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Occupational Wage Survey

ATLANTA, GEORGIA
MAY

1 9

S8

Bulletin No. 1224-17

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Claguo, Com issionor
m




Occupational Wage Survey




ATLANTA, GEORGIA
MAY 1958

Bulletin No. 1224-17
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Ciague, Com issioner
m
August 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year’ s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




Introduction ___________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ______________________

1
4

Tables:
1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey ________
2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected periods _______________
A:

B:

Occupational earnings * A -1 : Office occupations ____________________________________
A - 2: Professional and technical occupations _____________
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations ____________
A -4 : Custodial and material movement occupations ______
Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - l : Shift differentials _____________________________________
B -2 : Minimum entrance rates for women office w o rk ers_
B -3 : Scheduled weekly hours _______________________________
B -4 : Overtime pay __________________________________________
B -5: Wage structure characteristics and labormanagement agreements _____________________________
B -6: Paid holidays __________________________________________
B -7 : Paid vacations ____________________________
B -8 : Health, insurance, and pension plans ________________

Appendix:

Job descriptions

_________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Atlanta area reports for March 1951, March 1952,
March 1953, March 1954, March 1955, April 1956, and April
1957. Prior to the present report no tabulations had been pre­
sented for wage structure characteristics or labor-management
agreements except in the 1954 report, which also provides a
tabulation of overtime pay provisions. The 1955 report also in­
cluded data on frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions
for holidays falling on nonworkdays. A directory indicating date
of study and the price of the reports, as well as reports for
other major areas, is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are availa­
ble for the following trades or industries: Building construction,
printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck driv­
ers and helpers.

2
4
5
8
9
10

12
13
14
14
15
16
18
20
21




Occupational W age Survey - Atlanta, Ga.*
Introduction
The Atlanta area is one of several important industrial cen­
ters in which the Department of Labor1s Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fits on an areawide basis. In each area, data are obtained by Bureau
field agents from representative establishments within six broad in­
dustry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding railroads),
communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major in­
dustry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers
are omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 Wherever possible, sepa­
rate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term "office workers, " as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and allnonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate

Occupations and Earnings

work force are excluded.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -se rie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e ., those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional office in
Atlanta, G a., by Bernard J. Fahres, under the direction of Louis B.
Woytych, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­

cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2

workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed.
Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-management agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a majority are covered.3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time. The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week*s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen^ compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or

paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker*s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
of
table B -3 ) were presented in earlier years in terms of the propor­
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
weekly hours for women workers.
were excluded.
Table

E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scope o£ survey and number studied in A tlanta, Ga. , 1 by m ajor industry division, May 1956
M inim um

Industry division

in estab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Number of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 2

W ork ers in establishm ents

Studied

Within scope of study
Total 3

Office

Studied
Plant

T o t a l3

A ll d i v i s i o n s __ _______ _____________________________________________________

51

728

191

157, 300

3 4 ,4 0 0

9 5 ,0 0 0

97, 230

Manufacturing _____________________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
.....
....
. _
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), communication,
and other public u tilitie s4
•
W holesale trade
_____
_
____
R etail trade
__________________________________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate __________________________- ___
S ervices 6 _______________________________________________________________

51
51

231
497

57
134

6 6 ,6 0 0
9 0 ,7 0 0

7 ,2 0 0
2 7 ,2 0 0

4 9 ,3 0 0
4 5 ,7 0 0

4 4 ,4 9 0
5 2 ,7 4 0

51
51
51
51
51

62
144
122
90
79

22
37
31
26
18

2 ^ ,0 0 0
18, 800
25, 500
14, 100
9, 300

5, 000
6, 300
3, 500
1 0 ,0 0 0
(7)

11, 600
8 ,5 0 0
1 9 ,2 0 0
5
600
(7)

18, 340
7, 080
1 6 ,6 5 0
7 , 160
3, 510

1 The Atlanta M etropolitan A reh (Clayton, Cobb, D eK alb, and Fulton Counties).
The "w o r k e r s within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the
size and com position of the labor force included in the su rvey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b asis of com parison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ployment
trends or le v e ls since ( l ) planning of wage su rveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the
scope of the su rvey.
2 Includes all estab lish m en ts with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair ser v ic e,
and m otion -picture theaters are considered as 1 estab lish m en t.
3 Includes executive, techn ical, p ro fessio n a l, and other w ork ers excluded from the separate office and plant c a te g o ries.
4 A lso excludes taxicab s, and se r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation.
. 5 Estim ate relate s to real estate estab lish m en ts only.
6 H otels; person al s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; radio broadcasting and tele vision ; motion p ictures; nonprofit m em bersh ip organizations; and engineering and architectural se r v ic e s.
7 T h is industry division is represented in estim a tes for " a l l in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the s e r ie s A and B tab les, although coverage w as insufficient to ju stify separate presentation of data.




3
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker*s life.
With reference to wage structure characteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system. However, because of technical considerations, all time­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these workers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were classi­
fied to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 3 7 ^ hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4
W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically im­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay^
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B, The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled-— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; me­
chanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly 'earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual
Table 2:

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Atlanta, G a .,
May 1958 and A p ril 1957, and percent of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(March 1953 = 100)

Industry and occupational group
May 1958

A p ril 1957

Percent in creases fro m —
A p ril 1957
to
May 1958

A p ril 1956
to
A p ril 1957

M arch 1955
to
A p ril 1956

M arch 1954
to
M arch 1955

M arch 1953
to
M arch 1954

M arch 1952
to
M arch 1953

A ll industries:
___________________________________
Office c le rica l (women) n
Industrial nurses (women)
Skilled maintenance (men)
Unskilled plant ( m e n ) _______________________________________

122. 1
131. 3
1 2 6 .4
135.7

1 1 5.6
12 4 .4
119. 1
128.6

5. 6
5 .5
6 .2
5 .6

3 .4
3 .8
4 .3
4 .9

6. 3
9 .0
5 .4
1 3 .6

2 .2
4 .3
2 .9
1 .8

3 .0
5 .3
5 .3
5 .9

5. 5
5 .6
7 .4
7. 1

Manufacturing:
Office c le rica l (women) ____________________________________
Industrial nurses (women) ________________________________
Skilled maintenance (men)
Unskilled plant (men) _______________________________________

1 2 3 .9
13 1 .9
126. 0
136. 0

116. 0
1 2 4.4
118. 0
126.7

6 .8
6. 0
6 .8
7 .3

5. 0
5. 0
3 .9
6 .6

4 .4
8 .8
5. 0
1 1 .4

1 .9
4. 3
3. 1
1 .7

3. 8
4 .4
4 .9
4 .9

6. 1
7. 1
6. 8
8 .4




5

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-1: Office Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in A tlan ta, Ga. , by industry division, May 1958)

Aeae
vrg

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N me
u br
o
f
wr e s
okr

N M E O W R E S R C IV G STR IG T-T E W E LY E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN
A H IM E K
AN G F
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W ly
eek
90.00 95.00 fo o .o o ?05.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
85.00 $
W ly Under 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 $
eek
(S n a d (S n a d 40.00 under
ta d r ) ta d r ) $
and
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A __
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Public utilities t _________
W holesale trade _________
Retail trade _______ ______
Finance f t ________________

538
104
434
80
198
32
118

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
42.0
38.5

$
87.50
96.00
87.00
102.50
85.50
85.50
80.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B __
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Public utilities t _________
W holesale trade _________
Finance ++ ________________

469
125
344
37
210
59

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
37.5

70.00
72.50
69.00
80.00
69.00
63.00

C lerk s, order ___________________
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
W holesale trade _________

257
46
211
185

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

74.50
74.50
74.50
75.00

C lerk s, p a y r o ll_________________
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________

92
50
42

39.5
39.5
39.0

82.00
80.00
84.00

Office boys ______________________
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
W holesale trade _________
Finance f t ________________

277
49
228
75
91

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.0

49.00
51.00
49.00
52.00
45.50

-

Tabulating-m achine operators
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Public utilities t _________
W holesale trade _________
F in a n c e tt ________________

230
52
178
48
49
69

39.0
39. S
39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

76.00
89.00
72.00
78.50
79.00
64.50

_

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

58.00
62.50
56.50
65.50
49.50

-

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
~ 4070“
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

63.00

_

1

7
1
6
_
_
1
5

27
6
21
_
16
_
5

44
44
_
21
_
23

46
11
35
1
26
_
8

80
15
65
12
21
7
25

66
l8
48
4
21
5
18

36
4
32
2
22
1
2

76
11
65
15
21
17
12

44
11
33

51
14
37

_

_

29
4

24
13

49
19
30
9
21
-

60
16
44
7
30
3

43
10
33
_
22

24 .
12
12
3

1
3

b6
5
61
1
34
10

24
14
10

-

75
12
63
8
32
22

_

9
1
8
7

22
1
21
21

34
9
25
24

31
3
28
24

42
11
31
20

35
3
32
32

40
11
29
24

25
6
19
15

-

-

3
3

12
9
3

16
5
11

9
4
5

11
5
6

3
1
2

8
7
1

10
6
4

7
6
1

7
4
3

1
1
-

1
1

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_

7
7

10
6
4

-

-

_

_

-

1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1
1
_
-

2
2

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

88
17
71
6
50

75
6
69
20
28

61
3
58
35
10

30
15
15
6
-

17
6
11
4
3

5
1
4
4
-

.

2

10

16

-

-

-

-

2
1

10
4

16
_
4
9

12
2
10

27
2
25
4

10

46
3
43
7
15
42

-

_

_

“

“

5

_

27
11
16

26
_
26

_

_

8

13

9

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
2
1
1
-

34
9

25
5
7
1
12
4
-

4
3
_
1
3

38
14
24
7
13
_
4

22
5
17
3
12
_
1

16
.
16
5
11
_
-

9
1
8
6
1
_
1

36
9
27
Z20
6
1

8
5
3
3

4
1
3
3

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

_
.
_
-

4

4

3

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

4
4

3
3

4
4

_
-

4

_

-

-

2

-

_

_

4

-

2

-

-

_
_

-

_
_

_

_
_

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
1
15
5
4
4

21

22

3

1

-

-

-

22
4
15
3

8
5
3

Z

15
2
8
4

22
14
8
8
“

4

-

20
4
16
5
8
3

16

b

2

_

1

_
_

19

30
3
27
9
7
9

1
“

“

15
7
8
4
2

27
4
23
11
4

20
7
13
13
*

31
14
17
10
-

7
5
2
2
-

3
1
2
2
-

4
2
2
2
-

-

-

33
33
6
104
8
96
51
17
28

26

24
6
18
8
47
8
39
30
9

30
8
22
18
25

29
9
20
12
25
1
24
9
7
7

2
----- 1---1
12
6
6
3

8
8

-

_
_

_

13

3
3
-

_

_

3
3

-

2

-

3

~

_

-

Women
B ille r s , machine (billing m achine) ______
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________ _____
W holesale trade ______________________
Retail trade ___________________________
B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
W holesale trade ______________________
Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, cla ss B
Manufacturing'____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
W holesale trade ______________________
Retail trade ___________________________
Finance t t _____________________________

206
------ 5T~
152
51
42
209
32
177
54
545
------ t t ~
463
201
52
181

60.50
67.50
59.00
64.00"
58.00
61.00
55.50
55.00

_
_

8
7
_
8
7
_
24
49
_ ------- ST — 2—
_
18
47
_
_
_
7
8
10
37
-

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities
tt Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

42
4
138
—
125
50
7
56

-

26
6
111
25
86
40
6
31

4

21
18
-

3

-

■

-

8
7
1
-

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

■
*

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

_

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

”

-

-

-

-

“

‘

-

6

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a., by industry division, May 1958)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

W
eekly
W
eekly
hours 1
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
Under 4 0 .0 0
and
4 0 .0 0 under
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5,5.00, J>Q, 0 0 . 6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

S
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

63
14
49
7

67
$
58
29

11
1
10

22

10
2

61
IS
43
28
4
4
7

93

%

8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$
9 5 .0 0

$
1 00 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

$
$
1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 10 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

%

$

and

Wom en - Continued
$
7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

-

_
_

6 6 .0 0

-

-

5 7 .0 0
6 2 .3 0
5 6 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
5 3 .0 0
5 0 .0 0

4
4
_
4

147
147
-

418

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

215
182
41
82

3 9 .0
3 $ .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

6 0 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

_

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
3 9 .0

4 7 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
4 7 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
4 4 .5 0
4 4 .5 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A _______________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities t
_
____
_ _
W h olesale trade
_ _
R etail trade
_
_
Finance -f-f
_
_
__ __

529
84
445
138
70
58
154

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B ___ __
__ _ _
Manufacturing _____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities +
. .....
_ _ _
____
.
W h olesale trade
. ............
.... _.
R etail trade ____________________________________________
Finance t t ______________________________________________

1 ,5 5 9
20S
1,3 5 1
417
276

C lerk s, file , c la ss A .
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
W h olesale trade
. ..
.
Finance f t _________________________________________ __

166

876
C lerk s, file , c la ss B _______________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________________ ------- A T T
Nonrnanufacturing
834
45
Public utilities t ______________________________________
W h olesale trade
.
_____
145
102
Retail trade ____________________________________________
F in a n c e tt
. . .
508

12

25
92

-

8

6

19

44

315
29
286
76
29
40
136

350
28
322

209
47

102

66

65
30
95

18

213
28
185
41
70

108
36
72
15
30

22

21

22

40

48

5

26

43
42
5
15

33
30

17

40
38
15
14

15
14
7
3

299

99

51
4
47
3
23
5

27

11

6

12

355
355

288

_

12
10

10
66

3 12

39
288

26
171

93
7
24
18
31

41

25

-

-

8

C lerk s, payroll _______________________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
_ _ _ _
Public u tilities t _
_ _ _
W h olesale trade
_
_ _
_
_
R etail trade ____________________________________ ______
Finance t t ______________________________________________

422
154
268

6 4 .5 0
64."50
6 4 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

_
_
_
_

12

96
40
27

3 9 .0
3 9 .3
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

Com ptom eter op erators _____________________________________
Manufacturing _ __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public u tilities |
...
_
_
W h olesale trade
_
_
Retail trade ____________________________________________

627
47
580
30
350
136

3 9 .5
“ 4075
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
39 .5.
3 9 .5

D uplicating-m achine op erators (m im eograph
or ditto) ________________________________________________
__
Nonrnanufacturing ________________________________________

46
34

5 3 .0 0
5 0 .5 0

11

105
23
82
23
_
5
40

12

_
-

3 9 .0
3 5 75“

_

81
4
77
7
18

10

5 6 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
5 6 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

6 2 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
6 0 .0 0

1

31

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .6
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

1

15
_
9

-

273
46
227
167
60

6 9 .0 0

16

17
17
-

C lerk s, order ________________________________________________
Manufacturing ______________________ ____________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________ __
W h olesale trade ______________________________________
Retail trade
.
.
__
_ _

68

4
4
_
_
4

21

-

_

-

16

8

13

6
21

9
8
2
2

44

7
7
7
-

8

85
63
20
1
1

13
55
14
41
17
24
_
-

6

11

6
2

11

4
3
_
3
2

3
5
17
15
2
2

_

-

-

-

11

10
t
8
8

15

53

7

1

4

3

1
1

52
18
9
13
5

19

13

17

1

2

10

17

11
8
2

6
1

11

5
1

_
-

12

6

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

63
24
39

36
15

8

8

6

50
19
31
4

9

7
9

19
4
9

11
12

5
15
_

33
33
14
18
-

4

1

-

99
3
96
3

145
9
136

83
7
76
4
50

49

20

106
106
5
73
23

9

12

3

7

-

8

41
41
5
3
9

-

4
4

15
13

61

2

5
6
6

1

83
42

2

13
13

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

1

_
_

5
_
5
5
_
_

_
_

1
1

_
_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
1
1

j

1

_
-

1
1

_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
_

.
-

.
_

_
_
_

6

_
6

_
6

_
-

-

-

-

9

2

2

6

1
8

------ 1-----

1
1

2

_

1

_

1

_

_
_

2

1

4
4
_

1

-

-

-

-

-

28
7

25

6

9

2

6

10

21
1

1
2

-

-

-

18

15
9

3
3

-----7----2

2

2

21

48
7
32
5

5
_
5
3

2

6

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

21

1

14
l
12

9
1
1

24
14
10

4
5

2

1

4

_




1

-

-

_
_
_
_
_

.

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

_

6

_
_
_

_

.
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

*

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

2

6

“
'

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities
tt Finance, insurance, and real estate.

_

_

1

-

-

9
_
9
9

-

1

_

23
23
7

6
6

12

32
26

3
_
3
3

-

-

-

4
_
4
4

_
_

_

1

1
1

1

-

_

2

4
3
_

1

22

3

10
6

_

-

7

-

_

2
1

9
4
5
5
_
.

-

87
45
44

3
5

_
_

“

1

54
16
38

6

17
17

5
-

162

5
15

30
7
23
5
4
7
4

6

--------—

1

63
4
59
42
17

35
27

64
7
57
45

32

_
■

7

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a., by industry division, May 1958)
Avkbagx
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
4 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

S
7 5 .0 0

S
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$
9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

$
$
$
1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 2 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

over

_
_

65
65
28
15

69

89

67

23

19

16

1
22

6

10
6

34
28

10
1

2

12

6

2
1
1

8

16

-

21

42

72

54
15
39
9
13
9
7

Weekly
W
eekly . ^nder
hours
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) 4 0 .0 0

$

and
1 20 .0 0

Women - Continued
$
Key-punch operators ________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________ _______
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities t ______________________________________
W h olesale trade ________ _____ ________ __________
Retail trade _____________ ______ ___________ _______
Finance t t _____________________________________________

575

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

81

488
93
143
54
186

156
Office g ir ls
_
__
_
___
__ _
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________ -----81
Finance t t ---------------------------------------------------------------------

6 0 .0 0

73. M
5 7 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

6 1 .5 0
5 1 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

3 9 .0
4 8 .0 0
“ I 9 .c n “T ? 3 0 ~
3 8 .5
4 7 .0 0

_
-

S ec reta ries _
_
____
_ _
Manufacturing _ __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities t ______________________ ______________
W h olesale trade ______________________________________
R etail trade ____________________________________________
Finance t t _____________________________ ________ __

1 ,6 5 7
3 9 .5
7 7 .5 0
..T 473 ' ~ 3 9 .3 " .. 8 1.156 J
1 ,2 1 4
3 9 .5
7 6 .5 0
213
3 8 .5
9 1 .5 0
340
3 9 .5
7 8 .0 0
3 9 .0
6 7 .0 0
157
3 9 .0
418
7 1 .5 0
1 ,7 2 5
360
1 ,3 6 5
270
491
124
378

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 5 .5 0
7 0 . Oo
6 4 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

6 8 .5 0
5 7 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

11

4

-

4
4
4

-

-

_
-

15
2

13
7
5

114
4

222

274
56
219
19
80
33
69

110

24
12

22

8

-

5

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ______________________
M an u factu rin g____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
______ „ __ ___ _ ________ __
Public .utilities t ______________________________________
W holesale trade ____ . _ __ ___________ „ ______ ’
Retail t r a d e ___________________________________________
Finance t t __ ____ „ _______________ ______

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 2 .0
3 9 .0

5 7 .5 0
6 6 . Oo
5 8 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
5 0 .0 0
5 3 .0 0

_
_

14

65
19
46
-

-

-

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

6 3 .0 0
6 0 . 00
6 0 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

_

7
7
4
3

Tabulating-m achine op erators ____________________________
N on m anufacturing________________________________________
W holesale trade
....................
_ __ _
Finance t t ___________________________
____ __
Tran scrib in g-m achin e op erators, g e n e r a l ______________
Manufacturing
_ \____________
____
Nonmanufacturing
_________ _ __ ---------_
W holesale t r a d e ______________________________________
Finance t t - __ ________ - - __________ -

60

147
53
36
543
66

477
131

277

3 9 .0
4 0 .6
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

5 8 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
5 5 .0 0

-

_
-

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities
tt Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

27
27

50

38

18
18

6

32
8
7
31----- — 5----- — 5—
13
4
4

15

47
47

32

24
3
37

20

4 1 .0
5 6 .5 0
25
39 . T - ” 7 3 .1 0 ^
4 1 .5
5 3 .0 0
25
4 0 .0
5 0 .5 0
3 9 .0
5 9 .5 0
-

28

10

11

-

Switchboard op erators
249
M an u factu rin g ____ ________ _ __ __ _____ _________ ------- 4 T “ “
Nonmanufacturing
206
78
R etail t r a d e ___________________________________________
36
Finance t t ________________________ ____________ _____

8
6

81

8
8

1

110

117
15
14

8

99
16
83
9

16

-

262

g

45
7
5

16

14
58

368
HT5”

122

■

58
49
” 55----- ~ 17—
43
17

_

Stenographers, general _______ _________ _ ____ __ __
Manufacturing ______________ _________ _____ „ ______
N onm an ufactu ring________________________________________
Public utilities t ______________________________ __
W holesale trade _
Retail trade ________________________ ________ _______
Finance t t
-

1
68

—

5—

29
193
32
48
27
75

38
24
----- 7----- ----- -- -----

212

27
185
5
64
42
67
325
12

253
26
88

16
101

24
1

55
18
28
3

2

— z—

68

12

5

74

66

52
18

67
15
52
34

18
48
9

7
23

16

2

_

9

16

13
13
-

23
23

24
24

10
2

6

83
2

81

-

4

21

57

113
17
96
13
71

-

196
“ 55—
141
21

50
8

62
153

24
----- 3—

45
16
29
4
19

4
_

2

2

_

_

_

_

4
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_

-

_
-

-

-

“

208
45—
160
28
43
19
60

-

~

164
126
193
55----- ~ n — “n o —
114
73
99
33
16
19
18
22
40
13
7
1
36
27
26

44
— 5—
38
13
14

33
17

29
11

35
23

15
5

18

12

6
11

5
3
2

10

16

-

3

-

-

20

16
8
8

28
7

_

28
----19

-

19

8

1
11

6

16
1

3
5
4

2

1

-

4
3

-

9

-

2

-

21

14

18

1

38
4
34
22
12

_
-

2

12

8

2

10

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
6

5
3

11

.

.

.

4
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
5

24

3

1

2

23
14
4
_

2
1

3
3
3
_

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

21

----- 6 ----15
-

1
1

5

2

26
23
4
15

15
l5

12

15
l3
9

1
1
2

6
3
1
1

69

16

2
2

67
43

11

65

35

20

4

4

1
1

21
6

15

60
16

11

—

2
2—

-

_
-

-

19
19
15

93

1

2

-

78

_
_
_

9
7

8

-

8

_
_
_

4

4
_
4
_
4
_

12

77

.

_
_

44
14

_

2
2

_

_
_

138
41
97
39
27
3

22

1

115

_

2

_

131
43
54
9
5

46
99
17
59

5
5

-

276
54

21

22

8

_

222

23

8

11

224
65
159
4
51
18

20
10
10

22

13
5

6

31
26
5

9

10

-

-

5

I

4

1

2

-

“

-

3

_

3
-

-

1

2
2

8
2

17

_

-

-

3

2

2

-

-

-

3

3

2

2

2

2

_

10

_
10

10

_

-

8

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
{A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in Atlan ta, G a . , by industry division, M ay 1958)

N M E O W R E S R C IV G STR IG T-TIM W E LY E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN
A H
E EK
AN G F
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

Avebaqs

N me
u br
of
wr e s
ok r

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
4 0 .0 0

W ly
eek
W ly. Under
eek
(S n a d (S n a d
ta d r ) ta d r )
f o . o o under

$
4 5 .0 0

.45^00- 5Q.QQ

W om en - Continued
T yp ists, c la s s A

_ _

Manufacturing
.......
Nonmanufacturing

........

_ _ __
W h olesale trade ______________________________________
Finance t t
.............

585
60
525
107
276

B ____________ _______________________ 1 ,5 0 3
127.....
Manufacturing .
. __
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________ 1 ,3 7 6
Pnhlic utilities +
..........
70
202
W h olesale trade ______________________________________
Retail trade
. . .
145
883
Finance t t ______________________________________

T yp ists, c la ss

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

<
f
*c
P
5 9 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

5 0 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
4 9 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 4 .5 0
4 8 .0 0
4 7 .5 0

_
_

16
_
16

16
.
_

_

_
-

353
10
343
11

44
2 52

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

5 5 .0 0 . 6 0 . Q
Q

91
'6
85
4
52

132
_
132
4
84

477
16
461
11
13
52
378

371
25
346
18
89
29
19i

99
12
87
31
41
176

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

65.QQ -70 ..QQ

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

95

9
86
27
36

62

53
12
41
14
21

9
55

3
3

H

142

9

57
47
10
11
19
------ 3— ------ j — ------ 9— ------ 8— ------ 8—
54
44
10
2
3
6
11
19
1
_
_
36
8
3
59

29

7
_

30
10

7

4
4
4

2
4
-

1

7
1
6
6

9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

6

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

_

2

4
4
_

$

$
$
$
1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
and
1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 rtver

2
2

_

I

I

I

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

I

I

"

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

’

1 Standard hours re fle ct the workweek for which em ployees rece iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la ries and the earnings correspon d to these weekly h ours.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 16 at $120 to $ 1 3 0 ; 4 at $130 to $ 1 4 0 ,
3 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 6 at $ 30 to $ 3 5 ; 6 at $35 to $ 4 0 .
+ Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication,
++ Finance, insurance, and real estate.

and other public u tilitie s.

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in A tlan ta, G a ., oy industry division, May 1958)

A eU l
vi O

N me
u br
o
f
wr e s
okr

Sex. occupation, and industry division

NlJ B R O W R E S R C IV G STR IG T-TIM W E LY E R IN S O —
M E F O K R E E IN
A H
E EK
AN G F
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
W ly
eek
W ly . Under 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
eek
h us
or
e r in s
an g
and
(S n a d (S n a d 60.00 under
ta d r ) ta d r ) $
and
.65,00. 70.00
-80, Q -8.5 aP -2Q.QQ .95.0Q IQ .Q 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over
Q
O
-Q O

Men
Draftsmen, leader ___________________________________

68

40.0

$
154.00

_

_

_

.

.

.

_

1

1

_
~

1
1
1
"

4
4
4

3
3
3
-

24
i9
5
2
2

13
1
12
5
5

61
41
20
2
16

13
11
2
2

18
18
11
3

34
id
16
13
2

50
31
13
1
9

26
lS
13
4
9

46
S
O
16
2
11

27
17
10
10

38
Si
7
7

6
1
5
3
1

7
6
1
1
-

_

_

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

3

4
1

4
2

7
5

6
5

10
8

4
1

3
2

13
IS

2
1

_

141
40
83

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

105.50
105.00
107.00
108.00
107.00

_

258
155
103
39
52

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

78.00
8o:oo
75.00
69.50
79.50

6
2
4
4

56
39

40.0
40 V
O

86.00
89.00

.
”

Draftsmen, senior ______________________________— - —
Manufacturing . ________________ - ________ ___
Nonmanufacturing ____________ ____________________
Public utilities t ----------- ---------------------------- -----Wholesale trade ________________________________

323

Draftsmen, junior _________________ _ ----------------- —
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities t _____ ________________ _______
Wholesale trade ___________________ _______ __

TWl

-

2
44
33
— 51— ----- 1
13
26
2
8
23

29
n
15
3
8

26
18
8
6
1
_
_
_
_
-

22
~T2 10
_
9

8
24
14
10
3
6

6

3

2
14
----- 2— ----- 8“ ~
_
6
_
6
-

246
10
4
6
3
3

_

_

_

.

_

_
_

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
_

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered)__________ ____ _____
Manufacturing______
__ __
__________ ___ __

1

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the workweek for which em ployees rece iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings correspon d to these w eekly h o u rs.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed a s follo w s:
13 at $ 140 to $ 1 5 0 ; 5 at $150 to $ 1 6 0 ; 10 at $160 to $ 1 7 5 ; 11 at $ 175 to $ 1 9 0 ; 7 at $190 and o ve r.
+

Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s),




com m unication,

and other public u tilities.

_

_

"

~

9
Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
{Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, Ga., by industry division, May 1958)

Ae g, $
v ra e
$
$
h u ly1 1.00 1.10 1.20
or
e r in s
an g
and
under
_ ll 15- JL.2Ql 1.30
_
$
170
2.21
2
Carpenters, maintenance _____________________
— 75----- ' T . 20
2
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __
96
2.21
51
2.38
Retail trade _____________________________
Occupation and industry division

N me
u br
o
f
wr e s
okr

$
$
1.30 1.40

$
1.50

1.40

1.50

1.60

3
2
1
1

2
1
1

N M E O W R E S R C IV G STR IG T-T E H U L E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN
A H IM O R Y A N G F
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.10 $
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00
2.20 $
2.30 2.40 2.50

$
2.60

2.70

$
2.80

1.70

2.70

2.80

2.90

16
7
9
4

22
T 0“
2

1.80

4
10
3 — 2—
1
8
4
1

1.90

2.00

15
31
4
12 — r ----- T ~
_
3
29
3
1
-

2.10

2.30

2.40

5
5
-

2.20
13
-----5
5
3

4
4
4

12
_
12
12

2.50

2.60

4
9
1 —
3
5
3
2

$
3.00 $ 10
3.
and
3.00 3.10 over

$
2.90

~

14
1
13
13

_
-

_
5
- — r~
-

_
-

Electricians, maintenance
Manufacturing
_ _
_
_ _
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

230
TS1
47

2.56
2.60
2.38

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

1
1
-

6
3
3

4
3
1

9
7
2

2
2
-

8
5
3

13

16

3

7
4
3

14
16
4

14
— rr
3

4
2
2

52
26
23

23
23
-

24
24
~

42
42
-

Engineers, stationary
_
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
Retail trade _____________________________

131
43
88
26

1.98
2.$0
1.72
2.03

7
7

_
-

1
1
1

11
11
1

5
5
-

11
11
-

17
6
11
1

15
15
8

3
1
2
-

5
5
3

6
3
3
2

4
4
4

6
6
-

1
1
1

8
4
4
3

2
2

4
4
-

15
14
1
1

4
4
-

5
5
-

_
-

i
i
i

Firemen, stationary boiler
_______________
Manufacturing ______________________________

79
72

1.58
1.66

19
18

1
-

1
-

3
3

25
24

4
4

4
1

3
3

_
-

_
-

4
4

6
6

1
1

_

_

4
4

_

4
4

1.69
1.91
1.55
1.63
1.32
1.43

10
10
_
6
4

31
14
17
_
8
4

30
12
18
3
4
3

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
.
-

_
_
_
.
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

2.45
Mt 1
2.79

_
-

_
-

_
“

2
2
-

1
1
-

5
5
“

10
10
■

6
6
"

14
14
-

39
36
*

2
2
-

15
4
211

_
-

_
-

21
3
18
_
16

18
2
16
8
7

24
l6
5
4

9
9
_
_
"

35
---- T T
4
-

63
48
15
4
_
'

Helpers, trades, maintenance _
460
Manufacturing
__
_
_ _~ m —
Nonmanufacturing .... .... .......... ........... .
283
....
Public utilities f
_
207
31
Wholesale trade ________________________
Retail trade
_____
30

16
74
61
81
39
—
---- Y T — r ~ ------5 " ---- & ---- IT 4
66
66
34
55
60
64
27
49
_
_
_
4
5
4
4
3
2
1

Machinists, maintenance
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

297
2T5----27

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) ________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Public utilities! ________________________
Wholesale trade _
.
.

700
T7
25
580
484
56

2. 15
ZTT6
2.16
2.21
1.86

_
-

_
_
-

Mechanics, maintenance
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Wholesale trade
.................... ..
Retail trade
_
.. _ . .

546
367
179
86
48

2.12
2755
2.25
2.26
2.28

59
59

2.64
2.64

_
_
-

_
-

Millwrights _
_ _ _ _ _
. .
Manufacturing ______________________________

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

Oilers ________________________________________
Manufacturing . ..... .
_...
... . ...

76
76

1.59
1.59

_
"

10
10

27
2?

12
12

_
-

1
1

Painters, maintenance
.. .... _ ...............
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _

126
56
70

2.19
2.46
1.95

_
-

_
-

_
'

_
-

3
3
-

80
---- 53-----

2.71
2.72

_
"

Pipefitters, maintenance
Manufacturing

t

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

~

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Workers were distributed as follows; 7 at $3.10 to $3.20; 4 at $3.30 to $ 3.40.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




10
4
2
29
- ------T ~ ~ W ~ ----- T ~
10
3
_
4
■_
.
1
3
5
-

3
11
— n ~ ------- T
-

_
_
_
-

4
7
26
35
4 — r ~ “ ' ZS ' “ 35—
3
-

73
""7 3 '
_
_
25
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

_
_
_
-

15
42
35
-----j^ - “ 42— “~23—
12
1
-

_
_
_
-

_

13
11
2
2
“

34
16
18
12
4

32
32
21
2

153
1?
136
132
3

56
l'O
46
35
6

94
4
90
72
4

63
63
55
4

125
5
120
116
3

13
3
10
9
1

51
30
21
21
-

_
-

1
1
1
-

2
2
_
2

_
_
-

_
_

52

49
40
9
6
3

21

5
5
-

58
37
21
15
6

51
39
12
3
9

28
9
19
10
9

17
17
13
4

33
18
15
7
8

14
5
9
4
5

53
22
31
3
3

9
4
5
4
1

50
46
4
4
-

_

5
5

_
-

_
-

2
2

1
1

_
-

1
1

16

_
_
_
_
-

2
2
2
-

_
-

2
2
2
_

_
“

_
-

.
-

1
1

_
-

2
Z

19
16

3
3

1
1

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

9
3
6

1
1
~

2
2

45
1
44

2
2

3
1
2

1
1

7
7

_
-

3
3

_
-

41
38
3

1
1
-

3
3
-

_
-

5
2
3

_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

3
1
1 -----3“

24
“24 “

24
24“

_

-

1
1

_

•

2
2

l

*

_
"

~

_

-

—

4T ~

9
4
-

16

16

24
—

~ n

25
9
“ 25 T ------6”

_
-

_

10

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, Ga. , by industry division, May 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

Average $
hourly 2 0 .4 0
earnings * and

155
155
53

$
0 .6 0
.6 0
.6 9

244
193
51

2 .1 3
2 .2 6
1 .6 7

Janitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers (m e n )_________
Manufacturing
N onm anufacturing______________________________
Public utilities f
W holesale trade
Retail trade
__ .
Finance f t
..

2 ,7 1 5
1 ,0 9 3
1 ,6 2 2
253
176
469
300

1 .2 0
1 .4 8
1 .0 2
1 .3 0
1 .3 6
.9 3
.9 3

_
•_
_

J anitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers (w o m e n )______
M an ufactu ring___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade _

573
98
475
128

.8 3
1 .1 2
.7 7
.7 9

L a b o r e rs, m aterial handling
M an ufactu ring___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__
. ...
Public utilities t ___ - ____ _____ ____ ____ __
W holesale trade
.. . . _
Retail trade ........
.. .

3, 883
1 ,7 3 9
2 ,1 4 4
756
972
416

1 .5 2
1.5 1
1 .5 3
2 .0 7
1 .2 2
1 .2 7

Order fille r s
_
_ .......
Manufacturing
_ ..... .
N on m anufacturing______________________________
W holesale trade
...
...
Retail trade

1 ,0 6 5
191
874
666
208

1 .5 1
1 .4 6
1 .5 2
1 .4 8
1 .6 6

. .
..... ...

693
305
388
324
49

1 .4 5
1 .5 3
1 .3 8
1.4 1
1 .2 6

P a c k e r s, shipping (w o m e n )______________________
Nonmanufacturing
. . ...............

180
121

1 .3 2
1 .2 6

Receiving clerk s
Manufacturing ..
_ ....
Nonmanufacturing
W h olesale trade
Retail trade
..

281
116
165
96
65

1 .6 6
1 .7 7
1 .5 7
1 .6 1
1 .5 4

314
213
101
76
25

1 .8 3
1 .8 9
1 .7 0
1 .7 4
1 .5 8

E levator o p erators, p assen ger (w o m e n )_______
_ -----

Retail trade
Guards .... _ ._
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

...
..

_ .............
.... _ .

___

P a c k e rs, shipping (men) _
.
... _ ... _
Manufacturing . .................. .. ....
Nonmanufacturing
W h olesale trade
.
Retail trade __ _ ... . _
__

.

_ . _
_ . _ .............
... . ........
___ ... ...

Shipping clerk s . . .
Manufacturing
.....
....
. .
__
Nonmanufacturing ....... .
W holesale trade .. ....... ..
... _.
Retail trade
_ __

___
...

80
60

-

$
0 .5 0

$
0 .6 0

$
0 .7 0

$
0 .8 0

$
0 .9 0

$
1 .0 0

$
1 .1 0

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

.6 0

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

.7 0

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

and
over

21
21
21

4
4
4

17
17
3

2
2

2
2

11
1
10

22
22

-

5
------- 3T

-

19
10
9

-

-

13
13
-

26
9
17
_
17
_

, , 40
^
5
5
_
_

26
9
17
4
13
_

39
32
7
2
5
_

309
307
2
2
_

28
24
4
2
2
_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

6
6
-

_
-

u
11

14
14
14

-

3
3
:

4
4

9
5
4

2
2

376
279
97
30
14
17
36

252
80
172
105
37
17

96
42
54
14
21
4
12

142
44
98
49
27
21
-

33
6
27
14
4
2

-

13
13

-

-

-

60
60
_
8

100
100
_
37

-

-

310
310
_
88
168

87
87
3
_
73

-

101
101
63
-

24
24

28
28
28

45
45
9

251
251
28

27
27
27

12
12
12

112
62
50
17

36
23
13

8
3
5
2

10
4
6
5

14
14
"

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

_

_

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

-

554
216
338
207
131

837
492
345
39
261
45

435
185
250
10
201
39

268
86
182
37
124
21

243
54
189
56
104
29

266
129
137
12
31
94

73
15
58
8
18
32

53
25
28
8
15
5

49
41
8
_
8
-

60
60
-

-

14
14
14

18
15
3
3

"

6
6
6

-

-

-

_

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

_

54
18
36
35
1

77
16
61
42
19

217
45
172
156
16

88
16
72
50
22

115
20
95
79
16

148
20
128
122
6

40
T5
25
25
-

175
12
163
69
94

51
51
29
22

21
21
15
6

25
6
19
19
-

4
4
4
-

2
2
2
-

-

~

73
5l
22
12
10

143
21
122
95
12

92
17
75
62
13

19

12
9
3

58
2
56
50
6

8
5
-

7
7
_

52
52
_
-

15
15
_

3
3
_

2
2
_
_

-

35
5
30
30
-

20
20
_

-

47
16
31
31
-

_

-

119
?9
40
35
5

'

-

-

-

-

-

30
12

45
32

26
21

15
13

39
36

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

8
-

_

-

10
-

36
14
22
11
11

16
2
14
7
7

22
1
21
4
13

19
6
13
7
6

33
20
13
10
3

47
22
25
19
6

12
1
11
8
3

9
-------T "
3
2
1

44
11
33
28
5

10
3
7
_
7

1
1
' * _
1

7
5
2
_
2

25
25
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

15
7
8

41
33
8
8

12
9
3
3

24
12
12
12

32
14
18
18

32
25
9

17

7—
— TT~ T

4
4

15

4
4

_
_

31
23
8
4
4

12

~~n

_
_

_
_

690
464
25
34
139
73

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_
_

-

-

-

"

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

4
4

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

11

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

4

8

_

7

-

145
145

-

"

2 ti>

-

1
1

-

-

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




j

38
— T5“
23
17
6

_

9

31

32

12
12

15
15

12
“ TT"
_
„

-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
-

321
“ 109
12
12
-

556
84
472
472
_

-

.

_
_
_
_
_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

_
-

_
_

-

-

130
28
102
102
_

_
_
_
_
-

8
8
_

-

2
2
2

_
_

-

_

Tz~ T 5 —

11

Table A-4: Custodial and Materidl Movement Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a., by industry division, May 1958)
N M E O W R E S R C IV G 8TR IG T-TIM H U L E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN
A H
E ORY A N G F
N me
u br
o
f
wr e s
okr

Occupation 1 and industry division

Shipping and receiving clerks __
Manufacturing _ _
_
Nonmanufacturing
.... .
Wholesale trade . --......
Retail trade____________________________

407
w r~
239
115
71

Trurkdrivers 4
................ .
..
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities f _ .
.
.
_ ... .
Wholesale trade _
Retail trade____________________________

2,561
506
2,055

Truckdrivers, light (under I1 tons)______
/*
Manufacturing__________________________
Nonmanufacturing
..
Wholesale trade
. _ __ _
Retail trade

381

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type)
_ . .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities t

Watchmen ... _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities t
Wholesale trade
Retail trade

1
2
3
4
t

...........
_
_
... .

... _

412
354

66

315
103

$
0.70

$
0.80

$
0.90

.70

.80

.90

1.00

1.10

7
7
7

7
7
7
“

32
32
_
23

$

2.00
1.83
1.77

_
-

1.93
1.51
2.03
2. 36
1.59
1.47

.
_
-

1.39
1.50
1.37
1.32

_

2.17

1.88

-

_
_
-

_
-

_
"

"

_
-

2

.
_
_
_
-

26
_
_

-

2

_

2
2

26

26
22

2

_
-

22

1.00

2
-

-

22

_

$

1.10
1.20

._

..... ...
....

..

1.20

$
1.30

1.30

1.40

10

7
3

14
14
7
7

110

110

51

38
38
29
9

i.

49
7
42

_

10

23
87
_
33
54

110

1.00

1,458
3^3
1,125
845
123
143

1.96
1.34
2.14
2.37
1.50
1.43

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
"

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

4
4
_
_
4

5
5
_
_
-

201
166

41
_
18
14

2.28
"2701
2.31
2.41

_
-

_
"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

-«
_

_
-

_

_
"

_
-

12
----- T T
_
-

16
T5
1
_
1

10
10
_
_
6

12
12
_
_

351
T59
162
35
34
34

1.80
T9 2
“
1.56
1.43
1.78
1.28

1.26

1.30
1.56
1.41
1.19

4
4
_
_

_
_

_

1
_
_

107
—

TT

32
4
12
6

57
45
12
1
6

5

$

1.40
1.50

12

$
$
1.50 1.60

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

$

$

$

2.20

$
2.30

$
2.40

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

21
8

19

105
65
40
7
19

54
40
14
7
7

10

125

69

1142
24
1118
1113
5

1.60

7
5

3
3
"

25
_
25
9
9

51
2$
23

216
34
182

53
26
27

9

-

6

12

6

l

8

154

22

14

2

-

2

2

“

69

40

56

32

46
_
27
19

_
_
-

1

10

_
10
~

17
—

74
—i r i
5
52
3
52
2
-

TT

22

— rs~

7

_

3
4

12

3

2

20 ----- T T T T
20
41
21
6
1
1
8
25
14
11
10
6

_
1
-

13
10
3
_
_

3

35
—

T T

3
3
46
—

r r

35
3
1
3

4

71

32
26

43
28
15
_

26

8

2i

19
9
3

_

15

48
i'3
35
33

31
23

27

12
12

6
2

8
6
2

'

12

6

19

10

41

_
_
-

_
-

*5
77
50
27

64
15
49
4
45

440
— zw ~
...
142
91
.... _
.
51
....

$

252
162
90
.
25
56

27
27
_
23

-

Data limited to men workers, except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Workers were distributed as follows: 17 at $2.50 to $2.70; 10 at $2.70 to $2.90.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




$

$
0.60

439
44
395
236

Truckdrivers, medium (IV 2 to and
including 4 tons) _ . _
................. .. _
Manufacturing
_ . ....
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 1f .... ....
_ ... _ ...
Wholesale trade
. -----Retail trade
....................... ...... . ...

Truckers, power (forklift) _
Manufacturing
..........
Nonmanufacturing
Wholesale trade
Retail trade ..

1 ,2 1 1

$
A ge $
ven
h u ly , 0.40 0.50
or
ea in s* and
rn g
under
.60
.50

_
_
-

16

10

3
"

6

4

2

3
1
2
2
_

2

8

11
1

41

4

45

-

37
3
34

17
9

41
4
37
_

3

2
1

52
52
_
-

1
1

2

_
-

25
~ zU ~

8
5
8 -----4“
'
1
"
-

24
3
21
14
_

12

7
3
"

13

131
30

2

17
_
17

_

20

101

2

l

20

6

6
1
2
2

28

5
3

19

24
18

2.10

43
37
3
3

_
_

39
m
29
29
-

7

8

2.00

1
_
1
_
1
2
2
_
2

_
-

27
24
3

1
2
-

2
2
39
— IT“
24
1
23

47

2

63
Ti
49
47

2

5
------ 5~
_
_
_

-

2
2
-

20

T5
5
_
5

"

16

37

_
37
-

19
19
"

5
5
1
4

12
------8
4
2
2

1
_
1

T5
_
-

7
19
------r _ ---- 7—
16
11
5

8 ' IT '
26

_
_

1

16
6
.15 ■---- —
1
2
_
_
1
2

8 T

7
3
3
-

$
2.50
and
over

31
4

3 27

15
-

10
-

117
4
40
73

36
35

4
4
4
-

.
_
-

.
_

.
_
-

15
4

794
_
794
789
5

_
-

248
— nr232
232

10
10
-

53
10
53— ■ nr*
“
_
_
_
_
-

_
-

1

32
------3-1
29
_
_
29

10
1

• .
58
58
4

25
_
25
-

107
T T ““
_
“

_

11

_

2
2
_
2

10
-

10
-

_
_

_




12

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1: Shift Differentials1
T---- “---- — —
— 1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Total _________________________________________________________

83.4

Third or other
shift work

(b)
Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

73. 0

14.2

4. 0

With shift pay differential__________________________________

6 6 .8

65. 8

9 .8

2. 5

Uniform cents (per hour)________________________________

49. 1

33. 1

8.7

1.6

Under 4 cents
________ ____ _________ __________
4 cents ____
___________ ____ __________________
______________________ ______________________
5 cents
6 cents
____________________________________________
7 or 7 V2 cents _______________________________________
8 cents _____________________ __________________________
9 cents ________________________________________________
10 r.pntfl
103/* cents ^
12 cents _____________ ______________ __________________ _
15 cents and o v er_____________________________________

5.2
1.7
7 .4
2. 1
4 .9
3. 8
7 .5
1.6
14.2
.7

_
8.7
1.7
3 .2
2* 8

1. 1
*
.7
.6
.8
.2
.7
.6
4. 0
-

2.1
9. 3
-

2.9
2.4

_
.8
.1
.2
. 1
.2
. 1
.1

_______________________________

15. 8

14. 1

.2

-

5 percent _____________________________________________
6 percent _____________________________________________
7 V2 percent __________________________________________
10 percent --------------------------------------------------------------------

14. 1
1.7
-

.5
2 .4 11.2

. 1
. 1
"

■

Uniform percentage ___

Full day’ s pay for reduced hours ______________________
Full day’ s pay for reduced hours plus
cents differential____________________________ ________
Paid lunch period not given first-shift workers _______
No shift pay differential _______________

__________________

-

2 .5

-

.4

1.9

14.2
1.9

.9

.4
. 1

16.6

7 .2

4 .4

1. 5

1 Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late
shifts at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
* Less than 0. 05 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, G a ., May 1958
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor S tatistic

13

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

Number of establishm ents with specified minimum ! iring rate in—
h
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

_
_

191

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

A ll
industries
A ll
schedules

Establishments studied

Number of establishm ents with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Nonmanufacturing

57

40

A ll
schedules

37 V,

383/4

40

XXX

134

XXX

XXX

XXX

A ll
schedules

191

57

For Inexperienced Typists
Establishments having a
specified m in im u m ______________

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard \
veekly h o u rs 2 of—

All
industries

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

134

37 >/a

383/4

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Weskers*

89

16

13

73

11

11

47

97

19

16

78

12

12

50

_
1
31
16
14
6
4
4
4
1
2
2
1

6
1
3
1
1
1
1
1

_
1
25
16
13
5
4
3
3
1
1
1

_
1
3
2
4
1
-

_
4
4
2
1
-

_
18
9
5
4
4
2
3
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
1
6
1
3
1
-

-

-

1

_
6
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
19
10
4
4
5
1
2
2
1

-

_
8
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1

_
8
3
1
-

1

1
2
41
16
10
9
6
1
3
3
1
2
1
1

1
2
33
15
9
6
5
1
2
3
1

-

4
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

-

Establishments having no
specified minimum _____________

41

23

XXX

18

XXX

XXX

XXX

44

25

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

XXX

Establishments which did not
employ w orkers in this
category
______________________

60

17

XXX

43

XXX

XXX

XXX

49

12

XXX

37

1

XXX

“

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

1

XXX

$ 3 2 .5 0
$35. 00
$ 37.50
$ 40 .00
$ 42 .50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$47 .50
$50. 00
$ 5 2 .5 0
$55. 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$60. 00
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 67 .50
$7 0.00
$ 72 .50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

Data not available

$ 35.00
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 50. 00
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 57.50
$60. 00
$ 62.50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0

_____
-------_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
___
_____
_____
___
_____
_____

______________

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined and for the most common workweeks reported.
3 Rates applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.




Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, G a., May 1958
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

14

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS *EM PLOYED IN—

Weekly hours

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

All
a
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities y

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

Under 35 hours ----------------------------------------------------------------35 hours -----------------------------------------------------------------------------3 7*/a hours --------------------------------------------------------------------------38 hours ------------------------------------------------------------------------------383/* hours --------------------------------------------------------------------------40 hours --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 ho u rs --------------------------------------44 hours ------------------------------------------- — -------------------------------45 hours ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 45 and under 48 hours ------------------------------------48 hours --------------------------------------------------------------------------------49 hours -------------------------------------- .---------------------------------------50 hours ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 50 hours --------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_

1

7
46

All workers

2

15
**

16
63

7
**
-

_
-

_
_

All ,
industries'*

Manufacturing

100

100

100

_

3

4
1

Services

_

4

1

15

5

12

_

_

4

11

_

73

82
3

44
40

89

46

1
1

1
**

-

1
-

1

1

_

_

_

_
_

_

**

-

1
_
_
-

_
_

_

_

■

"

“

**

“

81

6

3

1

_

7
**

_
_

_

1

_

1
2

83

100

100

63
7

Services

51

4

2

5

17
10

8

7

2

1

3

_

Retail trade

5

7

69
3

**
_

100

Wholesale
trade

j

**

_

**

-

**

10

Public
utilities y

8

7

3
j

5

8

-

7

1 Estimates for office workers are not comparable with earlier studies. See Introduction, p. 2.
Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
t t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

3

Table B-4: Overtime Pay
PE C N O P
R E T F LAN W R ER EM YED IN
T OK S
PLO
—

P R E T O O F E W R E S EM YED IN
E C N F F IC O K R
PLO
—
Overtime policy

All workers

------------------------------------------------------

A
ll
in u s 1
d strie

Mn fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie y
s

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

F a ce
in n

S r ic s
ev e

A
U
in u
d stries*

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie y
s

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

35
35
9
26
-

66
66
**
65
-

69
69
33
36
-

41
41
5
36
-

9
9
9
-

8
8
8
-

50
50
4
46
**

68
68
7
61
-

76
76
76
-

28
26
2
24
2

10
10
10
-

65

34

31

59

91

92

50

32

24

72

90

94
94
10
83
**
**

96
96
**
96
**

98
98
33
65
-

87
87
6
81
-

81
81
3
77
1
-

99
99
13
87
-

89
88

94
94
90

**
-

98
98
8
90
-

-

97
95
2
93
2
-

74
74
67
7
-

6

4

2

13

19

**

11

2

6

3

26

Daily overtime
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay 3 ------------------------------------------------Time and one-half ---------------------------------------Effective after less than 8 hours------------Effective after 8 hours --------------------------Double time --------------------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no p o lic y -------------------

Weekly overtime
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay 3 ------------------------------------------------ Time and one-half ---------------------------------------Effective after less than 40 hours ---------Effective after 40 h o u rs----------------------- —
Effective after more than 40 hours---- ---Double time -------------------------------------------- -----Other ------------------------------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no p o lic y -------------- -—

4

80
4

4

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
a Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
.,
,
3
Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day would be considered as
time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 371 and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours.
/*
** Less than 0.5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, Ga. , May 1958
■ Finance, insurance, and real estate.
j"f
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




15

Table B-5: Wage Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management.Agreements
P R E T O O F E W R E S EM LO D IN—
E C N F F IC O K R
P YE
A
ll
in u s 1
d strie

P R E T O P N W R E S E P YE IN
E C N F LA T O K R M LO D —

Mn fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

R ta tr d
e il a e

66
3
63
34

92
2
90
8

61
3
58
39

-

-

51
49

79
21

S r ic s
ev e

Mn fa rin
a u ctu g

72
35
37
28

84
52
32
16

80
20
11
4
5

F a ce t f
in n

A
U
in u ie *
d str s

45-49

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie T
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

R ta tra e
e il d

99
26
74
**

59
23
36
41

37
6
31
63

77
23
18
5

99
1
1

94
6
1
**
5

70
30
7
23

60-64

70-74

35-39

5-9

W a g e structure for tim e-rated workers3
Formal rate structure -------------------------Single rate --------------------------------------Range of rates --------------------------------Individual rates -------------------------------------

69
2
67
31

51

79

M ethod off w a g e payment
for plant workers
Time workers --------Incentive workers —
Piecework----------Bonus work --------Commission —

DATA : OT COLLECTED
N

-

Labor-m anagem ent agreements4
Workers in establishments with
agreements covering a majority
of such workers --------------------------

15-19

540-44

40-44

5-9

-

-

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
1 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employment, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
4 Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category. The estimates
so obtained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by provisions of labor-management agreements, due to the exclusion of smaller
size establishments.
5 Estimate reflects mainly such coverage in 1 large establishment.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, Ga. , May 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

16

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays1

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Item

A11
_
industries *

M anufacturing

Public
utilities "f

Wholesale
trade

R etail trade

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —
Finance " f t

Services

AU
industries 3

----------- — -------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays ------------------------- .----------------- —
-------------------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays ----------------------------------------------------------------

99

99

100

100

100

100

**

**

“

"

”

“

1
1

1
1
17

_

1
4
62
31

_
36
5

5
4
32
2
17

All workers

M anufacturing

Pu blic
utilities y

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

87

79

99

98

100

13

21

1

Services

2

Number of days
Less than 4 holidays --------------------------------------------------------ho lid a ys_ __________ ___ _______________ ___
_
holidays ----------___________________ — _____________________
5 holidays plus 1 half day -------------------------------5 holidays plus 2 half days------------------------------6 holidays -------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half d a y ----------- -------------------6 holidays plus 2 half days -----------------------------6 holidays plus 3 half days -----------------------------7 holidays -------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day -------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 half days --------------------------------------------8 holidays ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------9 holidays ---------- —
-------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 holidays and over --------------------------------------------------------4
5

29
5

**

19
1
3
1
27

**

1
16
2
10

-

_
-

-

11

20
2

-

-

-

-

-

24

46

2

7

-

59

3
24

-

**
-

4

7

1
16

-

-

16
1
14

38

-

_

38
4
33

-

5
8
77
8

2

43

3
21

-

~
-

1
-

■
”
-

-

**

12

18
1

21
2

7
16
13

-

-

1
1
"

1
1

4
13
13
36
36
52
52
59
64

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

-

“
“
1

“
■

**

49
1

2
7
**

-

-

2
1

6
-

5
-

4

"

~

"

_

1
4
4
13
14

_

_

-

-

1
3

45
65
70
98

5
8
32
32
78
80

-

63
64
81
81
98

6
6
65
65
89
89
100

100

33
95

100

99
99
99
99

99
99
99
99

100

100
100
100

100
100
100
100

99
99
99
100

100
100
100
100

99

99
2
62

100
6

95

100

-

37

-

**

6
18

-

-

Total holiday tim e4
I O V 2 days ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 or more days -------------------------------------------------------------------9 or more days --------------------------- — — — ----------------------------8 or more days ---------------------------------------------------------------------7 V 2 or more days
------------------------------------------7 or more days -----------------------------------------------6 V 2 o r more days --------------------------------------------

or more days -----------------------------------------------5 V 2 or more days
------------------------------------------5 or more days -----------------------------------------------4 or more days -----------------------------------------------3 or more days ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 or more days ---------------------------------------------------------------------1 or more days ---------------------------------------------------------------------6

44

4

2

2
27
28
45
47
78 ‘
82
84

86
87

2
4

-

38

43
43
81
81
97
97
97

39
55
55
74
74
75
79
79

76

4
24
24
57

"
2

61

10

87
95

99
99

98
98
98
98
98

100

97

98

88

98
98

Holidays5
New Year’ s Day -------------------------------------------------------------------Washington’ s Birthday -----------------------------------------------------Decoration Day ---------------------------------------------------------------------July 4th ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Labor Day -------------------------------------------------------------------------------VeterEn^s Day — ——— —— — — — —— — —— ——
— — — — ——— — —— — —— —
— ——
——
— —
Thanks giving Day ------------------------------------------------------------- —

17
28

99
99
16
99

100
28

99

21
100
100

3

37

99

100

98

35

100
100
2
100

See footnotes at end of table.
• Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities
f
•ft Finance, insurance, and real estate.




99
99

14
100
100

-

32

99

100

80
3
26
82
84
5
82

1
38
74
76

2
75

17
28
97
97
26
97

2
28

98
98
4
98

“
“

95
95
91

Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, Ga. , May 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

17

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays1 - Continued

PE C N O O F E W R E S E PLO
R E T P F IC O K R M YED IN—
Item

A
ll 2
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

P R E T O P N W R ER E PLO
E C N F LA T O K S M YED IN—

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie f
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

F a ce
in n

100
6
57
12
-

100
5
40
6
4
11
6
3
-

100
2
1
3
28

100
14
44
13
4
6
5
7

S r ic s
ev e

A 3
ll
in u ie
d str s

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie y
s

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R ta tra e
e il d

S r ic s
ev e

Holidays?- Continued
Christmas Day -----------------------------------------------Good Friday ----------------------------------------------------Southern Memorial D ay-----------------------------------Christmas Eve ------------------------------------------------Day after Thanksgiving -----------------------------------Easter Monday------------------------------------------------Half day, Christmas Eve -------------------------------Half day, New Year's Eve ------------------------------Half day, Southern Memorial D ay------------------Half day, Veteran's Day ---------------------------------

99
6
34
13
5
3
7
3
4
2

99
1
16
50
1
**
14
10
1

-

85
1
17
14
1
1
10
7
1

78
2
18
21
1
16
14
-

97
44
10
-

98
1
22
6
2
7
6
3
-

100
2
6
4
4

1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
a Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
*
All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
5
Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 2 percent of the office or plant workers in the area are shown in this tabulation. A few other holidays or half holidays were
provided.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




18

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
..................— -...... — ....
*
P R E T O O F E W R E S E PLO
E C N F F IC O K R M YED INVacation policy
in u s1
d strie

All workers __________________________________

Mn fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u s')*
tilitie

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

P R E T O P N W R ER E PLO
E C N F LA T O K S M YED IN
—
F a ce *" *
in n |
|

S r ic s
ev e

A
ll
in u ie
d str s

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb ,
u lic
u
tilitie *
sf

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
**

99
99
**

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

98
86
12

96
76
20

100
98
2

98
96
2

100
100
-

**

1

-

-

-

2

4

-

2

-

6
50
6
2

10
31
2
-

_
67
1
-

7
30
3
~

8
41

17
24

26
11

_
53

16
23

-

-

-

-

-

8
73
10
7

-

-

9
49
-

_
22
**
77

_
16
_
83

_
45
3
52

_
16

_
53

4

-

-

-

84

47

_
8
1
89
-

_
10
**
90
-

_
**
100
-

_

_

1
**
98

-

M ethod of paymont
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations ______________________________
Length-of-time payment __________________
Percentage payment ______________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations ___________________________
Amount of vacation p a y 3
After 6 months of service
Less than 1 w eek_____________________________
1 w eek___________________________________ ____
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks ______________________________________

-

-

After 1 year of service
Less than 1 w eek___________ ________________
1 week _
_
_
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________ -_____
2 weeks
___

96

1
61
2
33

.
66
3
27

_
61
4
35

_
59
_
39

_
45
_
55

_
8
1
84
7

_
4
96
-

1
43
4
48
1

_
58
5
33
-

_
29
71
-

_
20
3
75

_
16
6
71
7

_
7
1
85
7

_
4
89
6

1
26
12
58
1

_
35
21
40

5
95

After 2 years of service
Less than 1 w eek_____________________________
1 week
_ _
_
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________
2 weeks
_
___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
_____

_
6
**
92
2

-

After 3 years of service
Less than 1 w eek________ _______________ ___
1 week
_
_
_____
___________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________
2 weeks _______________________ __ _________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________

_
4
**

92
3

_

6
1
92

-

100

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




NOTE:

_
11
3
84

_

12

4

77
7

Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, G a ., May 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of time, "
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

19

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Vacation policy

A ll
i
industries

M anufacturing

Pu blic . ,
utilities t i

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —
Finance 1 1

Services

A ll
2
industries

M anufacturing

Pu blic .
utilities T

Wholesale

Retail trade

Services

Amount off vacation p a y 3 - Continued
After 5 years of service
Less than 1 week ____________________________
1 week _
_______ __
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
......
2 weeks
_
_ ...
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________________

3

_
1
97
1

**

6

2

-

-

6

11

-

1
75
3
21

1
82
-

_

16

_
89
11

67
33

2
29
14
55

83
6
11

1
31
**
66
2

1
62
36
-

_
10
90
-

28
72
-

2
25
1
72
-

22
_
72
6

1
30
**
58
1
10

1
62
36
-

2
_
95
^3

28
48
24

2
24
1
52
21

22
65
3
10

1
28
**
41
29

1
62
31
4

2
89
9

_
26
46
28

2
24
1
11
-

_
1
**

94

_
100
-

_

-

94
-

_
2
2
85

_
94

_

1
11
2
79
2
2

_
13
1
81
1

2
_
98

-

11
1
57
12
17

12
1
55
17
11

12
37
1
48
-

_

_

7
_

_
7
8

89

69

-

-

-

2

5
11

2
83
15

7
73
18

7
40
15
38

13
43
40
-

2
13
85
-

7
46
45
-

7
25
3
64
-

12
36
1
42
7

13
43
40
-

2
8
76
14

7
46
_
35
10

7
24
3
40
25

12
35
1
35
1
14

13
44
32
2
5

2
8
76
14

7
44
36

7
24
3
24

After 10 years of service
1 week
__
_ ....
...
_ ......
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
3 weeks ______________________________________

_

After 15 years of service
Under 2 weeks
______________________________
2 weeks ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
_ __

_

_

After 20 years of service
Under 2 weeks _______________________________
2 weeks ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks ______________________________________

_

_

_

After 25 years of service
Under 2 weeks
___ _ _ _ _ _ _
2 weeks ____________________
______________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __ _______________
_________________
3 weeks ________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks __ _______________
4 weeks ________________
__________________

_

62

_

18
28
54

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
** Less than 0. 5 piercent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insura.nce, and real estate.




-

12

-

41

For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years'service

20

Table B-8: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
P R E T O O F E W R E S E PLO
E C N P F IC O K R M YED INType of plan

A
ll ,
in u s
d strie

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie "f
s

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

100

100

100

100

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

PE C N O P N W R ER EM LO D IN
R E T F LA T O K S
P YE
—
A
ll ,
in u s 2
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb +
u lic
u
tilitie T
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

100

100

100

100

100

100

F a ce "f"f
in n

S r ic s
ev e

_____

100

Life insurance ___ ________________________
Accidental death and dismember­
ment insurance __________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5 ______________________
Sickness and accident insurance----------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) -----------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) -----------------------------------Hospitalization insurance__________________
Surgical insurance _____________________ —
Medical insurance ---- ---------- -----------------Catastrophe insurance -----------------------------Retirement pension________________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan____

98

98

100

94

95

100

94

95

98

95

94

55

72

30

53

36

58

54

63

34

49

54

72
42

85
80

87
44

73
38

82
16

61
29

72
55

81
81

87
41

59
35

67
21

44

62

32

51

13

51

14

15

9

22

15

15
84
83
44
47
84
**

4
95
94
61
51
83
1

44
47
47
19
31
91

10
92
90
49
21
81

56
84
82
17
39
81

87
87
43
75
83

15
80
79
28
15
61
3

2
92
92
37
18
60
3

48
52
52
13
15
89

9
87
83
36
9
67
2

S r ic s
ev e

34
78
76
18
16
59

All workers ______ „

___________ ____

Workers in establishments providing:

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the
minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
♦♦.Less than 0. 5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
ft Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, Ga. , May 195S
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

21

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area. This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O ffic e

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing de scribed
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

22

CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled. May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records. May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

23

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
time while at switchboard.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABULATING-MACKINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form. May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACKINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records. May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r of essional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced prope *ly.

and

Te c hni cal

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings. Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

24

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Mai nt enance

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare
and do simple lettering.

and Powerpl ant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electricianls handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

25

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop- practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright^ work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required T different applications;
or
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

26

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out ail types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating ail
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Cus t odi al

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

and Ma t e r i a l

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

27

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l/ z to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other thantrailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U S. G V R M N PRIN G
OEN E T
TIN

M E 1958 0 —475727
C




Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. These bulletins, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19» when available may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the regional offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis will be issued early in 1959Bulletins for the labor markets listed below are now available.

Seattle, Wash., August 1957 v BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, Mass., Septem
ber 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-3, price 25 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., Novem
ber 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-5, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-^S, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-7, price 25 cents




San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-8, price 25 cents
M phis, Tenn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-9, price 25 cents
em
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1958 —BLS Bull. 1224-10, price 25 cents
New Orleans, La., February 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-11, price 20 cents
Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-12, price 25 cents
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., M
arch 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-13, price 25 cents
Chicago, 111., April 1958 - BLS Bull. 1224-14, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102