View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

DENVER, COLORADO
DECEMBER 1957

Bulletin No. 1224-7

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Cla0u«, Commtssionar




Occupational Wage Survey




DENVER, COLORADO
DECEMBER 1957

B u lle tin N o. 1 2 2 4 -7

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissionar

February 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 25, D. C.

-

Price 2 5 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program




1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ______ _
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected periods ___.________ __t

A:

Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations ________________________________
A - 2: Professional and technical occupations __________
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________
A - 4: Custodial and material movement occupations_

B:

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - l : Shift differentials_____________________________________
B -2: Minimum entrance rates for women office w o r k e r s__
B - 3: Scheduled weekly hours _____ ..._________ _________ ________
B -4 : Overtime pay ________________________________ *_________
B -5: Wage structure characteristics and labormanagement agreements _____________________________
B -6:
Paid holidays ______________________________
B -7: Paid vacations ______________ _______ _____ _______________
B -8 : Health, insurance, and pension plans ___________ _______

Appendix: Job descriptions

_________________________________________

*
NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are avails.-*
ble in the Denver area reports for November 1949, January 1951,
November 1951, November 1952, December 1953, December 1954,
and December 1955. Prior to the present report* data on wage
structure characteristics, labor-management agreements, and
overtime pay provisions were last shown in the 1953 summary
report (BLS Bull. 1157-2),
The 1954 report included data oft
frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions for holidays fall­
ing on nonworkdays not included in other reports. A directory
indicating date of study and the price of the reports, as well as
reports for other major areas, is available upon request.

A report on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices in the machinery industries in the Denver area
will be available in March 1958.
Union scales, indicative of
prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades ot
industries: Building construction, printing, local-transit operat­
ing employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.
m

2
4
if. I"—00 00

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year's surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Intr oduc tio n ___________________ ___________________ ___________________
Wage trends for selected occupational g ro u p s____________________

11
12
13
13
14
IS
16
18
19




Occupational W age Survey - Denver, Colo.*
Introduction

The Denver area is one of several important industrial cen­
ters in which the Department of L a b o r s Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage
benefits on an area wide basis.
In each area, data are obtained
by visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv­
ices.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion.1 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional office in
San Francisco, Calif. , by William P. O'Connor, under the direction
of John L. Dana, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term “office w ork ers," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
“Plant workers"include working foremen and all nonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but ard included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification “other" was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on .the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2
workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed. Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-management agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a majority are covered.3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week* s pay.
Data are presented for ail health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen1s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or

paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes.
However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker^ pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B-3) were presented in earlier years in terms of the propor­
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
were excluded.
weekly hours for women workers.

Table 1:

E stablishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in D enver, C o l o . , 1 by m ajor industry d ivision, D ecem ber 1957

Minimum
Industry division

All divisions

___________

_________________________________

Manufacturing ____ ____ ____ _____________ _______________
Nonmanufacturing _ _______ __ __ __ ____ ..
____ ____ _
Transportation (excluding railroads),communication,
and other public utilities4
________ ____________________
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
__ ________________ __ „ _____ __ __ _
F in ance, in suran ce, and real estate

Services6

_______

___ __ __ ____ __ _______________

Number of establishments

in establishments in scope
of study

Within
scope of
study 2

Workers in establishments

Studied

Within scope of study
Total 3

Office

Studied
Plant

Total3

51

533

146

107,200

21,900

64,400

65,040

51
51

151
382

46
100

37, 800
69,400

5,000
16,900

25,600
38,800

25,410
39,630

51
51
51
51
51

40
88
139
56
59

18
17
36
14
15

18,700
11,000
25, 10C
7,200
7,400

9,300
(5)
19,800
(5)
(5)

15,760
3,030
14,790
2,990
3,060

4,100
(5)
2,500
(*)
(5)

1 The Denver M etropolitan A rea (A d a m s, A rap ahoe, D enver, and J efferson Counties).
The "w ork ers within scope of stu d y" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description
of the size and com position of the labor force included in the su rvey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b asis of com parison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m e asu re e m ­
ploym ent trends or le v e ls since ( l) planning of wage su rveys requ ires the use of establish m en t data com piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded
fro m the scope of the su rvey.
2 Includes all establish m en ts with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto rep air s e r v ic e , and
m otion -p icture theaters are considered as 1 establish m en t.
3 Includes executive, techn ical, p rofession al and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant c a te g o ries.
4 A lso excludes taxicab s, and se r v ic e s incidental to water transportation.
B This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l in d u str ie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A and B ta b les, although coverage was insufficient to ju stify separate presentation of data.
6 H otels; personal se r v ic e s; b u sin ess se r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; m otion p ictures; nonprofit m em bersh ip organizations; and engineering and architectural s e r v ic e s .




3
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of d octors1 fe e s . Such plans m aybe underwritten by co m m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-in su red .
Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w orkerrs life.
With reference to wage structure ch aracteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system . However, because of technical considerations, all tim e­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these w orkers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the p re­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishm ent.
Graduated provisions for prem ium overtim e pay were c la s s i­
fied to the first effective premium rate.
F or exam ple, a p ia n calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Sim ilarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 57l hours (regular
/z
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4
W age T rend s for S elected Occupational G roups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerica l
workers and industrial n u rse s, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerica l workers and industrial n u rses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for norm al hours of work, that is ,
the standard work schedule for which straigh t-tim e sa la ries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they m easure changes in straigh t-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtim e and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the num erically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerica l data are based
on women in the following 18 job s:
B ille r s , machine (billing m a ­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Com ptom eter
operators; cle rk s, file , class A and B; cle rk s, order; cle r k s, pay^
roll; key-punch operators; office g irls; se c re ta rie s; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operato r-recep tion ists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-m achine op erators, gen­
eral; and typ ists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial n u rses. Men in the following 10 skilled m ainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electrician s; m achinists; m echanics; m e ­
chanics, automotive; m illw rights; painters; pipefitters; sh eet-m eta l
w orkers; and tool and die m ak ers; unskilled— jan itors, p o r te rs, and
cleaners; la b o rers, m aterial handling; and watchmen.
A verage weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la ries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings fo r individual
T a b le 2 :

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. F in ally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952 -5 3)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given y ear.
The indexes m e a su re, principally, the effects of ( l) general
sa la ry and wage changes; (2) m e rit or other in creases in pay received
by individual workers while in ’the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishm ents with different pay le v e ls.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For exam ple, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid w orkers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishm ent out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishm ents.
The use of constant em ployment weights elim inates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w orkers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in prem ium pay for o vertim e, since they
are based on pay for straigh t-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 m ajor
labor m arkets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related B enefits,
17 Labor M arkets, 1 9 5 6 -5 7 .

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in
D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1957 a n d D e c e m b e r 195 5 , and p e rc e n t o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s
In d e x e s
(N o v e m b e r 1952 = 100)

In d u s t r y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
D e c e m b e r 1957
A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m en )
_________ ....
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m en ) ______
__
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n )
_____ ____ _

_ _

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m en )
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m en )
__ _
__
_ _
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) _________________________________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) ______________________________________
N O TE:

D e c e m b e r 1955

1 2 5 .8
129.6
135.2
137.3

113.3
115.2
120.9
123.8

129.7

116.5

-

137.4
141.5

-

120.0
124. 1

D a s h e s in d ic a te no d ata r e p o r te d o r d ata th at do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .




P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s f r o m —
D e c e m b e r 1955 D e c e m b e r 1954 D e c e m b e r 1953 N o v e m b e r 1952 N o v e m b e r 1951
to
to
to
to
to
D e c e m b e r 1957 D e c e m b e r 1955 D e c e m b e r 1954 D e c e m b e r 1953 N o v e m b e r 1952
11.0
12.5
11.8
10.9

4.2
6.7
7.0
8.4

2.9
0.0
4.5
5.7

11.3

6. 1

3.8

-

14.5
14.0

-

-

6.6
4. 3

3. 1
5.8

5.7
8.0
8.1
8.0
5.8
-

9.2
12.4

7.8
2.5
6.6
6.9
3.0
-

8.8
3.0

A :

O c c u p a tio n a l

E a r n in g s

5

Table A-1: Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Denver, Colo., by industry division, December 1957)
Atkbaqx
Number

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly ,
(Standard)

$
35.00

$
4 0.0 0

$
4 5.0 0

%
5 0.00

$
55.0 0

$
60.0 0

$
65.0 0

$
70.0 0

$
8 0.0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0.0 0

(Standard)

under

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 0.0 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

4 5.0 0

50.0 0

55.0 0

6 0.0 0

6 5.0 0

7 0.0 0

7 5.0 0

8 0.0 0

8 5 .0 0

90.0 0

9 5.0 0

_
-

_

_

2
2

6

9

15
15

27

51
7
44
17

26

-

20
11

35

-

4
4

6

-

10
10

5
5

11

11

4
7

4
7

8

-

_

$
7 5.00

$

$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0
-

$
1 05.00

1 0 0 .0 0 105.00

$
11 0 .0 0

-

-

$
$
115.00 1 2 0 .0 0
-

-

and
over

1 1 0 .0 0

1 15.00

1 2 0.00

_
-

4

4

1

1

3

3

2
1
1

Men
C le r k s, accounting, cla ss A ____________________________________
Manufacturing _
________ __ _____ _______
Nonmanufacturing ______________ __
_ __ _____ ___
Public utilities f _____________________________________________

214
37
177
39

4 0.0
40.6
40.0
40.0

8 7.5 0
8 7.6 6
87.5 0
8 5.0 0

_

*

-

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, cla ss B
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing

127
26

75.0 0
7 F.5 0
7 4 . 50

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

10 1

40.0
4 0.0
40.5

265
56
215

40.5
4 0 .0
4 0.5

72.0 0
7 5 . 56
7 1.0 0

49
29

4 0 .0
4 6 .6

8 0 . 50
7 8.50

Office boys _____________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________________

102
S "1

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

Tabulating-m achine operators
Nonmanufacturing _
___

10 2

80

B ille r s , machine (billing m a c h in e )________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ _
___
Public u tilities ■{• _
_
_

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

C le r k s, order _________________________________________________
Manufacturing
__
_
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________________

-

-

8

-

_
-

-

1

10

4

21
2

19

19
5
14

28
26

23
9
14

23
3

35
l3

20

22

9

7
5

7
7

2

-

19

8
11

6

12

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
_

2

-

-

-

-

4

12

42
42

44
18
26

80
5
75

4
4

11

2

-

1

25
3

-

.

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

6

-

1

.

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

1
1

_

-

.

2

-

"

-

49.5 0
5 6.60

_

41
24

32
29

5
5

7
7

8

_

.

7

9
9

_

-

-

-

-

-

40.0
3 9.5

7 8.50
7 7.00

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6

5
5

2
2

11
10

20
20

14
9

17
7

2

11
11

158
w r~
99

4 0.0
46.6
4 0.0

61.0 0

_
-

_

10

21

6 1 .6 6
6 1 .50

-

9
9

26
25

37
37
36

17
14

9
9
9

-

_
-

-

-

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m a c h in e )_________________
Nonmanufacturing

36
32

4 0.5
40. 5

5 5.50
5 3 . 50

_

_

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-m achine o p erators, cla ss A __________________
Nonmanufacturing
.
_
_

98
77

39.5
3 9.5

71.0 0
70.5 0

3

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, cla ss B __________________
Manufacturing
..................
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________________
Retail trade ____________________________________________

473
27
446
63

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 1.0

5 6.0 0
6 5.5 6"
5 5.5 0
5 5 . 50

1
1

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, cla ss A _ __ ______
Manufacturing
_
... _
Nonmanufacturing
_ . _
_ ... .....
Public utilities-f .
........... .......... _.
Retail trade ____________________________________________

269
54
215
51
73

3 9.5
40.0
3 9.5
4 0.0
40.0

7 2.00
7 9.06
7 0 . 50
7 6 . 50
65.0 0

_
_

_
_

C le r k s, accounting, cla ss B ________________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __
_ ............
Public utilities j___ . ... ....
Retail trade
_
..... .

711
134
577
90

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0.0
4 0.0

6 0 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

_

5 9.5 0
6 2.5 0
5 5 . 50

-

C le r k s, file , c la s s A
Nonmanufacturing

103

39.5
3 9.0

6 1.50
5 8.5 0

_

_

-

-

4 0.0
3 9.5
4 0.0
4 0 .0

5 2.50
5 0.00
52.00
5 0.0 0

.

73

_ _ _

-

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

_

_
-

-

_

-

_

1
1

_

_

8
2
6

-

-

C le r k s, payroll
Manufacturing

37
5
32
4

-

_

7
3

4
3

_

_

_

_

-

_
.

_

-

-

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

-

_

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_
-

_

_
.

_
_

-

-

Wom en

86

__________________________________

C le r k s, file , c la s s B
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities |
Retail trade

_

....

.

68

532

^
____
_
_ ______ .

_

. . . ...........
_ ..........
______

—
11 2

38

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

lb
16

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

87

140

21
10

12

3

7
7

7
7

_
-

4
-

4
4

20

19
16

23
18

28
25

6
2

4

14
7
7

14

2

2

85
14

138
15

83
5
78
19

79
3
76
9

47
5
42

2

3

37

47

-

-

-

-

2

3

37

47

17
4
13
2

6

49
14
35
7

38
10

_

_
-

-

36

28

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

9

3

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

2
12

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

117
18
99
16
25

137
34
103
14
15

109
32
77

52
11

19
7

41

12

11

21

145
28
117
31
5

2
1

10
16

21

11

12

34

8

21

8

11

10

t

132
169
46
5

95
54
13
4

88

7

15
7

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

•

-

~

_

.

133
133
44

■

15

8

_

5
4

4

1

T 1 ------

6

-

.
_
_
_

1

8

76

12

-

.
_
_
_

3

-

30

2

_

6

31

74
4
18

_
_
_

9

6

15

_

_
.

-

2

3

-

-

.

_
_

14

_

30

-

21
6

_

23
4

-

1

-

.

28
19
7

2

-

_
_

11

----- — 5------

~ T5-----

-

See footnote at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




38
34
20

1
1

_
_

7
6

_
-

6

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Denver, C o lo ., by industry division, Decem ber 1957)
A v e SAGE
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weektyj
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T - T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S OF—
$
3 5.0 0

$
4 0.0 0

$
4 5.0 0

%
5 0.0 0

$
5 5.00

$
60.0 0

$
6 5.00

$
70.0 0

$
75.0 0

$
80.0 0

$
8 5.0 0

$
9 0.00

under

45.0 0

50.0 0

5 5.00

6 0.0 0

6 5.0 0

70.0 0

7 5.00

80.0 0

-

-

8 5.0 0

9 0.00

9 5.00

40.0 0

%
95.0 0

$

100.00

-

100.00

$
105.00

1 05.00

$

110.00

-

-

$
115.00
-

110.00 1 1 5 . 0 0 120.00

$

120.00
and
over

Women - Continued
C le r k s, order ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

165
143

4 0 .0
4 0.0

56.00
5 5 . 50

C le r k s, payroll __________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public utilities t __________________________
Retail trade _______________________________

249
114
135
43
27

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.5
40.0
4 0.0

67.0 0

67.5 0
6 1.5 0

-

-

Com ptom eter operators ________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Retail trade _______________________________

393
57
336
105

3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

60.5 0
65.0 0
59.50
5 4 . 50

-

3

23

-

-

3

23
9

Duplicating-m achine operators (m im eograph
or d it t o ) _________________________________________

30
30

14

.
_
_

9
4
5

_

68.00
66.00

.
.

1

-

1
2

2
1

28
24

33
29

20

30

4
lb

2
2

115
9
106
54

38

39.5

5 6.5 0

_

3

4

4

K ey-punch operators _____________ _______________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities t _____________________________

301
49
2 52
83

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0

5 9.50

_

18

37

52

_

18
-

36
13

52
15

Office g irls _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Retail trade ________________________________

12
0

19
18

48
45

2
1
2
1
6

68.00
58.00
59.50

-

6

-

1

94
26

4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0

47.5 0
4 7.00
4 5 . 50

Se cretaries _______________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities f __________________________
Retail trade ________________________________

885
' 218
667
159
77

3 9.5
4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0
4 0.0

7 9.00
8 1.50
78.5 0
87.0 0
69.5 0

-

-

-

Stenographers, general _________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities | __________________________
Retail trade ________________________________

1, 130
331
799
169
93

3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.5
4 0.0
4 0 .0

66.5 0
70.0 0
6 5.00
6 9.00
5 6.5 0

.
-

5

16

-

Stenographers, technical _______________________

29

3 9.5

77.0 0

_

Switchboard operators __________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Retail trade ________________________________

213
35
178
60

4 2.0
4 0 .0
4 2 .0
4 1.0

56.50
6 8.50
5 4.00
5 0.50

1
2

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists __________
M an u factu rin g_________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities f ___________________________
Retail trade ________________________________

291
97
194
32
45

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0.5

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s __________________
Nonmanufacturing __________ __________________

59
45

4 0.0
3 9.$

Transcribing-m achine o p erators, general __
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

182
$9
123

39.5
4 0.0
3 9.5

60.00

6
-

1
0

_

.

1
2
-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3b

6
8

2
1

9

5

_

3

25

39
29

17
4

_
_
.
_

1
1
1
0

13

3

53
9
44
15

60

1
2

1
2

48
2
46
14

47

1
1

36
19

2

2
1
39
5

2
45
16
29
7

1
0
1

43

1
0
33
1
1

40
15
25

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

.

.

81
30
51

29

_
_

4

4

251
115
136
41
3

196
67
129
44
3

84
35
49

41
23
18

28
3
25

-

-

-

-

3

.

7

1

-

9
67
14
53

52
9
43
17

18

47
18
29
4
3

-

1
0
6

7
7

9
9

5
5

18
$

51
3
48

43

2
1

16

1

9

_

_

_

_

3

9

2
2
37
5
32

1

2
2
2
1

2
32
17
15

1

14
7

8
14

1
2
2

2
1

2
1

1
0
2

8

3
4

2

3

2

1

-

6

1
0

2
0
1

1
1

18
9

1

7

2

9
9

5
3

_
_

26
4

2
2
16

_

-

-

17

7
4
3

2

15
5

_

_
_
.
.

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_

_
_
_
_

_

.

-

_

4

_

.

_

4

_
_

_

-

-

-

_

_
.
_

_
_

_
_
_

_

.
_
_
_

-

-

-

4
4

3
1

4
3

1
.1

_

1
1

.

-

_

“

-

-

“

_

7
5

_
_
_

_

5

7

_

17
7

_
_

-

1
1

17

-

_

17
6

4
4

2

_

-

-

1
1

_

-

.
_
.
.

*

•

-

-

_

-

_
_

_
_
.
_

25
7
18

1
1

.

.

_

140

57
32
25

*

_
_

1
1

3

9

-

_

.

1
1

77

17

6

_
.

3

2

74
18
56
17

3

3

_

_

7
3

-

.

4

98
23
75

2
2
2
2
0

-

.

.

9

-

2
2
1
2
1

-

-

155
64
91

44

6

-

178
52
126
18
17

43
23

-

-

96
9
87
5
23

-

3

-

b 7
9
14

46

_

-

-

46
14

-

4

-

*

5

3
3

.
_

-

_

_

-

_

-

_

6

-

.
_
.

-

_

-

-

_
_

-

_

_

-

_
.

-

19

_

-

9

-

-

-

5

_

_
_

-

8
1
2

_
_

-

18
4
4

6

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

4

6
8
1

_
_

1
2
1

-

.

4

-

18

.

1
0
1

-

132

1
1
6

_

.
-

71
7
17

-

_

_

.
-

-

1
0

1

4

6

16
3
13

1
0
1
0

4
-

1

-

1
8

2
2
1
2
2
1
0

14

.
_
_

See footnote at end of table.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




14

2
0

48
23
25

38
31

5

70.5 0

6 0.0 0
6 5.0 0
5 7.50

.

70
5
65

17

276
63
213
31
31

5 8.0 0
60.5 0
6 8.5 0
55.00

68.00

1
0

-

13

17
4
5

2
0

_
_

_
_

.

_
_
.

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

1

_

.

-

-

-

*

-

.

.

.

.

.

_

-

*

*

7

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Denver, C olo. , by industry division, Decem ber 1957;
SAGE

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$

Weekly

W
eekly .
earnin
gs
(Standard) (Standard)

$

3 5 .0 0
and
under
4 0 .0 0

$

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

-

21

:

21
7

68
9
59
8

124
42
82
6

lb4
5
159
4
20

303
86
217
5
22

121
47
74
5
6

$

$

$

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$
75. 00

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

135
63
72
10

28
13
15
-

10
8
2
-

12

106
38
68
14
9

$

18
6
12
7
-

12
2
10
4

b
6

-

-

$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 12 0 .0 0
and
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0

Women - Continued
$

Typ ists, class A .
Manufacturing _______ __
___
Nonmanufacturing
...........
Retail trade

405
141
264
31

T yp ists, c la ss B
. ____
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_ .
.
Public utilities "f .
... _ _
.............
R etail trade ___________________________________________

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

5 9 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 5 .0 0

813
193
620
45
80

_ _
.....
. ...

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 5

5 3 .0 0
5 5 .5 0
5 2 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
49. 50

-

-

-

6
6

77
9
68

_

_

"

23

-

.

7

6
6

.

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

6
_

_
_
_

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s a->d the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
| Transporation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Denver, C o lo ., by industry division, Decem ber 1957;
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
W
eekly,
W
eekly Under 6 0 .0 0
gs
hours 1 earnin 1
and
(Standard) (Standard)
6 0 .0 0 under
6 5 .0 0

—
J
o
o
o

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O'«»
ui
o
o

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

1
$
$
Is
$
is
|
$
$
!$
|
$
1
$
|
$
I
S
!s
s
S
$
j$
s
Is
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 ^ 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0
and
160.00, over
75_aoia^ Q Q 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 10O.OOllO5.OO 11 0 .0 0 1 15 00 1 7 0 on 125.00 130.00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .001145.00
j

Men
D raftsm en , leader
Manufacturing ...

!

_

D raftsm en, senior
Manufacturing

_ _

...

D raftsm en, junior
_
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities f

..

103
29

_ ... .
_ _

1 5 0 .0 0
1 2 2 .9 0

620
172

. .
__

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 2 .0 0
9 8 .9 0

_
-

_

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

.
(

1

-

-

166
96
70
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

81.
75.
88.
83.

00
50
50
00

1
1
1

15
15
"

-

27
I 25
2
2

35
T5

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

81. 00
8 3 .0 0

2

_

_

3

|

17

-

i
i

7
6

_

_

-

j

-

.
-

16
10

21

68

17

51

_
1

-

9
5

!

39
33

56
18

10
10

_

31
7

9
5

_

1 !

26
9

23 ! 37
8 1
4

29
17
12
4

12
1
11
9

18
9

11
9

8
8

7

2

9

!

21
6
15

1

.

.

7

10
1
9

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3

16
5
11
10

7

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

_

_

_
-

_

46
3
-

78
1

4
3

i
!------- 1—
i

5
1

_

61

-

56

1

12
-

-

i 2 54
3

23

22

|

_
-

_
- ;
-

-

_
-

1

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

_

.

.

_

_

.

.

Women
N u r se s, industrial ( r e g is t e r e d )___________
Manufacturing
.....

5

1

_

_

i
i
_______ i
_______

—

.. .in_______ i
1

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees r eceive their regu lar straight-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly h ours.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s:
32 at $160 to $ 1 7 0 ; 20 at $170 to $ 1 8 0 ; 2 at $180 and ove r,
t Transportation (excluding r ailroad s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




8

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Denver, C o lo . , by industry division, D ecem ber 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

Average
hourly
earnings

Under
$
1 .6 0

97
62
35

$
2 .5 3
2 .5 3
2 .5 4

-

E le ctricia n s, maintenance
Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
......

145
118
27

2 .5 6
2 .5 6
2 .5 5

-

E ngin eers, stationary _ __ _
Manufacturing _ __
Nonmanufacturing

216
137
79

2 .3 7
2 .5 1
2 .1 5

F ire m en , stationary boiler
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

73
45
28

1 .9 5
2 .2 4
1 .4 8

H elp ers, tra d e s, maintenance _
..... . .
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ _
____

107
73
34

C arpen ters, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing _______________________ _____________
Nonmanufacturing _ _
_ _ _ _

_ _ _

$

1 .6 0
and
under
1 .7 0

Tool and die m ak ers _
Manufacturing _ ______ __

2
2

7
6
l

16
16

34
34

17
l6
1

45
22
23

-

20
26

-

-

4
4

*

*

*

7
7

26
5
21

4
2
2

8
4
4

36
14
22

30
25
5

.
-

16
15
1

32
32

20
20

-

-

8
4
4

1
1

2
2

5
5

21
21
"

-

5
5
“

-

8
8

-

-

-

■

~

“

'

38
6
32

3
3

12
12

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

.

.

"

•

-

-

32
31
1

_

.

.

.

-

2 .7 0
2 . 7 6 ..

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

.

.

.

1

17
17

3
3

36
36

.
-

351
342
306

8
4
4

7
5
2

.
-

2
-

”

■

"

“

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

18
18

93
93

33
33

9
3

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

-

*

1
1

.
-

-

.
-

-

18
Id

7

■

1
1

1
1

*

-

*

-

-

-

.

-

'

12
12

■

34
34

8
7

2
2

3
3

6
6

1
1

1
1

49
49

3
3

40

26

32
31

------- 7—

_

"

■

1

23
1

1

-

■

-

'

7

.
-

-

'

27
23
20

v r ~

"

2
2

2
1

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $1.10 to $1.20; 12 at $1.20 to $1.30; 6 at $1.40 to $1.50.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




38
22

18

"

"

81
81

11
11

—

6
6

.

16
16

_

14
14

1
1

.

17
17

.

"

'

“

*

86
84
84

-

.

-

9
7

10
10

-

■

over

_

4
4

2 .6 2
T .T 2

3 .2 0

-

12
12

.

3. 10

■

1
1

.

3 .0 0

"

1.9 1
1 .8 8
1 .9 7

.

$
3 .2 0
and

3
3

"

*

3. 10

-

■

"

2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

‘

"

-

2 .0 0

$
2 .9 0

■

5
5
■

.

2 .7 0

$

11
11

5
5

-

2 .8 0

2 .6 0

2 .5 0

2 .7 0

1
1

-

■

$

2 .6 0

*

2 21
22 1

-

■

99
—

2 .4 0

$

$
2 .5 0

"

18
16
2

-

129

_

2 .3 0

$

9
9

4
4

_

2 .4 4
2 ! 59

T 2T ~

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

10
2
8

7
7

-

~

57
32

—

2 . 10

$

31
21
10

"

“

2 .0 6
2 .6 6

..

$
2 .3 0

6
3
3

-

O ilers
42
Manufacturing ____________________________________ ------- 4 2

..

$
2 .2 0

12
10
2

"

2 .5 2
2 .4 9

..

$
2 . 10

8
2
6

-

189
1?6

P ip efitte rs, maintenance
Manufacturing

2 .0 0

$
2 .0 0

■

2 .4 1
2 .4 1
2 .4 1

_

1 .9 0

-

491
468
416

P ain ters, maintenance „
Manufacturing _

1 .8 0

-

M ech anics, automotive (maintenance)
Nonmanufacturing
___
Public utilities "f

M ech anics, maintenance ___________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________

1 .8 0

"

2 .5 1
2 .5 2

_

1 .7 0

1 .9 0

■

220
202

...

$

-

M achin ists, maintenance
M an u factu rin g____________________________________

-

$

$

------ j------

—

IE—

------

—

11
—

n

6
6

1

-

-

~

“

“

1
1

"

“

-----

16
-----

IE

9
Table A-4: Custodial and M
aterial Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Denver, Colo. , by industry division, December 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation 1 and industry division

Guards

__

$ 0 .7 0
and
under
.8 0

143

_

1 ,2 1 9
492
727
136
292

1.4 8
1 .7 2
1 .3 0
1 .6 0
1 .1 1

272
34
238
41

1 .3 6
1.5 1
1 .3 4
1. 16

L a b o r e rs, m aterial handling __ ___ _______
M a n u fa c tu r in g .........................
.........
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities f ____________________________
Retail trade
. . .

1 ,5 2 8
280
1 ,2 4 8
605
264

1 .9 0
2 . 13
1 .6 9

Order f i l l e r s ___
____
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade

1 ,0 0 7
274
733
214

1 .8 3
1 .9 3
1.7 9
1 .6 6

252
128
124

1 .6 4
1758
1 .5 9

_

_

__
_

__ _ _
. . .

. ___

_

_ _
_ _

P a c k e rs, shipping ( m e n ) __________________________
Manufacturing
..................
. _
Nonmanufacturing

~

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

19
19
19

8
8
8

15
14
6

12
9
9

7
_

2
_

_

7

2

126
6
120
21
63

_

1
_

-

1

2
.
2

38

115
36
79
49

1

62

1

62

38

71
14
57

_

59

30

43

1 .5 0

$ 1 .6 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .9 0

-

-

-

-

-

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

6
6

4
2
2

6
_
6

11
8
3

5

1
_
1

158
18
140
13
5

73
16
57
4
30

118
67
51
13
12

107
45
62
46

63
42
21
18
1

70
48
22
16

158
n ?
14
2

161
2
159
3

24
10
14

2
2
_

6
2
4

11
8
3

_

4
4
.

64
24
40

69

172
28
144
8
112

no
39
71
2
45

89
-------- 5
84
2

167
7
160
6

32

15

16

26
14

15
8

16
16

3

6

25

21

3

6

25

21

53
6
47

6

25

8

7

2

69
5
5

162
72
90
8
8
133
— 73—
60
21

-

_
3

5
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

_

7
3
4
1
3

651
63
588
580
2

27
13
14

26
26

4
4

.
_

_

.
_

20
n ~
9
1

157
TT9
38
2

6
_
6

2

17
17

7
7

37
36
1

6
3
3

9
3
6

5

54

5

54

48
22
26

33
10
23

-

7
6

15
2

2
-

18
16

9
5

33
-

_

_

.

-

-

-

8
8
8

14
14
12

15
15
15

5
5
5

13
13
11

20
£
18

20
20
6

28
7
21
5

45
lb
29
11

13
5
8
7
14
14

22
16
6

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

i:92"i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

--- 7—

6
6

9
9

45
7
38

33
2
31

52
5
47

2 .0 3
1 .9 2
2 .1 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
9
1

-

6
6

-

2
2

10
10

31
l4
17

_
-

-

-

1 .8 6

1 .8 4

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.*

-

2
2

42
17
25
15

—

53
10
O
— 53----- ------ T —

over

17
it

45
4
41
11

24
-------2—

and

2 .4 0

23
20
3
3

23
2
21
21

_

-

15

_

2 .3 0

-

126
1
38

-

1 .7 8
2 .0 4
1 .7 0
1 .5 9

-

2 .2 0

$2 .4 0

_

128
--------2—

262
rs
246
94

-

17
17

22
22

19
-

$ 2 . 30

-

-

7

_

* 2 .2 0

35
------- 35“

19
19

_

$ 2 . 10
-

* 2 .0 0

-

1

-

1 .9 0

5
5

1

_
-

1 .8 0

.

218
S4
164
85




l.i o

-

1 .4 0

-

$ 1 .5 0
-

$ 1 .4 0

-

Receiving c le r k s ____________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
Retail trade .. ... _ ... ....

106
43
63

-

.

1 .4 0
1 .3 6

Shipping and receiving clerk s ____________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

-

* 1 .3 0

-

-

99
29

-

23
23

$ 1 .2 0

-

-

* 1 .1 0

.

P a c k e r s, shipping (w om en)________________________
Manufacturing _

184
Shipping c l e r k s ______________________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________ --------5 5
Nonmanufact.uring
_ ... .
139

1 .0 0

.

1 .9 0

Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade

90

$ 1 .0 0

-

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers (men) _________

Janitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers (w o m e n )_______

-

-

35

Public utilities | _____________________________

-

12
12

Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

m

$ 0 .9 0

-

1 .9 9
....2715“
1 .5 2

—

$0 .8 0

$
1 .0 8
1.0 7
1. 14

94
90
42

Elevator op erators, passenger (women) ________
Nonmanufacturing
R etail trade ___________________________________

Average
hourly
earnings

—

8
8

2

18
18

6
6

-

.

.

-

-

_

_

-

.

-

i
i

3
3

20
20

13

-

13
5

-

-

_

_

8
8

-

-

i
i

14

_
10
—

14
14

-

18
18 .....

14
-

10

Table A-4: Custodial and M
aterial Movement Occupations - Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Denver, C o lo . , by industry d ivision, D ecem ber 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation 1 and industry division

Tru ck d rivers 3 _____________________________ _______ 2 ,1 3 8
Manufacturing
_
_ — w r~
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________ 1 ,7 5 5
___ _
Public utilities f
...
863
Retail trade
.... _
_
.
............
415

Average2 $
hourly
0 .7 0
earnin
gs
and
under
.8 0

$

$

$

$

$

0 .8 0

0 .9 0

1 .0 0

1. 10

1 .2 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

$

1 .3 0

-

_

.

-

_

11
9
2
-

10
8
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

2
2

*

■

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1 .4 0
1 .5 0

1 .4 0

$
2 .0 4
2 .0 1
2 .0 5
2. 17
2 .0 0

.

$

1 .5 0
1 .6 0

1 .6 0

$
'1 . 7 0

1 .7 0

$

1 .8 0

$

$
1 .8 0

1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

264
41
223
223

241
------- T9
202
87

-

32
26
12
2

136
8
128
1
15

10
8
2

15
l5
-

27
20
7

-

“

13
13
1

112
13
99
13

12
6
6
6

23

-

96
8
88
12

9
9
_

_

3
3
_

-

-

-

5
5
_
2

35
35
_
3

24
7
17
_
1

81
12
69
_
5

33
16
17
_
17

159
28
131
_
21

29
27

—

18
n r-

$

3

.

—

41
205
n — ------- TI
30
174
2
19

Tru ck d rivers, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Manufacturing
___ _
____
Nonmanufacturing _ _
Retail trade _______________________________

427
105
324
49

1 .8 6
1.8 6
1 .8 7
1 .8 8

T ru ck d rivers, medium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons) _ _
Manufacturing ________________________________
N on m an ufactu ring_____
Public utilities'}"
Retail trade _______________________________

937
199
738
455
49

2 .0 6
2 . 10
2 .0 5
2 . 15
1.91

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type)
_
Nonmanufacturing
___
Public u tilities'} . ..
. ....

442
431
309

2 .2 0
2 .2 0

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

2 .2 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

*

2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type)
Nonmanufacturing

T ru ck ers, power (forklift)
Manufacturing
.
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities'}

Watchmen
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade

1
2
3
t

............

„.

.. _ .
_
_
.. ....
_ .

_ ___
.
_

. ......
. ..

268
249

429
255
174
71

176
88
88

_ _.

36

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .9 9

-

'

-

-

-

.

.
-

7
7

.
-

-

-

_

5
--------- 5 —

"

1 .9 9
1 .9 7

.
-

-

-

2 .0 1
2 .2 0

-

-

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

.

.
-

1

24

24

17

17

-

id

1

1

6

23
14

6
11

20
l8
2

15

3
3
3

1

8

1 .4 8
1 .5 0
1 .4 7
1 .3 2

-

3

Data lim ited to men w o rk ers, except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
Includes all d rivers r e g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




-

3

207
200

h

17
17

$

2 . 10
2 .2 0

$

2 .2 0
2. 30

677
421
----- ST----- -------T2
59o
339
547
292
31
3b

85
85

26
21
5

-

-

-

31
86

-

327
-----T2 T ~
287

77
5
------13— ------ 5-----_
44
_
23
3
--------3—
-

3
3
-

-

46
43

1

22

-

-

-

11

4
7

143
189
4

8
8

1
1

_

.

-

-

-

-

5
2

50
38

49

-

3

12

41

52
27
25

"

-

-

-

-

*

82
5
77
71

25
24

12

5
5

.
-

15
15
-

9
9

4
4

3

over

2
2

5

10

2 .4 0
and

37
25

5

4

2 .4 0

S

19
19

-

2

2. 30

497
63
27
1
----- 32— ------- 5 7 “ ----- 27— -------1
------_
_
455
6
_
_
_
455

16
16

8

$

-




B :

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

an d

S u p p le m e n ta r y

W a g e

11

P r o v is io n s

Table B-l: Shift Differentials 1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—

Shift differential

(a)
In establishments having
formal provisions for---Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

(b)
Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

13. 7

3.9

Total

86. 8

With shift pay differential —---------------------

86. 8

78. 8

13. 7

3.9

Uniform cents (per hour) --------------------

74. 4

62.9

13. 0

3. 7

5 cents --------------------------------------------6 cents --------------------------------------------7 cents --------------------------------------------71 cents-----------------------------------------/*
8 cents --------------------------------------------10 cents--------------------------------------------12 cents ------------------------------------------12V* cents ---------------------------------------1 3V3 cents ..................... - ....................
13>/2 cents ---------------------------------------13% cents ---------------------------------------14 cents ------------------------------------------15 cents ------------------------------------------1 6 cents ---------------------------------------19 cents -------------------------------------------

9. 1
15. 3
4.2
4. 0
2. 3
21.9

_
13. 0
2. 3

1.2

_
2. 5

3. 7

-

.2

Uniform percentage -----------------------------

4. 4

1.5

.3

-

5 percent ----------------------------------------10 percent ----------------------------------------

2. 3
2. 1

_
1.5

_
.3

"

-

4. 7
3 .4
2. 7
3. 7
3.0
-

78. 8

-

2 c8
1
4. 3
2. 8
4. 7
9 .2

1.2

3.9
.8
.9
.2
2. 6
-

1.4
.5
.1

.2
1.0
-

-

.4

.2

.1
.1
-

-

.1
.1

_

Full pay for reduced hours, plus cents
differential -----------------------------------------

3. 5

5 .4

-

-

Other formal paid differential ------------

4. 5

9 .0

.5

.2

No shift pay differential ------ -------—..........—

~

"

1 Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late
shifts at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following conditions:
(l) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

Occupational Wage Survey, Denver, C olo., December 1957
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

12

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1
Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

Based on standard weekly hours * of—

A ll
industries

All
schedules

Establishments studied -----------------------------------------------

146

Nonmanufacturing

46

40

XXX

A ll
schedules

100

| Number of establishm ents with specified minimum hiring rate in—
8

Manufacturing

1 A
U
| industries

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

146

FOR INEXPERIENCED TYPISTS
Establishments having a specified minimum ------------$37. 50
$ 40.00
$42. 50
$45. 00
$47. 50
$50. 00
$52. 50
$55. 00
$57.50
$60. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under $40 .00 --------------------------------------under $42.50 --------------------------------------under $45. 00 --------------------------------------under $47. 50 --------------------------------------under $50. 00 --------------------------------------under $52 .50 --------------------------------------under $55. 00 ---------------------------------------------under $57. 50 ---------------------------------------------under $ 60.00 --------------------------------------over -----------------------------------------------------

2
1

65

22

1
1
2

*

_

2
1

2
1

4
4
5

3
4
5

3
14
9
13
3

2
6
2

2
1
2
1

2
1
2
1

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours * of—

46

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

38

70

20
«

10
2
8

5

5

3
13
4
17
7

8
1

1
1

XXX

FOR OTHER INEXPERIENCED CLERICAL WORKERS 3

1
10
2
10

43

100

40

6
1
1

4

4

1

1
1
4

6

3

2

1
1

19

2

1
1
6
2

4

4

7

1
1
2
1

1
1
2
1

50
3

1
2
3

44
2

1
2
3

10

8

5
7
3
5

4
5
3
5

1

1

1

1

Establishments having no specified m in im u m ------------

39

15

XXX

24

XXX

41

15

XXX

26

XXX

Establishm ents which did not em ploy workers
in this category ---------------------------------------------------------

42

9

XXX

33

XXX

35

1
1

XXX

24

XXX

1 Lowest salary rate form a lly established fo r hiring inexperienced w orkers fo r typing or other cle rica l jo b s.
a Hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s.
Data are presented fo r all workweeks com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on workweek reported.
3 Rates applicable to m essen g ers, office g ir ls , or sim ilar sub clerica l jobs are not con sidered.




Occupational Wage Survey, Denver, C olo. , Decem ber 1957
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

13

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
........................... .
W eekly hours

A ll w orkers -------------------------------------------------------Under 37Vz h o u r s -----------------------------------------------3 7l/a h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------Over 3 l x and under 40 hours -------------------------/z
40 hours -------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 hours -----------------------------44 hours -------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 h o u r s -----------------------------48 hours -------------------------------------------------------------Over 48 hours ----------------------------------------------------

All
2
industries

100
3
5
3

86
1
2

**
**
*

1

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED II

PERCENT OP OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Manufacturing

100

Public .
utilities *

100

Retail trade

Finance

100

_

All 3
industries

100

_

_

1

98

_
.

2
_
-

"

"

**

Public .
utilities |

100

5

.

100

.
-

.
.
.

94
-

78
4
13

76

81

2

4

**
"

1

.
.
2

9

4

.

2

“

“

1

Retail trade

_

8

3
_

2

98

100

2

1

.
-

M
anufacturing

6

-

68
7
-

I
18
5

1
2
3

E stim ates for office w ork ers are not com parable with e a rlie r studies. See introduction, page 2.
Includes data for w holesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data fo r wholesale trade, real estate, and se rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
** L ess than 0. 5 percent.
■ Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities.
f

Table B-4:

Overtime Pay

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Overtime policy

All workers __________________________
DAILY O V E R T I M E
Workers in establishments providing for
premium pay 3 _______________________
Time and one-half _________________
Effective after less than 8 hours____
Effective after 8 hours __ __________
Effective after more than 8 hours ___
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy _______
W E E K L Y O V E RTIME
Workers in establishments providing for
premium pay 3 ______________________________
Time and one-half________________________
Effective after less than 40 hours ___
Effective after 40 hours ___________
Effective after more than 40 hours_
_
_
Double time
_
_
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy____

All
.
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities"f

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance

All
,
industries2

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities f

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

58

90
90

89
89

97
97
11
86

99
99

74
74

-

-

-

58

90

-

-

89

49
49
2
46

-

-

85
85
4
80
1

42

10

11

51

15

96
96

98
98
1
98

96
96

85
84
2

93
93

-

96

79

-

-

3

79
10

-

-

1

-

2

4

15

7

58

**

**

95
1

**

4

4

-

-

99
-

73
1

3

1

26

100
100
11
89

94
94

81
81

-

63

-

-

18

6

19

94

-

1 Includes data fo r wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and se rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Graduated p rovisions a re cla ssified to the first effective prem ium rate. F or exam ple, a plan calling for tim e and one-half after 8 £nd double tim e after 10 hours a day would be con sid ered tim e
and one-h alf after 8 hours. Sim ilarly, a plan calling fo r no pay or pay at regular rate after 37*/a and tim e and one-half after 40 hours would be con sidered as tim e and one-h alf after 40 hours.
♦ ♦ Less than 0 .5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Denver, C o lo ., D ecem ber 1957
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics




14

Table B-5: W age Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

All
industries 1

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities ■"
}

47
1

69
3
66
31

-

-

88
12

58
42

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

All ,
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities'^

Retail trade

W A G E S T R U C T U R E FOR
TlM£-ftATED W O R K E R S *
Formal rate structure____ ______________
Single rate__________________ ________
Range of rates_______________________
Individual rates ________________________

46
53

88

58

85
53
32
15

92
72
20
8

100
40
60

78
47
31
22

-

M E T H O D OF W A G E P A Y M E N T
F OR P L A N T W O R K E R S
Time workers _________________________
Incentive workers _ _
Piecework
....... . . . . . . . . .
Bonus work_____________________ ^___
Commission_______________________

85
15
7
3
6

DATA NOT COLLECTED

80
20
15
4

100

“

-

_
_

80
20
1
1
18

LABOR-MANAGEMENT
AGREEMENTS'*
Workers in establishments with
agreements covering a majority
of such workers

1 0 -1 4

5 -9

1 0 -1 4

2 0 -2 4

6 5 -6 9

7 5 -7 9

9 5 -9 9

4 5 -4 9

1
2
3

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for w holesale trade, real estate, and se rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Estim ates for office w orkers are based on total o ffice em ploym ent, w hereas estim ates for plant w orkers are based on tim e-ra ted em ployees only.
4 Estimates relate to all w orkers (office or plant) em ployed in an establishm ent having a contract in effect covering a m ajority of the w orkers in their resp ectiv e category. The estim ates so ob ­
tained are not n ecessa rily representative of the extent to which all w orkers in the area may be cov ered by provisions of labor-m anagem ent agreem ents due to the exclusion of sm aller size establishm ents.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.




Occupational Wage Survey, Denver, C o lo ., Decem ber 1957
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

15

Table B-6: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities "f"

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

All
,
industries 3

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities y

Retail trade

100

All workers
Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

90

95

94

85

-

1

10

5

6

15

1

**

N U M B E R O F DAYS
Less than 5 holidays
5 holidays
6 holidays ___________________________
6 holidays plus:
1 half day
2 half days
__
___
7 holidays
8 holidays ___________________________
10 holidays
...... .

**
2
38

_
36

_
16

90

**
**
56

_
44

_
28

_
83

2
**
29
28
**

1
54
9
-

3
_
38
43
-

.
_
5
2
-

1
**
22
10
-

_
1
36
14
-

4
_
33
30
-

_
_
2

**
28
57
60
97
99

_
9
64
64
100
100

_

_

43
81
84
100
100

7
7
98
98

_
14
51
51
95
95

_
30
63
66
94
94

2
2

100
37
97
100

100
7
100
100
100

95
12
95
95
95
10
95
95
10
23

94
47
94
94
94
45
94
94
-

6
1

4

2

_
-

T O T A L HOLIDAY TIME 4
More than 8 days
8 or more days _
... . _
.
7 or more days _______________________
6lz or more days
6 or more days
_ ..........
5 or more days _______________________

2

_
10
32
33

89
89

_

_
85
85

SPECIFIED H O LIDAYS5
New Yearts Day
Washington1 s Birthday
Decoration Day ______________________
July 4th _______ ___________________
Labor Day __________________________
Veterans* D a y _____ _________________
Thanksgiving D a y ____________________
Christmas _ __________________ ____
_
Good Friday ----------------------Christmas Eve ______ _______________
Day after Thanksgiving________________
Half day Christmas Eve _______________

100

31
100
100
4
6
5
3

6

100
100
10
24

100
63
100
100
100
61
100
100
-

22

-

1

3

98

89

2

13

98
98
98

90
89

-

12
89
89
4

99
99

-

89

9
2
1

-

85
85
85
85
85
85
- '

1
2
3
4

Estim ates relate to holidays provided annually.
Includes data for w holesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shownseparately.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and se rvice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
A ll com binations of fu ll- and half-days that add to the same amount are com bined; for exam ple, the proportion of w ork ers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
P roportions w ere then cumulated.
5 Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 3 percent of the office or plant w orkers in the area are shown in this tabulation. A few other holidays or half holidays were provided.
** L ess than 0 .5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities.




Occupational Wage Survey, Denver, C o lo ., Decem ber 1957
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

16

Table B*7: Paid Vacations
-------------------------------------------- 1
------------------------PERCENT OP OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Vacation policy

All workers

___ ____

__

Al .
l
ids r e 1
nut i s

Mnfcuig
auatrn

Pbi .
ulc
uiiisf
tlte

Rti t a e
eal r d

Fnne
iao

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Al ,
l
idsre
nutis

Mnfcuig
auatrn

P b i 4.
ulc
uiiisT
tlte

Rt i t a e
eal r d

100

_ _ _

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1

100
98
2

100
100
-

100
100

100
92
8

100
81
19

100
100

100
98
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
29
-

1
16
-

_

_

20
-

7
-

4
10
**

7
7
-

17
-

10
-

36
5
58
1

21
22
52
5

56

82

73
8
18

72
12
15

49
21
30

86

-

M E T H O D OF P A Y M E N T
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations____________ ___ _______
Length-of-time payment
__ _____ _
Percentage payment_________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations — __________ ______

-

_

A M O U N T O F VACATION P A Y 3
After 6 months of service
Less than 1 week
1 week_ _ ______ ______
2 weeks ______ ____ _ ____

____ _

After 1 year of service
1 week _ ___ _____
_ _ _ _ _ _ ______
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________
_ ____ ____ ____
2 weeks _
_
___ _ __ _
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks ------------------------------

-

-

44

18

-

-

~

-

12
5
80
3

9
24
63
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

**

4
5
88
3

2
22
71
5

5

13
10
75
2

-

-

1
92
5
2

_

14

-

-

-

**

-

-

-

3

24

97

76

46
8
44
2

53
13
31
4

9
21
70

48

_

_

-

-

-

12
17
67
4

21
79
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

92
4
5

100

6
89

_

_

After 2 years of service
1 wee k ___ ___ __ — __ _ _ ___
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_
_
___
2 weeks
_ _____ _ _ _ _ _
_ _____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________
3 weeks _
_ _
_
_ ____
_

_

-

52
_

After 3 years of service
1 week____ ____ _
_
____ ________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks __ _
_
2 weeks ____ _ _ _______ _ _ _ _
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________
3 weeks _ ___ ___ ___ _ _ _ _____

3
-

-

97

95

-

-

-

-

**

_

_

88
5
8

100

3
93

5
90
2
4

_

10

_

90

After 5 years of service
1 week_ _ _ _
_ _ _
—
_ __ _______
2 weeks _ ____
____
_
_
___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________
3 weeks ------- - - ------ ----- -------

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




NOTE:

-

-

“

4

-

-

"

5

Occupational Wage Survey, Denver, Colo. , December 1957
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of tim e ,"
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

17

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Vacation policy

All
industries

i

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

.

T

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

5
80
2
14

78
3
19

73
4
24

22

7
2
72
20

Public .
utilities T

Retail trade

A M O U N T OF VACATION P A Y 3 - Continued
After 10 years of service

Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________
3 weeks ------------------------------

1
73
3
23

74
1
25

94
2
4

1
25

11

12

3
38

72
1
1

80
5
5

88
_

59
_

1
20

11

12

3
33

70
1
8

76
6
7

85
3

61
_
4

20

11

12

3
31

3
86
-

11

6
87
8

After 15 years of service
1 wp.fik
...
........................
2 w eeks
.
_ .
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________
3 weeks _____ _____ _____ __________ __
O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks

5
36
**
55
4
**

74
4
**

5
36

22

59
35

After 20 years of service
1 week
_.
_ .
2 w eeks _ .
... ..
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________
3 weeks _______________ ________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
. _
.
.
.
4 weeks
_. _
_
. _.
.

**

_

52
5
2

69
6
3

5
35

22

7
2
72
20

6
59
33
2

After 25 years of service
2 w eeks

Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________
3 weeks ___ _ _
_ _ ____________ ____ _____ _
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s

**

59
1
19

50
5
35

85

28

3

37

_

_

41
4
16

47
4
27

7
2
72
20

6
56
24
_
15

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to thc%e industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
♦♦Less than 0 5 percent.
.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




18

Table B-8: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Type of plan

_
All workers __________ _ _____________
Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance ______________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance _______________________ _
Sickness and accident insurance
or sick leave or both 3 _______________
Sickness and accident insurance .....
Sick leave ( u l pay and no
fl
waiting period) ________________ _
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) __________________
Hospitalization insurance _____________
Surgical insurance __________________
Medical insurance ___________________
Catastrophe insurance _______________
Retirement pension__ ________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan -

A ll
industries 1

M anufacturing

Pu blic
utilities "f-

100

R etail trade

100

100

100

87

92

96

78

37

70

34

44

73
34

87
66

93
31

81
50

47

41

83

13
69
69
51
17
65
6

25
82
82
56

7
53
53
52
34
85

4

63
5

4

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN ^ Finance

A ll
industries*

100

M anufacturing

Public
utilities y

R etail trade

100

100

76

87

100

59

43

50

49

40

72
52

83
73

85
40

57
36

35

17

6

32

24

18
62
62
27

19
65
65
48
11
48
12

24
74
74
61
1
49
6

30
70
70
67
28
88

10
51
51
24
17
38
19

37

56
5

100

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Undupiicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




Occupational Wage Survey, Denver, Colo., December 1957
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

19

A ppen dix: Job Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau*s job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Office
BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m en ts business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

20
CLERK, FILE
Clas8 A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives custom ers1 orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing tne items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory 'responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters t h e neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelope?.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

21
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance policies, e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

22
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit system s, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician^ handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

23
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools nee4 dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making ail necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana flaying out of work; using a va­
riety of m achinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
m achinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright^ work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

24
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out ail types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating ail
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves; Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and o‘ther metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

PASSENGER

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity~~oT
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR,

PORTER,

OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. DrKies involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

25
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk .
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l/ z tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

-fr U S. G V R M N P IN IN O F E 1958
.
O E N E T R T G F IC :

O— 457244




Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C ., or from any of the regional sales offices shown.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1957 - BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, M ass., September 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 - BLS Bull. 1224-3, price 25 cents
Dallas, T ex., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102