View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

MILW AUKEE, WISCONSIN
MAY

1 9 5 8

B u lle tin N o . 1224-18

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagun, Commit«on«f




House Document No. 385, Pt. 18

85th Congress, 2d Session

Occupational Wage Survey
M ILW AUKEE, W ISCO N SIN




M AY 1958

B u lle tin N o . 1224-18
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner

August 1958




Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year*s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational g r o u p s ---------------------------------

1
4

Tables:
1: Establishments and workers within scope of su rv e y -----------2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected p e r io d s ----------------------A:

B:

2

4

Occupational earnings* A - l : Office occupations ---------------------------------------------------------A -2 : Professional and technical occupations ----------------------A -3 : Maintenance and power plant occupations -------------------A -4 : Custodial and m aterial movement occupations ----------

5
7
8
9

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - l : Shift differentials -----------------------------------------------------------B -2 : Minimum entrance rates for women office workers—
B -3 : Scheduled weekly h o u r s ---------------------------

11
12
13

B -5 :
B -6 :
B -7 :
B -8 :
Appendix:

Wage structure characteristics and labormanagement agreements -------------------------------------------Paid holidays -------------------------------------------------------------------Paid vacations ----------------------------------------------------------------Health, insurance, and pension plans ------------------------Job descriptions -----------------------------------------------------------------

14
15
16
18

19

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for m ost of these items are availa­
ble in the Milwaukee area reports for March 1952, April 1953,
April 1954, November 1955, and April 1957. The latter report
was limited to occupational earnings of plant workers in manu­
facturing establishments. Prior to the present report no tabu­
lations had been presented for wage structure characteristics or
labor-management agreements except in the 1954 report, which
also provides a tabulation of overtime pay provisions. A d irec­
tory indicating date of study and the price of the reports, as
well as reports for other major areas, is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices is also available for the machinery industries in
the Milwaukee area (March 1958).
Union scales, indicative of
prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or
industries: Building construction, printing, local-tran sit operat­
ing em ployees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.




Occupational W age

The Milwaukee area is one of several important industrial
centers in which the Department of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Sta­
tistics has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related
wage benefits on an areawide b a sis. In each area, data are obtained
by Bureau field agents from representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ices. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers
are .omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 Wherever possible, sepa­
rate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions:
(a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but co st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is

* This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional office in
Chicago, 111., by Woodrow C. Linn, under the direction of George E.
Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for m inim um -size establishment covered.




- Milwaukee, Wis.#

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented al^o (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and rupplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant w orkers.
The term "office workers, " as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"P lant w orkers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the cla s­
sification "o th er" was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment b a sis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2
workers if a m ajority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed.
Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-managem ent agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a m ajority are co v e re d .3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual item s in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to form al arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estim ates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-su m amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen’ s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com ­
m ercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or

paid directly by the employer but of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.

Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker’ s pay during absence from work
because of illn ess.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
of
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B -3 ) were presented in earlier years in term s of the propor­
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
were excluded.
weekly hours for women workers.
Table 1:

E stablishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Milwaukee,

Industry division

M inimum
employment
in estab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

W is. , 1 by m ajor industry division, May 1958

Number of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 2

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total 3

Office

Plant

T o t a l3

A ll d ivisions _____________________________________ __________________________

51

794

178

237, 900

4 1 , 500

161, 800

152, 960

Manufacturing — _________ __________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________________________________
Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication,
and other public u tilitie s4 __________________________________________
Wholesale tra d e ._________________________________________________________
Retail trade _____________________________________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate ________________________________
S e r v ic e s6 _______________________________________________________________

51
51

400
394

88
90

1 6 2 ,7 0 0
75, 200

2 3 ,4 0 0
18, 100

1 1 6 ,2 0 0
45, 600

108, 720
4 4 ,2 4 0

51
51
51
51
51

48
75
143
58
70

17
17
27
14
15

17, 700
7, 600
30, 500
9 ,9 0 0
9 ,5 0 0

4 ,2 0 0

11, 000

1 4 ,8 8 0
2, 670
1 8 ,4 0 0
5 ,5 0 0
2, 790

(!)

(!)

( 5)
(I)
( 5)

( 5)

(!)
( 5)

1 The Milwaukee Metropolitan A r ea (Milwaukee and Waukesha Counties). The "w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and co m ­
position of the labor force included in the su rvey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a b asis of com parison with other area employment indexes to m easure em ployment trends or le v e ls since
( l ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishm ents with total em ployment at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair ser v ic e, and m otionpicture theaters are considered as 1 establish m en t.
3 Includes executive, technical, profession al, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant c ategories.
4 A lso excludes taxicabs, and serv ic es incidental to water transportation.
.
^ . ..,
.
. ...
- .
5 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l in du stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A and B tab les, although coverage was insufficient to ju stify separate
6 H otels; personal serv ic es; busin ess se r v ic e s; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; m otion p ictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural se r v ic e s.




3
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
wo rke r 1s life.
With reference to wage structure characteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system. However, because of technical considerations, all time­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these workers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were classi­
fied to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Similarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37
hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts. The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically im­
portant jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay-»
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled—carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; me­
chanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.

The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
■alary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in ‘the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.

Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual
Table 2:

Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in M ilwaukee, vVis.,
May 1958 and November 1955, and percent of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(April 1953 ^ 100)

Industry and occupational group
May 1958
A ll industries:
Office cle rica l (women)
Industrial nurses (women)
Skilled maintenance (men)
Unskilled plant (men)

... _

_

Manufacturing:
Office clerica l (women)
Industrial nurses (women) _________________________________
Skilled maintenance (men) _________________________________
Unskilled plant (m e n )_______________________________________




November 1955

Percent in creases from —
November 1955
to
M ay 1958

A p ril 1954
to
November 1955

A p ril 1953
to
A p ril 1954

M arch 1952
to
A p ril 1953

125. 1
131.5
128.2
126.3

110. 1
115. 0
1 1 3 .0
111. 1

1 3 .6
1 4 .4
13 .5
13.7

5 .3
9. 0
6 .7
6 .2

4. 5
5 .5
5 .9
4 .6

6. 5
5. 8
7 .4
9 .9

127.2
1 3 1.5
128.9
127.5

112.6
115. 0
113.6
113.6

13. 0
1 4 .4
1 3 .4
12 . y

6 .7
9 .0
6 .9
7 .4

5 .5
5. 5
6. 3
5. 8

6. 8
6 .7
6. 8
10. 4

A :

O c c u p a t i o n a l E a r n in g s

5
T a b le A - l :
(A v e ra g e

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
i n M i l w a u k e e , v V i s ., b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a y 1 9 5 8 )
A verage

Number
of
workers

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u str y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly \ U n d e r
earnings
$
(Standard) T o . 0 0

Weekly j
hours
(Standard)

t o . 00
and
under

I s . 00

i o . 00

$
5 5 . 00

l o . 00

I s . 00

? 0 . 00

f 5 . 00

t o . 00

I s . 00

| o . 00

$ 9 5 .0 0

l o o . 00

$
1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 G .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 2 0 .0 0

4 5 . 00

Sex,

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

115 00

120 00

over

and

M en
$
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

"

"

8
5

24
16

9
1

10
-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s f ______________________________________________

425
315
110
28

40. 0
40. 0

9 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

40. 0
4 1 .5

9e>. GO
1 0 2 .5 0

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________

159
137

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 7 .5 0
8 0 . 00

C l e r k s , o r d e r __________________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i i .g ________________________________________________

167
o7
80

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

63. 00
8 4 . 00
8 2 .5 0

-

"

-

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ________________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________

67
58

40. 0
40. 0

9 1 . 00
9 0 . 00

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

O f f i c e b o y s _______________________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________ '__________________

203
150
53

40. 0
40. 0

5 6 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

-

32
20

37
30

40. 0

5 4 . 00

-

12

32
28
4

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________

229
157
72

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0

8 6 . 00

_

.

89. 00
7 9 .0 0

-

-

m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________

197
63
134

3 9 .5 .
40. 0
3 9 .5

5 6 . 00
61 . 00
54 . 00

B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ) ___________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________

65
59

40. 0
40. 0

59 . 00
58 . 50

-

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________

119
7b

40. 0
3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0
78 . 00

-

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________,_____________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________

360
131
229

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

60. 00
6 3 .5 0
5 8 . 00

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ _________________________________

321
182
139

40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5

8 1 . 00
8 2 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

C le r k s ,

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________ _
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s | ______________________________________________

989
334
655
146

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
40. 0

62.
67.
60.
68.

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________

130
87

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 4. 50
6 8 .0 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------__----------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s | ______________________________________________

844
391
453
103

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

5 6 . 00
6 2 .5 0
50. 00
55 . 50

"
-

.

_ ■

.

-

-

-

-

7
_

28
7

25
17

-

8
2

83
72
11
5

56
46
12
4

73
39
34
10

77
68

21

39
38

19
17

7
7

8
7

6
6

1
1

22
12
10

14
10
4

22
7
15

39
20

12
1
11

1
1

19

17
16
1

16
12

10
10

14
14

10
10

5
5

2
1
1

12
8
4
-

4
3

13
13

25
24

10
10

11
9
2

33
30
3
1

9
2

18
14
4
2

15
12
3
2

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

4
1

-

-

*

-

10

-

1
1

2
2

-

2
2

12
6

9
9

18
18

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

“

-

"

-

"

"

-

-

11
6
5

15
6

18
10
8

32
18
14

30
18
12

28
22
6

30
24
6

25
22
3

21
17
4

9
7
2

56
15
41

34

12
6
6

7
7

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

19
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

"

“

■

■

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

"

19
19

12
5

6
6

1
1

-

.

-

.

"

2
2

-

-

“

-

2
2

-

-

-

.

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

■

"

~

-

37
24
13

-

2
-

1
-

-

"

1
1
-

2

1

22
9
13

9

-

4

1
1

2
2

-

"

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

—

W om en
B ille r s ,

a c c o u n tin g ,

c la s s B

_____________________________________

.

50
00
00
00

_

T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,




c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

22
6
16

-

2
2

10
10

7
7

39
36

6
3

_

_

9

17

4
4

11
9

27
20

46
32
14

34
17
17

10
6
4

9
2
7

-

15
5
10

44
32
12

46
25
21

87
44
43

52
37
15

19
16
3

18
8
10

13
5
6

52
7 '
45

-

-

-

-

11
1

-

3
2
1

42
1
41

61
24
37

99
--------- 9
90

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

■

“

23
6
17

102
15
67
6

86
23
63
10

176
32
144
10

212
92
120
27

122
47
75
25

99
44
55
22

98
27
71
43

32
25
7
3

17
17

3
3

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

"

5

17
1

18

15
11

17
13

15
15

6
5

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

12

34
27

“

"

85
44
41
4

122
104
18
10

52
35
17
10

85
78
7
7

18
18

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

32
3

4

29
"

_

_

(

“
12
12

S e e fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le .
|

11
11

"

-

a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

72
10
62

197

196

35
162
14

62
134
58

-

9
54
-------3 V ~
18

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

“

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
T a b le A - l :

O f fi c e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Milwaukee, Wis. , by industry division, May 1958)
Avs SACK
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME W EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
U nder
earnings1
(Standard) $
4 0 . 00

$
4 0 . 00
and
under
4 5 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

I s . 00

! o . 00

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 .0 0

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

$

9 5 .0 0

$ 0 0 .0 0
1

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0 f i o .o o

1 1 5 .0 0
$

12 0 . 0 0
and

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d

C l e r k s , o r d e r ___________________
__ ______ __ __ _______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
_________________

296
175
121

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _________________________________ _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ _______________________________ ____ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
________________ ______________________________

643
469
174

3 9 .5
40. 0

$
6 3 . 50
6 7 .5 0
5 8 . 00

_

52
22
30

34

43

23
11

33
10

78
53
25
8

147
107
40
8

77

9
5

62
45
17
4

62
15
10

29
2

12
12

28
4
24

42
5
37

86
18
68

138
51
87

159
70
89

66
32
34

42
17
25

27

22
id

4
4

121

-

9
-

-

9

6 7 . 00
6 7 . 50
6 6 . 50

-

2
1
1

6 9 . 00

-

-

19
-

35
9
26
35
26

62

3 9 .5
40. 0

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________

654
w r ~
407

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 1 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
5 8 . 00

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s (m im e o g r a p h
o r d i t t o ) _______
__ ___________
_____
______ _______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________ * ________________________ ___________

155
117

3 9 .5
40. 0

6 1 . 00
6 4 . 00

1

4

25

-

2

9

636
344

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0

6 3 . 00
6 6 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

_
-

8
3
5

60
16
44

P u b lic u tilitie s t

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u tilitie s t

_

.

______ __ _________________________________
____________________ ______________________
_________________
__ ______________________
_____________

___________________

O f f i c e g i r l s _ ______ __ ______ ______________________ ____ ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________________
S e c r e ta r ie s
_ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________
_
___
_______________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s f

292
44

4 0 .0

6 2 .5 0

-

-

-

201
76
123

39. 0
4o. 0
3 8 .5

50 . 00
5 4 . 00
4 7 .5 0

2
-

34
6
28

80
20
60

1, 5 0 3
946
557
44

3 9 .5
40 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

8 3 . 50
~ W .W
8 0 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _______________________ ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ___________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
________________________ ____________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s "f ______________________________________________

2 , 120
1, 3 5 4
766
172

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
40. 0

6 6 .5 0
6 8 . 00
6 3 . 00
6 9 . 50

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________ ______ „
_______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

253
75
178
29

4 0 .5
40. 0
4 0 .5
40. 0

6 1 .5 0
7 4 . 00
5 6 . 50
6 5 .5 0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________________________________

433
238
195

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _______________________________ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_________________ ____________________________

135
56

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l _________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________
_________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________________

408
196

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s | __________________________________________

19

79

212

2

19

-

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
13

13
10
3

8
6

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

9

-

35
30
5
3

32
22
10

32

4
4

44
43

5
5

1
1

62
46
16
4

97
67
30
8

55
44
11
3

23
23
-

-

-

-

4
3
1

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

118
50
68
1

199
120

211
153
58

246
187

128
93
35
10

124
74
50
3

89
57
32
8

30
29
1

~

166
101
65
10

327
253
74
25

322
217
105
42

200
116
84
30

129
100
29
19

60
52
8
1

36
34
2

2
1
1
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

9
6
1
1

-

-

-

-

39
8
31
11

27

14

13

6

2
2
-

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

_

12
15
13

21
18
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

114
56
28

61
40

33
14

21

19

9

9

46
27

21
6
13

10
10

59
62

-

_

-

-

-

21

36
15
21

"

"

"

83
25
58

207
64
143
13

305
186

41
3
38

55
1
54

-

2
59
40

14
6
8

29
10

10
1

19

57
38

75
40
35

.
-

1
1

-

-

-

.
-

13
-

21
21

21
-

-

13

-

-

6 1 . 00
6 4 . 00
5 7 . 00

7
7

3
-

50

3

50

58
25
33

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 2 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 1 . 00

-

6 2 . 00
6 0 . 00

-

40
11

83
25
58

9
9

-

29

119
24

19

19

—

59
47

3
3

-

107
44

19

80
51

7
6
1

9
9

94
33
61
11

63

33
15
18

-

9

-

See footnote at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




22
-------- T 5 ~

34
27
7

6
6

29
20

58
rs40
■

437
2W ~
141
16

79

42

1$
13

2

-

6
5
1

-

5
5
-

2
2
-

59
4

2
1

5
2
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
24
4
2

20
14
6
3

"

29
11
16
1

-

11
3

13
-

6
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
24
14

_

3

1
1

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

27
8

8
8

7
7

4
4

3
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

9

29
9
20

19

-

2

“

~

-

-

55
20
35

44
36
8

38
10
28

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

2
1
2

-

-

-

7
T a b le A - l :

O f fi c e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Milwaukee, Wis., by industry division, May 1958)
A vbbaqb
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

Number
of

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly ,
(Standard)
—

—

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME W EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly, U n d e r
8
(Standard) 4 0 . 0 0

—

—

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 .0 0

under
4 5 . 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 .0 0

6 5 . 00

7 0 .0 0

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 . 00

$
9 0 .0 0

8
9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

-

-

1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0
-

1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0
-

1 1 0 .0 0

s
1 1 5 .0 0
-

1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 2 0 .0 0
and

1 2 0 .0 0

over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
T y p is ts ,

c l a s s A _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________

____________________
____________________

750

$
6 7 .0 0

4 o . o

_

_

7 0 . 50
5 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

-

-

28
-

-

28

12
30

-

-

282
122
160

430
1^4
236

19

33

______

______

_____________________________

______

------- 5 2 ?
226
44

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ________________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________________

1, 5 9 4
896

_

704

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

5 6 .5 0

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s t ______ ______________________________________

5 9 . 00
5 3 .5 0

-

105

4 0 .0

5 5 .0 0

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_______________________________

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s t ______

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 2 .0 0
34
4
30

115
57
58
14

42

141

123

15

289
169
120
17

w
47
15

358
241
117

—

7T ~ —
44

—

101
85“

143

l
1
-

-

"

■

■

-

_

_

-

-

_

2

17

-

-

-

■

'

_
-

15
-

141

-

-

58
57
1

101
40

------- 3 3 ”
4

2
-

-

37

143
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-------- 1 7 ”
-

_

-

■

36

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

T a b le A - 2 :

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t i o n s

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Milwaukee, Wis., by industry division, May 1958)
Avbbagb
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

Number
of
workers

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME W EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly ,
Weekly
U nder
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)
t o . 00

$

$

$

$

$

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 . 00

s

6 0 . 00
and
under
6 5 . 00

9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0

*
1 1 5 .0 0

12 0 . 0 0
$

6 5 .0 0

1 *3 0 .0 0

1 * 3 5 .0 0

1 * 4 0 .0 0

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0

and
over

8
----------5 ”

5
----------5 -

13
--------13“

M en
D r a f t s m e n , l e a d e r _________________________
_____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________ _______
D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r ______________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________ _________________________
D r a f t s m e n , j u n i o r _______________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________________
T racers

---------------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g

------

----------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------

—

-----------------------------------------------------

99
---------9 T ~
977
' 935“

40. 0
4 0 .0

*
0
1 3 8 .5 0
05756

40. 0
4 0 .-0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

40. 0
4 6 .0

8 6 . 00
■ 85750 —

111

4 0 .0
4 0 .6

6 6 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

232

4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 6

632
------ 5 M ~
296

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

*

2
2

10
8
T o ~ --------- 5 “
3 55
53

_

_

_

—

_

-

-

34
3?“

_
-

—

37
37“

27
27

—

63
53“

165
151

12
11

4
4

60
l
ll
19
62
r~ ------5“ ---- 1 ---- 5T~ — w
5“

25
24

64

92

44

106
105"

_
-

-

30
....... w ~

_

— 57 — Ti­ — 37“

21
20

3
3

78
100
-------7 8 ~ — w ~
95
—

51
32

W
2
2

—

1

r~

3
3
105
1755”

■

23
--------m —

153
139“
37
37“

96
96

113
112

7

2

3

2
2

-

103

82
73

9$

*

3
2

*61
54

49
42

22
21

10
8
-

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
6

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

1
1

"

”

_

■

■

"

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

W om en
N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _______________ ____ ,____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________ _________________________

" T IT " ..? oTo" ”

_
—

22

19

— rr~ — ir~

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 19 at $ 1. 40 to $ 1.45; 11 at $ 1.45 to $ 1. 50; 13 at $ 1. 50 to $ 1. 55; 10 at $ 1. 55 to $ 1. 80; 8 at $ 1.80 and over.
Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $45 to $50; 35 at $50 to $55; 17 at $55 to $60.




8
T a b le
(A v e ra g e

A -3 :

M a in t e n a n c e

and

P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a t io n s

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a y 1 9 5 8 )

N UM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

hourly j
earnings

C arpenters, maintenance --------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------

351
Z42
109

$
2 . 63
2. 61
2. 67

E lectrician s, m ain ten an ce------------------ ------------------Manufacturing

l, 199
)

2 . 80
2 . 76

E ngineers, stationary --------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

293
224
69

Firem en , stationary b o i l e r ------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

$

$

$

$

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

$
2 . 00

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

“
"

-

5
5
-

4
4

19
11
8

1

23
3
-

20
14
6

54
33
21

54
22
32

16
13
3

44
39
5

33
33
-

39
16
23

26
26
"

7
3
4

-

7
_
7

-

_

-

~

"

“

■

“

34
34

41
41

20
19

63
50

76
75

149
142

22 7
~2T8

93
83

285
195

6
6

137
"TET4

20
17

48
15

2. 62
2. 68
2 .4 3

-

-

"

-

9
9

-

19
11
8

28
9
19

51
35
16

47
46
1

34
25
9

58
58

25
25
-

1
-

_
-

1

-

2
2
-

_
-

“

19
i3
6

601
473

2 .2 8
2. 31

46
21

9
9

18
8

21
13

23
19

112
105

74
74

62
42

101
84

24
l8

26
15

84
84

1

_

_

_

_

_

1

'

■

•

-

-

H elpers, trades, maintenance -----------------------------M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------

433
303

2. 08
2. 04

22
21

20
20

33
33

39
39

82
50

121
94

81
IT

15
13

7
4

12
n

1
1

-

M ach in e-tool op erators, t o o lr o o m -----------------------M an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------------

679
677

2. 68
2 . 68

-

-

-

-

■

“

■

6
6

-

■

_

22
22

61
61

74
74

79
79

86
84

M ach in ists, maintenance ---------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

750
701

2. 89
2 . 9o

.

_

_

_

.

"

■

“

7
7

21
10

14
7

54
54

M ech anics, automotive (m aintenance)-----------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------Public utilities f -----------------------------------------------

501
"138
363
2 79

2.
2.
2.
2.

56
68
51
57

_
-

6
6
-

_
-

M echanics, m a in te n a n c e ----------------------------------------M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------

928
894

2 .5 9
2. 59

_

_

■

M illw rights ----------------------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------------------------

421
4 l3

2. 65
2 . 65

O ilers -------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

434
430

P ain ters, maintenance -------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------- ; ----------N onm an ufacturin g------------------------------------------------

257

Occupation and industry division

W

Under
$
1 .7 0

1. 70
and
under
1 .8 0

-

$

2 . 10

2 .2 0

$

2. 30
2 .4 0

$

2 .4 0
2 . 50

$

2 . 50
2 . 60

$

$
2. 60

2 . 70

2 . 80

$
2 .9 0

2 . 70

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

$

$
3 .0 0

$
3. 10

$
3 .2 0

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

-

$
3 .3 0
and

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

■

■

"

-

-

150
150

47
47

55
55

74
74

25
25

_

_

45
45

62
’58

88
"85

171
147

25
25

253
"253

3
3

3
----- 5------

_
-

_
_

_
_

■

“

4
4

_
-

1
1
-

12
12
-

56
3
53
7

155
14
141
117

49
26
23
23

98
9
89
89

77
38
39
37

9
4
5
5

1
1
1

31
31
-

-

6
6
-

-

-

-

_

_
■

39
34

52
48

TFl

104
~n r?

152
148

125
124

159
159

19
19

15
12

_

-

21
21

230

■

7
3

-

1
-

4
-

.

_

_
•

27
27

28
28

22
22

23
23

43
42

45
44

106
101

71
71

5
4

46
46

1
1

_

“

3
3

_

~

1
1

-

2 .3 4
2. 34

_

9
9

4
4

8
8

25
25

72
72

98
98

58
54

40
40

34
34

67
67

19
19

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

"

“

2 . 64
2 . 63
2. 70

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

9
9
-

12
11
1

19
1 7 .....
2

44
32
12

42
36
6

18
12
6

49
33
16

1
1

2
2
-

59
44
15

2
2

_
-

_
-

60

P ip efitters, maintenance ---------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

366
345

2. 72
2. 73

_

_

7
7

21
21

10
10

22
18

56
52

37
24

72
72

39
39

47
47

1
1

54
54

_

_

"

_

-

Sh eet-m etal w ork ers, m a in te n a n c e ---------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

131
l22

2. 75
2 . 76

_

1
1

1
1

14
10

17
17

8
8

29
24

26
26

10
10

2
2

17
. 17

1
1

_

■

5
5

Tool and die m akers -----------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

1,731
T729

3. 02
3. 02

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

20
20

49
48

42
41

114
114

129
129

346
346

277
277

363
363

239
239

149
149

1
■f

IT?

“

_

_

-

■

■

"

.

-

.

.

■

■

"

"

-

_

_

-

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h i f t s ,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




”

9
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t io n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , M a y 1 9 5 8 )

NUM BER OF WORKEES RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
hourly 2
earnings

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s ,

p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) -----------------------

60

p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) ------------------

124
118

1 . 19
1. 14

594
W EST

2 . 03
2 . 05
1. 80
1 .9 0
1. 56
1 .4 4

1 .0 0
and
under
1 . 10

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-----------------------------------------------------------

G u a r d s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------------J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) -------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
-----------------------------------------------------------

2 ,0 9 2

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) ---------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
-----------------------------------------------------------

1 ,2 0 7
542
665
173

P u b lic u tilitie s t

1 ,4 9 2
600

----------------------------------------------------------

1 . 72
1 .2 1
1 .3 3

3 ,9 7 6
2, 836
1, 140
448

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s t ---------------------------------------------------------O rd e r fille r s

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g
-------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------

2.
2.
2.
2.

1 ,3 0 5
578
72 7

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d l i n g -----------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

2 . 09
1 .9 5
2 .2 0

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( m e n ) ---------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------

844
7E z~

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( w o m e n ) ----------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------

301
n r
63

2 . 09
2 . 10
2 . 00

82

—

10
10
10
34

1 . 73
------1 7 7 9 “
1 .5 1

$

$

$

$
1 .8 0

E le v a to r o p e r a to r s ,

$

$

$

1. 10

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1. 60

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

-

"

“

8
7

9
7

4
3

13
1

5
1

29
26

40
40

42
42

20
4
16

41
11
30

129
9
120

77
18

73
36
37

182

246

91
91

112
75
37

101
14
* 87
7

329
21
308

158
17
141

133

56
14

32
ii
-

83
83
-

"

119

-

42
42

41
35
6
-

-

-

98
-

12
-

22

98

12

75
57
18

185
181
4

129
98
31
6
42

59
-

59

59
74

-

150
134
16

100
75
25

12
8
4

2
-

1
1

2

87
82
5
5

152
~T5Q

4
4
-

-

-

-

2

31
3l
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

155
135
20
4

127
113
14

538
482
56
1

461
865

474

313

96
83

~ 339
135
14

159
154
11

-

22
13

150
94
56

215
145
70

157
47
110

297
-

150
150

23
23

115

-

-

189
57

54

28

9
33

9

_

.

15
8

22
22

44
40

25
24

56
56

120
TO?

-

.
_
-

-

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

*

316
168

400
1 75
225
222

104
8

503
503
-

1
1
-

-

-

119
46
73

25
13
12

1
-

4
-

1

4

99
99

6
6

2
2

•

16
3
13

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

148

297

96
93

7
-

-

-

4
-

7

-

-

4

7

-

4

1

-

16

140
136
4

16
16

17
11
6

3
3

10
10

43
43

16
16

17

-

17

38
30
8

-

-

49
45
4

-

-

48
44
4

36
36

-

8
3
5

"

-

*

"

36
15
21

15
10
5

20
18
2

51
2 5
26

60
50
10

46
28
18

46
38
8

34
2
32

35
3
32

l
l

-

8
8

34
3 4 '"'

41
40

-

-

-

-

1

39
27
12

52
4o
12

35
33
2

33

-

17
17

33

2
1
1

16
15
1

8
8

-

-

35
24

28
28

23
9

37

13

6

-

2
2

3

-

3

£3

ll

5

59

663

1306
14
1292
1138

462
86
3 76
376

4

20

295
77
218
24
28
4

287

-

16
16

-

3

195

154
80
74
45

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
-

4
4

14
4
10

9
8
1

5
3
2

-




-

.

_

341
323
18

96
86
10

27

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

_

_

412
“ 358

23
6
17

-

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .
■f T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) ,

1

_

194
FST)
34

26
21
5

28

2 .2 8

_

5

5
5

-

-

2 .2 6

and
over

1
1

56
35
21

18

2. 30
2. 53

2 . 70

72
72

-

-

543
299

2 . 60

89
89

16
11
5

-

559

2 . 50

153
153

-

9

902

2 . 70

2 . 40

57
54

20
16
4

-

Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------------Public utilities f ---------------------------------

2 . 60

67
67

-

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to an d
i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) ----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------

2 . 50

“

28

-

19

2 .4 0

-

-

2 .2 5

2 . 34
2. 11

"

_

_

$

$

2 . 30

-

8
8

9

123

"

9

$

$

$

"

63
43
20
14

9
13

-

447

2 .3 0

6

2. 45

----------------

2 .2 0

2
1

3, 178
T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 --------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------5 7 9 “
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------2, 599

to n s)

2 . 10

7
7

-

l i g h t ( u n d e r l * /a

2 .0 0

20

2 . 33
2 .3 1

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------- --------------------------------------

1 .9 0

3
3

156
n r ~

T r u c k d r iv e r s,

1 .8 0

1 . 70

2

91

2. 49
2. 58

$
2 .2 0

2

2 . 19
'2 7 2 T
2 . 13

1 ,8 0 8

$
2 . 10

21
20

317
TZF~ '

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s t ---------------------------------------------------------

$
2 . 00

1

S h i p p i n g c l e r k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------- —

1 .9 0

$

46
46

2 . 13
2 . 14
2 . 12

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s

1 .8 0

$

_

380
197
183

—

1. 70

$

,
1 .6 0

39

3

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------

$

1. 50

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
26

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

-

1
------------j—

-

-

-

-

28

27

6

-

31

33

-

3l
-

3l
2

117
116
1

-

-

-

1

‘

103
77
26
5

3
3

30
23

47

51

6

17
11
6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

_

4

15

-

-

10

53

-

-

-

“

-

-

11

*

-

lo

5 3 ....

-

9

18

27

27

9

-

-

-

an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s

-

-

-

-

18

27

27

31
51
19
----- jy—
— T
9— ----- 55—
1
1

39

89
26

51----- -----49---- ------ 71-------16

11

5

124
22

9V

566
264

■

237
1
236
226

36

-

4
4

-

4

10
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Milwaukee, Wis. , by industry division, May 1958)
N UM BER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation1 and industry division

N me
u br
o
f
wr e s
okr

Ae g $
v ra e
h u ly« 1. 00
or
e r in s
an g
and
under
1. 10

$

1. 10
1 .2 0

$

1. 20
1 .3 0

$

1 .3 0
1 .4 0

$

1. 40
1. 50

$

1 . 50
1. 60

$

1. 60

$ 1. 70

* 1 .8 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

Truckd rivers: 5- Continued
T ru ck d rivers , heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) ----------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------Public utilities -J ---------------------------------

905
62
843
655

$
2 . 58
2 .4 7
2. 59
2 . 63

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

■

"

-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons, other
than trailer t y p e ) -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Public u t i l i t i e s -----------------------------------------

317
295
41

2. 44
2 . 46
2 . 64

-

-

-

"

-

2

2
2

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) ------------------------------------M an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------------N onm an ufacturin g------------------------------------------------

787
691
96

2 .2 5

_

_

2.24

9

10

9

-

"

“

T ru ck ers, power (other than f o r k li f t ) -----------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

419
W

2 . 18
2 . 18

_

_

Watchm en ------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

564

1. 60
1 .8 1

1
1
3
4
5
f

2 . 32

"

1 . 9a

2 . 00

$

$
2. 40

$
2 . 50

60

2 .2 0

2. 30

2. 40

2 . 50

2. 60

2. 70

and
over

5
5

10
6
4

4
"

2. 10

2
2

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

11
”

-

-

108
nj8
-

60
60

127
127

2
2

6
6

4

34

4

34

~

-

“

-

-

90
90
-

_

_

.

23

32
32

43'
43

34

44

33

3?

“

~

“

"

"

23

7
7

13

139

36

25

26

76

22

9

24

14
8

20
16

56
56

74

$
2 .3 0

$2. 10

6
6

it

$

2 .2 0

2. 00

-

-

_
-

Data limited to men workers, except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes 11 workers at less than $1.
Includes 4 workers at less than $1.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




2

$

4

4

181
181
30
24

4
1
3
1

123
5
118

-

-

391
13
3 78
318

364
28
336
336

8

68

4

67
1

90
90

84
84

~

-

46
40
40

113
78
35

34
34
-

79
28
51

69

6

23

62

3

51

.

46

$

2. 70

4

-

-

58

—

49

r r ~

49

1

-

_
■

25

23

10
10

25

_

_

_

_




11

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1: Shift Differentials1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a)
In establishment having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

(b)
Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Total

__ _ ______

_ _______

_

_

_____

____

_

With shift pay differential
Uniform cents (per hour) _______________________________
Under 5 cents ________________________________________
5 cents ________________________________________________
7 cents
___ _
7 V2 cents _____________________ ______________________
8 cents
9 cents ________________________________________________
10 cents
11 cents _____ ______ _______________________________
12 cents _______________________________________________
13 cents
_ .__
.
14 cents
. .

Third or other
shift work

95 .4

88 .3

17.2

4 .2

94.6

87 .7

16.9

4. 1

79.5

63.0

14.3

2 .6

.6
11.7
6 .4
.8
9 .7
6 .9
17.1
.4
16.2
2 .3

_

Over 15 cents ________________________________________

4 .6
2 .7

.5
_
.6
2 0 .7
2 .2
12.6
2 .4
3.5
10.5
10. 1

Uniform percentage _____________________________________

14.0

14.0

5 percent
6 percent
8 percent _
__ _
9 percent ____ ______ _______________________________
10 percent ---------------------------------------------------------------------

7 .6
5 .7

Other 2

________________________________________________

No shift pay differential__ ___ ________ _________________

Second shift

.2
2 .0
1.4
.2
1.3
1.4
1.8
4 .7
.1
.7
.4

Third or other
shift

_
_
_
_
.1
.7
_
.5
.1
.2
.5
.5

2 .1

.4

.7

2 .0
3 .7
8 .3

1.2
1.0
*

_
*
.3
.1

1.1

10.7

.4

1.2

.8

.6

.3

.1

-

_
-

1 Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late
shifts at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
2 Includes provisions for full day's pay for reduced hours in combination with cents or percent differential.
* Less than 0 .0 5 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, Milwaukee, W is ., May 1958
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

12

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

N u m b er of e sta b lish m en ts with spe c ified m in im u m h iring rate in—

M in im u m rate
(w eekly s a la r y )

A ll
in d u strie s

.........................

178

M an ufacturing

B ased on standard w eekly h ours 2 of—
A ll
sch ed u les

E s ta b lish m e n ts studied

N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts with s p e c ifie d m in im u m hiring rate in—

Nonman ufactur ing

M anufacturing

40

88

XXX

A ll
sch ed u les

90

A ll
in d u strie s

37 V
z

A ll
sch ed u les

40

XXX

XXX

178

For inexperieiiced Typists

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m
Under $ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 0 .0 0 and under
$ 4 2 .5 0 and under
$ 4 5 .0 0 and under
S 4 7 .5 0 and under
> 5 0 .0 0 and under
$ 5 2 .5 0 and under
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under
$ 6 2 .5 0 and under
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under

$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0

_ _

..
.

______ _ .
______
______________________________
______________________________
.. .... . _ .
.....

______________________________

N onm anufa c t ur ing

B a sed on standard w eekly h ours 2 of—

40

88

XXX

A ll
sch e d u les

90

37 V
a

40

XXX

XXX

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Woirfcers3

91

49

42

42

5

36

105

53

45

52

5

1
8
11
17
12
19
8
6
3
1
_
4
1

_

1
1
1
1

2
21
13
17
14
17

_

_

3

11
1
_
4

4

6
5
11
8
9
4
4
1
1
_
4

4
5
9
7
6
4
4
1
1
4

2
15
8
6
6
8
3
2
1
_
1
_

1
1
1
1

3

-

-

1
5
6
7
5
10
2
3
2
1

_

3
5
10
7
9
6

_
1
5
9
6
6
6
1
1

1
-

5
4
6
5
9
2
2
2
-

-

-

-

7

1

-

-

1

;

6
2
1
4

|

-

-

1

-

-

_

1
_
_
_
_
_
_

44

14
6
4
6
7
3
2
1
_
1
_

-

-

E sta b lish m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m

36

24

XXX

12

XXX

XXX

45

28

XXX

17

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lish m e n ts which did not em ploy
w o rk e rs in this c a te g o ry

51

15

XXX

36

XXX

XXX

28

7

XXX

21

XXX

XXX

L o w e st s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d for h irin g in exp erien ced w o rk e rs for typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
H ou rs r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich em p lo y e e s r e c e iv e their reg u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s . Data a re p resen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com bin ed, and for the m o s t c om m on w orkw eeks re p o rte d .
R a te s a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g i r ls , or s im ila r s u b c le ric a l jo b s a re not c o n sid e re d .




O ccupation al Wage Survey, M ilw au kee, W i s . , M ay 1958
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B ureau of L ab or S ta tistic s

13

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
P C T O O F E W R E S1EM YED IN—
ER EN F F IC O K R
PLO

P R E T O P N W R E S EM LO D IN
E C N F LA T O K R
P YE
—

W eek ly hours

A in u ie 2
ll d str s

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie
s')'

____________________

100

100

100

Under 35 hours ____________________________________
35 hours __________________________ ________________
O ver 35 and under 3 7 ^ 2 hours __________________
37Va hours ------ ------------------- ------------------------------O ver 37V2 and under 40 hours __________________
40 hours _____________________________________________
O v e r 40 and under 45 h o u r s _____________ ______
45 hours _____________ _____________________________
O ver 45 hours ________ ____________________________

_
**

_

_

-

1
10

**
4
4
92
-

A in u s3
ll d strie

-

A ll w o rk e rs

________________

4
84
**

-

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

100

100

100

1

1

2

**

_
_
_

2
2
88
?
2

2

-

1

2

-

100
-

2

93

90
-

5

1

-

1

1
"

Pb u
u lic tilitie "f
s

2

"

1 E s tim a te s fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e not c o m p a ra b le with e a r lie r stu d ie s. See Introduction, p. 2.
2 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
3 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
♦ ♦ L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
t T ra n sp o rta tio n (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ) , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s.

Table B-4*. Overtime Pay
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
O v e r tim e p olicy
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s _

__________________

________________

M
anufacturing

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All industries 2

Public utilities■
)
■

M
anufacturing

Public utilities "f"

100

100

100

100

100

100

62
62
3
59
**
-

80
80
2
78
-

94
94
94
-

89
88
3
84
1
1

96
96
4
91
**
**

100
100
_
100
-

38

20

6

11

4

-

99
99
4
94
**
-

100
100
3
97
-

100
100
100

96
95

100
99
4
96
_
**

100
100
_
100
_

1

“

“

-

■

D a i l y o v e r t im e
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts providing
p r e m iu m p a y 3 ________ _________________________
T im e and o n e -h a lf ______ ____________________
E ffe c tiv e after le s s than 8 h oars ----------E ffe c tiv e a fter 8 h ours ___________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r m o r e than 8 h o u r s ______
O ther
__ ____ ________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding no
p rem iu m pay or having no p o l i c y _____________
W e e k ly

o v e r t im e

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
p r em iu m p a y 3 __ J _______ __ ------------------------T im e and o n e -h a lf _____________________________
E ffe c tiv e after le s s than 40 h o u r s ______
E ffec tiv e after 40 hours __________________
E ffec tiv e a fter m o r e than 40 hours ____
O ther ___
____________ ________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts providing no
p rem iu m pay or having no p o l i c y _____________

1
-

3
90
2
1
4

1 Includes data fo r w h o lesale tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a tely .
2 Includes data fo r w h o lesale tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
3 G raduated p ro v isio n s are c la s s if ie d to the f ir s t e ffe ctiv e p r e m iu m r a te . F o r e x a m p le, a plan c a llin g for tim e and o n e -h a lf after 8 and double tim e after 10 hours a day would be c o n sid e r e d as
tim e and o n e -h a lf a fter 8 h ou rs. S im ila r ly , a plan c a llin g fo r no pay or pay at r eg u la r rate after l l ll z and tim e and o n e -h a lf after 40 hours would be con sid ere d as tim e and o n e -h a lf a fter 40 h ours.
♦ ♦ L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.
t T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s.
O c c u p a t i o n a l W ape S u rve y, M ilw au k ee, W is . , M ay 1958




U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B ureau of L ab or Statistics

14

Table B-5: Wage Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
P R EN O O F E W R E S EM YED IN
E C T F F IC O K R
PLO
—

P R E T O P N W R ER EM YED IN
E C N F LA T O K S
PLO
—

Item
A in u s 1
ll d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie f
s

A in u s 2
ll d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie "f
s

W age structure for time-rated workers 3
Formal rate structure ________________ _____
Single rate _________________________________
Range of rates__________ __________________
Individual ra te s________ _____________________

72
3
69
28

79

79
21

94
46
48
6

100
44
56

61
39
13
20
6

91
31
59
9

57
43
18
25
**

81
19
-

8 0 -8 4

9 0 -9 4

91
44
48
9

-

Method of w a g e payment
for plant workers
Time workers _____________________________________________
Incentive workers ________________________ ___
Piecework _____________________________________________
Bonus work ____________________________ ____
Commission __________________________________________

Labor-management agreements

DATA NOT COLLECTED

19
"

4

Workers in establishments with agreements
covering a majority of such w orkers_______

2 5 -2 9

1 0 -1 4

9 0 -9 4

95+

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate! and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Estim ates fo r office w orkers are based on total office em ployees, whereas estim ates for plant w orkers are based on tim e-rated em ployees only.
4 Estim ates relate to all w orkers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a m ajority of the w orkers in their respective category. The estim ates
so obtained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all w orkers in the area may be covered by provisions of labor-m anagem ent agreem ents, due to the exclusion of sm aller
size establishm ents.
** L ess than 0. 5 percent.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f




Occupational Wage Survey, Milwaukee, wVis-, May 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

15

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays1

P E R C E N T O P O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Item
A ll industries

A ll w orkers

------------------------------------------------------

W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays -------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing
no paid h olid a y s -----------------------------------------------

2

Manufacturing

Pu blic utilities

'f
*

A ll industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

96

100

99

-

4

**
35

100

100

100

99

100

**

T

r

1

Number of days
Less than 6 holidays ---------------------------------------6 holidays --------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half day --------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half days ------------------------------7 holidays ---------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day --------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 half days ------------------------------8 holidays --------------------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s -------------------------------8 holidays plus 3 half days ------------------------------9 holidays ---------------------------------------------------------9 holidays plus 2 half days ------------------------------1 1 holidays --------------------------------------------------------

**
28
6

**

-

17
2

10

21

31
43
2
6
-

33
1
1
1
1

3
3
**
-

34
56
-

1

1
21
1

23
30
**
2
4
**

30
39
3
5
-

**
**
**
4
6
6
60
61
95
96

5
8
8
77
78
99

46
19
32
2

Total holiday time4
11 days -------------------------------------------------------------10 or m ore days -----------------------------------------------9l/a or m ore days --------------------------------------------9 or m ore days -------------------------------------------------8 or m ore days ------------------------------------------------71 or m ore days --------------------------------------------/a
7 or m ore days ------------------------------------------------61 or m ore days --------------------------------------------/a
6 or m ore days ------------------------------------------------1 or m ore days -------------------------------------------------

**
3
7
10

11
65
71
99
99

6
8
8
81
83
99
100

90
90
100
100

100

2
2

2
2
2
2
53
53
99
99

Holidays 5
New Y ea r's Day -----------------------------------------------Washington's B irth d a y -------------------------------------Decoration Day ------------------------------------------------July 4th ------------------------------------------------ ------------Labor D a y ---------------------- ---------------------------------A rm istice Day -------------------------------------------------Thanks giving D a y ----------------------------------------------Christmas --------------------------------------------------------Good Friday -----------------------------------------------------Christmas Eve -------------------------------------------------New Y ear’ s Eve -----------------------------------------------Day after Thanksgiving ----------------------------------Fair Day ---------------------------------------------------------Half day New Y ea r's E v e -------------------- —
Half day Christmas Eve ---------------------------------Half day Good Friday --------------------------------------

99
12
99
99
99
5
99
99
7

99
2
99
99
100

20

1
99
99
5
35

2

4

5
6
26

9
31
34

10

1

21

100

16
100
100
100

100
100

41
2

95
4
95
95
96
2
95
95
5
23
3

6
-

99
5
99
98
100

2
99
99
5
32
4
8
-

31

22

29

31

24

32

2

1

99
11
99
99
99
2
99
99
22
19
19

1

1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no half days,
6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
5 Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 2 percent of the office or plant workers in the area are shown in this tabulation. A few other holidays or half-holidays were provided.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluded railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR




B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s

16

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
P R E T O O IC W R E S EM YED IN
E C N F FF E O K R
PLO
—

P R E T O P N W R ER EM YED IN—
E C N F LA T O K S
PLO

Vacation policy
A in u s*
ll d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie "f
s

100

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations ___________________________ ___

100

100

100

99

100

100

Length-of-time payment
Percentage payment ________________________

100
-

100

100
-

83
16

78
22

100
"

-

-

“

1

-

5
49
1
1

7
48
-

_
32
-

16
10
_
-

22
2
_

_
21
_

-

-

_
47
1
52

_
54
1
46

_
64
**
36

**
86
4
8

1
91
5
4

_
78
1
21

_
7
1
91
**
1

_
8
2
90
-

_
4
96
-

**
58
15
25
**
**

1
69
21
9
-

_
18
_
82
_
-

_
2
1
95
**
1

_
2
2
95
-

_
100
-

26
26
47
**
**

1
30
36
33
-

_
3
_
97
-

All workers ____________________________________

A in u s2
ll d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilities'!'

Method of payment

Workers in establishments providing no
paid vacations _________________ __________

__

Amount of vacation p a y 3
After 6 months of service
Less than 1 week
1 w eek______________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ .
2 weeks
.

_________

After 1 year of service
Less than 1 w eek______________________________
1 week
...........
_
....... .
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks ________________________________________
After 2 years of service
Less than 1 week ..... _ _
_
. .
_ ._
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks ________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks
..... _
After 3 years of service
Less than 1 w eek______________________________
1 week .... _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
._
...
__
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
.. _
3 weeks _

-

'
See footnotes at end of table.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




Occupational Wage Survey, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1958
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of tim e,"
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

17

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V acation p olicy
All industries*

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n

pay3 -

M
anufacturing

Public utilities "f

All industries

2

M
anufacturing

Public utilities t

C o n t in u e d

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
_

1 w eek ____________________________________________ __
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _________________________
2 w ee k s ________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _________________________
3 w eek s ________________________________________________

-

-

-

i

-

-

i

91
3
6

90
4
6

100

85
6
7

_
58
15
26
**

_
55
25
20

_
54
46

-

-

_
6

_
3

-

-

87
2
5

97

-

-

1
2
83
8
7

-

95
5

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f se r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________ __
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eek s ________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _________ ____________
3 w eeks ______________________________________________
4 w ee k s ______________________________________________

**
**
49
26
24
*♦

♦♦
1
50
35
15

_
48
-

52

"

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

_

1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w ee k s _______________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks _________________________
3 w eek s ________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks _________________________
4 w eek s ________________________________________________

11
**
84
1
3

-

-

11
*♦
78
5
4

♦♦
5
-

82
8
5

_
2
-

98
-

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
_

1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w eeks
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eek s _________________________
........
3 w eek s
_
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w eek s _____________________________________________ _
O ver 4 w eeks _ ________________________ ____________

11
**
73
1
14
**

_
6
82
2
9
1

_
3
60
38

**
.11
**

65
7
16

-

**
4
74
9
12
**

_
2
40
58
-

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________ __________________ __ ___
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks _________ ______________
3 w eeks ____
_______________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks _____ _________________
4 w eeks
O ver 4 w eeks

_

_

8

6

**
49
2
40
1

_

_

3
-

48
4
42
1

48
1
49

❖ ♦
11
**
40
5
40
2

*♦
4

2

_

_

46
8
40
1

33
-

65

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
♦♦Less than 0.5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




18

Table B-8: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
P R EN O O F E W R E S EM YED IN
E C T F F IC O K R
PLO
—

P R E T O P N W R E S EM YED IN
E C N F LA T O K R
PLO
—

Type of plan
A in u s*
ll d strie

All w orkers------------------------------- —
--------------------Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance --------------------------------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ---------------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both3 -----------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance ------------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) -------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)-------------------------------------Hospitalization insurance---------------------------Surgical insurance --------------------------------------Medical insurance --------------------------------------Catastrophe insurance --------------------------------Retirement pension ------------------------------------No health, insurance, or pension plan--------

1
2
3
number
**
f

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

100

100

95
51

Pb u
u lic tilitie ^
s

A in u s 2
ll d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb u
u lic tilitie “
sf

100

100

100

100

98

99

92

95

100

67

48

53

63

48

83
64

94
92

94
39

88
78

93
92

99
47

39

39

51

6

1

7

6
90
89
67
18
79
1

99
99
80
7
79
**

41
57
57
41
31
93
1

7
94
92
71
5
66
2

1
99
98
78
4
68
**

64
75
75
62
19
97

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisionsshown separately.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimun
of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
Less than 0. 5 percent.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Milwaukee, Wis. , May 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




19

Appendix*. Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Of f i c e
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:

Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.

Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, ~Eas~responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

20

CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining and established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take, messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

21
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, DEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

22
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment..
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees 1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

and

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter *s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

23
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following; Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re~
ducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

24
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment., Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

an d

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Mo v e m e n t

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

25
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium { \ l/ z to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type!
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1958 O -476354




Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. These bulletins, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19$ when available may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the regional offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis will be issued early in 1959*
Bulletins for the labor markets listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, Mass., September 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-3, price 25 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., November 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-5, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1 2 2 4 - 6 , price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-7* price 25 cents




San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-8, price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-9, price 25 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-10, price 25 cents
New Orleans, La., February 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-11, price 20 cents
Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-12, price 25 cents
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1958 - BLS Bull. 1224-13, price 25 cents
Chicago, 111., April 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-14, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102