3
-

9
9
-

2
2
-

93
22
71
12

67
20
47

35
5
30
6

169
46
123

73
40
33
-

11
11
-

9
9
-

"

.
-

5
5
5

_
“

37
37
_
-

1.81
T7T5
1.82

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

.
_

27
27

2
2
-

4
_
4

123
123

11
11

20
20
-

6
6

11
7
4

.
-

44
44

42
12
30

16
4
12

16
_
16

98
_
98

30
_
30

558
3 69
189

1.52
1.68
1.20

.
*

.
-

.
*

.
*

-

.
-

2
2

139
26
113

58
34
24

50
33
17

46
35
11

12
9

30
18
12

25
25

3

53
52
1

6
6
-

_
51
- h 43
8
-

_
-

47
47
-

24
24
-

15
15
-

Truckers, power (other than forklift)_______
Manufacturing
_ _

120
96

1.75
1.92

5

.

“

-

-

16

1

“

7
7

1

"

15
15

.

-

21
1

16

-

17
17

38
38

-

Watchmen ____________________________ ____
Manufacturing
___________________ _
_
Nonmanufacturing _____ __ ____ ____
Public utilities t _____________________

2 66
124
142
46

1.08
1.20
.98
1.02

4
4

2
-

5

-

18
18

-

36
24
12

22
14
8
1

-

-

-

-

_

1
2
3
4
5
t

2

5

5
1

5

Data lim ited to men
w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
A ll workers were at $ 0 . 20 and under $ 0 . 30.
A ll w orkers were at $ 2 . 4 0 to $ 2 . 5 0 .
Includes all d rivers re ga rd less of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




138
54
84
40

2

14
12
2
2

.
■

-

3

1
2

.

16
-

-

_

~

1

30

26

3

------ T~
-

-




11
B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

T a b le

and

S u p p le m e n ta r y

W age

P r o v is io n s

B - l: S h ift D if f e r e n t ia ls 1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

(b)
Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

---------------------------------------------------

72.2

66.3

12.9

6.2

With shift pay differential__ __ __ _______________________

61.7

5 5.8

1 1.6

5 .3

___ _

43.2

37.3

7 .9

4 .7

________________________ __ _________________
cents
cents
cents -------------------- __ ___
__
__ „ __ ____ _
cents ___ ______________ ________ _________________
_
7 x z cents _ __ ........ .................... __ __ ________
/
8 cents
___
_
__ 10 cents
__________ _______________ _________________
___
12 cents
_
13y3 cents _____ _______ __ ________________________ _
15 cents
___ ____ ______________
___ ________ _
Over 15 c e n t s __ ______________ __________________

1.9
12.4
9 .7
1.2
1 .4
3 .4
9.3
1 .7
2 .2
.
-

12.0
9 .6
9 .7
1.2
_
2 .6
2 .2

.3
.8
2 .9
.2
.6
1.8
.2
1.1
-

_
.7
2 .4
.
_
_
1 .4
.1
_
*
*

13. 1

13.1

2 .2

.4

4.1
1 .4
7 .6

_
1 .4
4. 1
7. 6

2 .1

.4

5 .4

5 .4

1.5

.2

10.5

10.5

1.3

.9

T o ta l________

____

__ „

Uniform cents (per hour)

____

________ ______

3
5
6
7

Uniform percentage _____________________________________
5 percent _ ------- __
6 percent _ __ ------7y2 percent
____
10 percent ________

__
__
__
__

------- ------- __ __
__ ________ __ __
— „ __ ____ __
__ ____ __ ____

Full day's pay for reduced hours
No shift pay differential

____

__________
________ _
________ _
__________

_ ........... ...

________ ____

__________

-

_
.1

_
*

-

-

1
Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late
shifts at the time of the survey.
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
ditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
* Less than 0 .0 5 percent.

Occupational Wage Survey, Memphis, Tenn. , January 1958
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

12

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rates in—

Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

All
industries

— -----------

131

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

All
industries

52

40

All
schedules

40

XXX

All
schedules

Establishments studied — ------- __ ----------------

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rates in—

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

79

XXX

All
schedules

131

For Inexperienced Typists

Establishments having a specified minimum _____________

51

_ ___ __ _______ ____ „ _
_ __ __
......................................................
______________________________
__ __ __ __ ______________ _
_ ______ __ ____ ____
_____ _________
____
__ __ __
__ ____ __ __ _
______________________________
______________________________
.......................................................
__ ____ _______ __________
__
______________ __
_____ ____
__
___ __
____________ __ ___
__ _
___ ____ __ __
__
__ _

4
1
2
20
7
4
1
4
3
1

Establishments having no specified minimum __________ _
Establishments which did not employ
workers in this category

$30.00
$32. 50
$35.00
$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50

and under $32.50
and under $35. 00
and under $37. 50
and under $40.00
and under $42.50
and under $45.00
and under $47.50
and under $50.00
and under $52.50
and under $55.00
and under $57. 50
and under $60.00
and under $62.50
and under $65.00
and under $67.50
and over __

17

17

_

_

.
_
5
4
2
_
3
1
_
.

_
5
4
2

34

27

4
1
2
15
3
2
1
1
2
1
_
1
1

4
1
14

1
_
1

3
1
.
_
1
_
1

“

16

7

XXX

9

64

28

XXX

36

XXX

54
5
1

-

XXX

AH
schedules

79

40

XXX

19

19

_

_

6
4
3

35

27

5
1
1
17
3
1
2
2
1
-

4
1
15
2

1
I
1
1

H

I

-

6
4
3
_
3
1
-

2
1
1

1
1

-

-

1
_
1

1
1
“

1
1
1
.
_
1
1
-

25

i

XXX

_
2
1
1

52

40

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Wankers3

3
1
1
1
.
1
1
-

-

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard vweekly hours 2 of—

11

XXX

14

XXX

5
2

22

XXX

30

XXX

1
23
7
4
2
5
2

-

3
1

-

1 Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweek reported.
3 Rates applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.




Occupational Wage Survey, Memphis, Tenn. , January 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

13

T a b le B -3: S c h e d u le d W e e k ly H o u rs
PERCEN O O
T F FFIC W R ER ^E P YE INE O K S M LO D

P C TO P
ER EN F LAN W R ER EM YED IN
T OK S
PLO
—

Weekly hours
A in u s 2
ll d strie
All workers __________________________________
35 hours_______ ____________________ __
37Va h o u rs_________ ________________________
Over 37 Vz and under 40 hours_______________
40 hours
_ _
___ _
Over 40 and under 45 h o u rs__ _____________
____ __ _________________
45 hours _ __
___ _ __
Over 45 and under 48 h o u rs __
48 hours________ ___________________________ __
Over 48 h o u rs__ ___ __ ___________ ____

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

100

100

3
6
3
81
5
2
1
1
**

Pb u
u lic tilitie t
s

.
4
2
92
2
**

:
I

j

A in u s 3
ll d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie f
s

100

100

100

100

39

1
1
75
5
4
2
10
3

2
1
90
1
2
1
2
■

_
87
4
8
“

-

58
2
2

-

1 Estimates for office workers are not comparable with earlier studies. See introduction, page 2.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
♦♦Less than 0.5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

T a b le B -4 :

O v e r t im e P a y

PER
CEN O O
T F FFIC W R ER EM YED IN
E OK S
PLO

P C T O PLA T W R
ER EN F
N O KERS EM YED IN—
PLO

Overtime policy
A In u s 1
ll d strie
All workers

__ ____

____

______________ __

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie f
s

t
j
|
j

100

100

100

24
24
5
19

43
43
43
-

/O
70
37
33

57

97
97

A in u s 2
ll d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie "f
s

100

100

100

-

45
45
2
43
1

69
68
3
65
2

79
79
79
-

30

55

31

21

94
94
36
58
-

79
79
2
76
1

99
99
3
96
-

96
96
96
-

6

21

1

4

Daily overtime
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay3 ____ ___________ ___________
Time and one-half
_____________
Effective after less than 8 hours
Effective after 8 hours__________________
Effective after 10 hours
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy ___________

i
|
■

76

W e e k ly overtime
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay 3 ______________________________
Time and one-half_________________________
Effective after less than 40 h o u rs--------Effective after 40 hours___ __
Effective after more than 40 hours----- -Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy _________

!
93
81
6
87
7

!
!
!

1
!

97
3

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time afteiKlO hours a day would be considered time
and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37 V2 and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours,
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Memphis, Tenn., January 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




14

Table B-5: W age Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item
All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities "f

i

All industries 2

[
!

65
42
23
35

81
56
25
19

96
49
47
4

78
22
13
3

76
24
21
3

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities f

W a g e structure for tim e-rated w orkers3 .

Formal rate structure
Single rate
Range of rates __ _
Individual rates
..

_ ... ...
.....

42
1
41
58

34

69
5
64
31

-

34
66

!

|

M ethod off w a g e payment ffor
plant workers
Time w orkers___________________
__ ___
Incentive workers
__ ^
Piecework ___ ___ _
Bonus work
^
Commission __r
-____________________________

DATA NOT COLLECTED

6

L abor-m anagem ent agreem ents4
Workers in establishments with
agreements covering a majority of
such workers

i

_
_

■

|

5-9

10-14

|

40-44

50-54

75-79

85-89

_____________________________________i
_____________________________________i

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employment, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
4 Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category. The estimates so ob­
tained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by provisions of labor-management agreements due to the exclusion of smaller size establishments.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f
Occupational Wage Survey, Memphis, Tenn., January 1958
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




15

Table B-6: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN­

All industries2

All workers

_________________________

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays______________________________

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

---------------------------------------- !1---------------------------------------------------------1

Item

All industries 3

Public utilities^

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

Public utilities^

1 00

100

91

92

10

9

8

6
7
**

4
3

3

-

-

-

19

10

33

19

17

-

-

-

-

**

1
26

34

5
28
1
1
3
-

38
_
-

100
1 00
100
100
100
100
100

2
3
24
24
43
43
76
77
83
85
86
88
90

_
4
5
37
37
65
65
83
83
87
91
91
91
91

_
_
38
38
72
72
89
89
89
89
92
92
92

100

75

81
3
49
88
87
5
91
90

1 00

100

100

100

1 00

100

90

-

-

"

1
2
1

2
3

_
**

-

55
3
1
13

2
31

I

1 00

j
1

Number of days
Less than 4 holidays _________________________
4 holidays____________ ______ _____ _______ ____
4 holidays plus 1 half day
___
__
___
5 holidays _____________________________________
5 holidays plus 1 half d a y _____________________
5 holidays plus 2 half days __
____ _____
6 holidays .
_
_
6 holidays plus 1 half d ay_____________________
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ___
_
_ ^
7 holidays _ _____________
_ _____
____
______
7 holidays plus 1 half d ay_________
7 holidays plus 2 half days ___________________
8 holidays _____________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day_____________________
Total holiday time 4
__
____
8 or more days
7 V2 or more days________________________ _ __
7 or more days ______________ ______
6 V2 or more days ___
6 or more days _______________________________
5 V2 or more days ___
___
5 or more days
4 V2 or more days ___ _____
4 or more days _____________
____
3 or more days
2 or more days
____________ _
1 or more days _______________________________
Half or more days

8 V days ________
2

Holidays 5
New Year's Day
Washington's Birthday
_
___
Decoration Day _______________________________
July 4th _____ _____
Labor Day
Veterans* Day
Thanksgiving Day
.... . _ _
Christmas _ _________
Good Friday ____________ _____ _ __ _____ __
Christmas Eve _
....................... .
Half day before New Y e a r 's __________________
Half day before Christmas
Half day on Good Friday __________ _

3
2
13
2

!
i

1
3

!

1

1
5
7
22
25
38
41
96
97
99
99
99

;

4
26
7
3
4

32

1
57
-

1

3
19
I

7
14
43
43
76
76
95
95
98

57
58
90
90
1

100
100

100
100
100
1 00

97
8
29
99
98

97
4
54
99
98

10

12

38

99

99

100
2

100

100
100

**

1
2
-

1

1
;

|

18
**

1

-

J

7
3
9
3

5
26
7
16
2

19
90

2

100
100

_

!
j

_
1
1

34
84
84
6
85
87
5
16
3
5
**

10

89
4
72
89
89
33
89
89
_

28
6
8

_
_

1

-

1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shownseparately.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
5 Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 3 percent of the office or plant workers in the area are shown in this tabulation. A fewother holidays or half-holidays were provided.
♦♦Less than 0 .5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Memphis, Tenn. , January 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




16

Table B<7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Vacation policy
All industries1

All w orkers________________ ________________

Public utilities-}-

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100
99
1

100
98
2

-

!
;

All industries2

Manufacturing

Public utilities -}
-

ioo

100

100

100
100
-

99
90
9

98
82

16

100
97
3

-

-

1

2

-

7
45
5
**

12
34
9
-

_
50
19
-

10
14
1
"

10
5
1
-

_
37
4
“

39
**
60
1

37
60
3

66
1
33

84
1
13
-

93
1
3
-

71
3
19
-

80
3

27
1
72
-

68
2
29
-

86
2
11
-

44
_
56
-

8
1
90
1
1

5
92
3
-

2
1
98
-

34
9
56
1
-

40
15
43
1
-

14
86
-

2
93
1
4

1
92
5
2

_
95
5

10
85
1
4

9
85
2
2

_
100
“

M ethod of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations3 ___
____ ___________ __
Length-of-time payment__________________ _
Percentage payment _____ ______________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations ________________ _______
Amount of vacation p a y 4
After 6 months of service
Less than 1 week _
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_
2 weeks
__________________________

-

_
_____

After 1 year of service
1 week
__
_____ __ ________________ _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________
___
2 w eek s

Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________

j

!

After 2 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks ________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks

18
1
80
1

|

17

After 3 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks

__ _
_
___________

___

After 5 years of service
1 w eek__________________________________________
2 weeks _______ _______________ __________ ______
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks
___
___ _ ____
___

See footnotes at end of table.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




NOTE:

Occupational Wage Survey, Memphis, Tenn., January 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of tim e ,'f
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

17

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCEN O O
T F FFIC W R ER EM YED IN E OK S
PLO

PER
CEN O P
T F LAN W R ER EM YED IN
T OK S
PLO
—

Vacation policy
A in u s 1
ll d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie f
s

1
1

_

1

A in u s 2
ll d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie ^
s

Amount of vocation p a y - Continued
After 10 years of service

1 week__
2 weeks

___________ __ __ ______ _ _____ _
_ __ ______________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
______ _______ _
3 weeks ________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks __ ______
_ _

2

1
1

10
67

8

75

15
_
-

8
_
-

25
_
-

9
36
4
49
1
-

_
19
_
81
_
-

65

84
_

24
**
**

31

1
1

1
0
44

43
1
-

6

2
-

_
5

_

9
67
14

67

After 15 years of service

1 w eek____ _____________________ ______ ___ ____
2 weeks __ __ _______

50

45

Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks

41
**
1

50
2
-

16
_
78
_
6

2
40
1
52
**
5

1
36
1
59
2
1

_
16
_
72
_
12

10
41
3
42
1
3

9
35
4
49
1
-

_
19
_
56
_
25

l
35
1
48
2
13

_
16
_
72
_
12

10
35
3
36
6
10

9
31
4
37
11
7

_
19
_
56
_
25

2

1

6

1

2

After 20 years of service
1 w eek__________________________________________
2 weeks
___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 w e e k s____ _______ ____________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ____ ________________
4 weeks
_
........._
. _

i

.
;

After 25 years of service
1 week ______________________ _____
_______
2 weeks
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
_ ....
.... . _
3 weeks
_
....
.............
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks

2
36
1
47
**
14

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes proportions of workers in establishments which did not provide vacations until after 2 years of service, as follows; Plant, all industries, 1 percent; manufacturing, 2 percent;
public utilities, 7 percent.
4 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years’
service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
♦♦Less than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




18

Table B-8: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

1

Type of plan
All industries1

All w orkers___________________________________
Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance ---------------- ------------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance
___ ____ — — ___________ Sickness and accident insurance
or sick leave or both3 __________________ Sickness and accident insurance ___ __
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) ______________ _______
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) ______________________
Hospitalization insurance _________________
Surgical insurance _ ____________
— __ _
Medical insurance - ____ ____ __ — __ _
Catastrophe insurance __ ______________ _
Retirement pension ______ __ __
__ ___
No health, insurance, or pension plan ___

Manufacturing

100

100

Public utilities |

100

!j

All industries 2

1

100

1
Manufacturing

100

Public utilities

100

100

73

73

91

46

i

66

28

43

53

44

65
40

!
1

75
69

94
56

62
48

67
65

86
64

29

21

31

14

4

8

14
82
81
37
25
61
2

7
88
88
55
9
54
4

39
61
61
42
30
78

10
70
68
34
10
46
15

3
81
77
47
4
50
12

36
55
55
18
8
81
9

91

91

i
'

1
!
!

1
_
1__________________________
1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days’ pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




Occupational Wage Survey, Memphis, Tenn. , January 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF .LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

19

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau1s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O f f i c e

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from custom ers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges aiid entry of
necessary extensions, Which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkee ping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers1 ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

20
CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following; Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing tne items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve; Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelope?• May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up ^nd keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

21
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance policies, e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

22
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

M a in t e n a n c e

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

n d P o w e r plant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician^ handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

23
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making ail necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance'
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana flaying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist'8 work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

24

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stockiB and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in gbod order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Cus t o di a l

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and o*ther metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Ma t e r i a l

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other "persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Mo v e me nt

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

25

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going o r d e r s , requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making uphills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving_work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business. May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light Tunder l*/a tons!
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and~including 4 tons)
. .uwnu. . tv. ,
[over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy i
Truckdriver, heavy iover 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

*u . S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1958 O - 461941




Occupational W
age Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. These bulletins, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19* when available may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25* D. C.,
or from any of the regional sales offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets combined with additional analysis will be issued early in 1959.
Bulletins for the labor markets listed below are now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, Mass., September 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-3# price 25 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., November 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-5, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-7, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102