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Occupational W
age Survey

SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
JANUARY 1958

Bulletin No. 1224-8

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STA ISTIC
T
S
Ewan Clague, Commisaoner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA




JANUARY 1958

B u lle tin N o. 1 2 2 4 -8

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
B R A O L B R S A IS IC
U E U F A O TT T S
E an Clagua, C m
w
om ission
ar
M arch

F o r s a l e b y t h e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n 2 5 , D . C .

-

1958

P r ic e 2 5 c e n ts




Preface

Contents
Page

The

C o m m u n ity

W age

Su rvey

P ro g ra m

T h e

B u reau

of

w age

ce n te rs.

The

r e la te

o c c u p a tio n a l

to

b e n e fits .
of

th e

A

stu d y

b u lle tin
is

in

in

each

th e

a fte r

rou n d




fro m

u s u a lly

T h is

r e s u lts
th e

im p o r ta n t
fa ll

to

r e la te d
a v a ila b le

in th e

b u lle tin

re p o rt.

of

la te

is

r e g u la r ly

of

and

rep ort

c o m p le tio n
of

S ta tis tic s

nu m ber

e a r n in g s

e a r lie r
th e

a

m ade

a re a ,

s tu d ie d .

s u m m a r iz in g

is s u e d

cu rren t

s tu d ie s ,

L abor
in

p r e lim in a r y

p a y r o ll p e r io d
n o t in c lu d e d

su rv ey s

A

o f a ll
fin a l

c o m p le tio n
fo llo w in g

a d d itio n a l

c o n s o lid a te d
of

th e

area

s p r in g ,

s u p p le m e n ta r y

m o n th

p r o v id e s

fo r

tre n d s

s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

___________________________________

1
4

c o n d u c ts
in d u s tr ia l

e a r ly
on

______________________________________________________________________________________________

W age
a r e a w id e

In tr o d u c tio n

T a b le s :

1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

2 .

In d e x e s

of

h o u r ly

th e

and

d a ta

and w o rk e rs

sta n d a rd

e a r n in g s

p ercen t

w e e k ly

fo r

w ith in

s e le c te d

o f in c r e a s e

scop e

s a la r ie s

fo r

and

of

o c c u p a tio n a l
s e le c te d

su rvey

____________

2

s tr a ig h t-tim e
grou p s,

p e r i o d s _______________________

4

a n a ly tic a l

y e a r’ s
b u lle tin

su rv eys
fo r

A :

O c c u p a tio n a l
A

th e

- 1:

e a r n in g s

O ffic e

*

-

o c c u p a tio n s

___________________________________________________________

A -2 :
A - 3:

B :

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s _________________________
M a in te n a n c e

A -4 ;

su rv e y s.

C u sto d ia l an d

E s t a b lis h m e n t
p r o v is io n s

and

p o w e r p la n t

m a te r ia l

p r a c tic e s

*

o c c u p a t i o n s _______________________

m ovem en t

and

o c c u p a tio n s

___________

5
8
9
10

s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e

-

B -l:

S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ______________________________________________________________

12

B -2 :

M in im u m

w o r k e r s _
_

13

h o u r s ___________________________________________________

14

e n tra n c e

ra te s

fo r

w om en

o ffic e

B -3 :

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

B -4 ;

O v e r tim e

p a y ______________________________________________________________________

stru ctu re

c h a r a c te r is tic s

W age

_______________________________________________

15

B -6 :

P a id

h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________________________________

16

B -7 :

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________________________________

B -8 :

H e a lth ,

m an a gem en t a g re e m e n ts

A p p e n d ix :

*

Job

N O T E :

b le

in

each
and

s in c e

rep ort
on

b le

as

upon

and

of

to

as

th e

sh ow n

The

p a y m e n ts,

d a te

rep o rts

p resen t

la s t

1 1 5 7 -2 ).

w age

ite m s

re p o rts

in

of

stu d y

fo r

o th e r

and

1954

th e

su m ­

in c lu d e d

p r o v is io n s

in

of
on

a g re e m e n ts,

th e

pay

m a jo r

d a ta

rep ort

n o t in c lu d e d

a v a ila ­

Jan u ary

re p o rt,

1955
and

are

fo r

la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t

w ere

n on w orkd ays

in d ic a tin g

rep o rts

p r a c tic e s
fo r

m is s e s ’

pay

in d u s tr ie s :
e r a tin g

on

B u ll.

o f th e se

a rea

o th e r

fo r

re p o rts.

p r ic e

of

a re a s,

is

th e

r e ­

a v a ila ­

req u e st.

stru c tu ra l
v a ilin g

m o st

P r io r

p r o v is io n s

(B L S

w e ll

w age

a v a ila b le

21

c h a r a c te r is tic s ,

pay

fa llin g

C u rren t
ta ry

1950.

fr e q u e n c y

d ir e c to r y

p o rts,

20

fo r

p la n s

on

c o a ts

ste e l

and

(M a r c h

le v e ls ,

are

B u ild in g

e m p lo y e e s ,

o c c u p a tio n a l

in th e

m a c h in e r y

e a r n in g s

and

S a n F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d
in d u s tr ie s

s u its
1 95 7 ).

(D e c e m b e r

(F e b r u a r y
U n io n

a v a ila b le

m o to rtru ck

th e

d r iv e r s

are

and

fa b r ic a te d
of

p re ­

tra d e s

lo c a l-tr a n s it
and

a ls o

w om en ’ s

in d ic a tiv e

fo llo w in g

p r in tin g ,

s u p p le m e n ­

a rea

1 9 5 7 ),

1 9 5 7 ),

s c a le s ,

fo r

c o n s tr u c tio n ,
and

18

__________________________

ta b u la tio n s

p e n s io n

F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d

stru ctu re

h o lid a y s
A

San

o v e r tim e

m a ry
d a ta

S im ila r

th e

and

la b o r -

__________________________________________________________________

d e s c r ip tio n s

yea r

w age

in s u r a n c e ,

and

14

B -5 :

h e lp e r s .

or
op­




Occupational Wag* Survey - San Francisco-Oak land, Calif. *
Introduction

T h e

San

F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d

in d u s tr ia l

ce n te rs

S ta tis tic s

has

w age
by

m e n ts

on

tio n

s ix

(e x c lu d in g

s e r v ic e s .

are

In

to

d iv is io n s :

fin a n c e ,

grou ps

o c c u p a tio n s

and

fr o m

h a v in g

to

u tilitie s ;

e sta te ;

s tu d ie s ,

and

o c c u p a tio n s

have

been

u n n ecessary
a p p r o p r ia te

su rveys

cost

b ased

on

th e

to

is

are

a ll

e s ta b lis h m e n ts
b e lo w

th e

a

O c c u p a tio n a l

a lly

B ecau se

su rv eyed .

e s ta b lis h m e n ts ,

th e

fr o m

r e la tiv e

and

p a tio n a l

stru c tu re

of

The
s ific a tio n
jo b

th e ir

broad

o f th e

in

th e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

In

c o m b in in g

in g s

is

(se e

and

b ased

in d u s tr y

o b ta in

s a m p le

E s t a b lis h m e n t

a p p e n d ix
(in

tio n s :

la te

to

u sed

on

th e

s e le c te d

a

u n ifo r m

lis tin g

of

A -s e r ie s

fo r

stu d y

set

a n d p o w e r p la n t;

th e se

ta b le s )

c le r ic a l;

how ­

c lu d e s

E s tim a te s

are

of

jo b

fu ll-t im e

w o rk e rs,

th e

p r e m iu m

g iv e n
pay

sh ifts .

(d )

i.

e m p lo y m e n t
e. ,

th o se

o v e r tim e

com m on

r e ­

ers

ex ­

b on u ses
are

(in c lu d in g

fo rc e

th e

to

d u tie s

v a r ie ty

w ith in

th e

ty p e s

in

to

sam e

d a ta

are

and

as

and

h ir e d

fo r

fo r

e a r n in g s

to w o r k

w ork

bon u ses

in c e n tiv e

re p o rte d ,

T h is

rep ort

F r a n c is c o ,

1

jo b s

and

in

and not

fo r

w h ic h

fo r

s tu d ie d

s tu d ie d .

th e se

to ta l

serv e

th e

in

nu m ber

stru c tu re

e m p lo y m e n t
o n ly

T h ese

a ffe c t

th e

th e

o c c u p a tio n a l

o c c u p a tio n a l

S u p p le m e n ta r y

a

are

e a r n in g s
o ffic e

on

d a ta

lis h m e n t
m e n t,

to

a ll

a ctu ­
am ong

o b ta in e d

in d ic a te

d iffe r e n c e s

accu racy

W age

th e

in
th e

of

occu ­
earn ­

P r o v is io n s

(c )

m a in te ­

In

r e g u la r
E a r n in g s

w eek en d s,

e x c lu d e d

are

c le r ic a l

a ls o ,

in c lu d e d .
o c c u p a tio n s,

d a ta

fo r

sch ed ­

L .
See




w as

C a li f .,

D ana,
ta b le

p rep ared

by

W illia m

R e g io n a l
on

page

2

W age
fo r

in

th e

P .

O ’ C on n or,

and

B u reau ’s

h ou rs

if

a p p lie d

it

are

In d u s tr ia l

m in im u m -s iz e

to

e m p lo y e e s
C a fe te r ia

n o n o ffic e

are

ex­

and

w ork ­

fu n c tio n s .

e m p lo y e e s ,

u tiliz e d

w ork ers

but

as

and

te c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l.

in

are

s e ­
r e ­

w o r k e r s ,"

e m p lo y e e s

a n d te c h n ic a l

w ho

on

th e y

a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y

engaged

p r o fe s s io n a l,

d a ta

(ta b le
is

u sed

o r,

w as

in

B -l)

as

a

and

se p a ra te

r o u te m e n

are

ex­

in c lu d e d

as

p la n t

lim ite d

to

m a n u fa c tu r in g

te rm s

v a r ie d
no

u se d .

of

p la n t

on

at

a p p lie d

w ork ers

a

a

(a )

su rv ey.

a p p ly in g

to

th e

c la s ­

som e

w h ic h
w as

w ork ers

th e

m a jo r ity ,
in

e sta b ­

e m p lo y ­

of

of

am ount

d iffe r e n tia l

s h ift

b a s is

th e
to

of

w ork er

tim e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

r a te s,
th e

th e

th e

d iffe r e n tia ls ,

In

in t e r m s

to ta l

s h ift

am ount

at n orm al

m a jo r ity

of

b o th

p re se n te d

s p e c ifie d
if

are

p re se n te d

p r a c tic e ,

th e

h a v in g

a

"o ffic e

as

in d u s tr ie s .

on

p a id

and

ta b le s )

b e n e fits

c le r ic a l

fo r e m e n

tr a in e e s )

p re se n te d

"o th e r "

s h ift

te rm

o ffic e

in d u s tr ie s ,

e ffe c tiv e

w as

B -s e r ie s

la te -

reco rd ed

o n ly

h o u rs.

e x c lu d e

h o lid a y s ,
but

w e e k ly

r e fe r e n c e

M in im u m

and

c o s t-o f-

W h ere

r e g io n a l

under

and

in fo r m a tio n

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

a m a jo r ity

sh ow n

w e e k ly

(b )

The

a ll

w o r k in g

e x c lu d e d .

e m p lo y e d

th e

e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, an d

e x e c u tiv e ,

p o li c y ,2

(in

s u p p le m e n ta r y

w o rk e rs.

c o n s tr u c tio n

T h is

a ls o

and

in c lu d e s

le a d m e n

are

and

a c tu a lly

are

p la n t

m a n u fa c tu r in g

in d u s tr ie s .

occu p a­

m o v e m e n t.

p re se n te d

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

of

te c h n ic a l;

is

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

c la s ­

d e s ig n e d

E a r n in g s

fo llo w in g
and

a

in

is

o ffic e

e n tra n c e

lis h m e n ts

v is ite d .

th a n

on

e m p lo y m e n t

p a id

v a c a tio n s ;

an

s ta tis tic a lly

John

of

rep resen t

stu d y

d iffe r e n c e s

th e

in c lu d e

A d m in is tr a tiv e ,

O c c u p a tio n a l

d e s c r ip tio n s ).

fo r

c la s s ific a tio n .

and

N o n p r o d u c tio n

hou rs

of

th e

n ot m a te r ia lly

a d m in is tr a tiv e ,

fo r c e -a c c o u n t

c u s to d ia l an d m a te r ia l

o c c u p a tio n a l

fo r

liv in g

*

of

of

do

and

"P la n t w o r k e r s "

s ific a tio n

San

hou r)

e a r n in g s

n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

e s tim a te s

of

o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

b u lle tin ,

a re a ,

and

d e s c r ip tio n s
in

th is

as

th e r e fo r e ,

in d u s tr ie s .

(b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l

and

O c c u p a tio n a l

la te

scop e

P r a c tic e s

o ffic e

in

c lu d e d

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

fo r

O ffic e

(a )

in

th e

e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s

d a ta ,

th e

g r o u p in g

le c te d

la r g e

s tu d ie d .

o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n

p re se n te d

u le

th e

h a lf

w e e k ly

d a ta .

of

w e ig h t.

p re se n te d ,

s iz e

To

p r o p o r tio n

a p p r o p r ia te

a re

m in im u m

o c c u p a tio n s

account

n ance

n ea rest

W h er­

th e

E a r n in g s

a n u fa c tu r in g

ta k e

to

e s tim a te s

im p o r ta n c e

th e

w ork
O c c u p a tio n s

of m

th e

average

e m p lo y m e n t

w ith in

e x ­

b ecau se

b a sis

g re a te r

s tu d ie d .

s tu d ie d

s a m p le

a ll

c o st,

g iv e n

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

th o se

on a

s u r v e y in g

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

fo r

in

a t m in im u m

a ll

cept

c o n d u c te d

in v o lv e d

accu racy

s m a ll

are

e v e r,

la tin g

to

p a id ;

rou n d ed

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In fo r m a tio n

of

are

d iv is io n s .
T h ese

th a n

(r o u n d e d

s a la r ie s

b e s id e s

in s u ffic ie n t

each

s c h e d u le s

and

w a r r a n t i n c lu s i o n .1
fo r

w ork

p r e s c r ib e d

a

th e y fu r n is h

p r o v id e d

th e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

o b ta in e d

tra n sp o rta ­

rea l

th a n

to

e s ta b lis h ­

c o n s tr u c tio n

fe w e r

L ab or
r e la te d

are

p u b lic

and

th e se

th e

b ecau se

are

d a ta

o th e r

of

and

r e p r e s e n ta tiv e

and

s tu d ie d

ta b u la tio n s

a re a ,

im p o rta n t

B u reau

M a n u fa c tu r in g ;

e x c lu d e d

a ls o

sev e ra l

e a r n in g s

in s u r a n c e ,

o p e r a tio n s

o m itte d

se p a ra te

of

L a b o r 1s

each

a g e n ts

E s t a b lis h m e n t s
are

one

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

in d u s tr y

th e

p o s s ib le ,

in d u s tr y

in d u s tr y

govern m en t

e m p lo y m e n t in

fie ld

r e ta il tr a d e ;

of w ork ers

is

o f o c c u p a tio n a l

b a s is .

B u reau

in d u s tr ie s .

a rea

D e p a rtm e n t of

su rv eys

r a ilr o a d s ),

M a jo r

tr a c tiv e
nu m ber

th e

a r e a w id e
of

broad

tra d e ;

r a ilr o a d s ,

ever

an

v is its

w ith in

w h o le s a le

w h ic h

c o n d u c te d

b e n e fits

p erson al

in

on

T h ey

and
th e

ra te s

are

b a s is

B -2 )
on

O v e r tim e

b a s is .

h e a lth ,

(ta b le

p re se n te d

pay

in s u r a n c e ,

th a t th e s e

are

and

r e la te
an

o n ly

to

th e

e sta b ­

e s ta b lis h m e n t,

p r a c tic e s ;
p e n s io n

a p p lic a b le

to

p a id

p la n s

ra th e r

h o lid a y s ;

are

a ll p la n t

tre a te d
or

o ffic e

in

th e

R e la tio n s

A n a ly s t.

2

d ir e c tio n

e s ta b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .

e ith e r
of

th e

A n

o f th e

e s ta b lis h m e n t

fo llo w in g

su rv ey ,

or

(2 )

w as

c o n d itio n s :
had

(l)

fo r m a l

c o n s id e r e d
O p e ra te d
p r o v is io n s

as
la te

h a v in g
s h ifts

c o v e r in g

a

p o lic y

at
la te

th e

if

tim e

sh ifts.

it

m et

2

w ork ers
q u a lify

if a
fo r

m a jo r ity
th e

of

su ch

p r a c tic e s

c h a r a c te r is tic s ,

and

tis tic a lly

b a s is

th a t

m a jo r ity

are

on

w ork ers

if

in d iv id u a l

th e

a

ite m s

The
b er

of

th ir d
of

fir s t

w h o le

c o m b in e s

s e c tio n

The

at

th e

as

w hom

tim e

tim e

annual

to

b a sis

p la n s

and

of

th e

fo r

lis t

th e

p r a c tic e

w ere

at

o n ly

le g a l

le a s t

s e c u r ity .

of

r e q u ir e m e n ts
Such

p la n s

The

su m s

th e

nu m ­
p art

tim e .

The

th e

p r o p o r tio n s

as

pay
are

born e

p r o v id e d

of

of

1

by

such

a m o u n ts.

p a y m e n ts

not

2 p ercen t
w e e k rs
and

th e

w o rk m e n ^

th o se

g ra n te d

p a y m e n ts,

in s u r a n c e ,

is

a rra n g e­
is

fla t -s u m

e q u iv a le n t

cost

su ch

fo rm a l

paym ent

h e a lth ,

in c lu d e

or

a llo w a n c e s ,

th e

th e

to

v a c a tio n

a

a

in s u r a n c e

d ir e c tly

fu n d

fo r m

on
of

p a y.

p e n s io n

ta b le
tio n

S c h e d u le d

B -3 )
of

w e e k ly

w ere

w om en
hou rs

p re se n te d

o ffic e
fo r

w e e k ly
in

w o rk ers

w om en

Table 1:

h ou rs

e a r lie r

fo r
y ea rs

e m p lo y e d

in

in

to

th e

under

have

of

w ith

on

a

w e e k ly

s ic k -le a v e
or

b ecau se

of

(1 ) p la n s

is

by

a

(fir s t
th e

th e

c o m -

se c tio n

p ro p o r­
in d ic a te d

of

p la n s

Minimum

of study
A ll divisions ___________________________________________________
Manufacturing __________________ _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________________
Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unica­
tion, and other public u tilities4 ________________________
W holesale trade ____________________________________________
Retail trade
_______________________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate ____________________
Services 6 __________________________________________________

_

are

N ew

pay

or

or

Y o rk

fu n d
or

or

fr o m

in c lu d e d

or

and
a

no

and

fo rm a l

s ic k

e ith e r

a re

as

a

an

b o th

In

p r o v id e

fr o m

w ork

a c c o r d in g
and

to

(2 ) p la n s

a d d itio n

p r o v id e d

to

th e

s ic k n e s s

u n d u p lic a te d

ty p e s

con­

e m p lo y e e

w h ic h

p e r io d ,

are

e m ­

(l)

T a b u la tio n s

ab sen ce

p r o v id e d

th e

w h ic h

r e q u ir e

th e

p la n s 5

w ho

a c c id e n t

J e rse y ,

la w .

in ­

w h ic h

e m p lo y e r

p e r io d .

of

d ir e c tly

or

to

w h ic h

th e

w a itin g

le a v e ,
or

N ew

d u r in g

of w ork ers

p a id

illn e s s

if th e

of

ty p e

m ade

(2 ) p r o v id e s

pay

w a itin g

th a t

are

p la n s

la w s

o n ly

t a b u la tio n s

pay

r e c e iv e

to

w o r k e r !s

fu ll

in s u r a n c e

su ch

in s u r a n c e

lim ite d

to

d u r in g

a ll

r e q u ir e m e n ts

p r o p o r tio n s

w ho

in

lim ite d

b a s is
fo r

r e q u ir e d ,

S e p a ra te

4
do

not

The

te m p o ra ry

r e q u ir e
A n

to ta l

is

o f b e n e fits .

c o u ld

be

at le a s t

e x p e c te d

in fo r m a l

s ic k

by

in

C a lifo r n ia

and

R hode

Is la n d

w as

c o n s id e r e d

m in im u m

each

e m p lo y e e .

a llo w a n c e s ,

as

nu m ber
Such

h a v in g

of days
a

p la n

d e te r m in e d

a
of

need

on

an

fo r m a l
s ic k
not

p la n

le a v e
be

w r itte n ,

in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,

by m ajor industry division, January 1958
W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total 3

Office

Plant

T o ta l3

1, 098

251

3 3 8 ,2 0 0

8 8 ,2 0 0

1 7 9 ,7 0 0

1 8 4 ,5 8 0

101
"

345
753

83
168

133, 300
204, 900

2 2 ,7 0 0
65, 500

8 9 ,7 0 0
9 0, 000

6 2 ,9 3 0
121,650

101
51
101
51
51

58
239
109
180
167

27
34
47
35
25

6 2 ,5 0 0
3 1 ,9 0 0
4 4, 700
4 3, 100
2 2 ,7 0 0

11,
9,
6,
34,

800
700
000
100
( 7)

2 7 ,8 0 0
13, 600
3 3 ,7 0 0
5
1, 000
( 7)

54, 170
7 ,9 7 0
29, 540
22, 900
7, 07 0

1 San Francisco-O akland Metropolitan A r ea (Alam eda, Contra C osta, M arin, San F r a n cisco , San M ateo, and Solano Counties). The "w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a
reasonably accurate description of the size arid com position of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b asis of com parison with other area employment in­
dexes to m easure employment trends or le v e ls since ( l ) planning of wage surveys req uires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishm ents with total em ployment at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair se rv ice , and m otionpicture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
3 Includes executive, technical, p rofession al, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 A lso excludes taxicab s, and se rv ic e s incidental to water transportation. San F r a n c isc o 's transit system is municipally operated, and is therefore excluded, by definition, from the scope of the studies.
5 E stim ate relates to real estate establishm ents only.
b
H otels; personal se r v ic e s; bu sin ess se r v ic e s; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural se r v ic e s.
7 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l in d u stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage w as insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.




if

th a t

e x c lu d e d .

Number of establishm ents
W ithin
scope of
study 2

th e

le a v e

la w s

c o n tr ib u tio n s .

e s ta b lis h m e n t

if
ot e s ta b lis h e d
but

d is a b ility

e m p lo y e r

E stab lish m ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in San F rancisco-O akland , C a li f .,

in estab lish -

u n io n
fu n d s

a re

p a y m e n ts

in c lu d e d

th e

o f th e

p a r tia l
th e

of w ork ers

are

le g a lly

p r o v id e

e ith e r

a c c id e n t

w ere

w o rk e rs.

Industry division

a

o p e r a tin g

b e n e fits

is

cash

m o n th ly

d is a b ility

p la n s

exceed

illn e s s .

w h ic h

p r o v id in g

D e a th

p re se n te d

H ow ever,

a p r o p o r tio n

p r e se n ta tio n

sh o w n

th a n
w h ic h

or

is

te m p o r a ry

m o re

b e n e fits

o f p a id

p u rp ose.

th ro u g h

cu rren t

a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e

c o n tr ib u te s .

fu ll p a y

p r o v id e d

of

p r e d e te r m in e d

c o n t r ib u t i o n s ,4

tr ib u te s

and

and

In fo r m a tio n

e n a cte d

w ith

th is

w h ic h

in s u r e d

d is a b ility .
e m p lo y e r

th o se
out

e m p lo y e r ,

w ork ers

te rm s

o ffic e s

fo r

and

e m p lo y e r

in s u r a n c e .

S ic k n e ss
su ran ce

c o m p e n s a tio n

u n d e r w r itte n

o ffic e

th e

life

5
3

com pany

by

a s id e

set
of

p lo y e r

o ff w ith

e a r n in g s ,

m e r c ia l
p a id

of

to ta ls .

secon d

h o lid a y
and

sta ­
o ffic e

equal

e s tim a te s

c o m p u tin g

a ll

or

p re se n ts

lim ite d
tim e

S e p a ra te

as

fo r

a p art

to ta l

e x a m p le ,

c o n s id e r e d

p re se n te d

r o u n d in g ,

h o lid a y s

is

v a c a tio n

fo r

tre a te d

a n n u a lly .

p la n s

annual

of

c o n v e rte d ;

w as

are

in

of

are

of

ta b le

sh ow

w h ereby

e m p lo y e r .

stru c tu re

a ll p la n t

p r o v id e d .

p a id

e v e n tu a lly

n e c e s s a r ily

h o lid a y s

g ra n te d

o f v a c a tio n

th e

not

m ay
w age

to

B ecau se
do

to

or

h o u rs,

a g re e m e n ts

a c t u a lly

of

are

p ercen t

w h ic h

so c ia l

a

ta b u la tio n s

e a r n in g s

e x c e p tin g

p a id

h o lid a y s

th e y

e m p lo y e r

D a ta

th e

h o lid a y s

e lig ib le

a p p lic a b le

c o v e r e d .3

in fo r m a l p la n s

p a y m e n ts,
in

are

ta b u la tio n s

h a lf

su m m ary

d is c r e tio n

H ow ever,
a

and

th ese

of

h a lf

e x c lu d in g

a c c o r d in g

th ese

p re se n ts

to

are

S c h e d u le d

la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t

p art

and

w h o le

w ork ers

m e n ts,

in

w ork ers

lis te d .

3
C a ta stro p h e
m e d ic a l

in s u r a n c e ,

e m p lo y e e s
th e

in

n orm al

ca se

in s u r a n c e ,

in c lu d e s
of

cov erage

s ic k n e s s
of

in s u r a n c e

paym en t

of d o c to rs1 fe e s .

in s u r a n c e

s e lf-in s u r e d .
th o se

p la n s

w o rk e r1s

r e fe r s

to

and

or

T a b u la tio n s
p r o v id e

p la n s

Such

c o m p a n ie s

th a t

p la n s

r e fe r r e d

w h ic h

in ju r y

h o s p ita liz a t io n ,

M e d ic a l

c ia l

s o m e tim e s

th o se

m e d ic a l,

p la n s

m ay be

fo r

p a y m e n ts

pay

sy ste m .

p r o te c t

ra te d

exp en ses

beyond

th e

and

s u r g ic a l

or

p la n s
th e

e x te n d e d
to

u n d e r w r itte n

fo r

as

c o m p le te

o r g a n iz a tio n s

o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n

m o n th ly

to

d e s ig n e d

in v o lv in g

p r o v id in g

n o n p r o fit

are

or

by

(p la n t

p r e d o m in a n t

ty p e

of

m ay

lim ite d

r e m a in d e r

of

to
th e

fie d
fo r
w as

to

th e

tim e

fir s t

of

tim e

and




in c e n tiv e

to w a g e

w ork ers

stru c tu re
d ir e c tly

c h a r a c te r is tic s ,

r e fle c t

te c h n ic a l

in

ra te

an

w as

p la n

c o n s id e r a tio n s ,

e s ta b lis h m e n t

stru c tu re

e m p lo y m e n t

and

ta b u la te d

p r o p o r tio n s

e m p lo y m e n t u n d e r

each

each

w ere

a p p ly in g

c la s s ifie d

in

a fte r

as

and

fo r

s c h e d u le )

and

tim e

pay

o n e -h a lf

or
and

pay
tim e

a fte r

fo r

to

a ll

th ese

a c c o r d in g

tim e -

c la s s ifie d

to

to

w o rk e rs.
th e

p r e ­

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

p r e m iu m

p r e m iu m

o n e -h a lf

w e e k ly
tim e

no

p r o v is io n s

e ffe c tiv e

c a llin g
r e fe r e n c e

of

in c e n tiv e

G ra d u a te d

be

life .

W ith

of

o ffic e )

ty p e

I n c e n t iv e -w o r k e r
d o m in a n t

b ecau se

or

co m m e r­

th e y
are

p la n s .
p a r tia l

H ow ever,

w ork ers

40

8

ra te .

a n d , d o u b le

o n e -h a lf
at

o y e r tim e

F or

a fte r

r e g u la r

and

ra te

o n e -h a lf

h o u rs.

tim e
8

a fte r

h o u rs.
a fte r

a fte r

pay

e x a m p le ,

40

w ere
a

10

c la s s i­

p la n

c a llin g

h ou rs

S im ila r ly ,
3 7

ll 2

w as

h ou rs

a
a

day
p la n

(r e g u la r

c o n s id e r e d

as

4

W
age Trends for Selected O
ccupational G
roups
The

w ork ers
p la n t

ta b le

and

b e lo w

p re se n ts

in d u s tr ia l

w ork er

in d e x e s

n u rse s,

and

of

o f s a la r ie s

average

o f o ffic e

e a r n in g s

c le r ic a l

of

s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n s
tio n a l
yea r

grou p s.

to

w as
F o r
r e la te

to

o ffic e

average

th e

sta n d a rd

F o r

w e e k ly

p la n t w o r k e r

e a r n in g s ,
en d s,

s e le c te d

on

key
jo b s

c h in e );

grou p s,

la te

p a y fo r

and

fo llo w in g

g e n e r a l;

file ,

s w itc h b o a r d

e r a l; an d
w om en

o p e ra to rs;

o p e ra to rs;

ty p is ts ,

c la s s

in d u s tr ia l

nance

jo b s

d a ta :

S k ille d —

and

3

and

n u rse s.

u n s k ille d

c a rp e n te rs;

c h a n ic s ,

a u to m o tiv e ;

w o rk e rs;

and

c le a n e r s ;

A

to o l

la b o r e r s ,

d ie

of

d a ta

and

B ;

M en
jo b s

The

in d u s tr ia l

in

th e

w ere

C o m p to m e te r
c le r k s ,

d a ta

10

in

and

a re

s k ille d

th e

p la n t

p ip e fitte r s ;

co m p u ted
or

h o u r ly

1954

fo r

w e e k ly

each

of

e a r n in g s

e m p lo y m e n t

in

Table 2:

th e

w ere
th e

s a la r ie s
s e le c te d
th e n
jo b .

or

b ased

by

o c c u p a tio n s.

m u ltip lie d
T h ese

b y

The

th e

fo r c e

tio n s ,

and

lis h m e n ts

w e ig h te d

e a r n in g s

e a r n in g s

of

fo r

b a se

g iv e n

an

th ese

a g g reg a te
grou p

p e r io d (s u r v e y
b y

th e

fo r

each

a g g re g a te s

occu p a­

fo r

m o n th , w in te r

b ase

yea r

a

g iv e n

1 9 5 2 -5 3 )

in d e x

(1 0 0 )

as

changes
w ith

a ctu a l

w age

th e

in

a

of

of

drop

lo w e r
a

or

p a id

to

th e

a

and

(3 )

w ork ers

th o u g h

o p p o s ite
a rea

change

in

m ig h t

th e

e ffe c t.

c o u ld

in c r e a s e

ra te s

and

The

and

of

ch anges

c lu d e d

in

m ovem en t

th e

a v erage

o ccu rred

in

o th e r

th e

on

co n sta n t

e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts

p r o p o r tio n

d a ta .

w ork

b ased

of

th e

N or

s c h e d u le s
pay

fo r

of

are
or

w o rk ers

th e

in

in d e x e s

p r e m iu m

s tr a ig h t-tim e

e lim in a te s

re p re se n te d

in

in flu e n c e d

pay

fo r

th e

each

by

e ffe c ts
jo b

o v e r tim e ,

sin c e

in

th e y

h o u rs.

In d e x e s

and

la b o r
17

m a rk e ts

L ab or

fo r

th e

ap p eared

M a rk e ts,

p e r io d
in

B L S

1953
B u ll.

to

1957

1 202 ,

fo r

W ages

w ork ers
and

in

14

R e la te d

m a jo r

B e n e fits ,

1 9 5 6 -5 7 .

Percent increase from —
January 19 5 y
to
January 1958

January 1956
to
January 1957

January 1955
to
January 1956

January
1957

A ll industries:
Office c le ric a l (women) _ ______ ________ _
Industrial nurses (women)
------ ----------------Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) ___________________
Unskilled plant (men) ________________________

123. 3
129. 0
125. 6
1 2 5 .9

118. 3
0
118. 6
119. 4

4. 2
6. 6
5 .9
5. 4

5 .0
6 .4
7. 5
5. 5

4.
2.
3.
4.

Manuf ac tur in g:
Office cle rica l (w o m e n )______ __ ______
Industrial nurses (women) ___________________
Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) ___________________
Unskilled plant (men)
___

123.
130.
127.
124.

118.
122.
120.
118.

4. 2
6. 5
6 .4
5. 5

4. 7
7. 0
8. 5

5. 4
6
4. 1
4. 3

1
5
1
4

in ­

ch anges

w ere

s a la r ie s
1953

u se

in

January
1958

0
4
8
8

r e ­

p r o p o r tio n

The

cau se

can

w ith o u t

o c c u p a tio n
in

e sta b ­

e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

m e ­

in d iv id u a l

121.

th e

red u c­

a v e ra g es

r e d u c tio n

no

la b o r

e x p a n s io n

a

an

in

fo rc e

fo r c e

s p e c ific

th e

changes

by

a

out of

gen eral
r e c e iv e d

e m p lo y e d

o c c u p a tio n a l
fo r c e

(l)

pay

th e

in

in

have

of
in

e x p a n s io n s ,

w h ereas

a v e ra g e ,

even

th e

w ork ers

w o u ld

jo b ;

fo r c e
of

e ffe c ts

in c re a se s

C hanges

e x a m p le ,

p a id

e s ta b lis h m e n t

d rop ,

sa m e

le v e ls .
in

th e

o th e r

p r o p o r tio n
pay

F o r

w ork ers

h ig h -p a y in g

‘t h e

d e cre a se s

lo w e r

in

in

or

tu rn o v e r,

th e

ch an ges.

p r o p o r tio n

s u lt

in

p r in c ip a lly ,

m e r it

w h ile

la b o r

d iffe r e n t

in c r e a se s

(2 )

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in San F rancisco-O aklan d, C a lif. ,
January 1958 and January 1957, and percent of in crease for selected periods

Industry and occupational group

to

y e a r.

m e a su re ,

w ork ers

Indexes
(January 1953=100)




o b ta in
of

w ork er

p o rte rs,

av era g e

to

r a tio

th e

ch an ges;

su ch

cau se

a rea

m a in te ­

s h e e t -m e t a l

average

th e

r e s u lt m u ltip lie d

in d e x e s

in d iv id u a l

la b o r

sta n d a rd

h o u r ly *

th e

and w age

e a r n in g s

w a tc h m e n .

average

th e

fo r

The
s a la r y

a re
A v era g e

and

in d e x

of

gen ­

m e c h a n ic s ;

u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s ,

m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g ;

p a y -*

o p e ra to rs,

m a c h in is ts ;

p a in te r s ;

m a k e rs;

m a ­

ste n o g ra p h e rs,

n u rse

fo llo w in g

in c lu d e d

e le c tr ic ia n s ;

im ­

o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ;

tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e
B .

fo r

based

(b illin g

o rd er;

s e c r e ta r ie s ;

s w itc h b o a r d

w eek ­

d a ta

are

th e

to ta le d

a g g re g a te fo r

c o m p u te d

get

th e n

F in a lly ,

is ,

h o u r ly

on

on

th e

p a id .

n u m e r ic a lly

m a c h in e

A

th a t

a re

w ork

b ased

th e

c le r k s ,

g ir ls ;

fo r

c le r ic a l

c la s s

B ;

in d e x e s

w ork ,

s a la r ie s

a re

B ille r s ,

and

m illw r ig h ts ;

and

m o st
o ffic e

of

th e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

and

in d e x e s

jo b s :

o ffic e

in

o v e r tim e

The

A

n u rse s,

h ou rs

changes

o p e ra to rs,

c la s s

o p e ra to rs;

t a b u la tin g -m a c h in e

n o rm al

in c lu d e

18

in d u s tr ia l

s tr a ig h t-tim e

The

grou p.

b o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e

k e y -p u n c h

fo r

w h ic h

s h ifts .

each

c le r k s ,

and

th e y m e a s u r e

o c c u p a tio n s

th e

fo r

p r e m iu m

and

w ith in
in

o p e ra to rs;

on

s a la r ie s

s c h e d u le

e x c lu d in g

w om en

r o ll;

w ork

h o lid a y s ,

p o rta n t

c le r ic a l w o rk e rs

w ere

grou p.

6.0

2.

8
6
7
4

January 1954
to
January 1955

January 1953
to
January 1954

January 1952
to
January 1953

3. 0
6. 3
2 .4
3. 0

4.
4.
4.
6.

4
3
0
1

5.
7.
5.
6.

2
0
8
8

2.
6.
2.
4.

4.
5.
4.
4.

5
1
0
2

7.
7.
5.
6.

0
8
8
9

4
2
2
2

A : O c c u p a t i o n a l E a r n in g s

5

T a b le A -l: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earning^ for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in San Fran cisco-O ak lan d , C alif. , by industry division, January 1958)
Average

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—
$
4 5 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

$
$
50. 00 5 5 .0 0
5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

*65. 00 ^ 0 .0 0

*75.00

1 0 .0 0

*85.00

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

o
©
in

Weekly,
W
eekly . 3 5 .0 0
hours 1 earnin 1 and
gs
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 0 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

o
o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

7 0 .0 0

$
* 9 5 .0 0 f o o .o o 1 0 5 .0 0 f 10 .0 0 * 1 5 .0 0 ? 2 0 .00
and
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 12 0.00

over

Men
C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ----------------- ----- __ ------Manufacturing _ ----- __ — -------__ ---------------Nonmanufacturing _______ ___ ___ __ __ __________
Public u tilitiest ______ — — — — -------- — —
W holesale trade
___ __ ___
_____ — — ___
F inane e f j _ __ ____________ „ __ ____________ __

682
420
262
84
56
65

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

$
9 5 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ______ __ ____________ ___
Manufacturing _______________ __ __ __ __ „ __
Nonmanufacturing _______________ ________ ________
Public utilities f
_______ _____ _____ __ __ __

285
176
109
44

3 9 .5
3 9 -5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 4 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

C lerk s, ord er _ _______
Manufacturing _____
Nonmanufacturing _
W holesale trade

__ ________
________ __
__ ------------„ __

916
297
619
554

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

C le r k s , p ayroll
„ ____________
_________________
Manufacturing ________ __ __
_____
________
Nonmanufacturing ____ ________ __ __ ____________
Public utilities f — __ „ __ ---------------- __ -----

126
67
59
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 2 .0 0
97. 50
8 6 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

Office b o y s __ __ __ ____________ __ ___________________
Manufacturing __ __
___
__
__
_____ „ ___
Nonmanufacturing _______ _____
___ ___ _______
Public u tilities! _ _________________ __ __ _____
Finance f f _ — ---------- — _____ — — _____ __

594
203
391
75
173

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine operators _ ___ ___ _____ ______
Manufacturing _____ __ ________ __ „ __ _____ __
___ ________
Nonmanufacturing ____ „ __ _____
Public utilities X
_ __ __ „ __ __ ____________
W holesale trade __ _____ ____________ __
F inane e f f _
________ ____________ __ __ __ __

537
157
380
69
72
206

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

_
_
_

B ille r s , machine (billing m a c h i n e ) __ _____
___ __
Manufacturing __ ------- ----__ „ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ____ „ __ __ __ „ „ __ _____
Public utilities f
__
________
__
___

440
114
326
234

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

_
-

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping machine) _______________
Nonmanufacturing _ __ __
__ __ _____ „ __ __
R etail trade _ __ ___
_____ __ _____ __ „ __

169
148
118

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s, c la ss A __ __ _____
Manufacturing __ _____ _____ __ „ __ ______________
Nonmanufacturing _ ________ _______________ __ __
W holesale trade
__
_______ __ ___ ___

278
143
135
91

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

_
_
-

_
-

-

Bookkeeping-machine op era to rs, c la ss B _______________
Manufacturing __ __ __ ------- __ __
_____ „ __
Nonmanufacturing _______ __________________________
W holesale trade
___
__ ___
__ __
__ __
R etail trade ____
_____
— ________ __ __
Finance f f --------- __ __ __ „ __ __ __ __ __ __

2 ,0 4 8
149
1 ,8 9 9
239
54
1 ,5 4 7

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 0 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
70. 50
5 7 .5 0

_
_
_

_
.
_

■

~

_____ __ ________
_____ ___
__ __
__ _____ __ __
— __ __
—

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
-

.
-

_
-

16
8
8
2

49
8
41
3
6
25

65
24
41
12
6
8

100
58
42
8
10
16

147
115
32
13
8
9

87
71
16
7
1
3

65
35
30
7
23
“

55
23
32
30
2
-

-

-

-

-

“

8
8
2

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

1
1
1

7
7
1

29
2
27
2

2
2
2

60
26
34
12

68
51
17
5

10
4
6
6

31
22
9
9

63
57
6
6

4
4
-

4
4
-

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

60
19
41
31

84
8
76
61

84
24
60
55

97
34
63
63

121
12
109
104

156
61
95
95

85
49
36
36

60
34
26
26

57
12
45
45

33
11
22
2

33
3
30
20

46
30
16
16

.
_
_

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

3
3
1

2
2
-

1
1
1

20
3
17
6

“

123
39
84
8
53

167
73
94
14
57

146
19
127
33
47

42
14
28
13
9

16
15
1
1
-

23
11
12
2
-

25
14
11
7
_
-

10
10
_
-

5
1
4
4

70
32
38
4
7

26
14
12
10
_
-

13
9
4
1

7
_
7
-

6
4
2
_
-

«
.
-

_
-

5
2
3
-

_
_
~

9
9
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

_
-

-

1
1
_
1

24
24
2
_
22

58
19
39
2
35

25
8
17
3
14

70
8
62
5
1
45

80
31
49
7
4
35

95
24
71
16
25
21

68
16
52
14
15
23

66
21
45
16
12
10,

28
18
10
2
8
~

13
7
6
1
5
-

9
5
4
1
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

32
32
18

74
74
66

104
6
98
48

68
35 "
33
22

46
27
19
10

10
10
-

27
16
11
11

27
9
18
18

45
6
39
39

_
-

2
2
2

5
5
-

.
-

_
-

_

_
-

6
-

54
48
22

74
74
74

15
15
13

3
1
1

1
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

10
10
8

6
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

1
1

3
3
-

35
2
33
18

38
16
22
13

43
33
10
6

54
32
22
15

63
24
39
39

30
30
-

11
6
5
-

_
*

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

428
428
6
.
418

549
13
536
90
14
414

280
36
244
77
13
137

96
21
75
43
14
13

20
20
-

22
11
11
- .
4
1

10
10
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
- .
-

_
-

~

"

-

"

“

"

_

36
11
34 --------- r
2
5
4
-

43
38
5
-

Women

-

See footnote at end of table.
f
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

-

132
132
_
_
132

433
1
432
_
_
428

78
— 37“
41
23
9
4

“

-

-

_
-

-

6

T a b le A-1: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in San Fran cisco-O ak lan d , C alif. , by industry division, January 1958)

N M E O W R E S R C IV G ST A H -T E W E LY E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN
R IG T IM E K
AN G F

Avbbags

N me
u br
of
wr e s
okr

S ex, occupation, and industry division

$

$

We ly
ek
We ly 3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0
ek
e rn g
a in s1
(S n a d (S n a d under
ta d r ) ta d r )
4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

$

$

$

$

$

$

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

“
5 0 .0 0

”
5 5 .0 0

”
6 0 .0 0

“
6 5 .0 0

”
7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

“
9 0 .0 0

180
28
152
67
52
3
11

141
21
120
36
44
13
21

187
28
159
44
25
43
27

442
25
417
173
21
23
33

103
9
94
31
19
12
16

67
33
34
8
23
2
1

25
14
11
4
6
1

63
26
37
11
25
_

32
6
26
25
_
1

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
and
”
“
“
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 over

Women - Continued
C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A _____ __ ____ __ _____
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______ __ _____ __
__ __ __
Public u tilitie s! ____________________________________
W holesale trade
— — ___
__ __ ________ „
_____
_____ „ __
R etail trade _ __ —
Finance tt —
— — — — _____ __ __

1 ,3 3 2
196
1 ,1 3 6
434
215
98
160

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

s
>
7 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
78. 50
79. 50
8 0 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ____
_____ ________ __
Manufacturing ________ __ __
__ __
_____ __
Nonmanufacturing ____ __ -------- __ ________
__
Public u tilitie s! _________ — — — ___
_____
W holesale trade
___ „
__ —
R etail trade - — — __ ~ __ _ __
__ —
Finance tt __ __ _____ ________ __ „ __

1 ,5 9 4
331
1 ,2 6 3
175
182
2 70
539

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

6 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

432
71
361
115
158

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

7 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

1 ,9 3 5
103
1 ,8 3 2
177
228
134
1 ,2 0 3

38 . 5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

5 5 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 1 .0 0

207
69
138
56
82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

C le r k s , p a y r o ll ____ _______________________ ___________
Manufacturing __
__ __ __ __ „ _____ __
Nonmanufacturing _ __ __ __
__
__ __ __ __
Public u tilitie s ! __ __ —
__ __ __ __ _____
W holesale trade
__ __ „ __
__
_______
R etail trade _ _____ __ __ __ __ _____
___
Finance t t _
__ _____ __ „ „ __ __ ___

735
-----321
414
73
114
122
82

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 0 .5 0
~8 1 . )6 “
1
8 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

Com ptom eter operators _ ________ ____________ __
Manufacturing _____
__
__ __ __
_______
Nonmanufacturing ____
________ __ __
___
Public u tilit ie s ! __ ___
__
__ __ __ __
W holesale trade
— __ __ __ — _____
Retail trade _
__ __ __
__ __ __ — __ __

1 ,3 8 7
454
933
69
384
411

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

Duplicating-machine operators
(mim eograph or ditto) _____ _____ ________ ________
Manufacturing __
__ _____ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _ _____ _____ __ __ __ __ __ __

181
89
92

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

C le r k s, file , class A ____ __
_______________
Manufacturing _____ __ _____ _____
„
Nonmanufacturing
_
_
Public u tilitie s ! ______ __ ________ __ __
Finance tt _
_____ __ __
__ __
___
C lerk s, file , c la ss B ____ _____ __ __
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ______
„ __ __
Public u tilitie s! ______ __ __ __
W holesale trade
__ __ __ __ „
R etail trade _ __ __ _______
__
Finance tt __ __ _____
___

_____
__ __
__ ___
__ __

_____ _____ __
. ___
__ _____ __ __
„ __
_____
_____ __ _____
__ __
__ __
___ __

C lerk s, order __ _ __ __ __
___
__ __ _____
Manufacturing
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _____ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________ ________ _____ _____
W holesale trade ___ __ __ _____ _____
___
R etail trade _ ___
„ ___
__ _____ _____

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

_
_

_
.
-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_
.
.
_
_

-

-

-

5
5
-

1
1
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

20
20
20

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_
_

.
-

"

~

15
13
2
2

4
4
4

_

_

-

-

12
12
12

-

-

-

13

3

6

2

2
-

7
7
7
-

-

-

-

-

36
36
1
_
_
35

-

-

28
1
27
_
_
27

124
3
121
10
4
_
107

162
14
148
26
28
92

283
34
249
23
37
55
97

420
49
371
35
19
143
162

183
57
126
17
43
23
41

191
64
127
24
68
12
6

65
22
43
6
11
8

38
18
20
4
7

14
10
4
3
1

79
52
27
27
-

1
1
_
_

-

-

54
54
4
19

73
7
66
36
28

88
29
59
18
26

60
3
57
14
37

68
2
66
23
14

14
4
10
10

11
4
7
7

31
22
9
4

_

-

13
13
13

-

37
3
34
17
11
6

53
2
51
11
_

58

_

_

_

40
21
19
_

_

-

-

_

6
6
6

_

43 .
43
34
_
9

6
6
_
_
_

7
7
_
_
7

-

-

-

84
_
84
.
_
_
84

69
_
69
6
_
63

403
1
402
1
14
2
375

.

_
_

8
8
_
8

13
13
13

5

1

_

_

12
4
8
6
2

23
------T ~
14
3
4
7

50
_
50
26
16

150
29
121
6
34
48

29
18
11

509
------T ~
502
17
62
14
369

_

.

-

-

_
_
_
_

.
.

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

2
2
1

_
-

_
•

2
1
1

3
3

464
177
81
— 3T3“ — T T ------12“
431
150
69
25
46
39
28
7
81
10
13
89
10
215
87

------5“ ------j—1

33
10
23
11
12

57
13
44
12
32

id

-

18
6
12
12

24
19
5
5

125

114
56
58
17
15
17

-

-

5
5
5

12
8
4
4

-

-

72
21
51
11
13
7
11

86
32
54
13

63
40
23

41
6

78
8
12
26
25

5

125
64
61
10
14
16
21

481
137
344
19
152
160

303
110
193
10
56
124

190
72
118
5
59
52

77
40
37
7
17
5

39
17
22

31
22
9

9
4
5

14
11
3

—

89
j t 55
1

5

47“

*

"
-

33
5
3

52
------27“
25
2
20
2

— nr~
3

i

~

_
_
_
_

-

------ 3~1------ 6“ ---- 2----




—

54
TE~
38

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

'
See footnote at end of table.
t
Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication, and other public u tilities,
t t F inance, insurance, and real estate.

*

22

_

_

-

24
8
16
16
-

_

-

47
18
29
6
18
5

'

'

-

7
T a b le A-1: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in San F ran cisco-O akland , C alif. , by industry division, January 1958)
Avebagb
N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

S ex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
$
$
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
3 5 .0 0
W
eekly
and
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 0 .0 0
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0
Weekly

50. 00
5 5 .0 0

$5 5 .0 0 *60.00

*6 5 .0 0 *70.00

$

7 5 .0 0 *80.00

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

* 8 5 .0 0 *90.00
9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

* 9 5 .0 0 fo o .o o ? 0 5 . 00 f i o .o o f 1 5 .0 0 { 2 0 .0 0
and
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0

over

Women - Continued
Key-punch operators
_____
Manufacturing __ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _ — __
Public u tilitiest __
W holesale trade
__
R etail trade - __ _____
Finance t t __
—

__
__
—
—
—
__
—

__ ________ __
___
__ __
___
__ „ __ __ __ __
—
— _____ — —
__ _____ „
__ — __ __
— —
— ___

1.6 0 1
415
1, 186
167
196
111
631

_

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0 .
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 8 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

_
_
_
-

400
190
210
126

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

5 7 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
5 4 .5 0
5 2 .5 0

_
-

___
__
—
_____
__
— —

3 ,5 4 8
1 *263
2 ,2 8 5
278
378
262
1 ,0 1 4

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 5 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

_
.
_
_
_

Stenographers, general ___________________________________
Manufacturing __ __ __________________________ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _______________ _____ __ ________
Public u tilitiest __ — — — — — — — — —
W holesale trade
„ __
_____ __ ___________
R etail trade _
__ __ __ __
__ „ ________
Finance t t __ ___
—
— _____ — — — —

3 ,9 3 0
1,3 71
2 ,5 5 9
514
376
103
1 ,2 0 3

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

Office girls
_____ _______________ _____
Manufacturing
__
„ ------__
Nonmanufacturing ___________
___
Finance t t __
___ — — — — _____
Secretaries
_____
„ „ __
Manufacturing _____ __
__
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Public u tilitiest __ — W holesale trade
R etail trade _ __ __ __ __
Finance t t ________________

Stenographers, technical

__
_
__
__ __
— —
_____
„
_____

____________

_
„
„
—
__

_____ __
__ ----_____

__
__ __
_____
_____
___
__
________

—

____________ _____

_
_
_
.

165
59
106
6
28
14
51

129
44
85
40
18
19

64
22
42
34
6
2

43
15
28
2
26
_

-

235
75
160
14
19
27
68

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
_
21
21

42
7
35
26

95
48
47
32

121
53
68
35

45
20
25
9

56
43
13
3

5
4
1
-

7
7
_
-

6
6
-

_
_
-

2
2
-

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

_
-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

341
285
14
32
32
125

287
77
210
18
7
35
88

681
189
492
39
45
56
289

679
198
481
80
86
71
212

368
149
219
36
58
17
72

193
123
70
16
30
7
11

247
117
130
10
42
11
44

82
62
20
3
12
1
4

93
48
45
27
7
_
3

41
25
16
2
11
2

859
226
633
116
67
48
335

655
214
441
83
63
21
206

702
311
391
62
98
16
185

359
170
189
42
40
6
89

225
169
56
12
29
_
6

110
49
61
43
4
_
7

21
14
7
2
2
_
-

56
8
48
45
_
-

2
2
_
.

_
-

_

-

-

-

.
_
_
_
_

13
13
_
_
_
_

28
28
13
_
15

165
3
162
14
2
2
92

176

3 9 .5

7 2 .5 0

984
145
839
107
115
133
232

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 8 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

Switchboard op erator-recep tiohists ___________________
Manufacturing ________ ________ __ „ _____ __ ___
Nonmanufacturing
__
_
Public u tilitie st _________ _________________ _____
W holesale trade
_____ __ __ „ __ __ __
_____
Finance t t - __________ — — — — — __________

673
283
390
25
176
110

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

6 8 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

-

-

Tabulating-m achine operators ___________________________
Manufacturing ________ _____ __ __ __ __
„ __
Nonmanufacturing _______ __ ________ ____________
Public u tilitie st ______ _____ — _____ —
Finance t t _
__ _____ „ __
__ __ _____

385
115
2 70
93
142

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

_

_
_
_
_

T ran scribin g-m achin e op erators, general ____________
_______ __ _____
Manufacturing ________ __ „ __
Nonmanufacturing _______
__ __ ___
__ _______
W holesale trade
_
_
Finance t t __ — _____ _____ — — __ __ _____

677
122
555
172
3 67

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

6 8 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0




_
.
_
_

87
3 (
84
6
6
4
55

375
....T 6 o "
215
22
40
27
103

.
_

70
----14
3
2
1
4

~ 5 l

_

16

25

13

50

13

17

9

1

1

14

10

7

13
13
1
_
_
12

253
2
251
4
6
6
38

130
8
122
15
17
13
53

251
8
243
14
47
85
75

109
12
97
12
27
15
36

96
34
3
12
10
9

35
l7
18
12
4
_
2

45
23
22
12
_
4
6

23
11
12
7
2
_
1

29
2
27
27
_
_

_
_
_

_
.
_

_
_
_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

205
79
126
2
68
26

168
68
100
_
50
31

42
24
18
2
_
8

68
40
28
_
18
2

71
22
49
17
21
-

15
8
7
3
2
2

10
8
2
_
2
-

1
1
1
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
.

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
2
23
5
18

81
25
56
5
42

75
23
52
11
37

61
6
55
23
17

22
9
13
2
8

29
16
13
8
4

48
10
38
36
-

5
5
_

1
1
_
_

6
6
_

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

173
41
132
56
73

85
12
73
37
33

131
43
88
26
53

13
7
6
4
2

2
2

4
2
2
2

5
4
1

3

3

_

~

1

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

5
2
3
_
_
3

24
_
_
22

64
32
32
_
15
16

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

531
95
436
76
20
9
243

-

-

-

-

-

32
12
20
3
16

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
_

.
_

_
_

25
1
24

37
1
36
4
32

192
9
183
43
139

■

i r

8
8
i.
-

1
1
_
> _
_

_
_
_
_

and other public u tilities,

_
_
_

268
71
197
24
34
44
78

Switchboard operators ______ ________ _____ _____ __
Manufacturing __ ________ __ _____ __ __ ___ ___
Nonmanufacturing _______________ ____________ _____
Public u tilitiest ______ — —
___ __________
W holesale trade
— . . __
__ __
_____
R etail trade _ __
__
__
__ _____ _____ __
F in ancett __ — — — — ___

See footnote at end of table.
t
Transportation (excluding r ailroad s), com m unication,
t t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

_
-

382
84
298
35
53
19
184

-

"

_
.
_
_

160
33
127
6
6
7
98

.

_
_
_

_

113
3
110
6
6
_
98

4
4
2
_
_
2

_
>
_
_

_
_
.

34
1
33
_
_
_
33

_

24

62

203
112
91
19
38
1
25

_
_

3

3

1
1

3

.

.
_

_

-

-

3

"

3

1

3

-

3

-

-

8

T a b le A -l: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. , by industry division, January 1958)
N BER O W RK
UM
F O ERS RECEIVING STRAIGH
T-TIM W
E EEKLY EARN GS O —
IN
F
$
$
$
$
35.Q0 *40.00 *45.00 10.00 *55.00 $>0.00 *65.00 ^0.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 100.00 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 115.00 *20.00
W
eekly, W
eekly . and
hours 1 earn gs
in
and
under
(Standard) (S dard)
tan
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over
A zbaob
v

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

Women - Continued
Typists, class A ____________________________________
Manufacturing
--------------- __ __ __ ------ __ —
Nonmanufacturing ----- ----------------- — —
Public utilities t _____________ ____ _______
Wholesale trade —
__ __ __
— __
_
_
— —
Retail trade _ __ —
— _
Finance f t —
------ — — — ------ ------

1,483
423
1,060
193
132
67
613

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

4
*
V
70.50
76.50
67.50
73.00
69.00
68.00
65.50

Typists, class B _____ _
_ _
_ —
Manufacturing ____
— __ —
Nonmanufacturing ---------- __
Public utilities t - — —
Wholesale trade — __ _
_
Retail trade _ — -------Finance t f — — — —

3,377

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

59.50
65.50
58.00
63.50
61.00
60.50
56.50

— ____ — -----— __ — — — —
_ ____
__
— — ---- --------__ __ __ __ -------------__ __ ---- —

602

2,775
125
332
109
2,003

_
_
2
2
_
_

_
-

5
5
_
5

27
27
3
24

87
87
15
6
12
54

382
33
349
52
48
14
228

. 356
64
292
39
29
9
192

219
101
118
11
24
23
53

166
86
80
11
14
6
37

no
65
45
19
3
1
18

50
14
36
29
2
2
2

67
58
9
2
6
-

14
2
12
12
-

_
-

16
16
-

221
221
3
6

640
640
2
38
19
581

953
124
829
30
58
47
593

922
218
704
48
164
22
425

344
IIS'
228
24
29
13
151

147
78
69
9
22
6
23

85
23
62
8
2
2
“

42
38
4
1
3
■

3
3
“

2
2
-

_

~

_

_

_

-

2

16

212

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

"

“

"

“

-

_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
ft Finance, insurance, and real estate.

T a b le A -2 : Professional an d Te ch n ical O ccu p a tio n s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. , by industry division, January 1958)
Avkbaob
S ex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers
—

—

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
6 0 .0 0
W
eekly
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
65. 00
—
—
W
eekly

$
$
6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

~
7 5 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0
“
8 0 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

“
9 0 .0 0

■
9 5 .0 0

$

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
and
“
■
“
■
“
“
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 over

Men
D raftsm en , leader
__ __ __ __ _______
__ _____ __
Manufacturing ___ _____
__ ____________ ________

119
99

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

D raftsm en , senior _________________________________________
Manufacturing
................ ...............
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

556
431
125

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 8 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

D raftsm en , junior _ __ _____
___ __ __ ________
Manufacturing ___ ______ ___________________________ __
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

399
312
87

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

_

155
126

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

*2
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

_

_

3

14
1
13

_

5
5

-

21
21

2
2

2
2

28
13
15

13
6
7

18
13
5

108
93
15

148
129
19

93
77
16

4

1

3
1

1

1

9

4

2
2

-

-

-

3

1

32
30
2

55

21
15
6

56
56
-

81
81
-

80
76

48

4

35
24
11

30
19
11

4
3

35
32

18

30
25

15
11

20
19

15
13

1

7

13

5
4

16
$

26
19

16
12

8
6

45
30
15

40
33
7

17
16
1

6
5
1

18
12
6

2
2

1

1
1
“

_
-

_

1
“

— nr

1

_
-

1

-

_

_

“

“

_

5

4
3
1
2

_
-

Women
N u r se s, industrial (registered) _________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________________

_
*

9

8

4

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were at $55 and under $60.




_

_
“

9
Table A -3 :

M aintenance and Pow erplant O ccu p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. , by industry division, January 1958)
NUMBER OP WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

A
verage $
$
hourly 1
1 .9 0
2 .0 0
earnin
gs
and
under
2 .0 0
2 . 10

___________________
C arpenters, maintenance
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__
__
_
Public utilitie s t ____________________________

320
217
103
27

$
2 . 80
2 .7 5
2 .9 1
2 .6 4

E le ctrician s, maintenance
Manufacturing _____________

_ _
__ __
___________________

642
493

E ngin eers, stationary _
_ ...
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
_ _ ___
.. .
Retail trade
_______________________________
F ire m en , stationary b o i l e r ______________________
Manufacturing _
_

$

$

2 .2 0

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

2 . 30

2 . 10

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

$

2 . 50
2 .6 0

$

2 .6 0
2 .7 0

$

2 . 70
2 .8 0

$

2 .8 0

$2 .9 0

2 .9 0

3. 00

$

3. 00

$3. 10

3. 10

3 .2 0

$

3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

3 .3 0

70
17
53
-

1
1
-

_

$

3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

-

-

1
1
'

1
“

30
30

55
55
_
-

$

3 .6 0
and
over

-

-

-

5
3
2
-

11
11
1

3
3
3

21
15
6
6

- 57
47
10
9

140
130
10
8

6
1
5
-

-

5
4
1
'

2 .9 0
"2 7 9 5

_

_

-

-

2
-

2
-

9
3

7
7

27
12

84
63

226
115

77
70

85
------- 85

1
-

-

17
16

489
233
256
81

2 .7 2
2 .9 4
2 .5 2
2 .6 5

_
-

_
-

_
-

27
2
25
10

66
7
59
24

111
75
36
36

55
37
18
6

32
21
11
-

2
2
1

8
7
1
1

3
3
3

11
10
1

58
58
-

-

101
3
98
-

13
13
-

-

2
2
-

*

-

-

93
58

2 .4 9
2 .5 9

1
'

14

_

1
-

15
10

4
4

11
7

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

8
8

_

-

34
24

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

1, 032
807

2 .3 3
2 . 38

2 16
10

104
-

143
37

99
99

27
21

620
617

16
16

6
6

_

_

_

.

.

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

187
187

2 .8 2
2 . 82

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

14
14

_

"

-

18
18

16
16

82
82

22
22

35
35

1 ,4 9 0
1, 389
101

2 .8 6
2. 87
2 .7 3

_
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

-

36
30
6

92
92
-

425
354
71

524
503
21

208

-

3
2
1

_
-

'

2

-

M ech anics, automotive (m ain tenan ce)__________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________ __________
__________________________
Public utilities|

855
Io9
746
680

2 .7 5
2 . 81
2 .7 4
2 .7 4

>
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

1
1
1

22
22
17

75
12
63
53

591
63
528
487

141
18
123
119

14
8
6
2

M ech anics, maintenance ___________ _____ _____
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ __________________________

677
— 502—
75

2 .8 2
2. 83
2 .7 5

_
-

1
1
-

_

1
1
■

23
15
8

19
16
3

31
10
21

186
~

55
53
2

149
132
17

8
8

~

_
"

17
17

47
47

3
3
_

H elp e rs, tra d e s, maintenance
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_________________

M achin e-tool op erators, toolroom ______________
Manufacturing __________________________________
M achin ists, m ain te n an ce____ ____________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ ____________

“

-

iM ~ ~

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

2 .2 6
2 .2 5

_

13
13

57
57

104
90

64
25

10
10

5
5

14
14

_

-

274
165
109

2 .7 2
2 .7 7
2 .6 5

_

_

_

48

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

'

44
24
20

27
25
2

85
83
2

P ip efitters, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________

368
339

2 . 85
2 .8 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37
31

Sheet-m etal w ork ers, maintenance _____________

56

2 .7 8

_

-

-

_

_

.

.

M illw r ig h t s _________________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________ __

158
158

3. 07
3. 07

O i l e r s ____________________________ ____________________
Manufacturing ________________ _______________

267
214

P ainter8, maintenance _____ __ _______________
M an u fac tu rin g __ ________ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________ _______________

Tool and die m akers ______________________________
Manufacturing ____________________ ____________

864
552

3. 15
3. 15

“

2
2

-

-

1

-

.

_

.

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Includes 7 workers in manufacturing and 3 in nonmanufacturing at $ 1. 80 and under $ 1. 90.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




-

48

-

206

*
19

------p

j-*

_
-

'

-

_

-

_

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
36
-

80
80
-

2
2
-

12
12
-

_
-

16
16
-

3
3
1

_
'

1
1
-

5
5
-

-

_
-

.
-

136
112
24

_
■

65
65
"

2
2
■

~

"

1
1
~

56
--------

-

.

_

-

-

82
82

-

'

6
6

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
6
2

2
2
"

12
12

12
12

32
21
11

"

-

■

■

262
255

19
3

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

18
18

-

"

~

18
18

19

21

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

_

_

-

17
17

348
348

318
318

87
87

46
46

30
30

16
16

-

_

10
Table A -4:

C u sto d ial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccu p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. , by industry division, January 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

A
verage
hourly ,
earnin
gs

Elevator op erators, passenger (men) _________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Finance || __________________________________

319
301
92

$
1 .7 1
1 .6 9
1 .8 4

E levator op erators, passenger (w o m e n )_______
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities |
Retail trade ________________________________

314
292
34
58

G u a r d s ______ ________ ___________________________
Manufacturing ______________________ _________
Nonmanufacturing ______ ____________________
Public u t ilit ie s !_______
Finance || __________________________________
Janitors, p orters, and clean ers ( m e n )________
Manufacturing _
. ....
_ _
Nonmanufacturing
_
. .
Public utilities |
. .
. ... _
Wholesale trade ____________________________
Retail trade ________________________________
Finance|| __________________________________

$ 1.2 0
and
under
1 .3 0

$

* 1. 30

$ 1 .4 0

* 1 .5 0

*1. 60

1 .7 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

126
126
2

2
2
2

1
1
1

9
5
4

152
148
82

1. 80
1 .9 0

-

-

1. 83
1.8 1
1 .5 6
1 .7 4

-

14
14
10
4

16
16
2
14

3
3
1
-

26
26
18
-

-

217
217
3
34

1, 132
294
838
36
140

1.8 2
2 . 16
1 .7 0
1 .8 0
1.7 6

2
2
2

_
“

53
53
11

23
23
2
21

103
103
7
18

590
11
579
11
28

48
--------12
36
10
26

4 ,4 8 5
1 ,4 9 0
2 ,9 9 5
465
110
266
603

1 .9 0
2 . 05
1 .8 2
1 .8 2
1 .9 4
1.7 7
1. 85

_
-

97
6
91
36
-

214
214
6
1
-

76
76
53
1
10

278
7
271
87
45
19

283
70
213
25
14
62
14

634
Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers (w om en)-_____
Manufacturing
------ 72----Nonmanufacturing
. .
562
46
Public utilities | ___________________________
248
Finance || _________________________________

1.8 1
1 .9 2
1. 80
1 .6 3
1. 83

2
2
-

8
8
-

60
60
13
-

42
12
30
20

-

10
10
4
-

L ab ore rs, m aterial h an d lin g____________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities |
_
_
Wholesale trade
R etail trade
_
_

5, 173
2, 391
2, 782
1, 016
1,2 94
470

2 . 19
2 . 13
2 .2 4
2 .3 4
2 . 13
2 . 32

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

Order fille r s _______________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Wholesale t r a d e _______ _ ________________
Retail trade
_ _

1, 524
419 ~
1, 105
904
201

2 .2 3
2 . 30
2 .2 1
2 .2 0
2 .2 4

_
-

_
-

-

P ac k e rs, shipping (men) ________________________
Manufacturing
_
____ .
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
W holesale t r a d e ____________________________
R etail trade ________________________________

703
370
333
222
109

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

P ac k e rs, shipping (women)
Nonmanufacturing

381
50

1 .6 5
1 .7 3

_ ______

Receiving c l e r k s ____________ ____________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
___________________________
Wholesale trade ____________________________
Retail trade ________________________________

447
209
238
130
94

15
l9
10
14
03

~
_
_

* 2 .2 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 . 30

- 21
15
1

4
4
-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
16
6

-

15
-

-

-

-

.
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

88

18
18
-

1
1
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

2. 00

2 .3 0
2 .4 0

-

-

69
19
2
17

53
53
-

1452
100
1352
173
29
65
537

713
189
524
37
34
13
19

668
514
154
81
12
7
2

531
452
79
21
36
2

147
130
17
3
-

26
22
4
-

121
6
115
6
90

333
7
326
2
158

18
11
7
1
"

27
27
-

3
3
-

-

10
7
3
-

10
10
4
6

35
29
6
6

22
5
17
2
13
2

84
66
18
5
6
7

827
564
263
48
212
3

2462
1362
1100
89
912
99

332

14
14
-

-

1
1
1

12
12
12

7
7
7

41
-------- 6
35
29
6

199
167
32
24
8

_
-

4
4
-

7
7
7

-

8
8
8

21
4
17
17

21
4
17
17

9
2

230
-

4
2

19
15

3

1
1
-

69
6

18
11

-

2 . 30

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2 .4 0
2 .5 0

60
56
4
2
2

See footnotes at end of table.
| Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




$

* 2 .i o

-

~ r r n ~

2 .2 7
2 .2 6
2 .3 1

$

* 2 .0 0

19
2
17
2
15

-

-

* 1 .9 0

-

70 --------- 4 _
?
-------- 6 T
2
-

‘

2 .5 0

* 2 .6 0

* 2 .7 0

* 2 .8 0

* 2 .9 0

2 .6 0

2. 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

and
over

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

180
16
132
32

733
180
553
302
19
230

588
31
557
550
7

34
2
32
32

46
46
46

-

-

-

574
56
518
450
68

240
26
214
185
29

200
2 00
164
36

35
9
26
26
-

41
9
32
26
6

80
72
8
8

20
20
20

45
45
-

15
15
-

40
40
-

449
185
264
216
48

74
67
7
6
-

52
44
8
8

21
20
1
-

4
4
4

■

■

-

2
2
“

19
11

10

3
3

-

-

'

_

-

"

“

-

-

2
2
-

12
12
11

86
33
53
25
26

125
56
75
66
9

39
26
13
2
11

23
5
18
18

24
24
■
-

5
5
5

2
2
2
■

-

162

124
69
55
35*
13

■
~
■

11
Tab le A -4:

Cu sto d ial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccu p a tio n s - Continued

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in San Fran cisco-O akland , C a lif ., by industry division, January 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

A
verage
hourly j $ 1 .2 0
earnin
gs
under
1 .3 0

$

1 .3 0

$ 1 .4 0

$ 1 .5 0

$ 1 .6 0

* 1 .7 0

$ 1. 80

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1. 80

1. 90

5
5
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

.
-

_
-

.
-

_

$

1 .9 0

* 2. 00

$ 2 . 10

* 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

* 2 .5 0

* 2 .6 0

* 2 .7 0

* 2 .8 0

* 2 .9 0

2 . 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2. 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

and
over

2
2
-

4
4
3

26
20
6
6

56
10
46
43

53
24
29
29

24
3
21
8

35
11
24
19

1
1
-

18
r
18
13

4
4
2

.
-

4
4
-

11
11
5
6

18
1
17
10
7

141
84
57
12
45

38
32
6
6

98
42
56
24
19

186
23
163
154
9

48
22
26
26
-

5
5
-

.
-

-

13
13
13
-

10
10
10
-

22
22
10
12
"

30
3
27
15
12
-

303
39
264
208
46
10

90
20
70
51
10
"

1457
187
1270
932
327
10

866
126
740
300
210
158

881
280
601
331
217
53

295
11
284
96
32
156

77
77
-

52
12
40
40

3
3
3
-

15
3
12
12

76
22
54
4
40

26
2
24
17
6

99
42
57
29
26

103
1
102
26

88
88
-

2
2
-

6
6
-

-

-

-

12
12
12
-

4
4
4
-

214
16
198
192
6
-

52
18
34
22
4
-

694
79
615
406
200
8

231
45
186
67
119

171
83
88
56
26
6

152
152
152

77
77
-

25
6
19
19

3
3
3

-

166
22
144
144

291
66
225
192
-

455
72
383
194
142

113
3
110
76
32

-

10
10
“

-

398

155
14
141
22
117

167
37
130
81
49

28
8
20
20

-

11
6
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

Shipping clerk s
_____ __________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__________________________
Wholesale t r a d e ___________________________

228
68
160
123

2 .3 6
2 . 31
2 . 38
2 .3 8

_
-

.
-

Shipping and receiving clerks
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
.
Wholesale trade ___________________________
Retail trade
______________________________

569
209
360
244
99

2 .4 2
"2 7 3 9
2 .4 5
2 . 52
2 .2 9

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
7

T ru c k d r iv e r s3
_
.
..
Manufacturing
_
. _
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities f __________________________
W holesale trade
_
__
Retail trade
______________________________

4, 116
755
3, 361
1,9 86
866
1 427

2 .5 0
2 .5 7
2 .4 9
2 .4 5
2 .4 8
2 .6 6

.
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

6
6
6
-

5
5
5
-

22
22
22
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under 1 l/z t o n s ) ______
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities-}- ______________________
Wholesale trade

422
158
264
57
110

2 .4 6
2 .5 3
2 .4 2
2 .3 5
2 . 35

_
-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, medium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons)
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing __________ ____________
Public utilities f ____________ ________
Wholesale trade _______________________
Retail trade
_ _

1, 632
324
1, 308
680
315
304

2 .5 0
2 .5 9
2 .4 8
2 .4 1
2 .4 3
2 .6 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra ile r type) _________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public utilities f ______________________
Wholesale trade _______________________

1, 038
163
875
609
174

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

759

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

354
253
101

139

482
307
175
55
96

368
349
19
6
6

97
62
35
12
8

14
2
12
3
6

9
1
8
8

-

-

•

"

7
7

-

25
25

-

-

114
101

-

“

14
14

_
-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

2 .5 8
2 .5 9
2 .5 7
2 .5 4
2 .6 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) _i__________________
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ __ ____________
Public utilities f ______________________
W holesale trade _____________ ________

650
376
267

2 .5 0
2 .5 5
2 .4 9
2 .4 7
2 .5 0

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck ers, power (fo r k lift)_____________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__________________________
Public utilities !
__
W holesale t r a d e ___________________________

1, 148
894
254
84
121

2 .2 8
2 .2 7
2 .2 9
2 . 30
2 .2 6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
27
-

12
12
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

T ru ck ers, power (other than fo r k lif t)________
Manufacturing _ ______________________________

241
Z

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

2 . 55

TT55—

4

77

-

-

-

-

-

4

75

Watchmen
_
..
.
.
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

400
267
133

1.9 5
2 . 01
1.8 2

19
2
17

9

7

22
15
7

43
15
28

31
30
1

74
51
23

75
68

2

51
26
25

1
2
3
4
f

TS9

-

-

*9

9

_
-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers, except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes all d rivers regard le ss of size and type of truck operated.
W orkers w ere at $ 1. 10 and under $ 1 .2 0 .
Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities.




154

7

-

63
53
10

-

-

44

2.

2

2

2

-

-

-

'
-




12

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P ra c tic e s

and

S u p p le m e n ta r y

W age

P r o v is io n s

T a b le B - l: S h ift D i f f e r e n t i a l s 1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

(b)
Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

92.9

92.0

16.3

4 .6

With shift pay differential ___________________________________

92.9

92.0

16.3

4 .6

Uniform cents (per hour) ________________________________

49.5

36.4

10.0

4. 1

.9
2 .5
1.0
4 .8
2 .7
5. 1

.6
.3
.7
.3
2.2
_
2 .8
_
1.6
*
.7
.7

.1
.6
.2

Total

_

_

__ __ __ _

__ __ ___ _____________ __

2 .5
1.9
4 .8
1.0
12.5
13.4
_
5.9
1.5
2 .3
3.7
-

6.1
7 .4
3.7
2 .3

4 .6

3.8

.1

*

5 percent-_______________________________________________
10 percent _ __
__ __ __ __ _
________ __ __
15 percent____________________________ _______________

1.7
2 .9
-

_
1.7
2 .0

*
.1
-

_
*
*

Full day's pay for reduced hours ________________________
Other 2 _________________________________________ _______

_
38.7

1.5
50.2

_
6. 1

4 cents _______________________________________ ____
5 cents --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s ___________________ ______________ __________ __
7 cents
___ ________ ________ ______ ________ __
8 c ent s ________________________________________________
9' cents ______________________________________________ _
10 cents
_ __ __ __ __ __ __ _____________
13 cents _______________________________________________
13V3 c e n ts____ ________________________________ __ _
133 c e n ts________________ ________________ ______ _
/*
15 c e n ts__________________ ___________________________
16 cents
_
20 c e n ts------------------------------ -----------------------------------------23 cents ------------------------------------------------------------------------Uniform percentage

_

_

_

____ ____ __

No shift pay differential _________________________ ____

_ __

-

-

-

-

-

.5
*
.8
-

_
.2
1.0
•1
.6

.4
-

1 Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late
shifts at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
2 Primarily combination plans providing full day's pay for reduced hours plus a percentage differential.
Most other plans
provide full day's pay for reduced hours plus either a flat sum per shift or per week, or a paid lunch period.
* Less than 0.0 5 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, San Francisco-Oakland, C a lif., January 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

13

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

All
schedules

251

Manufact ur ing

Nonmanufac tur ing

Based in standard weekly hours2 of—

All
industries

Establishments studied___________

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—

40

All
schedules

83

XXX

168

All
industries

37 V2

383
/4

XXX

XXX

XXX

All
schedules

40

251

40

83

XXX

All
schedules

168

37 V
z

38 3U

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Workers 3

For Inexperienced Typists
Establishments having a
specified minimum

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours2 of—

123

41

32

82

12

8

55

136

49

39

87

12

8

60

_
_
2
_
10
10
4
3
5
2
2
2
1

_

_

_

_

1
1

-

5
3
17
6
2
5
3
1
3
1
4
5
"

4
13
7
25
14
11
16
15
8
8
6
4
3
2

_

_
1
_
8
8
3
3
4
2
1
2
-

1
8
9
24
9
2
7
5
2
4
2
4
5
-

_
1
3
5
1

_____
_____
_

1
8
9
26
9
12
17
9
5
9
4
6
7
1

1
4
5
8
7
10
4
2
2
3
1
2

3
4
7
6
8
4
1
2
2
1
1

4
12
7
21
9
3
9
5
4
6
4
1
2
-

1
3
2
3
1
1
1
-

_
2
1
3
1
1
-

1
5
5
17
6
2
5
4
4
4
4
1
2
-

Establishments having no
specified minimum _____________

70

24

XXX

46

XXX

XXX

XXX

68

21

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

XXX

Establishments which did not
employ worker 8 in this
category_________________________

58

18

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

47

13

XXX

34

XXX

XXX

XXX

$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
iinder
over

$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
__

_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____

-

-

_
1
1
-

-

1
2
2
1
-

1 Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.
3 Rates applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.




Occupational Wage Survey, San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. , January 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

14
Table B-3: Scheduled W eekly Hours
P E R C E N T O F O F F I C E W O R K E R S 1E M P L O Y E D I N —

W eekly hours

A ll
industries2

A ll w orkers

40 h o u rs

O v er

40

hours __

_ _ _

___

_

__

__

M anufacturing

Wholesale
trade

R e tail trade

100

100

100

Under 3 7 V2 hours
_
_ _ _ _ _
37V* hours
Over 3 7 V2 and under 38% hours _____________
38% h o u rs .

Pu blic
utilities-f-

4

15
4
10
68

100

100

7
9
_

!
7

4

♦♦

8

8

7
81
“

-

2

6
84
“

12

73
"

"

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —
Finance f f

Services

100

AU
industries3

100

♦♦
24
9

10

11

11

81
“

56
“

86
1

100

100

6

2
12

Pu blic
utilities'}’

5
8

_
-

R e tail trade

2

100

3

Wholesale
trade

100

Manufacturing

_
_
87
“

_
97

_
_
94

Services

_
_
84
2

1

1 Estimates for office w orkers a re not com parable with e a rlie r studies.
See introduction, page 2.
2 Includes data for se rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for rea l estate and s erv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
♦♦Less than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.

Table B-4:

Overtime Pay

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Overtim e policy

A ll w orkers ___________________________________

AU
industries 1

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities'}'

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
92
5
86

94
94
6
86
2

85
85
1
84

90
90
5
85

92
92
12
81

95
95
4
91
-

99
91
12
79

100
84
13
72

99
99
2
98

94
92
6
86

Retail trade

Finance'f'f

Services

AU
industries 2

Manufacturing

Public
utilities ■•
}

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

D a i l y o v e r t im e

W orkers in establishm ents providing
premium p a y3 _______________________________
Time and one-h alf
Effective after less than 8 hours _______
E ffective after 8 hours
E ffective after m ore than 8 h o u r s ______
Double tim e ________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing no
premium pay or having no p o l ic y ___________
W e e k ly

**

-

-

-

-

-

8

16

-

2

98
98
14
85
-

8

5

1

-

♦♦

6

2

99
99
5
95
_
_

99
99
16
83
_
-

100
100
4
96
_
-

99
87
12
75
♦♦
12

100
77
13
64
_
23

100
100
2
98
_

97
95
6
89
2

98
98
14
84
1
-

♦♦

1

♦♦

1

-

“

3

2

-

-

-

_
-

-

8

6

15

10

99
98
6
93
♦♦
♦♦

99
98
6
91
_
2

99
99
2
97
_
_

1

1

1

o v e r t im e

W orkers in establishm ents providing
prem ium p a y 3 _____ ___________________ ___
Time and o n e -h a lf__________________________
E ffective after less than 40 hours
Effective after 40 hours ____ ________
E ffective after m ore than 40 h o u r s _____
Double tim e
_
_
_____
W orkers in establishm ents providing no
prem ium pay or having no policy __

1 Includes data for se rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for rea l estate and serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Graduated provisions are cla ssified to the firs t effective prem ium rate.
For exam ple, a plan calling for time and one-h alf after 8 and double tim e after 10 hours a day would be con ­
sidered as time and one-h alf after 8 hours. Sim ilarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37V2 and time and one-h alf after 40 hours would be con sidered as time and on ehalf after 40 hours.
♦♦Less than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, San F rancisco-O akland, C a lif., January 1958
I t Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics




15

Table B-5: W age Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

Item

W ag*

All
.
industries 1

stru ctu re fo r t i m e - r a t e d

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance ■ -j'
J

Services

All
,
industries2

Manufacturing

Public ^
utilities j*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

95
69
26
5

Services

w ork ers3 .

Form al rate s tr u c tu r e ______ ___ _ ___________
Single rate __________ ___ __ _______ __
Range of rates
___________
_ _ __
___
Individual r a t e s ____
____
M e th o d o f w a g e

Manufacturing

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

66
5

68
1

93

58

61

6

1

61

67
32

87
7

57
42

17
44
39

34

63
3
60

99
81
18

38

100

100

100

39

1

97
3
-

-

77
23
-

91
9
2
2
5

93
7
4
4
-

100

99

95+

95+

95+

61

paym ent

fo r p la n t w o r k e r s

Tim e w o r k e r s ____________________________________________
Incentive w orkers __________ __ ______ __________
P iecew ork
__ _____________ ______ ___
____
Bonus work ___________________________________________
C om m ission

DATA NOT COLLECTED

_
_

**

74
26

-

**

26

85-89

85-89

_
_

_

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts

W orkers in establishm ents with agreem ents
coverin g a m ajority of such w o r k e r s _______

15-19

10-14

75-79

0-4

60-64

0-4

1 Includes data for serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry division shown separately.
3 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employm ent, whereas estim ates for plant w orkers are based on tim e-rated em ployees only.
4 Estimates relate to all w orkers (office o r plant) em ployed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a m ajority of the workers in their respective category. The estim ates
so obtained are not n ecessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be cov ered by p rovisions of labor-m anagem ent agreem ents due to the exclusion of sm aller size
establishm ents.
** L ess than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, San F rancisco-O akland, C alif. , January 1958
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of L abor Statistics

16

Table B-6:

Paid H olidays1

PERCENT OP OFFICE W
ORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

A ll w orkers

______________________________

W orkers in establishm ents providing
_______ __ ____ ______
paid holidays
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays ______ ___________________

All
industries*

M
anufacturing

Public
utilitiest

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

PERCENT O PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
F
Financet t

Services

All ,
industries3

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities f

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

96

100

100

99

4

“

“

1

1
6
4
2
56
1
1
23
1
1
**
"

_
*
■
7
26
67
-

_
**
54
43
3
-

16
4
62
2
16
-

•

■

"

-

~

“

3

**
**
1
**
39
1
1
35
7
1
7
4
1
1
**
2

1
1
56
3
3
31
2
1
2
**
■

1
21
2
74
1
1
“

.
4
69
23
4
“

**
**
4
75
7
11
2
“

_
19
30
16
1
16
9
2
2
5

3
7
5
1
50
1
**
28
1
**
1
-

**
**
**
3
5
39
42
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
1
2
2
78
78
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
4
4
27
27
96
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
,
2
2
14
21
96
96
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
100

5
5
5
5
5
7
9
18
35
51
81
81
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

N um ber o f d a y s
L ess than 5 holidays _______________________
5 holidays ______________________________
6 holidays
_________ __ ____ _______ __
6 holidays plus 2 half days
_______________
7 holidays __ ____ __ __ ____ __ __ ______
7 holidays plus 1 half day _ __ ____ __
____ __ __ ------7 holidays plus 2 half days
8 holidays __________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day _ __ __
______
8 holidays plus 2 half days
__ __ __ ______
9 holidays _______ ____ ______________ ___
9 holidays plus 1 half day _____ __ ___
9 holidays plus 3 half days
___________
___
10 holidays _ _______________ ______________
10 holidays plus 1 half day _______ ______
13 holidays
___________ ______________ __ __

"

‘

'

T otal h o lid a y tim e 4
13 days _ __ ___________ ____ ____ ___ __
\2}/z or m ore days
____________ __ ____
12 o r m ore days _____________ _______ ___
1 l l/ 2 or m ore days
____ ____ __ __
11 or m ore days ___ _______ ____ ______
10% or m ore days __ __
__ __ ______
10 o r m ore days _ __ ___________ _______
91 or m ore days
/*
______________ _______
9 o r m ore days
. ______________ _______
8x or m ore days
Jz
__________ ______________
8 o r m ore days ___ _________ __ __ ____
7l/ 2 o r m ore days ______ __ __ _______ __ __
7 o r m ore days ________ ______________ ___
61 or m ore days
/*
____ __ ___________ ___
6 o r m ore days __________________ __
5l » or m ore days
/
_________ __ ____ ___
5 or m ore days __________________ _________
4l/ 2 or m ore days _________ __ ____________
4 or m ore days _____________________ __ __
31 o r m ore days ______ „ _______ __ ___
/*
3 o r m ore days _____ __ ____ __ __ ____ __
21 or m ore days
/*
2 or m ore days _____ ___________________

2
2
2
2
2
3
4
7
15
22
58
59
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
100

.

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.
ft Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_

_

1
2
30
31
82
82
87
87
94
94
94
94
94
94
97

1
3
26
28
85
85
89
89
95
95
95
95
96
96
96

_
67
67
93
93
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
3
3
46
46
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
16
18
80
80
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
84
99

Occupational Wage Survey, San F rancisco-O akland , C alif. , January 1958
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

Services

17

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays1 - Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE W
ORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

All ,
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities!

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

PERCENT O PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
F
All ,
industries0

M
anufacturing

100
86
100
100
100
33
100
100
10
84
5
4
6
6
27

90
74
90
91
94
17
97
97
6
12
3

89
70
95
90
96
22
96
95
11
2
5

-

2

3

Finance'j"t'

Services

Public .
utilities f

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Servioes

H o lid a y s 5
New Yearns Day _ ___________ ____________
W ashington's Birthday _ ____ __ ______
D ecoration Day ------- ------------ ------- -----------July 4th .................................................................
Labor Day _ „ _______ __
------Veterans Day
___ __ __
__ __ __ „
Thanksgiving Day ____ __ __ __ __
C h ris tm a s ------- ------------------- ---- ------- __
Good Friday _______________ ____ __ __ ---A dm ission Day ---------------- __ __
E lection Day --------- ------------------- __ ______
Day after Thanksgiving ______________________
L in co ln 's Birthday _________________ ______
_______ _______ ________
Columbus Day
Half day Good Friday ________ ____
Half day Christm as Eve

3

100
90
100
100
100
24
100
100
7
42
2
3
3
3
12
3

100
90
100
100
100
15
100
100
10
4
1
4
.

3
8

100
99
100
100
100
24
100
100
-

50
_

100
92
100
100
100
17
100
100
8
8
3

1
2
2

_

-

-

2

-

100
96
100
100
100
14
100
100
-

2

7

**
1

100
93
100
100
100
14
100
100
-

49

100
97
100
100
100
13
100
100
5
33

84
80
84
84
84
13
99
99
2

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

2

-

.

-

-

2

1
5

_

Estim ates relate to holidays provided annually.
Includes data fo r serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data fo r real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 All com binations of full and half days that add to the same amount are com bined; fo r exam ple, the p roportion of workers receiving a
total o f 7days includes those with 7 full days
and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. P roportions were then cumulated.
5 Only the holidays o r half.day holidays provided to at least 3 percent of the office or plant w orkers in the area are shown inthis tabulation.
A few other holidays o r half-holidays
were provided.
** L ess than 0. 5 p ercen t.
t
Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




18

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

Vacation p olicy

All ,
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilitiesT

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance ■
f"j-

Services

All ,
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities T

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

A ll w orkers

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
**
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
95
4
**

100
91
9
1

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

“

”

”

”

M eth od o f p aym ent
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid v a ca tio n s __ _______ _______ ________
L ength -of-tim e payment ___________________
Percentage payment ______________________
(Vh(»r
W orkers in establishments providing no
paid v a ca tio n s __ ____ _______ ___________

'

'

'

'

'

'

'

19
80
1
**

6
93
1

67
32
1
-

29
71
-

65
35
-

_
98
2
-

63
11
21
3
2

56
21
19
4

53
31
17
-

83
2
15
-

81
19
_
-

1
1
98
**
1

1
98
1

1
4
94
1
-

_
100
-

**
100
-

98

11
7
76
3
4

16
13
63
7

4
79
17
-

_
**
100
-

1
3
96
-

2
7
84
1
6

4
13
75
8

_
83
7
10

_
**
100
-

_
3
97
-

1
86
1
12

1
88
11

_
82
7
12

_
98
2
-

_
79
21

A m ount o f v o c a t io n p a y 3
A fter 1 year of service
1 wpp It
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______ ____ _____
2 weeks
__ __ ____________________ ________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------A fter 2 years of serv ice
1 w e e k _________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks
_
__
_
________ ____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ _ ______________
3 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------

-

2

A fter 3 years of serv ice
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _
____________ __
2 weeks _ ____ __ _ ____ ___ ____ _____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ _ _______________
3 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

92

100
-

-

8

96
1
3

-

-

98
2

_
87
5
8
**

_
91
9

_
85
1
14

_
96
4
-

_
87
13

_
87
11
2

-

-

_

-

96
**
4

100

-

-

A fter 5 years of service
Under 2 weeks
__ ___________ _______________
2 weeks __________________ _______________ ___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
___________________
3 w e e k s ___ __________________________________
4 weeks
.. .

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities,
•ff Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, San F rancisco-O akland, C alif. , January 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of L abor Statistics

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of s e rv ice , payments other than "le n g th -o f-tim e , "
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
b asis; fo r exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con sidered as 1 w eek's pay.

19

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Vacation policy

A m ount o f v a c a tio n

p ay

All
industries

.

Manufacturing

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance

Services

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities J

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

3 . C o n t in u e d

A fter 10 years of service
Under 2 weeks ______ ___
_ ___ __ ____
2 weeks
—
__ „ __ __ --------------- ---Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks ___ __ __________ __ _____ ___ __
4 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------

_
58
6
36
**

_
62
2
36
-

_
61
1
37
1

84
-

_
63
12
25
-

1
52
5
43
**

1
63
6
30
-

_
61
8
29
2

_
76
2
21
-

_
13
_
87
-

_
12
2
86
**

_
8
92
"

4
1
94
1

_
12
88
"

_
6
94
-

_
18
5
77
"

1
6
1
92
**

1
5
94
-

_
2
7
90
2

_
100
-

_
5
_
95
-

_
8
**
82
10

_
8
73
19

_
4
1
94
1

_
12
-

_
8
84
8

1
6
1
84
8

1
5
83
11

_
2
7
90
2

_
_
91
9

_
5
92

11

_
6
91
2

_

_
8
62

_
4
1
71

_
12
59

_
6
75

_

1

6

6

75

_
2

1
72

1
5
70

_
85

_
5
78

-

-

-

-

2

3

25

29

19

20

19

21

69
4
27

16
-

After 15 years of serv ice
Under 2 weeks ___ ____ __ _ __________ _
7 weeks
.
.....................
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
1 wppka
_
_
4 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------A fter 20 years of service
Under 2 weeks __________________ ___________
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
— ----------------- —
3 weeks _ _______ __ ___ _ ------- -----------4 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------

77

4

After 25 years of service
Under 2 weeks

_________________ ___

____

7. w eeks

Over 2 and under 3 weeks
___ _________ ___
3 weeks
_______ __ _________ ___________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
_ „ _ _____ __
4 weeks
----------------------------------------------------------

1
2

7

**
70
1
23

2

27

7

72
-

-

-

20

15

17

Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Periods of se rv ice w ere arb itra rily chosen and do not n e ce ssa rily re fle ct the individual provisions fo r p rog ression s.
F or exam ple, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs '
serv ice include changes in provisions occu rrin g between 5 and 10 years.
4 4 weeks' pay is available, after serv ice in excess o f 25 y e a rs, to an additional 5 percent of office w orkers (ch iefly in finance) and to 1 percent o f plant w orkers.
** L ess than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




20

Table B-8:

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Type o f plan

A ll w orkers _______________________________

All
.
industries

__

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Life insurance ____________ _______________
A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance
__________ __________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both3 ____ _______________
Sickness and accident insurance _______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p e r io d )________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p e r io d ) ________________________
Hospitalization in s u ra n c e __ ___
______
Surgical insurance _______________________
M edical in su ra n ce__________________________
Catastrophe insurance _____________________
Retirem ent p e n s io n ________________________
No health, insurance, or pension p la n ____

Manufacturing

100

100

95

90

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance

100

100

100

96

97

78

Public .
utilities!

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities'!

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

93

95

94

100

86

29

,|"j‘

Services

41

57

12

48

37

43

50

67

19

62

76
33

73
29

92
31

76
18

44

54
24

42
27

84
37

86

22

81
46

54

62

46

63

19

57

17

10

10

2

10

22

90
90
83
37
79
**

16
87
87
84
13
37

3

81
81
70
36
80
**

44
54
54
54
30
87

9
94
94

77
75
67
29
62
1

88
88

67
44
94

87
87
84
25
67
**

88

29
63

Services

50

5

21

41

18

20

39
59
59
59
42
97

68

15
94
94
93
14
48

79
76
74
25
88

1 Includes data for s erv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for real estate and serv ices in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
3 Unduplicated total o f w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
S ick-leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number o f d ays' pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
Inform al sick leave allow ances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.
♦♦Less than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, San F rancisco-O akland, Calif. , January 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

Appendix: Job Descriptions

21

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Office
BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

22
CLERK,

FILE

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives custom ers’ orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch' machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memorandafor information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
lender general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

23
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

J addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
p
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's
time while at switchboard.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records. May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form. May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.
Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and__ Te c hni c a l

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings. Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

24
NURSE. INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a
combination of the following; Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Mai nt enance

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare
and do simple lettering.

and Power pl ant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician^ handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific qr general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

25

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

2 6

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating ail
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves; Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Cus t o di a l

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

and Ma t e r i a l

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity oi
employees and' otKer persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

27

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business. May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdrive r, light (unde r 1 tons)
Va
Truckdriver, medium 11^2 to and~~including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, a8 follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (othei* than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C E : 1958 O - 4 6 1 9 3 7




Occupational W
age Surveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a r e b e i n g c o n d u c t e d in 1 9 m a jo r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 7 a n d e a r l y 1 9 5 8 .
th r o u g h 1 2 2 4 - 1 9 , w h e n a v a i l a b l e

T h e s e b u lle t in s , n u m b ered 1 2 2 4 -1

m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fr o m th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n 2 5 , D . C . ,

or fr o m a n y o f t h e r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s

sh o w n b e lo w .

A s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n c o n t a i n i n g d a t a fo r a l l l a b o r m a r k e t s c o m b i n e d w it h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r l y in 1 9 5 9 B u l l e t i n s fo r th e l a b o r m a r k e t s l i s t e d b e l o w a r e n o w a v a i l a b l e .




S e a t t le , W a s h ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 7 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 - 1 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
B o s t o n , M a s s ., S e p te m b e r 1 9 5 7 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 2 4 - 2 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 7 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 2 4 - 3 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D a l l a s , T e x ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 7 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 - 4 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
S t . L o u i s , M o ., N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 7 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 2 4 - 5 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
P h i la d e lp h ia , P a ., O c to b e r 1 9 5 7 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 - 6 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 7 — B L S B u l l . 1 2 2 4 - 7 , p r ic e 2 5 c e n t s





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102