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Occupational Wage Survey

CHICAGO , ILLINOIS
APRIL 19S8

Bulletin No. 1224-14

U N IT E D ST A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F
J a m e s P. M i t c h e l l , S e c r e t a r y




LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner




85th Congress, 2d Session

House Doc. No. 2 8 5 — Pt. 14

Occupational Wage Survey




CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
APRIL 1958

B u lle tin N o . 1224-14
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
June 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Pr*fac*

Contents
Page

T h e C o m m u n ity W age S u r v e y P r o g r a m
Th e B u re a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic # r e g u la r ly co n d u cts
a reaw id e wage s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o rta n t in d u s t r ia l
ce n te rs.
T h e s tu d ie s , m ade fr o m la te f a ll to e a r ly s p r in g ,
re la te to o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and re la te d su p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fits.
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t i s a v a ila b le on c o m p le tio n
of the stu d y in e a ch a r e a , u s u a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g the
p a y r o ll p e rio d stu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p ro v id e s a d d itio n a l data
not in c lu d e d in the e a r l ie r r e p o r t . A c o n s o lid a te d a n a ly tic a l
b u lle tin s u m m a r is in g the r e s u lt s o f a ll o f the y e a r ’ s s u r v e y s
is is s u e d a fte r c o m p le tio n o f the f in a l a r e a b u lle tin f o r the
c u r r e n t ro u n d o f s u r v e y s .




In tro d u c tio n . . . . . . . . . __. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _________________ —_____
W age tre n d s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ___ __ ____ ________ . . .

1

4

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

B:

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in sco p e of s u r v e y ________
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e rc e n t o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s -----------------------O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s * A - l : O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s . . . . ------------- —
— . . . . . . . . . . --------------A - 2: P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s ------------------ ——
A - 3: M a in te n a n ce and pow er p la n t o ccu p a tio n s
---------- —.
A - 4: C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s — ——
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s * B - l : S h if t d if fe r e n t ia ls --------------------------------------------------------------B - 2 : M in im u m e n tra n c e r a te s f o r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ~ ~
B - 3 : S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s — ----------------— — ------------------B - 4 : O v e r t im e p a y . ~ . — — ---------------— ------- -------------------— —
B - 5 : W age s t r u c t u r e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s and la b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s -------------------------------. . . . . . . . . . . . .
B - 6 : P a id h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------B - 7 : P a id v a c a t i o n s --------— — ----------------------------------- —— ------B - 8 : H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s — ---------------------—

A p p e n d ix :

Jo b d e s c r ip t io n s --------------------------------------------------------------------

* N O T E : S i m i l a r ta b u la tio n s f o r m o s t o f th e se it e m s a re a v a ila ­
b le in the C h ic a g o a r e a r e p o r t s f o r A p r i l 1951, M a r c h 1952,
M a rc h 1953, M a r c h 1954, A p r i l 1955, A p r i l 1956, and A p r i l 1957.
P r i o r to the p re p e n t r e p o r t , d a ta on w age s t r u c t u r e c h a r a c t e r ­
i s t i c s , la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , and o v e rtim e p ay p r o v i­
s io n s w e re la s t show n in the 1954 s u m m a r y re p o rt* T h e 1955
r e p o r t in c lu d e d d ata on fre q u e n c y o f w age p a y m e n ts, and p a y p r o ­
v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s f a llin g on n o n w o rk d ay s not in c lu d e d in o th e r
r e p o r t s . A d ir e c t o r y in d ic a t in g date o f stu d y and the p r ic e o f
the r e p o r t s , a s w e ll a s r e p o r t s f o r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , i s a v a ila ­
b le upon re q u e s t.
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w age p r a c t ic e s in the C h ic a g o a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r the
m a c h in e r y in d u s t r ie s ( A p r il 1 9 58), and f a b r ic a te d s t r u c t u r a l
s te e l (M a rc h 1957). U n io n s c a le s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay
le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le f o r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u s t r ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p r in t in g , lo c a l - t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m ­
p lo y e e s , and m o t o r tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

2

4
5
9
9
11

13
14
15
15
16
17
19
21
22




Occupational Wag* Survoy - Chicago, III.*
Introduction
T h e C h ic a g o a r e a is one of s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s t r ia l c e n ­
te r s in w h ich the D e p a rtm e n t of L a b o r 's B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
h as co n d u cte d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and re la te d wage b e n e ­
f it s on an a re a w id e b a s is . In each a r e a , data a re ob tained b y B u re a u
fie ld agen ts f r o m re p re s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in ­
d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tr a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e t a il
tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s * M a jo r in ­
d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th ese s tu d ie s , b e s id e s r a ilr o a d s , a re
g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t ra c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er of w o r k e r s
a re o m itte d a ls o b e c a u se they fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o ccu p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n . 1 W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a ­
ra te ta b u la tio n s a re p ro v id e d fo r e a ch of the b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a re co n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e ca u se of the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e sta b lish m e n ts* T o o b tain
a p p ro p ria te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n of la r g e
than of s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is studied* In c o m b in in g the d ata, how ­
e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a re g iv e n th e ir a p p ro p ria te w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s
b a se d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d a re p re s e n te d , th e r e fo r e , a s r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u s try g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x ­
ce p t fo r those below the m in im u m s iz e studied*
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o ccu p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stu d y a re co m m o n to a v a r ie t y
of m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t of jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e sig n e d to
take a cco u n t of in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u tie s w ith in the sa m e
jo b (see ap p en d ix fo r lis t in g o f th e se d e s c r ip t io n s ) . E a r n in g s data a re
p re se n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the fo llo w in g typ e s of o c c u p a ­
tio n s: (a) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te ­
nance and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m ovem ent*
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re show n fo r
f u ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e ek ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a t io n *
E a r n in g s data e xclu d e
p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a re e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u se s and in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s a re in c lu d e d .
W here w e e k ly
h o u rs a re re p o rte d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , re fe re n c e is
* T h is r e p o r t w as p re p a re d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in
C h ic a g o , 111*, b y W oodrow C . L in n , u n d er the d ir e c tio n of G e o rg e E .
V o ta v a , R e g io n a l W age and In d u s t r ia l R e la tio n s A n a ly st*
1 See tab le on page 2 f o r m in im u m - s iz e e s ta b lis h m e n t co v e re d *




to the w o rk s c h e d u le s (ro u nd e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ich
s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r these
o c c u p a tio n s have been rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the sco p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e am ong
e s t a b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le of e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce of the jo b s studied* T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n ­
in g s d ata.
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p re se n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits a s they r e ­
la te to o ffic e and p la n t w o rk e rs *
T h e te rm " o ffic e w o r k e r s ," as
u se d in th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s a ll o ffic e c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s and e x ­
c lu d e s a d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l p e rs o n n e l.
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o rk in g fo re m e n and a lln o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k ­
e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) e ngage d in n o n o ffice fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l e m p lo y e e s , and
f o r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n e m p lo y e e s who a re u t iliz e d as a se p a ra te
w o rk fo r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
C a fe t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m en a re e x ­
c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , but a re in c lu d e d as plan t w o r k e r s
in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s trie s *
S h ift d iffe r e n t ia l data (tab le B - l ) a re lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u s trie s * T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re se n te d both in te r m s of (a) e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p re se n te d in te r m s of to ta l p lant w o rk e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p re s e n te d on the b a s is of w o rk e rs
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d s h ift at the tim e of the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r ie d d if fe r e n t ia ls , the am ount a p p ly in g to
a m a jo r it y w as u se d o r , if no am ount a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o th e r" w as u s e d . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich som e la t e s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as re c o rd e d on ly
i f it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y of the s h ift h o u r s .
M in im u m e n tra n c e r a te s (table B - 2 ) re la te o n ly to the e sta b ­
lis h m e n ts v isite d *
T h e y a r e p re se n te d on an e sta b lis h m e n t, ra th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is * O v e rtim e pay p r a c t ic e s ; p aid h o lid a y s ;
p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a re tre a te d
s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is th at th ese a re a p p lic a b le to a ll plan t o r o ffic e
2
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y i f it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s: (1) O p e ra te d la te s h ifts at the tim e
of the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h if t s .

2

w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly
q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis t e d .
S c h e d u le d h o u r s , w age s tr u c tu r e
c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , and la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n ts a re tre a te d s t a ­
t is t ic a lly on the b a s is th at th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y a r e c o v e r e d .3 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s of
in d iv id u a l ite m s in th e se ta b u la tio n s do not n e c e s s a r ily e q u a l t o t a ls .
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r of w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly p ro v id e d .
T h e se co n d p a r t
co m b in e s w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t im e . T h e
th ir d s e c tio n p re s e n ts a l i s t o f the p a id h o lid a y s and the p ro p o rtio n s
o f w o r k e r s to w hom th e y a r e g ra n te d a n n u a lly .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p la n s w h e re b y tim e o ff w ith pay i s g ra n te d
a t the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a ra te e s tim a te s a r e p ro v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts, s u c h
a s tim e p a y m e n ts, p e rc e n t o f an n u al e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m a m o u n ts.
H o w e v e r, in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p aym en ts not on
a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e rte d ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e rc e n t o f
an n u al e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 week* s p a y .
D a ta a re p re s e n te d fo r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x ce p tin g o n ly le g a l re q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's co m p e n sa tio n
an d s o c ia l s e c u r it y . S u c h p la n s in c lu d e th o se u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m ­
m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e co m p a n y and th o se p ro v id e d th ro u g h a u n io n fund o r

p aid d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m
a fund s e t a s id e fo r th is p u rp o s e . D eath b e n e fits a re in c lu d e d a s a
fo r m o f lif e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to that type of in ­
s u ra n c e u n d er w h ich p re d e te rm in e d c a s h p aym en ts a re m ad e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n i s p re se n te d fo r a ll su ch p lan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s . H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have e n a cted te m p o ra ry d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich re q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a re in c lu d e d o n ly if the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
trib u te s m o re than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r \Z) p ro v id e s the em p lo yee
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the re q u ire m e n ts of the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k - le a v e p la n s a re lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h ich p ro vid e
f u ll pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b se n ce fr o m w o rk
b e c a u se of il ln e s s .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a re p ro v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w h ich p ro v id e f u ll p ay and no w a itin g p e rio d , and (2) plan s
p ro v id in g e ith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w a itin g p e rio d . In a d d itio n to the
p re s e n ta tio n o f the p ro p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s who a re p ro v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e o r p aid s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica te d to ta l is
show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both typ e s of b e n e fits .

4 T h e te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n ia and Rhode Is la n d
do not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
5 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
3
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r o ffic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c tio n o f e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r of d a y s of s ic k le a v e that
it
ta b le B - 3 ) w e re p re s e n te d in e a r l ie r y e a r s in te rm s o f the p r o p o r ­
co u ld be e xp e cte d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e . S u c h a p lan need not be w ritte n ,
tio n o f w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f fic e s w ith the in d ic a te d
but in fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
w e e k ly h o u rs fo r w om en w o r k e r s .
w e re e x c lu d e d .
Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Chicago, 111., 1 by major industry division, ApriL 1958

Industry division

All divisions _____________________

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total3

Office

Plant

T otals

3,168

___________________________

Manufacturing _____ ______ _______
—
_________ ....— -----Nonmanufactur ing
____ ____________________ ..____________ —
Transportation (excluding railroads),
communication, and other public utilities4
__......
Wholesale trade _ _ _______ _________________ .. .._
_ _______ _
Retail trade ..
______ ____
. .
_
_
....
__
Finance, insurance, and real estate __________ ______________
Services4
_ ___
_
__ _____ . . . . . . . . .
_
----- ----- -

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study *

11
0
-

11
0
51
11
0
51
51

435

1,053, 100

230,100

632.900

503.830

1,327
1,841

168
267

581,700
471,400

92,200
137,900

401,100
231,800

252,370
251,460

130
607
216
363
525

33
64
47
49
74

87,600
86UQ0
137,000
81,400
79,300

20,800
25*900
25, 700
51,000
14, 500

48,100
38,500
96, 700
8,400
40,100

23,780
95, 740
37,350
25,500

9

69,090

1 The Chicago Area (Cook County). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force
included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning
of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
* Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
s Includes executive, technical, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation. Chicago»s transit system is municipally operated and, therefore, excluded by definition from the scope of the studies.
4

Hotels;^personai services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




3
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s extended
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s those p la n s w h ich a r e d e sig n e d to p ro te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e of s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n se s beyond
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p ita liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g fo r co m p le te o r p a r tia l
p aym en t o f d o c t o r s 1 fees* S u c h p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r they m a y be
s e lf - in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s of r e t ir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a re lim it e d to
those p la n s th at p ro v id e m o n th ly p a ym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o rk e r* 8 li f e .
W ith r e fe re n c e to w age s tr u c tu r e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , p ro p o rtio n s
o f tim e and in c e n tiv e w o r k e r s d ir e c t ly r e f le c t e m p lo y m e n t u n d er e a ch




pay s y s t e m . H o w e v e r, b e c a u se o f te c h n ic a l c o n s id e r a t io n s , a ll t im e ­
ra te d w o r k e r s (p la n t o r o ffic e ) in an e s ta b lis h m e n t w ere c la s s if ie d to
the p re d o m in a n t type of ra te s t r u c t u r e a p p ly in g to th e se w o rk e rs *
In c e n t iv e -w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t w as c la s s if ie d a c c o r d in g to the p r e ­
d o m in a n t type o f in c e n tiv e p lan in e ach e sta b lish m e n t*
G ra d u a te d p r o v is io n s fo r p re m iu m o v e rtim e pay w ere c l a s s i ­
fie d to the f i r s t e ffe c tiv e p re m iu m r a t e . F o r e x a m p le , a plan c a llin g
fo r tim e and o n e -h a lf a fte r 8 and double tim e a fte r 10 h o u rs a day
w as ta b u la ted a s tim e and o n e -h a lf a fte r 8 h o u r s . S im il a r ly , a plan
c a llin g fo r no p ay o r pay a t r e g u la r ra te a fte r 37x h o u rs ( r e g u la r
/a
w e e k ly sch e d u le ) and tim e and o n e -h a lf a fte r 40 w as c o n s id e re d as
tim e and one - h a lf a fte r 40 h o u rs*

4

Wsgs Trends for Sslected Occupational Groups
T h e ta b le b elo w p r e s e n ts in d e x e s of s a la r ie s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l
.w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , and of a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f s e le c te d
p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , the in d e xe s
re la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h o u rs of w o r k , that i s ,
the s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le fo r w h ic h s tr a ig h t * t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p re m iu m p a y fo r o v e rtim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k ­
e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a se d on data fo r
s e le c te d k e y o ccu p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im ­
p o rta n t jo b s w ith in e a ch g ro u p .
Th e o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d
on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a ­
c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r
o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , pay**
r o ll; k e y -p u n c h o p e r a to r s ; o ffic e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s te n o g ra p h e r s ,
g e n e ra l; sw itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r s ; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ;
ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n ­
e r a l; and t y p is t s , c la s s A and B . T h e in d u s t r ia l n u r s e data a r e b a se d
on w om en in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s . M en in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in te ­
n an ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e re in c lu d e d in the p la n t w o r k e r
data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is t s ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e ­
c h a n ic s , au to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h t s ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t-m e ta l
w o r k e r s ; and tool and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ; and w a tch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e re
com puted f o r e a ch of the s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e re then m u lt ip lie d b y the a v e ra g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b .
T h e s e w e igh te d e a rn in g s f o r in d iv id u a l

o c c u p a tio n s w e re then to tale d to ob tain an a g g re g a te fo r e a ch o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g ro u p . F i n a lly , the r a t io of th e se g ro u p a g g r e g a te s fo r a g iv e n
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m o n th, w in te r 1 9 5 2 -5 3 )
w a s com p u ted and the r e s u lt m u lt ip lie d b y the b a se y e a r in d e x (100) to
g et the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .
T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c ts of ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w age c h a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in 'the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g e s in the
la b o r f o r c e s u c h a s la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g e s in the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e sta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe re n t p a y le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in the la b o r fo r c e ca n
c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o rtio n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if ic o ccu p a tio n and r e ­
s u lt in a d ro p in the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a re d u c tio n in the p ro p o rtio n
of lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o site e ffe c t. T h e m o vem en t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out of a n a r e a co u ld c a u s e the a v e ra g e
e a rn in g s to d ro p , e ve n though no chan ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n ts .
T h e u s e o f c o n sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c ts
o f ch a n g e s in the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s re p re s e n te d in e a ch jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
N o r a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y ch a n g e s in
sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e , s in c e they
a r e b a se d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s .
In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1957 fo r w o r k e r s in 14 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e t s a p p e a re d in B I B B u ll. 1 2 0 2 , W ages an d R e la te d B e n e fits ,
17 L a b o r M a r k e t s . 1 9 5 6 -5 7 .

Table 2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Chicago. III.,
A pril 1958 and A pril 1957, and percent of increase for selected periods
indexes
(March 1953-100)
Industry and occupational group
April 1958
A ll industries:
Office cle rica l (w o m e n )-------------------- ----------------------------

A pril 1957

Percent increases fr o m -—
A pril 1957
to
A pril 1958

A pril 1956
to
A pril 1957

April 1955
to
A pril 1956

.

March 1954 ‘"‘March 1953
to
to
April 1955
March 1954

March 195Z
to
March 1953

Skilled maintenance (men) ...... .......■ --------- --------------------■
■
Unskilled plant ( m e n ) -------------- ------- ----------- ---------- -------

126.1
130.9
12 7.6
124.8

120.5
122.8
121.3
119.0

4. 7
6 .6
5.3
4.9

5.4
5.0
5.0
4 .0

4.3
6.0
5.1
4 .6

3 .6
4.2
3.3
3.5

5 .8
5.9
6.3
5 .7

5. 7
5.4
6.5
4.9

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (women) ----- —
------------- --------- --------Industrial nurses (women) — ........ ..... ......... — ----------—
Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) ---- ---- — ------------------ ---- —
---Unskilled plant ( m e n ) --------— ---------------------------------------—

127.3
130.9
128.2
124.6

120. 6
122.8
121. 7
118.5

5. 5
6 .6
5.3
5.1

5 .4
5.0
5.5
4.9

4.2
6.0
5 .8
5.0

3 .4
4.2
3.1
2. 7

6.2
5.9
5.8
4 .8

5.2
4 .6
6.1
6. 6




5

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l: Office Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupation* studied on an area b asis in Chicago, I I I ., by industry division, A p ril 1958)

NUM
BER O W RK
F O ERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARN GS O —
IN
F
$
$
S
$
s
$
t
$
$
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly.
W
eekly. Under 45.00 50.00 55.00 60. 00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
houn 1 earnings*’
tan
(Standard) (S dard) 9
and
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75.00 80.00 85. 00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over
—
Atsbaos

Sex, occupation, and industry division
—

N ber
um
of

—

—
Men

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

1
1
1
-

Clerks, accounting, class A --------------------------------------Manufacturing------ ------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------------------Public utilities f —
---------------------------------------------Wholesale trade -----------------------------------------------Retail trade ------------------------------------------------------Finance f t --------------------------------------------------------

2, 164
1, 085
1,079
147
444
125
298

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
37. 5

97.50
99. O0
96.50
102.00
97.00
98.00
92.00

.
-

Clerks, accounting class B ---------------------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------- ------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e ------- ---------------------------------------F in a n ce ff-----------------------------------------------------------

1,179
776
325
131

39.0
39. 0
39.5
39.5
39.0

77.50
82. 00
75.00
73.50
75.50

.
_
.
-

-

Clerks, order -----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing------------ —
------------------—
--------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------------------Wholesale trade ------------------------------------------------

2, 147
5G
Z
1, 545
1,366

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

94.50
9 2 . Oo
95.50
97.00

-

-

Clerks, payroll ------------------------------ —
-------------------------Manufacturing — -----------—— ------------------------- —
—
—
Nonmanufacturing ------------- -—— -------------------- — —

470
329
141

39.0
39.0
39.0

91. 50
91.50
91.00

Office boys ----------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------------------Public utilities f -----------------------------------------------Wholesale trade -----------------------------------------------Retail trade -----------------------------------------------------Finance + + ---------------------------------------------------------Services ------------------------------------------------------------

1, 777
515
1,262
103
157
105
591
306

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
37.0
38.0

57.50
59.00
56.50
64.50
57.50
57.00
56.00
55.00

Tabulating-machine o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing —
-----------------------------------------------Public utilities f ----------------------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e ------------------—
---------------------------Retail t r a d e ------------—-------------------------------- —---Finance
-------------------------------------------------------Women
Billers, machine (billing m a ch in e)-----------------------------

2, 174
906
1,268
180
257
138
547

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
38.0

85.00
88. 00
83.00
89.50
86.00
80. 50
78.50

Nonmanufacturing

■■ i.m — .....
—

50
32
18
2
5
1
8

123
'58
65
8
18
12
20

173
67
106
6
45
18
34

216
84
132
29
42
7
45

384
166
218
24
92
13
86

337

6

13
3
10
1
7

167
9
79
19
44

219
111
88
17
53
13
1

248
152
96
10
42
9
22

173
T6
77
10
48
11
2

69
48
21
1
11
3
6

73
35
38
4
5
19
10

79
42
37
27
3
7

44
15
29
19
-

102
25
77
49
9

193
48
145
45
52

207
53
154
90
11

144
43
101
35
5

150
43
107
32
23

161
43
118
32
31

65
41
24
14
-

49
37
12
3
-

38
37
1
1
*

6
6
4
-

1
1

18
l8
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

.
-

-

2
2
2

48
6
42
33

11
1
10
6

121
64
57
43

126
39
87
59

300
73
227
192

291
193
152

301
75
226
200

209
64
145
136

178
90
88
83

169
4z
127
127

131
17
114
114

61
61
61

80
3
77
69

119
30
89
89

-

-

-

2
1
1

7
5
2

11
-•
11

36
23
13

56
43
13

53
34 '
19

54
43
11

69
59
10

37
32
5

44
25
19

36
24
12

46
28
18

5
4
1

9
2

5
1
4

68
5
63
_
45
18

158
54
104
3
4
6
76
15

486
115
371
5
76
25
153
112

429
.138
291
12
16
36
124
103

331
111
220
13
28
35
107
37

218
43
175
64
21
3
79
8

37
12
25
6
4
.
7
8

23
10
13
8
_
5

8
8

11
ll
.
-

.
.
-

8
6
.
-

-

-

-

2

34
34
1
3
_
30

78
12
66
6
16
12
31

220
54
166
12
25
22
95

196
89
107
12
23
9
50

284
“ 103
181
14
12
18
123

330
145
185
18
53
39
59

223
122
101
15
17
10
48

258
117
141
32
35
4
47

198
94
104
32
14
12
25

149
1u
79
18
30
5
14

43
IB
25
1
9
1
5

16
7
9
1
5
1
1

7
6
1
1

274

180
64
116
34

165

100
53
47
41

36
3
33
11

17
16
1
1

11
11

21
16
5
5’

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
.
2

-

1,352
686

39.5

68. 50

4

66

64

414

39.0
40.0
39.0

68.50
74.50
68.50

4
_
-

26

666

14

T50

40

50

164
4
85

113
51
46

38

166

30

209
292

39.5

68.50

26

9

31
38

41
38

435

38.5

65.00

359

38. 0

63. 00

“

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ...............—

1,056

3 8.5

-

7

Nonmanufacturing----- ------------------------------------

608
207

38.0
39.0
40 .5
36.0

80.50
8 0 .0 0 '
80.50
81.50
78.00
79.00

.
.
.

.
.
.

39. 0

101
229

Sat footnote at and of tabla.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

■

7

■
'




7
1
6

l61

83

82
62

78

11

4

22

14

28
14

26
26

-

290

126

177

72

108
36

166

21

12

61
... 13

60
46
14
2

134
35
99
36
26
36

84

133

5
4

l i "

32

20

176

52
1

113
13

114
62

55

5

1
1

24

83

41

2

69

39

117
56
61
13
15
5
15

-

11

13

22

i1o

-

-

17
------2—

15

---- 5—

11

15

10

11

-

2
11

2

---- 2 —

8

•

*

i

- 4 i3 3
6
5
1

6

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis in Chicago, III. , by industry division, April 1958)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly Under 45.00 50. 00
hours 1 earnings1 $
(Standard) (Standard)
■
45. 00 under
-50.JHL 55.00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

60.00

65.00

$
$
65. 00 70.00
70.00

75.00

$

75.00

80.00

$
80.00
85.00

$
$
85.00 9 0 . 0 0
9 0.00 95.00

$
$
$
$
S
$
$
95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00
and
nvpr
1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 15.00 17.0.00 175.00

Women - Continued
$

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B —
Manufacturing--------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------Wholesale trade ------------------------------Retail tr a d e -------------------------------------Finance f f ----------------------------------------Services --------------------------------------------

4, 094
1 , 006
3,088
462
264
2, 156
l4 l

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5
4 0 .0
37. 5
38.0

Clerks, accounting, class A ---------------------Manufacturing--------------------- ----------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Public utilities f -------------------------------Wholesale trade ------------------------------Retail trade -------------------------------------Finance f t -----------------------------------------Services -------------------------------------------

2,490

68.0 0

65.50
67.00
71.50

-

19 2

39.0
39.6
3 9.0
40 .0
3 9.5
39.5
38.0
38.0

84.00
8 6 . 56
82.50
87. 50
85.00
82.50
79.00
81.00

Clerks, accounting, class B
Manufacturing---------------Nonmanufacturing---------Public utilities f --------Wholesale trade -------Retail trade---------------Finance -ft-----------------S e r v ic e s ----- ------- ----- -

5,284
1,564
3, 720
296
800
1,234
1,006
384

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
38.0
38.5

68.0 0

Clerks, file, class A --------Manufacturing----- —
-------Nonmanufacturing ---------Wholesale trade --------

1,805
647
1, 158

F in a n c e tt-----------------------

561

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.0
38.0

Clerks, file, class B --------Manufacturing---------------Nonmanufacturing---------Public utilities f -------Wholesale trade -------Retail tr a d e --------------Finance f t ------------ -----Services --------------------

4, 787
472
691
624
2, 581
419

Clerks, order --------Manufacturing ----Nonmanufacturing Wholesale trade
Retail trade ---Clerks, payroll --------Manufacturing------Nonmanufacturing Public utilities f
Wholesale trade
Retail t r a d e ----Finance f t --------Services ---------

918

1,572
248
336
219
577

19 2

6 ,22 1

1,434

1,807

639

1 , 168

627
483
2,379
1,305
1,074
208
228
266

159
213

38.5
39. 0
38.5
40 .0
39.0
4 0 .0
37.5
39.0

" 71. TO
67.00
6 6.0 0

71.50
66.50
69.50
71.00
64. 50
63. 50
68.0 0
6 8.0 0

69. 50

67.50
71.00
65.50
55.50

59. bo

54.50
59.50
59.00
54.00
53.00
55.00

3 9.5
39. 0
39.5
39.5
40 .0

65.50
72.00
56.50

39.0
39.0
3 9.0
3 9.5
39.5
4 0 .0
37.0
3 8.5

76.50
76.50
76.50
79.00
76. 50
69.50
81.50
79.00

68.0 0

72.50

6

99

339

960

101

92

238
54
41
138
5

rcz858
145
55
624
30

1

20
21

3

51
“

.
.
“

.
-

20

9
9
.
.
9
.
-

118
118
.
.
48
70
-

20

_
.
-

20

393

36

363
7
13
149
141
53

-

«.

6

83
15

1

6

68
12

1

-

3

356
356
79
277
-

729
78
651
.
56
475
34

7
7
.
7

65
65
.
64

1

7

86

-

2

1

5
-

.
1

-

See footnote at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




9
9
-

5

-

"

51
1821
505
1521
80
178
174
860
229
184

17

167
16

140
43
17
26
.
23
-

3

1301
229"
1072
111

41
848
45

1
1

81

111

8

25

.
“

73
-

86

11
2

10

52

66

8

4

1169

906

544
126
418
7
60
142
147
62
199
65
134
81
15?Z

418

1179
144
137
134
703
61
212

27

185
91
85

81
36
45
2

5
29
3
6

325"

841
93
186
293
219
50

3
3

675
zrrr
468
82
59
300
14

285
134
151
34
14
98
5

221

157

46

119
9
19
64

55

25
5
-

286
43
243
45
53
39
74
32

433
171
262
47
35
31
131
18

483
223"
255
40
57
67
83
8

711

356

63

703
253
450
63
129
152
75
31

285
621
61

108
177
212

397

423

267

306
44
190

244
33
125

155
42
24

1147

332
156
176
48
59
45

91

wr

757
166
172
105
232
82

179

112

153

45

108
31
55
1

4

14
7

350
94
256
97
150

305

226

148
114
29

91
85

302
184
118
13
46
36
7

206
118

391

16

20

157" 135
4

212

9

179
59
47
40
13

19

20

88

34
8

18

mr

nr

6

l33

531

173

21

22
88

146
221

83
60
217
8b
137
33
34

15
27
21

139
79
60
26
21

91
26
65
53
2

467
2 70
197

20

40
70
27
40

20

322
131
191
25
65
25
14

341
89
252
34
47
24
73
74

199

93

62

95

13

16
2
6

79
55
24

60
1

22

343
181

212

-

162

36
38
10

50
28

39

30

14

99
113
22

19
24
19
29

2
1
1
1

.
.
_
-

-

-

104
3
46
19
32
4

2

9

21

13
33

130
60
70

19
10
2
6

1
26

1
8

3
3
-

59

27

32

nr

136
65
71
4
19
13
28
7
57
22

145
1W

45
9

-

.
-

"

.
“

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

4

2
-

2

104

30

74
73
1

.
2

3
3
-

22

“
23
zr
-

1

-

8

4

-

4
-

8
8

4

21

2

"

2

5

.
-

19
i5

48

7
-

2
2

-

4
-

-

7

44

8
2

6

4

10

6

51

1
1

43
28
15
.
13
-

179
87
92

15
3

-

_
-

38

2

21
6

1
1

1

-

.
8
8

.
.
.
-

3
-

4

8

-

.
.
“

18

10

26

10
10

10
8

3
3
-

21

17

22

18

2

35

5
3

_
_
_
.
-

11
1

3

6
1

8

.
_
_
-

_
.
-

22
11

54
9

8

74
3i "
43
30
3

_
_
_
-

14
12
2
2

-

-

-

19
15

5
-

10

_

5
.

4

5

10
8

5
5

-

-

-

4

"

"

1

4

-

-

“

2

“

7

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an Area basis in Chicago, I I I ., by industry division, A p ril 1958)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS 0 7 A kxaoi
v
S
S
$
$
$
t
S
S
S
$
S
$
S
t
t
t
S
W
eekly
W
eekly ^ Under 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
houn I
and
and
(Standard) (S dard) $
tan
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

W om en - Continued
C om ptom eter operators ————----- —
—
Manuf a c t u r i n g --------------—---------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------—
—-------------

Public utilities t ---------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------------R etail t r a d e --------------------------------Finance f t — ...... -•...—————-------—
S erv ices — — — — — — —
—
—
D uplicating-m achine op erators (m im eograph
or d i t t o ) --------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------- ------- --------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------K ey-punch operators —
M a n u fa c tu r in g -----Nonmanufacturing Public utilities f
W holesale trade
Retail trade ----Finance f t ---------O ffice g i r l s ---------------M an u factu rin g -----Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
Retail trade —

Financeft -------S ecretaries — — -----Manufacturing -----Nonmanufacturing •
Pu blic utilities f
W holesale trade
Retail trade -----

Financeft----------

S ervices -----------

Stenographers, general
M an ufacturin g--------Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities f
Wholesale trade Retail t r a d e -------Finance f f -----------S ervices — ------—
Stenographers, technical
Manufacturing ---------Nonmanufacturing — —

3,602
1,256
2,346
133
595
876
285
457

420

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
37.5
40.0

175

39.0
39.3
39.0

4,2 79
T77ZT
2, 554
329
514
351
1,034

$
72.00
"73: SO"
70.00
74.00
76.00
66.00

64.50
71.50

63.50

2

22

68

2

22
1

9
59
4

-

.
.

2

.
■

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0

69.50
71.60
68.50
72.50
68.50

5
5
_
.
-

1. 140
396
744
105
167
371

39.0
39.6
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5

56.50
59.56
55.00
55.00
54.50
55.00

11,403
4, bZ3
6,580
530
1,332
1,353
2,040
1,316

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
37.5
3 7.5

10,456
“ iJ 'f i r "
5,598
505
1,464
528
1,957
1,144

38.5
39.6
38.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
37.5
37.5

375

38.5

262

38.0

113 40.0

62 .50

66.00

66.50
26
10
16

5
1

25
97
56
33

89
252
73
50

74
167
94
56

139
16
129
4
32
77

111

112
8

368
125
243
34
49
131

372
94
2 78
47
43
157
46

226

5 5 5

2

66
160
10

191 '
364

104
13
40
43

20

8

9
5

4

88.00

83.00
84.00

115
71
44
431
TZTT
305
30
104
53

44
.
.
15

-

74. 00
‘73766” '
73.00
78.00
73.50
69.00
70.50
75.50

5
-

1

-

86.00

82.50

8

420
37
96
145
29
113

42
42
_
3
27

85.50
92.00

83.50

12

28

35

418
154
264
14
35
39
142
34

11

5

18

5

1
12

.
-

_

.
“

.
“

-

.

5

_

.
“

55
69
42 ------ T T
34
13
700
274
426
28
58
94
228

906
441
465
71
71
65
244

98
97
40 ------72T
58
25
2
5
18
9
26
2

15
57
65
13

622
n r

399

44
24

87.00

86. oo

6

669
iw

18
IS
3

88 . 50

See footnote at end o f table.
f Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities
f f Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.




“

2

35
18
“

617
141
476

I

-

n r

20
1

236
19
217

10

65.00

—

.

16

34
92
152
70

1584
1934
524 "" 65?"
760
1277
71
52
350
123
105
102
340
542
140
212

6

153

353
226
127
26
29
31
41

135
86

49
7
15
8
8
11

82
40
42

20
8
12

13

3

8

1
2

738
281
457
59
98
73

745
271
474
69
95
43
133

334
1 76
158
45
14
4
36

168

46
27
19
3
3
11

770
258
512
32
94
113
169
104
1734
"781
953
48
311
127
318
149

1

16

.

21

-

32

1

16

21

32

.

623
ITT
431
23
134
115

-

16

15
1
1

•
-

5

3
3

-

-

2023
1681
735"
809
1214
976
81
46
200
236
151
245
362
434
181
254
1933
513
1120

98
399
86

358
179
83

29

54

154
102

52
13
25
8
6
2
2

•
-

194
S9
135
9
124

35
29

25
23

6

2

2

2

“

1
1

■
70
34
36
2

15
4

-

"

1833
1716
730 — 752"
1103
964
82
72
171
249
267
262
280
276
235
173

1

-

.
-

-

>
“

“

-

-

'

'

‘

‘

■

■

■

■

“

“

13
5

-

_
-

.
-

“

“

4

8
6
2

-

2

1
1
1

1

-

1

1

-

1
1

■

_
-

-

-

-

*

■

■

-

-

_

_

”

•

352

241
l'4fl

“

_

"

.
-

-

■
736
321
415
41

"

777
3^r
378
30

88

122

78
117
91

44
107
75

254
137
117
44
57

65
57

“

124
32
25
13
35
19

101

158
73
85

19
l5
4

20

2

-

228

1396
824
572
82
109
40
140

670
371
299
56
38

389
191

11

1

83

1

201

111

33
92

-

15

4

50

53

15

14

21
1

37

36

21

7

12

20

33

22

5

26

31

1

31

1
12

10

19

2
1
6
10

128
9i
107
23
39
9
2

34

_

2

63

81

57
24

26

14

198

33
39

32

-

8

8
2
2

z

-

l7
3
3

-

6

*

1
5

_

.
•

.
•

8

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis in Chicago, III., by industry division, April 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

Avssaob
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N bar
um
W
aakly , Under
W
aakly
w a
ork ra
aarnlnp1
h
our* 1
(Standard) (Standard)
45. 00
—
—
—

V

—

S
4 5 .0 0
*
SO.

00

1

5 0 .0 0
"
5 5 .0 0

t
5 5 .0 0

I
6 0 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

129

244
69
175

1

1

1

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

S
8 0 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

I
8 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

i

1

9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

95.00
10 0 .0 0

1
10 0 .0 0

•
105.00

1

S

1

105.00
-

110 .0 0

115.00
-

110 .0 0

115.00

120 .0 0

1
120 .0 0

125.00

s
125.00
and
over

Women - Continued
Switchboard operators —--------------------- ----------------------— -----Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------—----------------------------- ------- -----Public utilities t ----------------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------Retail t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e If --------------------------------------------------------------------Services -----------------------------------------------------------------------

2 ,0 4 5
5^4
1,5 2 1
164

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s --------------------------------M an u factu rin g--------------------------------- ----- ----------------— -----Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------- —-------------Public utilities f --------------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e ff --------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ------------------------- --------------------- -----------------------

2 ,1 3 2
1 , 09 7
1 ,0 3 5
518
123
169
114

3 9 .0
3 9 .b
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

Tabulating-m achine operators — —
—..... ..........—-----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------- ------------------------- -----Finance t t --------------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,0 8 0
511
134

3 8 .0
3 5 .5
3 8 .0

7 7 .0 0
76. 56
7 8 .5 0

Tran scribin g-m achin e operators, g e n e r a l --------------------Manufacturing — —— ~ — ------------------------- — ----------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------ ----- ---------------------W holesale t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------Finance t t ----------- ---------- —------------------ — ■ .......... ■ ■
S e r v i c e s ----------------------------- ---------- -----———-----------------

1

3 8 .5
39. b
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

7 0 .0 0
w
6 9 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

206
221

365
565

111

,

890

? i?
1, 173
501
400
149

3 9 .5
39. b
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .5

74 .5b
6 6 .0 0

7 6 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
71 .0b
6 9 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 8 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

14
14
-

110

2

11

-

99

12

.
.
-

110

-

26
26
.

24
24
“

24
23

-

5
5
-

1

25

106

419

-

_
-

-

1

1

24

-

2
8

41
65
5
38

-

-

11

-

3 9 .0
6 1.0 0
” 3 9 . 5 " 6 3 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
6 0 .0 0
3 9 .0
6 2 .5 0
4 0 .0
5 8 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
6 3 .0 0

21

306

-

— rr

12

293
49
94
144

“

6

21

.
9

22

-

-

1 0 ,371
"3 ,
6 ,8 4 6
378
1 ,0 8 3
1 , 111
3 ,3 4 1
933

349
193
156

22

7 3 .0 0

T yp ists, cla ss B ------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------——— — — — - - — —
—- — — ----Nonmanufacturing ------ ----- ----- ----------------------------------------Public utilities f ---------------------------------- — - — -----------W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------Retail t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------------Finance t t -------------------------- ---------- — ---------------------------S e r v ic e s ----------------- — — -----------------------------------------------

58
43
5
35

60
34
49

1

6 8 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
T Z '. W ..
7 0 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

101

21
11

2

_
.
.
-

4 ,8 1 2
3 8 .5
“ I ! 3 6 3 " ” 3 9 .5 “ '
3 8 .0
2 .5 0 9
3 9 .5
169
225
3 9 .5
1 .4 9 2
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
391

19
19
.
.

123
18
4
28
46
27

1

-

_
.
.
.
-

1

41
23
236

6

18
-

-

-

-

301
301

55
29
28

26

.
. .
.
-

T yp ists, class A ----------------------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g------- — ----- ------ — — ------ ------------— -----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------— --------------- — —---------- — ---------Public u tilities f ----------------------------------------— ------------W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------Finance f t --------------------------------------------------------------------S ervices ------------------------------------------------------------------------

i ir

68 .0 0

16

16

13
1261
~ ^ 3 t~
1025
105
113
239
473
95

308
- 1551
152
1

4
134
7
2769
9?r
1772
99
125
216

1158
174

2

166

239
99
94
19
791

—ITT
538
23
18
380
57
3357

-^ r r
2360
79
425
413
110 2

341

271
82
189
4
36
23
97
29

372
114
258
38
83
36
59
42

282
113
169
15
34

567
253
314
24
169
15
75
31

442

389
Z72T ~
157
28
42
29

tw
236
28
136
37

12

59
49

11

167
1 1 ?
50
43

98
45
53
24

81
24
57

13

7

2
11

1
6

22

1

15
-

2

-

2
16

20

-

-

3

-

8

-

-

31
15
16

25
23
2

15
•
15

2
10
2

.

1

2

-

.
-

_
.
-

8

6

4
4
.
.
4
-

_
.
.
.
.

.
-

_
.
.
.
-

_
.
_
.
-

.
.
.
1

1
1

-

.

.

38

6

2

-

8

20

9

6

”

-

-

-

-

131
81 ■
32

193
n3
28

69
32
23

77
39
3

63

13
7

5
3
-

2

1

1

-

-

312

126
63
63
17

65
"'3 4
31
3

13
9
4

2

202
112

439
128
311
149
118
23

376
l4 3 "
233
103
79
28

"

27

'

1 1 2 1
200

119
45
28

1355
887
662
- ~ 5 9 T — 4 T T -----I T T
470
347
662
31
24
23
48
83
5
483
265
126
84
89
59
841

m~ "
443
46
117
46
62

172

262

1

12

6

23

17

TT

2
T

124 -----------37
138
6
14
1
7
2
49
25
3
17
4
33
26

2

2

2
2

-

22

20

nr —

n r ---------

-

•
-

-

-

*
_
-

_
.
.

-

-

-

-

-

3 --------- 1
r
---------r
i
i
.
.

_
-

_
-

•
-

“

*

*

.
r
“

JT

35

11
2

_
-

158
72
519
—
317 — 5r ------38
202
75
12
11
39
4
33
27
57
4
29
70
18
7
73

-

.
-

•

1
Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours,
t Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public u tilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




1
1

.
.

26

270
61
15

1442
69T
750
34
195
69
370
82

117
6?
50
19
13
7

-

8

5
2
1

“

1

1

6
6

2

T

1

.
1
1

9
Table A>2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis in Chicago, I I I ., by industry division, A p ril 1958)
NUMBER OF WORICERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME! WEEKLY EARN](NGS OF-

Avuaob
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
w
orkers

S

Weekly
Weekly Under 70.00
houre 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $
un3er

70. 00 75.00

s

75.00
80.00

s

S

s

S

s

s

S

s

S

s

I

S

1

1

$

I

s

s

95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 1 6 0 . 0 0 165.00 170.00

80. 0C 85.00 9 0 . 0 0

85. 0C 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 1 6 0 . 0 0 165.00 170.00

and
over

$

707
292

39.5
39.0

140.00
136.50

D raftsm en, senior ■
Manufacturing •
Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities f ■

3; 710
2,069
1,641

121.50
117.00
126.50

102

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

D raftsm en, junior
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities t ---------------------

2 .404
l , 791
613
92

D raftsm en, leader
Manufacturing —

180
115

Manufacturing

.
f

-

1
1

-

1

8

3
5

48
31
17

44
28
16

262
148
114

120.00

-

-

-

-

5

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

87.00
84.50
94.00
99.00

189
159
30

231
218
13

339
310
29

-

-

2

438
309
129
17

4 0 .0
4 0 “

70.00 1 92
50

29

47
13

6

6 $.

89.00

39
30
9

3?. 5
39.0
4 0.0

it T T

89.66

88.50
79.50

63
9
2

7

5

28

6

.

.

6
6

1

654

"5lY

_

-

.

137
50

N u rses, industrial (registered )..
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Retail t r a d e -----

-

5 _
5

455
364
91
3

189
152
37
5

108
75
33
14

4

298
131
167

10

22

7

277
72
205
14

43

.13

4

2

11

10

32

3

4

2

-

1

•

-

“

"

-

-

-

•
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

202
111
10

98
34
64
23

97
51
46
3

42
18
24
3

6

371

29

64

42

32

21

8

10

2

104
35
69
3

74
127

129
51
78

160
54
106

1

1

1

_

l

21

50
39

20
2

48

69

11

18

-

-

-

2

5

4

97

127

9z

77

“HE

20
16

25

$i
n
3

11

55
9

231
137
94

8

155
80
75

33
17

313

284
219
65

73 _87
24
52

43
24

53

5
3

239
186
53

305
237

2

296
189
107
5

104
84

'53
13

21
6

1

68
11

21

210
161

201

_

2

60

!
83

45

2

15

15

6

62

2?
36
3

38

24

10

20

1

8

T4

1

6

2

3

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 3 at $5 0 to $5 5 ; 13 at $5 5 to $6 0; 40 at $60 to $6 5 ; and 36 at $65 to $ 7 0 .
Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area b asis in Chicago, I I I ., by industry division, A p ril 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
worken

1.090
Manufacturing — — -—-— — ----- ----------— —
Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------------Retail t r a d e -------------------------------------------------

E le ctrician s, m ain ten an ce----------------------------------

Retail t r a d e ------------------------------------------------Finance f f -----------------------------------------------------

See footnote at end of table,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




•

A
isssr> Under *1.80 *1.90 2.00
and
$
1.80 under 2.00 2.10
1.90

earnings

402

1.83
z; 6Z”
3.18

143
163

4
— r

35
Z8
7

2 .9 5
V 44

688

3 ,0 0 4
2 ,3 2 6
679
87
220
166

2 .9 0

f
2.,20

s
2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

I
2. 70

2.80

2.90

3.00

10

1.20

1.30

$.40

$.50

$.60

$. 70 $.80

2.20

2,JO

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.60

3. 70

3.80

61
47““
14

21
19
2

68

85

63

66

5

19

112
b3
29

62
57
5

4

18

27

1

89
80
9

146
124
22

i
i

1

rr

11

28

10

13 “ T T “T 7 5 "

i
.
.

1

15

.
.

2

21

—

12

.
9

66
11
2
2

181
6

.
4

96
83
13
7
2

2

338
3Z2
16
•
5
g

•

-

79
75
4

16
11

1
1

4
1

286
14

2
2

«

-

3
3

272
67
157

-

14
"13

5

1

-

1

2

4

T.85
3 .1 0
2 .9 6
3 .3 6
2 .9 0

s
2. 10

4
203
163

214

43

22

66

1

114

13"

60

100
1

100
2

84

-

30
.
30

lY
5
5

I
-

208

453T

105
•
.

54
33

600
569
41
27

1

2

313

88

509

1

6
1

5

5
5
5

281
lo 9
172
10

119
19

10

8
2
2

-

over

10

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations - Continued
(Average stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area b asis in Chicago, I I I ., by industry division, A p ril 1958)

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

8
8
Avenge
hourly 1
1.80 1.90
earn gs Jnder and
in
1.80 under
_LJ 0 . 2 . 0 0

Engineers, stationary — ---------------------- ——
—
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing —
—— — — — —— —
— — — —
—
Wholesale trade ------ ---------------------------Retail trade ---------—— ----- --------—
---------Finance f t ----------------------- ------ —
----- -----Services — —
— — — — — —
—

2.

191
1, 124
1,067
114
213
343
367

* .86
,
2
2. 75
2.94
3.03
2.82
3.06
2.90

Firemen, stationary boiler — ---------------------Manufacturing — — — —
— — — — — —
— —
Nonmanufacturing — ------ ----------— ------------

1 ,0 2 2

2.28

709
313
78

2.20

,

1

2 .0 0

8
2 . 10

2.20

NM
U BER O W RK
F O ERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM H U
E O RLY EARNIN O —
GS F
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
2.30 2.40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.20

2 . 10

2.20

2.30

2.40

8

22
22

•

12

•

3
-

1

2

1

-

■

59
58
1

.......... , .

4, 325

e
9
3
2

1
X
1
121
121

90
90

36
36

23
23

8
8

“

.
■

54
12
42

5
5
-

40
40
-

260
179"
61

27
27
4

29
14
15
12

16
2
14
-

75
16
59
26

63
6
57
28

87
22
65
30

377
265
112
12
75

803
89
714
613
56

322
11
305
182
88

107
24
83
83

30
22
8
6

-T T T

244 475
207 "373
37 102

470
399
71

351
342
9

351
337
14

485
397
88

114
30
84

233
66
167

21
11
4

no

344
264

58
77

52
17
35

2
2

392
387
.
-

174
174
-

9
9
.
-

17
17
-

37
13

69
35
34
33
-

102

18
18
-

11
11
-

24

1
1

4

Z
2
-

11

87
85
2
53
19
34

355

6
5

240
t s t

-

61

42

29
29
262
257
5

46
46
184
lii
1

§6
42

146
142
18
18
■

55

71
59
12
2
10

47
44
3
.
3

60
40
20
3
17

48

7
2
-

26

89
66

36 134
— 32“ TT8
6
4

5

110

4

3
-

6

-

2

76
26
23
2

4

3
1

12
12

27
27
-

-

224
15
209

1
1

80
80

1

18
73
70
3

2
2

3
-

10
10

1
1

.

11
11

20
20

12
4

.1
1

.
-

3
3

29
1
28

5
‘

.
-

-

219
219
-

-1
1

_

1

19
-

4
1

2.83
2.84

-

-

2
2

2
2

13
11

14
13

27
27

22
22

68
67

145
145

13
13

38
38

57
57

1
1

.

.

.

22

36
36

119
119

256
256

879
879

434
43r

730
730

715
715

474
474

297 115
' 7 9 7 ” "115

12
12
-

2
2

22
22

_
*

1
Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
f Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public u tilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

■

-

1

'

17
16
1
.
-

3
*
3

_
-

10
— nr

1

“

2.99
3114 "

22

150
149

130
92
38

.
-

_

26

2

■

137 146
136 T T ?
12
1
16
— 17“

26
-

16
ir

31
29
2

-

“

2

-

.

197
T7T
2

9
9
-

Tt

22
22

8
8

.
-

2.87
...2.83 _
3.18

3.05
-ir u r -

37
25"
12
.
-

10
10
10

4
4
4

'




.
•
•

222
206
16

28

Tool and die m a k e r s -----------— — —— —
—

.
.
-

516
504
12

_
8
- ------ T
118
69
117
69
1
■

404

.
•
-

685
1 682
”
3

.
34
32
2

400

.
•
-

209
I 69
20

.
27
21
-

Sheet-metal workers, m aintenance------------ —
Manufacturing ------- — —— — — —
— — —
—

.
-

271
264
7

139
91
46

104
------- ST-

4
4
-

241
240
1

78
17
. — sr
17
26

Plumbers, maintenance — —
— —
—
Nonmanufacturing — — -------------------— —

.
•
-

130
128
2

38
38

1.192
l|ffE9
123

9
7
-

112

49
48
1

2
.
2

Pipefitters, maintenance ------ —
---------—
------ —
Manufacturing -------- — -------- —------ -----—
Nonmanufacturing ------- ------------- — — —

22

44
42

77
38
39
16

16
12
4

.
-

66
50

12

84
24 1 29
88
55

99
60
39
33

1 5
.
4
1

6
6
“

.
>

444

3.60

.
.
26

85

14
14
-

8
6
2

1
1

.
.
.
-

3.50

6

540
540

1
•
1

3
3

3.40

' 11 2
80
78
2
-

201

192

60
60
177
177

2. 71
2.67
2. 72
2. 76

2.90
2. 62
3.16
2. 75
2. 85

3.30

*3.60 *3. 70 *3.80
and
3. 70 3.80 over

13
•
13
.
.
13

-

2

3.20

1.50

693
175
518
4
46
341
127

6
666
666

1.950
477
1,473
1, 010

864
4Z0

2

3.10

1.40

188
144
44
3
39
-

19
16

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance)....... ......
Manufacturing — ------- -——
--------------- — —
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------— -—
Public utilities f ---------------------- -----------U 1a n1a 4m Ja
fl»
m

Painters, maintenance —— — — —
— — — — —
Ma nufa c tur ing — — — —
—
— —
— — —
—
Nonmanufacturing --------------------- — ---------Public utilities f ------------- ----- --------------Retail trade —
----- — -----------— ---------------

88
2
1

3.00

1.30

199
87
112
20
75
-

61
1
151
151

2.89
2.88
3.02

2.52

14

2.90

zoz
38
36
36

20
.
■

2,909
2, 732
177

2.21

215

62

Machinists, maintenance —
—
——
—— ------Manufacturing — —— —
------ — — — ——
—
Nonmanufacturing — — — ----- ----------------

2. 76
2776
2.24

61

2.80

151
63

Q
Q
77
44
55
2 76
276

2.439
2. 439

Millwrights ------ — ----------—
—
——
—
—
1.479
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------ " r w v
Oilers ----------------------------------------------------------955
Manufa cturing ——— — —— —
— —
——
— —
strNonmanufacturing — ——
——
—— — ----89

9

1
2

2. 70

190
115
43
181
181

~n“
185
20
6
6

61
-

24
7
.
.
-

3. 615
2. 63
—
" z, i r e M 2 762"
810
2. 67

11

60

102
68

2.

11 Q
JIO
165
153
108
108

“
113
2
.
■

61

2.26
2.31
2. 73
2. 73

Mechanics, maintenance -----------------------------Manufacturing —----- ------ -------------- ----------Nonmanufacturing — ——
----- —
— ------

107
96

Cl 4
91 J
456
57
20
20

8

142
14Z
.

26

20

2.50

139
75
64

41
35 '

80
7z

Manufacturing ------- ------------— -— —
------ —
Nonmanufacturing ------ -—----- ------------------Machine-tool operators, toolroom —-------- —
Manufacturing----------------------- -------------------

1,461
404

55
15
40
15
128
87
41
g

82
46
34
46

2.47

15

8

170
67
iTO “ 67

1
1

2
2

11

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis in Chicago, I I I ., by industry division, A p ril 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

N ber
um
Occupation 1 and industry division

a
i

w
orkers

Elevator op erators, passen ger ( m e n ) ------ -----Nonmanufacturing — —---------- ------------— _____
Finance f f ------------------------------------- — ---------

1 .9 01
1 , 796
1 ,5 0 5

E levator op erators, passenger (w om en)--------Nonmanufacturing — -------------------------------------

648

$
$
Avenge
hourly* Under 1 . 0 0
1.1 0
earnin
gs
and
$
under
1.0 0
1.2 0
1 . 10
$
2 .0 1
17
43
•
2. oi
l7
43
2 .0 9
-

1.27

TT 1.25

--------5

209
G u a r d s --------------------— -----------------------------------— _

970
643

Finance f t " —-------— —
— —— ——
Services —
------ ------------------- -----------------Janitors, p o rte rs, and cleaners (w o m e n ) -----Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing — — — — —
—
---- —
W holesale t r a d e ------------------- —— — -------

S ervices

——
—— — —— — ———— — —

L a b o re rs, m aterial h a n d lin g ------------- — .......
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing — - ------------------------ -------Public utilities f
- - .............................
W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------------------Retail t r a d e -----------------------------------------------Order f i l l e r s ----------------------- —----------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---- ------— ------- ______---------------Nonmanufacturing ------------- -----— ------ --------—
W holesale t r a d e ------------------------------------Retail t r a d e ------------------------------------------------

13,879
1, 577
6,302
644
548
1, 752
1,977
1,381

2 .0 6
1.8 8

1.8 7
1.76

1.51

1. 70
1.85
1. 71
1.43
2 .0 2

1.49

4, 929
68 7
4,242
96
94
389
2,952
711

1.56
1 .64
1 .54
1.58
1 ! 26
1.32
1 .5 7
1.57

19.268

10,452

1.96
1.92

8 ,8 16

2 .0 1

2,219
3, 846
2 , 622

2 .3 4
1.95
1.85

6,

1.99

790

2,464

1.98

4,3 0 6
3, 019
1,274

1.99
1.99

2.00

16
16

16
11

58

88

63

53

55

63

766

121
20

.
71
.
30

694
_
365
107

199
430
49
26
143
-

22 2

212

20

4
_
4

100

79

277

16
84

76

224

152
69
83

26
it
oo

7X
61

11

22

-

12

43

75

8

24

36

231
156
75

_
4

3

-

-

8

24

36

_
-

78 ....j ?
78
29
-

2

11

195
195

_
_

.

.
-

53

O

ICO

_

_

22
22
16

42
42
42

306
i24
182
146

1110

129

312

733 1038

T 82
O

6

5

134
51
37

10

288
250
31

163
125
35

36
14

144
54
90

418
258
160

247

1, 718

2. 11

-

2.

.
-

-

1

-

-

See footnotes at end of table.
■ Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities,
f
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

22
2
-

2
-

885

194

268

1726
108
55
14
1460
89

495
172
3
44
263
13

26

41

28
38
19
19

27

101
47

29

-

5

27

24

5

2

15

14

170

2

280

284
58
39

1089

3W

167

2 ,9 9 -

2 .9 0

over
•

•

*

-

-

.
.
-

tzt
20
2
2

_

2

39

.
_
-

_
-

265
3
_
_
3
-

1

75

-

_
18
_
3
-

18
18
.
.
18
-

4
•
.
_
4
-

_
.
_
_
_
-

17
•
17
_
_
.
17
-

18
18
_
.
_
18

_
•

45
45

_
-

_
.

_
.

_
•
-

_

_

_

_

_

68
66
2

.
1

-

1

7

3

3

1

7
7
_

.

_
_

_
•
-

_

_

3

l

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

45

-

-

"

-

2392 1495
1631 r o i s
457
761
14
9
525 263
207
163

2219

1800
'1095 6b3
826 1195
21
289
420
626
384 278

2366

609

214

26

20

134

28

21 '

49

24
24

2046
1754
248
44

124

186
77
37
72

5

2

20
20

_
_
_

.
-

716

816

24

542
407
135

724
394
330

155
51
104
25
78
41
2l

21

20
20

Z1
•
-

5
5

_
_

50

16

4
1601

600

104

4o

1633"
586
7
471
107

_

1921

377T 485

196
153
39

627
421
206
61
143

583
384
199
185
14

1264
321
943
829
114

"570

509

294

437

375

759

562

253

302
248
54

215
154

62
46
16

197
177

640
338
302
300

34
19
15

316
240
76
76
-

147

61

20

2

174

219

"92

11

81
32

-

131

201

147

13
13

-

-

32

80

45
16
29

131
51
80
57

160
87

103

192

329

205

277

122

73

89

187
126
57

94

155
148

7

5

20

54
21

1

101

131

6

69

50
47
3

177
34
143

74
50

-

_
-

90
62
27

15

2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0
and

8

3
3

-

266
248
18

12
20

$
2 .8 0

72

165

105

142

70

$
2. 70

18

111

602

60
62
26
36

11
10

2815

1369 1165
1152
909
217 256
70
29
87
44
54
15
3
5
85
81

719
440
2 79
234
43

35
26
9

4

552
33
131
218

129

333

18

1114

404

335

14

165

122

556
50 7
47

185

-

381
289

124
123

*41

122

Q
7

291

124

62

9

151
87
64
30

186
108
77

1
1

1.55

342

82

81
59

897

93

1.68
1. 73

-

310

88
2 70
37
233

581

-

263
40
223
91
132

60

14

. 60

•

2

519
7
302
204

66

27

m

12

1130
7
458
656

104

-

2

1455

555

63

-

12

10

453
3
266
151

139
4
135
130
5

-

1535

-

199

2

-

18

1609

534

25

-

30

164

1

2,50 _ ? i 6 <L_ 2 .

10

10
10

145

_

2 .4 0

.

$
2

24
16
-

2016
886

_

2 .3 0

224
166
64
55

581
85
496
28

(O

2 .2 0

164

191
71

179 3181
63
92
1 1 6 3089
7
03
#
3
23
64
42
g
58
194

24
245

2

$
2 .5 0

j

10

7A

2 .0 0

362

2

8

212

2 .4 0

1

162

12

$

2 .3 0

6

945
700
245
72
32
116
15

227
18

$

2 .2 0

18
5

1666

514

596
18
97

$

2 .10

5
4

1188
7b i
487
36
40
254
28
129

455
161
294
17

$

2.0 0

4

45

_
_
-

-

4

52

24

2

_

$

1 .9 0

1 .8 0

-

262
100

8

-

8
1

12 0

10
10

_
.

1.921
1,340

2.02

72

-

P ackers, shipping (w o m e n ) ---------------------------Manufacturing -------------------- — — — -------------

16
2 .0 7
2 .1 3

20

_
.
-

10

141

1.95
1. 77
1. 78
1. 71




16

$

1 .9 0

1 .5 0

80
•
80
_
17
.
63

2 ,0 8 6
1, 718
352

738

1 .8 0

1 .4 0

-

1.88

980
519
422

1. 70

1 .3 0

•
.
-

5,484

Receiving c l e r k s ---------------------------------------- ----Manufacturing — —-----— — — —— — ---------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------------------Retail t r a d e -------------------------------------------------

1 .6 0

1 .3 0

<
1 .5 0

21

P ackers, shipping (men) ——————— —— ——
Manufacturing — — —
— —— — —— —----N onm anufacturing -------------— —
—------------ —
W holesale t r a d e ---- -------------- —--------------Retail t r a d e --------------------------------------—

3, 398

S
1. 70

$

. 60

1.2 0

<
1.4 0

2 .0 0

1,732

Nonmanufacturing — — — ------------------------— Finance f t ---------------- --------- ---- -----------------

Manufacturing — --------- — ----------------------— _
N on m an ufactu ring -------- -----------------------------Public utilities t —
—— — — — ——— —
—
—
W holesale trade —
—
—— —— —
—

192
192

$

1 24

2. 702

-

$

2

27

22

-

73

203

12

73

142

103
102

122

39
83

5
77

14
10
-

10

23
27
13
14

_
-

'

47
_
_

.

T34"

5

2

-

-

-

12
4
8
8

1

_
-

3
3

42

“

10
lo
_
-

11

5
4

1

-

1

-

1
23
23
-

1
1

3

-

■42"
_
-

-

-

-

38

33
33
_
-

46
46
_
-

5

_
-

38
-

_
_

------ 5-

18
17

1

_
-

1

-

-

1

1

2

1

-

12

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis in Chicago, III., by industry division, April 1958)

Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
vorkm

<
Avenge.
$
hourly
earn g* Under 1. op 1. 10
in
and
$
1.00 under
1.10 1.20
$
_
2.21
2731“
•
2.09
_
2.14
1.93
-

Shipping clerks ---------------- —
-------------- ----------Manufa cturing ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------- —
---------Wholesale t r a d e ----------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------

1,584
866
718
515
170

Shipping and receiving cle rk s ---------------- ------M anufacturing------ — -—-...... -.... ..... .........
—
Nonmanufacturing — ------ -----------------— ----Wholesale t r a d e ----------------------------------Retail tr a d e ------------------------------------------

1, 190
7Z4
466
251
117

2. 10
2.12
2.08
2. 13
1.90

_
.
-

_
_
-

Truckdrivers 3 ----— ----- --------------------------------M anufacturing------ -------------- -------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------- ---- ----------------Public utilities f - ..........
.....
—
Wholesale t r a d e ----------------------------------Retail tr a d e ------------------------------------------

12,883
2, 201
10,682
6, 118
2, 44
1, 695

2. 52
2.49
2.53
2. 53
2.56
2.49

.
-

Truckdrivers, light (under l 1 ton s)--------/*
Manufacturing ------------- ------ ----------------Nonmanufacturing------------------ ------------

1,954
907
1,047

2.47
2. 56
2.40

4, 134
779
3,355
1 Q11
i , y 71
1, 116

2.46
41
2.47
2. 43
2 ! 56

4, 877
ZS5“
4, 609
2,915
896
798

2.59
2.52
2.60
2.57
2. 70
2. 56

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons, other
than trailer type)-----------------------------.
Nonmanufacturing-------------------- — --------

1,518
1,355
4,319
3, 695
624
410
205

2.21
Z.ZO
2.25
2.23
2.27

Truckers, power (other than forklift)------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------- —

704
610

2.18
2. 17

5. 002
1,124
3,878
64
ft7A
ftl 7
OIL
2,917

1.37
1. 77
1.25
1.87
1
1*71
1.48
1. 18

$
1.30

S
1.40

NU BER O W RK
M
F O ERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM H U
E O RLY EARNIN O —
GS F
S
<
t
f
$
t
t
f
$
t
1.50
1.60 1. 70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30 2.40

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1. 70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2. 10

2.58
Z. 59

Truckers, power (fo r k lift )------ ---- ---- -----——
Manufacturing ---------------- ----- ——-----------Nonmanufacturing------ ------------ ------- —
-----Wholesale t r a d e ----------------------------------Retail tr a d e -------------- ; --------------------------

t
1.20

Truckdrivers, medium ( l 1 to and
/*
including 4 to n s )--------------------------------- —
Manufacturing---------------------------—
--------Nonmanufacturing —— ------ ——-— — —

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer t y p e ) ------------------------------- ----------Public utilities f -----------------------------Wholesale t r a d e ----------—-----------------

W atchm en------------------------------------- — -----------M anufacturing--------------------- ------- ■
——
Nonmanufacturing------ ---- ----- — -.............. —
Public utilities f
WIiAlaaala
B_ctft.il tri'l*
S e r v ic e s ----------------------------------------------

2:

2.40

2.50

1.50

2.60

S. 70

1.80

1.90

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

!.0 0
and
over

13
13
1
12

63
63
53
10

58
58
49
9

48
25
23
13
6

123
35
88
68
8

51
2
49
49

112
89
23
17
6

294
269
25
4
21

209
81
122
100
20

!69
69
100
78
11

149
80
69
65
4

114
75'
39
37
-

33
30
3
1
2

16
14
2
1
-

75
48
27
27
-

_
_
_
-

_
.
.
-

8
8
8

38
38
10
18

47
27
20
10
3

77
66
17
10
4

222
155
67
19
41

95
62

162
40
122
96
1

H9
99
20
4
10

83
24
59
54
-

49
25
24
8
10

52
40
12
8
2

4?
43
6
4
-

2
.
2
2
-

2
_
2
.
2

1

14
11

137
115 ’
22
8
7

.
-

47
34
13
4
-

_
-

_
-

26
26
.
26
-

_
-

17
17
_
16

28
8
20
19

2
2
-

10
10
.
.
-

12
12
8

1
1
.
1

335
40
295
12
264
19

32 7
82
245
45
3
197

2293 1725
521 327
1772 1398
796 1249
428
59
88
433

2647
21 i
2436
1987
421
28

3203 2166
943
56
2260 2111
1499 455
253 1282
508 374

52
4
48
36
8
4

9
9
9
.
-

30
_
30
30
-

_
_
-

_
-

.
-

26
26

.
-

17
17

28
8
20

2
2

.
-

8
8

_
-

141
20
121

75
50
45

9
9

30
30

_
.

-

-

.

•
-

_
-

_
_

-

10
10
711

4
4

1
1

22
19

218
52
166

_
.

33

3

3

10

34

10

34

270
00
190

420
3
417

42
42

802
75F
36

48
48

36
36

1448 709
395" 113
1050 596
547
310
47

1006
37
969
713
256

291
136
141

417
417

8
8

125

367

_
.
.
_
43
43
.
1
42

_
_
300 2727
36
264 2727
.
10
1 fin
1 ou
ftft
77
41 2706
.
_
“
.
-

.

_
_
.
199
29
170
.
41
77
1 ft
17
48

.

-

-

4
4
4

.
-

-

-

.

-

235
235

-

15
15
-

86
73
13
12
1

179
167
12
1
11

259
249
10
7
3

297
294
3
3

523
477
46
44
2

587
517
70
66
4

568
435
133
122
11

24
12

63
63

30
30

2 (l
22

138
137

49
49

222
119
103
.
Cl
ifi
2

329
178
151
5
26
66
2

208
58
150
5
46
60
4

171
139
32
6
15
2

147
124
23
_
1Q

150
126
24
14
2

64
50
14
14

-

11
17
18

-

1

1
1
_
1

116
45
71
_

_

34

5

-

321
24
297
50
68
179

5

_

209
119
90
_
1
1
ftfl
70
50

4

350
63
287
255
32

1202
"135"
1067
1052
_
15

152
58

267
238

1757 1199
2u
ZZ
1735 1179
1386 172
61 767
288 240
353
34B

502
467

925 430
660 “ 399"
31
265
1
122
143
21

80
155 210
56 “ 135 " 193
24
12
23
12
1

90
89

195
135

13
7

47
47

46
41
5
2

11

-

12
12
-

11
8

3

2

32
31
1

_
1

.

13
12
1
1
-

g

10

_

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes all drivers regardless of sise and type of truck operated,
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




2.30

12
12
12

'
1
*
3
f

2.20

2

28
19

48
48
_
-

4

-

-

4

_
-

•
-

4
4

_
.
.
-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift D ifferentials1
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
<•)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

(b)
Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

T otal______________________________________________________

91.6

80.4

17.8

With shift pay differential __..........____ _______ ___________

Second shift

Third or other
shift

5.0

90.4

79.3

17.4

5.0

_
_

44.8

34.2

9.0

2.6

Under 5 cents_________ ______ ____________ _______...
5 cents . . .. . . .. . . ____________________ _______. . . . . _ .. .. .
_
6 cents ___________ ____________ _____ ________ ________
7 or 7l/a cen ts_ . . . . _____________ __________________
_
8 or 8 1 cen ts_______ ______________________________
/»
9 cents ___ ___________ ________ ______ __________ ___ ______ ...
9 */a cents ________________ ____________________________
10 cents ____ .......... ...... ....... .............___________ T t- ,,,
11 cen ts ________ ________________________________________________
12 or 12 Vs cents . . . . . . . . . . ____ ____________ _ _________________
13 cen ts ___ ______ _______________ ____________________ „ ________
14 or 14 Vs cen ts ___ _________ ________________________________
15 cen ts _________________________________________ ____________
Over 15 cents
_ _
_ _ ---------------------------

.4
4.1
6.4
3.4
1.7
.4

.2
.8
.2
1.2
.7
5.9

.3

.3

20.5

1.2
4.1

11.4
.2
1.3
1.0
1.3
7.9
1.7

*
.8
1.8
.9
.4
.1
. 1
2.9

..........„ .............. ...............

41.4

._ .
..
______________________________
_________________ _____
_____ _ ____
_

8.5

Uniform cents (per h o u r)__. . . _____ ____ __

Uniform percentage ........
5 percent______

7 percent

..

.

....

.................

........

_

1.0
1.0
.3

.5

_

*
.
.

.2
*

.9
*

.5
_

.3
.3

.1

1.1

36.8

7.3

1.6

.5

2.0
.1

.

.5

1

.

.2
.4
.1

.

.3

*
.1
1.0
.2
.4

_____________ _______ ____
_ ___ ____________ _____ _______ ____
------------ _
_
„
__ ...

30.4
1.3
.6

2.2
27.5
2.0
4.1

Full day's pay for reduced hours, plus cents or
percentage differential ________________ _____
______ ______
Other formal pay differential___ _______ _____ ____ __ ___ .

.7
3.5

5.7
2.6

. 1
1.0

.2

No shift pay d ifferen tial ____________________________________________

1.2

1.2

.4

.1

-

10 percent
12Vs percent . .
15 percent _T

.._

-

4.9
.2
.1

.5

1
Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late
shifts at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
* Less than 0 .>3 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, III., April 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

14

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1
Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

All
industries

_____

435

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
schedules

Establishments studied___

Nonmanufacturing

168

37l/a

XXX

40

All
schedules

XXX

267

37x
/a

XXX

All
industries
All
schedules

40

XXX

435

168

For Inexperienced Typists
Establishments having a
specified minimum ___ ___

Establishments having no
specified minimum
_
Establishments which did not
employ workers in this
category
_

__ _

102

2
1
4
2
9
19
57
27
36
22
19
7
14
2
2
7
4

_
_
„
_
_
2
4
23
11
15
9
11
6
9
_
2
7
3

101

45

XXX

XXX

56

100

21

XXX

XXX

79

13
m
_
_
.
_
_
3
4
2
3
_
1
_
_
_
-

76

132

m
m
m
.
„
2
_
16
9
10
7
9
5
7
„
2
6
3

2
1
„
4
2
7
15
34
16
21
13
8
1
5
2
1

21

85

XXX

40

XXX

All
schedules

267

37 V
a

40

XXX

XXX

251

101

13

75

150

_
_
_

2
1
_
9
4
18
19
36
22
16
8
5
1
6
2
_

23

98

.
1

2
1
_
9
4
24
24
64
32
30
14
13
6
13
3
1
8
3

_
6
5
28
10
14
6
8
5
7
1
1
8
2

_
-

5
1
16
10
9
5
7
5
6
1
1
7
2

XXX

XXX

113

44

XXX

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

71

23

XXX

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

1

1
7
3
5
3
1
_
1
_
_
-

4
2
6
7
24
8
12
8
5
1
4
2

* Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries.
workweeks reported.
3 Rates applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.




37l/a

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Waiters 9

234

Under * 3 5 .0 0 __________________
$35.00 and under $37.50 _____
$37.50 and under $40.00 _____
$40.00 and under $42.50 ..
$42.50 and under $45.00
$45.00 and under $47.50 _____
$47.50 and under $50.00 _____
$50.00 and under $52.50 _
$52.50 and under $55.00 _____
$55.00 and under $57.50
$57.50 and under $60.00 ____
$60.00 and under $62.50 _____
$62.50 and under $65.00 _____
$65.00 and under $67.50 _____
$67.50 and under $70.00
$70.00 and under $72.50
$72.50 and under $75.00
$75.00 and over _______________

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours2 of—

_
_

1
3
6
2
1
_

1

1

2
1
7
7
4
1
1

-

9
3
8
14
23
12
9
7
4
1
4
2
_
1

Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common

Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, III., April 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

15

TabU B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
Weekly hours

In ull
dA
strie!

P R E T O O F EWR E S E P O E INE C N P F IC O K R ML Y D
Wo sa
h leele
Pb
F an ’’f
in ce f
R trad
etail e
M u rin
an factu g uu lic
trad
tilities^

All w orkers_____ . . . . . . . __. . . . . . --- ----- --------- ------

100

100

Under 35 hours
__________ ____ ___________
35 hours _____________________ ^ ...,___— ______
^

**
3
aa

**

36 hnura

Tr

_ r
r

r-

- _

3 6 V h o u r s _____ ________ ___________________
4
Over 36 lU and under 37V hours _____________
a
37V hours ______________ __________ _______ _—
a
Over 37l/a and under 38s hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
/t
38 V hours ______________ . . . . . _____-— . . . --------4
Over 38V* and under 40 hours _______________
40 hours ________— _____ . . . ______ _____________
Over 40 and under 44 hours___ ______________
44 hours ______
„....
...................r
_,__T
___
Over 44 and under 48 hours ______ ____ ___
48 hours . . . — _____— ............................ . . . . . ___—
Over 48 ho u rs___. . . . ____ _____________ . . ______

5
3

16
1

9

1
61
aa
.
aa
as
“

100
2
5
.
1
.

92
.
.
.
"

aa

in ull .
dA
stries*

2
3
.
21
.
1
70
2

1

■

100

100

100

100

_

100

.

1
.
2
4
14
aa
15
2
62

P R E TO P A TWR E SE P O E IN
E C N F L N O K R ML Y D —
Srv e
e ic s

„

5
12
3
6
16
4

4
2
aa

a*

7
aa
15
5
26
4

.
6
6
.
86
1
1
"

9
-

3 3

“

3

48
2
1
“

2
4
aa
aa
80
1
1
2
3
1

M u rin
an factu g
100

Pb
uu lic t.
tilities

R trad
etail e

Srv e
e ics

100

100

100

.

-

3

4

100
_

100

6

6
aa
78
aa
1
1
1
aa

Wo sa
h le
tradele

-

aa
4
1
aa

1
83
5
5
3
3

76
3
2

7

12

'

1
aa
72
8
-

9
5

1 Estimates for office workers are not comparable with earlier studies.
See Introduction, page 2.
* Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
**L ess than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

TabU B-4: Overtime Pay
P R E T O O F EWR E S E P O E IN
E C N F F IC O K R ML Y D —
Overtime policy

In ull
dA
stries

M u rin
an factu g

All workers ___________________„__ _____________ _

100

100

Daily ovartlma
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay1 _________________ ______ ____
Time and one-half _____ _______ . . . . ________ _
Effective after less than 8 hours _______
Effective after 8 hours ________________
Effective after more than 8 h o u r s ___ ___
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy____________

50
50
5
45
aa

W e e k ly overtime
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay a __________________________
Time and o n e-h a lf______________ ___________ '
Effective after less than 40 h o u r s ______
Effective after 40 hours-------------------------Effective after more than 40 h o u r s _____
Double tim e ...................... ..... ............................
Effective after less than 40 h o u r s ......
Other -----------------------------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy _

Wo sa
hleele
trad

R trad
etail e

100

100

100

67
67
6
61
_

87
87
1
86
_

56
56
5
51
_

50

33

13

98
96
8
88
.
.
_
1

100
LO
O
8
92
.
.
.
.

100
100
4
96
_

2

"

Pb
uu ilo^
tilities

_

•

P R E TO P A TWR E SE P O E IN
E C N F L N O K R ML Y D —
Wo ele
h le
tradsa

R il tra e
eta
d

Srv e
e ic s

100

100

100

100

86
86
10
77

100
100
_
100

75
75

54
54

75

51
3

48
48
2
47

21

14

-

25

46

52

97
96
6
88
2
1
1
1

100
99
9
89
aa
1
1

100
100

100
100
1
99

90
86
_
77
9

81
81
2
70
10

3

“

Srv e
e ic s

In uU 1
dA ,
stries

M u rin
an factu g

100

100

100

100

39
39
1
38
_

15
15
4
9
2

26
26
19
7

79
79
6
73
1

44

61

85

74

97
97
8
89

95
95
2
93

98
93
9
83

82
82
25
57

_
.
_

_
m

3

5

F an e■ff
in o

_
6
2

18

Pb f
uu ilo A
tilities

100
_

_

..
_
“

4
"

10

19

! Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day would be consideredas time
and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37Vs and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours.
4 * Less than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, m ., April 1998
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Later Statistics




16

Table B-5: Wage Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
PE C N O O
R E T F FFIC W R ER EM YED IN
E OK S
PLO
—
Item

A
ll
In u *
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb ,
u lic
u
tilitie t
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

74
2
72
26

79
1
77

89
89

21

11

40
3
38
60

82
1
81
18

P C T O PLAN W R ER EM YED IN
ER EN F
T O K S PLO
—
F a cet t
in n

S r ic s
ev e

A
ll .
in u
d stries1

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

48
9
39
52

94
40
54

97
38
59
3

Pb .
u lic
u
tflitlesf

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta d

S d
en ees

82
46
37
18

89
31
58

89
75
14

11

11

97
3

81
19
3
15

85
15
9
1
5

50-54

80-84

W a g * structure for tim e-rated workers *

Formal rate structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ___. . . ______
Single rate . . . . ____________ ______ . . . _______ _
Range of rates ___. . . . . . . . __. . . . _______ —_____
Individual rates _______ ________________________

78
2
76
22

6

100

32

68

“

M ethod of w a g e payment
for plant workers
Time workers . . . . . . . . . ______________ __. . . __
Incentive workers __________________
..........
Piecework_______ _______ . . . . . . __. . . . .
Bonus work . . . . . . . . . -------. . . . . . .
.......
Commission ____________ . . . . . ______ . . . ___

75
25
8
14
3

DATA NOT COLLECTED

67
33

99

12

1
1

21

1

-

1
1

*

"

Labor-ntanageipeht agreements ■

Workers in establishments with agree­
ments covering a majority of such
workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

*
*
*
are not
t
ft

15-19

10-14

60-64

5-9

20-24

0-4

0-4

70-74

70-74

954

65-69

Include# data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Estimates for office workers are based on total office employees, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-ratsd employees only.
Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority
of the workers in their
respective category.Theestimatesso obtained
necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by
provisions of
labor-management agreements, due to the exclusionofsmaller siseestablishments.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
Finance, insurance, and real estkte.




Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, III., April 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

17
Tabls B-6:

Paid Holidays*

PE C N O 0P7I0E W R ER EM YED INRE T P
OK S
PLO
Item

A
ll
in u l
d stria

M u rin
sn fsstu g

_______ ______

100

100

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays . . . _____ _____
..
______ . ___
Workers in establishments providing no
paid holidays
___________ __
,,— —

99

99

**

**

37
4
7
1
21
2
**
1
10
1
1
4
**
**
1
♦*
8
1
1

31
7
13
35
3
**
10

All workers

___

______

P C T O PLAN W R ER EM
ER EN P
T OK S
PLO
YED IN-

W olsssls
b
trsd
s

R
stsil trsd
s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

98

-

**

-

-

**

2

12
6
.
17
3
36
.
23
.
.
2
.
-

_
50
1
9
**
23
.
14
1
.
.
.
2
.
-

_
92
.
1
.
6
.
.
1
.
•
.
**
**

_
14
5
3
5
4
1
1
4
5
3
6
2
2
2
**
35
5
3

70
**
1
**
14
1
.
5
.
5
.
3
-

3
41
2
11
28
**
#*
**
10
**
2
**
.
.
**
-

.

.

_

3
3
3
8
8
13
13
13
14
29
30
99
99
99
99
99

**
**
♦*
**
3
3
12
12
51
53
94
95
95
97
98

**
**
**
**
1
1
11
11
67
69
97
98
99
99
99

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie ^
s

Pinsssstt

S
ervian

A .
ll
In u l1
d stria

W olsssls
b
trsd
s

R
stsil trsd
s

S tsss
srv

100

100

100

100

99

98

95

99

86

1

2

5

1

14

2
28
2
17
39
**
**
9
1
.
**
-

29
7
41
.
22
-

_
59
1
6
18
2
7
2
**
-

4
89
.
6
**
♦*
-

29
53
1
.
2
**
**
**
-

_
**
**
**
**
3
3
11
11
34
35
95
95
95
95
95

_
**
**
**
**
**
6
6
96
96
96
96
99

.
**
**
♦*
♦♦
**
**
1
1
3
4
57
57
57
86
86

M u otu f
in fn rin

J S ttt

Number of days
Less than 6 holidays ___ . . . ______ _____________
6 holidays______
___
. . . _____ . . _______
6 holidays plus 1 half d a y ______________________
6 holidays plus 2 half days _____________ ______
6 holidays plus 3, 6, or 7 half days . __________
7 holidays..... .............. .......................... ................
7 holidays plus l half day . . . . . . . . . . ___ ____ ____
7 holidays plus 2 half days ________ ___ _____ .. .
7 holidays plus 3, 4, or 6 half d a y s____ _______
8 holidays _____________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half d a y __
_________ ___
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s _____ ______ ___ ____
9 holidays ____
___ ____ ___________ ___ ._
9 holidays plus 1 half day — ------- _ _
9 holidays plus 2 half days
_ _
10 holidays__________________ ___________________
10 holidays plus 1 half day — —
11 holidays
_____
_____ ________
.
11 holidays plus 1 half d a y _________________ ___
11 holidays plus 2 half days

1

Total holiday timos
12 days
_
_____
11 Vs or more days ______ . . .
_______
11 or more d a y s_____ __________________________
10 l/a or more d ay s________________ ____________
10 or mors days _
9Va or mors days
9 or more d a y s ________ _____ ______ . . . . ____. . . . . .
8 Vs or more days --------— T
------------- ,T
--------------_
8 or mors days
7 l/a or more days ____________________ ________
7 or more days — ^ — T
--------------------------6Va or more days .
. . .
___
6 or mors days
5 or more days
__T
.......
4 or mors days
3 or more d a y s --------------- ------------T nnnr
1 or more d a y s ______
..
______

1
2
10
10
11
12
18
19
29
31
59
63
99
99
99
99
99

_

.
.
.
.
_
1
1
11
14
62
69
99
99
99
99
99

.
2
2
25
28
64
64
88
88
100
100
100
100
100

_

.
2
2
2
2
2
2
16
16
49
50
99
99
99
99
99

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_

_
.
.
**
1
1
1
1
1
8
8
100
100
100
100
100

3
8
43
43
47
50
62
68
73
77
81
86
100
100
100
100
100

_

.
_
22
22
63
63
70
70
98
98
98
98
98

Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, 111., April 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statlstlee

18

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays* - Continued

P R E T O O F E WR E S E P O E IN
E C N P F IC O K R ML Y D —
Item

in ull
dA
strial

Mn factu g
a u rin

99
32
99
99
99
16
99
99
23
13
12

99
9
99
99
99
3
99
99
21

Pb .
uultleaf
tUlic

Wo sa
h leele
trad

R trad
etail e

99
19
99
99
99
2
99
99

100
4
100
100
100

P R E TO P A TWR E S E P O E IN
E C N F L N O K R ML Y D —

Finanoe'ft

Srv e
e ic s

an factu g
in ullrise2 M u rin
dA
st

Pb .
uu licf
tilities

Wo sa
h le
tradele

98
8
98
99
98
5
99
98
18

98
70
98
98
98
22
98
98

.

22

95
16
95
95
95
3
95
95
8
**
♦*
3
1
1
1
8
6
1

R trade
etail

Sn e
e riee

96

85
5
57
54
86
**
58
86
**
**
**

H olidays4
New Year's Day _______________________________
Washington's Birthday_________________________
Decoration Day ___ _________________ _____ _____
July 4th__
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
Labor Day __ _______________________________ __
Armistice Day _
_ ... ......
Thanksgiving Day ______________________________
Christmas
....
....
... .....
Good Friday
Lincoln's Birthday _
_
Columbus Day _
_
Christmas E v e ___
^
_
Day after Thanksgiving
Employee Birthday _
.
Floating Holiday. _ __
_
Half day Christmas Eve
_ __ _ ___
Half day New Year's Eve
Half day Good Friday
Half day Washington's Birthday

5
3
1

2

15
8
5
2

.

1
10
7
1
4
22
13
1
1

100
82
100
100
100

23

100
100
_

25

2
.

15
2
2

5

99
27
99
99
99
8
99
99
8
3
3

_

_

_

4

-

2

-

-

1

-

_

_
_

**
10
8
2

9
*9
3

**

100
100
1
1
**

100
75
100
100
100
55
100
100
56
45
49

-

**
_

1
1

3
15
6
14
6

-

6
6
6
♦*

96
12
95
95
96

5

95
97
12
2
**
7
3
3
2
13
11
1
**

1
11

5

3
3
19
17
1
**

.

,
.
.
.
_
.

**

96
96
96
**
96
99
**
**
_
.
_

-

6
.

.

_

1
**
**

**

* Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no half
day®, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 2 percent of the office or plant workers in the area are shown in this tabulation. A few other holidays or half-holidays were provided.
**L ess than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




19

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Vacation p olicy

A
ll
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities y

A ll w orkers ___________________________________

100

100

100

100

99
99
1
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

W
holesale
trade

I

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Finance f t

Services

All ,
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities J

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
96
4
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

1Q0
93
6
**
1

100
90
8
2

100
100
-

100
94
6
-

100
95
5
-

100
99
**
-

•

**

-

-

-

-

Retail trade

M eth od o f pa ym on t
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations _______________________________
Length -of-tim e payment __________________
Percentage payment —;-------------------------------F lat-sum payment ________________________
Other ........................................................................
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations __r________________________

**

-

-

-

5
52
9
5

9
54
7
7

_
43
3

1
55
4
-

27
2
-

3
63
20
7

7
44
13
1

17
13
3
-

27
8
4
-

_
5
-

4
23
3
-

_
31
**

4
8
**
-

19
1
78
1
1

.
15
1
82
2

_
14
2
85
-

_
21
75
4
-

_
67
33
-

_
3
97
**

_
25
67
1
8

**
77
2
16
1
4

_
82
3
8
1
6

67
4
29
-

55
44
1
“

.
65
35
-

**
86
1
13
**

_
2
**
94
1
3

_
3

_
2
-

91
6

98
-

3
4
89
4
-

1

-

99
-

_
99
**

_
1
88
3
8

**
41
5
49
1
5

53
6
33
1
7

23
1
77
-

22
5
72
1
■

12
88
"

**
37
6
56
**

**
**
95
1
4

**
**
92
1
6

2
93
4
-

1
99
-

99
**

79
3
19

**
9
14
70
2
5

12
21
56
3
8

99
1
-

6
4
88
1
-

-

7
93
-

**
3
6
90
_
**

**

-

_

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

88
5
7

87
5
9

99

87
6
7

94
3
3

87
10
3

70
3
27

1
**
86
4
8

1
1
83
5
10

-

A m ou nt o f v o c a t io n p a y
A fter 6 months of service
L ess than 1 week _____________________ ________
1 week __________________________________ . . __
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________
2 weeks ___ ____________________________________
A fter 1 yea r of service
L ess than 1 week _________________ ____________
1 week __ _____________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------------------2 weeks __________________________________._____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _________ -__________
3 weeks _______________________________________
A fter 2 years of service
L ess than 1 week __________________ ____ _____
1 week --------------------------------------------- -------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _■______ ____________
.
2 weeks ______ _______ _______________ _________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ---- -------------------------3 weeks ________________ _____________________

-

A fter 3 yea rs of service
Le 88 than 1 week
--------------- ---------- ------------1 week ____ __________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 weeks _________ _______________ ____ ________ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________-________
3 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------

-

100
-

After 5 yea rs of service
1 week ________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks ___ _______________________ ____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ ___ _________
3 w e e k s __________ *__ ____________________ __

-

**

See footnotes at end of table.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




NOTE:

_

_

-

-

-

-

99
1
“

95
2
3

83
4
11

97

Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, 111., April 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length-of-tim e,"
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

2

1
.

2

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT O O
P FFIC W R ER EM
E OK S
PLO
YED IN
—
Vacation policy

A
ll
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie t
s

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

PERCEN O PLAN W R
T F
T O KERS EM YED IN
PLO
—
Finanoett

S rv e
e ic s

A
ll
.
in u s 1
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb .
u lic
u
tilitie f
s

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

S rv e
e ic s

Amount of vacation p a y - Continued
After 10 years of service
1 week __________________-_______________-_____
2 weeks ____________________ __________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________-_______
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ________________ _
4 weeks ______________________________________

47
1
50
2

1
49
16
33
**
**

1
43
21
34
1
-

_
73
23
4
*

.
56
7
36
.
1

2
46
4
48
-

8
.
**

.
7
2
88
3

_
38
1
53
8

1
16
1
79
3
**

1
10
1
86
2
*

.
76
23
1

.
24
1
74
1

2
17
80
-

1
85
14
**

1
9
.
77
13
"

.
6
4
78
2
11
"

.
37
1
53
9
-

1
14
1
71
2
9
2

1
8
1
81
3
6
"

.
52

.
21
1
68
10
“

2
15
63
20
“

1
80
.
19
**
-

1
9
15
75

6

.
31
1
54
15

1
13
1
53
5
24
2

1
8
1
61
8
20
1

.
20
1
42
2
36

2
15

1
75
22
2

**
48
11
38
2

45
10
41
4

64
24
12
-

.
64
9
24
.
4

1
36
3
60
"

.
46
17
37
-

**
12
2
81
2
3

_
9
2
85
4

.
5
72
23
“

.
22
4
70
4

1
11
88
“

**
11
1
72
1
12
2

.
9
76
1
14
•

.
5
67
5
23

_
22
4
61
.
13
"

**
10
1
49
2
35
3

9
.
53
3
34
1

5
65
1
6
23

.
21
4
42
2
31

*

1
91

After 15 years of service
1W
A»1c
7 wucka
___ _ _ _____ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks __________________ _
4 week. ----------------------------------------------------------After 20 years of service
1 week _______ . _______________________________
2 weeks ________________ ____ ____ _______
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ---- ---------- -------------3 weeks ________________ _ ____ ___ ___________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks .______ . . . . . . . _______
a wank.
Over 4 w e e k s ______ ________________________

-

26
22

After 25 years of service
1 week
_____________________________________
7 «M ki
.
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______ _______ ..
3 weeks
___________ _________ ____________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks . . . . . ___ ___________
4 w e e k s _____ _______________ ______ ________
Over 4 weeks _________________________________

-

54
2
36
2

l
Includes data for rsal estate in addition to those industry division! shown separately.
* Psriods of ssrvlcs wsrs arbitrarily chossn and do not nscsssarily rsflsct ths individual provisions for progrsssions.
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
++ Less than 0.5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

_
-

51
27
22

-

37
47

For txamplo, ths changes in proportions indicated at 10 years* servi'

21

T a b le B -8:

H e a lth , In s u ra n c e , a n d P e n sio n P la n s

P R E T O O F E W R E S E PLO
E C N P F IC
O K R M YED IN—
Type of plan

All w orkers____________________________________

Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance _________ ____________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance___
________
____ _
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both * ______ ___ ____ — _
Sickness and accident insurance
Sick leave (full pay and no waiting
period) ___ _ _ ___
____ __
Sick leave (partial pay or waiting
period) __ ____ _____________
Hospitalisation insurance_______ ___
Surgical insurance __
_ _ _______
Medical insurance __________________________
Catastrophe' insurance ______________________
Retirement pension_________________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan_____

P R E T O PLA T W R ER EM YED IN
ECN F
N OK S
PLO
—

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie
s'}

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

99

96

86

93

99

72

93

44

54

30

50

36

38

21

80
47

88
67

93
37

79
45

90
32

64
29

41

44

41

51

8

15
82
82
55
32
74
1

9
87
86
63
25
74
**

42
54
54
31
31
85
1

3
83
81
58
27
71
1

56
95
90
23
43
65
1

A
ll
in u trie
da s

A
ll
in u s 1
d strie

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

S r ic s
ev e

100

100

100

100

98

99

88

83

82

48

57

30

50

29

25

51
22

89
74

95
87

99
48

72
56

79
52

75
70

49

32

5

1

28

18

4

13

2
83
87
70
47
83
**

44
68
68
44
12
39
10

15
87
86
56
12
60
2

10
91
91
60
10
65
1

44
54
54
29
21
96

5
81
80
57
11
65
5

29
92
87
45
19
45
3

1
87
85
75
4
17
10

F a ce '|
in n "f'

S r ic s
ev e

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie J
s

1 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
♦♦Less than 0 .5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Finatnce. insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, III., April 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

22

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The p rim a ry purpose o f preparing job d escrip tion s for the B u reau 's wage su rveys is to
a s s is t its fie ld staff in cla ssify in g into appropriate occu p ation s w o rk e rs who are em ployed under
a v a rie ty o f p a y roll titles and differen t w ork arran gem en ts fr o m establishm ent to establish m en t
and fr o m a rea to a re a .
This is essen tia l in o rd e r to p e rm it the grouping o f occu p ation al wage
rates rep resen tin g com p arable jo b content.
B ecause o f this em phasis on inter establish m en t and
in tera rea com p a ra b ility o f occu pation al content, the B u rea u 's job d escrip tion s m ay d iffer sig n ifi­
cantly fr o m those in use in individual establish m en ts or th ose p rep a red fo r other p u rp o se s.
In
applying these jo b d e scrip tio n s, the B u reau 's fie ld re p re se n ta tiv e s a re in stru cted to exclude w o rk ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p ren tices, le a r n e r s , b eg in n ers, tra in e e s, handicapped w o rk e rs , p a rt-tim e ,
te m p o ra ry , and probationary w o r k e r s .

Office
B ILL E R , MACHINE
P re p a r e s statem ents, b ills , and in v o ice s on a m achine other
than an ord in a ry o r e le ctro m a tic ty p ew riter. May a lso keep r e c o r d s
as to billings or shipping ch a rges o r p e r fo r m other c le r ic a l w ork in ­
cidental to billing o p e ra tio n s.
F or wage study p u rp oses, b ille r s ,
m achine, are c la s s ifie d by type o f m achine, as fo llo w s:
B ille r , m achine (billin g m achine) - U ses a sp e cia l b illing
machine (M oon Hopkins, E lliott F is h e r, B urroughs, e tc . , which
are com bination typing and adding m ach in es) to p rep a re b ills and
in v oices fr o m c u s to m e r s ' purchase o r d e r s , internally p rep a red
o r d e r s , shipping m em oranda, e tc .
Usually in volves application
o f p red eterm in ed discounts and shipping ch a rges and entry o f
n e ce ssa ry exten sion s, which m ay or m ay not be com puted on the
billing m ach in e, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m ach in e.
The operation usually in volves a la rg e num ber o f
carbon co p ie s o f the b ill being p rep a red and is often done on a
fanfold m ach in e.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) - U ses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, E lliott F is h e r , R em ington Rand, e t c . , which
may or m ay not have typ ew riter keyboard) to p rep a re c u s to m e r s '
b ills as part o f the accounts re ce iv a b le op era tion .
G en erally
in volves the sim ultaneous entry o f fig u res on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m achine au tom atically accu m u lates fig u re s on a
num ber o f v e r tic a l colum ns and com putes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit o r cre d it b a la n ce s. D oes not involve a know l­
edge o f bookkeeping. W orks fr o m u n iform and standard types o f
sales and cre d it s lip s .
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (R em ington Rand, E lliott
F ish er, Sundstrand, B urrou gh s, National C ash R e g iste r, with o r w ith­
out a typew riter keyboard) to keep a r e c o r d o f bu sin ess tra n sa ction s.




BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
C la ss A - Keeps a set o f r e c o r d s requ irin g a knowledge o f
and e x p e rie n ce in b a sic bookkeeping p rin cip les and fa m ilia rity with
the stru ctu re o f the p articu lar accounting sy stem u sed.
D eter­
m ines p rop er r e c o r d s and distribu tion o f debit and cre d it item s
to be used in each phase o f the w ork .
May p rep are con solidated
r e p o r ts , balance sh eets, and other r e c o r d s by hand.
C la ss B - Keeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m ore phases o r sections
o f a set o f r e c o r d s usually requ irin g little knowledge o f b a sic book ­
keeping .« P h a ses or section s include accounts payable, p ayroll,
c u s to m e r s ' accou nts (not including a sim ple type o f billing d e scrib e d
under b ille r , m ach in e), c o s t d istribu tion , expense distribution, in ­
v en tory co n tro l, e tc.
May ch eck or a ssist in preparation o f trial
b a la n ces and p rep are co n tro l sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
CLERK , ACCOUNTING
C la ss A - Under gen eral d irection o f a bookkeeper or accou n t­
ant, has re sp o n sib ility fo r keeping one or m ore section s o f a c o m ­
plete set o f book s o r r e c o r d s relatin g to one phase o f an esta b lish ­
m en t's bu sin ess tra n sa ction s. W ork in volves posting and balancing
su b sid iary le d g e r o r le d g e rs such as accounts re ce iv a b le o r a c ­
counts payable; exam ining and coding in v oices or vou ch ers with
p rop er accounting distribution; req u ires judgm ent and ex p erien ce
in m aking p rop er assign ation s and a llo ca tio n s.
May a s s is t in
p re p a rin g , adjusting, and closin g jou rn al en tries; m ay d ire ct cla s s
B accounting c le r k s .
C la ss B - Under su p ervision , p e rfo rm s one o r m ore routine
accounting operation s such as posting sim ple jou rn al v ou ch ers,
a ccou n ts payable v o u ch e rs , entering v ou ch ers in vou cher r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a ccou n ts; posting su bsidiary led g ers co n tro lle d
by g e n e ra l le d g e r s .
This jo b d oes not requ ire a knowledge o f
accounting and bookkeeping p rin cip les but is found in o ffic e s in
which the m o re routine accounting w ork is subdivided on a fu n c­
tional b a sis among se v e ra l w o r k e r s .

23
CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers1 orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

24
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing sim; ’ e records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following; Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following;
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

25
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured!
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

M a in t e n a n c e

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

a

d Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician^ handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

26
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance*
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing, and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

27

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing- system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and otlier persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

28

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following; Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and custom ers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves; Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IVa tons)
Truckdriver, " medium (lVa to and including 4 tons)
—*
y^ —
*
Truckdriver, heavy i.over 4 tons, trailer type)
truckdriver, heavy over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U S G V R MN P IN GO : I# 8 0—7 7 7
. . O E N E T R TIN FFICE 5 4 2 4

Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. These bulletins, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19, when available may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C .,
or from any of the regional offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets combined with additional analysis will be issued early in 1959.
Bulletins for the labor markets listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, Mass., September 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-3, price 25 cents
Dallas, T ex ., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., November 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-5, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, P a ., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-7, price 25 cents




San Francisco-Oakland, C alif., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-8,
price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-9, price 25 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-10,
price 25 cents
New Orleans, L a., February 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-11, price 20 cents
Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-12,
price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102