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Occupational Wage Survey

CLEVELAND, OHIO
JUNE

B u lle t in

N o .

1958

1 2 2 4 -1 9

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S

J a m «s P. M itch e ll, Secretary

Ewan Clagua, Com issionar
m







Occupational Wage Survey




CLEVELAND^ OHIO
JUN 1958
E

B u lle tin No. 1224-19
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA ISTIC
T
S
Ewan Clague, Com issioner
m

August 1958
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year's surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




Introduction_______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ________________________

1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of su r v e y __________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods __________________

A:

Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations ____________________________
A - 2: Professional and technical occupations _________________
A - 3: Maintenance and power plant occupations _______________
A -4 : Custodial and material movement occupations _________

B:

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - l : Shift differentials _________________________________________
B -2: Minimum entrance rates for women office
workers ___________________________________________________
B -3 : Scheduled weekly hours ___________________________________
B -4 : Overtime pay ______________________________________________
B -5 : Wage structure characteristics and labormanagement agreements _______________________________
B -6 : Paid holidays _______________________________________________
B -7 : Paid vacations _____________________________________________
B -8 : Health, insurance, and pension plans ___________________

Appendix:

Job descriptions _____________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these item s are availa­
ble in the Cleveland area reports for October 1951, October 1952,
October 1954, and October 1956. The 1954 report also includes
data on frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions for
holidays falling on nonworkdays. A directory indicating date of
study and the price of the reports, as well as reports for other
major areas, is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices is also available for the machinery industries in
the Cleveland area (December 1957). Union scales, indicative of
prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or
industries: Building construction, printing, local-transit operat­
ing employees, and motortruck drivers.

iii

2
3
5
8
9
10

12
13
14
14
15
16
18
20
21




O ccupational W a g e Survey - C le v e la n d , Ohio*
Introduction
The Cleveland area is one of several important industrial
centers in which the Department of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Sta­
tistics has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related
wage benefits on an areawide ba sis. In each area, data are obtained
by Bureau field agents from representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ices. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers
are omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 Wherever possible, sepa­
rate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing o f these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions:
(a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but c o s t-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is

* This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional office in
Chicago, 111., by Woodrow C . Linn, under the direction of George E.
Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for m inim um -size establishment covered.




to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w orkers.
The term "office w o r k e r s ," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"P lant w ork ers" include working foremen and allnonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical em ployees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the c la s­
sification "o th e r " was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment ba sis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2
workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed.
Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-managem ent agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a ^majority are c o v ered .3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual item s in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to form al arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estim ates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or fla t-su m amounts.
How ever, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen’ s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com ­
m ercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or

paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.

Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to form al plan s5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker’ s pay during absence from work
because of illn ess.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B- 3 ) were presented in earlier years in term s of the propor­
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
were excluded.
weekly hours for women w orkers.
Table 1: E stablishm ents ana w o rk e rs within scope of survey and number studied in Cleveland, Ohio, 1 by m ajor industry division , June 1958
Minimum
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

W orkers in establishm ents

Number of establishm ents

Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 2

Studied

Studied
T o t a l3

O ffice

Plant

T otal 3

_________________________________________________________

.

961

235

3 09, 7 00

54, 300

194,600

184, 740

M anufacturing (excluding new spapers) ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication,

101

454
507

109
126

212, 600
97,100

32,900
2 1,400

146, 800
47 ,8 0 0

133,940
50, 800

101
51
101
51
51

64
15/
80
90
116

22
34
20
26
24

2 7,800
17, 300
23, 600
15, 400
13, 000

A ll d ivision s

and o th e r public, u t i l i t i e s 4

__ ________

_

Whole sale trade __________________________________________________
R etail trade (excluding departm ent s to r e s ) -------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate ____________________________
S e r v ic e s 7 -------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

11, 300
7, 600
,
( 5)
6 2, 100
( 5)

4, 800
4, 600
( 5)
8, 600
( 5)

19,890
7 ,4 2 0
11, 540
7 ,7 2 0
4 ,2 3 0

1 The Cleveland M etropolitan A rea (Cuyahoga and Lake C ounties). The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate d escrip tion of the size and com p osition of
- —
a
the labor fo rc e included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, h o w e .t r ,, to serve as ~ b a sis of ------ ---------- --------- ------- ---------yem ploym ent indexes to m easure employment, trends o r le v e ls since ( l ) planning
i
— com parison with other area
t
1
|
^ are excluded fro m the scope of the survey.
.
- _ .
of wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled con siderably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents ^
2 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation A ll outlets (within the are a )’ of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto rep air s e r v ic e , and m otion*n —
of ^om nam es in such industries as trade, finance, auto rep
pictu re theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
s sio
l,
m the separate office and plant c a te g o r
. , ,
,
. ..
f nrr
st.llfiies
3 Includes executive, technical, p ro fe ssio n a l and other w o rk e rs excluded frolevelan d 's transit system is m unicipallyie s .
............................
C
operated and, th e re fo re , excluaed oy definition fro m tne scope of the studies.
4 A ls o excludes taxicabs, and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation
1 the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficien t to ju stify separate presentation of data.
5 This industry d ivision is represen ted in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing

J r U D U U d‘UC O a c
C U t lC * \f lHlA
U
+

‘

ESUmate ” U ,e * tG
H otels; personal s e r v ic e s ; business




w vv

r

repair shops; radio broadcasting and teie v isio n ; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organization s; and engineering and a rch itectu ral s e r v ic e s

3
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-in sured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w orker’ s life.
With reference to wage structure characteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system . However, because of technical considerations, all tim e­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these w orkers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were c la s s i­
fied to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Similarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 3 7 hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the numerically important
jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs^ B ille rs, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators;
office g irls; secreta ries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-m achine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled-—carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; m illwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-m etal workers; and tool and die m akers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, m aterial handling; and
watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1955 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual

T a b le 2:

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes m easure, principally, the effects of ( l ) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay le v els.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid p o rk ers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishm ents.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtim e, since they
are based on pay for straight-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor M arkets, 1956-57.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s in C l e v e l a n d , O h i o ,
J u n e 1 9 5 8 a n d O c t o b e r 1956, a n d p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
in d e x e s
( O c t o b e r 195 2 = 1 0 0 )

In d u stry an d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
Ju n e 1958

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n )
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n )
....

_

_

.

_

___

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ________________________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ____________________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________________________________
U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ) ___________________________________________




O c t o b e r 1 95 6

P e rce n t in c re a s e s fro m —
O c t o b e r 1 95 6
to
Ju n e 1958

O c t o b e r 1954
to
O c t o b e r 1956

O c t o b e r 1 95 2
to
O c t o b e r 1954

O c t o b e r 1 95 1
to
O c t o b e r 1 95 2

1 3 1 .9
138. 3
130. 5
134. 5

1 2 2 .0
1 2 4 .8
1 2 1 .9
1 2 4 .7

8. 1
1 0 .8
7. 1
7 .9

1 0 .6
1 1 .4
1 0 .7
1 1 .7

1 0 .3
12. 0
10 . 1
1 1 .6

7 .6
8. 1
6 .2
4 .2

1 3 4 .7
138. 3
1 3 0 .3
129. 8

1 2 3 .6
124. 1
1 2 2 .0
1 2 1 .2

9 .0
1 1 .5
6 .9
7. 1

11 . 1
1 0 .7
1 0 .7
1 1 .3

1 1 .3
12 . 0
1 0 .2
8 .9

7 .4
9 .0
6. 1
5 .3

A : O c c u p a t i o n a l E a r n in g s

5

Table A-1: Office Occupations.
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in C leveland, Ohio, by industry division, June 1958)
Avebagk
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly
W
eekly Under
hours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 5 .0 0

$
45 . 00
and
under
5 0 .0 0

$
$
$
50. 00
55. 00 60. 00
5 5 .0 0

60. 00 65. 00

$
65. 00
7 0 .0 0

$
$
7 0 .0 0 75. 00

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

85. 00

9 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

$
$
%
$
$
$
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
over

$
$
9 0 .0 0
9 5 .00
9 5 .0 0

Men
C le r k s, accounting, cla ss A —
M an u factu rin g ----------------------'Nonmanufacturing --------------Public utilities f -------------W holesale t r a d e --------------

647
459
188
41
87

4 0 .0
4 0 .6
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 6
9 4 .0 0
9 9 . 50
9 1 .5 0

C ler k s, accounting, cla ss B M an u factu rin g----------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------

Z76
87

4 0 .0
40 . 5
3 9 .5

83. 50
86. 50
7 6 .5 0

C le r k s, order --------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------W h olesale t r a d e --------------

828
352
476
438

4 0 .0
46 . 6
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9fi. 00
9 2 .5 0
94 . 00

C le r k s, p a y r o l l -------------------------M an u factu rin g------------------------

215
177

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 . 50
9 3 . 50

-

Office b o y s ----------------------------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------Finance " f t --------------------------

263
130
133
71

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
63. 00

Tabulating-m achine operators
Manufacturing ----------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------

307
2 l6
91

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 7 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

2 79
186
93

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

66. 50
68. 50
62. 50

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m a c h in e )-----------

61

4 1 .5

7 1 .5 0

B ookkeeping-m achine o p erators, cla ss A -------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------

258
197
61

3 9 .5
3 9 .6
3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0
79. 36
77. 50

Bookk:
.g-m ach in e op erators, c la ss B -------M a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------Public utilities t -------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e -------------------------------------------F in a n c e t t --------------------------------------------------------

910
687
36
145
457

39. 0
39. 6
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

64. 50
68. 50
6 3 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

835
314
521
64

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
38. 5

8 1 .5 0
6 6 . 60
77. 50
7 6 .5 0

T W ~

17
-

-

-

-

18
1
17

56
42
14
2
4

58
31
27
10
7

89
55
34
3
19

104
91
13
4
7

84
70
14
7
5

68
57
11
9
2

46
33
13
1
8

31
31

4

34
19
15
5
8

-

2

8
2
6

27
12
15

57
50
7

34
22
12

48
39
9

19
13
6

4
4

10
10
*

6
6
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

3
3
"

16
1
15
15

49
6
43
43

52
24
28
28

98
61
37
35

132
$1
81
80

153

94
29
65
65

66
38
28
28

31
15
16
16

35
23
12
12

22
11
11
4

20

93
93

26
24

16
13

15
14

_

-

5
5

2
2

_

_

-

_

-

17

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

17

4

14

12
9
3

23
18
5

14

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

14

-

5
1
4

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

7
-

14
-

39
17
22
15

-

60

-

"

.
_

37
28
9
_

16

4
4

-

-

-

-

1
-

11
2

8
2

1
1

38
34

23
13

22
20

31
31

16
16

25
16
9
-

11
2
9
5

16
5
11
7

44
21
23
16

59
25
34
12

53
28
25
17

23
14
9
8

10
7
3
2

9
3
6
2

11
7
4
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

1

-

“

“

~

5
1
4

10

-

-

10

4
1
3

13
4
9

28
7
21

37
27
10

4
4

4
4
-

22

24
10
14

75
61
14

54
35
19

14
12
2

46
32
14

21
18
3

_

_

.

11

16

1

5

8

8

12

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
5
2

17
9
8

55
45
10

22
14
8

40
27
13

31
31

35
23
12

29
27
2

16
16
-

223
92
131
16
21
85

72
20
52
4
20
28

54
15
39
1
10
22

61
20
41
1
33
3

13
9
4

3
Z
1

3
3
-

3

-

-

>

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

64
8
56
4

124
18
106
16

211
73
138
10

144
40
104
15

78
48
30
8

46
24
22

35
25
10
2

54
33
21
“

16
16

13
13

8
8

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

”

■

"

-

1

-

_

_

_

-

-

.

-

.

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

40
37
3

39
29
10

19
17
2

36
34
2

42
36
6

20
11
9

11
10

2

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

1

1

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e )---------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------N onm an ufacturin g-----------------------------------------------

C le r k s, accounting class A -------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ,--------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------—
W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------------

11%

-

29
1

-

-

-

-

36
9
27

101
Z
99

-

-

-

-

16
9

1
96

-

_

-

-

-

"

“

■

166
18
148
11
9
119
6
2
4
“

175
33.....
142
3
34
91
34
4
30
8

See footnote at end of table.
f
Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication, and other public u tilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




NOTE:

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include inform ation for department sto r e s;
the rem ainder of retail trade is appropriately rep resented in data for a ll
industries combined and for ‘ nonmanufacturing.

6
5 "
1

1
3

1

_
_

-

_

.

_

.

3

2

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

6

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Cleveland, Ohio, by industry division, June 1958)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
4 5 .0 0

$
50. 00

nnHpr
50. 00

~
55. 00

4
4
-

33
9
24
-

113

-

1
0

-

2
2

Number

of

workers

Weekly.
hours *
(Standard)

Weekly
Under
earnings 1
(Standard)

4 5. 00

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

~
6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

2 59

202

120
74
46

71

83
119
25
18
34

63
35
28

$
70. 00

$
7 5 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 . 00

8 5 .0 0

■
9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

$

$
9 5 .0 0

100.00

-

1 0 5 .0 0

100.00

$
$
1 0 5 .0 0

110.00

-

110.00

$
$
1 15 .00

120.00

$
125 .00

115 .00

-

125 .00

and
over

120.00

W om en - Continued

69.00

C ler k s, accounting, cla ss B ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------Public utilities f ---------------------------------------------------------W h olesale t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------Finance f t -----------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,3 0 4
651
653
79
91
224

3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

C le r k s, file , c la ss A -----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------

2 52
137
115

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9. 0

70. bo
67. 50

C le r k s , file , c la ss B ------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
---------------------------------------------------------Public utilities t ---------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------------------------------------Finance f t -----------------------------------------------------------------------

711
2 64
4 47
42
127

5 7 .0 0
62. 66
54. 00
5 9. 50
56. 50
5 3 .0 0

49
l3
36
-

124
15
109
23
60

127
42
85
34
48

139
37

210

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
4 0 .0
3 8. 5

C le r k s, ord er --------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------

430
289
141
81

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

68. 00
69. 60

7
7

25
9
16
-

44
44
-

47

C le r k s, p a y r o l l ----------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------------------Public utilities f ---------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------------------------------------

896
661
295
104
55

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5

76.
79.
70.
.
77.

Com ptom eter operators -------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e t t -----------------------------------------------------------------------

762
465
297
103
58

D uplicating-m achine operators (m im eograp h
or ditto) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------------------------------

7iTcRJ
64. 00
6 5 .0 0
6 9. 50
62. 50

69.00

6 5 .5 0
74. 00

2
1
2

8
8

20

173
71

93

12
0
1
1

9
32

14
42

1
0

24

2

4

6

1
0

14

12
0
23
17
57

2
1

1
1

66
2

4
17

15
9

9

81
55
26
15
“

65
38
27

18
9
9

41
23
18

3
3

1
2
1
0
2

161
65
96
16
44
24

45
31
14
3

29
24
5
5
-

33
33
-

2
2

2
2

-

_

78
57

55
42
13
9

46
34

47
28
19
19

25
17

103

73
27

142
h 163
39

3

110
149
28

1
2

26
-

2
1

-

92
t
25
15
-

11
2

18

2

9

77
3i
46
17

00
00
50
50
00

9

-

-

15
15
7
-

3 9. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9. 0
3 8. 5

7 1 .5 0
74. 50
67. 50
67. 50
59. 50

_
-

4
4

36
5
31

79
36
43

124
84
40

138
63
75
42

16

15

14

2

97
73

3 9. 5
4 0 .0

67. 50
6 9 .0 0

-

3
3

5

9

36
26

13

Key-punch operators ------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e ft------------------------------------------------------------------------

847
567
280
56

7 1 .5 0
75. 00
6 4. 00
6 8 .5 0
6 0. 50

_
-

17

22
2

10
2

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8. 5

Office girls -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------Public u tilities t -----------------------------------------------------------

208
94
114
34

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9. 0
3 9 .5

Se cretaries -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------N onm an ufacturin g------------------------------------------------------------Public utilities t ---------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------- -------------------------------F in an cett -----------------------------------------------------------------------

2 ,7 4 8
1 ,590
1 ,1 5 8
234
283
409

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8. 5

68

57. 50
" 6 o; 5 0 5 4. 50
6 0 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
9 2 . 50
8 5 .0 0
9 5 . 00
8 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

1
8
-

2
2

2
15
-

8

6

1
2

7

27

2
1

39
T5

29
7

49
3 l—
18
14

39

13
-

28

_

_

-

-

-

3

_

2

1
1

5
13

15

1
1

1
0

80
38
42

1
1

2

73
48
23

20

-

See footnote at end of table.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

2
1
5

22

8

60

-

“
'

159
64
95
18

'

2
1
39
5

4

2
1

1
2

8
11
6

22
18

100

76
40
36
6
5

-

1
1
1
1

8
8

-

-

3
5

4
4
-

.
-

-

16
l6
_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

.
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

4
4
-

2
2

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

42
42
-

22
30
2
1
1

-

-

-

78
_ 24
7

42
19
4
-

20
20

-

*

1
1
1
-

_
-

1
1

4

-

-

4

1
0

2

~ ------ 8

114

2
2

------ 2
-

419

372

390

i'45'

339""'

227
23
74
78

151
24
38
52

- 5 8 — 329

8
1
0

1

190
14
55
92

—

M
-

_
_
-

14
5
9
9

33
33

-

_
_
.

-

6
1

4

3

-

24
24
-

12
0

3

_
_
_
_
>

-

4

87
84

_
_
_
_

-

3

83
76
7
6
"

4
4
_
_
_

_
-

4

103
87
16
6

_
_
_

-

14

2

2
2

2
1
1

_
-

4

66
1
0

4

69

22

_
_

37

1
6

92

56

1
1
1
1

43

5
5

1

8

30
30
_

50
37
13

2
2

2
2

32
29
3
3
-

58
4l
17

1
2
1
1

9
------ 7

6
24
57

1

7
6

15
7

11
1

-

"

1
0

23
9

149
38

80
59

2
1

87
63
24

1
0

104
57
7
23

8

144
78

2

31
30

1
1

33

1
0
1

8

2
3

2
2
-

-

_
-

-

-

2
2

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

“

7

1
1

1
2
1
2

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

.
-

3 77
~ 30 6
171
46
36
50

249

258

16
0

66

45

36

~ iv r

80
26

189'—

143

22

69
40
13

18
15
-

13

9

3

_

— r e - — 52— — 55
io
13
3
2
1
1
2
2
1
6 .

1

1

-

53

“ 95-

20
1
2
4
4

7

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Cleveland, Ohio, by industry division, June 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Weekly
Weekly!
hou
rs
earnin
gs
(Standard) (Standard)

Under
$
45. 00

$
45. 00
and
under
5 0 .0 0

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
7 0 .0 0

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

75. 0Q

80. 00

85. 00

90 . 00

9 5 .0 0

$

90 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
and

100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00

over

W om en - Continued
Stenographers, general ---------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring---------------------------------------------------------P ublic utilities | ------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------------------Finance f f ------------------------------------------------------ --------------

2, 540
1 ,4 9 6
1 ,0 4 4
156
341
354

Stenographers, t e c h n i c a l-------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------

186
127

Switchboard operators -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities f ------------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e f t --------------------------------------------------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
38. 5

1
1
1 ■
-

1
1
1
-

_

1
-

_

_

_

1
1
_

_

_

_
_

74. 00
7 7'. To
6 9 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
72. 00
6 5 .0 0

11
11
11

4
4
4

39
2
37
9
26

181
47
134
33
27
43

352
158
194
19
27
109

430
207
223
16
83
76

391
221
170
29
63
44

382
266
116
19
48
27

263
179
84
22
41
9

175
131
44
16
16
7

185
164
21
2
17
2

88
84
4
4
-

23
23
_

39. 0
" T 9 . a ...

82. 50
82. 50

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

9
5

9
9

15
10

29
17

63
53

34
10

4
3

15
15

406
184
222
40
55
55

4 0 .0
39. 5
40. 5
40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0
77. 50
62. 00
70. 00
68. 50
64. 00

12
12
_

27
27
6
_

48
11
37
5
5
13

61
18
43
8
20
15

56
30
26
7
16
3

47
30
17
5
9
3

43
32
11
8
1
2

33
32
1
1
_

2
2
_

-

29
3
26
3
15

9
9
-

-

34
12
22
1
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists ------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------------------------

645
3S5
2 79
90

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 0
3 9 .0

68. 00
69. 50
65. 50
6 8 .0 0

4
4
4

11
11

54
7
47
10

65
56
9
4

92
52
40
14

136
81
55
22

121
55
66
16

39
37
2
-

14
7
7
4

5
5
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

6
2
4
4

-

-

“

Tabulating-m achine operators ---------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------------------

196
— SI

39. 5
40. 0

7 7 .0 0
86. 50

_

31
2

41
12

20
-------5

34
14

9
-------5

13
9

14
13

12
11

5
5

5
5

4
4

_

1
1

_

T ran scrib in g-m achin e op erators, general -----------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------

492
306
186
79

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
4 0 .0

69. 00
7 1 .0 0
65. 50
65. 50

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

T yp ists, class A --------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public u tilities t -----------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade -----------------------------------------------------Finance t t --------------------------------------------------------------------

1, 007
329
65
60
88

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.
39.

5
5
5
0
5
5

73.
76.
67.
67.
73.
65.

00
00
00
50
00
50

1
1
1

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

Typ ists, class B ----------------------------------------------------------------M'
factoring --------------------------------------------------------------*
anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------i-ublic utilities t ------------------------------------------------------Wholesale trade ------------------------------------------------------Finance t t -------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,9 9 7
945
1,0 5 2
95
249
515

39.
40.
38.
39.
39.
37.

0
0
5
5
5
5

62.
66.
59.
65.
59.
58.

50
50
00
50
50
00

2

-

_

_

-

-

-

STS

'

_

98
— 54"
34
12

_

4
4
_

-

-

-

5
2

2
2

4
4
-

.
_

-

-

-

7
-

_

_
-

12
12
8

88
43
45
24

97
57
40
13

81
44
37
15

89
60
29
4

65
52
13
8

12
7
5
3

40
35
5
4

8
8
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

55

156
50
106
16
18
16

175

189
172
17
2
4

89
65
24

111
94
17
10
2
2

37
36
1
1

18
18
-

4
4
-

10
32

133
99
34
6
13
9

-

-

270
149
121
27
39
35

217
151
66
17
10
39

94
77
17
2

23
23
-

39
37
2
2
-

_
-

2

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

39
24
15
-

-

“

15

16
39
21
7

52

59
23
36
18
18

267
59
208
2
45
87

494
152
342
26
79
160

52
6
46

42 7
230
197
7

54
117

“ TOO
75

5

5

4

8

5
11
2
51
44
7

2
5

1 Standc-rH hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours,
t Tra” ^ s t a t io n (excluding railroad s), com munication, and other public u tilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




10
10
_

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

_

-

-

“
_
-

8

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in Cleveland, Ohio, by industry division, June 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN][NGS OF-

Ae a e
vrg
Sex, occupation, and industry division

o
f

workers

$
$
u
S
$
$
$
$
s
$
s
!$
S
s
70.
Under $ 00 75.00 10.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 ioo. oo, 105 .oa 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00
1
and
$
and
under
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00
Q Q Q
Q
Q
85.00 90. 0Q 95.00 100.00 105.00ill0.00 11 R.nn 120.Q 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145,Q 150.00 155.Q 16Q.QQ■165.Q 17 .Q |_over
Q
1
s

Number
Weekly i
Weekly!
earnings
hours
(Standard) (Standard)

Men
Draftsmen, leader ------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------

153
147

40. 0
40.0

$
141. 00
141.00

Draftsmen, senior ------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------

1,024
977

40.0
40. 0

117. 50
117. 5o

_
“

6
6

4
4

31
29

12
12

26
24

Draftsmen, ju n ior--------------------------------

539
490

40. 0
40. 0

91.50
O O '
oT 'O

24
20

37
37

39
30

70
66

79
77

Tracers ----------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------

72
65

40. 0
40. 0

84. 50
84.00

7
7

7
6

7
7

13
13

268 40.0
253~ 40. 0

92. 00
02. 00

_

7
7

21
21

34
33

_
"

_

_
“

_
“

_

“

_

_

_

i
i
1
4 | io
4
10

_

3
3

4
4

6
4

11
11

15
15

15
15

15
15

26
26

14
10

18
18

9
9

39
57

105
105

112
101

107
102

139
133

94
89

132
127

87
87

32
32

44
42

22
21

11
8

18

_

_

18

"

"

104
100

63
62

61
60

23
21

10
9

10
g

3

6

10

_

_

_

_

_

.

:___V

12
0

15
13

9
8

1
1

1
1

_

_
"

_
“

_
“

_

■

_
“

_

”

_
“

_

“

“

_
"

50
44

58
58

34
31

38
38

24
19

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

3
3

3
"

“

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered)-----------Manufacturing ---------------------------------

_

2
2

1 Standard hours refle ct the w orkweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.




N O TE :

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include inform ation for departm ent sto res;
the rem ainder of retail trade is appropriately represented in data for a ll
industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

_

_

_
1 :—
—

9

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Cleveland, Ohio, by industry division, June 1958)
NUMBER OF W0RKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

N me
u br
o
f
wr e *
okr

Ae g
v ra e
h u ly .
or
e r in s
an g

Under
$
1. 70

$
1. 70
and
under
1.80

$
1.80

$
1.90

$
2. 00

$
2.10

$
2.20

$
2.30

$
2.40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2.90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3.20

1.90

2.00

2. 10

2.20

2. 30

2.40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3.20

3.30

11
5
6
-

9
9
-

30
30
“

15.
15
-

27
19
8
7

34
26
8
8

83
68
15
12

66
61
5
3

81
63
18
15

54
54
-

13
12
1
-

5
4
1
1

2
2
-

2
2
_
-

$
3. 30
and
over

Carpenters, maintenance ----------------------------Manufacturing------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------Financeft-----------------------------------------------

482
367
115
67

$
2. 69
2. 6l
2.92
2.94

-

2
2
-

Electricians, maintenance ---------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------

1,652
1, 515
137

2. 78
2. 76
2. 71

_
-

6
6

1
1
-

11
5
6

30
30
-

54
43
11

62
57
5

36
36
-

90
87
3

381
3 70
11

122
103
19

356
287
69

289
287
2

97
95
2

28
27
1

9
9
-

3 80
78
2

Engineers, stationary -----------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacjuring--------------------------------------

485
318
167

2. 67
2. 76
2.49

2
2

.
-

8
8

46
22
24

16
4
12

6
6

22
5
17

26
11
15

62
55
7

24
19
5

99
56
43

50
45
5

77
56
21

11
10
1

9
8
1

16
16
-

11
11
-

Firemen, stationary b o ile r --------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

600
555“

2. 34
2. 35

4
“

58
58

8
-

2
2

52
52

41
40

50
46

87
87

108
101

83
80

55
47

27
27

25
25

.
-

.
-

_

-

_
-

Helpers, trades, maintenance ----------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------

841
75 7
84

2.27
2. 30
1.94

6
6

92
76
16

41
39
2

42
26
16

86
57
29

41
32
9

136
130
6

68
68
-

84
84
-

166
166
-

75
75
-

3
3
-

_
-

>
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

1
1
-

Machine-tool operators, toolroom ----------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

1,262
1,262

2. 72
2. 72

_
-

4
4

8
6

5
5

_
“

8
8

51
51

37
37

94
94

196
196

180
180

216
216

136
136

204
204

78
78

28
28

6
6

11
11

Machinists, maintenance ------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

1,222
1,204

2. 73
2. 73

.
-

.
"

.
-

.
-

17
17

68
68

11
11

36
36

51
51

65
60

320
311

68
64

126
126

422
422

29
29

3
3

1
1

5
5

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance)-----------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------Public utilities $ -----------------------------------

712
255
457
2 75

2.
2.
2.
2.

60
63
59
55

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14
-

2
2

20
1
19
11

34
4
30

*

23
10
13
13

264
70
194
168

122
33
89
77

125
84
41
6

100
30
70
-

7
7
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

Mechanics, maintenance -----------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

1, 394
1,361

2. 64
2.64

24
24

17
17

124
118

41
41

52
49

232
229

96
91

247
234

102
100

214
214

55
54

106
106

47
47

20
20

17
17

1,290
1,290

2. 71
2. 71

_
_
-

.

Millwrights --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

_
_
-

_
-

_

40
40

33
33

46
46

23
23

55
55

226
226

102
102

2 59
2 59

394
394

16
16

12
12

1
1

_

4 83
83

Oilers ----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

431
42 7

2.29
2.30

4
-

2
2

10
10

4
4

17
17

60
60

66
66

202
202

34
34

19
19

8
8

2
2

3
3

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Painters, maintenance ---------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------Finance|| ---------------------------------------------

416
271
145
109

2. 52
2. 60
2. 36
2.40

_
-

-

-

-

7
7
“

9
9
-

45
23
22
18

6
6
-

47
5
42
42

22
11
11
8

90
44
46
40

95
95
-

47
46
1
1

23
20
3
-

1
1
-

-

12
9
3
-

-

-

10
10
-

-

-

'

2
2
-

Pipefitters, maintenance -----------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

790
782

2. 73
2. 73

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
6

22
22

14
14

16
16

30
30

115
114

105
99

99
99

225
224

98
98

34
34

10
10

16
16

-

Sheet-metalworkers, maintenance --------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

122
122

2. 68
2. 68

_

-

_
-

.
-

1
1

23
23

_
-

1
1

2

5
5

6

22

6

22

57
57

1
1

3

2

3

-

.
-

1
1

and die makers ------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

1,915
1,915

2.89
2. 89

1
1

2
2

1
1

2
2

20
20

122
122

190
190

174
174

321
321

322
322

680
—580

26
26

51
51

3
3

Tool

1
a
3
4
|
||

_

■

_

.

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 40 at $ 3 . 70 to $ 3 . 80; 2 at $ 3 . 80 and over.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 71 at $ 3 .3 0 to $ 3 .4 0 ; 9 at $ 3 .4 0 and over.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 77 at $ 3 . 30 to $ 3 . 40;
6 at $ 3 . 40 and over.
Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




N O TE :

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include inform ation for department sto res;
the rem ainder of retail trade is appropriately represented in data for all
industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

-

-

*

48
6
42
21

_

10

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Cleveland, Ohio, by industry division, June 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
oi

w
orkers

Averagehourly *
earnin
gs

63
63
63

$
1 .3 3
1 .3 3
1 .3 3

E levator op erators, p assen ger (w om e n )---------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------

220
216

Guards --------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Finance f f ------------------------------------------------------

$
$
$
Under 1 .0 0
1. 10
1 .2 0
and
$
under
1 .0 0
1. 10
1 .2 0
1 .3 0

Elevator op erators, p assen ger (men) -------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------F in a n c e f t ------------------------------------------------------

_

$

1 .3 0
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1. 60

1 .5 0

1. 60

1. 70

_

.

$

$

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2
2
2

.
-

-

1

-

“

"

-

8
8
8

4
4
4

20
20
20

2
2
2

27
27
27

-

-

1 .1 3
1. 13

7
7

105
105

68
68

5
5

14
12

17
17

2
2

1 ,2 3 9
1 ,0 7 6
163
108

2 .2 0
2. 22
2. 01
1 .9 5

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

"

-

1
1
1

11
11
9

14
1
13
6

24
15
9
7

Janitors, p o r te r s, and cleaners (m e n )------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u t i li t i e s f ------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------------------------------F in a n c e t t ------------------------------------------------------

3 ,4 3 5
2 , 492
943
99
188
243

1.81
1 .9 3
1 .4 7
1. 77
1 .8 9
1 .5 2

124
3 124
-

70
13
57
-

65
9
56
8
10

125
20
105
8
20
41

136
36
100
1
6
61

209
94
115
9
16
75

346
307
?9‘

-

81
15
66
4
7

Janitors, p o rte rs, and cleaners (w o m e n )-------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u t i li t i e s f ------------------------------------------F in an ce^ !-------------------------------------------------------

2, 311
45Z1 ,8 2 9
137
1 ,0 9 8

1 .3 8
1. 74
1 .2 9
1 .4 4
1 .2 9

36
36
-

56
56
18

213
2b
193
-

560
5
555
491

697
11
686
85
537

125
59
66
27
27

292
82
210
16
25

L a b o re rs, m aterial handling ----------------------------M an u fac tu rin g --------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring-------------------------------------------Public utilities ! ------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e -------------------------------------------

5, 685
3 ,2 9 5
2, 390
780
731

2. 14
2. 09
2 .2 1
2. 51
1 .9 5

6
6
-

34
34
24

20
20
8

36
36
4

22
22
-

68
54
14
9

Order fille r s ---------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring--------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------

' 1 ,4 9 3

-

15
15
-

-

_
-

-

-

5
5
-

P a c k e rs, shipping ( m e n ) -------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------------------------------

1 ,3 4 5
1, 164
181
162

2 . 11
2 . 15
1 .8 6
1 .9 2

-

-

-

18
12
6

*

-

11
2
9
-

P a c k e rs, shipping (w o m e n )---------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

441
383

1 .6 1
1 .6 4

_

48
40

21
15

5
5

4
-

Receiving c le r k s .----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------

554
43b
124
97

2 .1 7
2. 19
2 . 11
2 . 07

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

“

5
5
4

Shipping clerk s -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------

504

2 .2 3
2 . ZT
2 .2 2
2 . 17

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

621

672
42 7

— m ~
85
81

2.
2.
2.
2.

11
16
05
03

-

.
-

-

_
-

“

-

“

"

-

$

2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 . 40

$
2 . 50

$
2 . 60

$
2 . 70

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3. 00
and

2 . 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 . SO

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3 . 00

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

129
110
19
17

68
46
22
22

126
103
23
17

184
165
19
18

195
184
11
11

280
246
34
-

Ill
111
-

94
94
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 76
288
88
50
10
5

239
176
63
7
23
32

282
2 70
12
5
1

771
738
33
23
8
-

347
340
7
6
1

211
136
75
72
-

47
44
3
-

2
2
-

_
_
-

3
3
_
_

1
1
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

75
56
19
1
-

66
66
-

47
47
-

74
74
-

45
45
-

1
1
-

-

23
15
8
8
-

99
40
59
_
46

322
£26
96
92

291
221
70
64

183
128
55
51

494
3 l6
178
46

763
609
154
10
119

776
519
257
15
101

12
12
4

20
6
14
8

51
30
21
12

54
4
50
45

94
25
69
66

151
79
72
54

229
135 '
94
81

20
4
16
16

35
32
3
1

36
32
4
4

41
21
20
18

64
49
15
15

219
201
18
18

34

104
72

93
93

48
48

17
17

5
5
-

26
24
2
-

41
39
2
-

11
------- T

13

“
-

10
10

4

4

'

$
2 .0 0

-

26

-

1 .9 0

$

'

—5 —
8
8

r

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

408
1^75
218
13

300
55
245
124
4

826
8
818
626
83

212
194
18
-

335
172
163
39

159
92
67
31

157
88
69
69

134
103'
31
18

66
61
5
-

176
107
69
69

143
132
11
11

328
319
9
9

51
51
-

127
126
1
1

26
26
-

-

-

-

-

-

45
45

-

3
3

12
12

7
7

31
26
5
4

18
14
4
4

65
22
43
40

88
60
28
28

57
54
3
2

109
92
17
15

67
55
12

11
10
1

22

46
46
-

102
84
18
18

120
90
30
30

31

2J~
-

-

-

'

See footnotes at end of table.
! Transportation (excluding railroads), communicatipp, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_
_

-

784
69 7
87
5
64

-

NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for department stores;
the remainder of retail trade is appropriately represented in data for all
industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

-

TT~
4
4

62
5 8 ""
4
4

-

_
_
-

_
_

“

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

11
11
-

_
-

10
10
-

-

20
17
3
3

-

-

-

1
1
-

2
2
-

_
-

6
6
-

2
2
-

32
32
-

14
14
-

-

2
2
“

2
2
-

-

-

-

■

“

-

“

“

25
25
-

1
1
-

5
3
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

18
17
1

12
9
3

_
-

-

-

-

"

“

-

-

27
27
-

13
11
2
2

6
6
-

11
11
11

-

11

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in C leveland, Ohio, by industry division, June 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
h
ourly
earnings

Shipping and receiving clerks — -----------------------Manufacturing ------------------ ^ -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------

241
122
119

$
2 . 18
2 .2 $
2 . 07

T ruckdrivers 4 ---------1
-------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g------ v------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -v----------------------------------------Public utilities $ ------------------------------------------W holesale trade -----------------------------------------

3, 496
753
2, 743
1 ,0 8 2
630

T ru ck d rivers, light (under l 1/* t o n s )---------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------

$
$
Under 1 .0 0
1 .1 0
and
$
under
1 .0 0
1. 10
1 .2 0

$
1 .2 0
1 .3 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

_

.

.

-

-

-

2 .4 8
2. 43
2. 50
2. 57
2 .4 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 73
56
217

2. 10
2 .2 $
2. 05

_
-

_
-

_
-

1, 343
412
931
117

2 .4 9
2. 43
2. 52
2. 46

-

1 ,2 9 8
176
1, 122
459
432

2. 49
2. 51
2 .4 9
2. 58
2 .3 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

469
462

2. 66
2. 66

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) --------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------

1, 766
1 ,6 7 3
93

2 .2 7
2. 26
2. 38

_
“

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

'

-

T ru ck ers, power (other than f o r k li f t ) -------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

381
363

2. 55
2 .5 5

_

Watchmen --------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Finance f t ------------------------------------------------------

696
457
239
125

1 .6 7
1. 77
1 .4 6
1 .4 2

6
6
6

T ru ck d rivers, medium (lV a to and
including 4 tons) ------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------Public utilities $ -------------------------------------W holesale trade -----------------------------------T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) --------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

1

$
1. 70
-

1. 70

1 .8 0

$
1 .8 0
1 .9 0

$
1 .9 0
2. 00

$
2 .0 0
2. 10

$
2 . 10
2 .2 0

-

$
2. 20
-

$
2 . 30
-

$
2 .4 0
-

$
2. 50
-

$
2. 60
-

$
2. 70
-

$
2. 80
-

$
2 .9 0
.

2 .3 0

2. 40

2 . 50

2. 60

2 . 70

2. 80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

$
3. 00
and
over

-

4
4

4
4

6
6

10
10

10
2
8

4
4

7
2
5

26
14
12

55
51
4

37
21
16

40
14
26

9
2
7

5
4
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

8
1
7

9
9
-

9
9
9

-

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

8
7
1
-

-

238
67
171
26
33

739
254
485
• 109
166

1502
183
1319
935
271

183
52
131
8

328
17
311
53

4
2
2
-

-

86
68
18
10
-

6
6
-

-

210
21
189
_
2

5
2
3
-

-

113
13
100
2
84

56
56
-

-

4
4
_
4

-

-

-

9
9

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

-

8
2
6

192
3
189

15
15
-

17
17
-

14
4
10

10
10
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

2
1
1

_
-

-

-

3
3

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
10

5
5
-

6
6
-

24
10
14

13
13
-

23
23
-

43
29
14

122
32
90

320
152
168

600
90
510
45

168
37
131
g

11
11
-

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

7
7
-

6
2
4
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

774
80
694
442
216

3
3
-

-

3 73
58
315
17
116

12
6
6
-

-

20
20
20

13
13
-

-

81
1
80
80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

49
49

1
“

108
108

1

-

-

-

-

305
305

-

-

-

.
-

2
2
-

17
15
2

64
64
-

58
52
6

83
77
6

239
239
-

634
TTo
24

467
455
12

80
80
-

37
21
16

39
12
27

29
29
-

8
8

5
5
-

4
4
-

1
--------r

74
74

15
15

98
98

9
9

49
49

3
3

20
2

6
6

.
-

4
4

96
96

23

71
58
13
"

11
11
-

21
12
9
■

3
3
-

15
15
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

"

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

20
20
7

12
7
5
3

55
4
51
14

49
------?—
42
27

_
-

-

50

2
2

.

.

-

-

2
2

2
2

16
7
9
8

94
50
44
38

94
76
18
8

139
i2 $
14
14

67
60
7

Data lim ited to men w ork ers, except where otherw ise indicated.
z
Excludes premium pay for overtim e, and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 68 at $ 0 . 70 to $ 0 .8 0 ; 4 at $ 0 .8 0 to $ 0 .9 0 ; 52 at $ 0 .9 0 to $ 1 .
4 Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.
f Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication, and otner public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




$
1. 60
-

tt

1
"

“

“

‘




12
B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

and

S u p p le m e n ta r y

W age

P r o v is io n s

Table B-1: Shift Differentials 1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
U)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Total _ _

_

.

___

_ ....

_ ...... _

95.5

With shift pay differential
Uniform cents (per hour)

_ . ....... .
__

........ ..

82. 8

Second shift

15.4

Third or other
shift

4 .8

94. 1

82.2

15.2

4.7

58.9

49.4

10.4

4. 0

.8

.8
2. 1
.8
.8

*
*
1. 6

5 cents
_
_ _
. . . .
6 cents
„_ __
........... .
7 cents
_
_ .......
7 V2 cents ___________________________________________
8 cents ______________________________________________
8 V cents
4
9 c e n t s ____
_
_
_
_
10 cents _
. _
11 cents _____________________________________________
12 cents 1_____________________ _____________________
14 cents
15 cents ____________________________________________
Over 15 cents _
_
_ _ _ _ _ _

15.4
2.4
2 .4
“

Uniform percentage ____________________________________

32. 6

percent____________________________________________
7 percent ____________________________________________
7 72 percent ________________________________________
1 percent ___________________________________________
0
15 percent ___________________________________________

19.3
1.7
-

5

Third or other
shift work

(b)
Actually working on—

9. 9
9.7
5. 3
2. 5
5. 0

.2
6. 1

11. 6

-

.2
1. 1
.7

.2
10 . 0
21. 1

.9
*

1. 8

1.6

1 .3

1.9
1. 0
.2
-

29.0

4.6

.6

2.7
-

*

1 .9

.2
*

-

3. 5
3 .3

7.2

_
.9

7.3

20.

1

. 1
.5

.1
*

.4

-

.7

Other 2 __________________________________________________

2.7

3. 8

.2

*

No shift differential _______________________________________

1. 3

.6

.2

*

1 Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late
shifts at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
2 Mostly a combination of uniform cents differential and pay for more hours than worked.
* Less than 0. 05 percent.

Occupational Wage Survey, Cleveland, Ohio, June 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

13

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Nonmanufactur ing

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

All
industries
All
schedules

Establishments studied___________

235

37 y2

40

All
schedules

37 y,

40

109

XXX

XXX

126

XXX

XXX

All
schedules

235

37 y2

40

All
schedules

37 ya

40

109

XXX

XXX

126

XXX

XXX

12

42

For Inexperienced Typists

Establishments having a
specified minimum

121

Under $40.00 ________________
$40.00 and under $42.50 ______
$42.50 and under $45.00 ______
$45.00 and under $47.50
$47.50 and under $50.00 ______
$50.00 and under $52.50
_
_
$52.50 and under $55.00
$55.00 and under $57.50
$57.50 and under $60.00 _
$60.00 and under $62.50 ....
$62.50 and under $b5.00
$ 65.00 and under $67.50
$67.50 and under $70.00
$70.00 and under $72.50
$72.50 and under $75.00
__
$75.00 and over
_ ...

.

4
4
8
9
24
18
15
12

4

58

58

12

40

132

_
1
4
1
7
11
8

_
_
2
_
2
-

_
1
4
1
7
8
8
4

_
4
3
4
8
17
7
7

_
1
1
1
4
2
1
2
_

.
3
2
1
5
12
5

2
9
9
13
9
19
17
13
12
15
1

6
6

8
2

7
2

3

3

2
5
1

5

_
_

1

-

_ ....

42

21

category ___________________________

71

24

1

1

Establishments having no
specified minimum ....... ... ...

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Workers3

63

6

1

6

6
_
1

5

_

_
_
_
_

1

-

-

XXX

21

XXX

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

XXX

7
2
3

1

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours; 2 of—

All
industries

_
_

1

6

4
1

69
4
1
3
2
10
11

6

5
14
1

4
_
>
_
_
_
1
_
2
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

XXX

20

XXX

XXX

43

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

~

XXX

XXX

-

-

-

-

XXX

42

22

XXX

XXX

60

17

XXX

XXX

XXX

1
4
5
6

_

5

4

1

_

_

5

1

3

2
5
8
10
7
9
6
7
7
1

5
-

-

_

3
5

4
1
3
2
10
9

63

1
2
4
2
1
1
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

64

XXX

6

3
13
1
3

4

.

_
1

XXX

3

5
4

6
6
1
_

1

XXX

Establishments which did not
employ workers in this
Data not available

1

1

1 L ow est s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s fo r typing o r other c le r i c a l jo b s .
Standard h ours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e their r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a r e p re se n te d fo r a ll w ork w eek s com b in ed , and fo r the m os t c o m m o n w ork w eek s
rep orted .
3 R a tes a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .




O ccu p ation a l W age Survey, C levelan d, O hio. June 1958
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA BO R
B u reau of L a b or S ta tistics

14

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS *EMPLOYED IN—

Weekly hours

A
ll 2
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie t
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

F a ce 11
in n

A
ll 3
in u ie
d str s

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie t
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

All workers ____________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Under 32 hours ______ ________________________
32 hours ________________________________________
Over 32 and under 3 5 hours ___________________
35 hours_____________________ ________ __________
Over 35 and under 37 72 hours _________________
37 72 hours___ __________________________________
Over 37 l/ z and under 40 hours _________________
40 hours________________________________________
Over 40 and under 44 hours ___________________
4 4 hours ______________ _______ ___________ ____ _
Over 44 and under 48 hours ___________________
4 8 hours ______________
_______________________
Over 48 hours _________________________________

**
2
**
2
2
14
4
74
**
1
**

1
4
1
2
11
1
80
**

_
1
2
97
“

_
3
3
12
2
80
“

_
8
**
31
17
43
“

1
9
2
1
5
1
73
2
2
1
2
1

2
12
3
1
6
**
75
1

.
100
■

_
6
1
6
•87
1
"

1 Estimates for office workers are not
2 Includes data for retail trade (except
3 Includes data for retail trade (except
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads),
f
f f Finance, insurance, and real estate.

comparable with earlier studies. See Introduction, page 2.
department stores) and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
department stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
communication, and other public utilities,

Table B-4: Overtime Pay
PE C N O O IC W R E S EM YED IN—
R E T F FF E O K R
PLO
O v e rtim e p o licy

A
U
in u s 1
d strie

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie f
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

P R E T O P N W R E S E PLO
E C N F LA T O K R M YED IN
—
F a ce "f"f
in n

A
ll
in u ie *
d str s

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb ,
u lic
u
tilitie |
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

58
58
**
58
**

70
70
**
70
-

84
84
84
-

60
60
60
-

12
12
1
11
-

87
87
1
85
1
**

97
97
1
95
1
-

99
99
99
-

63
61
61
2

42

30

16

40

88

13

3

1

37

97
97

100
100
1

99

96
96

96
95

5

99
6

100
100

5

100
98
2

99

99

-

-

100
100
100
-

100

99

2
1

93
1

Daily overtime
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
p r e m iu m p a y 3 ___________________ __________________
T im e and o n e - h a l f _______________________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r le s s than 8 h o u r s _________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r 8 hours _____________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r m o r e than 8 h o u rs _______
O th er _______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing no
p r e m iu m pay or having no p o licy
____________

W e e k ly overtime
W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts providing
p r e m iu m pay 3 _____________________________________
T im e and o n e - h a l f _______________________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r l e s s than 4 0 h o u rs _______
E ffe c tiv e a fte r 4 0 h o u rs ___________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r m o r e than 40 h o u r s ______
O ther _______________________________________________
W o rk e rs in e sta b lish m e n ts providing no
p re m iu m pay or having no p o licy
------------------

1 Includes data for retail trade (except
2 Includes data for retail trade (except
3 Graduated provisions are classified
time , and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly,

3
94
**

3

**

91
-

4

88

100
-

96
-

2

4

department stores) and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
department stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
,, ,
to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours aday would beconsidered
a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37 7a and time and one-half after 40 hours would be constdered as time andone-half after 40 nours.

** Less than 0. 5 percent.
.
.
, ,
m,KUr
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f
ft Finance, insurance, and real estate.




1

Occupational Wage Survey, Cleveland, Ohio, June 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

li>

Table B-5: Wage Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
PE C N O O F E W R ER EM YED IN
R E T F F IC O K S
PLO
—
Item

A
ll
.
in u s 1
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb ,
u lic
u
tilitie J
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

P R E T O P N W R E S E PLO
E C N F LA T O K R M YED IN
—
F a ce j“f
in n

A
ll 2
in u ie
d str s

Mn fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie f
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

W a g e structure for time-rated workers3
Formal rate structure
Single rate _________________________________
Range of rates _____________________________
Individual rates _______________________________

77
3
74
23

77
4
73
23

88
-

88
12

55
5
50
45

93
7

93
51
42
7

98
57
41
2

99
21
79
**

88
51
37
12

76
24
13
10
1

-

93

70
30
17
13
-

100

95
5

90-94

90-94

Method of w a g e payment
for plant workers
Timeworkers
Incentive workers
Piecework
Bonus work
Commission

_ _
..
............... . ....

DATA NOT COLLECTED

-

-

-

2
2

-

L abor-m anagem ent agreem ents4

Workers in establishments with agreements
covering a majority of such workers

10-14

5-9

60-64

0-4

0-4

95+

80-84

* Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Estimates for office workers are based on total office employees, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category. The estimates so ob­
tained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area maybe covered by provisions of labor-management agreements, due to the exclusion of smaller size establishments.
**L ess than 0.5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Cleveland, Ohio, June 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

16

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays1

PERCENT OF OFFICE W
ORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

2

Public
utilities

W
holesale
trade

PERCENT O PLANT W
F
ORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
P c
ubU
utilities"
j"

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

98

2

1

4
_
27
1
32

3
_
16
1
43

1
_
25
_
_

-

-

-

-

_
65
3
5
2
1

-

-

-

-

18

-

30

33

o4

25

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
2

1
1

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

M
anufacturing

_

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holidays _ _____________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays ______________________________

99

99

100

100

100

**

1

**
**
31
2
28
**
**
26
**
1
6
1
1
**
2
**

**
15
1
45

19
-

.
53
9
4

-

-

-

-

-

**
3
4
4
11
12
66
68
99
99
99
99
99

7
8
83
84
99
99
99
99
99

14
14
81
81
100
100
100
100
100

15
15
37
47
100
100
100
100
100

99
14
99
99
99
3
99
99

99
5
99
99
99
**
99
99

100
80
100
100
100

100
17
100
100
100

__________________________

W
holesale
trade

M
anufacturing

A
U
industries A

A ll w orkers

A
U industries

Finance Tt

2

N um ber *of d a y s
_________________ _ __
L ess than 5 holidays
5 holidays _____________________ ____ _______ ____
6 holidays _
____ _ _ _
6 holidays plus 1 half d a y ______________________
6 holidays plus ? half days
6 holidays plus 3 half days
6 holidays plus 5 half days ______________________________
7 holidays _____________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half d a y ______________________
7 holidays plus 2 half days .
8 holidays
8 holidays plus 2 half days _
8 holidays plus 4 half days ______________________________
9 holidays ________________________________________________________
10 holidays
12 holidays

31
1
2
5

_
-

67
-

-

-

14

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
4
5
1
11
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

23
_
-

!

Total h o lid a y t im e 4
12 days
10 or m ore days
9 or m ore days
8 l!z or m ore days ____________________________
8 or m ore days ______________________________
71 or m ore days
/?.
7 or m ore days ________________________________
6V or m ore days
a
6 or m ore days
5 or m ore days
4 or m ore days _____________________________________________ _
3 or m ore days ______________________________
1 or m ore days

_
_
42
5
2

_

j

-

-

1
17
22
24
26
27
32
35
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
66
67
93
93
96
96
98

3
3
79
80
96
96
99
99
99

9
9
73
73
99
99
99
99
100

23
23
51
56
98
98
98
98
98

100
15
100
100
100
18
100
100

95
7
96
94
95
1
96
96

98
1
98
96
98
**
99
96

99
73
99
100
99

98
29
98
98
98

_

_

H o lid a y s 5
New Y ea r's Day
Washington's Birthday
Decoration Day ________________________________
July 4th ____________________________________________________________
Labor D a y _______ _____________ ________________
V eteran's D a y __________________________________
Thanksgiving Day ______ ______________________
Christmas
v
__
_______

-

100
100

See footnotes at ehd of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
t+ Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

100
100

-

99
99

Occupational Wage Survey, Cleveland, Ohio, June 1958
U„S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

-

98
98

17

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays1 - Continued

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Item

Holidays *

-

A ll
2
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities "j-

Wholesale
trade

20
10
6
47
46

14

12
3
7
14
4

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —
Finance

AU
.
industries

M anufacturing

PubUc .
utilities "f

Wholesale
trade

Continued

Good Friday ________________________________________________
Christmas Eve _________________________________________ Election D ay ________________________________________________
Columbus D ay______________________________ —
Half day Christmas Eve ____________________ ______
Half day New Year’ s E v e ____________________________
Half day Good Friday ___________________________________

15
6
5
3
32

28
2

-

5

6
16
17

-

14
5
3
34
34

16
7
4

45
45

9
-

23

5

9
2

16

1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores), real estate, and servicesin addition to those industry divisions shown separately
4 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no half
days, 6 full days and 2 half days. 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
5 Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 2 percent of the office or plant workers in the area are shown in this tabulation. A few other holidays or half-holidays were provided.
** Less than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
tt Finance, insurance, and real estate.




18

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE W
ORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Vacation policy

A
ll
industries 1

Public
utilities f

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

99
99
**
**

A ll w orkers ___________________________________

M
anufacturing

100
99
**
1

99
99
-

100
100
-

PERCENT O PLANT W
F
ORKERS EM
PLOYED IN—
A
ll
,
industries

M
anufacturing

100

100

100

100
100
-

99
92
5
3

Finance -"J'
j

Public
utilities j
.

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100
90
6
4

100
100
-

94
94
-

**

“

“

6

M ethod of paymont
W orkers in establishm ents providing
Percentage payment _______________________
W orkers in establishments providing no
paid vacations _______________________________

**

-

**

6
52
13
**

5
67
11
_

21
12

14
1
84
**
**

Amount of vocation p a y 3
A fter 6 months of service
L ess than 1 week _____________________________
1 u/pplf
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
3 wppIcs
............

4

1

_
56
5
-

26
35
-

23
9
1
-

27
7
1
-

20
15
-

7
11
10
-

6
2
92
**

44
**
54
1

24
_
74
2
-

8
1
91
-

83
4
12
**
1

87
5
7
1

56
3
41
~
-

37

5
**
94

3
1
96

3
_
96

1

**

1

13
85
2
-

5
95
-

60
15
23
**
1

69
18
12
1

23
77
“
-

27
6
55
6
-

2
**
95
2
1

2
1
94

_
98
2
-

100
-

24
39
1
1

28
50
20
1
1

1
99
-

11
9
67
6

**

.
_
99
_
1

_
94
5
1

_
98
2

97
2
2

96
1
3

1
92
4
3

1
93
5
2

100

3
84

“

1

A fter 1 year of service
1 wppI
c
.
.............
Dvpr 1 and unHpr 7. wseka
. .. .
2 w e e k s ____________________________ ___________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 wftplca
. . ....

51
6
|

After 2 years of service
1 week ________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
?. weeks
___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks
After 3 years of service
1 week
Over 1 a nrl under ?. weeks
7 weeks
,
..... .
Over 7. and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
__
__
_

....
__
__ _
^

3

36

"

After 5 years of service
1 week
2 weeks ________________________________________
Over 2 and nnder 3 weeks
3 weeks
___________________

**

94
4
2

See footnotes at end of table.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities
f f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




NOTE:

6

Occupational Wage Survey, Cleveland, Ohio, June 195S
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "lengtn of tim e,"
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

19
Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
P R E T O O IC W R ER EM YED IN—
E C N F FF E O K S
PLO
Vacation policy

A
U
in u ie *
d str s

Mn fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb c
uU
u
tilitie y
s

_
64
1
35

1
46
35
18

1
42
45
12

90
10

3
37
14
39

_
24
76
■

_
2
98
■

1
12
84
2
**

1
8
88
3
1

100
“

3
10
81
"

_
6
94
-

_
19
72
9

_
2
87
11

1
12
76
3
8

1
8
84
4
4

78
22

3
8
56
27

_
6
61
33
“

19
63
3
15
“

_
2
68
30
"

1
9
64
10
15

1
5
71
13
10
1

49
51

3
8
51
31

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie J
s

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

54
17
29

_
46
27
27

_
84
16

_
59
9
32

_
9
90
1

_
6
93
1

.
6
94
-

_
8
84
8

_
6
87
7

_
8
68
5
19
**

_
5
73
7
14
1

U
in A s 1
d strie i
u

P R E T O P N W R E S EM LO D IN
E C N F LA T O K R
P YE
—
F a ce "ft
in n

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

Amount of vacation p a y 3- Continued
After 10 years of service
1 week ________________________________________
2 weeks _______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 w eeks_______ _______________________________
After 15 years of service
1 week
_______________________________________
2 weeks _______________________________________
3 weeks _______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks
After 20 years of service
1 week _________________________________________
2 weeks _____________________________________ *
3 weeks _______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks _______________________________________
After 25 years of service
1 week _________________________________________
2 weeks _____________________________________
3 weeks _____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks ____________________________________
Over 4 weeks _________________________________

1

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years* service
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




20

Table B-8: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PE C N O O F E W R ER EM YED IN—
R E T F F IC O K S
PLO
Type of plan

All workers __________________________________

A
ll
.
in u s 1
d strie

100

P R E TO P
E C N F LAN W R ER EM YED IN
T OK S
PLO
—

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie t
s

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

F a ce‘ft
in n

100

100

100

100

A
ll ,
in u ie
d str s

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb ^
u lic
u
tilitie f
s

100

100

100

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

100

Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ______________________________
Sickness and accident insurance
or sick leave or both3
Sickness and accident insurance
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) ______________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)
Hospitalization insurance
Surgical insurance ________________________
Medical insurance
Catastrophe insurance
Retirement pension ______________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan ___

95

98

99

89

95

97

98

100

91

49

48

55

43

58

55

55

63

41

70
48

81
63

97
19

60
47

24
8

88
81

88
87

100
31

79
47

44

55

46

28

19

6

1

41

35

6
78
74
38
20
79
3

3
88
89
46
22
82
2

47
38
38
29
24
90

3
59
59
35
25
65
7

81
55
21
11
84
**

3
80
81
43
9
69
1

1
84
87
49
9
75
1

37
51
51
33
6
100

7
66
67
31
37
61
9

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the mini­
mum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
** Less than 0.5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Cleveland, Ohio, June 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

21

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau^ wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area. This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau1s job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureaufs field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O ffic e

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from custpmersf purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.* Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

22

CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers1 orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing tne items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled. May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records. May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator receptionist.

23
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Clast A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

24
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel,

Maintenance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenterfs
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tor s , turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion, May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools} and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

25
MACHINE-TOOL, OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment, to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required For different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

26
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out ail types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating ail
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker;

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity~~oT
employees and other persons entering.

fixture maker; gauge maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR,

PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

27

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and custom ers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (lVa to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type!
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

i U . S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1958 O -477622




O c c u p a t i o n a l Wage S u rv e y s
Occupational wage surveys were conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. These bulletins, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19# are available and may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents* U. S. Government Printing office, Washington 25, D .C .,
or from any of the regional offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1224-20) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis will be issued early in 1959.
In addition to this bulletin, we have listed below the others in this series.
Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, Mass., September 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-3, price 25 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., November 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-5, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224^6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-7 , price 25 cents
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., January 1958 — BLS Bull, 1224-8,
price 25 cents




Memphis, Tenn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-9, price 25 cents
Minneapolis-5t. Paul, Minn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-10, price 25 cents
New Orleans, La., February 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-11, price 20 cents
Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1957 - BLS Bull. 1224-12, price 25 cents
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-13# price 25 cents
Chicago, 111., April 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-14, price 25 cents
New York, N. Y., April 1958 - BLS Bull. 1224-15, price 25 cents
Portland, Oreg., April 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-16, price 25 cents
Atlanta, Ga., May 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-17, price 25 cents
Milwaukee, Wis., May 1958 - BLS Bull. 1224-18, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102