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Occupational Wage Survey

NEW YO R K , NEW YO R K
APRIL

B u lle tin

N o .

1 2 2 4 -1 5

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



1 9 5 8

BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Clagwe, Com issioner
m




Occupational Wage Survey




NEW Y O R K , NEW Y O R K
APRIL 1958

B u lle tin No. 1224-15

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lagua, Commissionor

July 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 25, D. C .

-

Price 2 5 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program

Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ______________ _______

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the yearfs surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

A:

B:

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of s u r v e y ________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected periods ______________

4

Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations ______________________________________
A -2 : P rofessional and technical occupations ______________
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations ____________
A -4 : Custodial and m aterial movement occupations ______

5
10
11
13

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - 1: Shift differentials ______________________________________
B -2 : Minimum entrance rates for women office w o r k e r s_
B -3 : Scheduled weekly hours _________________________________
B -4 : Overtime pay ____________________________________________
B -5 : Wage structure characteristics and lab ormanagement agreem ents _____________________________
B -6 : Paid holidays ____________________________________________
B -7 : Paid vacations ___________________________________________
B -8 : Health, insurance, and pension plans ________________

Appendix:

Job descriptions

__________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the New York City area reports for April 1951, January
1952, February 1953, February 1954, March 1955, April 1956, and
April 1957. Prior to the present report, data on wage structure
characteristics, labor-management agreements, and overtime pay
provisions were last shown in the 1954 summary report.
The
1955 report included data on frequency of wage payments, and
pay provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays not included
in other reports.
A directory indicating date of study and the
price of the reports, as well as reports for other major areas,
is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices in the New York City area are also available for
women’ s and m isses1 coats and suits (February 1957), m isses1,
childrens, and infants* stitchdown shoes (April 1957), and ma­
chinery (January 1958).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing
pay levels, are available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating employ­
ees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.
iii

2

16
17
18
19
20
21
23
25
26




Occupational Wage Survey - New York, N. Y.*
Introduction
The New York City area is one of several important industrial
centers in which the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fits on an areawide basis. In each area, data are obtained by Bureau
field agents from representative establishments within six broad indus­
try divisions:
Manufacturing; transportation (excluding railroads),
communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade;
finance, insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry
groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are govern­
ment operations and the construction and extractive industries. E s ­
tablishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the oc­
cupations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 Wherever possible, sepa­
rate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -se rie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e ., those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional office in
New York, N. Y ., by Frederick W. Mueller, under the direction of
Paul E. Warwick, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term "office workers, " as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and allnonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2
workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed.
Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-management agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a majority are covered.3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e. The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week*s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen^ compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
3 Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of
table B -3) were presented in earlier years in terms of the propor­
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
weekly hours for women workers.

Table 1:

Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker’ s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not_be written,
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
were excluded.

E stablishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in New Y ork , i*. Y . , 1 by m ajor industry d ivision, A p ril 1958
M inim um

Industry division

A ll divisions

paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.

________________________________________________________________

Manufacturing ______________________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________________________________
Transportation (excluding r ailroad s), communication,
and other public u tilitie s4 ____________ ____________________________
W holesale trade _________________________________________________________
R etail trade (except lim ite d -p r ic e variety sto res) ________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate _________________________________
S ervices 6 ________________________________________________________________

in estab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

_

Number of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 2
4 ,3 8 7

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l3
551

1, 376, 000

Office

Plant

T otal 3

4 1 2 ,4 0 0

6 1 5 ,1 0 0

5 9 7 ,5 6 0
1 4 3 .6 6 0
4 5 3 ,9 0 0
1 4 9 .6 6 0
2 4 ,9 8 0
94 , 020
123, 160
62, 080

101

1, 348
3, 039

176
375

4 1 9 ,2 0 0
9 5 6 ,8 0 0

8 3 .9 0 0
328, 500

2 4 6, 300
368, 800

101
51
101
51
51

181
893
363
697
900

46
80
65
77
107

1 9 5 ,9 0 0
131, 000
186, 700
25 0, 100
1 9 3 ,1 0 0

4 2 ,1 0 0
5 3 ,4 0 0
25, 300
1 6 4 ,8 0 0
4 2 .9 0 0

85, 600
33, 600
1 3 5 ,7 0 0
5 20 , 500
9 3 ,4 0 0

1 The New York City A r e a (Bronx, K ings, New Y ork , Q ueens, and Richmond C ounties, N. Y. )• The "w o r k e r s within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate d esc rip ­
tion of the size and com position of the labor force included in the su rvey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b a sis of com parison with other area em ployment indexes to m easure em ploy­
ment trends or le v els since ( l ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establish m en ts are excluded fro m the scope
of the survey.
.
2 Includes all establish m en ts with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area ) of com panies in such industries as tra d e, finance, auto repair se r v ic e , and m otionpicture theaters are considered as 1 estab lish m en t.
3 Includes executive, technical, p r ofession al, and other w ork ers excluded fro m the separate office and plant ca te g o ries.
..
4 A lso excludes taxicab s, and se r v ic e s incidental to water transportation. The publicly operated portion of New Y ork ’ s transit system is , as a government operation, excluded fro m the scope of the studies.
5 Estim ate relates to real estate estab lish m en ts only.
.
.
.
.
6 H otels; personal se r v ic e s; busin ess s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; radio broadcasting and tele vision ; motion p ictures; nonprofit m em bersh ip organizations; and engineering and architectu ral se r v ic e s.




3

Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker*s life.
With reference to wage structure characteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system. However, because of technical considerations, all time­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these workers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were classi­
fied to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Similarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37 V2 hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: B illers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay-*
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; m e­
chanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual
T a b l e 2:

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s in N e w Y o r k ,
A p r i l 1 95 8 a n d A p r i l 1 9 5 7 , a n d p e r c e n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
Indexes
( F e b r u a r y 19 5 3 = 100)

In du stry and o ccu p a tio n a l grou p
A p r i l 1 95 8

A p r i l 1957

N. Y . ,

P ercen t in crea ses fro m —
A p r i l 1957
to
A p r i l 1 95 8

A p r i l 19 5 6
to
A p r i l 195 7

M a r c h 1 95 5
to
A p r i l 19 5 6

F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 4 F e b r u a r y 1953 J a n u a r y 19 5 2
to
to
to
M a r c h 19 55
F e b r u a r y 1954 F e b r u a r y 1953

A ll in d u stries:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) _________________________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ______________________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________________________________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _____________________________________________

12 4 . 5
126. 8
1 2 2 .7
12 5 . 1

12 0 . 3
12 1 . 1
1 1 7 .7
1 1 9 .6

3 .5
4 .7
4 .3
4.6

5.2
4.9
3 .8
5 .3

5.9
5. 1
3 .4
5. 0

3. 5
5 .4
5. 0
2. 6

4 .3
4 .2
4.5
5 .4

5. 5
4 .4
6. 0
4. 7

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) _________________________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ______________________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ______________________________________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _____________________________________________

12 6 .4
134. 1
124. 1
12 9 . 8

1 22 .6
127 .5
1 19 .4
12 3 . 1

2.9
5. 1
3.9
5. 5

5.9
4. 8
5. 5
*7.5

5.3
5. 0
3.2
3. 8

4.7
7 .4
4 .2
3 .8

5 .2
8. 0
5.2
6. 3

5. 6
6.2
5. 7
3.9




A : O c c u p a t i o n a l E a r n in g s

T a b le A-1: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s
(Average straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New Y o rk , N . Y . , by industry division, A p ril 1958)

A braqb
v
Sex, occupation, andindustry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly. 35.00 40.00
hours1
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.00

Men
3,826
854
2,972
443
959
180
965
425

36.0
36.b
36.0
37.0
36.0
38.0
35.5
36.5

Clerks, accounting, class B ___ _____ _ _____________
Manufacturing_ _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities t ________________________________
Wholesale trade ________________________________
Retail trade 3 ___________________________________
Finance ++ _____________________________________
Services _______________________________________

2,485
"4 > "
17
2 , 018
255
471
134
823
335

36.5
'36.5
36.5
37.5
36.5
37.5
35.5
36.0

$
91.50
$4.55
90.50
101.00

See footnotes at end of table.
+ Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

36.0
357cn
36.0
38.5
36.5
37.0
36.0
35.5

_
_
-

_
_
-

79.50
84.D0
77.50
87.00
77.00

3,200
Tabulating-machine operators _______________________
Manufacturing .
.
...............
------ 53T
2,665
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
264
Public utilities t
Wholesale trade ________________________________
357
Retail trade 3 ___________________________________
155
Finance ++ ______________________________________
1,576
Services _______________________________________
313

-

69.00
?4. 50
67.50
80.00
73.00
62.00
62.50
65.50

643
36.5
z w — 3777r
434
36.5
100
36.5
155
37.0

36.0
7, 539
2,266" — 3s;s'
5, 273
36.0
366
36.0
1,453
36.0
186
37.0
1,842
35.5
1,426
36.0

.

_
_
-

79.00
85.65
79.00
79.00

Clerks, p a y ro ll______________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________ —
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities t ________________________________
Services _______________________________________

.

91.50
85.00
86.50
88.50

1,643
37.0
Clerks, order ________________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________ ------ 44T ^ 3 6 7 0 "
37.5
1, 198
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
37.5
1, 147
Wholesale trade _________
__________________




50.00 55.00

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNIN O —
GS F
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
70.00 75.00 80.00 *85.00 90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo ?15.00 120.0 0
55.00 60.00 65.00
and
60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 10 0.00 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 120.0 0

1

Clerks, accounting, class A __________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities f ________________________________
Wholesale trade ________________________________
Retail trade 3 ___________________________________
Finance ++ ______________________________________
Services _______________________________________

Office boys ________________________________________ _
_
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities + ________________________________
Wholesale trade ________________________________
Retail trade 3 ___________________________________
Finance +t ______________________________________
Services _______________________________________

$
$
45.00 50.00

52.00
52.56
5 2 .0 0

53.00
54.00
48.50
51.50
50.00

76.00
79.06
75.00
89.50
81.00
70.00
71.00
79.50

.

3
3
3
_

-

8

50
5
5
“

-

-

_
113
69

62
4
58
-

"

-

182
182
-

.
_
-

18
18
-

27
27
_
_
27
-

41
9
32
-

134
11

8

12
1

69
13
15
15

26
7
67
31

257

288
35
253
5
27
36
123
62

334
58
276
34
64

463
103
360
56

20
102

i

254
4
15
14
196
25
11

7
4
4
10
----- 5—

5
5

288
37
251
7
57
33
90
64

392
77
315
33

56

30
115
73

148
74

246
56
190
13
83
5
58
31

183
47
136

86

395
69
326
30
73

41
7
34
34

94
43
51
49

361
64
297
282

76
28
48
46

155
54

254
48
206
203

32
—n—
19

55

59
14
45
4

67
16
51
13
27

18
1

1

13

12

139

6

49
4
14

628
2051
2223
1365
T 52— n i t — n n — 358
476
1325
1532
1007
130
118
53
15
208
374
128
391
110
24
11
29
487
498
301
191
268
390
496
1 18

473
23
266
9

152
5
147
_
28

203
14
189

344
16
328

2
5

2
22

6

11

26

98

12
160
10

23
237
44

-

_
_
_
_

and other public utilities

_
_
_
_
_

35
-

35
_
3

10

151

11

123

639

116

59

21

1

238
"ToS
130
7
33
3
62
25

127
23
104
7
53
43

444
73
371
9
16
14
264

436
99
337
9
64
30

68

23

1

21 1

86

47
94
55

101

99

385
79
306
53
104
2

104
43

20

67
14
24
11

440
128
312
22

402
“T58
294
37

364
84
280
24
58
7
148
43

137
19
115
19

121

65
27
38
4
28

... 47
10

36

37
14
18

2

1
1

23
17
4
-

4
-*
273
66

207
202

17
78
41

b

352
102

250
46
60
4
108
32
81
23
58
52
6

3

"

_
_
-

155
48
107
90

82
n
69
65

91
35
,45
45

2

85
105
77
28
18
39
— T9— ~ T 2 — — rz— — 29— -----5— — r?—
27
24
4
66
53
48
14
14
2
1
11
29
7
2
18
14
19
“
42

22

26
16

7
15

-

-

_

_
15
"

16

“
380
88

292
19
36
19
172
46

380
75
305
36
35
27
193
14

17
4
13
13
_
-

221

51
170
46
15
3
91
15

265
56
209
91
47
1

53
17
12
12

_
_
-

11
11

6
2

4

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

_

~

217
48
169
37
33
3
70
26

164
2b
144
46
72
5
17
4

57
2
2
22
17

22

26

19

1
1

10

_
.
-

6
6

8
8

15
ro— ----- 5—

-

i'fe

22

22

13
9
5
_
4

112

19
52
-

4
_
_
-

5
5
4

267
8b
187
2 63
85
16
4
19
2

------ T ~
-

_
_
_
7
------ 2 ~
5
5

13

6

6

4
2

5
4

7
_
7

■

"

-

45

11

16

-

116

129
17

15
18
----- 7— ~ n —

5
5
-

100

189
54
135
29
45
13

10

6

9

39

2

1

2
_
_

15
_
9
14

-

30
2

28
4
_
2
22

6

T a b le A-1: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in New Y ork, N. Y . , by industry division, A p ril 1958)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNIN O —
GS F
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
70.00 *75.00 $
80.00 $
85.00 $
65.00 $
90.00 *95.00 fbo.oo 1*05.00 1*10.00 115.00 ?20.00
W
eekly,
Weekly, 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 $
h 1 earn gs
ours
in
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Women
1,662
490
1, 172
446
516
100

36.5
36.6
36.0
37.0
35.5
36.0

8
66.00
66.'50
66.00
69.00
60.50
72.00

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine) ______________
1, 195
— 2o r
Manufacturing
987
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
318
Retail trade 3 ___________________________________

36.5
36.5
36.0
38.0

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ____________
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
.
Wholesale trade
.. _
Finance t t

1,835
527
1, 308
291
840

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B ____________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities t
Wholesale trade
.
.. _
Retail trade 3 ___________________________________
Finance ++ .
. . .
........ _
Services _

16
l6
-

1
1
_
1

11
11
2
9
-

210
32
178
32
146
-

244
57
187
30
127
11

245
78
167
55
86
12

215
88
127
61
51
4

298
88
210
123
43
37

311
100
211
98
45
27

40
9
31
15
9
6

50
18
32
29
-

5
1
4
1
2

2
2
-

1
1
-

_
-

13
i. 3
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

68.50
68.00H
68.50
65.50

_
-

5
5
1

24
15
9
5

26
8
18
18

171
39
132
77

160
215
33---- 23
192
127
60
66

301
8
293
21

179
30
149
50

64
36
28
8

10
10
4

18
5
13
3

11
7
4
3

10
4
6
1

1
1
1

.
-

.
_
"

.
_
-

36.5
36.6
37.0
37.0
37.0

74.50
76.50
73.50
73.50
73.50

.
-

_
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

31
5
26
10
14

171
19
152
27
113

306
56
250
46
177

355
132
223
55
163

484
159
325
76
176

260
66
194
58
105

90
25
65
12
29

80
25
55
6
49

37
22
15
_
14

6
6
-

2
1
1
1
-

8
8
-

1
1
_
-

2
2
_
-

6,254
536
5. 716
120
668
185
4,476
267

36.0
35.5
36.0
38.0
37.0
37.5
36.0
36.0

63.50
68.50
63.00
71.50
71.00
66.50
61.00
70.00

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
_
_
-

101
5
96
-

945
48
897
_
11
12
873
1

1495
69
1426
_
42
15
1332
37

1183
80
1103
16
113
35
917
22

841
85
756
31
101
58
539
27

765
74
691
33
144
24
412
78

481
75
406
23
108
19
182
74

168
10
158
8
59
15
57
19

162
38
124
7
76
1
32
8

58
23
35
2
14
_
18
1

15
i4
1
_
_
1
-

17
1
16
_
16
-

2
2
_
-

2
_
2
_
_
2
-

1
1
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

Clerks, accounting, class A __________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ............ ..........
Public utilities f — Wholesale trade
_
. __
_
Retail trade 3
Finance ++
___ ________ _
Services

3, 332
777
2, 555
216
656
245
599
839

36.0
36.0
36.0
36.5
37.0
37.5
35.5
36.0

81.00
83.00
80.00
91.00
82.50
78.50
76.50
78.50

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

6
6
_
1
_
5

81
4
77
10
3
40
24

256
14
242
4
82
19
96
41

325
l~TU4
221
6
40
17
71
87

412
105
307
7
68
33
81
118

512
—
T2S
384
27
87
34
81
155

412
75
337
49
56
50
51
131

501
92
409
37
97
63
53
159

387
123
264
15
85
18
64
82

159
38
121
10
58
5
26
22

117
41
76
21
16
2
25
12

66
28
38
13
15
_
9
1

29
5
24
9
13
_
2
-

27
5
22
18
2
_
_
2

Clerks, accounting, class B _ _ . .
.
Manufacturing
... .... _
_
..
_
.... _
Nonmanufacturing .
._
.. ...
Public utilities t
... _
_______
Wholesale trade _
. __
Retail trade3
_.
.
. _
Finance ++
_ __ . . . .
____
Services

6, 196

36.5
36.5
36.5
37.0
37.0
37.5
35.5
36. 0

64.50
67.00
64.00
74.00
69.50
59.00
61.00
63. 00

4
4

101
9
92

260
57
203
-

8 36
123
713
143
210
139
132
89

245
427
95
49
196
332
77
47
125
69
38
9
26 * 51
66
20

105
30
75
41
19
9

74
4l
33
17
15
1

40
— zs—
20
6
14

32
b
26
20
6

_
_

_

-

5
72
111
15

966
86
306
206
189
179

9
6
3
3

4
82
6
-

1207
169
1038
65
153
194
331
295

3

-

937
153
784
23
47
246
308
160

1158

-

754
76
678
13
15
295
228
127

Clerks, file, class A
Manufacturing
__
Nonmanufacturing . ....
_
...............
Public utilities t ------------------------------------------------Wholesale trade ________________________________
Finance t t
...
_. ... . _
Services
...
........
_ ...

2, 986

36.0
s W — 3575“
2, 397
36.0
215
36.5
418
35.5
1,445
36.0
266
36.0

67.50
73.00
66.00
75.50
66.50
64.50
68.50

_

22

110

155
18
137
4

427
55
372
5
41
308
14

853
184
669
38
154
407
61

401
22
379
44
124
189
18

319
76
243
26
35
125
53

248
75
173
22
22
113
16

142
39
103
15
13
53
22

Billers, machine (billing machine) ___________________
Manufacturing
_ __
.. .
_
Nonmanufacturing
Wholesale trade
_ _ _ ....
._ _
.... _
....... _
Finance ++
. __ ......
Services _______________________________________

1 ,0 2 6

5, 170
544
992
1,295
1,382
957

See footnotes at end of table.
+ Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication,
++ Finance, insurance, and real estate.




4
-

119
18

-

_

-

_

22

110

_

-

78

22

4

and other public utilities

-

116
15

135
43
92
17
22
24
29

-

_

6

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

42
------TT"
27
_
27
_
_
4
-

4
-

4
_
_

_

-

3
3
_
_

54
18
36
14
5
11
4

-

-

-

-

-

76

21
6
15

10
8
2

11
ii

_

2
2

-

-

— TL

44
30
-

6
8

2
13

2

_

_

-

7

T a b le A-1: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
jn New Y o rk , N . Y . , by industry division, A p ril 1958)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly,
W
eekly 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
h
ours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (S dard) under
tan
"
•
■
and
40.00 45.00 50.00 5§ _00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Women - Continued
8.435
1,337
7,098
755
895
428
4, 393
627

36.0
36.0
36.0
37.5
37.0
37.0
36.0
36.0

$
54.00
58.50
53.00
58.00
56.00
51.00
51.50
55.00

Clerks, order ________________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Wholesale trade ________________________________
Retail trade3 _ _
_
__

2, 028
777
1.251
991
241

36.5
36.5
37.0
36.5
38.5

66.00
65.50
66.00
67.00
63.00

Clerks, payroll ____________ _________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities +
__ _ ____
Wholesale trade ________________________________
Retail trade 3
Finance ++ ........ ..... ....
_ ...... ......................
Services
. . .. _________ .. . _

2,677
938
1,739
128
419
352
414
426

36.5
37.0
36.5
36.5
36.0
38.0
35.5
36.5

75.50
75.50
75.50
76.50
81.50
68.50
76.00
74.50

Comptometer operators ______________________________
Manufacturing
_ _
_ _ .............. . _
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities +
_ ... ..................
Wholesale trade _
... _
Retail trade 3
._ ..
..... _ _ .......................
Financet+
Services _ ........ ......... ...
_ .. _

4, 276
59(T
3, 386
416
805
934
807
424

36.5
37.6
36.5
36.0
36.5
36.5
35.5
36.0

68.50
71.00
68.00
74.00
68.50
66.00
67.50
68.50

_
_
-

256
F0T
148

36.5
36.5
36.5

59.00
61.00
57.00

9
9

36.5
36.5
36.5
37.5
36.5
37.5
35.5
36.0

63.50
67.00
62.50
64.50
67.00
58.00
61.00
64.50

Clerks, file, class B ________________________________
Manufacturing
_
_
_
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities t ________________________________
Wholesale trade ________________________________

Duplicating-machine operators
(mimeograph or ditto)
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
. . ..

__

__
............ .

Key-punch operators _________________________________
Manufactur ing
Nonmanufacturing _____________ ___________ ______ _
Public utilities t ...
__
.......
Wholesale trade
Retail trade 3
.
.
.
F in a n c e t t
,.... . .. .......
......... . .
Services
_
.......
_
.. ...

5, 554
945
4, 609
671
670
490
2, 307
471

See footnotes at end o f table.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication,
++ Finance, insurance, and real estate.




564
52
512
11
36
457
8

1611
230
1381
121
173
174
743
170

2166
228
168
103
1515
152

1817
265
1552
149
291
59
895
158

816
120
696
103
133
46
342
72

264
52
91
5
81
35

196
69
127
51
26
2
31
17

135
94
41
21
2
3

3
3
3

57
5
52
44
8

230
105
125
98
26

235
81
154
105
47

359
144
215
140
72

390
138
252
204
48

283
138
145
123
20

6
6

29
12
17

_
_

_
6

101
33
68
27

1
13

-

-

3

26
12
3

196
82
114
4
20
49
18
23

220
76
144
4
17
35
37
51

348

-

226
6
20
56
69
75

2
2
2

32
8
24
24
~

268
19
249
2
20
131
71
25

570
217
353
38
54
131
93
37

769
83
686
44
250
175
129
88

759
T o ri
659
62
121
183
184
109

7
7

24
11
13

42
3
39

55
36
19

63
32
31

39
28
11

329
20
309
1
65
64
179

675
79
596
162
15
133
270
16

1014
108
906
111
49
73
577
96

1165
152
1013

329
329
329

_

_
_

and other public u tilities.

_
9

2

2483
il7

111

100
90
576
136

386

42
36
6
6
_
_

32
19
13
13
_
_

18
10
8
8
_
_

4
1
3
3
_
_

_
_
_
_

2
2
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

237
105
132
120
12

134
41
93
76
6

56
14
42
42
_

36
36
36
_

3
1
2
2

3
3
_

1
1
_
_

1
l
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

355
71
284
26
46
61
105
46

407
204"
203
8
56
39
34
66

360
96
264
4
103
30
35
92

246
96
150
17
78
8
27
20

164
37
127
20
31
18
19
39

106
39
67
1
18
1
45
2

38
19
19
1
10
_
3
5

35
24
11
1
7
_
2
1

39
21—
18

9
9
4
5
_

18
6
12
5
5

677
111
566
108
152
107
142
57

571
144
427
56
131
60
121
59

287
86
201
21
50
31
64
35

113
49
64
23
11
29

93
19
74
41
2
29

15
10
5
1
_
4

6
4
2
_
2

3
2
1
_
1

2
2
_
_
2

1
1
1

1

108
38
70
20
14
22
3
11

2

-

-

-

"

-

18
6
12

9
9

22
20
2

5
5

2
2

'

-

-

-

-

"

-

990
190
800
96
163
78
342
121

649
134
515
60
164

380
95
285
74
50
10
94
57

161
74
87
22

63
29
34

15
11
4

5
3
2

4
2
2

2

_

_

34

22

63
20
43
30
_

2

2

2

2

1
17
13

5

12

n r~

31

231
29

15

4

1

3

2

2
10
6

2
-

2

8

T a b le A-1: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New York, N. Y ., by industry division, April 1958)
Average

85.00

o
o
vd"
o
o
o

©
o
o

©
o
o

*55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00
"
55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80,00

0#*

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNIN O —
GS F

35.00
*45.00
W
eekly,
W
eekly , $
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.00 50.00

o
o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um

90.00

$
^ 5.0 0 1*00.00 1*05.00 1*10.00 115.00 1*20.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Women - Continued
Office girls __________________________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities t ________________________________
Finance f t ______________________________________

1,536
298
1,238
261
687

36.0
35.5
36.0
36.0
36.0

$
51.00
51.00
51.00
49.30
53.50

48
25
23
9

144
40
104
14
28

405
63
342
141
87

605
95
510
105
357

209
37
172
1
140

62
11
51
34

-

-

-

-

-

-

313
29
-------T ~ -----?7
266
27
14
74
28
5
58
11
92
11

1150

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

_

1
1

75
41
34
2
2
30
-

637
44
593
68
93
2
389
41

2150
335“
1812
146
241
49
1282
94

3
3
_
3

8
8
1
5

34,263
36.0
Secretaries
_ _
9 , 537 ' 3 5 .5 "
Manufacturing
__
36.0
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________ 24,726
37.0
Public utilities t ....... ......... .......... ...........................— 1,882
6,884
36.0
Wholesale trade ________________________________
Retail trade3
__
_ _
1, 168
37.0
35.5
7,691
Finance t t
- - - 7, 101
35.5
Services ____________________ ______________

85.00
89.00
83.50
93.00
84.50
81.00
83.50
81.00

Stenographers, general
17,077
4,902
Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
12,175
Public utilities + ___________________________ __
1, 273
Wholesale trade _______________
_
_ _ 2, 684
574
Retail trade 3 . ________________________________
Finance ++
_
_
5, 755
Services ------------------------------------------------------------1,889

36.0
36.0
35.5
36.5
36.0
36.0

69.00
72.50
67.50
70.00
70.50
66.50
65.50
69.50

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

Stenographers, technical
35.5
1. 169
------51T ' 35.5
Manufacturing _________ ________________________
651
Nonmanufac tur ing
36.0
Public utilities t
. _ ..
140
37.5
Finance t t ______________________________________
178
36.0

82.00
84.50
79.50
81.00
77.50

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
*

Switchboard operators
6. 384
Manufacturing _____________________________________ ------953"
Nonmanufacturing
5,431
572
Public utilities t - 893
Wholesale trade ________________________________
Retail trade 3
488
Finance +t
_ _
_
1,964
Services
1,514

37.0
3 5 .5 '
37.0
38.0
36.5
38.0
36.5
37.5

67.50
72 .TO '
66.50
71.50
70.00
61.50
67.00
64.00

.
_
_
-

.
_
_

45
45
_
15
9
21

312
1221
22 -----55“
1183
290
15
33
15
90
106
66
145
216
778
9

Switchboard operator-receptionists
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing_________________________________
Public utilities
Wholesale trade
Retail trade 3 ___________________________________
Finance
______________________________________
Services

36.5
37.0
36.5
36.5
37.0
36.0
36.0
36.5

66.50
67.06
66.50
69.50
68.00
64.00
62.50
66.00

_
_
_
-

35
3
32

153
53
100
20
38
5
5
32

2,289
904
1, 385
115
532
149
176
413

36.0

-

-

-

7

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), commumication, and other public utilities
+t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_

-

7
_

7
-

_
_

32

268
82
186
11
62
32
24
57

864
37
116
96
270
345
3209
811
2398
286
365
194
1245
308

52
17
35
32

1
1
-

2713
4261
"■60S- w
2105
3247
75
159
623
371
108
129
1060
673
878
1276
3507
848
2659
159
538
154
1278
530

5
5
-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

5064
4300
3728
4999
1335 — J T T w
D F
4022
3271
3729
2689
224
219
209
191
1328
971
1015
1219
128
201
130
160
1356
761
1098
1059
946
848
534
1114

2224
781
1443
160
435
44
480
324

-

"

-

2495
1503
2310
519
730 “ ?86' ..'6 4 4" “ w
1765
1524
227
859
180
193
126
64
523
52
324
449
8
7
119
29
78
544
535
264
26
318
137
399

105
55
144
25 ----- 52“ — W ~
65
30
92
20
11
22
21
27
17
1159
141
1018
63
128
149
450
228

1206
Z70“
936
146
155
61
436
138

1022
125 ’
897
173
252
57
311
104

551
277
274
25
62
31
55
101

361
144
217
2
98
26
12
79

400
152
248
18
137
20
20
53

188
191
199
52 — W ~ ----- 7U~
110
112
139
13
20
13
16
38
30

111
40
71
_

54
_

15
2

-

1711
1120
59"6"~' - 5'52
1115
568
113
131
310
106
80
34
321
198
273
117

356
187
79
29
" 213' — 99“ ----- 59“ ----- T T
143
40
17
88
17
11
19
2
46
36
9
4
4
70
17
8
15
12
12
6
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

827
696 4 1128
561 ~ 2ST- 525“
466
505
409
180
111
59
120
132
64
6
6
13
140
95
111
117
137
89
18
4
14
4
4
_
6

.
_
-

2
_

_
_
_
-

2
2
_
-

118
92
37
6
4
19
90 — 5T~ ----- 29“ — 19“ ------- 5H------- r
28
8
56
_
5
35
8
8
5
-

_
-

553
117
41
491
191
101 — m ~ -----45“ — T T —
146
13
452
344
91
53
35
27
19
_
15
93
134
9
_
10
4
16
4
_
183
108
68
37
63
20
22
13
113

291
98
193
13
79
28
13
60

-

74
20
12 -----25“
8
49
26
_
2
_
_

_
_

8

21

_
_
_
_

2
22
6 ------- TT
16
_
8
_
2
_
_
_
1
5
■
18
18
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
■

_
_
_
_
_

.
2
_ ------ 2“
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
~
-

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_

9
T a b le A-1: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New York, N. Y. , by industry division, April 1958)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber

of

workers

W eekly
hours1
(Standard)

W eekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
and
under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Women - Continued

Tabulating-machine operators _______________________
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing
Finance

1,007
113
894
518

37.0
36.5
37.0
36.5

$
72.50
76.00
72.00
73.00

“

Transcribing-machine operators, general ___________
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
Wholesale trade
. _.
__
Finance t+
......... . _ _ __
_ .........
_
Services -------------------------------------------------------------

2,342
649
1,693
549
867
118

36.0
36.0
36.0
36.0
35.5
35.5

69.00
70.00
69.00
72.00
67.00
69.00

Typists, class A _____________________________________
Manufacturing
_ .. . _ .
Nonmanufacturing _ _
Public utilities + __ _
__
_
Wholesale trade
_ . ...
Retail trade 3 ___________________________________
Finance +t -- —
Services _
_
____
__
.

8,203
1,246
6,957
678
1, 103
153
3, 679
1, 344

36.0
35.5
36.0
36.5
36.0
37.0
35.5
35.5

66.00
73.00
65.00
67.00
69.00
64.50
62.50
67.50

Typists, class B
_ . . 13,824
Manufacturing _____________________________________
2,443
Nonmanufacturing
_
..
. 11,381
Public utilities +
806
Wholesale trade _
_ ........... ......
1,465
Retail trade 3 __________________ ________________
539
Finance+t
7, 110
Services _______________________________________
1,461

36.0
36.0
36.0
37.0
36.0
36.5
36.0
36.0

58.50
"52'.'50_
57.50
62.00
62.50
56.50
55.50
61.00

-

6
6
-

37
3
34
3

106
9
97
64

158
l8
140
33

124
1
123
110

148
167
4 — ~JT~ —
163
115
82
99

_
-

3
3
3
-

9
- 9
9
-

91
10
81
2
77
-

162
40
122
5
77
21

560
215
345
49
255
8

399
78
321
78
162
30

532
123
409
219
134
29

250
5"2
188
110
43
14

183
5l
132
56
64
10

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

56
56
2
1
50
3

688
46
642
241
85
6
274
36

1668
T S
cT 1568
71
88
24
1186
199

1796
196
1600
74
261
50
931
284

1463
208
1255
43
188
39
650
335

1015
270
745
62
179
20
315
169

607
146
461
56
140
5
107
153

2
-

2 32
5
227
_
_
2
225

1220
3198
• T a r - 470
1117
2728
3
146
10
165
45
154
1022
2089
37
174

3361
2969
215
240
174
1970
370

2969
536
2433
202
530
109
1088
504

1500
418
1082
81
298
44
475

374
176
198
45
75
1
30
47

2

_
_
_
_
2

m

184

743
198 '
545
80
136
5

197
127

71
rr
52
31

45
32
89
5 -------g~ ------- j 84
37
29
53
26
13

16
_
16
4

7
3
4
-

1
1
_
-

_
.
-

_
_
-

78
33
45
20
19
5

23
24
9 — z ir
14
4
_
8
6
3
-

15
8
7
2
2
1

5
_
5
_
5
-

2
_
2
_
2
-

_
_
_
_
"

6
_
6
_
6
-

431
126
88 ----- 5T*
343
73
10
9
94
16
3
5
116
26
18
119

88
46
42
7
20
_
4
11

140
26
114
87
10
_
_
17

51
31
20
6
8
_
6
-

34
13
21
3
12
_
6
-

24
7
17
7
2
_
8
-

4
4
_
_
_
_
_

12
12
_
_
_
_
_

*

"

136
90
46
13
5
3
10

14
10
4
_
4
_

31
24
7
7
_
_
_

2
2

1
_
1
_
_
1
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

41
19
22

14
2
1
4

_

15

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Workers were distributed as follows: 27 at $120 to $130; 36 at $140 and over.
3 Excludes limited-price variety stores.
4 Workers were distributed as follows: 692 at $120 to $130; 238 at $130 to $140; 198 at $140 and over,
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication and other public utilities.
++ Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_
_

_

_
_

10

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupation*.
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New York, N. Y ., by industry division, April 1958)
A eE G
v lAB
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

N BER O W
UM
F ORKERS RE E IN ) STRAIGHT-TIM W
C IV G
E EEKLY EARNINGS O
F

W
eekly, W
eekly .
10.00 1>5.00 70.00 75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 *20.00 125.00p 30.00 1^5.00 *40.00 145.00 fs o .o o 155.00 160.00
hours 1 earnings1 Under and
(Standard) (Standard) $
and
60.00 under
65.00 70.00 7 5 .0 0
13
85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00I 5 . 0 0 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00! over
1

Men

Draftsmen, leader _____________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

602
223
379

38.5
38.0
39.0

$
159.00
158.50
160.00

“

”

-

Draftsmen, senior _____________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities t
Services __________________________

3,017
1",'JT5 '
1,702
92
1,428

38.0
37.5
38.5
35.5
39.0

126.00
114.50
134.50
119.00
137.50

“

■

■

Draftsmen, junior ______________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ________ ________
Public utilities t _________________
Services __________________________

1,858
694
1, 164
159
905

38.5
37.5
38.5
37.0
39.5

84.00
77.00
88.50
73.50
92.50

42
l8
24
6
15

97 245
20 1752
77 i 83
42
32
45
20

154

39.0

78.50

10

18

Tracers

_

_
_

29

-

”

-

4
5
- ---- 2
3
4
2
2
1
1

34
— rr
17
1
14

“

3
”

160
59
189
“ 35" " T46~ "TT7
43
23
43
14
15
25
31

167
105
62
11
26

181
I'38 '
43
1
35

149

159
12
147
2
142

71
6
65
11
54

85
3
82
82

43
43
_
43

4

4

4

30
15
15
6
3
5

6
3
3
2

12
1
11
6

”

“

162
87
75
17
42

294
174
120
35
65

208
67
141
6
116

200
85
115
4
103

110
29
81
2
73

17

23

13

8

12

8

~

48
3
43

-

23
21
2

227
' 130
97
1
67

1
1

20
20
"

314 241
" 16'4 r m
150 | 115
13
27
82
107

45
3
42
_
42

4
3
1

178 243
5 2 - 37
1 116 206
104 196

15
1
14
_
14

589
213
376
76
71
170

37.0
37.5
37.0
37.0
38.5
36.0

90.00
92.50
88.50
89.00
85.50
88.00

-

-

7
1
6
_
6

12
1
11
7
4

47
24
23
4
9
10

34
10
24
8
7
7

94
32
62
9
15
26

113
20
93
8
7
64

85
30
55
10
16
19

86
31
55
18
5
20

51
34
17
6
3
7

2
2
-

_

4
3
1
-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 39 at $160 to $170; 40 at $170 to $180; 19 at $180 to $190; 10 at $190 to $200; 7 at $200 and over.
Workers were distributed as follows: 51 at $160 to $170; 38 at $170 to $180; 67 at $180 to $190; 18 at $190 and over.
Workers were distributed as follows: 134 at $160 to $165; 98 at $165 to $170; 72 at $170 to $175; 2 at $185 to $190.
Excludes limited-price variety stores.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




8
1
7
_
7

_
-

95
37
66
54
9 ----- T ~ — T8“ “ '27
86
30
48
27

289
2115
! 3174

196
29
167
5
149

76
28
48
_
47

137
51
86
_
81

122
10
112
8
98

!

_

-

_

-

-

_
-

_

_
_
_

!
1

-

335
l6
319
4
4 306
.
_
_
_
-

4

____ 1
1
2
3
4
5
f
ft

10
3
7

1
1
i

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered) ________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities + _________________ _
Retail trade 5
Finance +t
_

74
26
48
2
42

3

-

_

5
5
_

-

_
_

1
1
_
_

-

_
_

_
.

j
j

-

_
_
_

11

Tab le A -3 :

M aintenance and Pow erplant O ccu p a tio n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in New York, N. Y . , by industry division, A p ril 1958)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

N ber
um
of
w
orker?

1, 116
Carpenters, maintenance ____________________
Manufacturing ____________________________ ----- T W ~
780
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
136
Public utilities | _______________________
251
Retail trade 2 __________________________
198
Finance "ff _____________________________
184
Services ______________________________

$
$
A
verage
hourly .
1.40 1.50
earn gs 1 Under
in $
1.40
i4 e
or 1.60
$
2.47
2. 52
2.45
2.58
2.62
2.48
2. 09

"

■

$
1.60

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2.20

$
2. 30

$
2.40

$
2.50

$
2.60

$
2.70

$
2.80

1.70

1. 80

1.90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2.40

2. 50

2.60

2.70

2. 80

42
42
42

90
90
14
75

19
4
15
4
2
9

41
17
24
2
4
18

43
35
8
4
2
2

71
40
31
26
5
”

73
29
44
16
15
13
"

146
31
115
12
13
79
1

139
62
77
25
45
6
1

227
53
174
61
48
43
22

.
118
118
- •
-

32
32
32

37
2
35
1
1
33

73
25
48
9
6
19
14

139
38
101
11
19
4
67

75
32
43
5
2
32
4

142
65
77
34
4
39

148
78
70
40
3
7
20

232
157
75
43
8
19
5

28
28
28

21
21
2
9
1
9

47
47
1
2
44

80
21
59
3
24
32

97
3
94
44
7
43

160
149
2
4
15
124

72
20
52
4
5
19
24

36
22
14
1
9

45
28
17
13
2

136
42
94
35
42

106
34
72
12
"

44
18
26
8
8

31
25
6
6

57

458
107
351
155
184
"

273
156
117
85
9
20

452
39
413
240
152
10

83
17
66
44
8
4

94
57
37
4
7
8

"

“

Electricians, maintenance __________________
Manufacturing _____________ _______ _______
Nonmanufacturing ......................................... .
Public utilities f .........................................
Retail trade 2 __________________________
Finance
_____________________________
Services

1, 721
716
1, 005
200
134
276
389

2.52
2.69
2.40
2.47
2.62
2.54
2. 18

-

-

-

Engineers, stationary _______________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s f_______________________
Retail trade 2 __________________________
Finance f f _____________________________
Services
_____________________________

1, 595
529
1, 066
85
127
352
451

2.66
2.91
2, 53
2.41
2.77
2.60
2.40

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
"

Firemen, stationary boiler _________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public utilities f _______________________
Services ________________ _________ ____

924
363
561
74
329

2. 09
2.41
1.89
2. 09
1.78

28
28
28

.
■

44
2
42
2

35
5
30
30

201
15“
185
1
180

Helpers, trades, maintenance ______________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public utilities t _______________________
Finance f t _____________________________
Services

1, 691
530
1, 161
573
364
129

2. 02
2. 00
2. 04
2. 05
2. 04
1.77

19
19
"

40
3
37
3
33

19
9
10
2
5

37
20
17
17

104
57
47
10
32

.
_

.

.

-

.
_

118
_

-

Machine-tool operators, toolroom ___________
Manufacturing ____________________________

183
183

2. 58
2.58

.
"

.
_

Machinists, maintenance
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________

1,264
1, 114
150

2.70
2.69
2.73

_
“

_
"

_
■

_
■

_
■

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance)
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ... _
Public utilities
. . ..
__

2, 872
428
2,444
1, 520

2.41
2.47
2.40
2.37

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
8
8

44
44

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




26

31
30
1
■

6
6

2
2

32
32

.

.
-

3
3
■

23
19
4

67
67

29
25
4

48
10
38
8

31
5
26
9

174
115
59
11

126
17
109
56

674
21
653
643

11

$
2.90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3.20

$
3. 30

2.90

o
o
r
O

Occupation and industry division

3. 10

3.20

3. 30

3.40

74
15
59
2
52
5
"

79
11
68
14
28
24
2

3
3
3
“

21
5
16
15
1
■

8
8
■

20
20
-

6
6
■

14
14
14

308
75
233
56
34
108
33

66
37
29
1
17
2
9

115
29
86
26
10
46

4
4
1
3
"

65
23
42
10
32
"

59
59
-

11
8
3
3
■

_
"

97
3 88
9
1
8

128
62
66
3
9
46
8

348
33
315
20
14
171
105

156
84
72
1
12
24
2

96
62
34
5
25
2
2

84
29
55
33
20
_

58
20
38
9
18
9

112
91
21
21

30
26
4
3
1

5
5
“

73
*67
6
4
2
*

91
50
41
4
22

40
36
4
"

2
2
■

20
20
-

_
~

_
“

_
-

_
"

65
65
-

_
-

_
_

5
1
4
3
"

45
18
27
'

1
1
■

2
2
■

2
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_

_

_
-

_

~

~

10
10

39
39

32
32

12
12

“

24
24

"

179
155
24

134 212
130 ~20Z
4
6

92
83
9

45
44
1

122
53
69

54
43
11

8
8

12
2
10

284
284

_
-

341
28
313
296

277
10
267
220

57
2
55
15

49
18
31
15

89
13
76
18

154
154
113

3
3

1
1

78
62
16

5
5
5

4
4

22
22

713
127
586
103

$
3.40
and
over

_
“
_
-

'
_
-

12
Tab le A -3 :

M aintenance and Pow erplant O ccu p a tio n s - C o n tinu ed

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New York, N. Y. , by industry division, April 1958)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

Occupation and industry division

N me
u br
o
f
wr e s
okr

$
$
Ae g
v ra e
h u ly . Under 1.40 1.50
or
e r in s1
an g
and
$
1.40 under
1.50 1. 60

Mechanics, maintenance-------------------- -----------1, 688
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------- " W
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------432
146
Public utilitiest--------------------------------------Services ------------- —
-------------------------------174

$
2. 54
2. 57
2.43
2. 52
2.21

-

-

Millwrights-----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------------------

166
ITS-

2. 55
2 . 6o

_
“

_

Oilers ----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------- *
---------------

348
TS8~~
80

2. 09
2. 17
1.83

9
9
■

8
8
-

17
15
2

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1.90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2.20

$
2.30

$
2.40

2. 50

%

$
2.60

$
2. 70

$
2.80

$
2.90

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3.20

$
3. 30

1. 70

1. 80

1.90

2.00

2. 10

2.20

2. 30

2.40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2.90

3. 00

3. 10

3.20

3.30

3.40

41

129
119
10
2
8

108
89
19
1
16

109 328
66 TS9
43
59
31
53
10
"

139
112
26
11
3

207
185
22
1
5

60
18
42
1
2

27
21
6
_
2

67
6
61
3
42

51
12
39
19
5

23
23
23
-

16
l6
_
_
-

244
244
_
_
-

23
23
-

55
55
55

10
6
4
1
3

23
.
23

_

-

_

_

_

"

■

11
2

3
3

1
1

33
21

41
22

8
8

9
3

17
15

43
4l

_
"

"

~

“

3

48
TS—
_
_
-

-

-

.
_

17
i'4
3

27
27
"

26
19
7

79
64
15

24
19
5

36
36
“

17
ll
6

4
4

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

42
42

.
-

-

_
-

_
-

164
22
142
142

253
1
252
.
_
252

75
75
1
1
73

46
13
33
4
13
16

165
22
143
30
6
107
"

59
10
49
1
45
3

42
23
19
8
10
1
-

76
46
30
5
3
12
10

51
28
23
14
3
2
4

123
r
122
42
7
53
20

54
17
37
11
24
1
1

70
2
68
_
20
34
14

11
8
3
1
2
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

49
49
_
.
.
-

.
_
_
_
-

_
-

6
6
"

2
2
“

38
22
16

16
12
4

37
26
11

27
27
-

47
22
15

30
6
24

10
10
"

5
5

6
4
2

_
-

28
28
-

4
4
-

_
.

_
.
-

20
20
20

18
18
15

20
20
17

53
1
52
49
3

16
7
9
1
8

19
5
14
5
"

41
12
29
26
"

28
14
14
5
-

108
12
96
41
4

10
2
8
3
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
_
-

2
2

_
“

23
17

5
4

22
21

15
4

14
12

_
*

_
■

_

4

_
“

_

~

2
2

4

■
.

_

15
15

15
l5

32
32

25
25

58
57

197
197

321
284

137
127

200
199

25
24

26
25

6
6

1,238
232“
996
115
88
258
535

2.23
2. 54
2. 16
2.46
2. 53
2.38
1.92

_
*

_
_
"

-

-

.
"

-

Pipefitters, maintenance -------------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------

256
179
77

2. 53
2. 55
2.49

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

Plumbers, maintenance---------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------Finance "ft----------------------------------------------Services ------------------------------------------------

42 7
57
370
130
154

2.26
2. 54
2.22
2.41
1.87

_
"

_
■

_
-

_
■

87
87
87

Sheet-metal workers, maintenance ----------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------

92
71

2. 57
2. 58

_

_
”

_
”

_

Tool and die makers --------------------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------------------

1, 502
1,456

2. 78
2. 78

_

_

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
a Excludes limited price variety stores.
3 Workers were distributed as follows: 80 at $3. 40 to $3. 60; 8 at $3. 60 to $3. 80.
4 Workers were distributed as follows: 2 at $3.40 to $3. 60; 65 at $3. 60 to $3. 80.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
ft Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_
_
-

~ T ~

42
42

Painters, maintenance ----------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------Public utilities f -----------------------------------Retail trade a ----------------------------------------Financeft----------------------------------------------Services ------------------------------------------------

"

18

$
3.40
and
over

_

5
5 "

145 267
145 " 262

_

_
_
_
_
-

“
33
32

13
Tab le A -4 :

C u sto d ia l an d M qterial M ovem ent O c cu p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New York, N. Y. , by industry division, April 1958)
NUM
BER OF W
ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM H
E OURLY EARNINGS O
F—
Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

5. 616
281
5,335
108
284
3, 868
998

Elevator operators, passenger (m en )------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing------------------------------------Public utilities t ----------------------------------Retail trade 3 ----------------------------------------F in a n ce ff----------------------------------------------Services ------------------------------------------------Elevator operators, passenger (women)---------N onm anufacturing------------------------------------- —
Services ------------------------------------------------

943
w r

674

Average,
^hourly* Under
$
1.00

1.00 1.10
and
under
1.10 1.20

$
1.69
1.91
1.68
2.06
1. 57
1. 74
1.46

32
32
_
32

17
7
10
10
-

1. 55
T . 55"
1.53

_
-

3,872
1.77
Guards ----------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing------------------------------------------- W
T
----3,186
1. 72
Nonmanufacturing —— ---- --------------------- =
147
1.94
Public utilities f ------------------------------------Financeft-----------------------------------------------1.93
1,899

1.20

*1.30

*1.40

! . 50

! . 60

*1. 70

^.80

1.90

1.00

! . 10

1.20

1 .3 0

1.40

$. 50

1.60

1.70

1. 80

2.90

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1. 70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2. 10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2.90

3.00

3.00
and
over

-

-

-

"

-

_
-

_
-

847 1499
24
96
823 1403
9
22
32
724 1330
52
42

885 1307
14
871 1307
80
10
56 1263
13
716

91
17
74
4
27
22
10

195
29
166
18
15
69
53

558
$5*
460

48
45
12

101
101
79

55
55
24

34
177
22 ------- T 204
— P T ------- P
10
31 185
172
6 146
146
-

311
49
262
34
205

516
127
389
52
241

2601 2 728
T33 673
2468 2055
256 573
55
72
139 196
506 849
1495 382

2392
621
1771
147
94
83
1014
433

2581
4fiO
2101
64
16
- 61
1109
851

612
196
416
88
30
11
218
69

-

74
74
18
56

351
8
343
47
288
8

_
-

1
1
'

8
8
2

19
19
4

_
"

240
240
-

151
1
150
-

426
426
-

50
66
12

— nr

740 1985
230 260
510 1725
108 163
48
79
171 176
65 980
118 32 7

86
86
79

66

j

162
33
129
9
8
98
14

69
6
63
30
15
18
-

40
38
2

11
11
-

1
-

9
9
-

8
8
2

4
4
”

5
5
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

112
V
104
4
98

49
49
6
43

75
42
33
32

19
id
1
"

5
5
-

3
3
■

_
■

_
-

219
106
113
42
8
15
44
4

95
73
22
14
3
5
-

31
30
1
1
-

10
9
1
1
-

13
i3
-

22
22
-

1
1
_
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

.
4 828
828
-

531 332
— 5T ~ ~ W ~
398
463 263
4
2
45
365
43 7 180 .
663

ill"-

26

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (m e n ) ----------M anufacturing------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------- ---- -----------------Public utilities f ----------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e -----------------------------------Retail trade 3 ----------------------------------------Finance f f ----------------------------------------------Services -------------------------------------------------

19,208
4, 673
15,135
1, 714
562
2,292
5,002
5, 565

1.62
1.64
1.61
1.68
1.58
1.36
1. 75
1.58

119
30
89
62
27

665
217
448
7
11
313
42
75

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (women) -------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e -----------------------------------Retail trade 3 ----------------------------------------Finance t"f----------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s ------------------------------------------------

9, 723
264
9,459
89
382
4, 713
3, 756

1.46
1.54
1.46
1.38
1.40
1.47
1.44

24
24
_
24

94
25
69
29
_
40

385
7
378
36
77
265

309
29
280
59
33
35
153

993
21
972
103
615
252

2536
51
2485
17
48
1053
1206

4646
25
4621
71
2775
1719

569
48
521
5
41
138
58

61
17
44
16
7
21

64
12
52
2
13
16

12
1
11
6
3
2

4
4
-

8
6
2
2
“

18
18
-

_
-

-

Laborers, material han d lin g-------------------------Manufacturing------------------- :-----------------------Nonm anufacturing------------------------------------Public utilities f -----------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e -----------------------------------Retail trade 3 -----------------------------------------

11.965
5,906
6,059
1,025
2,316
2,565

1.88
2.00
1. 77
2. 10
1. 72
1. 70

45
44
1
_
1

2 79
163
116
31
81

438
142
296
75
220

748
203
545
32 7
211

824
382
442
235
195

479
147
332
3
97
227

761
290
471
296
158

967
678"
289
4
65
181

564
323
241
19
56
153

1236
598
638
10
262
343

690
530
160
63
31
45

1443
458
985
465
389
129

780
176
604
260
70
2 71

745
115
630
168
293
164

644
390
254
10
66
177

369
341
28
16
3
9

106
96
10
7
3
-

7
2
5
5
-

12
12
12
-

_
-

.
-

Order fillers -------------------------------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e -------------- --------------------Retail trade 3 -----------------------------------------

5, 308
1, 542
3, 766
3,014
599

1.89
1. 67
1.99
1.98
2.01

173
173
_
-

109
85
24
_
24

313
60
253
231
22

284
104
180
134
39

351

393
169
224
184
40

290
151
139
87
41

415
64
351
326
22

311
176
135
124
8

345
133
212
197
5

87
22
65
62
2

18
18
14

325
325
325

_
-

218
198
12

959 381
----- F T 110
902 271
756
12
60 258

_
-

191
161
22

321
63
258
217
30

_

.
-

Packers, shipping (m en )----------.----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing----------—
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e -----------------------------------Retail trade*-------------------------------------------

5, 112
” 2, 574
2, 538
1,457
773

1.66
1. 63
1. 69
1.68
1.63

69
69

260
146
114
33
81

392
Z20
172
125
47

501
303
198
147
49

483
ZTT
192
130
59

638
313
325
187
89

475

613
313
300
188
95

403
102
301
212
67

199
109
90
31
55

746
42 C
f
326
87
68

67
14
53
24
26

13

31
19
12
11
1

-

_

1278 1397
256 m o
1022 987
38
40
325 415
8
115
542 526

See footnotes at end of table.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




1719
314
1405
252
71
322
44
716

TW

T5T

313
173
123

233
16

150
74
76
62
11

72
19 H
53
35
2

-

13
12

. •
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

■

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

;

14
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

(A v e ra g e

M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t i o n s - C o n tin u e d

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1 9 5 8 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation 1 and industry division

P ack e rs, shipping (women) ---------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
------------------------------------------Retail trade 3 -----------------------------------------------

723
149
574
383

Receiving clerk s ----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------W h olesale t r a d e -------------------------------------------Retail trade 3 ------------------------------------------------S ervices ---------------------------------------------------------

1 ,6 0 7
548
1, 059
376
553
51

Shipping clerk s ------------------------------------------------------Manufa cturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------R etail trade 3 -----------------------------------------------

1 ,0 2 0

$
$
A
verage
hourly * Under 1 . 0 0
1 . 10
earnings
and
$
under
1 .00
1 .2 0
1 . 10
«
P
1. 55
1 .5 9
1. 55
1. 54

-

-

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

$

$

1 .2 0

1 .9 0

2

.

00

2

10

2 .2 0

$
2 . 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1.

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2

2

.

10

2 .2 0

2 . 30

2 . 40

2 . 50

2

-

-

$

60

40
15
25
15

55
55
46

225
31
194
159

151
28
123
30

59
26
33

111

21

58

80
37
43
35

78
72
70

108
37
71
31
30

117
43
74
60

71
30
30

2

10

142
49
93
3
70
4

164
58
106
40
56

8

64
64
57
7

2

2

-

-

_
-

49
49
49

28
19
9
9

116
l8
98
77
18

95
76
19

27

10

48
30
18
17

5

6

-

-

-

-

34
34
34
-

451
569
385
1 72

2. 13
2 . 17
2 . 09
2 . 16
1 .9 5

-

-

-

“

Shipping and receiving clerk s ----------------------------Manufa cturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------S ervices ---------------------------------------------------------

9 73
403
570
3 79
107

. 06
2. 03
2 . 08
2 .0 8
2 . 04

-

_
-

_
-

23
23
-

16

32

16
-

6

-

50
38

26
25

6

12

6

12

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

T ru c k d r iv e r s 5 ------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public utilities f ------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------Retail trade 3 -----------------------------------------------S ervices -------------------------------------------------------

13, 347
4, 85 l
8 , 496
4, 363
2, 837
1 ,0 0 3
246

2 . 56
2 . 78
2 . 44
2 .4 4
2 . 43
2 . 59
2 . 08

.
.

_
_

_
_

14
14
_

14
14
_

20
8
12

168

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under l 1/* t o n s ) -----------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------

553
182
371

2. 13
2 . 12
2. 14

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, medium (lV a to and
including 4 tons) --------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------Public utilities --------------------------------------W h olesale trade -------------------------------------R etail trade 3 -------------------------------------------

6 . 665
2, 728
3 ,9 3 7
1 ,8 0 0
1, 768
2 78

2 . 54
2 . 79
2. 37
2 .4 5
2. 35
2 . 09

_
_

_
_

_
.
-

14
14
_

14
14
-

-

-

-

1 .5 3 6
294
1 ,2 4 2

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

988

2. 44
2. 57
2 .4 1
2 .4 7

-

-

, 682
1 ,0 3 4
1, 648
412

2. 85
2 . 72
2 . 31

-

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) ----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public u tilities t --------------------------------------T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons, other
than tra iler type) --------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public u tilities f --------------------------------------

2

1 .9 4
2 .0 1

1.9 1
2 . 16
1. 71
1. 73

2

3 .0 6

-

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .
■f

T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ),




c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

00

4
4
4

an d o th e r p u b lic u t i lit i e s

6

36
29 '
7
7
-

12

*

-

36
29
7
_
7

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

43
68

111

24
87
57
21

44
44
34

.

10

21

21

9
101

1

-

1
1

1
1

137
49

104
39
65
42
15

94
42
52
30
18

119
4
115
87

2

1

1

85
31
54
36
18

90
35
55
32
23

53
23
30
30

70
27
43
42

134
59
75
32
13

43
35

88

56
22
8

5
3

138
75
63
58

1

2

2

36
36

153
80
73
52
-

112

190
43
147
36
36

1332
218
1114
52
828

1

30

22

32
80
44
27

142
27
115
5

151
137
14

75
48
14

100

-

174
150
24
3
_
3

1

12

66

62

33
18
15

24
15
9

18
13
5

35
27

152
24
128

89
29
60

94

32
13
19
18
-

971
69

1

162

53
38
15

29
139
1

_
4

8

8

59

13

11

48
_
48

12
1

122
121
1

_

-

-

-

138
123
15
_
3

-

3
3
-

-

-

"

-

100

-

-

3
3
-

-

8

-

-

100

$

$

. 60

$
2 . 70

$

. 60

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

61

29
29
27
-

2

2

. 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

$
3. 00
and
over

1

-

12

-

.

5
5

11
6

20
8

_

$

$

168

902
1

724

-

2462
ifJTT
2062

1453
465
103
36

-

11

~

8

828
263
565
429
16
104
6

83
40
43
33
7
3
144
30
114
72
42
121

37
84
77
6

17

32

2

22
10
6

"

2
1

29
28

1
1

5

1

-

-

2

1

8

30
3
27
27
-

18
T8
-

-

-

-

791
667
124
55

857
168
689
138
541

187
24
163
85

11

36
-

4
4
4
-

762 2781
42 1 1 79
720 1 6 0 2
416 1468
265
8
5
126
33

_

-

68
1

1753
326
142 7
898
460
31

358
106
252

856
795

16

303
30
2 73
128
143

61
-

145
89
56
55
-

22

2

-

1

144
144
144

40
40
-

27

955

-

12

72
45
27
-

349

131
131
13

202

9
1

344

62

101

8

282

248
181

210

31
31
_

12

*

61

12

22

15

933
832
387
362
25

45
40
5

22

_

6

_
-

56
40

1

5
7
-

16

15
-

-

10

-

34
34

12

-

-

55
18
37
35

-

15
-

13
48

25
25

82

-

68
10

9
9
9

1
1

_
_
450
30
420
17
403
_

1988

1409
5 79
197
4 382
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

109
24
85
85
-

27
10

1112
6914

17
17
-

198
197
-

-

-

1

131
131
-

-

8
-

-

8

-

-

-

-

134

30
30

400

4
4
583
20

563
138
425
-

-

8

22

126

5

395

-

876

*'495”
4

381

15
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t i o n s - C o n tin u e d

(A verage stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in New York, N . Y . , by industry division, A p ril 1958)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

Occupation

1

and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

hourly

earnings*

Under
$
1 .0 0

1 .0 0

188
800
388

$
2 .3 4
2 . 32
2 .3 9

256
237

2 .2 7
2 .2 5

2, 897
817
2 ,0 8 0
487
178
191
783
441

1. 70
1 .6 3
1. 73
1. 77
1. 75
1. 53
1 .9 3
1 .4 0

1.

8
T ru ck ers, power (other than f o r k li f t ) -----------------

Watchmen -----------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------------Retail trade 3 -------------------------------------------------S ervices

----------------------------------------------------------

1 .2 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

$

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$ ,
1 . 60

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$

$

$

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

%

2 .0 0

2 .5 0

$ ,
2 .6 0

$
2 . 70

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0
and

1 .5 0

1.

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

over

16
10

g

256
4L
214

and
under
1 .1 0

M an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------------

1 .1 0

$
1 .3 0

$

$

11

.

_
_

-

-

.

.

63
29
34
24
10

89
6

83
4
25
_
54

16

-

27
27

5

11

5

16

36
36

44
44

.

.

.

.

3

3

3

-

3

1
\

212

421
59
362
271
25
9
33
24

244
116
128
16

3
10

99

239
26
213
g
5
45
14
141

225
117
108
g

3
4
5
6
7




170
127
43
10

12

-

23

20

65

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late s.rifts.
Excludes lim ite d -p ric e variety sto r e s.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3 . 10 to $ 3 .2 0 .
Includes all d r iv e r s, regard less of size and type of truck operated.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 302 at $3 to $ 3 .5 0 ; 468 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 4 ; 144 at $ 4 and ove r.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 132 at $3 to $ 3 .5 0 ; 325 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 4 ; 38 at $ 4 and o v e r.
$ Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public u tilities.
f t Fin?~nce, insurance, and real estate.

1
2

60

g
7

76
136
3
43
46
17
27

221

53

171
94
77

78
78

104
78
26

.

82
82

33
33

89
89

6

2

83
18
65
23

92
31

92
40
52
38

26

9
17

14
4

2
2

2
2

10

-

10

16

10

3

-

-

-

702
102

103

600
g
3
5
576

10

10

168

36
7
12

2

82
82

61

6

40
13

7
27

5

2

2

1

1

97
9 (

-

63
63

4

-

_

17
g

-

180
18U

g

6

14
14

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differentials1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

*

Third or other
shift work

(b)
Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

62. 8
With shift pay differential ________________ ____

________

Uniform cents (per hour) _______________________________
5 c e n t s ____________ ___________________________ _______
6, 69 jo . or 7 cents ____________________ _____________
/
7% cents _____________________________________________
8 or 9 c e n ts___________________________________________
10 cents _______________________________________________
12 or I 2 V cents ________________ ___ __ ___ _________
2
13% or 14 cents ______________________________________
15 or 15% cents ______________________________________
16 or 17V cents._______________________ ____________
2
20 cents and over ________ _________ ___ _________

52. 6

12. 2

2. 8

61.3

51. 5

12. 1

2. 8

36. 1
.2
5. 2
3. 0
3. 0
.4
10. 8
1 .2
6. 1
5. 3

24. 1

9. 1
.1
1.0
.6
.7
*
2. 0
.4
3. 2
1. 1

1. 8

-

1.0

-

1. 0
.8
1. 5
10. 9
1.9
1.0
2. 6
3. 1
1 .4

*

______ — ____________
Uniform percentage __ ______
5 percent _____________________________________________
7 p«rr.ent
............
7% percent ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________
_________________
10 percent
12 or 12% percent __ __ _______________________ ____________
15 percent _ _________________________ _________________ __ ____

23. 4
2. 1
3. 4
. 6
11. 8
1.7
3. 8

19. 4

6. 6

.4

Other formal pay differential____________________________________

1.

8

8. 0

.

1. 5

1. 1

.

No shift pay differential__ ______________

______________

__

-

3. 5
. 6
8. 7
-

2. 6
. 4
. 7

-

*
.2
.6
. 1
. 1
.1
. 5
.
-

2

.
-

1

.
*

1

4

.

8

1

*

*

.9
♦

1 Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late
shifts at the time of the survey.
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following conditions:
(l) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
* Less than 0 .0 5 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N. Y. , April 1958
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

17

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rales for Women Office Workers1

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufa cturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

Establishments studied----------------

All
industries

551

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
All
indus tries

Based on standard weekly hours * of--All
sched­
ules

1 76

35

377a

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

All
sched­
ules

35

367s

377a

40

375

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

551

All
sched­
ules

35

176

XXX

For Inexperienced Typists

Establishments having a
specified m inim um -------------------$3 7. 50
$ 4 0.00
$4 2.50
$45.00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$6 7.50
$ 7 0 . 00

and under $ 4 0 . 00 ------and under $ 4 2 . 5 0 ------and under $ 4 5 . 0 0 -----and under $ 4 7 . 5 0 ------and under $ 5 0 . 00 ------and under $ 5 2 . 5 0 ------and under $ 5 5 . 0 0 -----and under $ 5 7 . 50 -----and under $ 6 0 . 0 0 -----and under $ 6 2 . 50 -----and under $ 6 5 . 00 -----and under $ 6 7 . 5 0 -----and under $ 7 0 . 0 0 ------and o v e r ----------------------

262
1
10
9
36
28
86
22
36
16
6
6
3
2
1

Nonmanufa cturing

Based on standard weekly hours* of—
• 377a

XXX

All
1 sched­
ules

• 40

XXX

35

367s

377a

40

3 75

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Waricers3

83

43

13

15

179

84

19

40

24

289

91

50

13

15

198

84

20

55

25

4
1
14
8
19
6
12
9
1
3
3
2
1

.
2
6
7
9
3
7
5
1
2
1

.
3
5
2
1
2
-

_
2
3
1
2
1
1
3
1
1

1
6
8
22
20
67
16
24
7
5
3
-

_
1
3
8
6
36
7
14
3
4
2
-

_
1
1
3
3
6
2
2
1
-

2
2
3
4
15
5
6
2
1
"

1
2
2
4
4
6
2
1
1
1
-

5
29
17
67
28
70
17
26
13
8
6
1
2
-

10
4
19
7
18
7
9
7
2
5
1
2
-

.
4
1
13
5
7
4
7
4
1
2
1
1
-

1
1
1
1
4
2
1
1
1
-

4
1
3
3
3
1
-

5
19
13
48
21
52
10
17
6
6
1
-

1
3
5
21
8
26
3
9
3
5
■

2
1
5
3
6
2
1
"

2
8
4
14
6
9
6
5
1
-

1
5
1
5
3
6
1
1
1
1
-

Establishments having no
specified minimum -------------------

1 18

35

XXX

XXX

XXX

83

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 24

37

XXX

XXX

XXX

87

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

Establishments which did not
employ workers in this
category -------------------------------------

171

58

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 13

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 38

48

XXX

XXX

XXX

90

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
* Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries.
Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.
3 Rates applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.




Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N. Y ., April 1958
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

18

T a b le

B -3 :

S c h e d u le d

W e e k ly

H ou rs

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S 1 E M P L O Y E D I N —

Weekly hours

All workers

Under 35 hours ----------------------------------------------3 5 hour s ----------------------------------------------------------Over 35 and under 36V hours ----------------------*
361 hours -----------------------------------------------------/*
Over 361/* and under 37*/a hours ------------------3 7Vs hours --------------------- — -----------------------------Over 3 7Va and under 40 hours ----------------------40 hours ----------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 45 hours ---------------------------45 hours --------------------------------------------------------Over 45 hours -------------------------------------------------

A ll
industries

M anufa ctu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s

100

100

1
56
2
10
5
16
1
9
**

1
68
**
7
1
14
1
8
-

16
1
31
.

-

-

-

"f

Wholesale
trade

R eta il tr a d e *

100

100

100

52

50

16

-

-

-

-

12
1
24
5
8

19
6
35
4
19
1

-

-

-

-

1 Estimates for office workers are not comparable with earlier studies. See Introduction, p. 2.
* Excludes limited-price variety stores.
3 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




PE R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R KER S E M P LO Y E D IN —
A ll
,
in dustries

P u blic
u tilitie s y

Wholesale
trad e

F in a n c e ’f'f

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1
58
3
13
10
10
1
4
_
-

62
4
5
**
21
1
7
-

6
1
5
**
5
1
76
3
2
1

12
2
11
2

_
_
_
.
4
_
93
_
3

3
_
3
_
11
2
81
_
_

5
_
3
**
15
3
64
7
3
**

**
_
_
_
1
**
90
5
4
**

-

M a n ufa ctu rin g

-

68
1
1
2

R e ta il tra d e 2

Services

Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N. Y. , April 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

19

T a b le

B-4*.

O v e r tim e

Pay

P R E T O O F E W R E S E PLO
E C N F F IC O K R M YED IN
—
Overtime policy

All workers

__ ____ , _______________________
_

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities!

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade1

100

100

100

100

100

34

45

52

42

34

45

52

42

**
6

**
9

2

2
5

3
6

**
21
**

A
ll
industries

P R E T O P N W R ER EM YED IN—
E C N F LA T O K S
PLO
Services

A
U 2
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities'!

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

41

23

26

81

89

95

71

61

74

41

23

26

81

89

95

71

59

74

8

2

5

6

5

10

-

3

**

2

4

**
8

1
21

2
3

8

4
3

10
3

-

8

6

**

**
27
-

46
-

1
25
-

1
-

13
-

12
**
-

**
67
2
**

64
2
-

95
-

1
59
-

1
49
3
2

69
3
-

66

55

48

58

59

77

74

19

11

5

29

39

2f

93

95

93

98

99

90

91

97

98

100

95

93

97

93

95

93

98

99

90

91

97

98

100

95

91

97

**
10

**
9

3

11

4

15

3

5

12

-

3

**

**

5
6

3
7

2

12

5
25

9
-

2
11

5
4

11
2

-

9

1
11

**
**

2
70
**
-

**
75
-

1
87
-

8
67
-

1
63
1

1
65

**
75
-

**
81
2
**

73
“

100
■

**
83
"•

1
71
7
2

94

7

5

7

2

3

2

5

7

3

Finance t t

Retail trade1

Services

Daily overtime
W orkers in establishments providing
premium p a y 3 ______________________________
Time and one-half ------------- ---------------------Effective after:
Less than 7 hours ___________________
7 hours __ ___________________________
More than 7 but less than
7V2 hours __________________________
7 V hours ____________________________
2
More than 7V2 but less than
8 hours ____________________________
8 hours ______________________________
More than 8 hours __________________
Other ______________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no p o l ic y ___________

16

Weekly overtime
W orkers in establishments providing
premium pay 3 ______________________________
Time and one-half __________________ ______
Effective after:
Less than 35 hours __________________
35 hours
___________ ______________
More than 35 but less than
37V hours _________________________
2
37V2 hours __________________________
More than 37V2 but less than
40 hours __________ _____________
40 hours _____________________________
More than 40 hours _________________
Other ----------------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no p o l ic y -----------------

1

(

10

9

3

“

1 Excludes limited-price variety stores.
2 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day would be considered as
time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37*/2 and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours.
**L ess than 0. 5 percent.
• Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f
tt Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N. Y. , April 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




20

T a b le

B -5 :

W age

S tru ctu re

C h a r a c te r is tic s

and

L a b o r -M a n a g e m e n t

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

A g re e m e n ts

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Item
A ll
in du stries

W age

M an ufa ctu rin g

P u b lic A
u tilitie s J

Wholesale
trad e

R e ta il trad e 1

F inance f f

Services

A ll
in dustries

M an u fa ctu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s f

Wholesale
trad e

R e ta il tra d e 1

Services

stru ctu re f o r t i m e - r a t e d w o r k e r s 3

Formal rate structure -----------------------------------Single rate -----------------------------------—---- -------Range of rates ------------------------------------------------------------------Individual rates ------------------------------------------------------------------------

60
1
59
40

66
1
65
34

80
-

80
20

47
2
45
53

50
5
45
50

65

33
3
30
67

78
45
33
22

82
54
28
18

99
21
79

86
14
8
3

**

65
35

76
24
18
6
**

99
**

80-84

90-94

95+

**

70
34
36
30

59
30
29
41

72
61
11
28

96
4

89
11

**

**

M e t h o d off w a g e p a y m e n t
ffor p la n t w o r k e r s

Time w orkers____ __________ ______________
Incentive workers -----------------------------------------------------------------Piecework --------------------------------------------------------------------------Bonus work -------------------------------------------------------------------------Commission

DATA NOT COLLECTED
3

1
-

1
3

1
10

90
10
6
2
2

70-74

55-59

85-89

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s 4

Workers in establishments with
agreements covering a majority of
such workers ------------------------------------------------

10-14

10-14

55-59

5-9

30-34

0-4

10-14

1 Excludes limited-price variety stores.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employment, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category. The estimates so ob­
tained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered byprovisions of labor-management agreements due to the exclusion of smaller size establishments.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N. Y. , April 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics
2




21

T a b le

B -6 :

P a id

H o lid a y s 1

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Item
A ll
in du stries

All workers

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays ----------------------------------------------------------------------

M anufa ctu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s -J-

Wholesale
trade

R e ta il trade *

F inance t t

Services

A ll
.
in dustries

M a n ufa ctu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s t

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

“

“

"

_

_

R eta il trade *

**

100

100

98

**

“

“

2

**

1
**

_

.
7

5

10

**

-

1

1

1

14
3

1

6

28
3
2
**
2
2
-

19
3
19
3
3
-

8

12

100

Services

100

97

92

3

"

8

5
5
2
59
5
7
-

40
**
23

N um ber o f d a y s

Less than 6 holidays --------------------------------------------------------------holidays ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus. 1 half day ---------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half days -----------------------------------------------7 holidays -------------------------------------------------------- 7 holidays plus 1 half d a y ----------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 or 3 half days -----------------------7 holidays plus 4 or 5 half days -----------------------8 holidays ---------------------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half d a y --------------------------------8 holidays plus 2 or 3 half days ------------------------8 holidays plus 4 half days -------------------------------9 holidays-----------------------------------------------------------9 holidays plus 1 half d a y ---------------------------------9 holidays plus 2 half days -------------------------------9 holidays plus 4 half days -------------------------------10 holidays ---------------------------------------------------------10 holidays plus 1 half day--------------------------------10 holidays plus 2 or 3 half days-----------------------10 holidays plus 4 half days ------------------------------11 holidays --------------------------------------------------------11 holidays plus 1 half day--------------------------------11 holidays plus 2 or 3 half days----------------------11 holidays plus 4 half days ------------------------------12 holidays --------------------------------------------------------12 holidays plus 1 half day--------------------------------12 holidays plus 2 or 3 half days-----------------------13 to 18 holidays -----------------------------------------------6

_

**
1
**
1

9
1
1

**
8
2

*

**
**

4
8
3
**
16

3

1

1

1

14
2

1

1

**
9

3
17
4
1

**
6
2
2
**
31
6
3
**
10
1
1
**

17
4
3
1
14
1
2
**
2
2
**

**
2
**
61
6
3
1
**
-

**
**
1
3
16
23
55
56
63
65
75
78
87
88
99
99

**
**
**
2
8
9
26
30
48
51
66
69
85
88
100
100

**
**
2
5
10
72
72
74
74
75
75
80
80
97
100

1

12

4
4
7
4

51
1

-

-

1

2

3
18
2

2
3
**
7
2

1

4

1

5
9
6
6
2
2
"

4

10

1
2
16
3
4
3
1

1

**
8

2
**
44
12

3
22
2
2

-

3
22
7
3
6
2
3
1
**
15
2
5
1
**

10
**

12

**
**
**
6
1
**
**
17
1
1
1
**
**

3
1

1

10

2
1
**
11
1
1
**
“

* *

_

5
17
13
**
64
1
**
"

2

17
1

2
11

1

3
**
14

2
-

1

1
6
**
27
3
5
2
6

1

**
11

4

**
**
3

**
2
1
”

6
7
**
"

1

**
**

1

T o ta l h o l i d a y t i m e 4

14 or more days ------------------------------------------------131 or more days -------------------------------------------/*
13 or more days -----------------------------------------------12*/a or more days -------------------------------------------12 or more days -----------------------------------------------11l/a or more days -------------------------------------------11 or more days ------------------------------------------------1OVa or more days -------------------------------------------10 or more days -----------------------------------------------91 or more d a y s---------------------------------------------/*
9 or more days -------------------------------------------------8Va or more days ---------------------------------------------8 or more days -------------------------------------------------7*/a or more days --------------------------------------------7 or more days -------------------------------------------------6Va or more days ----------------------------------------------

_

See footnotes at end of table.
• Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f
■ft Finance, insurance, and real estate.




**
**
1
2
9
14
31
32
45
50
68
76
83
87
99
99

_
2
10
16
24
33
35

_
2
5
31
42
86
86

44

96
97
99
99
99
99

46
47
48
98
98

88
88

**
**
**
1
6

9
25
25
28
31
42
51
76
79
93
93

**
**
**
**
2
2
20
21
27
28
36
38
51
54
82
83

**
1
2
13
15
26
26
41
43
62
66

86
87

**
1
64
64
64
64
65
65
78
78
95
95

2
2
6
6

12
15
43

43
49
50
64
69
80
81
98
98

Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N. Y. , April 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

1
1

4
4
4

6
11
12
20
25
87
87

**
**
7
7
12
13
17
17
28
29
52
52

22

T a b le

B -6 :

P a id

H o li d a y s 1 - C o n tin u e d

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Item

A ll
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities y

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade*

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —
Finance

"f"f

Services

A ll
industries 3

M anufacturing

Pu blic
utilities y

Wholesale
trade

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

92
92
92
93
93
97
97

92
92
92
92
92
92
92

100

100

95

97
98

93
84
96
93
92
3
93
97
4
2
4
2
6
**

85
68
92
92
85

Retail trade *

Services

T o ta l h o l i d a y t i m e 4 - C o n t in u e d

6 or more days ----------------------------------------------5 or more days ----------------------------------------------41/* or more days -----------------------------------------4 or more days ----------------------------------------------3Va or more days -----------------------------------------3 or more days ----------------------------------------------1 or more days -----------------------------------------------

99
99
99
99
99
99
99

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

99
99
99
99
99
99
99

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

100

100
100

99
98
99
99
99
13
99
99
26

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

93
93
94
94
97
98
98

90
91
92
92
99
99
99

99
92

94
85
98
93
95
22
93
95
37
31
29
5

94
88
99
90
97
17
90
91
48
33
30
8
2
2
2

H o lid a y s 5

New Year’ s Day ---------------------------------------------Washington’ s Birthday -----------------------------------Decoration Day ----------------------------------------------July 4th ----------------------------------------------------------Labor Day -----------------------------------------------------Veteran's Day -----------------------------------------------Thanks giving Day ------------------------------------------Christmas ------------------------------------------------------Election D a y ---------------------------------------------------Columbus Day -----------------------------------------------Lincoln's B irthday---- -----------------------------------Good Friday ---------- ----------------------------------------Day after Thanksgiving ----------------------------------1, 2, or 3 other.religious holidays --------------1, 2, or 3 floating holidays --------------------------Half day, Chiistmas Eve ------------------------------Half day, Qfood F rid a y-----------------------------------Half day/ Election Day ----------------------------------Half <tey, New Year’ s Eve -----------------------------Half aa.y, Lincoln's Birthday--------------------------

99
96
99
99
99
52
99
99
69
66
60
22
3
3
4
11
12

4
5
3

100

89

95

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100

25

66

33

100
100

100
100

100
100

58
55
42
17
4
4
7
14
9
5
8
4

74
75
73
11
-

-

7
5
4
**

99

49
41
39
13
3
13
7
16

17
9
9
6

22

29
11

4
9
-

6
13
12
1

**

83
100
100

96
88
86
36
2
1
2
10

15
3

100
100

99
22
99
100

33
49
30
9
6

1

1

3

4

1

11

7
10

5
7

6
1

8
3
3

12
1
12

5
2

100
100
100

100
100

63

50

100
100

100
100

67
66
63
4

51
53
55
8

-

1

-

13
-

1

11

-

11

88
92
17
17
12
2/
-

**

1

1
1
-

6

14
-

1

2

11

5
1

-

1
1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
a Excludes limited-price variety stores.
3 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no half
days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
5 A number of holidays are omitted because of their lack of significance for all industries combined or for any major industry group.
♦♦Less than 0.5 percent.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




23

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Vacation policy

All
industries

A ll w orkers __________________________________

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities -j-

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade 1

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance f f

Services

All
,
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities f

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade1

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
**
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

100
99
**
_

99
93
2
4
1

99
86
3
9
2

100
100
_
_

100
100
_
_

99
99
_
_
_

99
97
2
_
_

**

**

**

-

-

**

1

3
53
21
15

3
58
23
4

1
57
14
17

3
57
15
13

25
42
12
-

**
50
22
25

5
50
27
6

30
28
7
3

49
12
12
1

2
65
3
18

10
51
19
1

30
35
**
-

10
15
2
**

6
1
93
**
**

6
93
1

**
2
97
1
-

3
96
1
-

43
4
53
-

2
98
-

10
**
89
**
-

52
3
38
1
5

58
2
27
2
11

15
5
75
**
5

20
70
5
5

53
4
42
-

78
20
**
-

**
**
96

1
**
96
-

99
1
-

_
99
1
-

1
88
11
-

_
**
97
1

**
3
85

16
14
62

30
14
43

5
86
4

2
90
8
-

17
40
42

_
94

_
99

1
84
11

_
95
1

4

4

1
59
6
34
■

_

61
21
18
■

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations _____________________________
Length-of-tim e payment ________________
Percentage payment ______________________
Flat-sum payment ________________________
Other
.._
.... . .... _ .............
W orkers in establishments providing
no^paid vacations _

-

Am ount o f v a c a t io n p a y 3
After 6 months of service
L ess than 1 week
_
1 week
.
Over I and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
.
A fter 1 year

.........
. ._
_

_

.
_

_

of service

1 week _
.. _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ________________ __
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
.
__ _ ...
_ .... ...
A fter 2 years of service
1 week
__
_
.
. . .
.. . ...
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_
....
2 weeks _____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __________________
3 weeks
.
.
.
_ _ ._ _
_
_

2
2

3

2

7

3

2

6
89
**

5

5

11

5

5

6

14
12
58

_
95

86

86

5

5
7

4

**

After 3 years of service
1 week ________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
. . .
... ..
weeks. _______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks
... .... . _

2

**
**

5

**
**
90
10

**
69
11
20
**

_

_

_

78
**
20
1

87

84

93

2

2
4

1
-

_
85
7
8

5

78
3

2

7

14

_

4

52
9
38
“

76

9
69

2

2

3

96
**
**

A fter 5 years of service
1 week ________________________________________
weeks _________________ ____ _________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks _______________________________________
4 weeks ____________________ ___ ______ ________
2

3

10

4

11
■

See footn ote s at end o f ta b le .
t T r a n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er pu b lic u t ilitie s .
f t F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .




N OTE:

4

14
1

5

14
3

_

_

2

3

88
**

73
5
22
~

74

90

12

■

O ccu p ation a l vVage Survey, New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r il 1958
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics

In the tabu lation s o f va ca tion a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents oth er than " le n g t h -o f - t im e , "
such a s p e rce n ta g e o f annual e a rn in gs o r fla t -s u m paym en ts, w e re co n v e rte d to an equivalent tim e
b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.

4

20
"

5
-

24

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OP OFFICE W
ORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Vacation policy

A
ll
industries

M
anufacturing

**
32
9
56
**
2

_

_

_

38
2
55
5

51
21
25
1
1

42
3
54
1

_
14

16

_
6
92
1
1

_
15
**
83
1
1

13
62
25

_
6
83
1
10

_
13

_
6

-

-

40
1
46

62
1
30

Public .
utilitiest

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade1

PERCENT OF PLANT W
ORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Financet t

Services

A
ll
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilitiesy

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade1

Services

A m ount o f v a c a t id n p a y 3- C ontin ued
A fter 10 years of service
1 week ________________________________________
2 weeks ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks
_
_

1
24

_

_

_

-

-

-

7

4
51
7
36
**
2

_
24
**
61
14

4
29
2
61
**
4

9
25
3
57
1
5

90

2

_
6
1
88
3
2

_
15
**
72
13

1
14
70
15

_
5
1
69
25

_
24
**
53
22

4
28
2
58
**
8

9
24
3
56
1
8

_
15
**
48

1
14

_

_

4

-

-

23
**
40

4
28
2
46
1
19

9
24
3
50
3
11

-

73
1

22
16
62

32
**
60

9
42
7
38
1
3

54
21
22
-

_
53
2
45
-

3

2
44
-

52
2

3
81
1
13
-

**

A fter 15 years of service
1 week _________________________________ ____
2 weeks ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks ______________________________________

**
11
1
81
1
6

-

70
-

1
14
-

83
-

_
7

2
24

3

20
2
78
**
-

6

3
66
**
29
1

_
7
80
12

_
20
2
74
4

2
24
64
10

3
66
**
29
1

.

.

7

20
2
57

2
24

3
63
**
32
2

-

-

68
-

After 20 years of service
1 week ________________________________________
2 weeks ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks

**
10
1
68
**
21

A fter 25 years of service
1 week _
_
_
2 weeks ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks

**
10
**
33
**
56

-

36

36
-

49

1 E x c lu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a rie ty s t o r e s .
2 Includ es data fo r r e a l esta te in ad dition to those indu stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual
8 e r ..;« o include ch an ges in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
* * L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
t T r a n sp o rta tio n (exclud ing r a ilr o a d s ), c om m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
■ft F in a n ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




15
-

-

81

37

p r o v isio n s fo r

p r o g r e s s io n .

F o r e x a m p le ,

-

63
-

30

the

ch anges

-

21

in p ro p ortion s

-

39
-

35

indicated at

10 y e a r s '

25

Table B-8:

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N Type of plan

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities J

W
holesale
trade

100

90

86

98

47

25

36

98
33

97
32

89
53

86

92

94

3
84
84
68
23
78
1

5
53
50
39
4 13
95

1
70
66
45
26
76

100

100

100

L ife in su ran ce _________________________________
A c cid en ta l death and d is m e m b e r ­
m ent in su ran ce _______________________________
S ick n ess and acc id en t in su ran ce or
sic k le a v e or b o th 3 _______ _________
____
S ick n ess and acc id en t in s u r a n c e -----------S ick leave (full pay and no
w aiting period) „ „ _____ __ -------S ick leave (p artial pay or
w aiting period) ____________ ______ _____
H osp ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u rg ica l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
M ed ica l in su ran ce ___________________________ _
C atastrop h e in su ran ce _ ______________ _____
R e tire m e n t p e n s io n _____ _________ _ ______
No health , in su r an ce, or pension p l a n ____

93

91

95

41

42

64

96
32

96
39

89
2
77
75
54
31
81
**

_____ ___ _______

Services

100

100

_____________

Finance "f "f

100

_____

A ll w ork e rs

Retail trade1

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All
2
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities f

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade1

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

86

93

95

94

96

91

89

38

45

40

67

63

36

51

96
26

99
29

85
67

81
74

99
39

93
57

85
67

83
73

44

94

94

25

16

38

64

26

22

13
88
86
69
22
66

83
81
53
45
88

**
67
63
53
26
63
**

11
87
84
59
5
79
2

5
95
93
65
2
80
1

47
57
49
34
4 11
99

10
77
76
43
12
81

4
95
93
67
5
71
2

3
86
83
63
1
73
6

1

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding:

1

1 E xclu d es lim ite d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
2 Includes data fo r rea l esta te in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 Unduplicated total of w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce shown s e p a r a te ly below . S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to those w hich de fin itely e sta b lish at le a s t the m in i­
m u m nu m ber of days* pay that can be exp ected by eac h e m p lo y e e . In form al sic k -le a v e a llow an ce s d ete rm in ed on an individual b a sis a re exclu d ed .
4 Not c om p arab le with e a r lie r su r v e y s due to r ein terp reta tio n of p ro v isio n s in 3 la r g e e s ta b lish m e n ts; co m p a ra b le p e rcen ta g es would have been: O ffic e w o r k e r s 35 and plant 33.
♦ ♦ L e s s than 0. 5 p e rcen t.
t T ran sp ortation (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s,
f t F in a n c e, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te .




O ccup ational W age S u rvey, New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r il 1958
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s

26

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau*s job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Office
BILLER, MACHINE
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For. wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment *s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

27

CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible fox* maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files. - May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives custom ers’ orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.
CLERK,

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

P r i m l y duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter arid cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

28

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

219

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL. (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning qnd carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel,

Mai nt e nanc e

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves; Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
^
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade; In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools} and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

30
MACHINE-TOOL. OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
m achinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re ­
ducers. In general, the millwrightT work normally requires a rounded
s
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required For different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

31
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings -in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stockis and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation "or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtoois in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtoois and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.
"




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR,

PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

32
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks/ or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light {under IV2 tons!
medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE :

15 O -4 3 6
98 7 5 3

Occupational W a g e Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. These bulletins, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19, when available may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C .,
or from any of the regional offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis will be issued early in 1959Bulletins for the labor markets listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, Mass., September 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-3, price 25 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., November 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-5, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-7, price 25 cents




San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-8,
price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-9, price 25 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-10,
price 25 cents
New Orleans, L a., February 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-11, price 20 cents
Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-12,
price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102