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Occupational Wage Survey

D A L L A S ,

O C TO B ER

T E X A S
1 9 5 7

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 2 4 -4

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commisoofier




O c c u p a tio n a l




W ag e

S u rv e y

D A LL A S , T E X A S
OCTOBER 1957

Bulletin No. 1224-4
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
January 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 20 cents




Preface

Contenfs
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year*s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




Introduction _____________________________________________ __________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups____________________

1
2

Tables:
1:
2:

A;

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ______
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods _______________

2

Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations ___________________________________
A - 2: Professional and technical occupations_____________
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations_____ -_____
A - 4: Custodial and material movement occupations _____

3
6
7
8

Appendix:

Job descriptions ______________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the Dallas area
reports for June 1951, August 1952, September 1953, Septem­
ber 1954, October 1955, and October 1956.
Most of the re­
ports also include data on shift differential provisions; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insur­
ance, and pension plans. The 1953 report also provides tabu­
lations of wage structure characteristics, labor-management
agreements, and overtime pay provisions; and the 1954 report,
frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions for holidays
falling on nonworkdays. Information on minimum entrance rates
for women office workers was included in the bulletins for 1954,
1955, and 1956. A directory indicating date of study and the
price of the reports, as well as reports for other major areas,
is available upon request.
A report on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices in machinery industries in the Dallas area will
be available early in 1958. Union scales, indicative of prevail­
ing pay levels, are available for the following trades or indus­
tries: Building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

I

10




Occupational W age Survey - D allas, Tex.*
Intrbduction

The Dallas area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the Department of Labor *s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
This bulletin presents current occupational employment and earnings infor­
mation obtained by Bureau field agents from the establishments visited in the
last previous survey (October 1956), for occupations reported in that earlier
study. Current information on related wage benefits was not collected.1
In each area, data are obtained from representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are government
operations and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to warrant
inclusion.2 Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each
of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the un­
necessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain appro­
priate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than of small
establishments is studied. In combining the data, however, all establish* This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta,
Ga., by Bernard J. Fahres, under the direction of Louis B. Woytych, Re­
gional Waj(e and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 Data for October 1956 are available in BLS Bull. 1202-5, Occupa­
tional Wage Survey, Dallas, Tex., for scheduled hours; shift differentials;
minimum entrance rates for women office workers; holiday and vacation pay
provisions; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
2 See footnote 2 to table 1 for minimum-size establishment covered.




Table 1.

ments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates based on the establish­
ments studied are presented, therefore, as relating to all establishments in
the industry grouping and area, except for those below the minimum size
studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manu­
facturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational classification is based
on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of inter estab­
lishment variation in duties within the same job (see appendix for listing of
these descriptions). Earnings data are presented (in the A-series tables)
for the following types of occupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional
and technical; (c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material
movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time
workers, i. e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule in the given
occupational classification. Earnings data exclude premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction
bonuses are excluded also, but cost-of-living bonuses and incentive earnings
are included. Where weekly hours are reported, as for office clerical oc­
cupations, reference is to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half
hour) for which straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for
these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually sur­
veyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among establish­
ments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample
of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of
the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not ma­
terially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Establishment! and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Dallas, T e x ., 1 by major industry division, August 1957
T ii ef % 4 4 am
io
inuuitry uiviviwn

Number of establishments
Within scope
Studied
of study*

Workers in establishments
Within scope
Studied
of study

All d ivisions__ ____________________ ____________________

707

179

166,700

102,120

Manufacturing ........___ ....._ _____ ..................__........
_
Nonmanufacturing............................. ............... .............. ........
Transportation (excluding railroads), communica­
tion, and other public utilities 1 ...........__..............
Wholesale trade 4 . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . __ ....__.....__.......
Retail trade .........................................................
Finance, insurance, and real estate ........................
Services4* 1 ...____ _________ ..............__....._____....

241
466

58
121

77,000
89,700

51,130
50,990

52
103
132
107
72

24
19
33
28
17

20, 800
11,900
29, 600
16,700
10,700

17,330
3, 130
18,570
8,210
3,750

1
The Dallas Metropolitan Area (Dallas County). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably
accurate description of the siae and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as
a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the
use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of
the survey.
* Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-siee limitation (§1 employees). All outlets (within the area) of
companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
1 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
4
This industry division is represented in estimates for all industries and nonmanufacturing in the Series A tables, although coverage was
insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit mem­
bership organisations; and engineering and architectural services.

2

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: B illers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay-*
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; m e­
chanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly' earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual
Table 2.

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in ’the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no chahge in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

Indexes of standard w eekly s a la rie s and stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupational groups
in D a lla s, T ex. , O ctober 1957 and O ctober 1956 and p ercen t o f change fo r s e le cte d p eriod s
Indexes
(August 1952=100)

Industry and occu pational group

P ercen t change 1 fr o m —

O ctober 1956 O ctober 1955 Septem ber 1954 Septem ber 1953
August 1952
June 1951
O ctob er 1957 O ctob er 1956
to
to
to
to
to
to
O ctober 1957 O ctober 1956 O ctober 1955 Septem ber 1954 Septem ber 1953 August 1952

A ll in d u stries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (women) ___________
Industrial n urses (women)
Skilled m aintenance (men) _________
U nskilled plant (men) ______________

127.
122.
124.
123.

3
7
2
5

122. 0
1 1 7 .4
119. 4
116. 6

4.
4.
4.
5.

3
5
4
9

5. 8
6 .9
3. 4
4. 0

4.
2.
4.
4.

0
8
6
7

5.
7.
3.
3.

0
6
8
3

5.
-.
5.
3.

Manufac tur ing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (women) ___________
Industrial n urses (women)
Skilled m aintenance (men) _________
U nskilled plant (men)

124. 4
122. 2
124. 5
126.9

118.9
116. 3
119. 3
121. 5

4.
5.
4.
4.

6
1
4
4

5.
7.
4.
5.

3 .9
1. 4
3. 5
1. 1

5.
9.
3.
4.

0
9
5
0

3.
-3 .
7.
9.

1




Unless oth erw ise in dicated, a ll are in c r e a s e s .

5
5
2
7

6
8
9*
6

6.
9.
10.
7.

1
1
0
7

3
0
0
5

8.
11.
5.
6.

7
6
9
5

A :

O ccu p atio n al

T a b le A -l:

E arnings

3

O ffice O c cu p a tio n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
in D allas, T ex. , by industry division , O ctober 1957)
Averaqe
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly 30.00 35.00
hours1
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
35.00 40.00

$
40.00

$
45.00

$
50.00

$
55.00

$
60.00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

45.00

50.00

55.00

60.00

65. 00

70.00

75. 00

80.00

85.00

90.00

17

32

$

$
$
$
$
$
95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115. 00
and
95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115 00
9 0 .0 0

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A _________________________
M anufacturing _____________ ______________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ------------- ----------------------------------------P ublic utiliti***!
R etail trade ______________________________________

$
93.50
102.50
89. 50

547
179
368
135
34
74

40.0
4 0 .0
40.0
40 .0
3 9.5
38. 5

252
143
109
29
26

40.0
40.0
3 9.5
40.0
40.0

6 6 .0 0

327
60
267

40.0
39.5
4 0 .5

75.50
84. 50
73. 50

C le rk s , p a y r o l l __
___________ ______ _____________
Manufacturing - — __
__ ____ __
___________
N onm anufacturing______ ________ __ ______ ___

58
28
30

40.0
3 9.5
40.0

82.00
85. 50
79.00

O ffice b o y s ____ — „
________ ____ ______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g --- _ ------- ------- __ ____ __ ________
Nonmanufacturing _________________ — ___________
Finance t t __
____
__ __ ___ ___

208
51
157
96

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

48. 50
52.00
47. 50
46.00

_
3
3
-

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors _______________ __ ____
M anufacturing
________ ________ __ ____ __ __
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilitie s t - — ____ ____
____________
Finance t t _ _______ ___ ____
__ ___

261

109
152
31
109

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39. 5

76.50
84. 50
70. 50
75.00
69. 50

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) ------ ------------------__
M anufacturing ______ — ________ ___________
N onm anufacturing___________________________________
Pu blic utilities t
--------- — ------- -------------------

180
48
132
30

40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

60. 50
60.00
60. 50
82. 50

B i l le r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) _______ ____
Nonmanufacturing __________________ _____ __________
R etail trade __ ______
__ „ __ __
__ ___

142
118
54

41.0
41.0
39.5

56. 50
56.00
55.00

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , cla s s A ____________
Manufacturing ______ ____________________ _________ _
Nonmanufacturing _____ _____ _____________________
Finane e tt
-- -- — —— ____ — — — — —

212

66.

38
174
50

39 .5
40.0
3 9.5
38. 5

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , cla ss B ___________
_______ __ ____ __ __ __ __ __
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ________________ __ ____ ________
Retail trade _____ ____ __
________ __ ___
Finance tt
__ ______ __ __ _________ —
C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A __________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________
_ ______________
Nonmanufacturing ____________
Retail trade ____________ ____ ____ ______
F in a n ce tt
-----------------------------------------------------------

522
92
430
54
276
599
95
504
73
225

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B __________________________
Pu blic utilities t

- — ___________ ___________

C le r k s , o rd e r _ __ __ „ __
__ __ __
_________
M anufacturing ________ ___ „ ____ __ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ________ „ __
________ __

6

9 0.0 0

84.00
87. 50

41

8

25

8

7

19
9

28

2

:

73. 50
79.00

16

30
7
9

3

-

2

9
4

6

6

-

70.50
65. 50

10

16
2

11
6

25

6

10

14
3

5
4

15

3
_
3

5

2

_

_
-

_

_
3

.
-

-

1
1

1
2

12
61

50
7
43

-

49

21

.
_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
“

.
_
_
_
-

5
_
5
_
5

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

16
6
10

17

-

50
72. 50
65. 50
67.00

40.0
4 0.0
39.5
4 0.5
40.0

55.00
61.00
53.50
53.00
49. 50

40.0
3 9.5
40 .0
4 0.5
39. 5

70.00
82. 50

73

6

5

6

-

10

11

85
_

10
1
6

46
4
42

11
1

12
16
2
1

50
5~
45

47
------ 6 ~
41
17

76
22

8

9

1
12

1

1

54
28
13

6

5

11

46
25

37
.... 36

39
28

------ 6

21

1
1

41
7
34

37
27

13

10

5
2

6

11

— r ~
41

2

3

11

85

1

2

_

7
5

10

_
1

2

2

10

5
5
-

22

17

7

2

1

1
1

.

-

-

-

-

-

35

25
16
9
5

14

12
10

3
19
8

_

6

2

11
8

5
-

31
4
27

13
_
13
2

13
7
5

9

2

64
27
37
9
23

2

4
_
4
_
4

26
.
26
4
22

1
22

51

20

46

20
2
8

20

8

1

38

44
17
27
5

36
13
23
4

74
* 58
16
2

4
14
3
3

1
1

2
2

1
1

6

_
-

15
_
15

_

-

7

7
3
4
_
_
-

2

1

4

_

4

1

_
_

6
6

2

_
_
-

7
_
7

2
2

5

1

47

6

_

.
_
30
18

49
17
32

11
6

11

_

29
7
22

12
10
2

_
_

21

14
5
9

4
_
4
.
_

8

1
1

_
_

12
2

_

4

1

_
_
-

2
2

_

13

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

9

7
7
_
_

2

-

_
_
_
-

-

2
1
1

_
1

Women
27

23

8

20

6

6

1

18

_

_

26
-

11
12

-

11

8

2

2
2

-

-

45
4

35
35

44
37

23
9

-

1
1
1

21

20

_
_
_

_

_

1

_
_

_
_

17

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

5
_
5
5

54

-

-

_

.

_
-

-

1

53
5
48

-

2

1
1

15
3

138

89

12

10

126
7
119

79

4

2
2

22
21

2
2

4
4

2

-

1

-

30
30
13

54
54
13

41
14
27

20
11

83
27
56

57

44

4

2

—

15
3
12
2

34

18

8

55
9
14

18

26

2

9

69
4
65
23
18

65
5
60

_
-

-

9

- 2 6

_
-

2

---- 5—

28
4
24
18

10

1

9
9

-

_
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

-

2

2

_

-

-

12
12

.
_
-

_
-

-

.
_
_
_
-

12

_

-

-

.
_
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

"

"

_

See footnotes at end o f table.
t
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
t t Finance, in surance, and real estate.




_

"

16

28

_

26
-

70

94

26

70

94

2

1
62

20

24

-

-

70

6
21

_

_

.

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
15
25
3
4

45
17
28
9

76
30
46

68

16

25

_

2

8
8
1

8

-

2

17

_

-•

1

_

2
2
_

8

"

3
65
5
18

1
1
_

'

6 8 .0 0

65. 50
59. 50

10

58

12
_

'

'

‘

'

'

2

O ccupational Wage Survey, D allas, T e x ., O ctober 1957
U. S. D EPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

4
T ab le A -l:

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C on tin u ed

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in D a lla s, T e x ., by industry division, October 1957)

Avbbagb
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
T Tlk-.r
Tr r ,

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
Weekly
Weekly i 30.00 35.00
“
(Standard) (Standard) under
3 5 ,0Q 4 0.00

$
40.00
"
45.00

$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00
"
■
■
"
■
and
5Q.00 _55.» 00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90. 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 ov er

W omen - Continued
C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing
____ __ __ ____ __ ____ __ _
Nonmanufacturing
. _ ...
_ _
P u blic utilities "f
R etail trade __
F in a n c e t t ________________________________________

1.382
323
1,059
243
143
412

39 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
4 0.0
40. 5
38. 5

C lerk s, file , cla ss A
M anufacturing
.....
......... .
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Finance t t
—
_______ ____ __ __________

286
47
239
179

40 .0
40.”0
3 9 .5
3 9.5

C lerk s, file , c la s s B ____________ ________ ____ „ _
M anufacturing
________ __ ___ ___ __ __ _______
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Pu blic utilities t
R etail trade ________ ___
__ __ ____ ____ _
Finance t t __ ____ __ __ __ __ ____ ________ _

1,139
84
1,055
73
74
782

C lerk s , o rd e r
__ ________ ____ __ ___________ __ _
M anufacturing ___ ________ __ __ ___________ ____
Nonmanufacturing _____ __ ________ __ __________
Retail trade _____ ____ __ _
______
____

2 92
113
179
73

C lerk s, payroll ~
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilitie s t
R etail trade __
F in a n ce tt _ __

__

.... . . . .
468
__
_
— rtr~
_________________________ _______
324
_________ ,______________________
66
__
__ __ ____________________
80
____ __ __ __ __ ____ ____ _
65

C om ptom eter op erators __ __ ________ ___________ _
M anufacturing ___ ____ __ __ __ __ ________ __ _
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic utilities t
R etail trade _
__
___
- __
___ _
F in a n ce tt _
__
___ __
__ __ _
D uplicating-m achine o p e ra to rs
(m im eograph o r ditto) ______ — — ____

622
127
495
49
230
39

59. 50
65.00
58.00

-

6 8.0 0

-

55.00
51.50

-

18
18
16
-

58.00
■&3.00
57.00
53.00

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
i

39 .5
40 .0
39 .5
4 0.0
40 .0
39.0

47.00
59.50
45.50
53.50
40.00
44.00

16

28
28
.
28
-

2

2

478
17

358

39 .5
40.0
3 9.5
40.0

58. 50
65. 50
54.00
46.00

_
_
_
-

4 0.0

64.50

1
1
1

16
.
16

-

40.0
4 0.0
40.0
40 .0

64.00
67. 50
59.50

_
_
_
_

6 1 .0 0

61.50
68.50
59. 50

_
8
8

-

3 9.5
39.0
3 9.5
39 .5
4 0 .0
40.0

8

6 6 .0 0

_
_
_

110

56.00
6 6 .0 0

58. 50
51.50
46.50
"56.00
44..50
47.00
42.50
44.00

11
11
1
10

•

See footnote at end of table.
t
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities
f t F inance, insurance, and real estate.




429
28
.
28
28

24
_
24

51
13
38

22

8

63
14
49
4

38

70
-----31
37

3
3
_
_

T~

29
1

1
12

7

41

107

.

-

14

10

2

8

39

99

145
19
126

1

2

6

59
7

270
134
136
39

224
77
147
50

21

22

138
19
119
97
3

38

25

2

28
17

26
5

13

11

21

70
21

8

13

6
2

15

68

27
41
3
_

5
-

21
6

9

78
33
45
17
9

12

2

_
2

19
4
15
_
_
-

6
2

2

4
_
4

.
_

_
.
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
*

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
.
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

53
40
13

35
28
7

6

10

_

2

10

2

1

-

-

5
5
_
-

6

4

1
1

10

39
"T
33
2

7
13

20
8

110
20

90
5
38
5

t
r

99
23
76
3
34
-

25
1

18
3
7
3
60
It
46
30

38
-------7 ~
31
2
2
2

30
24

_
29
14
15
6

4
5

11

----- ~ 1 ~
4
3

-

i
i

i
i
_
_
_
-

_

_
_
.

_
_

_
_
-

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

_
■

_

_
*
"

_
-

_

_

-

■
-

2

3

2

-

-

35
15

26

14

2

21

10

-

103

61
23
38

2

6

12

1

50

42

7
90

3
52

4
4
-

2
2

2

92
6

-

11

•

66

19

9
37

28
18

20

2

— n>
5
4

1

1

10

7

8

1

2
2

1
1

2
2

6
2
2

-

”

-

“

-

*

9
3

_
_

-

9
149
69
80
24
4
24

5
4

i

_
_
-

10

15
4
-

r~

n

_
_
_
-

80
13
67

20

1
1

-

3

3

_
_
_
_

-

1

-

_
_
_
_

-

6

-

5
_
5
4
_

i

5

-

8

_

4
_
2

_
_
-

1

14

11

15

.
_
-

-

10

6
2
1

------- 5~
_
-

2
2

_
_

in
_
_
_

109

26

1
1

_
_
_
-

-

^

_
_

1
1

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

1

86
10

16
1

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

48
3
45

96

2

_
_
_
_
-

15
-

1

96

1

-

-

52
52
-

6

.
_
_
_
_
-

3

4
4
_
-

4
4
_

117
69
----- t t ~ ----- 36“
57
81
26
17

15
13

_
-

81
40
41
4
-

_
_
-

79
5
74

11

6

6 6 .0 0

— rr~
55
43

6

-

59.00

57
5
52
44

17
14
34

3
50

-

6 1.0 0

66

101

22
11

13

1

1

115
14

303

1

_

217
24
193
13
27
80

12

1

4 0.0

3 9.5
' 3975“
39 .5
4 0.0
39 .5
39 .5

360

1

4 0.0
40.0
4 0 .0
40.0
4 0 .0
4 0.0

261

480

73
_
73
70

58.00
56.00

31

4?
214
30
42

1

8
162

_

6 9 .0 0

576

O ffice g i r l s ___— ___ ______ ________ - ____ ____ ___ M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________
___________ ___ Pu blic utilities t
--------- ------- ----------------- -----R etail trade — ------------ ------- __
---- ---- F in a n ce tt __
— —
— — — — ---- ---- -

11

191
4

7
_
7
_

________ -

416
95
25
266

202

2

_
_
_
_
-

K ey-punch op era tors — ____ ___ _____
___ __ _
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------- *
Nonmanufacturing _____ ________ __ . . ------- -----Pu blic utilities t ------ __ — __ ------------ — -----R etail trade _____ __
__ „ „ __
------- _
F in a n ce tt ------------------------------------------------------------

TW ~

89
87
19
62

■

.

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
-

■
■
-

-

*
"
-

'
”
“

*
“
-

'

-

5

T ab le A -l:

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C on tin u ed

(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in D allas, T e x . , by industry division, October 1957)

Avkraqk
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

35.00
W
eekly
W
eekly ^30.00 $
and
hours1
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) under
35.00 40.00

40.00 $
45.00 $50.00 $55. 00 $60.
45.00

50.00

55.00

00

$
65.00

^ 0 . 00

^ 5 .0 0

$
80.

00

$
85.00

$ 0 . 00
9

65.00

70. 00

75. 00

80.00

85. 00

9 0 .0 0

95.00

81
14
67
9
9

182
30
152
23

236
74

196
45
151
27

22

7
24

241
65
176
46
20

12

16

46

86

180
57
123
14
24
74

85

68

178
------8 2 “
96
36
7
18

286

379
117
262
83
13
114

342
185
157

285
175
110

186
158
28

15

10

26
47

262
128
134
62
7
34

10
10

28
28

35
35

3

12

4

9
3

1

3

60.

00

$
95.00 f o o .
1 0 0 .0 0

00

105.00

fo5 .

00

1 1 0 .0 0

fio

f 15.00
and
115.00 over
. 00

Women - Continued
S ecreta ries _ — ...................... ~ .. ____ __ _______
----------------M anufacturing __ „ ______________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
Pu blic u tilitie s ! _____ ____ ____ __ ________
R etail trade __ _______ __ ____
____
F in a n cett ------------------------------------------------------------

1,582
467
1,115
204
142
449

3 9.5
3 9.5
39.5
40 .0
40.0
38. 5

77.00
80.00
75.50
80.00
72.00
74.50

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

3
3
_
.

-

-

-

Stenographers, general ________________________________
M anufacturing ___________
________ ________
Nonmanufacturing _ ____
__ ____ __ ________
P u blic u tilitie s ! _________________________________
R etail trade
_
F in a n c e !! _____ ____ __ _______ ____ ____

2 ,1 9 8

66.50
73.50
62.00
64.00
56. 50
60.00

_
_
_
_
_

1

16

894
1,304
333
118
502

39.5
4 0.0
3 9.5
40.0
40.0
38.0

Stenographers, te ch n ica l_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_

181
103

40.0
39.5

83.00
72.50

Sw itchboard op erators
_
_ _
M anufacturing ____ ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ ____ __ ____ ____ ________
P u blic u tilitie s ! _________________________________
R etail trade _ ______________ ____ ___________
F in a n c e !! __ — — — ____ _________________

380
65
315
29
75
51

42. 5
40.0
4 3.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

53.50
67.00
50. 50
61.00
45.50
5 9 .SO

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists ___________________
M anufacturing __ ______________ __
____ ____
Nonmanufacturing _______ __ __ __ __
_________
Pu blic u tilitie s ! ___ ____ ____ __ ____ ____
R etail trade
__
___ ___
________
F in a n c e !! __ __ ___
__
__ _ ____ __ _

362
128
234
32
34
67

39.5
40.0
3 9.5
4 0.0
42.0
38.0

61.00
61.50
61.00
73.50
53.50
60.50

79
71
26

40.0
40.0
39.5

6 6 . 50
60. 50

3 74
47
327
251

3 9 .5
4 0.0
39 .5
39.0

55.50
56.00
55.50
53.00

_
-

_
-

-

-

766
556
106
42
2 82

3 9.5
40.0
39.0
4 0.0
41 .0
38.0

59.00
63.00
58.00
60.00
60. 50
56.50

_
_

_

-

-

1,704
317
1,387
115
198
789

3 9.5
4 0.0
39.5
40 .0
4 0 .5
39.0

51.00
59.00
49.50
52.50
49.50
47.50

_

10

-

10

_

_

21

10

47
205

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors _ ____ ____ __ ____
Nonmanufacturing ____
____ __ __ „
____
____ ____
F in a n c e !! __ ____ — — — —
T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs , general _ _________
M anufacturing — __ __ „ __ __ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _______ __ ________ __ ________
F in a n c e !! _
__
__
__ __
__ __
T yp ists, c la s s A _______________________________________
______ ____ __
„
Manufacturing __ ____
Nonmanufacturing
______ __ __ ___ ________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s ! _____ ______________ ____ „
R etail trade _ __
F in a n c e !! _
__ __ _ __ __ __ „ __ ________
T yp ists, cla s s B _______________________________________
______ __ __
__ __
Manufacturing ____ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ___ __ ____
____ __ ______
P ublic u tilit ie s ! _____ ____ ____ ___________
Retail t r a d e ____
__
__ __
F in a n c e !! __ ____ __
__ __ __ __
__ __

1
2
t
tt

210

6 8 .0 0

11

_
11

18
2
16

162

_
4
7

_
3
4

91
9
82

253
24
229
36
27

260
44
17

102

122

14
14

10

46
5
-il
9
4
19

40
15
25

23
15

30
16
14

10

1

1

1

1

_
9

_

_

2

2

40
15
25

11

-

1

1
1

15
7

-

-

8

19
35

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
_
3

28
28
_
13
-

65
65
20

77
4
73
3
13

50
5
45
3
17

*

1

10

17

17

106
32
74
3
15
16

45

68

8

28
40
9
3
15

3
3
3

2
2
1

17
17
14

13

3

39

65

87

6

6

6

33
28

59
59

81
72

65
5
60
44

3
3
3
-

52
5
47

230
6l
169
17

_

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

12

_
_
-

_

_
-

_
_
-

.

_
.

5
_
5
-

309
5
304

21

2

15
_
_
15
12
12

26

61

35
26
1

22
11

18
20
20

_
_

76
28
24 --------5“
52
23
2
15
4
2
12
9
15
15
_
_

1
1

_
_

11

9
2

_
1

_
_
_
_

-

-

5

1

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

8

15
3

19

12

11

1

-

13
-

1
1

1
1

_

_
-

-

_
_

-

-

-

~

28

2

_

10

8
20
2

-

2
2

2
2

_
-

_
-

11

_
-

4
4
4
_
-

.
_
_
-

8
8
1

9

6

6

8

4

_
_

-

1

4
-

2
1

3

67
23
44
31

23
_
23
14

23
_
23
3

_
-

5

_
-

186
41
145
30

129
35
94
29

78
5
73
13

29
18

53
39
14
_

37
_
9
2

5
8

8

24
14
10

_
2
8

11

9

_

1

4

1
1

_
-

_
-

_

_
_

11

----- 6
5
_
_
5
-

3
3
_

_
_
_

_

9

13
10

_
_
_

_
7

1

33

*
_
>
-

-

_
-

_
_
-

.
_
_
_
-

-

1
1

_

_

*

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

5
5
_

_

_
_

-

_

.

_
_

_

.

_

_

_

_
-

2

2

22

11

9
_

_

_

23

107

84

31

30

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

596
43
553
35
51
377

364
52
312
25
40
156

136
29
107
19
37
26

173
125
48

73
46
27
3
_

37
13
24
4
_

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

8
2

6

13
25

11

Standard hours r eflect the workweek for which em ployees receive tneir regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
W orkers were distributed as follo w s: 33 at $ 1 .1 5 to $ 1 .2 5 ; 14 at $ 1 .2 5 to $ 1 .3 5 ; 11 at $ 1 .3 5 and ove r,
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




61

117
44
73

2
2

_

_

.

6
T ab le A - 2 :

P rofessional a n d Tech nical O c c u p a t io n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area ba sis
in D allas, T ex. , by industry division , O ctober 1957)
Ave IAQ»
S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
S
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
%
E----------!s
Weeklyi
Weekly j 5 0. 00 5 5. 00 6 0 . 0 0 I s . 0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5. 00 8 0 . 0 0 85. 00 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .00 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 25 .00 130.00 1 35.00|140.00
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) uncTer
~
“
“
“
“
1
5 5..00 6 0. 0 0 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 75. 00 8 0. 0 0 8 5. 00 9 0. 00 9 5. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 15.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 25 .00 1 30 .00 135 .00 140.001145.00

s
s
145.00 150 .00
and
over

I
150 .00

M en

149
96
53

41. 0
40. 0
43. 0

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r ____ __________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________ __ _
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s | ______________________
D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r _________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r ____ __________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________

T r a c e r s .......................................... .....................

$
1 1 4 .5 0
1 02. 00
1 3 7 .0 0

_
-

369
278
91
43

40.
40.
41.
40.

5
0
5
0

9 2. 0 0
$ 1. 00
9 5 . 50
82. 50

-

3 02

4 0 .5
40. 0
41. 5

7 4. 00
7 4. 00
7 5. 00

8

221

81

3

2
6

_

_

_

!

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1
1
1

3
3
3

6
6

13
4

37
27

57
49

9

10

8

-

46

40. 0

6 1 . 50

14

9

71
52

40. 0
40. 0

8 1. 0 0
8 2. 50

_

2

11

1

6

-

-

7
7
7

53
45

74
73

8
8

1
1

66

28

59
7

20

40
32

1

4

9
9

12
11

8

6

8

7
7
"

18
18

50
37
13

-

23
23
-

16
16
-

7
7
-

48
37

31
31

35
24

13

-

6

11
2

"

11
2

19
15

23
13

2

9

4

10

1

_

.

6

8

11

4

3

9

21
21

-

1

1

2

14
14

20
6

10

6

4

14
5

4
"

2

2
2

.
“

_
-

_
-

-

■

■

_

_

- i

_

2
2

2
2

_

_

11
2
2

1

-

6

2

I

!

4

4

4

10

4
4
“

2

!

2

9

.

-

_

2

4
4

_

L

“ J

1

i
1

1

10

i
1
i

6
2 1

|

4
2

!

2

_
-;

_

2

-

"

1

11

1------- T
!

_

9

_

-

_

2

- --------■
;— 1
■
~
-

! ----- : —
-

j
.

d
6

1

_

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

1
2
3
"f




6>
2

7
5

1

! __ 1__
_
!

_

-

i
_ |

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 3 at $ 150 to $ 155; 4 at $ 155 to $ 160; 2 at $ 160 to $ 165.
Includes 4 w o rk e rs at under $5 0.
Tran sportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
O ccupational Wage Survey, D allas, T ex. , O ctober 1957
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of L abor statistics

7
T able

A -3:

M ain ten an ce

and

Pow erplant O c cu p a tio n s

(A verage hourly earnings fo r men in s elected occupations studied on an area basis
in D allas, T ex. , by industry division , O ctober 1957)

O ccupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
workers

C a rp en ters, maintenance _____________
M anufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ _
R etail trade ---------------------------------

180
77
103
40

E le c tr ic ia n s , maintenance ____________
M anufacturing ___________________ _
N onm anufacturing______ __________

256
rsr

Engineers , stationary ________________
M anufacturing _____________________
N onm anufacturing__________________
Pu blic u tilitie s t ________________
R etail trade _____________________
F in a n ce tt _____________________ -

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1
$
$
$
!$
$
$
$
Average $1 . 0 0 $
1.30 1 . -iO 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 Is1 .1 0
1 .20
2.3 0 2 . * 0 I 2.5 0 2 . 6 0 2. 70 ! 2.80 2 . 9 0 3.00 3. 10
earningsI and
under
1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1. 70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2 .40 2.5 0 2.6 0 2.70 2 .80 2 .9 o 3.00 3. 10 3.20
l LJLO 1 . 2 0
$
2 .2 5
2.3 0
2.3 5

.
-

88

2 .2 8
2.41
2.0 5

.
_
-

_
-

373

1.91

111

2 .2 2

2

62
56
43

101

1. 78
2 .0 2

1. 74
1.85

21

21

_
_

_

H elp ers, tra d es, maintenance ________
M anufacturing ___________________ _
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Pu blic utiiitiest ________________

301
176
125
74

1.58
1.65
1.49
1.65

20
8
12

M achinists, maintenance _____________
M anufacturing ___________________ _

121

104

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m aintenance) __________________ __ _
M anufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Pu blic u tiiitie s t ________________
Retail

635
109
526
381
98

35

8

2

1.72
1. 79

86

2
2

4
4
4

.
-

.
-

_
_
~

3
3

2

16

_

_

1

4
7
-

.

_

_

.

2 .0 6
2 .0 4
2 .0 7
2.23
1.62

_
-

2

39
5
34
4

13

20

12

17

19
16
3

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

.

-

29

7
7
5

2
2
2

-

70
9
3
57

33
33
5
5
9

2

2

1

.

_

-

"

76

19
5
14
3

59
40
19
17

2 .3 8
2 .4 5

-

10

_

19

-

2 .2 1

2

6

1

4
4

.

15
15
-

2
2

•
±
16
3
4
4

10

-

-

-

2

11

.

9
9

7
7

8
8

52
3
49
40

65
32
33
25

25

9

2

1

16

15

43
41

1
1

2
2

26
26
7

48

9

1

3

27

2
1
1

16
11

6~~

42
41

23
8

15
5

35
26
9
9

10

-

6

19
18

98
88
10

9

K
5
9
5

8

32

20

10
22

34
34
~

3

7

2
1

3*
23

1

11
1
2

_

"

lu
10

4
3

1

4
4
_

_
_
_

13
13
13
_

-

-

.

4

_

.

.

.

15
107

-

-

.

.

-

-

"

.
_
_
-

_
-

4
4

19
19

_

31
3
28
28

14

68

10

4
64
64

30
30
30

_
-

41
3
38
3

33
33

49
49
-

-

26
5

-

-

4
4

1

15
15

20

36
36

1
1

-

6

11
11

11
11

16

1

10

17

10
9

11
11

13
13

12
12

1
1

6
6

.

7

14

.

2

-

5

9
7

-

-

12
2

20
20

16

-

7

_

4

_

-

-

11
10
1
1

_
_

.

.

_

-

-

_
-

_
_

-

11
11
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

_

9

3

19

_

3

2
2

_
-

1
-

2
-

2
-

-

-

1

2

2

_

_

_

12
12

2
2

4
4

1
1

4
4

8

2

_
_

_

-

6

2
2

2

—

6

~

_
_
-

6

-

_
_
_

1

.
-

_

53
52

.
-

.
_
_
-

8
8

101
6

"

.
_
-

5
3

21
12
9

-

14
14
14

2

L
16
~

9

8

31
28
3

_

122

_
_

9
“

1

2
2

8

4
5

11
2

8

2

4
4

6

1

8

4
_
4
•
■
t

6

-

8
8

2

2
2

P a in te r s , maintenance _ __ __ ____ _
M anufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________

146
60

2 .0 5
2 .2 8

.

_

2
-

19

7

18

-

2
-

9

-

-

-

86

1 .90

-

-

2

2

9

19

1
6

2
16

P lu m b e r s , maintenance __ __ _______

55

2 .2 4

_

_

_

_

3

2

1

E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
Includes 2 w ork ers in nonmanufacturing at $ 3 .2 0 to $ 3 .3 0 .
T ransportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
F inan ce, in surance, and real estate.

10

-

1

1
1

-

-

27
21

1

14

16

2 .5 4
2 .5 4

_

7

2

_

16

9

1-

:i

_

1 .8 6




.

1

17
5
3
7

3

2

1.85

1
2

20

8

75
74

t
tt

18

7

O ilers __ ___________
M ami far tu ring

383
383

7
7
4
3
-

11
8

2.32

____________ _
______ __ __ _

9
' X

15
13

89

T o o l and die m akers
M anufacturing ____

2

12
10
2
2

44
35
9

M illw rights ___________________________
___________ _

-

5
3
2

17
14
3

12

8
2
2

2 .2 4
. 10
1 .91

4

11
11

2

6

2

8

3

‘

27
5

_

-

5
“

10

17

12
6
2

2

7
2

15
15

-

4

33
7
26
19

7
7
_
7

38

8

_

10

28
_
28
_
19

20

22
8
2
12

33

-

1

-

18

2

20

11

6

2

11
10

1

10
8

-

10
2

11

-

6

13
13
-

5
4

-

55
40

484
398

14
- T
14
_

-

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ___________
M anufacturing _____________________

M ech an ics, m aintenance _____________
M anufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _____„ ________
R etail trade
__ ____ _______

2
2

2

-

2 .2 1

8
8

4
4

“

1

-

4

21

9
12

2
1

3

13

11

8

3

31
31

30
30

105
105

41
41

113
113

_
22
22

_
15
15

O ccupational Wage Survey, D allas, T ex. , O ctober 1957
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

8
T able

A -4:

C u stodia l a n d

M aterial

Me

ement O ccu p atio n s

(A verage hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in D allas, T e x ., by industry division , O ctober 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of

$
0. 60
■
under
. 60
. 70

Average $
hourly 2 0. 50

$
0. 7 0
"
. 80

$
0. 80
.9 0

$
0. 90
1. 00

$
1. 00
1. 10

$
1. 10
1.20

$
1.20
1. 30

$
1. 30
1.40

$
1.40
1. 50

$
1. 50
1.60

$
1.60
1.70

$
1. 70
1. 80

$
1. 80
1.90

$
1.90
2. 00

$
2. 00
2. 10

$
2. 10
2. 20

$
2 .2 0
2. 30

105
93

$
0.93
. 85

-

42
42

18
18

4
4

1
1

8
8

2
2

7
7

"

3
3

14
6

6
2

"

-

-

-

-

E levator op era tors, passenger (wom en)
Nonmanufacturing . .
..
. . ........
Retail trade _____________________________
Finance -j-j- ______________________________

429
425
51
255

. 86
. 85
. 85
.92

50
50
-

46
46
"

41
41
10
28

105
105
38
67

37
37
1
36

129
129
1
120

4
2
1
1

6
4
3

7
7
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

Guards
._ ..
.
............
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
F in a n ce tt
- .....................

381
264
117
90

1.76
1.91
1.40
1.46

-

_
-

"

7
7

_
-

1
1

21
2
19
15

30
12
18
18

18
"4
14
13

28
4
24
10

25
20
5
5

23
16
7
7

23
19
4
4

56
38
18
lo

26
-

67
67
-

23
23
-

_
-

Jan itors, p orters , and clea n ers (men)
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Pu blic u tilitie s! ________________________
R etail trade .................. . _ . . ....
F in a n c e f!
._
.. _
_

3, 188
1, 350
1, 838
308
547
489

1.22
1.47
1. 04
1. 38
.98
1. 00

3 128
128
2
-

39
39
15
-

27 0
270
82
123

126
126
44
56

165
165
144
21

485
132
353
11
133
134

338
135
203
12
54
74

224
66
158
61
31
16

57 3
422
151
80
18
42

229
122
107
62
19
9

174
48
126
74
5
14

29
29
-

50
42
8
8
-

142
140
2
-

131
131
-

1
1
-

50
48
2
-

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers (women)... ....
M anufacturing _ ........... . ................. ... _
.
Nonmanufacturing
.......
Pu blic u tilitie s! ________________________
Retail trade ___________________________
F in a n c e !! ..... ............. .............. _ ____

682
93
584
97
167
300

. 88
1.23
. 83
1.21
. 72
. 77

150
150
20
112

66
66
66
-

122
122
38
84

58
58
30
28

7
7
7

128
30
98
18
9
69

58
18
40
40
-

40
33
7
3
4

35
4
31
31
-

7
4
3
3
-

-

*

4
2
2
2
"

-

5
5
-

2
2
-

L a b o re rs , m aterial handling ..... .
.......
M anufacturing
.. . .. .. .. .
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Pu blic utilities")' ______________________
Retail trade _______________________ ____

3, 239
1, 562
1, 677
595
690

1.42
1. 50
1. 34
1. 70
1. 15

_
-

_
-

10
10
10

28
28
28

46
46
46

857
203
654
107
352

351
163
188
9
68

294
200
94
4
31

376
212
164
150
9

135
107
28
12
10

192
79
113
8
100

98
47
51
14
35

114 109
5
4
1

181
175
6
6
-

107
90
17
16
~

O rder fille r s _
..
_
..... . .
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
......... ... . ...
R etail trade _____________________________

1, 113
265
848
315

1.51
1.78
1.42
1.57

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

33
33
24

181
2
179
8

126
126
17

125
23
102
23

119
27
92
17

53
18
35
28

84
13
71
64

155
2
153
100

66
38
28
14

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) ______________________
381
M anufacturing ______________________________ — i^o
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
191
65
R etail trade ______________________________

1.40
1. 51
1.28
1.23

_
-

_
-

.
-

5

1
1
1

16
16

77

9

8

7
2
2

35
16
19

4

25
19
10

34
14
20
2

18
18
-

8
8

44

95
32
63
30

44

5
5

_
-

2
2 '
-

2
2
-

12
12
10

2
2
2

2
2
1

20
3

13
13
4

14
14
2

16
4
12
6

10
10
1

32
32
2

24
24

40
12
28
2

Elevator op era tors, passenger (m en)
Nonmanufacturing ... ......

.......... .

-

33

R eceiving cle r k s ______________________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Retail trade __________________________ _

273
156
107
51

■ 82
1.
2. 07
1.45
1.48

-

Shipping cle rk s ______________________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Retail trade _____________________________

281
155
126
31

1.78
1.96
1. 56
1.59

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of table.
■ T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities
f
"
! ! Finance, insurance, and real estate.




8

12

9

3

9
-

9
3

37
28
9
9

$
2 .3 0
2 .4 0

$
2 .4 0
2. 50

$
2 .5 0
2. 6C

$
2. 60
and
over

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
-

_
_

_
_

"

-

1
1
"

32
32
"

_
-

_
-

34
34
-

-

"

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

61
37
24
16
“

59
19
40
40

325
116
209
209
-

5
5
“

-

“

_
-

138
129
9
9

10
3
7
-

10
1
9
9

5
5
-

6
4
2
-

_
-

-

_
"

21
19
2
-

16

-

-

"

-

18
-

_
-

-

‘

“

-

"

31
16
15
15

18
16
2
2

18
11
7
2

35
35
~

23
21
2
”

3

43
42
1
I

2
2
"

1
1
'

7
7
-

5
1
4
4

33
22
11
2

16
15
1

27
27
-

19
18
1
1

7
6
l
i

12
12
-

5
5
-

5
5

26

-

3

"
9
9

-

O ccupational Wage Survey, D allas, Tex. , O ctober 1957
U .S . D EPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

9
T able

A -4:

C u stodia l a n d

M aterial

M ovem ent

O c c u p a t io n s - Contin ued

(A verage hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in D allas, T e x ., by industry division , O ctober 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

Average $
$
$
hourly , 0. 50 0. 60 0 .70
earnings
“
“
under
.6 0
.7 0
. 80

Shipping and receivin g c l e r k s _________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ ________________
Pu blic u tilitie s ! ________________________
R etail trade ___________________ ____ __

341
191
150
82
48

$
1. 81
1. 88
1.72
1.74
1.60

T ru ck d river s 4
______________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________ ___
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilitie s ! ________________________
R etail trade _____________________________

2,799
421
2, 378
1, 133
624

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under l}^ tons)
M anufacturing ___ _____________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ __ ___________
R etail trade ___ ________ ___________

$
0. 80
“
.9 0

$
0 .90
1. 00

$
1. 00
1. 10

$
1.20
1. 30

$
1. 30
1.40

12
12
2
10

1
1
-

35
27
8
2
6
177

-

-

-

-

1.77
1. 67
1.79
2 .2 3
1. 36

-

-

-

4
4
4

27
131
119
- ------j— ---- ¥3“
27
118
88
6
18
35
109

538
103
435
134

1.52
1. 51
1. 52
1.48

-

-

-

4
4
4

25
25
18

20
20
11

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium {1 */z to and
including 4 tons) ________________________
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
P u blic utilitie s ! _____________________
Retail trade ____________ ___________

1, 377
159
1, 218
838
171

1.90
1.56
1.94
2 .22
1.23

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r t y p e ) ____ ___________ __ ________
M anufacturing ____________________ ____
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s ! _____________________

378
135
243
80

1.69
~T78?—
1.61
2. 08

-

~

-

"

T ru ck e rs , pow er ( fo r k lift ) ____________________
M anufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilitie s ! ___________ ___________

521
318
203
110

1.70
1. 77
1. 58
1. 74

_
-

_
-

_
-

T ru ck e rs , pow er (other than fo rk lift) ____ ____
Manufacturing ___
_____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________

198
74
124

1.89
2. 13
1.75

.
-

_
-

-

-

W atchm en__ __ „ ___________ ___ ________
M anufacturing _____________ „ ___________
Nonmanufacturing
________ ____ _ _____
Retail trade _________________
________

311
-----IT8
173
69

1.23
1. 39
1. 09
1. 19

5

1

14

12

-

-

5

1
1

1
2
3
4
!
ft

-

$
1.90
2. 00

$
2. 00
2. 10

25
3
22
16
6

21
8
13
10
3

32
23
9
6
3

46
24
22
5
8

23
18
5
5
"

27
5
22
17
5

30
10
20
17
3

119
nr
105
48
18

80
1
79
9
64

361 ------ T_
22
104
257
15
36
3
35
12

$
$
2. 10 2 .2 0
2 .2 0 2 .3 0

21
12
9
1

68
61
7
2
3

!$
$
$
2. 30 2. 40 2 .5 0
2 .4 0 2. 50 2 .6 0

_
-

$
2.60
and
over

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

2
2
-

6
6
6

-

_

64
25
39
20

90
14
76
6

8
4
4
4

23
7
16
3

28
15
13
4

50
6
44
11

15
15
7

174
17
157
24

15
4
11
11

9
7
2
2

3
3
3

2
2
-

-

2
2
-

6
6
6

_
-

96
1
95
95

67
18
49
6
15

107
22
85
4
8

31
2
29
11
6

68
36
32
5

35
61
16 ------- T
55
19
7
42
10
7

21
1
20
7
13

130
33
97
32
11

5
3
2
1
1

34
15
19
14
-

SO
4
76
76

1
1
-

639
1
638
638
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

121
121
4

6
12
12 ----- g—
-

15
15
6

21
4
17
8

50
5
45
8

57
45
12
12

_

2
2
-

.

_

-

-

-

—

6

9

_

-

-

-

9

-

'

18
3
15
3

40
20
20
9

103
- “ T T "
6
62
30

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes 36 w orkers at $ 0. 40 and under $ 0. 50.
Includes a ll d riv e rs reg a rd less of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication, and other public u tilities,
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




$
1. o0
1.90

71
35
36
12
16

_

-

$
1. 70
1. 80

133
49
84
44

-

12
2

$
1. 60
1. 70

159
11
136

_

-

426

$
1. 50
1.60

$
1.40
1. 50

390
8
122

-

14

-

$
1. 10
1.20

n r

47
26

21
13

—

120
115
62 ---- S T 53
79
46
76
3
2

10
876
4 r t ~
6
872
6 872
-

6
4
2
-

8
2
6
6

44
44
-

53
53
"

2
2
2

69
37
32
32

21
21
-

6
6
6

30
30
30

_
-

_
-

_
-

45
15
30
24

59
51
8
8

46
42
4
4

33
2
31
-

3
3
~

74
73
1
-

34
34
-

_
-

_

-

84
44
40
40

_
-

_
-

_
-

26

11
5
6

9
1
8

11

15
7
8

63
17
46

_
-

34
28
6

_
-

.

_

-

-

11

5
1
4

13
13

26
7
4
3
2

17
12
5
5

3
9 ------ j —
—
9
4

3
3
-

1
1
-

-

6
6
-

-

-

6
13
r r ------S
T
-

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

10

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureaurs job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O ffice

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc, , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrancl, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* acc omits (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, lias responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m ents business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a. knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

11

CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or m e m o r a n d a for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records'; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.* This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation oh a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

12

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing Incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form. May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records. May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings p repared by d ra fts­
man or others for engineering, con stru ction, or manufacturing p u r­
p oses.
Uses various types of drafting tools ,as requ ired. May p r e ­
pare drawings from sim ple plans or sketches, or p erform other duties
under direction of a draftsm an.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and d irects activities of one or m ore draftsm en in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings frqm rough or p r e ­
lim inary sketches for engineering, con stru ction, or manufacturing
pu rposes. Duties involve a combination of the follow in g; Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal o rd e rs; ’ determining work
p roced u res; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
perform ing m ore difficult p rob lem s. May a ssist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following; Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN. LEADER - Continued
em erg en cies or as a regular assignm ent, or p erform related duties
of a su p ervisory or adm inistrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
P rep ares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, con stru ction, or manu­
facturing p u rposes.
Duties involve a com bination of the follow in g;
P reparing working plans, detail drawings, m aps, c r o s s -s e c t io n s , etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com puta­
tions such as those involved in strength of m a teria ls, beam s and
tru sse s; verifying com pleted w ork, checking dim ensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; writing sp ecification s; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or sp ecification s. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil draw ings, prepare detail units of com plete draw ings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a sp ecialized field such as
a rch itectu ra l, e le c tr ic a l, m ech an ical, or structural drafting.

13

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, ^welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

a

d Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves; Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e rfo rm s a variety o f e le ctrica l trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization o f e le c tr ic energy in an establishm ent.
Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of e le ctrica l equipment such as g en era tors, tra n sfo rm e rs,
switchboards, co n tro lle rs, circu it b rea k ers, m otors, heating units,
conduit system s, or other tran sm ission equipment; working from b lu e­
prints, drawings, layout, or other sp ecifica tion s; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the e le ctrica l system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirem ents o f wiring or e le ctrica l
equipment; using a variety of e le ctricia n 's handtools and m easuring
and testing instrum ents. In general, the w ork o f the maintenance
electrician requ ires rounded training and experience usually a c ­
quired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experien ce.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or m ore w ork ers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by p erform in g sp ecific or general duties o f le s s e r skill, such
as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning w ork ­
ing area, m achine, and equipment; assisting w orker by holding m a­
teria ls or tools; p erform in g other unskilled tasks as d irected by jo u r ­
neyman. The kind of w ork the helper is perm itted to p erform v a ries
from trade to trade: In som e trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools> and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is perm itted to p erform sp ecialized machine
operations, or parts o f a trade that are a lso p erform ed by w ork ers
on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.

14

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance*
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and spec ifi cat ion s; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright^ work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required Tor different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and (ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

15

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excludecL

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and .other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floods;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

16

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers1 houses or places of business. May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires^
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium [ i V z to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than "trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆

U. S. GOVE RNM EN T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1 9 5 8 0 — 4 5 2 6 0 8

Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are bein g conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958* B u lletin s, when a v a ila b le , may be
purchased from the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, Government Printing O ffic e , Washington 2 5 , D . C ., or from any o f the region al s a le s o ffic e s show n.

A bulletin for the area listed b elow is now a v a ila b le .




S eattle, W ash., A ugust 1957 — BLS B u ll. 1224-1, p rice 20 cen ts





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102