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Occupational Wage Survey

PORTLAND, OREGON
APRIL 19S8

B u lle tin

N o .

1 2 2 4 -1 6

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Claguo, Com issioner
m




Occupational Wage Survey




PORTLAND, OREGON
APRIL 1958

B u lle tin N o. 1224-16
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Clagu*, Com issionar
m
July 1958
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 25, D. C.

Price 2 5 cents




Contents

Preface

Page

The Community Wage Survey Program
Wage trends for selected occupational grou p s---------------------------------------The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year’ s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




Tables:
1.
Establishments and workers within scope of su rvey-----------------2.
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected periods ------------------------A:

B:

Occupational earnings * A -1 : Office occupations ------------------------------------------------------------A -2 : Professional and technical occupations ---------------------------A - 3: Maintenance and power plant occupations ------------------------A -4 : Custodial and material movement occupations-----------------

4
2
4
5
7
8
9

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - l : Shift differentials -------------------------------------------------------------B -2: Minimum entrance rates for women office workers ------B -3: Scheduled weekly hours ---------------------------------------------------B -4: Overtime pay -------------------------------------------------------------------B -5: Wage structure characteristics and labormanagement agreements -------------------------------------------------

11
12
13
13

B -7:
B -8:

Paid vacations ------------------------------------------------------------------Health, insurance, and pension plans ------------------------------

16
18

Job descriptions ---------------------------------------------------------------------

19

Appendix:

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Portland area reports for June 1951, September 1952,
September 1953, and April in each year since 1955. Prior to the
present report, data on wage structure characteristics, labormanagement agreements, and overtime pay provisions were last
shown in the 1953 summary report (BLS Bull. 1157-1).
The
1955 report included data on frequency of wage payments, and
pay provisions for holidays failing on nonworkdays not included
in other reports.
A directory indicating date of study and the
price of the reports, as well as reports for other major areas,
is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices is also available for the machinery industries in
the Portland area (December 1957). Union scales, indicative of
prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or
industries: Building construction, printing, local-transit operat­
ing employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.
iii

14




Occupational W age Survey - Portland, Oreg*
Introduction
The Portland area is one of several important industrial
centers in which the Department of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Sta­
tistics has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related
wage benefits on an areawide basis. In each area, data are obtained
by Bureau field agents from representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers
are omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 Wherever possible, sepa­
rate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the sarnie
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e ., those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
iNionproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional
San Francisco, C a lif., by William P. 0*Connor, under the
of John L. Dana, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations
1 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment




office in
direction
Analyst.
covered.

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term- "office workers, " as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment }>ctsis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2
workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed.
Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-management agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a majority are covered.3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week*s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmens compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or

paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker*s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
of
table B -3) were presented in earlier years in terms of the propor­
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
tion of women office workers employed in offices witn the indicated
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
weekly hours for women workers.
were excluded.
Table 1: E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope o f survey and number studied in P ortland, O reg. , 1 by m ajor industry d ivision , A p ril 1958

Industry division

A ll d ivision s

M inim um
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
m ents in scope
of study

Number o f establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 2

Studied

148

W orkers in establishm ents

_________________________________________________________

51

551

M anufacturing
___
_
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________________________
T ran sportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication,
and other public u tilitie s 4
W holesale trade
R etail trade _______________________________________________________
F inance, insurance, and re a l estate _____________________________
S ervices 6 _________________________________________________________

51
51

220

51
51
51
51
51

51
95
95
46
44

331

Within scope of study

Studied
Plant

T o t a l3

6
2
8
6
20
20
23
1
0
13

O ffice

95, 300

17,100

61, 600

51, 070

4 5 ,7 0 0
49, 600

4, 100
13,000

34 ,2 0 0
27 ,4 0 0

2 3 ,980
27, 090

8, 000
( 5)
12,800
(* )
( 5)

11,

14,000
8, 000
16, 700
6 ,7 0 0
4 ,2 0 0

3, 000
( 5)
1,900
( 5)

T o t a l3

180
2 ,9 0 0
7 ,9 2 0
3,47 0
1 620
,

1 P ortland M etropolitan A rea (C lackam as, Multnomah, and Washington C ounties, O r e g ., and C lark County, Wash. ).
The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably
accurate d escrip tion of the size and com position o f the labor fo rc e included in the survey. The estim ates a re not intended, how ever, to serve as a ba sis of com p arison with other a rea em ploym ent indexes to m e a s­
ure em ploym ent trends or le v e ls since ( l ) planning o f wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled con sid erably in advance of the pay p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are exclu e
from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m in im u m -size lim itation. A ll outlets (within the a rea ) of com panies in such industries as trad e, finance, auto rep a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion picture theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
3 Includes executive, tech n ica l, p rofession a l, and other w ork ers excluded from the separate o ffice and plant ca te g o rie s.
4 A lso excludes taxicabs, and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation.
5 This industry division is represen ted in estim ates for " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the s e r ie s A and B tables, although covera ge w as insufficien t to ju stify separate presentation of data.
* H otels; personal s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; radio broadcasting and telev ision ; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organization s; and engineering and arch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




3
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker*s life.
With reference to wage structure characteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system, however, because of technical considerations, all time­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to tnese workers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were classi­
fied to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Similarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37
hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is ,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: B illers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay-'
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; m e­
chanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly 'earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual
T a b le 2:

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in 'the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

In d e x e s of sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in
P o r t la n d , O re g . , A p r i l 1958 and A p r i l 1957, and p e rc e n t of in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s
In d e x e s
(S e p te m b e r 1952 = 100)

In d u s t r y and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p
A p r i l 1958

A p r i l 1957

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
S e p te m b e r 1952
to
S e p te m b e r 1953

Ju n e 1951
to
S e p te m b e r 1952

A p r i l 1956
to
A p r il 1957

A p r i l 1955
to
A p r i l 1956
5 .2
4. 3
4 .9
3. C

5. 4
6 .9
3 .9
5. 4

4. 7
1. 6
5. 5
4 .9

4.
8.
6.
7.

4.
5.
5.
3.

5.
7.
4.
6.

4.
.
4.
5.

5 .0
9 .4
7 .4
4 .9

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )----------------------------------------------------------In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n )----------------------------------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------------

126.
124.
128.
125.

3
0
3
3

1 2 0 .2
1 1 5 .5
1 2 1 .2
119. 1

5. 1
7. 4
5. 8
5 .2

3.
2.
5.
4.

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m en ) --------------------------------------------------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m en ) ----------------------------------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------------

125. 3
123. 4
1 2 9 .9
127. 7

120. 7
114. 8
122. 3
1 2 1 .3

3.
7.
6.
5.

5. 3
.7
6 .2
4. 6




S e p te m b e r 1953
to
A p r i l 1955

A p r i l 1957
to
A p r i l 1958

£
5
2
3

6
1
5
6

0
0
1
1

6
8
7
7

3
8
6
5

6
4
8
7

A : Occupational Earnings
Table A-l: Office Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, O r e g ., by industry division, A p ril 1958)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
W
eekly
W
eekly 4 0 . 00
h
ours . earnin , and
gs
(Standard)1 (Standard)1 under
4 5 . 00

$
45 . 00

$
50. 00

$
5 5 .0 0

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
75 . 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90 . 00

$
95 .00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

/ 0 . 00

7 5 .0 0

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95 . 00

100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
and
over

Men
C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ____________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public utilities f ___________________________________
C le r k s, order ____________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing .............. .
_ .

158
53
105
33
213
-------71—
142

0
0
0
0

$
98. 50
94. 00
100. 50
1 0 3 .0 0

4 0 .0
46 . 0
40. 0

9 1 .5 0
96. 50
6 7 .5 0

40.
40.
40.
40.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_
-

1
1

3
3

12
12

1
1
-

-

4
4
1

10
10
-

17
9
8
2

12
7
5
1

34
9
25
9

41
6
35
5

10
10

14
14

37

37
19
18

27
l4
13

9
1
8

15
2
13

-

-

-

-

8
7

—

r ~

31

34
9
25
12

-

-

3
1
2
2

2
1
1
1

25
12
13

4
4

5
5
-

5
5

-

-

-

-

_
-

6
5

8
4

6
4

5
4

1
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

_

8
--------5“
-

Office boys _________________________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

64
32
32

40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5

54. 50
50. 00
58. 50

5
5
"

11
11
-

25
9
16

9
5
4

4
1
3

9
1
8

-

1
1

-

“

Tabulating-m achine operators ___________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

74
52

40. 0
40. 0

96. 00
97. 50

-

-

.

.

-

.

3

'

*

"

"

1
■

■

12
11

10
4

13
11

B ille r s , machine (billing m a c h in e )_____________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ...
_ _ ... ...

116
30
86

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

63. 00
67. 00
61. 50

2

17
5
12

16
4
12

9
9
-

1

_

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

25

14
4
10

-

2

15
3
12

10

1

-

-

-

B ille r s, m achire (bookkeeping machine) ______________

45
37

40. 0
40. 0

58. 00
55. 50

1
1

3
3

20
20

2
2

10
2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

............................. .....

-

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, cla ss A ____________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________________________

54
30

40. 0
40. 0

76. 00
7 7 .5 0

-

_

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss B _____________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
R etail trade ________________________________________

514
68
446
58

39.
40.
39.
40.

59.
64.
59.
o l.

50
50
00
50

_

37

-

-

-

37
4

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ____________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

170
66
104

40 . 0
40. 0
40. 0

79. 00
81. 50
7 7 .5 0

_

.
-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ____________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities I ___________________________________
R etail trade __________________________________________________________

585
ITS
457
62
234

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

67. 00
6 7 .5 0
67. 00
7 7 .5 0
64. 00

3
-------3
-

-

-

-

3
_

-

-

-

Women

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

. .

5
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

-

-

"
19
19

25
-

8
------- g ~

6
5
1

1
1

4
2

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

*

-

-

-

20
12
8

22
7
15

o
6
_

12
12
“

10
3
7

40
5
35
12
3

26
8
18
1
10

13
5
8
2
"

9
9
-

-

5
4

3

89
3
8b
13

123
11
112
5

173
23
150
12

52
18
34
15

19
12
7
2

18
18
7

3
1
2
-

_
-

.
"

23
14
9

11
2
9

32
2
30

33
8
25

77
17
60
24
21

44
8
36
19
6

15

54

79

99
36
63
3
43

5
5

15
9

20
19

3
3

5
4

-

-

-

_

C lerk s, file , class B ____________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

279
40
239

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

49 . 50
56. 50
4 8 .5 0

75
4
71

97
4
93

38
9
29

38
12
26

10
4
6

16
3
13

3
2
1

C le r k s, order _____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

97
74

40. 0
40. 0

6 3 .5 0
63. 00

_

2
1

8
8

14
11

34
20

31
31

3




1
*

13
10

88
107
59
----- I T - ----- T J - ----- r e 75
42
91

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

“

"

“

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

“

~

-

-

“

"

-

1
1

_

_

-

2

-

-

-

1
1

.

l
1
-

1
1
"

_

2
2

6
------- £—

-

b
6

6 3 .5 0
64. 00

See footnote at end o f table.
t T ransportation (excluding railro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.

-

14
6

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

-

-

1

7
1

-

56
48

____________________________________________________

-

*

.

_____________________________________________________

C le r k s, file, c la ss A
Nonmanufacturing

10

6
Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and e a rn in gs'for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
in Portland, O reg. , by industry division, A p ril 1958)
Average
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W
eekly
(Standard)1

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
W
eekly 4 0 . 00
earn gs
in
and
(Standard) under
4 5 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 .0 0

$
55. 00

$
60.

50. 00

55. 00

60.

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

39
28

20

11

32

3

20

8

4

85

00

$
$
$
$
65. 00 70 . 00 75. 00 80.

00

$
85. 00

85. 00

90. 00

$

%

90 .

00

9 5 .00

95. 00

1 0 0 .0 0

$
100 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00

105.00

110 00

and
00

80.

00

115.00

1 20 .0 0

125.00

Women - Continued
0
0
0
0
0

$
70 .
7 1.
70.
75.
64 .

50
00
00
00
00

-

-

-

0
0
0
0

67 . 00
70. 00
0 6 . 00
6 2 .5 0

3
3
3

40 . 0

6 1 .0 0

-

70
156
60

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

6 7 .0 0
60 . 50
7 0 . 00
6 7 .5 0

-

18

-

Office g ir ls __________________________ ____ _______________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ................................
. ... .. ...........

166
31
135

39. 0
40 . 0
39. 0

49. 00
55. 00
4 7 .5 0

S ecretaries ______________________________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing .... .
................ . .
Public u tilitie st _________________________________
Retail trade _ _
_
.. _.

591
2 06
385
105
84

40.
40 .
39.
40.
40.

0
0
5
0
0

80. 50
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
90 . 00
7 1 .0 0

Stenographers, general ________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public utilities t _________________________________

879
256
623
102

39. 5
40 . 0
3 9 .5
40 . 0

69. 00
70. 50
68. 50
7 2 .0 0

3
3

Switchboard operators
.
_.... .
__ _
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public utilities f _________________________________
R etail trade _______________________________________

169
153
38
26

40.
40.
39.
40 .

0
0
5
0

60. 50
6 0 .5 0
7 1. 50
5 2 .5 0

5
5
4

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists _________________
Manuia ctu r ir. g
..
...
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

251
106
145

40 . 0
40 . 0
40 . 0

64. 00
65 . 00
6 3 .0 0

.
-

32

40. 0

82. 00

_

_

_

_

_

3

9

4

6

39. 5
4 0 7039. 5

62. 50
64. 00
6 2 .5 0

-

23
o
17

11
11

44
7
37

48
19
29

61
5
56

28
15
13

12
12

2
2

40.
_____ ___
268
C le r k s, payroll _________________________________
Manufacturing _
_ .
116
40.
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
40 .
152
40 .
51
Public utilities t _________________________________
55
40.
Retail trade _______________________________________
C om ptom eter operators .
.
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing
__
Retail trade
_ _ .....

.

.

_

___

_

101

_

... ......

_

Duplicating-m achine operators (mim eograph
or ditto)
. . . ___
Key-punch operators
__
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing . ...
. ...
Public u tilitiest - .....

Tabulating-m achine operators

422
321
128

29
226

..............................
.............. - -

. . .

T ran scrib in g-m achin e op erators, g e n e r a l__________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

229
54
175

40 .
40 .
40.
40 .

24
12
12

46
15
31

9

11

-

9

61
26
35
7

13

10

21

47

86
68
10

71
38
33
17

52

-

-

25
-

2

11

-

-

5
-

1

-

-

-

9

4

1

-

19
7

31
9

29

46

25

10

11

10

6

22

18

36

19

2

12
1

6

11

20

8

3
7
5

43
43

55
3
52

51
18
33

b
4

_
-

_
-

1

1
-

7
7
5

6
6
"

55
9
46
2

25
3
14
14

25

-

1

21
1

7

-

-

2

64
53

7

2

"

11

20

-

3

13

18

23
------- T “
17
7

-

-

27

21

37
16

2

-

2
2

-

45
16

-

"

6
1

1

-

-

2
1
1

2

6

9

_
-

3
3
3
-

5
-

21

12
6
6

15

2
1
1
1

23
23
15

See footnote at end of table.
"f Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.




11
1
10

1

1

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
•

~

_
-

_
~

*

20

19
3
16
12

4
2
2
2
-

10

2

10
1
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
■

1

_

_

-

-

1
1

'

"

55
29
1
13

74
38
36
4
14

72
25
47
6
23

125
43
82
15
20

79
9
70
14
8

47
21
26
16
1

49
17
32
16
-

23
8
15
6
"

90
27
63
8

184
47
137
20

167
52
115
11

104
30
74
22

135
35
100
14

59
34
25
15

40
16
24
5

29
5
24
1

5
1
4
3

2
2
1

_
-

_
-

22
22
11

31
27
7

32
22
4
1

2b
25
12
“

12
11
11
-

9
9
5
-

7
7
6
-

_
"

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
"

21
8
13

49
24
25

4
2

28
16
12

16
16

5
4
1

1
1
-

.
-

-

40

-

-

-

1

2

_

-

10

-

35
13

_

10

3

2
2

-

_

-

11

2
1

78
38

-

_
-

11

6

26

_
-

-

3
3

2

_
-

10
10
10
"

-

_

-

_
4
4
"

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

"

“

-

3

2

3

-

1

-

1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings' for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in Portland, O reg. , by industry division, A p ril 1958)

A erage
v
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV I N G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

Number

of

workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours , earnings ,
(Standard)1 (Standard)

Women - Continued
Typists, class A ___________ _____________ _____
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities t ______________________________________

284
72
212
43

39.5
40. 0
39.5
40. 0

4
64.50
71.00
62.50
65.50

Typists, class B _______________________ __ ________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities')- ___________ ______________

559
138
421
93

39.5
40. 0
39. 0
40. 0

$
40. 00

56.50
60.50
55.50
62. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
45.100 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
and
50.00 55.00 .fefcJBfl. J l5^00_ .7 O J - 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over
.-Q Q

_

4

-

-

-

4

18

-

19
11
8

19

44
13
31
8

41
3
38
18

40
22
18
15

38
15
23
20

6

98
22
76

~

72
1
71

56
2
54
7

145
23
122
10

-

32
4
28

18

177
60
117
24

3

30
13
17
4
5
5

3
3

9
5

_

-

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to tnese weekly hours,
t Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, O r e g ., by industry division, A p ril 1958)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

NUMBER OF.WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

$
W
eekly
W
eekly 55. 00
hou t earn gs 1 and
rs
in
(Standard) (Standard) under
60. 00

60. 00

$
65. G
O 70. 00

“
65. 00

“
70 . 00

$

$

“
75. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

80. 00

“
”
85. flfl. .9 0 .0 0

$
85. 00

$
90. 00

$
9 5 .00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00

"
"
”
Q
Q
95. 00. 1QQ. Q 105.00 110.00 115..QQ 120.00 -125. Q JJJLHQ 135.00

Men
0
0
0
0

$
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_

70
53

40 . 0
40. 0

88. 00
88. 50

_
_

.
_

_

34
28

40 . 0
40. 0

oO. 00
79. 00

9

1
1

1
1

Draftsm en, senior ______________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ :______________________________
Public utilities')- ___________________________________

lo4
118
46
29

Draftsm en, junior ________________________________________
Manufacturing

40 .
40 .
40 .
40 .

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

13
11
2
2

22
13
9
2

27
10
17
10

34
26
6
8

13
11
2
2

_

11
11

15
13

14
_

1C
10

12
12

8
7

-

-

-

_

3
3

2
2

3
2

5
2

3
3

2
1

2
2

2
2

1
1

28
25
3
3

5
3
2
2

14
11
3
"

1
1
“
-

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

Women
N u rses, industrial (registered) ............ ................................
Manufacturing _________________________________________




8

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straiqht-tin e salaries ar.d tne earnings correspond to taese weekly hours,
t Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities.

_

-

_

-

_

4

-

2

-

10
8
2
2

-

8
Table A-3:

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, O r e g ., by industry division, A p ril 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
hourly . Under
earnin
gs $
1 .9 0

$
1 .9 0
and
under
2. 00

$
2 .0 0

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 . 30

$
2 .4 0

2 . IQ

7 .2 0

-2 .3Q ___ 2 .4 0

2.5Q

C arpenters, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
___________________________

105
68
37

$
2 .7 9
2 .7 7
2 .8 4

■

-

E le ctricia n s, maintenance ______________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

284
271

2 .8 4
2 .8 3

_

_

_

.

"

"

-

E ngin eers, stationary ___________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------___________________________
Nonmanufacturing

208
173
35

2 .6 2
2 .6 3
2 .5 9

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

F irem en , stationary b oiler _____________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

89
74

2 .2 7
2 .2 3

2
2

8
8

5
5

23
23

2 . 14
2 . 12

_
"

33
33

12
12

.

H elpers, tra des, maintenance _________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

134
114

6
6
■

$
2 .6 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

7
7
"

-

17
17

19

■
_
-

_
-

35
35

1
■

_
-

10
5

28
28

6
6

59
54
5

67
61
6

5
4
1

9
8
1

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

-

22
4
18

-

-

8
8

13
-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

7
3

-

_

-

_

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

~

"

“

“

_

_

"

"

-

"

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

22
12
10
10

6
6
-

_
-

-

-

"

9
8
1
1
-

M echanics, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ ...

440
412
28

2 .7 1
2 .7 2
2 . 53

.
-

_
-

7
7
“

2
2

M illw rights
______________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

161
161

2 .7 4
2 .7 4

_

_

_

-

-

-

O ilers
_________________________________ _________
Manufacturing _________________________________

68
68

2 . 19
2. 19

7
7

2
2

_

P ainters, maintenance __________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

70
48

2 .7 8
2 .7 9

-

_

-

-

P ip efitters, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

87
86

2 .7 3
2 .7 3

-

Sheet-m etal w ork ers, maintenance

31

2 .7 5

T ool an£ die m akers _____________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________

40
40

2 . 83
2 . 83

3. 50

43
40

_

_
-

3 .4 0

_

_

_
-

3. 30

"

.

_
-

3 .2 0

91
91

.

2 .5 5
2 .4 9
2 .5 7
2. 58
2 . 52

3. 10

29
29

1
1

545
98
447
340
72

3. 00

3
2

24
8

M echanics, automotive (m ain ten an ce)_________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public u tilitie sf ___________________________
Retail trade
_______________________________

2 .9 0

-

57
57

-

2. 80

$
3. 50

4
4
-

_

_
-

$
3 .4 0

2
2

4
4

_
-

$
3 .3 0

27
19
8

-

2 .7 6
2 .7 9
2 .6 0
2 .6 0

$
3 .2 0

1
1

18
16

2 04
178
2b
26

$
3. 10

11
9
2

_
-

M achinists, maintenance
__ .....
Manufacturing __________________________ _______ _
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities f ___________________________

$
3. 00

5
4
1

44
40
4

2 .7 0
2 .7 0

$
2 .9 0

19
8
11

2
1

63
63

$
2 .8 0

19
7
12

-

M achin e-tool op erators, toolroom ____________
Manufacturing _________________________________

2 .7 0

%

and

4
4
“

■

_

17

-

-

-

-

"

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

“

“

“

~

24
18
6
6

7
7
-

_
_

_
■

18

8
8
"

_
■

12
12
12

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

66
66
“

9
8
1

_
“

40
40

.
-

~

_
“

25
25

_

_

_

_

7
7

21
21

34
34

"

38
28
10
10

70
70
-

_
-

-

11
11
"

80
34
46
46
"

18
5
13
2
5

67
9
58
50

341
33
308
279
17

12
3
9
-

34
34
"

32
21
11

17
17
“

5
5
“

59
52
7

169
162
7

_

_

11
11

_

-

"

123
123

_

-

2
2

_

13
13

30
30

5
5

11
11

.

_

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

6
-

_
-

1
1

5
4

35
27

6
6

6
6

2
-

7
2

2
2

“

-

_

-

-

~

17
17

-

"

62
62

-

"

I
1

-

"

1
"

-

“

2
2

-

-

4
4

~

.

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

22

2

5

_

6
6

2
2

25
25

7
7

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
t Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities.




2 .5 0

%

"

■

1
1

-

_
-

18

■

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

-

-

"

~

~

-

_

9
Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, Oreg. , by industry division, A p ril 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
ot

hourly

$
l.

00

under
1. 10
Elevator operators, passenger (women) ----------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------

153
153
58

$
1 .3 0
1 .3 0
1 .2 0

Janitors, p orte rs, and cleaners (m e n )---------------M an ufactu ring-----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------Public utilities | -------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------

1 ,0 3 4
467
567
102
208

1. 69
1 .8 4
1. 57
1. 74
1 .5 6

$
1. 10
1 .2 0

$
1 .2 0
1 .3 0

1
1
-

26
26
.
3

27
12
15
15

44
16
28
7

88
24
64
4
13

210
7
203
21
63

192
59
133
18
89

2. 09
2. 08
2. 10
2 .2 1
1 .8 7

.
-

1
1
-

2 . 03
2 . 13
2 . 01
2 .0 0

_
-

142
82
60
39
16
_
-

64
64
21

46
13
33
28

11
4
7
7

3
2
1
1

-

2
2
2

2
2
2

5
5
5

3
3
3

47
37
10
_
10

13
12
1
_
1

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

“

_
-

_
-

-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
_

_
.

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

24
24
_
_

_
_
_

1

-

-

-

167
52
115
19

274
65
209
187
3

48
45
3
3
-

11
1
10
10

15
6
9
9

7
2
5
5

6
6
6

27
4
23
20

37
6
31
5

4
4
4

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6
-

16
3
13

51
3
48

10
6
4
-

27
2
25

2
2
2
-

2
2
-

112
111
1

-

_

1
i

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

Shipping and receiving clerks -----------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------R etail trade ----------------------------------------------------

193
85
108
43

2.
2.
2.
2.

13
19
08
10

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

_

18
18
-

18
3
15
5

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

10
7
3

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

7
7

'

'

2
2

-

-

4

'

477
477
121

_
_
-

-

_
-

_
-

54
54
-

1
1
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
7
3
3

2
2
-

2
2
-

~

-

-

18
13
5

18
15
3

7
6
1

6
1
5

9
9
-

52
7
45
28

28
9
19
10

10
10
-

7
7
-

14
14
-

-

-

-

-

472
40
432
218
118

3 71
207
164
6
110

45
25
20
12
8

18
18

118
9
109

3 65
62
3

1

1117
68
1049
974
4

-

3

19
18
1

8
4
4

36
11
25

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

'

'

'

'

'

-

6
6
-

-

45
3
37
_
-

_
-

_
-

_

43
16
27
3

128
------- 75“
50
18

21
21

2 .2 5
2. 37
2. 16

See footnotes at end of table.
■ Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public u tilities.
f

_
_

16
4
12

140
65
75

.

49
49
_

171
6
165

Shipping clerks -------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------

-

27
18
9
_

16
16
-

_
-

_

_
-

11
2
9

_
-

-

_
-

15
14
1

2
2
2

-

_
-

12
12
-

.
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

180
43
137
_
49

and
over

-

-

2. 08
2 .2 9
1 .9 8
1.9 1

-

1
1
_

3
2
1

$
2. 70

-

2
2

138
45
93
64

4
4
4

95
89
6
3
-

$
2. 60
.
2. 70

$
2. 50
_
2. 60

-

_
-

Receiving clerks ----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------R etail trade ---------------------------------------------------

-

53
44
9
5
2

-

$
2. 40
2. 50

_
-

-

_
-

*

$
2. 30
2 .4 0

_
-

-

50
37
13
7

-

$
2 .2 0
2 . 30

-

-

1
1
1

100
93
7
7

-

$
2. 10
2 .2 0

2
2
2

1 .9 8
1 .8 3
2 .0 3

-

$
2 .0 0
2 . 10

1
1
1

264
56
208

20
9
11
8

-

80
67
13
12
‘

18
18
5

P ack e rs, shipping --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------N on m anufacturing----------------------------------------------




$
1 .9 0
2. 00

-

15
4
11

_
-

2. 07
2. 64
2. 12

$
1 .8 0
1 .9 0

-

1, 039
457
582
208
101

80
46
34

_
-

22
22
-

L ab ore rs, m aterial handling -------------------------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring----------------------------------------------Public utilities t -------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------

T ru ck d rivers, light (under l 1/* tons) ----------M an ufactu ring-----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------

-

37
37
-

3
3
-

2 .2 6
2. 30
2 .2 5
2 .2 1
2 .2 7

$
1. 70
1 .8 0

13
13
13

1 .4 8
1 .5 9
1 .4 6
1. 55

2, 338
551
1, 787
1 ,2 12
248

$
1 .6 0
1. 70

32
32
18

164
26
138
63

Truckdrivers 4 --------------------------------------------------------M an ufactu ring----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------Public utilities " f -------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------

$
1. 50
1. 60

24
24
14

Janitors, p orte rs, and cleaners (w o m e n )---------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring----------------------------------------------Public utilities f -------------------------------------------

677
132
545
155

$
1.4 0
1 .5 0

25
25
13

_
-

Order f i l l e r s ---- * ---------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------------N onm an ufactu ring---------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------

$
1 .3 0
1 .4 0

22
10
12
12

-

-

-

-

15
— n>—

-

—

1
I—
-

_

_
-

-

9
9
3 8
----- 8
-

_

10

Table A-4; Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
(Average straight time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, O reg. , by industry division, A p ril 1958)

Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
_ of ^

$
hourly j 1.00
under
1. 10

Truckdrivers: 4 - Continued
Truckdrivers, medium (lVa to and
including 4 t o n s )---------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------Public utilities f --------------------------------Retail t r a d e ---------------------------------------

1,263
197
1,066
881
84

$
2.21
2.26
2.20
2.20
2.24

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type)---------------------------------------------Manufacturing----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------Public u tilitiest----------------------------------

683
249
434
173

2.34
2. 35
2.33
2.24

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type)-----------------------------Manufacturing----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------Public utilities f ----------------------------------

2 72
50
222
147

-

■

■

"

■

“

■

2.28
2. 36
2.27
2.26

"

■

•

-

-

"

~

■

-

■

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
■

_
■

5
5
-

16
16
“

_
”

_
“

_

_

_
“

_
“

5
5

3
3
“

6
6
“

11
16
l

22
9
13

Truckers, power (other than fo r k lift)-------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------

40
31

2.24
2. 28

_

W atchm en-------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------

234

1.85
1.8*
1. 74

_
“

-

-

-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers, except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 2 . 70 to $ 2 . 80.
Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public u tilities.




NUM
BER O W
F ORKEB8 RECEIVIN STRAIGH
G
T-TIM H U
E O RLY EARNIN O —
GS F
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
s
$
1. 50
1. 60
1. 70
1. 80
1.90
2.00
2. 10
2.20
2.30
1.80
1.60
1. 70
1.90
2.00
2.20
2. 30
2.40
2. 10

■

199
82

1
*
3
4
f

$
1.40
1.40__ 1.50

"

2. 17
2.18
2. 16
2.20

48

1.30

$
1.30

"

TEG

m

$
1.20

■

-

Truckers, power (forklift) -----------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------Public utilities t -------------------------------------

459

$
1. 10
■
1.20

4
4

-

3
3

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

■

$
2.40
2. 50

$
2.50
2. 60

$
2. 60
2. 70

$
2. 70
and
over

91
91
"

939
26
919
869
3

132
9
123
6
81

26
24
2
2
-

11
7
4
4
~

5
5
.
_
-

17
2
15
_
-

338
38
.
.
-

"

-

104
24
80
80

139
ZU
119
84

332

24
8
16
8

6
6
‘

57
57
-

321
18
3
“

66
20
46
22

160
160
120

10
7
3
3

10
16
_
-

1
1
_
-

15
4
11
-

3 6
6
_
-

125
36
89
76

57
47
10
6

41
41
“

51
46
11
■

_
~

_
.
-

6
6
.
‘

5
5

9
9

_

_

"

2
2

~

13
13
“

“

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

18
18
"

133
44
89

_
“

_
~

_
■

_

36
29
7

24
24
_

63
60
3

44
29
15

24
15 '
3
3
■

rrr~

159
1

_
-

~

_
“

_

_
-

■

-




11

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differentials1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a)
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g
f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

S econd sh ift
w ork

T o ta l -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

94. 2

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l ________________________________________
U n ifo r m ce n ts (p er hour)

________________

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e _______

p e r c e n t _________ __________________________________________
1 0 percent
1 5 p e r c e n t ____________________ _________
___ ____

5

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r re d u c e d hours
F u ll d a y 's pay fo r r e d u ced h o u rs plus
cen ts d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________________________________________
O th er f o r m a l pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ________________________

No sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

_______

T h ir d or oth e r
sh ift

85. 9

16. 1

7. 6

85. 9

14. 9

7. 6

6 1.6

47. 3

11.8

6. 3

_

3. 4
2 .9
8. 0
4. 3
1 5. 5
5. 2
1. 5
-

11. 5
3. 3
4. 4

. 4
. 5
1.0

-

17.
5.
1 .
4.
3.

7
2
6

3
1

. 8

1. 5

1 2. 5
2. 2

7. 6

5 .9

1 .7

_

5. 9

4. 4

“

4. 4

. 9
3. 4
1. 5
.
-

2

1. 5
1.2

17. 0
2. 3
5. 0

21.6

6.

6

_

-

2. 7
. 5
. 5
. 7
. 1
. 1

. 7
. 4

1. 4
. 3

1. 1

. 6

1. 5

. 7

___________________________________

Second sh ift

89. 1

___________________

3 cen ts
4 c e n ts _________________________________________________________
5 c e n ts ________ ___________________________________ _________
6 c e n ts _________________________________________________________
7 ce n ts
7 1 c e n ts
/?,
_ _
8 ce n ts
9 ce n ts
1 0 cen ts ________________________________________________________
1 2, 1 3 % , or 14 V3 ce n ts ____________________________ _____
15 cen ts
1 6 or 18 cen ts

T h ir d o r oth e r
sh ift w ork

(b )

A c tu a lly w ork in g on—

. 5
. 5

_

. 6

1.6
. 5

.

4

. 2
. 1

1.2

1
Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late
shifts at the time of the survey.
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, Oreg. , April 195b
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

12

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

Num ber of establishm ents with sp e cifie d m inimum hiring rate in— '
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(w eekly salary)

A ll
schedules

Establishm ents studied __

__

________

_

148

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eekly hours 2 of—

A ll
industries

62

Num ber o f establishm ents with sp e cifie d m inim um hiring rate in—

40

A ll
schedules

XXX

86

Manufacturing
A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

148

For Inexperienced Typists

E stablishm ents having a s p e cifie d m in im u m __

58

22

22

68

1
3
3
5
1
3
2
2
3
4
2
1

1
9
5
10
3
10
2
7
5
6
1
6
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

XXX

44

17

XXX

27

XXX

36

20

XXX

16

XXX

2
1
3
2
3
1
2
1
1
3
1
1
1
-

-

E stablishm ents having no s p ecified m in im u m _____

50

23

XXX

27

E stablishm ents which did not em ploy w ork ers
in this c a t e g o r y ____________________________________

40

17

XXX

23

XXX

__
____ _____ ____
_____ _ ________ ____
________________________
____
_
________________________
___________ __ __ _ __
________________________
_________________________
________________________
_______ _______________
________________________
________________________
________________________
________________________
________________________
............................................
________________________

XXX

31

2
1
3
2
3
1
2
1
1
3
1
1
1
"

$40. 00
$42. 50
$45. 00
$47. 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$52. 50
$55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$62. 50
$65. 00
$67. 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$77. 50
$80. 00

86

40

1
3
5
6
1
3
2
3
4
4
2
1

_

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

XXX

A ll
schedules

36

_

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

62

40

For Other. Inexperienced Clerical Workers

1
5
6
9
3
6
2
4
6
5
1
5
1
1
2
1
-

$37. 50
$ 4 0 .0 0
$42. 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$52. 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$60. 00
$62. 50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$75. 00
$77. 50

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 of—

25

25

_

_

2
3
3
6
2
2
1
1
3
1

2
3
3
6
2
2
1
1
3
1

43
1
7
5
7
4
2
5
3
5
3

37

_
7
3
6
3
2
4
3
5
3

-

1 Lo w est s a la ry rate fo rm a lly establish ed fo r h irin g inexperienced w o rke rs for typing or other c le r ic a l job s.
2 H ours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re ce iv e th eir re g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s . Data are presented for a ll w orkw eeks com bined, and for the m ost com m on w orkw eek reported.
3 Rates applicab le to m e sse n g e rs, office g ir ls , or s im ila r s u b c le ric a l jobs a re not con sid ered.




O ccupational Wage Su rv e y , P o rtlan d , O reg. , A p r il 1958
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u reau of La b o r Sta tistics

13

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S ^ M P L O Y E D
W e e k ly

A ll
in d u s trie s

A ll w o rk e rs
IT n H f ir
35

35

_________________________________________________

3 7 l/ z

40

R e ta il tra d e

F in an ce

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

P u blic ^
u tilitie s J

100

R e ta il trad e

1

2
_

100

100

* *

100

100

100

100

**

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

4
.

_

6

_

_

__________________________________________________

7

2

3

1

1

-

-

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

98

94
3

91
2

98

2

100
-

________________________
_______________

h o u rs

3 7 V2 a n d

40

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R KER S E M P L O Y E D IN —

A ll
,
in du stries

- __-

_

under

40

h o u rs

---------------------------------------

h o u rs

Ov p r

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s j

_______________________ ____

h o u rs

h o u rs

37 h o u r s
O ve r

IN —

h o u rs

______________________
h o u rs

_

_

_________ ___

95

82
1

2

97
_

2

1 Estimates for office workers are not comparable with earlier studies.
See Introduction, p. 2.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade; real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
**L e ss than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.

Table B-4:

Overtime Pay

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Overtime policy
All
.
industries 1

All workers ____________________________________

Manufacturing

Public
utilities J

Retail trade

Finance

AU
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities f

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

90
86
**
86

92
92

99

94
94
_

92

76

94

98
83
6
77

96
96

-

96
86
3
82

100

76

-

-

23

_
-

_
10

-

4

-

15

10

8

**

6

4

2

95
91
**
91

96
96

-

Daily overtime
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay3 ___________________________ ___
Time and one-half ___ _____________________
Effective after less than 8 hours
Effective after 8 hours ____________________ _
Effective after more than 8 hours ________
Double time ____________________________________________
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no p olicy ________________

-

86
-

-

86

96

-

14

-

-

4

100

96
96

Weekly overtime
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay 3 _______________________________
Time and one-half __________________________________
Effective after less than 40 h o u rs______
Effective after 40 hours ______________________
Effective after more than 40 hours ______
Double time ____________________________________________
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy ________________

99
76

96
96

-

-

-

96

76

96

-

-

4

-

97
87
3
83
**

23

-

10

5

4

**

4

3

100

85
6
79

86
-

86

-

-

15

14

'

-

93
2
4

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10hours a day would beconsidered
as time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 3 7 l/ z and time and one-half after 40 hours would be consideredas time and one-half after 40 hours.
**L e ss than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, O re g ., April 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




14

Table B-5: Wage Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

All
,
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities ^

Retail trade

32

90
3
87
10

68

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

Retail trade

100
75
25
-

100
65
35
-

94
43
51
6

90
10
7
3

100
_
_
_
"

76
24
1
1
22

W a g e structure for tim e-rated w orkers3

Formal rate structure
_
Single rate
.. _
_
Range of rates _______________________________
Individual rates
_ .... _

61
1
61
39

-

32
68

-

68
32

99
68
30
1

M ethod of w a g e paym ent
for plantt workers
Time workers
Incentive workers
_
..... _ .
Piecework
Bonus work
... .
Commission _________________________________

89
11
4
2
5

DATA NOT COLLECTED

L a b or-m an a gem en t agreem en ts4

Workers in establishments with agree­
ments covering a majority of such
workers _______________________________________

15-19

0-4

60-64

35-39

80-84

85-89

95+

60-64

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employment, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
4 Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category.
The estimates
so obtained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by provisions of labor-management agreements due to the exclusion of smaller
size establishments.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, Oreg„, April 1958
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

15

Table B*6:

Paid Holidays1

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

All
a
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities j

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance

All
3
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities T

Retail trade

100

100

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays ----------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing no
paid holidays -----------------------------------------

99

100

**

-

**

1
51
43

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

90

90

97

91

1

10

10

3

9

1
2
49
33
1
5
-

1
36
49
2
1

7
37
33
19

-

-

_

All workers ---------------------------------------------

_

-

-

19
19
52
52
90
90
97
97
97

-

**

Number of day s
Less than 5 holidays ------------------------5 holidays -----------------------------------------6 holidays ------------------------------------------7 holidays -----------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day -------------7 holidays plus 2 half days---------------8 holidays -----------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day -------------10 holidays plus 1 half day --------------

_

-

97
2

**

_

28
39
1

1
13
4

3
2
-

_

_
_

31
-

-

“

-

5
5
48
48
99
99

31
32
71
71
99
99
99
99
99

2
2
99
99
99
99
99

99
63
99
99
99
31

99
99
99
99
2

99
99

99
99

87
-

“

_
_

4

42
38

1

-

-

Total h o lid a y time 4
1
1
5
19
19
57
57
99
99
99
99
99

100
100

99

100

30
99
99
99
36
99
99

14
99
100
100
10
100
100

2

10Va days -----------------------------------------------------------9 or more days -----------------------------------------------8 l/ z or more days ----------------------------------------------8 or more days -----------------------------------------------71 or more days ----------------------------------------------/*
7 or more days -----------------------------------------------b l/ z or more days ----------------------------------------------6 or more d a y s
----------------------------------------------------------------------------51/a or more days ----------------------------------------------t
5 or more days -----------------------------------------------3 or more days --------------------------------------------------2 or more days ------------------------------------------------

8

3

12

2

2

1
5

3
-

100

-

-

-

6
6

3

38
38

52
52

87
87

88
88

89
90
90

90
90
90

3

"
i
!

87
87
87
87
91

H olidays 5
New Year's Day -------------------------------------------------Washington's Birthday ---------------------------------------Decoration Day --------------------------------------------------July 4th --------------------------------------------------------------Veterans' Day ----------------------------------------------------Thanksgiving Day ----------------------------------------------Christmas ---------------------------------------------------------Day after Thanksgiving -------------------------------------Floating Holiday ------------------------------------------------Floater at Christm as-----------------------------------------Half day Good Friday ---------------------------------------

_
_
-

“

88
16
89
89
89
12
90
90
4
7
2
2

88

15
90
88

90
16
90
90
7
11
2

3

97
49
90
97
97
19
97
97
“
"
-

87
~
87
87
87
"
91
91
"
■
-

1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no half days,
6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
5 Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 2 percent of the office or plant workers are shown in this tabulation. A few other holidays or half holidays were provided.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, Oreg. , April 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




16

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V acation p olicy

Public
4 ities 1
U
"

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
A
ll 2
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
96
4
**

100
92
8
-

100
100
-

100
99
1

**

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
41
4
^|
oc

3
36
14
2

2
32
4
"

5
4
-

5
6
2
"

5
3
2
-

10
22
3
-

6
4
-

32
65
**
2
1

25

57

76

89
1
7
3
“

67
33
“

10
1
83
3
2
1

5
5
81

A1
1
industries 1

100

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

**

A ll w ork ers _____________________________________

M
anufacturing

Retail trade

Finance

Retail trade

M eth od o f p aym en t
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations _________________________________
L en g th -of-tim e payment ____________________
P ercen tage payment _________________________
Other ________________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations ______________________________
A m ou nt o f v a c a t i o n p a y 3
A fter 6 months o f s e rv ice
L ess than 1 w e e k ________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks ______________________
2 weeks _________________________________________
A fter 1 year o f s e rv ice
1 week ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks _____________________
2 w eeks _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks _________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________

-

66
-

9
-

40
3

24
-

84
**
13
**
2
"

15
**
81
3

19
81
-

54
9
35
**
2
■

65
15
17
3
■

24
76
“

42
58
-

7
13
77
**
2

13
23
61
3

100
-

100
-

-

-

87
!
13
j
j

A fter 2 yea rs of s e rv ice
1 week ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ______________________
2 weeks _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ______________________
3 weeks _________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______________________

-

9
-

A fter 3 yea rs of s e rv ice
1
1
92
4
2
1

1 week
_
....
_ _______
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ______________________
2 weeks _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ______________________
3 weeks _________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 weeks ______________________

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads),
r
6




_

5
80
5
9

-

**
96
3

communication, and other public utilities.

NOTE:

-

100
-

Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, Oreg. , April 1958
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

Bureau of Labor Statistics

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length-of-tim e, "
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

17

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT O O
F FFIC W
E ORKERS EM
PLOYED IN—
Vacation policy

A
ll
in u
d stries1

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie y
s

M u ctu g
an fa rin

PERCEN O PL^T W R
T F
O KERS EM
PLO
YED IN—

R il tra e
eta
d

A
ll ,
in u sA
d strie

F a ce
in n

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

96
1
3
-

100
_
_

100
_
_

-

-

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie
s

R il tra e
eta
d

Amount of vacation p a y 3- Continued
After 5 years of service
92
4
3
1

86
5
9

60
3
37
1

61
8
31

25
75
1

37
63

20
69
1
10

2 weeks ________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks ___ ___________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________

33
65

95

-

2
3

-

-

97
1
2
-

60
**
36
3

83
17
-

73
6
21
-

69
9
22
-

71
3
26
-

82
_
18
-

14
83
3

30
70

38
62

28
71
1

23
77

63
37

14
50
3
33

-

100

-

30
70

After 10 years of service
2 weeks ________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks ________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________

-

After 15 years of service
2 weeks ________________________________________
3 weeks ________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________

-

-

|

-

After 20 years of service
2 weeks ________________________________________
3 weeks ________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks ________________________________________

-

2

36
53
**

25
73
1

23
51

-

_

63
33
_

-

6

1

26

4
j

After 25 years of service
20
53
2
25

2 weeks ________________________________________
3 weeks ________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _____________________
4 weeks ________________________________________

1

d a ta f o r w h o le s a le

tra d e ;

In c lu d e s

d a ta fo r

tra d e ,

3
c lu d e

In c lu d e s

2

P e r io d s

changes

w h o le s a le

o f s e r v ic e

in p r o v i s i o n s

w ere

in su r a n c e ,

rea l esta te ,

a r b itr a r ily

o c c u r r in g

* * L .e s s th an 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
f
T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g




fin a n c e ,
ch osen

b etw e e n

r a ilr o a d s ),

5 and

31
44
5
20

and

14
48
3
35

and re a l e sta te ;

s e r v ic e s

in a d d itio n

and do not n e c e s s a r ily

and

se r v ic e s

to th o s e

r e f l e c t th e

and o th e r

p u b lic

u tilitie s .

34
42
3
21

34

in a d d it io n to t h o s e

in d u s tr y d iv is io n s

in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s

10 y e a r s .

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

30
36
!

in d u s tr y d iv is io n s

show n
fo r

show n

22
51
5
22

23
51

1

63
18
_

-

26

19

s e p a r a te ly .

s e p a r a te ly .

p r o g r e s s io n s .

For

e x a m p le ,

th e c h a n g e s

in p r o p o r t i o n s

in d ic a te d

at

10

y e a r s ' se r v ic e

in ­

18

Table B-8: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCENT O O
F FFICE W
ORKERS EM
PLOYED IN—
Type of plan

All workers --------------------------------------------------------

A
ll j
in u s
d strie

M u ctu g
an fa rin

100

100

Pb ,
u lic
u
tilitie f
s

R il tra e
eta
d

PERCENT O PLAN W RKERS EM
F
T O
PLOYED IN—
F a ce
in n

A
U
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie T
s

R il tra e
eta
d

100

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing;
Life insurance ______________________________
Accidental death and dismember­
ment insurance ___________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both3 _______________________
Sickness and accident insurance-----------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) _________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) _________________________
Hospitalization insurance---------------------------Surgical insurance____________ ____________
Medical insurance __________________________
Catastrophe insurance_____________________
Retirement pension_________________________
No health, insurance, or pension
plan _______________________________________

88

80

86

71

72

81

77

52

49

54

46

59

52

60

40

42

71
40

73
48

96
23

77
42

81
69

77
73

99
49

80
67

44

46

70

30

6

1

17

3

8
81
82
73
32
74

3
79
79
71
11
59

10
53
54
53
28
80

13
69
69
39
40
58

13
83
83
72
16
57

6
88
88
83
3
51

48
63
63
60
14
97

14
81
81
42
51
^4

3

9

8

12

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to whose which definitely establish at least the mini­
mum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, Oreg. , April 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

19

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau1s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureaurs job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Of f i ce
BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing de scribed
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m ents business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

20
CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers1 orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give infor­
mation to persons yftio call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

21

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

22
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL, (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Ma i n t e na nc e

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerpl ant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following; Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one~engineer are excluded!

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician’ s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools) and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

23
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance'
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC. AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; aisassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

24
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out ail types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, ot* other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

25
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to iiPing
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business. May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under 1V2 tons)
medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer typel
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1958 O -475143




Occupational Wage Surveys

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. T hese bu lletin s, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19, when a vailable may be purchased from the Superintendent o f Docum ents, U. S. Government Printing O ffice , Washington 25, D. C .,
or from any o f the region al o ffic e s shown below .
A summary bulletin containing data for a ll labor markets, com bined with additional a n alysis w ill be issu ed early in 1959*
B ulletins for the labor markets listed below are now a v a ila b le.
Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents.
Boston, Mass., September 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-3, price 25 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., November 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-5, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-7, price 25 cents




San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-8, price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-9, price 25 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-10, price 25 cents
New Orleans, La., February 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-11, price 20 cents
Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-12, price 25 cents
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-13, price 25 cents
Chicago, 111., April 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-14, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102